Newspaper Page Text
'VOL. XXIV MANNNG, S.C. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1909 *
k.jaL &Caide PMsse Away a,
-ythr 1ada hnin
FERAL HELD FRIDAY
pIa ot Yeas and ot Lonors. South
Carouna's Grand OWd Man Lars
Down His Barde and Enters
rom a RSher Lite in the Heanes
Dr. james Henry Carlisle died
at 7:45 o'clock Thursday monIng
at his home on Wofford College cam
pus in the city of Spartanbur. The
end came quietly -after sewral day.
Last Monday morning early he was
taken with a fainting spell. but after
medical attention by the. atteudig
pbyacian. Dr. H. R. Black. he quick
ly rallied. Tuesday he took a turn
for the worse 'and Tuesday night he
was not expected to lirve through the
night. Wednesday morning he show
ed signs of returning consciousnes
and about 9 *-cleek Wednesday
morning he was partly conscious.
Early Wednesday afternoon '.e b
came delrifous and contined to Pow
wors. Wednesday night Dr. H. R.
Black left Dr. Carlisle's bedside at
S ocloch. leeving his paent in
charge of a skled trafoed nurse;
medicines wese administered to
soothe the delirious mind and bring
rest. At 2 oclock Thursday morn
ing Dr. CarIlsle was reported by the
n'ure to be resting under the infin
ene of anestbetics. but that he was
powlng aparetly weaker.
The end- came so quietly -that nc
one could tell just when fe wa
breathed out. At 7:45 it .was an
nmioed that Dr. Carlisle was dead.
Te wondrtl *rong contittii
th ad. d newer known abuse either
by difpation or unarranted ex
posure had made a stout -fght agatnst
death. Several times he bad ral
lied, fr6 amk ts tat were: thought
to be fnal: but the harvest of a wela
Wet was tan with the ripetnn
ft o 'Mgears.o
The ftnera. whIch took *lace at
'clock Friday ateenoon.-was very
siple. and ita held in Woford Col
lege chapel in the presence d0 a very
large crowd of peopIe from an over
the State.-. There was no, speechI
mking or tributes from - mnent
mt The We of the grand old man
iy eloquently than the live
of any man could have spoken in
Two meinbs rom each of the
- n college and two frOm the
ittinc school werer chosen as
actie plbere as tolows:
Senior Clas-R. Leon Keaton.
KateOn W. F. lugh. Greenwood.
Junioe Css--M. . SLIreley.
- .ayesboro. Ga.: D. T. Outa. John
Sophomore Clas--.G. M. C-un
rngbrg- C. R. Moseley--Laurens.
Freshman Clas-B. M. Kener...
fW chool-J. H. Anderson.
Theboof1~pallbearers were E
te. t . S. Truesdale. stro
Ualil hed a msbershi;).
was interrat Magnoiacetry
Sdents of Wofard Colleg8 at Chapel
Th~riay morning by President H.
It Snyder. H(e was filed with emO
tio wen betold the stadents. that
the forp hadinished his
work here and: bsd'goue MoeaP hi
rerd.- Following the annonne
met. Dr. Siarder sid there woud.
be no exerciseS Thursday ad Fri
d. The old College hell, the ring
ng of which had. 'oeen. sweet to the
a of the deceased 'educator for
o than :fty years. waS tonled.
$ taps lMeing given. Dr. Cril
s su-twed by' two children. Jamei
H. Carlisle, Jr., and Miss Sanie Car
lsle. and two brothers and one uis
ter. Mrs. William Morrison, and
Thas Carlisie. of Blackstock, S
C. and Capt. J. W. Carlisle. of Sper
EIDNA DGIRL m 'D
3 ut~ ef Ner H Bome of lier
Jane Lol.the four and a half
yes' old girl who was believed to
hae been kidnapped while- at play
in front of her home in East Thirty
ninth street. New York. oni Septem
ber last. wa mysterio@ely return
ed to the vicinity of her home before
-A pouceman found the ehnld alone
in the darkened street two bMors
from the tegemeut occupied by her
p~t5. Mjong tou-el was wrapped
several timeSshout the child's head.
either to .mnme her cries or conceal
Since the girl was stolen-her fath
er who Is-a prosperous frait dealer,
had received numerous letters de
manding large sums of money and1
reatnig to injure or kil the child
if the ransom was not paid.
