Newspaper Page Text
N- OUR SC
fY PROF. WILI
'ggarly Salaries forTeachers. The
serrieeT OT aank cashier. of a b~ook
a carpenter and a school
a marKet valn'. The
:rI:et value of these services is
1:pon what the employer fels I
hm the1 emniploYed is worth to the
b:ae.s. Wh.t value have the p',o
so of oh Carolina put upon the
ervices of a white school teacher?
ast year the State paid an average
salarv of $67. a year. or $45.S al
month for a little less than six school
:ont as in the year. This salary is
lver even by the month than the
wzges of an experienced dry goods
samsman, or a comlpetent stenogra
pher. By the year. the salary of the
:eacher does not compare with that
of the unskilled carpenter. or
lasterer. or bricklayer. Almost
every town of 2,000 people in the
State ,ays. by the month. higher wag
es to its policemen than to its women
school teacers. Men teachers are
paid a little better. but beggarly
salaries have run almost all the men
out of the schoolroom.
-A- will be seen by the various
gu1res I have given. either men or
wo %en working in the cotton mills
and exer'cing less patience are
readily m1a0in: more money than the
average public school teacher."
August Kohn, in The Cotton Miiis
of S. C.
is it reasonable to expect the ser
vices of competent men at $60 and
$70 a month, and competent women
at Se1 and $40 a mouth. for a few
months in the year? The answer in
volves a very simple question in
economics. It has cost either per
son from four td six years in time.
and from $800 to $1500 in money.
to prepare himself to teach. And if
either is fitted to teach. his prepara
tion fits him for something decidedly
better pecuniarily. If neither if fit
ted to make more than S2G7 a year
in some other vocation, he is on the
high way to penury.
Why do our people pay no more
for teaching? Is it due to poverty?
There was a time when that explan
iion could have been given, but not
so now. We have on every hand too
many evidences of plenty and even
luxury to accept any such excuses
now. The real explanation is hard to
admit. These salaries represent the
vlauation our people place upon edu
cation. "By their fruits ye shall
know them." Our people rate the
education of their children when
they employ teachers. somewhat as
they rate their land when they visit
-the tax lister. Our people are well
able to pay better salaries, and they
will pay better alaries only after
they have come to appreciate the
value of better teachers and better
schools. Many of the praises of good
schools are mere lip-service.
Inconmpetena Teachers. To dis
discuss .this feature of our hools is
very distasteful, but it must be done,
and done fearlessly. Every well-in
formed 'person knows that our
schools are burdened with a host of
incompetent teachers, persons fitted
neither by nature nor by training.
Such teachers waste the money of the
children, ruin the children themselv
es, and diiscredit teaching itself. They
know nothing about what to teach.
and even less about how to teach.
* ime and again I nave sat in senoo?
rooms watching the blind blunder
ings of teachers plodding through
recitations without ever getting hold
of a teaching fact or a teaching prin
ciple, until my very heart ached in
sympathy for the children who had
to endure it all. Yet I have gone out
* from just such scenes to be told with
in three hours by some patron that
in that school they had a fine teach
er. The travesty of such teaching is
bad enough. but when the patrons
are pleased witty it. it becomes pathe
tuc. I can put my .finger on the nam
es or dozens of white school teachers
who could not to-day pass an ex
: nuination in the eighta grade in the
Cciumia city schools. Yet to these
incomp;etents are entrusted the edut
cation of children, and the people are
satified, and are paying to them ihe
* children's money.
I know teachers by name who go
to their schootrooms day after day
w ~ithout having studied a single les
stvu they are supposed to teach. Some
of them do not own a single book
that tney are attempting to teach.
How can such a teacher succeed?
If he has in hiig nothing of the stu
dent. how can he expect to inspire a
pupi! with the zeal of the student?
To snch a teacher the name of Spen
cer and Arnold -and M\ann are but
sornding brass and tinkling cymbals.
Some teachers and some patrons
hal'uk largely on the teacher's exper
ieace. Experience is an excellent
thing when coupled with other
'ualifications. but when divorced
from them. experience is to teach
ing precisely- what it is to the practice
of 2 dicine-it kills as often as it
Scholarship. studiousness, train
ing, and energy ar'e all .;necessary to
the highest success in leaching, iiut
there is another qualification which
far outweighs all these combined
manhcod: The personality of the
teacher is the first consideration. Is
the teacher a ble to take hold of thec
life of a child and gidi him upward
to the limit of the child's capacity?
