Newspaper Page Text
A VERY HOT 1IME
Republicans Have Big Row in
Their State Convention.
CAPERS HAS A FIGHT.
Knocks a Negro from the Platform
and the Wildest Excitement and
Confusion Prevailed--Capers Con
trolled the Convention Thranigh
Deas, Who Presided-Cut and
Dried Program Carried Out..
The State Republican Convention.
which met in Columbia on Tuesday.
was the scene of the wildest confu
sion and excitement and more than
once there was promise of a live
scramble. even a free-for-all fight
seemed imminent at one time. At
the afternoon session. John G. Cap
ers. United States commissioner of in
ternal revenue, knocked Ed. Thomp
son, colored off the platform. Thomp
son was knocked clear off the plat
form and his head struck a heavy
He lay upon the floor for several
moments and it was thought that
possibly he was seriously injured, but
with the exception of slight bruises
about the face he showed no signs of
injury and was soon on his feet. But
this started trouble and for a while
it looked as if there would be a gen
eral shooting melee. Negroes by the
score slapped their hands to their
hip pockets and a general rush was
made for the platform, upon which
Capers was standing.
Friends of Capers quickly sur
rounded him, white and colored. and
for a few moments the excited ne
groes who were attempting to get at
him were kept back off the platform.
Caper' friends carried him from the
platform to the far corner of the
building, where they surrounded hir
until comparative quiet was restored.
The great majority of the negroes
kept their seats and it was only tht
more excitable ones who appeared tc
be anxious to resent what they term
ed a slap at - the negor race. Al
though many put their hands in thei;
hip pockets no pistols or razors were
displayed, and it may be that most
of them were not armed at all.
The incident occurred shortly aftet
the hour set for the convention tc
reassemble in the afternoon, three
o'clock. The committee on creden
tials was not ready to report at 3
o'clock and the delegates took advan
tage of the recess to have some speech
making. Ed Thompson, a Columbia
negro, not a delegate to the conven
tion, took the chairman's place on
the platform. Several negroes were
introduced and responded with shot
speeches in praise of the Republican
party. Then there was a call for a
speech from John G. Capers. He
mounted the platform and Thompson
rapped for order
Thompson had in his hand a latrge
hickory walking stick. used by th<
chairman as ~a gavel. He showed
signs of having imbibed of intoxicants
and when he turned to Capers to pre
sent him to the delegates he said
brandishing his stick in the air-that
it gave him pleasure to present to the
convention one of the "grandest and
best Democrats in the State." This
appa'rently nettled Capers, but he said
nothing until Thompson repeated the
remark several times and started to
make a speech to the assembled dele
gats himself, apparently about .Cap
ers being a Democrat.
At this juncture Capers called to
Thompson to put his stick down, but
Thompson paid no attention to him
and continued him remarks. at the
same time swinging his big stick
through the air. Capers then reached
around Thompson. in front. and tried
- 4t0 get his hands on the stick. With
this Thompson swung around to the
right, with the stick raised in the
air in his right hand. Without furth
er ado. Capers struck Thompson int
- the chest, knocking him backward off
Deas was not in the ha-. at the
time, being detained in the commit
tee room, but E. W. Screven and se'.
eral cool-headed negroes mounted the
platform and* attempted to restore
order. Finally Deas arrived on the
scene and took his place at the table,
pounding viciously with his big hick
ory stick, but his efforts to quiet the
excited and maddened crowd were un
availing. He pounded the table for
at least 30 minutes before things
quieted down sufficiently for anyone
to be heard.
When comparative quiet was re
stored Capers addressed the chair.
stating that he rose to a question of
personal privilege. He said that when
any man, black or white, insulted
him and attempted to strike him with
a stick he would resent it, just as he
had done a few moments ago. He
said that Thompson was a disgrace
to the Republican party and it was
due to his presumption in taking the
chairman's place that the encounter
occurred. He said that some had at
- tempted to make a Question of race
hatred out of the affair, but he de
nounced this as false. It was merely
a question of defending himself and
he would do- the same thing again,
whether it was a white man or a ne
gro who attempted to strike him.
Capers was cheered very general
ly, even by the negroes, nad his re
ferences to Thompson were applaud
ed. Before taking his seat, a negro
delegate arose and stated that he de
sired to ask Capers,a question, which
the latter assented to.
"Tt has been said that when you
l' ed Thompson over that you
cal. ' him a -negro?" was thc
ques;; h asked.
"I d, care who the man is who
made that -harge." said Capers. "bhut
I wish to sa r'ight here that it is a
While it is not at all certain that a
majorty of the delegates present at
the convention were in John G. Cap
ers' alignment. he had control over
the organization and got wnat he
wanted. Edmund H. Deas, colored.
the State chairman. presided over the
meeting. All along he has been un
derstood to be opposed to Capers and:
to the present administr-ation, bul
Tuesday he played into Capers' hands
and the way in which he raiilroaded"
the affairs of the c-onvention certainly
could not be equalled .by the czar-like
rle of Speaker Cannon of the na
ti nal house of representatives.
