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WHAT DID iE SEE?'
This Is the Question Being Ask
ed About Prof. Berrich.
PROBABLY TH 8UL
Of the Wife lie Had Just Murdered, is
th Solemn Reply of Science Af
ter a Series of Remarka
ble Scientific Ex
Adolph Barricb, a gaunt, emaciated
maniac, was captured by the sheriff
and a posse last month on the prarle,
nine miles from Cobrado Springs, Col.
To the physician at the QCunty Jail,
where he was first taken, he Imme
diately became an obj mt of intense
Interest by revealing himself as a
student of advanced physics and chem
Fragmentary utterarows Iudloated
further that the new inmate had fl.-d
from Boston, Mass.; that he was
Prof. Adolph Barriah, and that he
had killed his own wife In the Inter
eats of science. Ia a rambling way he
has desmibed an experiment with a
fluorescent screen, ultra violet rays
and other apparatus, and a human
soul foating away.
Berrich's statements were so re
markable that a search was made of
the cave in which he had been lead
ing a hermits life for years, in the
bope that something more tangible
might be found of the soul s-ekirg
apparatus to which he refered so of
The searchers found nothing of Im
portance but a very lengthy mann
script, very illegible attimes. Thougn
the document is unsigne d its aurlbor
Is In all prcbability Proessor Barrich.
for It relates In slightly less frzwm n
tary form the details of the gbastly
scientific experiment on whc'V the
mind of the maniac is foiever dwell
Considered alone as an unsubstan
tiated documnent, the manuscript of
Professor Berrich is of little apparent
value, and may be dismissed as the
irresponsible ravings of a lunatic Ba!.
it becomes of tremendc us importarzxc
when considered in con-2ecion with
the experiments which have just been
completed by Profetser Enurr Gates,
the Washrgton scientist. By the use
of nitra violt rays :s fl i iracA-pe a-2l
other apparatus which Berrich ramb
lingly &zscribes over and over regain.
day after day, Professo- Gates caims
tohave dup.c-idd the eou-i'g ex
periment ot the mad Professr Bar
rvic. He used a diini rat m the
final and most success.fui test, and
dtected, it Is dsciared, a shadow
which passed over the specialiy pre
pared so-een and faded saaj as i~ne
little aci~nal died.
Barrica asserts that he r'aw the
soul of his o~vn wife ia his experi
ment. The discovery by t he Wash
ln'gton s utist indicas s thaLt itna
not impossle for uin to hav:- do.se
THE hAIZNG CoNFESsION.
"S3 ;t eerned to m, iwas what
would be mosg wortb kaowing oni 5&a>
earth would te w~etner tuere Is or
not any hereafter. My trai'nirg is
the sciences naturally prxoo pted me
to scient:fio inves!igation but for years
my re.uits were i bs ilutely negauve.
"Ten years ego I wa conviLcced
that sei. c-- hac no way tf solving
the su J c-mnd indeed', it badn'e at
that time. 1 seft the U.:lted States
and spent several years in otr.er Ctum
tries. Into all thos'e re lica of esuper
stition known as the black rats I del
"Aftler seven years I fell in love in
Paris and married a beautiful tbut
vain girl much younger than my self.
I resolved and promisi.d to give uo
my cra zy' ideas and live only for tzn
present, as all animals, arnd most peo
"We were quite happy for six
months which we spent in Europe.
Then my old desire crept back upon
"Every night my wife knelt by the
bedbide and prayed. At firit- she
prayed out loud for her dead parents
and for herself and for me. It was
no use to argue with her that there
are rnO trustwor thy ev:dences of a soul
and that the bereafter is a my th in
vented for slnple minds. She had to
admit the streng th of my argumentsi.
cofred ntnes in return but kept or
with her prayers.
"As soin as the prayer was cver
she ciroppe d quickly to slitep. I to.e
ever was doomed to follow out till the
saln hours the chain of doub~s and
blows engendered by her preayer.
Several lira a are pan tially cblit?r
ated by the westnier as this poirnt, but
the sense is evidens from the remair
"Frcm that moment I was possess
ed by an ide a. A frxed ides-, psychio
ogists call it. I recs gniz::d it. Iought
against it, critietsed L-a:.d the in
sane do notf criticise their lcea;--o I
was no; insane. Yet the idea grew
upon me each night that if 1 coulc
kill a human being In the right way
and be alt prepared I migat see tee
"If I could but catch a glmpse of
the scul s kt fcrso ok the dead body
my. doubts and misery wvoud all be at
an end. I tels that my l'fe would be
p aceful ever af ter and tha I would
ato:2e for the murd~er by spreadin'g the
truth of im'nrtaity to all the world.
Tbst. would surely be worth one
Weary of what he had endared ic
Ola World travels, this nta;.or of a
revoliing crim~e, turned hos-a d.
"but bette er I d -'n lessons ir a
the legends of Var~ds chd, me
FIlng Dui Ca:ia2,"' ie sa:-s "o.r
Ahsuerus, ete Wa.nde-ing ,Jew, cur
sed withper:-:ual y outh and ever
scekng anehrxr o der.:h.
"In my s.eepiss nig~t-3 th temp.
tation was te:r.b.e to slay thgia.
who lay breath~ug ;ilently be ;da mi.
She witn her pr:iy: rs, was L.Af ta e
cause of in- mir.r I
"At last I saw~ irhat I miust evenI
tually yield to my eb io3 and' de
termmnedo prepa:e fa'r ib- Sc.e
hail prj.r5sid einttily in the~ .ig -
yea.s sir-ce I amd re:icqu i e:1 it.
Gr.'a di- c:>Jm:rirs we~'re mnac* wvi. h e
Ible si.ne :'f vouirt.. From 3he 11i:1
octave of litvisi2 t, theO eye t
run up anid up i ke t;.e notis ofa a
no, only to iu itely Lmigner pit4a
"I tad Int bemn arxious tr' exp i- I
nult with toel:. newM n:s. On our
eturu to Bo ron I fitted our house up
wth many iNstrurents.',
"My wife, a swer ;ba unintellect
=l anal valin parson, sa.ived an an
Lipathy to my woik. S.e refused to
Da~ter my labiratory, ald seB-ned to
Su:'der at my harmless fla.rosopa
and Vgat bu bs.
