Newspaper Page Text
GIFT IS PICKED
Silver Service Will be Given to
NAMED AFTER STATE
The State Commission, Headed by
Governor Ansel, Selects the De
signs for the Gift Which the State
WiU Make to the Ship That Will
Bear Her Name.
The commission to select the silver
service for the new battleship South
Carolina has made its selection of
the general designs that are to be
used, and naturally expects beautiful
work. The commission has made ex
cellent selections as the outline of
the specifications indicate.
Governor Ansel is a member of the
commission, and is giving consider
able time and thought to the work.
Messrs. John B. Cleveland, of Spar
tanburg, and George D. Bryan, of
Charleston, are the appointive mem
bers of the commission, and Megsrs.
E. Marion Rucker, and Col. W. L.
Mauldin are the ex-officio membe:s.
When Col. Cleveland came to the
first meeting of the commission at
which the general scheme of the de
signs were discussed he had a pretty
well worked out series of illustra
tions and decorations. The whole
matter was fully and freely discussed
by the members of the commission,
and with the artists, who were pres
The large and centre pieces are to
be decorated with three historic
events. .One piece Is to have the
scene of Jasper replacing the flag
at Fort Moultrie. Another is to have
an engraving of the dinner Marion
is said to have given the British
officers. and which has been used
in a picture by White, and the third
is to be a picture of Mrs. Motte
destroying her own home, near Fort
Motte, Calhoun county.
An examination of the specifica
tions indicate that the designs are to
include the palmetto, pine, cypress.
Magnolia. rice, tobacco, strawberry.
melon and peaches. In fact, the idea
is to incorporate the trees and plants
indigneous to this State. The flags
of the State, the coat-of-arms and
other Insignia of the State are to be
used wherever the general design
The commission has given the pub
lic the complete details of its de
sign. Mr. A. S. Salley, Jr., of the
State historical comimission, in a
letter to The Sunday News, suggests
that the events intended to be re
corded in the silver service lack
historic corroboration, and went into
interesting details. He says that
some of the events did not happen,
as far as history records. The com
mission will explain further its po
sition and reason for selecting the
events that are to be used as the
central pictures. In the meanwhile
the exact specifications, which the
artists have been asked to use, are
Specifications covering silver serv
ice to be presented by the State of
South Carolina to the United States
battleship South Carolina:
Competitors to submit designs on
or by the 16th-day of June, 1909;
all tenders to be within the appro
priation of $5,000; the metal to be
of uniform fineness, standard grade,
The propositions to give the ca
pacity of all hollow ware and the
weight in ounces of each piece sepa
Workmanship to be of the best
and to follow in all details the de
Propositions to embrace the fol
One punch bowl, seven gallons.
One plateau for punch bowl.
Twenty-four cups, one-half pint.
One ladle for. punch bowl.
One centre piece.
One water pitcher, three quarts.
One tray for water pitcher.
One tea set, consisting of five
pieces and a kettle and tray for same.
Two fruit dishes.
Two roast dishes, one with well
and tray; one without, both same
One fish dish.
One salad bowl.
Two bonbon dishes.
Two vegetable dishes with cov
Two entre dishes.
One Humidor cigar box, made of
native wood, cedar, to hold three
hundred cigars, silver mountings and
The general design to be plain
-and simple as far as is consistent
with the ornamentation specified.
The dsigns to consist of a com
bination nautical in their suggestion.
and the tres, fruits and flowers in
digenous to this State, for instance,
palmetto, pine, cypress, magnolia,
jessamine and trumpet vine; corn,
cotton, rice and tobacco, strawberry,
melons and peaches. These can be
used on the borders and around the
bases. On the 'sides of the large
pieces and in the botoms of the trays
and waiters, arms and seal of the
State, flags of the State and navy,
and of the United States, in combi
nation or otherwise; State House,
palmetto trees, with the national em
blem, eagle, et cetera.
The following historical designs
are to be used on large pieces:
Jasper at Fort Moultrie.
Marion's dinner to the British of
Mrs. Motte's destruction of her
Etchings of Gen. Sumter, Gen.
Marion, Gen. Moultrie, Col. William
Washington, Gen. Morgan, Gen. Pick
ens, Commander Ingram, the United
States battleship "South Carolina,"
and the following emblem: "Pre
sented by the State of South Carolina
to the Unfted States battleship
"Millions for defence, but not one
cent for tribv be."
The designs to be different on each
piece and to be so used as to avoid
crowding, simplicity preferable to or
nateness, less attention paid to show
than elegancy, the general motive
simple, elegant and dignified.
