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MUCH RED TAPE
In Making Awards of Scholar
ships In Collegs,
A CHANGE SUGGESTED
Winthrop Makes a Great Record.
There Were Thirteen Hundred
and Twenty-four Scholarships.
Fifty Thsand DIollars Paid f-ar
Scholarships In the Schools.
That the entire method of allot
tmg beneficiarY scholarships in the
several State colleges is wrong. Is
the view of the State superintsi
comt of education. Mr. J. E. Swear
ingen. The cost is several hundred
dollars annually. the exact amount
belng unknown because the county
boards of education are paid out
of their respective county funds and
not out of the State treasury.
Mr. Swearingen says that all of
the examinations should be held the
same day and that the papers should
be examined for award by the fac
ulties of the respectiv Institutions.
This is the law with reference to
the scholarships at the University
With reference to Clemson
the county boards of edu
cation are the arbitors. even after
the papers have been graded by the
Clemson faculty. This means pos
sibly an additional meeting of the
county board, for which each mem
ber gets $3 per day. There are two
appointive members of the board in
each'county and this would aggre
gate $256 for the boards to meet
to'ratify what the faculty had al
ready decided de facto.
The scholarship appropriation of
the State are as follows: Clemsou
$16.600. Winthrop $12.400. unlver
aity $4.200. Citadel $17.000. To.
For the vacant scholarships al
Winthrop this year there were 1.00
applicants. It has been an immens-,
undertaking to grade the papers.
Every applicant must make an av.
erage of 60 points on each branel
of study. Some have excellen1
stnding in some studies and fal
in others. Furthermore the count)
boards of education must ascertali
If the applicart comes within tht
restrictions of law as to propert3
qualifications. The legislature In
tends that these scholarships shal
be given to worthy and needy girls
The Winthrop faculty is now grad
Ing the papers. some 6.000 of them
and the report will be in the hand:
of the State board of education ear.
ly in September.
The. recommendations from the
South Carolina university faculty ar<
Daily the State superintendent iL
gettbing reprts fgom 1the :countl
supelaltend4ents w~th reference t<
the Clemson scholarships, but th4
entire list is far from being com
plete. Mr. Swearingen would liki
for the county superintendents to re
port at once as he can not requir'
this information from the Clemsoi
faculty or trustees.
The county boards are require<
to give preference to those applicant:
for Clemson scholarships who state
that they wish to take the agricul
-tural or textile courses, and thi
spirit of the lawr Is to encourage th<
-study of agriculture. but the Ia'
giving the scholarships.
The board of visitors of the Ci'a
del met on the 29th of July amn
granted permits for $2 young men te
stand the examination for Citadc
ucholarships. These examinations
will be held on the 13th of Au
gust, making an additional expens,
upon the counties of $3 per day foi
each examiner. Mr. Swearingen ha
found what he considers another in
justlee-a youth will be successfu
in standing an examination foi
Clemson and will then in Augus
try for the Citadel vacancy.
.And yet one other condition whici
Mr. Swearingen seeks to correct if
the Inequality in the amounts arv
propriated. He thinks that Win
throp and the university should b4
on the same plane as Clemson
Winthrop has 124 scholarshIps al
$100 each; Clemson 166 at $10C
each; the Citadel 68 at $250 each
and the university 42 at $100 each.
.There is frequently a vacancy
from a county. In such a csse Mr.
Swearingen suggests the. there
should be authority given to the
faculty of each institutioa to ailo'
some worthy, deserving and needy~
young man from another county ti
become the beneficiary-for the year
year at least. Such an arrangement
could be designed "scholarships at
In brief Mr. Swearingen suggests
that the matter of scholarships could
be resolved into a much more sim
pie arrangement. All applicants for
all scholarships should appear at
the respective court houses on the
same day. The county hoards of
education could see that the restric
tions as to property qualifications
were met. The questions could be
answered and forwarded '. the re
spective faculties who would grade
them. These papers would of course
be signed by number and no one
would know the number until the
conclusion of the examination of the
papern by the faculty. The State
board could then declare the result
upon the statement of the county
boards and the recommendations of
the respective faculties
Crushed by Piano.
At Fitzgerald. Ga.. Eugene Keef
er. a wealthy man of that place. was
instantiy killed while helping to
move a piano from a wagon in front
of his home Tuesday. He slipped
and fell from the wagon and the
piano followed, crushing him to
death. His wounds were terrible.
Keefer's wife recently broke her
arm. Besides the widow. he leaves
four sons and two daughters
Blind Tiger Fined.
F. P. Gibson has within the past
ten days contributed $140 to the city
treasurer in Columbia for selling
whiskey. He twice received a fine
of S40 and at another time he for-j
YOUTHS LEARN SOMETHING
ABOUT GASOLINE FIRE.
