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WILL SOON OPEN.,
The National Campaign is Begin- I
ning to Thaw Out
AND GREAT ISSUES
Will Be Discussed On the Platform'
by Thousands of Irators. Sen
ator Tillman Will Be Prominent
Among Them. Some of the Oth
er Speakers on Both Sides Are
- Given Below.
.. National political issues will be
discussed to a greater extent the
present spring and summer than they
were during the recent session of
This statement may seem odd. but
it nevertheless, is true. A change
has came over the people of America
in the last decade-a change that is
particularly noticeable in Washing
ton. Years ago, political campaign~s
were conducted practically througnl
only three or four months, in a pres
,idential contest, and during only two
or three months in a congressional
contest. Times have changed and so
have political methods. There is no:
awaiting now for the presidential
campaign to begin next spring or
summer. It is "on" at the moment.
Candidates, in their personality, may
not be discussed so much, but issues!
of the campaign are being threshd
out from every rostrum in the coun
Political arguments and partisan
appeals formerly were made either
through the newspapers or at stated
gatherings of one or another of the
political parties. In the opinion of
the best political observers, the day!
of the political meeting, as such, is
passing, if, ineeded, it already has
not gone into history. So far as in
fluence is concerned, it has become a
reminiscence. People attend politi
cal meetings as a matter of curiosity
or to put in the time, but not to get
instruction as to how they shall vote.
In a few years more the "spellbin
der" will be out of a job, because he
no longer is able, in the judgment of
the politica managers, to deliver the
For several years the lecture plat
form has been increasing in import,
ance and influence. It supplements
thoroughly the newspaper press m
conveying.to the people facts and in
formation about the government and
about the live questions of the day.
This is indicated by the number of
prominent Americans-men who are
identified with the political life of
the country-who have appeared on
the lecture platform and who prac
tically have abandoned the political
rostrum. Year in and year out they
preach their doctrine from Chautau
qua platforms and lyceum stages.
The discussions of issues which they
present to the people are supposed
to be non-partisan. but as a matter
of concrete fact they are as partisan
as is the individual who delives the
Political lecturing is not only profit
able to the man who is successful at
it, but it enables the lecturer to reach
a greater number of people whom he
probably desires -to reach than any
other method. Several members of
eongress have lecture engagements
* which will consume practically all of
their time between this and the con
vening of congress next December,
For these lectures, which are either
plain political speeches of disserta
tion on various phases of social or
economic life, those who deliver
them receive $50 to $250 each. The
price varies with the lecturer and
It is not unlikely that Senator Till
man of South Carolina, will deliver
his lecture on the race question 150
* times before congress reassembles
next December. In that time he will
earn many times his salary as a Uni
ted States senator, ir he is Yaukee
enough to get a mighty good price
for his lecture engagements. Every
lyceum manager and lecturepromot
er in the country eagerly sought Sen-|
ator Tillman's services this year, for
he draws enormous crowds wherever
he is billed to appear.
Senator LaFoliette, the diminutive
statesmani from Wisconsin, will spendj
much of his time during the spring
and summer on the lecture platform.
William Jennings Bryan, too, will,
appear frequently at important pub
-lic assemblages as, also, will Senator
Beveridge, of Indiana, who just now
is conducting a debate with Mr. Bry
an on the issues of the next presi
dential campaign. Former Senator
Fred Dubois, of Idaho, will attack
the Mormons on the lecture plat
form. Representative Champ Clark,
of Missouri, Governor Folk, of the
same state. and Governor Cumnmins,
of I',wa, also will be prominent sum
rner lecturers who will seek to
strengthen their political pocket
books by talking politics, for a sub
Farmers and Telephones.
Many farmers do not realize the
immense advantages and labor-sav
ing possibilities in the telephone. By
its use, one may learn from city or
village the state of the market, the
probable demand, any shortage that
exists, and be prepared to take ad
vantage of it promptly, while Mr.
Slowpoke is finding out too late that
there was a brisk demand for the
very goods he had to sell. Market'
reports in weekly papers are ancient'
history wheu received these days.
What we want is advance informa- I
tion. The telephone was certainly
the most valuable invention of the
last half century, and none have ben
efitted more by it than farmers.
They can~ now sell their stuff in wholei
or in part before leaving home and
do not, as formerly, have to tak'e the!
risk of driving to town with a load
only to find the market glutted.
There is no excuse now for making
such mistakes as this and it is safe
to say that no farmer who under
stands his business is ever caught in
such a trap.
-Dr. Leon Goldburg, who has been
- acting as interpreter for the state
bencharged with being implicated
in the seduction of a young girl who
came over in the Wittekind, has dis
appeared from Columbia.
Five Belgians, who have been
working for the street railway comn-'
pany in Anderscn, have gone to Ne
braska, where there is a large Bel
)ours Oil Over Her Clothes and
Sets Them Afire.
RAN OUT IN THE YARD.
A Neighbor Who Tries to Save Her
Beaten Off Cntil He Knocks Her
Down. .Survived llness,- but Be
lieved That 'She Was Slowly
Going Blind and Wanted to Die
A terrible tragedy was enacted in
St. Louis, Mo., one day last week.
Driven to desperation by the fear
that she was about to lose her eye
sight, Miss Mary Ollinger, 27 years
old, poured coal oil over her clothing
at the home of her sister, Mrs. Bar-:
bara Anderson, No. 2611 North
Broadway, touched a match to her
dress, and was fatally burned.
