Newspaper Page Text
A RARE SIGIT
From the Deck of a Steam Ship
in Mid Ocean.
SAW AN ISLAND BORN.
The Officers and Men of the United
States Stfamer Albatross Sud
denly Behold a Red Hot Moun.
tain Rise Out of the
Lieutenant Hepburn, of the United
States Navy, navigating cffler of the
United States steamship Albatrose,
has j-ast had the extraordinary ex
perierce of witnessirg the birh of a
new is:and, says the New York Amer
The Albatross, which is constantlY
employed-in making diecove'ies in the
deep seas, was cruising off the Aleu
tian Islands, which stretch out west
ward from Alaskajorming the dlvaion
between Behring Sea and the PACO^
Ocean. She was in latitude 33 5v
north and longitutde 168 west wben
the astounding phenomenon cecurrd.
This spot lies - bout fift-y mile north
west of UBaieska Island and near the
Bcgusiay I lands, which are of vol
L'cutentut He;turn was on deck
shortly after sunrise, when his atec.
tio was attracted by an exraordi
nary dIsturbance of the waters. The
mutace of tl.a ocean at a particuk:
spot rose into a dmelike swelling a
large as the dome of the Capitoi at
WashingtoA, then subsided and the,
rose aain. Before each subsidence
there was a tremendous escaps of gas,
like a huge bubble pushing- its way
through the water.
Then the dom-e-like formation
csased, and new and more ternfic
disturbances riveted the attention of
the astounded watcher. Great clouds
of smoke and steam issued from the
surface, where the bumps had been.
As he watched, tce eruption rapidly
grew in immensity until It seezxe! as
if it wculd invoivi the whole of the
ccesn acd th-e sky.
Tcie ccein bciled up as if It were
lying In an immoasursble furnace. A
vast column of steam, smoke, fire,
rocks and other materials shot from
the ocean up into the sky so high
that the top of it could not be dis
oerned. . The column was probably
three miles in width. It was an in
describably terrifying spectacle. All
the cificers and men of the Albatross
came tumbling on deck to see it.
Within the /.smcke and other
material could be discerned a vast
column of fame which rcse up into
the sky with a rcaring noise. Huge
boulders shot up in the flames with
a report louder than th at of all the
12-inch gun~s on the biggest battle
ship firing at etu cc. The t-eat sacrohed
those on the Albatross and must havw
been perceptible for fifty mllet
around. Thae entire ocean was heat
The column of smoke and fire
charged in color. It was red, yellow,
blu, and dark brown by turns. The
molten matter thrown up Into the
sky came down again in a partiallr
cooled condition and fell Into the
ocean with a continuous s'zzfing and
a migh y splashing, sending forth
constantly concentric hot waves of
water which rocked the Albatross
violently. Ashes were scattered by
the fiery pillar and fell on the ocean
for miles arcund. Dzubtless the(
were being ca3 ried round the world,
as haa been happened in other vol
The spectacle which Lieutenant
Hepburn and the cre.w of the Alba
tross were witnessing was the eruip
tion of a submarine volcano. Some
where beneath the ocean bed an im
mense mass of burning matter had
gathered such force that its expan
sion was great enough to bust through
the crust of the earth even wheni
weighted down by. the ocean above it.
When the fiery mass met the ocean
the water was immediately convmred
Into steam. Thus there was formed
a column of burning earth and ex
plosive gases leading from the ocean
bed away up past the surface int.o
the sky. It was an infinitely more
terrible eruption on account of the
mixture of water than would have
occurred from a volcano whose crater
was exposed to the upper air.
After an hour or so the watchers
saw a dark brow'n solid mass of irre
gular shape forming upon the water
at the base of the fiery columag. That
was the birth of the Iilad. The
lava and burning earyth had compe*e
ly filled up the ocean from its bed
hundreds of fathoms down, to the
surface, end'wa now rising above the
surface. Higher and highar it mount
ed, while flame, smoke and molten
matter continually belched forth from
its centre, which was a volcanic
crater. The matter flowed out on
all sides and gradually increased the
size of the island. The sumimit of
the maleano appeared to be climbing
- up Into the sky. In has since besn
estimated to have reached a height ot
To the great disappointment of
many of the cffcsrs and crew of the
Albatross, the captain decided that
it was impossible to attempt to land
on the new-born Island or to go any
nearer to It. Hi. knew from his
study of the sur-ject that the Islard
wou.d be in suon a beated condition
tna.t it i uAd uean d ath to land on
it, -and that even to approseh nearer
to( it would be to risk the fate of
many ships that had been overwhelm
ed in the Mont Pelee eruption. The
Albatross, therefore, sailed away
while the eruption was raging furious
Later the United States revenue
cutter Perry paed the island and a
party of offikers and men from her
landed upon it. They gave it tus
name of Perry Island and hoisted ths
American fing upon It. Tney found
the surface of tce island almost un
bearably hot to walk upon, anid their
shoes were ruined by the exnaditicn.
but in spi'e of the ducomafort and
tarnger th-e.1 ezpierd it thorcugtiv.
W: en cne of t::n m thrust a theormi- me,
ter into a erevice in the ground Lnr
mercury ezpar.ded so rapidly that i
smasbed the instrument to pieces.
