Newspaper Page Text
CAVE IT AWAY.
low Mr. and Mrs. Bry an Dis
tributed the Bennett Fund.
The South Caro&.a Cliige GBt Four
Hundred DAllars oth Fund.
Other Collges in the South
Were Also Gincn a Share
of the Fund,
N w at thCinntt estatLeis
finally s el r.Brya subm its the
following U- et -e.; to e public:
In tie sp-i *- 100 M. PaiLI S.
Bennett, living as New Baean, Conn.,
aud engage d :. - r:.tie business
in~ the ciyo N YrYk, visited N
brask. and a'ivi Mr. Beyan to assisz
him iU prei.aric certaLi paragraPCs
of his Will li ie Ot-.r pr-visirs be
ing copied fraz. a Sormer wi.) The
paragrapbs rearmd [: wn Erst,
for a library at Se 1 t pruvId
ed for a beqiuest- o 1 to whdch
Mr. Bryan was to a . ) Secod
$10.000 to es ',bih a - ,d at twenty
five colleges, be seicted by Mr. .Br;
an, the an-uai pr, c b.di 1c be used for
a priza to CoUeuaZ.e a study of the
principles of f;e goVernmeat. Third,
810,000 to bes ributed among col
lege, to be sclcoted by Mr. Bryan,
the annual inco e to be used to aid
poor boys to obtain an education.
Fourth, $10,000 to be ditributed
among colleges, to be suol cted by Mrs.
Bryani, the annu. ii 7-c ms to be use,
to assist poor girls and obtain an edu
cation. Fifth. $5000 to Mrs. Be3n
nett, in trust for a purpcse set forth
in a sealed letter deposited with the
will. Tnis sualed le-ter directed Mrs.
Bennett to pay the amunt to Mr.
Bryan (Mr. Bennett proposi.d it as a
direct beqest but at the request of
Mr. Bryan it was given to Mrs. Ben
nett in trust, because its a.cptance
was conditional.) The sealed letter
directed Mr. Ber an to distribute the
$50,000 among eucianal ad charit
able institu:iens in ca.se he refused to
accept it far hime.if and family. The
residuary legates cantested the three
$10,000 items and tLe $50,000 item.
The court condzmed the $10,000 items
but on tecaical grounds held that
the $50,000 bequest was inoperative.
The readers of The Commoner have
already been informed of the main
facts, namely, that the widow and
other relatives were bountifully pro
vided for; that the testator'i intention
was never questioned and that the
charge of uadue iniEaence was with
draw&:; and that Mr. Bryan announc
ed in the beginning that he would not
accept the bcquest withous the con
sent of the wiciow, but that he felt in
honor bound to insist upon the dis
tribution of the $50, 000 as directed by
Mr. Bryan was thus drawn into a
contest in which he had but a remote
and contingens pecuniary interest, if
in fact he had any a-t all, but which
he could not in con-.cience abandon.
The contest cost him a little more
than fifteen hundred dollars for attor
ney's fees and court costs, besides
travelin~g expenses andi loss of time.
In submitting his report as execu
tor he claimed tne customary fee $2,
500, explaining that tne amount would
not be-used by him for himself, but
would be spent in completing the plans
made by Mr. Bernett. The fee was
allowed.-by the prooate court and was
used as follows:
Fourteen hundred and eighty-Dine
dollars and forty~-three cents was Lsed
to pay that part of the inheritancetax
which was not covered by interest, so
that the 81,500 library tund, and the
three $10,C00 funds might be used in
full. Three bundred and tiity dollars
was given to the city of Sale~m as an
endownment for the library (Mr. Bry
an besides giving $1,500 to the Salem
library gives the site, worth consider
ably more than $350 ) T wo hundred
dollars has been deposited with Mr.
Sloan, Mr. Bennet's surviving partner.
to pay for a bust of Mr. Bennett for
the Salem library. The balance, 8460,
57 less the cost of ri:ing reports, will
be paid to Rev. Alexandier Ir'ine. Mr.
Bennett' passer, to be used by him
in the education of nis sons.
' The three $10,000 funds have been
distributed as Collows:
BENSETT PRIiZE FUND.
Four hundred dollars each to the
Deiaware College, Newnrk ,Del.
Bowdoin College. Brunswick Me.
A. and M. Coliege of Kentucky,
Harvard Un.iversity, Cambridge,
Dartmcuth C~ilege, Hanrovor, N.
UniversIty of Tennessee, Knoxville
St. John's Cilcge, Armnapolis, Md.
University cf I:aio, Moscoow, Idaho.
University of Montana, Missoula;
University of Utah, Salt Lake City,
University of Washington, Seattle,
Univeinsity of South Dr~kota, Ver
University cf Cn:-ifornia, Berkeley,
Nevada State University, Reno
University of Colorado, Boulder,
Scuth Carolina College, Columbia,
Cornell University. L~hacn, N. Y.
University of Wyoming, Laramie,
University of Vermont, Burlington,
University of Orcgcn, Eugene, Ore.
Yale Unitersity, New Haven, Conn.
Brown University, Providence, R,
University of~ 2rth Dakota, Grand
Forks, N. D.
University of PKnsylvania, Phila
Princeton U:teity, Princeton,
Etch colg is :cinvest the am~ount
received an sem :-nnusl income
for a pri-af r bh est essay d:scuss
ing the prin'e~pe of free g avernment.
