Newspaper Page Text
Mast ha Xuforced in Counties Which
Have Voted Cut
The Dispensary. Constables Sent to
Pickens County on the Advice of
Chief Constable Hammett.
As was suggested in The State and
other daily papers Gav, Heyward has
been puzzled to know what to do with
the enforcement of the dispensary
law in counties which bave voted out
the dispensary, At drst his disposi
tion was to remove the constables
and to trust to the people of the
county to Zcep down the illicit sale of
Coinplaints having come from Pick
ens and Newberry counties, Chief
Constable Hammet was sent to those
districts to investigate. Upon his
showing that the cftizials in Pickens
admit that they do not try to enforce
the law, Gov. Hayward ordered con
stables to be pliced there, bu; the
Newberry situation was not dispcsed
of pending the action of the Law and
Order league in that county.
The constables in Pickens will be
paid out of the proceeds of a special
levy of a half mill in that county. Mr.
Hammet's report is as follows, ad
dressed to the governor:
"At your request I paid a visit to
Newberry and Pckecs cruaties last
week, and endeavored to gather such
information as would enable me to
make to you an impartial report of
the actual situstiofn with reference
to the enforcement of the law, which
report, I trust, will prove satisfac
At Newberry I conferred with a
number of the most prominent people
both for and against the dispensary,
and from a careful revievw of what
was told me I .m led to believe that
the local offials and the better ele
ment of the cit-izens desire the en
forcement of the law, and are en
deavoring to compel it in the city,
but at the same time I am forced
to the conclusion that it is being vio
lated in certain pr.rts of the county
outside of the town, and I would re
commend that constables be placed in
the county where it is necessary to
prevent the trflic in whiskey as long
as i may be deemed advisable.
"From Newberry I went to Pick
ens, where I found abuo the same
conditions existing, with th a excep
tion that I satisfied myself that liquor
is being sold in the towns as well as
in the country. Hare, too, I inter
viewed a number of substantial and
well posted citiz-ns, eliciting fror
them sufficient irnformation to warrant
the above opinion. I learn that the
distillers are again active, and that
most of the whiskay being used i
"In view of the above facts, I
recommend that constables be placed
h Plckens county where necessary."
Gov. Heyward in a letter to Mr. D.
3. Coker of Darlington on the 15th
of July stated his position on the
matter. . He will give the people of a
county a fair trial Defore appointing
BE GAVE BOND.
Mr' Daniel Zimmerman Waives a
There are no new developments in
the~ Zimmerman case the an
nouncemernt in the Record Wednes
day t'i at Mr. Zi zmerman had co~r
forward and would appear before
Magistrate McMaster and give bond
attracted a great deal of attention.
Magistrate McMaster consulted with
Solicitor Timmerman and it was de
cided to fix the bond at S100. This
bond was prepared and Mr. Zimmer
man appeared at 5 O'clock ;with his
attorney, Mr. G. Duncan Bellinger,
and signed his appearance for the
February term of court, the bond be
Ing given by Messrs. F. H. Westor
and J. Pope Matthews, of Columbia.
and Mr. T. A. Amaker, of St. Mat
thews. He was accompanied by 1. is
son, Mr. Daniel Zimmerman.
An interesting chapter to this story
however, is the statement by a num
her of Columbians that Mr. Z~mmer
man had been seen on the Charlotte
train and the statement by Mr. Zim
merman to Sheriff Coleman that he
had not attempt Ed to elude the sheriff
As a result of the statement as to
the Charlotte trip, Mr. Coleman sent
Deputy Sheriff Cathart to Charlotte
Wednesday afternoon in search of
him. Mr. Coleman stated that Meg
Istrate ,EMcMaster had not notified
him Mr. Z'mmerman's intention to
surrender, and when Mr. Z'mmerman
appearedathere was no warrant for
The recognizance was c u'y signed,
however, and Mr. Z'mmerman at once
went home He had no statement to
make except that he had not tried to
elude the sheriff and that at a proper
time he would iset forth the facts.
There was much sympathy expressed
Wednesday fcr the family and cpln
Ion is still divided as to Mr. Z~mmer
man's guilt or innocence.
Big Cannal Projected.
President John S. Shaw and the
board of directors of the Lake Erie
and Ohio River Ship Canal Company,
accompanied by a num~ber of engineers
and other advisors, started from Pitts
burg, Pa., Friday on a two days' trip
to examine the twvo routes proposed
for a ship canal connecting the Ede
Lake with the Ohio river. At Ashta
bula, Ohio, the Pittsburg party will
be joined by the c fficers of the Ohio
and Pennsylvania Snip canal Comp
any, of which Joseph H. Ca.ssidy, of
Cleveland, is president, and the two
organizations will continue the trip to
gether. One of the two routes is from
Ashtabula, Ohio, to Pittsburg, the
other from Erie to Pittsbnrg. Each
rcute is about 105 miles lcng, and the
cost of either would be about $30.000,
000. President Shaw is of the opinion
that the work could be completed and
the canal opened to traffic In the sum
mer of 1911.
Mass Alica's ViitCs.
If the prcsident's daughter desires
to keep all the costly presents present
ted to her trip abroad she will likely
have to have the help of congress. In
no other way will she be able to get
them in duty free, unless she will do
nate them to some national institu
tion. The law makes no exceptions
in favor of the president or members
of his famil;; consequently when
Miss Roosevelt arrives af San Fran
cisco she will have to the custom oi.
cials the value of ail the articles she!
brings wIth her. If they are really
worth as much as reported, $400,000,I
Miss Roosevelt could not afford to pay
the duty, which amcunt to as much
as her fathers salary for one year.
8KE PlAIN FAC ".
Why Cotton Ehould b3 Held for
An Official Address to the Farmers
From President E. D. Smti.h
Utility Will Bring Success.
