Newspaper Page Text
BOYS SENT HOME,
Clemson Faculty Dismisses Over
300 Students In All For
APRIL FOOL FROLIC.
The Decision Was Announced at th<
Wednesday Morning Drill. Presi
dent Mell and Commandant Miniuv.
Makes Talks to the Cadets Tell
ing Them of the Need for Preserv
Two hundred and fifty-seven stu
dents of Clemson College were dis
missed on Wednesday morning fron:
the institution. This number. wit'
the forty-eight members of the jun
for class dismissed the Saturda.
morning before, aggregatesthree hun
dred and five cadets dismissed OL
account of the all-fools day escapade
when three hundred and nine boyt
absented themselves from the cam.
pus and all duties from early in tb
morning until late in the evening. O'
the three hundred and nine boys oniy
four were not dismissed. These were
E. B. McCrady. of Charleston, B. T
Knight,, of Chesterfield, J. H. Hay
den of Orangeburg, and J. R. Fize:
of Durchester. On account of enten
uating circumstances in their cases
these young men were punished in
some other way than by dismissal.
At the regular morning drill tb i
names of the participants were calleL
and they dropped out as they hear(
their names called. After all the
property had been turned in to the
quartermaster the boys as directed b
Commandant Minus, assembled in thp
After all the cadets of the institu
tion were seated and after the regula:
chapel services were concluded PreF
Ident Mell arose and in a few word:
announced that he was extremely sor
ry that the escapade had occurred
He was very .sorry, he said, that th'
guilty boys would have to be deal
with severely, but discipline was at
solutely necessary and the colleg,
authorities must be obeyed by th'
After President Mell had conclud
ed Commandant Minus addressed the
cadets along the same lines as Dr
Mell. When he had concluded be
handed Cadet Adjutant Tindall an
crder to be published at once. Thi
order provided for the dismissal fror
the college of 43 members of the pre
paratory class, 132' members of the
freshman class and 82 members o:
the sophmore class. The laws of
Clemson college prohibit expulsion
Dismissal means that the connectior
with Clemson college of the 257 ca
dets dismissed is permantly absolved
These cadets may enter other college:
in or out of South Carolina.
The members of the disciplinc
committee have just gone through
the hardest experience they have ev
* er had. They have been patient ani
have heard every cadet under the
serious charge. They have worker
deliberately and with the determina
tion of wronging no man. T heir ac
tion in dismissing the cadets was bas
ed on the testimony of the individual
cadets as to the circumstances sur
rounding each case. A heavy load
has been lifted from the hearts of
the committee members. They have
acted conscientiously throughout the
Following is a list of the cadets
by classes who were dismissed from
the college Wednesday.
R. B. Alverson, Union; R. 0. At
kinson, Chester; E. T. Boulware.
Fairfield; J. R. Boulware, Fairfield:
3. M. Bradberry, Anderson; 3. L.
Brown, Conee; H. S. Clark. Flor
ence; E. Cromer, Anderson; H. E.
Durant, Clarendon; F. T. Ellenberg.
Abbeville; 3. P. Fellers, Newberry;
S. A. Gandy, Darlington; E. L. Holi
day, Greenville; J. W. Holiday,
Greenville; 3. L. Kee, Chester; T. A.
Kirby, Cherokee; S. L. Lenoir, Sum
ter; M. M. Reames, Sumter; E. A.
Schillotter, Oconee: W. Rt. Simmons,
Lauredft; L. L. Boyleston. Aiken; B.
F. Parks, G. D. Blackwell, Edgefield;
B. L. Boulware, Laurens; H. A. Her
iot,'Lee; L. K. Hires, Colleton; G. E.
Lomax, Abbeville; B. C. Truluc'e,
Florence; F. 3. Villepontraux, Berke
ley; S. M. Webb, Saluda; J. A. White;
G. F. Garlington, Spartanburg; S. S.
Abell; L. S. Anderson. Colleton; 3. T.
Armstrong, Laurens; T. E. Bell. Lee;
F. L. Dalton, Greenville; W. H. Fer
guson, Chester; P. Gaillard, Hamp
ton; J. R. Griffs, Edgefield; M. Ham
er, Marlboro; R. A. Hamilton, Ches
Freshman Class. .
S. M. Connor, Colleton; 3. R. Ez
elI, Spartanburg; J. G. Harris, Laur
ens; W. D. Keasler, Anderson; T. P.
Nisbet, Lancaster; B. F. Owens,
Barnwell; W. C. Patrick, Hampton;
H. B. Pitts, Sumter; T. C. Redfern,
Oconee; 3. W. Rhyme. Cherokee; R.
L. Ellis. Charleston: G. G. Inman,
Cheroke'; E. S. Jenkins, Berkeley;
J. H. Mappus, Charleston; H. T? Pros
ser, Williamsburg; R. W. Scott; 3. T.
Shirler. Anderson; E. C. DuBose,
Lee; H. Fulmer; 3. W. Gantt. An
derson; H. W. Harvey, Berkeley; W.
W. Herbert, Newberry; J. F. -Keel,
Barnwell; J. P. Parks, Laurens; L.
B. Parris, Spartanburg; B. T. Rice,
Barnwell; C. P. Rican; C. A. Sanders,
York; F. F. Stokes; H. E. Vincent.,
Hampton; B. R. Bacot, Charleston;
L. D. Boone, Orangeburg; H. W.
Cromer, Abbeville; F. A. DePorters,
Fairfield; J. C. Dupree, Laurens; C.