"O.-ie night my fix-d idea rose ir
iPs gradually aqa'r.d might and to -k
command of me. MV qlfe aad last
retumried from a fastiora!le ball.
"Sh compiained .f -.'rrible ea'
ache and aceepted my cff.r -o relev
it. I gave her a hrp:,dermia of mOr
"I deliberately gave her an o-er
dose, but not a fatal one. Tfe effects
of the drug carne on iostatly, the
neadache pass:-d, she toa.ked me
drowsliy aud ;%as s~on irseusiole, ly
ing in nex bail gown breathing heav
"With elaborate oire I broug-tt in
my instruments f fom tbe Jaorat'y
and arranged them. My heart beat
as it never b at before. It was not a
papitation, but a strong surgirg beat
which sent the blood t my brain in a
stealier. stronger stream than u-ual
My faculties seemed exceptionally
Acute, as well they might be, for I
felt that I was the first scientist and
perhaps the first man to see a human
"At last the instruments were a
rwgel, tested and found to be work
Ing perfectly. Behind me were the
tubes emitlng the ultra-violet ligit.
They were placed behind me becure
I beileved that I could see the stul in
refllcted light as it really looks, and
not a mere sba-ow as it would appear
between me and the light. My fluor
escent screen had a lens attos.c ment
for focusing an image which I believe
was an entirely new idea.
"I opened a secret drawer in m7
ecretary and tok there'rom thp
most deadly-of a!l 81uent death, a by
oodermic syringe filed with cyanie
wd, two drops of which i- ced in
to the veins predaes instaat death,
leaving no purple blowches ur tracesof
"At first an indistinguish.able sha
dow seemed to be gathering j-st above
the boJy, rapidly assuming Lhe cun
tines of the human form, ard most
ce:fect in its tymmetry. Ta feat
ure3 bore the likeaes of the dead.
-iud were be.utifu! beyond descrip;on.
The delic.e, ciea and ethereal being
floazed in the atmlptr wi eyes
-lsei until the proess of nature
se.:ed comaplet, when they cpeV.d
4r.d a subli m? f 31ie e!,nC ; sed over
the face. It fi atcd torcugn th-e air
a m.-ment, andr taen, zs if ;mpelled by
some attrect5n, irove! lWk a vapory
mass toward a half open windr, pas
ed out and was gone frever from my
"rne eyes seemed t.o lovk towari
me an insant. Tve expre&ioa chang
d. NoL; rger, nor reproac!?, bu.
utter am, zi-ent wss deptcted on tna
dimi ctua.enanc- as it drifted out cf
ran.re of my sureen.
' For some tim I stood like on
tricken dumb. The enoruaity of t5r
orme I had coMitted came 1:ke m.
avaia, c:e upon 3 y brain. Again an%
agan I caied my wife's name aur
fnly thae echo of her wailing voice
"I destro:.cd ;11 eviderce of mn:
guit and f&d from the~ city of Bast~n
-oy to the mountai of the West
Hee for t wo years I inve live d in se
1:.0,many times m~iaigm
o'm-ne, but alw.ays bes deiet
tomn my purpr-e b--cau~e I anad
f:st- to prove what I tavo all this
tiebeen tryt.:g t-co s'ive:
"M, mitod is weakc aid fogg'd as I
wite t:iS, and rey mie-y bthm.
me. I am proba.bly going~ ineare, if I
am not air-ry so.
"Weil. so be It. I am glad to Ex
prleoce~ insanity, tot; in fact I wil:
pul ciff do..th at d see what it is like.'
(IM strange manuscrip; ends as
this point. There if no signature, and
it Is thcuht there may possibly have
been more )
acatjaeto D.i ath.
Little Alexander, the two year old
son -of Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Nix-n,
who live at the C-mnie Maxwell Or
phanage in Gr.-enwcod, met a tragic
.iath Saturcay af iernioon. The littlh
felow fel bacicvards Into a can oft
0-:lng hot water whiczh bad been
placed en tihe fi or of the room pre
paa ory to scou.ring the flitor. Hie
was playinug In the room and in som
way fidl backwards Into the can of
hot water. He was fearfully scalded
but managed to extrieste Ltims"lf
frm the can, but his ii juries result
d in death. .The funeral exercises
were held at the Orphanage Sun
day afterroon. The turlal will take
lce in C-1rleston, the former h'me
of Mr. andI Mrs. N~xon today. Mr.
Nx;n has charge of the Orphanage
Ta-, mAltc1a1 Socaiy.
The State Medical Society met in
Coumbia last week. There was a
large attendarce of members and the
sesions were harmonious and pleas
ant. The reguar annual election~
reted as So on: President, T. P.
Wnaiey, o'f Cha rleston; vIce Presi
dents. W.I'. Termerman, of E go
~ed, Henry Horibe~ck, of Cou..bia,
M. G. Salley, of 0. ength.:r ; secre
ary. W:,i.er Caoyre, of SDmtr;
uesurer, C P A!hear, of C"triesron.
'. Q-. COr , f A~ker., and F. H. Me
Ld, cf Fiorenuce were le-elec:.e. tt
The Charleston Shake.
It is resdiy tIoniy years since the
great eant-!q:ake wihich wr-ughit such
havoc i: Chaxiesnon. Tn:. d:s:.urbat:ce
occrrd cn tie right cf /August 31,
1886, and the first s~ozk lisi ateu:
forty seonds. T ce rotr. 1. si of jr.4
eti-y fromL the ear:: quak. wa s~ra
sd at fi -e niluona cohars and tne 1;. 5
of life a.ttributed to.the d-stubsce
s w-il as t us kilitd outright~ by ;lus
al'ing of bunliigs reacuod to very
naly a hund i :?$onl::.
A D ca r'a Advce.
At Narf :. V.a, Dr. Emcard 0.
