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HE SAVED HIM.
One Brother Conefesses to Crime;
to Save Another.
IM TihE GUILTY 0N
Said Charles Schacher to -he Jutge
Who Was ',About to Sentence Scha.
cher's Brother to Prison for a
Crime He Did Not
There is more than "honor anmong
thieves " The plain and invarnist
ed facts here set forth show that ir
the bosom of a thief the sense of ju
tice may be so frmly implanted tbat
he is incapable of seelig another
punished for the crime that was his
You have seen thcse impu:66s por
trayed upon the stage in tbrillig
melodrama. YOu may perhaps reca.
how your heart throbbed as the mim:t
court scene progressed. You felt tba.
the hero in the prisoner's dock wa
innocent, though the evidle:ce seemezr
overwhelmingly against him. You
watched the pale !sce of the heroine,
his promised wife, and gloried in the
steadfastness of her faith in the mat
Then, at the critical mcment, bow
your pulses bounded when the res'
criminal pushed his way through tbe
throng befoie the bar of justice anc
said to the Judge:
"This man is Innccent; I, and I
alone, am guilty!'
Well, such a scene has lately beer
enaced in a real court-another in
stance that real human life is con
stantly coming to the support of the
ideals of poets and dramatists; that
men and women, even in this self
seeking and sordid age, have gooc
impulses, and act upon them to tnei
If a dramatist should make this in
stance the .basis for a stage play pro
bably he would entitle his plecA
"Brother for Brther"-for the mar.
wrongly accused, Imprisoned and
brought to trial was the brother of
the guilty man. who was safe because
he was not even suspected of ;ht
These brothers are Charles and
Abraham Schacher and twins. Abra
ham Isrnmar'ied. Charles, with h:h
comely wife and several children,
lives In a comfortable home In tht
Jewish qarter of Montreal, Canada
He was a hardworking man, mued
respected by all his neighbors. A bra
ham was of a lively disposition, and
inclined to be convival.
In November of last year Abrahaz
Schacher left Montreal and ja rneye.
to New York, expecing .v nad desir
able employment there, he said 0.
had gone from Montreal only a tow
days when a tarrible blow feil upoL.
Charles Sancher and~ his devo~et.
Offiers of the law from Kingstor.
went one evening to the Sohache
home, found the husband and fathe.
in the bosom of his famiLy and placec.
him nder arrest.
"Why is this?" demanded the
"You are are wanted in Kingston,'
the offoers said.'- ' You are accassec
of the burglary of Mc.Kay's fur store
there laan week. Tne value of the
furs stolen is $3,000. Here is tus
warrant for your arrest. Come, wt
have no time to waste."
"My husband shall not go witi
-you," said Mrs. Sachanher, stoutly.
"No man In the world is more inno
cent than he is, oif any crime."
"We muss do our duty," said the
offcers. "Come, Snanne, get youi
hat and coat."
"No, he shall not go," said the
wife again, clinging to her husband'k
arm. "Tell me, when was this burg
The offcers named the date of the
"There!" said the woman In triumph;
"I told you my husband could noi
be guilty. I can prove that he was
here at home with me and our chil
dren on thai. night. He had not beorn
to Kingston'for more tnan a week."
"You will have to tell that to the
judge," said the offcers, "we must o
"I1 will go," said Charles Schacher,
calmaly-anld then to his wife, wiio
was weeping on his shoulder: "Why
should Ino go with these gentlemen?
1 am Innocent, but mistakes oitenL
- happen in this world. I will soom
prove my innocence, then I will re
turn, and all will be as it was
Before they took Charles Schacher
away the 'ffcers carefully searched
the house. Tney found no~ne of the
stolen articles,-thby found nothmne
in the slightest degree pointing t(.
him as the thief. .but they took nim
to Kingston and looted him up.
le is well known that cffiers of the
law do not like to confess their mis
takes. Although the law presumes
the accused "to be innocent until he
is proved guilty," the operation of the
law's machinery gives that worthy
adage-a decidedly farcIcal look,,.even
a comic opera Interpretation. Al
though the law presumed Charles
Schacher to be innocent, it kept him
carefully behind iron bars and set
about systematically to fasten the
crime upon him.
There were several accomplices also
behind the bars, agamnst whom there
was suffcient evidence. But they
preserved a sullen silence. It was
useless for Charles Schacher to appeal
to them. So the lawyers for the pro
secution went on serenely to wind
their toils about Schacher, beginning
with the only solitary fact in their
possession-that his name was that of
one of the thieves.
All this time Charles Schacher lan
gulsed in jai-from November until
June 20 he was deprived of his liberty,
and then was removed from his cell,
only to be placed in the prisoner's
He stood there still strong of heart,
being a simple-minded man with un
bounded faith in the compelling force
of Innocence. In court, 1oo, was his
wife. But she was worried. She was
learning tbirgs about the process ox
the la.w that liled her with dismay.
After it was all over she told or-tie
uphill struggles of herself and hei
husband's lawyers to gain the slight
est show of justice:
"When they had my husband once
under arrest I suppose they wanted
to cctavlct him because they were
afraid Ike would sue them for dam
"They were very hard on us and
one lawyers. They tried every way
to convie' my husband. They treat
ed our lawyers like dirt. under their!
f. et When our lawyerd gave their,
word of honor that my husband was
in court in Montreal with them on
the d'te of the rcbery in King ton
as witness in another case, t'ey
laughed and jered at us. No, unlesu
you are rich and powerful you can
get no j stice in this world-xc= pt
Standing there in the dock, Charles
Schacher was still cor fient of vic
tory. He smiled at his worried wife
as the imposing lawyer representing
the royal crown of England rose to
itate to the Court what a guilty man
be vas. Point by point the learned
King's counsel showed how Cbarles
Schacher could not possibly
escape the cons' queneS of his crir-e.
