Newspaper Page Text
SCHMITZ IN JAIL.
Five Years in "Pen" for the Bood
A HISTORICAL TRIAL.
Great Victory of Citizens Over Poli
tical Extortion. .Judge Duune
Granted No Mercy. The One-Time
Hero of San Francisco to Be
Pluged Into Prison for the Betray
al of His High Trust.
Mayor Eugene E. Schmitz. of San
Francisco, convicted of extortion,
was,l ast week, sentenced to five
years in the penitentiary. When the
sentence was pronounced there was
a remarkable outburst of applause
from the hundreds of persons who
crowded Judge Dunne's courtroom.
The judge prefaced his announce
ment of the penalty by administer
ing a stringing rebuke to the dis
credited mayor for his breach of
trust and betrayal of the confidence
reposed in him by the people of San
Scarcely had the last words of the
sentence fallen from the lips of Judge
Dunne when the vast crowd that
thronged the courtroom broke forth
in cheers. Schmitz's attorneys pro
tested that the display of feeling war
anwarranted and unjust, but the
sheriff and other court officers were
unable to drive the people from the
room, which rang with the cheer,
"Good for yoi." The dramatic at
mosphere was heightened by a staff
of newspaper photographs, who ex
ploded flashlight after flashlight, till
the courtroom was so filled with
smoke that it was stifling.
When Judge Dunne, having dis
posed of some matters preliminary
to other trials on bribery charges,
called for the calendar: "The People
vs. Eugene E. Schmitz," District At
torney Langdon and Attorney Fair
all answered in unison, "ready."
The judge inquired of Mr. Langdor
whether he was ready to proceed with
the other four charges of extortior
against Schmitz. The district attor
ney interposed that the calendar war
very long and that the prosecutior
was ready to receive sentence. Attor
neys for the defense moved for s
new trial, but the motion was de
nied on the ground of insufficieni
reason, motion for arrest of judg
ment also failed.
Judge Dunne prepared his pro
nouncement of sentence with a lec
ture in which he called attention t<
the fact that the verdict indicate.
that no matter how high the statior
of a criminal he can be sentenced by
the law when found guilty. Attorney
Metson, for the defense, interrupt
ed, but was promptly squelched. He
was warned that further attempts
to interfere would result in his bein
iEnt to prison for contempt. Schmit2
interposed frequent protests againsi
humiliation. The judge commentec
on Schmitz's career of hyprocrisy
duplicity and dishonor and the wilfu
criminal acts by which he had betray
&'the confidence of the people oJ
San Francisco. In concluding his
remarks Judge Dunne referred tc
Scbhmitz as morally naked, shamed
and disgraced. The words of the sen
tence followed: "It is the judgment
of the court that you be confined in
the state prison at San Quento for a
term of five years. Motion for an ap
peal was made and it is urobable the
case will be tried in a higher court.
Immediately after resuming his
seat at the counsel table Schmitz die
tated the following statement to the
"The court wherein I received my
sentence for the charge of extortion
again demonstrates, and more clear
ly than anything else that it has here
tofore done, a charge I made upon
my immediate return from the East
that Judge Dunne was pi-ejudiced
against me, and that it was impossi
ble to procure in his court a fair
trial. The animus that he has treas
ured in his heart for some time came
clearly and positively to the surface
"I have never asked for leniency,
but I have expected, as every Amer
can citizen has the right to expect,
justice. I ask the people to withhold
their final judgment in this matter
until the iniquitous proceedings
which have been held in Judge
Dunne's court since the beginning of
my trial shall be brought before the
"I have never asked for mercy, and
before a court where I did not re
ceive a fair trial I certainly did not
expect it. I intend not only to fight
this case step by step, but all the
charges that have been brought
against me; and, with the knowledge
in my own conscience of my entire
innocense, I expect to be successful
in the contest.
"I now repeat what I have stated
already, that I will be a candidate
for mayor of the city and county of
San Francisco this fall, when the
people of San Francisco will have an
opportunity by their votes of demon
strating whether they believe me
guilty or innocent. The people are
always right. I am satisfied to leave
my case with them."
It was the confession of Abraham
Ruef, boss, that made the conviction
of Schmnitz certain. Ruef declared
he and Schmnitz had been partners in
crime and that they had divided
more than $100,000 extorted from
almost every possible source. The
charge on which Schmitz received
sentence was for extorting $1,175
from restaurant keepers.
CH.AM'ED WITH MURDER.
A Doctor and Ihis Wife Held on Ser
A dispatch from Raleigh, N. C..
says an indictment was rendered by
the grand jury of Wake county
against Dr. D. S. Rowland and wife.
who have been in jail charged with
the murder of Engineer Charles R.
Strange of the Seaboard Air Line
The death of Strange occurred in
March, and in six weeks his widow
married Dr. Rowland. Evidence at
the coroner's inquest showed inti
macy between Rowland and the wo
man, but no trace of poison was
found in Strange's stomach.
Rowland had a few days before
been released after arrest for the al
Mr. Jordan Profoundiy Impressed
by what He Saw
On His Trip to the Forcign Cotton
Centres. Makes Powerful Plea for
Reform in Handling Cotton.
