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M1AN-NI G . WED-NIESDAY. APRIL Ile 19061O ~
LYON IN REPLY
Cays That-Tiliman is Trying to
Belittle Committee. Will
RN TIGATE i.
The Dispensary is So Corrupt That
Even ib lvO;stigaiig Committee
Are Suspected, Says Mr. Ly-n,
Who Fi' es Some Ver Hiot
Shot a! ihe Senator.
Sr.nator Tillman in a manifest
,which he gave to the pucli1c :ec:.ntly
attacked a great may peoil- and
t1iials, not even 4aring the mem
bers of the committee appointed to
ir vestigate thea ffEArs ci the State d's
pensary. Ttat referens hts b-e:
taken by Mr. J. F:aser L;on is at
(ff3rt to di credit the invtaa:iug
committee and in a letter to the a'
torney for a liqor itme Mr. Lo.
tts vxpresed birsclf ruter forcib
In regard to Set ateI T mar's state
The letter of Mr. L - has been se
Curec for rubo:- .:. ..r scme ci
fort on the paz r- I . , butthe
attorney to wi.. r.. it ;s LQco med
_that his name be A-ept out . i* . .
lowing is tte commu..icale:
Abbeville, S. C., April 3. 19C6.
My Dear Si:: Your t o liters of
recent ca..e were rtceived b> m upor
my return home tetrday a!teLr a
absents cf about tr.o weeks. Yi.u
wiill, th-,ieftcre, LL !-r6 ut% wh)cL
have not hAd an eai -.. W i.e.
it is tiue that I do L-ot . I the-e i
any good reason Lr witait. g psa
ment of the cia:m of the C ek &
Bernheimer c:impany of ow Yurk
still, as I have saia beretofore, I will
not give my cor.ent to tLe pa, mcnm
of this or any ot-r dispensary claim
now held up untl tze matter of suc;
pal ment is di cuzsed at a public ses
sion of our committee.
1 feel sure that 3cu will appreciate
my pcsition in ttis matter, upctal y I
since the in itcion of Se!: .or Til.:
man's "Address to the P.Gple o!
Souto Carolina," in whih Le bay-:
"I. there ro; pl nay of crportumit
fcr more grait aL d accret to sactione
in regard to the tetzlemen of toch+
accountsi? Ril no6 ih, legihtve:
ccmmittee be tu: pected cf ec:uptioL
if it does not get in the midde c f tut :
road and stay thtrt-.nmt is, stand b :
the law, obey it iet.f ana rt quir.
otbers to do t ? 'L y to muc de 4
You see this additiora :eason foi t
my position. It, is u .-Lut&'e fc
your cuents to zae gs wt. c
an mnatitution wu;se. n. coe ..ua cva
invesuigate wit.ouL havnag itsgg
ted or insinuatea th.at ite may be a
grafter, or at least has a go. d c ppor
tunity to steal. Whije I regsed thist
reference to our ccmmit:e as ot~Ay r
shrewd attempt t-; sheke public conf
-dence in us andi imtet to eb~t uct auc
interfere with t u: worik, wh:ch is ivi
dently becomiing dikta .trel to mny e'
of those wno are mie ;ocatAly neddien
to the dispecsa.ry, suaj w-.a I see Lr*'
proneness to crlim is . us I wzu to te
especially cari i ot u ;-ut nmseif i
a position that c >uio, wia even a col-c
of justice be crlt:ci ed. .
I.nycuriletter of Ma-ce ?6 ou p-ac- I
tically asked the questiue, ista sin.s
cerely, "vyny so numi aa; ? ' I o
no fact that I have tearnca :n tne d.i
penseary investigation thst I shall in
tent:onal withhold 7rom the public
Smetimes I do not tirk it best for
the si c.:ess of the mnvesagation to re
veal facts and suspicions as soon as
they come to. me or to dhclose (mU!
plans for the future, so in tnis c-ass
I will answer your gaesrion only so I
far as I thick the Ipesert status
the investigation justits.
We are trying to getithe fac s in re
gard to several su-picious mattets
which we think sihouice n rv~so-gn
ed. Among them :s t e st temienu cs
recali it, oif 8 naor Tiiiaan ta;at t
returned cartamn re se to a dis il
ery. We wish to ind tu~e c:edits
the books of the dibLiery suowi::
the amut of r b3.tss whicia S.aor
Tilman said -e re;.urned as a g fa fr
the gra itude lhe fdAt to tne qu .
concerned crediting tne S:ate of Sac
Caroina. Beie tiis titers ull cam
to my ears a rumor-tne source of ,
which 1 do not nl ;w rocall, but a ru
mor which I tuimk should is look d,
int-tnat Seoator Tui1an when g ov I
ernr was pr:.ans waa. a 91.L:Oya
liquor couc,:rn. It may be t~nat re
ce.pts may be suoa ior tuhe reb~cs
which may have teen returan and i
also for paymentt 0. this piano whic' i
may hiave been reciied as was ru
mored to be the Sustttor expla'a
tion in the case of tue Towill horse
Still we do not know the facts in
regard to LuCse tcings and thiin's
the legislature isteud2d for us to in(
vestigate such LrarsacAiJns as these
as well as other v..u tad unzanaiu
matters to whica. commaa rumor
gives cumn~fcy. We must do curi
duty in lootag luit ta&.s things andb
you may jusge ey tae aebe.ampl
that we must ha~ve ni.cai time in do
ing it. Furthermflre as is not yi
pedient and I aci n' t 69p970'e
the committee hei 3 p;..b e s.
sion every time siu r Com
and I have done ul we ca iu e x
ining eac-h c air I reegtuiz!
fact that we may be ens: g & *
o'-the-wisp" in ai: of iuse
and that your clin s ma a tir1
tue meanti'e a: t. tit r our e
forts be sua a cae o.r .r-, it s-'m
certalJ tt a. in sii '-vens 'ur0
mittee n.usI wai thiro ;gn t o mire.
