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Late Earthquake Destroyed More
Lives and Property
THAN ANY OTHER ONE
It Is Now Estimated That at Least
three Hundred Thousand People
Were Killed and Millions of Dol
lars Worth of Property Was De
stroyed by the Earthquake.
A fearful convulsion of the earth,
which devastated Southern Italy and
Sicily on Monday of last week, wip
ing out the lives of 300,000 people.
and overwhelming two large cities
as well as a score of smaller towns.
will go down in history as one of
the most terrific disasters that have
ever visited this planet.
There is no record of any earth
quake that wrought as much fright
ful damage and caused greater los
of life than the earthquake that vis
the lower part of the Italian
peninsular and its neighboring isl
ands, last week. Few regions oi
the world have suffered more heavi
ly in the past than the province of
Southern Italy and the beautifu,
island of Sicily, which are now stag
gering beneath the weight of anoth
er blow even more terrible than an.
which preceded it.
Of all known earthquakes of an.
-tent and modern history the most
'estructive up to last week was that
which visited Antioch, the capital of
Syria, in the year 526 A. D. It is
said that the streets of t1' incient
city literally opened and hat rot
fewer than 250,000 human be
ings, as well as innumerable tem
pies and houses were engulfed ir
the yawning chasms. In 115 B. C.,
while the city was thronged with
visitors, who had come to attend
celebration in honor of the Emper
or Trajan, another earthquake oc
-urred, less destructive than the one
which was to come some six hun
'red years later, yet violent enough
to cause the death of thousands.
among them being many Romans of
:istinction, the Emperor himself
barely escaping from the ruins of
In Yeddo. Japan, in the year 1703.
an earthquake occured, in which
200.000 people are said to have
lost their lives; and just twenty
eight years afterwards the city of
Pekin was practically overwhelmed
by a similar disaster, in which it
is believed that nearly 200,000 of the
inhabitants ..perished. Of other
earthquakes in which the lost of life
was so great as to render them mem
orable for all time, there are so
many as to forbid enumeration. Sev
eral of these, as remarked above.
took place in the same region' which
was affected by Monday's appalling
disaster, and in the other countries
.f Southern Europe.
In 1137 seismic disturbances caus
ed the death of 15,000 people in
Sicily. In Lisbon, in 1531, 1,500
houses were wrecked and 30,000
lves were lost, and again, in 1755.
'n the same city, 60,000 people per
ished as the result of earthquake, and
a large portion of the town sunk
beneath the waves. In 1783 Mes
sina, which has been practically ob
literated by this most recent disas
ter, was almost entirely destroyed
by a mighty shake, which at the
same time, caused the death of many
thousands. The same ill-fated city
.uffered heavily from seismic dis
turbances in 1894 and 1896.
In 1851 the South of Italy, the~
-. same region devastated by the earth
quse of last week, was visited by
an earthirusake which blotted out 10.
"00 souls, and-sgain, in 1857, there
"-ere other convulsons, the death
coll of which amounted to about 10,
0. The most famous o'r -all seis
," 6saster whIch have visited Italy
S-that In which the twin cities of
H-erculaneum and Pompeii were de
stroyed-was not an earthquake, but
an erption of the volcano Vesuvius.
Some of the Great Disasters.
Year, Place. Killed.
526--Antioch. .. .. .. ...250,000
1137--Sicily .. ............15,000
1158-Syria ........ ..20,00'
1268-Cilica .. .........60,000
1436--Naples . . .... 40,00')
1626-Naples . .-..... 70,000
1703--Jeddo .. .........200,000
1716--Algiers .. .......20.000
1 754--Grand Caire..-.-..... 40.00 0
'755-Kaschan, Persia ..- . 40,000
1797--Central America ... 40,000
T1 12-Venezuela .. .. .. ...20,00 0
1822--Aleppo. .. .. .. .. ..20,00 0
1867--Peru and Ecuador . . 25,000b
1888-Island of Krakatoa . 50,000
1893-Persia.-.-.-.-.. ....12,00 0
1902--St. Pierre. Martinique 25.000
1905--Northern India .. .. 19,000
MIessina City of Disasters.
Many times has Miessina been
overwhelmed with disaster. Some
i the most important are:
y'ifth Century. B. 0.-Seized by
:ives from Samos and Miletus.
296 B. C.-Destroyed by the Car
theginians and rebuilt by Dionysius
'69 B. C.-Oxce more fell into the
W-~.ds of the Carthaginians, under
831 A. D.-Taken Ey the Sara
1061 A. D.-Recaptured hy the
-~' A. D.-Forty thousand per
s'.ns diedi of the plague.
1783 A. D.--Town almost entirely
-. ~ overthrown by great earthquake.
1848 A. D.-Greatly damaged~ by
1R54 A. D-..Cholera carried off
1~~~ and 1896 A. D-Suffered
great loss of life and property by
Anarchy Reigns in heggio.
