Newspaper Page Text
SAVE THE BIRDS.
Prof. Pearson Pleads for a Law
to Protect Them From
Who Murders Them at All Seasons for
the Cruel Sport of Seeing Them
Die. Birds Are Among the
Best Friends of the
In his lecture on South Carolina
birds at the State house in Columbia
Prof. Pearson spoke as follows:
"Gentlemen cf the Legislature of
"It gives me reu-h pleasure to
come before ycu tonight in the capac
ity of a repiesentative of that won
derful class of animals to which man
kind is perhaps more iLdebted than
to all other groups of wild animal life
"The wild bird's every action is a
movement for the betterment of man.
To the casual observer this is not al
ways apparent. Wblle in a retlective
mood the moonlight song of the
mceking bird may faintly stir his sen
timent, or the honk of wne wild goose
may cause him to hark back to some
incident of childhocd; yet the sight
of a woodpecker stealing a mulberry
will so arouse his resentment against
the feathered race and cause the lust
for blood to so bedtm his eyes that he
will fail to see the unending good
wh;ch the birds are doirg.
'The reason men do not care more
for birds is because ihey know them
so little. The average person seldom
sees a wild bird except when it Pa
fleeing from him in mortal terror. If
)ou would really know their habits,
go tp some favorable point on the
!xrder of the woods and sit quietly
on some fallen tree or stump until the
bhdi of the neighborhcod have re
sumed their wanton activity. I have
known men whc did this to be utterly
astounded at what they saw.
"Among the fallen leaves on the
ground the thrasher, the thrush and
the towhee are industricusly scratch
ing for worms and insects. All
thrcugh the shrubbery and bushes toe
warblers are examining for places
where the insects live. Along the
trunks of the trees the woodpeckers
and nuthatchers and chickadeeS are
prying and peeping into every crack
or crevice where a bug can hide. The
vireoes and orioles and tanagers are
leaving no leaf unturned among the
upper branches. While above all
there courses thrLugh the sky the
swallows and swifts which are strik
ing upon the wing those insects en
deavoring to escape the consuming
fury beneath. Even at night tne
work goes on; for taen the whippoor
will, the bull bat and the owl popula
tion is abroad.
"All srmmer long this work of de
struction continues, and when the
frosts of winter have caused the in
sect world to fall asleep, and we turn
to the bare brown fields, here in
every weed patch and sunny hillide
may be founld fiocks from the 14
species cf native South Carolina spar
rows, eating the seeds of the grass
and noxious weeds, which would
otherwise sprout in the spring to
choke the farmers' crops
"But even now the work of insect
destruction does not cease; for all day
long the woodpeckers and nuthatches
ania creepers and scanning the tree
trunks for the capsules of insect eggs
tacked away behind the bark against
the warm days of spring when they
would hatch and the larvae come
forth like a scourge upon the leaves of
the fruit and lorest trees.
"Our governmnent experts tell us
that one-tenth of the entire agricul
tural products of South Carolina is
annually a total loss from the rava
ges of insects, and many well informed
naturalists unite with the statement
that if it were not for the destructive
ness of the wild birds, insects would
become so numerous as to shortly
render the earth uninhabitable by
"South Carolina is naturally rich in
bird life. From the mountains to the
sea the species number something
over 300. Esch species has a part to
play in the great comedy of nature;
although the good which some do is
much more anparent than the good
wrought by others.
"Here is the way we have treated
the birds of Carolina. Tnere are men
within the sound of my voice who can
remember the times when flocks of
wild pigeons passed over this region
in such nn~nbers that a single flight
would be hours inl passing a given
point-, and the shadow of whose wings
would fall like the aarkness from a
storm cloud. 'The pigeon will always
be here,' said our people. 'L2, let us
slay and eat, and shoot for sport and
fatten our hogs upon the bodies of
the pigeon.' Today the pigeon is
gone, and probably no man in his
room, the age of the slpeaker, L as
ever seen a passenger pigeon wild in
the State of South Carolina.
"The ivory-billed woodpecker, the
largest cf that noble family, has be
come extinct in this State.
"The only parrot found in North
America, named the Carolina paro
Quet bEcause of its audnei
Carolina, is now extinct within the
borders of this State.
"When some years ago the cry went
forth from N~ew York for feathers of
birds with which to supply the milli
nery trade, the Carolinas became the
great field of activity c f the plume
"Vessels were fitted out with pro
visions and ammunition for a long
cruise, and the hunters visiting the
great colonies of the breeding sea
birds on the coasts of the Cirolinas
and Georgia shot these beautiful
creatures literally by the million to
obtain their feathers, and the or
phaned young by untold thosands left
to perish miserably on our sandy
beaches. it was in these States that
the plume hunters reaped their rich
est harvest. For here in our congenial
climate the birds had been wont to
gather in greatest numbers; and here
also the hunters knew that the birds
were not protected by law and that
no wardens awaited to warn them
from our shores. So like the shadow
of a dream cur vast flocks of summer
gulls have passed away. This was
"Into the almost inaccessible swamps
of our eastern country the plume
hunters went to find the breedmng
colonies of herons and to shoot the
ol one to p--r te airats which
grow on the back in the mating sea
"The beaches of Port Royal and
the swamps about Georgetown and:
Charleston were filled with blood,
torn feathers, and cries of wildest
anguish. But the happy and content
ed people of our State knew little of
the great killing, and those who did
know apparently cared not; for it was
only birds that were dying.
"But God raised up for the birds a
saviour, a Moses, in the person of Mr.
William Dutcher, who so stirred the
people of the North that today there
is no Northern State but what prc
tects the wild birds.
"The Audubon society, of wlIh he
is the father, has spread its influence
to more or less extent in every State
in the union and far beyond the bord
ers of cur ccuntry.
