Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXI. MAINNING, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, MAY 22, 1907. NO. 34.
In the Streets of Lodz, Russia, b:
ATTACK MAIL WAGON,
Which Causes the Body of Cossack
to Shoot Indiscriminately-Nea:
'Warsaw Terrorists- Kill Four an4
Wound Nine in Bold Attack o
Railroad Office Under Guard. In
nocent People Killed.
At Lodz, in Russian Poland, sixty
eight workmen, of Kuttner's Spin
ning Mills, were shot down Friday
morning by a patrol of Cossacks be
cause a band of terrorists attacked a
mail wagon in the neighborhood.
killed a Cossack guard and wounded
another Cossack and two postoffice
While the wagon twas passing
through Longkowa street the terror
ists suddenly appeared from a side
street. opened fire on the Cossack es
cort, seized $1,000 from the wagon
A moment later a patrol of Cos
sacks arrived on the scene, and in
furiated by the fate of their comrades
rushed into the Kuttner factory.
which was near the spot where the
robbery occurred, and began fir*ing
indiscriminately, killing 21 and
wounding over 44 persons.
The greatest indignation prevails
at Lodz, as it is claimed that the
employees of the factorn had noth
ing -to do with the attack on the mail
Raid Railway Office.
At Warsaw, Russian. Poland. a
band of terrorists held up the city
office of the Vistula Railroad, on
Dulga street, at 10 o'clock IFriday
morning and got away with $5,000
after a severe fight in which four
persons were killed and nine wound
The office was full of people at the
time, and soldiers were guarding the
premises, but terrorists attacked
them with revolvers, killed two and
wounded four of the guards before
they reached the place where the
money was kept.
Then snatching up a bag contain
ing $5.000 the men ran out of the of
fice. The soldiers fired at the fleeing
terrorists, but only succeeded in hit
ting some bystanders, two of whom
were killed and five wounded.
DIPRISONED IN AUTO.
Three Women Have Narrow Escape
From Possible Death.
Practically imprisoned in a runa
way automobile, three women had a
naarrow escape from possible death
at Bryn Mawr, Pa., recently.
The machine, a big touring car,
occupied by Samuel W. Colton, Jr.,
Mrs.- Colton, Harold Colton, Mrs.
Harrison Allen and her daughter.
drove up to the railroad station at
8:30 o'clock. Mr. Colton and his son.
who had occupied the front seat,
left the machine and entered the sta
They had hardly dissapeared when
the machine started off. It headed
straight down the road that leads to
the tunnel under. the tradks of the
railroad, gathering momentum as it
sped on. The women, seated in the
rear of the car, were unable to reach
the mechanism to shut off the power.
and to jump means serious injury or
After going a distance of about
100 yards the machine swerved from
the roadway and crashed into the
stone wall that abuts the sides of- the
road at this point. The iron , ral
along the wall was broken down and
the fore part of the car plunged over
the gap. Luckily the rear wheels
jamed into the network of the iron
railing and held fast.
The women. frightened to the
verge of hysterics, were thrown to
the floor of the car, but sustained no
SAVED THEIR COMRADES.
Thrilling Experience in the Hold of
a Burning Oil Barge.
At New York half a score of fire
men risked their lives in saving six
of their comrades who had been over
come by smoke in the hold of a burn
ing oil barge lying at a pier in the
Six had gone into the hold when
they thought the fire had been over
come and were cutting away a par
tition when a terrific burst of flames
and smoke swept through the open
ing and enveloped them.
The men dropped unconscious and
the flames were pouring over then:
whn their comrades braving the fire.
and choking smoke, rescued them
The rescued men were seriously
burned but will recover..
BABY IN PAWN.
The Mother Must Pay Debt To Get
A little baby boy, Johnny Knicks.
is held at Berkkley, Cal., for a debt
of $S7.50, which the mother must
pay before she can get her little one
out of pawn. This is the ultimatum
of Mrs. Jesus Alcantara, who, while
caring for the boy while his mother
was away learned to love him as her
Mrs. Knicks came to the conclu
sion that she wanted her boy with
her again and tried to get posessios
of the child. But Mrs. Alcantara wa~
firm. "No money. no child,"~ she said
and now the courts have been callec
upon to decide as to the proper dis
posal of the boy.
SEQUEL OF AN OUTRAGE.
Miss Nevada Taylor Dies as Resul
of Nervous Trouble.
Miss Nevada Taylor who was crim
inally assaulted near Chattanooga b,
Edward Johnson. a ntgro on Januar;
19. for which crime the negro wa
lvnebed. died at her ~childhood hom
Nindlay. Ohio. of nervous troubl4
brought about by the crime. Tb
case has become a celebrated one
The supreme court of the Unite'
States now has Sheriff Shipp, severa
cf his deputies and others under;
charge of contempt as a result of th
OLD SWINDLER DEAD.
