Newspaper Page Text
CO TTON CROP
FIGURED BY-SECPE'ARY HES
TER OF NE W ORLE -NS.
Ee Fix s the Tolal Value of the Crcp
for the ceason at $641.720.
The annual report on ths U.;ited
States cotton crop for 19. 5-06, issusd
by Secretarl Rester, of the New O -
leans cotton exchange, is summar.zld
He puts the cotton from 192.5 G6 at
11 345 988 bales, a dEcrease of 2.219,
897 under that of 1904-05.
H. L-a: S that compared with last
year, in round ftgures T, xas, inciudIng
ladan Territory, has fallen off 558.
000 bales. The group known as otnel
guif s.atcs, c:,nsisting of Louisiana,
Arkansas, Mi-issippl, Tenne.sse, Mis
souri, O.ia~nomat. U<.ah ano Kinsas,
has decreased 1 431 000, and groups
of Atlantic Statt 6(uabama, G.orgia.
Fiid. NILL Carolna, Sounn Caro
lna Kentucky ana VrgiD4), nas lst
THE CROP BY ETATES.
Mr. HRs.erl % report .n the cottcr
crop of the c. ff irent s s'es is given as
follows, in tU.tus.inds of Oales:
Aisbana, 1,389 againbt 1 470 las,
)ear; Arkansas, 635 a-ainsL 9L,; Fior
Ida, 80 ag'ainsB 89; Gro'gIa, 1.900
agalnmu 1 975; L2u-wauao, 525 agaira;
1,100; Missisap9p., 1 232 against 1.777;
North CaIrolinfl 731aa1i-at 775; Souen
(aronil, 1,175 aga'astS 1.20(:; Tenrn
essee, 647 again; 691; Texas and In
dian LerwOry, 3,026 %gainst 3 584
Totol crcp this yeaf 11,346 agarast
13,566 last year.
kit makes tre total production of
Indian Territory, which is included ir
Texas, 351,260 bales against 509.749
:asz year: or Oklahom& 324.446 akairs
3!9,231 lsast year; of YMjouri 42 '54
bales against 47.698 last year, tha twc
last being included under the head of
THE AVERAGE BALE
He puts the average commercial
value of this crop at $56.56 per bale,
against $43.31 last year, and tle Lotai
value of the crop at $641,720.434,
against $628,195 359- -last year. He
states that tulie tzis crap was prac
tically 2.200,0C0 bas less than that
of last year, it sold for $12,252.075
He gives details of prices, shovikg
that taking the cottcn balt as a whol;,
the highest figure for middiiLg during
the year was 12 1 8.. per pound, reach
ed In December, 1905, and the lowest
9 5 16 in August, 1906, and the aver
age value per pourd was 11 7 1000
compared with 8 98 100 cants last
He puts the average weight per bale
at 510 91 100 pounds, showing a de
crease under last year Lf 467 100. Mr.
Hester makes the actual growth for
the season 11,161.000, and says that
the last report of the census bureau of
ootton ginned does not cover this
year's entire growth, that even with
due allowance for old cotton carried
over the ginners' returns seem short,
by several hundred thousand bales of
the actual crop.
sPINDLES IN THE sOFTE.
He estimates the spindles in the
south at 9,760.192 old, Idle and not
complete, against 9.205.649 last year.
The net gain in the number of south
ern mil over last year has been 17,
making the total now 794. Of these
these 741 have been In operation dur
ing the year, 20 are fdle and 33 are in
course of erection, 14 old and out of
date concerns which ceased business
have been crossed cf the list. The
consumptiOn has been divided as fol
Alabama, 2?9 885, Increase 16.013.
Arkansas, 3 372, Increase 132
Georgia, 514 673, increase 31,338.
Kentucky, 28 371., Increase 2,529.
Louisiana, 17,697. increase 3,621.
Mississippi, 41,298, Increase 1,170.
M~ssouri, 7 240, increase 779.
North Carolina, 694,4G5, increass
South Carolina, 666,715S, Increase
Teonnessee, 58,402, increase 6,955.
T. xas, 36 896 increase 8,123.
ErLga, 65 261, increase 6,260.
Toas 2 374.2.5. increase 210, 720.
I czoe ..var yar before last, 454,
A L~aver.Goes Homie to Diei on Sweet
.Heart's Gr ave.
A dramatic scene cccured Thursday
in N~ew York on the French line plei
just before the steamer LA ProvIr cs
teft far Havre Among one passen
gers was Lu:gi Conranrini, aged thir
ty -fcur years, bound for his old home
in Italy to keep a suicide pact to die
on his swealneart's grave.
Antonio Contaarini, brother of the
passenger errat~ed a scene and after
ward troid h bacther's story. He said
that Lugi became bethrothed to Jose
paine Ballatini, a girl In his native
town. Her parents opposed the match,
preferring a welthier suitor, and Luigi
with his sweetheart's promise to keep
faith, came to this Couary to seek his
fortune. He establshed himself In
Oklahoma, where he Eecured a farm.
Then he wrcte for Jsephine to come,
but she replied she could not, that her
parents forbade, that she intended to
commit suicide, and that she expecte d
Lulgi to jin her in death.
Tne news that the girl had carried
out her purpose was received and.LuigI
sold, his property and started for Italy
to kill himself on the girl's grave. His
brother Antonio lhves In Paterson, and
Luigi went to him, told him the story,
and bade him farewell. Entreaties
failed to swerve the man, and on the
pierAntonio made his final appeal
peal. He clung to his brother passion
ately, imploring him not to go. Luigi
shook his head, Antonio then ha: f
dragged his brother to an open space~
on the pier and fell on his knees.
