Newspaper Page Text
THE DARK DAYSI
Tillman Tells the Story of the de
Strugles of 1875 se
IN SOUTH CAROLINA W
An Address Delivered by Senator
Tillman at the Red Shirt Reunion R
at Anderson. S. C.. on Augus =' r
in the Presence of Several Thou- w
sand Enthusiastic People. o
The Hamburg Riot.
Judge Aldrich told you last night r
that he could tell more about the d
Hamburg riot than I could because a
he would not have to criminate him
elf. As for that I have nothing to ,
conceal about the Hamburg riot. I
told the Republicans in the senate k
that we had to shoot negroes to get t
relief from the galling tyranny to
which we had been subjected and.
while my utterances were used in
the Republican campaign book for
1900. 1 think my very boldness and
the frankness with which I explain
ed conditions did more to enlighten
and disarm the fanatics than any
thing else I could have said. Even
Senator Hoar was so Impressed that I
he became my warm personal friend.
Because of the potent influence in
arousing the white men of the State r
to their duty. I shall give you the I
story of the Hamburg riot in full. 2
not dealing at this time with the <
two Ned Tennant riots and the
- Ellenton riot.
The third of these disturbances or
riots occurred in Hamburg in July.
I876. and this tragic episode in the
struggle for white supremacy caused
more widespread comment through
out the north and was more far
reaching in its influence upon the
fortunes of the white people of South
Carolina than anything of the kind
which ever occurred in the State.
Congress appointed an investigation
committee to take testimony and the
bloody shirt was waved by the
northern press and politicians &rom
one end of the country to the other.
The two preceding disturbances. of
which I have spoken. while causing
great ezcltement and uneasiness.
had resulted in no blood shed other
than the wounding of two negroes.
near Dr. XcKie's. but the Hamburg
riot caused the death of seven ne
groes and one white man, while two
negroes and another white man were
The cause of the trouble, as in the
two Ned Tennant riots, was the ne
gro militia. The town of Hamburg.
opposite the city of Augusta. and
thirteen miles below where T was
born and reared and was then i
ing. had been a prosperous mart of
trade between 1840 and 1860. At
one time it had a population of be
tween 3.000 and 4.000 and did an
-- Immense business with the South
Carolina planters . Owing to its
liability to overflow by the Savannah
iver it had begun to decline and at
the time of which I write It was
occupied almost entirely by negroes.
The white population consisted of a
' few families. The number of stores
was smail. The negro population
in 1876 probably numbered 1.200
and It had become an harbor of
refuge for all of the cow thieves.
cotton thieves, house burners, and
other types ofs criminals among the
negroes. Owing to the fact that
the municipal government was com
posed of negroec. the town marshal
was a negro. Gen. Prince R. Rivers.
an ex-Union soldier, commander of
the negro militia. State Senator from
Aiken county and Trial Justice, lived
there and the negroes were exceed
ingly insolent and It was dangerous
for white men to go through the
.~town unless they were well armed.
. A negro militia company of about
one hundred men had been organz
ed in this lawless den and one Docic
Adams was captain. On the after
noon of the 4th of July. 1876. this
co'mpany was drilling and parading
on Main street and as was usual
a very large proportion of the negra
population were admirinx upecta
tors. A yotung man, Thomas But
ler, whose father lvei on the !iAh
bill two miles away. :eturai'-ng home
* from Augusta whither he had bet.nl
,on business found the street bloakod|
by the negro militia company. Ta-e
militia were marching "ceompaniy
front" and the line extended from
sidewalk to sidewalk. As young|
Butler approached. instead of throw-|
ing his raeS Into "'column of fours" i
or "'column of platoons" or wheel-|
jng them out of the way. Dock
Adams gave the order to "'charge
bayonets"~ with the view no doubt
of showing olE before the assembled
negroes and te compel the young<
white man to turn his horse aroundi
and flee. But he was not of that
kind, and knowing he had a righti
to the highway, as the approaching1
line of leveled bayonets came for
ward he stopped his buggy and<
* reached for his pistol, cocked it andi
shouted. "'I'Il shoot the first man<
who sticks a bayonet in my horre." 1
He was alone and there were more1
than 100 negroes with Springfield
rifles and gleaming bayonets and sev
eral hundred others looking on. Hei
knew and the negroes knew that
they could butcher him with great1
ease, but they felt certain he would I
kill one or more of them before t
It could be done. The captaint
shouted "halti' and opened the I
sasso that Butler could pass and
in a little while dismissed his com- I'
peny and went to Gen. Prince Riv-s
ers and swore out a warrant hearg-t
ing young Butler with interfering a
with his company at drill. Butler o
went on home and told his father 11
what had happened. and Mr. Robert s
Butler. whose plantation lay above
Hamburg and who had a great deal d
of trouble with negro thieves and b