Then came the witnesse5s-"wit
nesses" with testimony to prove that
an innocent man, who was in anobber
city at the time, had committed this
crime. The man in the prisoners'
.cck stared at them, wonderlag it he.
could be awake.
The coils tightened. The sbadow
f despair rfsted on the faces of the
wife and the lawyers for the defense
The faces of the King's counsel and of
,he lawyers representing the man
who had lost the furs were compla
cent and virtuously glad.
But suddenly there ras an i-ter
iuptlon in the proceedings. Some
body had entered the court ror m aur
mas whispering in the ear cf ti't
King's Corsel, and that lesned
gentleman's face was showing unmis
.akable indications of a dis:.ressed
He coughed once or twies behind
'is band, and whispered in the ear of
'be senior lawyer for the defen' e
4lth a manner so suddenly and
strangely obb quious that Mrs. Scha
aber wondered if the Almighty bno
-tricken him with a righteous illness.
Then both lawyers approe ched th1
encb a-d conversed in low tones
-ith the j dge, who appared much
tartled, and commanded:
"Admit tl-is man, at onet *''
Thereupon an effier oi tre courw,
standing by he door, admitted a pale
young man, and walked by his side
-own the aisle to the bar of justice
l'he prisoner in the dock, at sight of
the ecomer, flushed, then turned
deadly pale. Mrs. Schacher raised
her hands and half screamed:
"It Is Abraham! It is my hus
band's brother !'
"Stand down," said the judge t
Cnarles Sobacher was led from the
ck to a chair beside his lawyers
Chen the Juc'Re spoke again:
"If one Abraham Schacher is ir.
ourt, let him take the witness chabi
and be s*orn."
The pale voung man walked fira:*.
to the seat his brother bad j st va
ted, sat down, raised his right
aand and received the oath to "tell
Ae truth, the whole truth and noth
Ing but the truth." The Judge
"That is your namEt?"
"Are you related to the defendant
in this cas( ?"
"I am his twin brother."
"Where do you live?'
"In New York lately."
"What do you know about thie
asL? Yz ur brother, the defendant
a charged with .comnplicity in the
heft of 83.000 worth of furs from
he shop of Mr. McK xy last Novem
Abraham Schacher rose and aung
up his hand.
"My brother Is innocent," he said;
"I am the guilty one I"
The courtroom was in an uproar.
Mrs. Schacher cried out: 'Oh, Abra
tar!" And then flan'g her armi
bout her husband's neck. Officers o'
he coun' Lad trouble in restoring
rder. Of t'e two brothers, the
adder and paler now was Charles
e had known himsef innocent all
long, now he must believe his twin
Abraham told his story calmly. He
ad got into bad and reckless com
pany, and with the other accompliceE
under arrest of which his brother
Charles was not one, had helped rob
he McKay store. He had taken no.
share of the plunder; he did not know
what had become of it.
Now the proud lawyer for the
crown took a more humble tone.
They gladly withdrew the case
against Charles Schacher. In their
eagerness to atone for the ic jary done
an innccent man they even asked the
Judge to be lenient with the guilty
"In consideration of your youth,
and your sense of justice and right in
coming to tne rescue of your Innocent
3rother," said the judge to Abraham,
who had been placed formally under
arrest, "the court imposes sentence
of but a single year in prison, in the
.ope and belief that such a lesson
will be srffiaient to guarantee your
honorable conduct thereafter."
These word caused the innocent
brother to burst into tears. He threw
ais arms about Abraham, and there
was presented the strange and pathet
i picture of a guilty brother, with
conscience eased by his cnfession,
comforting the innocent one, who
now, fur the first time exhibited emo
If it had been possible, Charles
Sciacher, innocent as he was, would
now have eagerly taken upon himself
the penalty awarded to duhe real
V hen crurt had adjourned, specta
tors, court tf~cers and lawyers gave
Charles Schachxer and his wife an ova
tion. But the mistaken prosecution
must have done still more, for the
reunited Schacher family shortly
afterward moved into a much larger
more coumfortable house, where Abra
ham will be received with open arms
when his sentence expires.
Mineapolis policemen are confron
ted by a mysterious hotel murder,
that of a woman and an unborn child.
Attendants at the Genwood hotel
Thursday broke into a room which had
been occupied by persons registered on
Tuesday as Fred Tyler and wife and
found on the bed the body of a young
woman, There was a bnllet wound
in the top of the head and apparently
she had been dead for several hours
It is said that the man who accompa
nied her left the hotel early Ttu s
day. The woman apparently was of
the better class. Noting was f.u Ad to,
tio establish her idenity. Her linen~
was marked "L T."
Kiled by a Kick.
While carrying the ball over for a
touchdown in a practise game of
foot ball at Lawrenceville, N. J.,
Wednesday, John P. Kennedy, cap
ta~in and right half back of the Law
ence'vlle eleven, was kicked in the
head. He walked cf the field appar
ety unhurt, but died an hour later
in the gymnasium of the school. He
was 21 years old and his home was at
GAVE WAY UNDER IT.
