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Bein in Ca~.bo& With th Cam Agcies
HOW WIE WAS CAUHT
The Cashier of the Chester Bank
Marked a One Hundred Bill Te-I
demed Henry Samuels in PaymntaI
of Draft and it Wa Returned for
Deposit by Wylie.
The trial of the alleged dispensary
grafters commenced in Columbik
Tuesday morning. The frst case
caled was that of James Farnum.
which was somewhat sensatioxa.
Declaring that out of idre curiosity
he had marked one of the hundrel
dollar bills tendered Henry Samu.
in payment of a draft September 1'.
1906, and that this bill was retu.
ed for deposit by J. B. Wylie. along
with bills to the amount of $1.120.
Robert Gage. cashier of the Commer
cial Bank. of Chester. witness for
the State in the case, sprang the first
sensation of the alleged graft triaLi
in the Court of Sessions. The State
announced before calling Mr. Gage
to the stand that it would connect
this testimony with the accused.
This transaction is in line with the
charge in the indictment that the de
fendant sent Samuels the draft for
$1.120 to be paid to J.. B. Wylie. who
was then a member of- the State
board of control. The tastmoay of
Mr. Gage was the most important
of the opening day's happenigs in
the case of the State against Farnum.
Robert Gage. cashier of the Com
mercial Bank of Chester. was put
on the stand by the State, and made
a good witness. He recalled cash
ing a draft on September 15? 1906.
for Henry Samuels. The ledger
showing the transaction was produc
-ed, and after objection by defence
that ground bad not been laid for
Introduction of secondary evidence.
Mr. Gage was allowed to testify to
what be knew. He stated -that he
gave Mr. Samnels $1.125 for the
"What did Mr. Samuels do with
it?" asked Mr. Abney
"He gave part of it to Mr. WyULe.
"How do you know that?"'
"Out of idle curiosity. I marked a
$100 bill. the lower bill of the $100
bis ! gave him." The package I got
from the safe contained ten hundred
- dollar bills. I had a red pen behind
my ear. I marked the lower bill.
That afternoon or the folowing day.
Mr. Wylie deposited $1.020 with
me. The marked bil was in the
Mr. Gage was asked what made
him take this course. and be revtIed
that be had had an argument about
'the matter, and that he thought Mr.
, Wylie was getting something, but
this testimony was ruled out.
A TERY MFAN MAN.
ses .Nia Wife Go to Jail for Want
of a-Itt~e Money.
-inather than loan his former wife
$500). which would hav, kept her
from going to prison. Jacob Flekel.
a brewer, saw her sentenced to the
penitentiary for two years at Cleve
land. Ohio. Monday. Sentence was
suspended, and Mrs. Ficker's son wlfl
*attempt to raise the money and save
-Mrs. Fickel embezzled $593.76
from the estate of Bertha baoen
nard. witeacting as guardian to
the woman last winter. She wa
convicted, but Judge Vickory told
Mrs. Fickel'she could go free If she
would repay the money. Mrs. Fick
el's son tried to raise the money but
"Any man who 1s half a man would
do -as much as Is asked- of Flckel
to save the mother of his children.
evem though he baa no regard. tot
her as his wife" said -the Judge.
Slain by Fellow Convict.
SCharlie' LAkey, a convict on the
Tift County. Georgia, chain gang.
-was kied with one blow Tuesday
morning, while seated at the break
fast table, by Albert White. a fel
low convict. Humming a tune.
White had walked quickly up be
hind Lokey. He held behind his back
the hickory cross bar -of a wagon.
When he reached his victim he rais
ed the- bar, took good aim an-i
brought it down with all his might.
Lokey was killed binstantly. White
bad no chance N" escape afterwards
Saw Steamee on Fire.
The British steamer Harlow. Capt.
Bruce. from Newport News on June
14 for Port Natal and Manila, reports
that on July 7. while 180 miles from
Durban,. she passed a steamer afire.
The vessel whose name it was im
possible to make out. was shortly
afterward destroyed by an explo
son. It is supposed that this steam
er was the missing British steamer
Waratah. which with 300 persons on
board has not been heard from siace
Woen Brutally Treated.
Attacked In the yard at her farm
home near Marl'on. N. J.. and beaten
Into insensibility, carried to the
house, gagged, bound hand and foot
and then placed between two beds
on the second floor. Mrs. William H.
Mortland. thirty years old, was thus
brutally treated a few days ago by
Samuel Layfleld, a negro employee
of the farm.
A Woman Faumee.
Mrs. Mary Crowell farms several
hundred acres near Byron. Ull., and
makes a speciaity of hogs. For six
yers she has carried og first prizes
with her hogs in the Stat. Agri-!
cultural Fair, and t-here are many
good judges who say she raises the
best hogs in Ullinois. The other day!
she sold a drove of fifty porkter to -;
a Chicago packing house.
-Went up With Wright.
Srs. Von Hildebrand. 'if. ?>f
Cat. Von Hildebrand, of Berl'n.,
-went up with Orville Wright the
otr da'r In his aeroplane. Crown
Pinel Predocrnk ani the Crown *
w.-r presen'. arid Mr.. *' -nila
rand was loudly applan:ded after the
figJ ic'c lasted elevan and4 one
LOOKS UKE MURDER
IN CASE OF A TOtRiSTS BODY A
FOUND IN S.AIPIT.