"In 1903 the legislature of North
Carclina said that this slaughter must
stop, Florida did the S.-, Vir
ginia, Georgia and Tennn-. ': owed
in quic succession, while 3 .: last
session of the South Carolina legisla
ture this honorable body enacted the
statute prepared by the Audubon s)
ciety saying that beneficial wild non
game birds shall no longer be killed
at any time.
"Bat the Audubon society is not
content with'merely placing the law
upon the statute book, and in South
Carolina the s. c )nd and g -eatest step
is yet to be taken; namely, proving
sc'me adequate means for the enforce
-ment of al bird and gam laws.
"A bill Including the necessary pro
visions has been carefully drawn, and
has already been presented to this
body. The bill has the appro"'al of
the United States government ex
perts on State game legislation, the
officers of the national Audubon sc
ciety, a number of the hunting clubs
and game associations of Sauth Caro
lna and many of the leading jurists.
sportsmen, and bird lovers of this
"The bill provides for incorporating
the Audubon Society of Sautn Caro
lina and giving it powers to enforce
the bird and game laws of the State
by means of game wardens whom it
shall appoint and who shall receive
commissions from.the governor.
"The Audubon society is to pay the
wardens for their services. No ap
propriation of funds is asked frc m the
legislature, but all non-residents com
jog into the State to hunt will be re
quired to take out a hunter's license
at a cost of $10. This money will b:
placed at the disposal of the Audubon
society to supplement the fees ano
gifts of its members and friends. Tne
organ'z itio pledges Itseif to be ac
tive and to the publication and dis
tribution of literature on the value
of the birdi to the various interests o
the State, to disseminate widel.
knowledge concerning the character
>f the game laws, and in every way
to exert an it flience towards building
up a strong healthy sentnimnt in the
State for tee protection of the wild
birds and preservation of gtme.
"In this connection I may say that
this plan is not an untried experi
ment. For example, just such a law
was passed in North Carolina three
years ago Since that time the so
ciety has suc:essfully cond acted near
ly 200 prosecutions for vioating the
laws, such as killing quail out of sea
son, shootir-g song birds and hunting
deer in summer; has made more than
40 selz ires of game which was being
smuggled out of the State to North
ern markets; has distributed more
than 5.000,000 pages of printed in
formation among the people of the
State, and is now err ploying 45 trusty
game wardens to uphold the digaity
of bird and game ;aws in N arth Caro
lina. Tie society has collected from
the sale of licen-es and from the fees
and gifis of its memnbers about $30.
000, with which it nas carried fur
wsrd this enormous wcrk; and all this
has been done without costing the
taxpayers of the State oae c mnt. The
only perso4.who cain possibly obj c.
to this law is the non resident who is
required to pay $10 for the privilege
of hunting. Many Northern gentle
men own gains preserves in the State;
but it has been found that they not
only gladly pay their license because
of the protection which it di ards
them, but In addition many of them
annually make handsome contribu
tions to the Audubon work.
"It has been my pleasure of recent
years to spend much time in the
swamps and along the coast of our
Southern States. Desiring to be in
position to acquaint our people more
intimately with the wild life, I have
on many occasions used the camera to
photograph the birds and their nests.
The stereopticon views which I wish
to exhibit are from photographs made
in the field; and the series selected for
this occasion illustrate more particu
larly those species of South Carolina
birds which are of greatest value to
to the State."
Mr. Pearson then showed about 75
tinted slides fcom photographs of
birds, their nests and young; discuss
lng each in tarn and referring to the
relationship of that bird to the far
Audubon societIes have been formed
in practically all Southern States ex
cept Alabama and the general assem
bly of that State will soon be urged to
pass a bill. Prof. Pearson goes from
Columbia to Greensboro, and in a few
days he will go to St. Paul, Minn.,
there has been asked to lecture at the
national meeting of the State game
gardens and commissioners of the
W beat Bran Scente~d and Sold a
Very High Prices.
The Raleigh Progressive Farmer
sounds a note of warning to the far
.mers of the South about what it calls
the stcck food swindle. It says that
one of the most outrageous frauds
now being perpetrated upon the
Amelican farmer is that of prepared
stock foods-common meal, bran etc.,
with a lhttle cheap sulphur, salt, Ep
som salts pepper, saltpeter etc. added
to change the taste and the mixture
(hardly more valuable than ordinary
ship stuff) put up in filming packages
advertised in big illustrated ads in
farm papers, and sold to gullible farm
ers at from $250 to 2,500 a ton." The
Progressive Farmner says -further that
somne time ago, the chief Southern
cntributor of one cf the farm papers
most largely circulated in North Car
lna and adjoining States wrote an
exposure of the whole miserable fraud.
and sent it to his paper. "Tae reply
came back: The Blank Stock Food
Compaby pays us $3,000 a year for
advertising, and we would lose it if
we were to print your letter. Please
don't insist." IL is quite proper that
while the patent medicine nostrums
are getting a drubbirg, the stock food
umbugs should be exposed, and thisi
The Progpsssive Farmer proposes to
do. If the frauds are of the nature
complained of we hope the exposure
will be of a nature as to protect the
armers aganst them.
ONLY TWO OF THEII EAD ANY
Trustees of the Iifferent Colleges
and Other Cfficers Ilected
Without Much trouble.
The elections by the Legislature
passed cff quietly on Tuesday Jan. 23
There was only one race which excit
ed any real snappy Interest,and that
was the selection of a trustee for
Clemson college. It was rumored that
Chief Justice Pope would have an op
ponent In the person of Mr. Geo. S.
Mower of Newberry.