No word has been spoken in regard
to the handling and shipping of cot
ton is of more vital interest to the
Southern farmer than that which we
are reprinting on this page from
President Harvey Jordans recent ar
ticle in the Baltimore Manufacturer's
Record. What Mr. Jordan says is
not guess work. He went abroad to
see and find out things that affect 1e
price of the Southern faruer's cot
ton, and he has written the results
of his investigation. As long as the
American farmer sends abroad two
out of three bales of cotton that he
raises, the foreign buyer will be a
factor in fixing the price that the
farmer cannot ignore. And when it
is demonstrated, as Mr. Jordan de
monstrated it, that the shabby cloth
es our King Cotton wears when he
is abroad stimulates the cultivation
of the staple in foreign cour tries and
that ragged cotton bales abroad make
ragged cotton farmers at home, it is
high time our growers were taking
up in dead earnest the matter of
enforcing a superior and more at
tractive method of covering and han
dling their export cotton. But we
will give Mr. Jordan's presentation
of the matter, and nothing we have
printed on the subject is better worth
your serious reading. He says:
The average grower of cotton in
the Southern States has been educat
ed to believe that. cotton of gond
quality and in large quantities can
be grown only in America, and that
therefore it made no particular dif
ference as to how badly the cotton
crop was handled, the spinning world
had to take it and make the best of
There Is no doubt upon my mind
that we are in error as regards the
idea that foreign countries do not
possess land and climatic conditions
favorable to the production of the
best grades of cotton in large quan
tities. The trouble in more rapidly
increasing the production of foreign
grown cotton lies in unfavorable
climatic conditions as it does in the
education of the people in those coun
tries where cotton could be grown to
take hold of the industry and push it.
In Brazil, Peru, Argentina, Austral
ia, Egypt, India. Mexico, South Afri
ca and other countries where the
staple can be grown by natives are
as yet but semi-civilized and where
but few of the modern facilities for
agriculture and transportation have
Anyone who will take the pains to
carefully investigate the imports of
cotton from all sources into Great
Britan and the Continent each year
will soon ascertain that a large num
ber of countries are now growing cot
ton and that the annual production
of these foreign cottons. is increasing
and in some sections to an aniazing
degree. While these shipments.
aside from Egypt and India. are not
large, still so many small shipments
are beginning to foot up largely in
the aggregate. India alone produced
in the past year 4.000.000 bales of
cotton, weighing on an average of
400 pounds per bale. This is as large
as the American cotton crop was a
few decades ago. One large firm.
Platt Bros. & Co.. which I visited in
Manchester, alone turns out annual'
ly 3.000 new gin outfits, none of
which conmes to America, but all are
shipped out to meet the demands of
Undoubtedly the South holds a
cjommanding position in the predom
inating supply of the world's cotton
and will perhaps always maintain her
prestige, but American cotton is
bought by foreign spinners tinder
protest, and only after similar grades
of foreign-grown cotton has been ex
hausted, not because foreigners are
prejudiced against American-grown
cotton. but because of the bad man
ner in which American cotton is bal
ed and delivered abroad.
American Cotton is the orily cot
ton in the world where every bale
is sampled and carefully examined
through which it passes from the
local cotton buyer in the interior, on
through the hands of the foreign cot
ton merchant, and finally by the
spinners under the roofs of their
mills. It is the only cotton in the
world where grades in the same bale
are not uniform and where deduc
tions have to be made for "country
damage." If the growers and hand
lers of American cotton do not re
form the present method of deliver
ing our cotton abroad, it will only
tend to intensify the determination
of foreign spinners to induce a larger
production of cotton in other coun
tries. I nake this plea in behalf of
American cotton after having visited
the great cotton centers of Europe
and personally investigated the facts
I pesonllyinspected large cotton
waeoss at Venice. Bremen, Man
chester and Liveirpool. At every
point visited, accompanied by my as
sociate. Mr. Walter Clarke, of Mis
isippi, we were shown every cour
tesy by the large cotton merchants.
Ithe members of the exchanges, and
shown through all the war-ehouses
we cared to inspect and freely given
all the information we wished.
Everywhere, in response to our
questions as to American cotton bales
compared with other cotton, the an
swers were the same. namely, that
American cotton was generally re
Iceived in bad condition; that it re
quired more sampling, carried high
er rates of insurance, heavier tare.
expensive arbitration and losses from
what is termed country damage or
rot. Everywhere we were asked if
the American bale could not be re
formed. We had fine opportunity of
judging comparisons, as we found
thousands of hales of American cot
ton stored side by side with thous
ands of bales of foreign-grown cot
The American bales were cut to
pieces from nmerous sampling, the
lint hanging out from these jagged
bales. wvhile the jute bagging in
which the bales were originally wra' -
led was torn, cut and hanging .
shreds. The bales were neither uni
fom in length. hreadth oir thickness.
On the other hand, the cotton receiv
ed from other countries was baled in
nice packages, wrappled in closely
woven canvas and of uniform size.
Only one bale in ten, as a rule, is
sampled of foreign cotton. while the
Icost of handling, rate of insurance.
etc.. is far less as compared with
American cotton, and no arbitrations
for "country damage." As a South
ern cotton grower and a closte observ
er, I was profoundly impressed by
these revelations, and I sincerely
trust that my exposition of the facts
stated will have some tendency in
turning the tide of sentiment in the
South in favor of improving the
Ameican bale, which under exist
ing methods is costin'g Southern cot
ton growers a heavy penalty for their
We were shown through the ware
houses of the Manchester Ship Canal
~y the president of the Association.
Mr. Robinson. Here we found the
finest warehouse facilities in the
Made by the Japanese and Korean
A vigorous protest has been receiv
ed by the government from Japanese
and Korean Exclusion league, the
headquarters of which are at Seattle.
Wash., against what is asserted to
be an organized traffic in Japanese
women, who, it is alleged, are being
brought to this country in large num
bers for immoral purposes.
