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People in the Vicinity of Mount
Vesuvius Terror Stricken,
GREAT IAVA STREAM
Running Down on the Pempeii Side.
and Cities of Twenty and Tbirty
Thousand Inhabitants Tllreat
ened With Destruction by
Eruption of Volcano.
A dispatch from Naples, Italy, says
the inhabitants of the villages in the
vicinity of Mount Vesuvius are in a
condition bodering on a p anic. Many
homes have been ab ar doned
for the open air, alshouzh there has
been a thick fog all day and the at
mosphere has been dense with vo!Can
ic ashes and the fumes of sutbterran
ean Ares. The churches are crowded
day and night with people praying for
deliverance from an impending peril,
manifestations of which are heard and
felt in erplosiors which resemble a
heavy cannonading and in the trem
blings of the earth which are constant
The main stream of lava proceeding
from Vesuvius is 200 feet wide, and
it advances at times at the rate of 21
feet In a minute, the intense hest de
stroying vegetation before the stream
reaches it. The peasants of P. rtici,
at the west foot of Vesuvius, clea-ed
tieir grounds of vineyards and trees
in the effort to lessen the danger from
ire, and resisted the progress of the
lava to their utmost. The population
of Bescotrecm z. on the southerm de
elivity of the mountain have sought
safety in flight, and Bosco R >al-, to
the eastwar-d i also t-breatened W- m
en of this village, weeping witr frient.
carried a statue of St. Anre as far as
they could go the f ,wirg lava. im
ploring a miraice to stay the advance
of the consuming stream.
The cemetary at Boscotrecaz has
been Invaded by lava.
Tne scene at night is one of mingled
grandeur and horror, as from the
summit of Vesuvius there leap; a
column of fire fully a thousand feet in
height. the glare lighting the sky and
sea for many miles. O.-oasional i
great masses of molten s.one, scme
weighing as much as a ton, are ejested
from the crater. The village of Torrre
del Greco. which has been elgct times
destroyed and as often rebuilt, is
again threatened and the inhabitants
are in extrem. terror.
Signor Matteucci, director of the
observatory. is working indefatigably.
He has had military ensineers es:ab
lish telephonic connection between
the observatory and points wintiIn
range of the volcanic aclivity. The
director said to the Associatee Pre.ss
Friday evering that although erup
tion presented a grave menace, he
did not believe it would reach the
villages. Indeed he said the present
volca- 1c activity was not altogetber
unmixed with good, for if it had not
come to pass, a vioent and sud e
eruption, having a far wider radiius,
might have occurred.
The eruption of Mount Vesuvius is
now most violent. On the Pompeii
side the main streem of lava has di
vided into two, one tnreatenirg
Ottajano, a community of 20,000 io
habitants, and the other threatening
Torre del Greco, with a population of
The danger Is becoming serious and
calls for the immediate evacuation of
Bascotrecaz, the nearest village to the
crater, which has the population of
NON STIR INCU 3ATOR.
This One Does The Work Of A fnout
The largest incubator in the worl d
with a capacity cf 15,000 eggs, has
lust been completed by W P. Hal
of Pembroke, N. Y. It Is 102 feet
long and 4 feet 4 Inches wide. Parti
tions divided it into 100 compart
ments, each accommtodating two trays.
The trays have wide bottoms and hold
seventy five eggs each.
To fill the incubator a singrle time
with common-not thoroughbred
eggs would require an expenditure of
$8,000, for eggs of the rE Quisite fresh
ness would cost 40 cents a dc zen.
As one hen covers fifteen eggs for
hatching, the incubato: does tne work
of 1,00 fowls, or has tbe capacity of
one hen sitting constantly for nearly
The incubi.tor is h-:ated by mar:rs
of a cell of eight s:eam pipes paseig
over the top of the egg chamber on
one side at d returning to th~e othc r.
These pipes cre c nuecred at one ernd
of the streture to a water..trnk andi
Tbe water fliIng th rotgh the
pipes is beated to exsetly the right
temperature, a thr-rmostat attached
to the saove opening ar d closiring the
draughts to make this possie. Ti-e
only attention require d by the heite r
is supplying it with coal] nght sad
The thermcstat Is an expension
tank, ten by eighteen inches, whics
stands over the beater. The' tank is
filled, with CIl, in which is a fi sat. As
the heat of the furnace warms the
water, the water in the jncket su
rcunding the heater expands, and siee
float In the oil rises. This movement
closes a throttle attacked to the fhat
arm, and shuts the draft of the heat
er; another lever at the same time
opens the ccld air draft of te afurnace.
In this way the temperature is regu
lated automatically, with Extreirely
little variation, the eggs being kept
at 102 degrees Fahrenheit.
A second novel feature is that the
heat of the eggs is regulatedi in ras
lng or lowering them in the egg cham
ber, which is nearly a foot high ic.
side, burlap separatirg it from the
pipes. The egg trays root on double
frames hinged by galvemnzed arms cr
As the chicks develop rh trays are
lowered cn these supports, t: e first
drop being made in six days, and o;L
ers at invervals, un~til, on the the
twenty-first day, the trays are resting
on the bottoms of' the chamters. All
infertile eggs are tested out on the
Mr. Bill built small incurbators at
first, but the oil bill for forty of his
small Incubators, wIth 8.000 egg's ce
pacity, was $150 for a seascn, while a
1%rge incubator was run three months|
at an expnsm of less thanS8 for coal.!