Mr. Mower was called to the city
and although he was informed the
night before that a large part, though
aot a maj )rity, of the general assem
bly.had b.en secured for him, he de
clined to let his name be used. Wed
nesday morning before leaving the
city he wrote Senator C. S. Blease:
For reasons alreadr given you, I write
to rc quest you again that my name be
not presented in the electiou for chief
Senator Warren of Hampton was
nominated against Juige James Al
drich and Senator McGowan of Lau
rens was nominated against Judga J.
C. Klugh of Abbeville- B it the incam
bents were electE d by overwhelming
maj zrities. The vote indicated that
ae legislature -was disposed to make:
no changes. There was a similarity
in the vote for Seoators McGon aa and
Warren which exoited some comment.
The only judge Who has been defeated
for reelection in re nt years was.Jndge
Cownsend by Senator Hydrick In the
acminations Wednesday no speeches
were allowed, but Mr. Pjllcek in a very
few words paid a bandsome tribute to
Judge R. C. Watts, who was again re
T ae jnt assembly was convened at
11 o'c'ozk by Senator Manning, who
presided with dignity ovei the elec
cions. Tae first place to be filled by the
elections was that of chief justice of
the State supreme court.
DIRECTORS AND TRUSTEES.
Sansto: J. H. Huds.n nominated
Chief Justice Y. J. Pope to sumceed
himself. Mr. Taylor of Newberry sec
onded the nomination. There were no
other nominations Tne chairdeclared
t'2at 146 votes had been cast, all for
Se-ator Walker rominated Judge C.
G. D.ntzer to succ~ed himself in the
drst cacnit, the nominatiun being sec.
onded by Mr. Brantley. There was no
ither name placed in nomination and
ihe votes were cast.
For the selection of-jn1ges of the sec
ond e rcuit, Mr. J. BRlton Watsun
ominated Senator E F. Warren of
Hamptcn. Tnis was seconded by Dr
Whatley representative from Hamp
ton. Julge James Aldric i, the in
cumbent, was nominated by C-il. Jno.
R. Cloy of Aiken, and this was second
Ad by Senator W. E. Johnson. The
cesult cf the ballot was Aldrich, 118;
Warren, 32; neccessary to a choice,
F.r judge of the third judicial cir
rut, Judge R 0 Purdy was nomina
ted by Senator McLed. Tnis was
second id by Mr. F iser, Teaere was
Qo opposition and Judge Purdy receiv
ed 138 votes.
For judge of the fourth circuit,
Judge R. 0. Watts was nominated by
Mr. Pollock, seconde d by Capt. Sellers
Tnere was no opoposition and Juige
Watts received 129 votes.
For ju ige of the sIxth circult, Judge
George Williams G-age was placed in
domination by Senator E ardin, sec
onded by Senator Hough. Judge Gage
received the entire vote,
Judge J. C. K ugh of Abbeville was
nominated for reelection by C oi. W.
W. Bruce of Marlboro. This was sec
onded by Senator J. R. B:ake of Ab
beville. Mr. B yd of Laurens nomi
nated Senator Frank P M,.Gowwan ol
Laurens. This was seconded by Mr.
Nash cf Spartanturg. -The result of
the vote was Klugh, 100; McG.owan
41;"ecessary toa choice, 71.
Tais ccmpleted the election of
judges and the joint assembly pro
ceeced to tbe election of State lib
arian. Senator M arshiall nominated
the incumbent, M;ss L. H. L:.Borde.
This was seconded b, Col. D. 0. Her
bert. Miss S. M. A. B ack was nom
inate d by Senator -W. J. Johnson.
This was seconded by Mr. Boyd of
Laurens. The result was Miste Miss
LaBirde, 136; Misa-Black, :1. Neo
essary to achoice 76.
5ELECTION~ OF JUDGES.
There was no opposition to the re
election of Messrs. D. B. Peurifor and
J 0. Wmngo as directors of the State
- In the selection of trustees of Win
throp college there was no opposition
in the incumbents, W. J. Roddey,
Dr. E S. Joynes and A. Mdarkley Lee
and tney were rej soted..
The nominess for trustees cf the
Sc uth Carolina college were - August
Kohn, Dr. W. T. C. Bites and J.imes
Q. Davis. All thre3 were- electe ;
There were three vacancies on the
Clemson board, S. A. Sease of New
berry, Augustine T. Smythe of Chear
leston, and W. D. Evans of Marlboro.
These were nominated for reelection
and Capt. Ivy M. Mauldin of P.ck
ens was also nominated. Tne joint as
sembly took recess without making a
selection. Capt. Ivy Mauldin is an
alumns of Sha institution and his
candidacy was well received as he had
been a member of the house of cepre
sentatives. Mr. S3ase is also an
Ti'e result of the election-for trus
tees of -Cemson college was
as follows: L A. Sease, 110; W. D.
Evans, 106; J. Mi. Mauldin, 99; A. T.1
Smythe, 60. Total number of votes
cast, 124; necessary to a choIce, 60.
The three first named were elected.
There was no opposition to the re
elEction of Capt. E. Mi. B'ythe of
Greenville and Maj. J. J. Lucas on
the Citadel board. They are both in
cumbent members of the board. j
The last election was that of trus
tees of the State Colored college. Dr.
Win. R. Lowman and Capt D. J.1
Brasham were reelected. There are<
on the present board .and there- was
no otjeciion to their rieelection.
A dispat ch from Anapolis Md., says
at noon Wennesday when the full
brigade of mid shipmaen were paraded t
for the regular formation. Midship-e
man Peterson Barto Mu zni and W. t
W. Foster of the first -class and Tren-1
mar Offin, Sr., of thie third class, I
were publicly dismissed from the 1
United States navy f~r hazing plebas 1
or fourth classmnen. Tne order of the
secretary of the navy was a short oneC
and in each case was addressed per
nally to the midshipmen directly1
IHE SUDDEN DEATR OF MR. B. T.
