Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX. MANNING. S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1906.
GOES FOR tEDDY.
Senator Tillman Arraigns Presi
dent Roosevelt in the Senate.
In Breathless Silence, While the Mor
ris Incident White House inject
ment, the Fitzsimmon's Leiter,
Jui-Jitsn are Used in a
The recent fjrcb'e removal from
the White House c f Mrs. Minor Morris
was made the su-j ct of emphatic de
nunciation by Mr. Tillman in the sen
ate Wednesday. His remarks called
out remonstrances from Massrs. Hale,
Hopkins and Daniel and led to the
very abrupt closing of the doors and
the sudden adjournment of the senate
In the middle of the afterncen.
The speech abounded in Mr. Till
man's pt culiar expressicns and was
cbaracterized by many severe aad ex
ceptionally personal thrusts at the
president. At times he wept over
what he regarded as the indignities to
Mrs. Morris and his eves were full of
tears when he declar, d in the f ce of
protests from his fellow senat,.rs that
he would demand an In restigation cf
the White House incident.
Tha reference to the treatment '"
Mrs. Morris constituted the latter hai
of a speech based upon the senator'b
resolution making inquItry of the pres
Ident concerning the status of our re
lations with the republic of Santo D
mingo, and was added to illu-trate his
theory that the piesent admiristra
tion is tending toward imperial sr. In
the first part of the address he cr.iar-c
teriz2d the course of the Uaited Sat-'
In Santo Domingo as a great exte n
sion of the Monroe Doctrine and said
that if pursued the policy would lead
. the country into many serious compli
cations. He accused the president of
putting the treaty into execution In
the face of the senate's refusal to act,
denounced the senate as willing to
- submit subserviently to all that is ask
ed of it, and implored senators to
--ishow their independence arnd thus
teach the executive a lesson and at
- the same time serve the country.
THE MORMaS INcDET.
With reference to the Morris ocur
ance, he declared that the president
had been derebet in failing to punish
his subordinates for their course and
quoted statements from persons said
to have been witnesses, to show that
the proceeding had been inhuman. He
informally presented and said that he
would tomorrow formally present a
resolution for an investiga i n of the
It was the introduction of this res
olution which called out the protest
*from Mr. Daniel, while Mr. Hale ob
j cted to the presentation of the mat
ter at all except upon proof. Mr. Till
-man declared his determination not
to be guided by their advice and clos
ed with the reiteration of his deter
mination to bring in the resolution
tomorrow. The announcement occa
sioned a number of hurried conferenc
esani it is understood that as a result
Mr. Tifiman will be urged not to carry
cut his purpose. Prominen; senators
on both sides said that the resolution
would command few votes.
Mr. Tillmam's referer C > to the Mr
ris incident' was preceded by some re
marks on the power f iw press in
which he charged that the president
h ad gradually assumed to direct that
drfarts of the press until White House
news has become colored and doctored
in the interests of the administration.
"Secretary L eb is the apothecary,"
he said, "and pills on Panama, pills
on Roosevelt, pills on railroad rates
*and pills on everything pertaining to
public aff irs are administered in this
way. The newspapers have been the
funnel thrcugh which this quack phy
sic has been sent aoroad and when
some .newspaper man refuses to print
that which the president wants there
lgreat wrath at the execntlve man
-flnstrative of some stories which
crop out "over and trough the bars"
Mr. Tllman salid that "the sa'dest
and most pitiful example of anything
that has ever been associated with the
name c f a president was the recent
outrage on Mrs. Minor Morris at the
White House." He said that because
only of the transgression of some rule
the wroman sitting quietly in the of
fice 'bad been dragged rudely away,
hersclothes torn, an ear ring torn out,
and thrust into a carriage and taken
sEN~AToE HAL TR OTESTs.
At this point Mr. Hale Interrupted
Mr. Tmlman to protest against the lat
ter's representation cencerning the
Morris Incident. "I hope," he said,
deliberately, "that I may never figure
in. this body as ageneral-apologi.t of
the adminitration or any one connec
ted with Ii," andocontining said:
"But I say to the senator from
South Carolina that he is making
statemetts and asuming f .cts for
which there 13 no warrant, and that he
Is makring the most serious'aud defam
atory charges against the executive of
thIs country, the president of all the
United States, having nothing what
*ever that hie adduces as proof.
'.' must say tet-he senator that]I
-do not deem It seemiy thatJhere in
the senate -he should makelis the
- occasion of dischazginlg before us thei
- Tpersdnal feeling of i1l1'w1l1 he hai
agaist -the president o~the Unitec
-States. It Is nidas spectacle that an:
stan-: D ~l ook ~upon either with satis
~ ction or eTeration."
