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COTTON AND CORN
CONDITION OF CROPS IN THIS
STATE AS REPORTED.
Cotton Suffering in Some Sections
With Lice. More Conunercial F'e.
The following paragraphs are
taken from the crop report issued
the office of Commissioner Watson.
The cotton crop in many portions
of the state was considerably re
tarded in the early stages by cool
weather, ' particularly - cool nights.
and rain in certain localities, mak
ing the preparation of the land later
than usual. A number of the coun
ties report the crop fro mten to fif
teen days late. Some lice and other
plant ailments have appeared in iso
lated sections. but none of these ail
ments seem to have done any seri
ous damage. For the past few
weeks the weather has been admir
able for cotton growing and the
plant has been making consderable
headway. The condition of the cot
ton crop invariably falls materially
in the latter part of June and dur
ing July, and until the August mid
sea-on report is issued it is difficult
to venture any predictions as to the
course of the cotton crop. However.
regarding the opinions expressed by
the various correspondents in the
different counties as to the prospects
for a full crop this prospect is shown
at this time to be 78.8 per cent.
Invariably the reports from the
several counties show that there has
been a material decrease in the uti
lization of commercial fertilizers un
der cotton. It is notworthy also in
connection with the crop; that one
of the best counties in the state
Marlboro-reports a perfect condi
tion, and the largest cotton county
ports very nearly aperfect condition.
In the Piedmont territory, with the
exception of York, Pickens, Abbeville
and Greenwood, the condition does
not seem to zoo as good as it is -I
In regard to the corn crop through
out the state there is reported a
most material increase in acreage.
coupled with the further statement
that the increased purchase of ferti
lizers has been for utilization under
the 1908 corn crop. The corn crop
is reported from all parts of the
state to be in a fine and healthy con
dition. It is worth noting also that
the Williamson plan of cultivation
has been largely employed, and this
department has distributed many
hundreds of small pamphlets detail
ing this methd of pl tr.iat. There
is every indication of a splendid in
crease in the production of corn in
South Carolina in 1908, and this has
been somewhat stimulated by the
several corn growing contests that
are bheing conducted this year. *
-DIED WHILE SPEAKING
Savannah Veteran Expires in Middle
of a Sentence.
At Savannah Thursday, while sit
ting on a benoh in Laurel Grove
Cemetery John Quincy Adams, Con
federate Veteran, was stricken with
heart trouble and fell dead to the
ground. He was talking with a
friend and died in the middle of a
~'sentence. A pathetic incident is his
failure to become a member of the
Veterans' Association. He filed his
application papers a month ago with
McLaws Camp in Savannah, but be
eause his comrades at arms who
knew him in the civil war are all
either dead orscattered, no one could
bo found to vouch for his record.
so quickly after his application. e
died before he could be approved as
a member. *
SUBGEON A SUICIDE.
Dr. Small, of American Liner St.
Louis, Kills Himself.
A dispatch from New York, says:
Dr. Thomas Small, chief surgeon of
the American Line steamer~ St.
Louis, committed suicide in his cab
in on the steamer early Friday by
shooting. No cause for the aet is
known. He had been absent from
the ship all night. When he return
ed that morning he appeared to be
in a cheerful frame of mind, and
after chatting pleasantly for a time
with one of the officers on - duty re
tired to his state room.
A moment later the report of a
shot was heard, and when the door
of the doctor's cabin was opened, he
was found dying from a bullet wound
in his temple. His right hand clutch
ed the revolver from which the siot
was fired. Dr. Small had been in
the employ of the Amercan line nine
years, and had extensive acquaintance
among ocean travelers.*
DIDN'T IKXE THEIR SENTENCE.
Two Self-Confessed Aiken "Tigers"
M. C. Todd and J. C.' Richardson,
the two white men who were con
viete'd of violating the dispensary
law at Aiken and who were each~
sentenced to serve six months on the
chain gang or in -the Penitentiary.
hayo appealed their cases, and pedn
ing the appeal, they have been grant
ed bond in the sum of $50)0 each.
This has been a very interesting case.
The two men pleaded guilty, and.
P is said that they expected to pay
' . but no fine was imposed, and
in:Mtead a sentence of six months im
poa They are the first white men
in ye ' onvicted of selling liquor
and not g'e:ting off with a fine. *
Broke Leg Pulling Off His Boot.
Carl Sandefur, a cowboy living at
McCurtain, Okla., broke his right leg
above the knee while pulling off his
boot. He says the boot becante
twisted and he took the toe and heel
in his hand and gave a sudden .ierk.
The pop at the cracking of the hone
could be heard 40) feet. *
Bad Money Sobered Drunken Man.
"Sergeant counterfeiters are on
my trail," declared John *Keitt as~
he rushed into the police station in
Trenton, N. J. He said he had been in
two saloons and in one he was given
a bad quarter and the other a bad
half dollar in change. He will never
again enter another saloon, so he
GIVES HIS VIEWS.