Mr. Bry::n had niheady esta.blished
similar pr ze in nieen srsates and
the twienty.i:l: celage:, selected for'
the Benne-tt priza werne selected rrom
other stat e s-, tuac ev:ery state but'
one now oo'ntains a codLge 4:ving such
The un~d fo: tbs a~id o; por boys
deslrirg 3.clage eduation~ was dis
tribute i by Mr. Bryan as fullow:
One thousa.nd dollars to Ilni
olege, Jacksonville, Ill., and $50
ach to Park College, Parkvile, Mo.,
Lnd College of William & Mary, Wil
iamsburg, Va. Also $500 to each
)f the following colleges:
Deane Cohege, Crete, Neb.
Howard College, East Lake, (Near
Hendrix College, Conway, Ark
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial
institute, Tuskegee, Ala.
Kenyon College, Gambier, O
Muskingun College, New Concord,
St.. O'af College, Northfield, Minn.
Hillsdale College, Conway, Ark.
Uviveriity of the South, Sewanee
Trnity University, Waxahachie,
Ripon College, Ripon, Wis.
Nazareth College, Muskogee, I. T.
11pe Ccllege, Holland, Mich.
Butler College, Indianapolis, Ind.
Sutherland College, Sutherland,Fla.
MES. BRYAN'S FUTND FOR GIRLS.
The fund for the aid of poor girls
desiring to obtain a college education
was distributed by Mrs. Bryan as fol
lows: $500 to each of the following
Georgia Normal and Industrial Col
lege, Milledgeville, Ga.
Eureka College, Eureka, Ill.
Hastings Colhege, Hastings, Neb.
Wesleyan University, Buchannon,
Henry Kendall College, Muskogee,
Williamsburg Institute, Williams
Wesleyan University, University
Baylor University, Waco, Tex.
Iowa College, Grinnell, Ia.
Tulane University of Louisana,
New Orleans, Lt.
State Normal and Industrial Col
lege, Greenstori, N. C.
Hiram CollEge, Hiram, 0.
Kingfisher College Kingfisher,0. T.
Academy of the Visitation, Dubu
Williams Industrial College, Little
Ewing College, Ewing, Ill.
Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kan.
University cf ArizonaTuson,Ariz.
University of New Mexico, Albu
querque, N. M.
The Mississippi Industrial Institute
and College, Columbus, Miss.
As the boys who are helped by the
fund are to return the money to the
college as soon after leaving college
as they can conviently do so and as
the money when so returned is to be
advanced to others the aid extended
will corstantly increase. The girls
alded are asked to do the same, but it
not required of them.
In distributing the prize fund pre
ference wa; given to state universities
except where the state contained some
college of grcater importance.
In distributing the funds for the
ad of poor boys and girls preference
was generally given to the smaller
colleges-the same amount of money
going father among these colleges.
All the principal denominations
were recognized in the distribution
a little partiality being shown the
Congregational colleges because Mr.
Bennett attended the Congregational
T wo colored schools were included
and one of the other colleges has a
considerable number of Indians en.
rolled among its students. The var
ious funds were so distributed that in
at least one college in every state and
territory between the two cceans a
permanent Bennett fund will i.erpet
uate the name and recall the gene
rosity of Philo Sherman Bennett.
Mr. and Mrs. Bryan of course re
ceived no compe nssatI n for distribu
ting these furds i ut they are richly
rewarded for the little tl-cy have
been able to do by th~e consciousness
that they have aided a friend to make
a valuable contribution to his own
and subsequent generations. The
Bennett case has given Mr. Bryan a
great deal of annoyance and some of
the republican papers have malicious
ly misrepresented the facts but it is
over and the money secured for educa
tional purposes will prove a continu
ing blessing to thousands of boys and
girls, while the annoyance will Boon
be forgotten. .
FATAITIXS ON THE RAILROAD.
More Km~ied and Injared this Year
Than last Year.
Accident bulletin No. 16, which
has just been issued by the interstate
commerce commission, giving the
number of rail-road accidents in the
United States for the months of April
May and June, 1905, shows that dur
in, that quarter there were 41 pass
engers and 221 employee killed arnd
1253 passengers and 1,511 employes
injured in train accidents. Other ac
cidents to passengers and employee
not the result of collisions or derail
ments bring the total number of cas
ualties up to 14.669 (886 killed and
This bulletin completes the publica
tion of the record of accidents for the
year ended June 30, 1905, which in
the total number shows an increase of
11 killed and 4,123 injured among
passengers and employes as compared
with the number reported for the year
ended June 30, 1904.
The increase in the number killed is
wholly among passengers, there being
a decrease of 106 In the number of
employes killed. An ir crease of 117
in the number of passengers killed
makes aa increase of 11 In the total
killed of both passengers and employ
es as above stated. Of the Increased
number injured 1,963 were passengers1
and 2,160 were emnploycs. In coupling
accdents, which occur wholly to em
ployes, the total number of deaths,
243 is 35 less than for the year preced
ig. and the number of injuries 3,441
is 331 less.
An advance complation made from
annual rep~rts of railroad companies,
which however, is not complete, indi
cates that the number of men employ
ed on railroads on June 30, 1905, was
about 9 per cent. greater than on June
Bryan Meets Togo.
At Tokio William J. Bryan was
presented at a reception In honor of
Admiral Togo. The mayor introduc
ed Mr. Bryan to the Admiral. An
exchange of cordial sentiments follow
ed. The Admiral was delighted at
the unexpected presence of Mr. Bryan
It trnspired that Togo did not an
chor even once in five months from
the time of the big naval battle of
August 10, 1904, till the Russian bat
teshp Sevastopol was torpedoed in
the last days of December.