DO.N' WAN iIAl'
5EOPLE KICK AGAINST BARNES
BEING THEIR PO3TMASTER
ad Senator Tillman is Picked to
Prevent Lis Confirmation by
As if by common consent, the peO
ple of Washington, the business pec0.
ple, officeholders, residents and others
have turned to Senator Tillman pro
testing against the Senate confirming
the nomination of B. F. Barnes. to be
postmaster of that city. Their a;
peals could not have fallen into more
willing ears, for it will be remembered
that a short time ago when Mrs. Mi
nor Morris was violently eiscted frcm
the White House under the direct or
ders of Mr. Barnes, Senator Tillman
electrified the Senate with a thrilling
narrative of the scene and centered
his bggest shot against Barne?. He
and he alone, according to what Sena
tor Tillman said at that time, was
responsible for the disgraceful scene
that happened in the exetcutive offices
of the White House, and the Senator
did not spare words in telling his fe'
low members of the upper house of
Congress what he thought about the
The appointment of Barnes to be
postmaster of this city was no less
I surprise to S!nator Tillman than to
the other 300,000 inhabitants of Wash
ington. The manner of the appoint
ment mas out o the ordinary way that
appointments are generally made and
tnere were few people here who c=uld
at first understand the motives of the
President in selecting for Washinv
ton's pos mister a man not identifi d
in any way with the city's interest.,
and practically unknown to Washir-g
ton residents and business men. Tne
appoistment was not an agreeable one
and it has been surmiised that it was
made entirely from a standpoint ct
personal popularity with the Preii
Ten thaound women, represer.tng
every section c f the United States are
said to be behind the fight that Son
ror Tiliman will make againsG B-.rnes'
corirmation by tbe Senate. As paw
erful as the hosts of the tcmpera.n;e
caiue, tbey are plannieg a vigoni u
tigh, agvinst tLe man wbom they b..
ieve guilty of a great indignity !evel
cd at one of their sex. They have no
forgotten the White Ho.use affair, and
although by direction of the President
the matter has lor g since been con
sidered a "clksed incident," at leaz
r a efmcial standpoint, they say
that it will never be a 'cosed lu-i
dent" as long as the women 0f tie
Uoied States have a right to v0ce
their sentiments and as long as there
are men in the Senate who will stand
up for them in the fight that they are
S-mator Tfllmar has already given
notice to his fUllow members of the
S -nate that he will ex.rcise his power
to tlock Barnes' confirmation. He will
be o-pposed by SEr arois Ladge and
Hale both right h nd men of the
President, and while it is not thought
that Sznato~r Tillman will be able to
keep the noxination from eventuall;
going through, he will necessarily
bold it up? te.r a while through his
"There are many men in Washing
ton more worthy of receiving the ap
pointment as p es master of that city
than Barnes," the Senator says, "and
the time has long .si:;ce passed when
fat omoies were distributed among car
petoaggers." The fight will be a live
ly one while it lasts.
LEVEIR A BALL PL&AYSE.
Mr. Gains of Tennessee Picks Him for
According to a Washington special
to the Chicago Tribune, Chairman
Tawney of the appropriation commit
tee and John Wesley Gaines of Ten
nessee were engag~ed in a heated dis
cussion the other day In one of the
capitol cloak rooms.- I. was not poli
tics this time. but tbe national sport
which was the subject, and Mr. Gaines
demurred to the idea that the North
and West were the best piac's for de
ve'oping base-all teams, giving the
idea that big leaguers come South
every year to gst into condition. A
free-for all discussion ensued and Mr.
Tawney said he could get 13 North
ern and Western men in congress who
could defeat a team picked by Mr.
Gines from the Southern Represen
One of the first m'n Mr. Gaines
icked for his team was Representa
tive A. F. Lever of this district. His
other men were:
John Sharp Williams of Mississippi,
Mrris Sa-ppa-d of Texas, Mrs. Min
or's champ;ion, Fred T.uiba tt of Balti
more, M '., Represenative Davene
of Wst Virginia, Judge Under wood
of Alabama. Mr. Sparkman cof Flori
d; Virginia's solitary Republican,
Mr. Slemp, who was paired with Mr.
Bickourn, wno enjoys the same dis
incion from North Carolint; Mr.
Bandi6d,e of Arkansas, with Mr.
Meyer of Louisiana, as the thirteenth
Mr. Ta 'rncy chose for his side:
Ha..ry CO.;. Sulz:r or N~w York, Pre.;
Lngworth of Oh?io, CbsIrman Fos of
Illinois, head of the naval affairs com
mimes; M-. Sulli van of Boston, Messis.
Eshr ana Townsend of Wisconsin and
Mihk an, respectively, Represeota
tv aLit'lfield (of Maine, Oy Sulloway
of New H nmpshire, the tallest man in
ne hcuse; Jim Sherman of New York,
the' new chairman of the Republican
cot gressional committee; Julius Kahn
of Sr.n Francisco, and Cuarhe Landis
Bairiea The Wrong Man.
Th..ugh the remains of murdered
negro, which h ad ~ ed in the
potter's fi~d attiirderick county,
M.,, almshu were positively
identified as h~is body,- Eward Grsen
is alive and well in Baltimore. This
news came from Baltimore in the
form of a dispatch to Green's relativ
es telling them that a remarkabie
mtitake hid been made The body of
t~h murdered man was identified firss
by Green's trother and then by his
fater, who esme from Baltimore t.
.mine it They declared that there
wa. na doubt as to the identity of thel
de d negro. Tuey had funeral services
held at tt e grave when the body was~
reinterred Triursday, but the mes
sage frcm Baltimore states thatsthe
su posed murdered man has turned up
E his home there.
John M-les killed his half brother
J. G. Sapp with a fence rail near Baa
ley, Ga., on last Sunday. They were
NIPPED IN THE BUD.
Left Their Families and Were Run
ning Away When Caught.
By clever detective work, says the
Atlanta Journal, Police Officer Hood,
of the Atlanta force, on Tuesday of
last week nipped in the bud the elope
ment of Mrs. Sallie Clackum, a pretty
young woman of Spartanburg, S. C.,
and C E Boyd, of the same city. At
the time of their arrest the couple
were strolling along Chestnut street
envolving plans for leaving Atlanta.
