Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIII MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1908 NO.14
insurance Commissioner Lauds
Mutual Fire Insurance Cos.
DOING A GOOD WORK
He Says These Companies Have
Saved Hundreds of Thousands of
Dollars to the State and will Final
ly Furnish the Very Cheapest In
surance to Our People.
Columbia, Nov. 10.--Insurance
Commissioner McMaster -yesterday
made public that part of his report
to the Governor referring to tl'e
mutual fire insurance companies of
the State, in which he says:
"In the statistical part of my report k
will be found statements from a s
number of mutual fire insurance com- s
panies. The majority of the comp:- g
nios have been chartered under the
'Mutual Protective Association' Act.
Some few, whose charters antedated a
this Act, have their organization
"under special Acts. The statements n
of these companies are remarkable i1
in a way, and the lessons to be Iearl- I,
ed therefrom are most encouraging.
"I believe these companies show w
the way to secure insurance at low- ti
est possible cost, and point out the tl
means whereby all money in ex- d
cess of actual insurance cost may be a:
kept at home, and in the pockets a:
of the people. Operated heretofore o:
without supervision, and without
that help and encouragement that la
should come from intelligent exam- f<
ination, the success of these compa- tt
ates has been truly remarkable, and g;
they tell a story of honesty and tra- ti
ternity that entirely overshadows the ti
failures of the few, which have been a:
engaged in similar work, chartered
under the same Aet, but whose field R
of operations extended over the 0
whole State. c<
"It is the rule and not the excep- d,
tion that where these companies
have confined their operations to it
the county in which organized, or .. o'
that county and one adjoining coun- u
ty they have proved successful. This a1
hag been due to an appreciation by is
the olicyholdere that they were in
.ur as well as insured. They h;
have afforded protection at a remark- is
ablly low cost, and I believe have n,
taught the true principles of insur- is
anee, I. e., simple indemnity again3t it
loss, and not speculation on fire le
risks, as nothing. _else could or would a:
have done. Such institutions must $:
raise the moral tone of the commu
nlties in which they operate, and d,
clearly they raise to the highest w
standard the 'moral hazard,' that it
bane of fire underwriters. n<
"The statements of these compa
nies are the more encouraging since a:
they show the cost of insurance both h
IR town and couu~try
"Fieven of the companies have ri
confined the-ir operations practically u
to the country, four have their in- w
surance entirely 'in the City of f<
Charleston. As will be seen front
the statements, the cost of insurance a
-has varied practically from about 3?. a
cents per $100 to about 80 cents B
per $100. fl
"Without- meaning to make any p
Invidious comparisons, for there are e:
others which have done probably just ci
as good work, but because of Its g
age, and the experiences through s1
which it has passed, the Carolina h
Mutual Insurance Copipany, ot
Charleston, Is deserving of special o
note. This company is now in its li
fifty-eighth year. It stands today a
with a clean record-all losses paid i
and $130,"00 of cash ano invest
ments to its credit. This company
passed through the great fire of
38831 in Chanrieston. It paid its
losst's in full, and the loyalty of its
members who, with almost one ac
cord., met their* heavy obligations
then has been fully repaid by the
savings th'e company has af!srded C
'them since. I am informed that
this is the oiost mutual fire insur
ance comp~lfy in America today.
"The Czrolina Mutual and its fel
lows, the H-ibernian Mutual, the
Cermania Mutual and the Merchants
Mutual, all of which confine them
se'lves to the City of Charleston.
*h?ve been the moans of saving. 1
le:lieve, without exaggeration. hun
creds of thous:ands of dollars to the
citizens of Charleston.
"There are certain amnendmns
which I believe should be made to
1he Mutual Protective Association
Art. The spirit of mutuality should
he~ mphasized by making more spe
cific the annual meetings of the poli
cy-holders and the election of di
rectors by the policy-hoidtrs, re
qutiremenfts for stated meeting of
the direcer5, who should be repre
sentativ'e of the territory covered.
and the number of whom should be'
proportionate to the amount at risk.
"The terms of the Act shouild he
extendtd to permit the organization
of mutual companies ipsuring live
stock, erops and probably health and
accident, casualty and liability."
The companies which have confin
ed themselves practically to one
county, and the disbursements, in.
chuding losses and expenses for one
"ear, and the amount of insurance
carried by each are the following:
Abbeville-Greenwood Mutual Fire.
of Abbeville. amount, $1.541I.93 I.
and total disbursements last year,
Anderson Mutual Fire, of Ander
Carolin1a Mutual Insurance Comn
pany, of Charleston. S4.404,090.gndi
totai disbursements last year, $8,
Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance
Cctmpany. of Gaffney, $509I'.000.