Sispe-ted Party. Former Barber at C
Roemary. Has Ewaped-Police
Are Exercised Over the Mystery.
A di-patch from Corgetown says
-he myscry concerning the id-.ntity
->f the white man who wag found
loating in the Sampit River some
-hre'e w.'eks ago. bas bad sor.e light
-hrnwu upon it by a letter c.-ived V
:y Capt. Hal-. of the Clyde Steam
whip Navahoe. from a Mrs. Morri.son. .I
-f Newark. N. J.. who states that a
nian answering the description of the
man who was found. had accompa
nied herself and companion from V
Wilr.ington. N. C.. to Georgetown.
,n the Fteamer.
Her companion was a veteran of
-he civil war. a member of the crew
if the Harrest Moon. of Farraguts t
leet, which was blown up by a tor
nedo and sunk in Winyah Bay. The
old soldier made the trip to George
town for the purpose of viewing the
remains of the old ship. a portion of
which is still above water. a monu
ment to the failure of the Federal
'tunboats to enter Georgetown har
The party went to Georgetown.
,pent the while the ship was in port
'n viewing the sights. and together
.-xpected to return North. The
4tranger did not show np aboard
-be steamer when she saled. but a
man named Hiram Newman. who
'%tated that he had formerly been a.
barber at Rosemary. took passage
for New York. teTling the captain
that the missing man had spent
the previous night with him. and
zent word that he was not ready to
'Pave: that he would join the ship
It is reported now that there were
4ome suspicious circumstances at
ending the case. The neck of the
irowned man was swollen abnor
-nally. and there were r-rple marks
About the throat that n. ^ht denote
-ossible strangulation. On board the
-hip it was noticed that the man car
-ed a small wallet with money in
It. He was known to have had at
'east $60 upon his person. OnIy
% few pennies were found upon ths
erson of the wronged man: there
fore. it is possible that the man was
robbed and murdered, and the body
At the coroner's inquest a tho--1
sugh examination was not made as
' Whelber oeavh occurred by drown
'n or not. 1-rt the verdict was tiat
'he deceasel came to his desth r
irowning. It is furtver stated 1-y
'he captain of the s'eamer. lur
-oughe. that on the W<--Inerwav ,tlht
'receding the departure of the Clyde
iteamer he heard loud voices and
-urving from a row boat in the river.
with sounds of an evident s'ruggle
'mong the occupants. He supseed
It to be a midnight revel of a boat
'oed of sailors, and paid no paru.cular
The satchel! belongtag to the miss
ing man is in possession of the Clyde
un.ie offieials. There is nothing in
it to assist in the identification of
'he party except a memorandum book.
nascri bed as follows: "From Agnes
W. Johnson. 236 Thirty-ninth street,
-o my Uncle Albert.'' A program
'f some Oelebration in Philadelphia
was also found therein. The name
of the missing man was not mention
ed in Mrs. Morrison's letter.
jHOMICIDE IN AIXEN CO)UNTY.
The twelfth homicide to occur in
fAiken county this year occurred in
Johnstown. a suburb of Bath. Tues
lay nigKht,. when Horace Jones was
shot and Instantly killed by Watt
Deloag, both white men. Delong
and a son have been placed in the
Aiken jail, pending the investiga
'ion by the coroner.
Delong ays that Monday night
his children. were attending a night,
school in Johnstown and that he had.
been watching a corn field, which he
believed some one had been steal
ing from, and had gone by the schoo:
for the children to take them home.
Previous to this. he said, he 2.'d a
fuss with Jones. Wh!!e he was wait
ing at the school, some one told him
that Jones was at the outside wait
lng for him to come out to kill him.
anud advised him net to go out of
At the close of the school, he avers
that he took the children and went
out of the back door. Just as he
had gotten outside the building Jones
came around the corner and struck
him with a brickbat, whereupon De
long pulled his pistol and shot him
once, the ball taking effect in Jones'
he.d. and literally blowing his brains
out. Debong surrendered to the of- E
fcers and was carried to Aiken.
Delong is said to be a peaceabte
man. Jones' reputation is said not to
be good. On t his occasion he is
said to have been under the indu- a
ence of Iquor. The original fun~ c<
s said to have startad about D~e- u:
ong's daughter, and Jones Is mu i
to have told parties that he wo--.d 1i
1ill DeLong. bl
Mystery of Triple Crime. o0
Although a reward has been of- a
fered for information that shall lead 1)
to the arrest of the murderer of I
Hheresa Proceplo. seven years old,
and Ferdinando Infusino. aged two at
and one-half years. the Tttca. N. Y.. I
police are still without a clue. Flor
ence ?nfusino. sister of the little
boy, who was shot in the arm. Is so
weak that it has been impossible
to question her .ziosely. Tzhe motive 8
for the triple crime remains uin
Overwhelmed by Tidal Wave. cc
Fort of Mu'ege. on the east coast th
>f Lower California. was overwhelm. ch
'd by' a tidal wave on September 4. O1
rher. were several fatalities. Con- At
sirierable property was destroyed. W
he tidal wave d.ooded the inland Cc
istricts for a distance of about tw
Lay in Statta
Gov. Johnson's body was carried da
o St Paul, the capital city of Min- cal
weotai Wednesday and is in state a
i the capitol building. Hie s the an
bnt r~atir. of his. state to become Yo
JUST TRIBUTE PAID HIM BY A
nmmeunt on the New Haven Regis
ter's Generows Reply to The News
and Courier's Challenge.