.IYOR RHETT REVIEWS SOMI
He is an Aspirant for One of th,
Highest Positions in the Gift of th
P'eople of His State.
Mayor R. Goodwyn Rhett. a candi
date for the United States Senate
has given to the press the followin;
ourtline of his views on some of th
r o"stions of the day:
There is, in my judgment. grea
need for more business method
ia government. It is significant tha
the Democratic party has not bee:
in power. with the exception of eigh
yr:.rs, for almost half a century. al
t:.ough the solid South. constitutin:
ai :ost one-third of the country, ha
inost invariably cast its votes fo
that party. I believe it is largel.
due to a lack of confidence on th
p:'t of the people rf the country i:
te: capacity of the Democratic part
to manage the Government upon
business plane and by busines
merhods. The South does not lac'
men of bdsiness capicity, and ther
ai not a few of them at present i:
the halls of Congress, but they hav
been following political and no
business lines. My belief is that 1
they subordinated their political t
their business talent they would re
gain the confidence of the entir
country. More than this, my belie
is that they would once more secur
the leadership and guide the police
of the Democratic party, and throug
that party the Government of th
As a business man, who has foun,
that the applications of busines
methods to all problems-govern
mental as well as others-has effect
ed the best solutions. I am offerin
myself as a candidate for the Unite
States Senate, believing that I ca:
be of some use to the people of m
'State, to the South and to the coup
The present currency laws of th
United States are framed for th
benefit of the bond-holding fraterni
ty of New York and New Englan
and against the interests of the fai
ducer enerally. tinder these law
the Southern bank, from whoa
alone the farmer can obtain the cu]
rency to gather his crops. is no,
conpelled to buy this currency i
New York. Every fall the Stbc
Exchange speculator runs up th
price. of money and thus makes
difficult and expensive, and at time
impossible, to get the currency neei
ed. The farmer is driven to pa
high rates, is driven to gather V
cctton under spur and whip, and t
sell it. not as his judgment dicta+e.
but as necessity demands. I La
prepared a currency plan in detai
which enables the Southern bani
to obtain this currency when it
needed by the farmer, without goin
to New York or depending upo
bonds-a currency based upon th
credit of the banks themselves, whic
means the credit of the commuu
ties in which the banks are locater
IBy maksng it a cond'tion that ever
bank to obtain its charter sha
guar:antee the note of everv othe
bank, the currency is made tb
strongest in the world. I do not b<
lie'n it is realized how nmateriali
this currency question effects ever
interest in the country. The intrii
ac: of the question has made it s
difficult to understand that the r<
presentatives of the large moneye
interests of the Northeast have blini
ed the people of the country an
enable them through the present cui
rency system to levy tribute upo
every industry to a greater or les
extent. For instance, there was
panse It t fall and no currncy coul
be obtained at any price. The ret
son was that all bank note currenc
had to be sucured by the deposit c
Government bonds, and the Govert
ment bond market was corneredi
New York. I have constructed a sy!
tem on the lines of our Federal Got
ernmient-a system of the people an
for the people-a system based upo
the credit of the country, its indu!
tries and commodities distribute
throughout the length and breadt
of the land--a system from the prc
portionate benefits of which no con
., munity can be excluded-yet a sys
'tem behind which stands more tha:
the combined currencies of Europe
a system which will forever free ou
Industries from currency famine
and our country from panics.
The tariff duties should be ime
diately reduced to the lowest poin
consistent with the needs of th
Government economically administer
In the process of reducing the du
ties the utmost endeavors should b
used to prevent discriminativ
against Southern industries, couple
with diligent care that our indus
tries shall receive the fullest shar
of advantage from whatever dutie
The tariff, of course, is a tax-a:
indirect tax--and the whole questio:
is one of adjusting this tax so tha
each industry and element shall bea
its fair proportion.
The State knows my attitude oi
the railroad question. I have claim
ed that there was a discriminatioi
not only against the port of Charles
ton, but against all parts of Soutl
Carolina. I have cited tariffs whici
show this conclusively. A railroa<
is a public service corporation. I
is the public's trustee for its high
ways. and it should be so regulate<
as not to discriminate against an:
industries of any localities. I hav<
never favored an indiscriminate re
duction in rates. i helieve that rail
roads should be permitted to earn
profits, and good profits, upon actua
values, but not upon watered securi
ties. I believe that service is o:
more importance than rates. and m3
voice has always been for better ser
vei~e. greater efficiency and no dis
The Government has for some
time been irrigating lands of th(
Western States and converting thenr
into fertile fields. South Caroline
now has large areas of land cover
ed by water, the drainage of whicli
would convert them likewise intc
fertile fields. Inasmuch as the
principles in both cases are the
same, the one in adding water, the
other in taking it away to effect a
like purpose'. the two problems
should be joined, and some method
found whereby Government aid
CALHOUN COUNTY VOTERS R&AR M
St. Matthews Alive With Visitors. M
Business Houses Closed for the
_ A special dispatch to The News
and Courier from St. Matthews says: C.