The Southern Cotton association is
an organization of, by and fur the
people. It is not fr the few but for
the many, not for the farmer alone
but for the merchant, profEssional
man, mechanic and laborer, for every
one who makes a living where cotton
Tne objects sought are manifold
and far reaching; among them is the
establishment of system bcth in pro
duction and marketing, thereby creat
ing a condition conducive of fair and1
renumerative prices. T promote
manufacturing where cotton grows,
to the extent of our own peopie seil
ing the finished product l-stead of
sending two-thirds o-f our raw mater
ial out of the country. But the imed
iate anxiety of the S C. A. Is that
cotton this year should bri -g the far
11 cents per pound, the price set by
That the farmers are not getting
this price is no proof that the -asso
clation and other organizations made
a mistake in estimating the value of
cotton, but it does pro re that the as
sociation is timely and the wt-rk is
was created to do is an imperative
Its weakness is apparent rather
than real; its success under the cir
cumstances is phenomenal. Without
its powerful intluence c;tton to-day
would be selling at as low a price as
at any time last year. Never in the
history of cotton has ten per cent sur
plus blended with a succeding crop
without the price running low till the
farmer had sold out. We are weak in
proportion as business men and far.
mers are unenlisted in our comman
cause, and we will grow in stregth
in proportion as the people in cotton
growing communities unite with us in
defense of Lur own r;ghts and interests.
We have allowed conditions to ob
tain that robbed 812 cotton c-uaties
annually of $200,000,000 that rightly
belonged to them, and the loss of two
cents a pound this year means $100,
000,000 gone forever, leaving cmpty
store buildings and pari; z, d busmess
to that extent.
There are reasons why the farmers
are not gettieg 11 cents.
The armers always distinctly re
member the expe.ionces cf the yea
Now two years the farmer sold on a
raising market and aw-er each sale he
regretted that he did c.t hold his cot
ton a lftt-le 'ozger, and resolved not to
be czught that way again. So last
year to profit by -his late experience,
ne was disposed to gt his cotton gin
ned and then not be in a hurry to sf;il.
Then when the statijoical condtion
howEd an izmense surplus he was
caught in the awful avilanche of fall
ing prices; and be -don't yet reahz
that last year prices were good for sE
long a time, simply beciause he was a
eonscryat-ve Instead of a p:ecisptat.
seller. Remembering the geod prices
during the early weeks last year ano
.he trap that crippled him, ne resol
yes to be the early bud6, with ste re
suit that at this year a grcnter psr
cent. of the crop is already marketet
,han i .any sea cf the past, and
this biernded with the shrunken skele
t.:n cf last year's surplas, in so short
a time foims a comination that
vould break down any market, what
ever th:e concomitiant canditioni
Belgirg this condition the mer
chant zn.a s money and the far
mer wants to pay as soon as possible
and while cur bankers are willing to.
..xend good papers and to grant fur
ner accommodations, yet merchant
and farmer ahike have had so many
batar lessons that they hesitate tc
drop a mcderate certainty for a promi
As things have always been, this
position of merchant and farmer is
Heretofore no concerted Effort has
obtained to make the owners .a party
to the trade when our farm products
are to be priced.
Heretofore no thoroughly organized
work has been done to get the i~statis
tical situation for the farmer's use in
ime to benefit the farming com
Heretofore no interested organiza
tion has been strong enough to in
fluence market conditions to favor the
farmers in time- to benefit him.
Heretofore all has been uncertain
guess work, but this year the statis
tical situation is well In hand.
When the first bale this season lock
ed back over the past year, it saw~
that 13,000,000 of its brothers had
been laid upon the shelf by the fatal
hand of cousumption, it looked to the
future and saw the diease spreading
in ne*- and wider fields, through
Japan, China, Russia and the world,
including the survivors fewer than
11,000,000 would be thrown out tc
all before the dread destroyer who is
eager and anxious to consume 2,000,
Farmer, is not $10 a bale worth
Merchant, Is not 50 per cent in
crease of business worth looking after?
Are you not willing to help cnrry the
financial burdens of an organization
that has done so much for you and
your own people? Are you not will
ing to help us carry on a greater work
of usefulness in the futur e?
To all our people let us say we are
seriously in earnest; are sure of ouy
promises, and confidently urge all to
stand firm for 11 cent cotton.
Merchant and banger stand by tue
farmer: Farmer, refuse to take less
than 11 cents; when you unite to
show the world you are In earnest,
that you understand the situation,
the market will quickly responrd to
your demand, for the spinuers and
speculators know the situation, and
they know you could get 12 cents if
yo- were unitedly arouse toidemand it..
Oh!i Farmers, Merchants, Bankers,
Editors and all the people of our cot
ton growing south, let us stand to
gether now a band of brothers and
we can win this fight; to loose o-ut
means humiliation, and "def'ia:" will
mar our banner. E. D. Sxrrn,
President S. C. Div. S. C. A.
French War Balloons.
The huge Lebaudy dirigible balloon,
constructed under the patronage of
the war cffice, at Toulan, France, bas
made Its first successful asc~u- with
sme chief engineers and a party of
offcers, who made an extensive rrcan
nassance of the military defernces fr m
Troul to Nancy, near the Geran
frontier. The distance covered was
about thirty miles at a rste of twenty
eight miles per hour. The otiicers
made inspections of the forts and took
photographs of them, thus establish
ing the merits of dirigible ballcns for
Men Who Atte mpted Assaulton Lady
May Be Hold-Ups.
Dan Slocum, the member of the
gang of feather renovators arrested
for attempting to assault a Miss Pad
gott near Columbia recently, waived
preliminary before a magistrate, and
Slecum was sent to j.;,ii In default of
bail. He has employed no attorney so
far. No evidence was givan, and it is
difflult to get at the detail3 of the
I& appears from what can be learn
ed , f the affstir that Slocum and three
of his c: mpanions found Miss Padgett
alone at her father's home, and that
Siocum grabbed her, when she scream
cd. The strangers vanished and the
neighburhocd was soon out searching
for them but it was a sheriffs ofcer
who caurht them.