Body at Asheville is That o1
He Left a Trail of Wives-Clever
Australian, Lascelles, Hoodwinked
The body of Henry Asquith, of
Norfolk, which has been lying at the
undertaking establishment of Noland,
Brown & Co., of Asheville, N. C..
waiting for it to be claimed by rela
tives, has been identified as the no
torious bogus "Lord Beresford."
alias Asquith, Hobson, Williams,
Morris, etc. This identification was
made by W. T. Cheney and Linton
Dean, lawyers, of Rome, Ga., who
arrived in Asheville a few days ago.
Asquith's real name was Sidney Las
celles. He came to Asheville with
physicians and nurses, whom he led
to believe would be paid handsome
ly. Mr. Chaney says:
"Sidney Lascelles was born in Aus
tralia of parents comparitively well
to do. He was given an excellent
education, and when he reached his
majority was sent to England. There
he made a hit, learned the ins and
outs of society. He lived a fast life
and his funds soon ran out. While
thus financially embarrassed, he con
ceived a plan similar to that follow
ed by the notorious bogus 'Lord
Douglass' for recuperating his for
"Lascelles secured an introduction
to the American ambassador at- Lon
don under the name of Beresford,
posing as a cousin of the English
lord of that name. He cultivated the
acquaintance of the American ambas
sador and soon gained his confidence.
Beresford then represented to the
ambassador that he was abouttotake
a trip to America and around the
world. The ambassador immediately
offered him letters of introduction to
many well known society people of
America. including members of New
York's '400.' Lascelles secured mon
ey and credit enough as a member
of the Beresford family to buy a Lon
don wardrobe which was the wonder
of New York. His clothes were cop
ied and he became lionized by Goth
am society. He was able, with com
parative little expense, to hold his
own, he was so constantly entertain
ed in the American metropolis.
"After he had obtained entry Into
New York society and had obtained
credit of hundreds of thousands he
decided to come South on a trip,
armed with letters from well-known
society people and business men. He
went to Rome. Ga., where he repre
sented himself as Lord Beresford.
come to America as a representative
of an English syndicate in search of
investment. The firm of Hamilton
& Co., then the wealthiest in Rome,
was at the time selling agent for
10.000 acres of land. They tried to
interest the bogus lord in a trade.
"Lord Beresford became very
much interested, in the meantime
doing the society stunt and paying
much attention to a young society
belle of that place. Beresford had
the genuine Beresford coat-of-arms
on everything it could be placed.
This coat-of-arms was on his private
check book on the Bank of England.
One day he was explaining to Hamil
ton & Co., the difference between
American and English systems. of
banking. He showed his imposing
check book and told how the checks
were numbered in England. Then
in a careless sort of way, he said to
" 'By the way, I have been in
America for some time. and have run
short of ready cash. I would like to
have a change, don't you know.
Could you led me have a few hun
dreds or son'
"Hamilton & Co., mindful of the
English syndicate and prospective
trade, together with Beresford's let
ters, opened the company safe, giv
ing him the money in large denomi
nations. With a careless thanks.
Beresford thrust the money into the
pocket of his trowers, and wrote out
a check on the Bank of England for
The soeiety stunt was kept up for
about a week afterward, when the
Lord Beresford dissapeared, having
neglected to pay his hotel and other
bills. It was then learned that Beres
ford had forgotten to return dia
mond rings and other tokens loaned
him by society damsels.
"Beresford went from place to
place, carry-ing out his nefarious
schemes, with sleuths close behind
him. He married whenever a wife
vould be of any use to hif in carry
ing out his schemes. It.is known
that he had at least sx or eight wives.
md probably many more times thaL
SOME GOOD) ADVICE.
ive the Negro Preachers by a Ne
in an address to the Virginia Ne
ro Baptist association. Rev. R. H
Eowling, in speaking of the progress
f the race. said:
"lt is. indeed. wonderfui to see the
imount of-our people have given out
f their means for their education.
and they continue daily to do this.
Lt us through the ministry lift up
the moral standard of our race. Let
ach man be the husband of one
ife. and a man with two living
w ives is unfit to preach the gospel.
Ii do not hesitate to make this asser
tion let it cut where it may. And
we must get rid of any man who
would go around destroying homes
instead of building them up. and e
stroying the young girls of our race.
The negro must pay attention to his
moral standing in this country, as
immoral people will never be recog
nized. Let us protect our women.
for the hand that rock's the cradle
rules the world."
CRE WORSE THAN D)ISEASE.
So-called Evangelist Whips His Little
Son Nearly to Death.
Because he whipped his 1 2-year
old son for playing baseball on Sun
day. J. H. Arnold. a travelling re
vival ist was sentenced to six months
Son the rock pile by Mayor Dorsey.
of Macon. Ga.
The physicians testified that the
boy was lashed until the ilesh was a
p ulp and that he might not recover.
i Arnold said it was a deadly sin to
I play baseball on Sunday and he had
o rdered his son not to play but the
SIlatter dis obeyed and was even the
aptin of the team.
