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ALONE AT POLE L
Peaf Acmaied by On Es
Fial Dash Over the Ime
APPEARED AS FROZEN SEA
Peary Endeavored to Get %oundng%
'But at l.30 Fathoms Got no Bot- t]
to.-Cornsondents May Take
Explorr Aboard Steamer to HUrry
A dispatch from Battle Harbor.
Labrador. says the following details t
of Commander Peary's journey to i
the North Pole have been gleaned a
from members -f the expedition on
board the steamer Roosevelt:
The only men to reach the Pole
were Commander Peary and one
Eskimo. Eging Wah. by name. The
other white members of the various
parties that left Capt Columbia
were sent back one by one as Mr.
Peary drew nearer daily to his ob
ject. Mathew Henson.' Mr. Peary's
negro attendant, and three Eskimos.
the only other members of the reduc
ed party that made the final dash.
were left on the march south of the
At S5.38 the party consisted of
Mr. Peary. Capt. Bartlett. Matthew
Henson. a negro man, who has been
Mr. Peary's personal assistant on so
many of his expeditions. the Eski
mos. seven sledges and sixty dogs
and the journey north was resumed.
The ice was perfectly level as far
as the eye could see.
Capt. Bartlett took the observa
tion on the Sth parallel on April
3. and then reluctantly returned.
leaving Mr. Peary. Henson and the
Eskimos with provisions *for forty
days to make the final dash to the
This reduced party started on
April 3. The men walked that day
for ten hours and made twenty
mIles. Then they slept near the
89th parallel. The Pole was reach
ed on April 6. and a series or obser
vations were taken at 9 0. -.
Mr. Peary deposited his records
and hoisted the American fag. The
temperature was 32 degrees below
The Pole appeared as a frozen
sea. Mr. Peary tried to take sound
Ings, but got no bottom at 1.500
fathoms. Mr. Peary stayed at the
Pole for thirty-fonr hours and then
started on his return journey on
-.Ha't Dr. Cook's Records.
A dispatch from New York says
the following wireless and cable
message has been received in that
Battle Harbor, Labrador. via Cape
Ray. N. F.. September 12.
"I have no knowledge of Dr.
Cook's having given Mr. Whitney
any records. There ''are no Cook
records on the Roosevelt.
In Copenhagen. Dr. Frederick A.
'Cook declared that he had given to
Harry Whitney, the wealthy young
2 big game hunter, part of the records
ofo his observations on his return
from the North,Pole to Etah. Green
- land. Dr. Cook asserted that sdr.
Whitney would bring the :records
to this country.
-. Commander Robert E. Pears on
his return from the Pole, a year
* subsequent to that of Dr. Cook.
picked up Mr. Whitney at Etah, and
we bringing him south on the
,Roosevelt when they met the relief
* ship Jeannie.- to which Mr. Whitney
was transferred to continue his
hunting for a few weeks in Balmn s
It was confidentally expected by
Dr. Cook's supporters here that Mr.
hitney had turned these records
over to Commander Peary, and that
the latter would bring them to this
country with him.
While It Is certain that Comxmand
er Peary will receive a notable re
- eption on his arrival In New York
City, all planas are merely tentative,
as noth~g definite is yet known as
to when he will reach that city. One
report states that the Roosevelt will
be able to leave Battle Harbor be
fore the end of this week, while
eanother states that It can hardly de
part from there before the end of
In any event. New York antici
- pates the livlest few weeks In many
years, when the rival explorers do
come. Dr. Cook is due on September
-21. and four days later the Hudson
Fulton celebration begins, and in
this, It is expected, that Polar argu
ment, will be forced to a conspicuous
position. The filfeeling between the
more ardent supporters of Command
er Peary and Dr. Cook Is character
mzed by much bitterness and harsh
language. Many of them are urg
ing the publication of accusations
and recriminations and the fight
promises to create much enduring
Killed by ightning. c
The Sumter Watchman and South
ron says: "Slimon Mickens and
another negro man were killed by
lightning Friday afternnoon while
riding on a wagon load of cotton,
which wJ being carried from the
4eld to the gin house on the farmt
of Mr. T. H. Clarke. near Mecans a
ville. Another negro who was lying
.between the two, who were killed.
was shocked and burned but escaped
serious injury. Two white boys. tao
sons of Mr. Bradley. who were id
ing on the wagon escaped unhurt."~ y
By the capsizing of a small yacht.
in which lie and R. H. Ripley were J
salling. Frank Richardson. of Ports- jA
mouth. Va.. was drowned in the N
Elizabeth Siv.er Sunday. The trag. ri
edy was caused, it is said, by swells A
caused by a passing steamer.
Another Terrible Flood.
Another terrible flood has visited El
the Jamillepec district In the State gi
of Qaxaca. Mexico. Sugar planta- A
tions and mills have been destroyed, ce
hundreds of head of cattle have been pr
killed and scores of farm laborers et
UAP TO ESCAPEFAMS
L7NDR'ED HAVE CLOSE CALL
WHEN HOTEL BV'RNED.
atire Ground Floor is Ablaze When
Flames Are Dirovered - None
Hur Seriously in Jumping.