Slocum's pals are being beld as sus
pects. They all claim to be working
for the National Renovator Company
of Chicago, and cannot b3 run in for
vagrancy. But it is thought that some
light mig't be thrown on the series of
hold ups the city has witnessed the
past few weeks by holding them.
Tuesday night A. F. Fonderburk, a
well known furniture dealer, saw a
well dressed white man standing under
some trees near Trinity church, ap
parently waiting for him as he ap
proached. He called to the man, who
gave no answer. He asked a negro
nearby for a revolver and the man
under the trees taking flight Mr. Fun
derturk ard the negro gave chase. In
a short time halt a dczen police officers
ha.d arrived, but the fug.tive had es
caped through a vacant lot. Bat tbis
is not an unusual incident. Some pro
minent CIumbians havs been EuI jec
ted to this sort of thing almost every
night for the past three weeks.
There are many wild stories going
over the town about these hold-ups
One is that a few nigbts ago a well
known Columbian being held up shot
the hold-up man smvrely, and that
the supposed thug has turned out to
oe himself a prcminent Calurbian,
and that his wounds are being cared
for in secret, the matter beirg hushed
up on account of his name. Of course,
there is nothing in the story but wind,
but in the nature of it it v ill not
down. Another, in which there is ju t
about as much truth, carries the mem
ory of graft and hold-up. Tnis story
is to the effect that the hold-up gen u.
operating about Columbia has gatter
hold of Digenese and taken his lanterr
away from him the hold-up occuting
n the shadow of the state dispensary
TEXPIED AND FELL.
This is the Confession .01 Edward
George Canliff -.
E 'ward Gaorge Cunliffe, the Adam;
Express employe who disappeared
from Pittsburg, Pa., with S' 01 00(
in cash, was arrestLd at B:idgepart,
He made a confession and express
,d his willingness to return at once tc
P ttsburg. He declared that the
oney which he took is intact and
that it could be recovered, but declin
Sd to tell until his return to Pitts
burg, where it is hidden. On his per
ecn when arrested, the detective
Detectives trace d Ounliffe to Bridge
port. All the hotels were watcied
carefully, bu O unliffe was not arrest,
ed until late in the forenoon, when he
was seen walking down Middle street
Cunlff a made no attempt to deny his
identity and offered no resistance.
"F.ve minutes after I took thal
money I was sorry," said Cunliffe.
"but it was too late to do anything.
What can you expect from a man get
ting a salary of $65 a month and
hand'ing thousands of dollars a day:
I was tempted arnd I fell. I have
handled larger sums. I remembe
once when I had $250.000 in cash,:]
was tempted, but I thought it over,
and decided to be tonest,
*"The night I left Pittsburg, I rodi
In a sleeper on the way to New Yorli
and I stuck my head out of my berti
and saw Slater pass by. Slater is om
local manager iD Pittsburg. I though1
then that I would turn back, bul
kno ling that he did not see me and
that I had the money with me i
cash, I thought I would take the
"I want to go back to Pittsburg,
restore the money and throw mysel:
upon the mercy of the courts."
Husbands in Revolt.
Thorougly disgusted by the univer
sal giving up of their wives to socia
functions, 2)0 citiznns of Williams
port, Warren county, Ind., have en
terer vigorcus protests against the
practice, and have demanded in nc
uncertain terms that there must be
more consecration to home duties and
less devotion to clubs. The rEcent
utterances of Mr. Cievaland on the
sul jaect caused much comment among
tqe husband, and it was concluded
that the ex president knew a thing o1
two about women that he was not
afraid to tell, and the Williamsport
husbands determined to be equally
bold. This led to protests home, and
when there were ignored, anothe:
plan was advanced. The husband:
met yesterday afternoon, had a pink
tea of their own, and then marghed
in a body to the various places, where
their wives were being entertained
and burlesqued their sonial functions.
The husbands were followed by a lar
ge crowd of boys and single men and
the afiair was made as grotesque as
"'Tailhoh." No M1ore.
There is no sentiment in the heart:
of the gentlemen in charge of the post
o1me department; neither is there any
music in their souls. With owlish wis
dom and due disregard of public feel
ing they have declared "Tailholt" t(
be lacking in euphony, therefore the
postoffce of Tailholt, Ind., Is no more.
In its place we are to have Carrollton.
Ini the name of all lovers of real poe
try, The Comnmoner protests. When
James Whitecomb Riley wrote "The
Little Town o' Taiholt" he made
that village famous, and he added to
the gaiety of nations. And now t:
cave the sordid, unpoetic, prosaic and
unsnimental postoffce authoritlES
wipe the village from the map Is too
Fiery Death Show er.
At Chicago, Ill., five tons of mol
tn metal exploded at the Joilet plant
Iof the Illinois Steel Company Wed.
nesda~y falling in a shower of death
on a band of workmen about a conver
ter. One man Is dead, three are fat
ally burned and half a dt zen are inj.iu
red so badly that they may die. The
accident came without warnin g. The
explosion shock the whole plant, sen
ding panic into every corner of the
great works. Half a hundred men
were within range of the liquid metal
nd many, suffed sverleV burTns.
WHY BE LOST J )B.
The Expilanation of the Summary Die
missal of a Clerk.
The biggest sensation in governmen
servle in Washington in year was th
dismissal, without hearing or chane
of deferce, of Walter S. Elvidge,
messenger of the bureau of standardc
which comes under the department c
commerce and labor.