The opm"n ii topevj en c
the dispen-ary aQs by a a beeder of
so muuJ cor:ue hat ne on can
touca it itou O'.'- -.I iin, sOme
one beingZ aeu - U .
the case of our comitLe, tite insinu
tion oif this suspicica is ast up on us in
the public Prifls y one who, iabove al,
nrthers, may kuo wof the innermost at
Ta'rs rf the dispensary as risacted by
its - , tbers s'nce its inception
I trust, boever. tiat we w'll in
aly empg'r from our di.At.asteful task
-eriting the c.or idence ard approva
of all onest ci'zeos. B liVing tha
th-is w il s amifaccrily -xplain our
desy. I nn -
Y u-s vwry truly,
J. Frswr Lyon.
MLY BE CUT uFF.
SOUTHS DISADVANTAGE AS TO
arge Negro Population recreases
the Amoant of Mail Handled
on Fcme Routes.
1he Washingt on corresponder~t Cf
vhe State writes his paper from
Washiogton in regard to rural routes
under recent date that it Is p-obab)
some of them may be cau off. I. be
uacves the people in te c:untry to
patroniz them. In regard to thl
natter the State's correspondeno
Some of the C ffiblals of the post
fi -e department some time ago were
omewhb.t nettled at the rE po.s pub
isiied in this correspondence that
.:ey intend.td to discontinue rura
r,e delivery routes which did no,
andle as much as 2 000 pieces o'
mail a irocntn. They were nettled es
p cally bccaugo in that same letor I
,lied attenton to the fact that the
iperations ot this rule would rff-or
routes prircipally in the s .u-h, whrn
the rumber of negroes on the r'utes
who do rot use mails very m ch
:as.:d the average number t.f nei
tieces to be so low. Tne number o
;:ec s ha;dled con the routes in S- uti
,arolna, according to the figures of
he department. averaged 2 400 ;)i, ce
. month. In N -rth Carolina the av
ra;re is onay 1.930. So stirred up
.bcut this report were the cilicias
1at they issued a special statement
o the papers of North Carolina,
where porr-ions t f the story were cop
d, with a view of modifying the im
Rpresentative Fnley, who Is a
ember of the hcuse committee or:
)Cst fifse and postroad, has just re
,ived a letter from Mr. I.Graw
ourth assistant postmaster general.
*oairming that riport. He gives a
,oCifl insztnce of the cutting, cif ow
outes or the dispositiou to do it
-Ycu will otserve," says the letter.
ftEr giving the numbsr of ma!]
.icces iiandkd on rcutes in York
cunty. "that the amouat of mat!
andid on these routes Is far bclo v t
he average per route, 3,600 per
nonth, and belcw the minimum
V-hich It is thought a route saculo
.a&nde ie- mcnth 2,000 pieces."
The letter norides Mr. Fnley tia".
wo more routes in Cherokee c u it:
ill be eotablisled, conpletiug t i
oun.y 4ystem or that c, un-.y. Mr.
)araw says CA cerning Caerokee
CuLIty that the noocrds show tar,
uring the quarter ending Decoember
1, 1905, as c.moa~red with that end
g June 3C, 1905, there has been s
;~tenial iLCrease in the amtu-ot eti
nail handled on the rural routes of ,
serokee. It was in view of tois im-e
~rvd conditlo.1 that the t wo ne w|
ues were established and the coun
7 system pertected.
Inspections ha~ve been ord:-red cf
he routes in Y:irk c -unty and tat
umor of pieces of m~rl weli be
in ed. The depart neut states tOl
Ir. Fiey that tue of j Co of this is|
s "ascertain the cause "for the ad
'erse conditions on these- routee, andc,
: p~iss b e, incre..sig theIr pitrr 'u
g." Pen~ding reports from thes
utes the department will hold up
ther applications for other routes in
Moral: Tue country people of Y irki
nd people every where on rural f ree
oelivery routes had best get busy ann
ae newspapers and write letters to
bks or send out their bills through
RICHES TO POVf.ETY.
Fj'mir Millionaire Pegging for
Food in Pittsbuirg, Pa.
Charks Campbell, formerly a
ealthy oil operator, walked into the
hst End police station recently at
a~ttburg, Ps.., and asked for food and
heler, as he was starvir~g. Be was
ne of the first men In the 0.1 Creek
jeld and built the first tank in Titus
lle. He made a vast fortune, and
uring tue days when "Coal 0:.
rohny" was sowing hundred-dollar
's along his pathway ws an Intl
nate friend o' his. The forma ibfi-ci
ihe Stanadard 0:1 comoany was his
odong as tried to fliht and thei:
o regain his losses by specu ation.
I is now in poverty. Tue po-lice
ok him in, gave him food, and .-n
~ecured~ a job for him as a wated.m'n
ie is sevenity years cld, but bale and
~earty, and insists that his luck has
The old man told a story that was
Lntrestin'g and pathetic. fEs was a
er r la the 0:1 Creek district when
tbe oil boom started ti ere.. He -had
ec od farm. but did not sell cuts In-.
td ne dril~ed nimoest anid was re.
w-rd d with several good wells
cry ting be to.utved seeme i to turn
u', money. H a ncarried and built'
wat was then one of the most miag
a ri:nt mansions in the oil country.
ue sudden acquisition of wealth did
not turn his head, and he kept right
on at the work until his for une
munted well up towaird the millionl
'iTnen came a streak of misf 'rtune.
i liouse burned and he lost almost
s m0.000 in that. Several leases
prned out badly. A pa: tner proved
unfitiful anid then the Standard
cae. He j .ied the ii.:ht against
the Rockefel:ers and soon found that
he had been deserted by many of those.
who had been loudest in their denuin.I
ciation of the new regime. He was
losing money fast, and tIe upeculated
to recover and lost it all. No R he is
pndeant. on oharity.