They Had a Hot Tinse for a While
and Will Not Forget Their Expe
A dispatch from Georgetown to
The News and Courier says a pleas
ure trip that came near ending in
a tragedy occurred on Sunday night
on the Waccamaw river, when a par
ty of young men. returning to
Georgetown from Pawley's Island.
had an experience with the combus
tible qualities of gasoline, which
none of them will ever forget. They
left Hagley wharf and had come
nearly into Winyah Bay. when one
of the party remembered that he had
left his suit case on the wharf, and
the launch was 'Immediately put
about to get it.
The baggage was recovered and
the boat was headed once more
homewards, but had not proceeded
far when the gasoline gave out. The
anchor was lowered and the crew
prepared to spend the night, when a
passing rowboat was discovered.
manned by negroes. The boat was
hailed, and with two of the young
men in her. proceeded back to Hag
ley wharf. where the gasoline tug
Dudley was tied up. A bucket of
gasoline was secured, and the party
started out in fine spirits. In the
meantime some of the gasoline had
spilt in the bottom of the boat.
which was partly covered with wa
A lighted lantern was in the bow.
and the gasoline on the surface was
carried beneath. when an explosion
took place, enveloping the whole row
boat and setting the two young
gentlemen and the negroes into a
panic.. causing them to jump over
board. Fortunately the tug Dudley
was not far off, and all of them
managed to get aboard her. When
the excitement had partially
worn off a freeh supply of gasoline
was gotten. the flames on the boat
were extinguished and tha boat crew
undertook once more to get to the
launch, where the rest of the party
were impatiently waiting, full of
anxiety. as they had seen the fAmes
of the explosion from a distance.
The party succeeded In getting to
the city without further mishap at t
o'clock in the morning. The young
men of the party were Messrs. D. K.
Montgomery. P. F. Doyle, M. M.
Thomas and others. Messrs. Mont
gomery and M. M. Thomas were the
heroes of the gasoline experience.
FIGHT IN DARK ROOM.
An Italian and His Wife Battle to
At Chicago. after locking their
two children in a bed room and fast
ening all the doors of their flat.
Antonio Spizzirri and his wife, An
na. went into the darkened parlor
and tried to kill each other.
The woman was shot twice and
stabbed twice with a stilletto and
died before the police arrived. The
husband was shot twice also and he
were found near the sofa on which
may die. A revolver and a knife
the woman lay dead, and another
revolver was found beside the hus
The disordered room indicated a
terrible struggle. Spizzirri turned on
his side as the~ police, called by
neighbors. broke into the room with
a sledge hammer. He tore a letter
into bits before the police could stop
kim. This letter, when translated
from the Italian, may solve the mys
tery. It is thoaght that Spizzirri
was jealous of his wife.
DRAGGED 'TO DEATH.
Fatal Accident to a lanenater Coun
Mr. A. C. Floe, who lived about
three miles from the town of Lan
caster, met a horrible death on his
farm Monday afternoon.
Mr. Flee hid finished his day's
work and was retairning to his home
ridiag a me:le with the gear on when
the animal l.arome frightened at a
passing negro, ridmng a bicycle, and
ran, throwing Mr. Floe from the
mule and catching him in the trace
In this oonditlon Mr. Floe was
dragged a considerable distance to
his homie. The mule continued to
drag the unconscious man through
his yard. -elatives being una.bie to
stop the frightened animal.
Mr. Floe was dead when the mule
was stopped, his head being crushed
and his body badly bruised. He
leaves a wife and nine children. and
was a good citizen.
CO'TTON IN BAD SHAPE.
So Says The New Orleans Times
The New Orleans Times-Democrat
in its summary of the cotton crop
"In Arkansas. Georgia. Louisiana.
Mississippi and Tennessee improve
rent has been the rule.
"North Carolina as a whole shows
no complete change, but there has
been a distinct loss in South Caroli
na. In Texas and Oklahoma there
has been serious deterioration and
the situation Is serious.
'There is comp'aint of boll wee
vil in some districts but the dam
ae can not be estimated at thia
"The crop Is very spotted and is
peculiarly subject to unfavorable
Eyes Gouged Out.
Further particulars concerning
the Mohammedan uprising In the
Shensi and Kansu districts, China,
state that the revolt was due to the
severe methods taken by the Chi
nese local magistrates to suppress 1
the opium habit. He seized one of
the local users, who was an opium:
smoker and his eyes were gouged
out and his arms taken off. The]
people then rose in rebellion andc
attack'ed the magistrate in his ya- I
men, killing his son. To save him- s
self. the magistrate jumped into a c
A BRUTAL CRIME
k Young Girl Choked to Death
at Rochester by
The Body of Young Woman Found
Crudely Burned In Cemetery
Points to Frightful Murder Which
Baffles Police - Broken Spade
Found Near the Scene Gives Clue.