CASSIER FAIREY UNABLE TO
LOCATE EVIDENT ERROR
In Bis Books Qaietly Leaves the
City for Parts Unknown But
When it be3ame known on Thurs
day morning that Mr. John W. Fairey,
cashier of the ElIsto Savings Bank,
had left Orangeburg never to return,
it caused a wild sensation, but no ex
citement. It tranipired during the
day that President, B. H. Moss, Presi
dent of the Bank, had received a let
ter from Mr. Fairey, in which he said
he would not return to Orargeburg,
that his books showed a sho:tage for
which he could not account, and rath
er than endure the ordeal of suspense
while expert examiners were checking
up the shortage, he was leaving Amer
ica for good. This letter was written
from New York, and Mr. Fairey said
that within one hour after writing he
would sail from that city, giving no
clue to k ii destination.
Mr. Fairey is a son of the late John
W. Fairey, is about 25 years of age,
and seven or eight years ago, while
attending Wcff.jrd college, was efer
ed and accepted the clerkship, In the
Edisto Sivings bank here, giving up
the completion of his college course to
accept the position. Within two years
be was pron-oted to assistant cashier,
and about six months ago the cashier,
Mr. Frederick S. Dibble was elected
vice president, and Mr. Fairey pro
mo' ed to cashier, showing the great
confilence placed in the young man.
During the past three or four years
he has kept the current ledger and it
seems that in trying to strike a trial
balance a few days ago he appeared to
have discovered a discrepancy of about
$100 which be reported to President
B H. Moss. Mr. Moss told him if sat
isded with the discrepancy existed to
charge it cf the books and gave no
serious thought to the matter. It ap
pears now that Mr. Fairey, having
kept the current ledger, was not sat
isfied to charge it cff toe books, feel
ing there was some mist ke, and be
proceeced to hunt it up.
The bank gives its employes 35 days'
vacation with pay during the year.
Mr. Fairey, instead of takir g his va
cation at one time, has been absent
,or two or three days at a time and
ssill had two or three days due him
On Sunday afternoon, September 23,
he rang up Vice President Dibble,
who is book-keeper at tne bank, Mrs.
Dibble answered the phone, and he
roid her to tell Mr. Dibble that he
uld not be at the bank Monday,
and Mr. Dibble concluded he was
taking the balance of his holiday.
Tuhday there was some itttle com
ent among the emplo)es of the bank
when he did not return, and Wednes
day when he was still absent and no
one heard from him it was feared that
ae had met with foul play.
I was known that ne went to Co
umbia Sunday night and Monday
aght one or two of his personal
friends, not connected with the bank.
sent up to Coluxhia to look for their
friend, believing tnat only his inabili
y to write would have kept him trom
.dvising the bank of his whereabouts
Meanwile, although the bank off
cas had no idea of any criminal ac
ion on the part of Mr. Fairey, the
ooks were nastily goJne over and
verthin~g appeared all right.
Col. T. F. Brantley, Mr. F~wrey's
brother-In-law also received a letter
from him on Thursd; y, In which he
said that his furtuer worz on the cur
ent ledger showed a discrepancy of
;out $10,000, but that he had not
aen one cent from the bank; that he
uad the opportunity to take all the
funds if he so dzstred, but he c.uld
ot stand the suspense and was leav
ing for parts unknown. In his letter
-O 0.1. Brantley he stated that he had
taken only $500 with him, this being
he prt fits on a real estate transaction
recmtly made to which Col. Brantley
was aparty, that he had not touched
his bank deposit and this together
with- his other available assets
amounting to $1,700, he turned over
to Col. Brantiey, to be used In the
employment of experts to Investigate
she so-tuought shortage.
O~ihers, however, and among them
sme of his friends, seem to think
that personal matters, In no way con
nected with the bank, were the direct
cause of Mr. Fairey leaving and that
he has only tried to divert attention
from his true reason for leaving,
though this is not plausible. Mr.
Fairey had entree to the best homes
in the city, was generally a favorite,
was a member of Shibboleth lodge A.
F. M., was a Shriner and a member
of Orangeburg lodge of Elks, being an
ificer, besides a memoer of other
social organizsations, and had he but
confided In some friend, the matter
could easily have been adjusted, even
if a shortage had existed.
The officers and directors of the
bank are satisfied that no shortage
exists and so expressed themselves in
a note made public Thursday morn
:ng, and are as much umbf ounded at
Mr. Fairey's action as the public gen
erally. He did not ask the asustacce
of the other bank officis in his hunt
for the discrepancy and the generall:
accepte., theory is that owing to the
anxiety he became temporarily unbal
anced and that probably after- a rest
he will realize his mistake anid return
home. The capital stock of the bank
is $100,000, the surplus 833.000 and a
loss of $10,000 could easily have been
charged off the books without affect
ing tne strength of the bank in the
The news caused no excitem-ent or
alarma and while the other banks of
the city hsstened to tender large
sums of money, in the event rf a run
on the Edisto bank, the offers were
declined and only one customer of the
bank, who had a small savings depos
it, withdrew It. The deposits of the
day exceeded the withdrawals by sev
eral thousand dollars and the bank is
pursuing the even tenor of its way.
T1e bank examiner has been notified
and will doubtless make a thorough
check, but it will not be nEcessary for
the bank to suspend for even an hour
while this is being done. The state
ment ssued by the bank is as fol
"To the Pub'ic:
"John W. Fairey, cashier of this
bank, left Orangeburg Sunday night,
Se pt. 23. his whereabouts are unknown
He sats in a letter from New York,
received by the bank today, that his
current ledger fails to balance and
that he became so worried that he left
this city. He asks f~r an investiga
tion by an expert and also furnishes
the money to pay the expense of this
investigation. He assures the bank
that sucn investigation will prove that
he Is not short in his accouni~s, and
that the bank will lose nothing.