.is the te'acher's life wvorthy of being~
reilected in the life of every childl hei
teaches? if not, he is inco-mpetent.I
WVill your teacher meast're up to this
WVhv are so miany inucomp.;etent
teachers cemployedi? There are sev
Eral reasons. Tihe one most obvious
ithat such teachers can he had
ceap. Most people wish to keep
open their schools a i'easonable length
c~ ie.and therittance inthe school
reasur~y 'vl! not employ a conmpe
s at vebl:r for long. Hlence. a plua.
us the horse-jockey wonid say, is
*tit in carrg" of the school. When
ever a schooel bot rd goes out to find
a clyeap tosa'hr. it succeeds in get
rin n cheV one in every seuse. If
c'man 'oe on i- noar e.t with0 seven
tv-v cents'- with which to~ purchase
a (ollar'. .article, he need not he, sur
*rised to get sboddy. A school board
nee n j xpct~ to get a $750~ 1each
,,r for . -'7. WVhy will not a S 8
'ae schoo! for $50i. 7 ip
- "ek -' h'.'To-day in Sothl C'aro
a, any uine:ent man~ teacher of
o yars'iperience can get a nine-1
JAM H. HAND.
tising for such. Why should I be
willing to teach your school for $5u
or $G0 a month for less than nine
months? When corn is selling in the
open market at one dollar a bushel,
will T offer mine at sixty cents-if
it is marketable? Does the school
board hunting a cheap teacher catch
However, there are other and more
serious reasons why we have so many.
incompetent teachers. There is thei
daughter of the local trustee who
iust have some of the school fund
with which to buy her clothes. What
difference does it make if she has
had no other education than thati
which she received in the very school
she is going to try to teach? What
difference does it make if she knows
no more than some of her most ad-''
vanced pupils? What difference does
it make if she never saw an educa
tional journal or a book on the art
of teaching? What difference does
it make if she is but eighteen years
old. and without a practicle of ex-i
perience in teaching or in life itself?
Then. there is poor widow Smith's
daugfiter. The mother is poor and
the daughter is in poor health, per-!
Maps. Really the community owes
both something. and the district
school is the easiest charity to be-1
tow. The uneducated daughter can
somehow drag through the recita
tions, and manage to keep the big I
boys inside the school house. She
get the school. and the people solace
themselves by thinking that they
have done "a might good thing."
Then, again. there is irs. Brown. 70
years o~ld. No one ever accused her of
lbeing educated. or in any other way
of being fitted to teach school. but
she taught school iust before the
war, or just after the war. Some
enemy to competence advocates her
election, re'marking that "She is a
niighty good teacher:I went to school
to her forty years ago; in fact, she
Ilarnt me about all I ever was larnt."
Mrs. Brown keeps the school house
open most of the time for six months,
draws $150 of the defenseless chil
dren's money, and the community
feels tranquat over its act of
pious gratitude. I hope that
I am not misunderstood in this last
example. I am glad to know that
some teachers At seventy years of
age, educated and vigorous, are able
to do effective work, even in the com
mon schools. Old age and misfortune
should be gracefully remembered
and cared for, but not at the ex
pense of the education of our chil
dren. Pensions should be paid out
side the school house, not inside.
There is yet a more serious reason
of so many incompetent teachers
more serious, because they are here
under the sanction of law. Hundreds
of incompetent teachers are in our
schools bcause of the vicious system
by wvhich certificates are granted and
renewed. I disclaim any intention
whatever of casting any reflection
against any set of persons, but under
the present system we need not hope
to get rid of inefficiency among our
teachers ot the common schools. Let~
us face the facts: Teachers' certifi
cates are granted by the county
boards of education, composed of the
county superintendent and two lay
members appointed by the State
superintendent upon the rec'ommen
dation of the county superintendent.
The county superintendent must go
every two years to ask the people to
vote for him. Many of the people
who help to elect the superinten
tendents expect a return of favors.
These superintepdents must sit in
judgment upon the efficiency of ap
plicants to teach school. We are,
some of these applicants? Sons and
daughters, brothers and sisters, of
mnen who helped to elect' the county
superintendent. Now, it would .be
an insult to intimate that any honest
county superintendent would violate
his honor by granting intentionally,
an unmerited certificate, but it re
quires no sagacity to see the unen
viable situation of the superinten-1
dent in such contingency. He ought
to be relieved of any such embarrass
It may be appropriate to give the
facts concerning a few cases of abuse
in granting certificates. The writer
knows of more than one teacher that
holds a first grade certificate. but
that has ne.ver stood any examination
whatever, though not exempt by law.
Another is the case of a teacher hold
ing a first grade c'ertificate for over
ten years, but stopped teaching long
enough to let her certificate expire.
Later she returned to teaching, and
on taking the examination failed tcl
make a grade high enough for any
certificate at all. Question: How~
did she get a certificate, and why was
it renewed from year to year with
out examination? Some county
boards have made such records for
uprightness in granting certificates
that any other county board feelsi
safe in renewing one of the former's
certificates: while a few have made
mt:h uenviable reputation in grant'
irg these certificates that no other
board is willing to renew a certificate (
isued by the former. These are un-1
Many claim that good teachers are
assured by accepting the diplomas of
reputabe colle-:es in lieu of examina
tions. This plan is faulty. hI our
:=Zton of the.. countr'y the term col- I
i::e has :no definite meaning; there t
s nmain:: by which one college can
'0 l-"li differentiatedl from -
other. Therefore all college gradua
tes arc accepted in the schools on
equal ternms. Itis~ a fact weil Known .
to all educators that a person may'
in the course of ten years not only
fail to improve as teaching grows
better. b)ut actually gr'ow inferior.