There seems to be no doubt but
that Miss Anna Schumaker. the se
entoen year old girl whose body
was found Tuesday morning crudely
burned in Holy Sepulchre cemetery
at Rochester. N. Y.. was shocked
and beaten to death. but many of
the creumatances of the crime. even
to the exact place where it was
committed can still be only guessed
at. Although the authoritles be
lieve they have a clue to the murder.
namely, broken spade found near the
scene of the deed, who is gulty of
the crime is a matter of specula
For a time &uspicion was directed
towards an employee of St. Ber
nard's Seminary. which is near the
cemetery. but the seminary authori
ties disposed of this in a statemat.
Some of the people assert that they
have elues that indicate that the
guilty person is not a tramp: that
he is probably now in that city and
that an arrest is probable in a day
The broken spade was taken from
a pig pen at St. Bernard's. and its
use lends plusibility to the fact that
the murderer was not unfamiliar
with the locality. It is thought that
probably at twilight or after dark.
he went after the spade, having
dragged the body into the shrubbery,
and with such care as was possible
in the darkness he burled the body
In a shallow trench. covering it with
earth and leaves.
The autopsy emphasize the brutal
ity of the crime. The body was in
a pitiable condition-the head, face.
chest and arms and hands were cov
ered with bruises and scratches; the
bone that supports the tongue. the
hyold was fractured, when the as
sailant choked his victim; the body
was covered with blood, and the hair
was full of dirt and leaves, indi
cating that the body was dragged
some distance, probably by the feet.
Part of the clothing had been re
moved. It would seem that the girl.
who was of vigorous phyisque, made
a desperate struggle to save her
life. The condition of the body
makes it necessary that burial shall
be at once.
The young woman left her home
Saturday morning to place dlowers
in the family cemetery and when she
did not return at night her family
became greatly alarmed. A search
was instuted. which was kept up un
til the finding of her body Wednes
day by two officers, about a hundred
feet outside of the cemetery limits.
THE DRINKING CUP.
They Are the Ready Dispensers of
Dr. Samuel G. Dixon. Pennsylva
nia's Stat, commissioner of health,
has issued a warning against the
public drinking cup. His observa
tion and investigation have led hIm
to the conclusion that there are few
agencies more capable of dessemi
nating disease. He would therefore
have the people exercise greater care
as regards drinking in publie plae
Dr. Dixon says that drinking cups
fouz'd in the sc'hool, especially in the
country schoolhouse, are ready dis
pensers of multitudious disease
germs. He says that n. one can ee
timats the fatal possibilities ef the
drinking glass in the railroad oar.
out of which all sorts and kinds of
people quench their thirst.
He believes that still greater dang
er attaches to the use of the glass
at the public fountain in the park
and in the street, which is patroniz
ed by even a greater variety of peo
pie than the glass in a railroad car.
Dr. Dixon would have the pupils.
the passenger. and the citizens gen
erally carry his own drInking cup,
or have cheap paper cups assesible
to traveless and itownspeople, the
same to be destroyed after being
Dr. Dixon cite. illustrations of the
dissemination of disease, awful in
their consequence. For instance, af
father contraced tuberculosis from
a glass In a railroad car and com
municated It to the members of his
family all of whom died of it. It
were well that such a warning, witb
*uch examples siould be heeded,
er-pecially as the cost of protection
is so small.
TWO GREAT MEN THERE.
Statues of Washington and Lee in
Hall of Fame.
Bronze statues of George Wash
ington and Robert E. Lee. Virginia's
contribution to the nation's "Hall
of Fame."' were Tuesday placed in
Statuary Hall at the Capitol. at
Washington. Formal ceremonies at
tending the unveiling will take
place at some time yet to be de
Both statues are beautiful works
of art. Lee is pictured in the uni
form of the South. and his statue
stands between those of Robert Ful
ton, inventor of the steamship, and
3. L. M. Curry. of Alabama.
Near th.. statue of Lee are those
of Gen. James Shields. of Illinois,
and Gen. Philip Kearney. of New
Jersey, In the uniforms of the Union
trmy. The Lee statue w-, designed
by Edward V. Valentirx. of Rich
W.ashington's statue was placed in
:he southeast end of the hall. be
:ween the statues of Gen. Ethan
ulen. of Vermont. and Gen. Peter
duhlonberg, of Pennsylvania, a dis
inguished soldier and statesman of
tev'olutionary times, and a b-other
f the first Speaker of the House of
tepresentatives. The Washington I
tat ue is a replica of Hondon's famn
us masterpiece now at the Capitol
HURTS THE SOUTH
SECRETARY WILSON GIVES COT.
TON A BLACK EYE.
