Newspaper Page Text
- PAPER N
BY PROF. WEILLI
Poor Attendance--Even with in
sailicient funds, poor school houses, I h
short 3chool terms, and Incompetent it
teachers. the people may still show u
a commendable educatiilnai purpose s
by seoding every child to school i
every day the schools are in session. A
Mt:'i good may ',e got out of a verj a
inferior school, if the children at- E
tend it regularly and with the pur- e
pose of getting the most possible o'ut
it. How are the white children
of South Carolina attending thel a
schools? In 1907, tie white enroll-j
ment in the public schocls of the
State was 144,668, while the average
atrendance was only 103.304. The c
federal Ct'f5US taken seven years be- Ic
fore 900. gives South Catrolinla
fo .9 72 white children between the.
azs of 5 and 20 years, while our
lka school age is between 6 and
-1 years. It is safe to assert that
barelv sixty per cent of the white
children of the State are enrolled in
any kind of a school, and not over
forty per cent are in average atten
dance. In 1900, thirty-six per cent
of the white children between the
ages of 10 and 14 years were not
enrol ler in any school, public or
private. In the same year Massachu
setts had only s' per cent of her
white chillren of tne corresponding
ages out of school, Connecticut had
seven per ceni. and Michigan eight
In 1900, South Carolina had 54,
177 native white Illiterates over lu
years of age, only 792 fewer white
illiterates than the State had in
'S.0. thirty years previous. At the
same date Connecticut. with nearly
twice the white population of South
Carolina, had but 1,958 white illit
erates over 10 years of age. Again.
South Carolina had 15.643 native
white illiterates of the voting age:
Rhoie Island, with four-fifths the
population of South Carolina, had
just 550. We had 17,839 native
white illiterates between the ages
of 10 and 19 years; Michigan, with
twice our population, had 1,141;
Connectiv'Jt had 140, and Rhode
Island 100, Is it reasonable to hope
for the South Carolina of tomorrow.
with her load of helpless illiterates.
to cope successfully with those States
and sections which have freed them
selves from the bondage of igno'
rance? The day is forever gone from
South Carolina when a few highly
trained men of leisure could direct
and control the destinies of the peo
ple. This responsibility has been
shifted to the shoulders of the mass
es, and now we are forced to con
sider the training of the masses.
Only yesterday Hon. O. B. Martin
gave out this: "Several educa
tional leaders In New England frank
ly told us that they are spending
their monoy and buiiding up their
schools in order to retain and main
tain their industrial supremacy.
They realized that we have advan
tages and great resources In thle
Sath, but they propose to keep the
lead, if possible, through the power
of trained brains and trained hands'
Intelligence and skill will win every
time in every race. What is SoutL
Carolina doing to meet this open
challenge from New England?
Who are these South Carolina
white children not in school, and
why are they not in school? Same
are the sons and daughters of parents
themselves ignorant and unable to,
apprecIate or to understand what
education means to their children
and to the State; some are children
of fathers and mothers, greedy anl
selfish. who are more than willing
t.o make wage-earners and bread
winners out of their young untaught
offspring; a few are the children of
parents opposed to education, be
cause they have known some edu
cated scoundrels: a very few are
the children of parents who actually
need the labor of their children to
eke out a living, and many are the
children of fathers engrossed In ma
terial affairs and mothers recreant
to duty. Many of these children are
at work on the farm, in stores and
shops at a few cents a day, and in
the cotton mills making good wages
for children, while hundreds of oth
ers are roaming the streets and coun
try lanes-the training grouns for
idlers, vagrants, and enemies to law,
order, and decency.
STARTED TO BURY LIVE WOMAN.
Physician Finds that Supposell
Crpse was Not Dead.
At Ellis, Kan., the timely Inter
vention of a physican who was not
satisfied with the appearance of th2
body Tuesday prevented the buria!
alive of Mrs. Thonas Chapman,
sixty years old, who was supposed
to have died suddenly of heart dis
east on Saturday. The body was
prepared for burial, but was not
embalmed. The funeral was to have
taken place at 2:30 o'clock Tuesday:
afternoon. A few minutes before
the cofiin was sealed, a physiciaa
reriested permission to see the body.
An examination confirmed hIs sus-f
picions that the woman's body was
made rigid by suspended animation.
The woman was removed from the~
coffln, placed in bed and revived.
While her heart is weak It is believ
ed Mrs. Chapman wIll recover. I
They Must Worte.
At Columbis as a result of a war
On vagrancy and idle negroes the
police department Tuesday arrested
fifty rnegroes. Another raid will be
made Wednesday and it has been an
u.:uncsd that every one, white or
rlack, mnust work, show cause or
work for the city.
Military and Bands.