She was removed to the City Hos
pital, but the surgeons could do lit
tle for her, and she died, in a few
hours after reaching the hospital in
While the flames were scorching
her flesh, Miss Ollinger fought with
persons who tried to save her, and i
pleaded with them to be permitted
to die. She made no outcry because
of pain, but was enduring the tor
ture stoically when her sister discov
ered her and called for help.
Miss Ollinger was alone in the house
shortly after 1 o'clock on the day of
the tragedy. She opened a bracket
lamp and poured the oil upon her
clothes, then lighted a match and
touched the blaze to a loose waist she
She ran into the yard, apparently
that the wind might fan the flames,
and was standing there when Mrs.
Anderson first saw her danger.
Mrs. Anderson screamed for help
Richard Rosenkranz, an insurance
agent, who lives across the street,
rushed into the Anderson yard and
tried to beat out the fire with his
hands. Miss Ollinger, who was large
and strong, fought him with her
fists, and cried to him to leave her.
"I want to die!" she exclaimed
frantically. "I am going blind, and
there is nothing left in life for me!"
Rosenkranz could not overcome
her, so he ran into the house, seized
a feather bed, dragged it into the
yard, and threw it at the burning
woman. The weight knocked her
down, and he soon had smoothered
Doctor Oliver Bacon, of No. 4363
North Market street, administered
soothing lotions, and an ambulance
conveyed the young woman to the
Mrs. Anderson said her sister sev
eral years ago suffered a serious ill
ness whichaffected her eyes. Recent
lyess i e imagined she was
about to lose her sight entirely and
was subject to melancholia. None
of the family, however, believed she
would attempt to destroy herself.
IHer near relatives were Mrs. An
derson and George Ollinger, a broth
er, who is an engineer in Kansas
that Miss Ollinger's body from the
waist to the neck was a mass of blis
ters. __ _ _ _
Young People on the Farm.
If the young people on the farm
are discontented, says the American'
Farmer, would it not be wise to in
vestigate the case? If there is dull
ness and lethargy there is something
wrong. A morbid disposition kills
every joy, and it should be combated
at once. Morbidness is infectious,
and its contagion is evil. It is a duty
we owe to ourselves and friends to
be cheerful, and the cheerful mood
is also contagious.
Our young people on the farm can,
and they should cultivate cheerful
ness, self-control and serenity. The
"blues" are not commendable. Things
will happen to annoy us, but we can
keep our voices low and our faces
pleasant. We achieve something
worth while every time we repress in
speech, tones and gestures and ex
pression, irritation, impatience and
Our young people on the farm
should be thoroughly interested and
alive in all that is going on. We must
keep on climbing the mountain side;
we can not stay where we are, and
we must not fall back. Advancement
must be made, and our interest should
be so great there will be no room for
morbidness. If we cease to grow we
cease to live.
Our young people will not suffer
from the blues if they read good,
strong books, if they study with
earnestness the preparatory course
for their life work, if they keep up
their music or anything else in which
they are interested and have some
thing to talk of beyond the gossip of
the neighborhood and the mere friv
olities of life.
All of our young men and women
should have a practi-cal work to do,
and then some skill of the hands or
some fad to fill in the old moments.
Many of our girls like the needle, and
beautiful pieces of embroidery have
grown, little by little, using the frag
ments of time.
We must live outside of ourselves,
make self worth something to the
people around us, and this will give
us a large interest beyond self; with
the other young people, enlist in a
cause that will help the world. If you
do this, it is not likely that you will
often be very moody or depressed
The News of the Day.
A dispute over the merits of the
Russian army resulted in a captain
of Sjberian sharpshooters lopping off
a prince's ear and being shot twice
by his antagonist, the affray occurr
ing in a St. Petersburg hotel.
The Thaw trial, it is estimated,
will cost the lense a quarter of a'
million and4he'state $100,000.
Half of the business portion of
Summall, Miss., was destroyed by
fire. The, loss is $50,000.
The iron output of the Alabama
mines amounts to more than 13,000,
D0 tons for 1906.
The Milliners' Union -of Chicago
lemands that Easter hats must bear
:he union label.(
In a will case in New York the
iisposal of $600,000 depended upon a
The governor has appointed four
:onstables to look after the blind
iger in ichlnd Cunty
OFFICERS SALARIES i I
list of the Act Passed by the I
rhe Aumounts to Be Paid Auditors,;
Treasurers, Clerks, Sheriffs and
A showing of the salaries paid to
:ounty officers in the State appears I
:elow and will doubtless prove in
teresting to people throughout the
State. Some changes were made by
the general assembly, though there
ere fewer this year than usual.
It should interest the citizens of
ne county to know what their neigh
boring county is paying her officer,
or what any other county is paying.
A study of the figures will show
that there is a wide difference in the
amounts paid the same officer in the
respective counties. Some are doubt
less well paid, while others are poor
Of the various county offices per
haps that of sheriff carries with it a
larger salary in the most counties. It
ranges from $700 in Pickens county
to $4,000 in Charleston county. Ab
beville, $1,100, deputy $100; Aiken,
$2,000; Anderson, $1,800; Bamberg,
$800, for keeping jail and dieting
prisoners $100; Barnwell, $1,500;
Beaufort, $1,550; Berkeley, $1,000;
Charleston, $1,400; Cherokee, $1,500;
Chester, $900; Chesterfield, $900;
Clarendon, $800: Colleton, $1,500;
Darlington, $1,800; Dorchester, $900;
Edgefield, $1,000: Fairfield, $1,000;
Florence, $2,250; Georgetown, $2,100.