WILL SAVE LIFE
The Government Planning to Pre
vent Sacrifice of Life in
COAL MINE HORROR!
That So Frequently Occur in Thi
And Other Countries. A Testinj
Station is Assured. The Effec
of Explosives on Gases Will B
Noted. Demonstration of Appara
tus Used in Europe Will Be Made
The fuel division of the Geologica
survey is planning to make a deter
mined effort to stop the terrible sac
rifice of life in the coal mines in th
United States. In 1906, 500 live,
were lost in Pennsylvania mine
Ialone. European countries are fai
ahead of ths country in matters re
lating to the preventation of disaster.
in mines and in caring for miner!
who are entombed, by entering the
mine before the men have beer
smothered by dust or gases.
An experiment station will be es
tablished in the mining region in the
vicnity of Pittsburg. where tests of
the various explosives used in blast
ing coal, will be made. The explo
sives will be projected by a mortar
into a vast boiler-plate cylinder filled
with gas, and the effects will be care
fully noted. If ignition fails after
severe tests explosives will be known
as "permissible explosives," and their
use will be urged.
There will also be experiments in
rescue work. One part of a station
will be fitted as a miniature piine,
and miners and operators will be
taught how to save lives. It is de
clared that hundreds of lives could
be saved were it possible for the res
cue party to enter the mine imme
diately. As it is now fire damp often
holds the men back for hours while
their comrades are being suffocated
or burned to death. Government ex
perts have found an apparatus in
Europe which, worn by rescurers.
enables them to enter where there is
gas. The use of the apparatus will
Some of the recent mine explosions
in one state, West Virginia, are as
Red Ash, March 6, 1906, 24 killed.
Rush Run. March 18, 1906, 24
Bluefield Coal Dale mine, January
4, 1906. 22 killed.
Paint Creek, Detriot mine. Janu
ary 18, 1906, 18 killed.
Fayette County. Paral mine, Feb
ruary 8. 1906, 22 killed.
Philippi Century mine, March 25.
1906. 26 killed.
Fayette county, Stuart mine, Jan
uary 29, 1907, 82 killed.
Fayette county, Whipple mine,
May 1, 1907, 21 killed.
f the experimental station is
erected within the Pittsburg coal dis
trict natural gas will be used for
testing purposes. Safety valves will
e placed all along the top of the
cylinder used in such a manner that
whenever there Is an explosion they
will fly open. A series of port holes
covered with one-half inch glass
will enable those conducting the ex
periments to witness the explosions
fom the observati'on house 60 feet
NNE KILLED IN EXPLOSION
Premature Firing of Dynamite Near
Alta Pass, N. C.
Saturday afternoon while a force
f men were at work blasting on
the South and Western railway on
he works of McCarty Bros. near Al
a Pass. N. C., an explosion occurred
i which nine men were almost in
stantly killed and four others were
seriously if not fatally injured. The
men were all employers of the rail
way company and were natives of the
lta Pass section.
The force had drilled for a long
blast, and after placing the explo
sives in the blast hole, and as the
frce started to retreat, the dyna
mite fired prematurely and the men
were hurled in every direction. Those
who were killed were terribly muti
lated ,whiie the surviving workmen
are badly bruised and lacerated.
Six Persons Fatally Poisoned by
Drinking Fresh Milk.
Six people are dead in Macon coun
ty, Tennessee. as the result of drink
ig milk from a cow which is suppos
ed to have been poisoned by eating
John Love. aged 70. and Harry
Moss. aged 15, died Thursday. John
Moss. father of Harry, and Noel,
Annie and Addie Love, children of
oh Love died last week. No others
re ill as all who drank the milk are
VERY STRANGE CASE.
Blade of Grass Goes Through The
Lungs of Child.
At Warrenton, Ga.. W. W. Pilcher
has taken from the back of the little
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. De
3augrine, a blade of grass that had
been swallowed several days ago.
The grass entered the wind pipe
nd worked its way from therE
through the right lung, coming oul
jst below the shoulder blade. ThE
little girl had some hemorrhages
but at present is doing well.
Bride and Groom Killed in the Sami
One of the most pathetic of scene
was caused by the wrecking of th4
train with the Shriners on it iu
California last week. It was th
death of a bride and groom. at al
most the same instant, each believ
ing the other still living. They wer
thrown from the coach on opposit
sides of the train- "Tell my wife tha
m alright," murmered Ellenton t
the physician. "give her my love an
let me know how she is." Mrs. E
lenton in return sent a message o
love to her husband. Before it coul
be,.carri t1.e husband was dead.
HORSE ATE GOLD
- That Was Stored Away in a Sack
Their $140 is Gone, Father Won't
Have Horse Killed-Two Stable
men Ai'e Arrested.