Reggio, via. Catania. Dec. 31.-A
state of most frightful anarchy pr
vails. Mobs of ruffians roam among
the ruine, giving full sway to their 1
vilest instincts. They are pillaginga
the wrecked jewelry stores andl
hanks, and do not hesitate to sh:-l
CITY ALL IN RUINS
NOT A HOUSE LEFT STANDING
IN MESSIN A.
:mpossihle to Give a Faint Idea
of the Desolation o fthe Awful
Rome, Dec. 31.-The commandant
of the Russian cruiser Admiral Mak
Zaroff, which arrived at Naples yes
.erday with refugees from Messina
today, gave the following account
>f the disaster:
"Hearing at Goata. Sicily. of the
iisaster, I hurried to Messina. The
:ity was literally nothing but a heap
-f ruins. Every building there has
^oilapsed. but in many cases the out
-vard shells remain standing and as
a result the general contour of the
!ity is less changed than might be
expected. This is particularly true
of the sea front. In spite of what
has been said, the form of the Strait
>f Messina shows little if any
"The harbor is filled with refuse of
,very kind, and at one end lies the
-reck of a sunken steamer.
"-It is 'impossible to give even a
'ant idea of the desolation of the
scene. Every now and then we
heard the crash of falling floors
nd wails. This oonstitutes the
greatest danger pf the rescuers.
't is not safe to approach any stand
ng masonry. Men from my vessels
ad many narrow escapes, tnd I
:aw several terrible accidents to the
',rave Italian soldiers who were do
ng more than their duty.
"We lost no time in setting about
he work of rescue. We established
'n open air hospital on the shore,
where we received and treated :;
housand men. women and chil
Iren. We also saved the safe 01
the Bank of Sicily with its treas
ure, weighing two tons.
"I estimate the deaths at Messina
-onservatively. at 80,000. The mind
shrinks from contemplation of the
-resent condition of the stricker
pity; that there are thousands 01
'ersons still alive in the ruins, anc
that countless numbers must die
The tidal wave lasted much longel
han the earthquake. During all the
time we were in the harbor of Mes
ina. our vessel shivered intermit
ently, as though shaken by son
huge marine monster.
"I could relate pathetic storie
without number. Under some wreck
age. inclosed in a kind of little cub
)y hole and protected by two heavy
beams, I discovered two babies. safe
and uninjured. They were comfort
-able as - possible, and laughed anl
->layed with the buttons on thei
clothes. We could find no trace o
'heir parents, who undoubtedly los
"It made a terrible impression tc
tee the bereaved chiidren. Many o
the little or.,-- 've while their par
ents are dead, while we saw man
mothers with dead babies in thei
arms. It was als o indescribab)1
nainful to see the many who ha'
one crazy from grief. They search
ed and searched aimlessly for theri
loved ones, keeping up the ques
even after they had been brought oi
board our ship."
CAST ACID IN HER FACE.
Iealousy Causes Serious Crime ii
City of Atlanta.
Atlanta. Ga., Dec. 28S.--Followin
a few heated words about what n<
one knows, Mrs. Alfa Garner threv
what is believed to have been -
'strong acid in the face of Mrs. Clem
ma Long, in the doorway of the lat
ter's home at 39 Glenn street, las
ight. Jealousy is believed to hav
'een the cause.
Mrs. Long was called to the doo
.vere she m't Mrs. Garner. The3
aiked- excitedly for seve.ral moments
when passersby were startled by
scream from the former. Mrs. Gar
ner dashed away, and rthe polica
have not yet been able to locatt
The victim was fou'id to be suf
feing with serious burns on tht
ace, the same having been cause&
by a strong acid. She was taken tc
the Grady Hospital, where doctor5
ould do nothing beyond relieve het
f the pain. She will survive~ any
material injury beyond a marrin;:
of her facial beauty, which had prm~
viously been of rare order.
HELD FOR SIX YEARS.
At Least That Is the Tale Told by
Valdosta, Ga., Dec. 31 .-T. F.
Ramsey. a well-known farmer of
Brooks county. was arrested by Dep
uty United States Marshal Sutton
and brought to this city under -a
harge of holding a negro boy 10
a state of peonage. The negro boy's
name is Gus Scott. and he alleges
that he has been held for six years
as e slave. During that time, he
says, he has received only nine doi
lars for his services. It is alleged
by the prosecution in the case that
two or three times the boy ran away.
but that Ramsey followed him andI
brought back to his home and kept
Shoots His Fau....
Greenville. S. C.. Dec. 31.-Th&e
as Springfield. a merchant near the
Monaghan mill village in the sub
urbs of the city, was shot this af
ternoon by his son and his condi
inn is considered critical. Spring
field was shot in the stomach. it
is reported that Springfield was
drunk and that he had some words
with his son, which led up to the
Washington. Dec. 30.-The State
iepartment received a dispatch from
onsul Gayle, at Malta. saying that
he consnlate at Messi'ta has been to
:ally destroyed vi~d Colonel Cheney
[nd his wife and official family all
ost their livca. Their bodies are
tii in the ruians of the consulate.
He Had to Go.