Besides, some college courses offer
teacher training, some claim to do so,
while others mat: no...claim at all.
Yet another 'eet must be taken
into account'- A student with verya
cor preparation may go through aifi
airiy reputable college, taking onlyi
academic wor'k, only to iiad himself
(amentably ignorant of' the common r
chool suijeet.s which he is required It
: teaeh. Tuec'st colleg.s and the
pupis from the best colleges are rhec
,ost w.iling to subm'it to examina- t<
was tor teahers' tprtificates. The f1
u'vior coloe acci its ::rariuar's ar t
wry muc'r opposed to thiese~ "xamina- d
.nos. No furrber comment is nec- a
The certification of teachers ought is
o be in the hands of a competent
OINTED CRITICISM OF TAFT AND
4-mwy Things With Rtegard to Which
Republicans Have Come to His
Way of Thinking.
William J. Bryan loft Lincoln,
1eb.. Tuesday for Chicago and thus
>egan a three weeks' campaign tour.
,vhich will carry him into the middle
Xest. the eastern states and back
:hrough the West into South Dakota
before returning home.
Perhaps no recent news afforded
:he Democratic candidate for presi
lent so much interest as the an
aouncement that Mr. Taft proposed
making a campaign tour. Mr. Bry
an regarded his opponent's decision
a distinct vindication of his course
in the present. as well as his two
revious campaigns. when he treked
ver the country and delivered sixty
When asked if he had any com
ment to make on the subject, Mr.
"Well. I am getting a great deal
of consolation out of the way the
:resident and Mr. Taft have been
doing. I used to be called hard
names because I advocated an income
tax and now the income tax has been
endorsed by the president and Mr.
Taft. I used to be bitterly denounc
ed because I favored railroad regula
tion. Now the president and 'Mr.
Taft have brought that reform into
popularity and I am no longer con
sidered dangerous. I used to get a
good deal of criticism because I fav
ored tariff reform, but now tariff
reform has become so u"gent that
Mr. Taft is willing to have a special
session called immediately after In
auguration to act on the subject. It
used to be that when I talked about
independence for the Filipinos I was
told the American flag never came
down when it once went up. Now
we have a Republican candidate for
the presidency who believes the Fili
pinos must ultimately have indepen
"But I have reason to rejoice over
the fact thatsome of the things Ihave
done are now viewed in a more
favorable light. When I made some
phonograph records in order that I
might discuss political questions be
fore more people, the Republican pa
pers ridiculed me and called it un
dignified, but Mr. Taft has lifted the
phonograph to eminence by talking
into it himseir.
"And now my greatest sin is to
be a virtue by imitation. Surely Im
itation is the sincerest form of flat
tery.' When I went out campaigning
in 1896 and 1900 they said it was
demagogic to run around over the
country hunting for votes. Now it
is eminently proper since Ms. Taft is
gcing to do it. and I hope the Re
publiegn papers will make due apolo
"They said in 1896 and I900 that
I was scared when I made speeches
from the rear end of a train, and I
was and the result showed that I had
reasons to be. I have been wonder
ing whether this explanation
would be given when Mr. Taft start!
out and whether the result will be
the same with him that it was with
"It is hard for us to keep our pat
ents from being infringed on this
year. I am afraid they' will try to
raise a campaign fund -by popular
Aged Veteran Commits Suicide.
At Birmingham yesterday Robert
Wiltse, an old veteran, shot himself.
After all, our bread doesn't faill
"butter side down" more than half
Those who think they have all re
ligion are the ones who most need to
worry whethe rthey have any.
Lots of people let their daily man
na spoil while they pray for butter
and and sugar to spread on it.
The abuse of worship as an end
does not prevent its value-as a help.
Better Prices Coming.
We believe that cotton will ad
vanc in price in a short time. Th~e
damage reports of the crop from all
parts of the cotton belt indicate that
the crop of 1908 cannot possibly
reach figures wnich the trade is ger -
rally expecting. The probability
of only a normal supply of raw cot
ton this season to meet the world's
denand for the next twelve months;
and fill the already depicted gaps in
exhausted supplies, should not only
:end to encourage farmers to stand
for good prices, but should advance
'he price of cotton even in the face
>f "Bearish" manipulationl. The
fort of foreign spinners, backed
> speculation, to depress the price
>f cotton to 8 cents within the thir
;y days, will fail. There is absolute
y nothing upon which to base a de
nand for such low prices, except
he selfish greed of those who mightf
>e personally benefitted under such
contingency. We look for cotton
: advance in price in the next few
THg Chicago Inter-Ocean thinks
hat "the Democratic party is show
g a cohesive tendency that is dis
So as to keep in the limelight
Roosevelt had a report sent out
hat some one tried to shoot him a
ew days sgo.
d with certain w.ell-defined quali
.caions. Sti!!. a man or woman may
as an eellent examination, huL
rove? a dismal failure in the school
oom. Such can. be t'liminated nl
brough a responsihb' aind comptetnt
upervisor. Until some: suchl ]'.n i
dopted, we amay make up our mindls
ri hain ch . hopl flhicd ith in
wnddl last yeair 2 hoinnin~tg in il
irc'on of rfor.m in '.hes'e mt-rs
'mmendable willines t.o ralke
ame action, but failed to do so.