Tne volcano was still in violent erup
Two other islands of recent volcauie I
origin lie near Perry Lland. One a
came into existence about a century ki
* ago, when A'lska belonged to Russia. el
and was named Bogu.elav biard ?r
Twenty-four years ago a new 1sland, T
a mileand baot awaywaso erupterd ti
'rom the ocean and received the
ne.me of New S- gualav. A narrow
ridge, of ro-k rected the two. Old
Boguslav Island had a high peak at
%ne tme, but It now rises only 250
foot atove the sea and is being rapid
ly washed away. In the compvrative
lV short period of its existence it bas
cecome very thickly populated. Mil
lions of.sea birds gathor on its rocks.
and many sea lions lead a happy azd
contented life upon its shores. A
number of polar bears also reside
B-t will be extremely interesting to
naturalists and others to watch the
development of life from the begin
ning on our new possession-Perry
131and. Will land r-atlas come into
existerce there, and, If so, how will
they g:t there unless taksn by man?
If the island is at al capable of sup
porAtg life it Is ortain that insects
and- reptiles will soon be found there,
ar.d h tha. can happen is a-puzzl
Islards of volcanic oMigin are usual
ly 1xtrmcely fertile when there is any
water supply to moist, n t bem. Noth
i7g could excsed the fert.iy of Mar
tix ique end the other islands of the
West Indiies that were created by vol
anric activity. How dengeic.us they
are a3 dwelling plaes for a large hu
an population has been proven by
recent disasters in Martinqui and St.
A large proportion of all the islands
that lie t ut in the ccean are volcanic
fornasiceni, but most of thew came
into existence in prehistoric tizae3. A
considerable number, haver, have
b'ze- created in recent cimes. Falcon
Islard added itself to the Tonga group
,n 1885, tut only kept its surface
. b-ove the water long enough toacquire
I little vegetaticu in spotz, and sever
al years ago it sank again into the
Mach tumult of the sea and great
;l ufs of ash ard at .am cbn-unced
tbe birth of a new island in 1904 nuar
t1ae Volcano Group in the Pacific. It
was nearly three miles in cirermfer
ence; its hghest point w& 48) feet
above the sea and the Japanese proud
ly raised their flag over it and named
the new territory Nit Shims; but it
has melted away like sugar in a tea
cup, and at last accounts it was a
menace to shipping, no part of it ris
Ing more than a few feet above sa
Incomes and Wages.
The Democratic party relies onk the
common sense or the people to vote
for their own-interests, instead of re
taining In power those who are the
friends of the trusts and corporations.
The fact that in spite of a great meas
ure of prosperity for the fethe many
are compeled to practice lose eco:.om.
and deny themselyes many comfo!m
doesnot requre to be told to the farmr
the storekeepers, the clerks the wnge
earners, as they are well aware of it.
The Republican system of fostering
monopoly, by giving special privileges
and tariff protection, is the reason
for this inequality in the distribution
of the large profits of production.
Why has the RIspublicin party de
cided to continue to standpat and
persist in allowing the trusts to in
crease the cost of living, so tns;t now
it is 45 per cent hIgher than before
the present tarff law was enacted and
13 seadily advanoi g ? It cannot be
to help the people, for unless incomes
and salaries keep waoe with this In
cred outgo, there is yirtually a re
duotion of incom~s and wages which
must be followed by privation, or at all
events by .ack of savings for sicknes'
or old age. Rsvision of the tariff
would compel the trusts to reduce the
price of their prodacts and -the result
ing decreased cost of living, would vir
tually be an Increase in income or
wages, but this the Republican lead
era declare they will not do and the
natural presun-ption is that their p>
litical fortunes are bound up with
If your income or wages has not
been increased 45 per cent, you are
not as wellcff now as in 1897 when
the tariff rates were increased at the
dictation cf the trusts. For every
collar you recsived then, ycu must be
getting one dollar and forty-five cents
now to be even. So the man whose
income was 860 a month12a 1896 must
be receiving 887 a month now to live
iqually well. It does not re q2re sta
tiatics to prove the advantase, or dis
advantage, of the Republican system
of protecting the trusts, for everyvoter
hass the facts In his own possession frc m
knowing how much he formerly receiv
e-i and expended and what he is now
receiving and how much more it now
costs him to -live. A vote for the Ee
publican candidate for Congress is to
continue the protection to the brusts
and fo- continued high prices, and a
vote for the Democratic candidate for
Congress is to so revise the ta~rif that
the fear of c.mpetition will compel
she trusts to reduce their enormous
At a recent banquets at Salem Mass.,
Congressman Augustus P. Gard
ner, who is a son-in-law of Senator
Lodge, made some most remnarkab'e
admissions for a Republican. Accord
ing to the Salem News, Gardener
touched on the past in his speech,
and refered to the past and the f a
ture of Salem as being wrapped up In
her shipping, when her merchant
prindes sent cargoes of toys-and fire
arms which wouldn't go if f.0 tus be
nighted hesthen in f Treiga larnda, and
brought becr their ships heavily lad
en with the rich products ct-the eset
Including "ivery and lving black
wool beneath the hasches." At this
remark, the News says Mijor Spencer
who was sitting near Mr. Gardner
said sotto voce; "Look out you're
treading on dangerous grcd," to
which Mr. Gardner repied, "It's my
own family history, M.-j r, and tbe<
products have helped to pay my cam
paign expenses," which 5sally eccas
sloned some amusement. Ii is re
.marki~ble that a man who has iifia-e
encs enough to get to Congress
should boast of the knavery whereby
alis Yankee ancostry accumula:ed soi
nueni dishcnest wealth, or jok<ed
~but his own family's great posses- g
ions being derived from the saive i
~rade. Not withs anding Mr. Garc-1
'ers admits that he pays his cam-r
~aign expense frcm the mnoney his
>ious ancestors made while dealing
n human f sao, no doubt he pretncd:
o be a great friend to the decoend-1
uts of the black people his fore
ter stote and~ brought over to tus j
onary and sheds capious crcc~r;e
ars over the oppression to whien
iey are subjected in the South.