Arrangements are oeing made to
have grand nmilitary dey during Fair
Week. One of the biggest features
of this day will be the fact that there
will be seven g-ood brass bands in I
Colunibia at ~this time.
If we shoulid always reak the truth.
Thre'd eure~y bs a fuse;
As tusances 5npeakable.
Nobody'~t speask to us.i
t' rics s not na to do things .iust1
:o (e d0':. :r sa thing just t
DM H. HAND.
Two of the worst enemies to child
ood and youth are overwork and
!leness. Close confinement at man
al labor Is dulling, stifling, and de
ructive to the childhood; Idleness
poisonous and ruinous to youth.
.ttendance upon school may be used
s a corrective for both evils. The
tate, in order to protect at least
ne class of children against over
ork, has passed a child labor law.
arring some notable exceptions, the
bortiveness of that law is a common
est. To illustrate: In 1905. one
,f our city school superintendent-, ii
Est more than twenty pupils from a
ne school within two months. Ir.
ompany with one of the cotton mi
uperintendent of that town (a man
a favor of schools), the school su- E
)erintendent went from house to b
Louse in the mill village enquiring
or these missing children. In one fl
fternoon he located twelve of them, t
very one of them unlawfully en- a
;aged at work in the mill, though
,nly three of their names appeared S
n the pay-roll.
Now, the child of the lazy, greedy.
elfish parent is at work: and no'
n school. The child of the igno- a
*ant and indifferent. parent is neither
Et work nor i. school; he is idling. :
3oth children need to be educated'
he State needs both of the-; and 1
he State has already decreed that e
:he taxpayers shall establish and
naintain schools for both. There
-emains but one logical thing to do['
-compel the parents of both to send
:helr children to school. There is 1
Dut little logic in compelling peopi
:o pay taxes to support the schools 1
:hen permitting the parents of the I
children who most need the school:
eliberately to keep them from the
benefits of the schools. The poore.
the child the more is the need fr1
compelling his parents to send him
to school. Compulsory attendane. 1
laws are aimed at the selfish and in
different parent, not at the child.
Of what advantage are good teach
ers, long school terms, and fine
school houses, unless the childre*
attend the schools? In a recent elec
tion to increase the local school tax
in a district in North Carolina, where
they have recently enactel a kin'
of local option compulsory law, r
certain taxpayer made this declar.
'ion: "If you vote to compel t;e
children of this district to go tc
school, Increase my tax as yon.
please; if you are not going to put
the children Into the schools. I ar
opposed to any further tax." That
man's argument has no answer.
Some opponent to a compulscry
law says, "You have not enoug.
school houses and teachers to tak'
care of the thousands of :hildren
not in school." That argument iz
worthless, unless we are willing t.
admit that the white people of th?
State are actually unable to take
care of their children. Let sorie
philanthropist offer to aid Sou :
Carolina in matters educational
then you get an answer to that ques
tion. Will the school houses evet
be built or the teachers employec
until there is a need for them?
Would It be wise for a farmer to let
a $500-crop waste in the fields, rath
er than build $100-house in which
to store it?
The last argument of the oppo
nents to compusory attendance is
that it can not be enforced withomt
truant officers, and that truant of
ficers must be paid . Certainly. The
present child labor law of thIs State
Is a dead letter, because no provis
ion is made for its enforcement. And
the police of Charleston, Columbia.
and other places, have to be paid.
but It pays to pay them. We are
perfectly willing to pay an ofilcer
of the law to arrest little negre
boys In a 10-cent crap game, but it
is too much to pay an officer of the
law to see that a lazy selfish father
sends his child to school. We -are
paying today In actual money every
year five times as much in trioute
to the Industrial supremacy of New
England- and other sections, as it
would cost us to put every white
child in the State in school for si:-.
months in the year! What econ
omists we are! And what philoso
phers we try to be!
WILLIAM H. HAND.
University of South Carolina.
USES FOR OLD PAPERS.
Some Things They Can be U~used For
To fill cracks in wooden floors put
one-half pound newspapers in thret
quarts water and soak three aays,
theit add one tablespoonful powdere
alum and one quart wheat flour; stir
and boll until like calke dough; coo.l
and fill cracks. It will harden like
To fill rat holes use the above re
cIpe, but add, when cool, a liberal1
allowance of red pepper.
To make rat proof floors for hen
bouses use the above, mixing in one
uart of sand and gravel.
To dry shoes, fill with crumpl.ai
aewspapers, renewing as the paper'
absorbs the moisture.
To clean and polish windows, mi r
rors, etc., dIp papers in cold tea. t
To clean carpets, wet a newspapert
Lith ammonia and water; squeeze,C
:ear into bits, throw on the floor and
sweep from wall to the opposite side.