A Fezt in Wireless.3
The Cape Henry naval wireless sta
tion established a record Thursday
nght in taking a message from the
steamship Grown Prince, 450 miles
from the cape. The ship was off Boone
[sland ~n the coast of Maine when the
essage was sent. The operator at
Fort Henry could hear distinctly every
END OF TOUR.
The President Visits New Or.
leans and Sails for Home.
A CROWD SO LARGE
Gathers in Front of the City Hall That
it was Impossible for the Military
and Civic Parade to Pass in
Review of the President.
President Raosevelt, accompanied
by Secretary Loeb and Surgeon Gen
eral Rixey, arrived at New Orleans
by special train from Memphis at
nine o'clock Thursday morning. A
reception committee, headed by May
or Martin Behrman, received the
president at the station. An enor
mous crowd was assembled in front
of the station when the president ar
rived and received him with enthusi
astic cheers, which continued until
the carriages, bearing the president
and other members of the party as
well as the members of the reception
committee, had vanished from sight
down Canal street. Detachments of
mounted state troops formed the
military escort of the. president.
At the end of nine strenous hours
of varied entertainment in New Or
leans, closing a pleasant trip through
the South, President Roosevelt at 6:30
Thursday night boarded the light
house tender Magnolia and began his
return journey to Washington.
No newspaper representative ac
companied the President on the boat
and he will be out of touch with the
world throughout the night, by day
light tomorrow is expected to bring
news of his successaul tranfer to the
armored cruiser West Virginia, which
lies at anchor off the mouth of the
Mississippi River to rcceive him and
carry him on towards the Capital.
For four days the President will be
off Amerizan soil, but by wireless
telegraphy it is promised he will be in
communication with the shore.
Tae President's stay in New Or
leans was made a testimonial of popu
lar esteem and of grateful recognition
for the service which he rendered the
city in its struggle against yellow
fever. The dens.ly crowded streets,
the elaborate decorations, the wild ap
plause that greeted the President
along the route of the parade, the en
thusiasm with which his address to
the mulitude in Lifayette Square was
eceived and the remarkable demore
stration in his honor at the luncheon,
made the day replete with cordial
welcome to tne nations Chief Execu
The President was compelled to
abandone one public address before
he had gotten well started on it. It
was comtemplated that the military
and civic parade should pass in review
before the President at the City Hall,
but the crowd which gathered at this
point was so tremendrous that neith
er the police nor the troops were able
to move it, and the President, fore.
seeing a possible p~imic, finally gave
up the attempt to speak and left the
platform. The crowd jammed Char
les street all the way from Poydras
street to Ninth street, and it spread
over Lafayette Square almost from
St. Charles street to Camp street.
Probably 50,003 persons were gather
ed in and around the stand from
which the President was to have de
livered the address. When the Presi
dent decided to abandon his E ffort, he
shouted to the throng to go home
and be good citizens and disappered
into the mayor's parlors well nigh ex
hasted. He said that the reception
was the greatest that he had since he
had started on his trip.
The demonstration at the lurcheon
was scarcely less exuberant. When
the President entered the superbly
decorated dining hail the 625 ban
queters rose and gave way to frantic
cheers. Every reference of Gover:nor
Blanchard, Mayor Behrman and P;esi
dent Sanders, of the Progressive
Union, to the guest brought forth a
perfecL storm of cheering, and when
the Piesident rose he had great diffi
culty in speaking. Every thought he
uttered was the signal for an extra
ordinary exhibition of enthusiasm,
rand as his speech dealt almost entire
ly'with local subjects, and bad special
reference to the fight against yellow
fever, the banquet developed into un
ceasing laudation of the President
while he was on his feet.
An immense crowd packed Gravier
and St. Charles streets as the dinner
ended, and the apperance of the
President on the way to the river,
provoked thunderous applause. As
the Magnolia left the landing a Presi
dential salute was fired, while the
din of hundreds of steam whistles
mngled with the lusty cheering of
acres of people who had collected on
From the moment of his arrival,
early in the forenoon, until he said
farewell from the deck of the Mag
nolia at night, the President was con
stantly in the limelight. The crowd
ed programme gave him no opportu
nity for rest, but he exgressed keen
enjoyment of his visit. Nowhere did
the President see the slightest evi
dence of the existance of yellow fever,
but he sa-w on every hand immense
gatherings of cordial and contented
At Savannah Ga.., E. A. Moore, a
street car conductor Thursday after
noon in an altercation with a passen
ger, drew a heavy revolver and fired
three shots. the first shot went wild
the second struck and kil'ed Mrs. F.
F. Wheeler, and third went through
the thigh of C. R. Seckinger, the
passener involved in the altercation.
Mrs. Wheeler was sitting on her front
steps. The bullet severed her jugu
lar vein. Mrs. Jane E. Fairchilds
jumped from the car, as did the other
passengers when the shooting began.
Mrs. Fa~irchilds sustained a broken
shoulder from her fall. Moore was
arrested. It is alleged he was drink
A Dead Town.
Wadsworth, Nev., was once a lively
railroad town with about 4,000 inhab
Itants, but now It Is only a collection
of deserted shacks. These houses are
verrun with wild cats, for when the
bown was deserted about 400 cats 1
were left behind, and they have in- t
rea~sed rapicly and heeded the call of '
the wild I
FA.(M1RS RE lHMO.
rhe Partridge restroyes Many Noxi
ous Weeds and Insects.
rhey Sbould Be Protected by the
Farmers, as They Destroy Many
:hings Irjurk'us to Crops.