The protest declares that wholesale
misrepresentation, perjury and fraud
are perpetrated on the part of immi
graits, and perjury and collusion on
the part of Japanese residents in this
country. It is said that the traffic
is regularly organized and that the
women are brought into the country
and sold into a system of slavery. In
co;nnection with the traffic there is
said to exist a gang of blackmailers,
composed of Japanese, who live on
the "hush money" collected from
the importers of the Japan slave
It is asserted by the officers of the
league that hundreds of these women
are scattered among the cities of the
Northwest and in the legging and
mining camps and that they are
drifting gradually to cities through
out the country.
The protest is signed by P. B.
Gill, president, and A. E. Fowler,
secretary of the league. It will be
brought to the attention of the im
Fourteen Japanese laborers, who,
under the immigration law, are not
permitted to land in this country ev
aded the authorities in Philadelphia
and are at large somewhere in the
United States. The men arrived in
Philadelphia on the ship Erskine M.
Phelps, sugar laden, from Hawaii, on
May 29. They were a part of the
crew of the vessel and were paid off
In accordance with the law and
regulations, they were taken before
the immigration authorities by the
captain of the ship. They could nol
be landed, but, as they indicated at
intention to reship on another vessel,
thus continuing their occupation a
seamen,the immigration officials had
no control over them. An inquir3
into the matter was made, develop
ing the fact that the 14 Japanes(
simply disappeared into.the country
Where they are now nobody knows
Many a man's failure is due to hi,
being afraid to try.
Many P man who is fancy fret
doesn't fancy his freedom.
mile in length, four stories high, an<
built entirely of reinforced concrete
In one apartment of this warehouse i
a large space set aside for pickin;
American cotton bales of the so-call.
ed "country damage" or rot. N
oother cotton sh-ipped from any othei
part of the world carries a loss fo:
country damage. On the tracks oT
the outside of this section of tn
warehouse I found ten car-loads )
cotton being unloaded to be sent int<
this section for picking on account o
damage. I found that all of this par
ticular lot of cotton came front Mem.
phis. Some of the bales being pick
ed showed a loss of at least 20(
pounds to the bale in solid rot.
Upon my inquiry as to who stooc
these heavy losses, which was du'
entirely to the storing of this cottor
during the past winter on the streets
of Memphis, I was amazed to fini
that the marine insurance companie:
laid all losses from country damagt
on American cotton. I natarally sup
Posed that the cotton factors or ex
porters of this damaged cotton fror
Memphis would stand some loss or
account of their negligence in allow
ing these bales to rot on the streets
of Memphis, but I found that the in
surance companies paid the full dam
age, and that the cotton sliippers
from Memphis got full pay for everl
bale they shipped, whether damaged
or in good condition.
I then decided to call on the offi
r-ers of sonme of the largest mar-inc
insurance c-ompanie~s in Livrpool. ]
met several or them the next day and
was informed that what I had heard
was substantially correct, and thai
the insurance companies protected
themselves by charging a high rate
on American cotton. They said thai
iffidavits were made by Anmerican
shippers that cotton was damaged af
ter it was insured, and they had no
recourse but to pay.
The point which I wish to make
is that this excessive rate of insur
ince on American cotton made tc
pay damages of cotton improperly
cared for is one of the fixed charges
which the growers have to pay and
or which they are in no wise respon
sible, as cotton sold by farmers in a
'lamaged condition is usually picked
it the local warehouses when the
urchase by the buyers is made. We
~hould have some stringent laws
long this line which w'ill force the
arge cotton centres of the Souith to
uore properly store and protect our
motton from these heavy losses.
Never before in the history of the
-otton trade has such activi been
-lisplayed in the building of new c-ot
on mills in the Lancashir e districtt
'nd elsewhere MPiionsb of new s in
lie-s are being lput in a.nn-mily, and
acw mills can be seen going up on
very hand. The foreign spinners are
nking mor-e money than ever be
ore, and their only fear is that at
he present splendid condition of the
usiness too many mills will be built
l'here is but little fear of lower
rices for either the raw materials
r the finished product within the
text year or two, and therec need he
to fear that every bale of good nor
.nal crops of American cotton will
not be damaged at good prices. The
one essential thing for the Southern
rower to learn is to raise his food
suplies largely at home. curtail the
redit business and begin at once to
mprove the present method of the
baling, handling and deliver-y of his
otton to foreign parts. We should
nake the Amer-icanl bale of cotton as
attractive from every standpoint as
-ny other bale of cotton grown on
any other land in the world. This
should be so not only from a matter
of pride, but from the economic de
mands of the present time in good
With these problems solved, we
wcill be a long step forward on the
highway of bringing about still clos
er relations between the growers and
pinners of American cotton.
The growers and spinners of Amer
ican cotton are more vitally interest
-d in the cotton industry than all
others combined: hence it is eminent
'y proper that these two interests
bould cordially co-operate to the
i itual advantage of each.
Manchester spinner-s insist that
farme first ship the cotton to Man
:heser-. and if grades are satisfac
toy upon examination by their ex
pers, then the trade is consumated,
ut they arec very much opposed to
aying for cotton on this side before
shipment. It seems to me. ther-efore.
that the gr-owers must first inaugur
ate the reforms noted with respect to
baling and delivery, build warehouses
in which to store and finance thenr
cotton, and get into a position strong
enough to demand such pr-ices from
the buyers, whoever they may be. as
will secure for themselves a fair and
just profit upon the products of their
FARM LABOR LAW.