S. Evans, Oconee; W. D. Ezell, Spar
tarburg; B. P. Folk. Bamberg; W. R.
Gray, Laurens; L. C. Haskel, Abbe
. -'"e; J. J. Hunter, Laurens; C. S.
Lev'es. Richland: E. W. Nettles, Dar
liu;on: K. M. Yoder; S. E. Boozer,
Chai worrn: 0. P. Earle. Spartanburg;
A. P. l-ent. Anderson; C. R. Giliar,
Bamberg: L. M. Kay. Pickens; C.
E. Kitchens. Chester; G. M. McGreg
or, Anderson; R. Morr-ison, Spartan
burg: WV. R. Wright. Fairfield: J. W.
Black. Darlington: C. V. Fairey. Or
angeburg; P. S. Hale, Charleston; D.!
M. Mackintosh. Charleston; R. J.
Mackintosh, Richland; W. M. Morra'l,
Colleton; A. J. Ryley, Bamberg; F.
E. Schroder, Charleston; L. P. Tobin,
Barnwell: F. A. Williford, Anderson;
L. M. Williford, Anderson; H. M.
Woodward, Barnwell; F. H. All.
Barnwell: 3. 0. Garland, Clarendon
J. G. Lawton, Hampton; L.- C. Mc
Clure, Union; J. Nance, Newiserry; R.
A. Ott: W. E. Stokes, Bamberg: R.
S. Wolf, Orangeburg; A. C. Bolt
Laurens; C. E. Byrd, Darlington; p.1
VERY STRANGE CASE.
PREACHER ARPESTED FOR MUR
DER AT BRANCKY1LLE.
By a Pretended Detective and CArried
to Bamberg, Where the Pretended
Detective Disapp" -s.
Branchville had a genuine sensa
tion on Tuesday when Rev. William
Jefferson. alias William Blackman.
color:,. was arrested there, charged
witL the mnurder of his wife and two
children in Alabama in 1902. The
arrest was made by W. B. Williams,
Jr., a colored detective of Bamberg
ounty. Rev. Jefferson (as the breth
ren call him) has been preaching
to his people at Branchville for the
past two years and seemed to be well
hought of by his congregation, but
alas, murder will ou:.
It is reported that Rev. Jefferson
hose as his text on Sunday the fol
owing scripture: "Thoy shalt not
kill." It is reported that there was
a reward of $300 offered by the State
of Alabama for the arrest of Jefferson
and that his reputation in Alabama
Is not at all good.
It is further said that when the de
tective found Jefferson and ordered
him to throw up his hands that in
stead of doing as commanded by the
,ffilcer that he attempted to resist ar
rest and that the officer fired at him
with a shot gun and hit him in the
abdomen with several small shot
The correspondent of The State at
Bamberg says "the case of Rev. Wil
liam Jefferson, alias William Black
man, has been discussed here on ac
count of the fact that he is in in the
county jail here and is in a very
precarious condition. The other ne
gro, B. W. Williams, Jr., who claimed
to be a detective and made the ar
rest of Jefferson on the charge of
murder, has very mysteriously disap
peared, and that without claiming
any reward, though according to his
own statement there is a reward of
"Jefferson says that Williams call
ed him out to see some pictures and
when he went that Williams said 'you
are my prisoner' and without more
ado shot him in the abdomen. Jeffer
son says that he has never been- in
Alabama and that he is of the opin
ion that Williams must have had some
private grudge against him. He also
claims that he has never committed
"All search for the accuser in the
case fails to reveal his whereabouts.
When Williams had taken the injured
man to Magistrate Zeigler he left for
somewhere, but where is unknown.
The shooting occurred in Orangebur
county and should be handled by the
authorities of that county according
to law, but the condition of the
wounded man may not warrant his
removal at this time."
This seems to have been an out
rageous affair, and shold be sifted to
the very bottom. Williams, the ne
gro, who shot the preacher, should
be apprehended and made to answer
for his crime. Did he have a war
rant? If .he dd, where did he get it,
and on whose affidavit was it issued?
These are questions that should be
ington; J. T. Lazar, Barnwell; S. G.
Venning, Charleston; L. W. Corb'ett,
Lee; R. Lebby, Charleston; S. A.
Milee, Richland; W. S. Rogers, Rich
land;' E. A.'Sompayr,ac, Darlington;
W. IL Stevenson, Fairfield: J. M.
Sturdyvin, Greenville; J. J. Wheeler;
F. P. Wichman, Colleton; J. L.
Crowther, Anderson; W. A. Edmunds,
Edgefield; M. P. Epps; J. C. Fitzsimi
mons, Charleston; J. M. George. An'
derson; P. P. Gregorie, Charleston:
H. G. Hamlin, Anderson; G. L. Mar
shall, Greenwood; H. S. Wakefield,
Anderson; E. W. Webb, Greenwood;
H. G. Boynton, Barnwell; J. H. Gage,
Union; A. E. Gilmore, Union; W. N.
Ginn, Hampton; J. E. Mitchell, Char
leston; W. G. Perry, Greenville; F.
L. Reese, Abbeville; W. S. Rents,
Hampton.; A. M. Robertson, Abbe
ville; J. H. Rogers, Newberry; F. B.
Sandifer, York; S. M. Brown, Ander
son; E. 0. Connor, Colleton; J. C.
rouch; J. J. Cudd, A. B. Parker,
Sumter; A. C. Shell, Laurens; R. A.
