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THE CURSE OF INDIA
CASTE, WHICH FIXES THE STATUS
OF EVERY HINDOO.
No Mni an Ri Frou the Class,
HOweveI-r Unclean, In Which Ile
Was Born-Neither Wealth Nor Sac
cess Affects the Caste of Any One.
In the fixed scale of descent in India
some classes are merely inferior, while
some are "unclean" or "untouchable,"
but from whatsoever class a man be
born in he has no escape but death.
Children born in an "uilean" caste
remain "unclean;" children born in an
inferior caste remain as their fathers
were. Nothing that they can do can
in the slightest degree change their
situation. They were born "unclean;"
their ancestors were "unclean;" their
descendants will be "unclean" till the
end of the chapter.
To give a few illustrations from
many, a weaver is less "unclean" than
a carpenter, a carpenter is above a
house cleaner, a house cleaner is above
a street cleaner, and a street cleaner is
above a pariah or no caste man. Every
trade or occupation has its exact place,
arbitrarily fixed, in the scale of degra
Above all the men that labor with
their hands in whatsoever way are
the tradesmen and shopkeepers, also
with subdivisions into classes: above
the tradesmen is the useless and now
almost idle warrior class: above the
warriors is the Brahman or priestly
class. and ::ith these grand divisions
the structure of the system is com
Wealth or material situation or suc
!ess has nothing to do with the caste of
any man. You may hire for your cook
or valet a Brahman of the purest strain
;erene, who for weeks before you en
gaged him may have been on the verge
of starvation. The meager beggar to
%Thom you toss alms in the road may
be of a very high caste. The well fed
groom, resplendent in gorgeous livery,
fiashing by on a carriage that covers
the beggar with dust, is very likely of
a caste a mile below the beggar. Time
no more than effort can break down
these walls of division. One of the
wealthiest and most distinguished fam
ilies in Calcutta, the famous Tagore
family, lost caste about two centuries
ago. Members of this family have.re
ceived honor from the government,
have conferred great benefits upon city
and country and have been noted for
their numerous charities and benefac
tions. One exerted himself all his life
to further native education. Another
helped to endow Calcutta university.
All are enormously rich, and all bear
enviable reputations for goodness, hon
esty and philanthropy. But the wall of
caste has never fallen for them. They
are still hated and avoided by their
countrymen exactly as they were .at
the beginning of their exclusion. In the
streets of Calcutta is many a ragged
artisan that would not sit on the same
bench with a Tagore or touch the end
of his robe.
Pain, suffering, penury, even death
itself. is nothing to the H1indoo com
pared with the loss of caste. Many a
Hindoo that in the old days would
yield nothing to the most fiendish tor
tures quickly surrendered his secrets
when tlireatened with something that
would contaminate him-a piece of
cowskin, perhaps, or a glass of water
that had been touched by a pariah. In,
I suppose, .thousands of cases persons
that have hcpelessly lost their caste
have abandoned their homes and wan
dered miserably along the roads until
death overtook them. Thousands of
others have thrown themselves into the
Ganges or deliberately starved.
Three Brahman girls who had been
degraded by a Mussulman went before
a judge to demand vengeance aind
when the judge declined to interfere
killed themselves in the courtroom.
At a town called Buj Buj a widow
lost caste by falling in love with a
man beneath her. As loss of caste by
one member of the family .degrades
the others also, her eldest son imme
diately swallowed poison and died,
and his remaining brethren fled the
A husband shares a wife's degrada
tion. A wife goes down the steps with
a husband. For more than 100 years
a Brahmnan family of Santipur has
been outcaste because one member fell
in love with the daughter of a shoe
maker.-Charles Edward Russell In
Here is a curious couplet which illus
trates in one sentence the various val
ues of the combination "ough" and
shows how strikingly inconsistent are
the spelling and pronunciation of some
English words. The lines may be sup
posed to be the words of an invalid
who had a strong will and was deter
mined to live in spite of his ailment:
Whough the tough cough and hiccough
ploughed me through.