-Wind and In Prisoc.
At Patterson. N. 3.. when WiI
11am Fason, a blind negro., was de
ied a drink in a saloon he drewa
revolver and Ured promiscuousi:
round the barroom. Although hi
coald see nothing, his buflets ktll
ed two men and wounded two cht
rs. As a penalty. the court has fu
ecdd that Fason must spend f..rt
ma aa' rsn
WILL DO THE WORK
NEW COTTON PICKER SMUD TO Bi
AN ENTIRE SUCCESS.
ClaIms That it Will Pick a Thousaw
Pounds an Hour Without Injuj
to BoB or Plant.
The practical working of the Price
Campbell cotton picking machine wa
demonstrated on te plantation o:
Senator John L. Mc!Aurin. new
Bennettsville one day last week it
the presence of a large number 0l
plante s and other citizens, and 11
what is claimed for the new ma
chine is true. it can be truthfull)
asserted that the days of hand picked
cotton will soon be a thing of the
past. It is asserted that the ma.
chine picked cotton at the rate of a
thousand pounds an hour. without
njury to the plant or unopened
bolls. About 90 per cent of the open
cotton was obtained at the first pick
ng, and by running the machine over
the same rows again, it got about
90 per cent of the balance. making
99 per cent. There was a consider
able amount of trash in the cottou
picked. but many practical farmers
said they had seen more trash in
A hundred-are feld of cotton was
ought last summer from Senator
XcLaurin by Theodore H. Prtaa of
New York for the demonstration of
No cotton had been pWkd in the
feld. and the bolls. which opened
early in the season had been damag
ed by dust and smoke in the field.
and the follage had become dry andI
rotten. so that the cotton naturaIy
made a poorer appes ance than It It
had been picked soon after open
Ig. Some of the cotton was ginned
and submitted to buyers here, who
classed it as low middling to strict
low middling. They said they had
bought a great deal of cotton this
aseon which was not as good as tha
picked by the maehine.
Upon the invitation of Mr. Price,
a number 9f Northern capitalists
ame down and witnessed a private
test of the machine. They saw a
bale of cotton picked in an hour and
then ginned. The party included
V. rnest Macy. Marshall P. Slade.
W. I. Loftus. N. F. Carpenter. Geo.
. axter. Rudolph H. Kimsl. George
C. F aser and Ewood Hendrick. of
New York. Herbert E. Walmsley and
Herbert . Walmsley. Jr.. of New
Bedford. Mass.: Stephen C. Lowe. F.
P. Sheldon. Frederic S. Goodwin. C
L. Hathaway. F. W. Perkins and 0.
D. Hammond of Boston. S. H. Mo
ibbon'and George P. Gordon of
Pittsburg. and Joel Hurt of Atlanta.
They were fully convinced that the
machine is a sucoesa.
The machine Is driven by an auto
mobile engine, and the driver sits
in front and steers the .mchlnj
astride p, row of cotton. It moves
over a row as fast as a man can
walk, picking about an acre an hour.
The projecting --noses" run ahead
)f the machine, on each side of the
ow. and lift up the limbs that are
all gathered up and pressed into a
pa about a foot wide. While the
tlk Is thus held, smaln steel spin
dles reach through it from both
sdes, reaching every inch of space.
On one side of each spindle Is a rov
of small teeth, so short that $.ay
will not catch hold of anything ex
-e the cotton fiber.
These a dIes are revolving rap
dly and when a lock of cotton is
ucd It is caught and wrapped
around the spindle. The spindles
then move out of the plant, stop
rolvinL..and the cotton Is taken
offby ribs similar to the breest of
again. It falls.on conveyors, which
empty It In bags at the rear of the
machine. A boy -sits on the rear of
the machina and packs the cotton in
the bags. The boy would not be
needed If the bags were large enough,
to bold a round without 1%acking.