REED FULLY EXPLAINED.
rhe Question Now Is Who Gave Him
the PoEon and for What
In a special to The State from Bam
berg in the issue of Saturday it was
stated that Mr. B. T. Reed of the
ope section of Ozangeburg ccunty
died at that place the previous Sunday
mornmng and that his death was caus
ed from paralysis of the brain,
brought on by excessive drinking.
This statement of the cause of Mr.
Raid's death is denied by his brother
in law, Mr. G. B. Kittrell of Cope,
who in a letter to The State makes
the assertion that M. Reed's death
was due to poisoning.
That this was believed to be the
case was known by us last week bus
no mention of it was made until there
culd be confirmation which has been
furnished by Mr. Kittrel in the letter
to The State which will be found be
low. The case seems to be a myster.
ic us one and w.lI doubtless be investi
gated fully in tie officers of the law.
The irquest, It will ba noted from
Mr. Kittrell's letter, has not yet been
concluded and the facts may be
brought out at that time.
Mr. Kittrell's letter leaves no doubt
tut that Mr. Reed was poised by some
Dne. Now the queation is who did it
. A for what purpose was it done? He
.was a very quiet, pleasant man, not
at all qaarrelsome, and Is is hard to
audersand why any one should want
t6 kill him, and we hope the 'matter
sil be pushed until- the guilty parties
apprehended and punished. Mr. Reed
was well known in 0:angeburg, and
his mysterious death is lamented by
many friends. At the time of his death
Mr. Reed was not quite forty years of
age. The following is Mr. Kittrell's
letter to The Sti te:
To the Editor of xne State:
I notice in your paper cf Sunday
under the heading, "Bamberg News,
the statement that Mr. B. T. Reed of
the Cope section of Orangeburg coun
ty died in Bamberg last Sunday morn
iug, that he had been drinking heav
ly, and his death was caused from
paralysis of thebrain.
This is an error and irjustice to a
dead man. Mr. Reed was poisoned by
s me one with arsenic between 11 a.
m. Saturday and 2 50 p. m., as he
stated that he had been poisoned to
Mr. G. A - Jennings, an honorable and
high-toned gentleman, and because of
:he conditions under which he died at
6 a. m. Sunday morning, the family
decided to have a post mortem, and
Drs. Jennings, Cleckley and Hoover
f Bamberg were called in to perform
same. 1 took the stomach and con
uents to a chemist in Augusta, Ga.,
and he found that he was pols~ned
Mr. R.ed was a man that made
sme money, a peaeeable and quiei
itizen and while te drank some whIP
key it was an exception to see him
under its influence enough to even tell
he bad a drink. The motive for the
murder was either robbery or to gel
nimn out of somebody's way. I hope
to sihow the cause ana: who did the
olack crime by the 255h when an in
quest is held. G. B. KITrRELL.
Cope, S. ., Jan. 20, 1906.
Rather Than Tellsa Suitor She Couad
Not Marry Rim.
When all the guests had gathered
for her wedding and the arrIval of
the bridegroom wds expected, Miss
Jennie Graham, ninteen years old, of
2051 Margaret street Pailadelphia Pa.
attempted to poison herself Thursday.
Calling all her family and the guests
around her, the girl said she never
culd be happy with a man she did
not love, and that she preferred death
to a lifetime of misery. Before any
one could Interfere, or even before
her Intent was suspected, she had
swallowed two ounces of laudanum.
Miss Graham will live, and In all
probability she will wed another. She
is slowly recovering in the Frankfort
hospital, where an extraordinary In
ident to the case happened Wednes
day afternoon, The rejected suitor
Ruben Dean, twenty one years old,
of 2051 Margaret street, attired in
readiness for his wedding, came face
to face with Charles 1Parfitt, his suc
essful rival, at. the bedside of the
Dean had rushed In dismay from
the brides home while Parfitt had
ome from his cfice. Until news
was brought to him that the young
woman was near death, Parfitt did
not even know that this was to be
t-er wedding day. For a moment the
men fiashed looks of anger at each
other, but apparently being moved
by the thought of death hovering
over the girl uncouncious on thie cot
at their sides, they turned away with-.
out a word, and left the room by op
posite doors. The physicians when
they heard of the meeting gave strict
orders that It should not happen
again. They were irritated over the
affair, saying that had Miss Graham
b en in a state to observe the men,
lhe might have experienced a mortal
Toe young woman was engaged to
wed Dean when she met Parfltt and
lhursday night when she was sai d
to be out of danger and steadily pick
ug up her strength, she said she had
rot hod the courage to tell Dean she
ould marry him. She said that she
culd not lightly dismiss to. the man
who bad asked her to be his wife, but
iht all of last night her heart grew
n heaviness over the prospect of sep
iratinghersElf from B..-rltt forever.
All morning Miss Granamn kept her
elf locked io the room, and only an
iour before the time set for the cere
nony, which was to take place in the
arlor of her parent's home, did she
in her family. Then she seemed to
e all merriment and happiness. But
ter hilarity was only assumed as a
nask to conceal her grief which
uickiy carrie-d her to despair.
A dispatch..from. Florola, Ala , says
rady Miller, the.16i y.ear-old son of
)r. R. L. Miller waS Wednesday night,
hot and killed by the negro porter of
he Lake View hotel- There were no
ye witnesses to the shootlog, but
he pistol shots were heard. A search
vas made and nearby wa~s found. the
egro In a dying condition. He lived
ong enocugh to say that he and Mil
er .had engaged In a pistol duel.
~here is no wray to ssc3rtain the
ause of the tragedy. Young Miller
las at home for a few dayB from
Afford college, S. 0., where he had
een a+tending school
DID NOT WAIT LON.