GAVE UP IFE
Who Confessed She Loved
Another From Childhood.
tPATHIIIC R M''T C
[a the Life et Rev. W. F. Cady Crops
Out in the Story of His Di
v jrce Suit Against His Wife
at Bridge port Cocn.
At N swburg, N. Y., on: night
last week the scattered threads in the
romarcB of May Foster Nichols and
Rev.. William J. Cady were finally
tawn together by the wife's story of
..ie strange circumstances that led te
the divorce which was granted to tb
minister a few da3s before a
Bri gep,.rt, Conn., by Judge G.-gei
>f the Sureticr Court.
1 is a story of baighted lkve whieb
)n the part of the broken hearted
>lergyman at least, closely parallels
..at other story of love and sacrifiae
a whici J~on R iskin, dtcovering
uhat his jourg and be;utiful wif
v-d and was belo.ved of Sir Jahn
Aillais, iut of tthe noblenes of his
ae L"!y gave ter up to his bosom
Tne Rev. William J. Cdy, blInded
1 his uwr gr at love for.Mty Faster
Ni.ho", lex:ntd from her lips six
onths aftEr their marrIageo, and
4ben 9;: belie jtd she was on her
est& bed, s, 1e asserts, that her
mart was in the poseston of anoth
:r. S.unned, bur,, till loving her, the
>rcke.- Leart-:d nan e.:.Ied his lip.
mi, her miod freed of the grea
iurden w~ic.. it had carried far six
nonths, the xifes he-.lta mended, he
,ently and iovingly turned her from
im and resigned her to the swee!
ie-rt of ber childhood.
Unlike R iakin. however, he still
earned f ar her rEffacti.n,. and by all
ne artid3os,. of tie ardent wooer,
K(ught to avspken In his wife the af
cucn which she had avowed belong
:d to aruother. To this extent he suc
eeded, that tae wife once mre r
used to hli home, and on her part
ought to kindle the titme which
mculd v eld her heart to his.
B rt her thoughts weut constantly
ock to the swee theart of old, ano
adly and sarsowfully t"ey parted.
Sl'e end came in toe Superior Court
t Bridgeport. The minister was
ranted a decree of divorce on the
oand of desertion. The same day
Lia dream of love shattered, his con
rezation rena In tmain by the rave
uion of his dom si, tragedy, his
iez num'> within him, he departed
or Ktnsas Cit?, where am.d new
cene's he has taken a new charge in
'e hope of b~nting cut the past,
ira CaCdy, free now to place her af
eutions where they hive constantly
vanderc a ime ct:11doood has return
3 o :he h~me of her mother inl New
~urg where liv.s Dr. E. IF. Brooks,
lie nasn to whose li ve the minister
~as reo:gned his .Lfe.
Rev. M r. Cady's last wor's on lerv
g ror thc Wo were of affection anc
'rgiv ness for the w oman who was
is wife. 'After we had been mar
isd s~x montns," ne said to an inti
nate friend, ''my wif :was taken ill
ith a severe cold, She feared sre
wa going to die. Waile in this con
at on sue confessed tc me that she
was in love with Dr. E. F. B-ouks, of
hwburg, N. Y. Toey were old and
otimi ..e t:iends. I told her she was
ree to go with the man she loved.
>ut she remaineu with me a year
eter that. Then she went to her
10trme In Nwbuirg, where she Is at
yesent and the physician in question
yoards at her home. I wrote ner sev
~rtl letters asking her to return, but
~hey were ignored. It ls better so. i
.ave oc bitterness in my heart for
wr. P-ut it was a terrible awakening
KIy only nope n-n is toat I miy for
fet and that she may be happy."
The re m u cce ates back several
,ears. at toe beginning is the old
nory of parimtal loduence guiding
: e anoice of a husbhind . "E ven old
'iks msy sometims be wror-g," said'
:he mother of the you'ng wife as she
shook her head in recounting the
story of her daughter's marriage.
Tne couple w,.re u At. d on A pril 4.
.90, at N awbu'g. Gad y, the son of
i wesltny C,.nadmau pia:ntar, came to
bNaw York several years prinr ani
worked suocessi vely at. c erk and book
agent before his cr~iina'.ion aq a min
,ster in the Methodist E iscopa]
Dhu-d1. It was in Newbu-g, after
mhat, he met M s 19ichols, whose fath
r no v dead, ass dintantly rated to
'Jammtdore Va~nderbilt. He fell In
tove with the girl, who was tall hand~
ome and a fa~v 'ri;e in N :wburg s:
siety circles, and In toe olindness of
als own love andI me tirng favor in thus
eyes of Dr. El z be th N:chols, her
nother the yo-ung clI rgyman fancied
als aff - on w.:s r,.turned.
Mrs. N caels, Ler:-cif a strict
shurc .-womac, saw nothicg but ad
vnt ga in toe marriage cf her daogh
ter to a stalwart young member ol
toe cloth, and Shu$ her daughter
was madqy in love with young D:.