was in every way a very pugnacious t
man, hurried to :the trial justice si
and swore out a warrant for Adams o0
for obstructing the highway. t
The trial wast set for the succeed. '
ior Saturday. July .8 The incident W
was noisad about all over the coun- a
ties of Edgefield and Alken in a very w'
little while. It had been the set- of
tied purpose of the leading white h
men of Edge~eld to seize the Arst W
Per them to provoke a riot and the
eh the negroes a lesson, as It was do
nerally believed that nothing but ed
oodshed and a good deal of it could of
well answer the purpose of re- m:
eming the State from negro and st(
rpet bag rule. Mr. Robert Butler th,
nt to Edgefneld ior Gen. M. C. Tb
utler to defend his son and prose- be
te Adams at the tria!. Col. A. in
Butler. the captain of the Sweet- b
ater Sabre club. summoned our gi;
impany to meet at Summer Hill. fr
ree miles from Hamburg at 12 dc
clock. It was our purpose to at- wl
nd the trial to see that younc. til
utler had protection and. if any nc
;portunity offered. to set the ball 1o
lling, and if one cid not offer- in
e were to make one. We did not ac
> in uniform and were expressly pa
rdered to leave our rifles and car- w
ines so that when assembled we tv
ere only armed with pistols. Va- NM
ous schemes were presented and bi
i-cussed but nothing definite was cc
rranged except that we would go w
) Hamburg in a body at 4 o'clock. tt
be time for the trial and see what fe
-ould turn up. The fact. however. oo
hat we had assembled was made a
nown to Prince Rivers and when ir
he company reached Hamburg we
-ere informed that the trial had l
een postponed and it appeared s
Dr a while that all of our trouble a
nd pains as well as the scherr.s t
re had formulated would cOme to s4
aught. Dock Adams had assembled t<
its company in the armory of the j
oibiey building, a two-story brick s
tructure on the corner of Main and f:
tiver streets,. General Rivers had 1
lisappeared from town.
'-here was much talking and plan
king among the leaders, the two But- b
ers and others of the leading citi- s
:ens. At about 5 o'clock it was de- a
:ided that the demand should be
nade of Doc?: Adamms to surrender b
its guns, and notice to that effee. P
was sent him by Gen. M. C. Butler v
with the further Information that
2e had shown that the guns were
t menace to peace and good order
iad that the whites having lost a!: s
patience were resolved to put an f
nd to his outrageous and insoler'
nondudt. When the demand was
made he promptly and peremptorial
ly refused. He was then told that
we would take them. When the
;nn was about half an hour h!gh t
the little band of white men. num 1
hering about seventy in all. of whom
forty-five belonged to the Sw'-et- j
water Sabre Club. rode down Main I
treet tewards the armory and I
wheeling into a cross street we ap- I
nroached the river ard hal'ted In
the street which was o-nlpied by
the trestle of the C. C. and A rail
road. now the Southern rai!Aay.
The Sibley building was on the
southwest corner of the square. We
dismounted in regular cavalry fash
ion and linked bridles. All of the
disengaged men lined up. Then the
order came. "All men having car
bines or rifles step five paces to the
front." Only Ave responded. It
was now shown how great a mistake
had been made In ordering the rifles
left at home. The purpose of that
order is easy to understand. We
did not wish It to appear that we
had come to Hamburg with malice
aforethought, but merely as specta
tors at the Butler trial. Events had
shaped themselves so that the pur
pose of compelling the surrender of
the arms by the negroes once formed
there was no time to make new pre
parations. Sixty white men (the
others were detailed to take care of
the horses) were about to attack
100 negroes who were armed with
the most approved army rifles, had
plenty of ammunition, and were for
tified so to speak in a brick tort.
while the whites had shot -guns and
nistols. But the difference in the
blood and the color of the skin far
more than made up the odds in the
irmament. The five men to whom
the duty was assigned of opening
the attack were Henry Getsen. Dan
lap Phinney. McKie Meriwether.
Thos. Settles and Demitrious Myers.
I '.:1 always remember with sad
ness an incident which took place
just at this time. Yo'ung McKie Mer
iwether. belonging to the sabre viub,
but his father did not. The older
man. Joseph Meriwether, it will be
remembered, was the manager of
Shaw's Mill two years before, who
had manipulated that box and chang
ed the negro majority into a white
majority. He had heard of the
trial and had brought his Wincester
rifle with him. When the elder I
Meriwether joined the squad, which
was to take posItion behind the I
abutment of the railroad bridge. '
diagonally in front of the Sibley
building and some seventy-five yaras
away, his son. :-very handsom
young man, about 25 years of age,
rame running towards him and un
buckling the pistol as he ran, he
handed the two pistols to hIs fath
er and saId. "Iere, papa, take these
and let me have the rifle." The
exchange was made and the elder I
:an took his place In the ranks,
while the younger, along with the
>ther four, stepped off. at a lively
pace towards the end of the bridge.