A dispatch from Edgemere. Long
land, says in a tire which destroyed
ie Holmeshurst Inn there before
iylight Monday morning seventy
re guests and twenty employees ex
erienced exciting and narrow es
The fire. which the proprietor
Lid. was of incendiary origin, start
I in the basement and worked up
irough the frame structure so rap
Ily that the entIre first door was
blaze before the guests were given
While most of the guests were
ble to leave by -tairways. half a
ozen. among them two women. leap
d from a second-story balcony. but
-ere not seriously hurt.
The guests were cared for in
eighboring cottages. The hotel
uilding was valued at 375.000.
William Holmes. son of the owner.
an to his mother's room on the
econd door and found his escape
ut off by a wall of dames. They
rere forced to Jump, but were not
urt. An elevator boy ran his car
ntl the fames stopped the car.
METHOD TO MARKET CROP.
;ew Oreisas Cotton Dealer Has
A dispatch from New Orleans says
V. B. Thompson. president of the
Cew Orleans cotton exchange and
tead of the cotton firm of W. B.
'hompton & Co.. of that city. has
ssued a circular letter to farmers.
rherein he offers a new p-an for
he marketing of the cotton crop.
fe urges farmer. to market their
rops at the rate of 10 per cent a
nonth. According to Mr. Thompson
his would create a stable market
or botb buyer and selier.
Mr. Thompson says in part:
*'Let the producer of cotton mar
Let 10 per cent of his crop each
nonth for 10 months. An instant
>t reflection will convince any
:houghtful man that whether the
-rop on the market be large or small
Ltd whether a hundred planters or
L hundred thousand employ the
nethod. the result will be better
Ihan if the crop were sold at onct
>r the attempt made to hold it all.
[f the plan is good for one planter
It is good for all. and if all or any
treat number of planters adopt it,
.he problem of marketing the crol
WANTS HIS NECK BROKEN.
&. White Fiend Attacks a Young
Negro Girl Twice.
A special to The Nerws and Courtet
from Spartanburg says an unknarti
wrhite man attempted to makea
eriminal assault on a young colored
girl at East Spartanburg Saturday
afternoon. He was caught by th4
father of the girl and given a
severe whipping and then reieased
and told to leave the country. Il
Is said that this is the second at.
tempt of the kind by the man. and
the white people of the commaunit:
regret that the girl's father let hirr
get away. claiming that he should
bave been turned over to the au
thorities, The assault caused the
report to he circulated In the clty
that a race riot was on. and thE
leputy sheriff and a large crowd of
:ltizens hurried out to East Spartan
burg to prevent trouble.
CITY MARSHALL KILLEn
By a Blow Fronm Young Man Hi
Had Put t'nder Arrest.
At Jesup. Ga.. Marshal G. B. Pope
wras killed Saturqay afternoon .by
a blow over his heart in a 4.aper
ite struggle with Edward Tyre,
Brantly Tyre and James Tyre. promi
tent young white men, whom he was
nttempting to arrest.
It is not known which one of the
Fyres Inflicted the fatal blow. All
wrere arrested as ~by attempted tc
.'scape. and logein Wayne coun
Intense feeling exists against.the
roung men. The officer was attempt.
ag to arrest them on charges of
Brantly Tyre and James Tyre are
ions of County Commissioner Geo.
C'yre. Edward Tyre Is their cousin.
TWO RLACK FIENDS SLAIN.
fihey Entered a Lady's Room andl
Shot and Killed Her.
News of the killing of two negroes,
alowing the slaying of a white
roman. was receIved from Bellamy,
lumber camp 20 miles west of
)emopolis. Ala . Two negroes,
tobert Gully and John Holly. Sun
ay night ente:-ed the home of a
nan named Gray. Mrs. Gray was
wakened, and when she failed to
.eed the order to stop screaming was
hot and killed by' Gully. Gray
rained the negro 'ith an axe, but
ot before Gully had shot him In
be leg. Holly was captured later
nd was made quick work of by a
osse of Gray's neighbors.
Negro Proves a Hro.
At Atlanta. Ga.. the home of S.
-Bailey.. with Its contents, was
estroyed by fire Saturday. the roof
tIling when the fire was first dis
>vered. The- family of Mr. Bailey
arely escaped in their night robes.
fter the roof began crumbling,
ary. the six-year-old daughter. was
scuzed by the daring bravery of
'eldon Wray. colored.
Puta Ban on Cigarettes.
By the will of W. Hf. G. Grevel,
ed for probate a fey' days ago. his
andson. Grevel W. E. Acker of
lantic Highlands. N. J.. is to re
jve an estate valued at 325.000
ovided he does not smoke a cigar
to from now until he Is 25 years
SHOW LARGE GAINS
POSTAL STATISTICS SHOW PRO
GRESS IN MANY TOWNS. P
South Carolina Compare-s Well With
All Sectioes of the United States
Figures that are now being pre
pared in the office of the auditor of
the postoffice department in Wash
ington reveal an interesting story
of the commercial growth and de
velopment of the various towns in
South Carolina durlug the last
twelve months. These figures, bas
ed upon reports from the postmasters
,n different parts of the State. are
due to reach the jau4tor's office
soon after the close of each fiscal
vear on June 30. but as may be ex
;ected there are many delays in such
uatters, consequently this year it
rill be several weeks before com
plete returns are available.