IN a spec ' at Terre Haute, Inc'., t:
ae week Bry an said: "I am here in
1diana not as a candidate for cfflke,
r I Lave insisted it is too early to p
3ow who ought to be nominated by I '
ther perty. But I am hers in the I-C
terest of Lho e who tr catdid ares. rfr
ls year we have to lay the founda- Ia
ons for the next two year's ...--2'
THE CROP IS fH-RFI
And Cotton Should Bring at Least
Cotton went up again on Monday,
and sold in Augusta for 11 1-4 cents,
and the Chronicle says it. is believed
by. some of the dealers that there will
be but little more cotton sold soon
that will bring tess than that figure.
The price of cotton goods is also ris
ing very probably on aczount of the
short cotton crop. The following
from the New York Commercial on
the advance in cotton goods will
show that there is something in
the report that the cotton crop is
In the primary market It is stated
that buyers are now takiprg goods
with less reluctance than was the
case earlier in the week. They real
:za how short supplies are in first
hands and believe they are safe in tak
ing stock at present valuations. Many
buyers hava tried to conceal the ur
gency of their needs, in hope of get
Oing some concession granted them.
Bau this has ceased to bB their policy
&,d they openly admit they want
goods and are willing to pay sellers
For spot delivery, the cutting-up
of trade has been forced to accept
special constructions in lower count
clotbs than they are accustomed to
use. These specials have brought
value far above their proportionate
Torth. D*scu3sing the question o
delivery, selling agents state that the
labor scarcity in the south is acting,
as a serious impediment to the filling
of orders. The high catton in spin
ning grades is acting as a check to
New Esgland mills, so that both east
and south productioi is being retard
ed. This operates strongly in keep
Irg values on cotton goods regular
throughout the market.
Jobbers are doirga steady business
in all departments, as the store trad;
and sales made by road men show no
diminution on account of prices. In
fact, goods as cffered by jobbers, are
comparatively cheap. In the woolen
5iv'slon of the crixary market it is
stated that values on the 1906 heavy
weights that are being callea for on
late reorders are regular, and that
suitings and overcoatings in staple
grades are in quite active demand.
AGREES WITH TLXAN.
Rev. Washington GWadden Discusses
the Race Problem.
Before the American Missionary
Aiociation at -Oerliln, 02o, Rv.
Washington Gladden of Ohio discuss
ed the Ameriban Missionary Associa
ton and the problems of emancipa
ton. saying in psrt:
"The legancy left as by emancipa
tion is .,zre of negro- raze in United
States. I is uational problem. Bar
den of this obligation rests on the
whole nation, as many of the wisest
southern men ensist. T-e problem also
confronts us, involves principles on
which our nation is founded._..It is
well stated in the words of Carl
Sohurz. _There will be a movement
either in the direction of reducing the
negro to a permanent condition of
s.'rtdom, the condition of a mere plan
tation hand-pract~calty witnout any
rights of citizonship or a mcvement
in the direction of recogaizmng him
as a citizen in the full sense of the
"Such a movement as that In the
first alternative is n;;w in full prog
ross. In the Southi conditions are rap
idly becoming mare unfavorable to
the negro. The manifesto of Gover
nor Vardaman which some time will
os endorsed by the people of the state
and the recent campaign In Georgia,
in welch the candidate most unequiv
ocally favoring repression of the negro
was over whelmingly elected, show the
drift of opinion In that section."
Continuing he said: "Senator Tll
man's prediction that race struggles of
a very bitter nature are likely to be
frequant and continuous in the future
is not without probability. I can see
no other outcome of a strife of this
nature than segregation of the races."
He favored creating three or four
states In South composed wholly of
negroes governing themselves and rep
rr-sented in congress at Washington.
The b'soks, he says, would sdifbr by
being thrown on their own resources
In their poverty and It would take
them Eeveral generations to work cut
problem of civillzstion. To the whitee
the prosperity In which they are now
j icing would suffbr a severe and per
naps deadly b'o-'v.
The Le-mon (Unre.
A writer in American Motherhood
says every morning take a pint of hot
water, squeeza Into It the jaice of
one lemon and sesson with a half tea
spoon of salt. Drink slowly half an
hour before breakfast for two weeks;
keep this up for three months, e iery
alternate two wreeks and it willi clear
the complkxion, clean a corded congue,
tore up the stomach and acot direily
upon a torpid liver without injuring
the health, as the use of strong casbh
artics or quantities of "liver medi
clnes" do. *
DAnGAN,. the negro who was hung
on ra& Friday at B-.nnettsvyme for as
sauling a white lady, said while
sanding under the gallows. "If I
had listensti to my wife that Sunday
and gone hon a with her, ta she told
me, I would nlot have been here at
this moment. Insteam of doIng as
,lhe told me, I went out and drank
whiskey with otar~s, and got into thie
Erruble." As Marlboro County 15 a so
:all al rock-ribbed prohibition county
ne.rb diid Dargan get the whiskey on
unday that miade him commit such
L hienous crime?
TEDDY made a speech at the dedi
a5%,r the new statehouse at Har
'burg, Ps., the other day. But he
orgot to pre'scn about a square deal,
he simple lii' clean poli:.ics, re f rm,
to., whIch are his usaal thenes.
n~ere was sucht an odor of graft about
he building and its furnishmgs, and
:e wrs so "de-lited" witth it, that
e jast couldn't preach. He j ost
raised the whole nasty bus'ness,
ouse, furniture, grafters, and all. f
'eddy Is a bocn companion of Pen- a
Tnz chandeliers In the new Cap ital C
utl 2 at E.rrishurg, Pa., cos~t $2,
8.217.03. Those who bought tnem
mr~zc authority of law, are all ad.
