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MANNNG. . t'.. UNE9, 11909.
Publishes All County and Town Of
Advertusers will picase re
member that copy for a
chance of ad. MUST be in
this or.ee bv Satturday Noon in order to
usare nublication the followin- week.
ST. PETER'S, NO. 54,
A. F. l.
'Q Meets Wednesday, June 2.
FelIlowcraft Degree Conferred.
can be bought at
ARANT'S DRUG STORE
Watch our Window.
Our prices, as usual are
Professor J. C. Daniel is now at Al
Cadet Eorace Thomas, of Clemson,
blew into town last Sunday night.
Summerton is to have another bank.
a branch of one of the Sumter banks.
All the mothers and Babies of the
Presbyterian Cradle Roll are invited
to be present -at Children's Day next
Misses Louise Bonneau and Celeste
Hughson left Monday, the former went
to Spartanburg and the latter to Sum
Rev. C. A. Waters need hesitate no
longer to preach on the subject of
raising children. He is now worthy
and well qualified.
All the children of the Presbyterian
Sunday School are requested to meet
at the church, Friday afternoon at
6 'clock, to practice for Children's
We regret very much our inability
to publish Dr. Blanchard's excellent
article in full in this issue, its length
forces us to split it, and give the rest of
it next week.
Prof. S. H. Edmunds, superintendent
of Sumter's city schools, was here this
morning, and given an opportunity to
see a school building such as even his
city cannot boast of.
Elsewhere in this issue our readers
will find an opportunity to secure ex
cellent reading matter cheap. The
combination we offer shaould attract
all lovers of good reading.
There will be a farmers' rally 'and
picnic at Oak Grove school house, on
Fiday, the 18th, given by the Farmers'
Union. State President B. Harris, and
others will deliver addresses.
Prof. Albert New, f&oimer princinal
of the Jordan school, left last Thurs
day for Cannelton,- West, Va. Mr. New
is a man af considerable ability, having
had the finest of educational advant
ages in England.
We desire to thank the Woodmen of
Turbeville for an invitation to be with
them at their picnic Friday, but an en
gagement that is no picnic in Dr. J. F.
Geiger's dental chair will prevent our
The annual S. S. picnic and Field
Day of the Presbyterian church will be
held at Trinity school house next Tues
day, June 15th. All holding any con-.
nection with the Presbyterian church
by family or otherwise, are invited.
Last Wednesday afternoon the barn
of Mr. J. Furman Bradham was de
stroyed by fire, with scarcely any of
the contents being saved. There was
about $250 insurance on building and
contents, which will not near cover
1hE TIMES management appreciates
sincerely the many expressions. of ap
proval of its last week's issue. Those
desiring copies of the school edition
to send to their friends can secure
them at five cents a copy. We have a
number on hand.
There will be a huge picnic at Pine
Grove near Turbeville next Friday, un
der the auspices of the Woodmen. ?rep
arations have been made to have an old
time Salem picnic, which means that
there will be a big crowd with the best
of everything to eat.
Drowned last Sunday in Black riyer,
in about five miles of Kingstree. LeRoy
Bradham, ten-year-old son of Mr.
Henry Bradham. Rev. C. W. Blan
chard conaucted the funeral service
last Monday afternoon at Fellowship
church, near Manning. The deceased
was a grandchild of Mr. G. W. McCall
of this place.
The Methodist Sunday school held its
annual picnic at the Davis place, about
three miles south of MJanning last Fri
day. They had a good time and a fine
dinner. The grown ups went to the
same place by moon light, and filled
theinselves up on a delightful June
night atmosphere, teasings and temper.
Ob: they had a smashing up time
The regular monthly meeting of Ruth
Chapter, number, 40, Royal Arch
Masons, Monday night, June 13th, at
8:30 o'clock. The Mark Master degree
to be conferred on three candidates, this
Chapter now has twenty-three members,
four mark master members; and twen
ty-six applicants for the degrees. _T wo
more electric fans have been put in the
hall for the summer.
Dr. Jesse Alex. Clifton, Eye, Ear,
Nose, and Throat Specialist, will be in
Manning on the 28th, 29th and 30th,
Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday,
thoroughly equipped to do operations
on eye, ear, nose and throat. Eye
glasses fitted. All examinations free.
H~eadquarters at Dr. Dickson's office.
Rememb'er the dates and come early.
3 days only.