To keep fire all night In a range
tove or grate, lay a folded news
paper on the coal. In the morning
:he paper ashes will be removed
nore easily than coal ashes.d
Home Meal and Hominy. I
The Barnwell People gives this:
;ood advice: ' rjat home grown and .
~round gorn meal and hominy.
here are now In the State insane ~
isylum in Columbia about twen yh
tersons suffering with pellagra. an
tlalian disease caused by eatin~
osound meal. There have beei
hirty-seven deaths within the pastj
-ear from pellagra, which first crazes
.d then kills its victimes." I
Deadly Work of Snowstorm.
ix accidental deaths are trace2'ale
o a snowstorm that prevailed in
:olorado Saturday night and Sunday. p
sides. sven~ persons sustaIned so
iu. iritris in railmead colis-1
ions in coming in contact with
IME ONCE MORE
anator and Mrs. Tillman Landed
at New York Saturday.
ead by Hearst Are Important Fac
tors of the Campaign-He is "Glad
That the Light Has Been Turned
on the Conunercial Democracy
Gang" in This State.
Senator and Mrs. Tillman lande
t New York on Tuesday after arT
bsence of five months in Europa.
:e is greatly improved in health an"
ajoy'J. his trip abroad very much.
:e did not tarry long in New Yorl.
ut left for his home soon after he
Lnded. He crossed the ocean in the
ne steamship Kroonsland. He was
esieged by news gatherers as sool1
s he landed in New York.
"The Archbald letters that Mr.
[earst has read are the big thing
f this campaign and the one sub
act of interest on the other side,"
"I see that he got McLaurin. I
m not surprised. We were on to
IcLaurin In the Democratic wing
f the senate, and read him out of
he caucus eight years ago. He be
ngs with the corporation---controll
d senators and we told him so."
"I cannot but feel a little pity for
>enator Foraker," continued Mr.
illman. "He is an old man and is
,o worse than a good many of the
est of them-in Ohio, too, I might
,dd. He, of course, deserves what
unishment this expose will bring,
ut I hope Mr. Hearst will get the
est of them.
"No, I will take no active part in
he campaign. It is too nearly over
or me to bestir myself. The last
ession in Washington was the most
rying I have ever known and I was
most prostrated at the end of it.
do not want to waste any of my
Senator Tillman paused to engage
n repartee with a Philadelphian1
n the tariff question, and then said
:hat he would hurry to Washington
or a few days. From there he will
o to his home and rest until hi:
luties call him to the capital agal'
Tillman in Washington.
The Washington correspondent of
he News and Courier says Senato:
ind Mrs. Tillman arrived In Wash
ington Tuesday night en route home
When seen at his hotel Wednesday
morning, Senator Tillman was sur
rounded by half a dozen or more
newspaper men and other friends,
who had called to welcome him
home, and to get his views on th
Presidential campaign and other
Senator Tillman is naturally very
deeply interested in the outcome f
the P-residential election, and al
lough he has been absent, and no'
in close touch with the management
of the campaign, yet his gener-J
knowledge of the situation leads
him to believe that Bryan will be
the next President of t~he Uniter
3tates. He does not intend to ente,
'he campaign, but will rest from ha:
ravels, and be ready for the ap
oroaching session of Congress in D 3
To The News and Courier corre
pondent the Senator said that h
ad read the Archbold and McLaurli
lisclosures, and that the~ light haJ
been turned at last on .3the ace
and doings of the "commjercial De
-ocracy gang." With unusual vigo:
the Senator said: "What I woulc
like to know now Is this, 'what
newspaper in the State received any~
portion of that five thousand do!
!rs from the Standard Oil, and why
is it, the different detective editort
within the State have not taken the
trouble to ascertain what newspape:
supported the 'comercial Democracy
gang' and publish the list so tha!
the people could know who the ben
Continuing, he said: "Certal
newspapers have been very vigilent
in 'raking u'p past records. Now la
rem come forward and give th'
people the names of the bobtai:
papers In the State that were knock'
ing at the doors of the Standard
Oil treasury for 'lubrication.' HadJ
it not been for tlie unexpected death
of President McKinley It would b:
:lifficult to say just how much harra
would have been done to the Demo.:
racy of the State by the sleuth-lik
editors of South Carolina so long
is they were receiving 'substantiai
GREAT WHITE PLAGUE.
oome Interesting Facts Concerning
This Terrible Disease.
Some very remarkable facts were
>rought out at the International
Dongress on Tuberculosis recently
Leld In Washington. It was demxon
trt~ed that cne-third of the hu
nan family who die between the ages
f 25 and 45 years die of tuberculc
Is. Thus It behooves every man.
roman and child to be educate.1
.bou the "great white plague."