Wi'liar:: H. Hand.
AFTER IT IS PICKED.
FAMD1E1ls LOOSE MILLIONS OF
1)OLLORS IWY TIE
Careless Handling of Their Cotton CC
After It Is Gathered and Being b:
Prepared for Market.
Every year cotton farmers worry
themselves aimost into nervous pros- bi
tration over the matters of seed
selection, excess of mois'ure, drought el
"firing," army worms. rust, boll wee- a
vil and a dozen other ills to whicl
the growing plant is subject. But
when the staple has come to maturity %1
and been harvested (in a more or 10
less careless and wateful manner.)
what do they do? This is the ques- d
tion propounded and answered by
the Savannah News.
Beginning with the picking and
running through to the final market
ing there is a tremendous amount uf
waste, roughly estimated to amount
to mose than a million dollars per
crop. The "clean" picker is the ex
ception rather than the rule. The
average picker, hustling to get out
the greatest number of pounds in
the shortest space of time, leaves
many ripe bols unplucked to take
the weather and drops other open
cotton upon the ground to be tramlpl
ed and lost. In hauling to the gin
houses' much more cotton is lost
through carcless handling. In gin
ning modern methods have made the
losses inconsiderable, which is also
true of bailing. But after the fleece
Is baled then follow the greatest and
and most inexcusable losses of all.
The bailing is not carefully done, in
such manner as to preserve the con
tents of the package in the best
possible condition. Tnere is no
stan'dard or uniformity in size of a
press boxes. no standar' of density
of compression and no standard rule
for covering that will keep out mois
ture and dirt and prevent what may
for convenience be called leakage.
The farmer will watch his growing,'
crop as carefully as he would a sick
child. and then, after the cotton is
ginned. permit it to be badly baled
and rolled out into the open to take,
the sun and rain as they come. 1t
is not an uncommon sight to see
hundreds, even thousands, of bales
of cotton "parked" in the open air
at a shipping point. the bales ragged
and unkempt. and without protection
against water or fire: and the same
sort of thing is true on a great many
farms. The producer seems to lab
or under the -impression that -his
duty to this crop ends when he has
got it picked and baled. He will see
he bales get soaked in a heavy rain
without "turning a hair," or he will
see the bales rolled through mud
puddles without entering a protest.
But if he were to see- a bug in his
growing -crop he would have a nerv-j
Bad baling inflicts a tremendous
loss upon the cotton growers every
year. It is unreasonable to suppose
that spinners will pay as much fora
bale that is dirty and wet and rotten I
on the ontside as the:y will for a hale
tthat is clean and dry. It is against
the very common sense of things
that they should do so, Indian cot
ton nearly always reaches the spin
ner in1 excellent condition. because
great care, is taken in the baling of j
it and the bales re always kept in .
good order. When the Indian bale
is broken open at the mill there' are
no 10. 20 or z0 pounds to be thrownC
out as unfit for spinning, as .i very
often the case with Americanl b,:ies.
Eflicienlt packing of cottomi of
course, costs a little more than poor
packing and enere is sonme exfense
attached re ** i""4tion of y heds.
~~t these added costs are, an the
long run, real economies.
The lost traveler acco':ted the
freckled lad astride the gate po t.
"Son'.ny. how far is i' irom iere
to the next town as the crow 1'. .s?"t
"Danno. m:ster. I -'in t no t' w." '
"Well, which is the best way to
Hit iany way you want, it ain'tl
got no feeling."
"Ttt tut. my boy: don't be so
facetous and tell me If 1 can make
thme next car."
"Hardly. It's alreamd~ made."
The" traveler frown~d a-"- removed S
tl-e pe'rspiration from his brow. t
"You appear to be a pretty smart !
"Not half as smart as my broth- -
"''i! Wh'lat made him smart?"
"W\'my, he fell into a yellow jack
Grand father or Grandmiot her. t<
A Brewer in Phiaephia mays t
that one morning be observed an h
unusually expansive smile on the t
face of the jovial Ge'rman who is Q
:oremnan at the establishment. An y
mteresting event had occurred at tl
tihe sonme of the German the night r
"I congr'atula3te you, Handfs.'' smil- 11
o.'y "aid the employer. "Of course a
thie newr arrival is a wonder?" I
"O course it is!" was the em- t<
pw" ie reply. "D's ba~by rgays more
oid fifdeen po' nds!- t<
"splendid: A-1 is it a boy or a a
"Py golly!" :he excla~imed in chag- tI
rin. "In der' excitemaen'- I had for- g
ge't to find out v'eddei I was a gr'au'd
adder or a grandmudder:"
Preparing to Gt Ev'en. i
"Yes," he said, "I wish to adopt a r
"A little girl?" tohee
"No. a girl old ,snough o ae n
er'gy and perseverance and one who 1
has had enough expeienre with tihe Iiin
piano to make her thin.k she knows Ier
how to play' it. Aid if The thinks
she can sing, why, so much the bet- jfe
tema T tell you. I amt goingr to get
even with the people in the !.exctiflt la
even if I have to adopt two musical bi
THE Galveston New.s thinks that
"Another thing needed in this hai
ountry is .iurica that will put the
an behind the gun behind the ~.