Rev. Mr. Godbold, of Jordan, was in
Manning last Monday, and while at
tending to some business, left his son
and little daughter in the buggy, an
automobile came along at which the
horse took fright, and in turning
Rigby's corner a wheel struck a corner
post,'smashing the wheel and throwing
the bov out and bruising him up con
siderably. The little girl clung to the
buggy top and was not injured further
Agaim ihe P.,xvmbe schuol electio I
had to be postponed. This time the I
survev of the district had not been
completed. and then too, some chanzes
had to be made in the district lines,
Iwhich in t!l probability will reduce
the properly valuation to an extent
that the kiud of school building desired
cannot be had. lowever, it is better
to have nmale concessions and have
people satisfied than to over-ride their
At the Methodist church next week
there will be delivered by the pastor,
R1ev. F. I. Shuler. a series of lectures
on de Doetrine and Polity of the
Methodist church. The first lecture
will be given Monday eveuing, .June
14th. at S:30. Every member of the t
Methodist chuch is urged to be pres
eut at all these five lectures, and the
nublic generally is cordially invited to
attend. The object of this course of
lectures is to establish in the minds of
the members the doctrines and polity
of their church, and to give informa
tion to any who might wish to know. L
There ought to be a good attendance at
There was in this town yesterdar a
man giving his name as A. L. George, 1
who claims to have been charged with e
murder, convicted, given one death
penalty, which was commuted to life
imprisonment three days before the
execution. and after serving in the I
Texas penitentiary over five yars, the s
m.n who committed the murder for t
which he was serving time, made a C
dying confession, which had the effect 1
opening the prison doors and setting 0
him free, and now he is devoting his a
life to going over the country in the o
endeavor of trying to save boys Mr. 3
George has his pardon papers with him,
and a large number of excellent testi- t
monials, testifying as to his character; t
one of them is from the late Bishop
Duncan, of this State. His talk yester- S
day afternoon and last night was well t
worth hearing He spoke of the hor- l
rors-of prison life, his story was indeed a
pathetie, and his appeals and warning b
to boys was beautifully eloquent. He b
sold a pamphlet which tells his story, f<
and every boy in the country should P
read it. u
The court of general sessions opened P
in Manning yesterday, instead of Mon- a
day, owing to Judge Gage having an en- v
gagement to deliver an address before )
the lav class of the South Carolina Uni
versity Monday. The loss of one day a
may result in not being able to clear the C
docket this week. There are five homi- s
cide cases all of which will probably be t
The court attendance is not as large a
as usual, on account of the busy season, v
there being none here who were not t,
compelled to come. V
His Honor Judge J. W. Gage is pre- e
siding. Solicitor P. H. Stoll and Ste
nographer Lewis Wood are at their re- e
spective pcsts. M
The grand jury has returned the fol- h
lowing true bills: The State vs. Jake P
Gamble, murder; Gabrial McIntosh, n
murder; Willie Bethune, murder; Abe o
Williams, murder: Henry Belser, mur- v
der: Allen Shorter, assault and battery V
with intent to kill. a
The first case tried was that of Allen f
Shorter. The State was assisted by J. c
H. Lesesne, Esq.. and the defense was a
represented by W. C. Davis, Esq. Ver
diet not guilty. a
The case of Willie Bethune was call- c
ed. the defendant is charged with the a
killing of G. B. Mims, and is row in the E
penitentiary for safe keeping. A. A. tl
Manning, Esq., of Sumter represents tl
the defendant, and in reply to an inquiry V
from the Judge, as to a day for trial,
stated that he was not prepared to corn- c
mit himself to a time, r.or wou:.d he care t
to wave any of his clients legal rights, c
at the proper tin'o he would probably d
make some motions, this we take to
mean an indication a motion fo: a change c
of venue will be made. Bethune was d
brought in this morning.
While the jury was out in the Short- E
er case the Judge issued an order to the h
sheriff to bring Willie Bethune from 11
the penitentiary. If the case is tried at s5
this term it cannot come up before Fri- C
day, if then. t
When court took a recess yesterday r
afternoon John Nelson, colored, was on ta
trial for murler. He is represented by
J. H. Lesesne, Esq., and J. M. Woods, 'E
Esq. The jury this morning acquitted n
the accused. d
The case in this court of con- C
siderable interest was that against Dr. r
D. O. Rhame of Summerton, indicted t
for sell.ing Jamaica ginger, the grand t
jury disappointed many who were ans
ious to have a ruling from a court on
just how the courts will construe the
law so that the real status of our pro- a
hibition law will be known, the grand
jury after hearing the witnesses for the -
State threw the case out by returning aa
Gabriel McIntosh represented by I
Mr. Woods was acquiited of murder.
$100 Reward, $100.
The readers of this paper will be pleased toi
learn that there is at least one dreaded disease
that science has been able to cure in all its
stages, and that is Catarrh. Hallrs Catarrh Cure
is the only positive cure known to the medical 1
fraternity. Catarrh being a constitutional dis
ease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's
Catrrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly 1
upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the sys- I
tem. thereby destroying the foundation of 1.he
disease.and giving the patient strength by build
in up the constitution and assisting nature in1
doing its work. The proprietors have so muchb
faith in its curative powers. that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that it fails to
cure. Send for list of testimonials.
Address. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
Sold by druggists. 75c.
Halrs Family Pills are the best.
Prizes Otfered by the Merchants.
The following prizes will be given at
Trinity school house next Tuesday,
June 15th, 1909:
Dr. Arant-S1.00 base ball to the
winner of the sack race.1
. H. Rigbv-silk Necktie-potato
The Clarendon-One pound of candyi
to the girl under twelve wvho wins 1001
Manning Hard .vare Co.-Good pocketI
knife-Running high jump, for boysi
Davis & Thames-Silk necktie-Run-1
ning broad jump: boy over twelve. <
B. A. Johnson-Silk necktie-Run
ning broad jump; boy under twelve. <
D. Hirschmann-Parasol, to the<
winner of the egg race-free for alli
Brown Drug Dtore-S1.00 bottle of
cologne-100 yards race for girls over
Rigby Dry Goods Co.-100 yard race.
for girls-Handkerchief or necktie.
Aaron Abrams-Will give one pair
of 85. Burt shoes to the boy that leaves
Trinity senool house at six o'clock and1
reaches his store first.
Manning Grocery 0o.-Will give one
pound of Whitman's candy to the girl
that makes the most words out of the]
Plowden Hardware Co.-Will give a
pocket knife to the boy under ten who
wins 50-yard race.
