Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX. ---MANNING. S. C., WEDNESDAY. OCTOBER 25, 1905. NO.b.
Purloined From the State Treas
ury and Resold.
BY THE BOND CLELE
Mr. Dan'el Z mmerman, For Whose Ar
rest a Warrant las Been Issued,
but he Could not be Found.
The Defalcation Will be
The Cclumbia State says there was
a great deal of astonishment in Col
umbia late Tuesday afternoon of last
week when it was learned that the
State treasury tad icst $16 500 by er
ror or by crimirality. When It was
learned that a warrant had been is
susd by a magistrate and had teer
lodged with the sheriff for execution,
charging that Mr. Daniel Zimmermat
is guilty of a breach of trust with
fraudelent intent, there was even
greater surprise, and much regret
was expressed because a name as yet
untarnisbpd had been connected with
such an i ffisse, justly or wrongfully.
Mr. Z mmerm, n had been the bond
clerk ;n the (f.- o' the State tress
urer, aad held ti; . osition from 1891
until 1901. It %. s iring that per
icd that the frau . nt occurences
were found after a ,r-.t deal of in
vestigation. The J d! charge is
that when bounds weri erought in to
be exchanged for stccks, one or mort
bonds would be extracted from the
package and instead of being cancell
ed would be b*'d and an old bond oi
bonds of p .r. Pwould be dug up
from the Aauos aiz:d substituted in
the bundles for ve- lar-lon so that in
a cursoy examiriat!v_ a would appear
that all of the bord, LL tnat package
were properly cancelled.
In this way a bond and a certificate
of stock wculd both be in the hands
of innocent parties and the State pay
ing interest on both and obligated to
pay the principal at the expiration of
the time specified-and of a reality
the bond had been redeemed by the
State, the stock having been -in ex
If a trick it was, it reqaired nerve
to carry ir through for the occurences
covered a perioi of several years. Mr.
Zimmerman's friends, and they are
multiple, persist in declaring their
belief in tis innocerse, and expect at
the prop- r tme to see him vindicat
ed before the law in the courts. Mr.
Z mmerman has been locked upon as
a man in rather straightened circum
stances, and it is believed by many to
be impossible for him to have covered
up such a shortage.
There a-e - w" things which have
made UC of Mr: Zimmerman's
friernds woncner. First is the fact that
he repeatedly declired to appear at
- the office of the State treasurer and
clear his name of the odium which
was sure to be attached to an unex
plained publicati'm of the facts. The
other is that yesterday before the
warrant could be issued, Mr. Z-mmer
man, who prot'eb y was apprised of
what was about to transpire, walked
out of the back door of the offies of
Mr. S. L Miller where he was em
ploy ed in a clerical capacity and dis
appeared. He has not been seen
Even i Mr. Zimmerman is the vic
tim of circunaaICces, it is quite evi
dent tbat the trac-sa.,tions c ,uld not
have been cctLdactea without the as
sistance of an outside pirty. Had an
employe of the State treasury present
ed a bond for sale, the prospective
purchaser woula have declined, for
the incident would have been suspic
*ious and the pa chaser would want
Dotbing but 'giit. efg d" investment
Evidently there was a broker. TO
.tind that man is now the object of the
State officials i.,teiested. The inno
cent holders ef the oonds will be ask
ed thrcugh whom they secured the
negotiable instmuments. No Innocent
holder will lose anything for the
bonds will be again redeemied for cash,
although. once oefore they have beerL
redeemed in stocks. While the loss
Is not so large, it shows how, even ir
the most jealously guarded system of
business, error and sometimt.s wror g
may creep in.
DiSPARITY NOTICED BEF,)RE.
As far back as two years ago, Mr.
S. T: Carter bookkeeper in the cffioe
of the State treasurer, called to the
attention c f the ways and means com
mittee the ; ac: that there was some
thing wrong with the interest paid or
stcks and the coupons paid on bonds.
What this trouble was no one at that
time could teil, although it was seen
that the State was act-ually paying
more interest than was mathemati
cally preper. At that time no intent
was suspected or the matter could
have been aired.
Mr. Carter had been called before
the ways and mars committee to tes
tify in regard to the petition of Mr.
Geo. H. Cornelson, of 0:angeburg,
who state d that his brother, who had
lived in Austrah~a had dicd, leaving
$10,000 In South Corolina bends.
which could not be found. It was
while looku g into the Cornelson mat
ter that Mr. Carter first had his at
tention attiracted to the disparity in
in the inter(st accounts.
A bout a month or six weeks age
Capt. Jennings received a letter from
some ladies in Cuarleston in referenc
to some bonds in their possession, and
inl locking up the record with refer
ence to these bonds it was found that
there had been substitution. This
was the first intimation the State
treasurer had of the transactiom~
which are now suspzcted cf being
fraudulent. He saw tnat the entres
were in the bandwritinlg of Mr. Zim
merman, and yet thinking that it was
a clerical error, telephoned to Mr
ZImmerman to come to the State
treasurer's . 113 :. Mr. ZimmtrmaI
stated that he would te there tha
afternoon at 4 o'clock. T wo dayi
elapscd and as he had not seen Mr
zimmerman the State treasurer agali
'phoned to hs house and Mr. Z"'mmer.
man stated tbat he rL d t-een unwell
but would be there the next morning
at 10 o'clock,
sSPICION FIRST AROUSED,
Mr. Z;mmerman failed to keep thit
engagement Capt. Jenningi feared
that the extent cf the eiror, as he
thought it n i ;ht not be known to Mr.