Judge Brawley's Decision Carried
to Supreme Court.
The P-resent Labor Situation is Said
to be One of Demoralization All
Over the State.
A dispatch from Charleston says
the dicision of Judge Brawley declar
ing to be invalid the act of the legis
lature making the breach of a farm
labor contract a misdemeanor is to
be submitted to the supreme court
of the United States for a ruling.
In the office of the district court
today the necessary papers were filed
appealing from Judge Brawley's de
cision and taking the case to the
highest tribunal. The papers were
filed by Attorney William Henry
Parker and W. St. Julien Jervey, act
ing for Attorney General Lyon, with
whom they associated in the recent
hearing of the test case of Elijah
and Enoch Drayton, in which the
court rendered its decision and re
leased the negroes from custody.
A lenghty bill of exceptions, pre
pared by the attorneys, is filed in the
case, setting forth the reasons for
the appeal. The court is held t> have
erred in taking the position that the
imprisonment of the negroes on the
chaingang for violating their con
tract was a violation of the thirteentL
and fourteenth amendments ol
the constitution of the United States.
The view of the court is objected tc
on the purpose of the act in question,
the bill of exceptions stating that "it
is respectfully submitted that both
the purpose and effect of the said
act. is not to secure compulsory ser
vice in the payment of a debt, but,
in the legitimate exercise of the po
lice power of the State. to punisI
crime in repressing fraud in the
breach of a civil contract, and inci
dentally thereby to prevent the com
mission of such crime."
The court is held to have erred it
finding that "there is no essentia
distinction between an act whici
penalizes the breach of a contrac1
for personal service 'without suffi
cient excuse to be adjudged by th
court' and the act in question her
which penalizes such breach mad(
'wilfully and without cause,' tha
is, fraudulently." It is pointed ou
that there is "an essential differenc
in the eye of the law between frauc
in the making or procuring of a con
tract for personal service and frau
in the failure to perform the same.
"The essence of the South Carolin
statute," it is declared, "is the rep
ression of the fraudulent practice o:
breaking contracts of a persona
service of the kind indicated,.that is
by laborers on farms lands 'wilfull:
and witnout just cause' and incident
ally only to induce the performanci
of stipulated service in liquidatioi
of the debt which was the consider
ation for the promise."
The court is further held to hav
erred in holding that the breach o.
a contract of personal service, evei
if dishonest and fraudulent, can no
be a crime under the constitution o:
the United States and can not bi
penalized as such by any State ir
Error in judgment is also held ij
the construction of the court tha
there shall be "neither slavery no:
involuntary servitude except as pun
ishment for crime, whereof the part:
shall have been duly convicted," bu
also that there shall not be "involun
tary servitude" even for crime. i:
the crime arise from the breach o:
a contract of personal service.
In concluding, the bill of excep
tions states that the court "failed t<
distinguish between criminal legisla
tion for the purpose of preventing
fraud and incidentally inducing the
laborer not to commit fraud."
The case is a very interesting anc
important one and its consideratior
by the supreme court will be follow
ed with much concern. The decisior
of Judge Brawley declaring the Statt
law unconstitutional caused much de
moralization of labor conditions or
account of the peculiar relations 0:
much of the farm labor to the farm
er and much pressure has beer
brought to bear upon the attornel
general's office to press the case fur
ther and if possible fecure a favora
ble decision to sustain the farm laboi
CAN'T 1RUST THEM.
Army and Navy Run Out All Jape
Following the policy of putting
only Americans on guard, it is under
stood that orders have been issued
forbidding employment of foreign.
ers on all military works at naval
stations. A similar order was issued
some time ago relating to the em
ployment of foreigners on the ships
of the navy. This resulted in the dis
charge of a large number of Japan
ese and Chinese who had shipped as
stewards and in other minor capaci
The naval officers were rather sor
ry to let them go, because of their
efficiency, but it was found that the
Japanese especially were using much
of their time in making careful ex
amination of their ships and guns
and learning a lot about machinery,
etc., which it was not supposed a
mere cook or cabin boy would care
The policy of depriving foreigners
of this source of information has now
been extended to the works on
American fortifications, and the news
comes from Manila that a number of
Japanese who have been employed
on the fortifications and also the 01
ongapo and Cavite naval stations
have been discharged.
Army manoeuvers similar to those
which are going on this summer at
all the principal ports of this country
are about to be conducted at Olong
opo, where army and navy forces
will join in an attack and defense of
that place. That is for the purpose
of developing the strength or weak
ness of the meagre fortifications in
place there now and to ascertain the
points at which new.defenses are nec
A YOUNG LIFESAVER.
Master Robert Danaherty Rescues a
Baiby From~ Driowning.
Robert Daugherty. aged twelve
yearis. whose home is on Fayette
street, Cumiherland. MdI., Thursday
saved the two year old( sonl of Mr.
Isreal Morgan, of Cumbierland, from
drowning in1 the P'otomae river.
The child had wandered down
Johnson street to the edge of the
river, and young Daugherty saw him
fall in. He rushed into the water
and rescued the child after he had|
CLERK LOCKED I
Firemen Broke Open Big Vault to
Rescue a Man.
Locked in a vault for more than
an hour, Joseph H. Daly, a clerk in
the office of the Consolidated Gas
Electric Light and Power company,
Baltimore, came very near smother
ing to death in the Continental Trust
)uilding Thursday night, and had it
not been for the prompt action of the
police and fire departments in break
ing open the vault, William E. Brasn
ers. a fellow clerk, who locked him in
accidentally, would probably have
passed the night in the station house
with the charge of causing a fellow
man's death laid at his door.