The proceedings of the convention
will be found in another place on this
\ine I'ersotns Killed it Trolley Acci
Two large trolley cars on the De
tri"t. Jackson & Chicago railway, a
ua't of the Detriot United Railway
system, running from Detriot to Jack
svn, collided head on Wednesday af
tern'oon while running at about 45
miles an hour, near Ypsilianti. Nine
men were killed and about :O0 men
and women injured. some of them
se; iously. Four of the injured are in
a critical condition. A mistake in
orters on the part of Motorman Fay
of the limited car, who was crushed
to death beneath his vestibule, is al
leged to have caused the collisi n.
SORROW WITH A PURPOSE.
Tears Secured a Bust But Failed to
Win a Canvas.
Some months ago the King of Eng
landl received at his pace at Sanu
ringham the King of Greece. who was
ac. ompanied by one of his young
ains-de-camp. As Edward Vii. was
doing the honors. exhibiting his gal
ler:. and his guest was auniring a
brit of a young woman. the enarmmfg
w.; k of the sculptor Trin'ycroit. the
Ka was much surprised at an ex
plt.sion of sous. it was the young
Cr ptain, who was weeping and who
e:.eused himself in these words: "Will
your Majesty pardon me? This bust
is the perfect image of a sister whom
I loved most tenderly. It recalls to
me a loss, alas: never to be forgot
In that case," responded the King.
gre'tly moved, "permit nie to over
it to you.'
. d through the care of Sir Fran
cis Knollys the marb'e was transrort
?d to the apartment of this sorrowing
Time passed. The young Captain
'' turned to i.ondon. Quite recently
he visited the admirable collection
>f 'he Duke oftamb-idge and recog
nized with renewed sorrow in a can
vas of Burne-Jones the features of
.he angel he had lost.
The Duke perhaps would have had
the same generesity as King Edward
'i:; some one was present who had wit
.ssed the scene at Sandringham. So
ie ingenious Greek did not this time
'a'ry away any family portrait .to his
tntr.-Le Cri de Faris.
Law of Life.
What is the true law of our moral
lif!? That is the question which
?very age sets itself to solve. and to
he solution of which every contribu
ticat is welcome. And the answer
that George Eliot gives is that there
is a reign of law in the moral as well
as in the physical world. and that this
aw cannot be broken with impunity.
"A a man soweth so shall he also
The Worrt Load.
The worst load a man can carry 19
:hat of habits begotten of evil pas
sions-that growing pile of sensuous
deeds, which in their accumulation,
cohere finally into a mass. devil pos
sessed which sits between his should
ers.overweihingallelse in kind.
and driving him ruthlessly, fatefully
on the road downward. -- Laristian
The question was recently asked
in a newspaper, "What is the most
I *smal of professions?" Among those
hat occurred to us as having a claim
to be so considered were grave dig
grg. scavenging, listening to Par
amentary orations through an all
night sitting. and the writung of po
emsor articles-that nonody reads.
The washing of dishes may be made
Uneresting ifdone scientifically.
Br itish Medical Juurnal.
Eyesight and Crime.
M?any criminals have suffered from
eye-strain or some other defect of vis
ion which prevented the exercise of
comlete self-control. In consquence,
habits of drug-taking and alcoholic
excess were formed and the moral
sense so perverted that crimes of
reater or lesser magnitude were comn
The Lure; of the 'Citv.
City life is like an intonicant. Once
one becomes familiar with the teem
ng life, the endless variety, the free
'ty of brain and thought, to go back
o the stillness of a rurail community
is like the sudden retur'n to water as
a drink after a generous enjoyment of
But for its stirring memories, and
better still. its awakening of long
dormant national energy and martial
spirit, one could wish that the san
guinary Crimean conflict had not been
fought at ail.--Sir Horace Rumbold
in the National Review.
Watch For the Blind.
A watch for the use of the blind
has the hour s indicated by movable
butons in relief on the dial. A strong
minute hand indicates minutes only.
a blind person who passes his hand
over the dial finds the button indicat
ing the hour's depressed.
Captain on the Bridge.
Captain Watt, of the Lulsitania, 1s
not noted for affableness. lie main
tains that the captain's place is on
the bridge, not in thle saloon, and he
believes that he best serves his pas
sengers' interest by insuring their
safety rather than by looking after
Death From Nose Bleed
Arthur Lapalme. a sa'oon proprie
tor aged 25. i-s dead at 31arquette H-os
pital fromi nose bleed. For the last
three months he has been afflicted.
The flow wvas at irreuular intervals.
but with an inc're;Ise' in quantity, and
Lapalmie suffered lessening of the in
tervals until death resulted.