Both Mrs. Clackum and Boyd left
families in Spartanburg, it is said.
The rormer lift behind a husband and
three small children, the youngest a
baby of two years, while Boyd as a
wife and two children. For several
month& Boyd, who is a stone cutt-er,
was employed at the same marbleyard
with Mrs. Ciackum's husband, who is
a stone polisher.'
About a week ago Boyd disappear
ed from home and Monday night
Mrs. Clackum quietly took her de
parture. A letter which the woman
overlooked in her haste caused the
couple's arrest. The mis.lve was
from Boyd and it is stated in endear
ing terms re-z'uested the woman to
meet him in Atlanta.
The Atlanta police department was
furnished with a description of the
pair and Offlzer Hood lost. no time in
Icomplishing their arrest. The
couple frankly confess that they were
intending to go away together and
admit that they spent Manday night
in a hotel as man and wife.
Ciz ckum. the woman's husband, ar
rived in Atlanta Wednesday morning
and expresses a determination t:
have his wife and her sweetheart pro
qpcuzed to the full extent of the law.
Offizers are expected to take them
back to Spartanburg some time dur
Since Mrs Clackum left home her
little baby had its arm broken. When
otified of the accident and asked if
she did not want to see her children
he woman smilingly remarket.:
"Yes, I would like to see the ch11
dren, but I wish we could have got
tvn away before the police found us.
My husband has always mi:treateO
me and it was this that caused me to
eave him. Mr. Boyd has a wif
Dwice his own age and thev are not
hrappy, so we thought we would star,
WiLL TAKE A EAD.
ve Lbor Uiions to Take Part in
o gariz'd labor's role in the nex:
c.; greskonal elections will be far
rehcuir g, if the plans now being laid
are eff active. A political tureau
under the directicn of the American
Federation of L-tbor will soon be cs
tablished in Was-ington, and will try
wo make its ir-flaence felt in every
congressional d:strict. Geo. H. Shib
ley, president of the People's Sovere
gnty league, has issued a statement
bearing upon the authorized an
nour.c:-ment of the American Federa
tion of L3,ber that it will question
tivery candidate on his Ptriu18 toward
legislative questions aff cting organ
zd labor. Mr. Shibley says:
"Few real~z3 that the declaration
fr the people means a campaign for
the immediate establishmenlt of a
system whereby the voters in geu-ral
may Instruct by referendum vote.
The system is the advisory initiative
and advisory referendum, and can be
isalled by a mere majority vo:e in
the nstlonal house and senate, and
forced tetion by the United States
senators can be secured through In
"The great strategic feature of
this programme Is that it is for the
Immediate establishment of the pso
pie's sovei-eignty In place of machine
rule in nation, state and city, to be
accomplished in this year's campaign
through the systematic questionin~g of
candidates. Candidates, when forced
to go on record, pledge, almost Invari
ably, for the people's cause.
"Funds for the work will be forth
coming. The general funds of the
American Federation of Labor and of
oter unions are at the disposal cof the
political movecment. -
"Of great importance- is the fact
that the campaign Is. now open
Heretofore the campaign has nt been
opened until August or S'-ptember,
but this year the candidates are to be
questioned early and their replies
published. In most cemes the ques
tions will be asked before the pri
mares are held."
Died for- aer Child.
A terrible tragedy occurred at
Taomasville, Ga... Tnursday night,
when Mrs. S. J. Kingsley laid down
her own life to save that of her child.
Mrs. Kingsley was sitting 431et17 in
er chair at home, wit-h her little it
fnt playing about the room, when the
latter drew near a table ou wbich
stood a lighted kerosene lamp, and
pulled the tablecloth to the fijor, pre
cipating the fiaming lamp with it,
and carrying tue baby off its feet right
ito the blaza. Tae lovlng m)ouer,
fantic with fear, hurled the c:ml A
fom danger, but succeeded in saving
i only at the price of her own life,
The lamp exploded and the blaz'ng
oi envlped ner in a sheet of living
f ame. Assisrnce was immediate, of
no avail. The heroic woman linzgered
in horrible agony for hours. Mrs~
Kingsley was a daughter of Shetiff
Hight of Thomas couary.
Att or Society Gambgere.
rudge A. W. Fite caused constern
ation in society circles at Dalton, Ga..
when he charged the Wntii~feld county
grand jury to Indict all persons who
play bridge and euchre for prizs or
money. The judge was very caustic
I his remarks in regard to what he
cllled "society gambling," anid piacti
clly ordered the grand jury to return
indictment. " Negroes are constantly
being Indicted," said Judge Fite, "for
siootang crap, but ladies and gentle
men who play for high stakes at so
cal fr ctions escape. I want exact
jutice for all." Under Judge Fite's
charge some of the leading people of
Dalton will be indicted. It is suppos
edthat stories of recent heavy losss
at card parties here.;e responsible for
the judge's charge.
An OAd Man S-nrenced.
In the United States circuit court
attCrleston Tlursday John W, Car
terr, 0 years of age, o.f Mu~lins, S. C..
wassentenced to serve one year at
hard labor inthe pri-on at Atlanta,
on the charge of forgery, in the prose
eution of a pension claim. He was a
member of a company of the First
S uth Carolina re glment in the Span
ish American war; and be forged the
:nines of six of his comrades. A f er
indiciment he confessed to the er~me
iard was given the minimum penaltr
of the act. His hair and beard are
white and he Is bent with age, but I.
,h ai no respncter of persons. 1
HE G1VES UP..
iEGRO WHO KILLED MR. WOOD
WARD AT MONTMORENCI
loes to Columbjia and Eurrenders to
the Governor Who Has
Him locked Up.