The convention from actual test.
.ecided that bovine tuberculosis was
ransmitted to human beings by
ubercle acilli in milk from tuber
uous cows. Here are some facts
hat are not generally known:
Deaths from tuberculosis in Uni
d States last year. 160,000; deaths
or 15 years of yellow fever '.n
inited Staes, 100,00f0.
Deaths from tuberculosis last four'
ar i United States (estimated).
G0.0; deaths during four years of
ivl war in United States in actIon
nd from wounds received in action
'ederal 110,000, Confederate 95,000
-total deaths 205.000.
Comparative death rate of tuber
uloss in the Ujnited States and
lack plague in India for 12 year;
1896 to 19. in proportion to :he
lopulation-the great plague epi
emic in India began in 1896:
Tbrculosis in United States per
,000 of population during the whole
eriod, 23 deatus: black plague in
idia, 19 deaths.
Dath rate, tuberculosis of lungs,
hite and colored population, in
nitd State, year 1906, per 1,001
,pulation: White 106.2; colored.
A poony lover does not always
FACING A CRISIS I
SHALL THE SOUTH SUtRRENDER C
$150,000,000 in Gold?
That Is What She Will Do if the P
Cotton Crop is Sold .at Present
The flippant way in which some
people speak of the present price 0
of cotton argues that they do not f
fully appreciate the gravity of the
situation. This is intensified when
they say that the farmers have put
the price of cotton too high and that s
it is now seeking its natural level. o
Such people leave the impression i,
that they are not looking beyond o
their personal interests and therefore
fail to see the stream of gold that
annually comes to the South from d
foreign countries in exchange for i
her cotton crop-this amounting to t
hundreds of millions of dollars, which
is the mainspring to all business
life and activity in the South. Cur
tail this inflow of gold and we a.
once crippel every industry in the
South. Augment it and at once the
electric effect is seen and felt in
every line of industry.
The price of cotton is today 2 1-2
cents per pound less than it was a
year ago. If this depresion of price
is to continue throughout the season
it will mean a loss to the South on
a 12,000,000 bale crop of $150,000,
000, a sum equal to more than ha.f
of the capital invested in the cotton
mills of the entire South; likewise a
much greater sum than will be
spent in the South this year for pub
These illustrations are given to
more forcibly illustrate the enormity
of the loss of the South, caused by
the present depression in prices, and
to endeavor to arouse a determina
tion among our people, irrespective
of vocation, that it shall not be so.
For the past few years the South
has been enjoying an unprecedented
prosperity for the cotton crop. It
seems that the cotton-buying world
has decreed that this age of South
ern prosperity shall not longer cou
tinue. As evidenc of this there was
during the summer a report sent to
the cotton factory centers of the
world stating the Southern cottor
crop would approximate 16,000,000
bales and the prediction made that
the price would go to eight and pos
sibly as low as 6 cents per pound.
Such a report very naturally demor
alized the cotton trade and eve'
manufacturer wanting to get in on
the ground floor was unwilling to
lay up stock, and so curtailed pro
duction and bought cotton from hand
to mouth ,continually looking for
lower prices. Another factor in de
pressing the price of cotton is the
closing of the Lancashire mills in
England. These mills are said t.,
represent half the spindle capacity of
that country; consequently their
closing will very materially affect
the price of cotton.
Hold for Better Prices.
Such briefly Is the situation. What
are the remedies? An easy question
to ask, but a far more difficult one
to ans 'er.
In my opinion, the first thing nec
essary is for the cotton farmer:
themselves to determine In all their
might and manhood that they will
not sell a bale of cotton at presenr
prces except to satisfy existIng ob
ligations; and then first endeavo
to store the cotton and get advances
on It to meet the necessity of the
occasion. As long as sufficient cot
ton to meet the requirements of the
mills is offered there will be no neerd
for them to advance prices. There
fore hold the cotton off the market
until the surplus is worked off. If
the cotton mill men can not sell
their goods they can not be ex
pected to buy cotton at its full value.
so the thing to do is to not offer any
cotton for sale until the trade wants
it at a price that will justify the
farmer to sell.
At the present prices the pu'ely
cotton farmers is making no more
money on his cotton than he was ten
years ago ,.when cotton was eelling
at 6 cents per pound. At that time
corn, meat, labor and other thin~gs
that the cotton farmer buys was sell
ing at but little over half the prices
they are now b-inging. Six-cent
cotton at the time multiplied mort
gages on the cotton farms of the
South. Notwithstanding the few
years of good prices we have had
have enabled most farmers to pay off
the mortgages then incurred, a con
tinuation of present prices and con
ditions will bring about a repetitio' ,
of those days. For that reason the
manhood of the South should bc
against low priced cottor,. It Is not
yet time for the South to assume thte
role of a philanthropist and sell cot
ton for a price less than the co-st of
production so as to furnish the worl I
with cheap cotton goods.