Prov'ing thr t"rokedm" of 'whlvr
i'ves will not stra ight 'i ""u r owni.
W\hen a mian brags of his erinare
'iealing look out for the sharp edges. PC
This 'x.orld is always godforsaken
ne thoa' who l-a-o norm'e the ~nne. h bi
SIMPLE DIAMOND T-STS.
wavary Pawnbrokers Have Been Do
ceived by Stone Fakers.
'"There are few persons," remark
a jeweller, "who are able to pur
ase a diamond on the strength of
eir own knowledge and observa
)n and without placing impicit -
nfidence in the man wtko sells tho
one. It is a fact that even pawn
-okers have often been taken in Ly
welry and percious stone fakers.
"Although it takes many years of
tual observation and experience
fore one can become a diamond ex
rt, there are a few simple tests
hich will considerably aid a buy
of diamonds. One test is4 to prick
needle hole throngh a card and
ok at the hole through the dolue
*If the latter is spurious two holes
ill be seen, but if it is a diamond
ily one hole will be visible. Every
aitation stone which resembles a
aniond gives a doable relection,
hile the diamond's refraction is
"This is a delicate test, 'because ft
difficult to see even a sharp and
flned object through a diamond.
he single refraction of the diamond
so allows one to determine an an
"If the finger Is placed behind it
3d viewed through the stone with
watchmaker's glass, the grain of
iO skin will be plainly seen if the
:one is not a dia:nond . But if it is
diamond the grai. cf the skin w.l
ot be distinguieed at all.
"A diamond iu solid settings may
& identified in the same manner. If
nuine the setting at the back can-.
ot be discerned, but if it is a phony
one the foil or setting will be seen.
*There is no acid which has any
erceptible effect upon a genuine
La mond. Hydrotiuoric acid. if
ropped on a stone made of glass,
ill corrode it, but wil not affect a
iarond one way or the other. A
-ained eye can see the hardness In
diamond, whereas the Imitations
ppear soft to the vision of the ex
he soldiers Monumed in theCilWa
ised in the U~nited States. it was
reted in 1866, and was dedicated
n ,July 4, of that year.
The Talue of Expectation.
A popular New England preacher
ays that if his sermon ever stretches
eyond the twenty minutes to which
e mteans always to limit it the words
f his little daughter ring in his ears
nd he reflects that some of his con
:regation are doubtless feeling as
he did on a memorable occasion.
Thme oiccasion was the little girl's
lxthz birthday,. which chanced to
em on Thanksgiving Day.
She went to charch with her mo
her and sat cinietly throughe the ser
ice. Tlhe sermon was uisually
:ooc'. theO minister could not helL.
hinig: he had plenty to'say, and
e s:id it fluently.
"Ho'. did year like my sermon?'
e asked his young critic as they
~aked' -bome togethe', her smial
.and in 3tis big one.
"You pveached awful long ?ather,'
aid the l~ittle girl. '"but I heared it
econe I love you. aind i knew l'c
ae a nice dlinner~ when I got hom<
d forget what I'd been through.'
A Care' for .easickness.
A chat with a hardy Breton fisher
Ian brought forth this novel cure
r seasicknfess. While tbe old mar
ild of the s':orms that he had bee
trough, the narrow~ esc'apes he har
md, and the long journeys he har
Lthen he was interrupted by' thi.
estion, "And seasickness? W'*r,
u ever,. sick?" "Never." rep!!e:
te old man. "and l'l tell you rh,
ason if' you like to hear--I nerec
et on any ship without takin~g i
ttle irror In my pocket. As sco
I felt the sick-ness coming or'
oked ini the glass, and all symu'
ems ~assed away. I got the car
-om my father, and I never knew
fail." The receipt is earily til',
id If it does not convince t!.
eptical there IS the consoiati'
tat no loss need be entailed 1:
.ving it a chance.-P T. 0.
What the Waiter Had.
"In Omaha," says a New Yorker,
tose business keeps him On t~e
ad quite a bit, "the general breezi
ss of the West Is shared by the
iters In the restaurants.
"A legal light of that town recent
entered r. restatcrant and w'as
inmediately approached by a wait
, who observed cheerfully:
"-I have deviled kidneys; pigs'
et, and calves' brains.'
'ave you?' coolly asked the
yver. 'Well, what are your tru
es to nme'? I came here to eat.' "
lHe hs no force with men v~h
t no faith in them.
1r's easy to get tangled up in
r h's ca t o ff c lothe5.
for much froim the bles.
WVhether life shall be desert de'
ids on the springs in your heart.