A short time ago it was announc
? that the State of Mississippi was
eparing to present a statute of J'ef
-rson Davis to the Statuary Hall in
ashinztton as one of the great Mis
ssip;ipans entitled to a place :n that
emple of Fame. says the New Or
ans States. Some of the news
apers of the South. however. ex- t]
ressed the opinion that this step h
bould come from Kentucky. the A
ativo State of both Jefferson and
braham LIncoln. which. it was said.
ontemplated presenting together
he statutes of her two most ilius- a
rious sons. In commenting on th' a
roject to give the President of the '
uthern Confederacy a place in Stat- *
ary Hall. The Charleston News and n
ourier took occasion to express sur- t
rise at the silence of the Rochester. I
Y.. Democrat and Chronicle and
iso the fact that it had failed to )
ay something very ugly about the 3
The remarks of The News and -
,ourier were in the nature of a chal- t
enge. which has been accepted by
he New Haven Register with the i
leclaration that there Is something 3
o say about Jefferson Davis and his
idmission to the National Temple
of Fame. and it should te said. 1t
s high time. the Regist. r asserts t
hat "the mist which fee half a c i:.
nry has distorted the North's vie% 1
f this son of the South should be I
eared away." and that the man who I
n his day suffered more than any c
>ther Southerner for the cause in
which he believed. should "cease to
-e reckoned a coward and a traitor
tud esteemed for what he was--&
irave. true Southern gentleman."
ro this statement the New Haven I
tegister adds the following eloq'ant
ribute to Mr. Davis:
-But the South will never cea.i"
o admire and honor the man of
ron nerve. of dauntless courage. of
easeless loyalty, of unsullied honor.
-f tireless energy, of peerlefs chiv
iry. who suffered and dared and I
il but died for the cause he loved
mnd lost. Of that host cf true men 1
who gave their best and their all o
'or the Confederacy because in their e
feepest hearts they believed they
were doing right. none were more
incere than he. Of that multitude
who lined up for the struggle again4 i
their brothers of the Nortt. a a
was braver and none was ,....ier.
Flis sacrifice was as extreme as it
was sincere. and his treatment by
:he victors after the crash came was
ore medicine for a heart that was
''It is a century and a year since
Jefferson Davis was bo-rn. Lt 'is |
ear to half a century since his cause1
was lost. It is twenty years since|
as death. What better time could Ii
tere be to signify. by the placing<
af his statute in the Nation's Capitol.|
hat in the blood of brothers shed
th Union is forever cemented on |
a foundation that standeth sure.|
ihere let his presentment stand.|1
'rect. not.'e, commanding. impres- 1
ie. as he 'stood in the days when
se was maser of the destinies oft
half a nation. Let it there remind
:he South that it was mistaken and
he North that it misunderstood. Let F
t picture a martyr to a cause that<
hough lost, was not wholly in vain.
nce it taught brothers to appreci-|
hte a relationship they were in dang-|
'r of forgetting."
Twenty-five years ago it would t
tave been dangerous for a New
England newspaper to pay such a |
:ribute to the memory of the great it
nartyr of the Lost Cause. and it I1
dicates what tremendous strides e
maye been taken toward a ecmplete-| f
y reunited country in little more '
ban a couple of decades. We are a
perfect agreement with the state
nent of The News and Courier that I
'nothing finer than that has been b
lone on either side of the old line t
f sectional feeling and sectional dis
rust." It will be vastly pleasing to C
he people of the South. because it a
ras so unextpected and so magnini- a
ently generous and patriotic. But ta
here is a lesson to be learned from a
he tribute, and that is the honest- t'
earted people of New England are t
aday appreciating the noble charar- h
er and great worth of Jefferson da- 11
Is, and they have the manly cour- (j
ge to do him the justice which hui it
een so 'ang denied him by those ia
'ho possess neither the sente of rig' h
or the sense of justice. Ix
iACON MERCHANT MURDERED. no
Rood-Stained Room uf Aged Man
Tells of Struggle.