Greenville, $2.200; Greenwood, $1.
400; Hampton. 81.000: Horry, 8700:
Kershaw. $1,200; Lancaster, $1,500:
Laurens, 81,500: Lee, $1,600; Lexing
ton, $800; Marion, $1,800; Marlboro,
$1,900; Newberry, $1,400; Oconee,
$1,000; Orangeburg, $2,500; Pickens,
$700; Richland, $2,400; Saluda, $1,
100; Spartanburg, $2,500; Sumter,
$1,800; Union, $1,500; Williamsburg,
$1,300; York, 1,350.
In addition to the salaries Ramed
the sheriffs of the various counties
receive 30 cents per day for dieting
each prisoner while in custory, with
actual necessary expenses for him
self, prisoners and lunatics when
called beyond the county.
SUPERINTENDENT. OF EDUCATION.
As a rule the man who fills the of
fice of county superintendent is a
very poorly paid official. The salary
ranges from $4,00 to $1,200, as fol
lows: Abbeville, $700; Aiken, $700;
Anderson, $900; Bamberg, $500;
Barnwell, $800; Beaufort, $400; Ber
keley, $400; Charleston, $1,000; Cher
okee, $600; Chester, $600; Chester
field, $500; Clarendon, $650; Colle
ton, $600; Darlington, $800; Dorches
ter, $450; Edgefield, $600; Fairfield,
$500; Florence, $900; Georgetown,
$700; Greenville, $700; Greenwood,
$600; Hampton, $550; Horry, $400;
Kershaw, $700; Lancaster, $600;
Laurens, $750; Lee, $600; Lexington,
$600; Marion $800; Marlboro, $700;
Newberry, $800; Oconee, $700; Or
angeburg, $850; Pickens, $700; Rich
land, $1,200; Saluda, $450; Spartan
burg, $1,200; Sumter, $900; Union,
$500; Williamsburg, $600; York,
AUDITOR AND TREASURER.
The salaries of county auditors
range from $675 in Pickens~ county
to $3,200; in Charleston county, as
follows: Abbeville, 1,000; Aiken,
1,200; Anderson, 1,500; Bamberg,
800; Barnwell 1,200; Beaufort, 1,200;
Berkeley, 1,050; Charleston, 3,200;
Cherokee, 1,000; Chester, 1,000; Ches
field, 900; Clarendon, 800; Colleton,
1.200; Darlingon, 1,100; Dorchester,
900; Edgefkcid, 1,000; Fairfield, 1,000;
Florence, 1,100; Georgetown, 1,200;
Greenville 1,500; Greenwood, 1,000;
Hamptoni, 900; Horry, 750; Kershaw;
1,000; Lancaster, 900; Laurens, 1,000;
Lee, 1,000; Lexington, 900; Marion,
937; Marlboro, 900; Newberry, 1,000;
Oconee, 900; Orangeburg, 1,500;
Picke'is, 675; Richland, 2,000; Salu
da, 800; Spartanburg, 1,800; Sumter,
1,200'; Union, 900; Williamsburg,
900; York, 1,300.
In addition to their salaries the
county auditors are allowed a fee of
25 cents for each conveyance of real
estate transferred upon the records
of their respective offices, which fee
is to be collected of the person or
persons presenting the conveyance
The countty teasurer in each of
the counties of the State receives the
same salary as that paid to the coun
ty auditor of such county, except in
the counties of Union and Marion,
where the salary is 1,200, and in the
e-nty of Lee, where it is 850. In
ac ition to the salary each of the
county treasurers is entitled to a
fee of $1 for each tax execution is
sued against delinquents. Only in
Chesterfield county is this fee charge
able against the county, where 50
cents is charged.
County supervisor--Abbeville, $1,
100; Aiken, 900' Anderson, 1,200;
Bamberg, 800; Barnwell 900; Beau
fort, 800; Berkeley, 800; Charleston,
1,500; Cherokee, 700; Chester, 800;
Chesterfield, 800; .Clarendon, 800;
Colleton, 850; Darlington, 1,000;
Dorchester, 650; Edgefield, 900; Fair
Feld, 1,000, Florence, 1,100; George
town, 1,200; Greenville, 1,200; Green
wood, 1,000; Hampton (county com
missioners 500; each); Horry, 600;
Kershaw, 800; Lancaster, 800; Laur
ence, 1,000; Lee, 800; Lexington,
750; Marion, 800; Marlboro, 1,000;
Newberry, 1,000; Oconee 700; Or
angeburg, 700; Pickens, 600; Rich
land, 1,500; Saluda, 600: Spartanburg
1,250; Sumter, 900; Union, 600; Wil
liamsburg, 700; York, 700,
In the most of the counties the
supervisor and board of commission
ers are provided with a clerk at a
salary ranging from 100 to 500.
The clerk of court in each county
is paid a small salary and given the
fees of the office, which amount to
a great deal in some of the counties.
The coroner's salary in Charleston
county is 1,800: in Richland it is 650,
in the other counties it ranges from
75 per year to 400.
Ban Young, a watchman at a rail
r-oad crossing in Columbia was
nocked down by a runaway team
md run over by a locomotive. He
vill probably get off with only the
Limputation of a foot.
William DeLoch severely cut .
eorge Blatin near Good Hope.