Toodles, an aged roan gelding, who
used to draw a wagon for the feed
store business of Isreal Wishnosskie,
to 1S93 First avenue, New York
city, might under ordinary circum
stances bring $17 at auction, but at
the present time he is very valuable
niece of horseflesh. It is highly prob
able that if some one were to offer
$140 for him it would be peremp
Pauline, Rose and Yetta, the young
daughters of the owner of the horse,
take the greatest interest in the aged
beast for the reason that the suspect
he is carrying in his interior $140 in
gold coin that they have been saving
for years. Yetta, the eldest, who is
seventeen, and works at cigarmaking,
had saved $105 of the total, and
Rose, aged thirteen, had put by the
They were in doubt about the best
place in which to keep their hoard,
and, after a consultation, decided
that a bag of oats in the feed store
would make an ideal hiding place for
the gold. They -went to the bag at
intervals to count the coins, and were
horrified Tuesday morning to find
that the bag had dissapeared. The
girls went to the stable hands, two
polish young men, who informed the
girls that they had taken that partic
ular bag of oats to feed Toodles, and
that a large part of It had gone to
ward his supper Sunday night and
his breakfast Monday morning.
Then a veterinary surgeon was
called, and the girls suggested that
he cut Toodles open in order to get
their gold. The father declared that
he would not sacrifice the horse for
the money, and a less heroic method
was tried but without success.
Then the young women sought the
aid of the police and went to the
104 street station, where they wept
-opiously while telling the story to
-apt. Corcoran. They wanted the
two Poles arrested. and this was
done. They gave their names as Alex
ander Yesabitz and Resclo Zenkav
,h. and when they were arrained in
the Harlem police court they were
held in $500 each for trial in special
sessions. They denied seeing any
old coins in the oats bag, which they
said they poured into the feed box
KILLED HER SON-IN-LAW.
The Tragedy Occurred While Man
Lay in Drunken Stupor.
At Huntsville, Ala., angered be
cause her son-in-law, Frank Albright,
had come home drunk and run the
family away from home, by his vio
lent actions, Mrs.. Mattie Connally
killed the man by shooting him with
a shotgun, as he lay in a drunken
stupor on his bed.
The tragedy occurred in Maysville
Saturday night, and on the evidence
secured by the coroner's jury, Mrs.
Connally has been lodged in jail, and
Charlie Chadwick, a 16-year-old boy,
has been put in jail as an accessory.
Albright was a merchant, about-30
years old. He was drunk in Hunts
ville Saturday and when he went
home that night he was violent.
His wife and children fled, but the
mother-in-law remained and sent
Chadwick to a neighbor's house for
ammunition, with which she killed
the drunken man.
Mrs. Connally is 45 years of age,
is divorced from her husband and is
the mother of eleven children.
OLD MAN DIES.
Said to Be One Hundred and Twenty-.
Seven Years Old.
A dispatch from Spartanburg to
The State says Adam Frost, colored.
said to be about 127 years old, died
earivy Thursday morning between
Cedar Springs and Rich Hill. Until
within the last few days Adam Frost
was in the best of health.
According to his own story, given
a newspaper man a few weeks ago.
Adam Frost was born on Sullivan s
Island in 1780). His first owner was
a man named Hunter, who sold .him
to Col. Drayton. Before the Civil
War he was bought by Dr. Frost and
the old negro lived with the Frost
family until after the war.
During the Civil war the family of
Dr. Frost refugeed to this county and
located at Cedar Springs. The old
building that was formerly used as
the colored institute for the deaf,
dumb and blind at Cedar Springs
was built by Dr. Frost. When the
Frost family returned to Charles
ton Adam remained in this county.
NEGROES HOLD UP NEGROES
Highwaymen Arrested and Locked
Up~ in the .Jail.
Last Saturday night at Gaston
Shoals, where the Drave company is
workng on the big dam across Broad
river a negro named Will Byars
'held up"' another negro named Da
vis Petty, and relieved him of $20.
Byars used a .38 calibre revolver
as a persuader. Byars was carried
to Gaffmey and lodged In jail. He also
was bound over to court on the
charge of selling whiskey. .Byars
has a brother who is also in jail for
selling whiskey at the dam.
A negro named John Henderson
was also held up at the point of a
pistol by another negro at the South
ern power plant at the Ninety-Nine
islands and compelled to disgorge
three "simolaons." This negro was
committed to jail by Magistrate Li
gon of Blacksburg.
HOMICIDE IN MACON.
Ton Battle, Well Known Citizen,
Kills D. M1. Berry.
Torm Battle. a well known citizen
and foreman on the new United
-States building at Macon. Ga.. struck
D. M. Berry on the head Thursday
Iwith an iron bolt. knocking Berry
to the floor breaking his neck and
t killing him almost instantly. The
>homicide occurred on territory of the
United State government and war
-rant was issued from the United
States court for Battle. Berry was
6 years old and leaves a young wife
having been married but six weeks.
BRYAN THE MAN.