Stribling, Oconee; H. W. Anderson,
Walterboro; H. C. Beaty, Charleston;
.F. Boyd, Spartanburg; 0. R. Cohen,
Charleston; M. B. Elkins, Union; W.
Foster; S. F. Loeky, Anderson; C. F.
Lunz, Charleston; D. B. Miller, Rich
land; J. H. Willoughby, Florence.
D. C. Beaty, Union; A. J. Becker.
Spartanburg; IL N. Colclough, Claren
don; E. E. Epting, Anderson; W. A.
Friday, Union; W. M. Haynesworth2,
Florence; McL. Hodge, Clarendon;
C. F. Inman, Cherokee; F. H. Jeter,
Union; E. Parker, -Sumter; S. Swy
gert, Laurens; J. B. Keith, Florence;
. S. -Knox, Oconee; E. H. Pinckney,
Charleston; J. S. Pyatt, Georgetown;
L. D. Rogers, Darlington; F. S. Thaom
ason, Spartanburg; 0. T. Sand-rs,
Sumter; A. F. Simpson, Laurens:
F. E. Rogers, Darlington; W.
C. Bolt, Laurens; B. K. Boyle~iton,
Aiken; R. E. Bowen, Pickens; H. P.
Cooper, Fairfield; C. A. Dukes; Or
.angeburg; 0. 0. Dukes. Dorchester;
S. E. Evans, Clarendon; G. P. Gard
ner,- Barnwell; B. B. Harris. Ander-.
son; J. W. Henagan, Orangeburg: T.
G. Hope, York; 'J. E. Jenkins, Rich
and: L. S. Linder, Lexington; A. A.
McKeown, Chester; J. A. Self, Edge:
field; C. M. Sondley. Abbeville: F.
E. Spears. Union: E. J. Thornhill,
Dorchester; M. W. Arthur. Union;
M. W. Beach. Colleton; B. L. Craw
ford, York; R. M. Coleman. Fairfield;
D. B. Giayton, Fairfield; WV. C. Crum,
Orangeburg; E. I. Davis, Greenwood;
H. S. Davis, Charleston; K. Easter-p
ling. Marlboro: C. D. Evans. Abbe-I
vile; G. C. Fant, Anderson; W. S.
Goodman, Oconee; D. T. Hardin, Ab
beville; J. WV. Harrison, Spartanburg;l
N. C. Head, Aiken; W. H. Hester,
Greenwood: B. F. Lawrence. York:
A. W. Leland. Charleston: G. L. Mc-!
Cord, Abbeville; J. H. Bull, Sumter;
. H. Lipscomb, Cherokee; R. W.
Lowery, Oconee; 0. P. McCord.
Greenwood: H. H. Martin, Anderson;
. McQ. Martin. Horry; J. C. Milling,
Greenood: S. L. Miller. Chester; F.
L. Marion. Chester; H-. WV. Brinson.
Greenwood; W. L. Morrison, Charles:
ton: W. H. Phillips. Orangeburg; A.6
. Ransom, Anderson: A. R. Smart. I
York; C. H. Trott. Charleston; J. E.
C. Boschoff. Charleston: A. M. Camp
bell. Charleston: G. D. Ryan, Sumter:
. N. Sitton. Anderson: S. B. Sulli
van: C. P. Townsend, Marlboro; 0.
L. Walter, Newberry; L. T. Wynd-1
ham, Berkeley; L. E. McAlpin, Abbe-j
OWN UP LIKE MEN.
THE DISMISSED CLEMSON CADETS
MAKE MANLY STATEMENT.
Acknowledge They Made Serious Mis
take and Accepts Their Punishment
To the Editor of The State:
The newspaper reports of th rs
ent trouble at Clemson college beig
more or less incorrect and not alto
gther fair and inpartial. we, the
ndersigned ex-members of the jun
ior class desire to give to the peopl'
f the State what we conscientious"I
believe to 'be a true and impa:tia;
statement of the facts. We do rot
believe that any one knowingly made
an incorrect statement: but Nve do I
know that some of the newspapl.' re
orts were written by men '.ho kne%,,
but little about the facrs which 1they
attempted to state. Consequently,
some blunders were made. an we ecn
sider it our duty to the people of the l
State to correct, as far as possible.
Taking up these statements in ord
er, we desire to make the foliowing
1. The newspaper articles referred
to above stated that several o-ders
and warnings were publtshed at re
treat on the evening of March ".1st.
As a matter of fact. only one order
was published, and that called atten
tion to paragraph 126 of the "Reg
lations for the Government )f Ca
dets." The order in question wa s as
"Headquarters Corps of Cadets.
"Clemson Agricultural Col'ege.
"Clemson College, S. C..
"March 31, 190S.
"General Orders No. 42.
"Par. 1. The attention of the corps
o cadets is especially directed to par
agraph 126 of 'The Regulations for
the Government of Cadets,' which
reads as follows:
" 'Any cadet who leaves barracks.
without authority at any time be
tween retreat and reveille, shall be
"By o-rder of Capt. Minus."
As fa" as we have been able to
find out, no one left barracks without
authority during that time. The
newspaper reports made it seem that
this order was intended for the next
day, when the order itself plainiy
shows that it was not.