Thurch in Saluda County. Both arei
e'hite and had been drinking, it is~
An extensive series of photographs C
f Clemson College are being prepar
d for exhibition at the Jamestown !
W0BBED ON STREET.
k Northern Visitor to Columbia 1
Held Up by Thieves.
Ehe Victim Says They Were Negroes
They Took Victims Coat, Shoes
The State says Mr. M. M. Hamel
7eth, a Northern man, who has been
topping at the City hotel since Tues
Jay evening, was held up and robbed
rhursday night about midnight, at
the corner of Assembly and Green
treets by two negroes. He was re
lieved of his coat and shoes and $37
Mr. Hamelreth was walking down
Assembly street toward the union
station and on approaching the Green
Street Methodist church he noticed
a negro coming down Green from
the direction of Main. The negro
met him at the intersection of the
two streets, on the sidewalk, and
asked for a match. Mr. Hamelreth
replied that he did not have a anatch
and continued on down Assembly,
Just ns he had passed the negro he
was grabbed in the collar and almost
thrown down. He tackeled tbe negro
and was making a pretty lively fight,
when he was suddenly grabbed from
behind by another negro and thrown
to the grown. They held him firmly
on the ground while his pockets were
gone through. While the big negro
held him the smaller one took his
shoes off and told him to "scoot."
Having secured their booty, the
negroes started off down Assembly,
in the middle of the road, at a rapid
pace. As soon as he regained his
feet, Mr. Hamelreth went in pursuit
of the highwaymen, running them
to within a short distance of the un
ion station before losing sight of
them. The -negroes disappeared
around a street car and it is thought
that they went straight to the rail
road tracks beyond the depot.
Mr. Hamelreth describes the rob
bers as follows: One about 5 feet 7
or 8. inches, yellow, weight about
140, mixed sack coat, ripped in the
back of right sleeve, wore cap. med
ium negro voice; second man about
6 feet 1 or 2 inches, weight about
175, real black, heavy thick lips,
wore slouch hat, slightly stooped
shoulders, dressed decidedly coarse
Just before they let go of their
victim, one of the coons said: "Run,
Mr. Hamelreth reported the mat
ter to the police within 10 or 15 min
utes after it happened, but nothing
to indicate the identity of the rob
bers has been discovered.
The hold-up was almost under an
electric light, which was burning
brightly. Mr. Hamelreth says he
would recognize either of the ne
groes if he sees them again. His ap
pearance Thursday night showed that
he put up a good fight, his shirt be
ing badly torn in several places. He
was presented with a pair of shoes
at the Union station by a railroad
Mr. Hamelreth is an attorney at
Long Run, Ohio, and has been in
Florida and Georgia for the past
three months and was on his way
back to his home. He says he receiv
ed $40 Thursday by mail from bome
and expected to leave Friday or Sat
urday for Ohio.
Tillman Quotes Burns.
A Washington correspondent says
one Sunday afternoon recently a
party of gentlemen met in Senator
Tilman's rooms at the Normandie
and, strangely enough, the conversa
tion did not touch upon the negro
question, Mr. Roosevelt, State rights
or any political topic. Mr. Tillman
directed the talk to the shams and
humbugs of modern life, particularly
among the class that had recently
required great wealth. His remarks,
if reported, would have made an ad
mirable sermon that could have been
delivered f-rom almost any pulp.t. Mr.
Tillman especially deplored and con
demned the practice that so many
men had followed of deserting the
partner of their earlier struggles
and seeking younger women with
whom to share their newly-acquired
"To my mind," said Senator Till
man, "there is nothing finer or more
beautiful in prose or poetry than the
second stanza of that gem of Bobbie
Burns, 'John Anderson, my Jo John.'
Gazing out of the window at the driv
ing rain, Mr. Tillman repeated the
verse he had mentioned:
"John Anderson, my Jo John,
We elamb the hill thegither;
And monie a cauty day, John,
We've had wi' ane anither.
Now we maun totter down, John,
But hand in hand we'll go;
And sleep thegither at the foot,
John Anderson, my Jo."
''Those are my sentiments exact
y," said Mr. Tillman softly, after a
brief interval of silence. "What
a world of trouble and heartache
hould be saved if we would all live1
p to them!"
Has a Mission.
The weekly country paper has as
lefinite an excuse for being in the
world as can be furnished by the city
lailies. Such a publication is not
nly a business guide, but is a pulpit
>f morals; it is a kind of a public ros
brum where the affairs of the state
are considered; it is a supervisor of
streets and roads; it is a social friend,
a promoter of friendship and good
ill. Edited by a board and just
man, such a publication so treats the
ifferent sects that they realize their
brotherhood and become in reality
hat they are pictured in print. The
:ounty weekly is not Presbyterian,
or Methodist, or Baptist, or Luther
n, or Episcopal, or Christian, but it
oes select the valuable in each
:hurch, and thus it becomes the
aarmonizer of discord it binds those
hom theology would often seper-j]
ate. Even the so-called small matters :
>f a village or incorporate town are
small only to those whose hearts are K
:o full of personal interest. It isI
rery important if some school boy
eads a good essay, or speaks well a<
iece, or sings well a song, or stands
iigh in the class room. that kind
nention should be made publicly of<
;ch success, for more young minds
tre injured by the want of cheering
vords than are made vain by an ex
ess of such praise-.