Heriot & Bro.-Will give one box of
writing paper to the girl under ten
who wins the 50-yard race.
S. R. Venning-One $1. gold stick
pin for running high jump for boy
Louis Levi-Will give a solid gold
veil pin to the young lady that recites
the greatest number of Psalms.
T. Nimmer, and others will give
prizes to be announced the day of the
The Manning Grocery contest will be
open to all school girls, and the con
test held between the hours of 3 and
-4 o'clock in the Trinity school house.
Mr. Abram's prize will be open to
all public school boys. __________________
Anent That "Scholarly Reply."
1,Y lrv. c. V. BLANCHARD.
There have been several issues of
-our paper since Prof. New's "scholarly
eplv"(. appeared. and it, was so cruel
n him, to lire that second word-volley
)efore his vanquished foe had rallied
roin the shock of the first.
It will help one to see how pitiless he
s in handling his subjects. and account
or much of his recklessness in the treat
nent of the Easter question, as well as
iis use of the witnesses lie has impelled
4 speak for him He is not the first of
he devotees of the Easter celebration
vho in modern times lacked exoerience
nd rushed into the press to defend this
ite of certain ecclesiastical bodies
rhose creed. to them. becomes tanta
1ount to inspired law.
Once before, a priest of his Propensi
ies. a very clever personal friend, took
te to task for my grievous error on this
ubject. While he did observe the de
?rum of a scholarly, clean debater, of
-hich my present scholarly (?' -%on
t could not be accused, he uttt .
d, like the last, to prove more L :1
-as set forth in the premises of my hi
It need not surprise us that one who
aels that the ceremony is so essential
ould do all he could before.the public
> make a plausible defense of it as a
bhristian rite. It is its only hope, for it
tterly has no support from the Canor
f Scriptures and Apostolic practice, as
credited by scholarly reference or our
wn plain interpretation of the Word.
bis affirmation I make in the face of
ast experiences with its defenders, and
he present formidable, irrepressible.
itular exponent of the rite.
The uncouth sallies my Easter wor
hipping friend has made, in allusions
> matters with which he, nor the sub
ect in hand, had any thing to do, only
hows his estimate of the desperation of
is cause. The waters of his own bath
ad surely gotten too hot for his com
rt or he would never have taken a
lunge into the private one of another,
abidden. But now that he is in it,
pith all the disdaia I feel for being my
elf engaged in such a thing, I may be
xcused, just for this once, if 1 shall de
art from my usual course, and deign to
dd sufficient temper to that soothing
apor to force him to find covert next.
erhaps. in a mud-pit.
There could doubtless come good from
fair discussion of this question in a
:bristian spirit, but when one is repul
d by disdain for the out of place tac
ecs used by an assailant it is not pleas
nt. Why should my titular friend turn
side from the Easter question. unpro
oked, to inter-meddle with the exs
ence of "two rival churches of the same
>wn?" Forsooth he got that from the
ample of his church fathers.
Would a man without authority or
ven related concern do such a thing
ho had not reached the ultimatum -of
is strength as an advocate? How hap
ened it to be any of Prof. New's busi
ess that such a condition exists with
ut the pales of his own church? And
'ho is the client he would defend? I
-ill answer his inquiry in this matter,
s no doubt he is innocently (?) seeking
>r information, by saying that such a
>ndition prevails by a right equally as
ood as that which justified Henry the
III in seceeding from the loman heir
chy, and forming the Anglican
burch The difference however lies in
fundamental principle in-the divided
aptist churches which makes such a
aing possible in an orderly way; which
aing is verily certified in the case to
'hich he alludes.
I wish for Prof. New, and all others
meerned, to take note of my declara
on. I would not be a member of a
uch that could not have a fuss and
ivide if they want to.
When the hobblinigs of an ecclesiasti
d yoke becomes so opptiessive that in
ividuality among the members of a
iven church could not express itself,
.v Americanism would resent it if I
ad no knowledge of the better author
y for such action. Baptists have a con
~itutional right to divide when they
boose to do so for any reason, in small
wns as well as great, and they have a
ight by the laws of Christian ethics,
> attend to their own affairs.
If this right is granted, my friend
ho is so jealous of our weal, need fear
: lasting harm to the cause. Baptist
iyision has unalterably worked by the
ommon laws o'f multiplication, and
ightly poised it always makes at least
wo centers of influence to emphasize
e divine right of individualism and
he simple gospel method.
The Professor's reference to mny
Christmas" editorial in THE TIMES,
nd the Appeal for the observance of
Mother's Day," are equally as un
'orthy of a place in this discusslon. Not
word in either of them can be rele
'ant to the Easter question by a far
etched allusion, such as he has tried to
nake. Not a claim of Aposiiolical pre
ed ence or authority was made for them.
fot a religious setting eyen, that would
mplicate the most fastidious conscience
n an embarrassment. Why did he bring
ip these things?
Has the question run him mad? Will
he loss of his festival undo him? 1 sha1t
itv im from the depths of my soul if on
hi~s matter hangs the fate of his eternal
tope, and he shall lose it. "Let those
ho have tears to shed prepare to shed
hem now." Like a confused army, he
eeks hiding in unwanton places, but he
hall be discovered yet.
As for me I have nothing on earth to
>se in the debate. If my conviction
olds, I shall be as I am. If I am con
-inced that I have been in error on this
uubject I shall be an enlighted, benefit
dd man. Mine is gain in any event, and
do not need to deport from rational
ies of conducting my plea.