They marched in full view of the
regroes who could see them from
:he windows of t'ne Sibley building. ~
Thbe rest of the men were deployed
n the other two sides of the square,
being on the north and east sIdes
>f the Sibley building, which had no
indows on those sides. In fact. I
md no windows at all except on the
~ront towards the river. As a be
onged to the first set of fours, I
was detailed along with Pierce But
er and James McKie and one othe"
whose name I forget, and placed in l
osition at the northwest corner of
he square directly in the rear of
he Sibley build.!ng. The square, t
will state, was a small one, with
ides probably seventy-five yards ,
ong. The entrance to the second'
tory of the Sibley building where
he negroes were in hiding. was by
pair of steps running up on the s4
utside from Main street to a land- W
a in front of the door on the west 0:
The sun was just setting when or- h<
ers were given to the squad at the le
ridge abutment to begin firing on 'i
,e building. The other whites were t
:ationed up and down the sidewalks w
t the northern and eastern sides of te
e square. while the western side A
as left unguarded. As both sides ed
ere using breech-loadIng guns not- 0
ithstanding only five white men te
ere doing any shooting, the fusiladd "',
shots was very rapId. The armory Iat
td ive w-iadows and the negroes Jde
ere firing from these, but most of .S
!y were squatted below the win- s
w sills and their guns were elevat- f
as there was little or no signs E
where the bullets went. The v
Lrks of the bullets on the sand I
ine window sills are still to be seen c
ugh filled up level with cement- I
e noise of the battle, if it may I
termed one, was of course heard s
Augusta and soon a considerable J
dy of men gathered on the Geor- 2
L bank. but as some stray bullets I
>n the negroes' rides at the win- i
ws gave them notice that they
re in danger. they very soon re- I
ed out of sight. However, it was
long after dark before men be- I
aging to the military organizations
Augusta and others began to pour
ross the bridge with arms to take
.rt in the fray. The square on
hich the Sibley building stood had
,o or three other stories on the
ain street side. The old bank
:ilding was on the southeastein
orner and there were several small
ooden shanties on other parts of
e square. As soon as darkneas
11 the whites began to search all
these buildings and very shortly
negio man was discovered in hid
g. He was dragged out whi!.
Lualling at the top of his voice
trough fright. He was shot by
)me one who in the excitement
ad anger forgot himself and
iough not seriously wounded his
:reams and cries resopnded so as
>be heard for half a mile around.
ust about this time we were all
ocked and enraged by the news
-om the bridge abutment that Mc
:ie .leiwether. the brave young
ian whose exchange of arms with
is father. I have mentioncd. had
een killed. There has aiways been
:)me mystery about his death. H^'
long with the other four riflen.
ad been firing at the windows when
is brain was pierced by a bail which
utered at the top of his head. It
as never known whether he was
hot from above by some one who
rossed the bridge or was struck oy
, ball from the armory which hit
ome piece of iron of iron and glanc
d downward. If the white men
ere determined when they began
hat bloody business, this sad and
inexpected death added ten-fold fury
o their feelings. The men who
vere holding the horses had hitched
hem all by this time in a vacant
ot and without orders from anyone
tnd apparently without plan they
oined In. As soon as it was en
irely dark the negroes in the armory
,ook advantage of the opportunity
o make their escape down the steps
>f which I have spoken and to fee
ip the river. Some of theme were
oo much frightened to make this
ttempt and sought concealment in
he cellar and other hiding places in
he stores. Some of them ripped
ip the floors and hid under them.
rhe whites from Augusta brought
wer at Gen. Butler's request a
imall piece of artillery which was
oaded with pieces of iron (no regu
ar balls were available) and fired
>ff in the front of the Sibley build
ng. After two discharges there was
2o further firing from the negroes
,. all who could had fled and the
own was deserted. The square
which was entirely surrounded by
:his time was searched thoroughly.
Every nook and corner of every
building was examined by the whites
who broke in the doors with axes.
Prisoners to the number of some
thirty or forty men were captured
and as soon as taken were placed
uder guard on River street some
75 yards above the wagon bridge.
About S:30 o'clock after a period
>f intense darkness the moon rose
ind began to cast its lurid light over
:he strange and unaccustomed scene.
rhe number of whites had increas
d Immensely by this time and the
searching parties worked northward
'rom the Sibley building, which had
seen the first one taken and thor
>ughly searched. Two negroes who
iad reascns to know that their lives
would not be spared if captured.
:ed to make their escape by jump-.
ng over the fence on the north side
>f the square and running down the
street towards the trestle. The first
:o do t'iis was Jim Cook, the town
narshall. who had in the years of
regro rule, clubbed a great number
>f white men and in every way ii
ustrated his brutal and fiendish hate
f the whites as well as the delight
re took In degrading them. As he
prang over the fence the squad
o which I belonged was the first
o fire. We all fired once at him.
le ran down the center of the street
owards the railroad trestle towards
he moon so that it was vasy to see
he whole performance. White men
rere standing or sitting on both
ides of the street and as he ran
etween thesie they fired at him, 'the
ronder being that as ti'e street was
arrow the bullets 'did not wound
ir kill the white men opposle. It1
eemed as though Cook was bound
o escape as he had nearly reached
he trestle and none of the pistol
ullets appeared to have taken ef
ect. Fear lent speed to his flight
und the crack of the pistols, some
orty or fifty of which must have
een fired at him, sounded like so
many pop-guns. Suddenly the loud
eprot of a shotgun rang out and
:ook tumbled in a heap almost turn
ag a somersault. Pierce Butler and
,bearing that it was Cook that had
een killed, had the curiosity to
ave our posts and walk down to
rhere' he was lying and as the shad
ws made it somewhat doubtful,
i'irce' struck a match and being
ery familiar with Cook's face, re
arke-d with satisfaction, "Yes, it's'
ook." This negro was more hated
y the whites of the surrounding
muntry than any other individual of
rie race. A large part of his face
ad bee'n torn away by the buckshot
ich had laid him low after all of
eo pistol balls had missed their
A while afterwards when the
arhing parties had worked their
ar throu~gh the different buildings
i the square another negro jumped
o"r the fence at the same spot, but
Shad no time to run. Pierce But
r and I, who had remained together
te entire night. were standing on
e back steps of Lipfield's store.