Brooks, her pleymate of childh od
she was. e~coougd toLacept the at
ten:ionrs o Cay, and toe march was
dally arran ged. A dtitifui daugh
ter, the young girl g'~ve her consent
and, onivious o:3everything else '-uZ
that the dre'sm of his life was abcut
to be realzad, the y' ung mimrster leo
als lov le' s wife to the al ar.
T~e young hu band took nis wife
0o M~ inerville, L. I , wiMr~ be wes in
charge of a cauitLch, and for six months
Tis happioess kn:.w no abatement.
Ebnthe youn~g wife was suddenly
taken ill. A heavy cold srttled on her
Iung, and the husband was almost
frantlie as he saw her fading away
bef ore his eyes. Her mothaer attendec
her during her ilbess, and she as well
as the languishing patient, knew too
wel that another Ilnnes tat centered
in her heart. was wasting the young
1 fe away. But still not a word was
-pok n, u iml finally It became nec
3Pssary tO call :n the ser v'ces of anoth
!r plysic-an, wh> slently shook his
1:eid and pr inouoeed the case of the
TaiL . tU sbe fo.rmed her
.-cs-oluzAin. C-ll:r.g to her bedsi-1e the
anguisbf d hucba: d she told him wi.h
what she thougbt wa; her dying
)reath as be knelt beside her, her
.yes turned fl oa his, t*,e s3'.rat
bat blasted his hopes forever. "Will,
W:ll," the minister says she cried be.
.ween her stbs "I mc-,t speak and
thl yo:u that I never, never loved you.
[ love another. All this while, all thL.
;-m. that you have knuwn me, I've
Lvid an ther.
The kaeoliog man fell back; pro:
;rated by the l iw. Tnen, as thf
,hcu;.4ht of !be st.lemn nour occurred
to him. :Ae steeled hi% heart and lis
tened silently until the full confessi-n
had been m.de, He then called his
religi-n to his support, and in a vo.c:
strained weak and passionless, be
said: -"I forgive you. If indeed a
wrong has been done, it is I who have
That n!ght the paUent's condition
took a turn for the bitter and within
. week she was on the ro?.d to rec av
ery. Bit not yet did ne spead to her
of the blight which had been cast
over his i.fe. NL until she had fully
ri c vered did he take th- last step.
Tae Jil w;.t in the same calnm passion
less voice ibat he said, as he took her
hand gentl): "If It be true you would
better to go to tihe man yrou love."
But now she faltered. See had seen
nim in adversity, ueder the gr eatest
lawt -at can be struck at a msn,
and his strength and fortitude, Lh.
g-ntle forbearance ard noble self-nc
rifice, sourded a new note, and for a
pear ,he remained at his side, striv
ing to awaken in her heart tbe lov.
for him that be still cravd by look
smd act. But the old affection woulrc
not die. At the end of th yeir .:h . left
Still he sought her by~ letter, be
seeching her to return once more anc
strive to find' in him the q-ialities
whica w uld crown his devotioa with
the love Le sought. Bt it was i
vain, and, bowed in hi4 grief, the mir
ster gate ber up He t ,ok a new
-arge in S:-amford, Conn., and beian
lire aoie and alone.
He made the mistake of not in
orming bis new congregation of the
:>cculiar state of his domestic ties.
B and by mothers with marriageable
dzughters bfgt-n to trake him the
mjact of thAr attentions, and at last
n desperation, the harried minister
made an annourc.ment from his put
pit which spread c-nsternationamong
ahl c;ngregation and caused aruptur.
vbich ended, a few days ago, in him
esigring from his ministry ahd ac
p'.ing a charge in the Far West.
It was but a sh-rt time ago that
,he newspapers priate the announce
nent. Rev. Mr. Cady, from his pul
pit declared he was a married man
who for reasons over which he had no
ontrol, had been fvrc-d to apply f.>r
d;vorce. There follo-ved a little
ter the visit o1 the wire to Bridge
port, where she was served la the
rainsbel with the summons in the
u't. Se ma i no defence. And the
scree was granted.
WOMEN DIZ TOGB C HEE.
inicide Of Oas Sister Followed D
mise 0O' the 0 r~her.
Uat.-l ten years ago, Clara and E.li
a Frankford, spins~ers, taught Ger
nan in the public schools of New
york. Then Elna, the yeuoiger, be
ame dement'd. and Clara gave up
er place in the s:,hool in E .st Pifty
6Tenth s~reer, and decided to devote
he rest of her life to the care of Eill
They moved a fe~v years ago inte
he big fro;nt room of the boardihig
ouse at 143 E st E ghssen street,
iuaily takingr raeir meals in thi
ooms. They were uncommunicitiv
tbout their mersonal affairs, and otuei
aard ars did not sunp 20t that E lina
vas deranged. Tie sisters were stigh.
a.d very gray. Oiara was seventy
ears old and E:lina sixty-four. They
were nearly alw.ays t gathar and sel
dim went out of the house,
FM srveral weeks past Clara was ill
n bed with asthma and heart disease.
a. servant who went to call tie siste: s
oundd gas coming f o.n the ro..n:
nd the door lociod. A pouicimaa
orced open the door. Clara was found
lead in bed and E lina we s sitting up
ight in a rocking cadr before tne
mrror with a rubb-r tube cmnuecee
wish a gas jet, secured in her head
She hass been dead several hours.
C )roner shary said that evidently
Clara had diedi in the night of ast
ma, and that Eblina, appalled by th
prospect of living alone, had on at
ack of dernentia and decided to kiL~
erself. She stopped up the keyholr
and all the cracks of the windows and
doors with underclothing before she
fastened the tube in the~ mouth.