Enough information. however. has
been received to indicate in the
:learest possible manner that wher
'ulI returns are made South -aro
Ina will make as good a showing as
any State in the Union. with the ex
:eption of Texas. Oklahoma and
wome parts of the far West. where
:owns of 5.000 or 10.000 inhabitants
ometimes spring up over night.
rhe latter, however, are not count
ed by the postotfice department as
good evidence of the real growth
->f the country. for the reason that
they are just as liable to disappear
-,uddenly with the discovery of gold
or some other precious metal some
where else as they are to be put
in full blast between suns.
Inquiry of the postoffice depart
nent offictals shows that during the
last year the towns and cities in
';uth Carolina that have probably
nade the most noted progress are.
In the upper part of the State:
Spartanburg. Greenville. Anderson
ad Greenwood. Of these four it
Is probable that Spartanburg is in
the lead. and that when the returns
ire in it will be seen that she has
Daade a slight advancement over the
three other places. In the Pied
mont fection there are several small
er mill towns, like Gaffney. Pied
mont and Pelzer. that have also
made excellent returns and have
made substantial headway. Laurens
and Union have tabout held their
Further down the State Newberry
has made a small gain, as is the
case with Columbia, though in the
latter case the Increase will not be
so marked as in the smaller towns.
Postal receipts in Orangeburg and
Sumter have probably been consider
ably increased during the last twelve
months. and Florence has also made
substantial headway. In the Pee
Dee section. Darlington and Marion
have made good records, and the
race between the other towns in that
of the State for the lead In increased
postal business is a close one.
An interesting feature mn connec
tion with these figures is that the
iaaller towns in the State have
probably made larger increas
ds with respect to their relative pop
talation than the larger places, in
dticating that many persons are com
ing to the former from the country.
lecause of the new cotton mills be
ing constantly erected.
:These flgures. however, do not
Itake into account the large increases
at the various mill towns in the
State, where there are only one or
two factories, because figures for
these offices are not obtainable. If
they could be secured they would
make a most interesting story of the
commercial growth and prosperity of
the small towns.
FATAL 'SQE-ITO BITE.
Causqes Blood Poison Which Cannes
Death of a Lad.
Six-year-old Freddie Limburger of
141 Terrace place, Westchester. N.
J.. died Friday of blood poisoning
brought on from scratching mosquito
bites on his legs. Going out into
the woods to gather flowers the first
of the month. Freddie was terribly
bitten by mosquitoes. He kept
scratching himself with ' finger
naile, and on September 3 it be
came necessary to call Dr. W. C.
Deming of St. Raymonds -avenue,
Westchester. One leg began to swell
and it was soon apparent that blood
poisoning bad set in.*
Religious Sentiment Growing.
The pessimists who have loudly1
proclaimed that this is a godless
atfd churchless nation get no comfort
from the United States religious
census for 1906. just issued. Nearly
33.000.000 church members, being
39.1 per cent of the population, as<
against a little over 22.000.000 mem
bers representing 32.7 per cent c
the population in 1890 does not look t
as if the American people have lostt
faith in God or are living unright
eous lives. Of course some of this
membership is "not working much<
at it." as the boy said of the man c
whose practice did not square with
his profession, but that has alwaysr
been the case. It is also true that
much or this membership is not reg- a
ularly attendant at church services. i
Yet allowing for all this the fact re -I1
mains that the religious sentiment of z
the people is strong and steadily a
The Preacher and Editor. g
A preache~r came at a newspaper
mao in this way: You editors do 0
not tell the truth. If you did yout
could not live: your newspapers C
would be a failure. The editor re
plied: You are right and the min- ~
ister who will at all times and under 0
all circumistances tell the whole S
truth about his members, alive or
dead, will not occupy his pulpit long. t
Tbe press and the pulpit go band in a
hand with whitewash brushes and
pleasant words, magnifying little vir- ?
tues into big ones. The pulpit. the it
pen, and the grave stonei are the
great saint-making triumvirate. di
And the great minister went away h.
looking very thoughtful while the +:
editor turned to his work, and told te
of the unsurpassing beauty of the s
bride. while hi fact she was as home- Im
&WFUL DISEASE !
Aagra is Spreading Rapidly Throughr
the Sutih and West.
EW MENACE TO AMERICA
ledical Science 1% Working to Dis
cover the Secret of the Terrible
Plague That Has Invaded the
United States and Which is CauL.
ed by Eating Corn.