ating for him to bring us some wa
r from the well. Two men from
uusta. whose names I never learn
.but who wore the uniform of the
Inch Rifies, had just obtained wa
rand were standing on the side
ik. The negro leaped the fence
the roar of the store. but fell
ad almost instantly. The Owo ri
men had tbrda'n their guns.-which
ioulders and fired with deadly ef
!ct. This was one of the negro A
illitiamen The moon by this time
-as getting high in the heavens, and
must have been nearly eleven U
'clock. The searchin-g was ended
y breaking in the front door of
,ouis Schiller's store. which was al
o his residence. Schiller was a low
ew. who had joined the negroes.
nd had been given office by them.
taving held the position of couty
uditor until the county of Aiken
vas set apart. We wanted to hang
tim as the resentment against white
calawags was intense. He had been
>orn and raised in Hamburg and
iad really sold himself to the ne
.roes. We did not find him in the
iouse, but learned afterwards that 1
he poor wretch escaped us by climb
ng through a trap door which led
)ut on the roof and that he was
ying behind a parapet on top of
rhe house while execrations agalust
.is aame and the purpose to swing
hin was being expressed by the
white men below. All of the work
being practically finished the whites
began to disperse and those from
Augusta to retrace their steps across
the bridge. Gen. Butler and Col.
Butler had very quietly departed
some time before. without leaving
any orders and the mob. If it may
be called such. rapidly thinned out.
About th!s time Jas. Lanham. my
neighbor. and Jas. McKie. who had
been on the post with me a great
part of the night, and both first
cousins of young Meriwether. who
had been killed, came to where a
group of us were standing. One of
them asked the question as to wheth
er it was not a dear piece of work
for us to lose one of our best men
and have only two negroes dead and
another wounded. It was agreed
that we could not have a story like
that go out as a record of the night's
work. Lantham said to me. "I have
no balls in my pistol and no cartridg
es." I told hi: that I had only shot
once at Cook an had five balls left.
We exchanged pistols and be and Mc
Kie soon found others of their way
of thinking. The party made their
way to the place where the negro
prisoners were held and Henry Get
son, who lived two miles from Ham
burg and who knew all the negroes
in the town and neighborhood, was
asked to designate those of the
meanest character and n~. worthy
-f death. As fast as he would se
lect from among the prisoners those
he thought ought to be killed-all
militiamen-they were taken off a
little ways down the street and shot.
After five had been thus dealt with
the little squad of white men who
were still remaining in town seemed
satisfied and it was decided that the
rest of the negroes. some 25 or 30
in number, should be allowed to
go. The permission was given and
they were told to go up the street
and you may depend on it that
they were not slow to move. When
they had got about 50 yards away
the crowd fired a volley over their
heads, but I could not see that it
added anything to the speed which
they were making. If young Meri
wether bad act lost his life!I do not
think any of these last negroes would
have been killed, but the purpose
of our visit to Hamburg was to
strike terror and the next morning
(Sunday), when the negroes who
~ad fled to the swamps returned
geome of them never did return,
but kept on going) the ghastly sight
which met their gaze of seven dead
megroes lying starir and stiff cer
tainly had its effect.
One of those doomed to die es
ewped in a rather curious way.
Whether it was that the white men
awere sick of the bloody work or
something else. I do not know. Be
ing the last of the doomed men.
they either aimed badly or some of.
them did not fire at all at the word'
of command. When the shots rang
out this negro fell as though dead
and as soon as the whites went away
he crawled into the high weeds
which were near the road and thus
escaped with only a wound in his
thigh. He was afterwards the star
witness against us and the means of
getting the rmer of some of the
men who were there. His name was
Pomp Curry and by a strange coinci
dence he was the boy who, when I
went to tchool at Liberty Hill in
1861 and 1862 and boarded with Mr.
Kiah Edwards, made our fires.
brought wood, blacked shoes. etc.
He disappeared, whether by death or
fright. I do not know. After the
election of 1 876 I never heard of
It was now after midnight and
the moon high in the heavons looked
down peacefully on the deserted
town and dead negroes, whose lives
had treen ofrered up as a sacrinice
to the fanatical teachings and fiend
ish hate of those who sought to sub
stitute the rule of the African for
that of the Caucasion in South Car
The party with which I left Ham
burg was the last to leave the place.