2. A statement was made that tele
grams were sent to Prof. R. H. Fike
informing him that his services were
no longer needed. R. H. Fike is a
cadet and not a professor: and the
telegram was sent in a spirit of fun.
merely to let Fike know that the
participants were carrying on their
April Fool celebration. Cadet Fike
was in no way connected with the af
3. The statement that the rest of
the students were very indignant over
the action of their comrades is a mis
take, as practically the whole student
body treated the matter as a joke.
4. Cadet T. S. Allen was not a lead
er in the celebration. In fact, there
were no leaders, everybody acting for
himsslf. Cadet Allen did, after the
juniors were dismissed from college.
advise the rest of the students to re
main at college, but did so because
he thought that by using his in
fluence he might help to prevent
the lower classmen from leaving with
5. There was also a slight mistake
made as to the number of students
in the junior class. '1 here were only
81 students in the class; 4S of these
were dismnissed and one suspended. Of
the rest, several were on the athe
letic teams and would have gone on
the "lark" had they not been per
suaded by their classmates not to go.
We do not wish to cast any reflec
tion on any one; our purpose being
to correct some statements that might
create a wrong impression among the
people of the State.
In conclusion, we, the undersigned.
wish to say to the people of this
and other States that we, the dismiss
ed cadets of Clemson'college, do now
~el the seriousness of the offense and
think that the punishment received
was just; and that we have absolute
ly no :i1l feelings toward the action of
the discipline committee of Clemson
college. We realize that the mistake
was a serious one but we do not feel
that any disgrace attends our dismis
. C. Twiggs, Jas. P. McMillan, E. A.
Gardner, S. 0. Kelley, E. D. Clem
ent, C. Y. Wigfali, .3. L. Dove, WV.
3. Sheely, T. Fulmer, L. C. Boone,
D. C. Britt, L. A. Coleman. E.
Chamness, B. G. Hunter, J. R. Pen
nell, J. H. W\ilson. A. W. Kreamer,
WV. L. Nance, WV. C. Spratt, T. H.
.Yeargin, J. C. Covington, J. D.
Murray, F. S. Gandy, M. R. Hirsch,
.. L. Eason. R. E. Adams, G. A.
Burton,. J. N. Loahholt, A. R. Hap
poldt, E. S. Kohn. WV. C. Clarke.
W. F. Odom, T. S. Allen, R. C.
Dick, E. C. Haskell, W. A. Robin
son, G. D. Bellinger, Jr., J. B.
Simpson. W. D. Simpson. Jr., W.
J. Brockington, R. E. Blake, D. WV.
Watkins, F. B. Tarbor. H. H.
Greene, P. Miley, A. Grier, F. B.
Green, L. B. McCrady. C. H. Pen
W~ILL PUT IT BACK(.
Certain Words to he Restored to the
A dispatch from 31emphis. Tenn..
says the words "The Union Must Be
Preserved." are to be restoredl to the
monument of Andrew .Jackson in
court house square. "D~uring thle civil
war a local confederate patriot took
a chisel and removevd the wvords
from the monument." said Col. Gallo
way, a member of the par'k commis
sion. "Now that the civil war is long
past, and we are all so prtoud~ of the
union, it seems to me that it w'ould
be only proper' to put the lan guaga
Killinu: at Untdhamu's
Ben Thompson. a negro employed
by Dorhestetr Lumber Company. "'as
kild at PBadham on Tuesday by an
other negro namedl 'lom Middleton.
Thompson entered the cabin of Mid
dleton early that morning and short
ly after a fight started between the
i~wo and the ending as stated. Ed
Lee. another negro. supposed to he
mixed up in the affair, was c'aptured
about five miles from the scene of the
killing. Thompson's thProat was cut
from ar to car. AS yet the po5sse
sent out after Mid.dleton have not
been abble to locate h-mi. PBadhams<
s located between Reevesv'ille an 'I
St c.n Gnrgn the Southern.
SOME BIRDS THEY SHOULD PRO
1s They Destroy Insects, Weed Seed
and Numerous Other Enemvies of
The substance of this artic!e is but
i suniniary of an account of the work
)f the Diological Survey of the De
>ariment of Agriculture, prepared
'or the National Geographic Magazine
)y 1A W. Henshaw.
The Biological Survoy was estab
ished in 1SS5, with Dr. C; IL Mer
-lam as director. The relations of
he bird to the crops were not then
vell ind-lerstood. It is not enough.
ays Mr. Henshaw. to be told thai
iirds feed on insects: we nu, know
he particular kinds they eat. 'he
act that the crow sometimes eats
orn is not sufficient evidence on
hich to condemn the bird. We
rust learn the nature of its food at
ill times: hence the necessity for
,he examination of the birds stom
ichs to learn not only the kinds of
food eaten, but their relative quain
It is not enough to know that
irds eat insects, or that they destroy
rops. Birds are injurious at one
time and not at another; in one re
gion a pest: in another a blessing.
The Tree Sparrow Beneficial.
We may roughly group our small
birds into two classes-the seed eat
ers and the insect eaters.