Yet o'er lifes lough my course I wil
Hot and Cold.
Pete Persimmon - Yeas, Ah reckon
Ah am fated to be a bachelor. Ah
lubed a gal once, but she threw cold
watah on mah suit. Henry Ham
Well, dat's bettah den gettin' mabhied
en habin' yo' wife throw hot watah on
yo' suit Dat' s what mine does ebry
time I stay out after 10. - Ghicago
The Cause of Trouble.
She-I can't understand why Lord
Busted wants a divorce. His wife had
half a million when he married her.
He--Yes, and she's got every penny
of it still. That's the trouble.-Pick
Me-Up. ____ __
Constant complaints never get pity.
Rising From the Grave..
A prominent man ufacturer, Win. A
Ferivell, of Lucama, N. C., relates a
most remarkable experience. He says:
After taking less than three bottles, of
Electric Bitters. I feel like one risimg
- from the grave.'My trouble is Bright's
disease, in the Diabetes state. I fully
believe Electric Bitters will cure me
permanently, for it has' already stop
ped the liver and bladder complications
which have troubled me for years."
Guaranteed at The Arant Co. Drug
Store. Price only 50e.
Byron and His Title.
Professor Masson in the first pub
lished records of the ancient gram
mar school of Aberdeen recounts this
school legend about the poet Byron: 'It
was said that on his coming to school
the first morning after his accession to
the peerage was known and on the
calling out of his name in the catalogue
no loniger as 'Georgi Gordon Byron,' hut
as 'Ceorgi Baro de Byron.' he did not
reply with the usual and expected 'ad
sum,' but, feeling the gaze of all his
schoolfellows, burst into tears and ran
FRAUDS IN OLD BOOKS.
Ancient and Rare Volumes Doctored,
Restored and Imitated.
A well known collector acquired
what he took to be a book published
by Aldus in the year 1450. He paid
$1,000 for it and believed that it was
an original Aldus, because the publish
er's press mark, a dolphin coiled round
an anchor, appeared upon it. When
the book was shown to an expert it
proved to be beyond a shadow of
doubt a modern antique-that Is to
say, it was simply a copy of the orig
inal work printed by an ingenious book
fakir. So clever was the imitation
that only an expert could tell it from
the original and rare book. Scores of
persons during recent years have
bought facsimiles of rare works under
the impression that they were getting
the originals. Dickens' "Sunday Un
der Three Heads" has been faked
many times and sold as original to
collectors who no doubt treasure them
as rarities. Genuine copies of this
little book are worth a good sum, and
some unscrupulous dealers, taking ad
vantage of the circumstances, have
had it reprinted and palm off the
copies on unsuspecting bibliomaniacs
for the genuine first edition.
Many men make a living by "doc
toring" old and rare books for un
scrupulous dealers. These men are
adepts in the art of book restoring and
are quite able to make good any part
of an imperfect copy. For instance,
if a rare book has a leaf missing it is
handed over to a restorer, who re
prints the page with battered ttype,
the paper upon which it is printed be
ing afterward discolored with chem
icals or tobacco water in order to give
it the true antique hue.
The first folio Shakespeare is, of
course, of great value, and it is safe
to say that every possible deception
has been practiced in fitting up copies
of this work for sale. At one time the
manufacture of first folio Shakespeares
was quite a trade. A first folio having
several leaves m'issing had leaves in
serted from the second folio, while in
one case the entire play of "Cymbe
line" was reprinted and inserted in a
first folio. The "faked" pages were
so cleverly done that several experts
were at first unable to detect them
when turning over the pages of the
work in question. Book restorers, as
a rule, are most ingenious artists, and
they can produce an Imitation of a
page of a rare book which will deceive
hundreds of collectors. One particu
lar restorer has "doctored" more than
a thousand old books during the last
two years, producing pages in facsim
ile and supplying colophons or deco
rated capitals. There Is not a thing
wanting to make a book complete that
this man cannot skillfully "fake."