Ocai~tes o the simple life, decent gcy
rmnt a isquaru deu and general
.x sevaltian ?:o1u? picas. R casvelt
as put his 0. K. on the job. But
erry, the D.:mocratic treasurer of
s commonwr-alth, is kikng
"Is the democrat party dying?" ' tc
atively queries the New York f
orld in the samne Issue wherein It t
~oms' Grov.er Cleveland for- senator
om Nsw Jersey. The World seems .
ifully anicus to furnish the affir- h
t+v.ansmwe to It qnery: th
NEW YORK'S READING R~ECORD.
Heads the List In Number of Books
Drawn-From Libraries Per Capita.
The observation of some visitors to
New York that "everybody is on the
move" here doesn't it with the fact
that New Yorker are the greatest
readers of books from libraries in the
country, as the reoords of these li
braries show, says the New York
Tribu.,. Last year there were 6,318,
000 books taken from public libraries
in New York for perusal at home
6,318,000 in a city of 4,000,000 inhabi
Chicago last year used 1,800,000
bodks from Its three public libraries,
and Philadelphia 1,700,000 from its
one public library. Chicago has half
a million more population than Phila
delphia, and the library standard of
Philadelphia Is therefore very much
higher than that of the city on Lake
St. Louis Is a largir city by 25,000
than Boston, but .here Jlast year
1,000,000- books were drawn from the
public library of St. Louis for perusal,
the number taken from the public 11
brary at Boston was 1,500,000.
A city which ranks high in respect
to the number of books read by its
.people Is Buffalo, in which last year
1,250,000 volumes were drawn from
the public library for perusal, while
Baltimore and Cleveland, larger cities,
had a smaler number-Baltimore
750,000 and Cleveland 1,000,000.
The hiiixy Sea.
Of the many sights witnessed in the
ocean of the globe, one of the most
curious and most weird Is that de
scribed by sailors as "the milky sea,"
ships being .surrounded for several
hours by water that appears to be of
snowy whiteness. Compiled from ex
periences recorded during the last
seventy years, an interesting account
of the phenomenon is given on the
North Atlantic and Mediterranean
Pilot Chart, published by the Meteor
ological 'office. The spectacle is re
stricted to the darkness of the night
and rare occasions, and while it is
limited mainly to the warmer waters
of the tropical belt, it appears to be
more common in the Indian ocean
than in the Atlantic and Pacific. From
the white water the light Is so strong
that ordinary newspaper print can be
read on' board ship, but the scene all
around is of an awe-inspiring descrip
tion.- The horizon Is blotted out, sea
and sky seem to become one in a sort
of universal luminous fog, which, like
a London fog, robs the observer of
the sense of distance and direction,
the deck being lit up with a ghastly,
shadowless light. Last June, off the
west coast of South America, a bucket
of the white water emptied back into
the sea resembled molten lead. This
curious sight has interested scientific
investigators, but, while it is, no
doubt, related to the many phosphor
escent displays common at sea, there
is no sufficient explanation forthcom
ing of this particular manifestation or
of the singular atmospheric effects
resulting from It.
Bankrupts In Livery.
At one time in England and Scot
land bankrupts were compelled to
wear a distinctive dress. This was a
result of enactments passed at various
times in Scotland from the year 1606
to 1688. The Edinburgh court of ses
sions specified the _dress to be of partl
color, one half yellow and the other
brown, something after the style of
the dress now worn in English pris
ons by the worst class of prisoners,
those who have attempted to escape
or been guilty of murderous assaults
on officers. The enactment also pro
vided that the bankrupt should be ex
hibited publicly in the market place
of his town for a period of two hours
and then sent away, condemned to
wear me dress until such time as he
had paid his debts or some one else
had done It for him,
Although this was a period of laws
wich. can only be ascribed as feroci
ous, this law was such an outrage on
public sentiment that In 1688 it was
so far repealed that the wearing of
the dress was only compulsory in
cases in which fraud had been proved
or, curiously enough, if the bankrupt
had been c9nvicted of smuggling. The
same practice was legal, but not gen
erally in force in England down to the
year 1836. The idea was, of course,
to warn persons who might have
given credit that the bankrupt was
not able to pay, but popular senti
ment soon recognized that it was
wholly unfair to Impose such exces
sive penalties on a man who might
have become bankrupt through no
fault of his own.
Curiosity Saves Two Lives.
The habit of a postoffice official of
entertaining himself by reading post
cards that pass through his hands led
to the saving of two lives in Huttel
dorf, a suburb of Vienna, recently.
The postman in this case read a
card which stated that the two writers
were about to commit suicide in a
neighboring wood. It was apparently
addressed to. the parents of one of
The postman informed the police,
who went to the spot named and
found a young man and a girl lying
unconscious with severe bullet
wounds in their heads. A revolver
lay beside them.
They were at once taken to a hos
pital, and are now expected to recov
er. Disappointed love was the reason
of their resolution to die together.
Governor Higgins and W .R. Hearst
2ave been conducting anti-vice cru
ades in New Yyrk and police trans
ers are expected to be one result.
Edward!E. Nicholas is said to have
onfessed to killing the actress, Mrs.
d argaret Leslie in Chicago.