Following Suicide of kiis Wife D. W
Biott Married Cashier.
The Augusta Cbro- ible puolishes
the folliwing special dispatch fr-m
Savannah: Ranssm W. Hiott, the ab
sconding Colu-nbus irsuiance man,
and Miss Miry R. Taomas were mar
ried Jusice Line Moday morning,
ane Immediately after left by boat for
Bluff Lon, S. C., the formar home of
It is believei that Hiott and Mhs
Thomas c-irm to S-v,.n h tUgether
from CAumbus Maoay morniag.
They were accampa,.rd by Hiott's
two ciildren, Eani durir g the c-rmony
the grofm had nis two year old calid
in his arms.
The couple seemed in a hurry to
have the ceremony performeb The
couple seemEd very well fixed fnan
ancially. Waen it came iime to pay
the justice his fee Mrs. Hiott, the
justice hif fee Mrs. Histt, the treas
urer, flashed a good s z.d rg and
stripped off a greenbabk.
Ga January 14 Hiott!; wife was
found dead In bed at ter residence in
Columbus, by her two children, ner
husband being absent in New York,
attending a meetitg of the superin
tendants of the M tropolitan Lifa In
Whe' the room in which Mrs. Hiott
was found was searched, an empty
laudanum bottle and another only
half filldd was d:scouered.
From all thai; could be learned from
the neighbors of the Hibtt family, 10
was supposod that she committen sui
Hiott returned to Columbus, and,
having a d. Mifulty in the offte of the
Metropolitan, disappeared. MiES
Thomas, who had been his cashier,
dissappeared at the same time.
A CONVICI'S B2IDE.
Did Not Know P*, Bat Stands by
"He's always been kind to me and
we've only been married ten months.
If he goes to prison Ill have no means
of support. I'm not very strong,
Your Honor, so please be merciful."
The girl wife of Frank V. Wilson,
I who was up for sentence before Jidge
Holmes, In the superior criminal
court. at Boston, Mass., for snatching
a handbag from Anna Goldman on
December 11th, broke down while
pleading in her young. habsnd's,be
The case had a sad dome.tic phrase.
The young couple were married la the
provinces, where Wilsor vai employ
ed as a mail clerk at S5 John. A few
months ago they came to Boston again
to live. Wilson tried to find work bu*
failed. Then he was indicted for rob
bing Anna Goldman, and also for as
saulting Policeman Daniel T. Mayo
with a pistol when the latter p't * id
him under arrest.
His wife then learned the dark hair
ed young fellow she had married had
an alias and a criminal record. But
she stuck by him loyally In spite of:
the disgrace, made regular visits to
his cell and got a lawyer, who acted
through charity more than anything
Mayo rehearsed the street theft and:
told of a farmer conviction for bur- .
glary for which Wilson served two,
years at Thomaston Me., and bow he:
had been known as Jamss McDonald.
The witness said he had always
tried to do right. On the day in
qnestion he was with a companion,
who snatched the woman's bag. He
denied that he did it, but the crowd
blamed him and he ran for protection.I
Fearing bodily harm, he drew the re-1
He admitted that he had served two
years at Thomaston for breaking and
entering, but that was six years ago,
and he had reformed since then.
Judge Holmes thought the case al
together too serious, so Wilson was
sent to the state prison for from
three to five years, with one day in
solitary. The count charging assault
on the flieer with a loaded pistol
was placed on file.
MUEIDER SUSPECT DETAINED.
Carl Johnson, Sailor on the Texas,
Wanted in Minneapolis.
The Charleston Post says Carl John
son, a sailor now on board the battle
ship Texas, is being held a prisoner]
until proper papers can be received
from Minneapolis, where Johnson IsI
wanted w -.oharge of complicity in
killing Otto Baber, a saloon man of
that city, on the evening of Decem
Detective C. D. Brown of Minneapo
lis, suspected that Johnson had most
iaely enlisted in the navy, and at1
N'orfolk traced his mah to-Charleston,
where he discovered Johnson on the<
Robbery was the motive of the
crime in which Johnson is chargedI
with having a part. Three men ap- t
peared in the saloon of Baber with
drawn revolvers, and executed a gen- I
eral hold-up. A good sum of moneyt
was taken from the cash till of the
saloon. Baber, who was behind the I
bar, made a motion that convinced :1
the robbers of his Intention to resisti
or make an alarm, and he was shot a
Johnson was traced to Chirleston r
and found by Detective Brown on the 1
Texas. He will return to Minneapo
lis without requisition Dapers. Brown ;
expects a warrant for the man to ar- e
rive In Charleston on Thursday, and f
then be will take his man back to b
Minreapclls for trial. a
The sailor denies complicity In the ii
crime, but is wilhung to stand trial. t:
He Is one of the recruits recently re- b
ceived about. the Texas. Since the ar. E
rival of Brown in the city and his t1
identification of Johnson the sailor n
has been kept in prison aboard the a
Texas. One cf the city'detectives was. ti
sent along .with Brown to Introduce ti
him to the Offlders di the ',Lexas, that
his dluty might be perfbrmned with.
more facility. .Browa came to Char
leston on Sunday. i
. .Ali Want It.,
Tlie Wishpton correspondent of al
the CharlestonPost says the opinion ri
of. South Carolina Senators and Rep 2'
reseatatives here is an Indication of
opnion~~in South Carolina the Legis
lature will not bother with the dispen
sary law and will leave the whole
thing to the people for settlemlent
this summer. 1t is almost the unani
mous conclusion among the South
Carolina Congressmen~ that a vast
majority of the entire vote of the
State is in favor of' the dispensary 1lii
ystem if remodelled to eradicate allW
barged With Poisoning B. F.
