Newspaper Page Text
That Is Run by An Absolute Re
liance on Prayer.
THE GREAT CHARITY.
Was Originated in the Mountains of
North Carolina by Miss Mattie
Perry, Who Describes the Institu
tion to a Reporter. It Now Takes
Care of One Hundred and Forty
Miss Mattie Perry, of Marion, N.
C., who has been spending some days
in Columbia, on her return from a
visit to relatives in South Georgia in
itiated and brought into being one of
the greatest works of charity in the
Southern States, through prayer and
faith. somewhat similar to the work
of Muelber, at Bristol, England. The
following account of Miss Perry and
her work we clip from the Columbia
Miss Perry was born in the moun
tain section of this state and pray-d
her way through college and Bible
school. She has had, she says, many
wonderful answers to prayer and is
shortly to print a book that will give
in detail all of the facts and incidents
of her- career.
Miss Perry has now in operation a
home that cost over $70,000, and is
taking care of about 140 orphans.
Her receipts toward their support in
1906 were upwards of $12,000. The
home hasno endowment and depends
upon gifts in answer to prayer. These
have come in a remarkable manner
from forty states and from Canada.
Mexico, Spain, India and some dozen
Miss Perry had at one time as
many as thirty missionary worKers
in foreign fields. whom she support
ed by prayer and faith. She has now.
about twelve, whom she is support
ing in this manner.
It may interest many people to
know that when the home at Marion,
N. C., was first started, it was not
intended for an orphan home, but
was a sort of institute for literary
and Bible training for young men and
women who had enjoyed no school
opportunities. A similar school is
now operated on the top of Paris
Mountain, seven miles from Green
The school was run on the prayer
and faith theory for about two years,
and then Miss Perry received, as she
says, a clear and distinct calling to
do the work which she has now un
dertaken. That was about six years
ago. At the time she started the
work she had just money enough to
get a railroad ticket, but. she says,
she prayed for help and her prayer
was heard and answered to such an
extent that the institution is now
-taking care of 140 orphan children.
She had to turn 'away 150 last year
for lack of room. Improvements are
now being made in the building, and
Miss Perry expects soon to be able
to accommodate'-about 450 children.
Orphans from eleven states are now
being cared for, and every child at
least has a chance for a collegiate
education, business course and a
The institution is called "The El
*hanen Institute." It was opened
eight years ago on the principle that
God hears and answers prayers. The
first mottoes put on the walls were,
"Is Anything Too Hard for _the
Lord?" and "All Things Are Possible
to Him That Believeth."
It may be of interest to some peo
ple to know of some of the marver
ous answers to prayer described by
Miss Perry. Once the home gave a
not for $1,000, due one day after
date, and a South Georgia woman
sent a check for $1,000 .just in time
to meet the note. Many times, Miss
Perry said, the pantry and the purse
have been empty, but she looked to
God for the daily bread, and the need
was met by contributions made vol
untarily and without solicitation.
Once, when the bread was cut out,
and the orphans were waiting for
breakfast, a wholesale grocer receiv
ed a telegram from Memphis, order
ing two barrels of flour the pantry'
and the purse have seen many ans
wers to pray and at a time when
help was most needed, after a sore
test of faith. The truth that "God
is faithful," and "Like a father piti
eth His children, so the Lord pitieth
'them that fear Him," has been learn
ed by Miss Perry and her people.
The children at the Elhanen Insti
tute come from the most destitute
walks of life-the door step baby,
those found in the woods or on the
streets-those from homes of pover
ty and the most despairing of sin.
They are gathered in and sheltered
from temptation and fed and cloth
ed, educated and trained for lives of
A department is maintained for
young men and women who are anx
ious for an education and who have
no money but are willing to work to
pay expenses while in school. From
this department several students
have gone to foreign fields as mis
sionaries, some are pastors, some
teacher, some evangelists and some
Miss Perry says: "Our hearts have
been almost broken many times dur
ing the past year as we have had to
say, 'No' to the worthy and helpless
on account of lack of room and care
takers, but we praise the Lord that
He is enabling us to enlarge our ca
pacity, and that by September we
will have room for about 300 chil
It has fallen to the lot of the
writer to travel up and down, this
broad commonwealth to a consider
able extent, both in search of busi
ness and nleasure, and without an
attempt t - latter the good people
of this. sectio, it can be truthfully
said that we n ::e never seen a lot
of people that equals those of our
THE Norfolk Landmark says
"Representative Northern newspa
pers are calling on the South to
take the lead and give the North a
chance to vote for a real Democrat."
Nonsense, What they call a real
Democrat is so much like a Repubhi
cai that you can't tell them apart,
We would rather have Roosevelt in
the White House than a Democrat
of that stamp.