The Columbia State says a man
,harged with murder was put under
irrest at the door to the governor's
e Moe Monday. The fugitive is Luke
Gray, who is accused of t aving killed
Mr. Cliff3rd Woodward at Mont
morenci, Aiken county, on the night
of the 2nd of February. Gov. Hey
ward last Friday offered a reward of
$100 for the capture and conviction of
this negro. The family of the deceas
ed had offered a reward of 850.
Luke Gray appears to have been be.
wildered when be came to Columbia.
He is a negro of low mentality, and
what he has had has been impared by
a terrific blow on the skull when he
%as run over by a train on the South
ern railway last summer. There is a
terrible scar on the left side of his
head. and he says that the doctors
have told him that it will end his life
this summer if he goes out in the
Just exactly what he was intending
to do when he went to the State capi
tol is difficult to learn, but the negro
says that he came here to "give him
self up." Caesar Chisholm, the wise
dld messenger of the governor's offioe,
who has learned much in his time,
espied a negro hanging around the
capitol, and thought there was some
thing suspicious in his behavior
*'T-e man looked like a vagabond."
said Caesar, "and I began to question
uim. He said to me that he was
afraid to go to Aiken, and I thought
that he was running from the lvnch
ers. I told him this was the place if
he wanted protection, and I got h!m
to come inside."
About that time Caesar was sent
up strvet on s ..me errand by the gcv
ernor and the negro remained in the
corridor of the State capitol, where
hi; appearance caught tne attention
of some of the attaches of the sffices,
but they said nothing about it at the
me. When Caesar came back he
qu.;stioned his protege closely. Luke
Ge.ty m-orde no attempt to conceal his
name or identity frcm the beginning.
Ee said that he had had a difficulty
with a white man and was afraid to
-o back to Aiken.
"W;2at did you do to him?" asked
"Shot him," was the laconic an
"And what bEcame of him?" ask-d
'I been told that he is dead," said
the negro in reply.
Caesar thought it was then ab,,ut
time to look into the matter from the
itindpoint of the governor's office,
and he atarted to ask Gov. Heyward
if a reward had been cffered for this
fugitive, and to see if there was on
file any information as to the commis
slon of tbe crime.
Before going to the governor with
the informa;ion, however, Caesar saw
Mr. Hliers, the State house cfieer,
ad called him to take charge of the
fugitive. Mr..Hiers offiialv put the
negro under arrest after conferring
with Gov. Hey ward as to the crime
in which the nsg-o admitted his par
ticipation. Mr. fliers took the negro
over to the police station and put him
in a cell for safe-keeping until he
could communicate with the sheriff
of Aiken county.
Luke Gray tells a strange story. He
c'elares that he did not attempt to
kill Mr. Wo~dward, but shot In self
efense. According to his story, he
had gone to the depot to see about a
freight car being placed for some wood,
and while at. Monomorenci he wont to
Mr. Wood ward's store and taxed the
latter with having annoyed the negro's
wife that afternoon. Mr. Woodward
pulled a knife out of his pocket, so the
negro says. and advanced. Luke back
ed out of the store and down toward
the railroad station, where Mr. Wood
ward caughe up with him and made a
stab at the negro. The latter thre w up
his left hand and caught the blow, but
a deep cut was made- Mr. Woodward
then made another lunge and the ne
gro threw up his left arm again. He
states that he felt sure that Mr. Wood
ward meant to kill him, so he deliber
ately shot Mr. Wood ward with a shot
gun. The shot took effect in the
wounded man's lef t side and he lin
gered for a month.
The negro claims that he had been
carrying the gun constantly, for he
was employed by Mr. J. H. Chapman
to cut wood, and In the walk of five
miles to and from his house every oay
he managed to kill some ganze oc
casinally. Mr. Chapman had expected
a car to be placed that day for some
nood that he was going to ship and
he told the negro to go by and see if
te car had been placed. It was at
that time that he proceeded to take
Mr. Woodward to task.
Gray is .3 years old. He says that
Mr. Wo, dward s'as a young man and
unmarried and that he had a reputa
tion in that community which made
cored men dislike him. He also de
clares that the place of business that
Mr. Woodward kept was not such a
olace as was above suspicion from the
dispnsary authorities and for that
reason there was~ always somewhat of
a crowd hangicg around and he was
afraid to give himself up that night,
for fear that he wculd be harmed.
The negro's story was heard by a
number of white people and they
seemed impressed with the fact that
he was trying to tell the truth. He
gave particulars to show his cause of
g~rievence with the deceased, but de
nies that he did more than to go to
Mr. Wuod ward to remostrate.
After the shooting Gray fled down
into Barnwell county, to Barton's mill
the same place where young Edwards
was a refuge after the Eutawville
lynching, which excited so much of a
stir last year. Here Gray has remaind
ed at work in the saw mill owned by
Mr. Gifftird, and evidently has been
kept adivised by his "own color." He
had started to Aiken to surreuder
when he heard of Mr. Woodward's
leath, but when he got to Williston,
half way between Montmorenci and
Barton, he learned that there was
onidrable feeling against him and
it as not advisable for him to go
there. Consequently, he came on to
oiumbia, and as has been stated, he
ppeared to be somewhat bewildered 1
Lter he got here, although he declar
s it to have been his deliberate pur
ose to surrender. Tae negro does not
leny that be shot with the intentIon(
>f killing, but denies that he carried(
he gun there for that purpose. He I
ays that Bob Corlsv an'd another ne-C
iro were eye witness. He does not
row whether or not any others saw
WHEN 132S LIGtON R13IONZD.
Che Unique Report ofa Confederate
C mmissary at Laur-DP.
Towarls the close of the war the
)atriots of the sruth were called cn
io pay a tax ia kind, or a teuth of al.