The seed eaters, mostly of the
Sparrow family, have stout bodies
and strong conical bills, especially
designed for crushing seeds. T!"ir
name is legion and the family con
tains more species than any other
group of birds. It is well that this
is so, for the destruction of weed
seed is of tremendous importance to
the farmer, whose trouble to keep
ahead of the weeds. great as it is
now. would be vastly increased were
it not for the soberly-clad and unob
trusive little sparrows. We may get
an idea of the value of the service
these birds render by noting what is
done for the farmer by the tree-spar
row, one of the most confirmed seed
eaters of the group. A quarter of
an ounce of seed for a day is a safe
estimate of the food of an adult
treesparrow. On this reckoning, in
a State like Iowa, where agriculture
is relatively very important, tree
sparrows eat about 875 ton.s of weed
The total value of the principal
field crops of the United States for
the year 1906 was about $2,500,000,
000. If we estimate that the com
bined consumption of weed seed by
the sparrow family results in an an
nual saving of only 1 per cent. of
the value of the crops the total sum
total saved to thefarmer in 1906 was
$3 5.00 0,00 0.
Though seeds form the chief part
of the subsistence of sparrows, the
destruction of seeds is by no means
all we have to thank these birds for.
They eat many insects also, and~
seems to know instinctively thai
while seeds are excellent for adull
birds, 'they are necessai-ily good fot
nestlings, and hence feed the latter
almost exclusively on insects.
Sparrows, however, are not the on
ly birds that consume the seeds ol
weeds. The Eastern quail or bob
white is a confirmed eater of wveed
seed. Highly esteemed as bobwhitE
is by the epicure for food and by
the sportsman as an object of pur
suit, he is probably worth so mucli
more as a weed-destroyer that thE
farmer* can ill afford to have hir
shot, even though the privilege is
roundly paid for. A bevy or two ol
quail on a farm is an asset the value
of which no thrifty farmer should
overlook. Doves also are seed eat
ers, especially the turtle-dove, whosE
crop oftn is so packed with the seeds
of weeds that it can hold no more.
The farmer has "no quarrel with
birds that confine their attention te
grass and weed seed, and welcomes
their presence always and every
where. There are birds, however,
which eat such seeds as corn, wheat
and barley, and whose place in the
farmer's esteem is by no means so
well assured-the crow and the
blackbirds for instance. There are
several kinds of blackbirds which at
times attack crops as also does the
crow. The destruction by the crow
of meadow mice, and of cutworms
and other insect pests and the de
struction of many kinds of insects by
the blackbirds, however, are consid
ered in most localities to offset the
damage done in ot' ways and even
to leave a bala' avor of the
Birds Tha E: n' :cts.
Many firds, t 4. ..aers, warb
lers, swallows a 4himney-swifts,
live exclusively, or almost so, on in
sects, and very many mor-e, as black
birds, orioles, and some, hawks, de
pend on them for a considerable part
of their livelihood. The little spar
row-hawk lives very largely uplon
grasshoppers, crickets and beetles.
and even one of the larger hawks
the Swainson hawk of the Western
plains-at certain seasons destroys
enough of these injurious insects, to
gether with small rodents. to save
the Western farmer upwards of a
hundred thousand dollars a ye~
Tf all insects preyed upon vegette
ion, our inquiry into the value of
inset-eating birds need go no fur
ther-i. since all of them might ne zet
down as beneficial: but by no menans
ll insects are destructive of vege
tation. and their relations to each
ot her and to birds are very complex
and puzzling. The insects that fee<'
on vegetation at some stage or other
of their existence llrobably encounter
all other-s, both in number of species
and of individ-uals: bhut there arc two
o her classes. of insects which des-'rve
attention here. the preiaceous and
the parasitic. The predaceous in
sects. either in the adult or larval
state, feed upon other insects an d
hence in the main are benefic-ial. It
would seem. therefore, that in so far
Is irds destr-oy predaceous insects
:o them harm. That birds do de
troy a greater or less number can
aot be denied, butt as many species of
rhis group secrete nauseous fluids.
hich sere. in a merasure at least.
protect them. and as many- are of
-etiring habits and not readily found.
:e number destroyed by birds is rel
tively not large., Moreover, some of
:he iredaceotus insects, when insect
PICKS HEYWARD TO WIN.
Columbia Banker Says He Will Be
the -Next Senator.
That Duncan Clinch Heyward will
be the next United States Senator
from South Carolina is the opiiion
expressed by W. A. Clark, presi
(lent of the Carolina National Bank,
of Columbia. in at interview in The
"The contest between Ex-Gov .Tohn
Gary Evans and ex-Gov. lUeyward
will be hard fought probably." says
Mr. Clark, "but I think the latter
will win. He is a high class man
in every respect. and is allied with
Mr. Clark predicts the reelection
of Gov. Ansel next fall without ser
ious opposition. and says the Dem
ocrats will be for Bryan in the na
tional congress and the Republicans
for Taft. *
PRIEST CO3DITS SUICIDE.
Rector of Catholic Church Shoots
Himself Through Head.
The Rev. Father Joseph A. Gra
ham, rector of the Roman Catholic
Church of the Blessed Sacrament, in
Albany, N. Y., shot himself twice in
the heart Friday afternoon in his
study. He died almost instantly. In
the opinion of Dr. Burke, who was
called soon after the suicide was dis
covered. I-ather Graham was not in
his right mind.
He was a native of Albany and a
brother of National Bank Examiner
Edward J. Graham. Father Graham
was about 45 years old and was re
garded as one, of the most brilliant
men in the Albany diocese. He had
been poor in health and despond
GOT OFF LIGHT.
Cleik Accused of Improper Conduct
Toward Two Young Girls.
