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WILL DRY UP.
Why We May All Die for the
Want of Water.
DEAD FROM THRIST.
Astronomers and Geologists Find Evi
dences that Ail Water is Rapidly
Dissappeatiug from the Face of
the Earth, Which Mesns
Death to All Life.
Is the earth drying up and shall we
(meaning by "we" the human race as
represented by our descendanth), dis
A warning that this fate is not Im
possible, or even impiobable, seems to
be conveyed by some of the older
worlds around us. The moon has b:
come as dry as a bone, although the
dark and empty beds of many seas and
oceans are plainly visible upon its sur
face, showing that there was once a
time when the lunar world possessed
plenty of water.
The planet Mars is more than half
dried up, and now retains so little
water that in the Winter ii e it ap
pears to be all locked up in the polar
snaws and Ice filds, which are so thin
that they quickly melt away when the
Summersun shines hot upon them.
The planet Mercury apparently pus.
sesses no water at the present time,
althougn, in the nature of tbhgs,
siice iV is composed of the same gen
eral elements as the other planets, it
must have had water upon its surface
at some past period in Its history.
Some think that even Venus is a
dry, hot world, with little or no water
available to support inhabit-mts. Tne
observations of Prof'essor Liwell at
any rate support this conclusion.
From these examples we see that
there is nothing essentially improtba
ble in the iaea that the waters of the
earth may eventually disappear, leav
Ing it as dry and barren as its near
companion, the moon.
But there Is more direct and start
ling evIdence of the drying up of the
earth than any afforded by their anal
ogies with other planets. This evi
dence is of a scientific nature, and we
find it in the known disa; pe rance of
many great bodies of water which ex
Isted on varicus parts of the globe in
former times, and in the gradual, and
in some cases, rapid, dessication of
vast continental areas. Nothing more
ominous could well be found tnan the
proof afforded by recent Ecientific ex
ploration of Central Asia that a large
part of the greatest of the continents,
the one which is believed to nave con
tained the Garden of Eien and the
cradle of mankind,- has bean turned
into a waterless desert within the his
toric period!:. -
East of the Casplan Seaf and north
and west of the vast ranges of the
Himalayan mountains, within a few
years past the remains of large cities
have been found, covered with drift
lng sands and choking dust which the
dry winds whirl up in immense smotL.
erng clouds. Some of these vanished
towns of Central Asia give evidence
in their ruins that they once lay on
the shores of lakes and rivers and
Other bodies of water which have since
completely disappeared. Now they
are only the dessicated skeletons of a
civil zation wirose founders either per
ished of thiret or were driven forth
into more favored lands where the ad
vancing aridity has not. yet attained
a fatal point.
Central Asia Is a lofty plateau, and
it Is on these higher levels of the
earth that the disappearance of the
water has everywhere first been mani
fested. All the Arian deserts seem
to be advancing their sandy frontiers
on every side, and invading the sur
rounding lands which s Ill retain,
though in diminished measure, their
supply of life giving water. The green
borders are everywhere; recediing be
fore tne remorseless yelo w wa-nes.
The cootinent of Africa has lan
been undergoing a similar drying pre
cess. Tnere are in the midst of txe
Desert of Sahara plain evidencts
the former existence of inhab:2:e
oases that were once green and iLaur
Ishing with trees and bmaler :vgeta
tion, but which are no a swept by sa.d
storms and destitute~of the least drop
of water. One of the things that
most powerfuliy inmpressed the minds
of the members of tne British Am.o
ciation for the Advan;:ement cf Sci
ence during their visit to africa last
Summer, was the lack of water ove:
vast areas of that conctiaant andi the
universal necessity of irrigation to
keep alive the lands that are vet in a
habitable coniaion. Tae president
of the Engmreering Section or the A~s
sec:atian uaclared that it is a general
condition uf African t gricuhure that
the needed water must ce provided og
human intervention. Left to nature,
many of the now inhabited paits of
Africa wcuid q .lcaly be turrned into
hifeiess desertb. But the struggle can
only be mainta ned successruity as!
lorg as the present supply of water
capa~ble oi being turred Into irr~gat
lng ditches remiain:,' undiminished, a:d
the eniap e of tne fate that a part of
Central Asia has suffered indibares
that the time is sure to come when
the supply will be insuf~cIent.
Many African lakes have disappea:
ed in whole or in part within a fe'r
generations. Lake Ng.amni, discovered,
by Livingstone, is no longer In xi
ence; Lake Tchad, which occupied a
conspicuous place on maps of Africa
when many <f the older readers of
this newspaper were school children,
has now half crIed up. Smaller bodies
of water have completely vanished.
Tae same story ecmes from Aus
tralia, from Soruth Ameri; a, and even
from parts of our own .Western coun
try. The great Salt Lake in Utah Is
rapidly receding, lik: a 9 -cdle drying i
in the sun, leaving an ever- broaden-.
ing marge of wHte salt Waste around
Its shrir.king beutes. Some of the
arid western lands wnich modern en
terprise has begun to cultivate with
the aid of irrigation welbs ana ditches,
are known to nave been once the bot
toms of great lakes and seas. The
process whereby these waters have
disapperred is a contir u:us one, al
though its pregress may be ma-eked
for a time by human iffrt. Yet man
cannot make a water suoply ; he can
only take what nature gives and di-!
tribute it in soch a nonuer as mac
best sut his needs. But when the
supply fails he must give up his effort.
Anwrnu~h his own fault he often ac
eelertes the dessLs'1on of the land,
for all over the word it has been de
m.onstrated that destruction of f irest
brings,about .rid cnditiors. Even
if the fortunate presence of mountain
r-n ges,tends to keep up the supply of
wat :r for certain disktrlcts by cor.dens
ing the moisture drifting in from the
oceo and storing it up in glaciers and
springs, and especially In the porous,
spong--llke soil of gr. a,- forests: yet
the destruction or te forests, ard the
der udation of the hUl. sl'pes defears
this kindly purpose c-f nature, c i'sing
the water in rainy seasons and during
the melting cf the mountain snows to
ru-h down in destructive fI os, which
swiftly cr-ss t1-e lo ;er lands without
staying to moisten their soil, and hur
ry to be lost in the sea.