San Francisco. Dec. 29.-Clauis
p~ckes. the famous sugar million
ire, died here- of pneur -mia Mon
y morning. Claus Speckles was
orn i: Lamnst. Germany, in t828
d came to the United States in
846. Ater being employed for
ome time in Charleston and New
GIVEN TO POOR CHILDREN IN
At the Masonde Banquet Hall on
New Year's Eve, Nearly Six
Charleston. Dec. ,11.-Nearly 600
poor children, their sisters, cousins
and aunts, mothers and grandmoth
ers, attended the dinner at the Ma
sonic temple this afternoon, the Rev.
)r. Vedder opening the entertain
:nent by saying, "Help yourselves.
-hildren," and the f"n was on. Re
markable changes of scenery made
,p this remarkable dinner, where
nothing was eaten, and yet the ap
>etite of hundreds was satisfied.
It was a play of three acts under
:he heads of preparation, realization,
and mastication. The preparation
:ook weeks, the realization about
:wo minutes and the mastication
was of indefinite length. This din
er is one that requires the 'going
out into the highways and the by
ways for guests, of which work of
several good people of the city each
year diundreds of poor people are
:ade very happy by the dinner, and
.his year they seemed especially so.
Promptly at 1:30 o'clock this
afternoon Miss George F. M. Fowler
;ave the signal to Metz's orchestra
*n the large Masonic temple banquet
fall. and the waiting children, wo
aieu with babies in their arms and
ittle ones tugging at their skirts.
old women who ne'eded assistance.
nd one old man, moved up stairs
and into the hall. They found rows
>f tables gay with many good things.
On the rostum was seated the
Rev. Dr. Vedder, with visiting Ia
jies and gentiemen. Metz's orches
tra, of seven pieces, was there, as it
is every year. with music for the
accasion given free.
When all was ready, the Rev. Dr.
Vedder gave a three-minute talk
appropriate to the occasion, and toll
he children to help themselves.
Dr. and Mrs. Vedder, Miss Geor
sie F. M. Fowler Mrs. J. H. Holmes,
drs. C. J. Larsen and all the ladies
interested in ithe dinner returned
most hearty thanks to all who had
helped to make the dinner success
ful. Some 35 hams, 35 turkeys, a
dozen bunches of bananas. several
boxes of oranges, scores of pounds
of candy, boxes of raisins, scores
of loaves of bread, hundreds of
takes, several bushels of apples, an-I
other food were distributed. The
cash donations were liberal, and
there was no lack of interest or
-help. Many ladies and gentlemen
boys and girls helped to prepare the
tables and iood this morning, in
work from early morning, and much
good was done in the feeding of the
noor. The poor children's dinner
is an institution that bids fair to
ontinue many years in Charleston.
~t is a large work.
REFUSE THEMI BAIL.
The Coopers Must Stay in Jail Until
Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 2S.-"Gen
'lemen, I desire to say thatI have
tiven this case careful consid ration
rom every standpoint and after hay
ing done so, I am of the opinion that
it is not a bailable case, thereictre
lecline to allow bail, as to any of
the defendants, and deny the appli
cation, this is all before court this
The above is the opinion of Judge
William Hart delivered this morntng
in the criminal court, disallowing
the men bail who are charged with
:he murder of ex-United States Ser
1tor E. W. Carmack. The decision
seemed to come like a stroke of
ightning out of a clear sky to the
lefense, which side had seen~ed most
confident of recelving a fawerable
The attorney for the defense seem
ri dazed and stunned. The defend
'nets themselves bore up well and
hield a sort of reception in~ court and
received re-assurinig words from
friends about them.
Some of the friends of the Coopers
about the city are statin'g that they
really did not want bail at ai!, but
that the defense simply made the
move to ascertain some of the mo)st
inmportart evidence against them in
the hands of the State. HTow~'ver:.
'his may be the decision of Judge
Hart that the case is not a bailable
one, it is thought will prove quite a
blow to the defense, the standpoint
of public sentiment. The tmial comes
up on January 20th next. on the
merits, and at the same time the'
legislature will be in session~ and a
State-w'ide prohibition fight will be
KEPT IN A QUEER PLACE.
Find Will Nailed to the Bottom of
Boston, Dec. 2 9.-Enclosed in a
red envelop and nailed to the bot
tom of a washtub the will or Pat
rick Monahan, of Charlestown, dis
posing of property valued at $250.
000 was found today and offered for
When Monahan died last Septem
ber no will could be found.' John F.
Lynch. his former counsel, believed
a will had been left, and today, with
relatives of the dead man, resuime-d
the search, In a sub-cellar the law
yer kicked ever a washinb and
eaught sight of the envelope contain
ing Monahan's will. After bequests
to relatives $10,000 is left to Cath
Hazlehurst, Ga., Dec. 28.-John
Pickner, a well to do farmer of this
section, shot himself in the head
with a .38 Smith and Wesson pistol
bore last night, while seated in a
rocking chair in his home talking to
his wife. Death was instantaneous.
No cause is assigned for the deed.
V'ery Foolish Boy.