The dep.rtment of Agriculture has
issued an interesting bulletin on the
qualls of the United States that tends
to correct some popular errors regard
!ng "Bob White," and is a strong plei
for his preservation as an alley of the
farmer. There are half a dozen vari
eties of quail in the United States,
the handsomest being those of the
Southwest and the Pacific slope, where
they are slate blue in color and hand
somely crested. But the principal in
terest in this best known of all game
birds is that it is a valuable asset of
the farmer and helpful rather than
destructive to the growing crops.
A thorough study of the bird has
been made by the department without
finding any evidence that it is harm
ful to crops. It eats principally nox
ious weed seeds and bugs injurious to
the crops. It does not trouble either
the sprouting grain, as do the crows
and blachbirds, and does not feed on
the standing crops or forage among
the stacks. When it does eat grain it
is only what is gleaus from the har
vested fields. It prefers weeds and
does not eat wheat and corn if it can
get sumach, ragweed and bay berries.
A close c3lculation was made by
the department of the number of Bob
Whites in Virginia and North Carc
lina, the total approximating 354,820.
It is known from a long series of ex
periments that the craw of the bird
holds about half an ounce, of which
fully 50 per cent is weed seed. At this
rate from September I to April 30 in
Virginia and North Carolina alone,
the birds eat 3,341 tons of weed seeds.
Amor.g the rsects on which the
birds hatituially fead are the Rock
Mountain Lcust, in Colorado potato
tug, the boll-weevil, the cut worm,
the army worm and two sorts of cot
ton worms. The chicks are even more
Mighly insectivorous than the old
The department urges all land own
ers to realize the value of the Bob
White. It says that with proper man
agement some farms of 500 to 1,000
acres would yield more revenue from
Bob Whites than from poultry. It is
estimated that between 300,000 and
400,000 sportsmen go out from the cit
ies every fall to hunt the Bob White,
and this, of course, means a big reve
nue, most of which goes to the farai
Paradoxical as it may seem, sports
men exercise a powerful influence in
protecting the birds. Many big pre
serves are maintained where the quail
are used only for field trials for dogs
and are either not shot at all or shot
under very close restrictions. Some
clubs maintain preserves of 20,000 to
50,000 acres, and many sportsmen bavE
their own preserves exclusively for dog
trials. The demand for live quail for
this purpose is steadily increasing, and
there would be a good revenue if the
Bob White could be bred in captivity
on any extensive scale. This has been
tried ar d has proved difficult, but the
birds can be protected frcm their na
tural enemies, snakes, skunks, owls,
hawks and cats, and they can be fed.
Eyery fews years, on the recurrence
of unusually severe winters with heavy
snows which cover the food supply,
great numbers of Bob Whites perish,
and sometimes in the uorthern part of
its range the bird becomes almost ex
inct. This unnecessary loss of life
could be largely prevented if lard own
ers and others interested would scat
~er a little grain In suitable places.
This is done in some localities, as at
Sandy Spring, Md., where H. H. Mill
er drives over the snow covered coun
try scattering grain for the starving
quail. The practice is worthy of gen
ral adoption. It is necessary orily
while the ground is snow-bound and
especially after sleet storm.
The game laws in the several States
very greatly, and in some States vary
from county to county; but the de
partment advises all States to limit
their open season to one month.
The Department of Agriculture ob
tained three pairs of Bob Whites from
Kansas, which after five month's cap
tivity are almost as wild as when first
aged, and show no signs of mating.
Experiments in the domestication ol
B ab Whites are well worth trying,
however, because of the demand from
clubs and individuals for live birds to
restock their grounds. So great has
become the demand in recent years
that it is estimated that 200,000 birds
would be required annually to fill it.
During the spring of 1903 the demand
far exceeded the supply, even at $5 a
d zen, and sometimes at twice that
The bulletin gives an interesting
table of the birds' food made from the
average of many analyses- It shows
that the chief part of the Bob Whites'
diet is animal and vegetable matter
of which the farmer is glad to be rid,
while the damage that can be traced
to him is absolutely negligible.
A dispatch from New York says a
runaway street car on the new Wil
lamburg suspension bridge across the
Est river Thursday caused Injury to
twenty-five persons, two probably fa
tally. For a thousand feet down the
incline on the Manhattan approach of
the bridge a Christopher street car ran
with brakes out of order until it hit
and demolished a standing Fourteenth
street car, in which were seventy-five
passengers. In the latter car most of
the injuries occurred. It was ten min
utes before the broked roof, sides and
door of this car could be taken off from
the last passnger, who was buried
under the wreckage. John Holden,
motorman of the Christopher street
cr, and George Bryld, an employee of
the Western Electric Company, suff
ered fractured skulls and are not ex
pected to live.
Seeking to escape death from scald
ng steam pouring from a bursted
a~rch pipe, Frank Dix, a negro fire
man on engine No.212, jumped or fell
from the cab Thursday morning at
3:20 a. m. about fourteen miles out of
Oharleston on the Atlantic Coast Line
railroad, and was dashed to his death
t the side of the track. The chest
f the fireman was crushed and his
dbs smashed by the impact of his bo
ly striking the ditch bottom from
he flying engine. Engineer Meyers
;aved himself from Injury by leaping
hrough a window of the cab onto the
>oler of the engine.
Will Visit Us.
Secretary of War Bonaparte has
romised to visit Charleston some
ie in November or December, on
he cmzasion of the presentation of a
iver service to the cruiser "Charles
CAMPAIGN AGAINST IUSSAC
By the Kitcbings Mill L-w and Or
der L -ague.
The IKitchings Mil L .w and Order
League has started upon its campaign
against the makers of and dealers in
"russac" whiskey in that locality.