'here's one unfailing cure for the
WILL DINE. TOGETHER.1
BRYAN AND TAFVT WVILL BE IN
CHIEF GCESTS AT BANQUET.
Two Rival Candidates for Presidency eJ
to Meet at Same Board audi Ad
dress Sanwli Audience.
For the finrsi e in the aistory of
modern politics :N- nval candidates Jai
for the Presi':w.y of' the United of
Sdete 7:liU mee a. iie same board cai
;ud Addre::. the sainc :aiuL:ice. when I
Wm. H. Taft. Repubican, oL Ohio. SoI
and Wi. Jennings Bryan. Democrat. I
of Nebraska are to be the guests of po
honor at the annual banqcuet of L..e
Chic.gc Association of Commerce at tb
the Auditorium on the evening cf :M
This announcement was made Fri- I
day at the headquarters of the C ri
go Association of Commerce. which m<
organization already had secured be
assurances of the presence of the two an
Presidential nominees 'on different m,
days for the third Convention of the kii
Lakes-to-the-Gulf Deep Waterway de
Association. for which the Association
f Commerce will act as host. st1
Mr. Taft's acceptance 'Was obtain- to
.i b.y President Richard C. Hall, Vice bu
-rCient E. S. Conway 'and Secretary le,
T'. E. Wilder. of the Association, bil
who returned to Chicago from Cin- so
ini Friday. to:
The long-distance telephone figur- ca
ed fpro:ninontly in the negotations th
to secure the presence o Mr. Bryan th
;t the bnmquet. The invitation had ti<
ueen umder serious consideration by I
Norum E. Mack, chairman of the of
D'emocratic national committee. for cc
sonie time. and at a late hour in the br
ight he called Mr. Bryan, then at
Terre Haute, Ind, on the long-dis- st
tance telephone. Mr. Bryan was in
formed, as Mr. Taft had oeen, that ti
the banquet would be a non-political an
one. and that it would be held under h<
the auspicies of a non-partisan or- di
ganization. He readily agreed to at- u,
tend. The deep waterways project is
favored by the leaders of both par
ties and is not, therefore, a subject di
over which any political discussion H
There will be no- (uestion as to
which of the candidates will occupy b
the right-hand seat. It will be oc
cupied by 'Mr. Taft at the express tc
wish and with the full approval ofh
the Democratic -candidate and his
riends. Chairman - Mack declared
that Mr. Taft. as a recent member of
the present Administration, was p
clearly entitled to the place of hon- ti
r at the feast. The Ohician, there
fore will sit at the right-hnd of Presi
dent Hall. and the Nebraskan on the P
The meeting of the two candidates ti
will differ from the meeting of the C]
National Capital and in 'the State of
Iinois forty-eight years ago, when
Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A.
Douglas began their famous debates
by reason of the inhibition placed on 9
President Hall said that an atten
dance of about 1,000 persons was
expcted at the banquet. In addition
to the great banquet room of the
Auditorium, the romns adjoining on It
the ninth floor of the Fine Arts build
ng have been secured, and the whole
will be thrown together for the oc
Managed b)y Trust Magnates.
It is only necessary to consider
the persone! of the finance and ex- b
ecutive committees with which Mr.
present campaign to verify Mr. Bry-e
in's charge that the Republican C
arty is still in the hands of the
trust Magnates who will be allowed b'
to continue to plunder the people
should Taft be eleced. Amnong the
men serving on both committees.are
Wn. Nelson Cromwell, the personal
and legal representative of E. H.1
larrian and probably the most
conspicuos trust lawyer in the coun
try; Geo. Rumsey Sheldon. a Wall
street magnate and multi-million- t
aire; Federick W. Utphaxn, of Chica
go. a millionaire many times over;
Cearles F. Brooker, of Conrneeticut,t
broker and vice president of the N- er
Y. N. H. and H. railroad; Frank 0. mn
Lowden, son-in-law of Geo. Puilman s
and vice president o6f the Pullman dt
ar Company; T. C. DuPont, mnem- li(
er of the DuPont Powder compa- S(
y, against which a suit for its dis- ar
olution is now pending in the fed- lit
eral courts for the way in which it af
milked the United States treasury ci.
in powder contracts, and Bois Pen- vi
ose, the political heir of Boss Quay s
in Pennslyvania and the chief ma
nipulator of Philadelphia's corrupt bc
political machine. Any one who be- th
jeves that these men would favor a fa
revision of the tariff or any other Di
m easure that would benefit th t
maassesmust be simple minded. th
The Democatic Text Uook. ex
The Democratic Campaign Text s
Bok for the present year which has ihi
just been issu.ed, arraigns the Re- fli
publican party for its failure to:
give the country relief from the wi
burdensome tariff law and other Re- ha
pblican measures. It presents an it
array of facts and figures demon- pa
stating with mathematical precis- clC
in tie unfitness of the party in pa
power to conduct the affairs of the ha
nation ay longer. 5
The Democratic and Republican e
platforms are compared, plank by so
plank, and the emptiness or insirncer- ca
ity of Republican promises and pre- to
tensions are nmereliessly exposed.