Rome. Ga.. Dec. 28.--Cliffordl
Clark. 19 years old. committed sui-1
cide here today Tby drinking an ounce
of carbolic acid. He had been pay
ng attentions ::o a young woman of
Rome for the past several months. f
and because she did not reciprocate
The Senator Makes a Notable
Speech to Teachers.
BREAK SOLID SOUTH.
By Use of Patronage is What Presi
dent-Elect Taft Aims to Do, Says
the Senator, Who Warns South
ern Democrats to Be on Their
Columbia, S. C., Jan. 1.-Senator
B. R. Tillman, in delivering an ad
dress before the State Teachers' As
sociation here tonight took occa
sion to warn the people against the
agitation for compulsory education,
asserting that should such a law be
>assed it would mean the education.
t the negro, which would in the
and mean a blow to white suprem
Senator Tillman urged the Demo
crats of the South against the
scheme which he said President-elect
Taft and his associates were hatch
ing up to break the solid South. He
said it was the purpose of the presi
dent-elect to hand out feleral of
fices to the Democrats of the South
in order to build up a white Repub
lican party in this section.
The Senator took issue sqi'ar sly
-ith two of the speakers he had
' urd In the morning, Prof. Clax
;.. of Tennessee. and the Rev. C.
. eltner. of Columbia, and de
'nied his speech largely to argu
nents against compulsory education.
rasing his objections to the propo
ition on the presence of the negro.
'o began by asserting in effect that
.ducation is not an essential of good
citizenship, and cited the example of
he Revolutionary soldiers, who
'iiht at the battle of King's Moun
tain, yet many of whom could not
read and write.
He rasher resented the stricture
on this State's illiteracy in the ad
dress of Prof. Claxton, and in dis
cussing the negro question, referred
at length-to the purpose of President
elect Taft, of whom he'spoke in
friendly terms as a gentleman, to
break up the solid South by the use
of patronage. He said that if this
intention was successful, instead of
negroes and scalawags in the Legis
lature, we would have negroes an:
some of our bank presidents and
cotton mill presidents representing
the Republican party.
He declared that the Republican
party was the black man's party ir
the South and the Democratic party
the white man's party. He did no.
believe that any great. number of
Democrats would be bequiled by
offices. Some times servers would
sell out, but he did not think there
were many of such men in the
Democratic parey in the South. In
speaking of the efforts of the Re
publicans to break the solid Sough,
he asked why they did not advo
cate the breaking of the solid North
as well as the solid South..
Taking up the question of com
pulsory education he urged that to
compel under the law the negrc
must be given equal rights with the
white man, and that this would mean
the education of the negro to vote.
In concluding the Senator praised
the efforts to cultivate the love of
the beautiful in the school room.
The speech of Senator Tillman
was plain ant to the point, as all
of his speeches are. The hall of
the House of Representatives, where
the Senator spoke, was crowded with
a large audience of cultured and in
telligent people to hear him. His
audience seemed to be in sympathy
with what he said, and it fre
quently applauded him enthusiasti
cally. While the Senator did not
say so, his speech indicated that he
would rather have the offices in this
State filled by true blue Republicans
-than by Democrats who had sold out
WHY NOT SWJNG HI?
A Seventy-Year-Old Negro Held for
Anderson, S. C., Dec. 31.-Sam
Beant ' negro aged twenty-five.
was shot and perhaps fatally wound
ed by Houston Tribble, colored,
aged seventy, six miles south of
Anderson early today. The shooting
followed a dance held by the ne
groes of that section and it is stated
hat Tribble was drinking. Beaty
was brought here a few hours after
the shooting and is now in a dying
condition at the hospital, the ball
having penetrated the liver, Tribi
ble is in jail. It is said that Beaty
attemptedI to persuade a woman who
was with Tribble to go with him
when Tribble cursed him and fire.l
the shot. In October of last year
Tribble killed Will Fuller, colored,
and was cleared. *
Farming Requires Brains.
"Back to the land" is the cry much
heard these days, and it is well to a4~
upon iet that thme congested condition
of the cities w-ith its attendant evils
of poverty, m'isery and crime may be
relieved. But many men of slendcr
means who buy small farms in th.
expectation of making a living and
enjoy life are bitterly disappointed.
The trouble is they have had no
experience, and searcely% any business
today needs a practical working
knowledge to insure success more
than farming. If peop~le of small
means -want to succeed and realize
the advantages of country life, they
should find work for a time wikh
some progressive successful fa'
Should Not Change.