The intrrutilonhid noltbene
pced nNcrated general Interes
through~nt-,,the sehnate chamber ant
- - In the gsfieries, eThe giet that pre
'alle& lilmost oppressive, and 1
was'NGRjtlless maked when Mr
a ~to reply. .He said:
- erand Ipatriott
~ rmm Maine
and have had such intimate associa
tion with him during my service bera,
which is not half so lIng as Lis own,
that he cinnot Say anything in the
way of reprimand to cause ma to lo;e
my temper. I want to say to you, sir
(iddressicg Mr. Hale directl;), that
I am not defaming Theodore Riose
velt and I have not allowed my per
sonal feelings, suppcsing I have any,
to dictate one utterance of mine to
ev. I -nut to say to you, sir, that
if you will offer a resolution appoint
ing a committee cf this body, com
posed of Republicansalone, to e xamine
into the facts, I will give you the
names of four witnesses as reputable
as you or I, who will swear to the
statement I have made as to what
Mr. H tie-Let the Sznator produce
Mr. Tillmar-Y;u present your
Mr. H ak-And his affiavit3 before
he stands up before the -ountry and
assails in this rude way the president
of the United States.
Mr. Tilman-A ! Will you then
.ff.r your res-Aution appointing a
committee to get at the facts?
Mr. Hale-Let the senator himself
Mr. Tillman-It is none of my
business. It is your business.
Mr. Hal-It is as much the sena
tor's business as it is mine.
Mr. Tdlman-No, you have j st ac
cused me of having personal ani mcsi
ty and hatred tu gratify.
DISCREDITS THE PIESS.
Mr. Hale-I do not credit ne cxig
gera:ed szatements of the. nwspaper
prEss about this incident. 1 believe
they are all extravagent, swollen and
not justified by the facts. but when
ver any Senator up it.his ;esponsibi i y
declares that there should be an inv,:s
tigation so that we msy have, not
statements, not virulence, not denun
c!ation but facts, nobody on this side
will object to that resolution. -
Mr. Tillman-I will offer it and'put
you to the test.
Mr. Tillman then q-ioted the cffi
cial statement concerwng the Morris
incident and said that and said that
in ignoring the matter the president
had practically endorsed it. He added
that he had b en told that another
lady had been treated at the White
House very much as Mrs. Morris had
Mr. Hale again remonstrated with
Mr. Tillman for making the senate
the arena for the display of his perso
nal prejadices. He declared that it is
not true that the senate is inclined to
bend the pregnant hinges cf the knee
to the preildent and that t'ie presi
dent had already learned that the
senate is an independent body. He
added that senators consult most free
ly with him.
"Nine of us hesitate to tell him if
we do not agree with him," he ad
"The senator is wrong in undertak
ing to create the Impression .that the
senate is surrendering its rights.
I will not submit to this arrange
Mr. Tillman said in reply that he
thought Mr. Haie shou'd not, in view
of his own disavowal, had repiated
the statA m nt that he bad spoken as
he had because of personal feeling.
Mr. Hale rephied that the senator
must be his own jud,,e as to that and
Mr. Tiliman answered that the state
ent was unjusstified.
DENIED PERSONAL FEELING.
"I say before Almignty God, It Is
not tone, he exclaim'.d with faeling.
Mr. Tillman then read n typewritten
statement from a newspaper reporter
who he said was an eye witness of the
White House irolident in which the
reporter stated that he had seen Mrs.
Y:rris carr el oif like a <ack of salt
with a negro at her heels and her
hanging dress from her knees.
"dive us the name of the witness,"
Mr. G-Pi.er suggested, but Mr.
Tillman declined saying that he pre
ferred to hold it for the proposed in
vestigation. He added that he had
names of four men who would testi y
to these facts as stated.
Here Mr. Tiliman stoppei a'aruptly
to move the appointment of a comn
mittee of investigation. He sugges
ted that five senators be named for
the purpose of inquiring into the in
Mr. Hale suggested thet as the
motion should bz wth'rwn ani
brought In proper shape tomorrow
and Mr. Tillman c3:nstnted.
Here Mr. Hopkins Interposed an ob
jection to the entire proceeding say
ing that he saw "no more reason why
the senate shculd investigate the af
fairs of the president's household than
that the president should 'investigate
the personal affairs of the senator
from South Carolina."
Mr. Hale said that he had not pre
tended to bind any senator by assent
ing to such a reolutio~n, but that sa
far as he was concerned he would not
oppose the resolution,
sENATOR DANIEI.'s PLEA.
Mr. Daniel then took the floor and
entered a most earnest plea with Mr.
Tilman not to present tihe resolution..