"At this time no shortage has been
:iscovered and It is not believed that
,ndoe eit. Shonld any aborta1
exists It is fully covered by his bond.
"The board of directors assure the
stockholders and depositors that there
is no occasion for uneasiness. The
bank Is absolutelv salvent."
TARE ON COTTON.
Some Facts For Farmers to Consider
About Their Crop,
The cotton Journal reproduces the
following extracts from a speech of
Hon. Harvie Jordan which we take
pleasure in publishing.
"From an economic standpoint
both to the producer and the spinner
it is desirable to reduce to a uniform
and minimum weight the covering of
cotton. While the cost of the bagging
and ties falls entirely upon the pock
kets of the growers under our present
system of marketing, yet its weight
enters Into a question of freight as an
item of expense in the cost of delivery
which deserves the attention of con
sumers. The matter of tare at the
present time is very unjust to the
growers The American manufactur
ers hafe agreed to take their ootton
unon an average reduction of 22 pound
to the bale, while an allowance of six
per. cent is deducted from the groes
weight of all cotton which goes to
export. As the average weight of our
cotton is a little over 500 pounds per
bale gross, it is evident that a deduc
tion of at least 30 pounds per. bale is
figured by the buyers on all cotton for
export. This deduction Is figured from
the price offered to the farmers as all
prices In the interior are based on
gross weights, and the same price is
paid for cotton domestic use as for
foreign shipment. It is evident there
fore, 'that, that the growers, in ap
plying only 22 pounds of bagging and
ties to meet the requirements of do
mestic spioners, suffer an average de
duction cf 30 pounds to the bale and
thereby sustain a net loss of practical
ly eight pounds of lint cotton on every
bale placed upon the market. As sixty
five per cent of our cotton is shipped
abroad and as there is no difference in
the prices cffered ror domestic or for
eign shipment, the L'verpool rcquire
ments control the market.
This Is a matter which needs ad
jastment in order that a fair and just
red action for tare may ba agued upon
and the tare regulated on as light a
basis as will protect the staple and get
it to the spinner in good condition. I
would therefore urge your co-opera
tion along this line, and if our cotton
can be successfully compressed at the
gin, we can deliver a neat package of
uniform density and size with a min
imum weight of tare which should ap
ply to all bales alike, regardless of
A dispatch from Havanna says the
American provisional government as
sumed possession of Cuba Saturday
when Taft's proclamation declaring
himself provisional Go7eraor was Lr
mrliy isu-d. The proclamation was
published in ihs Offmal G:zette and
thousands of printed copies were dis
tributed in Havana and elsewhere.
The terms of the prec:omation
caused general satisfaction, especially
on account of the moderate terms in
which it is phrased. Its statement
that the provisional government of
Cuba is undertaken only on account of
the necessities of the situation, and
its promise trnat the provisional gov
ernment will be maintained purely
for the purp2se of restoring peace,
order, and public confidence until a
permanent g overnment is established
Murdered at Dillon.
At Dillon . uhn L Bain, a merchant,
whose store is opposite the Dillon Cot
ton Mills, was shot ana Instantly kill
ed by Knll:. Q itck, one of the busses
at the mill, aurday at 12 o'clock.
Toe d;imcalty Is said t o have begun
btween Bain and Q ick's wife. Mrs.
Q dick reported to ner husband that
iui had cursed her and used very in
sulting language toward her. Q iick
armed himself and 'went to Basin's
store. Bain saw him coming and met
him outside, where they began curs
ing each other. Soon both drew pis
tols and several shots were fired. Bain,
apparently finding some defect in his
pistol, rusbed to his store, procued a
shotgun, loaded It and appeared again
upon the scene.
Kined by Train.
Mariah Palmer, a colored wnman,
was run over and killed at Sb. Mat
thews Saturday evening by a train.
She had just passed the depot on her
way to Smngleton, her home, with a
sack of rations on her back. The train
was two hours and thirty minutes
late and darkness had set in, but the
lamps were burning and she had
abundant opportunity to leave the
track. She is said to have been some
what idiotic. The train crew were
la no wise to blame for the unfortun
Better Pr-ices In Sight.
Mr. E D smith, President of the
South Carolina Cotten Association,
writing from Taylor, Texas, says:
I left Vicksburg during the storm.
Tae destruction to crops is - reported
terrible. It is estimated that Missis
sippi alone loses half a million bales.
Tne scarcity of labar is endangering4
he Texas crop. The outlook is fine
for better prices. We publish this
for the bend. it of the farmers who
ertainly deserve and should receive
better prices for their cotton.
Five illicit distilleries were destroy
d by a party of revarcue ofD.'ers while
n a raid through the snountains in
he extreme upper part of Greenville
ounty Saturday morning. Recently
here have been several brushes be
ween cflcers and the desperate moon
shiners and the raiding party went
prepared to shoot, being heavily arm
d with rifles and pistols. There was
:no shootidg, however, and the moon
hiners evadled the cf~cers. No-arrests
were made. The distilleries had a
apacity of about twenty gallons each
Lost in Storm.
At New Orleans six persons were
rowned In the Mississippi sound by
he hurricane, eight large sailing ves
sels and about 30 small vessels were
wrecked and Ship Island, Cat island
nd Horn island were submerged. The
ederal quarantine station on Ship is
land was badly damaged, and about
A ~oooOOO damage was done to prop
erty on the mainland.
Killed in a Runaway.
Dr. Win. T. Skinner, of Glasgow,
near Wilmington, N. C., one of the
best known physIcians in the State,
and his daughter, Ruea, were
killed near their home when their
horse became frightened by the loco
otive of a nearby train and ran away.