Man cannot lift the ocean waters to
freshen the continents; only the pow
er of the sun can do that, and if. by
ma king smooth and clear its road back
to the ccean he enpble the water Tbat
Ias descenda-I on tle hils in the form
of raii to Lurry dovo again to sea
level, he lose all the advannages that
,he sun has offred him, and flnds hir.
fartcs drying up and bims-if and his
caotle v thr with a thirst that
Gannol be que:.caed.
L:t this process Zo on long enough
and the earth will possess no more
fresh water, except F: c as pours use
'essly and desttructiv Ay down in the
f.rm of cloud-bursts and deluging
-ains. Then it will not be po-siblo
,or te great populations of the globe
to find sustenance by huging the
sa ores, And in the end seas them
r.elves will shrink and ultimately dis
But what, it may be asked, bscomes
of the water that has disappeared
when lakes and rivers dry up? Much
of it sinks into the eartia's crest. The
globe is hot within and is gradually
colling. A3 the interior cools cre
vices and cavit!es are formd, and the
surface Water, seeking the lo-vest level
u-der the force of gravitation, pene
trates to great deptos
Underneath South Dakota and some
of the othsr Sates bordering t-he
Eocky -Mountain region, it has been
demonstrated ohat there is an Im
mense sheet of underground water
gradually making its way through the
sandstones towards the Misasippi
and the Gu'f. At present sme of
this water can be reached and brougbt
to the surface by mebs of artesian
wells, but as the globe cntinues to
coc the water will sink lower and
lower, until it wets too deep to be
brought to the surface by human con
And not only does the water of the
earth tend to disapprar by sizkirg
into the ciust aud forming deep r'c.
voirs and vast sneets ztere, but much
of it probably enters into onemical
combination with the cooling rocks.
In the case of the moon, wnere the
cooling prcctms, owicrg to the compar
atively small dimensions of the lunar
globe, has gone on muoh more rapicly
tnan in the earth, it is believed by
many that the water formerly exlist
ing on the surface as lakes, seaa and
rivers, has been completely absorbed
by oxidation, the oxygen of the water
combining with the metalliferous in
terior rocks. And the ultimate fate
of the waters of the earth may be
In fact, the whole history of our
planet, as geology has disclosed It, is
such as to lead to the comclusion that
its surface must eventually become a
dry and barren waste. At first a mol
ten globe, the earth cooled down un
til It had a crust of solid rock. On
this crust, as Is in turn cooled cif, tue
vapors of she atmosphere de. on ded
and condensed into oceans. Sone
have th ught that in the beginning
the entir earth was covrered wia w
ter. But as the cooiing of the g~be
continued much of t~he water cjssi
tuting the primeval onean was a.
s ;rbed into the deepening cr ust. Then
continents made their apperarance and
then gradually became more exrten
s&ve. But in the earliest period at
which geology has ventured to draw a
chart of tue earth, we see that the
proportion of land to water ,vas very
much less than it Is tcdeay.
Gradually the dessicstion has pro
ceeded, and apparently It is destined
to go until even the Atlantic and tue
Pacifiz have disappeared, and all the
w.avrrs of the earth are wlihdrawa~
into its Interior or destro: ed by cherm
ical dissociation of the liqu d and the
recombination or its el e-.ts cit11
solid matter. Long before rtuat stage
is attained, however, all animal andi
vngetable life will have disappeared
:rom the lands, for -they cannot sor
~ive tee withral of the fresh wa
er upon which their existene d -
*.e.-. The salt ooeans, becomingz
.ver more salt as their vo-um shrinks,
may at last rescn a point ot c.'ncer.
tratlon where even marine life will be
Thus the last pistura of the earth
that geology can form by glancing
into the future shows it stripped of it'
mbabitants i~nd of alli forms of lif-,
and deprived of wa-sr and perhaps
also of atmosphere-a. bare wreck of a
planet, drifting In the etheral ocean
G rr- t' P. Servies.
The above article in copyrighted by
Harper & Brothers and Is published
by pernussion of Harper's Weekly.
MURDER AT CR.STON.
A Negro Boy Kill a Negro Man For
On last Saturday af~ternoon jest be
fore dark George Hopkins, a negro
boy, shot and killed Joe Brown, a ne
gro man, at Crenton on the Atlantic
Coai..t Line Railway. Brown was em
ployed by the rairoad to attend to
the pump, and was in what is known
as the pump house when Hopkins shot
him. Tue ball passed trough the body 1
of Brown and he died almost Instant
ly. Hoipkins when he did the shoot
ing was on the outside of the house
and shot thrcugh a small opening In
the wall. Brown, his victim, not 'o
ing aware of his presence. The object
cf the murder was robbery, as Brown
had- been paid off that day. When
killed, however, he only had five cents
on his person as he had paid up some
debts b;:fore he was shot- Hopkins, I
who is about sixteen years of age, is
wht may be termed a bad ratcal. h.i
i said thatche- had at different times1
threatened. to kill other pe:ople in and
arotd'iston. His victim was an
hones hardworking man, andl we
hope the law wmil avenge his crue-l
death by hanging Hopkins. Mr. Mu:
ray, ths railroad agent at Crenoo,
wired Sheriff Dukes of the muider,
ad it was Ire long before he nad
Hopkins in the county jail, whers'he
will remain until cur~ rmeets in Msy. j
Ki.d Hi Brothert.
Two neg:-o boys, Babe sad Jelt
Ptts, bro2ers, agea 18 and"20, got a
Ino a d t&uity in Pickens coubty on E
Snday rnight when Babe snot and
kaled Jeik with a pistol- Botn were I:
unrer thae inaunc-e of hlnquor.