Don't bet on your popularity.
About the hardest thing in this world
to handle is a jealous disposition.
When some people get into trouble
they enlist a lot of people to help them
If you have to keep demanding your
rights all the time you are asking for
something not coming to you.
What a comfortable world this would
be If people didn't take such delight In
making trouble for each other!
A doctor has two classes of people
to contend with-those who swear by
him and those who swear at him.
How you resent it when any one in
terferes in that which you consider
"your business!" And how often you
Interfere with the business of others!
The Poet and the Beauty.
One of the finest houses in southern
England is Penhurst Place, the birth
place of Sir Philip Sidney. Under the
trees of its park Edmund Waller paid
his addresses to the haughty Lady
Dorothea, whom he celeborated as Sach
arissa. But the heart of Lady Dorothea
Sidney-who was the most beautiful
woman of her time-was untouched by
Waler's amatory verses, and she re
jected the poet in favor of the Earl of
Sunderland. Many years afterward the
countess met Wailer and, reminding
him sentimentally of the old days at
Penhurst, asked him when he would
again write verses about her. "When,
madam," said the poet rudely, "you are
as young and as handsome as you were
Properties of Chlorine.
Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas
with a disagreeable smell. It is solu
ble in cold water, only slightly soluble
in hot water. It destroys color in wet
fabrics and is also a strong disinfect
ant. Both of these properties are said
to be due to its power of decomposing
hydrogen compounds, such as water,
combining with the hydrogen and liber
ating oxygen, which In a nascent state
oxidizes coloring matter, rendering it
colorless. As a disinfectant it oxidizes
the germs of disease and is in conse
quence largely used for this purpose.
Old Mrs. Jones entered ithe drawing
room unexpectedly and spoiled a very
"I was just whispering a secret in
Cousin Jennie's ear," explained Char
"I'm sorry," said the old lady grave
ly, "that your eyesight has become so
bad that you mistake Jennie's mouth
for her ear."-London Tit-Bits.
"Now our cook has gone away I
don't know what we shall do."
"I thought you told me your wife
was such a good cook?"
"Not a bit of it. I told you my wife
was an expert in broils, roasts and
For Tnfants and Children.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
Signature of , ,
Result of Laziness.
"When Mark Twain was a boy at
school in Ifannibal," said a veteran
Missourian, "the schoolmaster once set
the class to writing a composition on
'The Rtesult of Laziness.'
"Young Clemens at the end of half
an hour handed in as his composition
a blank slate."
"Elizabeth, has that man any expec
"What do they consist of?"
That which Is seen at a distance IS
YOUR OWN FACE.
Would You Recognize It if Youx Saw
It on Another?
"How curious it is," said the philos
epher, "that the person for whom you
care most on earth, the one you see
oftenest and who receives your most
constant attention, is the one whose
countenance is least familiar to you."
"Who is that?" asked the visitor.
"Yourself," said the philosopher. "It
is a fact that if people could be dupli
cated and could meet themselves in the
street very few would recognize them
selves. We look at ourselves many
times during the 305 days of the year.
We say our eyes are blue or brown or
whatever other color they may be,.our
hair black, our chin peaked, our fore
head high!). We know every lineament
of our face from constant study and
attention, yet when we turn away
from the mirror we cannot conjure up
a picture of ourselves.
"We know just how our friends and
even acquaintances look. In fancy we
can see them sitting so- or standing so,
and their varying expressions under
different circumstances are clear to us
even though we may not have seen
them for years, but when it comes to
ourselves we cannot fill in even the
outlines of the picture. We may laugh,
we may cry, we may frown, but we do
not know how we look while we are
doing it. Photographs do not help us.