At Macon. Gi... Nicholas Carshell. e
a aged Italian merchant, was dis- w
vered by officers Sunday morning
ortally wounded in a little room
Sthe rear of his 4th street estab
hment. A bloody hatchet and J-.
ood.-spattered floor and walls told
story of an awful s~truggle. The
d man was frightfully wounded
>-t the head and arms. Hie was bt
ic on the floor unconscious. The a?
arder of the room bore evidence R
at the room had been ransacked. at
md offiers are of the opinion that a
bbery followed the assault. hc
Ki~lle by Auto. d4
One man was fatally 1njured, re
other probably so and twelve oth- BC
persons. several of whom wereti
ng women, received painful in- b
r"s Tuesday when a large auto- in
obile crashed into a farm wagon Ica
utaning a straw-ride party from er
e Windsor Terrace Methodist
ur. Brooklyn. at Avenue D and
en Parkway. Brooklyn. John Mi.
drews. the chauffeur. of Ridge
id. died at the hospital: Charles'
ok and Edward Sullivan, police- or
n were badly injured,.o
Fatal Fight i
In a row at Williamston a few | T
.s ago Frank Young hit Hlub Dun- Be
in the head with a brick. As ! IHr
"suit. Duncan's skull is fractured Itiv
J t is possible that he will die. of
ung was arretted at Wliimstou aw
IVEN BIG SCARE
nch With Pleasure Party Breaks Down
and Day and Night
SPENT ON THE WATER.
be Steamer Ethel Went to the Res
cue, and the Party of Twenty.
M"t ly Women and Children. Are
Safely Landed. Quieting the Fears
of Relatives and Friends.
The arrival of a launch in tow of
ie steamer Ethel at the custom
Duse pier in Charleston Monday
ith a party of twenty people. most
- ladies and children. ended the
-ars of a numb. r of re-latives and
-lendb of the occupants of the boat
ho had left Charleston Sunday
torning on a pleasure trip about the
arbor. had been lost in the bad
eather of Sunday afternoon and
ight. The following account of the
rip is taken from the Charleston
The launch wa.s in charge of Capt.
[. S. Sullivan. and Lieut. of Police
ohn Steencken was the organizer of
ne party on the trip. The occu
ants of the cutter launch were as
lad to tie up at the wharf as were
heir relatives and friends who had
rown fearful and anxious for their
afety. Once the Ethel had made
ast the tow line Monday morning
a the launch, stuck in the marsh
f Morris Island. the occupants of
he boat felt better and saw that it
ras only a matter of time when they
rould be safely landed, but still
aving been out all night wit.bout
ood and water, tired and sick. with
ut having slept and wtih the nerves
f the women badly strained by the
dventures of the night, only the act
al docking of the launch satisfied
he majority of the party and the
Igh of relief could almost be beard
or a block when the party alight
d on the pier.
Leaving the custom house wharf
tunday morning about 10 o'clock it
ras the intention of the party to
pend the day in a picnic on the wa
ers of the harbor. returning dur
ng the afternoon hours. The trip
tad passed enjoyable. althoogh the
rater was a little rough. During
he afternoon. however. the wind
reshened and the water became
oppy. the rain set in and every
ndication was given of worse con
litions to follow. Capt. Sullivan
aw that he must beat it to the chan
el and the boat wAs turned from the
ound between Morris Island and
ames Island for Coming's Point.
rbe weather thickened and to add to
he troubles. Capt. Sullivan found
hat one of the pistons was out of
rder, and he had to work along
ith the other.
It was not long before both were
n trouble. and Capt. Sullivan found
himself in the open sea which was
unning high, with the boat show
o~g a tendency to drift upon the walls
>f the channel and perhaps go to
idees. The anchor was dropped for
time. and Capt. Sullivan endeavor
d to repair the trouble. He thought
hat he had it corrected, and when
e attempted to run the machinery.
he found that it was still disabled.
'he sea was running se, nigh that he
ould do little in his present position.
.nd he endeavored with the use of
pole, the running of the tide and
piece of sail to get into a more fav
~rable position for repair work.
He got into a better position, and
n ,,nvestigation disclosed the fact
hat the head of one of he pistons
ad cracked and the letting in of wa
er was the cause of the trouble.
fe again tried to remedy it. the
est that he could, and he decided
a make another try for the channel.
*he anchor was not raised quick
nough, the boat dragged It and be
are she could be stopped, the laur.ch
-as carried Into the marsh hard
ground, and with the falling of the
ide. the boat was left high and d'y.
'hen the tide suited Monday. the
oat was hauled off and towed up
The party with the execption of
apt. Sullivan. Lieut. Steenckner and
little girl were sick. The men had
1 that they could attend to in
ying to save the boat from loss
nd he women had to look out for
emselves. 'They had to hold on
the seats, sick as they were, for
urs. to prevent themselves being
fted out into the heavy sea, and
apt. Stillivan declared Monday that
was the worst experience that he
as ever gone through, made all the
arder by the responsibility of hay
g the care of the women.
Lieut. Steenckner had a similar ex
-rience some time back in being
it with a party and having the boat
>aground. spending the night ont
'e water, but this was a far worse
id more trying experience on ac
iunt of its perilous character, It
oked for some time as if the party
ere doomed to loss.
SHOOTS HIS DINNE~R GUEST.
F. Boarche-r Pesents. [petting of
Coffee on Tablecloth. I
Some of the folks of Lawrence
trg. nd.. must have queer ideas
out hospitality. Recently T. F.
[te was invited to eat dinnerc
the home of 3. F. floarcher and
few minutes after entering thet
use he was carried out with five a
let holes in his body. He acci
ntally turned over a cup of cof
on the table cloth and resented I
pral of the act by his hos-t.
arhber got his revolver and emp- h
the five chambers in Ritzle's b
d. and he -is now at a hospital ti
a dying condition. Boarcher pes- tl
ped. People who dine at Boarch
s must be careful about their cof- T
Died in the Flood.