Reed With Arsenic
3Y A CORONER'd JURIT
Disreputable Woman Fgur.s in ibe
Case, and an Ugiv Scandsl Is Rn
vealed by the Ecquiry Into
the Death of B. P. Reed
The inqutst over the body of B F.
,eed was held at B imberg last Fri
lay, and was c mcluded about eight
>'clock that night. The jury render.
d a verdict that his death was caused
)y arsenic poisoning and that polson
vas administered by H Care-.Dickin
on. John R Bellinger, E q., repre
ented the State, beir.g employed by
dr. G. B. K ttrell, who has been ac
ive in working up the case.
01 Tuesdaysfolowing the body was
lisinterred, the stomach removed by
Drs. Oh ekley and Hoover and taken
o Augusta for examination by a
-t emist. Dr. C eckley tcstified. aw
L3o did D,. Hoover, that he could
ee from the condition of the stomach
hen it was removed from the body
hat poison had been administered
Dr. C..ckley also testified as to the
cndiTilon of the b-i i when it was
)pened Friday. H3 said the brain
6lso showed that poison had b.en ad
Dr. John Schreider o' Ai gusta, Ga.,
he chemist who analy zid the stom
Lcb, testified that he found arsenic in
he stomach, and that the j ir cin
aining same ha:d the seal intact when
.t reached him. Dr Cleckley had
estified to saaling the jir wben he
placed the stomach tberein, putting
)n it his certificate that it contained
he stomach of B. F R-ed.
Dickinson had been under suspicion
,or several days. Week befoare last
L search warrant was sworn out and
ais room searched, bu(notbing was
lound. This search was for the pur
pose of finding out if there was any
trsenic in his room. He was not ar
ested, but knowing of this suspicion
21s relatives employed H. M. Graham
Eq , to represent him at the inquest.
The jury was composed tf the f -l
lowing: W. D. Rhoad, merchant; N
B. FAder, merchant; H. F. Bamberg
larmer; J. C. Utsey, mechanic; Wall,
nechani- ; Morris, clerk; J. W. Hill,
Parmer; M. C. Sandifer, merchant; M
A. Smoak, stock dealer; George H.
3moak, wheergiat and vehicle dealer.
A number of witnesses were ex
Lwined and a mass of testimony
aken. Tie testimony was taken
lown In shorthand by Mr. H. N. Bel
inger, who recently acted as stenog
rapher at a special term of curt in
BE.mpton. The procee dings were all
ecret and iothing was .known of ie
aestmony until the verdict of the
lry was ren dered..
The most important witness was
@ iz i, Bunch, a wtits prostute, who
iwore that Bied was given a drink of
whiskey at her hou e by D ekinson.
[C will be remembered that Reed went
0o Bamberg on Saturd ay morning,
anuary 13, and went to this woman's
iouse. In the af cernoon he came
own town and said he was sick, had
itarted home bun came back because
e was ill. He told a friend he believe
ie had been poisoned and gave this
rend some money to deposit in the
aank, wuich was done. Pniysicians
were at once called in but ha grew
worse and died about 6 o'clock the
-ext morning, the death being myster
The Bunch woman, whose arrest is
oted above, testified that Dickinsen
Visited her, also Reed. T aa~t on the
aturday mentioned Recd came to
iouse between 10 and 11 o'clock;
hat shortly after wards Dcekinson
~ame in and gave Beed a drirnk of
hiske' out of a bottle whi'c 1 he oo
rom his pocket. That Dickinson
~ook none himself nor offered anybody
dse any. Shortly afterwards seeing
ome other people czaming Dickinson
umped out of the back window and
~an off. Taat .Reed stayed at her
iouse about three hours or more. She
aid the same afternoon Dickinson
~ame back and said to her: "I guess
Lve fixed the now;" that Dick
nson had said to her about ten days
efore that if Reed did nothkeep away
rem her he was going to kill him;
~hat after she was arrested Dickin
on had seen her at the j til and told
rer not to say anythingiswhat he had
aid about Rced.
As soon as D) ekinson heard of the
erdct of the jury he did not wait
or a warrant to be sworn out, but at
me went and surrendered to the
heriff. It Is supposed that he will
hpply for bond as soon as the testi
nony can be transcribed and the mo
ion made. The correspondent of The
tate says Dickenson Is the last man
ie would have suspected of commit
ing such a crime. He comes -of a
dghtoned, honorable family. His
arge connection conssits of some of
he best people of the community. It
s hard to believe that . Clare' Dickin
on poisoned B m R ted, and It Is only
air to him to say that the chief wit
ess against him is a woman of the
>west type of character.
She testified that -Dickenson was
aying her expenses and it seems that
rhile she had a room with a white
imily she took her meals at a negro
ouse. She fully admitted her char
cter while testifying. It 1s Interest.
ig to note that her testimony was
hat Dickinson gave Reed the whis
ey about 11. o'clock on Saturday.
~eed was teen sick about 3 o'clock
ae same afternponl ahd died the next
ornng about 6 o'c'ock. If poisen
as adminstered at the time she tes
fed, certain It Is that it took a long
me to produce death.
An Old Rting.
When Kilaen Van Rensselaer and
~ss Dorothy Mason were married
iNew York recently a wedding ring
as used which had been used by an
restor of the groom when he mar
ed Ann Van Weyler in Amsterdam
8 years ago.
Broke fler Eggs.
Mrs Stainford of Reading, Kansas,
L brought claim against the Atchi
n, Topeka & Santa e railroad for(
.40 damages for breaking a dozen
uting eggs that were being shipped i
Don't be deceived by the Spring. I
:e weather into the belief that a
Inter has gone. There are plenty I
cold wather yet to come.