The successful bidder to deliver
the service, properly packed, riot lat
er than the 15th day of January,
CANNOT BE SOLD
SWIFT & COMPANY MAY SHIP
Car Containing Damaged Food Will
Be Sealed by City Inspector and
Opened at Factory Tank.
A dispatch from Greenville says
City Meat inspector Smith and City
Attorney McCullough were in con
ference Monday afternoon with rep
resentatives of the Swift Packing
Company regarding the disposition
of the 70,000 pounds of meat con
demned Saturday, owing to its hav
ing been soaked in sewage. At a
meeting of the board of health held
at 5 o'clock Dr. Smith reported that
the packing company would be al
lowed to ship the meat, which is
valued at over $4,000, to one of its
soap plants, with the understanding
that the car be sealed here by the
inspector and opened at the soap
works and consigned to the tank by
a governinant inspector.
The co. ...mning of the meat and
its disposition have caused consider
able agitation in Greenville. When
the packing company's representative
arrived he gave out the statement
that he was constrained to follov
any suggestion Inspector Smiti
might make in the matter. but not
withstanding the authorities will
take every precaution to see thai
the inspector's orders la-e carried
out to the letter. Acting in the mat
ter Dr. Smith not only had the loca'
authorities behind him but he was
backed up by Dr. Williams of th(
State board. A number of towns iT
the State wired asking for Informa
tion concerning the disposition of th(
condemned meat. Spartanburg ani
Columbia being among the cities t<
In an interview G. W. Chandler
manager of the Southern business o
Swift & Co., said that his concerz
had no idea of endeavoring to sel
the meat which was condemned Sat
urday by Inspector Smith. He de
clared his willingness to make an:
disposition of the meat that is de
sired by the city authorities.
FORGIVES SON'S SLAYER.
Will Do All Possible to Secure Re
lease of Dr. Boyajian.
A dispatch from Detroit, Mich,
says Hagood Gastanlan of Lynn
Mass.. left for his New England hom
Monday evening with the body o
his son, Harotoon Gastanian, wh
was fatally shot Friday in the De
troit police court by his uncle, Di
Garabed J. Boyajian.
Speaking of the crime the dea
youth's father said:
"Dr. Boyajian is nearer to m
than a brother. I blame him nol
even though he has slain my soT
I will do all I can to release him frox
prison. It Is the will of God, an
I bow before it. I believe my bo
was innocent, but do not blame th
doctor for what he did. because h
believed him guilty. When our pec
pie marry, they marry for good, nc
for a short time like the America
people seem to do. Any off ens
against the home is punishable b
GOV. McSWEENEY ILD.
Suddenly Stricken by Attanc of Ind
A long distance phone messag
from Hampton to The State say
while returning from his office to hi
home Tuesday about 3 o'clock, e:
Gor. M. B. McSweeney was suddeni
stricken and fell unconscious. H.
two young sons were with him
the time and summoned help. H
was taken to his home, where b
was found to be in a very seriou2
condition. Tuesday he had not rf
covered consciousness. Acute ind:
gestion is given as the cause of hi
attack. The former governor ha
been in bad health for the past ses
eral months. It is said that ther
is very little hope that he will sut
vive the attack.
Turn Them Lose.
Parents do wrong in keeping thei
children hanging around home, shel
tered and enervated by parental is
dulgence. The eagle does better. I
stirs up its nest when the youn
eagles are able to fly. They are con
pelled to shift for themselves, fo
the old eagle literally truns them oui
and at the same time tears all th
down and feathers from the nesl
'Tis this rude and rough experient
that makes the king bird of bi:~is s.
fearless in his flight and so exper
in the pursuit of prey.
Convicted of Killing Wife.
Chester Jordan was found guilt:
in the first degree on a charge o
murdering his wife at Cambridge
bond in the sum of $2,000 to mak
deliery at the point to be hereafte
to be designed, on or before the dat'
named, and have the service insure.
at his or their expense until pre
sentation is made. Formal contrac
to be entered into between the suc
cessful bidder and the commission
the commission reserving the righ
to reject any or all bids and designs
After the execution of the worl
the design shall become the propert:
of the State of South Carolina, anc
turned over to the State historica
commission. Payment for :aid serv.
ice to be made as follows: Cash
on delivery of the service and ac
ceptance of same by the commission.
Done at Columbia, S. C., April
M. F. ANSEL,
Chairman of Commission.
The con~mission has no axe to
grind. It wants to render the best
possible service to the State, and the
discussion, if there is to be any had,
better come before the work it done
rather- than after the designs have
been~ - acepted, and the engraving
finished. The commission wants to
have good reasons assigned for any
change, and will no doubt accept any
suggestions in the best of spirit.
where such suggestions are not mere
ly captious and is accompanied by
"somthing better.' There will, how
ever, be no change unles there he
good reasons, it Is safe to say.