WHAT WAS DONE.
NEW LAWS OF GENERAL INTER
EST TO TEE PUBLIC
Passed by the legislature of iouth
Carolina at Its I ate
As usu.1 the g3nstal assembly did a
great deal of local legislasion and themie
reta are not of general interest, afftc
ting gaenrally only the counties in
which they arize. Below will be found
a list of the enctmansa in which the
entire State is interssed:
To esta'lish Chrisimaa holidays in
the state colleggs.
To inoorporate the Union Carnegie
To change the rare of South Oaro
lina college to the University of South
To zatifv and conurm the c'-artnr
Of the C-nrail Carohna Pawer cam.
To pr!v.de for a monument t
mark the grave of Gen. Thomas
To prevent resturnt and eatirig
hos kepers at railroad aid stesm
boat stations from furnishing meal
to white and colored pasngers to
To have applioe.tion fees of cani
datos for medioal 1:oentcs to go to the
Makin;, appropriation for dispenaa
To eistblish a board of pardons.
Appoicitmg a bank examiner.
Estabiatbing a flah commic'aon.
Fitabliiing a fund for daobled fire
men by taxing insarasco eompaie.
To fix the salaries of bn sirsulit ite
nngrhers at $1,500.
To establish a ocuoty court In Rica
To celebrate South Carolias day In
the public sctools.
To buy new flings for the State
To cbarttr the 4satral Railway
company of South Oarolina.
To punish the ssairg of e bras
To prevent merabants whem In debt
from selling their stoak otlhrwise
To require rzilroads at j anetional
points through the railroaa sommis
ion to erzet depots.
To require railroads and other com
m.ror, carriers to pravide tilEsts at sta
To give the federal government
ontrul over the anarrantine sta
To prevent railroad companies from
harging extra fare for crosing
bridges when entering the State.
To give the federal govsrnment
contral over certain land on Sullivan',
To allow South Carolina eolkge to
eloe College streeb betwean Pckens
mid Bulh ard eo open Pickens between
Green and Pendleton streets. - -
To require oommon -carris-r to re
wgh freight and to establish scales
for that purpose.
To require railroad companies to
give informan concerning the ship
ment oZ live stock.
To cut dead trees from near the pub
To incorporate the Ne-wberry,
Whitmire and Augusta Railrod comn
To Incorporate the Middlh 0C-.ria
anti Western Railway company.
To punish indecent exposure.
To ciange name of tus Salada
Rive-r Power ccomprny to the Green
ville Car.ias Pae~r company and
allowing the cormpany to buil:1 a da o
across the Sauda bdow the present
To allow cuits agains insurance com
panies to be brourib In the oontis
where the las occurs.
Joint resolution to buy 50 copies of
Elsis' "Tne Jewvs of South Car
To incorporate the Piedmont Power
To slow an illegitimate child to in
herent from its mnothier.
Toj amend dspenrary law, making'
regulatio:n as to ocher -nnties the
same in Ho.rry a-.d Beaufort.
Tae gerral bi? on vosing pre
The pure food bill.
To appropriate *20,000 for the
The genmi maierato bill.
To estabisho a ianarial scnscl for
bys-tne reformatory. -.
To make Tnusiy of fair week a
lea1 noiidav in Rienland.
To establisa a ecanty coni-t in
Aiken--also one in Sumter.
To puolish the names of benefici
aries In Sut insttasios and aie
names or tosir parents or gucrdians.
To prevent supervisors and commis
:ioners from furnishing - ounty sup
piles while in office,
To maks the solicitors salaries I1,
To repeal the law exempting Con
~derae veterans from licse whe2
italing in seed eon.
Allowing city cunsils rather than
>oards of health to appoint haaltha of
Tu require State house elerks to give
To re-survey the Iigeild-Aiken
To have expert chemists examine
he bodies of persons aupposed so have
To prohibat wrong use of bsadges or
signia of secret orders by persons
The Morris Iieid.,t
At Wasihing'-en Dr. Minor Morris,
hose wife somce weeks ago was eject
d fr'om the Withe housa, where she
tad gone to preesit alleged g rievmnoes
o theepresidenat Thursday gave out
or publication the correspondence
hicn reesatly pssed betwsen him
elf and the president regarding the
aec. Dr. Morris demanded a public
.pology of the piesident "for this
utrage on wosmanhood and common
Leeney." Soeresary Loeb re-piled to
he letter, starting an invesdIgation
> toe chief of police shoiwed that the
rrest was justiSed, and the kindest
ct to Mrs. Morris and her kinsfolk
ato ref rain from giving the case
-' .- ~laya With Snakes.
Little ia dye Dilmar, the three
cOeruld dangaster of the keeper of the
eptile deparunint of th Bzonx z >o In
esi' Yoa, derange to say, muc3 pre
&r four-foot black snke w- :ha .me
alI'Edigo" for a pet ir;.t< ' a
oil wiitch s-he kc4eps at Mr.. s
acoy a frolho and roerp wit h hs re
uliar playmate, sand eaems to h-aven
egrd for his snakeeship, for a e pulls
im from his bag ttat he siceps ina
ny old tim~e, and c->m-pels him to
lay with her when sne is done-I
ame. S;ne is feariess in fu zu a.
esitatin: to attack the~ large~t of t a
eptiles, dragging them around bf the.
DAUGHT AT LAST.
Scion of i Wealthy Family Loot
ed Many Homes
AND GOT A BIG PILE
He Was Aided by His Evening Dress as d
Fashionable Demeanor in His
Robbing Trip.% Which Has
Been Going for a Yea or
The police of Br.ooklyn were a3
tounded Thursday by the revela 'i'ns
f'llowing the diszovery that in Her
man Jensen, a young man who fo7
three days had been a prisoner at the
Raymond street j.il, they baye a fash
ionable ro' bar who has, within the
past twelve months, during which
the authorities tried in vain to ca.tch
him. looted no less than one hundred
homes in MYanittan and Brooklyn
and whose pIf:-rings are alIrged to
aggregate 815,000 i- jewelry alone.