We have never seen ourselves in the
flesh. Mirrors and pictures are poor
aids when we sit down and try to see
ourselves with the mind's eye.
"That is why people are so deeply
interested In anybody who Is said to
resemble them. Just say to a man,
'I know somebody who is the dead im
age of you,' and he will never rest till
he sees that person. Then if the like
ness is really true he will own that
up to that time he had had no concep
tion of how he really looked."
The visitor smiled wanly.
"I wish you wouldn't talk like that,";
she said. "It makes me feel positively
uncanny."-New York Press.
LAWS IN CHINA.
They Take No Account of the Inten
tions of the Accused.
The incompatibility of laws based
on diverse civilizations is nowhere
more marked than in China, says Ho
sea B. Morse in the Atlantic. There
no bankruptcy law is possible. If a
debtor's own estate will not suffice to
pay his debts the deficiency must be
made good by his father, brothers or
uncles; if a debtor absconds his im
mediate family are promptly imprison
ed; if the debtor returns he is put in
prison and kept there indefinitely, so
long as he can find money for his
daily food until released by payment
in full or by death. This is the law.
When in 1895 Admiral Ting found
himself forced to surrender Weihaiwei
and his fleet, he committed suicide.
By this courageous step, technically
dying before surrender, he saved his
immediate family-father, mother, sons
and daughters-from decapitation and
their property from confiscation, the
penalty when a commander surrenders
an imperial fortress. This is the law.
When in the old days an English
gunner caused the death of a Chinese
by firing a salute from a cannon from
which by oversight the ball had not
been removed, he was seized, tried
and executed. And In 1839, when In
the course of a disturbance with Eng
lish and American sailors at Canton a
Chinese was killed, the authorities de
manded that if the guilty person could
not be detected and executed the
whole party should be handed over
for execution. This is the law.
Intention is never taken into ac
count A dollar for a dollar, an eye
for an eye, a life for a life, and all
for the emperor and his rep'resenta
tives-this is the law of China.
Foley's Honey and Tar cu&'es the
most obstinate coughs and expels the
cold from the system as it is mildly lax
ative. It is guaranteed. The-genuine
is in the yellow package. The Arant
Co. Drug Store.
Many Varieties Are Made For Special
"It is not enough to make true mir
rors," the dealer said. "If that were
all, ours would be indeed a simple busi
"Dressmakers and milliners require
mirrors of all sorts. They need, for ex
ample, a mirror that makes one look
taller and thinner. When they dress
a fat, short patron in one of their new
hats or suits they lead her to this 'mir
ror, and she is so surprised and pleased
with the change for the better in her
looks that straight off she buys.
"For masseurs I make a mirror that,
like a retouched photograph, hides
blemishes, wrinkles, scars. The mas
seur takes the wrinkled face of some
rich old woman, steams It. thumps it,
pinches It and smacks it for an hour
and then holds up to it the mirror that
gives a blurred,- blemish hiding reflec
tion. The woman thinks her wrinkles
are gone and is happy till she gets
home to her own true mirror.
"Altogether I make some twenty va
rities of false mirrors. Salesmen and
saleswomen in millinery and dressmak
lg establishments can double and
quadruple their business if they are
quick and deft in their selection of the
mirror that fiatters each patron best."
A tissue builder, reconstructor, builds
up waste force, makes strong nerves
and muscle. You will realize after
taking Hollister's Rocky Mountain Tea
what a wonderful benefit it will be to
you. 35c., Tea or Tablets.
Dr. W. E. Brown & Co.
The public man in America who has
never been tagged with a nickname
may be just as efficient and worthy of
praise as his brethren who are known
as "Bill" and "Joe," but he has not
achieved an equal measure of popular
ity. Nicknames are oftener Inspired by
affection than by aversion. "The men
of the people," so called, are invari
ably nicknamed. Venerable citizens
still refer to "Abe" Lincoln, dwelling
with reminiscent affection upon the ab
breviation. Nicknames both good and
bad are as old as history. In this coun
try the people have a way of abbrevi
ating the names of the men they really
like and assigning their full titles to
the men who prefer dignity to popular
A Fateful Day For Catholies.