At the first meeting at Burkaloo
academy on Saturday, Oct. 14, a com
mittee was appointed to admonish
those who were known to be engaged
in the illegal business. Tuis com
mittee went to work immeciately and
it is understocd that, so far, the re
6ults of their efforts are thoroughly
Tae second meeting was held on
Saturday last and it was decided to
extend the work throughout the
Shaws Fork section, about 10 miles
below Aiken. It has been said that
there are not more than three white
men in that vicinity who are not en
gaged, eicher directly or indirectly in
the making and selling of "tussac."
And most of these people own fine
farms and comfortable homes.
O course this estimate may be
slightly in error, and there may be
more citizens of the Shaws Fork sec
tion who are not engaged in the "Aus
sac" business than that section Is
credited with having. At any rate,
the Kitchings Mill league is g ing to
find out who's who. The movement
is of course arousing scme resentment
but very little open hostilitity. The
mt mbers of the league have resolve d
to disregard all ties and to use their
best efforts tosuppress the evil.
The committee appointed at the
first meeting to drafb resolutions pre
sented the following, which were un
animously adopted by the meeting of
"The object of this organization is
to stamp out lawlessness of all forms
and especially the illicit manufacture
and sale of wbiskey.
"Whereas it is commonly reported
that whiskey is being manufactured
and sold in this community contrary
to law, and this body condems this
as one of the worst forms of lawless
ness and liable to bring shame and
disgrace upon many of our most pro
mising young men; therefore be it re
"First, That we enter our protest
against this evil and work for its sup
pression In an active way.
"Second, That we earnestly admon
ish all persons engaged in this unlaw
ful business to discontinue same at
once and save this club the necessity
of proceeding against them.
"Third, That all persons who do
not heed the admonition of this club
will be dealt with according to law.
"Fourtb, That we pledge ourselves
regardless of ties of friendship or
other ties to use our best eff arts to sup
press the evil at d promise officers of
the law our most cordial support and
assistance in the discharge of their
"Fifth, That we instruct the secre
tary to send copy of these resolutions
to any one who is repored to this
club as being engaged in the illegal
manufs cture or sale of whiskey.
"Sixth, That we ask the county pa
pers to publish and other papers to
Daily and Weekly Newspapers.
The Commoner says few avocations
offer a larger field for usefulness than
journalism and few are more .broad
ening. Like the lawyer the journal
1st is constantly engaged in intellect
ual combats arnd his wits are sharp
ened by thekeenness of his adversary.
The journalist deals with every ques
tion that affects humanity and Is
trained to look upon all sides of a
subject. The business side of j jur
nalism offers large rewards for recog
nized capacity: the reportod~ai side
is furnishing mental discipline as well
as remuneration to an army of young
men and the editorial department is
still more fascinating where the edi
tor is permitted to write what he
thinks. But nothing is more pitable
than to see a strong mind grinding
out editorials which offend against
the conscience of the writer. No one
should consent to write against his
conviction. Tne greatest trcuble
with the large dailies is that they are
huge business enterprises and the
policy of such papers on political
questionas is too often controlled by
the counting room. As nearly all
the great dailies are published by cor
porations, the public is often ignor
ant of the real owner and sometimes
those who desire to exploit the pub
lic take advantage of this fact and
secure control of papers for the pur
pose of advancing their enterprises.
The weeklies require lese expensive
plants, and a much larger proportion
of them are edited by the owners.
For the reason that it speaks the con
victions of one who can be indeuti
fled, and has back of it a character
and a conscience the weekly exerts
far greater political influence, in pro
portion to its circulation, than the
Impersonal daily. It is likely that
the daily will become more and more
exclusively a newspaper, leaving the
the editorial discussion of political
discussion of political questions to
the weeklies which are edited by
Miss Alice's Gifts.
If the president's daughter desires
to keep all the costly presents present
ted to her trip abroad she will likely
have to have the help of congress. In
no other way will she be able to get
them in duty free, unless she will do
nate them to some national Institu
tion. The law makes no exceptions
in favor of the president or members
of his family; consequently when
Miss Roosevelt arrives at San Fran
cisco she will have to the custom offi
cials the value of all the articles she
brings with her. If they are really
worth as much as reported, $400,000,
Miss Roosevelt could not afford to pay
the duty, which amcunt to as mnuch
as her fathers salary for one year.
A Dynamite Outrage.
A charge of dynamite, explcdsd in
the doorway of the grocery store of
Antonio Garbalvo, at 13 Stanton
street, on the Eaist Side, New York,
early Wednesday morning, wrecked
the lower half of the front of the buil
ding, shattered windows in the tene
ments above and threw Into a panic
hundreds of tenants in the neighbor
hood. No one was seriously injured.
The outrage is believed to have been
directed againsa Garbalvo, who with
his two sisters. occupies living rooms
at the rear of the store. Garbalvo a
week ago received a Black Hand let
ter demanding $1,000.
The appearence of a negro football
player at a table mn a Chicago hotel
caused the hotel to lose eight fami
ies who were boarding there. The
management of the hotel exercised
he right of choosing their guests and.
the boarders evercised the right of:
,hooing their asaite
A LICK TRICK
Said to Have Been Worked on a
Farmer in Union.
A dispatch from Union to the Char
leston Past says is current here about
a well known farmer of Burnt Facto
ry, a remote section of this country,
now having 1,086 more acces of land
on his bands than he wants, and for
which he paid a fancy pric,, all cu
account of a slick talk!ng man, who
said he represented the Standard Oil
Company, of Chicago.