l Calhoun County received its baptism 1)
of State politics Wednesday in the
grov: i ai surrounds the senool
house there, when the first gun in b)
the State campaign was fired by the se
s candidates for State offices. Every- sc
thing that could contribute to the
comfort and pleasure of the guests T
t of the "Baby" county had been ar
ranged by a special committee and R
not a hitch occurred in the program. O
The day was warm and bright, the y
r recently organized Calhoun Band
was on hand discoursing sweet mu- d
sic, a splendid dinner was in course th
of preparation in the school house, in
and as a result a crowd numbering h;
about three hundred persons was bi
present. Most of the business g2
were closed for the occasion, which in
was every way a most auspicious one.
2 Those present were Governor An- a
e sel. Senator Cole L. Blease, candi- gt
t date for Governor: Lieutenant Gov- 1
ernor T. G. McLeod, Secretary of at
State R. M. McCown, State Treasur- ti
er Jennings, Attorney General Lyon,
Comptroller General Jones, E. C.
Elmore. S. R. Mellichamp and J. E. tj
a Swearingen. all candidates for the ci
s office of Superintendent of Edica- tj
i tion, Railroad Commissioner Caugh- te
man and Messrs. James Cansler, F. gg
C. Fishburne. J. A. Summersett and tl
H. W. Richardson, all candidates for o
s the position now held by Mr. Caugh- sE
- County Chairman Dreher was at tj
the helm and kept the meeting mov
ing from first to last in a manner d
that won for him many congratula- ec
tions by the speakers themselves. tj
The speeches were of a dignified or- tj
der, and the meeting was pitched on tI
a plane that could not fail to pro- 01
e voke favorable comment. There it
e was an entire absence of villification st
or anything bordering on personal H
abuse, and it was generally remark
ed that the occasion was a success st
s to the last detail. I- ti
NOT DOCTORING MUCH. 0
e Wanted Something More to Straight.
t en Him Up. tl
s A sickly looking man came into the a
office oL a village physician and said d
y that he wasn't feeling very smart and h
? warted something to "kinder a
c straighten him out." After he had d
described his symptoms which did a
e not indicate anything at all serious, f'
1. the physician asked him if he had R
s been taking anything for his trou- o
g "Well, no; at least none to speak h
n of," ws~s the reply. "I heard that
e :he extract of dandeline was good for tI
h -.roubles like mine, so 1 took three ~
' nts of that, but It didn't'-seem to
1. do much good. Then I got me two ~
v '"ottles of Smith's Healing Compound 0
i] in-1 a box of Green's Sure Cure Pills T
r~ ind took 'em. and I kinder think they c:
e helped me some." ti
"Did you take anything else?" ask- e:
e d the physician. t
v' "Yes; my wife fixed me up a mess f
- of poke-berry and calumus and mul- fl
o Hlen and rue and boneset and tansy, h
n~nd a few other yarbs, and I tookt tI
d that for a while, until one of my t~
.. eighbors sent me over .something d
d hie'd bought the receipt of from a ti
. ypsy woman. Then I didn't feel so si
a -vel, so I changed off to some stuff bj
bought of a peddler, and a little h,
a juinine twice a day. I ain't taking d
Sanything now but a little of elixir di
ofa hundred roots and some bitters. ci
v I ain't gaining very fast, so I thought .3l
fI'd come in and see if you thought &
Sneeded anything else."--Judge's LI- 11
A Sage Contribution.
8j One day recently there entered the DY
a office o a Philadielphia real estate dI
.man a tattered and forlorn girl of ri
S14 cr thereabo.ut, who sidled up to a
- his desk vwith a memorandum book in g
her hand. is
. Ordinarily the Philadelphian is the ti
politiest of persons. but this day he
a was so busy that he knew not which ei
way to turn. So. with a swift glance R
r from the corner of his eye. be said fc
s rather sharply, "Well, what do you o1
"'Mister, please buy a chance on si
. our go-cart," pleaded the girl hesi- ta
S"Your go-cart!" repeatedi the real til
estate man. who is a bachelor. "What tc
on earth can i do with a go-cart. even al
- I should ge* it?" o
"Oh. you Won't get it, breathless
lcame from the girl. "Please buy til
a chauce?"Philadelphia Ledger. p
There's a nlew hatpln that's bount s
sot to come out, under any provoc.' di
tion of wind or speed. Where prove br
uations of this sort most abound
namely, in an automobile, this hat- to
pin gets in its spelal Innings. It iti
in fact, expressly designed for "me- th
toring" ladies who will not wear thae be
pinless hood, and whose mere beau- ul
tifying hats are not to be kept on ti
4by or'dinary straight pens. The new lm
pin Is a long spiral affair, tortuous to
to behold and getting a twisted grip fo
on the coiffeur which nothing shori th
of a dynamite explosion-or the' a
clever hand that put it in--can loos mn
As a weapon of defense for unpro- ti
tected feminines this corkscrew hat. og
pin beats anything yet put on the si~
We need an increase in our white su
population and should welcome all "
such within our borders, all who are t
strong and healthy. not only in body.,t
but in mind, and do not come in to o
disturb our ideals of life and of gov
er'nment and our standards of labor.