Gen. Trevino. military commander a
the district of northern Miexico.
o has direrted *he distribution C
aid throogh the s.ution swept byv ai
reeet deed. estimates the nufr
of lives lost at 2.000. Two
~usand bedies were recovered.
ween Mionterey and Tamnpico. Gen. t
r'vinlo states. ev*ery vesti::e of cui
ation and the homes and stores
the inhabitants have been washed
ay ad there i! till great nieed
GANG OF SWINDLERS
VAST CONSPIRACT TO DE- GI
FR I) PEOPLE IS ALLEGED.
ighty-five Men Indicted in Iowa tn W
Charge of UGing mails in Swindl
At Council Mluff. Iowa. James C.
,Iatray and 54 alleged a-sociates. of
vere a f.-w days ago indicted by the
:nited States grand jury for th.
outhern district of Iowa. charged
vith conspiracy to defraud by ille- to
:al use of th.- U-nited States mails. -a
.Vith the exception of Mabray and al
bree or four others, none of those Ix
ndicted are in custody and for that w
,oa-on the names of the defendants
vere not made public.
It was stated the list included n'
nany persons known in criminal an- ri
ale in all parts of the country and
hat nearly every name is followed t
ly from one to four alias-s. Each
)f these alleged confederates had a
umber. which is given as one of s
he aliases according to the defend
Although specific amounts are not
mentioned In the indictment, it is t
tuthorative!y stated that the amounts
lost by the alleged victims of Mab- S
ray and others named will exceed -
%500.000. The sums lost run from
1t.500 to $30.0100. the latter sum
having been placed on fake . horse
-aces. according to the evidence at P
hanA. by a Missouri banker.
Victims in 18 States, the territory t
of A'oska and the Dominion of Can
ada ..'- named in the indictment.
indicating the wide range of terri- t
socates are alleged to have pledting
tory over which Mabray and his as
sociates are alleged to have plied
their vocation. C
As a basis of operation they used.
iccording to the indictment. the
-ities of Council Bluff. Davenport and
Burlington. Iowa: St. Louis. Little
Rock. Seattle. Denver and New Or
lean-, to which places it is alleged
victims were taken by the numerous
In setting out the spacific-instanc
os in which violations of the postal
laws are charged, the indictment in
cludes copies of many sensational
letters said to have been exchanged
between Mabray and his associates
which refer to alleged "deals" and
name various sums of money as hav
ing changed hande as a result of the
vperations of those mentioned in the
One of the letters is dated frot:r
a New York hotel, and invites
-Friend John." who. it is alleged.
is Mabray himself, to go to New
York city. declaring "I have a ;own
tight across the river from New
York in Jersey. a swell track and ab
solute protection. The sheriff and
prosecutor and police: they will be
absoutely right on the job during
It is expee'ed the trails will begin
at Red (ink. Iowa. during the Novem-I
ber term of court or at Des Moines
in December. Sylvester R. Russ.,
special assistant to the attorney gen- I
anal of the United States, at the in-E
stance of the deparment of justice ,
is taking part in the prosecution.*
SCHOOL TAX DEFEATED.
The "Unknown Tongues" Vote
Against Public Schools.
A dispatch from Laurens says t
'luite a lively election was held Sat- .1
urday at the Long Branch school e
in which the advocates of the "Un
known Tongues" religion played a
uite a conspicuous part, winning thep
election for themselves, it is alleg
ed by voting a negro. It is recall
ted that this school was the occasion
nf considerable public comment some a
months ago when the county hoard of .~
education dismissed the board of b
trustees for employing a teacher who n
was not properly qualified and who a
:onrmed much or the school time d
eachng the unknown tongue. t:
The election Saturday was on the u
iiestion of voting a special tax for ii
the schools in that district. All .1
ihose who are believers in the un- ir
cnown tonguze religion and who with- ei
irew their patronage of the school ti
ast spring when the old hoard was w
lismissed and a new teacher employ- h:
'. were oppose to the tax, accord
ng to the statment of the managers y;
>f the election, who were at Laurens h,
Sfew days after and reported the -u~
natter to Superintendent Pitts. IT
The final vote was a tie. 14 toI4
4. hut only after late in the day.jfe
me Preston Blakely. colored. cast. a;
its ballot against the tax. The pi
>roposed levy was therefore defeat- to
4. but another petition will at once is
'e circulated. However, it is fear- pl
4 that since one negro voted this it
ime. doubtless more will he in- w
uenced at the next election.p
WHO WAS THE LOSER? S
ri Some Good Mathmetician Solve *h
There is an old saying that figures te
ont lie, and most of us believe wi
.but there are times when they
ame mighty close to telling fibs
he problem presented below is a c
se to po~nt. Will some one who er
good at solving problems work out
te one below and send us the Ia
nswer. Here is the problem:
"A banker going home to dinner
tw a 510-bill on the curbstone. He t
leked it up. noted the number. and
ent home to dinner. While at g
ome his w-ife remarked that the ye
tcher had sent a bill amounting I
a $10. The only money he had was h
ae i:1 he had found. which he gave i
a her and she paid the butcher.pi
be butcher paid it to a farmer for
calf. the farmer to the merchant. m
ho in turn paid it to a washer-ag
oman and she owing the banker ,
note of $10 w'ent to the bank and m
tid the note. The hanker recogniz-sr
I :he bill as the one ha had found. a
d which to that time had paid
0O worth of ds. On carefU!e,
amination he discovered that the It
I wat counterfeit. Now what wasLe
et in the transaction and by o
SaJ tlb. rack trac'k man: ''Of t
e ma2k!n; of many book. thero ishe
SMALL COTTON CROP
VES THE FARMER A CHANCE
FOR GOOD PROFITS.