We got our horses and when we ap
proached the outskirts of the town
we stopped at the famous Spout
Spring. whose waters gushed from
the bluffs back ..! S'e town. In the
better days of the town this spring
had been provided with granite
coping' and cover and was always
a place for travelers to slake their
thirst as they camue in or to guard
against it as they were leaving, the
roads leading through a dry and
sandy region. The names of the
men in the party, as I remember,
were: H1-nry Getsen, chief of our
drum head court martial. Milledge
Hone, who lived two miles below
me. James Lanhan, Gus Glover. Joe
Mays. Sam Mays. Henry Simpston,
John Swearingen. Dunlap Phinney,
William Cook and myself. Many
of these are dead. When we had
drank and washed. John Swearingen
stepped up cn the bank behind the
sprng and seizing the post upon
upon which was nailed a notice,
Five dollars fine for dipping any
uclean vessel in this sprinug."' broke
it off at the ~ground and threw it
into the middle of the road, saying
with an oath, that Jim Cook would
ever arrest another white man for
irinkiig at that spring.
This was an allusion to an incident
f the preceding year when Rev.
Ialen Padgett, who was carrying
rotten to Augusta. having no cup
iad stopped at the spring and drank
tnd had been arrested by Cook andt
uried before the town council.
haged with haing broken the or
[nanc.e of the town because having
trank frogm the spring he had dip- 2
ed a uncean esse In t. e
ILLS OF THE SOUTH
SED OVER TWO AND HALF MIL- P
LiON BALES OF COTTON.
ast Year. Being an Increase of i
Three Hundred and Sixty-six
Supplementing his report on the
otton crop for 1908-'09. as Issued t
n August 31. Secretary Hester of
he New Orleans cotton exchange
'uesday made a detailed report on
:he crops of the different States c
Alabama. 1.428.000. against 1,
[71.000 last year.
Arkansas. 1.052.000. against 787.
Florida. 75.000. against 60.000.
Georgia 2.118.000. against 1.
Louisiana 485.000. against 673.
Mississippi 1,673.000. against 1.
North Carolina 747.000. against
South Carolina 1.298.000, against
Tennessee 426.000, against 335.
Texas 3.819,000. against 2.221.
Oklahoma 740.000, against 950.
Total crop 13.825.000. against 11,
572.000 last year.
He puts the spindles in the South
at 11.255.787. including old, Idle
and not complete. against 10.661.
208 last year. an Increase of 594.
Referring to the consumption by
American mills. Mr. Hester says
that North and South they have a
.eason of unparalleled activity. In
no past year. he states, have they
consumed ao much cotton, and phe
nomenal as the extent of business
has been. it has not reached the
lim!t of their capacities.
The money value of the past com
mercial crop, he states. is In round
figures $683.794.000. showing that
while the number of bales market
ed was 2.243.000 bales more than
last year. the increase in money re
-eived was but $11.509.000. equiva
lent to $5.11 per bale for the ex
eess. and yet Mr. Hester contends
that considering all circumstances
if ever a crop was sold at a good
round price it was the one under
In the South Mr. Hester makes
the consumption 366.596 more than
last -ear and 120.765 over the year
before last. Twenty-one new mills
are building In the Southern States.
and including additions to old estab
lishments. 10.000 new looms and
511.294 new spindles are under way.
The increase in the number of mills
over last year has been eight, mak
ing a total of 841.
The year's consum o. on has been
divided as follows:
State Consumption. Increase
Alabama .......251.871 46.261
Arkansas . . . . 6,038 2.190
Georgia .. . ....556.119 74,757
Kentucky . . . . 36.290 1.694
Louisiana .. . 17.244 3.331
Mississippi . . . 48,691 3.529
Missouri .. .. ..14.826 6.449
North Carolina . 759,295 130.4--4
South Carolina . 700.352 75.806
Tennessee .. .. 69.211 9.154
Texas .. .. ....42.456 8.675
Oklahoma . . . . 2.568 954
Virginia .. .. ..77912 3.382
Total ......2.559.873 366.596
In conclusion Mr. nester says the
facts concerning this remarkable
year in cotton consumption speaks
for themselves, but it is safe to say
that had they been estimates I estead
of plain unvarnished truths, even
extremists would have been just!ifed
in classing them as exaggerations.
In the South, he says. "We have
brushed 2.600.000 bales closely dur
lung the past year and this close on
the heels of the panic, with 215 otit
of a total of 786 active mills from
one to two months late in getting
under headway. Most of the new
not complete spindles will be In
'working order before the coming
years close and with these on the4
basis of the 1904-05 consumption pe.
spindle, the capacity of the South
ern mills will be somethlng like
2.800.000 to 2.900.000."
FEMALE COLLEGE BtRNE.
The Pride of the Methodist in the
State Laid Low.
The Columbia Female College.
the pride of the Methodist of the
State, was destroyed by fire at half
past two o'clock Thursday morning.
It was totally destroyed. It Is sup-I
posed the fire was caused by de
fective electric wires.
The plant was valued at $250.000
and was insured for seventy-five
thousand dollars. There was ten
thousand more on the equipment.
The property was bonded for sixty
thousand and twenty odd thousand
more in floating debt.