Too many men who before their
marriage were always particular to
get out of the buggy and helrp the
y'oung woman in, may be observed a
-ow years afte- marriage sitting i'.
her wagon while the good wif'
e~lambers in over the wheel as best
she may. There ms sormething wrong
t'hen 'the man is less thoulghtful of
tis wife than he was of his sweet
~uilty of it should le't one of his
Cew Ye'ar resointions he a determi
mation to treat his wife as he did
The queerest thing about women's
ashions is how they can shift their1
raist from around 'their knees an-l
KILLED AT A FROLIC
FATAL SHOOTING IN LEXINGTON
Murder Follows the Too Free Use
of Booze at a Christmas Country
A fatal shooting took place a few
miles from Swansea on last Satur
day night, and as a result Garfield
Iutto lies beneath the sod and
Thomas Craft is languishing behind
the bars in the Lexington jail as
. result of the Christmas frolic and
;.he Christmas dram. A gloom has
been cast over two households,
x hich generations cannot wipe out,
Lnd the life of a young man once
.o full of promise, has been
On last Saturday night there was
n old-time country "break-down,"
,s they are termed by the average
oun-try person, at the home of
'Feg" Brown, said to be a question
tble resort in the vicinity of Swa'i
ea. There was plenty of whiskey
here, and soon a row arose between
Chomas Craft and another 31oung
ian, ins which a number took a part.
,raft became angry and left the
>use, only to bring a Winchester
fie into play, which he had hid
>utside upon his arrival for the frol
With this rifle he fired several
:lots'into the building with the re
ult that Garfield Hutto was struck
i the head by one of the balls, in
'icting a wound from which he died
n Sunday about noon.
At the inquest, which was held by
\Iagistrate U. W, Jeffcoat several
witnesses were sworn and the tes
imony was conflicting, it is said.
But it was sworn that Craft, afteT
leaving the house, remark -d that he
"would get somebody," and began
firing, the second shot s'triking
-oung Hutto in the head. It was
Stated that several shots were fired
')y. Craft, although he says that only
)ne shot was fired, and that the rifle
vent off accidentally.
He claims that the whole affaii
was an accident; that he and Gar
field Hutto had been the best of
'riends and that he had no intention
of killing him. It is stated, as 2
natter of fact that Craft and Garfield
had been bosom friends, and tha1
hey had taken several drinks to
;ether just a short time before the
killing, and that it was another
"ounl man by the name of Hutto
hat Craft. wanted.
Young Garfield Hutto was just 2(
'ears old. He was a son of Mr
Terome Hutto, a well known farm
r. Craft is 26 years of age, and
s a son of the late Walter Craft
Craft was arrested early Sunda:
-ight by Deputy Sheriff Miller, whc
went to the scene immediately upon
'tearing of .the tragedy, and was
!odged in jail late last night.
Services Result in Great Comnmercia
Benefit to Owners.
From recent reports received a.
the Department pf Commerce ant
L~al~pr it appearsi sthat the bonel
interests of England have foundi
worth while to employ experts t<
supervise that industry. Cornwall
the best honey producing county ii
that count-ry, was the first to engag'
the service of an expert In beekeep
ing, with vast commercial benefit
When, three years ago, "foul brood,'
-in rinfectious disease among beer
attacked the apiaros at Cornwall, and
worked great destruction, the sup.
ervisors determined that it would b<
niecessary to destroy hundrede o:
'iives where tihe disease was preva
'ent. This forcible extinction of th'
hives saved the industry in the coun
f~.-There now remain but a few
'races of the disease.
In order that attention may be
Irawn to the success that may at
end beekeeping the authorities have
instructed their expert inspector tc.
visit all beekeepers in the county,
examine the hives kept by them, and
give advice as to their condition and
management. It is also the duty of
the inspector to work up markets.
KILLED BY AN OFFI",ER.
Drunken Negro Resist Arrest and
Is Shot Down.
John Mays, a negro who was drunk
and disorderly in Wagener Tuesdaiy
night, was shot and killed by Police'
Kirkland attempted to arrest M-tys,
who said he would not be arrested,
pulling a pistol at th~e snme time,
when Kirkland began tiring, one bu!
let taking effect in the centre at the
Dr. 0.- F. Fortwood was summon
ed, but found the negro in a dying
condition. A post-mortem was held
by Drs. Portwood and Schofield. with
the above findings.
The shooting took place about 7
o'clock p. m. Mays liverd abt'i 30
minutes after the shooting. I~ is a
strange negro in this sectiaai. Ibut
is said to have ,deserted his famiily
Strange n'egroes and mind tiger
whiskey is responsiajle fo- mnany of
the murders with which South Caro
lina is charged. Policeman Kirk
land had to shoot Mays o'r be sh:at
Ship and Crew Lost.
London, Dec. 28.-A report from
Nrew Castle today brought the in
telligence to the English maritime
centers that the Bri-tish steamshiin
Advance and the bark Iverna col
lided with the former, sinking with
all on board but the first officer.
French Consul's Wife Escaped.
Milazzo. Sicil. Dec. 31.-The
w'ife of the French consul at Mes
sina, the sole survivor of her fati
ly. reached here this morning. She
s badly injured. Her husband, son
mnd daughter, were killed.
When you hear a man boasting
f what he is going to do it won't
ake you long to enumerate the
hings he has done.
Poverty is ilhe devil's best grab
WILL NOT CURE
OR PREVENT HOGS FROM HAV
The National Agricultural Depart.
ment Warns Farmers Against Cer
tain Cure Als.