Letbern ound in Jensen'strunk :ur
nished evidence that the young man
la the scion o! a wealthy and well
known family-x COnpen hagen, Dan
mark, from where he has been recdv
ing an annuity. Ds.cuments showed
that ie was highly eucatad and had
moved in the beat society. The pc
lice also found seventy pawn-tickets
for stcln sruff aggregating $3,000,
several ruit cia i, haIt a room full f
bom-shold goods, trinkets, j ewelry
and a great q iantiby of the fiast
kind -of men's ul..thes.
Jensan't specialty was rebbing fash
lonable boaraing and exciusive apart
meat houses, in whicn his cultured air
had made him a favorite and where he
won his victims by his many accon
plishments. The evidence was foutno
in a room at No. 210 Seventh strmet,
Brooklyn, to wuinc he was trackEd by
the shrewdness of a n--gro m-id o:
Mies Frances Adrain, of N>. 105 Elli
ott place, Brooklyn, whose home was
robbed two months ago.
Jensen secured rooms at Miss Ae
nan's home through his line air and
smooth conversation. A few days le
wer he dlsapp: -red, and with him sev
eral hundred dollars worth of j -welr,
and household sLL ff. Mi.as Adrian's
maid saw him getting uff a car at
Third avenue and Tenth street, and
told the police.
Detectives Gomeringer, O Connor
and Delaney made a search of the
neighborhood and finally inquired
Thursday at the house of Mrs. Mary
Fleming, In Seventh street. The de
tectives were convinc-cd when they
opened the trunk and were surprisec
to fiad be was alrea.dy in prisn or.
another charge. His picture was also.
in the Rogud.s G'a.llery.
The polico say t sey have seventy
complaints agalcat Jensen, many of
whom have identified his picturo. AUl
the victims declare the fshionable
robber rented rooms, displaying cre
dentials, stayed cne or two days, and
then disappeared along with hdreds
of dollare worrtn of loot.
BiAV.RS IN STRIPES.
A For-m-r H;ri ?ostoffic Offcial in
Geo. W. Beavers, former chief of
the division of salararies and allow
aners of the postoifice, who began a
term of imprienment in the Mounds
ville, W. Vt., penitentiary last week,
was the guest of nonor of the Wai
Ingtonl cOley in that Institution at
b. etkfast after his arriva~l.
Upo:n his arrival In the penitentiary
Beavers was treatod as the other
pris:.nars Irom Wasuington who c:;mo
with him; that is, he was sripped of
the clothes he wore and, after a t,
which, by the way, he seemed very
muon to '.njoy, he wvas .uniformed in
prison eTripe. When thin as done
ie was tknto the m~ i hll. whoe
he was cordially gresd by Machen,
Laren~z and the Greffs, all of whom
sad g..ne bef zre, for c. eises similar
to that which caused Beavers' dowr.
While the new mamber of the--Wash
ingtozn colony made a strong efiort to
bear up, Is wras pla to be seen that
e was auiffring deep humiliation,
and try as no would could not shake
off the signs of his disgrate. George
W. Beavers, who pleaded guilty 1n
stiinal court No. 1 to defraudingu
the United Sr..tes, n sentenct. by
Jn~oa Q->uid to imprisonment in:the
penitentiary for a period cf two ver.rs.
12.s term of service io begin upon his
arrival In prison.
Beavers was indicted jointl7 with
Stae Senator George E. Graon, of
Bgan, N. Y., of defranding the
govrnment in cennection with the
sale of Bundy time recorders for use
by the potfce deparment.. When
senteneed, Esavers expresd a dosire
to go to the pa:citentiary as soon as
possible to begin his term of 1:rpris
nment. Accoidingly, Warden Hiar
ris, of the district j&il, sent him to
oundsville in comnpany with fourte-n
ther persons who were convieted in
he local courts within the past
Before leaving the jail the eenvicts
were had-n2= and chained together
. the usual nay. Amtong the prisou
ra were three white men besices
Beavrs. When the gang was liined
p, Beavsrs was the odd man and was
he last one to be slipped on the com
non chain to which they were all
Inkd by the handcuffs whizh they
hd upon their wrists.
The prisoners were condsted into
a coach of a Baltimore an d Onio tran
hained together, Boavers being the
ast of the batch to enter the err. He
conaquntly was given a seat in thi
rear end cf the car, and while he eee
ble to view the .humliha:ion whict.
the others felt. r:one w.z3 ate to -e
ow he bore his'tisgrace.
.int to da~ys.
The boy who saves hli mney some
ay OWns a fatm of his or hacomes a
anker, the merctant9 the profession
1l manf. Toe boy who never s:=v.sa
ent makes the man who "earn; hi I'
ore-i.d by the sweat of his bro s;" wh.o
2ever owns a b me or efliO3s the lux
iries of 1:fe. He always has a kickt
emng, and ne-ver Let; a chance toe
*ick: go by. Everything go~es wrong!a
Aith an-when be s a man. Parents.a
- -t use eye-y poSible means to t
ik. irduatcs Of Lconom] of the
:oe ad girls.
C 4LED HM DOWN.
-1 FULL ACC OUNT OF R. ZACK
Defenc) of South Carolina in the
Sc C-lled Divorce Corgress
A hough S :uth Carolina has n
ei'~C'ilaws. of its own and does n t
give le~n.1 rea.cti- t dliorce pr .cs.ed
irgs, the P1mefto SYe tgu -d in
an rn"res.rg sc-ue that occurred
Thur ds.y in the Cogireas on a Un:i
form Dvzc: Lzw, now in session in
Wa..iJjng o... s--.is "R. M. L." th-. cor
rrpeovdcnt of :.he Nws and C-urier.