Appearance in the United States of
bat mysterious _disease. pellagra.
ractically a new and hitherto un
amiliar kind of leprosy. and which.
hough introduced but recently. is
preading with great rapidity. may
ell excite alarm. says Rene Bache
n the New York American. It is
disease.among the most frightful
nown to mankind-whichi already
laims about one million victims.
ow surviving. in the Old World.
Over there it pursues. in nearly
11 inrtances. a slow course. killing
he sufferers very gradually. But
a this country it becomes unique
Lnd is often a swift destroyer, the
ymptoms being "telescoped. as one
night tay. so that the whole course
f the m-dady may be run within a
ew weeks, terminating in death.
To cal! it a "nev- brand of lepro
.y. is by no means inappropriate.
3ut. in truth. it is worse-much
orse. Not only does it transform
he skin of the body in to a yellow
tnd parchment-like covering, crack
-d and beset with foul and ulcerous
ores. but it directly assails the tem
>le of the mind, reducing the patient
.o a condition of insanity or idiocy.
Until recently the disease, its
iame compounded from two Italian
words. "pelle." skin, and 'agra."
rough-has been regarded as pe
cu.liar to the Old Worl$ though
L few sporadic cases of it have ap
peared from time to time in Mexico
nd South America. Suddenly and
nexpectedly it invaded the UnIted
tates-the first sickness of the
tind being reported only a few years
ago in Georgia. Now quite as sud
enlX it has spread throughout most
f the Southern States and, worse
still. because of the difference in
limate, it has attacked the Middle
- Fifty cases have been fount! at
the Peoria. Illinois. State Hospital
alone. and Captain Joseph F. Siler,
f the Army Medical Corps., sent
there to investigate. has reported
to the government that he be-leves
the malady has long prevailed, n.t
only around Peoria. but throughout
Illinois and the great corn growing
States of the West.
For it is in corn that the cause
of the disease, whatever it may be,
The malady Is neither contagious
nor infectious. That is to say. one
person cannot ''catch it" or "take
It" from another. Eac.h individua:
case originates from the moldy corn
direct. In all likelihood, the mis
chief-making fungus starts its work
in the cornfield, where Its spones fall,
upon the ripening ears and grow.'
But even this is not a certainty.
It mry be asked, why does not.
cooking kill the "ingus germns? So
in all likelihood it does. But the
poison manufactured by the fungus
is what makes the trouble, and ap
parently this is not deprived of its
toxic efficiency by high temperatures.
That boiling does not render it harm
less Is shown by the fact, already
mentIoned, that alcohol distilled
from spoiled maize will -cause the
The spores of the fungus start
olones in the ir-testine, and the
poison they produce Is taken up by
blood and thus carried to all parts
of the body. It is in effect a drug.
particularly injurious to the brain
and nervous system generally
'hence the profound effect of the
isease upon the mentality. This ef
ect, like the purely physical symp
toms. Is progressive, and frequently
terminates in Idiocy or insanity.
When it is said that the disease
s due to something in moldy or
musty corn nearly. all has been said
that Is really knowni of the cause.
t Is true that at the M1eridian
Rospital. in afississippi. a new and
unknown bagillus has -been isola
ted after investigation into a num
ber of cases of the disease, but
whether this is the real microbe of
pellagra. whether there is a mic
obe or whether the malady is due
o some vegetable growth that en
.era the blood through the corn, Is
lot actually known,
Nor is it likely that an effective
'emedy will be found until the cause
s definitely ascertained. The Italian
hery. and the one commonly ac
epted, Is that it is caused by "a
ungus parasitic on maize or by a
~tomane developed by its putrifac
ion" Fungus and ptomaine remain
o be discovered,
Nobody that has ever handled
orn can have failed to notice that
<casional ears are moldy. Perhaps
nly a few of the grains are affected,
.nd. as a matter of fact, these are
emove'd in process of preparation
or the table'; or, if the grain be
heled by hand, only the good part
taken for the bin. This. in the
itter case, is a precaution obviously
ecessary. inasmuch as a small
mount of moldy corn may do a
reat deal of damage in the bin,
brough the spreading of the fun
It is in the Southern States and
the Mliddle West that the bulk of
omparatirly little of it is eatena
other parts of this country. For-a
erly. in both sections. the supply i
corn meal came entirely fromt
nal local mills, the grain for I
hich was "shucked" by hand. For t
is reason none of it was moldy:
d consequently the flour made
em it was wholesome, containing
disease germs. Those who are
were safe from "pellagra."
Today. however, there is a very ii
fferet state of affairs. Tbe South
s given up growing corn on any I
:tensive scale, and is pianting cot- e
n instead. But the people of that
tion are still eating as much corn
a! as ev.'r. obtaini:g the produt' I:
reat mills in Chicago. St. Louis.
incinnati and other cities. by ma
hinery. The ears are "shucked'
y machinery, which pays no atten
ion to bad ones, and throws the
aoldy grain in with the rest, to be
Formerly the corn used for mak
ng meal in the South was never
:ept in big bulks. Today. on the
>ther hand. it is customarily handled
n enormous bulks-600 buyels to
L car, and thousands of bushels in
one bin. Under such conditions. es
>ecially if any moisture be present.
he mass is liable to "heat." and
he fungus from the moldy grain
;preads with great rapidity. Thus
s may be taken for granted that the
Lornmeal which comes to market
nowadays is more or less liable to
e infected with fungus. No wonder
hen, that In the States where corn
meal is a large item of the daily
liet a disease positively known to
arise from the eating of moldy corn
should have made its appearance.