At Savannah, Ga., B. Rhett Wever,
a clerk in a shoe store was fned $50
by the recorder last week for having
written two notes for young girls
asking the principal of the school
they attended to excuse them for the
day as they were unwell. He signed
th names of the girls' parents to the
notes. The recorder looked upon the
matter as a very serious one and
fined Wever $50. He was unable tc
pay it for several hours and had tc
spend about half the day in jail be
fore he secured the desired amount
One of the young girls told her fatn
er some very bad stories of Wever'
conduct toward her.
tarians, and hence assume the rol
of enemies of the farmer; so tha
when birds destroy predaceous in
sects they may be doing the. farmei
either a good turn or an ill turn
according to circumstances.
The relation of birds to the so
called parasitic insects is stilh mort
intricate and puzzling. Parasitic in
sects fill a very important place ix
the economy of nature; it is evei
claimed by entomologists that the:
do more effective service in aiding t<
kee true the balance in the'insec
world than any other agency. The:
attack insects in every stage of ex
isence and insure their destruction b:
depositing eggs, on, or in, the bodie
of adults, their larvae (the worm o
caterpillar stage), their pupae, a
their eggs. Now, birds recognize n~
fine distinctions in the insect world
All is grist that comes to the avial
mill, and parasitic insects are snap
ped up by birds without the slightes,
regard to the fact that they are use
ful to man. Hence we have a compli
cated problem to unravel in respec
to the inerrelation of insect pests, o
insect parasites that destroy them
and of birds that destroy both pes
and their parasites.
Hawks and Owls Beneficial.
The hawks and red owls spend mos
of their lives in killing small rodents
Their work is complementary. Hawk!
hunt their prey between the hours
of daylight and dark; owls hunt it
the early evening and morning hours
or by moonlight; sometimes whex
pressed by hunger by day.
The bulk of the depredations or
birds and chickens due to hawks is
committed by three species--the
Cooper and sharp-shinned hawks and
the goshawk; and the sportsman and
farmer's boy should learn to know
the daring robbers by sight. so as
to kill them whenever possible. The
so-called "hen-hawks." usually eithex
the red-shouldered or redtail hawk,
are too ofteri diade victims of a bad
name: for while both species occa
sionally snatch a chicken. tl'e habit
is far too uncommon to justify the
name "hen-hawk." The good these
two big hawks do in the long run by
destroying rats and mice far more
than compensates the farmer for the
insignificant damage he suffers at
Both hawks and owls often sw'al
low their prey entire or in large frag
and often some of the feathers. Avian
and yen some of the feathers. Avian
digestion is both good and rapid, but
is is unequal to the task of assimila
ting such substances. and accordingly
both hawks and owls throw up these
rejecta in the form of neatly rolled
pellets. In studying the food habits
of birds of prey much use is made
of these pellets, and the vic'inity of
a nest of a pair of hor-ned owls, for
instance often contains an unmistak
able record of the birds' food, and
p~erhaps that of the youn'g, for
months or even years.
From the foregoing it will at once
appear that the practice of offering
bounties indiscriminately for the
heads of hawks and owls, as has
been done by~ some states, is a mis
take, and results not only in the
wasting of puilic funds. but in the
destrction of valuable lives, which
cn lbe replaced. if at all, only with
great difficulty and after the lapse
of a term of years. In no one partic
ular does the pubtlic', especially the
sportsman and farmer. need to be
educated more than in the valute of
hawks. The "emiptat ion 10 shoot a
hak or ow'l. perching or flying, is
well nigh ir'resistalec. and the had
habit is having the natural resumlt of
so reducing the numbers of these
birds as to make it inmplossib le for
the sutrviv'ors to (do the work notntre
in ended theum to (do. The not abie
inreras'e or uoi~outs rodents in the
last. decade int certain par'ts of the
T'nited States and the resulting damn
age to crops without donht are due
in no small pa't to the destr'uction of
their natural enemies, chief of whieb
IN SUPPORTING THE BILL 34LIE
Of Over Eleven Million Dollars for
the Department of Agriculture Was
a Good One.
In supporting the bill making ap
propriations of $11,431,346 for the
department of. agriculture, Represen
tative Asbury F. Lever made an ex
cellent speech. It was extended and
thorough. and as the agricultural de
partment is now doing by far the best
work since its establishment, and as
it is doing at least as much for the
South as for any other section, and
as the South stands in greater need
of that assistance than any other sec
tion, Mr. Lever's speech in the house
of representatives very appropriately
particularly directed attention to the
opportunities in the South, and the
tremendous undeveloped resources
of the South. More addresses in con-.
gress and in the North along similar
lines would bear rich fruit.
We quote an extract or two from
Mr. Lever's speech:
The true measure of the industrial
greatness of any country is the size
of the bank books -f the a'rr.r. and
their natural, inherent conservatism
is the true gauge of the character.
stability, and morals of its citizen
Two hundred and six million acres
classified as unimproved farm lands
and millions of acres of unclassified
land in the South await the elixir of
man's intelligence to lay at his feet
their immeasurably rick treasures.