Zmmerman, and he wrote a letter
mnder date of Septembel 18th asking
Mr. Zimmerman to call and explain a
matter of considrrable importz n!e to
Mr. Zimmerman and to the ct1i:e.
After some delay Mr. Z-mmerman
drove up to the east door or the State
capitol and called for Mr S. T. Car
ter, and informed Mr Carter that It
would be of no use for him to make
an examination of the entry which
bad attracte d attention r s it had
been made Eo long ago that he cculd
not explain it.
Subsequen..ly Mr. Z mmrerman ap
peared in the corridor of the capitol
building and explained to Capt. Jen
aings that. it woull not be worth
while for him to try to exp'ain the
matter as he had no recollection of It.
'his excited the sa-picio"i of the pso
le in the (ffi::e and Cap;;. Jennings
immediately notified the c mptro.lIer
general and demanded a s -r.aing in
vestigation of the bcoks in wich the
records were kept.
THE COXTMTROLLER'S REPorT.
Comptroller G.:neral Jones yester
day sLbmitted to Capt. Jennings the
following report made after a very
-;arching ex iminatior.:
"In your letter dir(c:ed to =re as
3omptroller general, dated Oct,'er 7,
you state that there appears to be an
trr, gularity in the oatter of the ex
:hange of a certain Brown cLupon
ond, and the amount c:vers d into a
tcck certificate. That the State ap
pears to have lost the amount of this
Jond and the interest at 4 1 2 p1
:ent. for several years. You ask tha
[, as comptroller general, under t ey
lion 672. v"lume 1, of the code of 19-2
make a full investigation cf the status
>f the State's securities as therein re
"In nformitv with the abtva re
quirement, I have perscnally examin
ed, with the help of S. T. Carter,
bookkeeper, and J. Fuller Lyon, bond
lerk, all the securi y transactions of
he State-from January 1st, 1894, to
ate. From February 2Ad, 1895 to
May 231d, 1901, I find a number of
fraudulent transactions, aggrega'ing
$12,500; or in other wcrds, these
ransactions have increased the State'.
bonded debt to that cxtent, together
with $3,903.75 interest paid thereon,
making a total of $16.403 75.
"The i.ems going to make up the
various transactions are fully itemized
and hereto appended. Tne examina
ion reveals the fact that the bcnd
alerk during that period in wh:c3
bhese transactions appear upon the
ocoks, has falsified oz erased the num
*ers of certain bonds surrendered for
axchange and has abstracted bonds
previously cancelled and has submit
ed the same at a later date for such
oonds surrendered, and has evidently,
is shown by the interest ace unt put
the bonds so erased as u icancelled on
"This is clearly shown by the fact
hat all transactions during this period
ppear in tre hand writing of the same
ond clerk. It seems that the bond
~lek in the State treau:er's caiin
has charge of all bond transactions."
When he had received the report
nd the itemized statement from the
~omptroller general, Capt J noings
orwarded these to the attorney gea
ral's office with a request to be ad
is d as to the mode of procedure Mr.
Lroy F. Youmans, the assistant at
orney general, replied in the following
erm :"I am in rec ipt of yours of
oday enclosing copy of yours of Oat
ber 7th to Hcn. A. W. Jones, comp
roller general. and his reply to you
f this date. You ask that I instruct
ou as to your duties in the premises
If, of your own knowledge, you know,
r if from Information obtained from
thers you believe or if as a conclusion
rom circumstances you have a just
ause to believe and do believe that
he bond clerk referred to has commit
td the offense charged In the corres
ondence, it Is yt ur duty to proceed
n the criminal courts against the
aid bond clerk. Civil proceedings.
will be a matter for further consider
WARRAN~T sWORN OUT.
When thus advised, Capt. Jennings
asked the attorney general to make
ut the warrant for the arrest of Mr.
mmermnan. The warrant charges
reach of trust with fraudulent intent
ad larceny of St-ate bonds with the
purpose ot devoting the proceeds to
is own personal use.
In his a?~davit upon which the war
rant was issued, Treasurer Jennings
recites the transactions narnted by
Mr. Lnes and concludes:
"T'nat at all these dates one Daniel
ZEmmerman was the bookkeeper in the
fice of the State treasurer and es
pecialy entrusted by the three treas
urers of the State named above in suc
cession, with the performance of the
duties of the treasurer in the surren
der of Brown coupon bonds and tne is
suance of stock certificates in exchaange
"That in connection with these
transactions, bonds surrendered and
which should have been cancelled,
ave been abstracted from the State
State treasury and substituted at a
later date for such bonds surrendered
~nd the numbers of cer'.ain bonds
ave, this deponent Is informed and
believes, been altered in the writing
thereof to the prejudice of and with
the Intent to defraud the State.
"That this defendant is informed,
has just cause to believe and does
believe that the said Daniel Zmmer
man has been guilty of the offenses
above set forth; has in so doing comi
mitted a breach of trust with frsuf'u
lent intention, has stolen the band~s
aforesaid the property of the State,
has unlawfully increased the State's
bonded debt to the extent of 812 500
besides $3,983 75 interest; that this
deponent, Win. T. Bates, Win. H
Timmerman, A W. Jones, J. Fuller
Lyon, S. T. Carter, are material wit
nesses to prove the same.