"Bruschetfinis Hog Cholera
Vaccine' and "Hog Cholera and
Swine Plague Serum" have been
tested by the department of agricul
ture and found to be worthless for
:he purpose for which they are man
ufactured. Both products are dis
tributed by the Sorby Vaccine Com
pany, 163 Randolph street, Chicago,
and are extensively advertised in ag
The act of congress making ap
'ropriations for the agricultural de
nartment for last year contained .
orovision that the secretary of agri
culture was authorized to purchase
in the open market samples of all
tuburculin serums, antitoxins,. or
analogous products of foreign or
-lomestic manufacture, which are
:old in the United States for the de
ection, prevention, treatment or
-ure of diseases of domestic animals,
o test the same and to publish the
sul ts ofd the tests in such manner
is they may deem best. Exercising
this authority, samples of the prep
'rations mentioned above, which are
videly advertised as preventives of
.holera and plague in swine, were
purchased and tested. The report of
ai"' rests is in part as follows:
"In testing this product the direc
ions for use furnished by the dis
ributors were carefully followed.
The test was made by injecting
bealthy pigs with Bruschettini's hog
cholera vaccine, and after the lapse
:f ten days, placing these pigs in
-lens with hogs affected with the hog
Cholera. All of the treated hogs re
nained well until exposed to disease
in this way. After this exposure
they all contracted the disease with
in the usual time exhibiting typical
symptoms, and all finally died,
showing at autopsy typical ~sions
,f hog cholera."
The statement of the department
"These tests indicate that neither
Brusche'tiui's Hog Cholera Vaccine
nor Bruschettiui's Hog Cholera and
Swine- Plague Scrum are reliable
-gents for protecting hogs from hog
Which is no doubt useful infor
,'ti'n for many farmers, even
though it is bad grammar for a gov
-mnlert executivc department te
YOUNG MAN KILLED.
By the Girl He Was Telling Good
Norfolk, Va., Dec. 30.-A special
to the Ledger-Dispatch from Wash
ington, N. C., today says:
John Emerson Stone, aiged 22
'iighly connected in Boston and New
York was shot and killed here earll
today by May Woodward, who ther
Ishot herself twice and may die
Stone went to the woman's house
to avow his intention of leaving her
-It is said she coaxed- him -into thc
house and when he refused to re
main drew a revolver and shot StonE
in the right temple. When he fel
she fired again -the ball lodging ir
the base of his brain. Then she shoi
herself twice in the forehead and
The doctors at the hospital sa3
that the woman has a fighting chancE
for her life. Stone has two brotl
ers, Albert Stone, New York, anC
Captain Edgar Stone, U. C. A., sta
tioned in Luzon, Philippine Islands
The former is on his way here tc
take charge of the body.
SUICIDE AT DENMARK.
Berry Gibson Takes His Life Witl1
The Herald says news reached
Bamberg Tuesday night that just
about dark Mr. Berry Gibson, a
young white man of Denmark, had
committed suicide by taking carbol
ic acid. Mr. Gibson was cotton
weigher at Denmark, having been
elected to the position last July by
the county board of commissioners.
He was about twenty-four years old,
and leaves a wife and a numb.er of
relatives. He was married only a
few -months ago to Mrs. Davis.
No real cause can be assigned for
his act, but it is said that he has
been despondent for some time, arid
has often said in the presence of
others that he wished he was dead.
About dark he went to his room in
his home at Denmark, and shortly
afterwards when his wife went rto the
door, it was locked. He did not an
swer when she called 'to him, so she
'alled for help at once and entrance
wvas effected by the window. Mr.
Gibson was found in a dyinsg con
dition, and death ensued before a
physician could be summoned. He
must have drank the carbolic acid
immediately on iroing to the roomi
Value of Sweet Milk.
The value of the pure sweet skini
mnili fed to pigs fresn from 4:.ae
cream separator, wm's fo:mnd by the
wve'-k-own dairyman. Mr. C. P.
Goodrich. to he much greater than
sually 'totimted. H-et found that
100 pounds of gain in pigs weigh
ing 125 pounds when red alone, a-ed
one bushels of corn fed alone made a
gain of ten pounds. This puts a
high value on sweet skinm mi-Ik.
When he j-oined skirn m'ilk and corn
"n du'mpropor-ti'ns the feed value 0!
l,c th were in.cr'esed 70 par cent,
sihowing that both made a fine bla
anced ra ie-n. He fed 100 pounds
of sw'eet rk'm milk with one bush.:I
of '0c:zi and that gave 18 noninds
of gain to the shoats. Heard's
"In o:ur own exx- rfence we have
r'ade skim railk wt.rth 8?2 cents p'r
1 00 when fed to grade Guernsey
-,1lres sol-1 at. 7 months of age at
"It to well enourh to say that a
large part of the feeding value of
separ:stor skini n-ilk riay be wastesd
[b iipr-oper methods of feeding: al
so itis best value is always found in
fhedintg it 'to young pigs and thc-at-."