JOHN D. Rockefeller has announc
d his intention of giving two hun
red and fifty million dollars for the
enefit of the poor. It will take '
ruore than that to save you, John, t
MAY GET ALIENS.
j. S. Attorney General Bonaparte I
Elucidates His Opinion.
qoney For Prepayment of Passage
May be Given Aliens by State but
Not by Individuals.
The President has made public the
lecision of Attorney General Bona- i
5arte in answer to questions asked t
by Gov. Ansel, as to the efforts to
promote immigration through Com- ]
Replying to the first question-.
whether it is a violation of the im-;
migration law in force at this time,
before the act of February 20, 1907,
takes effect, for a State to advertise
its inducements and publish abroad
a scale of wages prevailing in its
borders, provided no contracts or1
agreements expressed or implied are ]
entered into-Mr. Bonaparte ans
wers in the negative. Neither would
the State violate any law nor would
the alien be subject to deportation.
The second question of Gov. Ansel's
was whether the State may prepay
the passage of immigrants secured
in the manner asked in the first
question, provided there is no con
tract and the immigrant is left free
to choose employment upon arrival.
Mr. Bonaparte says that the passage
may be prepaid provided the aliens
do not come within the catagories of
undesirable immigrants. He says
that the law prohibits any "person"
from prepaying passage but the State
cannot be regarded as a person. The
introduction of immigrants under
these circumstances, provided every
thing else had been legally done,
would not be illegal.
The third question is an important
one as Gov. Ansel asks whether the
State, through its officers, can accept
contributions to its immigration
fund, provided the funds are con
tributed free from a contract or
agreement, the funds to be used in
defraying the expenses and passage
money of immigrants. What would
be the status of immigrants applying
for admission under these circum
stances. The Attorney General says
the auestion is a difficult one to an
swer. He points out that if the con
tribution were given with the know
ledge that they would be used to pay
for advertising and other purposes
the act would come within the inhibi
tion of section six of the present
law. The effect, however, would not
be the ,same as to the immigrants.
They could not be excluded but the
parties furnishing the money "might
be in my opinion, liable to the penal
ties imposed by section 5." It is
doubtful, however, if the govern
ment would undertake to bring pros
ecutions against contributors.
Mr. Ansel then asks whether the
act of February 20 will materially
change matters. The Attorney Gen
eral answers with emphasis that it
will. Under the new law he says
aliens solicited or induced to emigrate
by reasons of offers or promises,
even when there is no contract of
employment, will be excluded. In
the next place, the new law excludes
immigrants whose passage money
shall have been paid by a "eorpora
tion, association, society, municipal
ity or foreign government." He says
the language of the new law does not
prohibit a State prepaying passage
money, but if the payment is made
from funds contributed by persons
or associations, the immigrant would
be liable to exclusion. The prohibi
tion, curiously enough does not ap
ly to prepayment by individuals rep
resenting the State, providing their
action is in good faith, and it is uot
attended by combination or concert
of action. Under the new law, there
fore, a State may prepay the passage
of immigrants but the funds must
be wholly those of the State unass
sisted from outside.
The Attorney General significantly
calls attention to the fact that in
both the old and new immigration
laws the important of skilled labor is.
not forbidden-when the like can not
be found unemployed. As South Car
olinia cotton mills suffer much from
want of skilled labor, the point may
open the doors to considerable skilled
labor in that State..
The Farmer Feedeth AIL.
Very few of us appreciate the
great things the farmer does for this
country. In addition to feeding the
nation the farm still overshadows the
mill, the factory and the workshop
in providing exports. For the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1906, the surplus
exported amounted in value to $976,
000,000, the largest ever reached by
agricultural exports for this or any
other country, and exceeding the ex
port values of 1901, previously the
During the last seventeen years the
exports of farmers have exceeded the
agricultural imports by $6,000;000,
000, while all other' producers find
themselves at the end of the same
period with a total on the debtor
side of $459,000,000. Thus, it will
be seen that the farmer saves the
"balance of trade" for .this .eogntry
and is the prime factofr-64 all the
It will thus be seen that the farmer
the~ chief factor in making~ this
great country rich and prosperi.
When he prospers we all ' jgi'
Yet, with all of his importance he
gets very little consideration in com
parison with those of other callings,
Congress will do anything nearly that
the Wall street gamblers ask them to
do. But when it comes to legislating
or the benefit of the farmer, there
are numerous reasons wby it cannot
be done, or if anything is done for
them it is done in a kind of "we
lon't think you deserve it air."
Why is it that the farmers are
thus treated by those whom they
send to represent them in congress
r the State Legislature? It is be
ause the farmer does not hold their
public servants to a strict account
for the way they vote when it comes
: legislation that will help or pro
:ect the farmer. The farmer could
1elp himself if he would. He should
rganize, when a member of congress
r other public servant does not vote
:o suit him, he should be defeated
'or re-election. In this way and no
ther will the farmer make himself
'elt and respected in oublie affairs.
SOETIMES the hardworked coun- 1
ry editor has very little time toa
levote to editorial writing. He has
great many things to do besides I
vriting editorials that the editor ofr
city daily knows nothing abou.t.