No reason was assigned for the dic
missai, but it is now known that E'N
idge is the man who was driving a:
automobile a few days ago in front c
the carriage of President Roosevel
and would not move out of the way t
let the carriage of the president, b
annoying the president by the Cust b
As a result of the act of Elvidge
who was appointed from Minnesota
the President Tuesday issued an orde
conferring upon cabinet officers an
himself the righr of instaht dismissa
without notice or nearing, of any en
oloye of the government service ci
served to be conducting himself em
properly or to b inefficient. It is sur
posed that the presIdent immediatel
gave orders to Secretary Metcalf t
have E.vidge dismissed, and this wa
done Thursday. When seen on tb
subject Secretary Metcalf declined t
give the reasons for the dismissal C
Elvidge or to admit that he was tb
man %ho had kept in the way of tb
president. The action of the deparl
ment was accomplished with the greal
est kind of mystery.
President Roosevelt himself, unde
civil service regulations, that existe
until Tuesday, could not bring abor
the dism!ssal of Elvidge without filin
charges agaist him and permittin
Elvidge to file a defence, but under tb
new order E'vidge was not allowed
The statement of E'v'dge Is that b
did not know that he was keeping I
front of the president's carriage. B
did not know whose carriage he wz
in front of. He remembers that sonr
one (Qe now understands it was a set
ret service c ffl e) motioned to him t
get out of the way, but that he di
not pay any attention, because if k
tad crossed to the other side of tt
street he would have violated Distric
regulations and laws as to keeping 1
one side of the street, allowing tb
other for vehicles coming from ao 01
On the other hand it is chargei th
E vfdge persistently kept his autcmi
bile in front of the presidential ca
riage doing so in a disagreeable at
. W. A. PITTS.
a morial Services Held at Targ
Church in His Home.
Rev. W. A. Pitts pastor Cf ProV
dence circuit, Orangeburg distric
died at the home of his parents i
Clinton, Thursday, Oat. 12, at 3 1
p. m. His illness, some se i -us for
of stomach trouble, was of only a fe
weeks duration and in its steady ar
rapid progress seemed from the fir!
to mark him for the tomb. B
was taken from Holly Hiil to ti
Sumter infirmary on Monday, Oft.
and thence on Tuesday, the 10th., t
the home of his parents at Clintc
where he lingered only a few days.
Sunday Oct., 15, at Target chur<
one of the largest churches of ti
charge served by the departed your
minister, memolial services were col
ducted by Riv. Marion Da~rgan. pr
siding elder of Orangeburg district,
the presence of a large conecurse
sorrowing frietds and parishioner
Tributes of respect and affection we
feelingly spoken by Dr. J. L. B. GI
more, Rev. J. F. Way, Rev. E I
Danzler, T. M. Danzler, recordir
secretary, and by Presiding Bld
Dargan, who spoke in Eu':dued, ya
exultant accents of the earnest at
faithful ministry of his fallen your
colleagur; his manly, purposeful cha
acter; his great concern and d
sire to be restored to his work; ani
finally, his peaceful falling cn slee
and surcease from anguish and suffe
During the service the choir sar
with much soleminity and feeling ti
hymns beginning, "1 Would Not LI
Away," and, ,,Servant of God WE
Done;" and after a few strong wort
from the presiding elder, especially1
emulate the life ahd example of the
deceased young pssts r, the congreg
Cross," thus closing a most impressis
service, which must have had a stror
infuence gor good npon the mind at
heart of everyone present.
High Diver KinedI.
J. J. Dorsey, a white civilian en
plyee at the United States artllei
post, Fort de Soto, Fia., lost his 11:
by diving from the top of the pi
driver, nearly one hundred feet 1m1
Tampa bay. Dorsey's body struc
the water with great force and d:
not reappear until several hours late
when it came to the surface and wi
recovered. Dorsey's wife was amor
the witnesses of his fatal leap.
Kansas Jails Crowded.
Many c~unty iails in Kansas are l
ed with law violators because of Go'
Hoch's crusade against the liquC
jints. Jails that had been the aboc
of mice,bats and owls for months has
ben opened to the floor of bocze ver
ders who have been c~nvicted. Bi
cause of the crowded c mndition of til
Montgomery jill Judge Flannely post
poned for a week the sentencing
twenty-one j olnts who had pleade
gilty. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Give Body to Science
In accordar c with the provisior
of the will lof George W. Catt, pres
dent of the Atlantic Dredging compi
ny, who died on Sunday at his res
der ce in New York. His body wi
take to the Bellvue Hospitsl Medici
c~llege to be disseeted in the interes
of science. Mr. Catt was the hui
band of Mrs. Carrie Champman Cati
president of the International WC
men's Suffrage League.
Win V'isit Us.
Secretary of War Bonaparte hi
promsed to visit Charleston scm
time in November or D camber, o
the ccasion of the presentation of
silver service to the cruiser "Chales
ton" by the city of Charleston.
THE Philadelphia Press says holder
of policies in the big life comnpanie
are at least finding out that they havs
been paying too much for their in
surance. That is their part of the res
A NEGRO was5 taken from conStable
near Bainbridge, Ga.. on Saturday ani
lynched by members of his own rac
for assaulting a young colored woman
THE Marion County farmers arl
standing out for 11 cents for cotton
Only two bales were sold in Marion or
riay and nne on Saturaay.
GREAT LAKES SWEPT
By the Most Disastrous Storm of Re.
Ten Vessels Wrecked and Many Lives
Lost. Many places Are Not
Yet Heard From.
A dispa'ch from Chicago says the
storm which Friday night and Satur
day swept over northern Lake Michi
f gan, Lake Huron and Lake Erie, was
t one of the moAt severe in recent years.
r As far as re*urns are obtained to
y night 10 vessels have been completely
e wrecked and 12 to 15 otte-s more or
less severely damaged. Twelve lives
are kn ,:a to have been lost, and as
the gale on Southern Lake Huron and
r Lake Erie is still blowing fiercely to.