Farmers' Muturl Insurance Asso
ciation, of WValhalla. $280,00O.
Farm rrs' Muttual In sutran cc Asso -
cia;ionn of Newherry. 837.% an-1
BIG BAMBERG FIRE
COTTON OIL PLANT PRACTICAL
LY WIPED OUT.
Two Freight Cars and About Twenty
five Bales of Cotton Also Destroy
ed-Overcome by Heat.
Bamberg, Nov. 19.-Another dis
strous fire has visited Bamberg and
:his afternoon the splendid plant of
he Cotton Oil Company, at this
)lace. is in ashes.
At about half-past twelve o'clock
oday fire broke out in one of the
)resses of the ginnery. How it got
here no one knows, but, the gins and .1
iresses being in motion, the flames t
pread to every part of the build- .
ng in the twinkling of an eye. S
The distress signal was sounded f
y the whistle and the fire bells ;
ounded the alarm, but before as- r
istance could be rendered the whole i:
innery was in flames, and the heat i
,as so intense that no one could u
pproach near enough to the build- c
ig to combat the fire or even to re- r,
rove several bales of cotton belong e
ig to patrons of the ginnery which 5
Ly In front of the buildings. o
These were consumed together
ith the ginnery. From the ginnery
ie flames leaped to the seed house, c,
fence to the office building in one n
irection and the hull house in
aother, and thence to the oil mill
ad finally to the meal house, all m
which were completely consumed. r
The only building of the plant n
ft standing is a small house used c
r storing seed cotton. Three oil Ir
ns, containing several thousand p
llons of oil, also escaped destruc- ti
on, though it looked for a long d
me as if an explosion would occur t
A side track from the Southern a
ailway is built out to the mill. h
n this two cars--one loaded with d
>al and the other with seed-were b
During the fire Mr. G. Moye Dick- i'
Lson, assistant manager, became w
rerheated and fell to the ground n<
aconscious. He was immediately of
:tended to by friends and pnysic- tv
.ns, but came near losing his life e<
The loss is one of the heaviest that tI
s ever visited Bamberg, and there p]
serious doubt as to whether or 01
t the plant will be rebuilt. It
estimated that the loss on build- sc
cgs, machinery and stock Is not oc
ss than $75,000, while: the inslir- w
ce is now thought to be only it
Mr. W. M. Brambham, the presi- e:
ant and manager, was at Denmark u
hen the fire occurred. but came s'
by private conveyance this after- o
)on and is using every means pos- w
ble to make the salvage on meal SI
ad seed as great as possible. He t!
as been eminently successful in
anaging the mill, ar-d It is greatly g
gretted that this disaster has come w~
pon the company just at a tim'e tl
hen .the prospect seemed brightest A
>r a profitable year. . e
The Cotton 011 Company also owns tI
plant at Denmark which is ope -- tu
:ed under the management of Mir. a
rabham. Whatever seed .is saved
'om this fire will probably be shipi- ti
ad to that place and crushed. Sev. e:
al partons of the ginnery lost sonte d
>tton that had been left at at the I<
in, and on which there was no in- p
irance-twenty or twenty-five bales it
aving been burned. t1
The heaviest loser was an industri- Uz
s colored man. named Kelly Wil
ams. He had six bales at the gin g
ed. only one was saved. The less tf
lls heav ily upon him. . *
SERVED HI RIGHT. s
oung Lady Shot and Killed Her
Kansas City, Mo.. Nov. 16.-Miss
'orinne McCo~wen, 20 years old, ar
lerk in a confectionary store In this'
iy. shot Newell Ilower. a negro.
turday, and he died in half an
Miss McCowen was alone in the
ore in Westp~oint avenule, when
Tower entered and asked for a cigar.
\hen she placed some cigars in:
rnt of him. it is adieged. he tried
o sieze hzr she caught up a revolver
Lfnd fired five shots at close ra~nge
wo of them taking e~feeet. It w-uI
he negroe's fourth visit to the~
*tore withiin a few hmrs. After
iis third call. Miss MiCcwon got r
itcol and ltaut it within eaer reach.
otal dishursements for last year.1
Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance
ozpany, of Union, $33S.000, and
oa! disursemnrts last ye'ar, $1,
Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurane
Smpany. of WXinnishoro. $2iW0.000
Farmers' Mutua.l Insurance Asso
clation of Ohester. $375.00. and
Cotal dishursements last yea
Farmers' Mutual Insurance Coum
pany, of York. $751.125. and total
disbursements last year $2.617.74.
Gerania Mutual Fire Insurance
Compay. of Charlhston. $l.123.950,
and total disbursem'ents last year.