Wery few Pieces of locks are left
ina b.burrs. The cotton left is
usually In whole bolls or locks. The
in-ileS either mIss them or else
ue already ioaded when they come
in contact with them. When .a
pspndle engage a lock, It usually
:wistts It all out. Running the ma
:hne over a row the second time
emonstrated the fact that practically
1ll the cotton could be gotten the
fit time by doubling the capacity
F fthe machine, which can be done
y leng. cing the battery of spin
Angus Crmpbell. of Pittsburg, the
Inventor of the machine, saw the
nchin work. He has been work
ngg at It eIght or ten years. It has~
1asobeen Improved by other inven
:os, working uder the direction of
Mr. Price. who has thrown his whole
sul and energy and vast financlal
resurces into the development of
the machine. He does not even read
th cotton market reports wired tc
him at Bennettvll*-e so intensel)
Is he engrcssed In the testa of th<
ppiker. He spends each, day out al
Seator McLauriU's plantation. anc
Is usually accompanied by Mrs. Price
who Is with him at the McCail hoto
Launch Party Ming.
-T launch Sarah L,.. tsvedays ou
of alker. Minn.. Is believed to hay
gone down with all on board o1
Leih ate In the storm which seep
the lake. A government boat ha
bee sent out to look for the wrecki
age or dead bodies.
R ansa City. Mo.. haslotabn
(aor In the death of Thomas 1
1wp. millionaire and philanthrol
1st He was eighty-one' years ol
and his finest girt to that city wa
the park whl'h bears his name.
cotnaans 1.400 acres and i wo
- emr tan s:on.000.
A USEFUL IWE
Dr. Jams H. Cadide Passes Away S
runded by Loved Omes.
WA TRULY A GOOD MAI
WBre Sketch of the Distinguhe
Educator's Life and Ums Gre
Wotk for the Young Men of Sut
Caroina as President of WoItor
James Henry Carlisle was born I
Winnsoboro. Fairfield county. Sout
Carolina. May 4. 1825. His fathe:
Dr. William Carlisle. was a native c
Ireland and came to this country i
11. settling at Winnsboro. wher
he was a practicing physician fe
many years. Young James Henr
Carlisle received his primary school
ing in his native town. Later on hi
parents moved to the historic town o
Camden. where the young man wa
prepared for college. being taugh
by Professors McCandless, Hatuel
and Major Leland.
He entered the sophomore cas
of the South Carolina College Feb
ruary 1. 1842. During his cours
at the college he was under Dr
Robert Henry; who had charge o
the department of languages. and Dr
Leiber. who was in charge of de
partment of economy and civil law
Dr. Carlisle graduated In 1844; be
ing the second honor man In 'h
class, the arst honor man being Gen
P. H. Nelson, who was killed In th4
battle of the "Crater."
Being the scond honor man i
fell to his lot to deliver the Eng
dsh oration. His subject was "Shel
ley." the poet. It is said that thh
oration elicited much favorable com
ment and many predictions wer
made of his future career, but b
achievements have surpassed tht
most sanguine hopes of his most ar
The real teacher, like the poet. Is
born. not made. Young Carlisle Im
mediately passed from the schoo!
room as student. to the school room
.s tracher. being elected principa
at the Odd Feilews' Institute in Co
umbia. which position he held for
four years. In I54 he was elected
to a postion in the Columbia Male
In December. is850. Benjamin Wof
ford dieJ. He left by his will one
hundred thousand dollars "for the
purpose of establishing and emsow
Ing a college for literary. claasical
and scientific education, to be kcatd
in his native district, and to be un
der the control and management of
the conference of the MethcliIst
Episcopal Chunch of his sative
State." A charter was duly secured
and the trutees held their Eiret meet
in to organize under it at New
berry. Nov-mber 24. 1S53.