His Whirlwind of Speculation In the
In 1853 a little party of gold seekers
with a meager outfit of horses and
wagons started for California from the
village of Racine, Wis. In command
of this adventurous expeditio was a
young man who took with him his wife
and infant daughter. His name was
E. J. Baldwin and he made a wise
choice in shaking from his restless feet
the dust of a tamer civilization. He
needed a larger theater of action for his
pent-up and surging activities. While
trailing through the mountains of Utah
the ploiieers were attacked by Indians,
who were beaten off during a six hour
fight in which young Baldwin killed
their chief. After six months of hard
ship the party reached Hangtown (later
called Placerville), In California.
Here Baldwin tarried pnd began
placer mining. He appears to have
been no more than an ordinary red
shirted argonaut, meeting the ups and
downs of mining luck until the dis
covery of the Comstock lode at Virgin
ia City. Thither he drifted and discov
ered that his natural bent was gam
bling with the mines that other men
had opened. Amid a whirlwind of
speculaflon he fought his way with
such success that he loomed from the
smoke in a few months as "Lucky"
Baldwin, the man who had cleaned up
$7,500,000 in the gigantic deals in the
stock of the Ophir mines.
San Francisco was the Mecca of
those lucky sons of fortune who were
rearing a great city by the Golden
Gate. As a stock and mining specula
tor "Lucky" Baldwin shone respen
dent, but he was also a loyal son of
San Francisco. He built hotels and
theaters and business blocks even
while he was amazing that far from
conservative community by madly
In a very lucid interval he bought all
the Spanish grants he could find near
Los Angeles and there spent a million
in making this ranch of his not only a
splendidly productive property, but al
so one of the most beautiful estates
ever laid out in this or any other coun
try. It was his hobby, his pet, and he
planted miles of avenues with noble
shade trees and made wonderful trop
ical gardens, surrounding his home by
a paradise of vernal beauty.-Ealph D.
Paine In Outing Magazine.
"TELL IT TO THE MARINES."
Pepys' Version of the Origin of the
Expression by Charles IL
The saying, "Tell It to the marines,"
is traced to Pepys, the author of the
famous "Diary," and it is said by him
to have originated with Charles II.- of
England. "It so befell," as the story
goes, "that his light hearted majesty,
with an exceedingly bored expression
on his swarthy face, was strolling In
the shade with the ingenious Mr.
Pepys, secretary to the admiralty. "I
had speech yester'en at Deptford.' said
Mr. Pepys, 'with the captain of the
Defryance, who hath lately returned
from the Indies and who told me the
two most wonderful things that ever,
I think, I did hear in my life.' Among
the stories told were of fish flying in
the air. 'Fish flying in the airr ex
climed his majesty. 'Ha, hal A quaint
conceit, which 'twere too good to spoil
wi' keeping. What ho, slr'-he turned
and beckoned the colonel, Sir William
Kiligrew of the newly ralsed mari
time regiment of foot, who was fol
lowing in close conversation with the
Duke of York-'we would discourse
with you on a matter touching your
own element. What say you, colonel,
to a man who: swears he hath seen
ishes to fly in the airy
"'I should say, sire," returned the
sea soldier simply, 'that the man hath
sailed in southern seas, for when your
majesty's business carried me thither
of late I did frequently observe more
lying flish in one hour than the hairs
of my head in number.'
"Old Rowley glanced narrowly at the
colonel's frank, weather beaten face.
Then, with a laugh, he turned to the
"'Mr. Pepys,' said he, 'from the very
nature of their calling no class of our
subjects can have so wide a knowledge
of seas and lands as the officers and
men of our loyal maritime regiment.
Henceforth 'ere ever we cast doubts
upon a tale that lacketh likelihood we
will first tell it to the marines.'"
Army and Navy Journal
- Weight of a Piece of ree.
A rough and ready method of cal
ulating the weight of a piece of ie
is afforded by the fact that a cubic
foot of this substance weighs approxi
mately 57.25 ponds. First measure
the breadth, length -and height of the
cake, and the three results, being mul
tiplied, will give the number of cubic
Inches. If this answer be in turn
multiplied by .033 the approximate
number of pounds will result. For
Instance, a cake 8 by 9 by 10 inches
ontains 720 cubic inches. This multi
plied by .033 gives 23% pounds, the
correct weight of such a piece of ice.
Wrong Either Way.
Mr. Jawback-I've got a new stenog
rapher. Mrs. Jawback-Brutel I sup
pose the other wasn't pretty enough
for youl Mr. Jawback-It's a man.
Mrs.Jawback-Unfeeling monsterl Try
ing to make the people think I'm too
jealous to let you have a girl, eM?
"Does your boy Josh take after youy'
"Some," answered Farmer Corntos
el. "He doesn't like work any more
than I do. The only difference is that
he has the courage of his eonvictiosa,"
He is sufficiently learned that knows
how to do well and has power enough
to refrain from evil.-Cicero,
Mayor Smith of Macon, Ga., has
ancelled the engagemonlt of "The
Olansman," which was to play there,
because he thought It might infiime
race feeling. sspeclily so soon1 after
the Atlanta riots. And the city coun
ci of Montgomery, Ala., passed a yes
oluton forbidding the presentation of
"The Clansman" in the opera house
of that city, which had been engaged
for the play.
Got Thirty Years.
At Pickens Seeta Lawrence,
olored, was tried Thursday morning
in the court of general sessions on.ihe
charge of committing rape upon the
nine- year- old child of Frank Smith.