A T'GnT' KOHN.
Senator Commins Predict Dire
Things if The
He Says the Common People Are
a Factor, and Predicts That They
Will Rise in Their Might If a
World Trust Is Ever Formed by
One of the best speeches yet de
livered in the Senate against the
tariff bill was made by Senator Dol
liver, Republican, from Iowa, a few
days ago. Commending the course
of his colleague in his attack upon
the pending tariff bill, Senator Cum
mins, also a Republican, Thursday
in opening his speech upon that
measure, turned to Mr. Aldrich and
said that the man who challenged
the Republicanism of Senators be
cause they seek to revise the sched
ule of duties 40 years old was taking
a most remarkable course.
Mr. Cummins scouted the idea
that adherence to the wool schedule
was necessary in order to maintain
the protective principle. He said he
had been one of the Republicans who
had fought for a revision of the
"And I intend to defend my
faith," he continued, "with all the
vigor of which I am capable.
"The finance committee, compos
ed of honorable, intelligent, bright
minded and experienced men, is still
not the ark and the covenant of Re
publiican dottrine. It is 'not the
only repository of Republican faith.'
Not a single member of that com
mittee. he said, had been among
those Republicans who had demand
ed a revision of the Dingley bill
They did not believe revision was
necessary and It was no wonder tha1
they should not now favor changew
Senator Owen interrupted whil
Mr. Cummins was stating that h(
had had special opportunities for un
derstanding the affairs of the Ameri
can Steel and Wire Company wit]
an inquiry as to how he had acquir
ed such special information.
"I was attorney for the company,'
replied the Iowan.
Mr. Scott inquired whether th
senator had received his fee as al
torney in money or in stock.
"If I had lived In West Virginia,
responded Mr. Cummins, "and ha
been surrounded with the influence:
prevalent there, I fear I would bo
ashamed to answer. But as I liv<
in Iowa where there is an hones
atmosphere. I can reply that my pa:
Swas in cash, arnd I had nothing what
Sever to do ,with the capital stock is
Ssued by that company."
eResponding to a question by Mr
eDepew, Mr. Cummins said that he
had not ventured to look forwar<
t"to that disastrous day in which thi
Sindustries of the United States and o
ethe world are concentrated in
ysingle hand or a single board of di
rectors." When, he said, the da:
should dawn that a single man shal
direct the energies of the earth ani
control the fortunes of mankind sq
far as manufactures are concerned
"there will still remain the lam1
posts and the common people, if th
law has failed, in order that th
Scountry be rid of those monopolist
*who coerce the whole world."
STRANGE ATLANTA MURDER,
yGreek Fruit Dealer Slain in Allel
S Neighbor Heard Struggle.
eC. Costelo, a Greek fruit vender
edied at the Brady hospital in Atlant;
a few days ago from injuries re
-ceived at the hands of a murdere
Slast Saturday night.
He had finished his day's work an<
ehad driven his horse and wagon int
an alley on Luckie street. Mrs. J1
Sharkey who lived in an adjoinini
house heard several blows. Lookin,
out she asked Costelo what the trou
- Oh, nothing." was the reply
"The horse kicked me. that's all.
He was asked if he was hurt, an<
the reply was that he was not, bu
rwas going to call a doctor in a few
SSuspicioning the voice, the lad:
airoused her son and sent him int<
the alley to investigate. He founc
Costelo lying heside the wagon un
conscious from several blows that
had been rained upon his head
The form of another man was dis
cernable in the darkness, but he es
caped before he could be recognized
The injured man was taken to the
hospital, but did not recover con
Owing to the similarity of the
attack, it is suspected that it came
from the same source as that made
upon Mr. and Mrs. Wittles, causinI
Mrs. Wittles' death, several weeks
-Wittles was also a fruit salesman.
DID NOT FORGET Hi.
N Young Boy Left a Bi'g Sam of
Money by His Father.
A dispatch from= Aiken to The
News and Courier says little Willie
Rosenburg, son of Mrs. Daisy Rosen
burg, who resides near this city, is
made heir to a large portion of his
father's large estate, by his will,
made before his death, several days
ago, and the sum of $57,500 is left
A telegram was received in the
city informing Willie of his father's
death in Atlantic City, and of the
provision made in his will, leaving
his son this sum.
Mrs. Rosenburg is a native of
Aiken. and was married some years
ago to Mr. R. W. Rosenburg, who,
after living some time with his wife,
hecamne estranged from her, and be
fore his death, became divorced.
Willie. their son, is a lad of eight
or nine years. and the will of the
late father, filed a day or two ago
in Pittsburg. of which place he was
a resident, shows the he was never
SENATOR FLETCHER URGES
THAT IT BE TAXED.