Much Harm Has Been Done by His
Interview in Wllhkh Ho Said Cot
ton Was NormaL
Presldent Ha-V.4 ToJr,.'n of t.:a
Southern Cotton Aassoc!ation. ent,-rs
f-rmal ;)otest against . recent in
terview with Seeretary, of A4rIcul
ture James Wilson. wha.h apiwared
in the New York World. and which
that paper claimed to have Just had
with 'the secretary on crop pros
poets for the present year. The ex
sat language reported to have beer
used by Secretary Wilson is as fol
"The crops will be good every
where. There will be a superfluity o:
work for everybody on the farms
more work than the farmers cat
and hands to do. The corn croi
bids fair to surpass any other cro;
is the history of the country. Th<
cotton crop will be reasonably good
and the balance of the crops abor,
the average all along the line.
"Prosperity is not going to wal
on the tariff or anything else. I
any disturbance of conditions arise
In the body politic it will have to
come from somewhere else than thb
agricultural district. It is not com
iag from the farm."
"The monthly condition report wa
due to come out on August 2. jus
one day after the publication of th
above interview with Secretary Wil
son." said Mr. Jordan. "I realize
that the interview would be bearisb
ly construed by the entire cotto:
trade if not corrected at once, an
I immediately wired Secretary Wil
son the following telegram:
"I notice an interview attribute
to you In the New York World c
August I. in which you state th
following: 'The cotton crop will b
reasonably good.' Are you correctl
quoted? Is not an immediate denis
of this Interview in order? Othei
wise incalculable injury will be don
the ootton growers of the South b
speculative interests which will col
strue you to forecast a normal pr(
duction of cotton. All private r
ports issued to date indicate a cox
siderable deterioration of the cotto
crop condition from the last month
condition report of the Bureau <
Cotton Statistics. The Journal <
Commerce condition report, Issue
this morning, shows an actual dete:
ioration during the last month <
three and seven-tenths per cen
making present conditions 73 1-1
which is the lowest condition er
reported by them.
"My own opinion is that the pre
ent condition of the cotton crop
the poorest in my recollection, an
that, any authoritative statemer
from you at this time, that the co
on crop will be reasonably good
not only a wrong statement of acti
al facts, but will be used to the gre.
injury of the constituency I repri
sent in the South.
"My apprehensions regarding ti
effect of Secretary Wilson's stati
mnent regarding the cotton erop hai
been fully verified in the depressic
of the cotton market this week<
$3.50 per bale, or practically $40
000.000 In the value of the cro:
It is well known that the bureau r<
port which was issued the next da
after Secretary Wilson's alleged Is
terview in the World. indicated ti
lowest cotton condition for Augu:
ever made by the Bureau of Cotte
Statistics, and that the report<
the bureau was emphasized by ever
private report that came In the Iaa
week of July.
"'The cotton trade has evidenti
placed more weight and value on ti
statement of Secretary Wilson as I:
dicating a normal production of co
ton this year than it has on the e:
tremely low condition reports issue
by the Bureau of Statistics last Moi
day. There can be no other logica
explanation of the recent hammerin
of the cotton market operators o
the cotton exchanges. It is to t
hoped that Secretary Wilson will nc
longer delay remedying the very s<
riouse mistake which he has mad,
Sentiment in favor of abolishing
making drastic changes in the Di
partment of Agriculture regardin
the publication of the bureau report
.has for some time been developinj
and if the head of the departmentc
sensational interviews is to nullir
the effect of the bureau reports th
sooner the work of the departmei
is regulatied by congress the bette
for the agricultural interests of tb
Burned to a Crisp.
At Cincinnati, Ohio. a man ha]
clothed, with his flesh burned ti
crisp in places and screaming fron
the pain as he ran through thi
streets aroused the neighborhoot
following a teeement house fir<
there early Monday. He fell uncon
scious at the door of the CIty Hos
pital and died soon afterward.
Firemaa Fatally Hurt.
At Cleveland. Ohio. Lieut. Far
rell English was fatally injured and
seven other city firemen wore hurl
when the roof of the Ohio Sash and
Door Company, Mervin street and
Columbus road,. collapsed duringa
fire there Sunday. The loss Is es.
timated at $75.000. The orgin of
the fire is unknown.
Two Guls Drown.
Mi,,es Rebecca Womack and El
la Freeman. both between fir'in
and sixteen years of age, and daugh
tars of prominent men of Havana.
Fla., were drown there Tuesday af
ternoon while in swimming in a mill
pond, near their homes. The bodies
were recovered several hours later.
Sentenced to Hang.
Willard Webb. a negro, was a few
days ago convicted at Marietta, Ga.,
af criminal assault upon Mrs. Exy
Brown, at Vinings. several weeks
ago, and was sentenced to hang
septemnber 17. To prevent a possible
ynching. the negro was rushed to
atlanta on a train and there he will
emain until the day of the execu
Next t9> Investment thie wjlaeo~t
IN OUR SCHOOLS WHICH LAY
CAUSE MUCH SICKNESS.