Thus was established the Instito
ion which was destined to be the
centre of the intellectual life of South
Carolina Methodism. and which wai
to be a potent inflnence in the pro
duction of the highest type of citi
zenship foi- the State of south Caro
lina. One of the United States Sen
ators from this State. one of the
Supreme Court judges, several cir
cuit judges and many oth&r oficiale
of the State are graduates of Wof
ford College. while under the presi
dency of Dr. Carlisle.
Since 185.4 the history of Wofford
College has~ been largely determined
by James H. Carlisle. In 1CC hi
was elected president of the institu
tion. A: different times lhe has
taught mathematics, astronomy. clv
is ethics, the English D~blei. He was
more thoroughly conversant witl
South Carolina history than any liv
g man. He Is the author of an ex
celnt text book on astronomny. en
itled. "The Young Astrono~mer.
Tme and again flatterng offers frozi
other Institutions have been made
but to all of them he ever gave I
courteous refusal. prefering to serv<
that institution of his church te
which he consecrated his lofty char
acter and resplendent abilities.
The honors that have come to Dr
Carlisle have always been unsought
Being modst and unassuing. th
very idea of seeking a personal hon
or seems utterly foreign to his nob;
nature. He was elected a memibe
of the first general conference o
his church of which laynen wer
membes, and. was elected to eac:
succeeding one as long as he fel
able to go. He was a delegate froe:
his church to several Ecumenica
conferences. He was a member c
the ecsson convention, signing th
famous ordinance. He was a repr'
sentative in the late confederate- les
islature. 1863-4. These were th
first and only political offices he helk
though time and again he has bee
rged to 4ccept positions of honc
and trust in State and nation.
Wofford's adored president ha
ever been a spirituai magnet. dras
lg out the highest and noblest I
the young men who have come undi
his infuence. His stately form. h
graceful movement, his loving y
firm voice, and his benign face. ha'
blended In an imperati~E cafll
oung manhood that has found
esponse In every heart that ha
Jf you seek the monument of D
C arlisle look about you in churt
nd state, and see the mighty ho
f Woford's men of sterling wort
ho lives are a benediction to t!
nation, and you will find his endc
The last time that Dr. Carlii
Kappeared in -public was during ti
- summer school for teachers at WC
d f ord College. when it was the plea
s re of the teachers to hear an i
t teresting address on school life
long ago. and on WashingtOn's vi
to . o tb Caroia a~fte he ha~d be
SCHFME OF THE PRESIDENT OF
THE F.UDMEFlS' UNION TO
Establish in Each State a School to
Teach Actual. Practa Farming
The movement recently broached
by President Charles S. Barrett of
I the National Farmers' 'Union look
h Ing to the establishment of schools
d in each State of the Union as purely
schools for actual teaching of actual.
practical farming-in other words
n farms and school conjoined -is the
h most nove! and radical movement of
7. the kind ever conceived by anyone.
, In discussing the matter W. M.
n Sherrill. of Denver Colo.. says: "
e have recently read in The Atlanta 1
r Constitution a lengthy article by Mr.
y Barrett. giving his Idea of the pos
sibility and practicability of such
s schools and I must say his idea,
f while novel and radical, as before
s said. seem to me both sure and prac
I For instance, his idea that there
shall be one great national training
or farmers' school centrally located
and subsidary small feeding schools
to not only teach. but practice sure
enough old-time farming (not pid
dlIng) is certainly a movement. if
carried out, would mean an absolute
revolution in farms and farmers ev
erywhere.-especially In the South.
Mr. Barrett. as is well known. Is a
practical. cultured. sane man; and he
says his Idea has been in his brain
many years; that he Is going to work
the scheme, and promulgate and car
ryIt out In every detail.
It Is known that so many farmers
in the South. say in Nor.i Carolina.
South Carolina and Georgia. are
dragging not a living, scarcely. but
a hand-to-mouth existance on old
wornout red gully hill *des and
dales. It is his aim and determina
I tion to show those worthy men (none
more worthy on God'*- green earth)
that these conditions are wrong; need
not be so; can be changed by actual
training schools for young men, mak
ing farming what it surely and real
ly is-a study and a science.