The kind of a novel a woman
dotes on is where the beautiful
clothes and costly jewels of the
heroine arec an adorable setting to
all the heart agoney she has to suf
DEATH TOLL AWFUL
TWO RtNDRED THOUSAND PFO
PLE PERISHED. 1:
Vandalism of the Worst Kind Has
Broken Out-- rmy to Bury the t
Dead and Relieve Suffering.
Rome, Dec. 29.-Basing statetics f
ipon the very latest reports receiv
ed from the devasted districts of j
Southern Italy, whicif' was swept by s
earthquake, tidal waves and fire, it
s predicted this morning that the
casualties will reach 200,030, per
haps more. Hundreds of men and
women and children were buried
alive, caught in the debris and car
ried to suffocation and instant d - th.
The disaster in the P ovince of
Caalbria and Island of Sicily ha= to
lay assumed staggering iroportiens.
Each succesive report received from
the stricken region makes it more
apparent that the first store.s of
widespread destruction were little,
if any, exaggerated.
Reggio still remains in the tragic
isolation. It is impossible t0 get
word from the sitricken city lnd
the- silence gives rise to the most
tearful apprehensions. News has
ome from Messina, eight miles norhI
)f Reggio, but no reliable estimate 1
>f the dead there has been made.
Vandalism of the worst kind has
broken out and the government has
adopted the most energetic and most
severe measures for It-, repression.
Robberies and looters are shot on
sight. The prison at Messina col
lapsed, and some of the prisoners
were killed, but the survivors made
their escape, and joined the Hooli
3ans who were sacking the city.
Such confusion reigned teat the rob
bers met with no resistance. The
local chief of police lies dead. The
barracks at Messina were demolish
ed, the commander of ta troops was
killed outright and there were n..any
victims among the enlisted men.
The government sent 'n army
crops commander to take charge of
the troops in the devasted district
One of his first measures will be to
declare marti'al law. Robbers pil
laged the ruins of shattered build
ings, and even stole clothing and
valuables from the corpses of the
victims. They were not deterred b'y
the flames that broke out in several
sections of the city, but took advan
tage of the light for their vandal
The night in Messina was, one of
horror indescribable-fire, robbery,
dead and dyinlg on every side the city
in utmost confusion and people
panic stricken and under the spell
of terror. The finest palaces, church
es and theaters of Messina are heaps
of ruins; countless dead bodies are
scattered through the wreckage.
No part of the Province of Reggiu de
Premier Gloletti has received a
telegram from Deputy Feliceat at
|Messina confirming the previous re
ports of the complete destruction of
Messina by the fire following the
earthquake. The report says that
the& dead at 'Messina will be connted
by tens of thousands.
jIn some towns gas meters explod
ed. The tidal- wa e that completed
the destruction work of the earth
quake was thirty-two feet high and
sank numberless small boats in the
harbor of Catania. Wireless tel':
gra'phy has been of great assistance;
an Italian nava? squadron at sea was
reached by wireless and ordered to
Some Good Advice.
|There are persons who will, with
out a murmu'r, pay an office fee of
$10 to a "city doctor," and yet
~rum'ble when the local physician,
-lpmands $1 for the same advice.
Iwith seventy-five cents worth of
-meaicine thrown in. Don't be one
'f this kin ihae; the Farm Thurnal;
but be willing to pay a fair feeTo~
your home physician who, In nearly
ill cases, can give as igood advice
as the d'octor In the city.
Due to Monoxied Gas.
I Washington, Dec. 2 8.-Deadly
fumes of monoxied gas caused 'the
death of another person in this city
yesterday. The latest victim, Wil
liam McGowan, was over come while
in his bath room and died within
20 minutes after lighting -a water
heater. Monoxide gas is caused ,y
Improper combustion. Three miem
bers of a family were killed by such
a gas at their home on October
The Commercial Standing of a Tow.
In a great measure the commez
gial standing of a town is reckoned
according to the number and value
of Its business enterprises; its mora.
standinig, according to the number
and power of its institutions, ent
erting a good influence as opposed
to those exerting a bad. These
things being true, it should be the
Intent of the citizens of Orangeburg
to encourage such new enterprises
as tend in any way to make the
place better; for a town Is greatly
what its citizen's make it, nothing
more and nothing less.
As a rule -thieves display morei
discretion than honest men do.
The good form displayed by man)
a woman is du~e to her dressmaNr
Most of the average malt's laughs
are inspired by his own alleged wit.
The reason the average man can
be so satisfied with.- his brains is he5
Even a man who prefers a prize
fight will lie about how he enjoys t
grand opera. ~ t
A woman can always convince
herself you are in love with her un
less you are. u
It sometimes happen that a ginra
may get rid of a persistent suitor by
marrying him. t
More people have been civilized ,
with the bathtub than with the Ten
A mean 'trick for a man to play o'
nn a girl who rejects his. proposal is
to take her at her word. w
Not until the undertaker gets busy el
with a man does he cease to be un
popular with his relations. t
Every man likes to hear a wise
w'oman talk-because she always e
alks to him about himself.