Some Suggestions Looking ti the
Remedying of These Conditions by
the School Boards.
There appeared in a late nuraber
of Good Housekeeling an artic!e
under the caption. *Deadly Potions
in our Schools."' that contains sug
gestions worthy of consideration.
The author portrays an appalling
situation. He reckons the fire peril
as trifling beside the constant spread
of disease through common drink
ing cups and other mediums of in
fection found in our schools. Spa:-e
will allow only one or two quota
tions. He says:
"A cup which had been used in
a high school for several months
without being washed was lined
inside with a thin brownish depos
it. Under the microscope this prov
ed to be bits of skin and millions of
bacteria. Some of this sediment
was injected under the skin of a
guinea pig and in forty hours the
pig died. A post mortem examina
tion revealed that deat" was due to
t the presence of a sufficient number
of pneumonia germs to cause blood
s poisoning. A second guinea pig in
) oculated with the cup sediment de
Such a condition may be seldom
found. but most likely this is the
rule rather than the exception. Al
t taost every school boy and girl is
e familiar with the drinkin-g cup with
its "thin brownish lining." Possi
bly not more than a dozen schoolh
in the State have given this matter
a thought and have gone to the
d expense of banishing the drinking
cup. I have visited a great many
d schools and in nearly all the watel
dis poured in open buckets, all the
children drinking from the sam
e nasty tin dipper and often the buck.
e et sitting in the school room by thi
T hour a recipient of the germ ladet
- Such conditions ought not to be
e [t we value the lives of our childret
y we must see to the sanitary con
- dition of our schools. Probaly two
- thirds of our dangerous epidemic
- may be traced to this one infectivi
- medium. Scientists have shown tha
n the dullness of most children is duo
s to the presence of some slow wast
t ing disease brought us by the dread
f ed microbe or by lack of prope
r- How may the condition be reme
)f died? First. see the imperative neei
t, of a remedy and awake all the peo
0 pie to a realization of this need
r Health Boards. Teachers' Associa
tions, Women's Clubs and the pres
s should take up the propaganda. I
at first funds are not sufficient to
d put in modern drinking fountains, a
at least, throw away the old, cup and
t- require individual drinking cups.
Is However, our efforts should no
2- stop until the very best fountain
It have been installed. There are oni:
e- a few of these to be found in th,
State. at the Julian Mitchell School
1e Charleston: the Taylor School. Co
e- lumbia; the Graded School, Harts
e ville, and possibly one or two oth
in ers. I would suggest that thot'
>f interested in their schools visit on
,--of the these schools to see how per
p. fectly sanitary and hygenic are thes
L' drinking fountains. There Is n'
~Y. such thing as the drinking wate
1- becoming infected from the lips a
ie the pupils. Thus, the child is les
st exposed to pneumonia. diptheria
an colds, consumption and other con
>f tagious diseases.
y Space will not allow me to dis
it cuss other poisons and how they ar
conveyed into the system of th
y children. I will mention only a fes
ie mediums of infection against whic!
i. a war should be waged with unabat
t- ed energey: "Second hands books
t. chewing gum, dusty rooms, poo
d ventilation and loosely fittini
it. floors." I trust these few words wil
tl serve to remind our school official:
z to attend to thse matters before the
a schools open for another season.
S. W. GARRETT.
SBOAR KILLS THREE HORSES.
r Rips a Man's Leg Who Tred to Helj
g the Animals.
s A boar, maddened by the heat
recently ran wild on a West Middle
itown farm and seriously woundet
7one man and killed three valuabl4
*horses before being shot to death
tsays a dispatch from Washington
r Pa., to the Philadelphia North Amer
The animal, whIch was owned by
A. K. Rush, broke out of its per
and attacked a pony in the barr
Syard. Before the poney could es.
Scape the hog had gored it to death
with its tusks. The boar then broke
Sthrough a fence into a nearby fieid
and attacked a team of horse;. Cor
Snering the animals, the boar sprang
-at them and dismembered them.
- A number of men had gathered
by this time, and I. B. Smith, who
owned the drIving team, undertook
to drive the boar away. Leaving
the mangled bodies of the horses,
the boar turned on Smith and rip
ped open one leg from ankle to
The big was shot as it stood
over Smith preparing to attack him
a second time.
People Ride Too Much.
A medical journal enters an ear
nest protest against what is consid
ered an abnormal use of elevators
and street cars. It says thai it will
"atrophy the human race." or at
least that part of it living where
such step saving conveniences
abound. It is easy to exaggerate
danger, but after all there is mu:ch
force in what the paper says. Prob
ably the most effective and health
sustaining exercis.- is walking, and
certainly it is one of the most
pleasazrable. It therefore follows
that an over indulgence in the use'
of street cars and othe'r convoyances
means less exercise by walking and
the ret-ult is not good. .Many peo
ple to save a minute or two of time
take the elevator or the :rolley wh en~
it would be far bet ter for the ir
health if they walked the distance.