Egyptian Cotton, Grown in the Nile
Valley, Competes Seriously With
Southern Long Staple Cotton.
The Washington correspondent of
The News and Courier says in a
speech on the floor of the Senate a
day of two ago, Senator Fletcher, of
Florida, declared that South Ca:'o
lina long staple cotton was the best
raised and commanded a better price
on the market than that grown aay
where else in this country. Ia
adding to this he threw considerable
light on long staple growing along
the sea slands of -the South Atlar.tic
Speaking of this industry the FZor
ida Senator said:
The production of cotton on an
important scale began about 1789,
when we produced 3,000 bales and
the price was 28 cents per pound.
in 179 we produced 46,000 bales
and the price was 44 cents. In 1:800
the production was 73,000 bales and
the price was 28 cents. In 1320
the production was over 300,000 and
the price 17 cents. From 1840 to
1850 it reached the low price of 5
cents per pound, and again atout
ten years ago. The introductior of
the factory, the utilization of the
seed and by products, the use of cot
con in place of wool and silk and
hemp in increasing quantities have
made the crop today worth more
than double what it was ten years
ago, and the increase in the value of
the crop in one year, caused by the
presence of factories at the fields,
doubtless would more than pay for
all the spindles in the South. Even
now the grower, labor and supplies
having gone up, is making no tre
The value of the exports from this
crop amounts annualy to $482,(100,
000. It is said that if Europe had
stacked up all the gold and all the
silver mined from the earth for the
past six years and shipped it to the
South she would still owe us $200,
000,000 for our raw cotton alore.
The protection given to cottol
yarns and cotton cloth may to ;om(
extent help the price of cotton. ]
question if the former is benefittee
thereby materially. There is but lit
tle of the short-staple cotton import
ed. There is produced in this coun
try, however, the sea island or long
staple cotton, which competes wit
that grown in the West Indes anc
in the Valley of the Nile.
On the free list in the pending bil
are "cotton and cotton wiste o
flocks." The annual e- P of long
staple cotton fluctuates, but the aver
age production may be fairly esti
mated as follows:
Florida, 31,000 bales; Georgia
52,000 bales, ind South Carolina
12,000 bales--of about 400 pound
The Growing Area.
The producing area being abou
Chavleston and extends down thi
coast to the Georgia line, and thei
it leaves the coast and extends sout]
through Georgia into Middle Flori
da. About one-third of the Sout1
Carolina crops gives a staple 2 ti
2 1-2 Inches long, and It is sold gen
erally for export at from 40 to 81
cents per pound, it Is the finest stapl
produced. The "East Florida" sta
pie is 1 3-4 to 2 inches long; th
"Florida" 1 5-8 to 1 3-4 inches. Th
"Georgia" staple is 1 5-8 inches long
but not so fine as the "Florida.
Fineness is a factor with the spinner
and only the superlative fine fibr
brings the fancy price. 'Outside th
islands of South Carolina the pric
is about 20 cents per pound.
The West Indes is the origina
home of the plant and produces abou~
4.000 bales annually. It was in 1781
that the plant was transplanted 01
the American Continent from the
West Indes. There is produced il
the Valley of the Nile a cotton wh'
is capable of competing with our se;
island cotton. This rich region prc
duces about 1,500,000 bales of 404
pounds each annually. It Is a long
staple, fine fibre cotton, -and abou
150,000 bales of it are imported,b:
American mills every year at a prici
ranging about 15 cents per pounc
It spins well and wastes about 8 pe:
cent less In going through the va
rious processes of preparation for the
spindle than does the sea island cot
ton. The Egyptian cotton waste:
about 25 per cent, while the se.
island wastes about 33 per cent. The
Egyptian staple is about 1 5-8 inche:
long; but is preferred to the Ameri
can for some purpose because of les:
waste and greater strength and it:
It seems that while the Egyptiai
cotton is a near relation of the se;
island, it cannot be grown 5In oui
country. A duty of 5 cents a poune
on the lint cotton would yield a reve
nue of $3,000,000--150,000 bales be
ing 60,000,000 pounds.
This cotton is used in the manu
facture of mercerized silks and fine1
goods of the highest and most ex
pensive class, on which this bill pro
poses a duty of 54 per cent, while
the total wage cost is about 20 per
The actual cost of producing the
cotton is about $21 per acre. The
avearge yield is about 10 to 150
pounds of lint to the acre. The
price now is less than 20 cents per
South C"' id Supply the World.
Sevente ,'ties in Florida are
ow pro- long-staple cotton.