An A iaiies~ E an
A traveller in Slam is eald to have
di:c .vered an Adamies E ien-a town
of 9.000 inhabitants witnouut a singl
man. The last man who ventureo
into this exclusive circle, was stuck tc
death, each of the inhabitants u.:Ag
a hat pin 100 times on him. The
Spartanburg Journal says: ' 'We are
sorry the report of this discovery is so
meagre. We would like to knog how
zany clubs hey have, if B~idge or.
ginated there, if bargain counters at
tract, and som--thic g abcut the spring
openings and Eaister decorations We.
have a p-etty fair ida of wehat Spa:
tanbu-g wtuld te it all the wome:
were transporLad far beyond the deep
blue sea. .rt would be no E len.
Baznd President Murdered.
3. Burdette, president of the E2if:
ula NatIonal band, mercant and one
of the most promInent and wealtay
men of the Creek nation, Muskogee,
I. T., was shot and killed lasi, Taurs
day night at lhis bomne mn Eufauia. HUis
body was found Wednesday rno:ning
about 6 o': lock near a well in the rear
of his residence, a portion of hio. bead
being torn away by a blet wou:nd.
Ther a was no one at the placa excep
Mr. Borderte and he had b.een cear
many uou s before the booy was dio
coveted. Mr. Burdette carried life
imurance policies aggregating $250,
Washington Urges His Ice to
Attain Good Citizenship.
TE SOUH IS PLACE
For the Negroes, tie Says at the Tus
keegee Institute Celebration, Which
Came Off Last Week, Some
Prominent Men Were Pre
sent and Spoke.
Owing to the delay in the Ogden
special train, the beginning of the ex
ercis3s in connection with the celebra
tion of the 25 a-niver3ary of the Tus
kegee Normal and Industrial institu
te at Tuskegee, Ala , was dalayed
until Wednesday night.
Among the promineot men who
ame in on the Ogden train were: Sec
retary of Wir William H. Taft. R b
srt C Ogden, president of the board
of trustees; Charles W. Eliot, presi
lent cf Htrvnrd universicy; Dr. L?
man At-b itt and Os vald G-arrison Val
ard. editor of the .New York Eening
The party was greeted by 1 500 -stu
:ents and alumni and members of the
faculty and board of trustees.
Among the prominen' institutioni
of learning that are represented bere
ire Hirv ird, Yale, J.)hns Hovkins
aniversity, Uaiversity of Minnesota.
O3erlin colk-ge. Massachusetts Insti
tute of Technulogy, Unitersity of Ala
>ama, Alaoama Polytechnic institutz,
Roward univerbity, Fisk uaiversity,
B irnard college and the Armstrong
anual Training sahool of Washing
.ca. D 0.
PrIocipal B)oker T. Washington de
Jivaed an address of welcome. He
ad in part:
" 'A ad Jesus said, I will m iki you
fsheTS of men.'
"In the spirit of these words, the
ouncdation of this institution was l3i,
.n 1881, through a gift from the Sut
"Far 25 years then the Taskeg
cTrmal And Iadustrial tisitute. bi
een fishing for men. Waat of it and
vth what results? In our qiest wc
tava used land, houses, barns, nenner
es, shops, lbundries, kitchen, class
oom, the Bible, arithmetic, the saw
he trowel, the plow, and monev-all
aese and more we have used in our
ffort to fish for men.
"Primarily, I believe that my race
as found itself, so far as its perma
ent location is concerned. When this
nstitution began its mission there
gas uncertainty, lack of faith, hault
ng and speculation as to our perma
lent abiding place. As t) what de
ree the Influence of the Tuskeg-=e in
titute has contributed to thus I will.
enture no assertion, except to state
~hat, so far I can interpret the pres
nt ambitions and the activities of my
eope, the main body of the race has
lecided to remain permanently in the
:art of the South, in or near what is1
:own as the black belt."
Principal Washingt:-n referred to the-1
~rowth of the sc'eool from its humble
eginning ini one smal building, with
0 pupils, to it-s present enrallment of
K00 stucdents, and said that the
chool had sent out into the world 6.
00 men and women who are now
>rgely engaged as workers in agricul
ure and mechanics, housekeepers ann
eachers oi both industrirl anl!
Lademic branches throughout tfle
outh as well as in Africa and one or
wo foreign countries.
After ailuding to the various "mo
en-.ous transitions" through whicvs
te American negro nas passed. begin
ing with the primitive civil'zu~tion
vhich he had created in Africa his
troduction into the wholly new con
ition of American slav.ry, and his
ew life of freedom and citzenship,
ri'ctpal Washington said:
"Tne negro race in this country has
~utee d upon a wholly new period-a
~eriod in whichs cmphasis is being
laced upon a side of 1:fe not covered
n any of the previous experiences of
y people. I mean the era of free,
nependent and intelligent ec mnomic
nd industrial development, accom
anied with a growing sense of the
or th and value of their own qaali
ies and a d~sire to mrke the must of
hem, under God, for their good and
he welfare of the world. Having to
~ome ex ent become conscious of the
reat task imposed on them as a p~eo
le they are seeking to lay the fcuad
~tion deep in the essentials of life.
But in this task they often meet many
and sometimes needless obstacles.
"If this country is to continue to
e a republic its task will never be
.:mrplnted as long as 7,000,000 or 8,
)0, 000 of its peops are in a large de
rree regarded as aliens and are with
out vi~ce and interest in the welfare
y the government Such a curse will
not merely intlict great injustice upon
uese millions of people, but the na
on will pay the price of finding the
~enus and form of its government
harged, not perhaps in name, but
ertainly in reality, and becxuse of
this, the world will say that free gay
ramient is a failure.