A party which has been in pcsses- "E
sion of a~l tie methinery of t!'e mo: n
ernment for so many ::..'s da tna
indicts itself whe.: it ci de "Sr
to grave abuses w ie ar nown t o .
axist and yet have not h'-enl correct- a'i
ad. Presiert Rec''ve!t !: ;vint to C
ed out these aibuses im ima~y 1)
;ttance . an ever :r~ay he b~ tn
> prsalar..i, to secure the
:orrect'on of them. the fade remuaims h
:hat the party as a whole cannot beDe
viliin -, em . othelr'wise it would T
-e dn.- on1
THE WEST SAYS JAMES J. P
)nblicans Over-confident Uniess T
raft Workers Get Busy Bryan Will
Jarry The West.
* dispatch from New York says
nes J. Hill, chairman of the board a
the Great Northern railway, who P
ne to town on Thursday and is i.
ng back to St. Paul Sunday. made
ie interesting remarks to his 0
:Is in Wa! street concerning 1
Riel cov icns in the West. b'
:r. l Mid tihat the farmers e
-otg tie W Est have never paid a
ich ttntn to Bryan until tihe 9
zt year ur two. -but that .iust now
!. is a strong :sentiment among I
irrers. He said that the de- r
cratic vote thr6ugh the West will A
larger this year than ever before, a
I that if the republican campaign I
nagers do not put in the hardest
id of work that Mr. Taft may be t
He said that in some Western I
tes the republican politicans seem
be suffering from oVer confidence, I
t declared that- the democratic- C
ders are keenly alive to the possi
ities and may succeed in carrying
rme of the states that have here- i
ore been considered safely republi- I
n unless tle Taft workers roll up
ir sleeves and get busy. He said
at if the weather is bad on elec- I
in day this year-and the percentage
stay-at-homle republicans for that I
any other reason is large, the
unt of the ballots in the West may 1
ing some smrprises.
Mr. Hill was asked if oriental
mamship business is showing an inu- I
ovement. and he declared empha
ally that it is falling off rapidly
d is practically gone now beyond al
pe of recotery. He said that con
tions were such that it is almost
eless for American vessels to make a
ht for the oriental trade.
For this reason Mr. Hill said he
d not cred;:. the report that E. H.
arriman is considering the purchas
g of the Oceanic Steamship line,
vned by the Spreckels. He said he
ieved Mr. Harriman to be too well
formed on Pacific trade conditions
get another steamship line on his
The signs of encouragement are
)inted out by showing how thesen
ment of the people has been run
ng already. As the Text Book
Its it, Senator Fulton, of Oregon,
iked the people for re-election and
iey answered, "We want a
Senator Hnsborough - went to
orth Carolina and asked for re
ection, and the people said,. "We
ant a change."
Senator Kittredge. heard from the
ate of North Dakota, and theyx,
dd, "We want a change"
Senator Long r'eferred his case to
me people of Knsas and they said.
We want a change."
Senator Hopkins went before the
ople of Illinois, and two-thirds of
em said, 'We want a change."
The same sentiment is sweeping
me country everyyhere.
It is impossible to give in any
rief compass the contents of this
imiral handbook but it-should be
the hands of every- good Demo
at. It is a volume of three hun.
ed pages, bound in limp cloth and
in be secured for twenty-five cents
r addressing, ''Text Book Depart
ent, Democratic National Commit
e, Auditorium Annex, Chicago,
As the campaign progresses you
ill need it more than ever, and a
ore abundant treasure of Demo
atic argument and good doctrine
never been sent t betw een
The South and Republicans.
"Candidate Taft advises South
n Republicans to cease to be a
re orginization of political pie
ekers and to make efforts to in
ice Democrats to join the Repub
an party. In the first place
uthern Republicans, those who
e active in politics, would have
tle or no interest in political
airs if the hope of officee were
mitated. That part of Taft's ad
e, therefore, will not be taken."
ys the Nashville American.
'As to seeking recruits among the
tter element of the Democracy, e
at has been attempted, and it has I
led. Why should any Southern ~
~morat desert his party and join,
a Rtepublican party? Certainly
r'e is nothing in the character or
ord of the Republican party as it J3
ists in the South to induce any
f-respecting Democrat to desertj
owtn party and join a party of I~
'The South has had experience J~
th Republicanism. The experience D
Sbeen costly and the memory of
itter. Why shouid it aliandon a
:ty that has been comparative& e
an, capable and honest and join a
-ty that has misgoverned when it s
hal a chahce to govern: that it fr.
a L>ng time catered to the worst 1
me,ts. and that is now making
e eiorts to be respectable be
se it has discovered that it pays
The' Democratic party h as always
n ,spectable. Why shtould any1
a d ide to desert it for a party
t si:ddenly makes profession of
xc:ability? It is easy enough to to
:~ i:rofessions and promises. Thle
rehe..nded thief an robber isap
' that. Then what can the Re
!een party point to in the South
:is to its credit anid that it can
t to as argument why it should ho
Lon-.red and elevated above the ta
ARMY OF 100,000.