We all know, If once some of the
dear old-time farer:: could be got
to see that "book-farming" is not
nonsense. not a bugaboo. but a neces
sity. if farming is to be rightly done.
I say if these schools can be run
so as to show them. through train
tug their sons In farming schools.
transform with high intelligence and
intensity and to '"bring up" the so
called worn-out farms (not worn out.
as supposed all too often). If the
farm school can do any such work
as this. their establishment will sure
ly mean more for u all. whether in
town or country, than any movement
I have heard of In a great time.
Mr. Barrett Is already at work;
says he has money and stupport be
hind him; Is not talking as a visiona-|
ry; has studied the situation, and Is
going to do what he has long felt
and desired and ought to be done.
In what I write I do not mean
to place the farm head and shoulders
above other occupations. We are tot
consider- the thousands of wage-e~arn-i
ers and all other classes, I do mean
that, so much depending on right
farmln.g. that the farmer of all men.
needs sebooling-just as the lawyer
or the doctor or the minister must
have aszch to have any success or
standing whatsoever. I-do not think
this a movement to "turn the he'ads.'
so to speak. of this class. Where
lid right schooling ever do such?
But I do believe It a sane and neces
sary and feasible movement. which
heaan knows,! wish hearty success.
WENT TO HIGHlER COURT.
.an Who Was to Have Been Tfried
in Oourt Stricken.
George Walters. about 50 years
ld. who was to have been tried this
w ~eek In the Government Court on
the charge of operating an illicit dis
illing plant. fell unconscious from
a sudden stroke of apoplexy in the
- all leading into the court room.
' about 6 o'clock Wednesday after
- non. It is believed that he will
lie. Walters was apprehended In
.1 une by Officer Mderrick in Ocone~
county and has since then been
aond.er bond for appearance. He ls
originally from Georgia. He was
t|:noved to the Salvation Army Cita
a Ide,. having no frIends or relatives
1in the city. It Is not improbable
that In falling he fractured his skull
e l n the stone floor of the hall. He
lingered until neidnight. when he
elected president of the United States.
I Prior to this time he had not made
ran address in public for many
SThe commencement at Wofford last
June was the Birst commencement
n miseed4 by Dr. Carlisle for more
r than two score years. When he was
isa member of the faculty he always
occuped a seat on the rostum during
e the commencement sesson. and after
he retired from the active presi
a de of the college. he never missed
S an exercise. Last June. however, he
was indisposed and it was impoe
'. siblc for him to attend any of the
b exercises at the college.
st Dr. Carlisle was president of Wof
.. ford College from 185 to 19(2.
ie when he resigned and became r'es!
r- lent emeritus. Following ths res
ignation. Dr. Hi. N. Snyder was elec't
,Ie ed. Although he resigned the presi
se dency of Wofford. he did not give
f- up active work, for he continued to
s- lecture on astronomy and the Bible.
n- His Bible lectures continued until
of last winter, when he was forced to
it give up class-room work on account
a oe B ,aevao cold.
.SYLUM INMATE IS STRANGLED
IN LONELY PLACE
Dead Man Attacked Phylelan in
In Lettees to the New anspesad
He Is Accsld of the Murder.
Dr. A. 0. McGowen. for twenty
years a leading physician of Jack
son. La.. In jail on the charge of
having murdered H. A. Judson. of
New Orleans. an inmate of the State
asylum for the insane he:.i.
Judson's body was found in a
lonely spot near Wakefield. La. He
had -been strangled to death. The
insane man had been allowed to leave
the asylum the preceding day In com
pany with an assistant supervisor.
Judson was seen with Dr. McGowen
Dr. McGowen in sunder Federal in
d!ament on the charge of mailing
nbjectonable letters to prominent
men and women. For the past ive;
years the postal authoritIes have been
puzaled by repeated mailing of these
letters and it was not until a few
months ago that secret service men
discovered evidenc. that is said to
have pointed to Dr. McGowen.