When th~e examination was first con
cluded, no evidence of fraudulent
transactions during Capt. Jennings
administrations had been discover-d.
but -ey a carful revision it was found
that there was ona such in A pril, 1901,
two months after Capt. Jennings camne
into c til -P. The full statement of thi
items discovered is given elsew!ere
Oe of these was on Jan. 15. 1931
j ist four days before D:. Timmermal
turned the cifice over to Qp. Jen
MR ZIMMERMAN S DISAPPEARANCE
There was scme delay in the prep
eration of the warrant and Dr. B ites
and Dr. Timmerman, the two former
State treasurers, wbo sti:1 have a very
sympathetic regard for Mr. Z:mmer
man, drove out to his house to pre
pare him for what was coming and to
make a final appeal to h!m to clear up
tl'e matter if it lay witbin his power
to do so. When they arrived at Mr.
Z mmerman's bome about noon they
were informed that he was at the in
surance c ffice of Mr. S L. Miller They
drove without delay to the office of
Mr. Miller and were informed that
Mr. Zmmerman had just left. That
was about 1 o'clock and it was not
until 4 o'clock that the warrant was
placed in the bands of Sheriff Cole
man. As soon as the warrant bad
been sworn out, the news was made
t u-lic, and Mr. Z;mmerman's friends
-s well as the officers of the law were
,ll on the lookout for him, but he has
not been seen since the tima cr about
the time he left Mr. Miller's cffie.
DR. TIMMERMAN HARD HIT.
It wiil be some time before It can
be told definitely in %hose administra
tions these i ff Jrs cccurred, but at
present it appears that the liabilities
will be abrut as follows:
W. T C Bates.......... 1,200
W. H. Timmerman... ...... 10,500
R. H. Jennings.............. 1,400
To this ot course must be added the
interest wnica will increase the total
amount lost by the State of Sjuth
0irolina and to be recovered on the
Li. aI lieged that the fraudulent en
.its *ere made in t.his wise: A party
baving bonds might prefer stocks in
exchange. The papers would be pre
sented and the transfer made. Then
instead of cancelling the bond the
alerk in charge, apparently, w: uld
take out one of the bands when there
would be a large package and at scme
ovenieut date would put it on tne
market as if it were a negotiable in
strument instead of a bond whose val
idity had been wiped'out by the ex
hange. The bonds of the State are
payable to bearar, just as a bank note
or other currency, and the stccks are
payable to order only.
The interest on the bonds is the
ame as the interest on the stocks,
b it the coupons on the bords may be
presented by any one whereas the in
erest on the stocks is sent in cheeks
to parties in whose name the stocks
alre made out unless the State treas
er has been notified of the transfer
f the stocks. For that reason many
pople prefer stocks to bonds and there
re issued sometimes as many as I,
350 stock certificates in a year.
HOW IT COULD HAVE BEEN DONE.
To show how easily this kind of
ransation might have been made
witout discovery ex3ept by accident,
there are on the books of the State
treasurer bonds of this issue alone
valued at $3,374,000 and stocks valued
at $2 226,000. Since the date of the
issue of these bonds there have been
Issued 4.044 bonds of the denomina
on of $1.000 and 2,134 bonds of the
~eomnation oL $500. Many of these
ort d have been exchanged for stocks
nd therefore it will be apparent that
raudulent transactions might have
ccurred as the employes of the treas
rer's cif:e are considered above sus
p1ion and the bonds are not counted.
it is said that when a package of
onds would be re-urnEd in exchange
for stocks It would be very easy to can
el nine of the b *nds and suibstitute
for the tenth a ctrcelled bond which
ad been taken uo several years be
fore. The legislative investigating
ommittee would count merely the
onds as units without inspecting
hem, and if the number corresponded
with the Dumber reported ex~hanged
for st-.cks within the year, there would
e no suspicion of the fact that one
f the bonds exchanged, for instance
n 1895, had been substituted for a
ond exchanged in 1900 and that the
latter had been taken from the pack
age and had been sold. The State
woulA therefore be paying interest -on
the bond which should have been can
elled as well as upon the stock certi
ficate which had been issued in place
f the bond.
As Mr. Z mmerman was charged
'ith taie custody of the bonds, as he
the excaaoged bonds "cancelled" and
was the one responsible for marking
as the entries on the books were In
his handwriting it is easy to connect
him with the fraudulent exchange.
Kis many friends hope that there will
be some way in which the tmatter can
be cleared up and Mr. Zimmerman
prove that he was not guilty of the
serious offenses charged.
Mr. Ziaamerman surrendered on
Wedesay and gave bond for seven
teen thousand dollars for his appear
ance at court.
John Price a young drug clerk, had
a bttie with a band of Italians at
Pw Paw Md., and Frank Ficco and
G Dalessandro are dead, and Clemen
to Rtonollee is said to be dying at the
hospital. Price had had trouble with
one of the Italians sis weeks ago, and
Wednesday the men insulted him
Pr.ce knocked knocki d him down,
whereuponl a dczen Italians, with
drawn revolvers and stilettos. drove
nim from the train at Okonoko.
IPrice hid In the rear when the train
Ipulled out, and, reaching Paw Paw,
ne got a revolver and opened fire.