That is why the city editor thinks e
lat the country editor has a week a
MAN FOUND DEAD.
larchant and Postmaster Killed I
and Body Robbed.
t Is Believed That the Person Who
Robbed Him Gave Him a Deadly
C. F. Ferguson, pastmaster and
nerchant at Newsoms, Southamp
on county, Va., was found dead in
m alley leading to the wharf of the;
3ennett Steamship line, just off 1
Water street, Norfolk, Va., early
unday morning. It is thought that
leath was the result of a drug ad
ninistered by some one for the pur
pose of robbery, although Coroner
Knight, after a careful autopsy,
tated that he could find no signs of
Ferguson, it is said, had been
Irinking heavily. To support the
irugging theory is the fact that the
Eace of the dead man had turned pur
ple by noon. The coroner will .con
duct an inquest, at which time he
hopes to be able to assign, without
question, the cause of the man's
Ferguson wore a handsome gold
watch, with his initials engraved on
it, and to which a chain and charm
were attached. These were missing,
as was everything else the man's
Dockets may have contained.
The pockets were turned wrong
side out. Nothing was left in them
by which he could be identified and
the police were for a time at a loss.
A Masoaic emblem which Ferguson
wore and which the pickpocket over
looked finally gave the police a clue,
and the body was later positively
identified by Mayor's Clerk E. M.
Dardeo, who had known Ferguson
intimately for many years.
Furgeson is not supposed to have
had a great amount of money, or
much else of value, save the watch
and its appendages. Two rings of
small value were left on a finger.
Furguson was last seen Saturday
night about 9 o'clock, seated on the
sidewalk,- reclining against a brick
wall, and it was there and in that
position ;that he was found Sunday
morning. Whether the body was
robbed before or after death is not
known. The police will conduct
searching investigation into the case.
Ferguson was about thirty-eight
years old and unmarried,
Keep It There.
Mr. George P. Rowell, of Printer's
Ink, in writing on the scenes and in
cidents of a visit to Columbia, he
takes this state to task for erecting a
tablet in the state capitol whereon is
emblazoned the ordinace of secession.
and the names of the men who sign
ed it. He thinks the boy who fired
his father's barn should as appro
priately preserve the fagot which
caused the conflagration.
That may be Mr. Rowell's opinion,
but we do not agree with him. The
men who signed the Ordinance of
Secession in this and all the South
ern States were as true patriots as
the men who signed the declaration
of independence at the beginning of
the rovolutionary war, and in honor
ing their memory the State does the
proper thing. She not only honors
them, but honors herself in erecting
the tablet Rowell complains of:
The Spartanburg Herald is right
when it says "the men who signed
the ordinance of secession were the
flower of Southern chivalry, and the
world has found no nobler. They
were the representatives of a race
who counted not on devastation and
ruin, on sacrifice even of human lives
when the eternal principle of right
Disinterested students of history
with one accord agree that these men
were moved by a conscientious re
gard for what they concieved to be
their duty. Many foresaw the con
sequences, but they did not hesitate.
It is not creditable to be present gen
eration to say that it is doubtfull if
that "ordinance"~ would be signed
by a representative body of men of
this day, especially with the lights be
But* so long as men reverence de
votion to duty, so long as they honor
those who dare to- do right as they
see it regardless of pecuniary or
personal consequences, they will de
sire to keep in mind the men who
had the boldness to declare South
Carolina a free and independent state
rather than submit to what they be
lieved injiustice, and to back it up
with their lives and their treasure."
The story Is told of a lank, disconso
late looking farmer who one day dur
ing the progress of a political meeting
In Cooper institute stood on the steps
with the air of one who has been aur
feited with a feast of some sort.
"Do you know who's talking in there
now" demanded a stranger briskly,
pausing for a moment beside the dis
consolate farmer, "or are you just go
"No, sir. I've just come out," said
the farmer decidedly. "Mr. Evarts Is
talking in there."
"What about?" asked the stranger.
"Wel., he didn't say" the farmer
ansyered, passing .a knotted hani
across- his forehead.
-A Pet Tiger.
Out of a river bed where it had tum
bled when its dam was put to flight
somae.hunters in India fished a *iger
cub. In two days it was as tame as a
kitten and grew up the playmate of
the camp terriers. It was very fond
of them and the terriers worshiped the
tigress. To allay the fears of a woman
isitor the tigress was one night chain
d up. Next morning the animal was
ound with a man under her. She had
not hurt him. Hie was a thief. and, not
kowing of her existence, had come
within the area which her length of
:hain enabled her to command. She
prang upon him, lay on him and keptj
mm prisoner until guards came to re
A Faanouu Tenor.
Apart from its wide range, the nat
iral beauty and sweetness of the voice
f Sims Reeves held his audiences
pellbond and fully entitled him to be
ermed the finest Engiish tenor of his
lay. He especially excelled in ora
:orio parts, while in opera his success
vas scarcely le'ss pronounced. Per
iaps it was as a singer of English bal
ads that Sims Reeves appealed to the
najority, and it will probably be many
.long day before we shall hear a more
xqusite rendelring of "Sally In Our
Iley" than that of which this great
mo was canpa....Tonrnn Mail
LOOKOUT FOR THEM
hree Astute Forgers Are at Work
in This Section.
)escriptions of the Men and Details
of Their Crimes Furnished the Lo
The Columbia State says the po
ice of that city is in receipt of a
etter from Mr. William H. Pierce,
uperintendent of police at Boston,
dass., containing the descriptions of
hree men and also a facsimile check
f one of a number of checks that c
lach of these men have passed which
tre forged papers.
The men are: Nelson B. Sears, a
nan calling himself J. Simpson, alas
[. Barlow, alias H. Mosher, alias Jul
[us Sternberger, and the. other man
is known by the names of Charles 1
Williams, Charles Morgan, Charles
oore, Frank Stephenson, Fred Nel
son and Charles Fisher.