A generation ago water-drinking
otcpants of civil chairs were very
rare in Scotland. Total abstainers.
however, can claim as a result or the
recent elections that 46, Scottish hurgs
are presided over by abstainitng pro
vsts. The list includes Sir William
Bisland. Bart. lord provost of Glas
gow. and Lord Provost Gibson, Ed
Will Not Shut 1)own.
The cotton mills in G;'reville. An
erson~ and Pi'ens were not repre
sented at the nmeeting hcld in Spat'
tnurg on Saturday whcn it was in
timated that most of the mills in
he Piedmonm had agreed to suspend
operation on July 1. As a matter of
fact the m'ills in Greenville do not
The Republican State Convention
With an Iron Hand.
DEAS HELPED HIM.
Capers and Deas Had Themselves and
Two Others Named as Delegates at
Large to Chicago, Which Caused
the Negro Delegates to Howl Deep
and Loud Until They Were Sup
The Republican State Convention
met in Columbia last Tuesday. and
after prayer, the United States Mar
shal. .1. S. Adams of Charleston mov
ed that E. H. Deas be elected tempor
ary chairman, which motion was act
ed upon favorably. W. F. Myers was
then elected temporary clerk.
T. L. Grant of Charleston announc
ed that Judge Lyons of Georgia. for
mer registrar of the United States
treasury, was present and moved that
he be escorted to the platform.
The chairman appointed John G.
Capers and T. L. Grant a committee
of escort. Capers presented Lyons to
the convention as the only member
of his race who was a member of the
national Republican executive com
mittee and a distinguished and loyal
member of the party. Lyons made a
brief address, making very compli
mentary references to both Capers
and Deas. the chairman. He was ap
plauded when he took his seat.
The Chairman then announced the
committee on credentials, L. W. C.
Blacock being named as chairman.
He also appointed the comm3ttee or
resolutions and nominations, naming
Capers as chairman. There was
warm protest when Deas made thi;
latter appointment, a number of ne
groes who were present as members
of contesting delegations declaring
that the action of the chairman it
naming the committe on resolutoin,
and nominations before the perma
nent organization was nerfected ve
without precedent. Right here the
muddle started and after that there
was more or less confusion.
H. B. Hendricks of Pickens movec
that a special committee be appoirtac
to draft suitable resolutions of cordo
lence to Capt. John G. Capers on ad
count of his sad bereavement over tai
death of his father. Rt. Rev. Ellisor
Capers. D. D. T. L. Grant. colored
of Charleston was named as chair
man 'of this special committee.
There were numerous appeals fot
recognition from the chair from par.
ties who desired to protest against the
action of the chairman in appointing
the commttee on resolutions and nom
inations before the permanent organ
ization was perfected. - Others want
ed to have something to say in the
convention regarding their contest!
Ifor seats in the convention.
All of. them were cut short oy
motion to adjourn the convention
which was promptly declared adoptet
by Deas. Thos. L. Grant of Charles
ton, chairman of the committee ap
pointed to draft suitable resolution!
on the death of Bishop Capers reac
some very eulogistic resolutions or
the death of the lamented Bishop.
Hauled Him Down.
After the adoption of these resolu
tions Capers rose to address the con
vention and was recognized by the
chairman. but it looked for a few
moments as if he would not be al
lowed to speak. A dozen negroes ni
different parts of the hall were clam
oring for recognition and s'ome were
even speaking from chairs.
Finally Capers got on the platforn
and attempted to get the conventior
quiet. At this point Robert Smalls
the negro collector of the port ot
Beaufort, rose and called for quiet
He begged the deleggtes to be seated
and to listed to Capers.
Das rapped loudly with his hickor3
walking stick and declared, in thun
derous tones, that "those who are noi
delegates should have decency, mod
esty and shame enough to retire and~
let the convention transact its busi
ness." He begged the delegates tc
1) seated, but this re' lest went un
Iheeded and finally Capers began hit
remarks amid the greatest confusior
He expressed his grateful ackonw
ledgement for the resolutions adopt
As soon as Capers had finished
thanking the convention for the
adoption of the resolution, he started
to read to the convention the report
of the committee on resolutions and
nominations. but pandemonium reign
ed onee again and it was imp)ossible
for Capers to be heard.
Deas grabbed his big walking stick
and pounded the barren table for all
he was worth. He yelled out at the
top of his voice, telling the negroes
that he always stood by them: that
he could not be scared or intimidated
b threats of those who were olppose
to him; that he had more than once
risked his life in defense of justice
and he would -be willing to do so
agan. He be'gged them to be quiet
until Capers had read the report of
'the committeC'. He punctuated his
remarks with violent raps upon the
table and when he took his seat he
was loudly cheered.