As it was, when Daly was finally
released, he was weak from his in
effectual efforts to free himself from
his plight. Daly and Brasher had
been detained at the office of the
company during the evening. As they
were putting the records away,
Brishers said to Daly that it would
be a joke to lock Daly in the vault.
While bantering over the subject,
Brashers swung the vault door, the
lock snapped, and Daly was a pris
Brashers was panic stricken. He
tried to work the combination on the
vault, but could not. Then he yelled
for the watchman. Next it was de
cided to telephone to the police. The
police came and then it was decided
to call out the fire department.
The vault was surrounded by a
six-inch wall of terra cotta and brick,
so the fire fighters got out their picks
and axes and went to work digging a
hole in the vault. After an hour's
work they made a six-inch aperture,
through which they passed tools to
Daly. He was able to wrench the in
side of the lock apart and the door
Daly staggered out so weak he
could hardly stand. He had been
cramped in a standing position and
had been unable to move or turn
around. An electric light burned in
the vault, and Daly felt that he would
stifle before aid could reach him.
FATAL TO THREE.
About Thirty Workmen Carried
Down With Structure.
Three men are known to have been
killed, one was fatally hurt, and 18
others were injured in the collapse
of a new concrete building Thursday
at the plant of Bridgman Brothers
company, manufacturers of steam
fitters' supplies, at 15th street and
Washington avenue, Philadelphia.
About 30 workmen were carried
down in the debris.
The body of Marshal Hopkins,
aged 40 years, and the bodies of two
unidentified colored men have been
taken from the ruins. It is believed
there are others buried under the
heavy mass of concrete as the po
L lice and contractors have not been
able to locate two Italians and three
E colored laborers who were on the
building when the accident occurred.
The building, which was being
erected as an annex to the Bridgman
plant, collapsed according to the ad
missions of C. B. Miller, boss cai
penter, because the shortings were
taken away from the concrete before
- it had properly set. A. S. Revis,
trading as the Sheet Metal and Cor
nice company, was the contractor of
SThe structure was four stories
high and the heavy concrete crashed
down like an avalanche. Besides
those carried down in the fall, a
number of persons were struck by
fying pieces of the concrete and cut
about the face and hands.
1But for a dispute between thE
bricklayers' helpers and the contrac'
tors as to wages the former were to
receive for holsting brick to the top
of the building after hours, an addi'
tional number of workmen would
have been on the building when the
WILL RELP FARMERS.
Edison Predicts That Nitrogen Will
Come From Air.
Thos. A. Edison predicts that be
fore long science would enable the
farmer to enrich his lands by means
Iof nitrogen from the air..
"The element necessary for mak
ing land fertile," he said, "is nitro
gen, which exists in almost inexhaus
tible quantities in the atmosphere.
Until recently, however, the utiliza
tion of atmospheric nitrogen was re
garded as merely a laboratory de
monstration. Business men said it
could never be obtained cheap
enough to sell to the farmer as fer
"But the day is just about to dawn
when the air will be made to give its
nitrogen to the earth, and make it
yield ir.ore abundant harvest and
fatter herds of cattle. In Norway a
plant has been established which has
een conducted with such good re
suIts that I expected to see atmos
phere fertilizer on the market in this
country within the next ten years.
"That such a product will soon be
imperatively necessary there is no
doubt. Every. shipload of wheat and
corn which goes abroad leaves the
United States so much poorer, not in
gold. but in nitrogen.
"Sir William Groks, when he was
president of the British association
for the advancement of science.
prophesied that in another quarter
of a century the earth would be
drained of nitrogen to such a degree
that there would be famine in many
regions of the world. He may have
taker too discouraging a view of the
subject, but nevertheless his state
ment had a true basis of fact.
"At the present time the bulk of
the world's supply of nitrogen comes
from the saltpeter beds of South
IAmerica. but these are being dug up
~o fast it will not be long before they
will be exhausted."
TWO YOUNG FOOLS.
Tennessee Boy and Girl Obtain Par
ents Concent to Wed.
A dispatch from Knoxville. Tenn.,
says in the marriage of Willie Rich
ards, aged fourteen, the youngest
couple ever to marry in Tenne~see
with the consent of their parents.
will become man and wife Saturday
night at Thorn Grove.
Squire John WV. Brown will offi
ciate at the ceremony and the school
by and girl friends of the contract
ing parties will serve as attendants.
The groom-to-be is yet in knicker
lockers and the bride's dresses do
Inot come below her knees..
When young Richards first called
at the office of County Clerk John M.
Currier to obtain the marriage li
ense he was refused, the clerk say
ng he would not isuue one to such
Iyouthful people without the consent
of their parents. This afternoon hc
returned with the written consent of
IMrs. Belle Nelson. his mother, and of
Isaac Brock, father of the girl.
Has Six Trades.
A telegraph operator, agent for 4
newspapers, a church janitor, school
irarian,. laundry agent, and a print
er are the accomplishments of 14
rear-old George Wright. of Fairfield.
t. George has been regarded as
something of a prodigy ever since his
early babyhood. People thought he
never would grow up because he had
so much brain, his business is con
ducted outside of school hours, dur-i
A REAL PIRATE. ,,
Some Interesting History and Exploit
of the Famous "Blackbeard."
New York American.