No trace can be found of the guard
who left the asylum with Judson.
who -was considered a harmles lu
natic. While residing in New Or
leans he sent many letters to the
newspapers criticising usam and at
ter and one object of his attack was
TerrbAe Disaster in Okahom Mine
Ten miners are dead, two are in
Jured and one is missing as a re
sult of an explosion in mine No. 10.
.f the Rock Wsnd Coal Mining Com
-any Noar Hartshorne. Okla. NIne
ooies were recovered.
The men are believed tn have gone
beyond a "dead lne" with lighted
mps in entering the mine. the
lamps Igniting escaping gas. The
fact that Dan Hughes, a sub-boss,
was with the other men, suggests the
theory that the men were arranging
the a- courses to carry out the gas
when one or moro of the men passed
er the "dead line." Hughes was
Llive when taken from the mine.
but never regained consciousness.
This is the third largest catastro
phe in the history of the McAlaster
ining district. In the Dengan mine
ear Wilburwi,-. In 1905. nineteen
men were killed. Twenty-nine men
were killed on August 26. 1908.. in
the Halley-Ola Mine near Halley
TYrHOON PLAYS HAVOC.
LAss of Life in the Archipelago May
A dispatch from Manila says a
typhoon of unusual severity swept
orthrn and Central Luzon on Sun
lay. Wire communication beyond
Dagupan and Luzon Is cut ofi and 1
Ietala are lacking.
One messa.ve from San Fabian
!ayi that the loss of life is consid
rable and that the damage to prop
arty was heavy.
At Hongkong many casulatles at-C
tended the typhoon that played hay
oc with native shipping and dam
aged other vessels at various points
an the corast during the nIght.
At Macao the fortuguese gunboat
Patria was lifted from Its moor.
ings and carried up the canton ri-I
i-r. where It was stranded on a flood
ed rice field. Many houses were
blown down in the vicinity of Macao,
where funks and fishIng smacks in
large number foundered. involving
FIED BY THE GOVERNORi.
The Dorchester Board of Begistra
By a proclamation made public
Wednesday. Governor Ansel summar!
ly removed from omce Elias Doar
and R'. M. Liehouse. membe.is of
the Dorchester county roglstr..tion
board, for misconduct in offce In;
registering negroes and others from
list furnished them without exam!
nation and far Issuing certificates
to a number clearly not entitled to
registering because some could not
read and others had not paid their
~axe as required by the Constitu
tion. The Governor's action was
taken after a full Investigation. In
cluding personal interviews with the
men deposed. A. W. Rumph. the
third member of the board. "who i
an old man' and in ill health." w~I
be alow'd to resign.*
NEGRO DESPERADO KILLED
After Shooting a .Magstrate and a.
At Sumter Wednesday while Mag
Istrate Dooglas Jenkins and Deputy
Charles Jenkins were attempting to
arrest a desperate negro named Geo-I
Mitchell. the latter fired upon and
seriously wounded Magistrate Jenk
ins and the negro's stray shot caught
a negro child ih the neck. crippling
It for life. The offcer, returning the
ire killed Mitchier instantly. The
oroner's .iury ~exonerated themn.
here. was intense excitemt for a
ime, the Jenkins being promneoty
connected. Tys universal verdict
s that Mitchell g't exactly what he
eserved, and that the ceamnity
n which he lived is better og with
Bishop Candler once sald that he
ould rather his boy would simply
go into a room where D~r. Carlisle's
old coat was hung up than to be
under the real tuitlon aftyn a s'g
I etle grateducato'.