Comparative quiet prevailed and
Capers then read the following report
Iof the committee on resoluions and
"We commend in the highest terms
the action of the president of the
IUnited States in calling to the at
tention of congress the failure of
certain railroads to provide proper
accommodatons for colored passen
ers. 3panifesting. as his message to
c ongress does. his purpose to insure
a square deal to the traveling pubi
i regardless of color. We also comn
m end his action in insisting upon the
passage of the hi!l which will pro
et the employed laborers from the
unfairness or aggression of their em
"We congratulate the euntry uplonl
he continued administrationl of its
af~airs by a Republican president and
a Republican congress and we pledge
ur unqualified support to the nonm
iee of the Republican party at Chic
-We recommend that our natioual
committeeman. Capt. JTohn G. Capers.
Ma j. L. W. C. Blalock. J. II. For-d
am anid I. W. Tolbert, be appoint
eeda committee with full authority
to select. name and promulgate an
eectorial ticket for whom votes are
to be cast in November for president
.. I andie prsidnt of the Unitedi
"We commend to the president an<
Republican organization Col. R. R
Tolbert for collector of internal rev
enue in the present collector's trans
ftr to the army service and urge up
on him all honorable means be ex
t rted to bring about such a changf
"We. your committee, also recom
mend that the following is declares
,le delegates at large and the al
ternates at large to the Republicar
national convention to assemble a
Chicago in June. viz: Hon. John G
Capers. Maj. L. W. C. Blalock. Thos
L. Grant and E. H. Deas; alternate
at large. R. R. Tolbert. Robt. Smalls
R. .1. Logan. P. H. Richardson anm
L. D. Melton."
Rules With Iron Hond.
The excitement that prevailed whet
Capt. Capers had finished reading thf
report can hardly be pictured it
print. That part of the report whici
referred to the president's message
relating to the Jim Crow cars was ap
llauded, as was the endorsement o
R. R. Tolbert for collector of inter
nal revenue. There was also ver;
general approval of that part of th
report which pledged the Republica:
party in this State to support th
nominee of the party chosen at Chic
ago. "*hoever he may be."
But the "rowing" came wnen tb
last paragraph in the report was read
it was evident that many of the dele
gates were displeased with the selec
tion of the four men named as dele
gates at large. Aaron Prioleau jump
ed into a chair and began speakin
at the top of his voice; others nea
the platform were doing likewis3. I
various parts of the hall delegate
were screaming "Mr. Chairman." No
body got recognized from the chaf
until some negro arose and move
that the report of the committee b
adopted. Deas put the motion, calle
for the yeas and nays and declare
the report adopted-all in a jiffy
and with gesticulating negroes prc
testing as loudly as ther lungs woul
Prioleau threw his arms wild:
about in the air and vainly tried t
get the attention of the chairmat
who ignored him completely. Pric
leau was not by himself for in a
instant a dozen or more were clamor
ing for recognition or shouting de
fiance at Deas for his action ' , "rai
roading" the vote on the resolution
and nominations. Prioleau and oth
ers made a dash for the platform
but before they reached it Deas ha
declared- the convention adjourned
Prioleaui gained the platform an
began speaking-or, rather, shouting
but he4ailed to get a respectful heat
ing. Many of those who were dii
gruntled because of the way in whic
the nominations for delegates wer
rushed through cheered Prioleau an
urged aim on, but many others wh
were not pleased with the action c
the convention did not look with fa
or upon this negro as their spoket
man. But Prioleau declared that tb
majority had been run over rough
shod and called on the negroes t
nominate and elect a new set of de
Another Ticket Named.
During the excitement Prioleau ar
nounced that the following would g
to Chicago-'as a protesting delegation
W. D. Crum, Robert Smalls, A.
Johnson and R. R. Tolbert. He als
named the alternates.
Dr. Crum mounted the platfort
and repudiated Prioleaui and declare
that he would not go as a contestin3
delegate nor would he have anythin
to do with Prioleaui's efforts. Robet
Smalls followed Crum and decline
to accept a place on the Prioleau ticI
et. He said he did not approve <
the manner in which the delegatE
at large were chosen, but would hay
no part in any contest.
After Crum and Smalls refused t
serve of the contesting delegatict
Prioleau and some of his friends g<
together afterward and "elected" tb
following as delegates at large and a
ternates at large: R. R. Toibert c
Abbeville, A. S. Johnson of Columbt
P. H. Norris of Georgetown and C. C
Garrett of Columbia; alternates, Da
J. H. Goodwin of Hopkins. W. .
Smith of Irmo and John Gill.
J. W. Tolbert threatened to ca
the roll of delegates by counties an
have them vote on tehir choice C
delegates at large if R. R. Tolbei
was not put on the regular ticket a
a delegate instead of an alternat4
Capers then mounted the platforr
and said something about being wil
ing to let R. R. Tolbert go to Chic
ago as a delegate and he (Cal
ers) would go as an alternat4
It was impossible to hear what wa
being said, but J. WV. Tolbert appeal
ed to be satisfied, whatever the ut
derstanding was, and in a few mit
utes the delegates began leaving th
For several hours after the cot
vention adjourned groups of delE
gates were gathered about the city
dlseesing the results of the mieeting
Phe general opinion seemed to be-the
ICapers had won a complete victor
with the active assistance of Deas.