Tf ther~e is no giving or talking
in marriage in the next world. whe~n
The Irragation Congress at Spo
kane a Success.
PLEA FOR WET LAND
Reclamation Made by South Caro
lina's Ielegation Rec.tnized by
the Meeting as oi Cast Impor
tance - Watson Makes Good
Speech and Presents Resolution.
Col. August Kohn writing to The
News and Cour!er from Spokane says
the South Carolina delegation, twen
ty-four strong. has made quite an
imprescorn at the Irrigation Conven
tion. South Carolina wants wet
land reclamation and that platform
is likely to be incorporated in the
general policy of the Irrigation Con
gress. Commissioner Watson.
standing under the South Carolina
flag. whooped up things in great
style for South Carolina in the best
speech of the day. The Congres is
very largely attended and gives
promise of results.
At the meeting of the delegation
Tuesday the following selections
were made: E. J. Watson. chair
man: A. J. Bethea, secretary: D. F.
Moore. executive committeeman;
Samuel G. Stoney. committee on
resolutions; Samuel Dibble. cemmit
tee on organization; Jame@ Cos
grove. although absent, was elected
The delegates from South Caroli
na enrolled are: E. J. Watson. Co
lumbia; A. J. Bethea. Columbia; D.
F. Moore, Brunson. Samuel G. Sto
zey. Charleston; August Kohn, Co
lumbia: Samuel Dibble. Orangeburg;
T. M. Raysor. Orangeburg; D. W.
McLaurin. Dillon; Wm. D. Melton.
Columbia: W. J. Montgomery. Mar
ion: George H. Cornelson. Orange
burg: C. J. Shannon. Jr.. Camden;
W. D. Deloach. Camden; Samuel
Dibble. Jr.. Orangeburg: J. P. Mc
Nair. Aiken; A. L. Berry. Spartan
burg: J. A. Lightsey. Crocketville:
Jones Williams. Bamber,; J. C.
Lightsey. Hampton: S. M. Clark.
Estill: L. A. Manning. Jr.. Latta.
Our people at home have little
realization of the intense interest
the West is taking in irrigation and
how freely It is spending barrels of
money for that purpose. South Car
olina's efforts to reclaim wet lands
is appreciated out West. All is well
in the party. On the strength of
. Col. Watson's fine address, he was
invited to address the National Con
- servation Congress at Seattle on the
In the Congress Wednesday Com
) missioner Watson presented strong
resolutions relating to Federal aid
for drainage upon the ground of
public health. These resolutions
twere signed by Watson, as chair
Sman of the South Carolina delega
.tion: Governor Gilchrist, of Florida.
and members of South Dakota. Ida
ho and Indiana and Minnesota de-e
-gations. Col. Watson also present
-ed a resolution relating to forest
preservation, which was likewise
1strongly backed. Both resolutions
Iare in the hands of the committee.
At 10:30 o'clock Wednesday
SSouth Carolina delegates were en
tertained at a banquet by the El
- Paso. Texas, delegation-an elegant
Iaffair. President Barstow was
Spresent and presiding with Col.
Watson on his left and the chair
-man of the Texas delegation on his
right. There were noteworthy
-toasts and responses, all ringing
Swith the progressive spirit of the
SSouth. The South Carolinians will re
turn the co"mpliment to the Texans
upon arrival in Seattle.
SHOT FROM AMBUSH.
Believed to Be Victim of Neighbor
A telegram received at Bailey.
Ga.. tells of the ambushing and
killing of W. A. Belcher, a well
known and well to do young planter
whose home is 20 miles from that
place. Back of the killing is a
story of feud and it is believed that
he is a victim of bad feeling that
it is asserted has existed between
him and others in his neighborhood.
It was stated that the young man
was given no chance for his life, a
bullet from a clump of trees and un
derbrush ending his life almost in
stantly near his home early
Wednesday morning. Belcher was
formerly a resident of Screven coun
Later it was learned that the
shots were fired by B. S. Taylor and
that Belcher's little girl was with
him in a buggy. Two shots struck
elcher. and one the horse he was
driving, but the little girl escaped
unhurt. It is alleged that Taylor
fllowed his victim for five miles
before he opened fire. It Is stated
that the slayer has not been arrest
"humber King" Killed.
George Van Dyck, of Lancaster. N.
H .. one of the best known lumber
me&n ir New England. and his chauf
fur. Frederick B. Hogdon of North
Strat ford. Vt., were fatally injured
wh.en an automobile in which they
wee riding plunged over a 75-foot
ciff into the Connecticut river at
Riverside. opposite Turner Falls.
I ass.. Minnday. Both died of their
inuries at tho hospital. Mir. Van-i
Dyck~' was known as the "lumber
king of New England."