B. Thompson. Ire. of the New
Orleans Cotton Exchange. D.
cu.%e% the Outlook Interestingly.
Mr. W. B. Thompson. pre-ident
the New Orleans Cotton Exchange.
.s sent out a most intere.sting let
r on th.- rotton outlook. lie says
-- record of the 1 iw crop will con
itut- an important chapter in cot
n history. A moderate crop cer
inly. a dangerou:ly short crop prob
>ly. and a wholly inadequate crop
>ssibly. is coming to meet a demand
hich could be satisfied only by the
eatest crop that was ever grown.
bis conjunction of an overwhelming
sed with insufficient supplies is
aught with tremendous possibili
's for profit or loss of profit to
ie producer and of menace to the
Whether the issue from this crisis
iall be fortunate or unfortunate.
hether the producer shall realize
is rightful profit. or shall fall to
se or misuse his present advan
t9e. and whether the spinning in
ustry shall go through this year of
bortage with the minimum of in
-nvenience or the maximum of
emoralization. will depend upon one
nportant particular, namely: the
is-tribution of the crop. With th.e
roducer and those who help him
hide" the power to regulate the dis
ribution and to shape the result.
It is a large advantage thus pos
essed and a grave responsibility
bus entailed. If the power is em
loyed unwisely, or wasted in spas
iodic efforts to "squeeze" the buy
s up to a predetermined price. not
nly will the producer fail to realize
he maximum of the present benefit,
ut he will help to cripple the man
facturinZ industry and curtail its
apacity for future consumption.
If the power is left unused. and
he producer. dazzled by the present
nexpectedly high prices. rushes his
otton to market. he will inaugurat'
movement which suosequent pro
nce can not arret. and will re
eat the time-old mistakes of sell
'sg the bulk of his crop at the time
rhen the price is at the lowest of
he yeer. If the power is employe'
risely. the producer will distributE
he supply of cotton as evenly as
essible over the year. and thus rea
ize for his entire crop the highes
rice that an eager demand can pay,
nd at the same time keep the de
nand presently active and keen for
In other and more fruitful years
rhen the yield has been great and
he demand .relatively emall. ithe
armer has been compelled to accept
or his crop whatever he could get,
ven though the 'return was lese
han the cost of production. Whet
e complained at his lot, he has
een reminded by opulent philoso
hers, that prica Is regulated by the
iuw of supply and demand. and that
She made more cotton than was
eeded, he mun bear the burden.
n this suggestion there is truth.
lut a good rule must work both
The law of- supply and demand
aust be permitted to work for the
armner as well as against him. If
e has to accept a low price when
e makes too much, he should re
eive a correspondingly high price
rhen he makes too little. If the
onsumer profits by over-production
be farmer should profit by over.
emand. There is no divine right in
be consumer to always make the
ronit. nor is there any justice in the
pparently generally entertained ex
ectation that the producer must al
-ays sustain tire loss.
If it should so fail out that the
pinner has 'to pay fpr the raw
raterial a price so high that his
?ason will be unprofitable, it Is to
e regretted, but the misfortune is
o greater than that of the farmer
ho has to sell for the cost of pro
uction. If such loss Is to be sus
tined this year it should not tall
pon the farmer: nor will it Fo fall
he will but exercise the same pru
ance in selling hIs crop that he uses
buying his clothes, Hie buys his
othes when he needs them and has
te price: ho should sell his cotton
hen the other man needs it. and
is the price.
Efforts have been made to ad
ince prices by corenants to with
y1d cotton from tbe market until
Sagreed figure should be reached.
bese effort, have not been success
1. although they have had the et
et at time of restricting offerings
ad to some extent relieving the
-easure. But there are in this plan
ro fundamental defects. The first
,that it can not be fully accom
ished. and the second is, that if
could be fully accomplished, it
>uld automatic-ally defeat its own
The farmer can not hold all his
tton from the start: but if he
uld and prices were forced to the
ipulated figure. at that Instant
ereC would be such an avalanche
cotton for sale, that the reaction
uld be a- swift as the advance was
iious. But there is a way by
sich1 the desired resuit may be ac
mplished. There is a system of
trketingt the crop which is not
ly fse-sible. but which would ac
rplish Its equitable purpose un
ringly and without fail.