V g LiS pa'ic .-v, t.aki4g the sin
--,a h tieal c:me when duc-on
cou .. - ed2 Iia.drg so r.r.c
b od - dc .-e ha the.ir .te~e
e::c D-. Cnoi sa' far b::tter re
s-;v. om ;:comp ::.hed if this
F,m a c actst:rg lodg"gonce
at Fifta. and Mli-n -.res Sa F.:I
c , heuc OiLap .d We dnesdavi
-: - F s - - ' 50 .1?
iZ ci F.!7.-: t. A: a& 100 p
so w..re ki~lt d in the COisaapohitaa
on Furen stre.et.
The Mystery As to These Noto
rious People Revived.
8EU VR L YERS AGO
They Caused a Black Chapter a the
History of The State ot Kansas.
Their Tavern and Ian was
The Scene of Many
The q'icstion as to what became of
the notorious Bender family has been
revived, sais a dispac'h from Tzpeka,
Kaisas. Mesi people.for years have
beuevpd that te Benders escaped
from Kansas and are still living some
where. But Dr. JAmes A. Do Moss,
of riyer, dclares that the Benders
are ah laid to rest in .-nmarked grav
es near Thayer, and Lhat lie knows
the exact spot.
"I have in my posseslon," said he
"the names of eighit living persons
who can tell the public, if they would,
where the Benders are buried and who
lodentitied their bodies before their
burial. They can point out the graves
of that wIcked family. To estaalish
. historic fact and for the purpose of
removing any dcubt about t :s mat
-,r, the b~dies ahoul i be exhumed. I
sr me Cne will- &id me I sAll under
Wi.e the task."
THE BE2NDEES IN KANSAS.
KX.sa bas- hl.d meay revolting
a.Imes committed within her bordere,
out none ever equalbd the Bend
c-imes, except praibly the sackini
of Lwrenoo. The Bzrders ]ived m
the inpin traveltd roid, ab.ut hall
way between Tayer and C rryv .
That was In the early 70's. Taer
were four in the faimlly. 0': miE
B -rcer an'l his wife a:d son and i
w f -% T,:e son's wirs claImed to b -
mediu-m ".nd izad gre-.t iniesov
dIe merberi of -he f mdk' Tauey s.1:
rerehm-.s and Ld fravelers wnt
hippsned aong about meal time
Their h:use had two rcoms, and th
paritio3 conss.er of a calIco curtain,
in the eariy .p:ing of '73 pe- p!2 bw
a suddenly to disappea&rae :und trt
secona ot ths country. f ney woul
s-.rt ou7 on the Toayer Cherryvahk
r-;ad, an. tit wouli bt the last seez
of th-m. They wou:d drop complett,
ly out of ;ig'--t.
WHO THE VICTIXs WErE
Ij Marc- of nat y: ar Wilam York
b:otner of Senator Y rk, who play
ed an ipzrtant role in sha Poerol
-enatort&l s:a dal, started from Fori
Sc to Independence. He droppam
-ut of sdgigzs. Shioraly aftere;ard tni
d!er faim: ditapp-ared. The fir,
:ime rthey were nissed was when i
neighbor fo.u-ad a calf tied to a tre
desad in th. yard. Tue caif hal diet
of starvation. The people Lhenl becam<
cu-Ious and brgan aan iztvatigatior.
iuey founid a trap door In the hou't
andI it oyewed to a pit ab. un si x fe
izs diarcater. Tae gruund floor ws
soaked with blova. ia smelled of dle
cayed human fiss. Ou1. in tne gere
acnc suck<:nl boks were discovered
. rebor though he woud duj
io 'en and se'e what he could turn up
-:n:ved it w-is irdoettifi-:d as that C:
vAlle.m York. Tne investigation can
t: nueti atd seven more bod ies wert
dug up. Tuey were all id.. ntified but
one. These identified were':
George W. L ingear and daughter
three mionths old. Longcor hkd los!
"is wife ar~d was takingc his little gir
back t:o Iowa toi live.
Gage" Bro vn of Onerryvale.
WIlliam M.:Orothy of H ,ward coun
ty, who had left home wita $2,000 ir
H. T. McKit z'e of Indiaua, wh<
had c.ame West with a little money tt
M. B. B qylc of Mrntgomery county
and an unirnowi msn.
IN' THE BEEDER HOUSE.
It aner~ waa asOrougaL out thal
al11 of these people were kill d in the
Bender house at differens times, with
tne exception of Longcor and his
daughter. Tue v-ctim wculd stop fol
a meal. He wjould be seated at the
table with his b.+ck near the calice
curtain. Then one of the Benden
tud slip u~p and hit him on thebhead
ita a hammner, crushing his skull.
His body would be dumped through
the trapdoor into the pit aud then tc
make sure of is death a Bender woulc
out his throat from ear to ear Every
victim wa~s treated In the same fas~h
ion. Their heats were all crushes ic
anid thair tbroats cut. In due time
the~ body wrould ba taken to the garder
O0 A p'i. 7, 1873, the four Berdera
drove away. Tey left their Leam
-..cut a mile from Tiarer and took
she t.rra to Hu boldt. At ideast t'na;
is the story. They have never beer.
:een oka A pos::e was after thex
about that time. After e-kirmbIhing
aroun!d, for a few days the menbers
of the porse returned to tneir htcuee
.yv[rg t~a they had given~ up the
onase. Th~ey dropped the subject
qu esly. Tzie whereaurs of t.ur
d 'n:lers ne',er seeme d to bother them
:der that. Bat etuer people were.
curious anid are still curious to t-u1n
day. Tno po -ever poacrned. But
muat th.:*y got rid of the Bende.rs hes
alwa.ys te~-n su-pici :nea by many.
Ar'd :l'e fact V-r:at Dr, Do Mo.ss, of
Thayer, n:; cff-rs so turn no the
b". e tne Bencers tends to confirm
i5a -a y Nm~Aed.
The Sty' M d~cal Society at its
srual In:e.noz at Ciumnba la.
we:k u m.:mirzudy adepp:.ed a r-s !u
'-u -ffaed by Dr. A. S. Hydrick
f 0::.rg: r;urg, c-li'n:O upon t-.: 1.2.x?