BighA nid Ana Convicted of M
dnghe and Sent Up for
THREE YEARSANDA HAL
it Will be Remembered That Aman
and Bigham Shot and Klfle
Bigham's Wile on the Evening A
September 4 Last, at 3arrelli'
Three years and six months im
prisonment In the State penltentiarn
was thet sentence passed by Jud;t
Watts Friday afternoon at George
town upon W. B. Avant and G. C
Bigham. for the killing of Mrs
Ruth Crisp Bigham. the jury having
rendered a verdie; )f guilty of man
slaughter after '~c hours' deliber
atior.. Thus ends the story of a deed
that has shocked the people of the
The correspondent of the State
says the majority of the people art
Lnclined to think the senten.e ex
tremely light. In spite of the ver
lict, though. the killing of Mrs. Big
am has not been explained. mys
try still enshrouds the affair. The
Uht for the accused men centered
round the fact that they considered
he "object." which proved to be
ra. Bigham. a trespasser and that
here was reason for suspicion. This
was ably combatted by the State,
Lthough the prosecution was at dis
Ldvantage In not having reply to Mr.
Considerable surprise was created
when the defense permitted the case
o go to the jury without offering
The State touched another phase
>f the case when in the tLzI.ony o
d. J. Pearce of Waterloo. Laurent
ounty. It was shown that Mrs. Big
am while on a visit to her old home
a August had recelved a letter and
legram from her busband. the con
ents of which caused her to weep.
lhe matter of unhappy maried re
atlons was merely binted at in this
nanner. Mr. Pearce had seen this
etter and the tears of the deceasea
Mr. A. C. Leonard. one of the
tate's witnesses, was on the boat
o Georgetown, with Mr. and Mrs.
vant. after the killing. -Avant has
old him "It was a sad occurrance.
>t I believe any one ele yould have
lone It under the excitement and
'rtght. Dr. Bighant doesnt blame
ne; he told .. me to shoot." That
word -excitement" played a great
art in the - argurienc by counsel.
,rticularly In that of Mr. Rags
Wale. Attorney J. W. Wingate open
d for the defense, speaking but 10
nnutes. dealing -largely with the
!uty of jurors.
He was followed by Solicitor
ooper of Lauren.. vno spoke for
t minutes. Mr. Cooper dealt some
yhat at length with the law on tres
Mr. Cooper pointed out that ac
rding to the testimony Mrs. Big
sam was sitting on the beach when
thot, that there was no suspicious
ction or movement, that the men
id not hail her as she passed tne
ouse. He argued the compiete ab
tene of any circumstances that
ould warrant suspicion; he showe..
L intencion on the part of the de
endants to shoot and contended that
hey were therefore guilty of mur
Solicitor Wells argued that -since
he defense was based on a specific
ttatute. section 2. the burden of prov
g the fitness and -applicablity of
.his statute rested on the defense.
l'en he attacked this plea with
inueh vigor, mag a telling Im
ression on the jury. Hie endeavored
:o show that because these men were
rightened was no eudicient excuse
or the act. "The law doesn't ex
smpt them because they are arrant
:owards" said he.
Mr. Ragsdale, for the defense. clos
sd the arguments. making a pow
erful appeal to the jury In behalf
f his clients. He endeavored tC
show an ab'sence of any motive tor
the killing, a tact which the State
baa not atiempted to establish. Hie
ridiculed much of the State's tes
imony and sought to discredit some
of ts witnesses.
While the appeal was eloquent,
moving the hearts of many in thet
audience, strong and forceful. it
terms elegant and refined, still 11
was scar.ely more than an attemp1
to play on the sympathies of thi
jury. He attempted to show thal
y the testimony, it was dark whet
the shooting occurred, that Avan1
and Bighamn seeing this susplciou:
looking person on the premises wer
only acting in dgfense of their home:
nd loved ones. Several times dur
lug Mr. Ragsdale's speech b.oth th<
defendants. Avant and Bigham. wer
moved to tears and sat sobbing
heir faces buried in their hands.
Judge Watts' charge was shor
but to the point, touching only thee
phases of the law that might appl
in this case. On murder and man
slaughter the jury were thoroughi
Istructed and section 2 was especial
1' brought to their attention. C'rit
ia carelessness or negligence, a diu
regard of human life, were als
touched upo~n at the request of S<
Judge .Watts told the jury tb:
I the testimony satisfiod them th.
the -'person" were acting in zsu:
icious manner and dled when halteo
then the. defendants wore accit
wIthin their legal rights, as indica
ed in the section.