Do we want farm values t-- in
crease Instead of decreas~e? Do we
want factories of various kinds to
multiply and enlarge In the South.
Do we want to educate our children
and beautify our homes, Do we want
an air of prosperity all over this
Southland of ours, with new life,
vigor and activity into ever lin~e of
business, vocation and profession?
If so, let us without regard to vo
cation be a unIt, loyal to the South
and her every interest, and sa.ve to
her this $150,000,000 annually by
maintaining the price of cotton at
a remunerative figure so' that pro
perity may continue to smile on our
Let not the farmers be fooled an
other year by the s'r:n songs of
those who U-1l them the world will
take at good pricers all the cotton 1
they can produce; but rather let
them first see that their crops are!
so diversified as to insure each farm
er a sufficiency of corn, meat, and
other productions necessary for his
home consumption. Do vnat and the
cotton crop will no longer prove to
e a mill stone dragging us dlown
into penury and want.1
Ini this endeavor for better pr ices
let the merchant, the banker 'het
manufacturer and the professional
man strike hands with the farmer. I
for they, too, are unwilling; to see
the South deprived of the millions I
of dollars so necessary for her C
growth and development. The news- I
paper men, too, these giants of in- d
fluence and molders of public opin- a
ion, can do the farmers of the Sojut h ,1
a world of good if the:y will wage I
a battle for better prices for cotton
)TTON GROWERS INVITED TO
MEET IN COLDIBIA.
resident Harris, of the State Farm
ers' Union, Calls Meeting for Nest
President Harris, of the South Car
[ina Farmers' Union, has Issued the
"In order to have a ccnference on
ae cotton situation and to devis'
)me method for relief all members
f the Framers' Union and others
iterested in the raising of the price
f cotton are urged to meet in the
ourt House at Columbia on Wednes
ay night of Fair Week. It Is highly
aportant that there be representa
ives from all sections of South Car
lina and from all interests. This
eeting will be addressed by Sena
or-elect Smith and others. (Signed,
President S. C. Farmers' Union.
Senator-elect Smith was in Colum
'uesday and gave the following state
nent for publication:
"Now that the election is over and
ny enforced absence from any ac
ire participation in the fight for
otton at an end, I am in the work
o better conditions If possible, and
hey are possible. The present price
)f cotton is a reflection on the South
a small crop last year and- a small
rop this year have, or should have.
liscounted the effect of the panic.
Ead there been a normal crop last
rear and prices gone off on account
,f the panic it would have been nat
ural, perhaps, but with a small crop
at home and abroad, with no flatter
ing outlook for a yield this year.
present prices are nothing short of
a disgrace to the business man and
"Look at the price of corn, oats.
wheat, lard, meat and hay, to say
nothing of other commercial articles.
and compare these with cotton
Why didn't the panic affect them?
Besides, about two-thirds of the
American crop is sold in Europe. A
panic in America should not affect
the buying power of foreign coun
"It is said that goods cannot be
sold at present prices, or are not
being sold, because it would repre
sent a loss to the manufacturer. By
the same token cotton should not
be sold, because it represents a lost
to the grower. Because fifteen cents
was not realized last year is no rea
son why eight cents should be taken
now. It really looks as if the pur
chasing world was attempting to
whip the grower for revolting, after
four years, against their masters.
There is manhood and money enougdi
to stop this criminal :'oolishness an'
lack of confidence and common sense.
"On Wednesday night of Fair
week every man interested in a high
er price for cotton is asked to miect
in the city of Columbia, at the Court
House, to discuss the situation and
ioin the other States in stoppmg the
sale of cotton at present prices.
"I am on my way to Montgomery.
Alabama, where I will address the
farmers of 'that State, and will brine
a report as to what'-they and other
States propose to do.
"E. D. SMITH."
AFFNEY ELECTRICIAN KILLED.
Young Man From Michigan Touches
Live Terminal and Dies.
A young electrician named N. K.
Streter, while painting a switchboard
in the engine room of the Gaffney
Manufacturing Company Tuesday
morning, touched a live terminal
with his brush, with the result that
2,300 volts of electricity were sent
coursing through his system. He
only lived about five minutes after
the accident. The physicans say
tiat he probably had a weak heart.
The young man has only been in
Gaffney about two months and came
here from Michigan. He has .rela
tives in Ashville and the remains
were turned over to Shuford & Lam
aster, undertakers, awaiting instruc
'ions from his people as to their dis
position. The young man madei
many friends in Gaffney and his
death was a shock to all who knew
THE FARCE GOES ON.