Legcs a5:.r: to e i. ish a ho.oe i0:
.a .Son an in muio Is badly
A srec3m B urdel'd, W. Yz.,
sy J.:.r: YWi:son wa-; k~;ed and fou:
ti r ren. w-re 'm:ly ldjared by a
ge matu' e' x!::in of dysmaine at
e'.E~ R..in, on the P. otu:
rail:r . w~ u b r c::nstrumion. Thei
r:.iln2. c1 ur irj urea mn are no
-Sw. p, By' A T-:zado
spc~ o The Statesman fro~m
e?-rat. Tex-- s..ys: Thie r-own of
Br g.:s abouct 18 miles north of tis
a .,in th-is- oaty, w::-s awp; by a
.a:-..a ut 5 o'clo':k Thu :sday
-'rna se-d r~~ost0-mpletely de
toye d. T vo persons are reported
maeda n so iniurcd.
TEORIES ON WAYS TO GET RID
OF TE NVISANCE.
Fome Faces TIhat Will Be of Interest
Everywhere and to
A recent pamphlet of the agricu'
tural department at Washington im
parts the interesting information that
the common house fly may be driven
out of a c->ummity by proper sanita
tion in the stables, that fle3 breed al
most exclusively in stables and that
chloride of lime will exterminate
them there. Ac'lng on this tneory
an Asheville slIentist has gotten
started a well defined movement there
to have every stable thoroughly treat
ed every three days under the super
vision of the health department. The
information Is that the eggs require
ten days in whinc to hatch, and that
stables can be cut off as breeding
places by being treated frequently.|
This, it is pointed out, will in tim
wipe out typhoid fever and cause fi
screens and fly paper to go out of com
mission. Bat Weather S!ctijn Direc
tor Biuer, who knows all ab.aut these
sort of things, says taat the time to
fight Mim is in the winter, when the
death of one fly tceans at least a mil
lion uss dies tne fodoviag summer.
"TIne spring fly cicp dues not origi
nate from the eggs, " said Mr. Baiuer.
"The flies themselves hibernate
thrk.ugh the winter, at any well suel
tered plaoe, such as wider strips of
weatherboarding, or similar crevices,
where they can get together. I havce
found tnem this way, c.ked together,
nearly a hundred to tne qaare inch,
,a tae dead of winter and brought
them to life by warming a plank they
had adnered to. Now it is calculated
that a female fly will breea not les.,
than a million every thIrty days, and
this is kept up from toe fr.st warm
;%ays in the spring until the c.d
weather sets in in ;he fall, wden those
sOie to esa=pe ceath go to sleep for
te winter, tocugis the average life is
only t:-irty days ini summer.
'-Tuere is ro doubt but that stables
are the chief treadILg places for fie.s
:ndi n:m If mese pits %bie properly
ke dn o:Ln eoeugh ine fly p 4
Laatoin wtuldi be so gle4:ly red uced ae
to almost do away t4 tne neewiesit
,or screeos. birild it rca:s to me that
a cam-;4n agawmar flies snould begin
in tae fall and lawt thraun the
inter."~ It Is siugge'ted tuat the
civic laague of th3 site take Lold of
tab subj-ct and Lns.i:u:.e a vigo.ru
emip::.igu algrainst tih flies through
ihe he .th dceprtments.
Houso flies d. not bits. Their
wtuuths are not built for varing dfi
C mrnX3 of human fl, sb, and they have
a dleadly terror of c'tolide of lime.
Hojrses are their best friend, for sta
bles are thii.r citf breeding places.
As soon as you and me and all the
rest of us asopt automobiles and D-b
nn goes to Lis long sleep with the
doda, the ichtbyosaurus and the tuer
.xtinct creaures. tae house fly will
disappear and screens and stickpaper
will be no lor:ger needed. These, 1o
brief, are the conclusions reached by
tue argituttural department experts,
ini wa ion class Mir. Bauer bdiongs ano
is. A very mnueresuing pamphlet has
jost been issued on the subj ct with
a view to informing the olic on
the best known methods of exter.
minating tare 1:st.
"A single stabie In which a horse
is kept," says the pAmp alet, "wil
supply house fl:s for an extenden
neignborhood. P.acp:e living in agri
cuh ural commuities will probabi
never be rid of the pest, but in the
cities, with batter iaetaods of dispos
irg of garbage and with the lessening
of the number of horses consequent
upon the ele cario street cars, bicy cle:,
anid automobiles, tae time may come.
and before very long, when window
screens may be discar ded. The prompt
gathering of horse manure would
grfeatly abate the fly nuisance." Ac
cording to the esuimates made by tn~e
experts. 200 fly papparia are frequent
ly found to the equare inch of stable
manure. Oae female fly will lay 120
eggs, which will hatch and come te
complete maturity within ten days.
BITTZN BY MIAD DCG.
The Little Four Year 04d Son of Mr
H. H. Caunthen.
News comes from Fort Matte that
Hydrlck Cauthen, the 4-year-old son
of Cashier H. H Cauthen, of the
Bank cf Fort Mzatte, was seriously
b:tten by a mad dog on Thursday
evening. The little lad was walking
.ith his mother in the streets when
the dog sudderily dashed upon him.
severely mangling the right hand and
Dr. W. W. Wolfe was immediately
summoned and rendered every ssist
atcC possiole. Ccmmunication was
unad immediately b7 loung nistance
telephone with tne Pasteur Institute,
iu Baltimore, where the experts were
nformed ol Dr. Wolfe's treatment.
Tiaey approved of what had beau
dce and reco~nmanded further im
Mea'wblle Mr. Ellott Darby had
puryued the msd dog into the s wamp
nod kad:ed it. Two hours after thie
c~ld wa bitten he wras on the norta
bund train, accompanried by mother
ao* faJ~er, en ioute for the Paszecr
Instute, in Baltmore
The party aiso ctrdead the head of
te mad d.g for examination by the
PstCeur expeoras. It is said that the
r g head bitten fiye or six otuer dorgs
'wn on ct, and that cte cat died of
We hope the trip to Baltimore will
be etirely successful, and that the
11. 1l fe?Lbw will be saved from the
h.:rro'rs \ of by drepbchia. In the
ean time we would advise the killing
f every clog or cat that was bittene
by the dog that bit the little toy, or
-ome other children may be bitten.