A safZe and sane Democrat is too
much like a Republican to suit the
rank and file of the Democratic
party for a candidate. So Mr. Har
mn will have to be'excused.
An Interesting Paper in Clemsil
College Extension Work.
Detailed Directions Given 'How th(
Be Easily Destroyed.
The last bulletin issued by Clem
son college deals with the subject o:
"Garden and Orchard Insects." I
very interesting chapter is an artiel
by Prof. Chambliss in which he tell
when to apply insecticides or othe
treatment. As to the application 0:
the insecticides, Prof. Chambliss' pa
per is as follows:
Apple--For coding moth. appb3
Paris green in liquid form or arse
nate of lead as soon as the blossom,
fall; repeat before the fruit turn
down. Collect and destroy the faller
fruit. On trunk of tree use a ban<
of cotton or burlay during July, Aug
ust and September; remove this ban(
every 10 days and kill the insect
found under it.
For wooly aphis, apply kerosen
emulsion or whale oil soap as soon a
the insect appears on the limbs; re
peat whenever necessary. For the
root form, use tobacco.
For the apple aphis, apply kero
sene emulsion or whale oil soap whei
the buds open, if the lice appear; re
peat five days later, or before the
leaves begin to curl.
For the San Jose scale, apply the
lime and sulphur wash to all part
of the tree in December; repeat iu
February if tree is badly encrusted
In summer apply kerosene emulsion
For tent-caterpillar and fall .web
worm, apply Paris green in liquic
form or arsenate of lead when the
caterpillars appear; repeat, if neces
sary, ten days later. When first seen
the nests of these insects should bE
destroyed by burning them, whici
should be done only on cloudy day,
or late in the afternoon.
For the oyster-shell scale and scur
fy scale, apply kerosene emulsior
during the winter; repeat in April.
Asparagus-For asparagus beetle
apply pyrethrum in liquid form whei
the young appear; repeat every foul
days during the cutting season. Aftei
the cutting season, apply arsenate o:
Bean-For leaf beetle, apply Pari:
green in liquid form or arsenate o:
lead when the beetles appear; repea
whenever necessary. Either of thes
insecticides may be used with Bor
Celery--For caterpillar, apply ar
senate of lead in Bordeaux mixtur<
when the caterpillars appear; repea1
a week later if necessary.
Cabbage, Cauliflower and Collard
--For aphis, apply kerosene emul
sion, whale oil soap or tobacco de
coction when the lice appear; repeal
one week later. After the crop ha
been gathered, plow up and destro3
all parts of plant that remain.
For the harler~uin bug, apply kero
sene emulsion or whale oil soap upor
the first appearance of the insect;
repeat whenever necessary. Use mus
tard in cabbage patch as a trap crop
On this plant destroy insects with
For cabbage caterpillar and othe2
leaf-eating caterpillars, apply Parit
green in liquid form once a week un
til head is nearly grown, if the in
sects appear. Use pyrethrum on th<
*For root-maggot, apply carboli<
acid emulsion to the soil around the
base of the plant.
Cantaloupe and Watermelon-For
the aphis, apply to the under surfacE
of leaves kerosene emulsion, whalE
oil soap or tobacco decoctation as
soon as the insects appear; repea1
every five days until the lice are de
For beetles and. leaf-eating insects
apply Paris green or arsenate of lead
with Bordeax mixture while plant i1
young. Use air slaked lime or tobac
co dust as a repellent.
Cherry-For aphis, apply kerosene
emulsion or tobacco decoction be
fore the leaves begin to curl; if nec
cessary to control the insect, repeal
every five days.
For Curculio, apply Paris green ir
liquid form or arsenate of lead wher
the first leaves appear; repeat as soor
as fruit is set, and a third applica
tion ten days later. Jar the tree
after the fruit is set, twice a week~
during the first three weeks. Pick ur:
and destroy the fallen fruit.
For slug, apply Paris green in liq
uid form when the insect appears;
repeat within ten days.
For the San Jose scale, apply same
insecticide as recommended for ap
Cucumber and Squash-For squasl
bug apply Bordeaux mixture to the
young plant; should in sects appear,
apply kerosene emulsion; repeat mn a
few days if necessary. In small pat.
ches it is practicable to pick by hand,
the adults, when they first appear.
For squash vine borer, no insecti
cide can be used. Burn old vines.
For aphis and leaf-eating beetles,
apply same insecticides as recom
mended for the cantaloupe.
Egg Plant-For Colorado potatc
beetle, apply Paris green in liquid
form or dry as soon as the adult in
sects appear; repeat ten days later.
For flea beetles, adply Bordeaux
mixture to young plants; when th(
insects appear apply Paris green ir
liquid form; repeat within ten days.
Grape-For flea beetle, apply Bor
deaux mixture as soon as buds open;
apply Paris green in liquid form o2
arsenate of lead when the insect ap
pears; repeat ten days later.