Slulth Crc.n- did not think it necs
sry to send a dilegite to the Con
gcss, but she was ably championed
. y Mr Z n- Mah., of Colum-la,
wbo was p'Eent as a specator.
One of thedg.tes from New
York, Mr. L a, 11 d I N.- Yo!k
,naj Calny ca~ n'ue' f r ioc, and
obj et. d to any r on adopted
t.Lct:nIrg a di-ioLal ce. He aode;
hat StueL Ca.reli a had no divorce
lw and then-ftr- At would not be
pr per to .iu~ggst Any causes for a di
vorce law in that State.
Mr Richbug, of Chicago, in an im
pssi ned spe ch, declared that on the
s tatu,.e bo ks of South Carolina was a
.aw providing how much money a
man nay will to his concublae. He
st.rongly asserzed that the stata of
morali:y obtaining in S.iuth Crolina
was, therefore, not a fii cxtmple for
Mr. McGhee, a spectator, sitting
ne15 to M1. Logan, ~ciputed the slur
thus cast upoln his native State. AZ:
the suggestion of Mr. L-)gan Mr. Mc
Gh-Lee was recogn z d to make a stat -
meet in d-eferce of Soueh 'Carolina.
He sald he believed Scush Carolina
was not represented, probably beoau'e
Governor Heyward did not feel that
South Carolina had any part in the
divorce conference. 'Being present
he added, and being given the privi
lege cf the fleor, he wished merely tc
correct soy impression that might b
madLe by the Improper slur upon South
Governor Pennypacker, presIding,
interrupted to state that, so far sv
South Carolina was concerned, he b. -
iieved the Congres rather held up
that State as a mcdal.
Mr. M G iee said he had noted that.
and did not believe those present, s
?, rule, wcud stand for the alandei
egainst the morality of his State.
He acded that he was not in a posi
t' n to deny that 4here might be on
tho s41tutes some such law, but if s&
t was an old freak law. He had
lived in South Carolina some thirt;
odd years and could deny that, as t.
laws in force, as a matber of fac
bera was no such law, and that th
charge that there was recognizd cor
- ubiarge was a sland.r beneath thi
While 1'e was speaking the genti -
ran who had made tue charge stat
ed that he knew there was suce-a a'.
A-other gentleman. sitting near the
font caused prolonged laughter anc
applause by callirug ont: "There is n'
:imet to the amount in other States.'
Mr. McGhee also said that, in h~o
'pinion, while South Carclina did no
n thie andja-::ver ha-l in anything tries
to force her peculiar views, customs.
nsti'u'ions or lana on any other Set
rSection, whatever resolutions this c.
any ether Congcess might pass wcul
not ndfact his State, as he did not be
dve S .nth Carolina would for mans
gnerations, if ever, pass a divorca
The unexpected def-:ndsr of Souti
Carolina was loudly applauded wher
be resumsd his rteat and thanked tro
Congress for thier courtesy and pa
tience in granting him a hearing.
Revolutionizing Corn Growing.
The metoods by which Mr. E. Mc
Iver W-liiamson makes on average
yild of from lift' -two to tith5)-fint
u, hels of corn to the acre, acsordng
to the seasons, are detailed in anothe;
part of this paper. The average
S id of corn in South Carolina is lein
tr an ten bushels to the acre and as a
consequence much money made or
te "maney cr. ps" so called is sen:
outor ti~e Stata to buy corn. Tre
S:ate says "every farmer knows or
siuid ka w McI.r- Wli.mson
He is abs:lutely rehable and we art
autoriz .dl y Mr. D .R. Coker, editor
oftre Hertsville Messenger, to sai
hat Messr--. John T.. .Thgers, R. H
Rogers. T. F. Wallacia, James McIn
Losh and many other progressive fai
mers of Darlh gtrnf county have ad p
tcd Mr. Williasons method and prc
~ted grealy- thereby. Several of Mr
Wilamson's neigb rs,., who, like
him, sused to buy corn, now sell it.
te is only utter much persuasion tha
Mr. Williamson has presented hi
method to the public; he is .inspired
trmly established the pitcticabilits
o his theories as to mike results ap
par to him a c-rtaicy, it is a parri
Qtic duty for him to give the South.
em peepse the benefit of his investi
gations. We bope evary paper in tbe
South will giva publicity to Mr. WI -
liamsons methon of growirg corn, so
chat experiments wisl be ma~de in
every community this spring" W..
nope some of toe farmer's in this
: unty who, we feel sure, will try
Mr. Williamson's plan, will give the
public the benefi a of the result of the
experiment through these columns
A special from Monticello, Ill., says
that the dead bcdy of William De
Grof, an aged directer of the First
Gational Bank of Mansfield, was
.und hanging in his home at Mans
field, today, he having oommit
ed suicide. The reason assigned
for the deed is that the grand jury is
n the eve of an examination of the
menditon of the bank on report tbat
7,00 has bien embezzled. W. O.
Miranks, president, and L. M. Fair
eanks, another director of the bank,
rre brothers of Vice President Fair
arks of the United States.
will kiave to stand.
The Minneapolis Journal says thatt
ue microue br eds 140,000,000 in a
by. Thais seems Incre-lible. but theJ
u of it Is we can't d sputa it. Wet
vnn't caunted them, and until weC
n ta.ke a day oti from businers mat- I
'rs to do th.:s bio of census work the o
roural's count will have to stand. b
IT is rumamd that great pressured
sberg brought to bear upon a co
m distinguished lavyer of the up.
un try to get him t> enter. the race
niut Seuator Tillan.n on an anti- I
pesary pl eform. Should he e:.
er te rea we will have the novel ti
etce of a U.:ii ed States Scoator
eln, e le on the whisker questin. I ,
THE TWO PI DEPOCKET3 GET TEN
YE )RS APIECE.
Echul:z and Neckwith .ouvicted -and
Eent to the PenitentiAry
f >r a Decade.