Rev. Richard B. Dilworth of Ox
ord, Pa.. disappeared after an alleged1
ssault on him by negroes and the
esidents are wrought up over the
A proposed act to restrict divorce
res reported by the resolution comn
tittee of the divorce congress.
Editors catch it coming and going. c
asses have been abolised, and now 0
ere has been an advance in
2e price of shoes
The newspapers are making a great ~
40 over a girl who offered herself
r sal* to the highest bidr'er. Is S
tre anyh~ing so strange in that?
The presidIent acted wisely in issuing! d
s Thanksgjiving proclamation before.r
e Nem y0*rk electin,
TRACING AN ERRING LETTER
French Postal Officitis Require Time
For Such an Undertaking.
A young English woman visiting in
Paris received a note from a friend
saying that tickets had been sent by
an earlier post for a concert to take
place that afternoon, but by error a
wrong street number was written on
the envelope. This, said her corres
pondent, might make a delay in the
arrival of the letter, and it would
be well to make Inquiries at once at
the post of the nearest division.
Arriving at the post office of our
quarter I made known my errand to
three gentlemen in successien. The
last young gentleman took ont a long
paper and demanded peremptorily my
name, age, address and birthplace.
He was proceeding to that of my father
and mother when I suggested that all,
this Information, although doubtless
of thrilling interest to the post office,
could scarcely assist in restoring my
lost letter, which contained tickets I
must positively have before 1 o'clock
"Ha, it is then a letter lost!" he
cried, as though suddenly illuminat
"Well, misdirected, as I have al
ready explained to three persons here."
"But it is not here where one brings
the letters which find themselves bad
ly directed. Those letters are united
in another department of the great
post. This document here," he point
ed to my biography, "the chief of my
department will despatch to the great
post. One will make a communication
to you as soon as traces of the letter
It was half past 11 when I reached
the great post, and I was sent to nve
different departments before arriving
at the one for misdirected letters.
Feeling both snubbed and Ill -used, I
inquired whether before we proceeded
to fill in more forms this monster
would kindly tell me whether there
was the i'emotest chance of recovering
the letter that .day before 2 o'clock.
"Today! This day itself!" he cried,
in shrill indignatibn. "Parbleau, but
you imagine to yourself, then, ma
dam, that the post conducts Itself
like an automobile!"
"I hoped that since my letter is
here-actually here in this department
-that one.could place the hand on it
in the course of two hours. In Eng
lan'd," I continued, with a fine out
burst of patriotism, "we have such a
perfect organized system that I should
have the letter I required In ten min
"Remind yourself that England Is,
.after all, but an island. Here we are
in France"-he threw back his head
proudly-"dnd here things march not
so quickly. It will, perhaps be fif
teen days before your case comes up.
Each must/proceed in turn."
"Then it is useless to go into the
matter," I answered, and in deep de
pression turned away.
Eccentricities of Author,
Many qualities which would be re
garded as censurable if possessed by
ordinary men and women are often
regarded with a respect that Is tinc
tured with admhation when they are
possessed by persons of genius.
There is scarcely an author or mu
sician of note who has not been dis
tinguished by some foible that has
excited the amusement of his friends.
In many instances these foibles afford
an index to the character of their vic
tim. Some are natural, while otbers
would seem to be the result of some
inexplicable affectation.- Viewed in any
light, however, all are* interesting.
Keats liked red pepper on his toast.
Sardou imagines he haa-a perpetual
Dickens was fond of wearing flashy
Joaquin Miller nailed all his chairs
to the walL.
Ernest Renan wore his finger nails
Walter Savage Landor threw, the
dishes around to relieve his mind.
Edgar Allen Poe slept with'his cat.
He was inordinately'proud ot his feet.
Daudet wore his eye-glasses when
asleep. He did his best work when
Victor Hugo spoke little; his re
marks usually were made in the form
Thackeray used to lift his nat when
ever he passed the house in which he
wrote Vanity Fair.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson pos
sesses a singular power over wild
birds, and can easily tame them.
Alexander Dumas, the younger,
bought a new painting every time be
had a new book published.
Edmund Clarence Stedman has his
favorite cat sit in a high' chair at the
table every day at dinner.
Robert L.ouis Stevenson's favorite
recreation was playing the flute. In
order, as he said, to tune up his ideas.'
Robert Browning could not sit 'stilL.I
With the constant shuffling of his feet
boles were worn in the carpet.
Longfellow enjoyed walking only at
sunrise or sunset, and he said his sub
limest moods came upon him at these
Washington Irving never mentioned
the name of his fiancee after her
death. and if anybody else did so, he
Imnmediately left the room.
A.--That bewitching siren has cost
me all my fortune.
B-And me my uderstanding.
A-You always get off easily.
WAR with .Japan is said to be re
garded in oilicial circles as a r ossibili
ty of the not too distant future.
Govcrnor Magoon has scored a hit
in Cuba by receiving the resignations
)f two unpopular moderate ollicebold-!
BANDmTs held the inhabitants of a
iorth Dakota town at bay while they
lew open the safe and carried off $4
J. R. Shannon, who was for a num
>er of years engaged in the printing
>usiness in Greenv:lle, died in Texas.
The turn~stiles at the state fair il
rounds indicated that the attendance e
n the second day was more than 8,
The international congress for the tj
uippression of the "white slave" tl
tade convened in Paris, the United Ic
Lates being repr sented.
A woman injured in an auto acci- m
ent sent $5,000 to the hospital, which' b]
~spected her request for a conceal-* er
ent of her identity. re
SLAUGHTER BY ROAD AGENTS.
Mysterious Disappearance of Miners
In Early Days of Montana.