The Italiaus returned the fire but
Price waR u harmd. He is in jail.
The Miaotells his suoj 3cts that
he is perfectly satisfied with the
terms of the peace treaty and~ that is
enough for theffi. But the inistei
of waZ has taken the precaution tc
forbid discussion os the matter in the
army, under heavy penalties. Imper
ial virtues are all right, but the hea
vy hand of authority is not to be de
pised. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Kill~ed by Care.
John Turner was Instantly kIlled ai
Lumber, Florence county on Monda3
afternoon by being caughit betweer
too lag cars while the train was it
motion on the tram road of William
& McKitanlS company, of which hi
And How It Was Worked by thi
Instead of Being Canc-.[led as the La%
Provides, Were Sold by Somebody
Connected With the Treasur
ers Office as Will be
Seen b) the Below.
Followine is Comptroller Geners
Jones' itemized statement covering ex
amination of bond transactionsof S -ate
treasurer's <cfice transactions of 1st,
1894, to date:
On Feb. 2ad, 1895, E M. Moreland
surrendered for exchaDge bonds Nos.
744, 745, 746 and 747 for $500 each,
which were exchanged and ircluded
in stock certifiates Nos. 542, 543 and
544 issued in the name of John Grim
The bonds appear upon the records
to have b'en surrendered and exchang
ed for stock certificates, but appear
a second time as follows, to wit: April
22d, 1899, Charles L'>gan surrender
ed for exchange bonds Nos 746, and
747 for $500 each which were exchwg
ed and included in stock certificate
N). 947, issued in the name of Chas
May 23rd, 1901, E. M. M reland,
surrendered for exchange bonds Nos
744 and 745 for $500 each, which were
exchanged and included in stock, cr
tifi:ate No. 1074 issued in the name
of Mattie . R!ggs, trustee, and N)
1975. issued in the name of E. M.
Dec 3rd, 1895, E. M. Moreland sur
rendered for exchange bonds Nos, 725
and 726 for 8500 each, which were ex
changed and included in stock certifi
cate No. 638, issued in the name cf
Cas. S. Bennett.
The above bonds appear again upon
the records as follows: May 28, 1896
D. Chappelman, attorney, surrendered
for exchange bonds Nos. 725 and 726
for s5(10 each, wh-ch were exchanged
and' included in stock certificate No.
708, issued in the name of the Ger
man-American Trust and Savings
Jan. 15th, 1896, E M. Moreland sur
rendered for exchange bond No. 1173
for $1,000, which was exchanged and
included in stock certifiOate No. 642,
issued in the name of A. B. Murray.
The above bond appears again upon
the records as follows: Jan. 26th, 1898,
R. M. Maranall & Bro., surrendered
for exchange bond No. 1173 for 81,000,
which was exchanged and included in
stock certifieates Nos. 863, 864 and
865, issued in the name of M. E.
White, et al.
Jan. 24th, 1896, B. M. Moreland
surrendered for exchange bond No.
361 for $500, which was exchanged and
Included in stock certifiaate No. 649,
issued in the na-ne of A. B. Murray.
The above bond appears, a second
time upon the record as follows: Jan.
26, 1898, B. M. Marshall & Bro., sur
rendered for exchange bond No. 361
for $500, which was exchanlged and
included in stock certificates Nos. 863
84, and 865, Issued In the name of
i. B White, et. al.
A pril 9th, 1896, Henry P. WIlliams,
cashier, surrendered for exchange bond
No. 1946 for 81,000; which was ex
changed and included In stock certifi
cate No. 687, issusd in the name of
Carolina Srsvings bank.
The above appears a second timer
upon the reco-ds as follows: Jan. 5th,
1899, E. 3M. Moreland surrendered for
xchange bond No. 1946 for 81.000,
which was exchanged and included in
stock certifioste No. 934, issued in
the name of A. B. Murray.
A pril 173h, 1896, Win. A. Nichol
son & Son surrendered for excnange
tond No. 8S4 for 81.000, which was
xchanged and Included in stock cer
tificates Ncs. 688 and 689, Issued in
he name of Win. A. Nicholson &
The above bpnd appears a second
time upon the records as follows. Ot.
14th, 1899, Dwight Hughes surren
ered for exchange bond No. 984 for
8,000, which was exchanged and in
cluded in stock certtficate No. 974, Is
sued in the name of Mattie E Riggs,
execx. et. al. and No. 975 in the name
of Frank F. Whilden.
April 1750, 1896, Win. A. Nichol
son & Son surrendered for exchange
bonds Nos. 283 284 and 1944 for $500
each, which were exchanged and in
cluded in stock ertificate N:,s. 688
and 699, issued in the name of Smn.
A. Nicholson & Son
Tne above bonds appear a second
time upon the records as follows:
Feb. l63h, 1897, Henry W. Frost &
Co., surrendered for exchange bona
No. 283 for $500, which was exchang
ed and included in stock certificate
No. 766, issued In the name of Henry
W. Frust & Ce'.
Jan. 26 m, 1898, R. M. Marshall &
Bro., surrendered for exchange bonc
No. 284 for 5500, whIch was exchanlg
ed and included In stock certificat4
Nos. 683, 684 and 685, issued in the
name of M. E. White et. al.
Jan. 14th, 1901, R. M4. Marshall &
Bro., surrendered for exchange tb'onc
No. 1944 for 8500, which was exchang
ed and incltded In stock certificate
Nc. 1058. issued in the name of Rich
ard J. Morris.