RESIDENT WILL RECO3MEND
INCREASE IN MESSAGE.
he Present Regular Army of the
United States is inadequate to Pr.
perly Guard the Forests and Posts.
President Roosevelt, in his finaI
anual message to Congress, this fall;
robably will recommend an fnrease
L the numerical strength of the
nited States army is on a footing
r 60,000 men, the number provided
)r in time of peace. It has become'
vident to the general staff two years
go that 60,000 men are too few to
arrison properly the pc.-ts at which
is necessary to maintain an army
>rce. These posts incfude the-gar
[sons in the insular possessions -of
.merica. The law provides that the
rmy may be increased to 100,000
ien in time of need.
This p:ovision, in the- opinion of
be military experts of - the govern
ient, is likely to prove a serious
andicap to the army if asolute
ecessity should arise for' a-largir
orce. It is pointed out that':the re
ruiting ef the army 60,000 to 10
'00 men would bring into theiervice
.n additional of approximately two
nexperienced men to every three ex
The injection of so considerable
force of raw recruits, it'Is sald by
ailitiary officials, would detrct. ser
usly from the efficiencyof. the army
t would require many MOths -oan
tructioin to whip into shape tie men
hus mustered into the' s'eviceanL
a the event that the army was needed
n an emergency, the preencef o
arge a number of inexperience sold
ers would prove a hndica to ti
It is pointed out thatai -osiderabl
orce will be required to arrio te
fortifications at Pearl narr in'the
Hawaiian islands An immense
amount of mcgiey is to be xpeudea?
n the erectionof the Pearl
fortifications andit s a i
Af army officials.that a
at least 2,000 men il
miaintained- there, in.dt.
-he works and in e
Rion by apossible
Just now there -are uppm
r0,000 Japanese in-th6 alia2 nIa
lands. In the -remote
between America and: ow
some other power--wiatlk i a
s on friendly.terasIt woulC b
possible for the eofl e sm
force of UnitedStates' O
in the H3,Wi isand e
supply the !Jaa nese
It is expectee
will recommen in-," aua ss
age an inease 4e the army- by
ddition of at leat ten eg
infantry, -vef regiments of/.. Valr
nd several companieSo coast -atlT
iery. Thiis ecdtanlildp
ed, would not morays h~rset~
force to the nnim tegh f.
the army vrovided y law bt wld.
meet .the reqirinents :hlh anbe- '
view of the general ~tf~ are neces
sary to piace the. army o
:uate footn. - T
Dreams of-golden streets wl -not
pass in place of deeds -f the gode
rule. -- .
MURDER Z SUNDAY SCHOOL
~oung Girl Stabbed While Playing
Hn on Oran.b
A special dispatch from Newton,
>. -C., says that emoniacil murder
vas committed near thaatjprace.ShnP
lay .morning, when -Miss- Wi~ie- -
Bullinger,:19 yearsidWws staibed
:o death by Lon-Riderniaged*21
1'he .girl was- seated- af then organ
>laying the closing hiymn at Sdinday
chool when suddenIyf Rader leaped
tross seeral benches and with :bis
iocket knife stabbed her once-enhle
Jack and. twice in the breasta She
lied almost instantly.
Rader was -arrested and is now in:
he Newton jail; Some months ago
:e was committed to the State in- --
ane asylum and in his raangs oftien
nentioned -Miss:-Bullinger's niame ---
tecently he was discharged from the.
ospital asi cured. -The -deed was
robably' prompted by. unreqnuittell
ove and seems to have been - well -
~lanned. as. the- knife -ued- was
ought new- the day before. In jail
?ader said he killed the girl "because
he was a witch. --
en. Wilie Jones, State Chairmnn
Has Announced Result.. -
Gen. Wilie Jones, State chairman.
aturday ree'eived the, last of- the
liicial retur~ns from the counties and
ras able to make up final statement
-ith reference to the results..
Thle majority for Caughman is
ut 553. . /
Following are the figures:
United States Senator:
no. Gary Evans'. .. .. ....39;498
.D. Smith.. .... .....70,43G
Superintendent of Education:
. E. Swearingen. .. ....61,379
. Rih-oadl Commissioner:
is. Cansler.. ... .. ..54,63'7
unks L. Caughman.. .. . . 56,1l90
Fires Still Unabated.
A dispatch~ from: tort William,
t.. says there is no eharge for the
~tter in the fire situation -in this
etion. The fire line now extetids
om Grand M'-arias to Chicago .Bay,
distanrce of 35 miles, and it is re
'rted that the camp of the Pigeon
iver Lumber company has been
-sroyedl. The fire damage in the
hite Fish - valley has been very~
Steamer JDestoyed by Fire. -
The steamer Peters Lee was des
>yed by fire at Memphis. Tenn.,
turday. She was beached in time
ornable all onL board to escape.*
The most singular thing about a
mn of genius is his estimate of
It is permissible to blow your own
rn if you are a member of a brass
Sometimes a woman cries over her
blar; to find something to laugh