Hibernin Mutual Fire Insuirance
Company. of Charleston. $1 .E47.800h.
and total disbursements last year
Merchants' Mutual Fire Insuranie'
Company. of Charleston. S234.4 65
and to:ai dirlhnrsemnfts last *ym-P
Farmers' Mutual Insurance Ase)
cition of Hartsville. $Z65.030. and
total disbursements last year.
Pee-Dee Mutual Fire Insuranc
Association, of Mullins. $34907:.
and total disbursements last year.
Reaps Awful Harvest in a Brook
lyn Street Friday.
atestrophe Caused by the Ignition
of Gas-Leaking Pipes, Admit
ting Flame, Responsible for the
Disaster-Fire and Geysers of Wa
ter Spurt in Air Through Debris.
New York, Nov. 20.-Twenty-five
persons are believed to have lost
heir lives and an explosion of gas
rhich tore up a great section of Gcld
treet, Brookiyr., today. It is de
nitely knovwn that 15 persons were
uried under the hundreds of tons
f earth and timbor that were thrown
ito the air by the explosion, and
0 more persons are reported as
iinsing. The exact number of dead
in not be determined until tomor
,, for those working to recover the
atomibhd bo'lies m",t did th-ough
0 feet of dirt, rock and a tangle
pipes and timbers.
Tne expl sien occLrred in an ex- I
tation 50 feet d-rep that hid been
ade in Gold street between York
ad Front streets, where a water
air was being laid. The gas main
cently sprung a leak and in -
anner unknown a spark came in
)ntact with escaping ras .today.
nmediately there was a terrific ex
osien that lifted the surf-:ce of
o street for half a block in both
rections and hurled dirt, paying
ones and debris into the air.
When the smoke and dust cleared
va it was seen that the street
td been opened from doorstep to
)orstep over an area of nearly a
ock. The loosened earth and de
-is had fallen int-> the eznavation,
tryini the score of laborers who
r-e a- work when the accident he i
md. Treat tongues of flames shot
it of crevices in the street aid be
reen them geysers of water spurt
into the air from a water main
at had been shattered by the "c
o:ion. Two bodies were sticking
it of the wreckage.
Gold street was j rowded with
shool children when the explosion
curred, and that scores of children
ere not killed or injured was re
arkable. A woman and three
ildren were almost opposite the
cavation when the earth crumbled
ader their feet and they were
rept down into the hole under tcns
wreckage. Two other children
ere on the opposite side of the
reet when the street caved in and
ter lost their lives.
Samuel Trout, foreman of the
Lng of laborers who were laying the
ater main, was near the women and
ree children who lost their livesi.
s he felt the street tremble he rush
forward in an endeavor to save
iem, but he lost his life In the at
mpt. Trout's body was roasted to.
Only four of the men working 's
e excavation escaped and their
ape was remarkable. They were
gging near th'e opening of a four
ot sewer and the force of the ex
osion blew them to the entrance of
.Arthur Strand was hurled far
ierest and he pulled the other threc
ten after him.
Water from the broken main be
an to pour into the sewer and the
>ur men, in danger of being drown
L started to run toward the river,
'here there was an outlet to the.
The explosion shook houses for
ceks around. Thousands of per
-s were attracted to the scene.
Wmnlivinug in the neighborhod.
-hoe children had bee~n on the
ret whe the gas rain blew up.
nshed to the seene and ran about
r excavation wringing their hands
ad calling for their little ones. In
an irnstjn ces they fourld their
hildren after a brief search, but a
umber of boys and girls had been
:aken into a school nearby and thei'
arents were frantic by the time taey
The gas and water supplies we
urne-id Off shortly after the explo
in. A force of 1 00 firemen wa:
hen !put to work digging for bodie;.
mt the task was necessarily slow he
ause of the nature of the wvreckagr.
hich had to be removed.
Those known to be dead are.
~aueli Trout, foreman; Fred Scheft
eyer inspector of sevrrs: Charles
~arrell, forenman of concrete works:
ustave Anderson foreman of cay
issing: Unknown woman who
vas with children; unknown girl.
bout 5 years of age; John O'Grady,
ears old: William Dalton. 6 year.'
': Vincent Doherty. 7 years old:
Z'ariee Brady. 9 years old; Alex
d~er Johnson. laborer: Chris Cos
go. laborer; Emil Bachman, laher
r: Francisco Armando. laborer;
John Armandlo. laborer: Charles Ne]
son. laborer: Gus \Wallo. laborer:
F'elix Green. laborer. Gus Kane, lab.
arcr: Samuel Abrams, laborer; John
Crane laborer: laborer known as
Fr.e~sco; two italiant laborers
known as No. 51 and 52; laborer
known as Christopher.