Two Revenue Collectors Reprimand
ed for Political Activity.
A dispatch from Washington says
the civil service commission Friday
announced that after thorough In
vestigation J. H. Forlham, a deputy
collector of Internal revenue at
Orangeburg, S. C., has been repri
manded and suspended without pay
for fifteen days for participation in
the epublican State Convention at
Columbia. Robert A. Stewart, a
temporary deputy collector of Clar
endon County, S. C., has been reprz
manded. R. 0. Pierce, an employ o
,f the Marine Island navy yard, who
nnounced his candidacy of super
tisor in the 1st district, has been dis
charged from the service. Clyde
Knook. a letter carrier at Indepen
ence Kansas, who became candidate
'or the District Court clerkship. re
tigned from the postal ser-vice t>
or better prices, If these people
ould enter into the fight for better
rices for cotton with only one
ourth the enthusiasm they are giv
ng to the politics of the country it
could be but a short while before
>rices would be far above those off
The Farmers Alliance, the Farm
ers' Union. the Southern Cotton As
ociation should all join their forces
endeavoring to withhold cotton
rom the markets until a much bet
er price is offered. Let these or
~anizations suggest days for the
armers to meet at their respective
eeting places. and take action.
~ithout unity of purpose and unity
iaction we can not hope to accom
lish anything. But let not the con
itions we are striving for be brought
bout by the lawless night rider, nut
y 'orderly methods and by sanie
ople who have a vital interest in
outhern life, and Southern progress.
k GROOM SLAIN
ly Former Suitor for the Bride's
Hand On a Train
after Killing Her Husband, the Cow
ardly Assassin Turned the Weap
on the Bride and Would Have
Killed Her Had Not Her Uncle
Caught the Pistol.
A dispatch from New Orleans says
an her bridal tour, which had begun
scarcely an hour before, and seat
ed in a railroad coach almost be
tween her husband and a former suit
or for her hand, Mrs. Fred Van
Ingen Thursday night saw the flasb
of the suitor's revolver, felt th-.
sudden grip of her husband's hand
as the bullet killed him, and then
turned and fought for her life.
When the girl appeared about t>
become the victim of the second bui
let from the revolver her uncle, a
man with gray hair, but strong and
cool under the excitement, rushei
and thrust his thumb beneath the
hammer of the revolver, jamming
the mechanism and rendering the
This was the story which the other
passengers on the Texas and Pacific
"cannon ball" told when they reach
ed New Orleans Friday, but the
principal actors in the tragedy, most
of whom are connected with Louis
iana's leading families, have so far
refused to discuss the matter.
The former suitor is F. S. Beauve,
of Plaquemine, La., at which pla :
he was taken from the train and
placed under arrest. The unfortu
nate husband was Prof. Fred Van
Ingen, a prominent teacher, of Alex
andria, La., and a relative of former
-Governor Blanchard. The bride is
the daughter of James M.~ Rhorer,
one of the leading officials of Iber
ville Parish,' residing at Baton
Rouge. Beauve is 24 years old and
Van Ingen was 23.
The wedding took place at Alex
andria. Beauve was in town, having
arrived there, it is reported, on the
same day as Miss Rhorer. When the
bridal couple left for New Orleanh
he boarded the train also, and after
a time sat in a seat where he was
facing Mr. and Mrs. Van Ingen
with the bride between him and he:
Other passengers say Beauve talk
ed with the bridal couple just befos
the shooting and that his manne:
appeared cordial. It was at first re
ported that he congratulated them
but this was later denied. The young
woman's hand was in her husband"
I when Beauve suddenly drew his re
volver and fired. After being dis
armed the young man quietly sub
mitted to arrest.
COTTON MEETING CALLED.
Governor Ansel Asked to Name Del
egates From the State.
President Harvey 3ordan, of th.
southern Cotton Association, ha
written Governor Ansel requestin;
that the Governor appoint delegate
from every county of South Carolin:
to the Cotton Conference, which Mr
rordan has called to meet In Memh
phis on November 10, 11 and 12
Governor Ansei is also urged to at
tend the Conference in person
Chere 'will be a conference of th
same kind in Columoila during nex
week at the call of President B. Har
ris, of the Farmers' Union. Mr. Jor
dan's letter is as follows:
Augusta, Ga., Oct. 21, 1908.
His Excellency, Governor of Sout:
Carolina.-Dear Sir: In response t
requests from all parts of the Sout.
I am calling a mammoth Cotton Con2
ference of farmers, ginners, bankers
:nerchants and allied business inter
ests to meet at Memphis, Novembe
10, 11, 12, 1908, for the purpose o
securing general concert of actio:
throughout tne douth along busines
lines to advance the price of cottoa
at least ten cents per pound.