He raised a crucifix aloft and re
newed his pleadings, Luigi could not
be moved and finally turning his back
on Antonio, went on board La. Pro
vince. When the ghip sailed Luigi,
stood at the rail 'watchinp Antonio,
who had again fallen on his knees,
and with outstretched arms was beck.
oning to his brother.
Wede, Loses Property,
An'oouncemnent wais made Thursday
that Miss F'iorence E'ston was married
on a tug boat at sea last Saturday to
Eugene Durabb. Toe ceremony was
performed In the Gulf of Mexico with
in the three-league limit from the
United States, and during the blow
which washed the tug's decks with
spray. In marrying Durabb Miss Els
ton defied tue provisions of her grand
mother,s will e'nting of Miss Elston,
from inheriting one of the finest orange
groves in Louisiana if she married
THX RUSEIAN DUURA
is a Most Comph x Affair Composed
of Many Peeple.
The following is a list c f the d ff r
e'nt rAces represented, for you must
rem mber that the larger part of
Rasian territory was acquired by
oorqu-.st. If you will look at the map
and observe the list of Independent
nations that have been subdued and
brought under the 3R issian control,
sou will realize how d moult it will be
for the liberal leaders to amalgamate
their representatives. The situation
is still furrher c.mpUcatEd by an in.
tense preejudice, and in many oases
an underlying hatred, toward the
Rusnslan race t n- its government, ac
quired tbrough genbrations of suffer
1mg and oppression. At the same time
she Russian reciorocates the feelings
of antagnoism and hostility. The fol
lowing is a list:
Tartars, Slafs, Poles, Celts, Lith
uaniana. Finns,. Mangols, Germans,
Jews, G3orgias, Scythians, Armer
Also several others whose distine
ions are not so clear. Taat is going
to be cue of the mtst serious of the
dig ulties in securing harmorious
action against the autocracy. E .ch
race has its individuality, each has
its patrio, ism and its particular pur
pose. Its representatives will act with
the other opponents of the govern
ment so long as they support its
if claim and pronote Its Interests. But
Polard giv n au'onomy, for examp e,
evevy other corquered race and L-a
ion will cemaud the same recogni
tion. Finhnd was a more recent
conquest than P3land, and other
provinces in Asia have been aquired
I have not been able to obtain the
mact number of representatives of
the diff trent religions, but the follow
ing are represented In abcut the or
der In whicha they are tiven and the
numbers are approximately correct:
Onhodcx Greeks...........-. 32
Roman Catholics ....--.-..30
ham- .da:---.... ...............12
Armenians...... -...---.-------- 9
There are said to be representatives
of the Budhist faith also, and the
sects of the Greek church each has its
quoma. Te most striking figure in
e entire assembly is a R!man Cath
Al'c archbishop Mgr. Riop, of Wilna,
vbose serene face, stately presence
,nd purple - obes x.make him conspicu
ous. Ttere are ha f a d z3n Cathol:c
priest from Poland and the German
provinces, and one of them made an
zlequent address the other day when
Dbe sutj ct of demanding amnesU.,
for imprisoned revolutionists was un
Seven M -bammef&T.n mullahs, or
priest, have been sent up by the Ta
tars of the Caspian provinces. They
Fear their conventional robes and tur
There are a number of Jewish rab
bis also, who are highly regarded and
are acquiring great influence although
none of them has been heard in de
bates thus far.
So far as Is known, the occupations
of the 460 members are as follows.
Boyars, or large land owners...-.46
Clergymen..........-- ----- -.-27
Factory workmen..-.--.- - -----17
Physicians.....-. ....... ...... 16
Government C ffl3ials..-.-.-....:-.24
Mnagers of large estates..-.-...-.26
E gineers........--.---- ----11
5HOULD 31 PUNISHID.
A Scoundrel Who Wants to be
The Columbia Record says Wednes
day morning a negro carpenter entic
ed the ten-year-old daughter of a well
known white citzen into a building
where he was working. There he in
:uted the little girl several times,
with grossly immoral suggestions and
obscene actions. She told her father
of the occurrence and he started im
mediately for the scene. A. shooting
4ffray that would have terminated
fatally, for the neg'o, at least, was
probably averted by the appearance
of a policeman last baftore the father's
The negro was locked up forthwith
and shortly afterward was given a
hearing before city recorder. Record
er Stanley was very sorry that he
c:ud not impose a punishment in
keeping with the prisoner's offense,
but he gave the brute all that the law
allowed, a sentence of 8100 fine or
tirty days, with ten minutes at the
exoiration of his time on the gang in
which to leave the city, never to re
turn. The case was heard In the of
fice of Chief of Police Daly, so as to
avoid a sensation. Probably this pre
caution averted at least an attempt
at summary violence by outraged
eltizens. The names in the case will
be withheld from the public, at the
request of Recorder Stanley and Chief
Daly, as trouble might develop if the
facts were generally known. The ne
gro was scared half to death and glad
ly promised to leave the city for good
the minute he Is released.
While the brute's actions were such
as would nx ake the blood of every
good citizen boll with indignation, he
did not get far enough to bring the
case within the jurisdiction of the
general sessions court. About the
only way in whichi he could have been
handled was shrcugh the broad and
general terms of the city ordinance
regarding t fesnees of this nature, and
the few people acquainted with the
crcustances are satified that Dr.
Stanley disposed of the matter in the
A Braye Girl.
At Auburn, N. H., on Lake Massi
bessic, in the terrific Equall of Thurs
day afternoon, Miss Helen E. Joyce,
18 years cld, of Maplewood, Mass..
rescued fcur men from a dIsabled
steam launch. The waves were dash
ing over the little craft and she was
drifting rapidly to the shoals when
Miss Joycc, rushing to a skiff near her
cottage, jumped it and put off. Just
as she pulled her toat under the lee of
the launch the latter grounded and
the waves rolled completely over it.