Fooling With Pistol.
Bas'omb H-anna, a respectable
whie man. about 20 years of age.
of Prospect neighborhood. Williams
burg county. Tuesday killed hm
self accidentally. He was handling
a pistol carelessly, when it went off. i
h hullet entering near or into the~
heart and death resulted In thirtyj
Leaps Into Well.
Tesday morning about daybreak
at he-r homo. two-miles from Hull.<
in Mtadison county. Ga.. Mirs. J. C.
Phillips took her life by first slash-3
n he~r wrist with a razor and then I
umping head foremost into a well 3
L BLACK ANT FOUND THAT EATS
UP THE PESTS ALIVE.
rhe Discovery Was Made by a Gor
ernment Agent, Who Thinks it
Will Solve the Problem.
Ants. the little black species
which freq- Atly infest kitchens and
pantries, may be experimented with
near Durane. Okla.. by the govern
ment next year to exterminate boll
weevils. The d!scovery was recent
iy made by Special Agent S. W.
Murphy of the department of ag
,rculture. who Js located in. that
city, that the ants will devour the
young weevil and the larvae before
they hatch. and that they are very
fond of the weevil as food.
The discovery was made entirely
by accident in the following manner:
Mr. Murphy had visited a local cot-I
ton field and secured several wee
vils which were about ready to
hatch. They were taken to his of
fice for observation under a magni
fying glass to determine what effect.
if any, the recent hot weather had
had upon them. They were placed
on a newspaper and left upon a ta
ble while Mr. Murphy went out to
When he returned scores of little
black ants were devouring the wee
vils. He watched the ants with the
aid of his glass until he was thor
oughly satisfied that they were real
ly devouring the weevils and not
attacking them by chance. He then
wrote a full report of his discovery
and observations to Dr. Knapp. head
of the bureau of plant life industry.
under whose direction Mr. Murphy
Mr. Murphy has made further ob
servations of the habits of these ants
and is confident that in them he has
found an insect which will destroy
the boll weevil without damaging
His explanation of the reason why
the ants have not already extermi
nated the weevils Is that the ad
vent of the latter into this country
is of comparatively recent date, and
that since their coming they hav.
spread and increased much more
rapidly than the ants.
He intends to colonize as many
ants as possible in a cotton field
iear Durant next year, and to as
sist him in his efforts he has asked
that a government expert be detail
If the ants can be successfully
clon!zed and propagated Mr. Mur
phy's discovery will prove of un
told worth to the cotton-grow4ng in
dustry, and the ants, which are now
regarded as household pests. may
prove a blessing.
THE JEWISH NEW YEAR.
Mark the Beginning of the Ten Peni
The year of 5670, in the Jewish
Calendar, is drawing to a close. Sep
temnber 15 will be New Year's Day.
and will mark the beginning of the
ten penitential days. the last ef
which is known and observed as
Yom Kippur or the Day of Atone
ment. As the religion of the Jews
does not recognize the divinity of
Christ, tneir calendar dates from the
Creation, as recorded in Bible his
As the term implies the Peniten
tial season is one in which the good
Jew is given an opportunity under
the teaching of his religion to make
an enumerated confession of his
sins, and pray the forgiveness of the
Eternal. If during that time he
overlooks any sin which he commit
ted in the year just ended, he has
an opportunity on the last, er Day
By fasting and excluding all earth
ly thoughts, the believer devotes his
whole mind to a review of his year's
work, and profound contemplation
of the Eternal. He confesses all the
small mistakes, forgotten, perhaps.
n the recollection of graver wrong
doing and invokes Divine forgive
The service continues all day. It
is very beautiful and characterized
by many symbolic passages. It is to
the believer one of the most sig
nificant and important events of the
religious calendar, and is observed
generally by those of the Jewish
LOCKER CLUBS TABOO0ED.
Alabama Paames Stringens Prohi
Gov. Comer, of Alabama, signed
the Carmichael prohibitIon law pass
ed by the A~bama Legislature on
Under this act It is unlawful to
sell or store any liquids containing
more than one-half of 1 per cent
alcohol. Locker clubs are illegal
and the possession of a United States
internal revenue license shall be
considered prima facie evidence of
guilt. Truly, Alabama is a dry
The Fuller bill and the Ballard
bill are still pending in the house.
They are more radical than the Car
michael bill and are designed to aid
in the enforcement of the latter.
The Fuller bill prohibits any sort
of liquor advertising and throws
ev-ery safeguard around the law.
The Ballard bill provides for the
impeachment of officers who fail to
put the law into effect. Both of
these bills will be passed.
The contest over the hill submit
ing to the people in November as
unendment to the constitution ex
lIuding liquor from Alabama forever
sill come up in the senate later.:
Both sides to the contest claim vic
Finds Hidden Money.