He was found guilty of an assault
with attempt to ravish. He was sen
tnced to 30 years in the State peni
tentiary. Lawrence is 45 years old and
nez Smtn is a beautiful little daugh
er of Mr. Smith.
Twelve persons were killed by the
wreck of the Scotch express on the
Great Northern railway, near Graath
m an cdai tha night of Wednesday.;
THE IVORY MARKET.
Tasks by the Acre Exhibited at the
Big London Docks.
One of the sights of London Is the
great ivory floor at the London docks,
where previous to and during the pe
riodical sales ivory may be seen liter
ally by the acre, for the tusks are laid
out in lots on the floor of one of the
great warehouses for inspection by in
tending purchasers. For weeks previ
ous to the actual sale the special staff
of the ivory department has been busy
preparing the various consignments
and arranging them according to the
sizes and quality and classing them
Into the various grades, each of which
has some particular use for which it is
There is practically no waste in the
manufacturing of articles from ivory.
The smallest chip is not thrown away,
but carefully preserved to be utilized
for some purpose. Even the shavings
from the turning down of a billiard
ball have a market value for use in in
laid work. Consequently the lots in an
ivory sale by no means consist of
tusks and sections of tusks alone, but
include the residue from many previous
sales. Buyers purchase the particular
class that they require for their own
Individual Industry and subsequently
return what in most other materials
would be waste to be resold to manu
facturers of a different class of goods.
Though there is "no waste." oddly
enough the most important considera
tion, from a buyer's point of view, is
"how much waste" will a certain lot
produce in the ccurse of transforming
it into his own particular line. Thus
a lot that would be dear to one would
be a gift to another, and vice versa.
The most valuable class of ivory i
that suitable for making billiard balls.
To conform- to the requirements the
task must be perfectly sound and
solid, without the slightest suspicion
of a crack or flaw, and, moreover, they
must measure only a trifle more than
the regulation size billiard ball or
they will cut to waste, from the manu
facturers' point of view. On the arriv
al of a consignment of unworked ele
phant ivory from abroad the first prep
aration for the sale floor consists of a
thorough cleaning of the interior or
hollow part of the tusk. This is done
by means of wads attached to long
sticks. The exact length of the hollow
is thereby revealed, and in addition
cracks and flaws that cannot be ob
served on the exterior are at times dis
closed. Soundness is the one thing
that sways every class of buyer; flaws
mean waste; waste means resale at a
lower figure per pound.
They started the first foreign mi*
sonary society In the' country.
They started the first home mission
ary society in the country.
They started the most effective -city
missionary society In the country.
They started the greatest Christian
young people's movement of this coun
try or any other country.
They started the first college In the
They started the first theological
seminary in the country.
They started the first religious news
paper In tie country.
They published the first hymn book
In the country..
They started the town meeting-the
Initiative and referendum.
They started the first temperance so
ciety in the country.
They have given to America the three
greatest evangelists It has ever hade
An Avaricious Woman.
A woman who carried love of money
to ani incredible extreme was Lady
Margaret Jardine, sister of the first
Duke of Queensbury. Although her
husband was a rich man, Lady Mar
garet would actually carry foot pas
sengers across the little river Annan
for a halfpenny, and whenever there
was a fair or market day she would
sit on the banks of the stream all day
long waiting for customers. She usu
ally wore rags to save her clothes, but
on the rare occasions when she visited
anywhere she packed up a few decent
garments which she slipped on before
entering the house, exchanging them
for her dirty ones when leaving.-Lon
The Point of View.
Zangwill, the noted writer, had an
experience which convinced him that
in deciding what constitutes real great
ness a good deal depends upon the
point of view. At a. political meeting
he fell into conversation with a man
who knew all the speakers and pointed
them out as they sat on the platform,
"There," he said, "sits Senator Lodge."
"What!"~ excitmed Mr. Zangwll. "Do
you mean Henry Cabot Lodge, the lit
erary man-the great historian?" "No,
sir-ee" replied the other with distinct
eontempt. "That's Henry Cabot Lodge,
United States senator from the great
statS of Massachu~setts."
Now, Tommy," said the boy's
mother, giving him final instructions,
"you must remember how to behave
at the party. If you're asked to have
something and you want it you must
say TYes, thank you,' and If you don't
want It you must say"
"You needn't bother about that part
of it, ma," Interrupted Tommy.'
The Maneuvering Mannma,
"The maneuvering mamma" Is prae
tically e:xtinct. The modern daughter
has an almost free hand in managing
her love transactions. The mere love
marriage, which was so disturbing a
thought to the mother of even twenty
years ago, is seldom heard of in May
fair In these altered circumstances,
says the London Graphie.
Murdered His Wife.
A special dispatch from Ohalhoun.
Va., says William Nance, a promin
ent farmer of Pittsylvanla county has
been arrested and is in jail at that
place charged with the murder of his
wife. The details of the crime are
brutal and shocking. Nance went to
his home in an Intoxtcated condition,
beat his wife with his fists, stamped
her in the face and finally ended by
striking her a blow with an Iron rod
which crushed her skull. This oc.
curred Thursday night, but it was
not known until Friday morning about
1 o'clock, when the woman was
found in a dying condition at her
home. She lived but a few minutes
after being f )und. The coroner's
ury's verdict places the blame for her
dath upon her husband. He claims
that he wras so drunk that he did not
know what he was doing.
A contest of the will Of BRussell
Sage has been avoided by Mrs. Sage
agreeing to pay the heirs double the
mmount of the legires named mn will.