;he land had yielded. This was one
way of feeading a famishel army.
raese stores were coilected at and
lispensed from designated points It
At a little railroad statin in
rens c:unty, COpt. Davis ha.i detailed
trusted friend, J e L gn, t. act a
rceiving and disbursing c ft -er. For
Mal orders from the.proper authori.ies
were required to s-care t;e pr v sion
but always of a kialy naturp, ,Ta
Ligon could nevaer refu1se a ra;ed.
ungry fellow solaer, order or no o1
der. Tiese were passing 3aily, S) t",
scanty hoard was soon gone.
As the time far rendering his report
of "stores on hand" drew ne,-r, be
reaized that by evsr so c-aaritabls e
construction his stewardship c'i I
not fail to fall In the class k iowa b.
"unprL fitable," so he took tima by tht
forelock and addressed the fol'owing!
ur Iq !e L tfl:1ai communication to his
Martin?; Dopot, S C.. - 18E 5
My Daar Cptai : Pa s iant to yor
instrucions I have stayed by the stuff
here unt il the rturn!ng soldiers hav:
euchred me out of every damn thing
in sight cxept the boards on the com
I herewith band you my r-signa
tion in disgrace and disgust. By the
time this reaches you your former
commissary offlicer will be in full re
treat upon the Peaceful village o!
Cross Hill, S. C., in good order
Al says your obedient servant,
Jo'. T. Ligon.
Capt. Divis has j)ined the majzrity
but his big hearted sub-rdinate I:.
still a respected citiz in of Greenwood,
S. C. Hugh K Alken.
Laurens, S. C.
Additional Instances Where Ra'
roads Shut Oat ldividuals.
A dispatch from Washingtoa to the
Spartanburg Journal says Senator
Tillman is receiving all sorts of ap
peals on the railroad question. Thes
communications are coming from
evry state in the Uaion. John L
Williams & Son the bankers of Rca
mond, recently wrote him a lettei
calling his attention to discrim na
tion in rate matters against Ricb
ma:,nd. They did not write to thuir
own senators but to the South Circ
linian. Now cimes a letter from C.
W. Edds, of R-1ston Spar, N. Y ,
asking Senator Tillman Do help him
efore his business is ruined. A part
of the letter is as follows: "I appeal
to you for sympathy and hep. My
case is this. For 12 years I have
made a comfortable lving for myself,
invalid wife and our children, now
fo'ir in number. I he done this in
the r& t til coal businass. The D. & H.
8,ailroad Company. over whose reaz
I have received all my coal since I
have been in the business, now cla-ia.
they have the right to retail theis
own coal and they will haul ma no
moe. Now and then th y bri g me
a car load, but itis not enoguh for my
customers. When I complain they
merely say, 'take this or nitting.
Nw what am I to de ? They claim
the right to retail the own coal, and
i I caonot force them to haul the
coal what am I to do? My bu.en ssis
alost ruined by reason of the fa~c'
that this road will not haul coal cars
where they cem sell coal cars where
they can sell coal themselves, mean
time almost breaking up the busines
that I have taken so many long years
to build up. I appeal to you to
right the wrong the road .is doing
To Miake Them M1arry.
Miss Rosa Rudspeth, of Stuart.
Nebraska, who owns, sets up, prints
and edits her own newspaper, Is try
ing to save the bachelors of her State
by compelling them to get married
On the other hand the men of Stuart,
who are for the most part bachelors
are trying to induce Miss Rudspeth
to get married and cease her attacks
on them which appears in her paper
each week, in a recent editorial. in
her parer, The Ledger, she says:
"Stuart businESS interests are do
minated to a large extent by bache
lors. The bankers are each and all
unmated. The real estate man and
money loaner is a single man. The
city attorney is a bachelor. The tele
phone man is a dandy. The big
merchant has not been haltered. At
every turn, in search of news or busi
ness, an unmated bait confronts the
editor. At long raoge one wcu d
uppose that a woman so situated
would have a picnic, a gala dlay anti
Fourth of July celebration every dat
in the week. Nay, the editor does
not stand in with tbese gallant
knight~s of the cup who prefe~r brac
lng drinks to sweet coildren and
domestic joys. They have all bandec
together to make her eIther starve or
get married. It looks ungalla t to
the world, but they mean 1s in gres.t
kindness. When the pesky writer of
foibles is out of the way there will be
no fly in society's ointment at Stuart.
A woman has no place in business
She keeps things flying galley west
a~nd crooked. Crowd her to the wall.
Don't give her a chance. Bravo !
"It makes all the diffcrence which
side of the bar a man is on. If he
tands behind It and fills the glasses
be is all wrong. If he stands iu front
nd fills his stomach he is all right.
Your special position, my dear sir,
lepends upon your stomach facing
he right side or the bar."
Miss Rudspeth has been in Stuart
Eve years. She owns the paper,
gathers its news notes, writes them,
sets the type, makes up the paper,
Lifts the heavy forms, runs the press
md feeds it, starts- and stops the
esoline eDgine, and does all of the
Ighting. S,*oalso owns her ho me,
ine finest in twn, and a large farm
2ear town, acquired by untiring work.
he declares she will make marriages
n Stuart if she has to l:nport the
girls and hire them to win and wed
he bachelors, just for the sake of
norality. She persistently refuses to1
At Louisville, Tex , Mr. W. H.
1aiborne, widow of the late W. H.
laiborne, Thursday night saturated
i clothing with turpentine and went
lt into the lot, climbed into a box,
et fire to her clothing and was burn
:d to death. Her remains were not
onnn ntil Thursday. I11
A WJMA.NS LOVF.
EELD PRISONER NINE MONTHS
BY BRUE RUSBAND.
;he and Child Cruelly Bea'en, Yet
When Rescued The Clings to the
For nine m:.nths in the cVy cf
W 1hingon, the center of govern
..sUt, where security to life and lit
,rty sh. u'd be greatest, a simple and
:o'fid -ng court- girl has been held s,
-1orjWr by :r master. lover ant
qu *nda u husb. -d. tier im;ris'Ronment
is b:-en coul.inuou; and attended b;
I cir:U-fstence5 of bntality
and cruelty as to shock and horrify
.:' unaccustVned esr.