One of the most wonderful contrasts
in history was made manifest on the
day of Newman's entrance into the
Roman Catholic church. On Oct. 8,
1845, Newman made his conversion to
the Passionist Father Dominic at Lit
temore. On the same day, Oct. 8.
1845, Ernest Renan left the seminary
of St. Sulpice and went out of the
church into the world.-London Stand
A Butterfly That Enjoys Only Five
Hours of Life.
It is in August that the naturalists
observe the marvelous insect which is
born, reproduces and dies in the period
of a single night on the banks of the
Marne. of the Seine and of the Rhine.
It is the ephemere of which Sirammer
dam has written and which is spoken
g- in Aristotle.
The life of this insect does not last
beyond four or five hours. It dies to
ward 11 o'clock in the evening after
taking the form of a butterfly about six
hours after midday. It is true, how
ever, that before taking this form it
has lived three years in that of a
worm, which keeps always near the
border of water in the holes which it
makes in the mud.
- The change of this worm in the wa
ter to an ephemere which flies Is so
sudden that one has not the time to see
it. If one takes the yorm in the water
the hand cannot be taken away before
the change is made unless by pressing
the worm slightly in the region of the
chest. By this means it can be taken
from the water before the change
The ephemere, after leaving the wa
ter, seeks a place where it can divest
itself of a fine membrane or veil, which
entirely covers it. This second change
takes place in the air.
The ephemere assists itself with the
point of its little nails as firmly as it
can. It makes a movement similar to
that of a shiver; then the skin on the
middle of the back breaks apart, the
wings slip out of tlieir sheath, as we
sometimes take off our gloves by turn
ing them inside out. After this strip
ping the ephemere beins to fly. Some
times it holds itself s aight up on the
surface of the water on the end of its
tail, flapping its wings one against the
other. It takes no nourishment in the
five or six hours which are the limit of
its life. It seems to have been formed
but to multiply, for it does not leave
its state of a worm until it is ready to
deposit its eggs, and it dies as soon as
they are deposited.
In three days' time one sees appear
and die all species of ephemere. They
last sometimes until the fifth day, for
the reason that some malady has af
fected some of them and prevents them
from changing at the same time as the
A STUDY IN EYES.
Michael Angelo had hazel eyes.
Mohammed had coal black eyes.
Milton had gray blue eyes, clear and
Beethoven had small brown eyes,
Dante had, according to Boccaccio,
large black eyes.
Isaac Newton had blue eyes, small,
bright and piercing. -1
Cowper, physically timid, had weak
blue eyes devoid of animation.
Harvey, the discoverer of the circu
lation of the blood, had small eyes, full
Carlyle's eyes were described as "the
very handsomest ever seen in a man's
Bismarck had eyes of steely gray,
deep sunken, almost hidden under
Dr. Johnson's poor health so affected
his eyes that they were dull and life
less, of a watery blue.
Richeltei as an Editor.
The first reporter of France was
Louis XIII. The National library pos
sesses the manuscripts o'f thirty-six ar
ticles written by that king. Almost all
are accounts of his military operations.
These articles were published in the
Gazette de France. The "copy," how
ever, did not go directly to the printer.
Louis XIIL wrote abominable French,
and he had vague notions of orthogra
phy. His articles were corrected and
often entirely rearranged by a secre
tary named Lucas, who copied them,
sending to Richelieu the new manu
script. Richelieu examined it in his
turn and often introduced additional
corrections. At the siege of Corbie the
king wrote a few lines eulogistic of the
cardinal, but afterward crossed them
out of his article. Richelleu wrote
them in again, and so they appeared in
the Gazette de France.-Revue de Par
The "Mun" Who Mindas the Cows.