I have nothing on earth I would not
xchange for something better. On this
,d all points alike. I move with a calm
esolution to plant myself on a firm
oundation, if it can be found, and am
ot so conceited as to say there is noth
ng better than I have. But I love to
rade after due deliberation, my friend
,ill yet be reminded. Since the winds
ave blown from such deviating sources
oo rout me from my position on the Eas
er question, I settle more than ever
pth a calm belief that I shall not be
I scarcely write for the press that I
t not weigh with scrutiny the meaning
f my message. I felt sure when I gave
e Easter editorial to the press, I had
.out said what I meant and wanted to
avy on the subject.
A new and critic'l reading of that ar
ile cofirms me in my former conclu
ion; is, that the article is, and will be,
orr all time to come, its own defense.
Prof. New is like some other oreach
rs I have heard, he takes his text and
hen preaches from it. One who reads
hee text of my article which he has as
aled, and then the discussion he has
nde upon it, will either conclude that
l did not understand the article, or
was bent on diverting the attention of
1is readers from every thing to be found
in its statements. If ever he has touch
ed the real issue in his discussion of the
ubject, it was so lightly done that it
ould only be discovered by an effort on
the part of the readers of his master
pices. Muddied water is sometimes
mistaken for depth. That is ones only
lager in his volume of words.
t may make the discussion a little
lengthy to insert the original article
here, "but the perversity of it's assail
ant warrants the encumbrance. To read
it analytically by the side of the exam
ination made of it in these columns, is
all the defense it will need. The full
text of the article is as follows:
ASTER CELEBRATION, ITS ORLCIN, ETC.
The Annuai Observance of Easter as a relig
ious rite by the Romish church extending from
aout the beginning of the 2nd century. and
foiowed by many Protestant churches which
have dissented from many of the other pract ices
of the church of Rome on the ground of tlieir
tack of scriptural authenticity, make it a sub
jct of worthy consideration by those who would
... i oriin nnd import Tt has at ieaSt fig
ured enough in tne controversies of r,a1il
gain classic consideration in history and for j
to be placed within the reaca of common unde
standing. The custom is not without an lute;
esting origin whose setting is founded in an a
steeped in the rarest freaks of religious supe
THE ORIGI OF THE FEAsT.
'rhere is a classic referernce to two sourcesC
origlin: one. the Jewish Observance of the Pas:
over, and the other from a Pagan custom di
covered in northern Germany and brought Int
England by the Saxons. In Chamber's Encye!<
paedia of Universal Knowledge the Pagan or,
in is recited as follows:
"Many of the popular observances connecte
with Easter are clearly of Pagan orig-in. Th
goddess Ostara or Eastre seemis to have bee
the personitication of the morning or cast. an
also of the openin:g year of Spring.
The Anglo-Saxon name of April was Estot
monath: and it is still known in Germiany a
Ostormonath. The worship of this being seem
to have struck deep root iii Northern Ge'rmany
and was brought into England by the Saxnns. I
continued to be celebrated in mLny. parts in th
north of Germany doli to tit beginning of th
present (19th) century. by the kindling of bor
tires and numerous othe', ri tes. * * With he
usual policy. the church endeavored to give
Christian signiticance to such of the rites a
could not be rooted out: and in this case th
conversion was particularly er.sv.
Joy at the rising of the natural sun. and at th
awakening of nature from the death of winter
became joy at the rising of the Sun of Right
cousness-at the resurrection of Christ from th
The Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vol. 7.-?ag
613. substantially states the same thing: "A
cording to Bede (De Temp. Rat.. C. XV.) it i
derived from Eastre, or Ostara. the Anglo-Sa
on goddess of spring. to whom the fourth month
answering to our .pril thence called Eastur
This month. bed'e informs us was the same a
the 'Mensis Paschalis ' when the old festiva
was observed with the gladness of a new solem
Its Jewish source of origin is easy sinte i
falls upon about the same season as that o
their observance of the Passover. That the Ju
daizing tendency on the part of the Jewish con
verts to Christiardty was strong in the days o
the Apostles is evidenced by the cohflicts the:
had with it in the historical account furnishe<
by Luke in "The Acts." and more abundantly i
Pauls numerous Epistles.
It is not surprising that in the 3rd and 4tl
centuries. when they could not justify the rit(
and its ceremonies upon Apostolic teaching an(
practice, they snould justify it on the ground o
its semblance to or outgrowth from the Jewisl
bse-vance of Passover. As the religion of Romi
is. and has ever been. a mixture of Judaism
Paganism and Christianity, so in the introduc
tion of this Judo-Pagan rite into the Christiar
church it has tried to justify its unscriptura
practice upon the ground of expediency.
"W ith her usual policy. the church endeavor
ed to give a Christian significance to such of tht
rites." when they entered other communities
as could not be rooted out," Chamber's Ency
clopuedia, Vol. 3., Page 242. I will now beyoni
peradventure, by classic rote, establish its plac<
in time. (NoN-CHSTs ORIs.)