It can b g er ai more than half
the cour. M e State. Suitable
soil, clin i and conditions exist
in Georgia, South Carolina and Flori
da, and, to a certain extent and de
ree, the Mississippi Delta. to supply
the world, and as a revenue-pro
ducing item is would prove one of
the best among all the schedules. It
is an important industry. If I em
ployed the language of the authors
of this measure, I would say the
farmers engaged In it very justly
contend that they ought not to be
forced to abandon It by competition
with Egyptian cheap labor in the
fertile Nile region. We pay from 81
to $1.25 por day for labor, which In
Egypt ranges about one-tenth that.
The land there is very rich and does
not require fertilIzing like ours.
When we say the country needs the
revenue which a tariff on that for
eign product would yield, and such
a tariff is required to help equalize
FOUR MEN HANG'
Young Turks Execute Thirteen
PLANED BY SULTAN
Evidence Discovered That Abdul
Hamid Knew Beforehand of the
Adana Massacres-List orf Houses
With Notes of the Kind of Loot
to Be Found.
Thirteen civilians and soldiers
sentenced by the Military Court to
death for murder were hanged in
different parts of Constantinople at
4 o'clock Monday morning.
Major Youssef, his son and three
other men, who killed the Syrian
deputy, Emir Mohammed Arslan, in
front of the Parliament building,
were executed on the spot where they
committed the crime.
Five others were hanged at the
entrance of the ministry of war and
three men at the Stamboul end of
the Galata bridge. Upon the breast
of each criminal had been placed a
large placard in Turkish, setting
forth the sentence of the Court.
Around the foot of the gibbets on
the bridge the early morning buyers
of fruits, flowers and vegetables pro
ceeded as usual, while the bodies
were in full sight of the great crowds
that made their way over the bridge
between Stamboul and Galata.
Major Youssef was commandant
of the 1st battalion of the 7th reg
iment. Among the non-commission
ed officers executed was Hamid Bin
Yechar, a sergeant in the fourth hat
tallion of the Saloniki chasseurs. The
men executed on Galata bridge were
guilty of the murder of Lieut. Elis.
Major Youssef was the man who.
after the murder of Deputy Arsian,
made his way to the house of Par
liament, and in a speech denounced
the members for acting against the
laws of the Koran.
Yechar was the man who planned
the details of the revolt of April 13.
and was commander-in-chief and
practically dictator of Constantino
ple for the two days following. The
other eleven men worked under
Mourad, editor of the newspaper
Nizam, was tried by court-martail to
I A minember of the court-martial
read the Sultan's firmin, confirming
the sentences of each place of execu
tion, and priests prayed with the
condemned men for two hours before
The bodies were left hanging until
2 o'clock and were seen by at least
one hundred thousand of the popu
l.tion of the city.
Documentary evidence has been
discovered among the records of the
telegraph office here of the kn'wi
edge of the Constantinople authori
ties that massacres had been planned
for the Adana district, and that th~ey
were to coincide with the political
2Other papers have been found in
2dicating also that the conspirators
at the palace acted in the Sultan's
name in preparing the military muti
Sny of April 13. Lists of houses, with
.niotes of the kind of loot to be found
therein, were discovered on some of
the prisoners now in custody. The
arrangements included a general
massacre of foreigners in Constanti
nople, including the diplomatic rep
resentatives on April 24.
REHEARING NOT ASKED.
Attorneys for Creditors of State Dis
Ipensary Have Filed no Petition.
3The Washington correspondent of
i The News and Courier says although
it was expected that a petition for
a rehearing in the South Carolina
d (ispensary case would he filed Mon
d (ay, no such steps had been taken
lip to the hour of closing the clerks
office of the Supreme Court. The
Wilson and Fleischman interest will
have Tuesday also in which to file
such -a petition should they desire
to do so. The case was decided April
r , and the custom of the Court is
not to issue its mandate until thirty
d iays have expired, which would be
Wednesday. The Court took a re
'ess Monday hntil May 17. Upon
that date it will take another recess
until May 21: then it will go into a
summer recess. If a petition for
"ehearing is filed it is almost certain
:hat it will not be acted upon until
some time next ftall.
Signs of a Fine Town.
How quickly can you tell a live
town from a dead one by simply
ooking over its newspapers. A poor
skim milk sort of a newspaper with
a few small advertisements, and
hose looking as though they were
run at haff price, betokens a dead
:own just as sure as a corpse indi
cates a funeral, while a good, lively,
well-printed newspaper, filled witl
good, fresh ads, and displayed locals,
shows that the town is prospering
and thriving. It never fails.
Cuts Price on Oil.
A reduction of five cents a barrel
was announced a few days ago by
the Standard Oil Company in the
price of all grades of crude oil, ex
cept Ragland, which is unchanged.