The police arrested seven men wh.>
were attar-hed to th" city depart
nets in charge of the work being
Sucezed to Death.
New York. Nov. 19.-Powdered
snuff. known as "sneeze," distributed
by practical jokers in the saloon of
Andrew M.. Taylor, in Paterson, N. J.
yesterday, caused the proprietor to
neeze and congh so hard that he
ruptured a hlood vessel and 'lied sev
HALF A BILLION
EARNED IN NINE YEARS :
Rockefeller Tells of Financial Sit
ation of Giant Combine-Agre?
ments With Transportation Cor
New York, Nor. 20.-For ove
five hours today John D. Rock
feller, witness for the defense i
pue government suit to dissolve Lc
Standard Oil Company, faced an ui
cearing fire of questions from t':
r ederal counsel, Frank B. Kellog
and when adjournment was take
until Monday he was still bein
cross-examined on the charge the
the company in early days accep
ed rebates to the disadvantage c
The enormous power of the o
ombination was sharply brought or
today when Mr. Rockefeller, afte
tating that the Standard had pai
dividends amounting to 140,000
)00 in 1907, said it had earned a
nuch more and that this was adde,
.o the company's surplus, which wa
;tated by the government's counse
o be $300,000,000. It was furthe
tated by Mr. Kellogg that the com
any within the last eight year
ias earned over half a billion dol
The rapid fire interrogations o
he prosecutor were always met wit
inshaken imperturability and read
ness to answer, except when, as Mr
oc_<feller explained, "it Is quit
mp -ible for me to remembe
.fter z5 years. I do not recall."
Mr. Rockefeller was Questione<
losely regarding rebates which th
tandard was charged with receiving
ut with the exception of the agree
sent with the Pennsylvania railroad
rhich Mr. Rockefeller explained
,ave the Standard a rebate because
t effected an equalization of oil ship
aents. Mr. Rockefeller could no
ecall any other rebates, though ho
hought it was likely that he migh
ave heard of it at the time.
"You have been prosperous sinc
he beginning?" asked Mr. Kellogi
f Mr. Roekefeller when the latte
esumed his testimony.
He was asked about the trus
greement of 1882, and whether the
rust certificates did not shiow
alue of $70,000,000 and the stock
eld under the agreement an actua
alue of $55,710,698. Mr. Rocke
eller said he believed those figure:
"The -record ehows that up t,
906 the net earnings of the corn
any were $551,922,904. What wa:
he dividend in 1907?"
"I should say about 40 per cent'
"That was about $39,000,000?"
"That would be a million in favoi
f the poor old Standard," said M
~ockefeller. He added that the n.o
arnings for 1907 wer e approxi
He assented to Mr. Kellogg's fig
ires showing that the compan?:
arned $490,000,000 from 1899 ti
906. Adding the earnings of 1900
ould give a total earnings of $57u,
"Then where does the hazard o
e business come In?" asked Mr
"In the first place, since the firs
efinery was built more than 50 yeart
go, we have been prepared at an:
noment, day or night, to hear t'1
ire alarm. We are dealing with
rery explosive product. Fires a-'
on stantly occurring.
"But your profits were above you
ire losses, which have been charge<
.o profit and loss account?"
Mr. Kellogg then asked Mr. Rocki
~feller about the Standard 011 agree
nent with the Pennsylvania railroa,
1877, in which the Pennsylvani;
gred to pay back 10 per cent o
h freight sales which the Standari
aid. ~The witness said this agree
nent followed the rate war betwee:
he Northern and the Southern line
nd that this was an agreemen
'herehy he was to equalize thi
imount of freight .dIstributed bE
Lweel the different rajiroads.
Rplying to a question whethe
he. Standard Oil Company was th
only one to get the reb-:te, the wi
'less said that the greater volumec
bsiness given by the Standard we
river, in part for the rebate and I
hose days it was the custoni fc
1ar'e shippers to receive conside:
"Did you know of the contrat
whereby the Stndlard was to ohtai
20 cents a barrel in rebate on ou
"I may have known of it generall
t the time. I had nothing toc
with the contract."
The witness said he could not r,
eall whether Mr. Cassatt had test
fled that these rebates were paid:
the American Transfer Company.
Mr. Rockefeller said he had
out that the tSate of Pennsylvan
rotuht suit in 1879 to oust ti
United Pipe Line Company from th
state on the ground that it was
cns~iracy with the Pennsylvana
railroad to obtain preferential rat
and drawhacks. H-e could not rec:
that Mr. Cassatt testified that (1
Pennsylvania railroad paid rebat
to the Standard Oil Company, tr
American Transfer Company and t
United Pipe Line Company.