Tle St'ae of Tbuwdy -ays J.osepa
Sohul z .nd A. J. B3ck:vit.], alUiss A.
J. Kavstaigh, L-to of the pickpockets
rmo6*ed a the fAir grounds on Wed
nedPy of fiIr c,-k, were convicted
n We-'nts..&y of is.t , ek and seu
':ce.d Lo ten year.' penal servituda.
Tne jury rezcaed a verdic. In about 15
minut4. Thfe mao were returned to
Qi-l T..ursday n:gbt and so far as
iuo-.L. no further efftr. -vill be made
to delsy the execution of their qen
A great deal t f iaterest was mani
jes'-ed in this trial and the verdict of
tihe jury and the seatence of tue court
met witb an expressed approval whert
ever it wes announccd. Shui z and
Kavanaugh were arra-gaed anda jury
oravn jui before the adjnurnmiub cf
ucuit of Tuasdas, afternoon. W. dn&
dzy morning the cas* was cilied as
noon as court conv3ned id tie entire
forenoon was devoted to hearing t16
Tee testimony was practically the
ame which was brougua out at the
oreliminary hearing a ew days aftei
their arrest in O. o )r. Neither of
!ne defendants was put upon the
-itand, nor was any other evidenc: off
ered by the dfense. T-ie attorneye
'or the de'ense had little upon which
to bsse tneir arguments and the con
viction of the men seamed to be a
Ta. teatimony showed that there
was. a gang of nine of these pickpock
ets operating together at she fair
grounds and the detecaives on duty
there watched them operating in the
crowds at the street car exits and
when boarding the cars. They were
surroanded by a number of cfflers
rf ter all of them had been spotted and
four were arrested and taken to the
Noe of Magistrate Riley at the fair
grounds. While the pickpockets were
in the ufflce a disturbance was created
>y a drunken outsider and one of the
'our d:ved through an open window
and r.,de his eacape.
An old negro man In charge of an
->utbuilding called the attention of the
ietectlv!s to the fact that several of
these men, two of whom he later
.dentifted as Sauitz and Beckwith,
-ad enbered the house and buried sev
iral pocketbooks. A search showed
nat the men bad dug a hoie, placed
the pocket'books in it aud cdvered them
Ath dirz. A faw minutes later they
-er- unearthed and nine purses, from
vtie i. the money ha d been taken, were
Tne case upon which the men were
:led was for robbing D. J. Gault of
'Jiion. There are four other cases
gainst Sbulez and fire against Beck
ith. After sentence had been pr(
.. ur-ccd the solicitor moved tha~t sne
Lher cases against the prisoners be
*aced on the con'-.nued docket.
Neither Schuli z nor Beckwith would
inve any thiing to say after their oon
*iction, but were in a surly mood and
niy asked how soon they would be
sent to begin their sentence. After
*rriving at the jsil they talked much
n whispers, but we-uld not allow any
.ne else to hea.r their cor~versation
S-atemen vs. Generals.
Sir Ian Hamilton, one of the mos:.
p-cminent an-i competent of the gen
ral ofmlcrs of nie BrIiah arm;, has
i, passage in his recontly puolished
ook on the Rus~so Japanese war that
ia of particu'ar initerest to Ls in
~merica. Referring to the coatly in
erfence of the statesman i I h gen
:ral commanders In tene field he
"A statesman has nothing In his
.if a but disazster as soon as he leaves
als own business of creating or obvl
.ting wars and endeavors to cunduct
hem. Taie American war, for In
stance, was a war where the feebly
imjrous civilian strategy or the Fed
erals was a perpetual and nevor-fail
ing standby to its weaker adversary,
while the greatest victory the NErth
iver sdcre-i was when Je fferson Davis
;ock a l'eaf cut of Lincoln's book anc
2ad the Ineptitude to replace that
E;mpetant, sagacious, careful comn
man-ier, ,Toseph' E. Johnston, by a
eere thrusting divisional general, In
dn tely his in'erior in all the higher
attritutes of generalship "1
~Tie: te sitys Gen.. Hamilton is
doubt~ess of the opinion with many
of the ablest military critins, that
Johnston 1:ad he been retained in
comnand of the army at Atlanta,
.vouldeventually have rolled Sherman
back, -routed, if not annihilated.
To.ere Ij-go doubt about this. Gen.
Johnstdf was slowly but surely get
ing Sherman farther and fa.rtner
sway from his base of supplies, and
when he got the Federal army where
e wanted it Gen. Johnston intendedt
to destroy Gen. Sherman's line of1
comunication and thus force him to
retreat back into Tennessee or toward
the sea coast. Ii can easily be imag-.
ied what~apredicament this would 1
ave putten. Snerman In. Instead
of condadring an unmolested marcht
to the sea ss he was allowed to do 1
oe would flae- conducted a disastrous
re reat withidhe CJonfedierates closeon
his heeles. t . .. c
Gen. H amltIs riot thsdonly Brit- t:
shi tll:er that his c inmmented &n tee a
iiterference of statesmen in the men-. t:
3gement of our ei~vil war. 0ol. Hen-- t:
erson in his ;inmirable "Life of c
Stoewall JacksoW- giv a Presidevt
Davis cre d ; for saving .Gen. Burn
~ide's army from annihilation after
be battle of Fredericksburg.; He
ays it was the intention of Lee and
fackson to drw r Burnsideaay- from St
>is fortified position on thi opposite ni
;ids of the river at Fredericksburg to m
;he South Anna some twenty miles hb
.nd there defeat him and destroy his be
emy before it could reach its forti- ti
led position on the North bank of A
he R.ppahanncck river. Pre::iden't a
)vis overrated Lee and Jackson and A
..e battle was fought near Fredericks- w:
urg instead of twenty miles away t
uere it should have b:en fought at
That Burosida's army would have w
een destroyed there is now no doubt. hi
01. Hendmo~n also says that Gens.
aco anid Jackson so played cn the fears
f President Lincoln that they made
.im put the Fed ral armies in poSi- t
ions where they could be defeated in vi]
etail, instead of ailowing him to con
To their crediir be it said that thA an
saeii.:an an;d Brtis' delnates to tr:
.lgeciras didi rt attend the bull fight! tb
2at -as held Surnday in honor of thew
)ein amobassa~dors in attendance ti'
pn the MLrcccan conference. die
ODD WAYS OF WALL STREET.