Liquidation would leave nothing
but bare ruins and grounds, but
arrangements are going right ahead
for the rebuilding and opening for
the present session in the Colonial
hotel property, the former plant of
the college. The trustees are calledl
to meet next Tuesday.
was found guilty and fined fie dol
This had been a momentous and
trnuous day's work. We were all
tred but more than satisfied with
:he result. When we reached Henry
3ten's house he asked us to sop
nd eat some watermelons, which
re very gladly did. and as all of the
>thrs except Horne lived further
ap th, road than myself, we kept
empany as we wended our way
tomward. The first streaks of dawn
rere reddening the east when I
eached my mother's, where I had
eft my wife. My mother was taken
I a short time afterwards and died
he latter part of August. Most of C
he men who had organized and car-'f
ed out this program lived in Edge
eld county, but a few were citi
ens of Aiken living along the Edse
ROBABLE CANDIDATES NAMED C
FOR SOME OFFICES.
he Dispensary Being on the Wane, I
Few Local Option Candidates Are
to Be Found.
Mr. W. P. Calhoun. writing to
he Augusta Chronicle from Colum
ia. says while he was in that city!
day or so recently, he heard the
it of the political wireless tele
raphy and the messages indicated
oming events in the State campaign
if next year. The forces are being
trranged and allotment made for
ifilce, or persons are putting them
elves in line.
From the messages received, it
wems to be a certainty that Mr. C.
Featherstone. a good man and a
-onsistent prohibitionist, will be the
,andidate of the Anti-Saloon League
or governor next year. He is the
ogical candidate for that position,
and it will be a very hard mattter
ror any of the others to side-track
him. But, there are Messrs. J. G.
Richards and Mendel L. Smith. both
of Car.iden. S. C.. who have beev
siding on the Anti-Saloon League
water wagon. and who expect remu
neration of some kind for their valu
able services in the cause, no doubt.
It was gathered from the afore
said wireless messages that Mr. Men
del L. Smith will be a candidate for
Attorney General, opposing Mr. J.
Fraser Lyon. the present encumbent.
provided he offers for re-election.
and it is presumed that he will. Mr.
Smith is a very brainy man and a
good lawyer. He has been speaking
for prohibition for the Anti-Saloon
League during this summer, it was
thought as a training for the gov
ernorship race next year. Mr. Lyon,
the present attorney general, has
quite a strong following and the race
between the two men will be quite
The messages failed to state what
the Anti-Saloon League would do
w.ith Mr. John G. Richards. who
has been quite prominent in the pro
hibition field for some years past.
Possibly be is slated for congress.,
as it would, it seems, be useless for
him to oppose Mr. Featherstone for
the support of the league for gov
Both Mr. Smith and Mr. Richards
were formally dispensary advocates.,
but they have seen the error of their
was on the decline in popularity
while the Anti-Saloon League seems
to be popular. That has caused, it
seems, many to change front.
So far there seems to be only
one name mentioned in connection
with the race for governor as a lo
cal option or Democratic platform.
the Anti-Saloon League really
amounting in this State to a sepa
rate and distinct party whicb places
prohibition over and above all prin
ways. It looks as if the dispensary
ciples of Democracy. The man men
tioned as the real Democratic can
didate is Mr. Richard I. Manning. of
Sumter. S. C. But. I; is argued that
he has recently accepted a life trus
teeship of Clemson College under the
will of Mr. Clemson and that he can
not become a candidate for gover
nor. Regardless of that claim, if
he enters the race, many think that
he will be easily elected governor
on a local option platform. Hie is
a good man, true and upright.
DANGERS OF WESTERN CORN.
Its Use May be the Cause of Pella
gra in the South.
The Augusta Herald very wisely
sums up the matter of Western corn
and its results as a food for man
and beast. The Herald says it is
not in corn that dosiger lurks, but
in Western corn. The reason for
this is clear. Western corn does
not fully mature before the season
ends. Frost falls upon it before
the kernels are hardened and the
cob is dry.
In this condition it is gathered
and housed or stacked. It then goes
through a process of fermentation
which produces the chemical chang
es that convert a healthy food for
man or beast into a subtle poison.
Fed to horses it gives them blind
staggers and thousands of horses
and mules are killed by it every
year. Esten by men it produces
Fortunateiy a simple preventative
wll avoid all risks in this matter.
That is to use only Southern grown
corn either for mnaking corn bread
or to feed to the horses. And an
Atlanta case may show that grits
ground in the North should also be
excluded. Let our farmers ponder
this matter, and raise corn enough
for all our needs. Pellagra Is be
coming entirely too frequent in the
To Be Tried at Bennettavi!Ie in a
Very Short Time.
Mr. Augus Campbell. representing
Mr. Theodore H. Price. of New York.
was in Benne-ttsville~ Wednesday for
the purpos'- of se-curing a field of
cotton to be uised In the demonstra
tion of a cotton harv ester. M r.j
Campb.e-ll foiud what he wanted, and
has purchased one hundred acres
from Ex-Snator John L. .t-.:Laurin.
The cotton on this field will remain
unpicked until the latter part of
this month, or the first of October.
when Mr. Price and associates will
go there and the demonstration will
be made. Mr. Campbell is the in
entor of this machine, and Mr. Price
and others are interested in pro
noting and backing the proposition
he inventor is a native of Canada.