TakIng the four men aboard, Miss
Joyce rowed into calmer water near
TO SAVE OUR WOMEN FROM
The Yditor cf The Georgian Writes
Yorcefully on This All-Ab.
In discussing the frequency of as
saults on white women by negroes in
the S'uth the Atlanta Georgian says
we have learned the great truth that
lynching doss not stop the crime
against our women. We have reached
by elimination the conclusion that
other experiments must be tried to
intimidate the criminals of the negro
race. 0 e of the most hopeful of these
experiments seems to be a statute au
tbOcrizing the mutilation of the crimi
nal and the branding of him on the
forehead with the letter "R," signIff
cant of his crime and making him an
object of suspicion for the rest of time
The other experiment is to devise
sonwe new and mysterious form of pun
ishment wrapped in darkness and in
mystery which will appeal to the ter
ror and to the superstition of the
But beyond these and above these
and more potential than all others,. h
the stern and insistent demand of cur
white clvilization that the leaders of
the negro race shall give us from this
time forth that co operation which
they have heretofore refased. The
South is g-owing indignantly tired of
negro tirades in central cities against
the lawlessness of Lynching. We are
tired of negro platitudes and resolu
dions against the injustice of the
Souti toward the negr . And we have
utterly lost patience with these pacd
fiec preachments which cry out for law
and order on the part of the white
man, while they spend no time nor
breath nor effort in thunlering to
their own people the earnest and pas
sionate denunciation of these crimi
nals who make the chief tension and
the deadly friction between the ra
Now see here: The South has for 25
years befriended the negroes In every
prattical way. We have helped to
sustain their schools, we have buried
their dead and helped to maintain
their living sometimes in Idleness and
sometimes in want But now as one
unit in the mass of Southern senti
ment, The Georgian lifts its voice and
protests that herceforward it will give
no dollar and lend no aid and no co
cperation to any negro institution
until its offcers, its preachers, its
teachers and its editors shall join with
u3 in thundering into the ears of the
negro race the warning and denuncia
"ion of this horrible crime.
Withcut passIon, or at least with
out passion which is not richly due
and justified, we ask our breathren of
the Southern press and our Caucasian
friends and brethren r-verywhere to
Fake this firm and unalterabre stand
-that they will help no negro church,
newspaper or school until they know
that its preachers, its teachers and
its editors in those institutions are
thundering the doctrine of hell and
damnation to the assailants of white
women. Now this is fair. It is just,
and it Is right.
The South is living under a shadow
which no man can estimate. Men
whose public meetings are held at
hme because they are afraid to leave
their-families alone even In the shel
tr and sanctity of tbeir own homes
after nightfall. Men cannot go to
church for the same reason. And this,
please God, is the South. We are a
free people and a great country. Are
we to live forever under this shadow
and under this terror? Are we to sit
still and help to build up these negro
Institutions when they are silent and
apathetic toward the peril in which
their criminals put the best element
of our race? A-re we to co operate
with these people to build up institu
tions when they are silent and apa
thetic toward the peril in which they
do not preach the enormity of these
offenses? Are we to be forever held
in a tite of seige with our women,
trembling in fear and terror when
they are alone? Is the liberty which
our fathers bought with their blood
to be surrendered to the foul terror
of an alien and subordinate race?
We tell these teachers, these
preachers and these editors that they
have the most vital Interest in this
affair. If the b~mndaries of restraint
are ever broken by this Caucasian race
in a wi'd spIrit of retaliation for a
c~ndition which imprisons and terri
fis the noblest worreu of the world,
they themselves will be whelmed in
the tidal wave which follows.
And we say here and now to Book
er Washington, to Gaines, and Turner
to Prcctor and to Stinson, and to the
rest of those who are so eeger to ru-h
into print to plead for law and order;
that if they have any regard for the
future of their race and for them
selves, they will take the hint which
is not unkindly sent from this arous
ed and indignant race of Caucasians,
and will stand shoulder to shoulder
with us in demanding that every
preacher in ever country pulpit and
every editor of every little 2!4 sheet
and that every teacher in the city and
country school shall devote some part
of his sermon or some portion of his
edtoial, or some segment of his
scholastic hours to preaching hell and
damnation to all who are guilty of
this fiendish crime.
We assure these men that the
Caucasian sentiment of this coun
try as it never was before. We
need not and will not continue
to have our wome s live under
the shadow of this fiendish ne
gro lust. We are going to free our
women, no matter what the cost may
be to another race. Tthere is no wild
ness of passion and radicalism in this
annour cement. If these men know
anything they know that we demand
it, and they know that demand is
firmly stern and earnest. But as long
as they continue to howl resolutions
resolutions against lynching, and or
ate against lawlessness while they are
shamefully silent toward the crimes
which produce the mob then the back
of our hand is against them and all
that they represent. This is the po
sition which the present tragic envir
onment sternly demands of the Saxon
race, and we call upon Saxons who
respect themselves to assume it every
About~ Ten Cents.
At Greenville, S. 0., J. ML. Ety
borne, a ycung white man claiming
Cedartown, Ga.., as his home, was
seriously cut in an affri.y with Ralph
Mcal, his companion, Wednesday.
Both men were drinking blind tiger
whiskey and the trouble was the out
corn of a dispute over ten cents, Ray
bone was cursing and pursuing Mc
Call, when the latter drew his knife
and inflicted a long gash across Ray
borne's neck. McCall was locked up.
He came from North Carolina several
years ago. Raybornie's father is a
aptst miniser t Qedartown. Ga.
TH ix rI.TH COGRESS.
The Democrats Rave a Fair Chanc
of Capturing It.