In the Basque country the children
begin to work at an early age. They
learn to tend and guide the oxen,
which are used entirely for agricultur
al'and draft work, and as if by instinct
obtain complete control over the ani
mals while barely able to reach their
heads. The sturdy urchin of four years
is up at daybreak, and barelegged and
bareheaded he goes with the cows to
the pastures. If one should stray on to
a neighboring patch he is after it with
his long stick and Basque adjurations
and brings it scampering back, general
ly holding on to its tail meanwhile.
The first mention of the Huns in his
tory is in China B. C. 210. They con
quered that country and were after
ward driven out by the Celestials and
marched clear across Asia, penetrating
the country now known as Hungary in
37G A. D. For a time they threatened
to overrun the whole of the continent,
but were defeated in the heart of
France and driven back to the banks
of the Danube.
Dud Some Hard Trhinking.
"Yes, he was nailin' a board on his
front steps, and he hit his thumb an
awful swipe. And what do you think!
He didn't say a word."
"Nope. He's deaf and dumb."
Cleeland Plain Dealer.
Bears the Ib Kid YOU HaveAwYS Boght
THE ANIMAL KINGDOM.
Wild dogs never bark and so always
A gray horse lives the longest, a
black one the shortest.
A. coon's fur is so thick that it can
rob bees without being stung.
A blue eyed cat is always deaf, but
all deaf cats are not blue eyed.
An Asiatic squirrel climbs a tree like
a telegraph pole climber. It has large
horny scales on its tail for the purpose.
The flying fox or tropical bat will
pass the night drinking from the ves
sels in wshkh cocoa is distilled and go
home intoxicated in the early morning
or sleep it off at the foot of the trees.
The big snowshoe rabbit or northern
hare is something of a dresser. It
wears a white coat in winter and a
gray one in summer, the better to con
ceal itself from its enemies by looking
as the ground looks in the two seasons.
STOPPED THE OVATION.
Richard Vagner's Peculiar Experi
ence In Vienna.
When Wagner was at the height of
his popularity he visited Vienna. Bar
on von Beust, then chancellor of the
empire, was informed that the Prus
sian party intended to give him an im
mense serenade-a serenade which
would have the air of German protest
against the tendency of the ministry to
make the unio of Hungary and Aus
tria more intimate. The demonstration
promised to arouse strong feeling.
"Your excellency is warned," said
the chancellor's advisers. "It is impos
sible to stop this manifestation unless*
Wagner goes away, and he loves ova
tions too well. Nothing will induce him
"You think so," said Beust, with a.
An hour later Wagner was Invited to
dine with the chancellor. He was flat
tered by the invitation and accepted It.
After- dinner, at which Beust was de
lightfully affable and entertaining, the
chancellor remarked: "Herr Wagner,
are you interested in autographs? I
have some very curious ones to show
you." And be opened a portfolio where
were letters of Palmerston, Bismarck,
Napoleon III., Heine and others.
Suddenly turning to a paper, dated
1848, he said: "Ah, look at this. It is
very curious. What would your friend
his hlghness.the king of Bivaria say if
this paper, which would be significant
in connection with the political sere
nade which the Germans are going to
give-you, should be published tomor
row in the Vienna papers?"
The composer examined the paper
and recognized, with surprise, an old
proclamation of one Richard Wagner,
who, an ardent revolutionist in 1848,
had proposed to the youth of that time
to set fire to the palace of the king of
Saxony. le saw his autograph and
that it might be the means of getting
him into serious trouble.
"Very curious, Is it not, Herr Wag
ner?" said the minister.
"Very curious, your excellency," re
plied his guest
The next morning Richard Wagner
left Vienna, recalled to Baireuth by
urgent business.-Strand Magazine.
A Process That Requires Both Pa
tience and Skill.