I am in favor of throwing every safe- -
guard and restriction around immi
gratioa that will prevent the influx Ot
of an undesirable population. While th
we should welcome as one of the CO
solutio'ns of the negro question the iZ
accession of a white population, it of
twould not be. in my judgment. de- Iufl
sirable to do this by br'ingiug in
those to whomn liberty means licens'e.
those without ieligious faith. thosel
whose standards of life are so much Rc
below our own that they would con- co:
stitute a menace to ours. * m<~
A GOOD START.
ADE BY THE AUD13ON SOCIETY
r. ,Tames Henry Rice. Jr., State
Secretary. Holds Two Enthusias
tic Meetings on Wednesday.
The Audubon Society, of South
irolina. has begun work in Orange
trg in earnest. Two enthusiastic
eetings were held on Wednesday
Mr. James Henry Rice, Jr., State
cretary. The first was at the old
hool building where the summer
rmal school is being held by Prof.
aackstou, at whose invitation Mr.
ice appeared before the teachers of
rangeburg c:unty. He was heard
ith attention and the teachers were
reply interested in the wonders of
e bird kingdom. It is an interest
g story that the Audubon people
tve to tell of the fight to save the
rds from destruction and of the
-eat work done by the birds in mak
g human life possible.
The teachers promised their hear
co-operation in spreading bird
)speel among the youth of the State.
r. Rice was heard with profound
tention throughout and warmly
anked at the end of his talk.
At the Conrt House.
At eleven o'clock by appointment
ere was held a mass meeting of
tizens to hear the account of what
e Audubon society has been doing
save the birds, game and fish of
)uth Carolina and also to learn how
e Audubon work is being carried
1. Some thirty-five or forty repre
ntative citizens gathered to hear
r. Rice who unfolded the plans of
Senator Thomas M. Raysor presi
%d over the meeting and introduc
I Mr. Rice to the audience. At
ts meeting attention was called to
te secretary to the work done by
teNational Audubdn society through
it America and Canada, and how
has been spreading from state to
ate until now it covers the Union.
e said that the Audubon society of
outh Garolina, along with other
ate societies was chartered by
te legislature. Under that charter
ie society began work after organiz
g and the first work was done in
rangeburg in April last year, al
tough little was accomplished then.
The society was embarrassed by
ie panic that held up all operations
3d it labored all the time under the
fficulty of lack of funds. But work
ad gone on and results were seen
.1 over the State. "We do not un
rtake to say that there has been
iywhere anything like a perfect en
>rcement of the laws," said Mr.
ice, "but we have secured numer
s convictions in different quarters
the State and thousands of people
ave been made to respect the law'.
Any community that has given
ie work a fair trial has been satis
ad with what it has received."
The society does its work through
ardens appointed by the governor
a the society's recommendation.
hese wardens are paid by the so
ety and their buisiness is to see
iat the laws are obeyed. To which
id they bring cases against viola
prs of the law and disseminate in
>rmation in regard to the law and
irther infornmations of birds and
ibits. showing what birds do for
te world. Mr. Rice gave many in
resting eramp~les of what birds do,
welling especially on the work of
te South Carolina partridge, he
iowed what enormous numbers of.
lbugs are killed by partridges and
a also showed how great was the
sstruction to crops when the partri
~e is killed out. The Audubon so
oty s not opposed to sport, when
>ort is had within reasonable limits,
't it is opposed to slaughter, and
r. Rice added a number of examples
show how much slaughter had
mne on in South Carolina.
He took up the case of fish trap
ng in Edisto river and pointed out
at parties who had traps in the
ver after sun down Thursday ran
fair chance of going on the chain
xng. Dynamiting was 'also pun
hable by six month in the peniten
He then pceited out how the so
ety began and its mode of work.
egular members paid Six Dollars
*r their tickets and this included
ie full years dues. Contributing
embers paid, a dollar annually. He
owed that Orangeburg could main
in a branch organization on secur
g fifty regular members, electing
ei' own officers and having power
direct their own affairs, having
ways the asistance of the State
-gainiz.ation when it was needed.