You are undoubtedly interested i1
a movement of this kind, and
would greatly appreciate the officiaL
appointment by you of delegate
from the various counties in you.
State to attend this Conference, an<
I further extend to you a most cor
dial invitation to be present yoursel
and take part in the deliberation:
of the Conference.
I would be pleased to have a lis
of your appointees so that propes
literature can be sent them, giving
information and particulars of the
United concert of action will sterr
the tide of low prices and do much
to check the -present serious situa
tion in the South and advance price.s.
CHESTER NEGRO A SUICIDE.
Aged Plantation Darkey Cuts Hi'.
Throat With Razor.
James H. Heatherington, an aged
negro, living on Mr. J. B. Atkinson'.
place, near Armenia, Chester e:ounty.
Monday committed suicide, a thirng
few negroes do. Heatherington was
an industrious and respected negro,
and 'w' gett'ng along as well na
usual this year, but someh.ow became
worried about the outlook, with the
result that his mind became affected.
A few days ago he told mis daughte:'
good-bye, and since then in conse
quenee, his actions had been watched
so as to prevent him from taking
any rash step. Monday morning,
however, he got hold of a razor, and
stealing off into a nearby thickett,
cut his throat. Coroner Leckie helid
an inquest Monday afternoon, with
Mr. Harrison Grant as foreman of the
jury, the verdict being that the de
ceased came to his death from r'"
Kills Two Otficers.
Charlie Mitchell, colored, shot and
killed T. L. Peek, bailiff, and C. F.
Argo. a yourng white man. Suaday
morning about 10 o'clock at his home
a~b t 1 1-2 miles north of Lithocia
Ga. and brurally beat C. S Jlliott,
The only bai
der made fr
Imitation 'oaking powders
mineral acids and Ic
DR i. H. CARLISLE
HIS MARVELOUS nFLUENCE ON
Possibly the Great Business of Teach
ing May Get Some Hint From
This Simple Store.
If you were to go to the town of ".t
Spartanburg, S. C., says Worlds t
Work, and spend an evening in the C
house of any man who lives there. s
the converation would be sure to 1
turn to Dr. Carlisle; and, if you
should happen to go to the home of I
any one who has a direct personal
interest in Wofford college ,which
is situated at one end of the town, i
the chances are that most of the I
talk of the evening would be about
Dr. Carlisle. If you happened to be
at the college at a commencement
time, you would hear a reverent ani
affectionate allusion to Dr. Carliste
in every public address, and
you migh see every class
that comes back to its reunion
go to his house in a body
to express their affectionate obli
gation to him.
And who is Dr. Carlisle? A man
who went to the college as a teacher
of "astronomy and moral science"
in 1854, when it was founded, and
who has been there ever since, a
part of the time as teacher, a part
of the times as president and again
as teacher. He still meets his clasb
es once or twice a week even at his
advanced age. Doubtless neither
philosophers nor astronomers regard
him as a great contributor to their
Clepartments of learning. Yet it is
doubtful whether there be an astron
omcr or philosopher at any Institu
tion or in any 'community in our
whole land yho has exerted so strong
an influence upon the young men
who have come in contact with him.
They do not say that he taught them
astronomy or that he taught them
philosophy, but they do all bear
testimony to his giving them in great
er measure than any other man a
right adjustment to life and a moral
uplift-a kind of influance that the
.oldest of his pupils, who are now
themselves far on in middle life,
remember with an affection that has
grown since their youth; and,
throughout the area of the college's1
Influence, men and women say, "We1
must send our sons to Wofford col-'
lege because Dr. Carlisle is there."
He is now an. old gentleman, of
great dignity of character and o'
speech, of wide if desultory reading,
but not of the modern type of schol
arship. He is not an orator, and1
yet, until a few years ago, he had th3
habit of delivering a public lecture1
once a year or oftener in the towni,
iand anybody who did not go to hear <
him lost standing in the community ji
by his absence. These lectures were I
lay esrmon, but everybody received I]
them as a sort of half-Inspired de- I
liverance. ?te has never held a pub
lic office, except that he was a mem
er of the Secession convention in '
South Carolina and is the only sur
viving member but one, and he is x
said to have called this adventure r
a piece of boys fcolishness. He was e
never a preacher, but always only b
a teacher, and what he taught best a
was neither science nor literatura, 'I
The story is told of a man in 3
Texas who met a visitor from Spar- P
tanburg. The first question he asked ri
was, "Do you know Dr. Carlisle?" e
"Yes,"' said the other. "Are y0-i h
going back to Spartanburg?'' I
~Yes." "Well, I wish you would pl
give Dr. Carlisle by most affection- fl
ate regards, remind him that I was vi
dismissed from college for miscon- a;
iduct in spite of his effort to save e
1 e, tell him that I came to Texas and g S
for several years I tried my best to m
o to the devil by various roads, but el
that I did not succeed, because before bi
: got far I always saw his finger h
> inted at me and heard his voicet
nd they restrained me. He may be
iad to hear this."