The discovery up I* the Ua of 1863
of no less than U0 bedies et victims
of the road agents bad Anally aroused
the feelIngs of the law abiding citi
Bens to a pitch of frenzy. They felt
that the Mysterica disappearance of
many ethur ma whom they had
known was to be Usced to the b=a
Scores e minrs who set out with
large sums of money for various
places had never been heard of and
had never reached their destinations.
Murders occurred daily, almost hour
ly. Had there beer 'hs most perfect
system of legal procedure time would
not have permitted of the orderly
trial of offenders, so frequent were
the crimes. Alder Gulch continued to
disgorge its treasure In a steady
stream, and the very excess of its
bounty excited the most selfish pas
sions of men. The heart of a man
possessed with the thirst for gold is
like the country where gold is pro
duced-it Is wild and barren, and
the flowers wither.
It must not be supposed that during
these long months of sickening dread
and doubt attempts had not been
made to organize justice. Rude courts
were established and the guilt or in
nocence of offenders submitted to
regularly chosen juries, but the swag
gering outlaws would boldly force
their way through the lines of specta
tors and into the preseiice of the
qualified twelve . men, announcing
their determination to avenge upon
evcry one connected with the case,
any outcome other than acquittal.
iWitnesses and jurors under these
circumstances were afraid for their
lives, and justice had miscarried un
til the outlaws, seeing the blanch of
fear everywhere, were supreme. In
the early stages of this reign of terror
some of the road agents had been
tried, found guilty and condemned to
death by unanimous vote, but between
conviction and punishment motions
to reconsider had Intervened, and the
vacillating mob, through fear or re
lenting doubt, had revoked the action'
of the previous hour.
World's. Largest Station.
The South Terminal in Boston not
only Is the largest. station In the world
but sends out daily more than 400
trains, nearly twice the number dis
patched from the Grand Centr'a sta
tion 'by the three roads starting from
there. The next largest number sent
from any station in this country is
about 350 from the Boston and Maine
terminal in Boston, and the next
about 325 from the BroaO, Strest sta,
tion, Philadelphia. . Then come the
Grand Central station, New York, and
the Reading terminal, Philadelphia.
But these figures do not equal those
of the great London terminal. There
one station sends 700 trains dady,
the greatest numb'er from any one
station In the world, and. all of the
twelve great terminals send ont large
numbers of trains.
Including all suburban trains, and
figuring on a mean average of winter
and summer, the regular scheduled
trains leave the four great centers In
the following numbers daily, the Ag
ures being for all roads and approxi
mately correct: New York city, 1,400;
Boston, 1,000; Philadelphia, 850; Chi
cago, 850.: :To other America city
has 400. .
Keen Sight of Birds of Pdey.
The sharp-eyed hawk can spy a
lark upon a piece of earth almost ox
actiy the same color at .twenty times
the distance it is perceptible to man
or dog. A kite soaring out of human
sight can still distinguish and pounce
upon lizards and field mice upon the
ground, and the distance at which
vultures and eagles can sight their
prey ia almost incredible,
Recent discoveries have inclined
naturalists to the belief that birds of
prey have not the acute sense of smel
or of hearing that has hitherto been
accredited to them. Their keen sight
seems better to account for their ao
tion, and they appear to be guided by
sight alone, as they never sniff at
anything, but dart straight at the ob
ject of their desire.
Their counterparts in the ocean
doubtless smell and see, but are more
guarded by smell than sight In both
sharks and rays the eyes are good
and have a distinct expression, though
since they scent their prey from a
short distance and swim up to It with
greatest rapidity, smell may be called
their real eye.
The Baby Beetle's Cradle.
If, at almost any time of the year,
we walk through the woods where the
red, scarlet, black or pin oaks are
growing-that Is, where, we find those
that ripen their acorns In two seasons
and therefore belong in the pin tak
group, says St. Nicholas. we shall
probably find on the ground fallen
branches that vary in size from that
of a lead pencil to that of one's thumb
or even larger. These at the broken
end appear as If cut away within the
vood, so that only a thin portienl is
eft under the bark. Within the
rather uneven cut, generally near the
enter of the growth, Is a small hole
ightly plugged by the "powder post"1
f a beetle larva. Split open the
ranch or twig, when a burrow will
be seen.- and the little, white, soft,
iard-jawed larva that made It will be
ound or perhaps the inactive pupa.
Fossil skeletons to the nimber of 2
00, representing many ancient ani- c
nals. have been found in the Rocky
The council and churches of Gaffney
ave inv'ited the Methodists of the
ate to hold a conference in that city
A $5,000 factory for the manufacture
b anke-cheifs has been organized atp
~reenw ood and the nec'ssary machin
Parker, the one-armed painter, whoA
11l a distance of 65 feet while at work
Colum bia, is still living and hope is 2
itertained that he will recover. -2
A negro woman was killed and an- .
her badly injured in Columbia by a i
'lley car, which bore down upon fl
em while they stood on the track a:
king at a passing train.M
A valise in which a wealthy Ohio
an was carrying $48,000 in negotia- W
ebonds, disappeared, but was recov
~d, and a railroad fireman was ar
HERE AND THEM.
Items of General Interest Culle"
Frcm Our Exonanges.
E7ery time you rention sa tbir/
term Mr. Roosevelt rmiles clear acrof'
Mn. FAirbanks' reception to hlr
eloping son was only coldly cordia)
ATLANTA bankers think real cotton
is better security for loans than pipe
dreams like Segal's or a large part oi
the security the big banks accept. .