T ie victim is F hniie Smith, or
Fnri a in the abandoD
o' her love she thought at tirs0 shf
;ad r rigiit to be called. Her joiilo
w -s F.ank Damentt, a bricidaver, t
whoim she had conflded her life and
.vno is now iiims2lf a prisorer in th
T'he esc:-p of the woman from th,
licked doors in the house at 911
E ,rt:h street n rthwes'; 'he charge
.kgainst Damtt she m ,de to the Do
ic ; his capture and prelim-nay tria
. the police court were dese -ib.d ii
the Times Taursiay. Ta're were tb
o4i details of the life tragedy, r.
. 1ting enoug, in al truth. Bu
for the rimes the girl has told he
own story of her sLff.,rings.
She told it Thur.d zy afternoon
sitting in the room in which mos
recently she had been held a prisoner
Her little daughter, Adelle Smith
two and one half years old, playee
around the mother's knee while the
simple sentences were spoken. BUtl
notier and child gava visbtle evidence
-f the brutal blows that had -beet
iho vered upon them by Dmettt
rge womaa's face an.d neck werf
marred by great brukes and discora
She did not rant uor use the Ian
guage of abuse. S'ie ;ci-cAy indulge
aers it in tne terms of compaint
Ine lists of her wrongs fell withou
nmohasis fro.m her lips. When shi
could she even scemed to be trsirg t
ind an ecuse fur or a Dalla&ion of thi
*rutzl ties of which she had b.en tb
hapless and helpless vIctim.
Almost, it appeared, sie b-d be
come immune to missy and s. f;ring
2he friends she bad found since he
delvarence sought to be kitd an:
good to her, she received their auvan
.s w th timid and uncomprehendin
.ratitude. She hardly knew what t(
do with her new-found Iberty.
"I don't love him-I don't--I
don't," she declared, as thcugh, wit!
Dais vehement u terance, sae sough
5 support her own flagging determi
But ev:rbody who heard and sa7
-er then believid she does still love
Demmt.-despite every cuelty h,
-as practiced-and that a smhe and
*ord from nim would draw her, I.
t morous gratitude and affection
-aciz to his feet. It sound incredibl:
&End absurd, but within -live minute
f the p.issionaie avowal of the deati
if her iove, she was prattling of D.:
-eni.'5 "b-g brown eyes, when hi
turned thim upon me," and smiling.
tooishly an~d tenderly, ovar th
Auti yet far nine months' with
few ciasional-and trfi g exceptions
;ne has been allo ved no c ny-:rsatior
with any person other than D ment
and her child. For all toat he ka
eot her under lock and key, not per
.nuted to stray from her rocm. s-av
nder his eve. In four d-.f rent
na..uses in d.f rent sections of th
city, she has nesn a prisonaer, treated
wih what would appear 'ven~us bl
atrocity. Waen she he been move
from one h!:use to anomaer it has
een in the darkeess of the night,
She has seen her child inbnmanl3
beaten, time and time again. At
frst she interfered, but the resul
was only a beatir g for herself and
more severity meten cut to the littk
girl. At the last she has kept he;
ptc3 and watched while her mothe!
neart bled for the sufferings of her
IRerused1 to be a Mcapigoat,
Andrew H imilton, the notorious
New York insurance lobyist, ref usei
to b; made a scapegoat of b y tne R>
publican rascals, and is making all
sorts of trouble for them. H a hat
caused it to leak out that aside froa
the S550,000 contribution made to the
republican campaign In 1896 by the
New York Life, that comp~any made
anadditional contribution during that
campaign amounting to $75.000, which
made the contributions of that one
company $125,000 during one cam
paign. Carnelius N. Blhss, treasurer of
the republican co-mittee, has deniec
that he ever receiveid the $75,000, and
referring to this denial, the New Yoxk
World says: 'Men familiar with the
documentary evidence in the posses
-sion of H amilton can not understand
the denial of Cornelius N. Bliks thai
ne ever received from Hamilton a pe
litical contribution auiounting to $'75,
000. The $75,000 was paid to Mr
Bliss by Mr. Bamilton in the first.Mc
Kinley-Brown campaign, according to
Hamiitm's friends. As this was ten
years ago it may have siippid out of
tie mind of Mr. Bliss. Bue Mr. Bliss
has not qualidAd his denials by saying
"to -the best of his r collecdion,' but
has declared fia~tfootedly that he never
recived the money. A sir gle contrI
bution of $75.000 is5 so eptional in
s z .that politicians.ccan understand
ue failure c-f Mr. Bliss to rememnber
it. This $75,000 brings the total of.
known politicasl contAibutions by the
New York L:fe up to 8223,000. The
:1, zan trustees cf the company who
agreed last Saturday personally to re
imburse the compaign for its political
:ontributions, will have to dig much
leeper into their pockets than they
>riginally counted up:.n, and before
Judge Hamilton is through with that
ubject the final total may be far in
xcess of $223,000." -
A special from Columbia says that
1 rumor has been current throughout
he city for several days to the effct
ihat the state board of dispensar;
lirectors, at -the frecent quarterly
neeting,1-did not faithfully regard the
>lac list the investigatiIrgcomittee
ient In of whiskey concerns not to be
atronzed urntil a more thorough in
estigation is made of their past
lealings with the dispensary and that
she Richland DI~tilling Campany,
mong other concerns whose names
idn't appear on the published list of
urchases was given a large order of
,20b barrels. ThIs rumor Is denied.
IT has been urged by some that a
ation line Japan who prosecuted such
war as was waged last year by her in
~Ianchuria ought to be able to expel
rm her borders the wolfe of starva
on in times of peace.