M.': Rockefeller's attention wv
'allei to the agreement with
So t Improvement Cornpa ny a
te rates provided therein for rebat
"I it not a fact that to all othi
pa'tis. according to this agreemel
were to be charged the full grc
"Were you a stckholder oft
South Improvement Company?"
"I never received the certificai
DESIGNS OF JAPAN
Y RULERS OF CHINA MADE WA
WITH TO FORESTALL THEM.
n- Dowager Empress was Assassina
e- ed-Japanese Claim it Was fc
1- Part in Old Rebellion.
r New York, Nov. 18.-Followir
the widespread reports that the la
n dowager empress of China was pc
.e soned special cable advices fro
i- Shanghai state that it is rumort
e here that the aged ruler was s-lai
, by the anti-Manchu leaders.
n Prince Ching opposed the succe
gsion of Pu Yi, it is said, and ti
.t regent shows reactionary tendencie
The -Japanese correspondent I
f the Chinese capital insist that tt
late emperor was assassinated b
1 officials, who fared chastisement fo
t their part in suppressing Kang Y
r Wi's movement in 1888.
t According to special Washingto
- dispatches based on a statemer
3 from a very high official source, th
i continuance of peace in China, unde
s the regency, rests upon the life o
Yaun Shi Kai.
r "If," says this authority, "hi
enemies, who are the leaders of
reform movement, prevail agains
him it will be a signal for a mome"
Diplomats in Washington debate
with interest the acestion of th
attitude of the United States an
Japan toward'China, in view of :h
developments of the last f r days
The Shanghai End.
Shanghai, Nov. 18.-It is rumoret
here that the dowager empress wa
poisoned by the anti-Henchu lead
ers. Prince Ching opposed the -suc
cession of Pu Yi.
There is a financial panic in Pa
Fifty native banks have suspend
ed. All military maneuveres ar
The regent shows a dispositio1
to consult the reactionary, Chan:
Latest reports from Pekin say th
palace gates are closed and guarded
and Yuan Shi Kai taken refuge il
the British legation. Whether Yual
seeks protection from the new ruler
or the violence of the reformers th<
news lacks verification.
A Japanese Plot.
Manila, Nov. 18.-From a liig
official Chinese source I learned to
day that both the emperor and dow
ager empress of China were murder
ed in the hope that the presence o
the American fleet in Orinetal water
would save the Chinese empire from
an aggressive movement by Japal
- during the establishment of a nel
-The de'aths of the emperor ani
.dowager empress had been expecte4
for many days, as both were knowl
.to be in precarious health. For fea
that they might survive until aft,.
the American fleet had sailed away
they were killed in order that th.
crisis might be precipitated.
Looks to America.
In whatever disorders follow th
establishment of the new regime
China will look to the Americs:
warships to protect her from Japa:'
The story has occasioned intens
excjtement aboard the fleet, and th
bare possibility that the fleet may b
sent to Chinese waters has arouse:
the men to a great pitc~h of enthus
asm. There is just enough fightin
r spirit in the men to welcome th
chance of doing something beside
parade service and target practice
- BROKE DISPENSARY LAW.
SCol. Thompson, of Spa:rtanburg, Coi
victed in Sessions Court.
i Spartanburg, Nov. 19.-Col Aaro
Thompson, a bachelor an'd wealth
1 citizen of this county, was convicte
s in the court of general sessions ye!
t terday on the charge of sellin
e liquor. Sentence has not been in
Sposedl as counsel for the defendar
has given notice of an appeal. Co
r Thompson lives at Inman, in the ui
e per section of the county, where 13
-has an elegant country home, an
f is famous for enrtertaining hi
S friends. Several weeks ago he wt
I suspected of being engaged in tt
whiskey business, and special coi
-stables made out a case against hi:
on the evidence which they secure:
t The case was to have heen invest
11 gated at Innman. hut was aransferrE
t to Magistrate Golightly at Hol
Springs. The hearing did not y
'lightly for the colonel was bour
" over to court. The case was trie
this morning and the jury returne
-' a verdict of guilty in fifteen mi:
HUG;E FER~TILIZER TRUST
Forming to Give the Farmers Son
-New York. Nov. 19.--Represent
rives of the leading inidependent fc
tilizlie companies of this country al
e abroad will hold a series of meetin
s in this city during ithe next ft
1.day to perfect plans for the form
a tion of a $50,000,000 stock compa:
uinder the New Jersey law.
a-; That the ptrojected corporation w
ha he of an international character
ad suiggested by the intimation ti
e'. Herman Schmietnmann. of Germar
ito ha its first president. It w
ostated today that the capitalsto
t will be dividedl evenly in perferr
:5s anid common shares, and that
bonds will be issued.