Possibly the great businessof<
teaching may get some hint from
this simple story.*
Look for Them. SI
The Columbia State says: "Those1
:hat stay up very late and those Al
that rise very early should take
alook at the eastern heavens about He
half-past one o'clock in the mornin.
They will see there one of the most YI
beautiful. and spectacular sights thatx
our skies ever afford-Jupiter and A
enus, the latter unusual brilliant.,
in cos4 cojjunction. Take a looirkA
at the vision; for it is unforgettable
by any one that sees it.' * YE
A ainnamoR dog Is Rot the only I E
lnd that has both hark anii bite.
are made trom harsh
ave in the food
WANT HIM TRIED
EGRO LETTER CARRIER AT.
aikely to Cause Trouble Unless He Is
Removed, Because He Wrote 0..
ter to White Lady.
A special dispatch from Spartan
urg to the Columbia Record says
here is likely to be a pretty .post
ce mess there unless J. A. 'An dor A
on, colored, who was recently ap
>oitned substitute letter carrier In
he city, Is removed. Shortly 'after
Anderson was appointed by Poat
vaster Poinier the Spartanburg
Fournal published an article to th
affect that Anderson was formerly:
n the postal railway service anadha
yeen removed on the charge of writ
.ng an .improper iletter to a white
oman. 'The officals- in charge - of
he postomce were informed of the
:harge against Anderson, but no
teps were taken so far aS is known
;o find out if the charge 'as true.
Last Friday night week a colored
Sporting house was raided. and for
;een ,colored gamblers were, arrested,
md among. those taken -.n by the
polce' were a colored minister and
T. A. Anderson. The 'latter begging
he police not to give out his name to
:he reporters, saying that If his same
was'published in the-papers $t-would
Prt'him, as'he was in the poet
>fflce service. Anderson was to take
ut his route and he -hustled and not
onme one to put'up ball forr-him, so
:hat he might sicure his release and
deliver his mail on time; but, it
is said, he failed to .secure ball in
t~Iue and many people receive4: late
- Many patrons on Anderson s -route
ire said to . have made 'the remark
:hat they did. not intend to allow him
o0 come to their door, believinim
o be the ma'n who was fired
~rom the postal service for writing
mn. Improper letter to a white 'woman.
Inless Anderson' Is removed, and a
white man appointed, there is likely'
to be trouble for it Is said that
:he clerks In the postoffice endeavor
ed to keep Anderson from being ap-p
pointed, informing Postmnaster. Pon- -
er of the charges against-AndersonF
Took Taft at His Word.
There are several pearl buthn fac
ories at Muscatine, Ia. The hEr
ons are made from the mussel shells
ound in the rivers round about. lbi.
yrder to protect the pearl button.
ndustry there Is a very heavy tariff
n pearl buttcns. But there fs noth
ng 'doing in 'the. button line, In
kuscatine just now, nor has there
yeen since Mr. Taft spoke -ther. a
ihort time ago. The employes of the
>utton factories were given- time'
dif to hear Mr. Taft and he'
:ongratulatid them on the' fact
hat they had been, able to
told their places because of the
irotective tariff on mother-of-pearl
nanufacturers. He also told them
hat because of this tariff their wages
Tere still being paid undiminished.
his .was a surprise to the employea
rhse pay envelopes were -sadly di
ainished last November by a radical
eduction In wages. When Mr. Taft
oncluded the button makers went
ack to the factories and demanded
restoration of the wage scale.
hey backed it up with the evidenee
f Mr. Taft's argument-and wasn't
r. Taft the candidate of the em
loyers? The employers refused --o
store wages, and 500 button malt
r's went out oni strike. Several
undred more threaten to strike
i the meanwhile the em
oyers who profit go much
om the protective tariff ad
cated by Mr. Taft have organizea
id subscribed to a pledge not to re
nploy any person who voluntarily
Le up his place to enfocre -a de
and for something that the employ
's' candidate said they should have
~en getting all tlie time. Clearly
r. Taft ought to return to Musci
2e and square things.
>mewhere-dear hands shall clasD
our own onoe more,
ad hearts that touched our hearts
long years, before.
tall come to meet us In the morn
ad tliere, at last, our souls shall
w, though He hid His meaning
from our sight,
t God was always true and always
d how, though smiles were* often
changed for tears,
ong this tangled patbhway of the
t enly -se these lives of yours and
e eaucght the likeaess of the IfE.