5cme Lucky One Have Won in the
"Street"-Thousands Have Lost.
"The Winning Ways of Wall
3treet." This is a subject which has
,othered men in generauons past, is
iow a potent source of worry and bids
air to affect master minds of future
Much more easily might one write
ibout the losing ways of Wall street.
ilany people have come to realize the
act that the stock exchange is not
Ait for charity; that it is a business
p)roposition, and some even go so far
as Lo say it is a game of chance.
Few men in their lives have not
)c'en tempted to contribute a few dol
tars in order to either "bull" or "bear"
be market. It is safe to say that a
majority of these have been bitten.
A man who, probably toiling early
md late, has managed to accumulate
a few dollars, thinks perhaps there ia
a chance for him to become rich. He
takes his money, goes down to a
broker's ofice, and in 99 cases out .r
one hundred he finds that his money
bas been swallowed through manipu
lation of the market, or maybe
tarough a legitimate rise 'or fall in
stock values. But the man has a
chance with his few dollars. He has
a tip, probably, that his stock is go.
irg up, and, perchance, he may put
ais dollars on some particular stock
that he has some information about.
He buys because the stock has
lumped 10 points and is in a fair way
to go higher.
"With a small sum of money the
best way to do is to play the 'pyra
mid game,"' said a well known
broker to a News reporter. This In
horse racing circles is similar to "par
lbying a bet," he explained.
"Pyramiding" on the stock ex
change, just like "parlaying" at the
race tracks, would mean to the busi
ness man the investing of money at
compound interest. The reader will
understand that it is a case where
both money and winnings are rein
vested in a new venture.
There was a case just recen+ly
where a tip was received from C -I
cago that a certain stock would go to
45, and it might be well to buy.
Late the same afternoon an order
was received and the one man who
took advantage of the cue walked
away with a small fortune, and the
traders are now expecting to see him
appear as one of the leaders on the
This man was of the smal! Investor
class and had pooled a ten dollar bill
with friends, who could risk but simi
lar amounts. He won. He had been
led along by the "Winning Ways of
Wall Street," but, unlike many other
"little plungers,"he walked away with
There is no authentic record of the
disgrace or unhappiness, the wealth
and happiness brought to thousands
who have "taken a chance" with
Dame Fortune with small amounts,
either to end their careers as great
financiers, crimiials or suicides.
For yeats bankers have employed
private diedtIves to watch their em
ployes, not especially doubting their
honesty, but to prevent their becom
ing inoculated with the Wall street
From a telegraph operator the
writer learned that $14.000 had been
taken by a small speculator on a sin
gle deal. This happened within six
months, when the investor put $10 on
He permnited the surplus to grow
and finally invested in another stock.
This went from i8 to 32. He was ad
"im ed to close out at that point, but
suggested that it might be well to let
it go to 35. He finally took the ad
vice of those to whom he had en
trustedl his money and thereby saved
the whole amount.
From this one deal a "tlpster"
earned $4,500. The "tipster" is one
of the requisites in dealing on the
'change. He is as common as is his
counterpart, the tout, at the race
track, although at times it happens
that even' the "tipster" may be
He is no oracle. He simply follows
the market as does the race track
tout and gives expression to his opin
Ions, whIch are generally subsidized.
Though the path of the "small in
estor" is beset by such obstacles as
the unscrupulous "tlpster" acting In
leerae with irresponsible brokers, it
does not follow that the small Invest
or s wholly without blame.
The quick accumulation of wealth
is the ambition of so many that there
must necessarily be a "moth and
ame" story often.
"Small speculators," said the old
imer on the street, do not compre
hend the conditions of tre market in
rost cases. "hey buy without study
ng the previous status of their stock,
and they cannot understand 'why it
should drop when It started to rise,
m d they care nothing for national or
,tate legislation ai'ecting quasi-public
oporations, which Is a vitally Imn
ortant factor in the stock market.
"There are secure and insecure
stocks," he continued, "and I must
'ay that our small investor is more
tt to place his money on 'wildcat'
ichmes promising big and quick re
:ns than in stable investments,
hich give slow but sure results.
"Oh." sighed the old-timer, "as he
valked away, "I've been watching
his game for thirty years; I'm nearly
brough. but I'm not rich yet.
"And I've sent some ten-dollar bills
o the bad at that," he added, as he
assed into the Broad Exchange.
Chinese newspapers, owing to the
heap quality of paper used and to
he low price of labor, both literary
nd mechanical, are issued at an ex
remely small figure. The price of
he ordinary Shanghai journal is four
ash, or about one-fifth. of a cent
-'Killed on Road.
Mystery surrounds the death of
:aek Minor, a 'well known citizen of
ott (county who was found dead
ar Clinchpoit, Va., Wednesday
ornigg, with a bullet hole through
Shead. The body had apparently
~en dr~kged some distance and
rown into a ditch near the roadside.
t 2 o'clock Tuesddy Minor went, to
store and prcecded some cartridges.
n hou~r. later omen living near
bere ta body was found, testify
at thefbad shots fired. There is1
rong evidence that the murderer1
a In wait for Minor and fired 'upon
an as he passed.
Wanted to Die.
Mara Brower, a negro woman, at
mpted to commit suicide at Green- C
le by pouring a gallon of kerosene ~
tover herself and applying a match ~
hen fcund she was without clothing
d her body a man of burns. Before
ing the oil method, the woman s
rew herself In front of a train, but
s driven away before the locomo c
re reached her. She Is a cocaine k
REVIVAL OF THE HORS
For Years the Trolley and Automobile
Lessened the Demand.