It is by no means to be supposed
th'at the fugi which attack corn are
Mll of them. or even most of them.
-angerous. Presumably, they are.
is a rule, quite harmless. But
among them there must be some
species of a "pathogenic" character.
which produces the disease known
as peliagra. When sufferers from
the malady in its early stages are
deprived of corn. and fed on other
grain, the symptons disappear.
Summed up. the symptoms com
trise progressive emaciation. brittle
ness of the bones. fatty degeneration
of the internal organs (especially
the heart, liver, kidneys, spleen and
lungs), inflammation of the brain
and spinal cord. nervous troubles
and the frightful affection of the
skin already mentioned.
These conditions become progres
sively worse. There are evidences of
mental weakness, with great depres
sion of spirit. Children are sad of
face and :ook like old men or wo
men. Young women rapidly take on
the aspect of ancients. Emaciation
sets in. with increased physical
weakness. The Akin becomes red.
with sensations of burning and itch
Ing. and usually some puffiness.
Blisters appear, scattered over the
surface: the spidermis dries and
falls in grayish scales. Later on th
skin becomes thickened and of a dir
ty yellow or yellowish-green color.
hard and rough, with painful cracki
and crusts. or even ulcerations.
Finally. it becomes parchment-like,
with entire loss of elastictly.
The condition, in a word. so fa?
as this feature of the complaint ib
concerned. is what a layman would
describe as leprous. It is not lepro
sy. however. A suggestion has Ne
made to the effect that the leprosy
described in the Bible was actuall
pellagra. but there is no reason ft
such a theory. Undoubtedly pella
gra is a modern disease, corn having
been unknown in ancient times
Maize. of course, is of Americ.r
origin, and it is safe to say that
the Indians, who were large users
of corn meal long before the days
of Columbus did not use moldy graiz
In its manufacture.
In the later stages of the malady,
sufferers become either partly Im
beeile or deranged. Sometimes they
entertain delusions of persecution or
of religion. Melancholia leads te
dementia, and they try to commit
suicide, or in some instances exhibit
a homicidal tendency. Not infre
quently they refuse food. Their
heads tremble and their gait is para
lytic. Last scene of all is a combi
nation of starvation, helplessness,
heart weakness. dropsy and delirium,
ending in death. Occasionally blood
poisoning, or even galloping con
sumption of the lungs, sets in at the
Pictures have been sent to Dr.
Elle Metchnikoff. the famous Rus
sian scientist who Is now studying
it. It is also under investigation
at John Hopkins University in Bal
timore. Such is pellagra-certainly
one of the most frightfu~l physlcal
afflictions known to mankind.
LITTLE GIRL IS MURDERED.
Two Other Chidren Badly Wound.
ed-No Clue to the Crime.
A dispatch from Utica. N. Y.,
says a crime for which there, at
present, appears to be no explana
tion. was committed against three
Jtalian children there a few nights
They are Theresa Procipo, seven
years old, who is dead, shot through
the heart: Fannie Infusino. six years
old. badly wounded in the arm, and
Freddy Infusino, two and a halt
years old, shot through the bowels
and will die.
There appears to be absolutely no
explanation as to why the children
were shot. The children had been
missing since 7 o'clock Sunday
evening, when they were seen talking
with an unknown man.
An Uncertain Life.
Because of rome little success
gained in amateur plays many young
people, misled by the plaudits of
their friends, have gone upon the
stage only to be bitterly disappoint
ed at their histrionic failure and
meagre empensation. Instead of
the popularity they expected to win
they have had to be content with
insgnificant parts and small salary.
How small most salaries are in
the theatrical profension is indicat
ed by the German government report
>f salaries paid actors and actresses
n that country. Only ten in every
nundr- get more th~an $750) a year.
anhile forty-five per cent actually re
elve less than $S50. Doubtless
salaries are somewhat higher in this
'ountry, but ro are expenses.
The lesse~n to be drawn from this
s that unless one has pronounced
end rare ability they should never
tLllow the glamnor of the footlighrs!
o wean them from other occupa
ions, in which the compensation is
air, to the uncertain and generally
inremunerative life of the stage.
White Men Convicted.
At Columobia In the circuit court.
.onnie Hall and John White on trial
or the nu.rder of Eber Ashford.
rera convicted of manslaughter.
W'hite was given twelve years and
fall ten years. Hall broke down and*
The me'!ium who does not work
a spirited way doesn't seem to,
Perys Bgaka Cafimu COWkS Stat
mntofthe Looting o His Sr.
PEARY BADLY EQln
Dr. Cook's and Franke's Collection
of Relics Were Taken by Peary
Admiral Schley Endorses Dr. Cook
as Does Capt. Osborn. Secretary of
the Artic Club.