Rsymond Townsend, aged 16, wa
drowned' in a pond at the Brvgon
mll,- Andenoi, on Saturday. He
-nd cther boys were in a boat which
upset with them.
THE governor has removed Sheriff
M. M. LImehouse, of DorchesterCoun
ty pending his trial on the charge cf
malfeasance in Ll3a in giving up a
prisener to be lynched.
Allbn Denton, the young negro who
stole into the room of Miss Worrell.
in Charleston, at aight, was oonvict
d on Friday and was senterced to
4he penitentiary for five years.
Ix 1900, there were more than ten
million farmers In this country.
There are not half a dczen farmers ib
COugres to represent tce agriculturali
-aterest. Isn't there something wrong
shout this. .
General Fred Grant's calculationj
that bad ?quor acco'unts fr. 0 pir
cent of army troublee may be said to
be substanixted by popular experience
vith the stEf in civil life, It is no
respeotor of occupations.
IT's too bad we can't annex Cuba
jats to quiet Senator Beveridge's
n rves, i-s.ead of allowing him to
make speeches the Uspublican part3
could better ifford to pay hi
:,xpenses at a Sanatorium.
Ex 'ENATOE J. B : Burton of Kar
sas began his six months sentence 2
Ironton, Mo., Monday. He wa
convicted of practicing before a gov
ernment department while a member
of tho United States senate.
An Interekting and little known
item taken from an exchange is that
merchants handling cigars must- de
stroy the cigar boxes as soon -as the
contents are sold, and not give, the
boxes away as was customary in the
past. A recent law requires thls
BonznT Clark, alias. Dan Dove, a
negro, was lynched on Sunday near
Mobile, Ala., by a crowd of three hun
dred men, who had followed him
from Jackson county, Miss., wherr he
had attempted to assault a white wo
The Union Times says: "Au idle
loafer, be he white or black,As a men
awe to any city or community. It Is
up to the authorities to make these
vagrants move on, - or put theri to
The Cherokee News says: "There
never was a time when, labor was
hardAr to get than it is now; yet
there are men, white and black, loaf
ing on our street? who never pretend
to work." The same is true of this
ME. Hughes, In his speech Accept
lng the Republican nomination for
governor of New York, declared that
he and his associates 'bad become
''the trustees of the conscience and
sober sentiment of the State." ' His
associates are Woodruff, Sheldon &
Co. backed by the corporations. Fine
keepers of public conscience, truly.
Tum~Washington Star asks If there
is any excuse for the further booming
of Mr. R'osevelt for a third term
But then the Star, since the Mrs.
Miner Morris Incident. has taken a
greenish colored view of the occupant
of the White 'House, although the
Star Is a Epublican newspaper and
swallows most anything that that
AJOT Eta YIElD BWUNG,
An Aiken Negro Hangad for Assanlt
.. ig Northern Woman,
At Alken at 11:25 Friday morning
Isaac Knight paid the penalty of
death for his crime and thus was re
corded the ifrst legal execution for
criminal assault in the annals of Alk
Friday morning Knight was given
the freedom of the jail corridor and
for an hour or more he and his spirn
teal adviser, Bev. Isaac Johnson,
were In constant prayer. When at
11:15 KaIght requested that he be
allowo oretire tohis cell to engage
in secret prayer this was granted the
doomed prisoner who remained In his.
cell but a fe w moments, Announcing
his readiness to proceed on the deatb
march. Just before the death march
was begun his spiritual adviser asked
if he was guilty of the crime for
which he soon was to hang. Knight
On ths way to the scaffold Knight
stopped and asked for a match with
which he lighted a cigarette. He then
proceeded to the gallows with a ner
ous and unbteady step. Mounting
she scafiold he cifered a prayes and
aid he had nothing more to say.
Wile the cap was being adjusted he
aw on the wall surrounding the jail
rard a friend to whom he requested to
reallowed to speak. To tnis party
is said: "Tell all my fdlends to meer
nte In heaven."
The cap was readjusted and at 11:25
he drop fell. At 11:40 Drs. Wyman, 4
Eura bull and Tools pronounced him a
ind and at 11:45 the body was cui
'own and turned over to Undertaker
sesabbs. But for the actual know-.
edge no one would Imagine tat an
xecution had ccourred within the
ty and the course of the law in this
ase has resulted satisfactorily to the a
etter classes of both races. There fl
ras absolutely no unusual demonstra
on from any source.
Pruning Grapevines- S
One of cur friends has suggested
at we call attention to the fact that ?
n:s Is the proper season of the year '
ir pruning scuppenougs, The soup- Y'
ernong Is very d:farent from the
2nah grape and will not stand prun- lb
g during the winter. It will bleed
diy if pruned as late as December.
safe rule to follow when your vines
'ed pruning is to cut them back ti
:out the time the leaves are begin kE
og to fall-aay Oct-.ber 15th -to
oember 15, according to the
asyns. Bunca grapes should be
are sentraly pruned, than soupper- a
ugs, but this work can be donca
y time between October and
harleston is getting so she canM
ather any old storm now. er
Wild geese and wild automobiles are a
NAJY LOST AT SEA.