For slug, apply same insecticide af
recommended for cherry.
For leaf folder, apply Paris greer
in liquid form or arsenate of lead as
soon as insects appear; repeat before
the leaves are folded.
Peach--For black aphis, apply
same insecticide as recommended foi
For the borer, wrap the trunk o:
tree, not later than Sept. 15, witi
newspaper or brown paper. This coy
ering should extend to the height 0:
18 inches from the ground. It shoukc
be fastened at the top by a stou1
string, and should be banked at th(
bottom with earth to the height o:
ten inches. Upon removing the cov.
ering, which may be done at an3
time during the winter, a searci
should be made for the borers. Wher
found, they should be killed in thei2
burrows with a wire probe. As a re
pellent to the moth that appears it
May, app~ly to the trunk of tree a
thick coat of the lime and sulphm
wash. This wash should be applied2
with a large brush and not later thar
For the cnrcmlio, apply same in
DRUGGED, THEN OUTRAGED
A Father Shoots and Kills Betrayer
of His Daughter.
News from Lynchburg, Va., tells of
tre killing of young Estes by Judge
Loving charged Estes with drugging
his daughter, Elizabeth, aged 19, and
assaulting her while in a drugge'l
condition. after learning of the alleg
ed incident from the lips of his
daughter, Judge Loving drove some
eight or ten miles before locating th-:
young man, and he shot him down
Awith a doublebarrelled shotgun, with
out waiting for the victim to explain
Judge Loving represented Amherst
County. before moving to Nelson, in
iwe Legislature. and served as judge
of the County Court of Nelson until
that Court was abolished by the new
Constitution. For three years he has
been in charge of the Ryan estate as
Commissioner Payne made the fol
"Judge Loving learned that Estes
had taken his daughter riding Sun.
day night, and he brought the girl
back home drugged and unconscious.
Judge Loving waited until he could
get the full story from the girl's lips
about the drugging and assault and
then he took his gun and went in
search ox Estes."
Judge Loving said:
"When I heard the awful story
from the lips of my dear one I was
insane. I waited to learn all the
facts and then nothing in God's or
man's power could have stopped me
from taking his life. I did it after
Miss Loving is reported to be in a
very nervous condition as the result
of the affair, being confined to her
bed by the ordeal.
THEY DID RIGHT.
Some Irishmen Threw Aged Eggs at
The hearing in the case of the ten
Irishmen who were arrested for
creating a disturbance in the Orphe
un theater, in Brooklyn, on the night
of January 31, at a performance of
the sketch, "The Irish Servant Girl,"
by the Russel Brothers, has been con
cluded in the court of special ses
sions, and the defendants-discharged.
The demonstration against the
sketch was definitely and deliberately
planned, and the police arrested more
than a score of Irishmen, who, as al
leged, had hurled aged eggs and oth
er objects at the stage and showed
their indignation at the performance
in other ways. Only ten of th'e pris
oners were held for trial in the court
of special sessions.
Judge Fleeming, who presided,
characterized the sketch as"indecent,
vulgar and shocking in the extreme,"
and when the last defendant was dis
chargd, he said: "No man. especially
an Irisman, would sit still and wit
ness a performance that ridiculed
his mother and sister."
Too Many Wives.
Dr. John Carver, the alleged big
amist, who is said to have at least
seventeen wives, was captured at
Fort Smith, Ark. Carver is charged
with defrauding one out of $150,
000. Carver is wanted in seven
secticide and treatment as recom
mended for cherry.
For twig borer, apply the lime and
sulphur wash during December; as
the buds are onmng,-apply the Bor
deaux mixture containing either Par
is green or arsenate of lead.
For San Jose scale, apply same in
secticide as recommended for apple.
For the other scale insects, apply
the lime and surphur wash during
the winter; when fruit is half grown,
apply kerosene emulsion.
For shot-hole borer, destroy in
winter the dead and dying trees by
burning. Collect and destroy by fire
all limbs that fall to the ground. Re
move and burn infested limbs as soon
as they are discovered.
Pecan-For bud worm. apply Par
is green .in liquid form or arsenate
of lead when the buds open; repeat
ten days later.
Pear--For codling moth, apply
same insecticide as recommended for
For the slug, apply same insecti
cide as recommended for cherry.
For San Jose scale, apply same in
secticide recommended for apple.
For aphis, apply same insecticide
as recommended for apple.
Plum--For curculio, apply same
insecticide and treatment as recom
mended for cherry.
For the San Jose scale, apply same
insecticide as recommended for ap
For the Lecanium scale apply ker
osene emulsion to the limbs during
For the shot-hole borer, apply same
treatment as recommended for the
Potato-For Colorado potato
beetle and blister beetles, apply Par
is green in liquid form or dry as soon
Fas the adult insects appear: repeat
ten days later; repeat every five days
until the insect is brough under con
For flee beetle apply same insecti
cide as recommended for egg plant.