When Alburt Burt's wife le'ft himu
'nyeral weeks ago she said he was
o economical that she cotuld not
tand it any long-'r and in a f.ew
ay. he comm ritt..d suicide. MNr.
Itirt has returned to thei: .aome in
tincola. L. L.. and! has .iust in:n'
2.119 hidden in the rafters of the e
arret where her husband hanged r
GIVEN TWO YEARS
EMINOLE AGENT CONTIOED
IgentI Who Operated in This State
Are Likely to be Prosecuted if
They Can Be Reached.
Muc"i interest is felt over the
3tate In a special dispatch sent from
bionroe. N. C.. to the Charlotte Ob
server to the effect that T. C. Whed
bee, an ex-agent of the Seminole
Securities Company was convicted In
Monroe on Saturday of obtaining a
mote from W. C. Heath in payment
of Seminole stock under false pro
tenses, and had been sentenced to
two years for the offense.
The Columbia Record says so far
no such such criminal proceeding has
been Instituted in this. State. but
this has not been on account of lack
of evidence, and it is not unlikely
that the result of the North Caro
lina case will inspire a number of
similar crlminal case. in this State.
There are two strong difficulties in
the way of such a course at present.
One is that practically all of the
agents who operated in this State are
'a the West, and will be very dificult
to locate, though there are a few
still living In South Carolina.
The other- is that the stockholders
organization, which was formed In
Columbia a short time after the
crash came and which appointed a
president and a board of directors,
Is practically defunct, the court plac
ing the -practical management of the
company in the hands of receivers.
This organization requested the at
torney general to Institute criminal
The receivers, It Is understood,
have much valuable information and
evidence on which to base criminal
proceedings, and they would cheer
fully go after the agents and- of
ficers of the concern in this way.
but they are given no authority to
employ council for such work. A
circuit judge was applied to for a
special order authorizing such a
course, but declined to grant the
order, it is stated.
It is hardly likely that Individual
stockholders would feel justified in
going to the expense of prosecuting
the agents, particularly If they had
to employ a detxctive to hint for
the alleged criminals and It is pos
sible that another meeting of the
stockholders may be held so as to
raise funds for the prosecutUn.
which could be d'iuo wo much more
eccnomically by corcuAtration and
Following is the special from
Monroe: "The jury returned a ver
dic of guilty at 6 o'clock this evening
In the case of the State vs. T. C.
Whedbee, charged with false pre
tense In obtaining a note from -Major
W. C. Heath for stock in the Semi
nole Security Company. The judge
sentenced Whedbee to two years In
the State's prison. The defendant
took an appeal to the Supreme
"Thus ended one of the most Im
portant cases from a legal stand
point that has ever been tried In
Union county. The trial of the case
consumed three days. Major Heath
claimed that Whedbee represented to
him that $100,000 in securities had
been deposited with Insurance Com
missioner Young for the protection
of the stockholders at the company.
The defendant further represented
to Mr. Heath that the company was
being organized on a very economi
cal basis; that Gen. Wiley JoneP and
Mr. W. A. Clark. of Columbia, the
promoters of the enterprise, were
-werking without salries, paying
only $25 otfice rent and buying sta
tionery from hand to mouth.
KIL-rED EACH OTHER
Two Negroes Fight it Oh. With the
News reached Rock Hill Tuesday
morning of the killing of two no
groes, who were attending religious
exercises at a church near Nannie's
Mountain, in the northwestern part
of the county. The names cannot be
The row Is said to have occurred
after the service was over. One
negro walked up to another, and
placing a big revolver against the
other's side, shot him through the
abdomen. piercing many holes in the
Intesines. The wounded man
quickly drew the ever-ready gun
and shot his assailant In the fore
head and through the brain before
he could get away. The man shot
through the head died instanly. The
other was taken to Dr. Campbell's,
a short distance away and died there
in a short time.
END OF THE WORLD NER,R
According to the "Holy Ghost and
The Holy Ghost and Us Society
whose principal base of operations
is at Shiloh, Me., has received ad
vices that the end of the wolrd is to
come at 10:20 a. mn.. Wednesday,
The Rev. Frank Sandford. who
originated the sect and calls him
self "ElIjah." says that this will
happen. The Holy Ghost and Us
sciety at Shiloh is making prepara
tions to don the pure white robes.
pass to the housetops of their vii
Ags and there await the dread mo
Whe'n it comes they expect to see
hA sky tall, and the earth, moon.
Lnd sun disappear, and they them
~cves transplanted Into the realms
>f eternal blha. while all others pass
Had to Kill Him.
At Newark. N. J., after a murder
us attack on two keepers in the
ounty jail. Angello Caprio. awaiting
rial on thAecharge of murder, was
hot and instantly killed by a third
cper. who had come to the res
te of his comrades.*
Giris who carry bunc'hes of flow
rs arc not in danger of being ar
ested for carrying concealed pia