The men are professional check
forging swindlers who have duped
many business men and merchants
in the United States and who are
said to be headed this way.
Nelson B. Sears is described as be
ing a man about 40. years of age
height, 5feet 6 or 7 inches; weight
150 pounds; complexion, medium
When last seen had a smooth fac<
but previously wore a brown mous
tache and Vandyke beard mixed wit'
gray, and had on a long gray co,
2nd black derby hat. He some
times wears glasses.
Sears' scheme is to enter a store
buy a small bill of goods and the.
tender in payment a check, usuallb
on the State Bank of Chicago, re
ceiving back the difference -in the
bill and the amount of thg forged
check calls for. He sometimes works
on millinery and dry goods stores.
J. Simpson, with his aliases, ik
said to be from 35 to 40 years of age
height, 5 feet Sinches; weight, 160
to 175 pounds; broad shoulders, ra
ther stout build; dark complexion
apparently a Hebrew. When ' last
seen he had a dark monstache, dar'
overcoat and black derby hat. He
speaks with a foreign accent.
His scheme is to have some wo
man present herself to the manager
of the store or one of the firm, rep
resent that she wishes to purchase
some goods, show a check and ask
him to place his "0. K." on It, say
ing that she desires to give same in
payment for the goods.. This check
Is very small, usually $2.50. He
puts his' "0. K." on it with his ini
tials or name. This check is never
offered for payment.
Later on the man calls at the
stoe and watches his opportunity
when the manager leaves the office
and then steps Into the managers
office. Afterwards he walks over to
the cashier, 'who had presumably
seen the man go into the manager's
office, presents a check which is
raised in valus to a much larger
amount than the original to get It
The scheme of the first check is
to get the managers's signature and
this being had, he forges the en
dorsement or "0. K." to the bogus
check and the trick is done. The
purpose of the crook in going into
the manager's office Is to give the
cahier the impression that he has
just seen the manager and the check
is good. .
The man,'calling himself Charles
Williams et~ aI.,ffdescribed as be
ing between 30 and..,.35 years old,
heIght, 5 feet 6 or 7 laches; weight,
150 pounds;- ,complexion; Imedium;
chestnut haly'round faces. sometimes
wears a small moustsacre; dark
clothes and black derby. hat.
His scheme is to visit grocers, re
tall shoe -dealers, whiskey houses
and dry goods stores, and after buy
ing a bill of goods offers a .check
larger than the amount of the bill
receving the balance in cash. These
checks are usually made out on the
Boston and New York banks and
are entirely worthless.
It -would be well for the police
here and elsewhere to be on the
lookout for these light fingered gen
tlemen- They should not be allowed
to run at large.
A NEED, JUiSI uIK. SLEEP. .
Ea the Instinci of Natural Death Bora
En Ma skind t
The most convincing tact in proof of'
the existence in man of an instinct or
natural death seems to me that report
ed by Toxarsky in relation to an old
woman. in the lifetime of Toxarsky 1
begged an acquaintance of his to ob
tain for me the details of this most in
teresting easqe, of which I had found
but an incomplete statement. Tox
arsky unfortunately could add nothing
to what he had published in his article..
I believe, however, that I have' found
the source from which his instance had
In his book upon the physiology of
taste, whIch had Its day of celebrity.
Brillat-Savarin relates the following:
"I had a great-aunt. ninety-three years
old, who was dying. Although for some
time confined to her bed, she had re
tained all her faculties, and her condi
tion was only betrayed by her loss of
appetite and the weakening of her
voice. She had always shown a fond
ness for me. and I was near her bed,
affectionately ready to wait on her,
which did not prevent my watching
her with the philosophical eye I have
ever had for the things and events sur
rounding me. 'Are you there, nephewy
she asked, in a scarcely audible voice.
'Yes, aunt: I am here at your service.
and I think you would do well to take
a little good old wine.' 'Give, mon
amL One can afways swallow liquid.'
I hastened. Raising her gently, I made
her take half a glass of my best wine.
She brightened for a moment and, look
ing at me with eyes which had once
been very fine, 'Thank you,' she said.
'for this last favor. If ever you reach
my age you will find that death be
comes need, just like sleep.'
"These were her last words. Half an
hour later she had fallen asleep forev
er. We unmistakably have here an In
stance of the instinct of natural death.
The Instinct was shown at a relativel)
early age in a person who had retain.
ed all her intellectual facultes"-Pr
fessor Elie Metchnikoff in Hardier's. 1
POINTED PARAGRAPHS. 4
Beat a boy out of a dime and the
rime will never outlaw.
Comparison may not be a detraction,i
aut it is certainly a half sister.
The truth with unselfish people Is
hey are liable to brag about it. .
There is only one way In this world I
o get your own way-Insist upon it ,.
Almost any defense would be all
ight If you could make people be
It is fust as dangerous to tell some
eople a secret as it is to fool with
When a mnan submits to a procession
redding the other men look at him
he way boys look at a boy whose
other makes him wear long curls.
The man who has made a failure inc
ny line of business, never has a veryb
ood opinion of the man who started
Sthe same line at the same time anda
iade it a success.-Atchison Globe."
DESIRE BLONDE CHILDREN.
4any People Want Light Children
When Adopting Little Ones.