A dispatch from St. John's, N. F.,
says Alan Whitten. who was bo'at
swain of the Peary auxialiary steam
er Frik in 1905 sud again In 1908.
adds his quota to the polar contro
versy. On his expeditions he saw
much of Peary and knew of Peary's
plans. He was also on the Erik in
the summer of 1907 when she lay
for a week in Sydnev alongside the
schooned Jno. R. Bradley. In which
Dr. Cook was starting for the pole.
Whitten says that the Bradley was
abundantly equipped for Cook's ex
pedition. having supplies for at least
three years. He confirms the charges
made by Dr. Cook at Copenhagen
that Peary's people took Dr. Cook's
provisions, adding that not only did
the crew of the ship take Cook'a
stores at Etah. but that boats were
sent to Annatok. thirty miles distant.
to remove Cook's provisions which
were stored there.
Whitten admitted however that he
did not know if this removal was by
arrangement between Franke, who
was left in charge of the provisions
and Peary or Peary's representatives.
The boatswain also made the
statement that both Franke's and
Cook's collections of ivory and skins.
some of them very valuable. likewise
were taken. He said that the trou
ble with Peary's previous expeditions
had been the lack of supplies. In
stead of remaining away for three
years. Commander Peary was com
pelled to return after about fifteem
months. the real reason, Whitten de
clared. that he did not have enough
supplies to remain longer.
Naval Offeers Endorse Cook.
A dispatch from New York says
previous assumption that Comman
der Peary would have the United
States Navy solidly b-hind him watt
not borne out in a letter from Rear
Admiral Schley. made public by Capt.
B. S. Osborn. secretary of the Artic
Club of America. of which: Dr. Cook
is a member. The letter under date
of September 11 from Pocono Manor,
Pa.. runs In part as follows:
"I like Cook's attitude immensely
in this unfortunate, unnecessary and
unwise controversy. He certainly has
been dignified and manly in the
stand he has taken in this'matter.
Capt. Osborn followed up his let
ter from the admiral with a lecture
on "Who Discovered the North
"Dr. Frederick A. Cook." he said.
"was for two years my wife's phy
.sician. I saw him two or three
times a week and we chatted many
hours. If I hare ever kubwn a man
of integrity, probity, sincerity and
modesty. It is Cook.
"have known also the other r'an
konhim to depart from truth
by large margins."
It is now admitted by Peary him
self, that only one Esquine was at
the pole with him. Cook had three
SOME TIMELY HINTS.
How Merchants Can Make Advegh
tising Win Business.
One principal of successful ad
vertising, as practised by depart
ment stores ad writers and other
specialIsts on publicity, is to give
definite descriptions of :goods of
fered. When a merchant uses such
]phases as "The best Is the cheap
est" and "Biggest assortment and
lowest prices." he convinces no one.
The reader argues that anyone can
use these catch words and that they
Try instead to help your readers
get a mental picture of your goods.
For this purpose try definite and de
tailed. though very brief description.
Get manufacturers of yodr lines to
cive you some definite thets abe't
how the goods are put together. so
that you can give some real reasons
why goods are superior.
Pick out some special bargains.
describe themn as above indicated.
and put in the price and the real
value you believe them ~to have.
Don't bother about flowery language.
What the buyer wants is cold facts.
'Reason why" advertising is what
brings the buyer around.
Prices are the best argument of
all. Oftentimes all thar- is desir
able is a word or two of description,
with price and real value in cold
type. Orangeburg merchants can
double their values by -judicious,
persistent advertising in the local
newspapers. They should try it.
Child Killed by Train.
Annie Bell Ramsay, aged 13, while
on her way to the Laurens cotton
mills at 6 o'clock Saturday morning,
was run over and fatally injured
by a detached string of fiat cars on
the Columbia. Newberry & Laurens
railroad, death ensuing one hour
later. She was walking on the track
and being partially deaf did not hear
the approaching train behind her in
time to escape.
By the collapse of a three-story
building at North Sawyer and Mil
aukee avenue. Chicago. Friday. two
men were killed and twenty were se
riously injiured. A numbe'r of work
men at first reported missing were
later acco'rted for. " -
Got the Cash.
At Neosho Falls. Kansas. three 1
rbbers Friday dynamited the safe<
of the Neosho F?'is State bank and
and escaped .j $3.000 in c'ash. 1'
Te' rolbers e,.chasnged shots with the
The steeple climber says he seems 1
BAGGING ON C01TON
IX POUNDS PER HUNDRED
SHOULD BE PUT ON TO
)oTer the Tare T4ken Of all Cot.
ton by the Spinners and Other
Again we would urge our cotton
,rowers to put on bagging and
o the full 6 per cent limit is
eason, says the Progressive Farmer.