Senator Tillman Says He Is thi
He Thinks that the Vice-Presidentia
Candidate Should Come From th<
"It looks to me," said Senator Bei
Tillman, of South Carolina, who pass.
ed throu' Augusta -on Thursday, "as
if the Democrats will have to nomi
nate Bryan for the presdency nexi
year. He seems to be the only logi
cal man. He will have as a running
mate some substantial Southern man,
probably Culberson of Texas, Hoke
Smith of Georgia, or Daniel of Vir
"If a Southerner is not placed on
the ticket the field will be split. It
is a pity that we cannot have a
Southern man firrt on the ticket, but
the conservative Democracy of the
Sorth understands that sectional pre
judice has not sufficiently died out
yet to remove a dangerous element
"It is time for the Democratic par
ty to stop offering obsolete million
aires for the vice pre3idency, espec
ially when they have nothing but
money to recommend them. I refer
to Sewell who ran with Bryan the
first time and Henry Gassaway Davis
who ran with Parker. Mr. Bryan is a
clean and able man, and has the con
fidence of the people, although I do
not sympathise with his theory of
"I can see no other man in the
ranks of northern democrats looming
up as a presidential possibility. The
trouble with most Northern Demo
crats is that they have become ward
"Joe Bailey has been spoken of in
onnection with ,. - presidency but
he Is down and out so far as politics
is concerned. I do not believe that
the charges against him n connection
with the Standard Oil company are
true, but they have had a certain ef
fect with the public. Bailey got into
bad company and was found out.
"Mr. Roosevelt is very anxious to
be pdesident again and will be a can
didate if he can so manipulate the
situation as to make the proposition
ome in accordance with his ideas
as to how It should be brought about
But he won't get the nomination if
the Republcian politicians can pre
The Taft boom seems to have
prung jointly between the white
house and Ohio. So far as I am
.ble to observe, it has not gone much
rurther, either. I might say that the
'oraker boom has not made very
much progres. Vice President Fair
banks should not be overlooked as a
presidential possibility on the presi
lential platform. He Is a strong
man. I do not think much of the
Eho Met His Affinity Succeeded by
Mrs. D. M. Carpenter has been
elected temporary pastor of her hus
,and's Holiness church, in Htarring
:on, twenty miles south of Dover,
Del., while the Rtev. Mr. Carpenter'S
rhereabouts is unknown, supposed
*y to the official board.
He dissapeared from Harrington
fter the existence of his "soul af
Inity" had become known through
he publishing of a letter which the
'astor Is said to have admitted send
ng to the recorder of deeds by mis
ake. It was intended, It was said,
or Miss Della Goodrich, a young wo
man of his church.
The "sotil a'fity" whom the min
Lster addressed in the missenit-letter
Oh, precious, precious, precious.
marling, little Della wife," Is not
blamed by Mrs. Carpenter, who Is a
ature woman of exceptional men
tal attainments, mother of the minis
ter's seventeen-year-old son.
The girl is young and pretty, and
SIrs. Carpenter said she believed her
to be innocent of wrong intent and a
victim of hypnotic Influence exerted
by Carpenter, who, his wife said, had
talked so much of late of "soul af
inity" that she believed his mind had
THE~ FAT BOY
Small Fee Charged by Mother to See
Mrs Herbert Brockwell, of Ches
terfield county, Va., twenty-seven
years of age, is the mother of what
she believes to be the champion
tavyweight baby of the world.
The boy, Andrew Thomas Brock
well eleven months old, weight 56
pounds. and is physically in the pink
of condItion. The child weighed 15
pounds and 7 ounces at his birth. He
was born wlh a full suit of raven
The thrifty young mother, on ac
count ef the large number of people
coming daily to see her baby has
suspended a sign from her front
prch announcing an admission fee
of 10 cents.
Sveral School Boys Burned by a
A teacher in the graded school at
Drlngton Thursday morning was
planning to give her class a practi
cal demonstration of volcanic erup
on. A pile of dirt was heaped up
over some gunpowder. By some
rmans there was a premature ex
plosion and three or four of the boys
were blackened and painfully burned
about the face and hands. Medical
aid was summoned, however, and
there were no serious results
TRIBE OF CANNIBALS.
Have Been Discovered Who Sell and
Eat Human Flesh.
correspondent of the Cologne
Gazette writing from the South Cam
eroons says that the Maka, the negrc
tribe inhabitatinig the territory be
tween the second and sixth degree!
nrth latitude are cannibals and noi
oy eat captives but criminals wac
have ben corndemned to death.
The correspondent observed humnar
fesh exposed for sale in the markets
The smallest offenses, he says, *ar
punished with death in order to se
-.re aonstant supply for consump
Some Charleston History Nc
Very Generally Known.
RICH COLORED FOLK!
Who Owned and Controlled Negr
Slaves, the Same as White Peopl
Up to the Close of the Confederat
War. They Were 'Very Intelliger
And Stood Well Among the Whit
There were a good many negroe
who owned negro slaves in the Sout
before the war, says the News an
Courier. in the "List of the Tai
payers "of the City of Charlestor
1860. published by Evans & Cogs
well in 1861, the names of one hur
dred and thirty-two colored peopi
who owned and paid taxes on thre
hundred and ninety slaves in Char
leston. The tax on slaves was $:
per capita, .and the amount paid 0:
the negroes owned by negroes i
this town at the beginning of the wa
aggregated $1,170. Doubtless ther
were other slaveholders among thi
negroes in other parts of the State
but of these we have no record.