By this system of marketing, the
e' of supply and demand would.
unhampered operatica, fix the
cc. The spinner would pay, and
Sfarmer would receive. the nat-;
tI value of the crop. It is good[
tonly for this year. but for all
ars. Plans based upon ;eneral
reomente. have failed hecause, in
Sfirst place, It has not been pos
in to s.ecure the convenant of all
nters. and. in the second place.
-ause s-eif-interes's placed a pr"
um upon the breaking of the
--ement. Th.' plan in view is not
mopdent upon covenant or agree
nr., but is twif-ecienry. the main
ing of its operation being self
t wiU profit the men who use it.
n thoi:ch others do not use it.
s simnple. but effective, and is this:
the producer of cotton market1
per cent of his crop each month
t.-n monthas. An instant .f re- 1
TeY VI wi convinic- atny thoughtful
u that whetrh'-r the crorp so mar
ed be large or smau. and whether
thou;and employ the method. the I
result will be b.-tter than if the crop
was sold at once. or the attempt made
to hold it all. If the plan is good
for one planter. it is good for all.
and if all, or any great number
of planters adopt it. the problem
of marketing the crop is solved.
But it will be objected to by some
that the farmers' needs are too press
ing and that he cannot mt-et his oh
ligation by selling ten p'-r cent of
his crop in September. ten per cent
in October and to on. Alone and
unaided he can come nearer doing
this now than he could heretofore.
because he has made this crop on
a more e-conomical basis than ever
befor.- and owes 1-ss. After tbis
y.-ar it will be easier still, because
he has himself largely made his
staple supplies for another year and
because in the near future he will
have a great central public ware
house In which he will be able to
borrow money at a very low rate of
But even now the farmer is not
alone in the fight. Every banker
and merchant and landowner In the
South is, or should be. with him.
If the cotton crop could be market
ed evenly through ten months. in
stead of unevenly in three or four,
bank stocks would enhance in value,
the merchants business would ex
pand and become more profitable:
lands would yield more in rental
and in sales. and the South would
receive each year the addition of
many millions of dollars to its
IANGERS OF WESTERN CORN.
Its Use May be the Cause of Pella
ga in the South.
The Augusta Herald very wisely
sums up the matter of Western corn
and its results as a food for man
and beast. The Herald says it is
not in corn that donger lurks, but
it Western corn. The reason for
this is clear. Weftern corn does
not fully mature before the season
ends. Frost falls upon it before
the kernels are hardened and the
cob is dry.
In this con-lition it is gathered
and housed or stacked. It then goes
through a process of 'fermentation
which produces the chemical chang
es that convert a healthy food for
man or beast into a subtle poison,
Fed to horses it gives them blind
staggers and thousands of horse
and mules are killed by it - everi
e- r. Eaten by men it produces
Fortunately a simple preventative
will avoid all risks in this matter
That is to use only Southern grown
corn either for making cqrn bread
or to feed to the horses. And an
Atlanta case may show that grits
ground in the North should also be
excluded. Let our farmers ponder
this matter. and raise corn enough
for all our needs. Pellagra is be
coming entirely too frequent In the
SHOOTS HIS KINSMAN.
A Man Probably Fatally Wounded
D. D. Fields. one of the wealthiest
planters of Emanuel county, IS dyinal
at his home at Adrian, Ga.. while
hic brother-in-law. M. 3. Webb, is
a prisoner in the jail as the result
of a fight between the two men in
an open field near7 Adrian Friday
night. The two men jointly owned
a farm and disputed over the divis
ion of the crop. At first they fought
with fsats but Webb ended the troub
le by drawing his pistol and shoot
ing his kinsman through the head.
Fields dropned unconscious to the
ground, while Webb. it is said, de
elared his intention not to submIt
to arrest. lHe was not taken into
custody. Fields' brother is sheriff
of Emanuel count.*
Woman Dies of Pe'llagra.
Mrs. Buena Dinkins died at Char
lotte. N. C.. Monday morning of pel
lagra, the eighth victim of the dis
ease since its presence was announc
ed In that community. The woman
was taken Ill a year ago, with what
seemed to be diarrohea. Later erup
tions appeared on arms, hands. feet
and ankles, then followed internal
inammation and swollen tongue.
She suffered no pain, but was emaci
ated and very weak. Physicians are
noplussed. Seven other cases are
now under treatment.
After Taft and D)iaz.
A bomb was found a few nights
ago in the rear of customs house at
Jaurez. Mex.. a few feet from the
platform which has been erected for
the meeting between President Taft
and President Diaz on October 16.
Juarez is across the Mexican border.
More than thirty arrests were made.
Death of Bishop Ward.
Bishop Seth Ward. of the Meth
odist Episocpal Church. South. died
at Tokia. Japan. on Monday. The
Bishop was on a tour of insp?:t:on
of the missions of his church ln the
East. Hie was taken sick at Kooe
in August. Blishop Ward is a a
tive of Te-xas, and was an able mu.
Radium has beenL put on the free
list and the bottom has fallen out
of the market. The frugal and es>
nomic housewife can now purchase
this household necessity at $2.000.
!)00 an ounce.
The newsraper reporter mayj
really be looking for a good story tol
take home to his wife as an ex
Sotnetir-s It !s the strapping big
fellows who get strapped.