Times and Dem'.crat.
Dur'ng niin pract-iee in the Gerib
bean sea on Friday there was an ex
plosion in the turret of the battleship
Kee.srge. L1:utenatnts Hudgins and
Grrme and five sailors were instant
v k-illed and an tier seaman was fa
ally injred. TIhe accident was sim
lar to that whico occurred on tue
Mi~ssouri tw' pe ago, with about
the same casuaB -R
kct in IGharleston.
Carlestcn Pest siys it was said
W-'e.ade.y that a slight earthquake
shock '-as felt In that city late Toes
day afternoon, thought no definite
r- p-rrs of the occurreece culd be ha:1.
Some people c'r bed to have felt a
is-.t vinr&.i',n jiet batore dark
Tuesday evenirig bus~ ihe shake must
ave been very slight as it seems to
ave amsed withu an gneral noI
MARRIAGE OF WRITES AND NE
GROES IN THE NORTH.
Irixon Sees Impending Menace to the
Country in Pollution cf
Thcmas Diron, Jr., author of "The
Clansman," sends to The Columbia
Record some clipplngs frcm New
York papers giving various details of
the Spriggs case and that of Mr?.
Oliver in New York. The first is a
negro who was recently convicted of
holding white women in slav.ry for
immoral purposes. Tne second cae
was that of a v,hite woman w: o was
slapped in the face on a street car by
a negro. Since that time, as press
dispatches have shown, Mrs. Oliver
has been subiected to all sorts of in
salting and threateraing letters writ
ten by negro men and wcmen. Mr.
Dixon's letter f lows:
Ejitor Tue Rcord: Permit me to
canl your attention to the enclosed
clipping3 from this week's New York
The time has c3me for the Scouth to
boldly demand the repral of all laws
permitting the marriasge of negroes to
whites. Mr;ine and N-braska hav:
placed themselves In line with S.utu
ern sentiment on this Issue.
The incre.ss.cg corrupsion of our
race in the Nortia by the physica:
contact of more than a million ne
groes, is something appalling.
The revelation of the Spriggs case
is the foulest blot on the civil-zariu
of the c-ntury. Toe real details of
this trial were never printed. Tne
Lalf whiscered testimony of those
tremoiing, brkn girls causd the
judge ani ja'y ::gain and again to
burst into tears. This negro was the
keeper of four prison houses into
which ycung white girls were kidnap
ned and be'd for years in slavery for
olaci teasts to viol-.te. He will serve.
out eleven yea:s for these bide:,us
crimes and w.l1 Then return ;o ni
whitp wife and his old life.
B-yond a coub: thi- systen of secret
whitt' slavery to negro b-stiality I& u
i'nrsai in tre gra.: N .r.hern cities
The innrerni paludoa of otr rae
ial lif is earlY fixe:- wacre it bslongs
T.e .pen and sha - eless pr;ctica of so
cial equancy with negroes by some of
our great educatiUal leaders, the
pandaring to negro vots, and the dia
gusting p-OpagaLda of shallow theor
Mt are produc:r g these fruits.
A big buck negro is collecoor of in
ternz. revenue In New York. His em
ployment of- a white girl stenogravher
is a daily otj -ct lesson to hi3 race.
In Chicago, recently, a public recep
tion was hld for negrees only wnu
had married wtite women. Seventy
di of these mongrel families were
The rcftext action of -negro Insolence
and crime in the North is q-2lckly felt
in the south. Latters tell the story and
infilme the miadi of S uthern black
Will you not use your power In
moulding the opinion of the nation in
tbis vital issu ?
Lest you may think, as has been
foolishly said by my enemies, that my
a'crk Is only for personal gain, allow
me to say that every dollar earned by
the S uthern Amusement company in
presenting "Toe Clansman" in. the
Suth has been promptly reinvested in
irs Northern production.
As a Southern writer and dramatist
I have given and am giving the best
energies of my life to preserve the
purity of our ra-:e and avoid a slowlj
aproach:g but inevitable condlict.
"And I nO'pe to have the continued
support of my p.,ople South of the Ma
son and Dixon tine.
TaoMrAs DIIoN. JER,
STHEY MUar MA.le.
Plea of the Rawlings Retueed by Sn
The case of J.G-., Milton, Leonard
and Jesse Rtwlings was on Monday
ecided by the Supreme court of the
United States sgainst them, the opin
ion being rendered by Justice H ilmes
Tnis was a cri-ninal proceeding
aginst the four men, all of them
me mbers of one fd~mily residing ir:
Lovndes county, Ga., on a charge of
murdaring two members of a family
namek Carter, with which family the
Rawlingses had a fend. In is charged
that they employed a negro, named
Moore, to murder the entire Carter
ramily, and that some of the members
of the B iwlings family accompanied
him to the Carter residence~ on sthe
night of the t agedy. B? making a
noise they attracted a boy and his
siter outside the huue and then shct
them down. 0.;her members of the
family refused to come out and, there
0 the trial all of the members (f
the Ba vlngs family, whose names
re given, eccpt Lconard, were found
gulty of murder, and he received a
ecternce of life imprisonment. The
Suprme court of Georgia affi med~
the verdict of the trial court. and the
case was bro.ug'it to the federal su
preme court on thbe allegation of dis
criminaian in selecting the tria! jiry.
In t..at. all professio~nal men were ex
luded. The court held that the men
had not been deprived of any consti
tuional right and sustained the de
cision of the state court.
Make Good Wives.
The Burmese women must make an
ex~elent wife. A Singapore paper
says that her highest ambition is to
m intain her hu rband in lordly idle
ness and to supply him with abun
dant funds for cock fighting, bullock
cart racing and gamb ing. And many
of the Burmese we men do big deals in
timber, buymng up in advance the
"paddy" crops of a whole distrct, and
s> on, on a scale that r: quire big
k$ y .nd Be.i t.