Oct. 8th, 1896, W. A. Clark, presi
dent, surrendered for exchange bonc
No. 2552 for $1,000, wh!ch was ex
changed and Included In stock certifi
cate No. 739, Issued In the name o:
the South C'Lrolinla Loan & Trust Co
Te ab've bond appears a secord
tm upon the records as follows: Feb
16th 189 , nyW. Frost & Co.
surrendered for exchange bond Nj.
2552 for 81,000, which was ex -hanged
and iLcuded in stcck certificate No.
766, issued in the name of Henry W.
Frost & Co.
Oct. 12 b, 1896 Wm. A. Nicholson
surrendered for exchange bond No.
1896 for $1,000, which was exchanged
and included in stock certifi:ate N>.
742, issued in the name of Wm. A.
The above bond appears a semnd
i time upon the records as follows: F3b.
1 -h, 1897, Henry W. Frost & Co.,
render. d for exchange b~nd 11o.
1896 for $1,000, which was exchanged
and included In stock cer:ificate N>.
766, is ned in the name of Hrn y W.
Frost & Co.
Jan. 18th, 1897, Henry W Frost &
Co., surrendered for exchange bona
No. 2835 for $1,00), which was ex
changed and included in stock certifi
cate No. 763, issued in the name of
Henry W. Frost & Co.
The above bond appears a second
time upon the records as follows: Feb.
10th, 1900, E M. Moreland surrender
ed for exc'iange bond No 2325 for $1,
000, which was excbanged and Includ
ed in stock certificate No 1,000, issu
ed in the name of A B Murray.
March 15th, 1897, Henry W. Frost
& Co., surrendered for exchange bond
No. 56 for $500, which was exchanged
and included in stock certificate No.
770, issued in the name of Henry W.
Frost & C.
The above bond appears a second
time upon the r.: cards as follows. Jan.
26:-h, 1898, E M. Marshall & Bro.,
<urrendered for exchange bond No.
56 for $500, which was exchanged and
included in stock certificates Nos. 863
864 and 865, Issued in the name of M.
E. White et. al.
Ot 9th, 1897, Caas. Logan surren
dered for exchange bond N7. 1447 for
$500, which was exchanged and inc'u
ed in stock certificate Ni. 837 Issued
un the name cf Chas. L igan.
Tae above bond appears a second
time upon the records as follows: Jan.
26th, 1898, R. M. Marshall & Bro.,
surrendered for exchange bond No.
1447 for $500, which was exchanged
and included In stock certificates Nos.
863, 861, and 865, issued in the name
of M. E. White et. al.
July 22id, 1898, Henry P. Archer
surrendered for exchange bond No.
1035 for $500, which was exchanged
and stock certificate 1:). 913, Issued
in the name of Henry P. Archer.
The above bond appears a sec nd
time upon the records as fol'ows: Jan.
14th, 1901, R. M. Marshall & Bro.,
surrendered for exchange bond No.
1035 for $500, which was Fxchanged
and stock certificat N). 1058, issued
in the name of Richard J. Morris.
HOLD YOUR COTTON.
Fourteen R -asons Why the Farmers
Should Do So.
The following circular from Mr J.
E. Wannamaker, President of the
Orangeburg County Cotton Associa
tion will be read with interest.
Farmers, hold your cotton for high
Because it is worth 11 cents or more!
Because It Is bound to seil at much
Because the man who makes the
cotton should help to make the price !
Because trade Is broad and strong,
and record-breaking as to textiles!
Because the mills are making mon
ey on basis of 11 cents and 12 .cents
Because the world needsevery bale,
and will take It greedily at 11 crnts If
we would hold firm !
Because we are no longer slaves to
the north, but 'free people with our
banks fulil of money, and the merchants
and bankers at our backs!
Because we live in a record-bi eak
tg age, and the present cotton crop,
whch bas matured and opened unus
ally early, will be found to be very
short, when the world-wide and un
precedented demand for cotton goods
Because the farmer needs the mon
ey, and deserves it more than the
Bcause money don't buy as much
now as formErl.!
Beca e everytning the farmer buys
has gon -p ln-prica, why not cotton!
B; cause the Southern Cotton asso
lation has fixed the price for good
cotton at 11 cents, and this associa
tion is fighting ourbattle, and has put
millons of dc.1 ars in the pockets of
southern people !
Because we should be true to south
en manhood and the southlandi
Because if we show the white feath
er and sell, we will felt like kicking
ourselves out of sight when cotton is
selling at 11 cents to 12 1-2 per pound!
Sand pat for 11 centE
,T. E. Wannamnaker,
President O:angeburg Cotton Associa
He Meanl lt
The Anderson Intelligencer says:
"Gv. Hayward's election tpo the presi
dency of a large warehouse company
emphasizes his statement made some
time ago that he would retire from
politics at the end of his present term
as governor. His tenure of the exeeu
t~ive ct~ce has been marked by a com
mndable firmness in dealing with
diffcult public questions,and there are
thousands of people over the State who
will receive his announcement with
regret. His administration has been a
succesful one, and on more than one
occasion he has displayed an admira
ble spirit In enforcing the laws of the
commonwealth In the face of an un
friendly public sentimet."
Gov. aHeyward in Atlanar.