Strange as it may seem, said a
rominent philanthroPist-in. the New
rork Tribune, not a few children of
he thousands who must be classed
LS street waifs receive a valuable in
eritance of blue eyes and light hair,
vhich, without too great a stretch of
he imagination, may be called
;olden. While I do not pretend to
inderstand the psychology of the
uestion, facts will nevertheless bear
Of the great number of requestsre
eived by the charitable institutians
>f this city for children for adoption
he majority of those who specify as
'or the blue-eyed, golden-hairedtype.
o, you see, the inheritance of such
!oloring is a sort of "open sesame"
:o a good home. This curious predi
ection was much more marked 14 or
[5 years ago than now, but it still
:rops up occasionally and is certainly
an interesting trait.
The figures 'and letters obtainable
3t charitable institutions contain in"
formation cdrroborative of this state
ment. For Instance, in the records of 7
the New York Juvenile Asylum,. an
institution which for the- last O years
has given a real home and useful
trainin g to some 40,000-children who
would otherwise have grown up in the
slums and has placed 6000 -of them
in outside homies, mostly in the West,
there is a multitude of letters asking
for children to be adopted. -Some of
them show this -curious blue andyel
Can you send a enild out here. for
adoption? says one letter from a West
em state which every year receives-,
many children - from the institution.. ;
"If so, have you a little girl with-iie -
eyes and curly golden hair?"
We should be glad to give a good
home to-a, little boy, saya anotaer.. We
orefer one- with light hair aiid blu s
Of course a brunette compleois%
ao handicap to the child for whioh
the juvenile asylum Is' strivingi 'oj*
a square deal. But those who w -
to adopt light-haired-children -gene - I
ally specify on ,this paiticular, sice
on other points the judgmentohe
asylum authorities Is'regar'e& as an -.-.
One man who has long watched -
work of this and other 0
a similar kind:finsists that. te p
chology of a selection. is simple.
cording-to his theory theWest,
a rial chance is found for many
children, has, a population made z
large part of settlers from
European countries, where blue eyes
and light hair constitute the revail3;
ing. type. iNatumly enough w'Iern
adopting a child one- of such .colorig
is preferred, all of whicwhile direct -
ly opposed to the theory of attraction
of opposites, serves to emphaie th
value of blue eyes and light bamr
the New York waifs.
Strange Hoiday Custom.
- The posadas ("pos!da". mana
dwelling place or inn) commemorate
the journey of 'Joseph and Mary from7
Nazareth to Bethlehem, whitaer-they&
went in obedience to the- Roman em
peror's mandate, to ble enrolld in te
census. This' journey, made by Mear~
on a donkey led by Joseph, Is s6.p-y
posed to have occupied nine days. -
Wherefore the posadas last -also"fori
ine days. .- Each evening, as- -the
shades of night descended, the halable
pair naturally begged shelter, which,
in many cases, was at first. reftiuied.
It. is this nightly episode that Is-corn
memorated -in' Mexican homes -by the
posadas," or "begging shelter."
Very nearly 'tery Mexican family,
of whatever rank, gives a series a
"posadas" on varying scales of gran'
deur, and- to these functions numerous
guests are invited. Each guiest Isex
pected to be .present .at the entire
series of nine "posedas," and .t Is
considered extremely discourteous t
absent one's self from even one. of
them. In the conservative anfd old
fashioned fnames, only dear .friends
and relatives are allowed to share
the podada season, but the more cos
mopoltan, Mexicans are'Drdader indln&
ed, and frequently invite foreIa,.ers
to join their Christmas parties,.
Referring to the manufacture of Im
penerable corks for vessels contain
ig extracts, The Scientiiic Americia
draws attention to the following pro
cess, taken from The Deutsche Ded
tillaturazeitung, for makin corks
absoluteiy impermeablet Fhive. per
cnt. of glyccrine is addied -to a.
per cent. solution' of gelatin'e ad
the corks, which, of course, must. ba
properly weighted, allowed to remaia
for several hours in the liquid. Care -
must be taken that the temperature
of the bath is warm enough to retain
the gelatine solution in a fluid condi -
tion. The gelatine fills ~up the pores
of the corks, while the glycerine
serves to keep the latter elastic.. The
corks remain in the bath till thy .are
completely saturated, and are then al
lowed to dry in the ordinary way, no
special- method being necessary..
Tightly-ftting corks, elastic and at
the same time impen-etrable even by
gases, can be obtained by this proce.
Missionaries' Motor Boat.
A- motor-boat is to .be utilized- for
mission service In the North sea by -
the' Missions to Seamen Society It
will be named the Frances Roget, and.
will be stationed at Harwick. -
THE Anderson Mail says "just as -
pt as not in the next Congress some
neber from Massachusetts may
:ome right out and advocate a bill
: keep ships of any kind from en-.
ering the port of Charleston." No
Loubt they would liketo,but it would
lo no good, Charleston is destined
o be agreat city, and the hate ofa a
hosnd Massachusetts will not re
;ard her a day.
ANNA Bell Russell, a respectable
oung colored woman, was shot and
nortally wounded in Winnsboro on
Vednesday of last week by Stork
eans, a twenty year old colored -
oy, because-she refused to marry
im. He way laid his victim and shot
er on her way from church and.
rounded two colored men who at
mpted to protect her. Instead of
lowing out his own brain, as such -
yols usually do, Means made his es
Albert Bailey, electrician at the
rr Mills in Anderson, was severely
~arned by coming in contact with4
live wire. His right hand was
art, but he expects to have the use
~itagain in ashort time. -