With certain tribes wampum is still
highly prized and necklaces are worn
by men, women and children when
they are the fortunate possessors of
them. To make wampum various kinds
of shells are used, white and those
having a lavender hue being most
The thin shells are broken Into little
pieces and by aid of nippers are made
as nearly round as possible. When
each piece is drilled in the center, the
old time fire kindling style of drill be
Ing used, the shells are then strung and
rolled with the hand on a fiat stone,
which grinds them until they are
smooth and even.
Comparatively few Indians among
those who prize wampum beads most
highly have the skill or patience to
make them, even though they had the
materials. The fact is there are but
few wampum bead makers in the coun
try, and it often happens that long p1l
grimages must be made to secure the
requisites for really fine beads, and, as
wIth the white man's trinkets, that
which is "far fetched and dear bought"
is most sought after for ornamentation.
Around some of the ancient ruins In
the southwest the little disks of wam
pum are often found in the sand, and it
Is probable that they were deposited
In the graves in very early tImes and
washed out or exposed by the wind's
action. These ruins are in the best
state of preservation of any in the
country. Absolutely nothing Is known
of their builders, and the origin of
these ruins was as much a mystery
whe-Coronado first saw them In 1540,
when he made his famous Invasion, as
It is to the people of the present day.
Oxygen. and Mlushrooms.
A singular way of removing oxygen
from the air by the aid of a plant Is
as follows: Inside a glass bell jar, sus
pended over water, Is placed a mush
room, and sunlight Is allowed to fall
upon the plant. The mushroom ab
sorbs the oxygen from the air in the
jar, and the carbonic acid formed dur
ing the process is absorbed by the wa
ter, which gradually rises in the far
to one-fifth of its height The mush
room now dries up, but its animation
is only suspended, as may be proved
by Introducing beside it a green plant,
when it will recommence to vegetate,
being nourished by the oxygen exhaled
from the fresh plant.
"Mr. Merchant," said the new clerk,
preparing to ask for more money, "I
think I understand the business pretty
well now, and"
"Yes?". Interrupted his employer.
"Well, keep at It four or five years.
Perhaps you'll understand it then as
well as you think you do now."-Phil
Taking Papa Down.
First Daughter-Oh, papa, dear,
two young men we've met down here
have asked us to marry them. Father
-They'd better see me first. Second
Daughter-Oh, they've seen you, papa,
and they love us notwithstanding.
gCrops That Conviace'
We will convinae you that you
*can "incrcasc your yields per acre"
and you won't havo to keep it a so
crot, either. Road what Messrs.
Wherry & So'n, of tho Magnolia
'"From two acres of strawberries,
on which 1,000 pounds of
per acre were used, we cleared a
,profit of $T3.00 per acre more than
the other 14X acres of strawberries
which had only 500 pounds of this
fertilizer." Thus double the quan
tity of these fertilizerso~n each acre
of any crop, and more than doubly
"increase your yi'elds per acre." Be
SUre you buy only Virginia-Caro
Virgintc-Carollna Chemilcal Co.
uiichimond, Va. Atlanta, Ga.
Norfolk, Va. Savannah. Ge.
Durham, N. C. Montgomery. Ala.
Charleston, f. . emphis, Tenn.
The new Laxative
that does not gripe
Tleasant to take. L
Do You WaiIt,
THEN COME OR SEND TO US.
We have the best equipped Tailor
ins Establishment in the State.
High Art, Clotfiig
solely and we.carry the best line of
Hats and Gent's Furnishings in the
Ask your most prominent men.who
we are, and they will commend you
J. L, DAVID & BRO,
Cor. King & Wentworth Sts.,
CHARLESTON, - S. C.
ceoS. Hacker &Son,
Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Moulding and Building
CH ARLESTON, S. C.
Weights and Cords.
Window and Fancy glass a Saecialty.
ner Sup-soy d vhas
MAN IN, S 3C
Dors. Sah Blind,00
Sto eoigts, ad20,000
Wifety and Relabiliy ase a Sfeiofltye
erslfuli l wy so handlingthear se mll
beconts nyr of he e t .adclswl
be repode tAVIS. M. A. J.WEfNERa
DAVI E& WENINERGO
MANNING, S. C.