The Tennessee Copper Compa
h and the banking house of Lewiso
Ilrotheri, of this city, are understo
-es to be the prime movers int
In Late Election All Candidates
in This State.
r OFFICIAL RETURNS
g Received by Secretary of State-Only
a Few Counties Are Missing-The
a Bryan-Taft Vote as Compared
d With Presidential Vote in 1901.
Some Other Figures.
;- South Carolina gave William Jen
e nings Bryan at least 61,288 votes
and William Taft 3,847. The Stay
says the above figures give nearly
u the entire vote of the State, although
e the clerks who have tabulated the
vote have not yet completed the ad
ditional for the Independence and
r Socialist party.
u In 1904 Alton B. Parker received
52,563 votes and Theodore Roose
u velt received 2,554 in South Caro
In 1904 D. C. Heyward, Democra
* tic nominee for governor, received
r 51,907. In 1908 Martin F. Ansel,
f Democratic nominee for governor, re
ceived 59,986. In 1906, with no
s presidential election to bring out the
a voters he received in general elec
t tion 30,251. The figures given above
- for 1908 do not include Hampton
county, which is still missing.
I The returns are also incomplet
e as to the constitutional amendments.
I which were voted favorably. With
Beaufort, Georgetown, Hampton and
Sumter missing, the amendment al
lowing the town of Gaffney to in
crease its municipal Indebtedness
gave 21,000 for the amendment an'd
10,769 against the change.
For the amendment to the consti
tution changing the name of the
office of "adjutant and inspector gen
eral" to that of "adjutant general,"
21,758 voted for the change and
10,266 voted against it.
Votes for the State officers with
Hampton county missing were as fol
Gov. M. F. Ansel, 59,986; Lieut.
Gov. McLeod, 58,909; Attorney Gen
eral J. Fraser Lyon, 59,597; Secre
tary of State R. M. McCown, 59,
926; State Treasurer Jennings, 59,
661; Comptroller General Jones, 59,
623; State Superintendent of Ed
ucation J. E. Swearingen, 59,559;
Adjutant General J. C. Boyd, 59,
596; Railroad Commissioner B. L.
These figures as compared with
the totals given for solicitors in the
12 circuits and the presidential vote
would shod that all of the State
officers were scratched to a certain
extent. The total vote cast for so
lici'tor was 60,501. The congress
ional vote, both Democratic and Re
publican, fell far behind this, the
total being .51,013, of. which the
three Republicans received 1,087.
The Congressionlal Vote.
The vote for congressmen by dis
First district-Legare. 5,759;
Second district-Patterson, 8,440:
Third district-Alken, 10,724.
Fourth district-Johnson, 10,806.
Fifth district-Finley, 9,468.
Sixth district-E11erbe, 9,035.
1Seventh district--Lever, 9,950;
-The small votes given above in
three of the districts are for Repub
licans in the hope of securing the
$2,000 contest fee.
The viote for solicitors -resulted
P. T. Hildebrand, 4,708; 3. F.
Byrnes, 4,082; P. H. Stoll, 5,650; 3
M. Spears, 3,526; W. H. Cobb, 2,771.:
3. K. Henry, 5,202; T. S. Sease, 6,
929; R. A. Cooper, 6,409; J. H.
Peurifoy, 3,619; p. A. Bonham, 7,
648; G. B. Timmerman, 4,885; W.
H. Wells, 5,072.
SThe order given above shows th2
respective circuits, ther e being no1
~opposition to any of the nominees of
the Democratic party for this po
Bureau Shows 9,630,563 Bales
IGinned up to Nov. 14.
s Washington, Nov. 21.-The censns
sburcan Iulletin issaeud this m->rning
shows 9.63 0,563 bales, counting~
round bales as half bales, ginnedl
from the growth of 19.18 to Nov 14,
compared with 7.300.665 for ,907
1and 8,5 62,242 for 1906, and 7,501 -
180 for 1905.
Trhe propoi tion of the last three
crops ginned to November 14 is G6
per cent for 1907, 65.9 for 1906 and
d71.5 for 1905.
Distribution of running bales by
,States ginnec to November '4th, and
active ginneies follows:
Alabama.1,027,488 bales and 3,
Arkansas, 667,248 bales and 2,u15
Florida, 50,448 bales and 245
a- Georgia. 1.566,865 bales and 4.
r- 354 ginneries.
id Kansas. Kentucky and New Mex
pict, 1,155 bales and 5 ginneries.
w Louisiana. 341,50)9 bales and 1,
a- 605 ginneries.
iy Mississippi. 1,090,356 bales an1I
!i Missouri. 28,173 hale's and 69
at North Carolina, 450.962 bales arid
~. 2,647 ginneries..
a Oklahiomv, :;Z1,233 hales and 95(
ad South Carolina, 941,050) bales and
ao 3,161 ginneries.