He was heard with earnest atten
>n throughout and many of those
esent enrolled themselv.es at once
members of the society, many
hers followed suit after the meet
g. Prominent gentlemen present
y that Orangeburg will have no
fficulty in securing its quota for a
anch of the Audubon society.
Mr. Rice wa unexpectedly called1
Blackville to look after some par
s who had rnade threats against
e life of a warden. He is coming
ck to Orangeburg at once to take
vigorously the work of organiza
m, for it was clearly shown at the
eeting the proper procedure is first
organize the citizens and then:
llow this with the active work of
e warden, who is in this way as
red of moral support from the
A splendid start has been made
dl the opportunity has been fairly
'ered to see t hat the laws of the
ate with refer'ence to fish and 1t
me shall be enforced.
Mr. Rice said. that he had been
ach enceouraged by the interest
d enthusiasm manifested and felt I
re that everything would now t
.4ll citizens who have the good of
is great cause at heart should en
IH themselves at once as members
the Audubon organization. e
Brick Mason Killed.f
John Tuggles. a negro brick mans
,met instant death Tuesday at
plant of the Albany PhosphateS
mipany. Albany. Ga. Tuggles w a
;t beginning work when a piece
iron fell upon his neck. break-b
it and causing instant death. |
As a result of the dynamite at the
yal mines, at Argentine. Pa. State
istabulary troops ha ye been sum- a
A TOUCHING APPEAL.
Young Lawyer and Farmer Edwards
White Spotted Sow.
A North Carolina lawyer sends the
following clipping from a newspaper
which shows that the days of trut
eloquence have not passed:
"This was a trial in Unacoi County
east Tennessee," said the lawyer .
"and the indictment of defendant waj
for killing the prosecutor's hog.
"The facts were that the prosecu
tor lived on the head of a stream, and
the defendant lived about a mile o:
two further down the stream, and
in the month of May, the prosecu
tor's old sow got out and strayed or
down the valley and got in the 'e
Pendant's field and rooted up his corn
The allegation was that the defend
ant killled her, mangling her up pret
ty badly, and cutting her up wit
A young barrister named Smith
who had just got his license, wai
employed to aid the solicitor in the
prosecution. The case was set foi
trial, and the attorney arose, and
with a very solemn air, said.
"'May it please your honor, ant
rou, gentlemen of the jury, since the
days of the assassination of the la
mented president of the Unite(
States. Abraham Lincoln. no s;cl
oul crime has stained our country'
escut'heon as the assassination o:
Jack Edwards black and whits
spotted sow. Gentlemen of the jury
nd may it please your honor. go witI
me to the place ^f the tragedy anc
contemplate the scene and the car
cumstances. Or that lovely morn
[ng in May when the earth was dross
rd ir her robes of green and the ah
iled with the smell of sweet-scented
flowers and enlivened by the voice
of merry songsters, as that old sot
walked forth in her innocence dowi
hat little stream, listening to the
music of the waters, little did sh
ream that before the king of da3
hid himself behind the western hori
ton she should become the victim of
i, foul assassination. "-Case and
No Trouble at AlL
One day last summer a German en.
tered an establishment of a photo
grapher in a Southern town, and. '.f
ter several glances about the place
:bserved mournfully that the photo
grapher did not teem to have the
properties essential to the taking .
a pictur3 he desired.
'I should like a bicture of mesell
;eepin' peside my vife's grafe," ht
said. -'Maype you fix a grave here .t
nie shop for me?"
"I am afraid I haven't the neces
sary accessories." said the photo.
graphe:. Then, with an attempt a
facetiousness, he suggested:
'Cov idn't we arrange to have the por.
trait made at the grave itself?"
"Dot's in Bennsylvania," sighet
the German. "It vould be too ex
bens!te to go there. Yust you fix au
some kind of a grafe here in de
shop. I could ve- p on dot. It's nt
trouble for me to veep anyvere."
"You left off 'smoking because she
asked you to?"
"And you left off drinking because
she asked you to?"
'.'And you left off swearing be
cause she asked you to?"
"And you began going into bettei
ciety because she asked you to?"
"It is a wonder .to me you did noi
"I had intended to; but when I hac
got rid of all of my bad habits
rcund I could do better!"--Moderr
Door For Great Occasions.
Many old houses in Holland have
a special door which is never openeu~
save on special occasions-when
there is a marriage or a death in the
family. The bride and briaegroom
enter by this door and it is then nailed
or barred up until a death occurs,
when it is opened, and the body is
-eoved by this exit.
Childr.'n's Playgrounids Increasing.
The number of children's play
grounds is increasing rapidly in man:
ities. Recent statistics covering 2
ities between 25,000 and 300.000 pop
ulation show there has been in twc
>ears an increase of 94 per cent in
chool playgrounds, and a total in
rease of all kinds of playgrounds of
34 per cent in that period.
'Bunny" Plentyful in Australia.