I night it is feared that other losses,
both of life and property, will be re
ported within the next 24 bours.
The boats are as follows:
Tug Frank P.arry, sunk off Bool is
lard, in the Ceneaux group.
Steamer Joseph S Fay, run ashore
, n:ar Roges City, Mich., and broken to
,3 piees by the waves: Mate Joseph S) ze,
,orowned. The boat is ownr A by M. A.
o Bradley of Cleveland.
, Barge D. P. R-iode, in tow of the
e steam.r J. S. Fay, driven ashore near
e Sheboygan, M ch.
- Schooner E nm3s L. NeIlson, strand
ed in Presque Isle harbor; boat badly
damaged but crew was saved.
r Schooner Minnedosa foundered two
d :nd a half miles cff Harbor Beach in
t Lake Huron early today, carried down
entire crew of eight men.
Schooner Mautenee, ashore 18 miles
west of Erie, Pa.
a Schooner supposed to be either the
Tasmania or Ashland of the Corrigan
e flbet, sunk 2 1 2 miles southwest of the
a southeast shoal lightship on Lake
e Erie, carried crew of eight men, o
S whom nothing has been heard.
e Schooner Sheldon beached and
;_ wrecked near Loraine, 0.
s Schooner Kingfisher. beaten to piec
d es off Cleveland.
e Tug Walt-r Metca'f, sunk near
e breakwater light, Cleveland.
t Tae Minnedosa, on which so far as
o known tonght the greatest loss of life
e occurred, was coming down from Fort
William, Canada, bound for some
Lake Ontario point with a corgo oi
6t wheat. She was in tow of the steam
er Westmount, which was also towing
r the barge Melrose. The tow line:
d broke during the stcrm and the Mel
rose and the Westmount were separa
ted from the Minnedosa. They man
aged to make harbor at Harbor Beact
late in the afternoon and reportec
that they had seen the Minnedosa gc
t down. She was in command of Capt.
Philips, who had his wife aboard. ThE
names of the other members of the
I- crew are not known. Tne boat wat
b, owned by the Montreal Transportatior
Lt company of Montreal, Canada.
;0 The schooner Mautenee struck 2
n rock 18 miles west of Erie, Pa., early
w this morning and pounded by the ter
d rific seas, commenced breaking up.
it The waves were so high that it wat
e impossible to launch.
' Beware of the willing worker; hE
n may try to work you'
Y~ u may lead a fool, to talk but yot
ai cannot make him think.
Le It's imqossible to cor vince a splnster
.that marriage is a failure.
2- If a man owes any thing to himsel.
- he Is apt to settle promptly.
n Give a pretty girl a chance to shop
)off and she'll not get lonesme.
s. If some men were'ico put their cen
ce sciences on ice they would spoil the
). It isn't rigtht to Juige a man by
L4 the company his wife's folks irnflict
r upon him.
t Now is the s-ason fast approrching
d when the can-opener will be mightie1
g than the sword.
r- Any young man who beliberatell
~j'lts an innocent girl deserves to be
inoinpreked by her successor.
p No Alphonso, we have no data al
r- hand relative to any ice dealer having
been driven to suicide by remorse.
g !After reaching a c artain age a mar
t begins to make up his mind-and a
re woman begins to make up her facs.
11 No.tbing makes a woman so angr3
s angry as to) prepare for c >mpany that
o0 tails to come-unless it is to have
ir company came when she isn't
e: Five Deer Pound Deed
re Sportsmen about Charleston art
concerned over the number of dead
ddeer found in the woods, five being
discoved in the past week lying deac
apparently without any reason foi
. their deaths. Some of the hunters
y say that paris green used on cotter
re plants to kill caterpillers is respors
Le ble for the killing of the deer, which
o have eaten the poison aud died from
Sits effcts. Nmre of the deer had
d "black tongue."
r, Bryan Welcomed To Japan.
Wiliam J. Bryan and his family ar
grived In Yokohama on Saturday. They
will make a vlsit of five days to Tokic
ar d Ma- q'1ls Ito, president of thE
lprivy council, and Count Okumna, tun:
.foreign minister, will invite Mr. Bry.
r an to a dinner. The Japa -American
e society invited Mr. Bryan to address
e its members at the Young Men's hal:
. on October 17. Count Okuma presid
ed at the function.
e Pistol Duel.
SIn a sensational pistol duel at Te
Shule Miss., Thursday. W. A. Spratlin
and Jack Glenn, t wo well known trav
eling men, met death. Spratlin, it is
claimed, accused Glenn of cheating in
5 a game of cards. Later the two men
- met on the principal street of tbe town
L- and both began firing. Glenn was
- struck by four bullets, and Spratlin
s also receivad a death wound. Glenn
1i represented a Greenwood music hcnse
t and Spratlin travelled for the Nation
-al Drill Co., of Memnpils.
Here This week.
Governor J. K. Vardmnan, of Missi.;
sippi, will be in Columbia this week
and deliver an address to the South
s ern Cotton associatian. Mr F. H.
C Westcn, the secretary of the asscio
n tion, received word of Mr Vardaman's
a intention to come to Columbia and
ipreparations will be made at once
to receive him. Among other speak
ers will be Messrs. IHarvis Jordon,
s the president cf the Cotton associa
s tion, and E- D. Smith, the president
e of tha South Carolina branch of the
The appearence of a negro football
player at a table lfn a Chicago hotel
caused the hotel to lose eight fami
lies who were boarding there. The
management of the hotel exercised
.the right of choosing their guests and
Sthe boarders evercised the right of
choosning- their ssniatest
HoD. J. W. Ragsdale. ot Florence,
Says It is not Dead.