He evidently regarded the matter as
of very great moment and scarcely
raised his voice above a conversation
tone. He referred to his feelng of
attachment for Mr. Tillman and said:
"This is a very delicate matter and
I hope the senator will refrain entire
ly from presenting such a resolution
as he has Indicated. It is to be pre
sumed," he went on, "that the presi
dent will do what is right in his own
hcuse, the house of the first citizen of
the country, and regard such a resolu
tion as an invasion of the comity ci
Not o 21y did he reprobate the pre
sentation, but he expressed regret
that any allusion had been made to
the MIorris aff air and hoped that noth
ing more' would be heard* abcut it on
the floor of the senate. "This is not
a tribunal which ought to take juris
diction in such a matterghe added,
and after-expressing his owiattitude
of respect for the female sex repeated
his request to Mr. Tillman to let the
Mr. .Tillman declined to acc:de to
the request, declaring that his resent
~ ment ofthe mistreatment of al lady
- was such that he could not re::oncile
silerce and Inaction with his -idea of
proprietly. Referring again tothe
testimony of witnesses his eyes filld
IIwith tears and his voice was almrost
aj choketi with emotion wrhen he qtioted
Mnoe of. the newsmaper men who hael
been present as saying that "he had
since upbraided himself with tears in
h!s eyes, even at the risk of personal
injury. that be did not rush to the
rescue of Mrs. M'orrisa." "And what
are ycu going to do abouz It?" be
asked in a voice now attuned to a
high key. "Let these imperialistic
practices contir ue? N )thIng: Then,
indeed, will the senate sink into con.
tempt, into a contempt that w4ll be
deserved, the contempt of every good
man and woman in the c. untry. I
cannot be a party to such a course,
but I will take the consf quences. I
mvill , ff-r the resolution and the seh
ate can do as it pleises with it."
THE FITZSIMMON'S LETTER.
ContinuIng his remarks he said that
'these poor, pitiful liars, the news
papers," had reported that about the
time the Morris kjction cccurred the
president had, ritten a letter to
Prize Fighter Fitzsimmons, showing
that his dignity had not been so great
as had been represented. Nor had he
been too dignified to engage in a trial
)f the j-u jitsu system or to put on
the boxing gloves. In view of
these reports he had waited in the
hope that "the president wculd take
some action apropos of the brutal
treatment of Mrs. Morris that would
do crsd t to him as a gentleman, and
it was only af ter he had shown sucb
besotted indifference to public opinion
that I felt called upon to present a
true statement of the incident and
ask Or an investigation to disprove
the falsehocds and garbled statements
given out by Mr. Barnes."
M--. Tillman closed with a declara
tion of hir high regard f.ir woman
hood, targht him by his association
with his mother and wife, and said
that they had "taught him to love
woman, and when I see a man Ignore
his plain duty to right a wrong to
the sex I s ou1 e false to my nature
if I remained sIlent.
The South Carolina senator closed
abruptly and was evidently deeply af
fected as he took his seat.
It was understood that Mr. Spoon
er and Mr. Lodge were to make reply.
But neither rose. Instead Mr. Hale
again add.essed the chair.
The chair was asking "what shall
be done with the resolution," when,
ignoring the query, the Maine senator
moved an executive session. The m'>
tion prevailed and in less than two
mizutes the doors were closed and one
of the tensest days in the recent his
tory of the senate came t, an end.
A iWINDLING GAME.
That Beats All the Other Flim-Flam
A dispatch to The State from
Greenville says GreEnville has been
invaded with a small army of film
flLm artists for some time, but the
game werked by Will Brown, colored,
among members of his own r-oe Sat
urday and Sunday is perhaps the
slickest and most daring yet perpe
trated in this midst.
Brown struck the town Saturday
and went immediately to work, en
gaglr'g lodging for colored laborers of
ue Western Union Telegraph com
pany, whom he stated would soon be
in this vicinity on a big j b of work.
Enormous prices were paid by the
ompany he stated, for board for the
men and that a bend wag r quired of
all who took these me... The b nrd
was fixed at $25.. Several negrc
hoardng houses were caught by
Brown's scheme, and the bond mney
was paid in advance.
He went from one acuse to another
ollecting money on his scheme until
a. shrewd colored woman in Oscar
street "smelt a rat" and notkiae the
police department. Of course the
Western Uaion had no such men em
ployed to secure boarding places for
its men and no work isin progress in
his vicinity anyway. The matter was
placed in the hands of Off aers Brown
and Atkinson late yesterday after
noon and they had the man in a very
few hours. Offcer Brown has long
been noted for his clever detective
work, and in this case he did one of
leverest pieces of work ever entrust
ed into his bands He was soon on
the track of Brown and he was arrest
ed shortly before 6 o'clock. He was
given-a hearing before Mayor Mahon
today and sentenced to the works for
150 days, the extreme penalty of the
Mayor Mahon says he is the slickest
negro he has ever had before him. He
secured money from a half dczen good
colored people, who were innocently
taken in by his slick trick. .A new
game is found by the trickster every
time an old one is discovered and ex
posed. The trick worked by Brown
was-altogether new in this city, and
exceedingly c'everly worked.. He is a
shrewd negro and his game. was well
concel-ved. Re-hadconsiderable money
on his person when arrested and most
of those who were defrauded were re
paid by Sheriff Becknell oue of these
Kinled a Wolfe..
Atlanta is hard to down. Jim
Smith, a well known ilton. county
negro, last night on the Black Shoals
road, near the Soldiers' Home, shot
and kllk d a big black wolfe.. The
beast had been terrorizmng the hxeigh
borhood for a week past, and-in his
midnight marauding had killed many:
tne fowls. It has also killed two arge
and fine shepherd dogs which ha en
gaged with it In combat: Wolfe hunt
ing had come to be pasttime in - that
neighborhood, until the death of the
beast ended it last night. It was .dis
covered that the left forefoot of -the
wolf was off, supposedly from being
caught in a steal trap.