"There is no trace of the celebraticn of Eas
:er as a Christian festival in the New Testamen,
r in the writings of the apostolic fathers. Thi
sancity of special times or places was an ide:
quite alien from the early Christian mind, tot
profoundly absorbed in events thtmselves t<
think of their external accidents. 'The wholi
of timae is a festival unto Christians because o:
the excellency of the good things which have
been given," writes Chrysostom, comment:n;
on the passase I Cor. V. 7, which has been er
roneously tupposed to refer to an Apostolic ob
servance of Easter. Origin also in the same spir
it (Contr. Celsum VIII. 22) urges ;hat the Chris
tian who dwells- on the truths of Christ as out
Passover and. the gift of the Holy Ghost, ii
every dav keeping an Easter and Pentecosta
feast. The ecclesiastical historion Socrates
(Hist Eccl.. V. 22) states with perfect truth thai
neither Christ nor his Apostles enj9ined th<
keeping of this or any other festival. 'The
Apostles,' he writes. 'had no thought of appoint
ing festival days. but of promoting a life 0
blamelessness and piety:' and he attributes th
introduction of the festival of Easter into tht
church to the perpetuation of an old usage. 'Jus1
as m:ny other customs have been established.
This is doubtless the true statement of the
case." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vol. 7. Pag
Although the introduction of the Easter cus
toms can be traced to at least the beginning o
the second century. under the protest of man3
devout leaders of the church. it continued to bt
a source of great perplexity to those who adopt
ed it for three or four centuries. The Jewlsl
wing of the church contended for and practiceC
the rite on th'e Jewish Passover which fell or
the 14th day of the moon. at evening, and th
Easter festival would immediately follow, en
tirely irrespective of the day o. the week. Th<
Gentile element of the church. entire.y unfett
red by Jewish tradition, identified the first da.
of the week with the Resurrection festival. anC
he preceeding Friday would be kept as a com
emoration of the Crucifixion, irrespective o
the day of the month.
This see-saw confusion kept the churches il
division and up-roar over the time, the natur
and motive of the feast until the diversity o
usage was gradually brought to an end by <
erdict of the church of Rome. Then followeC~
the difticult question of computing the time
which lasted until well into the eighth centurj
hen a calendar was arranged to compute thE
time from. not a natural moon but, an ecclesias
tical imaginary moon. Hence the time of Eas
rer now varies, not with reference to a particu
r day of the year. neither of the real moon. s<
hat it falls by the ecclesiastical code of reckon
ing, anywhere from the 22nd of March to the 25t1
It will be seen that the introduction of thi:
unhristian ceremony into the Christian churcl
has ever been a source of great perplexity ani
of tea of sore trial and abuse of the rights o
hristian..itizenship. One wing of a contentiol
over the rite would gain ascendency and excludE
from the fellowship of the church all who differ
d from them in view and practice of wh.'lt hat
become by prestige the most essential mark ant
service of the church.
When by Papal mandate~these quabbles were
settled so that organic peace reigned in thi
hurches over the former differences, it wa:
then thought best to extend its observance ove.
the entire time allotted for the Jewish Pass
over, often ending the festivities in scenes o
ebauchery not: " s shameful than the Feast 0
It has been clearly shown by the best nut-hor
ities on record that it is neith'er an introductiol
f Apostolic precept or example. nor approvel
y the most worthy church fathers in the im
mediate apostolic succession.
The question then very pertinently arises
why do Protestant Christians engage in th
practice? To comply with the rage of popuila
sentiment? Will it be admitted that ones creeda
enter has so far left the standards and require
mets of original Biblical teachings, that the
would rather be governed by the mandates 0
Rome and the giddy sentiments of unsanctifiet
uman society than to stand for an d uphol'
those simple gospel truths in the name of Chrii
tianity which find their laws in the reCvelatio1
of Jesus Christ and the cry of depraved numal
It is not'too late for ChristIanity to correct it
errors. 'T.his among other silly and hurtful it
troductions will need to be eliminated cre th
ushering in of-the Millennial dawn.
If it shall be said. that it is observed as.
memorial of the Resurrection of Jesus. one wil
find least of all that spirit in the rage for oster
sible excellence Averywhere manifested. Ou
Lord himself gave the first day of every wee
as a memorial day-of his ResurrectiOn. It wa
so celebrated by tne early Christians. followin
she Apostolical example. To the devout chil
of God, every Christian Sabbath is a Holy Eni
ter day and his heart answers back to tne tr:
umphs of the Christ on that first day of th
week when He brought the conquest of eterot
life from the open grave whence he had .deparl
ed. More thatn this is at variance with th
tuth that should shine in its pristine purit
every Sunday morning. Less than this ist
share inspired revelation of its fact and beneti
The reader will readi-ly see thati
the very first paragraph of my origina
article, I affirmed the existence of th
Easter Ceremony. Among certai
churches, from about the beginning C
the second century. If Prof. New ha'
read that article carefully it doubtless
would have saved him untold anxiet3
The question he has been trying to e~
tablish in his laborious effort is one tha
has not been before me at any time.
No analyiitical reader of his callabc
rated effort has failed to see that this
all he could prove, almost all he trie
to prove, and all he did prove. Why h
should challenge his reader to go wit
him on a trip to its origmn in the 1Ne'
Testament and apostolic usage, and the
take them through such an elusive wi
deress campaign to land at his neares
approacb to it. "iAbout A. D). 120,"
a puzzle, since that was a fundamente
syllogism in the discussion. All of hi
efforts and enlarged authenttc state
ments on the subject, except one, if m
memory serves me, has been to pro'.
that it was practiced by some churche
from and after the beginning of the seC
ond century. that one reference to th
contrary I 'will examine in the light c
bis own declarations in due time. Th
reader will excuse me for saying jui
here, that if my declaration of the abov
fact was not sufficiently convincing, ME
New has fully sustained me by an it
falible multitude of authentic writeri
By now, it must be made sure to all tha
the early fathers, and churches, som
if not all of theni, practiced the festiva
"from and after the beginning of th
2nd century," and their own w.itness S
far as it speaks behind that time sui
tains my other contention, i e; that th
origin of Easter, cannot be found in tb
teachings of the New Testament, na
the practice of the Apostles, but that
nad a pagan origin and was given
Jetish moulding in its application.