Gov- Heyward was the guest at At
lanta of Gov. Terrell on Friday and
Saturday last upou the occasion of
President Roosev..lts visit to Atlanta.
He was presented to the president by
Georgia's c'ief executive and had a
prominent partt In the reception accor
ded the distinguished visitor. Gov
ernor Heyward recently advised Gov
ernor Terrell of his purpose to visit
Atlanta to confer about the disputed
boundary line between Georgia and
South Carolina, and at the Invitation
of Governor Terrell he agreed to re
main over In Atlanta and meet Pres
AT OLD HOME.
President Roosevelt Visits th
Home of his Mother at
TOWN OF ROSWILTIA
The President Started on his Souther
Tour on Last Wednesday From
.Washington, azd is Royally
Received Everywhere He
Has Stopped. Made
President Roosevelt began hi
Southern tour on last Wednesda3
morning' I2 the party were Mrs.
R-osevelt, ;Secretary William L is
Jr., Dr. P. M Rixey, surg!!on genera:
of the navy, John A. M Phenry, o1
Louisiana, a member of the Presi
dent's regiment of Brugh Riders,
John U. Greenway, of Michigan, Johi
S. Elliott, commnissioner of Vne Inter
or for Porto R!c ; M. C. Latta, and
John L. McGrew, stenographer
Henry A. Strohmayer, photographer;
Col. L. S. Brown, general agent of
the Southern Riilwaj; representa
ives of the three press associaions,
two secret service cfl,ers and a corps
Toe B -st stop was mide at F.eder
lksburg, V&., where the party was
reeted by a large crowd. Tne next
stop was at Athland, Va, where
gain the president was heartily wel
omed by a rousing crowd. At both
places the president made short
peechies from the rear of his car. At
Richmond, Va., he was received with
reat pomp and ceremony by the
itizens; the streets were literally
rowded with people, who seemed de
ermined that R e-lz oL...i would do
er full share tow -.ra, entertaining
he Pcesident and M . 9.r im reel at
aone in the South ti u de a speecn
omplimenting th; U2 feerate sold
er very highly.
IN NORTH CATLINA
The first stop the President made
n North Carolina was at Rileigh,
where he was royally entertained.
rousands of people met the train
nd the greatest enthusiasm preval
d. At Charlotte an immense crowd
were at the depot when the train ar
tved. The crowd was so greas that
ally 10,000 were denied the privilege
f hearing him. He created the wild
st enthusiasm by referring to the
Kecklenburg Declarition of Indepen
erc, Mrs. Stonewall Jackson, who
ves here, and Lieut. William R'
3hipp, a monument of whom he pas
ed en route to the park.
MEETS MRS. STONEWALL JACKSON.
The fature of his stay here was
bs meeting with the widow of Stone
wall Jackson. Mrs. Jackson lives in
i stone's throw of the station and she
was present there when the train pul.
ed in as the head of a company o.
ades appointed by Mayor McNinca
o receive Mrs. Roosevelt. Wnen he
as introduced he took her hand and
emained talking for fully fiva minu
tes. "Mrs Jackson, you do not know
ow glad I am to meet you.
ha2 the widow of the great Stone'
all Jackson. Why it is worth the
hole trip down here to have the
hance to shake your hand." He re
erred to her grar dion, Jackson
hristi'an, whom he appointed to a
~adetship .at W~est Pint. He is a
ighty fine fellow, Mrs. Jackson; a
mghty fine fellow, by Jove."
The President's visit to Atlanta
Friday was a marked event in the
history of the State of Georgia. He
was greeted on his arrival by her
ost distinguished citizens and
brogh the day on every hand were
houted words of welcome that left
o room for doubt of their sincerity.
Te city was in gala attire ano busi
ess was practilly suspended that
ill mlgnt greet the distinguished
uest. South Carolina, in the person
f Gov. Heyward, added its welcome
o the south in no uL clrtain tones.
Nmerous extra trains brought their
urdens of Geggians from the sur
oundrg country and cities, adding
o the cit. z:n attendance and it was
estimated that not less than 100,000
persons saw and welcomied the
HIS MOTHER'S HOME.
President Roosevelt Friday carried
out his long cherished plan of visiting
the heme of a s eother-Rswelt, Ga.
ne of his reasons for ecming s':uthl
was that he might see the old home
stead where his mother spent he:t
girhood and which she left a happ3
bride. That the visit was fraugn'
with many tender recollections was
evident, and as his c .rriage drove a
way from the old Bulloch mansior
where his mother liyc d and married,
the president 'ourmured to Mrs.
Eoosevelt, "I can hardly 1:.ave here.
The president reached Roswell at 7 3(
o'clock Friday morning and y a' - jint
here by Senator and Mrs. Clay, wh<
were his guests at breakfast. Hi
then er.t ;red a carriage and was driv
en to the mansion. This fine olc
omestead is now the proerty of J. D.
Wing, a lumnber merchant of this see
fGion, who lives mn It with his sister
Ers. Wood, the post master at Ros,
WELCOMED BY A sTUDENT.