The story is that the stranger came
to Union the first of the month, when
financiers and mill men were meeting
here, and registored at the Hotel
Union. He was a man of rather nice
appearance, clean shaven and about
twenty-fi. e years old. In s-me way
he became acquainted with the farm
er, who is about fifty years of age and
all his lfe has been a hard working
and frugal farmer, having now ac
quired considerable means.
The strarger told the farmer he
was in search of mineral lands for hi
company, and after going over the
farmer's land, said he wanted the ad
joining place also. He asked the
farmer to find out If this could be
bought and at what price, though not
to mention him in it, as the owner
might wish too much, if he thought
an outside man wanted it.
Some days afterward, as the story
continues, the farmer claims to have
reported to his client that he could
get all the land at 810.50 an acre,
which is considerably more than it ih
worth, though he did not say so. The
price seemed satisfactory to the
stranger and he told the farmer to gc
ahead and buy the place, pay for it,
and he would take the two propertieE
off his hands, making payment foi
both at one time.
It seems that the farmer then weni
to Spartanburg, where he had some
hard earned savings amounting to,
with Interest, over $2,000. This ht
drew out, ard, it is said, arrangec
w, tb a bank for the balance, mortgag
&. his property to secare it. He ther
paio, 6o it is alleged, his neighbor toi
the land, got the title and came t(
Union to turn it over to the Chicago
an, but he failed to find his man
After two days he returned. Thi
Chicagoan was still absent. Agan
last Friday he came, but his would-bi
representative of the Standard 0
Company had entirely disappeared.
Now the farmer is anxiously lookinj
and waiting for news of him, and ix
the meantime is the possessor of $11,
403 worth of land that he does no1
want. As to the Chicagoan, it i
carrently believed that he got a goo(
rake off for making the sale, and wil
never be heard of again, as a telegran
to a local newspaper, from the Stand
ard Oil Company, of Chicago, sayi
that he is neither now nor has been ii
Some Sarcastic Comment.
At a recent diocesan convention Ii
the neighborhood of New York Rev
John Marshall Chew of Nswburgh of
fered the following resolution: "Tba
no talentifor high finance no useful
service to the community, no benefac
ion to the church or to objects o
philanthropy can excuse or atone fo:
dereliction in trust, contempt for thi
rights of others, or disregard of th
rules of common honesty." Bishoj
Potter opposed the resolution and ad
vised Rev. M. Chew that It was uin
timely, and remarked to the effec
that we should not pass judgment il
a final verdict has bien rendered b'
those who are investigating. T ae New
York Evening Post, with cbarmlnj
sarcasm anent Bishop Potter's view
that "the church will get into no eni
of trouble If it meddles with morals
especially those of the rich." Thea
the Post mildly remarks that Rev
Chew "wculd certai-nly not presumi
to set up mere morality instead of las
as a test of condu~t." If this sarcasn
has no effect let them refer to the lit
tle biblical Incident of the fable 3oth
am related to &bimelech concernin5
the trees that would bgve a king ti
rule over them. It would seem tha
Bishop Potter is seeking shade beneati
some very thin financial timber.
A Monstrons Doctrine.
Referring to contributions to cam
paign funds, the Chicago Chronicli
says: "They are good or bad, accord
ing to the mo~ive with which they are
given and the use to which they arn
pub." And then referring particular
ly to Insurance contributions to thi
republican campaign fund, the Chron
Icle adds: "The money used to defeal
William J. Bryan and the democratii
party was b briously put to good use.'
Then, we presume, says The Common
er, it Is of no importance that thes&
particular contributions were stoler
from the policyholders. A great man3
desperate efforts have been made t<
support "the end justitles the means'
doctrine; but newspapers of characte:
are not as a rule bold enough to sup
port that doctrine as blumt1y as the
Chicago Chronicle does. Carried to It!
logical conclusion the Chronicle's doc.
trine would mean that a Chicago pick
pocket could purge himself of sin b3
contributing a portion of his Ill gotter
gains to the Salvation Army, or, tc
draw a more complete parallel witi
the instance under discussion, by ex
pending a portion of his stealings It
the effort to secure the appointment
of a chief of police who would permit
hium to continue his bad practices.
Hanging in Florida.
At Tampa, Fla., Edward Lamb,
white, who shot and killed Christo
pher D. Kennedy, also white, In Man
atee county, two years ago, 2:. hang
ed Friday at the county jail at Braia.
entown in the presence of 100 wIt.
nesses. Lamb insisted on having his
photograph taken be f.re going to the
gallows and was perfectly cool though
out. At the foot of the gallows he
affectionately said good by to his son.
sister and brother-in-law, kissing
each of them and asking them to
meet him in heaven.
Five Deer Found Deed
Sportsmen about Charleston are
concerned over the number of dead
deer found In the woods, five being
discoved in the past week lying dead
apparently without any reason for
their deaths. Some of the hunters
sa that paris green used on cotton
plants to kill caterpillers is responsi
ble for the killing of the deer, which
have eaten the poison anjd died from
its effects. None of the deer had
Ex-Gov. yames S. Hogg of Texas
as brought suit against the Interna
lonal and Great Northern railroad
:or one million dollars for injuries rE
~elved on the road last January. He
ays these injuries are the cause of his
>resent Illness, which is likely to re
ut in h is death._
VULTURES OF MEXICO
HOW THESE EmIDS HAUNT THE ARID
The Whirring Mlack Cone of Enger
Desert Scayengers and the Way In
Which the Cireling Maus Descends
Upon Its Carrion Prey.