To keep the plague of rabbits from
lestroying the pastoral industries or
A~ustralia 16,152 miles of public and
rivate rabbit-netted fences have been
reted at a cost of $4,000,000. Queens
land alone spends $400,000 a year in
recting and maintaining fences to
eep out "bunny.''
Human Hair Crop Profitable.
The human hair crop is a politable
td expensive industry. Five tons of
t are annually imported by the men
:hants of London. The center of the
:rade is Paris, where 200,000 pounds
ire harvested annually, with a valua
ion of $4,000,000.
Ribbon Manufacture Increasing.
The production of ribbons at St.
tienne amounted in 1906 to $19,000,
)00, being an increase of $3,000.000
ver the previous year. Exportation
as somewhat ov er $6,000,000u, or an
nrease of $2,000,000 as compared
The Statistics of Suicide.
Statistics deal directly with facts
ut the facts may be differently in
erpreted, and probably there will
e much diversity in the reaso~ning
n the statistics of suicide that are
resented by Geo. Kennan in an ar
Ile in McClure's Magazine. There
'ill be general agreement with
me author, however upon certain
oints that; he emphasizes and gen
ral interest in the figures, state
ients and explanations that he of-h
rs for consideration.4
Mr. Kennan finds that suicide is
mecially prevalent between the 50th
nd .55th parallels of north latitude,
e number within these parallelsi
eing 172 to the million, and the 1
irgest number outside being 93 to 1
2e million. The annual number of I
icides is about 10.000 in the
~nited States and about 70,000 in
1 Europe. It is increasing rapid- Ii
,emv~erwhreand in the Unied ,
States it has increased from 12 in !
the million in 1881 to 126 in the
million in 1907.
Climate, Mr. Kennan says, has
ittle or nothing to do with it, but'
season and weather a great deal. J
Contrary to the general impression, 1
suicides are least numerous in De- I
zember and most numerous in June,
and far more numerous in the clear :
and beantiful days of June than in
its wet or cloudy days.
The suicide rate is always reduced
by any great and absorbing public
alamity or excitement. This is
universally true of wars, but was,
just as marked in connection with
the destruction of San Francisco.
The suicidal impulse increases rap
idly from childhood to old age.
It is much higher among the offi
cers and soldiers or sailors of armies
and navies than among other peo
nie. The rate is higher among phy
sicians, lawyers, journalists, teach
ers and all professsional men except
clergymen than among other classes.
There are fewer suicides by far
among women than men. By a
comparison of the north of Ireland
with the south of Ireland, and the
Protestant cantons of Switzerland
with its Catholic cantons, Mr. Ken
nan shows that suicides are much
more common among Protestants
than Catholics. In Switzerland
they are four to one. It is more
common among all Christains than
among Jews and Mohammedans.
It is impracticable to give all of
the writers conclusions, but his
most significant comment is that
appearances seem to teach "that
suicide is a by-product of the great
complicated machine that we call
The Drug Habit.
The American Medical Associa
tion met in Chicago recently in
their 59th annual convention. Pre
-ceding the opening of the regular
meeting there was a gathering of
famous inebriety specialists. One
of them declared that America is
becoming a nation of degenerates
through drugs and alcohol neurosia.
Patent medicines were condemned.
Even pure water, takan in large and
unnecessary quanities, was inju
rious. Alcohol, under all conditions
was harmful. The slavish use of
tea and coffee led to a species of in
ebriety as harmful as that resulting
from alcohol. Over indulgences
and gluttony are characteristics of a
degenerate. Such were a few of
the opinions expressed by . .,e
The drug habit is a deplorable
one. There is not one person in five
not addicted to it. ' There are handy~
specifics for every pain and ailment.
By imprudent eating, drinkingan
management of the nutritive and
excretory organs a headache or that
tired feeling is produced. It has
taken weeks to bring about the con-I
dition and weak foolish people think'
that the cure cani be affected in two
minutes by some of these poison
preparations. Any man or woman
who depends on drugs, tonics, the
hypodermic syringe and all sorts of
nostrums to keep them going, are
certain to go, but they go downward
all the time.
No medicine at all is better than
its indiscriminate use. If you have
formed the habit of taking cathar
tics, tonics, sleep-producing potions
and all sorts of regulating -dope,
you are in a very bad way. We
verily believe that the makers of all
these patent and proprietary medi
ines have done a thousand times
more harm than good. If we ever
have sane and sound men and wo
men we have to get them from that
class that takes no meaicine. Sturdy
strong, healthy children can not be
exected frcm ansemnic, degenerate
mothers and fathers. I
The Amria Farmer.
The Review of Reviews says if
the American farmer went out of~
business this year he could clean up
thirty billion dollars. And he wouldj
have to sell his farm on credit; for!
there is not enongh money in the
whole world to pay him half his
Talk of the money-made trusts!