Last winter on the flor of the
House the assertion was boldly made
by Rlpresentative Jhn Sharp Wil
liam-for even Mr. William's most
ordinary remarks are said with an air
of boldness--that the next House
would be Demoratic by an easy ma
jority. Although such will probably
not be the case with the SIxtieth
Congress, it is now generally conceded
by Republican leaders, and the ad
ministration at Washington, that
the large Republican majority they
enjoyed during the last session will
be materially lessened. It is admit
ted that forty Republican seats will
be lost to the next housee. The New
York Herald lists them as follows:
Illinois. ......-..-.- 7
Nebraska.... .. .. ...... ..... --1
New Jersey...................... 2
New York......... .........6
North Carolina ............... I
Upon the sul jact of the Democrats'
chances of securing a maj.rity In the
House The Herald further says:
"It is frankly admitted that no liv
ing man who feels there will be a loss
of forty Congressional districts to his
party can safely make the prediction
that the loss will not be fifty or per
haps more, a loss of fifty-six districts
would tie the House. This Is due
entirely to almost unparrelled condi
tions which prevail in the E ipubllcan
party organ'zations in a dczn states
and to agitation along Socialistic
lines for ..the destruction of parties
which is now sweeping along like a
It will be seen that these districts,
which are conceded as lost to the Re
publicans in the next elections are
mainly those which were carried dur
ing the landslide in favor of Mr.
Roosevelt, in the campaign in which
te main issue was R'osevelt himself.
The Herald goes on to say that with
serious troubles In New York, New
Jersey, Ohio. Pennslyvanla, Massa
chusetts. and Iowa, the situation is
more serious to the Republicans than
one would at first suppose. Taking
a ccount of this situation, it has been
suggested that it adds anotbr very
important reason from the E-publi
can standpoint, why President
Roosevelt shculd again be entered
for the campaign of 198. Many Re
publican leaders still believe that his
popu'arity would again sweep the
T ERRI3LE MISTAK.
Saint Louis wcman sent "Yes" to
the Wrong Man.
A dispatch from St. Louis says Mrs.
Rbert T. Sturgeon, wife of the as
sistant cashier of the Merchants'
Lclede National Bank-, who blunder
ed into accepting his proposal of mar
riagce by sending him an acceptanc
intended for another, has disappeared
Her husband is suing her for divorce.
Tae S urgeon' were married in
February 1900. The bride was Miss
Amy Bay, a daughtsr of a Virginia
~amly, a ycung society woman of this
city and an Intimate friend of Mrs.
Rsemarv Sartrrs, the grandaughter
of President Grant.
She was a:pretty girl of great chartr
and her suitors were many. F u
three years it-was mcuoh of a batterfiy
chase between Sturgeon and a hand
some young K mtuckian. Ea~ch was
jealous of the other ani Miss Bay
never gave either the slightest imn
presson as to which she preferred.
She corresponded regularly, went
riding and plajed golf with both.
Then the two !uttors wrote to the
girl on the same day-not the ordinary
kind of love-lectter, but an appes
such as a man writes once in a life
And Miss May answered. To the
Kentuckian the reply was:
"I love you. Yes."
"I love you. But-no."
Then in her feverish haste, with a
thousnd thoug hts whirling through
her mind, she mafled the two.
And It was the unexpected that
happened, for on the following day,
glorying in his trlinpha, Sturgeon
came to clim her. The girl was be
wildered, but real zing that she must
have put the letters in the wrong en
velopes, she played her part. She
was young and soft-hearted, and now
that It happened, she could not make
The Kentuckian went away from
St. Louis and dropped out of her life
but appierently not out of her heart
or her mind or her soul. Yet she
married Sturgeon, never telling hini
that she didn't care for him, save in
an amiable, companion-like way.
The six years that followed were fai
from pleasant. Sturgeon soon realized
that he had won the wife, but not the
heart, and at last the two separated
Now he is suIng for devorce.
The error of the hand has been a
bitter cup of gall. Yet it is not over,
for process servers are unable to find
the woman, and Sturgeon cannot gain
Wanted to Lynch Him.
The Atlanta Journal says after
shooting a negro woman and her six
yearold son, George McHenry, a ne
gro, narrowly escaped a lynching late
Tuesday night at the hands of mem
ers <(f his own race. About midnight
a negro row developed near the corner
of Piedmont avenne and Elis street
During the controversy a bullet, said
to have been fired by McHenry, passed
entirely through the shoulder of the
child and afaerwards landed In the
stomach of Its mother, who gave her
name as Hettie Griggs. Other negroes
present became highly incensed and
begau chasing MoHenry, with the
avowed intention cf lynching him. it
Is likely that the man would have
been roughly handled but for the op
portune arrival of Call Offiers Dunton
;nd Gallaher, 'who had speedily re
sponded to a telephone call. McHenry
was arrested and is now held at head
quarters on the charge of assault with
intent to murder. The injnred wo
man and child were carried to the
Grady hospital. Bath will probably
Kulled Two Children.
At Columblus, Ohio, Mrs. Henry
Krippen, a farmer's wife in Putman
nunty, decapitated two children,
aged three and one and a half years,
tn told the neighbor of the dr
Friday. The woman was recently dis
charged from the State asylum for
the inane at Tolerdn.
RED OR GREEN.
Color Troubles of the Color 5lind
It is well known that the poet Whit
tier was color blind and unable to dis
tinguish red from green. He once
bought for himself a necktie which he
supposed to be of a modest and suit
able olive tint and wore It once. He
never wore it again, for his friends
soon made him aware that it offended
against the traditional quietness of
costume enjoined alike by the habits
of the Friends and by his own taste.
The tie was of flaming scarlet.
On another occasion, when he found
a little girl In distress on account of
a new gown, made over from her elder
sister's, which was not becoming to
her coloring and complexion, he tried
to console her.
"I wouldn't mind what a rude boy
says about It, Mary," he said kindly.