Tolbert Claimed a Majority.
J. WV. Tolbert declared that nigh
that I 00 out of the 125 delegate
present at the convention were anti
Taft" and "anti-Roosevelt" and sail
that if Capers had not consented t
placing R. R. Tolbert on the list a
delegates in place of himself he woul
.1have p)olled the convention by coun
ties and sent to Chicago an entirel,
different delegation. He says tha
three-fourths of the delegates from
South Carolina at Chicago will be op
posed to the present administrato:
or any candidate that Roosevel
The following district delegate
Ihave been elected.:
Fourth district-J. D. Adams, U
. marshal, and Dr'. W. G. Smith
olored, of Greenville.
Sixth district-A. D. Webster. post
aater at Orangeburg, and W. TI
Andrews. colored, of Sumter.
Seventh district--J. R. Lever, col
ored. of Florence. and J. A. Baxter
oloed, of Georgetown.
Tolbert says that all but two a
the district delegates to the nationa
convention are opposed to Taft an<
The following were among thl
white men present at the convention
ome of whom were not delegates
ohn G. Capers of Washington; A
Lathrop of Orangeburg, assistan'
lnitdc States district atorney; C. J
Purcell, postmaster at Newberry; J
R. Cochan. Jr.. postmaster at An
dotron: R. R. Tolber't. Jr.. of Abbe
vile .XW. Tolhert of Greenwood
ohn Scott. of Newherry; J1. Duncat'
Adas. U nited States marshal, Char
'eston: A. C. Merrick. United Statet
dettlt marshal. Oconee; H. B. Hen
dicks. Pickens; F. WV. Screven, de'
ptty collector of internal revenue
Charleston; Geo. McCravy. postinas
TILE GENERAL RtEUNIO- .
Railroads Offer Reduced Rates to
Birmingham in June.
The railroad have granted extraor
dinarily low passenger rates on ac
:ount of the annual reunion of the
United Confederate Veterans, which
is to be held this year in Birming
ham, June 9 11. Practically all rail
road lines in the South have entered
into an agreement to grant delegates
and visitors to the reunion at a rate
of 1 cent per mile, short line distance
traveled, plus 35 cents for the round
Tickets will be placed on sale .une
6, 7, 8 and for trains scheduled to
arrive in Birmingham before 2 p. m.
of June 9. They will be good for re
turn passage, leaving Birmingham not
later than midnight of June 20. Tick
ets will be limited to continuous pas
sage in each direction and will be of
the "iron clad" form. They will be
good only via roads where the stand
ard one-way fares apply. The us:ai I
baggage regulations will appy. Ex
tention of time limit will be granted
when the passenger is shown to be
unable to travel on account of sick
The following round trip fares v.inl
apply from South Carolina stations
named: Abbeville, $6.40; Allendale.
$8.35; Anderson, $6.40; Barnwell.
$8.00: Blacksburg. $8.05; Camd::n.
$9.20; Calhoun Falls, $6.10; Carli. le,
$7.80; Catawba, $8.55; Charleston.
$9.80; Cheraw. $10.30; Chester, $8.
15; Clinton. $8.55: Denmark. $8.15;:
r Fairfax, $8.45; Greenville, $6.S5:
Greenwood, $6.70; Lancaster, $S.75:
Laurens. $7.25; Newberry, $7.70;
Orangeburg,. $8.70; Prosperity, $7.
r85: Rock Hill, $8.55; Spartanburg.
$7.45; Sumter. $9.40.
For . children between 5 and 12
years of age one-half the above fares
wii be granted.
Because She Thought She Had Killed
Crazed by the thought that she
might have accidentally killed her
sen by a mistaken dose of medicine
ten months ago, Mrs. R. L. Poole
jumped in the Etowah river and
drowned herself Thursday. She lived
in Rome. Ga. On Wednesday she was
tried for lunacy and found guilty.
She resisted going to jail and was
committed to the care of her bus
band during the day. While her hus
band was not looking she slipped
away, went to the river and jumped
in. It was found that she had tied
her own arms before jumping into
the river to prevent any efforts being
AS IF BY MAGIC.
e Blind and Deaf Man His His Hearing
D and Sight Restored.
At Chicago a supposed deaf and
blind mandicant. who had been ar
rested was fined $30 and costs by
Judge Wells. - As if by magic the
man's hearing and eyesight were re
stored and he took $80 from one of
his pockets and counted out the a
mount of the fine. He was then
searched by the police and a bank
book showing a deposit of $1,452 was
found. "-,ou wont need these cards
whIch tell of your lost hearing and
poor eysight sinc~e both have been
trestored," the court remarked, and
the pasteboard was destroyed. *
DESPERATE ,BAT TLE.