This is the first change lii the pricae
of most of the othier grades since
May. 1907. since which time Penn
sylvania crude oil has been quoted
constantly at $1.78.'
that at home. there would seem to
be sufficient stated to show the pro
priety and justice of the claim we
make from hoth standpoints.
In the year ending June .'10, 1908
cotton was imported into this coun
try free to the amount of 70,994.
968 pounds, the value of which was
$14,164,406, at 20 cents per pound.
Waste or fiocks imported free
amounted to 10,728,268 pounds, val
ued at $446,261.14 at 42 cents per
Duty should be imposed on all
cotton Imported so there could be
raised no question regarding proper
disignaton at, say, 5 to 8 cents per
pound. At 10 cents per pound the
Importation last year of cotton, not
counting waste or flocks, would have
WANTS FREE TRADE
)N LUMBER AND ON COTTON
TIES AND BAGGING.
enator Tillman Says the Sap of
Protection is Not Worth What It
X special dispatch to the Colum
ia Record says Senator Tillman fav
3rs free trade in lumber and will
mote for it. He believes that in the
nd Democratic defections from the
:eclarations of the party platform
will give the victory to those Repub
licans desiring a duty, but he ex
preses himself as far from the opin
ion that such a forecast justifies
Democrats in falliing into line with
Lhe party in power. A vote for pro
tected lumber, in his opinion, is a
vote against forest preservation and
also a vote against the claims of
Democracy to control the house of
representatives two years hence and
the whole country after President
"What's the use of hurrahing
'round the country- for the safeguard
ing of our forests," he said, "when
you are crying at the same time for
a duty on lumber that will keep
foreign timber from cOming in
sparing our own trees for the next
generation? You have seen the de
struction of our forests in the past
few Vears. fow, importation 10f
lumber from Canada would save
some of our trees from being cut,
while this duty they are demanding,
keeps the foreign lumber out and
makes us cut down our own for
With forests as far away from the
Southern pine fields as Canada. Sen
ator Tillman does not believe the
free importation )of lumlber could
affect the profits of South Carolina
mills, while it might materially lower
the price of lumber to the consumer.
As to who owns the South Carolina
standing timber he is not certain,
though he is inclined to agree with
Senator Nelson that a part of It at
least is in the hands of Michigan
corporations and holders in the far
Northwe-st. It is through the influ
ence of these Northwestern men that
the price of lumber In South Carolina
would be raised under a protective
duty, -though in the local field a
tariff of itself have no such effect.
"Two-thirds of the white people of
South Carolina." said Mr. Tillman,
"live above Columbia. Nearly all
the yellow pine and every bit of the
loblolly is below Columbia. Now,
why should I vote to impose a higher
cost upon those people up there when
they want to build houses and
Senator Tillman was sitting In the
room of the committee on the five
civilized tribes, of which he is chair
'man, when I found him to ask about
the tariff. He was barricaded behind
a pile of books, all of sombre bind
ing, the most dashing of which was
entitled "The Romance of Steel,"
a volume telling of the manufacture
of iron in the melodramatic fashion
of a treatise on chemistry.
"I am trying to find out something
about cotton ties," said the senator,
"and, there seems to be a lot of it."
In regard to .cotton bagging, there
is apparently reasonable hope that
Senator Aldrich will let that go on
the free list, if the Southern Demo
crats work together for that end,
but on ties, while Senator Aldrich
has asked Mr. Tillman for informa
tion, he expressed himself as doubt
ing his ability to grant the request.
The senator from Rhode Island, said
Senator Tillmian, was under the im
pression that ties are made chiefly
in Chattanooga, Birmingham1 and
other centres near the Southern
mines and he felt that ample protec
tion onght to be accorded these new
manufacturing districts on an article
like ties for which they would have
a large local demand.
It was to meet that objection that
Senator Tillman devoted himself to
light literature of the "Romance of
Steel" sort. The information he
found encouraging. Ties, he dis
covered, are manufactured almost
exclusively in Pittsburg and the great
iron and steel centres of the North.
there being only one small plant at
Atlanta. The fact that ties are made
by plants turning out enormous
quantities of other steel goods, all
heavily protected, leads Senator Till
man to hope that Mr. Aldrich will
consent to a removal of the duty.
ARRESTS FOR CUSTOM FRAUDS.
The Government Gets Behind Al
Four arrests were made Tuesday
in New York by United States Mar
shal Henkel on charges arising out
of the seizure of smuggled trunks
at the port of New York about a year
ago. The persons taken into custody
were George C. White, a dealer in
dressmiakenrs' supplies, Fbrty-fif-th
street and Fifth avenue; Lorne B.