[f you put on less, than 6 per cent
-that Is to say 30'pounds on a 500
ound bale, 27 on i 45-Opound bale,
!4 on a 400-pound bale. and so on
-it is simply a matter of giving the
cdtton 'buyer good Jcotton worth
12 1-2 cents a pound when he is
paying you only for bagging and
ties averaging about 3 1-2 cents a
pound. This is a natter our farm
ers have been entirely too slow to
The gist of the whole matter Is
-:Yaply this: Thu price of co' R
is fxed by manucturers who buy
on a basis of 6 per cent deductio.
for bagging and ties. That is to
say, they figure Qi 30 pounds tare
for each 500-potijd balet and on
each 500-pound bile, therefore, they
allow a price for the gross bals.suf.
fcient to pay for 470 pounds net
of lint cottoL - In' other words, the
price paid per pound for the whole
500 pounds is lofered so as to al
low for 30 pounds. tare.
Now, the average farmer instead
of putting 470 pognds of lint cottaa
and 30 pounds of bagging Into a
500-pound bale. puts in 473 pounds
of cotton and 22 pounds of bagging
thereby putting in S. et pounds
of 12 1-2 cent cdtton worth $1, In
stead of 8 pounds of bagcgi and
ties worth 28 cents.
Moraver, al ghe evidence goes
to show that If the farmer does not
,put on full 30 punds tare to eaci
500-pound ba, 'the exporter adds
the extra 8 or 10 pounds inaecond
hand bagging anQ makes he estra
dollar that really belongst to the
At a meeting of foreign manufac
turers with representattves of the
Farmers' Union i Washington Cit
a year or two ao.. the manufactur
ers inquired: "Why is it thait when
cotton leaves the farmers' gin It
has only 20 to 2pounds-e tate, but
has 31 pounds by the time .t reach
es us?" This Is the espanati.
Put on bagging to the fult 6 per
cent limit. Mr...Ransom HAton.: a
well known North Carolina cotton
grower. Illustrates the matter very
clearly' when hes y "Suppose you
were carrying 4 box of meat to
market and you' knew they would
knock off thirty pounds from the
gross weight for the keight of the
box: wouldn't you be foolish to us
only a 20-pound box Instead-give
them- 10 pounds-of meat Instead of
10 pounds of bo?"
Even so it Is with the farmer who
gets pay for~ cotton, on a basis of
20 pounds deduction for bagging and
ties, while be :pots on only 20
pounda. Put on all the bagging and
ties that you can buy for 3 1-2 cents
a pound and sell for 12 1-2 cents.
Be sure, though, that you don ot
put on more than 6 pounds of bag
ging and flies for every hundred
pounds of cotton-in a bale.*
Neglect of the Fields.
Mr. James J. Hill. addressing the
American Bankers' .Association at
Chicago Tuesday. uttered a warning
against the complacent belief that is
widely held that the Upited States
feeds the world and is dependent up
on no other country for the support
of life among Its people, as so many
other countries-Englanld as a not
able example-are. "Unless," said
Mr. Hill, "we can increas the agd
cultural population and their pro
duction. the question of a source of
food supply at home will soon super
sede the question of a market
abroad. Mr. Hill cited the Increased
tendency of the rural population to
leave the fields and abandon agricul
turaj pursuits and to seek city life.
"This;' says the Charleston Eve
ning Post," Is a favorite topic with
this great railrciad builder of the
Northwest, and he speaks - with
authority and with convincing force
upon it. Undoubtedly the energies
of the nation and. the agencies of the
government. as far -as they may be
employed, are directed -toward the
development of foreign markets pre
eminently, to the negleet of and the
growing disinclination of the people
to agricultural pursuits. It Is well
that someone Ifke Mr. Hill shorald
make this mattee of agitation." The
Post is right. but we are too busy
chasing the elusive dollar to give
heed to wise utterances like those of
The Post very- truly says that "at
Washington the whole scheme of the
government, under the dispensation
of the Republican party-which has
had such an inordinarily long lease
of power and bas iused it to such close
advantage-Is directed toward ex
poitation. rather than production.
An artinicial condition has been cre
ated by the high tariff system, which
stmulates enery in channels created
by law, rather than In those made
by natural conditions of living. The
opportunity for abnormally large
irots In manufacturing and commer
:ial activities m-ade by the tariff
ends to subordinate the more staid
yursuit of production from the soil,
ad much of the best energy and the
est talent that should find adequate
'mployment and - satis~factory comn
ensation in skilled farming is at
racted by the get-ricb glitter of tariff
>rotected schemes. Mr. Hill is doing
rel to give warning of the condition
bat is coming upon us unless we
nend our ways, * and the way in
rhich we should 'mend ought to be
mpressed by other powerful voices
Atack. Fwesch-Post in China.
A dispatch from Saigon. French
'ochin. China. says a band of pirates
der the command of Carinth, son
f Dethan. recently attacked the
'rench post at Baron. Three mem
er of the French force were killed
od seven. including Captain Fon
mine, were wounded. The pirates
ere repulsed with the loss of ten
Even the color blind gir1 thinks
e can tel! when her love' is tru
LAID TO BE CAUSED BY THE USE
OF WESTERN GROWN CORN
it is Claimed That This Corn Has
Not Time to Mature Well Before
it is Ground.