One Man Kills Another After Being
Dr. J. E. Garrison. shot anid,.killed
J. D. Williams, an electrician for the
Consolidated Coal Company. at Flat
Creek, Ala., in a duel in the public
road. Previous trouble nad existed
,between the men about family affairs
and when Williams saw Garrison he
asked him to wait a few minutes. and
securing a pistol, shot Garrison down.
While on the ground, the latter shot
lWillIams to death. Garrison is dan
Will Leave Hospital.
.Thomas McCreecy, who was shot
accidentally some time ago by Repre
sentative Henin, has about recovered,
-and will soon leave the hospital.
Money Furnished By Trusts.
The Augusta Herald says "it may
-be in fairness assumed that
-the money now being spent in pro
m roting Governor Johnson's candi
dacy for defeating, Mr. Bryan's
nomination, is contributed by the
predatory trusts. These people
don't care a continental about par
ty, but they do care whether the
man in the White house is a frier d
~o the trusts or a man disposed to
make them do right. Of course, mon
y spent for sending out campaign
Sliterature is not using it as a corrup
-tion fund. This use of money is
legitimate. But it is too well
known that where any campaign
managers have much money at their
-disposal they are never over scru
Spulous as to the manner in which
some of it is used. We have evi
-dence that much money is now be
1ing spent legitimately in an effort to
prevent Bryan's nomination; and
having much money to spend, and
[the men who contributed it being so
much eoncerned to have Mr. Bryan's'
nomination prevented, it is morally
certain that money will be spent to
secure that end by those pulling the!
wires, in a way that is not legiti
mate. In other words, a corruption
fund is available ard is being used
to prevent the nomination of Mr.
Bryan, just as he has asserted in
The Commoner." The Herald hits
Jthe nail squarely on he head.
THE New York Herald says money
was being raised in that city to pre
vent the nomination of Bryan. The
predatory trusts, no doubt, were
the chief contributors, as they are
moving Heaven and earth to defeat
the peoule's champion.
THE Charleston Post now sun
ports Bryan because it sees that if
we are to win at all, Bryan is our:
master at Lexington: .A. D. WVebse.
ppostmaster at Orangeburg; Preston
Rion. postmaster at Winnsboro: Law
son D. Melton, of Columhia: .T. P.
Scruggs, deputy collect9: of internal
Eight Hundred People Reported
to Have Been Killed.
Of a Series of Devastating Tornadoes
in China Show That Whole Towns
Were Wiped Out of Existence and
Hundreds of Lives Were Destroyed.
Thousands Are Homeless and in
This part of the world is not the
only place where there havebeen great
storms in the last few weeks. China
has been visited by devastating tem
pests, which destroyed many lives
and doing much damage to property.
A dispatch from Hong Kong says
it is now believed that hte death list
from the tornadoes which swept over
the Hankow region will reach up
wards of 800 persons. Meagre reports
from outlying districts add only har
rowing details .to the information al
ready in hand. Means of communi
cation are poor, owing to the damage
by water and high winds.
A recent report from Hankow esti
mated the death list there at 500.
but this does not include those who
perished on numerous foundered ves
sels. The violent tempests which
ravaged portions of the southeastern
coast left death and destruction 'n
their wake for miles.
Small hamlets were almost entirely
desroyed- and in rural communities
it will require many days to estimate
the loss of life and the loss in values
Many vessels of the coast in the
China sea were unable to weather the
gales. The fragments of sloops have
been drifting in upon the beach car
ried by the he avy swell. Although
there are no definite news,. from the
coast towns, the loss of life is thought
to be heavy.
Who Is Mr. Loden?
One J. T. Loden, of Charlotte, N
C., is widely quoted in the papers as
having been talking in Washington
about how sore the farmers are over
holding their cotton in the south.
Now we have, says the Florence
Times, no fault to find with the
press correspondents for giving any
man's views if they think him prom
inent enough for his views to count
any-thing but who is J. T. Loden?
In a matter of this kind, when the
fcrtunes of the farmers of the south
are at stake, when our own people
are lined up on the one side or the
other it is a very serious thing to
say that the farmers firing line is
wavering unless one wishes to injure
the cause of the farmers and inspire
their desperate enemies with great
er hope. It means that the last line
of the defense of the southern peo
pie is breaking and their forces will
end in rout. That is if it is so. Is
it so? Who is Mr. Loden, on which
side of the fight does he generally
stay? He is a type of man that does
a good deal of talking just now. A
type of man that -fights neither on'
one side nor the other, but, being a
friend of both sides carries all the
news he thinks will be gratefully re
ceived to both sides. Are the state
ments borne out in fact? Its it not
true that at every convention of
the farmers they pledge themselves
to renew efforts in behalf of whole
class and interests of the farmer
and his allies and dependents. Many
people tahtc carelessly in these mat
ters because they do not realize how
greedily their words are taken up by
the opposition if they are the words
that they want to hear. They do
the cause of the farmer injury, they
catuse suspicion of the strength and
loyalty of the rest of the line, and if
you have ever been on a firing line
you would know that such a suspic
ion caues a more deadly panic than
bullets or death or any thing else.