"Thee looks very well Indeed in it,
like an oread, Mary, dressed all In
Unfortunately, Mary was not dressed
in green. She' was red haired, and her
dress was red. That was the troUble.
Once, on a day In mid-March, when
out walking with a Friend and deeply
engaged in conversation. Mr. Whittier
approached too near for safety to a
place where blasting was going on.
The danger signal was shown, but
neither Friend noticed it until a work
man, violently waving his arms and
shouting, leaped before them and
warned them back.
-"I didn't see the flag at all," said
Mr. Whittier's companion.
"I saw it," rejoined the poet, wtth
a twinkle in his eye, "but I thought It
was in honor of St. Patrick. Thee
knows my defect. I can't tell Erin
from explosions except by the harp!'
They Are Beautiful and Abu=anit
Decause They Rat Meat.
"I have yet to see a rose equal tc
those gown in Rome," said the ama.
teur horticulturist. '"They bloom tm
the greatest abundance all through the
winter, and they are as large and ricd
and velvety as American Beauties, iv1
Sug out of doors, climbing lke Ivy oi
honeysuckle over the crumlling marble
walls of ruined temples, gleaming iE
crimson and green masses upon an
cient columns, giving to the grlmmesl
and saddest of mediaeval palassos at
air of gayety and youth.
"One day on the Via Sistina, as I
passed the garden that had once beez
the garden of Lucullus, I saw an old
man tending the superb roots that grow
there. He was pouring on their root
a dark, rich looking fuid.
"'Why are the Roman roses so beau
tful and abundant? I said to the old
"'Because they eat meat,' he an
"'Eat meat? Nonsense,' said L
"'Well, they drink meat-meat ex
tract, which is the same thing,' said thE
old man. 'We Roman gardeners have
for centuries watered our roces thrict
a week with a' strong decoction of frest
beef-a rich grade of beef tea. The3
are meat eaters. That Is why the rose
of Rome are as hardy and prolide a
weeds'and at the same time as richly
delicately beautiful and as sweetly per
fumed as flowers grown under glasa "
A commercial traveler for a Londom
firm secured an order for ?1,000 In the
west of England and, as It was no'
duly acknowledged, wrote a letter tc
the firm calling special attention to 11
and saying. "I thought you would con
sider such an order quite a feather Iz
In reply he received this note fron3
his principal: "We have filed your or
der and inclose for your cap the ont
feather you require."
After a fortnight came another let
ter from the firm:~ "The people whc
gave you the ?1,000 order have failed
and we lose the goods. We have this
day sent to yol' a bagful of feathers
for you to fly home with, as we dc
not want you out on the road for us
any more."-Strand Magazine.
Focd Value of Cheese.
It is said that one pound of cheesi
Is equal in food value to more than tw<
pounds of meat It is very richin pro
teids and fat Considering this, It if
low in price when compared with mea1
and ought to do good service to the
poor man'in replacing occasionally thE
regular diet of meat. In America eheesi
Is looked upon more as a side dish ani
luxury than in some parts of Europe
The Swiss peasant depends on It as
staple second only to broad, while thi
use of It in Englmnd and Germany is
Visitor (to widow)-I am t~ sorry ti
hear of the sudden death of your hus
band. Did they hold a postmortem ex
"Yes, and, like those doctors, they
did not hold it until he was dead, o1
they might have saved his lfe,"--Ci~n
What It Cest Mirn
Mrs. Watts-Therel We have cleared
off the last of that church debt, and
It never cost you men a cent See what
women can do. Mr. Watts- don't
know about the other fellows, but I
know you have made me spend more
than $100 for extra meals downtown
while you were out monkeying around.
The First Sia-ht.
Ethel-I understand it was a case of
love at Uflrs sight between yack and
Miss OldgIrl. Maud-Yes, dear. But
the first sight was at her bank book.
Wnder is the first cause af phils
The Kitchen Autocrat.
"Yes, ma'am, an' now that I'm goin'
to take hold here I'll settle th' permit
business first of all. You see, I carry
me own fountain pen. There, take that
an' don't lose it"
"What Is this?"
"That's a permit, ma'am, for you to
visit th' kitchen. It entitles you to one
visit a week. If you come oftener th'
permit will be taken up. an' don't you
forget lt."-Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Where the Rub Comes.
"Well,' said the good natured board
er, "there's one thing about our board
ing house-you can eat all you like
"Of coursel same as ours," replied
the grouchy one. "You can oat a's you
like, but there's never anything you
could possibly like." - Philadelphia
Depends on the Ifan.
"What good Is experenci?" walled
the man who was looking for a job.
"You can't cash It."
"Some people can," said his friend.
"I bought some experience once that
cos me n,0O"-Detenit Ere Press
IE GOES FREF1.
COVAR ACQUITTED BY A JURYOF
The Jury Was Cut A11ight Pefore
Arriving at "a Verdict
in the Case t
In the Court of General Sessiors on
l'st Thursday morning t he case of Mr.
R. H. Covar, charged with the murder
of late Mr. Jas. T. Parks, was enter- s
ed into. It consumed the entire day
and the jury did not bring in its ver- I
dict until fcur o'clock Friday morning,
having been in tne jury room since
about six o'clock of the evening before. s
It seems that one member of the jury
wanted to convict Mr. Covar of man
slaughter, and it took several hours
to bring him over to a verdict of ac
quittal. Mr. Govar was represented
by Messrs. Wolfe and Berry and Col.
A. H. Moss and Solicitor Hilde
brand w:-s assisted in the prosecution
by the Hon. T. M Raysor. We pre
sent eiv * ,uc Le teu,.,.. ui s. verai of
the more important witnesses, includ
ing that of Mr. Covar, who tcok the.
stand in his own behalf. He frankly
told all he knew about the diflicu;tY
in a cool, modest manner, and his de
meanor as a witness made a most fa
vorable impression on all who heard
his testimony. The following is the
testimony in the case:
WITNESSES F::E THE PRo:ECUTION.