The dread new disease which first
made its appearance in the South
several years ago. has Invaded sev
eral parts of the North. Fifty cas
es are now under treatment in Pe
oria. Ill. It has probably existed
undetected In the North many years.
Dr. Lavindar of the United States
marine hospital service, has proved
that pellagra caused the -death of
two patients whe were supposed to
have been scalded to death in the
Bartonville. Illinois. Insan'e asylum
In 1904 and 1907.
They died in bath tubs and their
bcolies looked like they had been
boiled and the nurse who was in
charge of the last case was dismissed
for supposed criminal cardlessness.
Dr. Lavindar says the appearance of
being boiled alive is typical of the
disease of pellagra and that death
in the bath tubs was a mire conci
dence. The result is that the nurse
has been reinstated. Dr. Lavindar
found forty cases In this asylum on
his arrival there.
The Knoxville Sentinel. ~referring
to the theory that musty corn causes
pellagra, expressed the belief some
time ago that the spread of the dis
ease was due to the use ':of care
lessly selected corn ground by steam
-olling mills instead of the coarse
ground corn meal of water mills of
the South. The view has bdn grow
Ing in strength. Dr. William T.
Woodley. of Charlotte, N. C.. has
written The Observer on this sub
ject. He blames the use of shock
cured corn which. he says, is not
given time enough to dry thorough
ly before it is husked and market
ed. He says that sixty days longer
should be allowed to corn in the
shock than to corn standing in the
The season in the West is much
shorp -ehan -in the South and the
farmers push their work 11o as to
get through With cleaning their
fields before winter. Dr.. Woodley
proposes, therefore, that mills be
required to use only corn that has
been cured under supervisian. Corn
for the table should be cured with
out stripping the fodder In order to
give the ears all the nutriment pos
sible. The amount of corn ground
for human food is small compared
with the total grown and it would
be no great hardship to reguire the
mills to be careful in selecting It.
In commenting on the rapid
spread of the disease, the Farmers'
Union Sun- says here In the South.
whose people have always been ad
dicted to the use of corn-bread In
some form or other. pellagrz was
unknown until comparatively recent
years. Before the war and long
afterwards, we never knew or beard
of a case that inidted any of the
symptoms-of pellps'It 1k as now
known and deserned a' very modern
disease so far as ,it-qelates to the
South, and 1ts present prevalence, If
due to the use of corn. may be at
tributed wholly to the South's aban
donment of the ~cultivation of corn,
turning Its attention to the single
crop of cotton, and dependngr ex
clusively for Its corn supply on the
West. where the methodsk of har
vesting and caring for corn crops
are such as t' make corn an unfit
article of food for man. -
We read the other day that it is
not an unusual thing for some
Western farmers to turn their hor'
into fields of corn which was regard
ed as of Inferior quality. -We are
confident that much of this kind of
corn or the meal from it- is ship
ped to the South and made into
bread and eaten by the poorer class
of our people among whome, espec
lally those In mill aistricts, pellagra
has appeared. We don't believe that
Southern raised corn, harvested only
when fully ripe, as was done In ante
bellum times, and properly ground
Into meal, will produce pellagra.
If the disease is caused from corn.
It is this Western corn and its pro
ducts on which our people have been
feeding ever since they got. the cot
ton craze. Pellagra, then.- which is
said to be spreading rapidly'through
out the South. Is going to compel
our people to go back to first prinei
pies, in other words, force them to
cut out Western corn and raise their
corn supply at home. It seems that
something just like this was requir
ed to bring Southern farmers to their
senses. Some people can be con
vinced only by knock-down argu
ments, And pellagra Is one that
seems to be of that kind.
The Sun is right. Corn has been
the staple food of the South too
long to allow any room for con
demning it wholesale as h'as been
done by hasty thinkers. But It was
home-grown corn that was eaten and
home-ground, too, until a few years
ago when the markets ef the South
were invaded by the product; of
the steam rolling mill. The house
keepers who Insist on geting the
coarse meal of the local mill will
probably make no mistake and may
rest assured that they are eating
one of the finest food-stuffs given
by God. In the meantime there is
no subject more urgent for the at
tention Vf the pure foo4 experts
than the corn meal on the market.
Criticises Peary. .
The Paris Temps severely criti
is's Commander Peary's "broadcast
accuatos" against Dr. Cook, as1
rel as his "general grandiloquent1
attitude." saying of it: "Pkary's,
patrioic declaration about taking
possession of pbe pole in the name of
!be President of the United States
:ontrasts strongly with the com~mer
'al spirit he displayed fn copyright
ng the story."(
Dead in His BUW. C
Mr. 3. Warren Blakely. one of the F
ost substantial citizens of Laurens b
oonty. was found dead Ip _his buggy a
ate Tuesday afternoon, the news of It;
rhich spread rapidly over the city I
nd county and caused many expres- D
ons of regret. Death ~was in all
robability due to heart failure, as hej
-as well hben ho left howe. He was s