Don't do it. Remember that the
the farmer's interest and if you can
not fight with him do not weallcen
him by talking against him. If Mr.
Loden has any knowledge of the fac ts
in the case -he has misrepresented
them, either carelessly or willfully,
for the purpose of shaking the con
fidence of the friends of the farm, r
in his cause. When one talks this
way let the newspapers tell us
just who he is and le.t us conclude
whether he talks from selfish inter
est or is just making himself inter
esting to the newspaper men.
TH E Statesays "with cotton tumb
ling lower every day as the result of
a Republican panic that upset the
country's business, the Charleston.
News and Courier has the assur-,
ance to tell South Carolina farmers
that Bryan's nomination will send it
three cents lower. Does it take the
people for fools?''
BRYAN is not wanted by the boss
es. That is thc reason why Smith,
the Democratic boss of New Jersey,
refsed to let that State's dele-l
gates be instructed for the great
WH EN voting times arrives in the
in the Republican National Conven
tion all the South Carolina delega
tion will line up for Taft. The bar
rel will then be open and grease will
be on tap.
WILLIAM J. Bryan recently de
lared himself on the question of
disfranchisement, when asked a di
rect question in New York. He
came out squarelv in favor of the
measure which the people of the
South have taken for the preserva
of white supremacy and said in r
terms which could not be mistaken
that if the position of North and
South were reversed the North
would do exactly w hat the South is
The only ha
made with a
No Alum, No Li
Bryan on First Ballot.
The New York Herald, whose pol
itical forecasts are remarkably ac
mrate and entirely imrartial, esti
mates that Mr. Bryan will have 765
votes on the first ballot at Denver,
r 113 more than the two-thirds
needed to nominate. Of this num
ber 217 have already been definitely
istructed to support Mr. Bryan,
nd 548 are classified as "probably"
or him, these being the representa
tives of States which have not yet held
,onventions and of some which have
elected delegates without instruc
tions. In this list are included the
delegates from New York, who
ere elected without instructions.
At the time the New York conven
tion was held it seemed that the del
egates from that State would be
against Bryan, but the situation has
materially changed and the leaders
of the New York Democracy have
been frightened into support of the
Nebraskan by the great strength he
has developed, which he might use
to exclude them from representation
in the convention in the face of an
attempt to unseat them by the ele
ment of the party that was outrage
ously excluded from the New York
"The Bryan sentiment in Illinois,"
says The Herald, "compelled Mr,
Sullivan to play fair, and while the
support given way have been some
what unwilling, it _was nevertheless
given and will suffice. The result is
that in one day the entire Democra
i situation in the United States
hanged. Almost every State in the
nion that was wavering began to
rend toward Bryan.'' With the ex
eption of Pennsylvania, New Jer
ey, Massacheusetts and Minnesota,
ll of the States which have as many
s twenty votes in the national con
ention are counted for Bryan.
innesota is, of course, for John
sn, but as soon as his candidacy is
hown to be hopeless, the delegates
are practically certain to go to Bry
n, who has been extolled by Gov.
ohnson on more than one occasion.
Pennsylvania will. probably be
against Bryan, but the supporters of
he Nebraskan have not yet abandon
d the fighte for the delegation.
ew Jersey has shown anti-Bryan
endencies, but, according to The
-erald, as soon. as New York breaks
othe Nebraskan, New Jersey is, likely
o follow. Massacheusetts has not yet
cted, but there is strong Bryan
entiment in that State.
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa. Kansas and
isconsin, with an aggregate voting
strength of 156 in the convention,
have instructed for Bryan. New
ork, with seventy-eight votes, is
ractically certain to support him.
labama, Michigan. Mississippi,
issori, New York, North Caroli
na. Ohio, Tennessee, Texas, Virgin
ia, each with large representation in
the national convention, may be
ekoned for Bryan, and a troop of
States with smaller votes. The
Carleston Post, from which paper
e clip the above says "Mr. Bryan
ight devote himself to his plowing
ntirely from now until the date of
the Democratic convention and he
ould be called to the head of the
ticket. It is ridiculous~ to talk of
nybody else, and the thing for
)emocrats.to do now is to put in
their time shaping up for the cam
aign to elect Mr. Bryan President."
MOST people will agree with Mr
eArmond of Missouri that Speaker
annon's plan for naming a commit
Lee to investigate the paper trust is
~othing more than a scheme to hood
'ink the people that something is t~o
e done in the premises, when as a,
1atter of fact, it could have no pow
r to nut an end to the extortions
of the trust.
Kinow What They Want.