:hou:h he lived for a number o!
ears in Texas.
Railroad King Dead.
E. H. Harriman. the railroad
Cing of America. died at his home in:
'rden. New Yorict. on Thursday.
:le was about extyatwo years of
There seems to be a determination.f
'n the part of some of Peary'st
rends to try and make it appear
hat he and not Cook was the Erst'
> discover the North Pole. But I
re do not believe that the little I:
WILL OPEN ON TIME F
OLUMBIA FEMALE COLLEGE
CARES FOR PUPILS.
eople of All Denominations Aid
Institution in Effort to Reopen.
Dr. Watson's Statement.
Undaunted by the terrible disaster
of the splendid college plant in
shes. with insurance for scarcely
>ne-half the value of the plant and
hat hypothecated by obligations, the
oard of trustees of Columbia col
ege met at noon Friday and per
ected plans for opening the college
>romptly on time September 23. Mr.
. H. Hyatt. in behalf of the Colo
ila hotel, proposed to lease that .np
o-date building with all its equip
nent to the college for the ensuing e
rear. His proposition was accepted h
Lt once. a
The college will open on time and y
In quarters unequaled In comfort ;
The Colonia hotel is one of the c
most beautiful and comfortable re- ;
sort hotels in the South. It is the
original Columbia college property.
located in the heart of the residental
section of Columbla, and has been
enlarged and remodeled at great ex
pense as a tourist hoted. Almost I
every room is connected with a pri
vate bath and has long distance tel
ephone through the central ofce.
It is elegantly furnished throughout
and is luxurious in all its appoint
ments. Its arrangern-ent for a hotel 3
is unique with an exceptionally large I
"exchan;e'' running straight through
from the front entrance to the din
ing hall: writing rooms, sun-parlor.
recreation rooms. etc.. all of which
readily lend themselves to the pur
pose of a college.
The trustees are fortunate in be
lug able to secure such quarters.
Instead of the discomfort and incon
venience usually attendant upon
such disasters as that the college
has suffered. the work of the college
will be on under circumstances of
comfort and elegance that leave
nothing to be desired by the most
fastidious. The only fear of the col
college management now is that they
may not be able to accommodate all
the pupils who have applied, but ad
ditional rooms will be secured as
The trustees are determined to re
build upon the site of the burned
building and have already called an
architect into consultation for that
purpose. It is a diMcult task before
them as they intend in rebuilding
to enlarge and beautify the plant.
They have faith, though, in the
expressions of loyalty. aympathy and
help they have received from citizens
of Columbia and from all over the
State. All alonr Columbia has
shown her interest in the college,.
and the board expresses appreciation
Expressions of sympathy and ten
ders of asistance were received from
the Carlisle FItting school at Bam
berg, from Dr. S. C. Mitchel, presi
dent of the University of South
Carolina. from Lander college and
from Park View hotel at William
ston. The board passed resolutions
of appreciation and thanks for all
these expressions of sympathy and
instructed te secretary. Rev. A. N.
Brunson to make suitable response.
The management of the college
feel that in spite of the terrible dis
aster, really the brightest day in all
the history of the college b dawn
ing. They feel the inspiration of the
thousands of Methodists and their
friends throughotu the State rally
ing to the support of the institution
as never before. They believe in
the 'greatness of this mission of Co
lumbia college to the young women
of the South, and they call upon the
citizens of Columbia, the Methodist
people of the State and the friends
of education to come to their assis
tance that out of the present ruin
there may rise a new and better
equipped college to carry on its great
mission 'intrammeled by debt.
The following were the trustees
present at the meeting: Dr. E. 0.
Watsoi, president; Rev. A. N. Brun
son, secretary; Rev. Messrs. J1. E.
Rushton. H. B. Browne and W. B.
Wharton. and Messrs. F. H. Hyatt.
L. S. Welling. Geo. H. Bates. Ed
ward Ehrllch. Dr. W. J. Murray and
P. A. Hodges. *
The Cost of a Boy.
Somebody has figured out that the
average boy who is dependent upon
his Darer-ts for a livelhood until he
reaches the age of twenty-one years
cost them tour thousand dollars. On
this basis of calculaticn a brood, for
instance, of six boys would represent
an outlay of twenty-four thousand
dollars by the time they got away
from the home roost. The question
arises does it pay to raise boys and
are there no other crops that would
prove more profit.able? If a boy
turns out to be a cigarette fiend
with a breath like a turkey buzzard
and a laugh that would make the
untutored donkey feel perfectly at
home in his society and with an un
trammeled and unconquerable desire
to avoid work, It is safe to say that
that his pare.nts might have invested
their four thousand dollars at a:
much better advantage. But if the
boy grows up to manhood with the
lesson well learned that wealth and I
success grow only on bushes wateret
by the sweat of one's brow, the pas .
ents need not begrudge whatever
they have spent on him. for he will
* a 'eurcee of Increasing pride and i
Jroy t. their hearts. and when they a
e.-w old and their ihands tremb'e ~
and their legs wabble -rnd their ste"' b
is slow and t:rering they have two
at rvng arms to lean upon and he' p ;
htm over ail the rough places th-a t
lie in their twilight path.