The number of dead as the result r
of the typhoon at iHongkong is now
rhe Wateh of the Man In the Street
in Set by the Star*.
Time is a perennially interesting sub
ject. Before the chronometer in the
jeweler's window a procession is cou
stantly passing. The banker pulls out
his $700 repeater, compares it with the
chronometer and movos on. The office
boy with just as much dignity consults
the dollar timepiece that bu!gcs his lit
tIe waistcoat Both are equally under
the spell of time.
As most persons know, England sup
Z lies the world with that valuable but
upalpable commodity, that purely ar
bitrary thing which we call time. The
meridian of the Royal observatory at
Greenwich is the point from which the
day of the civilized world Is reckoned,
but in America the United States Naval
observatory In Washington determines
Greenwich time and distributes it by
In the end the watch of the man in
the street Is set by the stars. Out of
the vast number In the heavens there
are some 600, visible either to the eye
or the camera, which are known to be
Practically invariable. The astronomer
selects one of 'them. Through the
transit instrument-a telescope pointed
at the meridian-he watches, telegraph
le key in hand. On the lens of the
telescope are eleven hair lines. The
center one marks the meridian. As the
star crosses each of these lines the
operator presses his key, the wires of
which connect with an automatic re
cording clock called a chronograph.
This shows at what time the star
crossed the meridian. Astronomical ta
bles determine the time at which it
should have crossed. Comparison of
the standard clock with these tables
shows whether or not the clock is
The time is distributed at noon
Three minutes before 12 o'clock thou
sands of telegraph operators sit in si
lence waiting for the click of the key
which shall tell them that the "master
clock" In Washington has begun te
speak. At one minute before 1.2 it be
gins, beating every second until the
fifty-fifth. Then, after the pause,
comes a single beat, which marks exact
noon, and for another day the world
knows that it has the correct time to
the fraction of a second,-Youth's Com
A FEW DON'TS.
Don't be reckless, especially in your
Don't give to the Lord and' then go
out and rob a widow.
Don't acquire the borrowing habit, or
the day will come when you will rur
out of friends.
Don't marry an indolent man expecf
lug him to brace up, or you may have
to take in washing to pay for the
Don't be so mean minded that you
can see no good in a man. He may
be the first to loan you money in time
Don't lay up everything for a rainy
day and go hungry all through life.
Besides, where you are going it may
Don't spread butter on both sides of
your bread just because you have $8 in
your pockets. An .earthquake may
come along and shake the chnge out
of them.-Denver News. -
Development of a Chick.
The development of a chick within
the egg is one of the most. wonderful
things in nature. At the end of the
ifty-eighth hour of incubation the
heart begins to beat, two vesicles are
seen and a few hours later the auri
ees also appear. On the fourth day
Ithe outlines of the wings may be per
ceived and sometimes of the head also;
on the fifth day the liver is visible; on
'the sixth other internal organs appear.
IIn 190 hours the beak Is fully formed;
In 200 hours the ribs are elearly devel
oped; in 240 hours the feathers are vis
ible; in 268 hours the eyes appear; in
288 the ribs are completed and the
feathers on the breast; in 330 the
lungs, stomach and breast have as
smed a natural appearance.. On the
eighteenth day the first faint piping of
the chick Is sometimes audible.
Noisy Old London.
Modern cities are not as noisy as
those of other days. For example, in
London in the time of King George II.
the streets were still cobbled and the
pack horse of Elizabethan memory had
been replaced by heavy carts and wag
ons. Barrels of beer and, heavy cases
were dragged about on drays of Iron
without wheels, and to ad t the ta
of ironwork hung out in fiont qt shops
and houses and croaked interniinably.
Street cries never ceased for a moment
all day. All the .smagler necessaries,
such as pins, thread, sftring, Ink, straps,
fish, milk, cakes, bread, drugs, herbs,
matches, were hawked in the streets.
'The 3iodern Way.
"My dear, you must really take Fred
dy In band about the way he uses
slang. Today he asked me what en
tomology was, and I told him the sci
ence of bugs."
"Then he asked me If an entomoloigist
was a crazy man."-Baltimore Amern
A Good Answer.
A shopkeeper had for his virtues ob
tained the name af "the little rascal."
A stranger asked him why the appel
lation had been given to him.
"o distinguish me from the rest of
my trade," quoth he, "who are all great
Stella-Professor Lee says candy is a
cure for fatigue. Bella-That's true.
A man who brings me chocolate never
makes me as tired as a man who does
invited to Charleston.
It seems that tfne DOW cruiser North
Carolina and new battleship Georgia
cinnot be accommodated In the wa
ters of these states on account of their
draughts, for their christening. Gov
ernor Heyward therefore Friday wrote
Governrs Glenn and Terrel extending
them the use of Charleston harbor
for the christening ceremonies, and
warmly urged them to come to this
port of their sister state for this pur
pose. __ _ _ _ _ _
During the year ending June 30th,
acording to the statement by the
Inter-State Commerce Commission,
in aerage of 26 people were killed
wd 233 Injured a day on the rail
cadsin the United States. The to
lal number killed during the year is
'04 ktjused 36,008.
Two Lives Lost.
Two lives were lost Thursday by an
xxploon in Picone's Fireworks Fac
;ory on the outskirts of New OrleansI
7ank Picone the proprietor and his ]
he mawer the vietma.i
WILES OF M-- CHEFS
BANQUET TIDBITS ARE NOT ALWAYS
WHAT THEY SEEM.
"A Cod and a French Cook Can Work
Miracles" - The Breast of one'
"Chicken" HaUs Been Known to sat.-;
Isfy Twelve Hungry Diners.