When my disillusioned friend sha
awake to the issue that is before him
and the readers of the TIMES, he wi
save the wear of his delicate sandals,.
such circuitious journeyings to deceiy
himself and the people, who may has
thought with him that he was arguin
Stating this question adversely, I ire
gave imy proof of its origin. r did n<
give my views on the matter but quote
Encyclpaedic authors, whos~e stats
mets in all these years had not met
scholar so profound as Prof. Newv 1
ainsaem. When lhe puts forth r
o Encyclopaedia that upholds his position.
'Which the scholars of the world will ac
cept, I will then bow out of the discus
e sion so far as alien authority is concern
ed. Otherwise, it seems to me that he
is endangering his scholarly reputation
by his insistence to the contrary. f a his
"Scholarly Reply," (mark the title.) he
says, 'The word 'Easter.' but not the
Festival itself. is admit.tedly of pag-an
origin. "we admi frankly that the word
'Easter,- is of pagan origin; but the
Pascha.' to which it was then applied,
e is of Christian origin." Do I need to
1 call attention to a fallacy and inconsis
tencies of this statement. together with
. the logical result of his 'frank confes
First, he confesses frankly that the
i "word" is of heathen origin. Now, can
rdidly, if the thing itself was in use
among Christians before they found the
New, pagan name for it, what did they
call it? They must have had a name for
it that woufd have passed in Christian
nomenclature, and why did they swap
it ofI for a purely heathen name? If the
name was first found about 120 years
after the beginninz of Christianity, the
thing got to be quite old before they
But this is least of the troubles he is
in. in his statemenw. ie says, "but the
'Pascha.' to which it was then applied,
is of Christian origin." If we believe
him, the devotees of Easter observance
took a thing of Christian origin and de
liberately exchanged it for a thing that
was of heathen origin, and without his
protest. That is just the thing I have
been proving in all that I have said. He
has at last confessed the truth if he
would consistently stand by it. How can
a man by any civil means extricate him
self from such a self-imposed dilema? T
said it was of heathen origin. He said
the "word" was but it had been taken
in exchange by the Christians for their
If the folly of his statement has not
been clearly enough shown in the above
analysis, let us give it one more test in
the crucible. He utterly disclaims the
pagan origin of the practice.
After being routed from his conten
tion in his first article. that it was of
Christian origin, and sacred, oh, too
sacred to be sooken by human lips, he
is using his lapse in the last by admit
ting that the "word Easter" is of heath
en egigin but not the custom or rite.
Let the reader turn to Chamber's En
clyclopaedia of Universal Knowledge,
Page 242: "Many of the popular obser
vances connected with Easter" (not the
name only) "are clearly of P-a-g-a-n
O-r-i-g-i-n . . . . . . The Anglo-Saxon
name of April was Estormonath: and it
is still known in Germany as Ostermon
ath. The worship of this being (mark
the language) "seems to have struck
deep root in Northern Germany, and
was brought into England by the Sax
ons . . . . . . With her usual policy,
the church endeavored to give a
C-h-r-i-s-r-i-a-n s-i-g-n-i-fi-c-a-n-c-e to"
just the name only as Prof. New af
firms?-"to such of the r-i-t-e-s,"-what
does that mean?-"as could not be root
ed out; and in this case the conversion
was particularly easy." (see above par
agraph in full.) The text says that "tbe
worship of this being" was adopted in
England, not the name only, and "with
her usual policy, the church endeavor
ed to give a Christian signiticance to
such of the rites, (Pagan rites) as could
not be rooted out: and in this case the
conversion was particularly easy."
Now, what does this mean? In the
name of high heaven what does it mean?
Can a man's scholarship, who can read
at all, be so wanton as to deceive him in
language so clear and authentic? It
means what it says, that the Christian
church(?) fell in love with a heathen
custom, adopted it, name and all, and
became thereupon heathenized to that
extent. They found an idolatrous peo
pie worshipping an idol; they were
drawn to the custom, and they too wfor
sbipped that same thing (Easter God
dess.) After the heathen manner.
They left the legacy to such as would
choose to be their successors in the cus
tom, and to this day they were patrons
of that same custom. Now I have only
quoted one out of many faithful wit
nesses as to the origin of the custom
and not the name only, but this will be a
thard one for the Prof. to get out of his
tway to the satisfaction- of the scholars
of the world, all of whom, universally
accept the authority. If there is a single
reader of this paper who cannot under
stand now, where the custom originat
ed, (thing and name) let him go with
me a little further and find, upon auth
ority he can fully examine for himself,
where it did not originate, and it will
iadd much strength to the affirmative
witness who has already spoken.
[TO BE CONTINUED NEXT WEEK.]
A Tobacco Experiment Station for Clarendon
The Board of Trade has been work
ing for some time now, to have the oli
cials of the Deparment of Agriculture
Sof the United States Government to es
tablish in the Salem section of Claren
don county an Experiment Station for
the purpose of ascertaining the best
methods of raising and curing the light
er grades of tobacco for which that sec
Ction is famous. Several communications
Shave passed between them and Prof.
i Harper of Clemson college and Hon. E.