At night the moon looks down upon
a desolate, arid plain, stretching away
to the great Sierra Madre mountain
cbain, deep, shadowy blue, against the
we.stern sky. The air is chill. and a
leak wind searches out every fold In
our blankets-we might almost bc
spending a night on the tundras.
With scarce a moment of dawn the
sun duods everything, a most welcome
warmth for awhile, soon to make one
I gasp in its breathless heat. Long be
fore the rainy season actually begins
vegetation seems to feel a quickening
in the air; the plants scent the coming
moisture freeks beforehand; the rush
ing streams, swollen with the melting
snows from the lower mountain tops,
bring life to the lands through which
they flow; spring is awakening every
where-except on the alkali plain.
Where a thin rind of red brown
grass roots partly covers the white
dust, parched mesquite bushes find
root, and strange, uncouth organ cacti
rear their colunus, like mammoth can
delabra. Here wild eyed cattle roam
uneasily, nibbling occasionally at the
bitter grass stems.
Farther out in the desert, where even
the mesquite and cacti fail, we ride
slowly across the parched surface,
wondering if a single living thing can
endure the bitterness of the earth. In
the distance move the whirlwinds of
dust, tall, thin columns with perfectly
distinct outlines. undulating slowly
here and there, both life and death In
their silent movement.
Most remarkable it seems to us when
a stray great blue heron now and then
files silently up from the desert (what
can possibly attract these birds to such
a place of death as this, distant even
from the bitter pools?) and flaps slowly
out of sight Twice a great ebony
raven sails through the dusty air over
our heads-the same bird repassing.
No other life is visible save the bal
anced black specks high against the
blue, as invariably a part of a Mexican
day as are stars of the night Herons,
vultures, raven-all move slowly, seem
ing less alive than the distant dust
But we feel the real spirit of the
eternal desert when, as we turn to re
trace our steps, we spy a something
white, different fLvm the surrounding
earth, and the spell of past agesfalls
upon us. The bitter water is ever dry
ing up, the whirlwinds carry the dust
from place to place, the birds come
and go as they please, but this relic of
an elephant of the olden time brings
I past and present into close touch.
What scenes has the desert looked
upon since this mammoth staggered
dying into the quagmire which proved
Its tomb? Our eyes smart from the
dust as we reluctantly turn our horses'
beads on the back trail, for we should
I like to stay ~and search out these fos.
sils-more fascinating in a way than
the living beasts and birds which peo
pe the tropics beyond.
One of the most wonderful of the
exhibitions of bird life vouchsafed to
us in Mexico comes as we leave the
alkali plain and ride away among the
mesquite scrub. A confused mass of
black appears in the air, which soon re
solves itself into hundreds of indivld
al specks. The atmosphere is so des
ceving that what at first seems to be a
vast cloud of gnats close at hand is
soon seen to be a multitude of birds
blackbirds, perhaps, until we approach
and think them ravens and, finally,
when a quarter of a mile away, we
know that they are vultures. Three
burros lie dead upon the plain. This
we knew yesterday, and here are the
scavengers. Never have we seen vul
tures so numerous or in such order.
A careful scrutiny through the glass.
es shows many score of black and tur
key buzzards walking about and feed.
mg upon the carcases of the animals.
From this point there extends upward
into the air a vast inverted cone of
birds, all circling i the same direction.
From where we sit upon our horses
there seems not a single one out of
place, the outline of the cone being as
smooth and distinct as though the birds
were limited in their flight to this par
ticular area. It is a rare sight, the sun
lighting up every bird on the farther
side and shadowing black as night
those nearest us.
Through one's partly closed eyes
the whole mass appears as a myriad
of slowly revolving wheels, Intersect
ing and crosing each other's orbIts,
but never breaking their circular out
line. The thousands of soaring forms
hold us spellbound for 'minutes before
we rode closer. Now a change takes
place, as gradual but as sure as the
shifting clouds of a sunset Until this
moment there had been a tendency to
concentrate at the base of the cone1
that portion becoming blacker and
blacker, until It seemed a solid mass of
rapidly revolving forms. But at our
near approach, this concentration
Iceases and there Is perfect equilibrium
for a time. Then, as we ride up a gen
tle slope into clearer view, a wonder
ful ascent begins. Slowly the creeping
spiral wings upward; the gigantic In
verted cone, still perfeet in shape, lifts
clear of the ground and drifts away;
the summit rises in a curve, which, lit.
te by little, frays out into ragged
lines, all drifting in the same direction,
and before our very eyes the thousands
of birds merge into a shapeless, undu
lating cloud, which rises and rises,
spreading out more and more until the
eye can no longer distinguish the birds,
which from vultures dwindle to mere
motes floating and lost among the
clouds.-C. William Beebe in New
Big Cannal Projected.
President John S. Shaw and the
board of directors of the Lake Erie
and Ohio River Ship Canal Company,
accompanied by a number of engineers
and other advisors, started from Pitts
burg, Pa., Friday on a two days' trip
to examine the two routes proposed
for a ship canal connecting the Brie
Lake with the Ohio river. At Ashta
bula, Ohio, the Pittsburg party will
be joined by the officers of the Ohio
and Pennsylvania Ship canal Comp
any, of which Joseph H. Cassidy, of
Cleveland, Is president, and the two
organiztons will continue the trip to.
ether. One of the two routes Is from
Ahtabula, Ohio, to Pittsburg, the
other from Erie to Pittsburg. Each
route Is about 105- miles long, and the
cost of either would be about $30,000,
000. President Shaw is of the opinion
that the work could be completed and
the canal opened to tratfle in the sum
mer f 1911.