I! all work and no play is bad h
for the children in the home, as it b
ertainly Is. It is also true that all h,
play and no work Is just as harm- e:
'ul. In many homes while the mother t
rears herself out in doing the en
ire household work the daughter is
Liways well dressed and spends her n<
ime in idleness. And while the si
ather toils hard throughout the day cl
he son struts around with a cigar- s
tte In his mouth and his hands:s
n his pockets, to develop into a h
rst-class loafer. Such a condition ft
bad to both parents and childron 1i4
ioond Time an American Has
THE NORTH POLE
ensages heceived From New
Foundland Tell of Persiaent Ex
plorer's Final Suces One Year
After Brooklyn Rivars-Scentffe
World Stunned at Reports.
From St. Johns, New Foundiand.
ymes the message that Commodere
eary has just telegraphed the gov
rnor of New Foundland by %ire
s from India Harbor. Labrador.
nouncing he has discovered the
orth Pole and congratulating New
oundland on Its part in this di
overy. seeing that the captain and
rew of Pecry's steamer are New
New York. Sept. 6.-Peary has
'Indian Harbor. via Cape Ray.
s. F.. Sept- 6.-To the Associated
>ress. New York:
"Stars and Stripes naUed to North
"Indian Harbor. via Cape Ray, N.
., Sept. 6.-Rerbert L. Bridgman,
3rooklyn, N. Y.:
"Pole reached. Roosevelt safe.
"Indian Harbor, via Cape Ray. N.
F.. Sept. 6.-To the New York
rimes, New York:
"I have the pole, April 6. Ex
pect arrive Chateau bay Sept. 7.
secure control. Wire for me there
and arrange expedite tranwissoan
South Harpswell. Me., Sept. 6.
Commander Robert E. Peary an
nounced his success in discovering
the North Pole to his wife, who is
sumering at Eagle Island. as fol
"Indian Harbor. Via Csap Ray,
"September 6, 1909.
"Mrs. R. E. Peary. South Harpswefl,
"Have made good at last. I have
the old pole. Am well. Love.
Will wire again from Chateau.
(Signed) - "Bert."
11 reply Mrs. Peary sent the fol
"South Harpswell Me.
'Sepgember 6. 1909.
"Commander R. E. Peary. Steamer
Roosevelt. Chateau Bay.
"All well. Best love. God bless
you. Harry home.
Peary has succeeded.
From out of the Arctic darkness
there~ were dashed a few days ago
these messages which stunned the
scientific world and thrilled the
heart of every layman. From the
bleak coast of Labrador Peary age
to the world the news that he had
attained his goal in the Far North,
while at the same moment in far off
Denmark Dr. Frederick A. Cook of
Brooklyn was being dined and lion
ized by royalty for the same achieve
Stop It, Mr. Taft.
The utterances of one or two gov
ernment officials anent the conserva
tion of national resources creates a
feeling of uncertainty and even anxi
ety. According to the statement of
Mr. Pinchot the Interests seem to
to be In the saddle again, and will
be allowed to gobble up all the valu
able public lany Jaying around
loose. In fact. It Is stated that Mr.
Gallinger, secretary of the interior,
who use to be the attorney for the
land grabbers trust, Is praying right
Into the hands of his old employer
and granted them the prvilege to
take what they wanted In the shape
of public lands. It is due to the
public, especially to all who live
in the so-called drrigation States.
that that suspense be relieved.
For years It has been a constant
struggle between the people and the
great corporations which have grown
enormously rich tecause of the prac
tical monopoly they have enjoyed.
eand the present public mood is not
tolerant of further monopolistic
usurpation of public rights. The
progress of the State. in which Ir
rlgation Is largely followed will be
eoked and their prosperity crip
pled If a few men manage to get pos
sesion of and control the water sup
rly. Mr. Taft should stop this raid
t once, and kick his secretary of
the interior out of the office he now
He Found Out.
One of our exchanges tells of an
>id German who had a boy of whom
ae was very proud, and decided to
ld out the trend of his mind. He
giopted a novel method by which to
est him. Hie slipped Into the boy's
om one morning and placed on
~is table a bsottle of whiskey, a
lible and a silver dollar. "'Now.''
aid he. "when dot boy comes in If
e takes dot dollar he's going to
e a beeznis man: if he takes dot
W 'e be's going to be a preacher:
-atakes dot whiskey he's no good.
ud going to be a drunkard." Then
e hild behind a door to see which
Is son would choose. In came the
oy whistling. He ran up to the
able. picked up the Bible and put
:under his arm, then snatched up
de bottle, took two or three drinks.
cked up the dollar and put It In
Is pocket. and went out smackiet
is lips. The Dutchman poked his
ead out from behind the door anc'
claimed: "Mfein Got, he Is going
>be a polititclan."
The State of Iowa. Michigan. Mis
isota. Missouri. Nebraska. Wiscon
n. Indiana and Illinois have re
.tly forbidden the manufacture or
Ie. or both, of cigaretts. The rea
'as involved in this Western pro
bition of cigarette smoking springs
om physiological~and business con
dration. Moreal reasons and