ABOUT PUSH BALL.
How This Very interesting Game is
Push ball is played on a gridiron field
or floor 120 yards long by fifty wide,
with goal posts at either end twenty
feet apart and connected by a cross
bar seven feet from the ground. The
mammoth ball, almost globular iu
shape, should measure six feet in di
ameter and weigh between forty-eight
and !ifty pounds. It is usuauy' intiated
with compressed air.
The ball Is placed In the middle of
the field, and the teams line up as fol-!
lows: Five forwards on the forty yard
line, two. left and'two right wings on
the twenty yard line and two goal
keepers on the goal line, eleven men
each. At the sound of the referee's
whistle both sides plunge at full speed
upon the ball, and then the fun begins.
If the ball is caught fairly between
the two human battering rams there is
a rebound from Its elastic sides that
sends the players sprawling like ten
It does not take long, however, for
the entire twenty-two men to get
around the sphere, put their shoulders
to the wheel, so to speak, and push for
every ounce of energy In them. The
heavier, stronger team will, of course,
have the advantage, but some trick
plays have been invented which lead
variety to the game and redeem it
from being a featureless contest of
mere brawn and muscle. -National
WHEN YOU ARE SICK.
An English Literary Prescription to
Be Taken During Recovery.
For reading during convalescence the
British Medical Journal prescribes lit
erature that cheers but does not In
ebriate, and warns persons recovering
from Illness against writers "whose
style, like that of George Meredith. puts
a constant strain on the understanding
of the reader, or, like that of Maurice
Hewlett, irritates by Its artificial glit
ter, or like that of Marie Corelli, an
noys by its frothy impertinence." Dick
ens should go well during convales
cence, except "Pickwick," at least in,
surgical cases, because of the many
side splitting episodes which would
play havoc with .the union of parts.
For the same reason, in order that
healing granulations may not be inter
fered with, Mark Twain's works are
"Smiles' 'Self Help' is quite innocu
ous," says the learned journal, "but we
should be cautious in recommending it
in order that the patient may not there
by be led to meditate over a misspent
career and to have suggested to him
all the opportunities in life he might
have grasped, but did not A despond
ency might thus be induced which
would delay a restoration to health.
and which might even prove fatal.
Thackeray, except 'Vanity Fair,' which
!s a pessimistic book, should go very
well; 'Pendennis' and 'Barry Lyndon'
will certainly entertain." '
SKULLS FOR CUPS.
Barbarous Custom of Fierce Tribes
of Northern Europe.
The barbarous custom of converting
the skulls of enemies Into drinking
cups was a common one In ancient
times among the fierce tribes of north
ern Europe and was not unknown to
the people of the more civilized regious
farther south. The Italian poet. Ma
rio, causes an assemblage of friends
to quaff their wine from .the skiill of
Minerva, and in his "Wonder of a
Kingdom" Torrent makes Dakker say:
Would I had ten thousand soldiers' heads,
Their skulls set all in silver, to drink
To his confusion who first invented war.
Thomas Middleton, a dramatic writer
of the early part of the seventeenth
century, Is believed to be the origi
nator of the phrase, "A soldier's drink
Ing cup," as applied to a human skull.
In "The Witch," one of his most cele
brated plays, the duke takes a bowl,
which he Is told Is a human skull.
whereupon be exclaims:
Call it a soldier's cup.
Our duchess, I know, winl pledge ma,
though the cup
Was once her father's head, which as a
We'll keep till death.
One of the delights of the Immortal..,
as represented in the old Scandinavian
sagas, Is that of drinking to drunken
ness from the skulls of vanquished
Let Us Do Our Duty.
Let us do our duty in our shop or our
kitchen, the market, the street, the of
fle, the school, the home, just as faith
fully as if we stood in the front rank
of some great battle and we knew that
victory for mankid depended on our
bravery, strength and skill. When we
do that the humblest of us will be serv
ing in that great army which achIeves
the welfare of the world.-Theodore
"How is your daughter getting along
in physical culture?" inquired the visi
tor of Mrs. Goldrox.
"Fine!" replied Mrs. Goldrox. "She's
got so she can read an' write it now,
and the professor says he's going to
give her Latin an' chiropody next
month. I think them foreign lan
gwdges are fine, don't you?"-Milwau
A Long Evening.
"It's hard on the people of Green
land to have night six month-s long."
"Yes. Just think of the feelings of
the . poor man whose mother-in-law
rops In to spend an evening!"
A Case of Must.
The Clergyman-My lIttle man, do
you go to church every Sunday? Bob
bie-Yes, sir. I'm not old enough yet
t stay away.
Mrs, Eglith Oooper, whose address
s given as 2330 Germantown avenue,
Phladelpli, committed suicide
Thursday.in the Palmer House Chic
lgi3 shooting herself through the
ead Shrwent to the Palmer House
arly Thauj10ay with a man about 65
years of age, who registered as Emo
Bardeleben, of New York. The womn
mn registered as Mrs. Bardeleben,.
They were assigned to a room and
ardelben left the hotel. He retnrn
d three hours later and found the
om locked. The door, was forced
pen. The woman was dead on the
loor, with a revolver on the car~oet
Crushed to Death.
A dispatch from Gainesville, Ga.,
lays: "Ab London, well known in
al and Lumpkin, met death in a
lorrible manner between this piace
,d Dahilonega. He was unloading a I
wagon of a heavy telegraph pole1
when it fell on him and crusbed his
ikull to pieces and broke his neck.
e lay pinned down until a heiperi
RELIGIOUS I rw In I -
Gems Gleaned From the Teachings
of s11 Denonilnation.
Liberty. opportunity and Intelligence
are the watchwords of the truly great
nation.-lieh. Dr. Newell Dwiglt Hil.
Us. Congregationalist. Brooklyn.