Y. T. Sanford, former tax collector
of Floyd county,- Ga., was acquitted
at Rome on Saiturday of the murder
of George Wright. He acknowledged
tti killing and his defense was that
Wright-had interferred with his do
mestioselations.-. He is now suing his
*- Broke Jier'Eggs.
Mrs Stainford of Riading, Kansas,
hasroughat claim against the~ Atchi
son, Tapeka'& Santa-Fe railroad for
~1.4O0 damasges for ,breaking a dozen
'eting eggs'that were being shipped
Says Labor ! aws and Trial Jus.
tice System Drives
NEGRO FARM HAN[1
From the State, and That There is No
Desire for Social Eqanlity on
the Part of Negro-s, Who
are Under Obligations
to the Whites.
President Thas E. Miller, of the
Colored State College, made a some
what.remarkable speech at that in
ltitution on E nancipation Day. In
order that our readers may see for
themselves what a highly educated
colored man thinks of the problems
that confront the South we make
some extracts from the sper c'1. After
speaking of the Enancipation of the
n-gro, he took up the subj ect of his
address. which wasj"the things that
effect the negroes in the Smuth after
forty years of freedom." Here are
some-of the reasons that he claimed
was affecting the negroes for the ill:
First, the law.making body of
South Carolina is responsible for the
destruction of our labor. If they had
been cmployed by the enemies of an
agricltural South to run off the la
bor from the South they could not
have done the job any more thorough
ly and completely than they have
Every law that has been enacted in
the last 28 years has been intended to
protect the agriculturists and keep
them a full supply of labor; the rights
or protecuion-of the labor. has never
been considered in a single one of
them. Hence as the labor 1a;w .was
against the laborer he has Sec6me
more shy year after year; and -when.
ever and wherever-he could get awar
from it he would leare first to little
towns, then to the cities, then to the
The second cause of the unrest of
the laborer is the trial justice system
with its plenary powers, and its ir
I have seen the irresponsbile con
able in the country use his ready
revolver on helpless acused charged
with the slightest misdemeanor-with
no punishment coming to the constaf
If I were an enemy to my dear be
loved Southland I would have -pid
gents and lobbyists begging-our
Legislature to continue in power the
rresponsible, harassing trial justic:
Of all the ills that , if c, retard
nd prevent the progress of the South
he trial justice system, with its un
imited power and lack of responsi
ility to QA or man, Is the greatest.
Hence the things that aff act us and
he South, above all other ills and
~estution, are the labor laws and
be trial justice system. Continue
hem as they are and we shall not
nly succeed in driving away black
abor, but we will never get white
mmigrants who are so greatly needed
o come an i stay In our limits.
The third ill is the lack of ~protec
tion in the little towns. Hence cur
eople run away from the labor law
and the trial justice system to the
Ittle towns for police protectior; and
wen they fall to get it there they go
o the big cities, and from the big
cities to the North.
What is the worth to community
n money of an honest laborer-man
r woman-between the ages of 16
Under the slava values a laborer
was worth 81,000; but the best teachl
ers of political economy claim that
we ma1st take into c ins-deration of a
Laborer~ the power to consume and
produce. This wonud make the value
f each laborer to our Commnonwealth
bout 86,000. The price of his pro
uction annually plus the price of his
onsumption is not less than $40
his is 10 per cent on 24 000. And
o his producing and consuming pow
r must be added the wealth that
omes from his-Increase in c*ffspring,
which would make his value to the
ommonwealth greater still.
Hence, every able bodied man or
woman that has left South Carolina
n the last.28 yearsis a loss of not
less than $4,000 for each.
SIf the United States census is relia
bl we have lost by reason of our peo
ple having left the State nut less than
75,000 able bodied laborers in the last
30 years; each one of them valued at
ot less-than $4,000.
We have lost from the field of pro
duction and consumption 875 000
multiplied by $4,000, or $300,000,000
And for what? Why did we not keep
these people? Why, because we are
short sighted. We have legislated in
the wrong way. They are gone, and
what? We must noe appropriate
annually thousands of dollars to coax
and beg the Huns, the P,>les and the
Italans, and in time the Chinese, to
come here and take their places.
I, as a negro, want'prosperity in
the Suth; an iIhad itlin my.pow
r I 'would bring here and locate every
nationality from Europs and by en
couragement, and repeal of the obnox
os features of the labor lai', and by
the curtailment of the great po rer
of the trial justice systemn keep the-m
- The South need-s -their d~rESeuce
their coming cannot in any way in
jrd-.us negroes, but instead -will helv
to develop.our c-ourtry and enlarge
the sphere of theiro'wl and the nel
gro's usefulness as prodgcers.