The Washington crrespondent of
the Columbia Record says; Among
the promicent bankers of South Car
lina who have been here attending
the sessions cf the American Bankers'
Association during the past few days
is J. W. Ragsdale, of Florence, who
is the preside-t of a bank in that
town and also prominent in legal and
Mr. Razsdale has bren stopping at
the Ebbitt house. In coaver.;.tion
today with a Record representaive
concernin. matters in S auth Caroli ia,
and especially the future cf the dis
pensary, he said: "The recent elec
tions in South Carolina are not a cor
rect indrx to the real sentiments of
the people on the dispensary ques
tion. In every county except For
ence they have voted out the dispen
sary, but in each of these counties
excent Fiorence restricdons were
thrown around the ballot that pre
vented thous;nis of write men from
expressing their wishes at the polls.
Ia Florence c uaty, by an agreement
betwern the dispensaryites and the
anti-di.spsnsaryitzs th' e primary rules
prevailed and vhe dispensary system
In my cp*nion, the dispensary
s, stem will win cut next year when
the white per'ple of the state will be
allowed to express their wishes in
the primary, and when the questions
will be discussed on the stumc, and
wh en they will take an interest in
politics and p-o -ably 85 or 95 per
cent. of them wil turn out and vote.
Recently the ekotions have been con
dned to about 25 per cent. of the
white voters in each county in which
tile dispensaries has been voted out..
L US TO CLERICaL 23iORS.
The Pcople of Dorchester Have Faith
L in Thir Treasurer.-i...
A ditpatch frcm St. Georges to The
State says thelrecent Euspension by
Gov. Heyward of County Treasurer
Whetsell and his refusal to reinstate
Mr. Whetsell comes to the people of
Dorchester county like a clap of thun
der frem a cicudkss sky. With very
few exceptions if any, the people of
the county believe that Mr. Whetsell
!s an honest man and that he has been
guilty of no criminating conduct dur
ing his inumbency as treasurer of the
county, but on the contrary, they feel
catisfied that If there is any error In
his cce itris due entirely to clerical
Yc ur correspondeL t asked Mr. Whet
sell FrWay for a statement, but Mr.
Whets.Al said that until a cmiplete
and impartial examination of his books
and accounts was had he did not carc
to make any statement for publica
tion, for he felt tLat his con cience
was clear and to piove that this asser
ion is correct, and that his actions
are characterized by honesty thrcugh
out, he put up the alleged shortage Ir
orcer that his ccnstitutsrts might nc
even run the chance of losing a penni
Mr. Whetsell did say, however, tha:
the alleged shortage arises from annu
al settlements previ:us to- four years
ago, which annual settlements were
made by the then cor ptroller genera]
for whom the present cymptroller
general was au~itlrg clerk and made
the settlements himself and proncuc
ed the same all right at the time.
Mr. Whetseli's friends look upon the
recent occurrernces os very unjust to
Mr. Whetsell but Mr. Whetsell being
a modest man, doe:: not* - imself use
such harsh expressions. T.ae c:nsen
sus of cpinion here is tflat Mr.Whet
sell will cbtain complete vindication
of the whole matter as scon as an im.
partial investigation as to the condi
tion of his off fcc is I C'd.
Relnseti a Room.
William S. Brcwn, of Wakefield,
N. J., filed in the United States cr
cult court at New York a suit for $10,
000 damage-t against William C. Mus
cbenhelm, proprietor of the New As
ser hotel. B:owns says that on the
aight of Aogust 6 he attended the
theater In New York with h:s wife
And was delayed so that be missed his
!ast train home. He went to the hotel
and applied for a rcom, but it was re
fused to him. The hotel clerk, he says.
intimated that Brown was with a lads
aot his lazful wife and refused him
sccommodations in the preser ce of a
number of guests in the hotel lobby in
such a manner as to cause him $10,
000 worth of damage to the feelings
of his wife and himself.
The Atlantic Coast Line announces
rate of one first class fare plus twenty
dive cents, plus admission to the Fair
Grcunds, fifty cents fcr adults and
twenty five cents for children, to Col
umbia S. C., ernd return sccount the
State Faiir, 0 -tober 24 27th. Tiekets
on sale Ootober 22 to 26th and for
rains due to arrive In Columnbia before
ooon 27th. Final limit October 29.h.
There will also be a spccial rate of one
cent per mile per capta for Militars
Companies and Brass Bands in uni
form twenty cr more in each direc
tion. For further information call on
your ticket Agent or Communicate
with W. J CRA1G,
General Pa senger Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
Japan's Dt b t
Former Ja panese Freign Minister
Okuma, referrirg to the sudden ex
pansion of Japan's finance, said that
when the withdrawali of the troops is
completed she will find herself con
fronted with a debt of 81.250,000,000
the annual interest on which alone,
roughly speaking, will be $75,O0000
or nearly twice the revenue of the
cunty ten years ago. The per
capita rate of taxation before ,the war
war $2. Now it is $6. The per capi
ta share in the national debt before
the war was $6. It is now $25.
Where He Lived.
The idenity of the Captain Rumill,
who with four of her crew, was mnr
dered in a mutiny on board his schoo
ner, Harry Berwind, in Southern
waters was estabiilied as Capt'Edw
ard R. RuuAi, of Pcetty Marsh,
Mount Desert, Maine. He was 40 ye
ars old, ar-d :eaves a w;ido.rw and two
children at Pretty Marsh. They re
ceived the news of the tragedy
through press dispatches today and
were prostrated with grief thereby.
A Big Crop.
The census bureau has issued a bul
letin showIng the production and dis
tribution of the cotton of the United
States available between September
1.l194 and~ September 1 1905, to be
14, 455,994 bales. Oi this amount 91
per cent was exported, 30 per cent
was used in domestic causumption,
leaving a surpuis cf 9 per cmnt. The
domestic consuttplion iecludes 36,776
Ibales dostroyed by Ec.
As a Result More and More of
Them Break Down.