All the world has heard of "Black
beard." the Engiish sailor who, after
having been a highly respected officer
in his majesty's service, turned pi
rate and raised the black flag against
This notorious sea robber, whose
real name was Teck, I believe, took
his pseudonym from the fact that he
wore a heavy black beard, which he
was in the habit of doing up in two
large braids and tying them under
his ears. He was a man of gigantic
proportions and of surpassing
strength. His heart was as cruel as
that of a tiger. Every now and then,
when there was nothing else in sight
he would shoot one or two of his own
men--just to keep his practice up.
In the early years of the eighteenth
.century Blackbeard patrolled the
waters of Europe, but it finally be
came too hot for him there and he
struck out for the coasts of North
America. How well he plied his trade
in the new field is evidenced by the
fact that from Nova Scotia to Flori.
da he succeeded in making his name
a mortal terror.
In a captured ship of forty guns
he entered Charleston harbor and
held the town up for a large ransom.
From Charleston he passed into the
waters of North Carolina, plundering
and slaying right and left, and it
their distress the "Tar Hee.s," being
able to get ne aid from their owr
governor Eden, appealed to Governoi
Stopswood of Virgiriato relieve then
of the terrible pirate, who was mak.
ing their lives a living hell.
Spotswood did not listen to th<
appeal in vain. Looking about for
some one to put a quietus upox
Blackbeard he found the person he
wanted in one Robert Maynard. i
young officer on his majesty's shil
Pearl, which happened to be lying a
the time in Chesepeake bay.
Manning a couple of small craft
with some 60 men, Maynard set ou
early in November 1718, in search :
Blackbeard and on the 21st of th
same mouth found him at Ocracogi
Inlet, North Carolina. Blackbeard dit
not know what fear was, young May
nard was as full of fight as a hun
gry wildcat, and the ball opened a
once. The dancing was to the tuni
of "no quarter." For over thre
hours Maynard and his sixty mei
fought the pirate and his fifty asso
Blackbeard sprang to the rail o
his ship, and siezing a bottle of whis
koy, drank from it and shouted
"Damnation seize my soul if I giv<
you any quarter or 'take any fror
"I neither ask for nor will I taki
any quarter from you." roared bac1
In the shallow waters of the Cai
olina sound the -pirates' ship ground
ed, and Maynard made for her, ir
tending to board her in the fine
death grapple, but as the two vessel
came together Blackbeard anticipat
ed his intended movement and jum:
ed aboard of her with sixteen of hi
followers. Maynard had but thirtee:
men left by this time, but with thes
he tackled the sixteen pirates an<
their desperate leader.
Crossing swords with Blackbeari
Maynard succeeded in dealing him
death tbrust in the throat, and i:
the meantime his men had killed o
wounded all of Blackbeard's follow
|With the sea robber's head swing
ing by its long black hair from th
bowspirit of the little craft, Marnar
sailed back to Virginia to receive th
congratulations of the governor an
the loving thanks of all dwellers o
the American Seaboard.
OLDEST WOMANt IN AMERICA.
Oregon Claims to Have Her in Mrs
Mary Wood, 120 Years Old.
Oregon claims the honor of count
ing among its residents the oldes
white woman in America, Mrs. Mar:
Ramsey Lemons Wood, and in th<
celebration of the Fourth of July
Mrs. Wood, aged 120 years, 1 monti
and 15 days, was crowned Queen oj
The coronation was performed b:
Gen. George H. Williams, attorne:
general under President grant, an<
the only living representative of tha
cabinet. Gen. Williams is in hi~
eighty-fifth year. He was assiste<
by Hon. J. D. Lee, president of th<
Oregon Pioneer Association.
Mrs. Wood was born at Knoxville
Tenn., May 20, 1787. She was twic<
married, her first husband, Mr. Lem
ons, dying in 1839. In 1852 she mov
ed from Missouri to Oregon, settlinl
in Washington county, where shi
still makes her home, riding of
horse-back the entire way.
Mrs. Wood married her secorn
husband, John Wood, May 28, 1854
Of her four children, all of whon
lived to ripe old age, only one is to
day living, and that is the youngesi
child, Mrs. Catherine B. Southwortl
Reynolds, who was born in 1830.
WHITE MAN SHOT. e
Thirteen Negroes in Jail Charged
With the Crime.
The Walhalla Courier says the
'Glorious Fourth"~ brought with It
not only hot weather, but "hot times'
as well. Magistrate J. Mat. Whit
mire of Newry has sent up several
batches of prisoners to the Oconee
jail, numbering in all thirteen.
They, all colored, are charged with
participating in a row and shooting
at Old Pickens. in this county. W.
Marion Gray, a white man, was shot,
and is seriously wounded, though
hope is entertained for his recovery.
Mr. Gray had been working in his
field, but left there to go to Gantt's
store for something, and while in the
public highway came in contact with
the crowd of negroes. who were en
gaged in a general hilarious row.
A number of shots were fired by
mebers of the crowd, and it is said
that George McKinney was their tar
get. One of the bullets struck Mr.
Gray just above the left breast, rang
ing down, and passing between the
first and second ribs.
PAID HER WELL.
Young Lady Is Rewarded for Kind
ness to Old Lady.
Miss Ethel Bish, of Findlay, Ohio,
received $20.000 from Mrs. Mary M.
Kendall, of Oswego, N. Y., who she
befriended three years ago in Toledo.
Mrs. Kendall was injured on the
street and Miss Bish saw that she
was given proper attention. Mra
Kendall promised a revard at the
WOMAN WHIPS TWO JAPS.
And Says She Could Handle a Dozen
A St. Louis dispatch says: "And
are those the little chaps that think
they can whip the United States?