We want this labor aihd the cheap
'est, easiest and readies wyto-getjit
is to tiirn the pages of bj tttes
and blot: therefrom every ab-4
that is detrimental to) the comm
man, write and black. /
Tnere is another matter t
touch ' upon ligl tM '. J
takes less than 3,000; and in my be
loved State the beggarly number of
The cry of the greatest A merican
agitator and orator, P itrick Henry,
was: "No taxation without re presen
tation." It was the sentiment that
struck a lesson to the thrc.ne of Eig
land and gave us the land of freemen.
The North has been aroused over
this condition; hence there is a move
ment on foot to cut down the South's
representation in Coregress, and in the
Our friends claim that this move
ment is for the benefit of us negroes.
But, people of the negro race, be not
deceived; for to cut d wn the South's
representation can in no way bnefit
u; but, on the other hand, it w1ll
work great injury to us he*in thE
South, To cut down the Sruth's
representation will fan and set ablaza
the flame of sectional prejudice and
hate which will rebound upon negroes
as the prime cause, and will afD.ci us
and injure us.
That provision in the 14th amend
ment was a compromise, and in the
fullness of time the 15th amendment
was passed, which guarantees to us
the ballot, and the protection -to cast
it; and if the North were sincere-and
wanted us.- to vote Cngress would
seat the contestants from the South,
and the Supreme Ciurt of the nation
would find a way to enforce the 15th
No, fellow citizens, let us stand up
and look this questiou quarely in the
face. We do not,. as hegroes, want
any legislation by Congress that will
embitter the South against us. What
we:need is a united South-black and
white-what we need is freedom from
outside interference; what we need is
Se il protection and a chance to labor
and be paid for our services; what we
need is the destruction of mob law
that is misnamed lynch law.
Law is the voice of the people, and
we need the law that will come 'from
the pulpit, press antl the fireside. of
Dar Southern homes! that will prevent
Southern sheriffs .and constables ar
resting us to turn us over -to the mob
volence that we may be butchered,
drowned or burned.
These improvements can only dome
to us from within; and the great
southern conscience is not asleep o.A
hi-subject. . The best element, of
0hoi Governor .Heyward is a fore
iost representative, has resolved to
eliver the Southland from mob law.
For which* let us return thanke, on
this our day Cf .jubilee, to God and
There is nzo ba.d deed committed in
a community that wil not and does
not affec$t the entire people. We,
white. and bhek, of the -"Soutb are a
:ieopie. - Therefore,~let us appeal for
the prote6tion guaranteed us as citi
zens and men. Let us so conduct
)rselves that they will see that we
e.wcrthy of every protection that
ihoul begi.n. .
SWe mu banish the criminals from
ur social interCL urs: we must assist
in turning every evil doer over to the
aw: we must te; ch honest toil, loving
;ervice, and frugaliti; we must teach
morality every where; we must in
truct the young that this is our
ome; that we must love all of its
itzens and obey its law; we must
put our trust in God and the South
and, and do the right.
For God is not dead and He will
eward us if we prepare ourselves
or the full er j tyment of citizen
The third thing that affects -us is
ur great ignorance and our helpless
pvsrty. Ignora? c 31is the m )ther of
all vlces; and waile we have many
~cols still the great mass of our
ace Is untouched by the civilizing
nfluence of Christian education. For
here are not more than 15 p r cent
:f the children of cur-race in the pub
ic schools of the South; and they are
ermitted to attend school about four
nonths par year.
Then again there is not more than
1alf a million of our people out of the
arvant class; there are about. nine
nillion of our race among the wage
arners, or ser vants of the nation.
I am fearful that we have waited
amost too long to purchase homes
and farms; for the farming lands of
he South have advanced in the last
lcade In selling value more than 800
We need be frugal in all things. To
e irfl~ential we must secure property
-all kinds of property, but especially
There is no st c-i thing as social
quality any where under the sun. So
tal cquality is founded upon caste
istinction, and it has always been
oundtd upon c.te distinctior; and
no one but a fool would attempt to
form it upon any other basis.
Wnat we need is equality under the
aw and E qual administration of the
aw, and an equal protection of our
possessions, life and liberties.
This may sound idealistic t> the
hougtless, but the foundation of
his government guarantees, these
sacred rights that are laalienable frcm
human existence, and they must and
will come to us it we prepare ourselves
for their enj yment.
We have at the head of the Govern
ment the greatest American sii e
Lincoln. He is broad, catholic, cour
geous, prophetic and patriotic.
RoosEVELI 6 VISIT.
His visit to the South last fall is a
lesson that the South and the nation
will never forget. His every utter
ance.was the speech of broad patriot
ism~-yes, of broad Amelricanism.
He was not speaking to the South
for the South; he was not speaking to
the white man for the white ma:; to
the negro for the negro;. but he spoi&.
a'the greatest living American to
Americans-all of every section; for
Americans about Amer omZs.
But in his speeches we were not for
gotten as an integral psrt of the
At .Tacsonville and at Tuskegee his
(dmonition to our raOc was tha.t of an
sexious parent to a helplees child;
whelesome and soun&- advice which
a e'- l n )t fail to ad
Khthe South af its direif'
negro stumble, help him u;; but if he
lie down let him lie."