ALL CLASSES AFFECTED
Tremendcus Increase in the Mortality
From Heart Disease-Temperate
Habits, Sufficient Rest, Exercise
In Fresh Air and Freedom From
Anxiety Best Safeguards.
"Bad whiskey, rheumatism, mental
strain and high living are among the
leading causes of heart disease," said
Dr. Henry P. Loomis in the New York
"A chart sent out by the Health
Board, which Illustrates the steady
increase in mortality from heart d1s
ease in this city since 1868, and- it in
cludes a table of ixgures of deaths
resulting from Bright's disease and
heart disease combined, and shows
that in 1868 13 persons out of every
.0,000 died from the causes named.
' In 1901 the proportion had jumped
up to 30 in every 10,000, or more than
"There are cases of heart disease
which are not complicated with
Bright's disease," continued Dr.
Loomis, "but it is not often that a
sufferer from Bright's disease is free
from heart trouble.
"Many cases of heart disease art
directly traceable to mental strain aud
high living, the heart being indirectly
affected through other organs:
"In nine cases out of ten-well, n,
that's putting it too strongly, perhaps;
I would say rather the majority ol
the cases of heart disease which
come under my notice are due tc
rheumatism in many form..
"Heart disease is not an ailmenl
confined to one class. It is fatal alik
to rich and poor. Persons with a tan
dency to rheumatism, who are subjeci
to frequent attacks of rheumatism, dc
much harm- often by fighting the at
tacks instead of giving up to them."
"How give up to them?" the doe
tor was asked.
"By going to bed. at once anWi stay
ing there till the disease yields; b3
avoiding exposure and remaining 1z
an even temperature. Naturally th
shorter the attack the less strai:
there is on the heart.
"Certain forms of throat trouble
common to children are indicative o:
rheumatism and they should be treat
ed accordingly; that is, the patien
should observe the proper precau
tions. It is safer for a person Inclin
ed to rheumatism to wear flannel
the year round and use every preventi
tive to stave off attacks of the dis
ease if he wants to keep his heart 11
good working order.
"It is true, of course, that one ma:
have heart disease and yet not b
afflicted with rheumatism, and vic
versa. Speaking genera14y, I wouli
say that in the,case of the rich, I be
lieve that rich food and lack of piope
exercise, excessive drinking and
persistent mental strain are the mai
causes for heart disease.
"The strenuous life plus mental am
lety is in these days almost irrevoc
ably associated with the upper classel
I don't think, though, thiat ther
is any increase in drinking among tb
rich, in fact, I believe just the ri
verse; and the rich man has this 11
his favor-he at least can drink goo<
liquor when he drinks at ~all.
"With the poorer classes it is dii
ferent. The great army of mechanice
drivers, and laborers who work out C
doors are more or less a prey to hear
disease, not only- because of prolonge
exposure, which fosters ills which i1
turn weaken the heart, but becaus
of the drinking habit, which is ofte1
acquired in consequence of this e:1
posure. Hurry is bad, but not near!
so fatal as we'ry and fret to a wee.
The Mexioan Cactus.
The most hated cactus in America I
the cholla. The Mexicans say that I
a person goes near a cholla joint I
will jump at him. Certainlyif oneli
touched it will stick and when youa tr;
to free yourself it will pierce you
other hand as well. Each penden
joint seems to reach out for the pass
erby and the ground beneath th
broad cholla tree is strewn with falle
fragments, many of which take roc
and grow. After one has felt th
sharp spines through heavy boots an:
seen their needle points, it Is a sourc
of continual wonder to see the will
cattle of Arizona quietly browsing il
chollas. During the years of drout]
thousands of cattle carry themselve
over until the next grass by eatini
chollas. With ther leathery tongue
and lips they strip the spiny join
from the trunk and leave the wide
spreading cactus a bare and wood
Gormandizing at Sea.
(Menu of the New Cunard Liner.)
Before Breakfast-Tea, coffee, choc
olate, grapes, pears, melons, biscuita
i.&ad and butter.
finishing up with hot cakes and sy:1
11 A. M.-PIat cups of boufiom
12 Noon-Sandwiches of all sort
carried about tha decks.
1 P?. M.-Lunch. Items that did no
appear at breakfast, and some more.
3 P. M.-Trays of ices, biscuiti
4 ~P. M.--Tea, coffee chocolate, bia
cuits, bread and butter, toast, cabei
5 or 6 P. M.-Dinner. A new cree
tion, includig oysters, whitebait, tun
te soup, venison, hot-house fruit an<
9 B. M.-Supper. Broiled bones
sandwiches, fruit, tea or oogee, lemios
Pity Tic So.
Churches will sing and sing "Bescun
the Perishing," but when a member
young or old, makes a misstep anc
goes wrong, there is very little at
tempt to rescue. The tendency is t4
push them deeper down, rather that
rescue them. This is especially trui
in regard to girls or women. The)
sing "rescue" but act "push down.'
In the case of men It is a little better,
unless his failure Is in his business.
Then instead of praying for him thaey
all prey on him. a
Died Playing Chess.
News has been receivea from the
Philippines of the death of Thomai
E Moss at Manila, a veteran of the
civil war and at one time attorne3
general of Kentucky. He died playing
chess with his son-In-law, uaptain
Wheat, who is chief of the telegraph~
division of the Philippine constabu
lary Moss was born at Greensboro,
N. 0., In 1839.
THE Augusta Herald says: "Caro
lna's graft is not confined to the dis
pensry alone, no matter how wicked
folks would have us believe It." That
The Incident From Which It Got Its
Treachery bay, on the coast of AS
tralia, received its name from the fol
lowing incident related by Captain
Stokes in his -The Voyage of the-Bea
gle:" "1 had just turned my head
around to look after my followers
when I Tas suddenly staggered by a
violent and piercing blow about the
left shoulder, and ere the dart had
ceased to quiver in its destined mark
a long, loud yell, such as only the sav
age can produce, told me by whom I
bad been speared- One glance sufficed
to show me the cliffs, so lately the
abode of silence and solitude, swarm
ing with the dusky, forms of the na
tives, now indulging in all the exnber
ant action with which the Australian
testises his delight. One tall, bushy'"'
h-aded fellow led the group and was
evidently my successful assailant. I
drew out the spear, which had e
the cavity of the chest, and retreatei
with all the swiftness I could com
mand in the hope of reaching those.
who were coming up from the boat
and were then about halfway.