Ba ANNINGs ofBsns. C. c
aATTORNE~Y AT LAW,
MaNNNGg S. C
Pofftnio given v'Storceen.
.ATTORNEY AT LAW,
MANNING. 5. 0.
JDO.EPH A. ROLE
MANNING, S. C.
MANNINGS S. C
OMA NNINGS. L
Stomach and Liva
a e C t o troubleand
xative iFliti SyrUp Chronic Constipation.
The Arant Co. Drug Store.
The Kind You Have'Always Bought, and which has-beem
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signatnre* (r
and has been made under his per
sonal supervision since its infanCY.
AJlowno one to deceive yoUintb&
All Counterfeits, Imitations and "Just-as-good" are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Ifants and Children-Experience against Experiment.
What is CASTORIA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotle
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoa and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy aid natural sleep.
The Children's Panacea-The Mother's Friend.
CENUINE CASTORIA LWAYs
Bears the Signature of
Tile Kild Yloll Have MlwayS Boght0
In Use For Over 30 Years.
THE CCNTAUR COMPANV. 7T MURRAY STREtN. CMi YORK CM?.
S. R. VENNING, Jewe
Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Spectacles, Eye
Glasses and -all Kinds of Fancy Novelties.
I make a specialtyoi WEDDDCG and HOLMlY PRESENTS,
anti alway s carry a bandsome line of
Silverware, Hand-Painted China, Glasswa
and numerous other articles suitable for Gifts of ail kiA
C:CME ANDO SEE "T H ENV
All WItch. Clock and Jeweiry Repairn: .
8g r 0~[i 1 CHI 91loS. '~
- - -
Headquarters for Paints and~ Ji s.
the public generally to come to Sumter
and look in on our tremendous stock
of Hardware of all kinds, tools of ever*
S description. When you need anything
in the Machinery supply line; we can
furnish just what you want.
z We handle the best Beitings in the
Our Faint and Oil. Departments are
full. Try our famous Japalac.
Farmers, you can save money by
z buying your Wire Fencing from us.
We are headquarters for all kinds
-of Sporting Goods, nd we can- beat
C them all in Harness and Saddles.
Ladies, buy your new Stove~ or
S Rauge from us. Let us show them to
Our long experience gives us an
S advantage, and we can safely say that
Jwe can please the ~trade
DuRant Hardware Co.
I SUMTER, S. C.
Machinery Supplies. Belting. Etc.
A passenger service unexcelled for luxury
and comfort, equipped with the latest Pullman
Dining, Sleeping and Thoroughfare Cars.
For rates, schedule, maps or any informa
tion, write to -
WM. J. CRAIG,
General Passenger Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
Tinio&ulumbiog' KILLHE COUCH
AND CURE THE LUNCS
Hav'e your tinning done by an expe~.
riened vGorkman. WiTH
I cut and thread all sizes of pipe and
by those who bring me their work.
I make a specialty of doing ill kinds '
af soid'ring, such as coffee pots, ket-~ ONSUMPTION Price
tes. stew pans. sauce pans, dish pans,~ FOUGHS and 30casi$1.00
ilk pans or anything that needs re- ''OLDS Free Trial..
~airing. I will do it in a workmanlike Srs n ucetCr o U
STOVES.-I repair, put up and buy TER.OAT and L1TNG TROUB
our old stores. I have had the best jLES, or MONEY BACE.
xperience with hardware men and
.ill give you satisfaction. The Arant Co. Drug Store.
f y-our lam p is out of order let me
ee it before you throw it away. - oo ypesaGr
JOH P BLL Digests what you eat.
Shop near Bradham's stable.
1... .kes.. ...-z.... eae o rafaae the system by gently mloving the bowfels.