A girl wants to stay in bed when hi
;he has a cold so that men can't is
:ee the red nose that ges with it. to
USES LIMESTONE ?'OR -
t Louis Man ie It .With t. -"
and Obtains Intense Heat'
Alexander Marshall' of S,t Louis
7ld recently how he has solved an
nportant problem that may greatly
educe the world's -consumption of
He claims to have' discovered a
ethod whereby the cost of coal byy<,'
be use of limestone, in' unnaces
lny kind may be reduced to one
aif. The limestone exists in suf
tcient quantities in the Piasa Bluffs
long the Mississippi River to supply
Liton with fuel for centuries to come.
larshall's scheme proves generally
"You see, 1 throw in plenty of coal
o get 4 red-hot fire in the furnace.
he former dark, back smoke from
he stacks began to be transformed
to a light, airy gas-carbonic acid
as released from the carbonate of *.
ime. The heat was intense and in
L few minutes seemed as if the
earns of the boilers would melt.
"Coal alone never gave such a.
teat," remarked Mr. Marshall. "
few weeks I will have a testing
>aratus here for the purpose of
ng out exactly the amount of
tnd then the number of units innlmte
After the test the residue left
ehibited in the grate. There were
io clinkers; the coal had evidently
tIl been consumed.
"The residue makes a good fertil
zer," Mr. Marshall said. * "Of course
,he asses are not so good as the lime
;tone before burning, for that con
ains forty per cent more of carbon.
he advantage lies in th= fact that
as has already been made of the
oal. Left in the ground for a long
ar time, tue burned ,limestone will
bring about exactly the same effect
ts the pure limestone; that is, In
orrectang the acidity of the soil.
The Eternal Feminine.
-I'll tell you how I am saving
money so that I can entertain my
[riends at dinner, Marie," said a
New York stenographer to her chum
is they soared upward in the office
elevator. "Whenever I am invited
to dine out and do not have to pay
[or my own dinner, I put the amount
[ save in my little iron bank. "How
ever," she continued, with the par
tiularly pleasant purr that some
times precedes a scratch, "that pltn
ron't do you any good, will it dear,
for you are never invited- oat, are
Swiss School 'isdom.
Whenever the natural temperature
reaches a certain point-in Switzerland .
the schools are dismissed. This is
on the theory that after a certain
point of suffering- has. been reached
by both teachers and pupils, the -one
cannot impart 'nor the other absorb
instruction that would be of - any
value, and so the time spent in at
tempting it is wasted.
First "Dress -Suit" In Kansas.
The first dress suit that ever came
to Kansas came with the "aid" from
Boston during the dry summer of
1860. Somne rich man in the east
contributed it, having outgrown .it
and a farmer named Paswell,. in
Kpioma township In this county~
ploughed corn in It all summner-,
Atchison Globe. - .'
A slender acquaintance -t~th~
world must convince every. mrbt
actions not words, are thetrue v
teon of the attachment of friend~;
and that the most liberal professios
of go'od will are very far from being
the surest marks of' lt.-George
What Hurts Most
"I tell you,' said Snnick, "men are
getting so deceitful tihese- days that
you can't trust your best friends--"
"And what's worse." interrupted Bor
roughs, gloomily, "you can't get your
best friends to trust'you.'-Pha --
Rivers .n I~
Little riverss em to have the In
definabeqX iYthat belongs to cer
ata people in the world-the power.
of.drawing attention .without court'
ing t, the faculty of exciting interest
by their- very presence and way of
doing things.-Henry Van- Dyke.
straight Business Offer.
An advertisement in an English
pa'per reads as fogbows: "Stolen, a
watch .worth ?10. if the thief will
return It, he shall be informed gratis,
where he may steal one worth two
of it, and no questions asked."
Beyond Mans Realization.
Men make fun of the fashions,
but even the wisest of them do not
realize that the style change in the
Invisible .clothes, with quasi-visible
ribbons, just as often as they do for
the more apparent ones.
Sweetness by the Ton.
Perfume manufacturers of Italy
every year consume 1,860 tons of
range blossoms, 930 tons of roses,
L60 tons each of jasmine and violets
md 15 tons of jonquils.
No greater good can befall a city
han when several educated men.
:hinking in the same way as to what
s good and right, live together In
In Manchuria, Siberia and North
Jhna much use is made of Chinese
rick tea, not as, a beverage, blit as
avegetable, boiled with rice and
The owenr of a smart dog does
1ost of the barkinte.
When a girl's hair is a golden halo
astead of being just plain red, it's
sign it's her mother describing ik.
A man seems to be able to out
rcw most any superstition except
hat his whiskers couldn't be finer.
The average girl is ambitious to
iake a name for herself, but she
sun.i1y ends by acoaptmng some
The kind of photograph a woman
inks is good of her is one her
~n mother couldn't guess who it
The man who can make his chil
en smile does not need to worry
rer his inabilit'r to preach sermons.
Women seem to rega-d, acharity
ork as a stepping stone into soci
The largest 'band saw in the
e world is in use in a mill at Hia
mim, Wash. It is 65 feet long by
Sinches wide and has teeth 3 inch
There's no way a man can help
s wife to enjoy herself when she
having a good cry as to tell her