Thursday a:ter'o..n E. E. Cslvin,
gneral man'ger of the Southern Pe
cific at San Francisco, wired Superin
tendent Ingram at Las Angeles t'
et a special train, buy fiva ca~ricas
of goods, and send tnem to San Fran
cisco at the earliest possible moment.
Calvin said conditions in the stricken
city are so soallifg as to be beyond
belief or emr n
A Oetre shor..
Te Columbia Evening Racord
quotes "a leading business man" as
denouncing the attempt of the police
camission to enforce the Sunday
lw. He saye: "This town is toj big
for that sort of th~ing, and ii can't af
ford to be held down in this way."
Tne Newbstry Obierver says in reply
Columia is a pretty big town; but it|
isn't a big as Sodom yet; and Sodom
oas bee' held down pretty effectively
o the as e veral years.
TRIX XKED LYNCH2ED.
nissouri Mob Tr.kes the L>w Into
Their Own Hands.
At Springfild, Mo., on Saturday
night a mob of 5.000 persons tore
down the jdl and took Horace Dun
c2n and James Copeland, negroes,
hanged them to an electric tower In
the centre of the publ!c sq'iare and
'Ut a fire under the suspended men.
The negroes, both undei 21 years of
age, were In jl. charged with assault
ing Mabel Edmondson, a white girl,
Friday night. The mob used telephone
ail es and sledge han-m a to tear the
jail to pieces. It h i mile from the
J011 to the Equare and the mob march
'ed down one of the principal streets,
zhoutiog and firing pistsis.
Friday night while Miss E?.mond
soi and a young man named Cooper
Rere out ridirg in a buggy they were
stopp- d by two negroes, who beat
OCcpsr iEto unconsciousnUess and drag
ged Miss Eimondson int; the woods
oy the roadside and assaulted her.
Dancan and Copeland were arrested
on suspiclon but there was no evidence
Wlil Allen. a negro charged with
the murder of 0. M. Rouark last Jan
Uary was taken from jail by the mob
that lyrned Duncan and Copelan(
before midnight. Allen was hangee
i3 the public cquare to the same
tower that had served as ascaffold for
the t o negroes murdered earlier in
the evening. Allen was calm anc
collected as he jumped from the
tower, up which he nad been com
pelled to ascend. Tne rope about hIZ
rect broke as his weight f all on it,
and he dropped ioto the pyre contain
ing the charred bodies of his former
companions in ;rison, Duncan and
Capeland. 'Allen was taken up theo
.ower again and compell1 d to jump.
T0is time his captors w--re more sue
fessful in their work. 'I swear the.t
I am not guil..y of killing R:uark,"
were his last wor. .s.
A D,,gen-rate. Party.
The Republican party has brought
the country to a shockirg state of af
fairs and there is no end to tObe scan
dals and exposures that are constantly
being brought to light. Tne keen oir
server of affairs, the New York Post,
whih h-s always supported the Re
putlican party. says: "The : resent
is a pe iod of ;avoc and upheaval. The
gale of reform that rages over 'the
land lays bare most hideous conditions.
A dollarized society, insensible to all
but pricking selfishness. made possi
ble corruption high and low. Bribe,
graft, knavery, exploitation, investi
gation, disclosure, confusion, shame,
in the avenues of activity the public
ferret Is at work This is a period of
iconoclasm. Idol alter idol crumbles
in the fierce glare of revelation. An
age whose mighty achievements are
grounded on confidence finds itself at
the apex cf its triumph preoccu ied ii
revealing vast-betrayals of trust. And
the bewildered soul shocked into un
certainty snatches defperately after
fragments of that primal faith which
ninds society together, fearful lest
the slow fruits of an agelong altruism
be lost to this univer al exploitation."
This picture painted by the Post Is
not overdrawn. Our people have been
shocked by the revelations cf graft
that have been brought out in the
dispensary investigation. That is
nothing compared to the stealing and
rascality that is now rampant all over
this country, in public and private af
fairs. A halt must be called or as a
nation we are doomed.
Senator B.ell"'s Trtumph.
Speeches on political subjects dehiv
ereci in the United S-tates Senate are
said t' but seldom change the votes of
Senators. The forensic ability of Sen
ator Bailey and his unanswerable ar
gument that Congress has the power
to prohibit the inferior federal courts
from issuing temrorary injunctions
egainst the enforcement of orders of
the International Commerce Commis
sion. proved one of thse: exceptions
Senator Hale, a political opponent,
acknowledged that he and other Re
publicans had been convinced by Sen
ator Bailey's arguments that the pow
er to restrict the courts was inherent
in Congress. No senator of the pies
ent day has such a record to boast of,
and it is a personal and political
triumph that lifts Senator Bailey to
the pinnacle of fame as a Democratic
oratr, debater and Constitutional
lawyer. We are glad to know that Sen
ators Bailey and Tiliman are mn
thorough accord and will pull togeth
er. We have heard it said that Sena
tor Tilman regards Senator Bailey as
the ablest man in the Senate.
Many Mf retalgg.
A dispatch from San FraucIse;
ays wddirgs in great numnber have
r:suted from the recent disaster.
Women driven iu~ of th:eir o-nes acc
lelt desti n-e have appealed to thi
:en to whom thiy were~ Engaged, and
imediate marriages nave beu effect.
aw p ypyP'ie.
The V. ar D)epatment Saturday re
ceived a message~ frin General Wcofn
at Manila thar- the itben or Maryq~no
as wept by tire. Many are roge
lss and starving. Tija governmet(
I rusiiig gsIstance to the stiIf--.
Fire also destreyedi Pr-ll, rear
BS B. .bD :sy.
. Hand. a pro ?inent saw mili
oprator of Bay Minnen, Ala., was
rbbed in Montgomery Friday nigh.
of ;ecurities es:imsted to -ce .worth
$500 000. His satchel c mtaining the
scurities was uaken from the home
of the resdence of his attorney.