Walker. a former employe of the
customs department; W. H. Kliga
mon. former salesman for George F.
Crowley, West Thirty-fourth street,
and Elizabeth *Kilgamon, his wife.
They were arraigned before JTustice
ough in the United States circuit
MILLIONAIRE A SAIL'OR.
oung Pittshurger Finds Money Does
Not Count Between Decks.
Addison Lysle Crow, the 23-year
old son of Mrs. Edward B. Crow.
of Pittsurg, with an annual income
4 $40,000 and an estate worth $1.
00.000, is doing duty as a plai-1
wilor on the Galveston, in Hong
Kong. China. He writes friends in
Pittsburg to use their influence to
-- nimit of the navy, but his
mother declares he has had his fun
and a little roughing will do him no
It is now 11 months since he dis
onneared in Cincinnati, 0., and since
that time until a few days ago. his
rnother knew nothing of. his where
Three Sets of Twins.
The stork is being kept quite busy
iv Mr. and Mrs. JToseph Smith, of
ifc~eesport, Pa. They are each .30
rears of age and have had 12 chil
Irn. On three occasions the stork1
1as brought twins, making his last
rip last waek.
griddle cakes, ro
The only Bak
Made from Royal Gra
THEY ARE MYTHS
EVENTS THAT DID NOT HAPPEN
Represented on the Silver Service
That the State is to Give the Bat
tleship South Carolina.
In a letter to The Sunday News of
Charleston, Mr. A. S. Salley, Jr.,
secretary of the South Carolina His
torical Commission, criticises the de
cision of the Commission appointed
to select a silver service for the bat
tleship South Carolina. He says:
"Only a few days ago a commis
sion, composed of some of the ablest
and most honored men of this State,
met in Columbia and selected the
design to go on the silver service that
the State of South Carolina is go
ing to present to the battleship South
Carolina of the United States navy.
It was decided to engrave on the
service a number of historic scenes
and portraits of distinguished char
acters. Not one of the scenes se
lected can be depicted save from'
imagination; one of them cannot
be authentic at all, and another can
be fully disproven by the very best
"The story of Marion inviting the
British officer to dine on sweet pota
toes cannot ye authenticated. It
first appeared in Weems' 'Life of
Francis Marion' in 1809. Gen. Hor
ry, one of Marion's officers, at once
pronou'nced the. book fiction, and
Weems admitted in a letter to Hor
ry that he had written his book 'in
the form of a military romance.'
From cover to cover the book can
be shown by the best evidence to
be absolutely false. The ancestors
of Marion were manufactured by the
enterprising romancer, and every oth
er scory in the book bears the true
Weems trade mark. Judge W. D.
James, another of Marion's former
cfficer's, also gave the stamp of falsity
to Weems' book in his account of
Marion's brigade. Gen. McCrady's
history shows the incident could not
have occurred; that Marion and the
British officers did not exchange mili
tary civiliti'es; that when Marion
first sent a flag of truce to a British
officer he imprisoned him and Marion
retaliated and put an end to all
such Intercourse. There are a half
dozen volumes of memories by Brit
ish officers who served in South Car
olina and an equal number by Amer
ican officers, and not one has a word
about such an episode; nobody tells
the story of the noble British of
ficer who resigned rathe.r than fight
people who lived on roots before
they would forego Independence.
The laws of war would make the act
punishable by death, and there is in
evidence no record of such a ca'se
among all .the thousands of docu
ments that have been handled by his
torians in all these years. The only
authority is Weems, and he has been
discredited as to everything else, and
the facts are against him in this
"The sarne of Mrs. Motte at the
burning of her house will be a re
versing of established fact. Every
single reputable historian who has
ever written of the episode of Mrs.
Motte and the arrows, asserts that
the house was not burn-ed. Col.
Lee and Judge James were eye-wit
nesses who so state. Mr. C. C.
Pickney, Mrs. Matte's grandson, the
Rev. Dr. C. C. Pinckney, her great
grandson, and Mrs. Harriett Horry
Ravenel, her great great-granddaugh
ter. have all written accounts in
which they say that the house was
not burned. A newspaper In the
Charleston library contains a men-.
tion of the accidental burning of the
house a few years after -the close of
"Several times In the past I have
cited the Greene-Sumter correspond
ene to show that the alleged ride
of Emily Geiger could not have taken
place: that those two officers never
having occupied at the same time
the relative positions assigned to
them by the story, it would have
been physically Impossible for the
ride to have taken place: that there
is no contemporary record in evi
rence to show that Emily Geiger ever
took a ride at all. After years of
earch I have not been able to find
the scratch of a contemporary p-en
o show that such a person ever ex
isted. and, therefore. I would be glad
to have Mr. Davis or any one else
furnish the slightest proof that she
did hefore I can believe that 'she
sleeps in a secluded spot up near
here the Congaree creek mingles
its clar waters with the mnuddy tide
f the Congaree.'