Why, I could handle a dozen of
Such was the boast of Mrs. Essie
Warner as she passed into the Four
Courts holdover today, proceded by
I. Managa and Tom Muratsidi, Jap
anese, whose heads she had been
knocking together just before two
detectives seized her.
Managa and Muratsidi run a res
taurant at Ninth and Chestnut
streets. Mrs. Warner was employed
there as cook. She went to work, she
says, because her husband is ill.
She asked her employers for $1,
When no dollar appeared Mrs. War
ner began to recite to Managa hei
opinion of his country and of him,
self. When blows were struck tht
Japanese received all the punishmen1
and his nose was trickling crimso
when Muratsidi came to his aid. Ai
uppercut from Mrs.. Warner's fis
discomfited Muratsidi and she the]
grasped the collars of the two an(
brought their skulls sharply togeth
er several times. They struggled an<
kicked, but succeeded only in upset
ting a table and breaking some dish
es. Mrs. Warner says if they practi
ced any jiu-jitsu on her she was no
aware of it.
Detectives Keaney and Finanfoun,
Mrs. Warner in full control of th
situation. They arrested the trio an,
all will have to go before Judge Trs
cy Friday on charges of disturbin:
the peace. Unless bondsmen appea
they will have to stay in the holdove
on Independence Dav.
THE PACIFIC FLEET.
Names of the Ships That Will Con
Below will be found a list of tb
ships that will compe - the Pacif
Connecticut, Captain Hugo Ostei
haus; tonnage, 16,000; guns, 24
speed', 18 knots.
Maine, Captain Nathan E. Nile
tonnage, 12,500; guns, 20; speed, 1
Louisiana, Captain Richard Wail
wright, tonnage 16,000; guns, .24
speed, 18 knots.
Missouri, Captain Greenlief i
- Merriam; tonnage, 12,500; guns,,2(
speed, 18 knots.
Virginia, Captain Seaton Schro<
der; tonnage, 14,948; guns, 24
speed, -19 knots.
Georgia, Captain Henry .McCre2
tonnage, 14,948; guns, 24; speed, I
New Jersey, Captain William V
Kimball; tonnage, 14,948; guns, 2
speed, 19 knots.
Rhode Island, captain to be assigi
ed; tonnage, 14,948; guns, 24; spec
Alabama, Captain Samuel P. Com
ly; tonnage, 11,51>; guns, 18; spee,
Illinois, Captain Gottfried Blol
linger; tonnage, 11,525; guns, 11
- speed, 17 knots.
Kearsarge, Captain Herbert Win
Slow; tonnage, 11,525; guns, 2!
Sspeed, 16 knots.
Kentucky, Captain Edward B. Ba
ry; tonnage, 11,525; guns, 22; spee
Ohio, Captain Lewis C. Heilne:
atonnage, 12,500; guns, 20; spee
LMinnesota, Captain John Hubbarn
-tonnage, 17,650; guns, 24; speed, 3
Vermont, Captain William P. Pc
Ster; tonnage, 17,650; guns, 2s
Sspeed, 18 knots.
Kansas, Captain Charles E. Vre
eland; tonnage, 17,650; guns, 2
'speed, 18 knots.
Charleston, Commander Frank:
Beatty, tonnage, 9,700; guns, 1.
speed, 22 knots.
Chicago, Commander Robert I
Doyle; tonnage, 4,500; guns, l:
speed, 18 knots.
Milwaukee, Commander Charles.a
Gove; tonnage, 9,700; guns, 1'
-speed, 22 knots.
St. Louis, Commander Nathani
t~. Usher, tonnage, 9,700; guns, 14
speed, 22 knots.
Yorktown, Commander RicharA'
Mulligan; tonnage, 1,710; guns,
speed, 16 knots.
Washington, Captain Theodoric
Porter, tonnage, 14,500; guns, 24
speed, 22 knots.
ITennessee, Captain Albert G. Be:
ry; tonnage, 14,500; guns 24, speei
California, Captain to be assigned
tonnage, 13,680; guns, 18; speed, 2
South Dakota. captain to be assigi
ed; tonnage, 13,680; guns, 18; spee4
The Fair Sex.
Never judge a woman's brillianc
by the lightness of her hair.
It's easier to get engaged to a .gil
than it is not to marry a widow.
If you want a woman to do a cel
tain thing get her to say she won't.
A woman isn't necessarily home]
because she is unspeakable hans
It takes a lot of courage to enabl
a woman to admit that she is homel;
No matter how much a man love
a woman she think he ought to lov
When a woman insists upon he
rights all a mere man has to d
is stand from under.
The fewer attractions a woman ha
for a sensible man the more fools sh
About the first thing a woman re
quires when she takes up the stud;
of art is a mirror.
The average woman seems to thin1
that all her husband's good qualitie
are due to her influence.
Rather than not get into it at all
woman is willing to get the short en<
of an argument.
When a woman is talking she dis
likes to be interrupted as much as
man does when he is eating.
When a man quits turning arounc
to look at a pretty girl he is ohc
enough to give the the undertaker a
joWhen a man occasionady tells a
woman how pretty she looks she w1i1
forgive most of the other lies he tells
It isn't difficult to size the average
man up. but women are built se
queerly it is impossible to get theor
POSED AS MRS. TILLMAN.
Ordered a Lot of Jewelry to Be Sent
to the Hotel.