THE Spartanburg Herald says "with,
the masses of the American peoplp
Bryan nas grown in favor despite hip
crshing defeats in 1896 and 1900, andj
today he stands forth clearl.3 the most
distinguished private citizen in A mer
icaand the most powerful leader.''
Bryan was not dereared in 1896 at all.
Aording to Lavson. Bryau had Mc
Knley beaten to a standstill, but the
1'ublicans changed the result by an
iense corrupt fund raised a few
weeks before the eletion.
SEAKER Cannon says he hs onl
to ambitions. One is to serve an
other term as speaker and the other
is to see congressmen get a salary of~
$15,000 per annum. W e agree with the
Columbia Record that "the country
cai stand another term for Cannon,
but it will draw the line at $15,000 for
conressme. The present sa'ary,
$5,00, is large enough-too much mn
many instances for the class of men
who draw it."
FACTS p BOUT ALFk ILYA.
L North Osrolina Far m-r Gives Ris
Experienca About It.
The many letters I hztV3 rEceived'b
sking for inform?.tion about alfalfa i
indicates unabating interest in this
aluab!e plaut, and induces me to rei
terate some things I h.ve already
written and also give your readnrs the
benefit of my lurther experience.
As stated in former articles, -there
is much for u. to learn abcut alfalf3
before In can be generally F-uccessf ul in.
North Carolina and other States with
like slols. climate and weather condi
tions. It is also quita probable that
the plant requires difftrent treatment
in different- localities even in cur own
For instance, at Hillaboro, where
the soil is a red clay, I have never
succeeded witn fall seeding, while at
Goldsboro, where the sail is a sandy
ioam, fall showing now appears to be
decidedly preferable to spring showing
Mr. J. S. Davis, who has charge of my
farm at Goldstoro, put in an acre in
aifaifa last spring, bit it failed to
.nake a satisfactory growth, prest m
ably on ac .unt of too much rain. Be
plowed the plat up and resowed it t' e
5t of September. A letter from him
ta.tes the stand is goid and that the
alfalfa is now a foot high. He sower
inoculted seed and the inocuation a
the finest I have ever seen. Many of
Ohe plants have d zens of nodules on
she roots. -
Last faU I also put la a lot of land
rt Hillsboro that bas been growing al
falta for the last five years. Dr
weather followed the sowing and th!
alfalfa did not come up until late in
October, too lD.te to n*ke st-ffuien
rowth to wthhstanding the. winter,
so I re sowed the land shia week. TahI
1. the second time I have had to somw
&lfalfa In the spring after fall eedirg
a B. s.oro. Others there who grov
alfalfa say they do mot succeed with,
tail so -ing. Jacging from my expei
tence I thi:k alfalta. should be sowed
i the spring in the warm sctions, In
sections where cotton grows br st. ard
in the cooler sections, like the Pied
mcnt ?,nd mcuutaincu- parts of North
arolina, it will do best planted in the
I recently read an an article from a
rentleman lving near Charleston, S.
C., who Is growirg alfalfa successful
ly H says he plants it in rows about
welve t;% fifteen inehes ap,rt, sowing
wenty pounds seed per ;cre, and cul
-vate?' t keep down crab grass. He
ays it cannot be grown sucessfuily
in his section In any other way. His
vields are very heavy, several tons p.r
tcre. I mention this so farmers living
in sections waere crab grass will
choke out alfaifa, can give this plan a
Now is the time to sow. The sprirg
'as ndo been favorable for earlier seed.
ing. In most secvionslghe land basbeen
oo wet and cold to risk putting It in
earlier. Prepare the land throughly
by plowing and harrowing *o as to get
a good seed bed and there will be ric
trouble about the seed cominDg up
Without thorough pieparation of the
and it will bA useless to plant alfalfa.
As advised in former articles, theland
enud be fertile, well drained, ann
well drained, and well11imed if at all
scid. 'There is probably no plant ben
efitad more by a good ,applicstion of
lme to the land than alfalfa.
From experience I also advise sow
ing inocniai.ed seed In advising this
I know I am treading on disputed
grond. Many have pronounced the
culture" inoculation worthless, but
my own experienC3 with them har
hun very satisfacotory I have the al
talfa, as fine as I have ever seen, and
with abundant nodules, which Is the
best evidence that with me it is a
success. Do not, however misunder
stand the effi:3 of Inoculation and
suppose it will accomplish all things.
Nat so. It cannot take the place of
thorough preparation, phosphyric
acid, potash, and other essentils in
growing alfalfa, or any cther c-op.
Inculation without these will avail
nothing. T. B. PABKEER.
IT seems that wealth claims its priv
iliges the world over. In that mys
terious, far away hermit country Thi
bet, a wealthy girl, need not have but
one husband if so minded, and she
may change him for another as often
as she pleases. On the other hand, a
poor girl must take as many husbar ds
as the lama, the local priest Is pleased
to assign to her, and she has no word
in the choice of them.
The farmer should read the bulle
tin3 of his state experiment station
for they contain much information of
value to him ind] -:st bim nothing,
during the long winter evenings thter'
is plenty of time to glean mrch infor
mation that can he put to practical
and profitable use in every. day life on
the farm during the busy hours of
summer when labor and time are botb
st a pr. m'umf.
POSTMASTEE General Cortelyou is
goir g to have a bill introduced in con
gress providing for a postal note, for~
small sums only., which will be provid
E d by the governinent at a very slight
cost, to obviate the necessity of send
ing postage stamps anid smanl coins
Tsz Osler theory does not seem to
appy to women. We hear that Susan
nthony in her 75th year was offer
.100 a night for lectures. Miss Se
epta Pratt is 86 years old and a tray
eine saleswoman of East Brook, Dela
ware county. N. Y.
THERE is a good deal of nonsensical
talk about Bryan's trip around the
rorld fitting him for the presidency.