There were negro slaveholders als
in other parts of the South. Mr. J
J. Wood. of Columbus, Ga., recentl:
told the Enquirer-Sun, of that city
an Interesting story about the frei
negro persons who owned slaves ii
their own right in that community
One of these slaveholders was Bol
Parker, who ran a line of drays ir
Columbus, owning his hands and
drays. He also owned negro womer
and children. Dilsey Pope ow.ned
her husband and hired him out, and
when he offended her in some way
she got rid of him by selling him tc
Colonel Seaborn Jones. Joe Clark,
another negro in Columbus, a barber
by trade, owned and worked negroes
whom he bought. If the bilsey Pope
plan could only be adopted nowadays
among the white people it might be
practicable to rid the community of
some very trifling husbands; but that
is another matter.
There were more negro slavehold
ers In Charleston than in any other
ommunity in this State; certainly
there was a larger number of "free
persons of color" here than in any
other city in the South, with the ex
eption probably of New Orleans. In
this class were included seven indian
families who had consorted with the
negroes. Some of the family names
of the free persons of color who
flourished here and owned slaves are
still be to found in the City Directory
and there are many of their decen
dants still living, but most of the old
slave-holding negroes have - left no
sign that they ever existed. The Wes
ton family was the largest and most
important of the free negro families
living here, and they were all very
good people. The free negroes gen
erally held themselves in high esteem
and were respected by their white
There were 361 taxpayers among
hem and in 1861 they paid taxes on
real estate that was valued at $759,
970. The rate of taxation on real
estate was $1.40 per cent, so that
hese people paid into the City Treas
ury on account of their real estate
holdings, slave property and other
xatons of the mnunicipial govern
The largest owne~rs of slaves
mong the colored people here were
L. E. Dereef (Indian) and Maria
eston. each of whom had fourteen
slaves. Amos Baxter owned 13,
Elizabeth Duprat and George Shrews
bery each owned 12, Phoebe Lowis
owned 11, James Johnston owned 10,
Samuel Weston (Trustee) owned 8,
Peter Bl. Matthews and Je.cob Wes
on each owned 7, 3. A. Sasportas
and Louias Decoster each owned 5.
and others whose names are not so
familiar owned from 1 to 6. The
largest taxpayer among the "free
persons of color" was Maria Weston,
who owned $40,075 worth of real es
tate and paid $613.05 taxes. Other
large taxpayers among these people
were as follows:
Robert Hloward, real estate $33,
900, slaves 5, taxes $491.
R. E. Dereef, real estate $23,000.
slaves 14, taxes $384.
William McKinlay, real estate
$25,000, slaves -, taxes $354.48.
Joseph Dereef, (Indian,' real es
tate $16,000. slaves 6, taxes $242.
Elas Garden, (Indian,) real es
tate, $14,000, slaves 3, taxes $2274.
John L. Francis, real estate, $11,
600, slaves 7, taxes $182.40. 0,
Jacob Weston, real estate $11.600
slaves 2, taxes $178.40.
Francis St. Marks, real estate $11,
550, slaves 3, taxes $170.70.
George Shrewsbjery, real estate
$5,500, slaves 12, taxes $153.
Samuel Weston, real estate $9,
00 slaves 12, taxes $133.20.
R'. Holloway, realestate $9,200.
slaves 12, taxes $131.80.
. A. Sasportas, real estate $6,700,
slaves 5, taxes $118,80.
Thomas R. Small, real estate, $7,
300 slaves 3. taxes $111.20.
James. Johnson, real estate $7,300
slaves 10, taxes $10.2.20. ,
Some of the "free persons of color"
ecame prominent In the politics ol
the city and State after the close ol
the war, and all of them who weni
into politics were allied with the Re
publican party. Artson was a con
spicuous name in the Reconstructior
days of the State, and Sasportas,
Deas, De Large, Elfe, Grant, McCin
lay, Shrewsbery and MushingtoE
were also prominent at that time.
The colored people returned 3.I
horses for taxation, and several 01
them owned carriages. They had n
political privileges but they werf
amply protected in all their ci
rights and were free to buy and sel
and to engage in whatever legitimat
commercial enterprice or industria
undertaking they pleased. Ho~
they became into possession of th
slaves they owned, whether by gif
or by purchase, we do not know, al
though we were informed, that thes
colored people bought their slave
just as slaves were purchased by th
white people, and that they manage
them very much in the same wal
The free colored people of Charlesto
were generally a very Intelligent fol
and have always composed the colo
ed aristocracy of the town. It
true, as the Washington Herald say
that "the negro was not wholl
averse, when possessed of the meal
and the opportunity, to dealing I
his own flesh and blood." It is n
,markale that he should have fe
MUSIC AGENTS GAME
It is Said He Caught Many Suci
ers In Suffolk, Va
He Operated in Columbia and I
Given a Good Send Off by The M
cord of that City.