"The writer has been particularly
critical of the people of Mecklen
burg county for their adherence to an
xploded myth; he has won high
praise from many of the ablest and
hest known historical writers and
critics In America for his work on
that mooted question: he will not
lay himself open to criticism for In
onsistency by not protesting against
the perpetuation of long discredited
myths as part of the history of South
Ofered Bbay for Sale as Meat.
William Suell entered a restaurant
ii Oakland. Cal., and offered a pack
ige of mneat for sale a few days ago.t
t was found to contain the body ofe
newly born babe. Suel1 declared he
ad found the package in a loft and
id not krnow the icontents until
[s hot biscuit,
Is and muffis.
pe Cream of Tartar
HE TALKS OUT
Clapp Lectures His Fellow Repub
TARIFF BE REVISED
Downward, Says the Minnesotian,
Otherwise Congress is Engaged in
a Farce, and Two Years From Now
the Democratic Party Would Be
Put in a Position to Revise.
The debate on the tariff is getting -
warm in the Senate at Washington.
On Friday Mr. Clapp, a Repiblican
Senator from Minnesota, commented
upon thu policy of protection, and re
ferred to distinctions between a pro
tective tariff and a tariff for reve-.
The promise of the Repablican
party, Mr. Clapp-declared; was, that
the tariff should be revised- down
ward, and he asserted that this prom
Ise had been made In response to a
positive demand. He said that the
position on the part of the protec
tive interests was that we should let.
well enough alone, and on the part
of the consumers that,. the tariff
should l'e revised.
"You can't tell me," he said, "that.
the latter demand did not mean that
the tariff should be revised down
ward. To take 'any other position
is mere boy's play, nothing less than
a farce, and if I did not believe the
duties were to'be lowered in response
to this execution, I would pack-my -
grip and go home, for as a Senator
I am not required *to participate in
such a farce as the mere re-enact
ment of the Dingley rates. The peo
ple understood that we were to have
a revision downward; the men wbo
made the platform understood -it
we understood it; everybody under-.
stood it, and no aino~unt of sophistry.
can otherwise explain the popular
demand and the party promise.
"If this promise," he said, "was
for a revision that would mean the
maintenance of the Dingley. rates,
then we are confronted by the ridicu
lousness of the Chief Executive call
ing Congress together to revise some
thing that should stand unchanged
until the end of time.
"When the people made'the de
mand for a tariff revislopi downward
there was no suggestion that these
industres were not~ sufficiently pro
tcted. If the demand for revision
did not mean changing the duties
downward It did not mean anything,
and we are indulging in. a farce
He declared that If Congress
should fail now to lower the tariff
rates, the Democraticpatwol
be put in position to 'b iseo w
years hence. *
WOMEN LEAVING HAREM.
Abdui Hamid Palace Held Many
A dispatch from Constantinople
says it is said that the Sultan con
templates making a tour of the
Asiatic provinces of ..the Empire.
Since the deposition of Abdul
Hamid there has been a .daily exodus
of the women of the Imperial harem
from the Yildiz -Klosk.
Monday forty-five carriages, each
containing two or three women, and -
later fifteen more, were seen proceed
ug to Stamboul. It Is evident that
the total number of fair prisoners
in the palace must have been prodi
In the Chamiber of Deputies a
telegram was read announcing a re
volt of Druses, a fanatical religious
sect of Syrians, in Hauran, a district
of Syria, east of the upper Jordan.
Troops have been ordered to pro
ceed there at once.
The school library does awake an
interest In the pupil. It gives him a
good appetite; it stimulates. It opens
the chanrnels of usefulness. It has
a powerful tendency to keep the boy
in school longer, and thub in the
above enumerated ways aids in the
development of those traits of char
acter that will be beneficial to the
men and women of the future and
also to those with whom they come
in contact through business and so
Sleeping Sickness Kills Missourian.
George J. Owens is dead in St.
Louis. Mo., following an attack of
hat the physicians say was "sleep
ing sickness." Owens declared he
had never been in the tropics, to
which the malady is peculiar. *
Died on a Pullman.
Seized with a hemorrhage, Louis
Vasher, a well-known merchant of
few York city, died suddenly near
freenville, Ala., Friday morning on
Pullman car. Accompanied by his
on and daughter,.Mr. Washer was
'n route to his home in New York
rom New Orleans.*
Don't try to measure a life by
he distance between its early pov
rty and its later Income.
Don't try to use a great truth for
holly selfish ends lest you make a