Quine-For the slug, apply same
treatment as recommended for cher
Raspberry, Blackberry and Dew
berry-For the rose scale, apply ker
seeeulsion during February.
Before spraying, cut and burn the
canes that are badly infested.
For the San Jose scale, apply the
insecticide as recommended for ap
For slug, apply kerosene emulsion
or whale oil soap as soon as the in
sects appear: repeat in five days if
necessary; do not spray while plants
are in fruit.
Rose-For aphis, apply tobacco as
a liquid spray as soon as the insects
appear; repeat if necessary.
For slug, apply kerosene emulsion,
whale oil soap or arsenate of lead
as soon as insects appear; repeat
every five days until insects are
brough under control..
For rose scale and San Jose scale,
apply insecticides as recommended
Strawberry-For strawberry wee
vil, use varieties of plants that are
imperfect bloomers. In localities
that are infested, perfect bloomers
should only be used for a trap crop.
As soon as the trap crop is fully set,
cover the plants with dry straw and
For strawberry root-borer, plow
up old beds and destroy by fire as
soon as fruit is picked. Whenever
two-year picking rotation is practic
ed, this insect never becomes a seri
Tomato---For flee beetles, apply
same insecticide as recommended for
For tomato caterpillar and fruit
caterpillar, apply Paris green in liq
uid form or dry or arsenate of lead
when insects appear; repeat one week
aer- if neessary.
kJ1,aN 2LN ._L %Y -0 0 1VLJ_%
TOOK HIM DOWY.
An American Who Offered to Thrash
A Grand Duke.
The American colony at Monte
Carlo is chuckling over the adven
ture of one of their number, an
American millionaire, with Grand
Duke Michael of Russia, in which
his imperial highness came out sec
ond best. For some unaccountable
reason your correspondent could not
obtain the name of the American
perhaps, being booked for an early
steamer, he wants to tell the story
himself on his return.
It appears that the man from the
United States was joggling along in
his auto en route for the golf club,
and not suffering from speed mania
went rather slowly. Behind him, on
the narrow road, was a machine that
kept up a perpetual tooting and snar
ling, asking, nay demanding, the
right of way in double quick order.
However, our American, being leis
urely inclined, refused to take no
tice, When finally he pulled up at
the club, the other machine pranced
alongside and a tall, military-looking
gent confronted the American.
"Sir," he cried, "you evidently
don't know who I am. Please remem
ber for the future that I am Grand
Duke Michael of Russia."
"Glad to meet you Mike" replied
the American, "but, on your own
part, remember that we are not in
Russia. likewise that I don't care a
rap for imperial highnesses."
At first "Mike" seemed petrified
with amazement, then pulled himself
together and shouted menacingly.
"How dare you, poltroon, -"
"Shut your face," answr--d the
American, taking both hands out of
his pockets, "another word from you
and I will wipe your imperial snout
on the grass before all thesepeople."
The grand duke did as he was told,
jumped in his automobile and drove
away. He hasn't shown up at the
A Foolish Notion.
There are stranger things in Ger
many than Emperor William. There
is, for instance, a great editor in
Berlin who is a positive refreshing
novelty-as much so as the fat wo
man in the side show or the 500
pound pumpkin. He hopes Japan
will not hopelessly cripple the new
navy of the United States, principal
ly because he wants our navy spared
to prevent England demanding the
destruction of the ships of Germany.
It is easily understood that we stand
between England and the destruc
tion of the German fleet, but hope
less and complete ruination of our
ships by Japan is something that we
have not contemplated at length.
The Berlin editor has our assur
ance that we shall not. permit our
entire navy to be destroyed by Ja
pan. We shall be able to run a few
small warships up shallow rivers and
hide them where the little brown
man cannot get at them. And if then
they are of use in warding off the
dogs of war England stands ready to
let loose on Germany-well, we
might keep them at home, after all.
It is genuinely funny to hear those1
people talk over in Europf~ They
have just as much idea of the re
sources and capabilities of this coun
try as the average Japanese has; and
that in spite of the many object les
sons we have supplied. What they
need is a course of travel, combined
with ordinary horse sense and a few
newspapers that are willing to see
things this side of the water just as
After Big Game.
The recent indictments returned
against Alfred and Dav'id Morris,
Albert Baldwin. Sr, and Frank T.
Howard, at Mobile, Ala., for con
spiring to violate the Anti-Lottery
law, have recalled the days when
the lottery business was at the
heighth of its career in the South.