"As I con~seive it, a part of the mis
sion of th's sctiool Is expressed in the
p~roe an-i d stermination to asslst
the rac: In layinlg such a gradual and
oerm-.ent foundation in right living,
hrough the accumulaionl of property
ndutry, thrift,.ekll, ediuc~mtion of al
zharacter, moral anid religi'-us habits
and all that which means our u- efu -
ass to th' cimunity in whicg we
bie, that natura~lly, logically, symn
o.tleicaly we shall make ouiselves
row into the full and rig-ntful enj)y
nent and inteliigenn use of the pnvi
legs and rewtrd of c'siz'nship.
"Any less ambition would be un
worthy of us, unworthy of you. Any
s amultiin would make us perperu
al drags, instead of potontial forces
for good." -
Mr. Ogden delivered a strong ad
dress on the sign'fic:nce of the cele
ation. He spaoke on the fact that
Tuskegee institute stood out as "the
unmatchied exampie of the rossibili
ties of an institution entirely conhroll
ed in Its diversfied academic and in
dustrial curriculum, producive indus
tries, executive organ'z -tIon and bus
iness affairs by a faculty and corps of
managers composed entirely of men
an'd women of Africsn descent."
President F.lot of Harvard spoke
An 'What Uplift a Race and Wnat
Holds it Down."
BUILDING COLLAPSE ) WHILE
THE GURST DANCED.
Many Killed and inj ared in Accident
raid to b) Due to Care
At Nigoli, Germany, fiftS-five per
sons were killed and 100 dangerously
injured Thursday by the collapse of
the hotel Z im HirEc'en. The build
ing had not been fully completed and
the catastrophe Is attributed to the
non ob.;ervance cf proper precautions.
Tne roof uf the buiide g had been only
put in place Wednesday morning. an
event which in accordance with Gar
man custom, was celebrated by a
feast. Tae guests were reported to
oav3 engaged in a dance, and tiaLi, to
gether with the large number of per
ons on the fi or. probably was what
caused the building to collapse.
There were 200 persons present,
most of whom were buried in the
ruins. At 10 o'clock Thursday night
55 dead bodies bad been recovered and
100 inj ired were taken from she ruins,
many of them in a serious condition
Twenty persons still are. missing and
probably are dead.
The acc.dent is attri'ated to care
ssness on the part of those wno w.:re
making repairs on the buljing, which
had been razsed live feet from the
grou: d in order to give more space for
rhe lower story. The work began early
in the morning and was suo-osed to
have been finisied at noon. Tarl iesp
er of the hotel invited the wik-aen
and a large nu-mbar of tow.abp -i to
a grand din"ter.
The e .a piny azs.mbled in tsi mV
dile banquet room an1 ws d . kn
the healta of tVe bu.-Jdr awl i .ndlor.
when sudde:ly a a tu wa.s :.ard
above. A sc;or-t of aose iun ie bar
buet room jumoed from the windows
:nd oo-s In i m- to esm;pe, when the
4 - U - m 'W i a Crash.
T j.a L .ai Pau.,i _y night presents
1.n ird's riba.;ie scene of horror and
"!f. Taere is hardly a family bu
aas lost one or more members. The
rilagers and people of the surround
ug cnntry are inquiring for their re
atives. The dead are laid oat in the
iown hall adjacent to the scene of the
lisaster. The work of rescue is stiVl
proceeding, but the full losses will not
)e known until Fri-ay.
LOdSS EI LIFB.
L Daring Balloon Ascent E ,ds in th
leionaut's D -ath.
Dath in the watera of B w cree&
long the south shore of L~ og I .lsed
setweenl yones Beach arr A misyvill,
iT Y., ended the daring bat o in se -ut
V'ednes-lay afternoon of P1ul N ~e
p et, a French sculpt -r of n te and an
,thusiastic amatr it aeronaut. Tn.
3ndy was found Taur-day nigh o
~he muddy shore of tie creek wh2ere
~he tide had left it and not a grea
listance fro!hiwhere Nocquet's collap
t'd ballo3 ,wardLoovered late W.d
iesday; r~ by the life savers of
outs beacbr' -y;
Tee dido I..tbe body put an
nd to a sei i :~uca had Irc'uied
cean, land ~arshes. Nocquet
p'rently la dd 53fely with his car
mnd in tighting his way out of the
neadows in t be darkness bad trav arsed
but two fif'ths of the distance from
rones beach to Amityviile, several
niles, when he died. He had crossed
3 or14 d iferent islands and had swum
r waded through the runlets between
Tnat Nocqu.et traveled as far as be
lid is considered wonderful. He must
cave struggeld the last mi-e of the
wo he traveled under fearful dif~aul
~ies. He essayed a trip that few men
3iuld patssibly have completed in day
ighat. The valve c mtrolling the ropes
~f the balloon when found indicatec
,iat the descent had been started by
focquet's action and that must have
When N.acquet started on his flight
Wednesday afternon thze wind was
>lowing out to sea. This meant that
mless he should come down after be
Lug up but a short time-having
tarted from the Bronx--he would
urely be blown across Long Island
and out over the ocean. A life preserv
r was strapped inside the basket ani
he word to let go was given.