They might have reason to be mad
if wey owned the farms, instead of
their watered stock. When we re
member that the American farmer
earns enough in seventeen days to
buy out the Standard Oil and enough
in fifty days to wipe Carnegie and
the steel trust off the industrial
map, the story of the trusts seems
like "the short and simple annals of
One American harvest would buy
the kingdom of Belgium, king and
all; two would buy Italy; three
wrould buy Austria-Hungary, and at
a spot cash price would take Russia
Erom the czar.
Talk about swollen fortunes?
With the setting of every sun the
noney box of the American farmer
ulges with the weight of twenty
four new million. Only the most
i.tletic imaginations can con1ceive of
inch a torrent of wealth.
Place your finger on the pulse of
rour wrist, and count the heart-!
yeats, one, two, three, four. With
very four of those quick throbs,
lay and night, a thousand dollars
:latters into the gold bin of the
How incomprehensible it would'
ee to Perielees. who saw Greece
n her Golden Age, if he could know
hat the yearly revenue of his coun
ry is now no more than one day's~
>ay for the men who till the soil of
his infant repulalic!
Or, how it would amaze e resur
eted Christophe'r ra-hus if lie
v id Portugal are not nearly as much
is the earnings of the American
Merely the crumbs that drop from
:he farmer's table, (otherwise
mnown as agricultural exports) have
)rought himlin enough in foreign
noney since 1865 to enable him, if
te wished, to settle the railroad
problem once for all by buying ev
ry-foot of railroad in the United
Such is our new farmer--a man
for whom there is no name in any
language. He is far above the far
mer of the story books as a 1908
touring car is above a jurikisha. In
stead of being an ignorant hoeman
in a barnyard world, he gets the
news by daily mail and telephone;
and incidently publishes a trade
journal of his own. Instead of be
ing a moneyless peasant he pay
the interest on the mortgage with
the earnings of a week. Even this
is less of an expense than it seems
for he borrows money from him
self, out of his own bank, and spends
the bulk of the tax money around
his own properties.
Farming for a business, not a liv
ing, this is the motive of the new
farmer. He is a commercialist-a
man of the twentieth century. He
works as hard as the old farmer did,
but in a higher way. He uses the
four M's---mind, money, machinery,
and muscle; but as little of the lat
ter as possible.
Neither is he a Robinson Crusoe of
the soil; as the old farmer was. His
hermit days are over; he is a man
among men. The railway, the trol
ley. the automobile, and the top
buggy have transformed him into a
suburbanite. In fact his business
has become so complex and many
sided that he touches civilization at
more points and lives a larger life
than if he were one of the atoms of
a crowded city, -
All American farmers, of course,
are not of the new variety. The
country is like the city, has its
slums. But after having made al
lowance for exceptions it is still
true that the United States L the
home of the new farmer. He is the
most typical human prcduct that
his country has Xcdctd, tad the
most important, for in spite of her
egotistical cities the United States
is still a farm based nation.
JURY ACQUITS WELCH.
Berry Mobley's Slayer Found Guilty
of Carrying Concealed Weapon.
A. Lancaster. the jury in the case
of tihe State vs. Grover C. Wea
chas;ed with the murder of Bery
B -lobley, after deliberating abo~ut.
ave hours, returned a verdict-of not
Welch was found guilty on the
charge of carrying a conealed weap
on and was sentenced to pay a fine
of $100O or serve three months in
jail. The fine was paid and Welca
A novel experiment in training
girls to manage a home is to be
made in London If the Educat~on
Committee of the London County
Council adopt a scheme which has
been submitted to them.
The aim is to' make the glrls pro
ficient in the domestic duties they
would have to perform as the wives
of artisans earning from 28s to ?3 a
wee't. In addition to washing, cook
!ng and cleaning and the 'general
management of the home on a sys
tematic basis, they would be taught
how "to shop" in the most economi
At the beginning of each week a
certain sum would be set apart for
rent, clothing, insurance, traveling
expenses and tor providiing a fund
expensas and for providing a fund
for a "rainy day." The remnain'ier
would be available for food and any
little luxuriek that might be possible.
In orJer that the training may be
as ipracticable as possible it is nec
essary that the time occupied in at
tending to baby in mv't homes
ehould not be overlooked in the pro
gram of the experimental home. It
is proposed each week, therefore, to
undertake the care of a child be
longing to a working class family in
the ighiborhood, and in this way
the girls would gain further valu
Every piece of furniture and every
utensil would have the price paid
for it marked on it. so that tiie
girls might have an idea of how
much each article can be bought for.
Big gilt, silver and steel buckles
are the thing in dull effects as well.
as bri~rht, and in shape the round,
the square and the oblong are equally
JTet buckles and those made of tor
toise shell are great favorites now
among the fashionables.
While many of the designs are
plain, figured designs in buckles are
also well thought of, and many of
them have jewels of different hu~es
In buttons the fashion ideas tend
considerably to the development of
large sizes and odd shapes.