These four men, bankers and capi
talists, who are all rated as million
aires, are charged with being the
owners of the Honduras lottery,
whose earnings in the United States
are said to have aggregated $500,000
Alfred Hennen Morris and David
Hennen Morris, the latter of whom
married one of the Vanderbilts, are
sons of the late John A Morris,
whose father was the Louisiana lot
tery king. It was through the late
Charles T. Howard. father of Frank
T. Howard, one of the men indicted,
that the elder Morris and his asso
ciates, among them A. Baldwin, Sr.,
secured from a reconstruction legis
lature, the chartei- of the Louisiana
Lottery company for a period of 25
The elder Howard managed the
camaign before the legislature, and
later was the President of the com
pany, holding that office until his
death, when he was succeeded by
Paul Conrad. who remained Presi
dent until the .death by limi
tation, of the company. In its
halcon days the Louisiana Lottery
company's possible receipts were
$5,000,000 a month, aggregate prizes
about 60 per cent, thereof, but
unsold tickets were always put in
the wheel and often drew the priz
es, the largest of which in the
palmiest days was $:300,000.
Shun Tainted Money.
William Jennings Bryan has
praises for churches and colleges
that refuse to take mor.ey that has
been made by dishonest means. He
spoke recently in the New National
theater, Washington, D. C., under
the auspices of the Y. M. C. A. He
took for his subject the "Prince of
"One of our rich men," he said,
"has reached a point where he some
times finds difficulty to find people
to take his money. And that I re
gard as the best evidence of the
growth of a moral sentiment in this
country. It means something when
a great church pauses, hesitates, re
nses to accept the money until it
knows how it is made.
"I believe the time will come when
churches and colleges will refuse to
go into partnership in the spending
of money immorally made. The in
fluence of that public opinion will
be a powerful factor in the restoring
of righteousness. These institu
tions should say to a man: 'You do
not make your money honestly; we
will not share the odium with you.'"
This paper is endeavoring to give
its patrons the best service that is
possible to give and all that the pat
ronage will permit. Our paper is,
being frequently complimented on
its appearance and the amount and|
kind of matter it contains. - Ouri
citizens can make the paper still
more effective by liberal patron
age, both in subscriptions and ad
vertising. The paper will always
endeavor to merit the patronage.I
Killed in Columbia by an Ex-Coun
There Had Been a Quarrel Between
the Two the Night Before the Kill
The Columbia Record says the
shooting to death of a negro hack
man named Mose Tucker by ex-Cor
oner William S. Green, serving at the
time as a bailiff in the circuit court,
in Peter Greete's fruit Store on Main
street, nearly opposite the skyscraper
at 10:30 Friday morning, caused
much excitement about the store, and
for a time it looked as if conditions
were ripe for a riot, the screaming
widow of the dead hackman follow
ing the undertaker's basket bearing
the remains away from the place anca
a dozen or more scatter-brained whi iLe
men looking for a opening to give
expression to their race feeling. But
Columbia people, b6th white and
black are noted for being cool-headed
and the crowd finally thinned out
without any effort to precipitate a
clash. Chief Daly was on hand with
Mr. Green has been more or less of
a heavy drinker for several years.
About a year ago he shot himself in
the chest at his rooms over the Stan
ley china hall. He has shot and cut
a number of negroes on more or less
The trouble which ended in Tuck
er's death appears to have started
Thursday night. according to state
ments credited to a' Mr. A. L. Davis,
who cannot be located now. Mr.
Davis, who was a passenger in Tuck
er's hack Thursday night on Wash
ington street, was attacked by Green
with a knife after Green had slashed
at the hackman. Mr. Davis had a
new hat cut to pieces. But he re
fused to appear against Green in the
recorder's court and the case was
In Green's store at the time of the
killing was Mr. Walter Atkinson. a
traveling man from Jersey City. He
says that at the time Green came into
the store Tucker was sitting to the
counter writing out his address for
him (Atkinson), that Green without
a word from Tucker swore at him
and shot him. Tucker stooped or
staggered toward an open knife on
the floor and Green told him if he at
tempted to pick it up he would shoot
him through the head. Tucker then
staggered out of the back door of the
store and fell dead in the back yard.
The bullet, a 38-calibre, was cut out
of Tucker's neck, having entered the
left side and severed both the jugular
vein and a large artery. The pencil
with which Tucker had been writing
was also in Tucker's clenched fist.
Peter Greete and his son, Louis saw
the killing, but say they cannot give
After standing on the sidewalk,
perhaps five minutes, during which
Mr. Green remarked to passers-by
that he told the negro that if he ad
vanced upon him with the knife he
would kill him. When two newspa
per representatives arrived on the
scene Green asked them to note that
he was "as cool as-a cucumber." He
then walked around to the sheriff's
ofce and surrendered. He has re
tained Mr. P. H. Nelson to defend
him. Green will likely appply for
bail in a few days.