From the homestead the presiden1
was driven to the town park, where
stand had been erected from whici
he delvered an address. He was we]
c:rmed to Roswell by Charles M. Reed
a student of Mercer university, wh<
in the course of a well chosen address
said the only reason he culd see fo:
the selection of himself to deliver thia
welcome was because of the president'
well known fondnems for having young
men identified with public al-a
Senator A. S. Clay Introduced the pres
Ident, who was enthusiastically greet
ed as he arose to speak. He said:
"Senator, at dyou, my friends, uhon
it is hard for me not to call my nieign
bors, for I feel as if you were:
"You can have no idea of how muci
i+ manso nme to ma hack to R~o
weil, to the borme of my m'thler and
my mother's pecple, and to see the
pot wbich I already know so well
from what my mother and my aunts
told me. It has been exactly as If I
were rE-visitirg some old place of my
echildhood It has meant very much to
me to be introduced by Senator Clay.
Senator Clay bas been altogether teo
kind in what he said about me. N~w
I am going to sa) nothing whatever
tut the bare facts abcut Senator Clay,
and these facts amount to this: If the
average man I had to deal with iz
publ c life possessed Senator Clay's fihn.
devotion to what he deems right my
a task would be so easy that it would
not be worth mentioning. I have gore
to Senator Clay for advice and counsel
and help ever sincs I have been In
Washington. just as I went to Senator
Cockrell of Missouri while he was in
t-he senate, with the certainty that all
t had to do was to convince him that
v .t he wanted dine was right-I
: uld not always convince him-but if
i did convince him that was the end
of it-'1e went that way.
HIS EARLIEST RECOLLECTIONS.
0 1my friends, I hardly like to say
how deeply my heart Is moved by
coming back here among you. Among
the earliest rdcollections I have as a
child is hearing from my mother and
my aunt, MISS Annie Bulloch as she
was then, about Rosweil; of how the
Pratts and Kings and Dunwoodys and
sullochs cama here first to settle,
abjut the old homestead, the house on
tne hill, about the Caattahooche,
about all kinds and sorts of incidents
that would not interest you, but inter
ested me. a great deal when I was a
"I wish I could spend heurs here to
look all through and see the different
placis ab;ut which I have heard all
kinds of inctdents. All those anecdotes"
looking back now. I cin see, taught
me an enormcus amount, perhaps all
the more because they were not in
tended to teac'a anything. I think per
haps we are very apt to learm most
when neither we nor the people talk
ing to us Intend to teach anything. if
anybody starts to teach us something
we are a little apt to resent it and as
sume a rather repellent attitude. All
those stories of the life of those days
taught me what a real home life, a
real neighbor life, was and suould be.
Ljoking back now at what I learned
cnreugn the stories of the cblidhood
of my mother, my aunts, my uncles, I
.an understand why the boys and girls
of R~swell of that time grew up to be
men and women who were go.d ser
vants of the community, who were
good husbands, good fathers, good
wives and mothers; how It was rhat
they learned to d> their dut) aright
in peace and in war also.
"It has been my very great good
fortune to have the right to claim that
my blood, is half southern and half
northern, and I would deny the right
of any man here to feel a greater pride
in the deeds of every southerner than
I feel. Of the cnildren, the brothers
and sisters of my mother who were
born and brought up in that house
on the ill there, my two uncles after
wards entered the Confederate ser
v.c, and served in the Confederate
navy. Oae, the younger man, served
on the Alabima as the youngest off
car aboard her. He was captain of one
of her broadside 32 pounders In her
fiaal fight and when at the very end
tne Alabam~a was sinking and the
Kearsarge passed under her stern and
came up along the side that had not
been engaged hitherto, my uncle,- Irv
ing Buliocn, shifted his gun from one
side to the other and fired the two last
snoss fired from the Alabama.
A PRotD KINsHIP.
"Jas. LDunwood Bullock was art ad
miral In the Confederate service. Of
all the people I have ever met he was
the one that came nearest to that
beautiful creation of Thackery-Col.
Newcome. Men and wcmen don't
you think that I have the ancestral
right t'i claim a proud kinship with
those who showed their devotion to
duty as they saw the duty, whether
they wore the gray or- whether they
wore the blue? All Americans who
are worthy the name feel an equal
pride in the valor of tnose who fought
on one side or the other, provided
only that each did with all 'his might
and soul and mind his duty as it was
giveni him to see his duty."
The president next was driven to
the old Presbyterian church in which
his grandfather, James Bullock, was
once a leading member. Mr. Bulloch
ped dead in this church while
e uing a Sunday school class in 1849,
and among those presant in tne
church today were three members of
tnat class whO were present at the
timr. Tae venerable pastor of the
church, R ay. Dr. W. E. Baker, offer
d prayer and the presioent and Mrs.
Roosevelt then shook hands with a
number or the townspeople, many of
whom had known the president's
mother. On the way to the train
the prcsident stopped for a moment
at the home of Dr. Baker, where bp
met the pastor's wife, who was one
of his mother's brijesmaids.
In the escort, which conducted the
president from his train to the differ.
ent points he visited, was Warren E
rockett, who was a member of CaL.
R&osevelt's regiment during the Span
)ish war. The rEception of the presi
dent at the old home of his mother
>was a cordial one. The people greet
ed him both as president and as the
son of onc of their neighbors. Many
I were the kind references to his moth
er from those who knesw her and
many were the expressions of good
,will toward her distinguished son.
-The president,s train left for- Atlanta
shortly Qef ore 10 o'clock.
A iard Job.
I The N~ewberry Ooserver says farm
ers will have to protect their farms
and their labor from the blind tiger.