True worship is the sol In comxmun
Ion with its God. Whatever exigency
may arfse in numan life the soul seeks
relief- in talking with God.-Rev. Dr.
W. H. W. Rees. Methodist, Pittsburg.
Religionx Perfect Work.
Religion does not have its perfect
work in us when it makes us do right
in order to win some future reward,
but when it enables us so to live that
each day is worth while.--Rev. Dr.
Frank Crane, Unitarian, Worcester,
Hate. Fear and Love.
Hate is the demon of discord and
moves man on to bell. Fear is the dis
cord and derangement of doubt. Love
is the angel of reconciliation leading us
on to happiness and to heaven.-Rev.
Daniel H. Overton, Presbyterian,
Need of More Faith.
We want more faith in Faith. We
want to place her upon the highest
throne, as the faculty. common to all
men, of entering into and alipropriat
Ing the unseen spiritual world.-Rev.
Dr. Roland Colton Smith, Episcopa
A Modern Need.
The world's need today Is a return to
Christ-a fresh understanding of his
consciousness of himself, a new sur
render in all the areas of their being,
practie:l, intellectual and spiritual, to
the regenerating powxer of his divine
personality. - Rev. Dr. Charles A.
Eaton, Baptist, Cleveland, 0.
Science and Religion.
Science, or, rather,. scientism, for of
science we must always speak with
love and admiration, has failed in all
its pretentions in so far .as It was op
posed to religion. It Is bankrupt,' as
Brunetiere says, and, as Balfour says,
"The foundations of belief are still se
cure."-Rev. Dr. D. J. Stafford, Roman
How to Glorify God.
The only effective way of glorifying -
God is by living worthy of our calling
and having power In our lives. It is
not by what we profess, but by what.
we do; not so much by singing his'
praises as by living his life. We glo
rify him by the name of Christian, but
much more by the character of a Chris-_
tian. - Rev. Bernird Powell Smith,
Christian Church, Atlanta.
Work For Each Church Member.
Each member should find his comple
ment somewhere, and no man or wom
an in the church s'iould be doing noth
ing, We ought not to wait until our.
part "turps up," as 'so many seem to
do. We should seek for our place and
part, for such search -ill be' evidence
of our sincerity and our finding it will
be proof or our success.-Rev. George
Lloyd, Episcopalian, St. Louis.
Bfilding Up of Character.
Character is built up by an accumu
lation of'small things faithfully done.
Men gi -td ruin by aeglecting small
virtues and then greater ones - and
finally are irretrievably lost. The
things that make us happy in thils life
and are necessary to it are very com
mon things after all. Benedict Arnold
on his deathbed said to his physician
he had just one want. He wanted one
friend.-Rev. C. J. Tannar, Christian
Elnect of socialism. -
The rule of Socialism would be a rule
of tyranny, dhe tyranny of the average,
of the commonpiace. Everything new
and 'fresh would be silenced.- N'ature
is against this sort of thing. Evolu
tion is only another name for growth
away from sameness toward ever in
creasing complexity. I believe that by
and by there is to be a grander type of
what you may call socialism if you
please, better than the world has ever
seen, but It will be entIrely free from
that of the past, from that which somo
are trying to establish now. It will
be the free co-operation of perfected
IndivIduality, all working together im
pelled by the love of the common good.
There is no use in giving people free
democratic institutions until they can
appreciate them and guard them and
make the best of them.-Rev. Dr. Minot
J. Savage, Unitarian, New York.
Valnie of Co-operatton.
Every industrious human life that Is
successful always co-operates with
other lives. Every Ideal human organ
ization on a large scale must be a per
fet human ant hive. Everywhere hu
man talent should be specialized. What
especial niche are you going to fill in
the great human beehive? When I go
and closely examine the wonderful mo
'sale floors and walls and ceilings of
the Aihambra of the old Spanih Moors
I do not find these individual stones
yery valuable in themselves. Many of
them are only common pebbles thaUt we
might spurn with our feet In the street
gutter. But when these common peb
bles, as Individuals, are cut and pol
ished and placed side by side In con
trast with other stones they form the
beautiful mosaics of the Alhambra,
which are one of the marvels of this
century. You as an individual may not
amount to much, but if cut and pol
Ished and fitted Into the right niche for
which you were Intended by God you
can become part of the perfect walls
of the Temple Beautiful. Like the ant,
will you be a worker, living under au
therity? Will you be a co-operative
worker? Will you serve the commu
nity In which you live by doing the
work for which you are especIally fit
ted by brain and body as faithfully
and willingly 'and wisely as the single
ant performs her allotted task in a
geat busy home hive?-Rev. Dr. Frank
D WItt Talmage, Presbyterian, Los
Rich Gold Mm.
Sensational disecvrievi, w h i coh
clipse anythirng yet made in soutmhern
Nkvada. are reported from R aund
Kountan, fif-temn mile. nornai of
fabattn, on 1-ft rson C-uvon road.
The strike has been visited by pro
rnent Goldfield opeistors. and the
reports are fully verifiad. It looks
ike another great esmp-t>e third
Within the past mnouth. 0 R. Scott,
. R Scott ard Slim Morga ware
the proncto~rs who urr a-tbed the
valable find. G-~dSeid m-unn men
returned from the~ sc no witit bags of
~ampes. A gen~era;l rusat Is on f'or
Round Mcun Man an~d th-e v!cinity,
d everything IS staked. Another
rich discoveryr rivaling~ that of Round
fountan has.boeen mo.de three miles
istant, but particulars cannot be
Mrs. LEna Crabh ww. acciaentally
lled by the sh~eriE r'f Laurens co'un
, G.ogia, o-1 lam Thureda while
eing ca-ried by !-~ to Dublin jail
: the chase or andoning her
idren. His pistoi fell frn his
cket and exnloded, the ball striking