TRAIN RACES WITH BARN.
The Thrilling Experience of a Rail
Engineer Scannon of a Chesapeake
and Ohio freight train was the hero
Thursday of a thrilling race between
a Lrain and a barn with several lives
Scannon's train was passing Tobb's
Station, Ky., at a good rate, when
the high wind that was blowing lift
ed a big tobacco barn from its foun
dation and started it rolling down
Scannon saw the danger at once
and immediately threw the throttle
wide open in an effor't to outrun the
barn. The big barn crashed into the
caboose smashing it.
The impact also shattered the barn
which collapsed on the thack. Train
men on the caboose saw their peril
in time to escape by jumping.
Killed by Accident.
Adolphus Truitt, a young man of
Lydia, Darlington county, died on
Wednesday from accidental wounds
received from the gun of his brother
while they were out hunting together.
Stole Fifty Thousand.
W. 0. Douglass, loan clerk of the
Trust Company of. America, of New
York, confesed on Monday to stealing
$50,000 in bonds belonging to the
company. His salary was $'7,500 a
The Trolley Line.
The News and Courier says Mr.
Lawrance M. Pinckney has returneti
to Charleston from New York, where
he attended a meeting of the-South
Carolina Public Service Ccrporation,
which is to connect Charleston withi
the leading cotfon mill manufactur
ing cities of the State. Mr. Pinckney'
reports matters to be in a very sat
isfactory condition. The surveys are
in progress and the status of affairs
geerally s pleasing alike to the pro
moters of the big corporation as well
as the cities and manufactories along
the route of the road, which see bet
ter transportation facilities with its
construction.- This is good news, and
we hope the line will soon be in
Wife desertion is a cowardly
thing and deserves purighment, but
it is to be doubted whether putting
the wife deserter in the penitentiary
would not make the lot of the wife1
harder than ever. So long as a
man is at liberty there is a chance
of making him support his wife,
but if he is in the penitentiary
that chance vanishes. The problem
is to compel men to support the wo
men to whom they are married.
Putting them in a position where
they have no earning capacity will t
hardly accom'plish the desired end.
THE colored people throw away a
great deal of their hard earned mon
ey in riotous living. On last Tuesday
Frank Felder, a colored man from
Bowman neighborhood, undertook
to paint Orangeburg red, and as a
consequence he fell into the hands
of the guardians of the peace. He
had acted so outrageously that May
or Doyle determined to make an ex-1
ampleof him. So he fined him on
different counts $120, which Felder
paid. This is a pretty big sum for t
a man of Felder's means to blow in<
in one night. Two other colored sin-1:
ners contributedthirty dollars to the I
exchequer of the city for helping a
Felder in his effort to paint things I
,- .-The Time and el~mocrat. 1
ft with alum food by thi
Have a delicious, T
come in. To-.be sure of
Roya makes a diffe
WRECK OF A BARGE
yome Fifteen Persons Were Drowned
by the Accident.
The wooden lumber barge Arcad
., which left Manistee, Mich., April
12 for Two Rivers with a cargo of
hard wood, has undoubtedly been
>st in Lake Michigan with her cap
tin and owner, Harry May, his wife,
and about a doxen sailors.
The boat has not been heard from
definitely since leaving Manistee.
Wreckage has been found along the
beach from Pent Yater north to Lit
te Point Sauble, and part of it has
been identified as the cargo of the
The Arcadia was a wooden vessel,
19 feet in length, 26 feet beam and
-as ilt in Milwaukee, Wis., in
The Arcadia left Manistee April
12. April 13 and 14 Lake Michigan
as swept by such a severe storm
hat navigation was almost complete
ly tied up. It was during this storm
Ia b A he wAcident
iwhickagef .wassgtedMc. pril
los Luingtone Min itet cre-t
tinwande owneatery Ma thfe
Tle bot hantil beenr heardn from
teae' Ponaube wanhd parthoe it has
pobeent identif the argocoked
Thneburcadil wasavwenase Bl,
11gfetin lnThs ee eamer d
Itwas bten deiilaukee Wisat
li'y.The iSetanis ege Ari
12.tAril and neron Lakeficigant
was having be suasie ere to
lyeep oup. clu was duiend thi teren
tua the Acan. Itwas propabeen lost
Wrelecied wsenigthed seao mils
off Lutito winlb-bu the cddluret
gale, binich burksgeburga te
eamer. nmith ofaCadase was
iosnstoble tointofy the wetkfan
tOrhegStare wll Hae prsient.l
A.aith Tis notucmefroman
It has thee detinieseie thatisnthleg,
ranheur will ave maseiall aithth
tios* yeas. Thr.at WLliagu hast
uta, and Sumterswas elecedficet
resdent. becetabriand hresur
kep' u wilb cte te toten
ofThe sason. lit has ntbeen plae
:f$95tel ildeddwe the sasyon will
oenagr but aofit will be ut thupdl
r lattown part of uarate..h
weind whic mangerg was thepa
ers L. Smth, ofeamdenllwhoe tw
eksnowhic to onto the nbige fn
nThe stason wils consis ofrtesidet
Mrk. Smith doeam notaying fro gaes
Eacfhe citis thave i the leut ,
and0 he enter hea impartially whe
an, aouter wase elecuted vice
precidt.Aceay and tre o ar-t
ernil any mele lateyth eau
at $95 disoninue The sleary'ofwill
moaaerlady forftwil bprtti)
bucy each ton ashegrante.ck Thes
uoenfe Seemlls. 2me
Woince the C.aLnCuger, anSheif
yetek iniht, cut the nuer of
herf Cuason w cosit of twlv
undk, seized te paing 36 gmeis
aapo hany and rushedy from me
$1,50 atents t the guandl. e
Findimont has abdoen exaed iny
rny cit anshey knoked down te
sten aihn mrehnand the seizing
a e iscontied. The lagu marche
mlso al fopratiel ndoct in
theck feml ofSerif moing Pris
Wife of the fathuer, HuheGarner
rhayelte Countegram the hrociedo
athease Ioarshallo hav idin sub
.ud Frani opta inhPisdayrgt Pa.