The Yorkville Enquirer says. "in
~truction of the South Carolina del
~gation to Denver means that if
>mething should turn up, more en-:
youraging than anything now in
ight, the delegation from this State
ould be unable to take advantage;
f it." In the language of the State
'what is likely to 'turn up?' Is it
he policy or practice of Democrats:
o have no opinions, no convictions,
> determination? It is Southern*
tepublicans that are noted for go
g to conventions anticipating that
mething arill 'turniup'--that some
ing being a liberal gentleman with
fat wad, or several liberal gentle
ien with several fat wads." The
tate answers the Enquirer comn
ktely. The people know what
ney want right now, without'
Will Not Be Beand.
The News and Courier makes
straight answer to the question of
the Charleston Post as to whether it
will accept the judgment of the
State convention on the candidacy
of Mr. Bryan. It declaresthat it
will not be bound by the action of
that convention, because it will not
be a member of the convention, and
is not even a voter. In answering
The News and Courier The Post
knocks it completely out of the box.
Here is the answer the Post makes:.
"Of course we understand that
The News and Courier is "vox et
practerea nihil," but we understand
that it claims to be aDemocratvoice.
that it speaks to South .Carolina
Democrats as a Democrat, that it is .
laboring with them against Mr. Bry
an as an exponent of South Carolina
Democratic sentiment. If it is only.
expressing an independent view,
without any claim to familiar consid
eration, that is all right. But if itis
submitting its propositions to the
judgment of the South Carolina
Democracy as an organ of Democra
tic sentiment, iri South Carolina,
that is quite another thing.
"It is willing to be bound by the
action of the national Democratic
convention, yet it will not b' a dele
gate to that body nor will it have a
vote at the polls for the ticket put
forth there. Why might it-not.sub- -
mit to the State convention asgraee
fully? Because. it says, its constitu
ency is not confined to South Caroli
na. So The News and Courier is
prepared, if the State convention in
struct for Bryan to appeal from the
judgment of the South Carolina
Democracy, to the party at large.
That is all right, too, if it does not
approve the action of the State con
vention but it can not, in such cir
cumstances; claim to represent the
views of the Democrats" of South
Carolina. Unless it would deny the
autoritv of the State convention to
speak for the State l~emoeraer.g..
"Perhaps that is its attiftude. for
we read in its issue of today: If the
State convention sends a fetering.
delegatior to-Denver,,it will be sent
in defiance of the people's wis es."
Who -made thee a ruler or a
judg eover Isreai? Who gives The
News and Courier warrent to, over
rule the action of the State conven
tion, in the name of the people of
South Carolina. if our contempor
ary denies the authority of the State
convention to instruct the delegates
to the Denver convention for any
candidate, we takeit that it would
justify any of the delegates - disre
garding such instrudtions. That is
the logical deduction from its judg
ment of the convention for itself cou
pled with the .declaration that in
struettions would be given in de
fiance of the people's wishes."~
Corruption Fund in Politics.
Under the above caption the Au
gusta Herald says Mr. W. J. Bryan,
ogical candidate of the Democratic
party' for president, has recently
made charges to the effect that mon
ey is being used in an attempt to de
feat his nomination. This is vehe
mently denied by anti-Bryan papers,
which assert with a violent air of in
jured innocence that the talk of an
anti-Bryan corrup~tion fund is for
political effect only. All the same,
there is quite a lot of circumstantial
evidence to prove that money is be
ing so used.
It must'be considered that from
pre.ent indications Taft is reason
ably sire of being the Republican
nominee. He is not very acceptable
to the predatory corporations, be
cause it is believed .t he will con
tinue the Rdosevelt policies if elect
ed.He is a weak candidate. because
thelabor vote of the north will go
heavily against him, and with Taft
the Republican eendidate the Demo
'ats stand an excellent chance of
electing their ticket.
Now it may be accepted that the
predatory cor.porations do not take
any more kindly to Mr. Bryan than
they take to Mr. Taft. They wodld
undoubtedly much prefer to have
some other man nominated who has
not such an anti-trust record as Mr.
Bryan has by profession. In the
Democratic convention it requires a
two-thirds vote to nominate. If
more than one-third of anti-Bryan
delegates should be sent to Denver
Mr. Bryan's nomihation would be
held *up. There is a reasonable
chance, in case the convention
shoud be deadlocked, of a dark
house being chosen, and that would
put Mr. Bryan out.
During the post few days a mass
f literature has been sent out from
New York in the interest of Govern
r Johnson's candidacy. This costs
noney. So there is evidence of
noney being spent to defeat Bryan's
nomination. Who is putting up this
TE New York Sun says the ques
ion is whether the work of the con
ention shai!l be done in-Denver or
in the var ious Stats. The State
;ays anotbcr and r - re vimi rmes
ion inhall the voice of De ueracy
r of -Pi- rpont Morgan's anti-Bryan.
nachi-- be more potent in the
,hoice f a Democratic candidate.
TH E State R~eputblican Convention .
uad a sort of mronkey and parrot
ie, but . Capers conquered the