Thursday evening a very plausibl
3 white man called on Rev. J. H. Johm
son, of Columbia, representing him
self as the agent of a,,Philadelphi
music publishing house. He hai
t music bargans galore, which-he pei
suasively offered, promising to thro1
In a subscription to a musical journs
as a bonus for purchase of som
sheet music. The Reverend, say
the Record, invested $3 and th,
agent promptly left.
"Then the minister picked up Th
Record, and began reading it. H
had not gone very far before his ey
was caught by the following dis
"Suffolk, Va., May 13.-An agen1
claiming to represent a Philadelphi
musical magazine and other publi
cations, has, within the past few day
swindled numbers of Suffolk people
principally music teachers and pupils
He took orders at cut rates, collect
ing in advance and neglecting to tun
in the cash.
"A lettter from a publishing housa
disclaims his authority, and offers t<
pay any reasonable sum to effect hi
arrest, saying he has operated ii
other cities. using a different alias i
each new field."
Not being given to the use of slani
he dd not exclaim "Stung!" but h4
thought it. Suspicious circumstance:
began to flash upon his mind. -Tho
receipt given him for $3 was mad4
on an ordinary receipt form that cax
be bought in any book store. It dic
not bind any music paper or publish
ing house, only "R. L. Bailey," the
signer, to supply the ordered sheel
fusic and send the monthly musical
journal. Mr. "Bailey" had told Rev.
Johnston he was staying at the Col
umbia hotel, so the. preacher went
there, but there was no such name on
the register and no guest by that
name stopping there.
More than ever convinced that he
was flimflammed, Parson Johnson
went home. Mr. "Bailey" had told
him he was going to Chester on the
early morning train, so he went to
the depot in the hope of catching
him, but, of course, the music agent
was not in sight.
Rev. Mr. Johnson thought it but
proper to make his experience public,
for the benefit of others.
Mr. "Bailey" may be all right and
his "bargain lots" may be sent to the
purchaser, but it isa safe rule never
to buy from any peripatetic agent
who insists on cash with order.
A favorite game with swindlers is
to represent themselves as agents,
but the gafe it profitless unless they
can collect in advance.
SPECIAL DELIVERY LETTERS
After July They Will Not Require
No special delivery postage stamps
will be needed after July, to insure
immediate delivbry of a letter. Post
master General Meyer has issued an
order that, on and after- July 1 next,
if ther~e is attached to any letter or
package of mail matter 10 cents'
worth of stamps, of any denomina
tion, with the words "special deliv
ery" written or printed on the enve
lope or covering, in addition to the
postage reguired for ordinary deliv
ery, the article will be handled as if
it bore a regulationspecial delivery
stamp. This change is made possi
ble by an act of the last Congress.
The Postmaster. General has de
cided also to recommend to Congress
an amendment to the present law,
whereby such letters may be left, at
their destinations without procuring
receipts in all cases. The amend
ment would enable the department
to deposit such letters in receptacles
controlled by the adressee, and get a
receipt later. Until Congress can act,
however, a broader construction of
the present law will be given, so that
receipt will be accepted from any one
occuping the premises ,to whom or
dinary mail might be given.
EAGLE SEIZES CHILD.
Father Pulls Down Bird and Its Prey
With a Rake.
A little child belonging to D. M.
Rigee, a merchant of Braxton coun
ty, W'. Va., was nearly carried away
by a large bald eagle. The child
was playing in the doorway of its
home, when the immense bird swoop
ed down, catching the child about
the shoulder and waist with its
cThe screams of the little one at
tracted its father who came out of
his store just as the bird was rising
with the child. Mr. Rigee imme
diately seized one of the rakes which
he had on display in front of his
store, and with it literally raked the
bird and child down.
The child was injured but little.
while the parent managed to deal
the bird several telling blows with
the rake. Despite this it managed
to fly to some tall trees nearby,
where, while nursing its Injuries, it
was killed by a rifle ball. The eagle
is one of the largest ever seen there.
Is Roughly Criticised by the Georgiax
The Atlanta Georgian thinks some
pretty hard things about the Corey
Gilman wedding, and it says them ii
print. For instance: "The man shoul4
have carried his bedizzened siren t<
a wilderness, and there in the fores
at midnight, without witnesses savy
the priest, yoked up with the act
ess he never ought to have known.
B ut how then asks the Charlesto:
ost would The Georgian have bee:
ble to publish a three-Column piC
ure of the "bedizzented siren" and,
laring account of the wedding on it
f irst page?
n o scruples upon this score in vie
S cf the fact that in his Fatherlan
- the slave. trade found Its largest d<
v elopet. . z
s There is ample material in Cha
' eston for the making of one of tl
t most interesting boks covering ti
~t save erid inthi coutry
. WAS FOUND OUT
By a Love Letter That Fell Into
the Wrong Hands.