"Onward I hurried, carrying the
spear which I had drawn fron the
wound, and determined if overtaken,
as I expected, to sell my life dearly
Each step, less steady than the former ,,
one, reminded me that I was fast los
ing bood, but I hurried on, still retain-.
ing the chronometer and grasping my
only weapon of defense. The 6avage
cry soon told me that my pursuers had
found their way to the beach, while-at
every respration the air escaping
through the orifice of the wound warn
ed me that the strength by which I
was still enabled to struggle through.
the deep pools in my path must fail
me soon. I had fallen twice, each di
aster being announced by a shaut of
vindictive triumph from the blood
hounds behind. To add to my distress,
I now saw with utter dismay that Mr.
Tarrant and the man with the istru
inents, unconscious of the fact that-I
had been speared and therefore believ
Ing that I could make good my escape
were moving off toward the boat.
"At that moment the attention of the
retreating party was aroused by a boat
approaching hastily from the- shipthe
irst long, loud, wild shriek of the na
tives having most providentially ap
prised those on board of my dange
They turned and perceived that I was
completely exhausted. I spent the last
struggling energy I possessed to join
them. Supported on each side, I had
just strength to direct them to turhto- .
ward our savage enemies, who were
hurrying on in a long file, ihoutingantL
waving their clubs and were now only
about thirty yards off. Our turning:
momentarily checked their advance
while their force increased. Then a
"arty, headed by Lieutenant Emery;;
hastened over the reef to our support.
At. the sight of Lieutenant Emery'4
party the natives fled with the-u ntmost&
Thoreau, the Prophet Of Nature.
Thoreau was. not the first American
to live out of doors, but- he was the
L Brst to make out of doors living'a pro
fession and to open the way to ai new
kind of writing. His egotism, his si
sumption of individual. ownershipIn
nature, have helped~ to found a schoo1
Cand to create acult, butis pirit haSg
diffused itself through American life,
Sand he must be counted among the per
Smanent influences in that life. He
Sopened a world of experlengAiich.
Is one of the great refuges -from the
tyranny of work and wealth, from!
Swhich flow restoring streams of healthN -
Svitality and joy. His defects of tern
.perament are lost in his agile and virile ..
SIdealism, and the best report of his life M
1Is to be found in his parable: "I long-i
ago lost a hound, a bay horse and tr2
1tie dove, and am still on their faL
Many are the travelers I have pka
rconcerning them, describing:ter
Stracks and what calls they ausee.
to. I have met one or two whoha~
heard the hound and the tramp of thes
horse and even seen the dove lpea
Ibehind a cloud, and they seemed
anxious to recover them as If they ha.Ti
lost them themselves."-Hamlntn
Mabie in Outlook.
rst. Emon's Fire.
tThe electric lights occasionally seen
playing round the masts of ships -t
sea and known variously as the Se
of St Helen, St Elmo, St Peter and
St Nicholas were .familar to sallo2
long before the Christian era. If sn
gle the fame was named after Helen~
of Troy, and its appearance was re.~
garded as a bad omen. Two liht
Swere known to the ancient Romaps as
"Castor and Pollux," and sailors we!e
corned them as boding good luck, n2
1696 M. de Forbes records crz~g
more than thirty lights dancing ru
the masts and rigging of hli ship.,I'
~the lights first appeared lowandds.
appeared by ascending the masts
prosperous voyage was believed tq be
assured, but lights that began at the
topmast and descended toward the sa
presaged tempest and danger of we.
The Vanaity or a msbop.
"The bishop of Arichat," said his -
niece, Miss Sarah Macleod, "has a lofI
contempt for pomp. He shows hisdl"
taste for It in a manner whichegfct
with the dignity of his office sm-.
times. On his elevation to theepso
pate my father gave him a costly p~
toral cross and ring, Presently we ds'
covered that the bishop was wearn
neither the cross nor the ring; instead?
of them a cross of lead suspended by a
tape and a ring of no value. My father
was indignant 'My lord,' he began
impaiently, 'where are the jewelsaI
gave you? My uncle laughed and got
red In the face. 'Donald,' he confessed,
'I can't add to my many temptatos
rm so vain that I am continually want
ng tthank heaven tat Iam a MaC
eod.' "-From "The Bishop's NieCt
Ql George H. Picard.
The Columbia States takes ccoaslon'
to correct Teddy as follows: "Mr.
oosevelt claims to be an historian,
and it iswell known thatbhe s alsoa a
literator. He should, then, he more -
faithful to history and to literary tra
dition then he shows himself in his~
mimickrg of the scutberners who
have Invited him to ride the best horse
in the country, sir.' According to his-'
tory-as written In N~ew England- -
and according to literary tradition
as preserved in the same sacred region
-this must necessarily be the best
hoss in the country, by gad, suh."
Caught Ac Last.
G. Raymond Berry, county super
intendent of education of Marion oou -
nty, who fled a few years ago after ~
embezzling county funds, has just
den captured in Tampa, Fia., whore.
he had become arespected citizen.
Every enterprise that benefits the
town benefits every man in it. If your
neighbor starts a new scheme to help.
along, don't jump on it with both feet
just because you did not happen to
think of it first. Aid him to boost It. -
t. wil help you toon