That is all we need and all we
should expect from tte S-:ath, from
the laws of the land, or from North
ern philanthropy. Yes, if the negro
s'umble while ascending the heights
of American civilizitlon; if he s'un
ble while he is climing the rugged
c fs of advanced American citizan
ship he should ask, and does ask, of
the white man, who has assisted in
making his burden heavy by two hun
dred years of slavery, not to push him
down and trample upon him, but t:
step one side and lend h'm the hand
of help; help him to stand and walk
,s the path of rectitude, the path of
thrift and indu3try, the path of mo
rality, the path of frugality; all of
which lead to the high plain of Amer
Let us upon this, our day of jubilee
return thanks to Goa for having giv
en the American people this greatest
of Americans, Tfeodore R~osevelt.
What have I to say, you ask, ab:ut
Fellow cit-z ms, if we negroes hRve
a fu ure it is in the South. She is
undeveloped, teeming with millions of
wealth of the fields, forests and mineF;
waiting for enlightened skill to light
the furnace fires that will start the
buzz of manufacturing industry upon
every hill top and amid the valleys.
There is standing room here for us,
and a fighting chance for the accumu
lation of wealth and th'e possession cf
The industrial development of our
great Southland has just begun, and
every avenue of honest toil and
achievement is opened to us, her black
sons and daughters.
All we have t) do is to remain here,.
join hands with the white man, and
put our shoulder to the wheel of ma
terial progress and prosperity, ard
wait the result: for the white man of
the South has been doing and is doing
his part toward us in very many more
ways than we have given him credit
for. He Is reidy and wiling to help
ua; and if we remain as we have been,
faithful to every trust, he will wipi
fr: m the statute books every law tha
in any way frightens us, runs us- off;
or oppresses us.
He will give to us all needed prctec
tion; he will tax himself and us for
our education and improvement; b
will help us to make the .Scuh .he
hcme of us all with no proscription
by the law, or under the law.
Any negro who does not: believe
this doctrine that I am laying dowfl
and cannot be c=7erted thereto
should not live in the South. for:the
history of nations teac'ies that' all
great reforms, lasting reforms, comes
Then let usbe jubilant on this our
freedom's jubilee jesus praise God bry
songs and prayers for having given us
the apostles of freedom who assisted
in making it possible for Liuciln to
free.us and seal our comrhission with
his life blood.
Let us praise God for the -new na
tion that was founded a f 5er Appomat
tox, and let us praise Him above aL
for the New South that is educating
itself to its full duty to us negroes.
Let us stand here prepared to answer
every call; to do every service; to1ovie
the white man, and to stand bymiint
in a spirit of forgiveness and for bar
ance and thankfulness, with a heart,
free from rancor, strife,. debitterners,
laboring for the good of our' country,
the uplift of all Americans,twhite and
black, and the glory of G-od. ~
Ltat us always remember thatr-the
South Is full to overflhw with good,
well-meaning,.white men, o' whom
Wade Hamptoh'was the ripest type. r
L et us not forget his dying bene
diction of ~the blessing 01 peace,
TILL ANS SP2IECH. - .
The N wip'par Men Are Glad He
Went for Roosevelt.
A dispatch from Washington to
The Charleston Poss says never In the
history of legislation has anything
stirred the people to such a high
pitch of expectation and astonishment
as the speech of Senator Tillman. The
speech came as such a surprise that
the people are dumfounded and amazed
that he had curage to handle Roose
velt as he did.
G-aerai sentiment is divided, some
holding the opinion that trie President
should not have been made the sub
ject of such a bitter attack. 0O~hers
hold the opinion that he failed in his
duty in not ordering an immediate in
vestigation concerning the Morris csse
and that by so dioing it beca'ne ncc:s
sary for some one to take action.
The speech has developed the fact
that outside of Ssnator Hale and
L::dze the President has weak b:ick
ing in the Senate and that he has lOSt
weight on account of his attitude in
making himself of too much Impor
tance in public matters generally of
The speech also shows that outside
of Hale and Lodge, the President has
few strong friends in the Senate to
he'p him out In an emergenc~y. News
paper men are with Tillman and say
that he has made them all his friends
on account of the stand taken for
them in the press censorship matter.
The resolution by Tillman to inves
tigate the Morris case, just introduc
ed, was v -ted down on mothion of
Daniel of Virginia.
Pub icIT Dismissed'
A dispat ch fronm Anapolis Md., say
at noon Wennesday when the full
brigade of mid shipman were paraded
Sthe regular formation. Midship
.an Peterson .Barto Mu zni and W.
W. Foster of the first class and Tren
mor Cffln,~ Sr., of the third class,
were publicly dismissed from the
United States navy for hazinig plebes
or fourth classmen. .The order of the
secretary of the navy Twa a short One
and In each -case was ad jessed per
nally to the midshipmen dir ctly
~tiws, members of the Pjland
~-ommittee, convicte- y
* tday. exscutede "a
REARKAB. C E
A DWARW OF TWENTY-EIG'IT IN
CHES IN :E;G'IT
Gives Birth to a Six rcund lifant
in the City of Gre:n.