Tennessee, 242,778 bales and 62)
a Texas, 2.874.541 bales and 4.06~
he Virginia. 6,662 bales and 90 gin
THE SOLID SOUTH
CHAS. FRANCIS ADAMS TELLS
WHY IT EXISTS
And Intimates That the Taking
Away the Franchise From the Ne
gro Only Can Dissolve It.
Mr. Chas. Francis Adams, of Bos
ton, Mass., recently made a remark
able speech at Richmond, Va., from
which we make the extract below.
Mr. Adams said:
"And now at last I come to the
matter which brings me here-the
political fact of a solid South, in
volving as it does the Afro-American
race problem. c
"The raison d'etre of a solid South I
is not far to seek. We all are cog- i:
nizant of It. It is founded in the t
hateful memory of what Is known
as the reconstruction period; and
in lurking apprehension of action
in the shape of new force bills, o:
a reduction of political power under t
the possible operation of the Four
teenth amendment to the constitu
tion. The Republican party, it is
believed, still feels a secret hanker- c
ing for the negro vote. -T
"And new I come to the delieate n
ground. I, a New Englander, a Yan- 0
kee of the Yankees, an anti-slavery
man from my birth, an ex-officer of
the union army, -a lineal descendant o
of a signer of the Declaration of b
Independence, brought up in the n
faith-I, being all this by tradition.
experience and environment, am to 0
talk to you of a problem largely In e
its present form the creation oi t
those of whom I am one, and a s<
problem which you have always with
"In the North and in the commu
nity to which I belong, a great fi
ehange in opinion, and consequent W
feeling, on this grave problem has 01
been steadily going on for many p
years. I have watched the ehange Is
-I have undergone it, and observ
ed its process in myself. It is inter- t
esting. To understand it we must
go back about two generations, or, a
say sixty years, into the scriptural, t
and, so to speak, "Uncle Tom" pe
riod. The African was then a broth- C
er-descended from a ' common an
tester-to-wit, Noah. t
"Coming at once to the point
as to speak, taking the bull by the
horns-let me say that I fully con
cur in the remark of some observ
ing Englishman-John Morley,, i h
think, now Lord Morley-made a U
year or two ago as the result of what 9
he saw and heard during a stay in cl
this country. He pronounced the 01
African race problem in America as C
being as nearly isoluble as a human
race could be. It is; and so far as 01
we in. the United States are con- 0
cerned, Its Insoluability rests in the s
fact that it offers a negative-gives
the lie direct-to fundamental prin
iple of our social and political life '
nd material deve-lopment. The Is
Amerloan.. system, as we all know.
was founded on the assumed basis 0:
f a common humanity. That is,n
absence of abisolutely fundamental F
racial characteristics was accepte3 a
s an established -truth. Those oft
ll races were welcome to our shores. s
T'hey came, aliens; they and their ~
escendants would become citizens
frst, natives afterwards. It was ae
process .first of assimiliation, and 0
then of absorption. On this all de- 0
pended. There could be no perina- u
nent divisional lines. The theory 0
was now plainly broken down. We
are confronted by obvious fact,- asr
undeniable as if as hard, that the d
African will only partially assim- *
iate, and that he eannot be ab
sorbed. He remains a distinct ali-en 0
element in the body politic; an ele
ment from smallness of quantity
negligible In the South. What is to a
be the outcome? What is to be U
done? A foreign substance, it can
neither be assimilated nor thrown 0
"This was only fifty years ago. 1
yet the discussion and contentions of d
the day seem now strangely remote, e
achiac even. There is no qu'es
tion, however, that, absurd as it
sounds to us, the reconstruction sys
temn was rested on that as a hasis.t
So Robert E. Lee was disfranchised, 0
while the ballot was conferred on
the freemen he had himself liber
ated. Further comment would be
superfluous. I am glad to rememn
er that I am separated from the
Republican party on that Issue.
"Meanwhile the subtle change of
thought was going slowly on. The
scientific was gradually, impercept-t
ably superseding the scriptural; ther
Ham and Japhet and brotherhood
of man theory of descent was re-e
ceding-was, :neleed, no longer C
gravely advane i rwin's "Origin 1
of Species'' we - ; blished in 1S59,
his "Descent Man'' in 1871, and f
in the light a. his researches and I
the influences .-essarily drawn from
them, the AL -American race proh- I
1em assumed a new shape. -Hayti i
and Jamaica also have served as ob
ject lessons. The solution of the
problem became in the eyes of some,
and those a constantly and diflicut 1
proposition. After all, the promis-1
cus conferring of the ballot had not t
solverl it, for from so doing, it had j
only served to complete what be
fore was at best terribly confused.