G1. erai News.
Noah Blrd sh't and killed his
brother-in law J ,at Mzell at 0 lando,
F.a., on Sunday.
Bishop Jac. C. Keener of the Meth
odist church died at his home In 1New
Orlean3 on Saturday, aged 87.
Gen. L-'A Wright of Tennessee,
governor general of toe Paillippines,
has been appointed firs miniscier to
Three men were killed in the wreck
of a Saaboard Air Line freight train
r.t Mina, eight miles from Atlanta, on
A yjuug negro man was lynched at
Piuola, Miss , on TLursday night for
attacking a bcaool girl on her way
Two negroes were killed in a wre k
on tne Darien & Western road neaj
Gleenville, Ga., on Thursday and four
ozhers were seriously I j irtd.
W. J. Bryan Is in Manila. He sa s
his views on the independence of the
island are uncnanged and that be wLi
handle the situation in his series of
Senator Tillman has been irvleie
to make the prncipal address befor.
the D-mocratic c'ub of New York
city on the 30th instant.
R D. and J H Datee were arrest
ed at Midisonville, Texas, on Sunday
chargea with killing Tom Dafee, son
and brother of the accuesd, with an
W. R. Brandt of Ed River, Minn.,
on Thursday night shot and killed his
wife and Justin Adams and then com
mitted suicide. Jealousy was the
L'ster Danawi'z, a machinist of
Pniadelphia, shot and kted his wife
on Thursday because of jealousy and
then committed suicide.
Wm. S. Ikard, a Texas cattle man,
has filed a petition In bmkruptcy In
the federal curt at F rt Worth, fix
ing his liab lities at $745 000 and his
assets at nothing.
A steel splinter three inches lons
was cut from the brain of John Na 1
of Winston, N. C., at Jefferson hos
pital, Philadelphia, on Saturday. The
oueration was successful and the pa
tient, it is thou ht, will get well.
E. L. Humphrey, cashier of the
Bank of Wadley, at Wadley, Gi.,
committed suicide with a pistol on
Mond ty. He leaves a wife and four
children. The cause is unknown. His
accounts and money were straight.
W. L. Wicker, a prominent livery.
man of Montezuma, Ga., -committed
suicide on Saturday by shooting him
self with a pistol. He leaves a wife
and two daughters. It is thought that
bad health was the cause.
I Austria a man and woman are
supposed to be capable of corducting
a home of their own from the ages of
In Germany the man must be at
least 18 years of age.
In France the man must be 18 and
the woman 15; in Belgium the same
In Spain the intended husband
must have passed his 14rh year, and
the woman her 12th.
In Hiugary, for Boman Catholics,
the man must be 14 years old and the
woman 12; for Protestaa~J, the man
must be 18 and the woman 15.
Iti Greece the man must have seen
at least 14 summers and the woman
In Portugal a boy of 14 Is consider
ed marriageable, and a woman of 12.
In Russia and Saxony they are a
littale more sensible, and a youth must
refrain from entering Into matrimony
till he can count 18 years, and the
w'oman till she can count 16.
In Switz~rland men I -om the age
of 14 and the woman from the age of
12 are allowed to marry.
In Turkey any youth and maiden
who- can walk properly, and can un
dersband the necessary religious
service are allowed to be united for
(ae Bo.nest man.
The Nrewberry 0 aserver says: "A
rare and very old incid. nt has hap
pened to a certain lawyer in that
town. I-1 place of-this attorney fore
ing another to pay a debt, he himself
was almost fore :d to receive a certain
amnountt of money, the facts being
about these: A man, whose name it
is not nesay to mention, came to
the attorney and demanded that he
take this small amount of money and
endeavor to deliver itto the heisc<f
a certain black man, a carpenter wi a
had years ago done some work for the
unnamed payer-this amount Includ
ed the Interest. This is a payment
by a white man of limited means of a
debt long out of date, and with inter
terest on an open account, to or for a
black man who may have been dead
long since. So there Is certainly one
honest man in Newberry county."
The Japs Need ilelp.
A movement has been started to
appeal to the American public for
contributions of foodstuffs and money
to relieve the distress In the famine
stricken northern proyinces of Japan.
According to information received at
the Japanese embassy at Washington
the northern provinces of Japan are
suffering from a severe famine which
only the quickest relief will be able to
check. According to the infojrmation
obtained to rice crop this year has teen
only about fifteen per cent. of theL
average crop and that the famine Is
causing particular suffering in the
three northern provinces of Fuku
shina, Miyagl and Iwate, which have
together a population of about i o
million, seven hundred thousand.
Many-of the people are engaged In the
silk trade. and the failure of the silk
output has augmented thet general
A new and wonderful school for 1
eggers has just been discavered Ins
Paris. Its teacher is a retired actor l1
who coacheshis pupils in the art of S
dc iog the- "heay pathetic," and has a e
staff of-make-up men prepare the pu- c
pils for:, the public gaze, when they d
a~re considered soulently far advan- t
:ed n their studies to go out and a
melt the hearts of the charitably In- jh
slned. Even little children are school- n
d in the tricks of tears and feigned 11
itarvation and churchyard coughs. 3
Women are taught toJArail along as If la
n the last stages odhaustion, to t]
limulate fainting spells,. -etc , and a~
roung men are made- up. to resemble co
ripples of seventy..
-. Catching on. . oJ
A swell wedding took place at t~e
arlise, Pa , Indian school on Mon
!y, the high contracting parties be
og Charles Dillon, a Sioux Indian, Ti
amous football player, and Mies Base wJ
aFarge, a Crow Indian, graduate of p1
904. The ceremony was very elaboi'- da
te, the usher and groomsmen sod? 01
ridesmads all being educated In-/' a
ans ew ...