The balloon in its flight passed over
amaica, Garden City, Westbury, Jer
cho and Cold Spring Harbor, then
arkness came and shut it from
iew. Capt. George Smith of Amity
rille located the body Wednesday
ight on the muddy bank of Bass'
reek ahd made it fast to a stake. It
viil be tak n to Amityvilla Thursday
after having been viewed by the coro
Tracks about the balloon when
found seemed to indicate that the aer
ynnaut had survived his flight. At
bout the tlini6,.the balloon was first
discovered by tht'beach patrol, cries
were heard cut oni the bay In the di
ection of the islands by Henry Purdy,
who lives In a house boat. He suppos
d them calls wer.gthose of night
shooters or fishermelihouting to each
ther, and paid no gioat attiantion to
Shot His Fzr.i
At H: z lhurst, Ga., o4.4ast 3We
etcday, Uieveland Crawfgtd, a young
'an of that place, about tswenty years
f age, shot and seriously Wounded his
father. J. M. Crawford, at the- ame .
ime a':cidentally~ wdunding his little
rother with a stray tullet, the child
eing struck in the abdomen, and- the
father receiving several bullets. Tlfe
oung man who ~dtd the shooting
laims that his father was beating his~
other, that h'e attempted to inter
fere, and that the elder Crawford as
saulted him with a chair, compelling
im t~o defend himself with the revol
BIG COB12 CROP.
WH IT A MaRLSORO FARME12
RAISED ON OE OR0E.
Facts A b )ut the Great Crop of Capt
I rake, Which Broke the
In answer to a request from Dr. W
L. Davenport, of Washington C unty
Va., to give the largest authenth
yield of corn for rxe acre of ground,
the kind of soil, its propenties, ferti
liziig, variety of corn planted, dip
ance between rows, and plants in the
rows, cultivation, etc; in fact, all the
essential details of production, thE
American Agricullturist says:
The la g st corn cron yet recorded
was gr-wn by Capt. Z J. Drake of
Marlboro county, S. C. Nft only is
this the Lsrgest grown In America,
but in the world. In one season and
on a single acre, he produced 255
bushels and thus secured American
AgrIculturallst's priz3 of $500, be
31des several other awards offered
locally by fertilizir and other manu
fact-rring comvanes. The details a
to how this remarkable crop was pro
duced were published in American
Agriculturalist in March, 1890. The
following facts regarding it will be of
Interest to others:
The land on which the cop was
grown was originally a sandy soil on
which formerly grew oak, hickory
and long leaf pine. Three years pre
vious, this particular acre was espec
ially fertiliz -d and prepared b Capt.
D.-ake and planted with Peterkir
cotton from which he harvebted 917
Dou'nds of lint cotton. The land was
srcially prepared f r the corn con
tst. In February he hauled upon it
50 one-horse wegon loads of stable
waure, at the same time broadcast
ing 500 pounds each of guano, cotton
seed real and kainit, all of which
were plo 'ed under.
Following the ploW 600 bushels of
whole cottonseed were distributed in
the furro w af ter the plow. Immedi
ately foll.wing this a sub-oil plow
turned . tLis 12 inches deep. The
rif d was laid off alternately 6 feet
ne; seen two plo ws, then 8 feet, then
6 :,t etc. One bushel of the con
-non ground variety of the Southero
W Iite D3nt corn, of a strain improv
-1 by 23 years' selrction, was planted
March 2. Five or six kernels were
ciropped in the row to each foot.
The crop was still further fertil nid
during the growing season as f.llows:
April 20, 200 pounds each guano, cot
tonseed meal, kainit, acid phosphate
and animal bone sown early in the
furrows: May 15, 300- pounds nitrate
soda in rows and worked in with har
row; May 25, 200 pounds guano were
a.pplied in three furrows run in the
wife rowE; Juce 8, 500 pounds of an
q Ial m x:ure of guano, c>ttoneed
meal and kainit was strewn in the
.ide rows; and fnally on June 10, 100
p-mnds nitrate soda was broadcastea
[a the narzow rows and hoed in.
The acre was surveyed June 29 by
William B. Alford. The harvesting
si doce N ve : ber 25 in the pre enc.
f reprezentative farmers, including
T (1. Camnpbeil an ofir!al reprenta.
ti yes of Amrerlcan Agriculturalist
U ere 'here taken from the field 17.
107 pounds c rn in the ear of which
>raly 140 pounis were soft and con
idered poor. By making several
k crirn the average test showed
hat 82 per ce-it. of the total crop
es R e-Dals, an e quivaler t of 14 273
undls or s 1 ed corn, or 25-4 bushes
Lud 49 p unda, estimated at 56
wunda per bushel.
This was an elaborate experimnent
nt prove how much corn could be ac
;ually grown on an ac-e, the cost of
produc'ion having been a secondary
nlatter in this case. The second
prize in this contest was 'won by Al
ard Else of Yates county, N. Y.,
:who- prduced 213 bushels of Early
EIastodon corn. He planted one
rernal every foot in rows 3 feet apart
md fertilized with 800 pounds Mapes
~orn manure. The soil was a sandy
oam. The third pr'za was awarded
o George Gartner of P~swnee county,
Nqeb., who raised 171 bushels of Early
EIaSt~oo on a black, rich loam, ferti
Lized with 90 loads of barnyard man
are, planted in hills 3 by 3 feet. The
iverage weight of the entire 45 crops
raised and entered in this contest was
L04 bus'hels shelled c -in per acre. Ir
very cse the crops were well fertiliz
d. It pays to feed crops intelligent
A MINER BES0U.BD
A fter Being Under Ground Twentj
Five Days and Nights.
A dispatch from Lens, France, says
s.nother living survivor of the mine
disaster at Courtieres on March 10
was disicavered Wednesday morning
and brought out of the pit.
The finding of another miner alive
Lfter twenty-five days' entombment
3aused intense excitement. He was
in good condition.
.According to his first statements,
this-man, August E JBriton, suffered
less then the preceding rescued men.
.As the news spread It caused ex
treme exasperation against the en
cineers who have been directing the
Briton who was covered with a lay
er of coal dust, described his experi
ence as follow~s: "I was working
with my cousin when the explosi'
occurred and we became separated
At ter way4 alene,- I groped about in
phe -darkness,; trying to-find an ou'
let. I first found a dead--hgrse bu
was unable to eat any of its' flesh.