And in conclusion:
Such, Mr. Chairman, -Are our possi
bilities, such are our opportunities.
such is the record we have made, and
today we -stand upon the threshold
of a great future, the greater tri
umps lie before us. Nature has
smiled upon this fair land, and the
smile has brought joy to the hearts
of its people and strength to their
arm. The celebrated poet, Emerson,
said: "America is another name for
opportunity" and that unique char
acte-, Greeley, enjoined, "Young
mai.. go West and grow up with
the country," but if the great poet
and the great philosopher and editor
could see he South as she Is today,
with her snowy fields of cotton, her
mountains of minerals, her vast for
est areas, her granite beds, her coal
and iron deposits, her fertile plain
and unequaled climate, her long sea,
coast indented with incomparablehar
bors, her rivers lacing her like ribboni
of silver, and her reawakened, con&
dent, and conquering people, thE
conclusion of the one would be, "Th
South is another name for opportun
ity" (applause), and the injunctiol
of the other, "Young man, go SoUtl
and grow up with the country." (Ap
plause.) Mr. Chairman, we read iI
Holy Writ of a
"good land, a land of brooks of wa
ter, of fountains and depths tha
spring out of valleys and hills;
land of wheat and barley and vine:
and fig trees and pomegranates; S
land of olive oil and honey; a lanm
-wherein thou shalt eat bread withou
scarceness, thou shalt not lack any
-thing in it; a land whose stones arn
iron, and out of whose hills thot
mayest dig brass."
And to me it reads like an inspir
ed description of the South frontinl
the future, confident, bouyant
-thrilled by an all-pervading spirit o
progress. (Loud applause.)
SENATOR TILLMAN AT ATILANTA
lHe Will Be Treated .for Nervonu
Breakdown by Experts.
Senator -B. R. Tillman of Souti
Carolina reached Atlanta at 9 o'clocl
Tuesday morning accompanied by hi:
wife, and went at once to the Rob
ertson sanitarium on Capitol avenue
whce'e he will remain for severn
weeks. possibly a month, after whicl
it is his intention to go abroad.
A dispatch to The State from At
lanta says Senator Tillman came hert
for treatment for nervous breakdown
the result of overwork. While his
present condition is not serious, it I!
such, it is stated at the sanitarium
that it might take a serious turn al
any time. A reporter who called al
the sanitarium and asked to see th-:
senator received word from him thai
he was not feeling well enough to talla
now, and suggested that he returr
later in the week. While he is oil
but little in weight, he is exceedingly
feeble and has little of Is customary
He had reached the point where a
collapse was liable almost at any mo
ment and he determined to prevent
it if possible. While his present comn
plaint is nothing more than nervous~
breakdown, it is said his main object
in taking a prolonged rest Is .to pre
vent a threatened attack of paralysis,
indicated by the almost numbness of
his left arm and a pain in his left
side. While it can not be definitely
stated now, the belief seems to be
that he has taken hold of the matter
in 'time and that his recovery will be
BLIND MAN WANTS OFFICE.
Prof. J. E. Swearinger a Candidate
for Superintendent of Education.
Prof. JT. E. Swearinger of the Cedar
Springs Institute, who has announced
his candidacy for State Superinten
lent of public instruction, says he
will issue within the next few days
a statement of his views and an out
line of his platform. Prof. Sweanin
ger is a nephew of Senator Tillman.
IHe is totally blind and has held the
osition of professor at Cedar Springs,
the State institution for the blind.
or nine years. He is a man of rec
ognized ability and has 'a wide ac
quaintance and connection through
out the State. He is a native of
It isn't always a mean idea that
strikes a man when he is down.
The dealer in combs and brushes
must be a man of~ many parts.
gn'rncee ceases to be bliss when
-ou begin to realize it.
Somec of us would rather tell the
truth than be popular.
The- old sas don't cut much of a
b only Baf n Powder made
with Royal Grap Crem of Tartar
-made im graps
Insures healthful and
delicious food for every
Safegards yur fd against
alm and phshte f r
DIED IN JAIL WHAT IT COST
THE COLORED PREACHER WHO TO RAISE A -FOUND OF COTTON
WAS ARRESTED BY
And Shot By Another Colored Man, Actual Figures as Work Was Done-on
Claiming to Be a United States Dei a Georgia Farm and Reported for
tective, Dies of Wound. the Cultivator.
Rev. James Jefferson, the colored Mr. B. J. Wooten, a Georgia far
preacher who was arrested and shot mer. furnishes the Southern Cult!
at Branchville the first of last week vator with the actual amount it cost
by a negro named B. W. Williams, him to raise his cotton. He says he_
who claimed to be a United States started in January, 1907, in a rough
Detective, died at Bamberg on last way to see what his cotton cost him
Saturday from the wound inflicted per pound to raise it. He had eight
by Williams. After arresting Jeffer- acres planted and here is what it
son and shooting him Williams took cost h m to make it:
him to Bamberg and committed him First breaking of stalks (two
to jail under the name of W. H. days
Cleaning off stalks (3 days).., 2.00
Blackman. When carried - to Bam- Running out stalks (2 days).. 2.00
berg Jefferson was suffering from a Cost of guano..2340
pistol shot. wound in the abdomen, Handling guano home...... 2.00
inflicted by Williams, and at an ear- Cost of manure and haullng . 5.00
hourSatuday ornig he Cost of stowing guan. . .2.00
ly hour Saturday morning he died
ly ded1Cost of -stowing manure.. ..2.00.,.
from perotinitis as a result of the Cost of covering guano and
wound. A jury of inquest was em- manure..40
panelled by Coroner Zeigler, which, Bekn u h ide.. .0
after hearing the evidence of Jeffer- Cs fcto ed..... .0
son's wife, Dr. H. F. Hoover, J. B.Cstoplnig. .. ..i5
Hunter, sheriff, and C. B. Free. ren- Hroig.......-15
dered a verdict to the effect that theCotftol. .....-.0
deceased came to his death from a C to luhn is m.-25
pistol shot wound inflicted by B. W.Hoigfrttm. .... .0
Williams, Jr.Plghnseodte . ..