.T. Watson, head of the Department of
Agriculture, Commerce and Industries
of this State. In addition to this, both
-of these gentlemen have been seen per
sonally :twd are reminded of the fact
that the Pudding Swamp section pro
tduced the finest tobocco of its kind rai
ed in South Carolina. Letters have been
i received from both of these gentlemen
l as to their efforts, and they seem to be
a confident of their success. This will
1 certainly be a great thing for the tobac
f co growers of this county and in fact of
i the entire State.
Prof. Harper is regarded as one of
.the finest tobacco experts in this conn
-try, having been sent by the United
t States Government to Ireland at one
time for the purpose of scientific inves
- tigalion of tobacco growing there. At
s the earnest solicitation of the Board of
i Trade of Manning he has consented to
a address the farmers of Clarendon upon
the culture of tobacco. The exact date
e has not been fixed yet but it will be
2 about the 1st of July and everyone in
- terested in tobacco culture should hear
t him. The exact date will be announced
sSoil Survey Assured.
y' There is now a good prospect for a
e soil survey in Clarendon, and when it is
s made it will be of advantage to those
-interested in intelligent farming The
a Manning board of trade has, through
f its secretary, Charlton DuRant, Esq.,
a been making the effort to interest the
t government in this county and consid
a erable correspondence has been carried
.on. Commissioner of Agriculture Wat
- son has been using his influence with
.the authorities, and Congressman Le
t gare is also behind the matter. ft is fhe
a purpose of the board of trade to secure
a soil survey, and also to secure a gov
e enent experimental station in this
o county. The following letter from Mil
-ton Whitnev chief of bureau to Comn
e missioner of Agriculture, E. J. Watson,
is of much encouraging interest.
r June 1, 1909.
Hon.! - . T 'tson.
Comm - of Agriculture. Columbia, S. C.
aDear - . am in receipt of your communi
cation o1i 19th enclosing request from Mr.
1 Charlton Duitant, Secretary of the Board of
Trade of Manning. in which is pointed out the
aeminent desirabilty of making a soil survey of
1 Carendon County. S. C.
nProf. J. N. Hairper. Director of the Experi
ment Statoan has also called my attention to
e this matter, and I appreciate the need or mak
e ing a soil survey or Clarendon County..
o. . shall be glad to give this matter careiul at
"tention and as soon as ii may be found. praciik
able will urranae to make the survey of this
it county. Just the exact date when I may he able
t to assign a party to undertake the survey is. as
you know, somewhat indetinite on account of
dthe large numbee of requests we have on band
at the present time for the survey of different
a counties in the United States.
Very Truly Yours.
0 MiLTON WRITNEY,
n C 'hief of Bureau.
Crossed the River.
Died at his home in Barnwell, las
Wednesday afternoon, after a brie
illness, resulting from ptomaine poison
MIr. S. Itush Cole, aged 67 years. Th,
deceased was formerly a Clarendor
man. having for years been engage<
in business in Manning, later move<
to Summerton, and afterwards to Cc
lumbia, and within the past year t
Barnwell, where his son is engage<
in school and newspaper work. Where
ver he has lived he has merited th<
esteem of his fellowmen. He went int
the war between the States when a lad
In November 1880 he was married t(
Miss Ida, eldest daughter of the lat
Dr. G. Allen Huggins' who survive
him with two sons, R. Boyd Cole, an(
G. Allen Cole. He was a member n
the Methodist chureh. a mason. and ;
Knight of Pythias The body wa
brought to Manning Thursday even
ing, accompanied by the family. Hon
W~ Gilmore Sims, Clerk of Court foi
Barnwell connty, and a committev
from Harmony Lodge, No. 7, A. F. M.
consisting of Messrs. J. P. Price an<
Judge Snelliug. The funeral part
was met at the depot by a large dele
gatioc from St. Peter's Lodge No. 54
of which lodge the deceased was for
merly a member, and the body wa
taken to the Methodist church. wher
it was watched during the night b:
the masons. Friday morning the fun
eral services were held in the Man
ning cemetery, the religious servic(
was conducted by Rev. F. H. Shuler
pastor of the Methodist church, assis
ted by Rev. C. W. Blanchard, pastor o
the Clarendon Baptist church, aftei
which the body laid away with masonii
honors. The floral tributes were beau
tiful and many.
Mr. and Mrs. B. D. Grifflin, wishes t
thank their many friends who so kindl,
aided them during the illness of thei:
daughter, Lila. Yours Truly,
B. D. GRIFFIN.
GO-FLY keeps flies off Horses an
Cattle. 25c. and 50c. at all drug stores
Wanted-An offer for 15 shares o
the capital stock of the Summertox
Warehouse Co. Apply TIMES editor
Pawley% Island-The "Alstoi
House" will open June 15t1. Good boar<
at reasonable rates. Apply to J. C
Sparks, Proprietor, Georgeto wn, S. C
Wanted in Manning during the schoo
vacation period, a competent teacher t
conduct a summer school. A good clas
is assured. For particulars apply a
A limited amount of expert book
keeping, opening and closing books wil
be taken. Isaac M. Loryea, expert ac
countant, P. 0. Box 112, Manning, S
C. Charleston and Manning references
To Rent-One five-room dwelling oi
West Boundary Street, new house, ii
good neighborhood. Also 2 five-roon
comparatively new dwellings on th<
same street for sale. This is an excel
lent opportunity to either rent or pur
chase property in a desirable section o
the town. Apply to J. M. Bradham
Manning, S. C.