AFTER' BEING FREED
a The Old Rascal Defends. His MIicit
Love Affair. Pretends That His
3 Legal Wife Was Never His Af
finity, and That He Met A Young
, Woman and Loved Her on First
"Whatever the world may think
of my actions, I know I have done no
wrong in the sight of Hea'ven. I
never loved my wife; and God in
tended Delia to be my affinity." -
With this remarkable statement,
- the Rev. De Witt Maynarn Carpen
ter, whose infatuation for a young
, woman who was his former assistant
i pastor n the Aspostolic Holiness Un
- ion church, at Harriugton, Del.,ex
3 plained the disclosures that came to
the ears of his congregation through
the strange delivery of a Iove letter
- to the wrong person.
k .By mistake Carpenter mailed to
the recorder of deeds of Kent county
a- fervent letter to the woman, and
> the recorder taking a wide interpre
; tation of his official title, recorded
the matter and notified the tiustees
L of the churrh.
Meanwhile the pastor has left
town, presumably for parts unknown.
His heart-broken wife and his two
sons, one of whom Rolins; seventeen
years old, lived with his parents,
have no knowledge of his destination.
Before his departure, Carpenter
spotk freely of his love for Miss Delia
Goodrich, who is now in a town in
the western part of Pennsylvania.
"Whom God hath united let no
man put asunder," be said, speaking
of Miss Goodrich. "I married. Mrs.
Carpenter thirty years ago. She was
Miss Vola Pilling, and lived not far
from Johnston. I thought I loved
her before I wedded, but immediately
ly after the ceremony I realized I
had made a mistake. I know that she
was not my affinity. I have always
tried to treat her kindly, but she bas
known as well as I that there was
not a perfect oneness between us.
"When I met Delia six years ago,
I knew at once that God had intend
ed us for each other. She was in
perfect accord with me, but as I was
married I did not permit.Jher to en
ter my life at that time. Later when
she came down here, the conviction
became stronger that she was really
my wife and that Mrs. Carpenter was
"It is hard to explain such things
to persons who, do not understand
the ways of heaven, and therefore we
did not mention it to our congrega
tion. I cannot understand hbw I
made the mistake of the letters. I
was hi a hurry to get them mailed
and placed Delia's letter in the wrong
envelope. That is all there is to it.
The recorder of deeds, however, had
no right to keep the letter.
"He should have sent it back to.
me without making it public and
causing all this trouble and misap
prehension. I have decided to go
away from hers, and that it is the
best that I seperate from my wife.
She agrees with me and I have ad
vised her to try to get a divorce soon.
She will probably continue here for .
a time, as the congregation has a
high regard for her."
Carpenter declined to'say where he
was going or whether he intends to
see Miss Goodrick. He also refused
to say where she is located at pre
sent. Mrs. Carpenter,. whose grief is -
tempered somewhat by the fact that
the blow has not been unexpected by
her, said that she thought her hus
band's mind had been unbalanced
for some time, or ever since Miss
Goodrich had come to Harrington.
She has known of the almost daily
letters that be has sent to the young
woman since she went away. She
said the pastor would- arise in the
morning as early as five o'clock to
write them and would hurry to the
postoffice to get them off on the 6:30
Members of the congregation are
amazed at the revelations. "He was
one of the most magnetic men I ever
met," declared one of them. "The
congregation idolized him."
At the regular weekly prayer meet
ing while the pastor and his wife sat
with bowed heads in the library of
their home, across the -street from
the church. Cyrus N. Grant. presi
dent of the board of trustees, led the
Aetiremarkable demonstration of
grie- characterized the gathering
evry person in the church was in
tears until it adjourned, and. an out
sider would have thought that some
calamity such as a plague had c~f!!ict
ed every household represented.
Following the meeting, men, women
and children flocked to the pastor's
house and offered theii- sympathies to
M rs. Carpenter. hsfi
The pastor, unable to meet hsfl
lowers, went to the rear yard and
paced up ad dwn undertei shade
atch him lest he should try to do
himself injury. Late in the night,
after the callers had gone, he packed
two valises and left town by the
first morning train.
HIS MOTHERI SHOT HIM.
The Sad Fate That Befell a Practical
A shooting took place near Taylor,
Texas, on Thursday night as the. re
sut of a practical joke. Returning
home. Lee McFalls, a young mnan,
apeared at the window to frighten
the children of the house. His moth
ebelieving, it to be a burglar, fired
erugh the wondow, inflicting sev
er wounds, from the effects of
which It is believed the young man
a Man Shot Five Times at Jonesville,
sDisarmed His Assailant.
. As a result of a very sensational
shooting at Jonesville Thursday
*' night, S. M. Gilmnore who was shot
d five times by James W. Gallman, died
at a noon Friday.
After discharging his revolver,
r- Gallman was disarmed by Gilmnore,
te who beat him severely on the head
te with the weapon Both men are