Latel I found some lunch bags whih
had belongid to the men who had
been killed by the explolsford and 1
lived on the food I fouiid in tkfem. 1
suffered from c~ld andsook 'oothing
and, shoes from tbe 'aea~. I also
foun'.tharee watches anidewenty-four
s 'us. At one time I gave up all hope
and tried th commit~icida by -open.
log a venf" I slOpf'ten .tim~es anc
tried to count the days, estimating
that eight days had passed since thE
When the engineers cameup from
the Courtleres pits at noon they were
attacked by a crowd of 'qomen cry
ring: "Death to the murderers!'
They were rescu::d by sq-1adrons of
dragoons. The people are intensr ly
excited and serious disorders are
DUPES OF FRAUD.
Thousands of People . Eougbt
Love Powders From a
B XLTIMORE CONCERN4
The Faciory Where the Love Tokens
Were Made Raided by The Of
ficers, nd Thousands of
Dollars Found In the
Safe and Taken.
United States Marshal Langham
mer, Postal Inspecsor Hooton and
Sharron and Secret Service Agent
Charles Wright raided the "College of -
Science" conducted by "Dr." Thec
dore White at 1917 E .st Pratt street,
Baltimore, Md., and as a result the
"doctor" was held in $10,000 ball for
the action of the federaL grand jury
by United States Commissitner Bmjrd
I'hursday afternoon, charged with
using the ma1is for fraudulent pur
p3oses. He waived examination.
Seven hairs out Cf a white mule's
tail, eight drops of blood d&5 of a
dog's tail and one or two equahy un
expected ing- edlent i constit te a love
potion, thousands of packages of which
were taken In the raid.
White, who advertises himself . In
the n. wspapers as being the "only
reliable" spiritualistic medium in
Baltimore has cordncted his "College
of b!c ence-' for the past two years.
When the "collcge" on East Pratt
street was raided the United States
offibials found eighteen young women
working for White, typewriting, mail
ing his books on "Tne H!gher Ocuilt
Science," and putting up and -wrap
ping a potion, warranted to cause love
at first sigut. In the sate, which the
doctor opened at the urgent solicita
rion of the United States officers, was
found nearly $13,000 in cash, and
White admitted that his operations
had extended all over this country,
Europe, Central America and a por
Gion of South America. Marshal
Langhammer now has in his posses
sion the names of patrons of the insti
tution residing in Horduras, Central
The issuance of the warrant for
Waite's arrest came as a result of a
Simference between United States
District Attorney Base, Assistant
United States District Attorney So
per, Marshal Langhammer and the
United States possal officials. Thous
ands of letters addressed to White had
oeen received at the Baltimore post
%.ffibe from all sections of the country.
Tnrough means known only to them
selves, the United States offilAal se
cured the names of persons to whom
the 'doctor" had sent his circulars,
and after reading the matter which
he sent out they came to the conclu
sion that his operations were frauda
White's circula's stated that the
"COollege of Science" was prepared to
teach hypnotism, mental selence, tel
epathy and the "algher occultism" in
mail order courses as $7 a course. Al
ser taking a course the suascriber was
guaran eed to be abile ta lnfluence ary
ine in a magnetic or hypnotic way.
flhe course was divided intio seven
sections, and one of the sections was
devoted to charms, and incantations.
When the cfficials raided the "cil
lege" they'found three young wcmen
'usily engaged in preparing a ''love
powder." which they were Inclosing
with certain prayers, and which the
individual desirous of attracting and
oolding the s ff actions of tne opposite
sex must wear in a bag around his or
her neck. The powder whic i works
such wonderful resuitis is of a dark,
Three wagon loads of circulars, ad
vertising matter, and mail were
bro'ught from the "college" to the'
United States ixnarshal's ciflee, and
will be used in evidence against
Wnite. Tne prisoner, who is about
cahlrty-six years old, has lved in Bil
timore for the past fifteen years, and
is well known among those who pa.
ron:z d the spiritualistic mrediums.
Marsnal L u~ghammer said that
lie raid on the "College of Science"
was one of the most important that
nad ccourred in Baltimore for many
tear ; and the postal authorities are
greatly pleased at tue complete man
ner in which White and his outfit
w are rounded up.
A Gaod Idea
There should be two days sacredly
set apart on every farm for special
work. One day should be devoted to
tree planting, the planting of treEs
in waste nooiks and corners all over
the farm, evergreens on the kn'jlls
too barren or too rough for cultiva
Lion, willows ab:ng the runs and
iraws, shade tre-s at Intervals along
the highway, and then another day
should be devoted to a general clear
tag, picking up day around the home
stead. Tnese two days p-:operly used
would do more to improve the looks
of the average farm than any other
one thing we know.
In the House on Friday Mr. Kiny,
of 11lucIo, resaimed his speech in the
Eense on the alleged iniquities of the
protective tariff. He referred partl
cularly to the watch trust "Tnere
.re no leaiders on the majority side of
this House," continued Ratney. ''Tae
real leaders of the Re'publican party
are t ie McCurdys, MicCalis and Hamil
tons, the R~cketellers who skulk be
hind stone walls to resist service
hey are the real leaders of the RB
A disastrous boiler explosion OCCUr
red at Kyles Ford, Tenn., Thusday
killing t iree and woundinz several
others. The explosion cczured with
out the slightest warning. Tjne boil
boiler is to have been in good condi
tion. The saw will plant was danmg
ed by flying fragments. All the kilietd
an~d ir jured are well known over the