The qualified electors of Midwa:
School District No. 14, are hereby noti
tied that an election will be held at J
W. Barrow's Mill, on the 25th of June
1909, for the purpose of voting an an
nual four (4) mills tax to supplemen
the general school funds of said Dis
trict. Polls open from 8 to 4 p. m. Reg
istration certificate and tax receipt
requred. JOHN J. EPPS,
R. C. BURGESS,
Trustees Mid way School District No
Notice of Sale of Corr
I will sell at public aucti'm for cash
to the highest bidder, at eleven o'clocl
in the forenoon, on the 19th day c
June, 1909, at the North western depoi
Summerton, S. C., 200 bushels of cor
in sacks and 8 tons Timothy hay.
COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON.
i25th Year Begins October x.
Entrance examination. sill be hel
at the County Court House on Frida.)
July 2, at 9 a. m. All candidates for ac
mission can compete in October for va
cant Boyce scholarship, which pay $10
a year. ~One free tuition scholarship t
each county of South Carolina. Boar
and furnished room in Dormitory, Sli
Tuition, 820. For catalogue address
You will .sever find aL piano just
like the artistic Stieff.
There is an individuality about
the Stieff piano all its own.
That beautiful singing, sonor
ous tone, wonderous volume and
perfect action, place it in a sphere
above all comparison.
Why should any one buy an
inferior piano when they can buy
the artistic Stieff or Shaw
piano direct from its maker?
The price is within reach of the
most economical buyer while the
grade is beyond competition.
Don't cake chances of buying a
cheap or medium grade piano,
Chas, M. Stieff,
Manufacturer of the
Artistic Stieff Shaw and Stieff
5 W. Trade St.,
Charlotte. - - N. C.
C. MI. WILMOTMI,
g?' Mention this Paper
IT PAYS TO TRADE AT RIGBY DRY 600DS CO.'s
KEEP IN MIND
the best place in town to get what you want, both
in large and small things you need sometimes.
I'Phone or send your wants to RIOBY'S DRY
GOODS CO.. we are very apt to have what you
want. and we guarantee the prices to be right. If
we haven't it in stock we will be glad to get it
Right now we are offering some Special Good
Things in Ladies' Shirtwaists and Skirts. Waists
ranging in price from 50c. to $1.25.
Wash Skirts in White, Tan. Stripes, Grey
Stripes,'and Solid Blue, nicely finished in folds
and buttons. Price starts as low as 75c.. upwards
Ladies' Panama and Brilliantine Skirts in
Black, Brown, Grey, Blue and Plaids, well tailored
and nice trimmed. Prices range from $1.25 to
The best styles and longest wearers in Mens',
Ladies' and Children's Low-cut Shoes can be had
from our Stock at very low prices. Come in and
let us show you.
ROY DRY GOODS CO
IT PAYS TO TRADE AT RIGBY DRY GOODS CO.'S
1 rs f25c box Talcum Powder, will sell at 15c the
~ Ladies Gauze Undervest at 5c, 10c and 15c each.
SA nice line figured Lawns at Sic yard.
A beautiful line of figured Wash Goods at 10c, 12tc, -'
~E15c anca 20ca yard.
A full line of Ladies and Gents Umbrellas at 50c, 75cE
- $1.00 and $2.00 each.
A full line of Cots and Lounges, just the 'things you
Sneed at this season of the year, also a full line of furnm
Sture of all kinds.
SSee us when yOU need Furniture. U
The rush of the eariy Spring Millinery is o'ver, yet we 3
Shave on hand a splendid line of Millinery, and are ready .
~Eat all times to fill orders for Summer hats,'and sell them
Smuch cheaper now. -
Boys Knee Pants at 35c, 50c, 75c, and $1.00.
-Boys Summer Suits at the lowest price
-Men's Shirts of all kinds at 50c, $1.00 and.S$1.25.
It matters not what you need come to our store and
we will make it interesting to you., It will not hurt for
Syou to see our goods and get our prices.
E. JENINSON Co>
urEaster Trade has been Tremendous.
IWith such a starter we We believe in values as
will stop at no efforts to agis. ak n ipa
achieve equally as splendidagnstlknddpay
Srecords throughout the sea- and it shows in our prices.
READ, STUDY, INVESTIGATE, COMPARE.
The oncusin iseneitaleHirschmnann's for best vle
Englih Lon Clot, 36 Waisting in Striped, value15
inches wide, a piece of 12 25c., at...... ........ 1c
yards, at the very low Gingams, good for dresses,
~special price of.........98c. value loc., at..........8 3-4c.
IStriped and Plaid Lawns, Apron Ginghams, price
1 12c. va~lues, at ... 3-4c. 8 1-3c., at ....il..36i.ne
White Joplin, Mercerized, Black TfeaSl,6ice
25c. grade .......... .. 19c. wide, value 81.25, at..... 8c
IFrench Batiste, special. .. 25c. Brilliantine, values.35c., at 47c.
SAlso Twenty-four other Specials, equal values to
Z above not advertised, space does not permit.
I D. HISRHMANN. 1
WHY BE BOTHERED WITH
FLIES. AND MOSQUITOES?
HAVE YOUR~ HOUSE SCREENED WITH
WIRE DOORS AND WINDOWS.
IWe make the Kind that Pleases. Call, 'Phone, or Write for Prices.
HACKER MANUFACTURING COMPANY,
Successors to GEO. S. HACKER & SON.
54454 KNSTecTr . . . CHARLESTON, S. C.