Fifteen years ago the bottom very
suddenly diropped out of the business.
The street car system in the cii.ies.
changed with slight warniing from
horse power to cable* and electricity,
and not only threw uron the market
thousands of horses that had been in
use upon street car lines, but deprived
of value many thousands of other
three, four and five-yea:-olds that were
upon the breeding tarms in readiness
for the succeeding yeais' derand.
Most of 'these auim-uls were sacri
ficed. In Philadelphia, New York and
Chicago they were scid at about $1o or
$12, their actu-.l value for rendering
purposes. Following this came the
panic, and in addition to the disappear
ance of the market for hoizes for gen
eral purposes there was no longer any
demand for carriage or saddle horses,
which are always the first to be cut off
in the days of adversity.
Hundreds of- breeders went out of
business, but the pluckier ones sent
agerts to Europe to see if a market
could not be secured. They found the
European tramways still using horses,
and in a short time American animals
were supplanting the scrawny stock in
use abroad. Later many horses were
disposed of to European armies, %nd
when still later came a few wars the
business was again upon its feet.
Thousands of animals were sent to
Cuba sobn after the American occupa
tion. There is still a good demand
there for the lighter animals, which are
used for gardeaig, truck raising-and
small farming. The south also was in
duced-by the low price of horses and
the high price of mules some years ago
to buy many of the lightweights for
use in the cotton field.
The Boar war created a demand for
nearly a hundred thousand animals.
Eighty thousand were shlpped. in one
year by the English, and -the western
bronco became a familiar sight as an
English cavalry horse.
Business men no longer buy the
streeters for their own use. A streeter
is a norse that once was popular for
light wagons, cars and general use.
These have been supplanted in most of
the cities by the sleek, heavy draft
horses, products of the breeding of Im
ported stallions and native mares.
Not the least interesting ieature of
the horse business is the annual visit of
buyers to France and Belgium, where
pure bred stallions, raised by experts
under gcernment supervision, are
yearly purchased by thousands. These
are later resold to western farmers and
breeders, who thing nothing of paying
from $1,000 to $4,000 for.a pure breed.
From seven to eight thousand coach
and draft horses are yearly imported.
from Europe. These animals are'
brought over in bunches of from 25 to
150, and they are all being absorbed by-.
the breeders. As many as 1,500 horses
a day are dispcsed of at -the larger
marketing points in this country.
Dealers declare it to be a fact that
the price of horses has increased in the
past fire years at the rate of $10, a
year. While the standard car horse
pric'. in New York, before cables and
tro*eys came in, was from $110 to $125,
hr-ses of the same grade now sell at
.om $150 to $200, and are scarce at the
The outlaw horse, the backing bron
:0, 'is becoming scarcer each year. -Ten
ears ago such horses were as pientiful
is jack rabbius, but they will soon join
he buffaloes in retirement.
The outlaw comes from the poorest
olood on the range. He is said by cow
aoys to be a horse degenerate, a crim
nal by nature, just as men go wrong
vho have poor blood in their veins.
His parents are in nearly every case
mustangs, and the stock is the same as
the wild horse of early plain days.
Cowboys say that nearly every horse
vil buck if turned lcose in a pasture
or several months, but he will soon
.uet down. The outlaw will buck no
natter how long or how often he has
been successfully ridden. -FamouE
tuckers are rare now. The bettering
af the blood sounded the death knell of
the outlaw.-New York Sun.
Education In China.
Education in China is free to all
males. Hundreds of thousands com
pete for the honor of being a manda
rin, as from that order alone the high
est civil office'rs are chosen, such as
viceroys or governors of the eighteen
These men have almost unlimited
power, but every three years they are
called upon to make an exact report of
-all the affairs of their provincc, includ
ig in that report a truthful account of
their own faults. If this is omitted a
committee of investigation at once
Looks into It and the viceroy, if found
guilty of -hiding anything he should
have confessed, suffers degradation, and
sometimes death, if his offense is a
Censors also. at any time and always
unannounced, arcrive and examine the
affairs of each province. If, under this
examination, anything is unearthed
c.:trary to the approved staniiard, the
offender is at once punished. There
fore, as you see, a good education ac
cording to Chinese ideas is the open
door to the highest official places in the
land. Nothing more is required.--Sun
Belgium's 190,000 Saloons.
Belgium, where public libraries are
almost unknown, has 190.000 public
drinking houses. That means one pub
lic house for 36 inhabitants, or one
public house fc3 twelve men above 17
years of age. the publican included. In'
the last fifty years the population has
increased 50 per cent, the number of
public houses 258 per cent.
The ILondon police have a collection
of more than seventy thousand sets of
flger prints of criminals.
At Knoxville, Tenn., on Friday
ight, the Rev. G. H. Wells, colored
rashot and instantly killed by .Tames
oram colored, at the hcme of a negro
oman, where the prescher had been
lled to perform a weddir~g ceremony.
ll were at supper. before the wed
Iog, when a dispute arose over a
rival matter, Coram pulled his pis
ol and firing once at the preacher,
who fell dead, the bullet having en
ered near his bvoart. Coram escapic.
'o hwipng the it quiest by the cororter, -
i couple hunted up another minis.
r and were married. -
Lighat Ship Lost.
The Unittd States revenue cutter,
emnole. and the steamer Compton
vent in Wilmington, N. 0., Wednes
ty night fro'm a fruitless search all
ay for the Fcying Pan Shoals light
ip which was torn adrifb from her
acoring in W M-" " " +-'o qtorm.
f.ke a Day, Off.
Wives and busbar ds should take
me pleasur" as they ito aloing, and
t dege-~wato into nere tolling ma
ine. E-scretoin -s necessary to
eep the br-art in its 'lace, and to gsb