The first w.tness introduced by the
State was Dr. A. S. Hydrick whC
testified to the cause of Mr. Parks'
death. He was followed ly Magis
trate C. P. Brunson, who was setting
in his buggy near the scene of the
tragedy on that fateful JuLe mornwpg
Mr. Brunson said he saw Covar walk
ing on the Courthouse side of Churct
Street towards Russell street, and he
saw Parks coming out the Courthoust
door. He saw them as the' approach
ed the gate. one was coming down the
side walk towards the gate and the
other was coming out of the Court
house; both were coming in the di
rection of the gate. Just as they. met
something was said, but he could not
hear what it was, as they spoke very
low. Just as Covar got there he was
walking with his head down towad
Russell street when Parks came out
and said something. Covar righ
about faced and soa ething more was
said, and just then Pa ks drew off
that way and hit at Covar. I did not
know whether he hit him or not, Lut
I found out that he did hit him, h,
hit at him 6 ith althis might, so much
so that he raised -his foot up off the
ground when he swung at him. Just
about that time Covar pulled out his
pistol and shot, and then Parks pulled
his pistol, and the fir ng kept up till
they both emptied their pistols. He
was positive that Parks struck the
first blow and that Covar fired the
first shot. He said he did not see Co
var's pistol before he commenced fir
ing, Covar was in his shirt sleeves
and had something in his hand, did
not know whether it was letters or
what. When Parks spoke to him he
turned right ai ound and looked him
right in the face, and then Parks
struck him or at him. Said he could
not tell how many shots were fired by
ither party. A fter the shooting
Parks went back towards where Covar
Iad come from, and they were both
tingering at their pistols, and Covar
applied a vile epithet to Parks and
said he was running. Mi. Brunson
said Mr. A. M. .Bozard was talking to
elm when the shooting occurred. He
also said he saw old Mr. Covar with
a pistol in his, hand and told his son
to shoot Parks. Mr. Brunson says he
told Parks to shoot Covar and just
ten Mr. Bowman came out of his
oice and said "stop this, men, stop
this shooting, can't you see that this
man is killed." Mr. Bowmnan was re
ferring toa Prks who was in the street
beween the place where the shooting
ook place and Mr. Bowman's office.
Old Mr. Covar then said "Now,
Robert, stop: don't you hear me, stop!"
The wit ness then stid that Mr. Lins
cedt and a great many other people
iad gathered. Mr. Brunson said there
was an interval of about ten seconds
etween the first and the other shots.
but he did not know who fired the
second shot. He said Parks did not
draw his pistol until ovar had shot
him in the face. Then he wheeled
round and threw his body and head
oward and began to fire, but he he1
no pistol when the first shot was fired.
Just when they go't to the gate they
were about to pass and Parks saluted
him and he turned and saluted Parks
and Parks struck at him and then the
shot was fired. le said Parks had
come down the morning of th shoot
ing from Columbia, where he lived.
with Mrs. Parks and the children.]
On cross examination Mr. Brunson1
said Old Mr. Covar came from the Pa
triot otfice and just as he~was passing
his buggy he heard him saf to his son
that he must shoot Parks. He said
his buggy was ten or twelve feet above
gate towards the Patriot office when
Old Mr. Covar passed with a pistol in
his hand. Mr. Brunson, who is an
uncle of Mrs. Parks, said the whole
thing was done so quick that it dazed
him. He also said he was naturally
Mr. A. C. Linstedt was the next1
witness put up by the prosecution.
Mr. Linstedt said he was coming
down Church street from Russell
street on the Courthouse side of the
street and was at about the second
panel of the fence when I saw Parks
and Covar meet and I saw Parks
strike Covar in the face. I was too
tar away to hear anything that was
said or that passed between themif
there was any thing. They met right
in the Courthouse gate. Said he did
not know were either of the comba- I
tants came from, but said he thought
Covar fired the first shot. He said
there was a short interval between
the first and the other shots. Said
Covar was in his shirt sleeves and
Parks had on his coat. Did not know
bow many shots weAce tired, as the
were both shooting as fast as they
could. He saw that they were both
trying to reload their pistols and I
caught hold of (Covar and told him to
give me that pistol and he handed it a
to me, and then the old man came up
with his pistol, and I said give me that E
pistol, and he said don't disarm me,
and I told him to put it in his pocket.
and I would not disar m him, and he
did. He then went off with his son,
Covai was standing between the two i
gate posts when Parks struck. The
blow knocked him back off the side- t
walk or he stepped off, and when be ,
fired he was standing in the gutter,
and Parks was on the sidewalk right ~
against the fence. They were about
eight or ten feet apart, and Parks g
kept retreating and Covar was stand- t
ing still until he commenced reload- si
ing when he advanced. When the
shooting was over Mr. Linstedt said b
he had hold of Covar but didn't notice b
where Parks was, and that it was not
a very pleasant place to be in and he
wished he was somewhere else. When
Parks struck Covar with his fist he a
was right up on him, and the force ofg
the blow knocked Covar back, and a
after he struck him Parks stepped
back. I was watching Covar; he was
knocked back three or four feet, at
least he staggered back that distance.h
He heard some one say shoot him
Parks, but I don't know who it was.Y
Did not see Covar draw his pistol. el
On cross examination Mr. Linstedt m
sd.the only reason why he said Covar n
fred first, was because he was watch
ing him. They might have fired
siultaneously. If he had beer
watching Parks he might have seenG
hi fire first. He said he could not M
with absolute certainty tell who fired G
he ft shot, as he was so close .o hi
hem. w hile the shooting was going
n he heard some one tell Parks to
shoot him." Saw the papers fall out
WITNESES FOR THE DEFENCE.