A dispatcsi fr~m Green-ville to the
S"at says Wt daesday af ternoon at
the G eenvllie sanitarium, there was
co:n to M:. and Mrs Charles Bo3kin
a daugtter. There attaches more
than the usual a mouit of interebt to
tbe birth of this child.
Mr. and M .. B aykin are dwarfs
and are said ti.i r tiee smallest .- per
sons in Aumeta. Tney have beef
asscciated wi-.h the Birkcot Carnival
conmpany for some time having c.:.me
to this city with this aggregation
three mouths ago. Mrs Boykin is
familiary known as Dolletta, and was
the leading figure In one of the shows
with this amusement company. Since
the first two or three persormLues In
thls city she has baen at the Green
Mrs. E >ykin is exctly 28 inches in
height and her baby is 18 Inches,
weighing six pounds. Mrs. Boykin is
the daughter of parents of normal siza
and is the only dwarf knowu in her
family trpc:d back for many gener
ations. Her bumand bears the same
un~q ie record of being the only dwarf
in his family, his parents also being
normal In size. Tne physicians state
this accounts for the .ffLpring of the
diminutive parents being well devel
oped and of normal siz .
Mrs. B ,Ykin is so small she cannot
get into a com-ron chair without as
sistance. Sae caaot gt into bed
without a footstool or acme other con
trivance upon which to climb. When
seated in a chair her feet are 14 inches
frc m the floor. Her body Is well de
veloped, however her shoulders being
road and muscular. She is intallec
tual to a remarkable degree and her
aead- is crowned with a wealth o:
vavy, nut brown hair. She was educa
-ed along with her sisters at their
-icme in Ohio.
Not until she was married t) Mr
Boykin did she jAn a theatrical troupe
but she says her life on the road has
been one of pleasure and protit. She
is particulary fond of the latest books
and during her spare woments she
finds a great deal of pleasure in read
ing the latest novels.
Mr. Boykin has been with his little
wife almost constantly since she has
been in Greenville, aluhough he did
not give up his engagement with the
Barkoot people. They wiil na i re
turn to their home in 3hio for a
M's. B -ykln L 23 years of age and
has bsen aisried ab ;ut one year.
Prob-ibly the only per.3ons who would
c mpire with her ani har ha;binI
k--own to the people of this section
were Mr. and'Mrs. Tom Thumb, all
tbough . Mrs. Boykin is said to be
much s'maller than Mrs. T,,m
A Young Lady Shoots Hierself While
A wry at School.
A spec'al dispatch to The State
from Darlington says Miss Sallie
Eam, a young ladyabouat 18 years of
ge, kl'd herself Tuursday after
oon by shooting herself In the breast
with a pistol. The deceased was a
:aughter of Mrs J. K. Ham, of Tim
mnsville and a cousin of Mr. J. K.
Dole of Darlington with whom she
was living 3,t the time of the tragedy.
She h::d bcen in Darli~igtonl only a
ishort while, having gone there last
f..ll to enter the graded school. She
was quiet and reticent of manner a-a
given somewhat t-o melancholia.
This, however, was not the reast n
assigned tor this rash act, It is stat
ed by these who knew that dissapoint
ment in a love afiair caused her to be
ome despondent and determine to
end her life. I s see m; that she was
in love with a y oung man at her home
at Timmonsviile and had been sent to
Darlingtonl by her family, who obj C'.
d to t-he a arriage, which they sup
yosed would o~scur: if she remained at
Onher return to D rrlington after
he holidays she had shown a distaste
for school and absented herself frsm it
ecently. She was hard of hearing
ad had keenly senstve feelings, but
howed no isigns of a demented .condl
ion at any time pre...eding the trag
dy. Her mother and brother visited
er in D.s~rlingto-n Thursday..and insis
ed that she attend schcol regulary-.
t was soon af ter they left that she
The shot was fir. d while the rest of
he "family was at' dinner, at which
tme she was In a room alohe. The
oronel'd jury brought in a verdict
hat the deceased came to her death
by a gunshot -wound Indicted by a
wepon lgher own hands. Tue jury
ttempted to asdign no cause for the
-R eso!ation D deat, d.
0.1 Thursday Senator Tillman i-n
rnduced the f Alowing resolutior :
R solved, That the president of the
SLat~e be authorized to appoint a coa
mittee of five Senattors to invest'g3.e
te recent unf ortunate indident iD the
White House resultin;r in expulsion
frm the exec~tve edics of Mrs.
Slinor Morris and report to the San
te." La rep-esenting the resolution
Senator Til~m an said the q !estion at.
ssue ircvolves t :o vital prop )sitions..