As it now presents itself it is simply
this-to devise some practical sys
temn, other than one of slavl ry,
whereby two races of widely dif
ferent interests, attainments andJ
ideals can live together in peace and
harmony under a Republican form
Shot Down Officer.
Bellefontaine, 0.. Nov. 16.-Rob
bers blew open the postoffice safe,
shot Marshal John Tripp, who sur
prised them while at work, stole a
horse and buggy and escaped froni a
pursuing party. of business men, wh',
MILL GO TO JAIL
lather Than Pay Fine If Con
victed of Contempt
either Would He Allow the Fedeum
tion of Labor to Pay It for Him.
Supreme Court Decision Makes
Union Conspirades in Bestraint of
Denver, Col., Nov. 16.-President
tamuel Gompers, at today's session
f the Convention of the Ainerlnak
ederation of Labor, declared that
he were found guilty and ined In
hle contempt proceedings against
im at Washington he would go to
al before he would pay his inn or
efore he would allow the Federa
ion to pay the Ine for him.
This statement was made during
e discussion of the report of the
)mmittee on the treasurer's report.
he committee recommended that Im
tediately following the adjournment
r the Convention, the executive corn
dittee shall take up the proposition
e placing its funds where they may
a removed from danger of attack
Several suggestions were made;
se being that the funds be deposit
I in Canada and another the cer
ficates of deposits be taken out- in
>me other name than the treasurer.
D. G. Ramsey, of the electrisal
"We had a chance to place our
inds beyond tbereack of these who
ould take them, but we let it pa
a November 3. The enly way to
*otect our money is to ,ehinge the
Mr. Gomipers warned the dlegates
Lat if a way were found to hide the
Inds, the Courts would thereafter
)point a receiver, not neesesarily
secure in some way the hidden
Inds, but to get the money being
By request Mr. Gompers explained
e status of the D.-bury hat case.
"Our standing Is menaeed by the
urts of law," he said.
"The matter of the application of
te Sherman anti-trust law to unions
as reached Inal adjustment by the
nited States Supreme Court. No
atter how the Danbury ease is de
ded that will not alter the status
ie jot. The United States Supreme
)urt has said tbe final word and
Le law of this country is that labor
-ganizations of this country are now .
=nspiracies and combinations in re
raint of trade.
"Under the Sherman anti-trust
w business canuct be eenducted,
uch less honest straightforward
bor organizations. With reference
the caue against me in the District
Columbia I want to say that I will
~ver consent that the Ameria
ederation of Labor shall ever pay
10 cent of flue f-or me. I don't want
go to jail, but I will not tamely
ibmit to the Federation being
ulcted for me."
Mr. Gompers declared that t-he de
sions of the Supreme Court had but
2e effect, namely, to tie' the men
labor to their work, cripple the
en of labor in their right to work
' their right not to work.
"These decisions," he said, "will
msult in fettering men today in or
ar to enslave them for all tine to.
"I am not in touch with the Dem
2:ratic party; second, I am not a
'emocrat, and third, I am confident
never will be a Democrat. I owe
llegiance to no party. I ain a trades
"When the Democratio party made
ur contentions its own," said Mr.
ompers, "it would not only .have
een Ingratitude but cowardice to
esert them. If Bryan had been
lected with the hosts of organized
thor back of him it would have
iven spirit to human freedom."
The report of the committee on
de treasurer's report, with its rec
minendations, was unanimously con
ENTERS YOUNG LADES ROOM.
he Fiendish Act of a Vegro as
Athens, Ga., Nov. 18--At 2 o'clock
his morning a negro entered the
oom of two young ladies at the State
:ormal School, and badly frieghten
d them. It was in an upper story
f what is known as Old Rock col
The young ladies were badly
rightened as the negro at one time
Lad each of them by the throat and
.ttempted to choke them. It is b's
leved the negro's purpose was crim
nal assault. One of the young la
ties is prostrated from the nervous
This morning Sheppard Harris,
vho has been panitor for ten. years,
was arrested at his home in Morris
own. He was lodged in the county
ail until he can be -identified.
DISPLAYED EGRET'S PLUM)E.
spartanburg Milliner Fined for Vio
lating State Game Law.
Spartanburg, Nov. 1 9.-J. Mc
ioodlett, proprietor of a fashionable
East End millinery store, against
whom a case was made on the
charge of displaying in his shoW
window a hat trimmed with a plume
from the snowy egret, which is a
non-game bird, in violation of thie
laws of the State, appeared before~
Magistrate Coan this morning and
pleaded ga'ilty. A fine of two dol
lars was imposed, which Mr. Mc