From the evidence adduced at the Hen eod.tm. .- 35
inquest it would seem ~that a mostPouhntirtme.... .5
uncalled for murder has been coin-Pouhgfurhtm....20
mitted by ' this man Williams, and H~n hr ie.....30
he should be made to pay the ex- Pogigffhtm. .. 25
treme penalty for his foul crime. Wil- oto akt frpcig.12
liams, who murdered Jefferson,Cotfpikg6,0lb.(c
seems to think that his claiming to prhnrd)...... 05
be a detective should have sheilder Cs fhuigt i.... 20
him from arrest and punishment for Cs fgnig.... 60
his outrageous crime. It was alsoCotfbagnadtis 40
brought out at the inquest that Wil- Huigt aeos.... 30
liams, who did the shooting, saw an o fed...... 520
adveirtisement_ offering a $200 r'e- _____
ward for an escaped criminal from Toa......... 139
Alabama and concluded that Jeffer- Aon fcto ae orbls.
son was the man wanted. He ac-wegtoaltgthr195pons
cordingly went to Magistrate Zeigler, cto ed ,0 ons
of Bamberg County, and swore out ThEdtroteCuivo, .
a warrant charging him with mur- cmetn nteaoe~uesy
der. "eotnseetmtso rwa
Armed with this warrant he wentcotnbuwehvnvr
to Branchville,. accompanied -byjLuliezdstemnofth oe
Quillie Drawdy, a white- man, and1 xes rmJnayt aur.O
drove up to the residence of the de-cosetwulbbadfictacun
ceased at about 3 o'clock Monday at-toep.Treaesmayncd
ternoon, April 6th. Jefferson was tl n nietepne.Btto
asleep in his house when they hailedthnstado;afrmrutmke
at the gate. His wife responded and abl e cet aeaymny
was told to ask her husband to come adscnh hudhv te
out to look at some pictures in the opansmefroflvtckt
buggy. She woke him up -and heprftbyelohitmewnno
went out to see the pictures, but asenad.iwokghsctoife
soon as he reached the buggy Wil-deietopserItwudctan
lams, "the detective," threw his pisI ytk h ed vna 10 e
tol on him and it went off, and Jef-hndetopyiersoaldad
ferson fell to the ground mortallytae.SweoudhvMrWo
Neither "the detective" nor hiscet.W arstifdthssa
white friend made any explanationfaretmeofhecsoftero
of their action, but securely tied the fr10,frlbradeeyhn
wouned an nd ut hm i. tecost a hpngohakeit
buggyning ofrostalks (o daysr..id.n.e
Rcnning.out stalkke(2tdays)e. .n2.0
ing ondtiowereaenrmaiedgn-gurndehome.^ ...20
til death relmenedehisdsufferings S.t
it he agitrte cte vey ~t Cost e domestoing troubles, I ..a Knight
y.Hesholdhav ivesigtedthaCeaste hoetn ian killdEwr
mattr whn h foud te prson raingu hi sonin-les. .a.,r.
so espratly onedCnigt, and cthn teaed. capture.5
Wiliam. he etetiv,"dmi- sot n otalanin... woude Os B..:.5
g.ut climedthat he deeae wode Ricuhinrst Howe .. a .for5e
jumped atloighwhen hecoartedmto..it. marshal
arrsthiman tok oldorhishad.Poursuedng thrtme.. men and 2.5
did ot kow ow. his s* lam logeingh Stn cremery w.e.r. -2.5
taleandshold ot e bieed ost ad been ketsloyer.pieinlgee.2
can e clledoutof hs hme adwos oul haulint i protecto.2.0
Ssot ownas Jefersn ws Cost J F ryanaitiz, accepte the.0
caleddetctve hee i adefctin roostoan and ale. be..n 4.he
the aw nd i shuldhermededHalng the careamuey whr . night.0
at one. suredeed... The prione was tak-.0
trage nd otraeou cas aswas mont mari ctton ae, go baoe
l~ogh uta teCooersinust eights l oehr,190pud
thetesimoy ws gvenb~he ifevae int's omte andthevatr-i
of te mrdeed ~recllr. ho ay ormaeninedo the aboeh Ateressy
she as aeye itnesofthe"hol oar en and hits wi ha gee r-n
l~rnchil fo iterent acopn-folle item statmno the whoe
ied te wie o themurere are with hotgun.e Eaifn thcun
preche. wo hd ben ursng im touseep Therlearmol manigh inien
sine e ws rs pt i jil n es davls nd iniectpe nsloe. but to
day.Apri 7~ he- eceaed i tsai ics and ut;5 a fre aut maie
to hve eena rsidet o Brnch baeer aclre to make' any' money
anda peacer f te Gspe. and soght reue inul the reaer
Wiliam, earngof hedeah f 1esad sera shots ino thvestco
.Jefeso ad avng ee mde o enooers wrin hisrt.. ,ifh
belevetha th fat tat e i a desirestoprosper._Itwouldcertain
tectve illsav hi frm prse y a brogh seed evaen urt and0 pe
tio' wen toBambrg Sturay ad uldged in jail ineres he wln likely
surrndeed o SerifHnte.S eea ntil he is red atifid wehopes
iffDuks avig ben otiied heconictd esitf the cst is tlie itrop
sent overfto 1907,g and hadborl rndoetedyabove