Crocheted buttons with touches of
embroidery are commanding Inter
The square and tube shapes are
shown on many of the imported
Buttons of the material embroid
ered in some contrasting colors are
a~lso shown among the imported
Don'ts for the Rosteas.
Don't invite more guests than
you can seat comfortably at your
Don't send your plate away, or ap
iear to have done eating till your
guests hre all finished.
Don't discuss politics or religious
natters unless you know your guests
Lre all in sympathy with you.
Don't notice if your guests drink
Don't press your guests to take
nore or to partake of any special
snd of food.
Don't betray anxiety if the ser
ran:s are Ekward or not quite up
a their wu s, and, above all, don't
DOG. GIRL, AND SALOON.
The Litt'e' Maid Was Forced To Give
1"rct To Her Feelings.
A very large mastiff at one and of
a leash and a very small girl at the
other end formed a combination
which a tracted the attention of a
casual pr 'estarian in a quiet side
The little girl doubtless thought
that she -as taking the dog out for
an airi';. out the big animal himself
appeare. ,o have the impression that
he was tUe leader of the expedition,
and. be. :nd question, the balance of
ower:: entirely on his side. He
dragged ithe girl along, despite her
scolding and expostulation, at a
pace w:1h kept her breathless.
Sud... aty, either from a whim of
his ,%w:, .r because somebody had
been in the habit of taking h'-n
there, b' :arted through the swing
ing doo,.- of a corner saloon. The
little gir looked horrified, bat, cling
ing de.-: ;nedly to her end of Lie
leash. :- rollowed her charge, and
as the t: .ors swung shut behind her
the casil pedestarian heard this ex
"Oh. darnfound it! - Don't yo
know lai :es don't go there? It's only
a place i mans!"
1: r Idea of a Setter.
Mr. Fr :bush-"I have just bought
a Gordos setter."
- Mrs. 1'atbush-"Well, I hope to
gracious it will set better than our
other henls!"-Yonkers Statesman.
Pa. s For Stolen Apples.
Horae, Richardson, for many
years a :eading grocer, but now re-,
tired, is .u receipt of a letter mailed
in this ea:y from an unknown writer,
reading- "Mr. Richardson-When
I was a -.:rl, a few years ago. I was
in your store, with other girls. I
took so:.. apples unknown to you,
which w ate. I didn't know It was
wrong, v it I have learned. since [
grew ol. -r, and I inclose 25 cents in
stamps. -:hich will fully repay you
fbr all iris by my act"
KNo ut. te is signed to the letter,
but the --riter adds: "You -do not
know whm I am but if we both go to
heaven :n s you will know."-In
-"It v~s simply wonderfuleKwhat
Ithat th:- ight-reader did,'' giggled5
the el-i. ly spinater. "He divined
everyth ' by just looking into min
"H'm iHe probably read betweei
'the lines 'purred her denrest'(rlend.
"Amori" the Quakers." said Miss
Wise, "1 :believe the men wear thteir
hats in i urch."
,"How r~iculous!" exclaimed Miss
Gidday. "As if any .one could pos
sibly be inwerested in men's flats."
' The Burden.
"The late Senator Pettus," said a
Selma man. "came to view with a
little alarni, in his latter years the
immense and unrestricted immigra
tion to ow' shores.
"Walking one evening with him. I
pjointed to' a foreigner marching
along at the head of his family. The
nan was tall, erect, robust, a superb
y handsomae fellow.
"'There.' I said 'is a fine figure of
an immIgrant. See how he carries
"Senator Pettus 'laughed bitterly.
"'Yes,' he said, 'and see how he
lets his wife carry everything else.' "
"My son tells me you've dis
charged him," said the office boy's
mother, "and I think that's strange;
you adver' ised for a strong boy, and
"Hie's tr.o strong, madam," inter
rupted the employer. "In the single
day be was here he broke all the.
rules of this office and some of the
furniture."--Catholic Standard and
RAISING MORE COTTON.
Government Report Shows Good Re
cord by this S'.te,
The report of the cotton produc
tioni in :907. just issued by the ceni
sus bureau, shows that South Caro
lina in the past four years has risen
from eight in the production of cot
ton t. fourth among the cotton pro
du leing State's. 'The value of the pro
duction in 1907 was $72,657.8,17,
$22.769.198 more than that of 1906,
which w'as $49.8SS,619.
The cotton see values jumped
from $7,M.7SS in 1906 to $10,
C86669 in 1907. being more than
$2,00 0,000 gr'eater thane'ver before.*
Ha" Passedi thue h;3
The C' adian government has no
rified ii1. Government of Japan that
the linmb of emigrants for one year
has been reached and that no more
Japanese lab'orers may be sent to
Canada before Jan. 1,. 1909. The
greement specifies 400 as the limit.