Representing herself as the wife
of United States Senator Benjamin
Tillman, of South Carolina. Mrs. Isa
bella Loomis, of No. 8 West Tenth
street, a woman of striking beauty.
wearing jewels of value and hand
somely gowned, was arrested by
Lieutenant Andi-ew Nugent, of the
Central office as she was leaving a
Maiden Lane jewelry store. She is
charged with ordering jewelry and
goods of high value from Maiden
Lane stores, having them sent to
prominent he-tel and then disappear
ing with te-+rtcle forwarded her.
A CRANK CALLS A
On the President aud Wants to
About Submarines, Expects War
With Japan, and Would Help Win.
Loeb Plays Buffer, as Usual.
A dispatch from Oyster Bay says
only the vigilance of the secret ser
vice guard saved President Roosevelt
from an uninvited guest, who arriv
ed at Sapzamore Hill at 4 o'clock
Monday morning in an automobile.
He was stopped by the guard a short
distance inside the entrance to the
president's grounds, before he was
in sight of the house.
The stranger said that he wished
to call the president's attention to a
new kind of submarine. He offered
no resistance when the secret service
men told him that he must leave the
grounds at once, but drove back to
Oyster Bay, and had an early break
I fast at the Octagon Hotel. He refus
ed to register.
I Leaving the hotel the man went to
the executive offices. where he wait
ed two hours for Secretary Loeb.
He told the secretary that he had
t been troubled by the reports of a
possible war between the United
I States and Japan, and had decided
that it was his dutyto tell the presi
dent about an improvement in sub- -
mariie boats which he had perfect
r Secretary Loeb talked for some
r time with the man, and came to the
conclusion that he was demented.
Loeb finally persuaded him to leave
town without mn2w another at
tempt to see the president. The see
retary refused to tell who the strang-a"
er was, but said that he belonged to_
a prominent New Jersey family, and
would be taken care of when he re
c turned home.
"The visitor was a tall, broad-.-4.
shouldered man," said Loeb. He
gave evidence of breadinganded
tion. It was easy to see that be was
not quite right, and he was such a
8 powerful fellow that I took good
care not to excite him. I used all the
L- diplomacy at my command, and per
suaded him to leave town quietly.
Of course, if he had insisted upon
seeing the president I should have
been obliged to have him taken in
It is suggested thit the stranger
was incited to make an attempt .to
reach the president's house so'eat
9 by a story recently printed to',
effect that a man had drivenunm
lested, through the groundiafte
PLEADS FOR PEACE.
A Japanese Naval Officer Arrives in
"I wish you would do your best for
peace," were the first words of Ad.
miral Baron Combey Yamoto,. wh
arrived in New York last week from
-. The- baron says his visit is not sig
, nificant and he thinks.that war be
tween the United States and Japaa.
is the remotest possibility.
Asked his opinion of the sending
.of American battlesips .to the Pacl
Sfic,he said: "That's a question for the
Americans to answer," he- said~
_ through an interpreter, as he speajcs
no English: ;
"Peace depends on the newspap
Sers,I" he continued and they cannot
be too careful. They should under
stand conditions thoroughly before -
publishing. d~e deprecates exaggera
Stion and misquotation. The baron
was the miikado's minister of marine.
during the Russian war. He is known
Sthroughout the world.
DEFENSES IN PACIFIC. .
Hawaii and the Philippines Are To
is Be Fortified.
;There isto be no delay on the part
of the war department in utilizing
the appropriation . made at the last
;session of congress for fortifying the
American dependencies in the Pacd
In order that the keys to these
possessions may. he. put in condition
for defense as rapidly as possible, the
department is arranging for th~e
transportation of ordinance material
purchased for American coasts to
Hawaii and the Phillippines, and -will
replace it at once with funds which
become available on July 1.
The appropriations include $200,
000 for the construction of sea coast
batteries to Hawaiian Islands, and
$50,000 for the same porpose in the.
yFor accessories $150,000 .was
lgranted and for the construction of
mining casemates, necessary for the
operation of submarine mines, $200,
000 was authorized. For the pur
chase of submarine mines and ths
necessary appliances to operate them
an appropriation,. of $205,400 was
It Is understood that orders have
been issued to the transport Cook to.
make a special trip to Honolulu and
Manila. The transport will carry
mines for Pearl Harbor in Hawaii
and Olongape in Subig Bay, the two
points which would have to be de
fended in the event of a war.
Dragged by Hair.
Dragged by the hair down the
stairs was the experience of Miss
Janie Stripling, a social favorite of
Eaton, Ga., the victim of her sister,
who was in a trance. The sister,
Miss Sallie, was sleeping with Miss
Janie, and, in the middle -of the
night, took her by the hair, pulled
her out of bed, down the stairs and
into the yard. The screams of the
victim brought out the family. Miss
Sal lie was in a trance for some hours.
Whn she awoke she knew nothing
of the occurrence.
F&&NcIs Murphy, the temperance
evangelist, has just died in Los Ange
les, Cal. To him belongs the credit of
having ct'ore most in this country for
the cause of temperance. Beginning in
Maine immediately after the war, he
succeeded in-35 years in inducing 10,
000,000 persons to take the temperance
pledge. He worked for the love he
bore his fellowmen. not for glory or for
pay of any kind.
THEi holding up of those ladies in
Bamberg by a white brute is one of
the worst things thnt has ever hap
pened in this sectuonl 't r~ *State. and
we hope t e cowardly s m.u.'1
did it will beceaught, and given ati
least fif: v l-shes on his bare back with
a cowh~ de. We do not beleve that
the perpeitrator of this dastardly crime
was cr.?zy. The fact that he ran off on
the approach of a wagon, shows that
le knew what he was doing. He shculd