Te fi -st related to the protection of
he Presiaeat fron dangerous charac
ers, and thie ssconld the protection of
he rights of the people. He declared
to ab soluteIy proteci the President
wud be Vo-makTeim~prisoner. He.
ro~ed d. tO a Yft in case of the
~emovlfA P16.i. nt he cohild beI
-epacid an ~~ blby with a betterj
an." Bii'-e addeed, "when the:
ibetie--o tl~2role are e str yed~
ng... t desr ism. 'ne~
lsoition was. ?4id on .hZ -
deasf fa sS Thignegatifv8
itere Blackburn. Flry Mc -
rea1@ Mauixii, Moz Stone,
In afn indristldner.
Ensign Hugh Walker Graphical
ly Describes His
On the III Fated Steamship Cherokee,
Which Went Ashore in a -Stom.
The Captain Finally Told Th t
That I: Was Too Late to
Save the Ship.
The followirg graphic description
of the wreck of the Steamihip Chero.
kae was given the Augusta Herald by
Easign Hugh Walker of Augusta. En
sign Walker is one of the passengers
who were on the ill-fsted steamshIp
Cherokee who were rescued on last
Sunday. The Cherckee was one of
ohe e:ack boats of the Clyde line and
foundered if Atlantic City on Friday.
Tne passengers and crew -of the
steamer were rescued by a volunteer
-rew under commanA of Capt. Mark
Casto. Among the passengers was
E isIgn Walker. He had been sta
tioned on the government supply boat
Yankee in the West Irdies and was
on his way tone on the Cherokee.
When asked directly as to the three
days privation E 'sign Walker told a
graphic and clhar-cut sory. He said
that on Friday and Friday night,
although the Cherokee was hard
agfc-und on the Brigantine Snoals off
At-lantlc City there was little alarm
among the passengers.. Thy had
oeen assured that the situation was
no cause for worry. Friday nihtz
there was given in the cabin a vaude.
ville entertainment in which every
one took part and although there was
a little uneasiness there was no real
As the night wore on the seas com
mezced to run heavier ard the gale
increased. The water was washed
over the deck in such a manner that
all of the ha'ches had to be closed.
I5 was a sleepless night. As the gale
increased the woman commenced to.
cry and there was a fear aroused In
the men. "Saturday some of the pas.
sengers appealed to the captain to do"
somethirg far us, and he was forced
oo admit It was too late,-and. that
unless the storm abated there wagr&.
lle chance.of our ever reaching hore
agailI," said Eaisign Walker.
This to mary was a death knell and
the fear and grief among the passen
gers was evident from this time on.
rard. Toe ship was taking water
fast and the pcunding of the heavy
sWas had torn loose the engines. Every
ffjrt was made by the engineers to
put the engines into condition but the
,old was fiiled with water and all at
.empts i this direciQa had to be
abandoned and during the last 24
ours the engines were absolutely
E-isign Walker then went on to
tell of the harrowing and exciting
times that ftllowed. .Being -a man
of the sea and therdore one who en
well tell tales of the sea his account
of the disaster sounded like oneof the
famous tales of Cooper. Ensgn
Walker then went on with his narra
tive whi~h is given in his own Ian
" The last night was one of terror.
We tried to keep up curage by play
ing a phonegraph and singing, but
about 10 o'clock we g.. ye up all hope.
The ship .rose high .In the air and
came down first on her bow and then
her stern. -We expected that every
p-u-ge would be the last and that she
would brake in two on the next wave.
"There w'as a terrific noise which
could be heard above the wind and
sea. I felt that the end had come
at last, and for the first time I lost
my nerve. Every man dropped to
hisi knees and muttered a prayer, and
Lhe women lay moaning on. the ficor.
Toere was not a light brum'ng, and
the water poured in through. the .
hatches whi.-h had been burst open
by the crash.
"We bade good-bye to erci other
and all prepared to die. We waited
in silence and almost hoped that the
suspense soonf-would be over. After
a long while the first mate came into
the cabin and told us that several
plates had been ripped off the steam
er's hull, and that she was sinking.
We could feel her settle and felt that
it would not be long until the sea
would close over us forever.
"Is was the cook who came to our
rescue. He took us up into the gal.
bey, where we would be aw~y from
toe hungry waves a little longer.
There was a fire there and he spread
blankets on the fl'or for the women,
and there we remained until morning.
rhe galley boy tried to sing to cheer
as up, but he fnally gave up the
aif rt and burst into tears.
"Toe water ran In slower then we
expected, and when we were taken
off by Captain Casto the water had
just begun to cover the cabin dloor.
We had no food or water al dlay, ani
I don't think we could have lived
rhrtcush the night."
Tae steamer Cherokee is a total
oss and'the Clyde line Is minus on.
f its best ships. From Mr. Wlejs
aecountit will be seen that tjiliaf
2,1 adventure and excitement. are~
v.r but that they are ass ool~advene
ures on thle seeg as there were-Jn theM
-Juniped into aW ?
A dispatch from swneo
tate says Nrs. 30e1 -
d near Gaston, commltdtll
bout 12 o'cloo~Wdea~ngtb
jimping into&Na llO 'fe1--21p
he lefra an
smilysea(k4oe ~ aa
xove& he d ace- ia