He was fitted for the presidency before
h~ ever went abroad and if the East
ern Democrats accept him as their can
jlidate they will have to take Nm
bdfs and.all. _____
..YAN 's comning to the front as a
yresidential candidate. We would be
delighted to see this greatest of al1
A mericans President of these United
How early people get around who
have kicks to make, and what a time
it lakes them to come who have com
pliments to give! Every editor no
doubt has noticed this.
A YONG g ri cannot be too careful
cf her conduct. The tattlers are ever
.ausy, and it's just as well to give them
no material for conversation. You
will do well to follow the advice of
your mother, even if it does seem pru
:lish and old-timey.
The department of agriculture has
succeeded in developing a lettuce that
ss all head and weighs a pound and a2
daf. In two years they hope to have 1
:he lettuce so develop'ed that they can
;>roduce heads weighing four pouinda :
Lt will oe all whitea nd1 tendr.r
The eventual stiuggle In this -- 1n'
ry will be between individualism and
ocialism and the Republican party,
with its pers'stent efforts for central
zation, is to blame for the growth of
,he socialistic p opagands. The Dem
xracy has always stood for the free
lom of the individual and ho're rule
ind opposed to the paternalistic and
Eamillonian theory that the Federal
government must be all powerful. The
Constitutional provision that all
rights not granted by the states tothe
general government are reserved to
the states and the people Is the funda
mental doctrine of the Democratic
party, Jeffers on, the apostle of the
Democrats, declared this and no true
Democrat has ever gainsayed it.
Mr. Bryan, who has been accused bY
the Republicans of Socialism, shows
by his conservative views in his article
entitled "Indi:idualism vs. Socialism'
in the Century Magazine for April
his own and the Democratic position.
In that article he says; "Much of the
rergth developed by Socialism is due
be fact that -ocja~t5 advocate
in reforms which ini] a'so
advrcate. Municipal ownersliI%
monopoies, for instance, is advocated
by individualists, because it is prac
ticallh impossible to have more than
one water system in a, city, and by
the latter on the general ground that
government should own all the means
of production and distribution. Mr.
iryan remarks that the sentiment
for municipal lighting plants is not
yet so strong, and the sentiment in
fa' or of public telephones and street
car lines is still less pronounced; but
the :ame general principales apply to
them and individualists, without ac
cepting the creed of Socialism, can ad
vocate -the extension of municipal
ownership to them. He further shows
plainly the evils to the individualciti
zen of Socialism when he says: "If
the government operates all-the fac
tories, all the farms, and all the stores
there must be superintendents as well
as workmen; there must be different
kinds of employment, some more pleas
ant, some less pleasant" and he asks;
"Is it likely that any set of mencan
distribute the work or fix- the compen
sation to the satisfaction of all, -or
even to the-satisfaction of a majority
of the people?"
How great, therefore, is the gulf be
tween the Democracy and the Social
ists. who believe in concentrating all
power in the central government
whereas the Democrats stand for the
utmost freedom of the individual citi
zen v ithout infringement upon the
rights of others. The trend of Repub
licanism to rush to Congress fora cure
for co itical evLs; tc oveilook and even
aid, executive usurpations over the
representatives of the people to favor
trusts and corporations who in return
have furnished money to corruptly
keep their -friends in power.
The Democratic doctrine is exactly
opposite and is expressed by "Eqial
rights to all and special privilegesto
none." Wittout the Democratic par
ty, which alone offers all classes equal
rights, there would be a certain hur
rying of the unthinking to the 'ex
treme of appropriating-all the means
of production and distribution bythle
natiotal government,sO that ultimate
ely there would be no incentive for
individual ef..rt. The confiscation-of
the property of those who, by saving
or superior ability had secured a comn
peterce would follow the appropria
tion oi the property of those who had&
amassed millions- .The. Democratic
party is the only hope of a free people
against the tyranny of centralized
power as taught by the Republican
party, and the thought is fast crysta
lizing that William Jennings Bryan Is
the los ical candidate of the Democra
cy in 1908.
William Jennings Bryan.
That something must be done on the
part of the Democracy to s'em the
rising tide of Socialism that threatens
to overwhelm the government as -ad
ministered by the Republicans, is now
an accepted fact,and,strange asit may
seem, there is said to be a turning to
Mr. Bryan by the Eastern Democrats
as the man to lead the Democracy to
victory in 1908 against Socialism. As
the Augusta Herald says Mr. Bryan
"will always receive a courteous hear
ing from the American public in spite
of the betrayal to which he was made.
a victim by men whose crime has been
condoned. Democracy in its amplitude
ever holds the gatie open for recreants
to return to the household, and in
pursuance of this principle Belmont,
ockran and several others have-been
welcomed back to the house they -de
serted. Grover Cleveland, too, seems
to have shared in the general amnesty,
though his desertion of t'he cause was
emphasized by traitorous acts of the
deepest dye. -
Mr. Bryan has entered the arena of
Academic politics with a defully pre
pared article on "Individualism Vs.
Socialism" in the current number of
the Century Magazine. The most gen
eral note of significance to be drawn
or this article is that its sets forth
in characters distinct as light the rad
ical separation of Mr. Bryan and Mr.
Hearst. It was thought by some that
these gentlemen were in accord politi
caliy, but Mr. Bryan has dissolved that
erronesus view. The ultimsate solution
of the economic prob'ems he emphati
cally places in the resources of the in
dividual rather than in the organiza
tion of the combine.
In connection with this reassertion '
of Jeffersonian doctrine comes the re.
part that the Democratic National
Club, which is to be the expansion of
N~ew York, is to p'ace Mr. Bryan again
in the race for the presidency. With
the financial question eliminated
there is no element in Mr. Bryan's pro
gram, as recently put fort5i, that does
not make for success. As a 'national
figure he still holds his place despite a
repeated r efeat and a repudiation. The
sterling honesty of the man, his clear
sd steady adherence to purpose once
expressed are so well known that they
:or stitute a permanent guarantee of
Faral Family ERw.
Stanley Gertz, a wealthy resident
if Passiac, N. J , shot his diaughter,
dr. Walter Potts, sbat at her hus
'd and then killed himslf. . The
aughter's condition Is grave. The
ouble arose, It is said, over family