It has almost passed Into a proverb
that many of the dishes served up in
cheap restaurants, where nothing is
wasted, are, to put it mildly, mysteries.
But, on the other hand, most people
"who patronize fashionable and more
ambitious restaurants are generallyI-'
content to accept the menu for what it
is said to be, This blind trust Is some- j
what abused, and the amount of "fak
ing" which goes on today in some of
the well to do establishments would
probably surprise those who are un
Initiated in the higher branches of the F
For instanc-. by the addition of veg
etable juice fubt before being dished
up cod cutlets are, at seasons when
salmon Is very dear, set before cus
tomers as salmon cutlets and are
needless to say, charged accordingly.
This deception, accordinto an ez- -
chef, is wisely practiced not only,
better class restaurants, but also on
some of the great liners.
Another popular trick as practicedA
by the'restaurateur is to serve a ve'al
beef done up overnight In salted band-_
ages, while a skillful chef has very A
little difficulty In palming of Utatfish
for sole on epicures who pride them
selves on the soundness of their judg
ment of cooking.
On one occasion some time ago a
dinner for seventy-five people was oe
dered at a well known fashionable res
taurant in the upper part of New York.,
A large consignment of'. salmo
been previously ordered, but, to the
consternation of the chef, the dinner,,
hour slowly approached and still. a
In despair the chef, a Frenchmn
decided to "take the bull by the horns"
and procure another fish to do duty for
the coveted salmon. - Accordingly
sat to work to turn cod cutlets Into
on cutlets, and this-rapid transforma- -
tion was soon effected by an additib
of vegetable julce. The waiters, who
naturally were aware of this whole- t
sale deception, were given express
ders to report any complaints toth
chef at once. However, to the 1ntense
delight of the chef, all passed offwell
and on hearing that his subterfugea
not been detected he gleefully er
claimed, "Ah, a cod and a French
can work miracles." -
Green peas at certain seasons of s
year are naturally a luxury qatte"
yond the reach of the min of a.
means, while even caterers-for fah
able hotels themselves frequentlybhih
the greatest difficulty in getting a sw
ficiently large quantity to meet the
mand. However, to fake peasdoes nOt
offer any great difficulty in times
stress, and by adding vegetable
Ing matter yellow peas. are quite o
monly served up as green peas
with the duck and avorless new o
tatoes,'which more often -than
come fram abroad.
Roast veal served with aJick wtio
sauce makes, safs a well known cb4ef
a most satisfactory substitute for th(
breast of chlcken, and therefore it does
not come altogether as .a surprise to
learn that the breast of onescce
has"been known to satisfyg twelve'
hungry diners. -
"The staff take good care o' h'
breast of a chIcken," was the c"ommnt2
of a waiter who was being for the firsL"
time Initiated Into the mystery of how'
to feed a dozen people off one chicene.9
Perhaps the cleverest deception-prao
ticed by eminent chefs .Is the art~ of
manufacturing ,the lobster patty~ sol -
dear to the 'heairt of the epicure.Ths
appetlznk'dainty would af first sgt
seem to defy even the most ingenIonc.
cookery fakir. However, here asa
the artful chef has overcome aprnl
Insuperable difficulties, and many oti
some looking lobster patties arethS
not always quite what they are s1j
The deception is worked In this ways
A common crustacean Is boiled and.
meat carefully chopped off and put Int6
a mortar, while afterward part of'
shell Is added.'- The "mixur Is
vigorously pounded as fine as
and on the addition of flavoring~ W
would tax the powers of the most T
ritical connoisseur to detect any dif'
ference between the gastronomic mx
ture and the genuine lobster patty. -
"The various deceptions I have ad
you of," remarked a famous chef
the writer, "are naturally- not prac..-,
ticed eyery day, but are only uhsL~
in times of emergency, and these
gency moments arrive morefrqe
than the trustful customer would
did he but know."-Nw. Ysii
*Scull and skunl.
"Sculls" and "skulls" are really
word in origin, and both at various
times have been spelled capriclonsT ~
with a "c" or a "k." Pepys, the dalt
-tells how he went on the Thames
one time "In a scull," at another i
"skujer." The origin of the word 1s
"skulle" or "sculle," a bowl or gbe~
While the cranium was obviouslybo'
like In shape, a distant reemblance o
a bowl was also detected in the.soo~
ed out blade of a "scull" as opposed t
te flat blade of an oar proper. 6J
Talking Behind Her Baek.
"Don't you know, dear," said
wife sweetly, "that It Is wrong to
behind a person's back?'
He was trying to button. her wai!
at the time, and really there 4
to be provocation for hisrme
In the court of his own cncej
no guilty man Is acquitted.-Juvenal.
May Bs Dead.
Orders have been published by tt
war department announcing the -
charge from the service of the Unbt.
ed States of First Lieut, LouisCat
field, of the Philliphine scouts.. O
five months Lieut. Caulfield has
absent without leave and his presell
wheabcu's is unknown to the dea~
ent. At the time of the erf'
quake In San Francisco .last~Arl>
[eut. Caulfield was on leave ofa
senenthat cty, and as he huDas
een heard from since that timer-t,
feared he may have been one of
victims of that disaster, He
in the Sixth infantry with
during the Spanish war. He
cipated in the battle of San J
The 43rdi child of President Jcp
F. Smith of the Mormon church
oorn to his fifth wife at Salt Lake re
3ently and a warrant has been wr'
nt agansu him for violating the IW
Nan Patterson, who was going
eform and settle down, declares
elsonGan. - ght was one of the
he ever attended.