Mr . James M. Brailsford testified
bat Covar w .s in his offica on the
iorning of the tragedy and left im
itdiatelv prior to the sho-t-rg; that
lvar tofd him that he bad heard Parks
ad threatened him; and that he knew
bat Parks was in town and he wa
ryirg to avoid Pny difficulty.
Mir Frank Scyder, who was in range
f the shooting, testified that Parks
red the first shot. Mr. Snyder's tes
imony tallied closely with Mr. Lind
Mr. M. F. Inabinet testified that
'arks was in the Auditor's office on
he morning of the tragedy and just
rior to the shooting, say ing that he
rould see him later, That Mr. Parks
eemed to be in a good humor.
Mr. T. R McCants testified that he
vas in the corridor of the Courthouse
,t the time of the shooting and that
he Elder Covar was in one of the of
ices in the Courthouse and went out
,t the same time he did. He did not
et out until the shooting had ceased.
Col. M. 0. Dantzler testified that he
vas in the couithouse at the time of
he shooting; that he heard the shots
nd saw Mr. Parks back across the
ath down in the direction of Law
lange. He did not get outside until
Jbe shooting had ceased.
A setter was read from.Gov. Shep
ard testiy ing to the good character
f Mr. Covar. Mr. Jas. L. Sims aiso
estified to the peaceable character Of
r. Covar as well a* Mr. Parks.
Mr R. H. Covar testified as follo' s
n his- own b half: He said be came
rom Edgefield to Orangeburg to work
or Mr. Parks, and worked for him for
>ver five years until last January
when Mr. Parks sold the business to
Funderburg and Covar. Mr. Parks
Lnd himself had kne wn each other
when they both lived in Edgefield,
mnd had been as intimate as tL 0
brothers up to the time he ani
Funderburg bought the 'business.
After that a differences arose between
s as to who was to pay the outstand
ing debts of the Patriot when it was
;old by Mr. Parks which caused some
ill feeling. Before the day of the un
ortunate difficulty Mr. Covar said he
bad not seen Mr. Parks in several
months. On th.t day h saw him
Dwice in the alley near the beer dis
pensary. He started to the postcffilce
for the mail and he saw Mr. Parks
gain at the corner in front of Bosch's
store as 1 passed. He was talking to
Capt. John S. Rowe. '1 here were
several other people there, but he did
not notice who thsy were. As he
passed Mr. Parks saw hinr. He then
went on and got the mail and on his
way back stopped at Mr. Lathrop's
ofice to see him about a Knight's
f Honor matter. He left there and
went on over ".o Mr. Brailsfords office.
As he left Mr. Lathrop's office and
ame on across the street he saw Mi.
Parks and Mr. Funderburg standing
in front ot the old Patriot office and .
went into Mr. BrailforIs office and
collected a small bill that he owed me.
I talked with him a awhile and told
him I had heard of threats that Mr
Parks had made that day and that ]
had come in there to avoid trouble. I
stayed there about twenty minutes
until I noticed that Mr. Parks ha
gone. He then told Mr. Brailsfor
that the way seemed clear and thal
he would go. I went up to the en
gine house and crossed diagonall3
across the street towards the Court,
house, and when I got there about the
gate 1 hearo some one walking and
looked up and saw Mr. Parks. I was
reading my mail .when I heard some
one walking and looked up and saw
him. I had just crossed the bridge
in front of the Courthouse gate going
in the direction of the printing onice.
[ had just stepped on the sidewalli
when he said: "I1 want to tell yot
that you are a dirty lyinr, thieving
son of a bitch" and just then he
kocked me in the eye, and being a
beavier man than I knocked me back
rad broke the glasses in my eye, which
almost blinded me, as my righa eye is
almost my sole dependence. The blow~
tunned me and knocked me off the
sidewalk. After he struck me he
drew his pistol and fired the first shot
which went through my hat. He ran
back a few steps before firing. 1 had
tny pistol in my bosom as I was in my
shirt sleeves and had to tear my shirt
open before I could get my pistol out.
As soon as I got my pistol out 1 fired,
and continued to aire until the pisto]
was empty. He was struck three
times. Dii not know how many
times Mr. Parks shot. He said his
father came up and told him to stop.
lis father came out of the Court
ouse. His brother and Mr. Linstedt
lso came up and he gave the latter
is pistol. Mr. Covar said he and Mr.
Parks had always been good friends
up to the disagreement, and that Mr.
Parks was a peaceable man, but he
2ad been warned by several persons
hat Mr. Parks would shoot him on
ight, and that he really expected to
>e killed when Mr. Parks came up and
truck him, and that he only shot to
ave his own life.
AKAZ3S TEE RECBIVIE.
Ee Brings Wife'sAshes to The Bank
At New York on last Thursday af
ernoon Antony Przczynski carried
he ashes of his dead wife to the MIl
iaukee avenue State Bank In a vain
~fort to get a small deposit that had
>een placed in the bank In his' wife's
The man presented to Receiver Fet
;er a bank book and asked for payment
if the dividend declared by the re
"But that is in your wlfe'sine,"
aid the receivar.
"I know it," said the man.
"Well, she will have to come for
ihe money herself. Do you understand
ne. She will have to be brought
"I have brcught her."
"Where is she."
"Here," said the man. He held
ht a small tin box. The receiver
hought the man was crazed and
tarted to call one of the spccial offi
era. Something in the visitors ean
at appearance, however. deterred
He slowly unfolded two papers.
The first was a certificate of his
The second was a certificate that
te tin box contained the ashes of his
ife, who had been cremated.