the Clerpheoffindi a mes-in
gon eize the nin asttheurstan
ining hal fae' dent wen inhe
ere fight sik he ceson deth.|
Sthreth and hen iin
hae ringeade ay thegclro wmancwas
tot a ieperat e adled haion
Die o Tuta bae youg e. r
ao ad ee lofin aoutnn theac
he fim. Noreo ism vt o
ea oifin tecaer, H-ughfo Grner
Int Chas atrhal your died it
ke. Fris ston iver Pqutio ad
iS Luraghbrshladen.hJust was
mno the tlgah ofieim senigh or ies
g to the hs din'ptts.Thgs wll
venc hi faoter tdmath wen ten
in the ch
use of poor'.baking powder.
urc, home,-nade muffin, cake <
the purity, you must use!
rence in yott home-a ciff
a difference in your coold
)YAL is absolutety
Poison a WThole Family of People in
A special to the Atlanta Journal
from Charlotte, N. C. 'says that as the
result of ptomaine poisoning two
members of the family of H. Jordan,
at Wadesboro, N. C., are .dead and
all the others of the family, except
ing' Mrs. Jordan, are 'suffering from
the same cause. The lives of two are
despaired of.- The family nes been
dieing on can meats, it is said, and
it is believed that this caused the
ORIGIN. OF COMMON PHRASES.
Many Which Have Been Adopted From
Sports and Pastimes.
Sports and pastimes of bygone days
--and even of the present time-have
ELaded much to the English language.
"Check," which is said to be "shak,"
a variation of "shah," has not only
come into common speech, but has
been the foundation of many other
words. A philologist traces to it "the
checker board." the exchequer" and
"a checkered career." "A good move"
is also probably from chess. "Stoop
to" Is from falconry. "Take the
wind out of he sails" is from yacht
ing; so is "on the wrong tack." "To
jockey," "to show a clean -pair of
heels" are from horse racing. Fenc
ing has been very fruitful as a source
of new words. It 'gives "a hit," "a
palpable hit," to "parri a question,"
or "fence with it," "a home thrust,.
"a counter," "to be off one's guard."
From pugilism comes "to toss up the
sponge," or "to chuck it up." "Put
your back into it" is a reminiscence
of rowing. Cricket has given many
phrases, of which, perhaps, "stumped,"
"I stumped him Qfn that question," Is
the commonest. "Coming up to the
scatch". Is probably derived from duel
ing. "Ay, there's the rub" is-derived
from bowls, though "a rub on the
green" is akin to it.
Matches Burned in a Day.
It is estimated , that the United
Kingdom alone manages to consume
500,000,000 matches a day, which
comes out at about 12 for every man,
woman and child. Smokers probably
account for the greater number, so
that they will be interested to know
that about 30 tons of wood are used
up in the form of matches every day,
or about 30,000 tons a year. . If one
day's consumption of matches were
placed end to end they would extend
for a distance of about 15,000 miles.
Sweden and Norway, where matches
are made in enormous quantities, ex
port over 25,000 tons of wo'oden
mtches every year. In France, where
the tax on matches averages 8 cents
an inhabitant, the consumption is
"Cutler" Ng Derived From "Cut."