GAMBLING AID TO INDUSTRY.
Filipinos Wouldn't Work Till They
Could Get Rid 'of Money.
Victor S. Clark, in his report on la,
bor conditons ju the Philippines, states
that indolence in the interior Is usu
ally due to the fact that the laborer
Cannot make use of the money he
earns. He tells of a novel device adopt
ed by an American officer to remedy
the difficulty. "This officer," he says,
"needed labor in order to carry out cer
tain necessary public improvements.
He engaged 60 natives for this under
taking at a stipulated wage of 30 cents
silver currency (12% cents American
currency) a day. The first day all the
men deserted, because a rumor got
around that the Americans, like the
Spaniards, would not pay them for pub
lic work of this character. The men
were persuaded to return to work and
were paid their full wages regularly, as
promised. As soon as money began to
circulate among them the agents of the
nearest dattos and sultan came into
town in order to get the money away.
from the workmen on various pre
tenses. As this discouraged the indus
try of the laborers, all such agents were
expelled from the districts and not al
lowed to return. This measure result.
ed in something of a local boom, aid
two entire villages and many isolated
families of Mords at once pulled up
stakes and moved into the post in or
der to be free from the official exac
tions of their chiefs. When they hmd a
little money ahead, however, the men
began to stop work, as they had noth
Ing to spend it on but rice. The com
mandant, considering the vice of idle
ness as reprehensible as any other, and
casting about to create a constant de
mand for money among his workers,
took his cue from what he saw going
on about him, and licensed two gam
bling houses at $100 silver currency
($42 American currency) a month each.
After that he had an ample supply of
excellent laborers, who worked regu
larly without persuasion, and required
little supervision, except for directing
their work. When their engagement
was finished they came around to the
commandant, asking that some other
paying employment be found for them.
The officer who related this experience
remarked in all candor: "It only re
quires a little diplomacy to make these
Tagging Marine Animals.
Ingenious government scientists have
devised a novel and curious means for
keeping track of the movements of ma
rine animals-such, for example, as the
edible crab, whose perambulations- in
its native waters have been found
worth studying. The United States fish
eries bureau wants to learn whether
any migration occurs, of males or fe
males, and, if so, at what season of the
year. Information on this point might
be useful in the experiments now con
templated for breeding these crusta
ceans, which are threatening to become
It is proposed to catch a few dozens
of both sexes, and fasten securely to
each specimen a small copper tag bear
ing a number, thereupon restoring the
animals to their freedom. Each tag
would also bear a request for Its
prompt return to the fisheries bureau
at Washington by anybody chancing to
capture the wearer.
This method has been practiced with
considerable success in the case of lob-.
sters, 479 of which were liberated re
cently in Buzzard's Bay and adjacent
waters. Notwithstanding the fact that
the Greek and Portuguese fishermen
who own most of the lobster pots in
that vicinity were disposed to retain the
tags in their possession for use as
charms, 76 were returned. When the
data thus supplied were reckoned out,
much useful knowledge about the
movements of the anaima was secured,'
and incidentally It was discovered that
these crustaceans are much more rapid
travelers than had been supposed. Some
of those released were found to have
journeyed ten miles or more within' 48
hour.. It used to be supposed that
shad made an annual migration up the
Atlantic coast, entering the rivers suc
cessively as they proceeded northward;
but now it is known that they .spend
most of the year, like the salmon, m
the deep sea off the mouths of the riv
ers in which they were hatched, feed
Lg on the bottom and never going very
far away. When they are old enough
they enter the rivers to spawn. Per
haps some more facts of interest and
value might be ascertained about the
shad by utilizing the tagging plan with
Eyes in the Darkness.
A French writer in a scientifie mag
aine tells of the great ocean depths of
28,000 to 30,000 feet, the temperature.
tending toward zero, with perpetual'
darkness reigning below depths lof
about 1,280 feet. At that level plants
deprived of light cannot exist, and the
animal life must be carnivorous. The
organ of sight, not being used, has dis
appeared, and yet there Is light even in
that sightless world. A German en
p1rig ship found a fish with enor
mous eyes at a depth of 6,400 feet.
Phosphoreseence Is common In these
hollows of the sea; sometimes special
organs flash light.
A Moulting L-obster..
Recently a lobster in one of the aqua.
rim tanks cast his skin. The process
lasted about half an hour. A split ap
peared in the thin skin just in front of
the first joint of the tall (abdomen),
and through this opening the lobster
slowly withdrew the forepar't of his
body, legs and feelers. Then with a
Jerk the tail was withdrawn. The old
skin was left intact and absolutely per.-'
St. Catherine's lighthouse, Isle of
Wight, has just been fitted with a flash.
light, which is estimated to he equal to
15,000,000 candle powr. _,
Wreelk Near Bowman.
One afternoon last week a wreck
ccurred on the Bowman and Branch
lle silroad. Mrs. Mary Berry was
svrely Injured, but we are glad to
earn that she is getting on all right.
ome other passengers were slightly
rused. Mr. W. C. Wise, manager
f the road, says that there is no
oubt about a spike being placed in
ie joilnts of the rail that caused the
'reck of the train. He states that
a has direct proof to convict the
dcreant, who is state-i to be a strip
ng of a boy about 15 years of age.
his is not the first time that a simi
r attempt has besn made to wreck
e train without suct ess. The dam
i to the engine Is remarkably light
midernlg the appearitc3 of the
rc just after it- occurred..rly
is of the fla't cars was damagedto'
John Floyd, a linemi~m for the Bell
sephone.cmnpany was shot to death.
rile at work on the top of-a tele
one post In Sivannah, Ga, on Fri.
y, the murderer using a shogr7
tamstance point to Jesse Rountree
former emplove of t~b company