"The company that cremated my'
!fe placed her ashes in this box and
ave me this certificate that it con
Lined all that was left of her body,"
aid the man.
Ashes of the dead had not before
sen presented to the receiver, and he
ad the "creeps."
"You will have to get~ letters of ad
dnstraton In your wife's estate,"
hid the receiver. "After that, Il
>to town and talk to my lawers," he
Shot on Street.
Shot down walking with his sweet
art on an East side Street in New
ork Thursday, Joseph Grasso, aged
ghteen, died at a hospital Friday
orning. Joseph Lowenthal was
oded by a stray bullet of Grasso's
sasin. The pollce think Grosso was
an by a rejected suitor of Margaret
arnovale, Grasso's sweetheart. The
sasn- was not apprehended. The
arnovale girl and a girl friend are
1KJ IC rlI)N E.(L UIL
IN SkEVERAL CLOSE P R1IAIES
IN THI i STATE.
How the Vote Stood In the First
and FeCOLd Primaries For
F everal Years
By req test we publish the results
of several primaries held in this State
in the last ten years In which there
were sharp contests. The first one
-e give eccurred In 1896 when Messrs.
E7ans, E .rle and Duncan contested
for a seat In the U:dted States Senate.
The vote in the frst primary was as
Duncan........... .....8 369
Total vote................ 77,743
E vans only lacked 481 votes to elect
fim, ard it did lock as if be ought to
get them out of Duncan's 8,369 votes,
out he did not as the following result
in the second primary shows:
Erle.. ............... 323
Evans increised his vote in the
second primary only 1 775 votes,
while Earle Increased his 11,337 votes,
gzivirg him the nomination by a
mijority of 3,157 over Emns. The
:esult was a great disappointment to
;he friends of Evans, who were con
fident that their candidate from his
big lead In the first primary would be
an easy winner in the second.
We will next consider the primary
-of 1898 when E :erbe was nominated
over Featherstone, the prohibition
candidate. In the rst primary the
vote was as follows.
Ellerbe...... . ........... 29 279
Featherstone .............. 17.616
Liliman............. .....11 491
Schumpert........... ......7 682
Of the total vot cast Elerbe re
ceived 29 279 against 44,029 given to
5he other. four candidaues. He lacked
7.375 votes to nommate him. The
next highest candidate was Feather
itcne and he lacked 19,038, having
received 11,663 votes less than
Ellerbe. In the face cf such a lead
is that It would seem that Eilerbe
would win with a big mej)rioy but
be did not, as he barely got in by A
majority of 1.986 over F.atherstone
Ias the following vote in the second
Featherstone ......... ...... 29442.
Total vote............ 60,870
The vote fell cff nearly 13,000 from
the first to the second primary, but
It will be noticed that Fealiberstone
increased his vote 11.826, while Eler
be only Increased his 2,149.
We will rert consider the primary.
In which Gv. McSweeney won over
Col. Hoyt. The vote in first primary
was as follows:
.y............. ........33 83E
~y....... ............... 12,956
Tcotal vote............. 92 429
O, the otak vote eaist McSweeney
receIved 39 097 against 53.332 for the
other fcur candidates. e lacked
5,117 votes to ncminate hIm.' The
aexU nkiest candidate was Hoyt, and
be lacked 11 826 votesto give him a
majarlty, he inaving received 5,264 -
votes less than McSweeney. Hoytis
frirnds fels confident -that cut of the
53,332 votes cast against McSweeney
their ca...didate would get enough to
'nominate him, but they were badly
mistaken asthe result of the -second.
primary shows. The vote in the s
cond primary was as follows:
Hoys................... 37 412
The vote felcif only 3654 from
the first to the second psimary. Mo
Sweeney increased his vote 12;266
while Hoyt increased -his vote only
3 654 It will be seen that Mo
8,veeney was nemidated by a ma
jarity of 13.951 over Hoyt, who
was the prohibition candidate. Mc
Sweenev favored the dispensary, and
so did Gary and Patterson, and In
thLe secornd primary nearly all of their
vote went to McSweeney, whicitgave
him the nomination.
Murwder Near~ Livinston.
Isaac Sewrite shot and killed
Demps Davis near Livingston on
Wednesday night of last week. The
shooting was done with a shotgun
and was about a woman. Davis lived
about ahalf hour after he. was shot.
Both men were colored and the homi
cide occured in the hack yard of -a
farm house, on the plantation of Mr.
J. S. Lvingston. In the absence of
he coroner It is said no one would
touch the body. It lay where it fell
until Thursday afternoon. when It
was understood arrangements were
being made to hold an inquiest by a
magistrate who resides near the
He Rugged Roko.
For hugging Hoke Smith, at-Macon,
Ga., when he concluded his spech ac
cepting Democratic nomination for
Governnr, Policeman Tam Wiliams
will have to face the Police Oommis
son on- a charge of being offensively
active In politics. The charge was_
perferred by persons who were off en
ded by William's action. Wi11iams
says he was so moved by Hoke Smith's
speech he couldn't help giving a hug.
At Elyria, O'aio, three men were
killed and a dczen seriously injured by
the falling of the second floor of the
new factory building of the Garford
company under construction. SI'eea
workmen on the first floor of the bt ild
ing were caught beneath the fall of
heavy tile, brick and steel beams of
the wrecked floor. The dead and In
jured, so far as known, are Hunga
rians who were doing heavy construe
ion work. The names and cause are
Six .Men Killed.
The parting of a cable on the Brit
sh steamer Halls in the port of Pro
resso, Yucatan, brought instant
eath to six men Thursday. They
were In a small boat alongside the
steamer, which was being unloaded,
when several tons of boxed machinery
roke from the hoists and crashed
airly on top of the small boate. Two
were rescuea unhurt.
A kiss Is the thermometor by whicla