The "yeung bladp" of a fellow
is not alwav's sharp enough to mnake
In her otufit the average summe
1i likes to have a manly looking
The Whirling Dervish doesn't
in to have his wheel when he
wants to no out for a little spin.
The baker tays when a man is
well bred you can tell when he was
S-eaknz of table miners, it it
i!wvays enie-ed the proper thing
o enfn thh tahies?
Even the true tenor may be a
The steeple cimber says he seems
THE GULF STORM
Has Done Great Damage in New Oeaks
and Other Cities and Towns
LOSS OF LIFE IS FEARED
Dome of New State Capitol at Jack
son Wrecked and Old One Unroot
ed-Fury of the Hurricane Una
baed-Great Damage Done In New
Central Tuesday night In Missis
sippi and sweeping north at the rate
of two hundred miles a day, the har
ricane -wbich devastated the Gulf
coast and left a trail of wreck and
ruin through four States, continued
on its course with unabated fury.
Of the ruin that It has wrought.
no oue can give an estimate. In
New Orleans alone five are known
to be dead and a million dollars will
not repair the damage to the bean
tiful Crescent City. It is said that
the plate glass alone will cost $100,
000 to replace.
From the little and aristocratic
summer colonies on the Louisan
and Mississippi Gulf coast come
vague tales of frightful devastation
and fears that many lives has been
The wealthy summer tourists who
own pleasure crafts are wont to spend
much time upon them, and it Is pos
s!ble that many have been lost.
Bilc.:i. thet Mecca of the wealthy,
is still isolated. and what its fate
is Is still clouded in mystery. Jack
son. Miss., the capital of the State,
is cut off to coast points.
The dome of the new capitol at
Jackson was wrecked~ and the old
capitol unroofed. The streets were
a tangle of live wires, and the fal
len trees and debris made the high
At Vicksburg two vessels were
sunken and a thir was driven
ashore. Their passengers were res
cued. One vessel lies across the
channel and has blocked navigation
In the pretty'harbors of Pasca
goula and Bay St. Louis. many slips
are empty and the torn moorings
tell of the fury of the wind and
Bath houses, pavilions, yacht slips
and pleasure resorts that were night
l brilliantly Illuminated and the
rendezavous for those who sought
relaxation and amusement upon the
famous Gulf coast are washed away
and not a timber remains to mark
their locations. And the story in Its
hideous entirety has not yet been
The only route of mewses to New
Orleans was by an Improvised service
via Hattiesburg. arrfnged by the
Associated Press, which' organiza
tion had cecured a telep.hone line In
to New Orleans and was able to re
lay by telegraph to Atlanta.
TIMELY HINTS TO HUNTEBS.
The Law of Trespess ad Some
Already the hunters are looking
around for dogs and rubbing up theIft
guns. According to the law, and per
son hunting, fishing or roaming ove:
the lands of another without' permis
sion is a trespasser. Ignorance is no
exeuse. The plea only aggravates
the offense. If farmers want birds ,
killed, they will no doubt invite some
of their gunning friends to do It
when the seo.aon opens.
Do not hunt on lands of others
without permission. Never carry a
loaded gun while riding in a buggy
or other vehicle. When the day's
hunting Is over, take out the cart
ridges. If birds are abundant. do
not kill them all at. once. There
was a good citizen of another county
that was fond of hunting. He es
timated the number of birds actu
ally needed by the family for their
dinner. When he bagged that num
ber not another one would be shot.
even if one attempted to bite him.
If you get permission to hont on
If you get permiision to hunt on
lands of another, turn over a fair
the land. Common politeness and
good breeding demand that courtesy.
Do not kill all you can and sneak
off without saying a word to any of
the family. If a farmer notifles you
that he wishes no shooting on his
premises do not "sass" him, but ask
his pardon, act the gentleman and
get off in such a good humor that
you will have his resepct.
Instead of .Makingr Good His Charg's
A dispatch from New York says
the sudden determination of Com
mander Peary to remain In seclu
sion at his summer home at Eagle
Island. Maine. indefinitely, has caus
ed considerable conjecture. It was
b.-iieved that Commander Peary
would hasten to New York and sub
mit to the public the proofs which he
said be posses'sed that Dr. Cook
had not reached the pole. While
it is not known just how long Com
mander Peary will re'naln in se
clusion it is believed that he will
wait until Dr. Cook has submitted
his data to the Unlversity of Copen
hagen. and i: is mad'! public. Dr.
Cook is at work on this data now,
and it is understood '.at It will be
onl Its way to Denmark withIn two
weeks. Peary's action Indicates that
he is not to sure of his ability to
pro~ve his charge against Dr. Cook.
Tried to Take HIs Life.
Despondent over his paralyzed con
Iltion. Geo,. J. Rhodes. 40 years old.
Saturday slashed his thorat three
imuas with a pocket knife and then
jumped into the late at Lakewood
near Atlanta. in an attempt to com
nit ruicide. Rhodes grasped a pole
inder the water but his faiing
,trength caused him .to relax his
anM' and when be came to the sur
'are he was rescued and hurrI-i
oa hospital. It is believed he will
Th.- !amily t.som.*-times' M-t'
The mar who fal:s never cla:ms