Only Five Saved Out uf One Hundred
Five Emu V'rs cf the great Florida
f orm was landed al. Norfolk, Va., on
Friday by the British steamer Heath
rpcol, C7.pt. John Grieves, command
-g, wbict arrivzd F:day to coal,
qr New O'.*ns to Rotterdam.-The
survivors ar. Fr..nk BZvely, fordman,
nf Ma.ranna, Fla; Gos Johnson, of
a-merville, Mass; Abner Belle, of
Kiissimee, FYa-, and John Campbell,
They, with about 145 others, were
consttrctIng a concrete viaduct for
the FiorIda East Coast railway,
-brcugh the Florida keys, and were'
abard house boat No. 4, which lay
anchored off the coast onthe night of
Oatober 1Mh. The grat hurrica
which swept over the coast struck the
house boat about 1 o'clockin tbe morn
ing of gat. 18, and No. 4 -broke
The house boat soon aferwards
foundered and all of the 150 men
abcard were thrown- into the raging
sea. The house boat was daed to
pieces in the angry waves which were
rolling mruntainhigh arid the survi
vors tell of haing seen many of their
comrades killed by heavy timbers.
striking them as they werestraggling
msdly to fiad soms means of rescue. z
Sx men managing to get two tim
hers, one ten b7 twenty. inches and,
the other six by fourteen inches with.
twenty feet long. 'lashed these to.
getber, and lived on this raft until
one became mad from a.2Ering and
injury, and threw himself Into the
On 0.tober 19; Captain Grieves,
standing on the bridge.of his. jhip,
heard cries for help from a raft and
aSuncbing a life boat scon brough the.
3erishing men aboard the Hearther
.'ool. The survivors are being cared
or at the NeIt.11CIty Mission.
Dr- Jas. H, Onrlisle Granted a Gas%
Dr..Jemes H,. Carlisle, president
emeritus of-Woffird college and Bouth:
Carolina's -greatest educator, has
been granted a pension of $1,1Ca
year -by the Carnegie Foundition.
The c iflioal notice of the iecisionof
the Carnegie board was received in
Spaitauburg ten days agobutnotbe
coming generally known-untilriday.
The gantng of this .pensionl18 a
d!stinct compliment to Dr. Carlisle
the State of South Colina and Wof.
The Ctmegie Foundation was are
a ted by the celebrated millinnaire for
the purpose of pensioning educatid
who had done great service for thls
cause; It is arule of the bo d and.
the founder that the pensions aree or
the professors and eachers in the'
State and private Institutins, the
professors of denominatioal colleges
being excluded. On account of the
eminent services rendered to his State
and the cause of education an excep
tion was made in the amse of the
"grand old man" of South ina
and he became the first and only pro-'
fessor of a denominatIonal college to
receive the pension. -
The securinggf the pension was t
a largd'etent due to the ff brts of Dr.
H.. 198nyder, prersent -president 6f
Wofagcollege While engaged In his
work as edncator, DrcBnyder came WIn
Contact with Dr. PFte':ard, the'chair
man of the Carnegie Foundation. Dr.
Snyder called the .attentIon offthe
chairman to the work that had-bed!.
done by Dr. Carlilse. Dr. Pritchard
was vary much interested, and, afteir
making Inestigation, tcok the matter
up with the board. The result was
the board w'llinbgly .recognized ihe
great services for the cause of educa
tion, overstepped the rule and voted
in favor of placing Dr. Carlisle on the
list of the beneficIaries of the funid.
For Sake os flite.
In order that his wile might re.
elve $200 which would come t10 her
from life insurance Ifj he died. before.
Thursy, Samuel A. Marshall1 sae
enty years old, killed himself just be
fore thre time expired. About two
yes:s ago the Marshaflsbeingold,
poor and nearly belpless were obliged'
to seperate. - The hutba Liliient 1o0
live wish his daughterand 'the wife -
with a sister in Bsdbim, Name.
When Marshall went into big daug -
ter's house honsigned over a policy
for 8L000 inillranca bn the contrast
stipulated that~fih e- I~ within -two
ears $200 of tihe money would go to
hswife. The two years expired
Thursday. /As the time approached, -
Marshall became more and more des
pondent.' Last 'Saturday he tookf
cyanide of pot-asslum and died in con
vlsions. The 'fact that death wa's
not natural did not heome known
until after his burial.
Dashed Down Gryde.
At Clevland, Ohio., eight mnt
were Injured and one perhaps fatally
in a 'wreck' on the Eastern Ohls
Traction Line today. A spacial car,
bund west carrying eleven persons,
en of whom were employees of the
cad, dashed down a steep. grade .sh
errific speed. The train was thrown
rom the tracks at a curve, burying
~hose on board in a mass of wreckage.
he accident was due to wet rails
bd the inability of the motorgan to
'ontrol the speed of the crr.
Feu- From a Trazn.
J. A. Massey, a farmer of Chaster
Jonty, while beating his way, it is
aid on top of a Seaboard-train bound
or the State~air, fell and was pIcked
o about seven miles above Columbia.
I was taken to the Columibia Hos
ital and died Thursday-night at 6
'clock from his injuries, which were
rgely Internal, He leaves a widow
if Chester County. He was aboa
ray yaars old
THOL&s Alexander Pnelan. with
loney,mn nis pocket and several thou
mds in bank, committed suicide in
ew York on Tuursday by shooting
Imselfn tehead wiua pistoL. Ha
id spent $300,000 in the last file
James y. Hill declare that credit is
tter than money.' Yes; for a man
ho has credit doesn't need money.
An elephant ranch has been started
Texas. Texas, though, will con
nue to vote for the democratic don
A contest of the will or Russell s
ige las been avoided by Mrs. Sage
treeing to pay the heirs double the
uount of tihe legacies named in will
Senator Tillmnan it is said, made
5,0 out of his lecture business dur
g the past summer. The Anderson
ail says some of his critics have nev
made that much during their
[t takes a girl to know she can do
ythmng she wants with a man by
rn how bwa ire is