"Cutler," according to its present
use, should mean a man who makes
things that cut, but really it has no
more to do with "cut" than "cutlass"
and "cutlet" have, which is just noth
ing at all. "Cut" has some Teutonic
origin, but "cutler" comes through
French from the Latin "cultellarius,"
which meant either a soldier armed
with a knife or a knifemaker. and
"cultellus," a little knife, was the
diminutive of "cutler," which among
other things, meant a plowshare (or'
"coulter"). "Cutlass"~ comes from the
same source and "cutlet" is cotelette,"
a little rib.
California Doctors' Trust.
The State vledical Board of Califor
nia has 46 mandamus suits against it.
The allegations are that certain phy
sicians who control it are maintaining
a doctor's trust and keeping physi
cians from other states from securing
licenses in California. Among those
barred, it is alleged, Is Dr. Charles
English, of Washington, D. C., who
was the family physician of President
When Preachir~g Did Not Pay.
While preaching in Pueblo, Col., a
few years ago the Rev. Edward J.
Wilcox found himself in the embar
rassing position of being unable to
pay his debt. Knowing that if he
stuck to the pulpit he would have
small chance of getting even with the
world. he quit preaching and went
into the mining 'ousiness. Today he
owns mines in Colorado worth $3,
000.000, besides a grea.t deal of other
valuable property. -
A Few Left.
Not all of the rascals came South
after the war, though for a period it
jpcared so.- The Pittsburg Post de
lares that the system of graft now
being uncovered in that state has ob
g usually Wlmi
mber the hungcr you-ba
cooking counts for much
ild's healt; do not impe. ..
or biscuit ready when the
-ac Ma youraalh
District of Sinaloa ant Durange
Overrun by Thieves.
Murder and Robbery Spread Terror
Among the People. Two Re5
ments of Rurales Are uri
And Irave K3ied Several Bandit
Leaders. Reign of Outlawry i
Withosut a Modem Precilet.
The mountainous sections of the
states of Durango aid Sinaloa, Mex
ico, are overrun with bands of bri
gands. The entire territory is in a'
state of terror. 'Biigandage has al
ways previiled to some entent in thie
the Pacific port of Mazatlan. The
present outbreak of outlawry is-the
.worst the couritry has known since
the days following the last bloody
strife, when little attempt was made
at preserving law and order. The
portion of the territory where the
brigands are -operating is 75 miles
wide and more than 200 miles long.
Not less than nine bands of brigands
are active in this territory and trav
el is absolutely dangerous. Ranch
men and peaeble settlers are terror
WAR OF EXTERMINATION..
There are no two full regiments of
rurales wor-king in the turbulent
territory, under orders from Presi
dent Diaz to show noiquater to the
bandits when they are captured.
They are engaged in a war of-exter
mination, but with not much-appar
ent success. Many of the brigands
have been killed but others sedm'
ready to take their places as soon as
they fail. The bandits are inerciless~
with the rurales. A few days ago
they found six of the troopers sleep
ing and killed.them before they could
reach their guns. Many of the ru
rales were banditti at -one - time
themselves, and, for this reason,
know the ways and the hiding
places of the men they are pursuing.
They are -relentless in the -perfor
mance of their duty.
BRIGANDS QUICK TO.KILL.
The number of murders and rob
beries that have bein committed
during the last three months will
never be known. The brigands are
not slow to kill, when any resistance
is made to their attempts at robbery.
In some instances whole, families
have been wiped out of existence.
Encounters between the rurales and
banditti are almost of daily occur
rence. Several of the bandit leaders
have been., killed. Among others
Porffrio B. Obaso, one of the most
notoi-ious. He was overtaken and
killed while planning a raid at Conl
itaca. In the same encounter three
of his followers were killed and two
rurales wounded. Gerardo Nunez.
is another bold bandit leader, who
was recently captured. and killed.
He had raided- a ranch within 5o
miles of Durango, carrying away
$7,000 in money anid valuables.
Juan Longorio is at the head of a
band of brigands that is operating
in the Cosala district. He has been
working for .the past three years,
andhasxraided many ranches. .One
thing he will not do is allow a wo
man to be hurt. He irill order ex
ecution of men, if they resist, but
a woman can leave her premises and
take all she wishes with her. Lon
gorio has been known to leave food .
and supplies at the homes of poor
women, which he has visited. Fine
queitly these materials have been
found to be plunder he has taken
from a nearby ranch or home of a
rich planter or miner. The rurales
have been in pursuit, but seem to be
unable to capture. him. He has so
worked himself into the good graces
of the women that they will protect
him and his men when they are be
ing hard pressed.
There are just a .few who have
permitted their subsci itien in oag
behind. Don't do it. Yuoa : - one
of these fne days and your friends
will want a column obituary publish
ed free, and then ycour daughter
nay get married and you will ex
pect your home paper to give) her
mn Alice Roosevelt write-up, and all
ree. It always pays to be prompt
n paying your subscription to the