They can do it, but it will require
very positiveand determined action.
Herein Is one of the great benfits of
r neighborhood control, which can be
secured by the organization of law
and order leagues in the several scool
- Burned to De ath.
A negro child was burned to death
on Thursday in York c~unty, having
been left alone in the house while its
parents were out cotton-pickins.
And two others in the same county
1 were burned to death under similar
icn. ance on Saturday.
A SAD TALE
Of the Sea Told by Two Survi
vors of a Shipwreck.
BRITEN TO PIECES
Off the Coast of South Carohna, Six
Members of a Schooners Crew
Found Gravts in the Deep,
After Many Days of Most
A story of a North Atlantic ship
wrcck, In which eight seamen suffer
ed so fearfully from exposure, hunger
and thirst that six of them either
died outright, were washed away, or,
crazad by their fearful experience,
threw themselves Into the sea, -was
told by the two survivors of the.
coasting schooner Van Name and
King,'of New Haven, Conn, which
was beaten to pieces by a gale off the
South Carolina coast on October 6h.
Tne two men wio lived through
the five days and were rescued by the
schooner Stinman F. Keay, which
arrived at Biston, Mass., on Tuesday
of last week, are Win. Thomas and
Wm. G. Warner, both about 29 years.:
old, six feet three inbes tal, and
hail from Antigua, British West In
dies. The six who, one Iby one, su
cumbed, were Capt, Wm. A.- Max
well, of New Jersey, 'Mate E.
Chase, home unknown; enginter ,
German, name unknown; o
steward, name nnown; colored
men, Wm. Grizell and Alfred Arthur
both of Jamaica.
The Van Name and King,.
has been plying up and down the
coast since 1886, left Cnarles S. .
C., for New York on Oct. 3, with a
cargo of hard pine. Two days later,
she ran into a heavy gale and after
wallowing anaUt In the great seas for
seteral hours sprang - a .leak Te
pumps were started, but within a
short time the engine room was flood
ed and the pumps choked.
At 8 o'clock on the morning of Oct.
6, with her hold nearly full ot water.,
the little schooner was hove down on
her beam ends. The crew clamored
up on the weather side and -asbe
themselves to bulwarks. Tmere they
remained washed by the'seas that
broke iernlealy over them all day
That. night the storm ineressed in
fury and one great wave crashed
aboard, breaking both legs of Seaman
Arthur and sweeping Grizell from his
fastenings. Arthur's companions
could do nothing to ease his sufer
ings, but when on Saturday the
schooner turned completely over the
managed to cut his lashings and
him on a piece of the after house. JIu
was several hors before they werie all
buddkc d together on theirlittle raft.
That night Arthur died in the arms
of Capt. Maxwell and his body was
dropped overboard. Sunday brought -
a ray of hope, when a craft was sighti
ed but the gloom shutin again as ghe
passed by without heeding the little
group of sesman who were frantically
signalling her. That night the waves
svbuided and a little rain fell which -
was eagerly caught In a tarpaulin and
brought some slight relief.
It was only temporary and not long
afte Mate Chase's mind gave wdIe e
tirely and the craft was aga-n Lght
ened when he jumped into ubnea
The next victim was Capt. MLaxwell
who on Monday forenoon became~ vii
lently Insane and followed hi.s mate's
example of aels-desibruction as a r
to his sutrings. The speaeef of
two men throwing thems~elves into
the sea proved too mucn for toe Go.
man engineer adid a few hours leu,.r
he, too, leaped to his death. -
The last victim was the colored.
steward, who died Monday night and.
whose body was consigned to the wat
ers by the two rekialning seaman. Be
lief came 12 hours later when tne
schooner Stillmnan F. Kelly, b:.uad up
the coast from Ceylon, G orgia, to
this port, sighted the little craft and
hove to alongside. -
Both Thomas and Warnar h::d to
be taken off in slings, and for two. days
were unable to move. The reicus
took place off Cape Lookout. Tao
Kelly arrived this afternoon but the
seamen were still too exhausted to
A Dynamite Oucrage.
A chiarge of dynamite, exploded in
the doorway of the grocery store of
Antonio Garbalvo, at 13 Stanton
street, on the East Side, New York,
early Wednesday morning, wrected
the lower half of the front of the buil
ding, shattered windows In the tene
ments above and threw into a panic
hundreds of tenants in the neignbor
hood. No one was seriously injared.
Tao outrage Is believed to have been,
directed againsa Garbalvo, who with
ris t wo sisters. occupies living rooms
at the rear of the store. Garbalvo a
week ago rcalved a Black Hand let
ter demanding $1,000
Died at lisa Post.
Felix King, son of a wealthy New
York mnan,died Wednesday night at
the Marine hospital at Memphis
Tenn King was a Mississippi river pi
lot and was stricken while at the
wheel of the government steamer
Parker. He leaves a wife and son
here in poverty, though his widowed
mother and a married sister in New
York and two brothers in Detroet are.
said to he wealthy. Cut off from'hls
own acts,Kingrefusedto Inform them
of his wants and was tended and bu-.
ried by the government he served.
His wife hopes to find the New
York address of his relatives.
Thirty-three firemen 0-2 the White
tar line steamer Oceanic were arrested
upon the arrival of the vessel at Liver
pool, charged with combining to re
ruse to obey the masters command,
have been sentenced to seven days Im