A ti near Indianapolis, Ind., on
Sunday struck a wagon load of nut
pikers returning from the country,
and killed two children and Injured
eight the persnst
CARPENTERS IN INDIA
They Are Careless About Measur1e
ments, 'ools and Time.
The chief faults of the Indian car
pentor are his ue-rlect of accurate
measurement. his carelessness with re
gard to the elliciecuy of his tools and
his lack of perception of the value of
time as a factor in the execution of
Work. He has also to be taught to oc
cupy his mind with the work in hand
and as much as possible to exclude
For example, the making of a Jack
plane involves the choice of the wood,
considerations as to size, the angle of
the blade and its cutting edge, the
Widge and its holding power, the han
dl and finally the operation of plan
Ing. All these operations are capable
of very simple explanation, and this
exercise provokes an emulation among
students while exercising their reason
Ing powers. No Indian workman buys
a plane. He buys the blade and makes'
the rest, but he rarely makes it well.
He buys a saw blade and makes the
handle, and, generally speaking, he
spends the smallest possible sum on his
outfit in spite of the extra labor the
economy involves. He must therefore
be taught to make as many labor sav
ing tools as possible and to make them
well. He has to be ta-liht the use and
repair of a grindstone and how to
mount It in wood without metal fit
tings. The hard, tough woods so com
mon in India make this an easy mat
ter. The Indian has yet to be taught
that grinding and whetting are two
distinct operations, the first removing
99.9 per cent of the metal and the sec
ond producing the cutting edge in a
few strokes. His saw is in such bad
order that he cuts tenons, as a rule,
with a mallet and chisel, and his Igno
rance of gauges renders him unable to
make even twenty articles exactly
alike. He rarely knows what size of
nail or screw to use on a given job,
His screw is always too smalL-Ca
Nothing ages like laziness.-Bulwer.
The innocent seldom find an uneasy
We can do nothing well without joy
and a good conscience,- which Is the
ground of Joy.-Dibbes. -
He that is ungrateful has no guilt
but one. All other crimes may pass
for virtues in him.-Young.
A word or nod from the good has
more weight than the eloquent
speeches of others.-Plutarch.
Kind words prevent a good deal of
that perversedness which rough and
Imperious usage often produces in gen
An inquisitive man is a creature nat
urally very vacant of thought itself
and therefore forced to apply to for
The only way to make the mass of
mankind see the beauty of justice is by
showing them in pretty plain terms
the consequence of inJustice.-SydneY
The Young Writei.
No young writer in whom the liter
ary aspiration is a passion need or
really will be cowed by the array of
mighty and expert antagonists in the
arena whose names sound and resound
so gloriously from the herald's trumpet
In full volume re-enforced by past ti
umphs. Though a true and becoming
modesty may well temper his ambition,
it should in no degree suppress his- ar
dent longing. These veterans, young
aspirant, are Indeed masters, but as
such your exemplars. They also had
their beginnings, hidden Indeed, as
used to be the sources of the-Nile, "not
permitted to be seen small," because
they mastered their art before they
exhibited as artists.-Ha.rper's Maga
A magistrate's clerk has been known
to have his tie pin stolen while .in
court, and one in Birmtingham a few
years ago lost his coat in the same
way, but a more remarkable example
perhaps of a thief's cleverness unde?
the very eyes of the polic, was that of --
the burglar at Clerkenwell who man
aged to conceal two diamond rings,
while the police were searching him '
and passed one of them to his wife in
the cell while the police were looking
on. The rings were under his tongue,
and one of them passed from hissmouth
to his wife's when he was kissing her
A Lasting Lessen.
"Didn't I tell you not to propose to
"You said something of the kind, but
of course It made no Impression on
"Oh, it didn't! Well, I'll give you a
lesson now that you won't forget.
You'll never propose to me again."
"What are you going to do?"
"I'm going to accept yOu."-CIeT'
land Plain Dealer.
Mrs. Dumm-I see a piece in -the pa
per about some society people bein' Ina
terested in Buddhism. What's that? --
Mrs. Dumber-Why, I guess that
must be the doin's of these young socd
ety people that's called "buds."-Phila
Sharpe - Yes, Parker invented th.
safest air ship ever heard of.
Whealton^ But It refused to fly. You
couldn't gel up on It. -
"That's wtiy I say it was the safest.R
She-And what would you call a suoa.
He-One who leaves money enough
to bury him.-Judge.
A straight line Is shortest In morali
as well as In geometry.-RaheL.,
Work of a Friend.
Mrs. G. W. Moore, wife of a well
known and prosperous mechant on
Peachtree road, near Atlanta, was as
saulted by a negro Thursday morning.
Th track hounds have been following
the negro all day, but at a late hour
Thursday night he had not been cap
tured. The county police continue the
search and a large posse and all mem
bers of the county police force will
take up the hunt. There Is consider- -
able excitement in the community,
where the crime occurred, and It is
feared the negro will be lynched if
caught. Mr. Moore has offered $200
reward for the capture cf the negro.
Mince pie has separated Charles
and Margaret Lager. The work be
gun by the pie was completed In the
divorce court, before Judge Mack
Saturday. The Lagers were married
in 1900 In Buffalo. Tae bride was
18 years old. I could bake good pies,
too declared the wife, but once I fail
ed- just once. I made a mince pla
a d forgot some Ingredients. Charles
tasted it, and began an awful sputter
ing. Then he swore' I talked back
and he jumped -up and struck me in
h fae 'Te cout ae her a dlv. .