The clause "flees when halted
which had been stressed by Solicit'
Cooper was denned hy Judge Wat
as not necessarily "running away
but that a person might dece and y
n ot move faster than in a walk.
v- ManY hsnqestioned the matt
WANT fil FR9~
FOOLISH. SENTIENTAL WOMEN
IN ATLANTA PETITION
Gorernor Brown to Pardon a 5>uble
Muderer Bemuse He Claims a
Change of eart.
A dispatch from Atlanta says GOV.
iBrown is being besieged by a dele
gation of Atlanta women. interested
in religious work. who made an ear
nest a-d tearful plea for the life of
1j9hn Harper. convicted of the mur
der of Sheriff Ben Keith in Mur
ray county and sentenced to die.
The delegation included represen
tatives of the King's Daughters and
active workers in some of the lead
ing churches of Atlanta. They urged
that since his conviction. Harper had
experienced a decided change of heart
and if given a chance to live would
be an entirely different man. How
ever, they were not hopeful of secur
ing his release but would be satia
2ed with having his sentence com
I muted to life imprisonment.
In connection with the governo:'.&
action on this case. it should be
borne in mind that Harper. although
public sentiment seems to have
changed towards him in his own
county recently, was reputed to bell
a desperate man and it was for a
homicide that Sheriff Keith was seek
ing to apprehend him at the time he t
The case has been before the a
courts and the pardon board In va- e
rious shapes "for several years. At c
one time after his conviction Harper e
succeeded in making his escape and
was at large for about six months a
before his recapture. Since then, he f
has been confned for safer keeping e
in the Tower in Atlanta, where he c
has been visited almost daily by ;
religious women who have greatly t
I interested themselves in the man. d
liarper's case has been before the t
supreme court twice and before the a
pardon board several times. When i
all .hope seemed to be lost the de- ;
fense would assert that new evi
dence had been discovered and secure
a respite in order to have It heard. a
In this way. Harper has escape'd from c
the very shadow of the gallows six
or seven times. His tether has play- M
ed out, now, however, and his last C
die has been thrown.
In Its report on the case. It Is y
undestood that the prison board was o
divided, there being two for eztreme $
punishment and one in favor of com- g
mutation of sentence.
A JOHE THAT LASTED. t
Conductor Gave ExhMtion of Work- f
Ing in HaP'tS.
A dispatch from New York says
Constable Bloscher of Leonia. N. J..
!s a practical joker of the first wa- c
te, at least he was until he had o
an experience the other day, which I
may have soured' him on practical $
jokes for a while. Tbe other after- t
noon he went down to Fort Lee with s
a pair of handcuffs in his pocket. He.
ws fairly Itching with a deslr( to -b
have his little joke and at last the p
opportunity came. Coming back on C:
the Hudson River trolley line he play-. a
fully snapped the steel bracelets up- I1
on the wrists of the conductor of the a
car. The conduto'r did not enjoy I
the joke so much as the constable c
and the other passengers, but he t
laughed good naturedly with them.
while he asked Bloscherto free him. I
The constable, still shaking with 11
laughter, fished out his key. put it I
in the lock and-broke It off M Jock. I
The conductor had an awful '.me ;
ringing up fares, collecting nickels q
an uncig .transfers with his t
cledpunhad and not u'ntil no a
got back to Fort Lee could he get a
off duty and have the handcuffs fled
DECLARES IT GAMtBLING. '
Coat Colieet Note Given for Stock -
The supreme court of the united a
States refused to take cognizance of
the case of Majors vs. Wlli~amson,.
involving responsibilities for a note
given to pay a debt assumed in con
nection with a speculation' on the1
stock exchange. The debt was con
tracted by Williamson in Memphis.
Tenn.. and a note was given with
Mississippi real estate as security.
The laws of Tennessee and Missis
sippl prohibit gambling, and it was
co.ended that under such laws the
note could not be collected. The
tnlted States circuit court of appeals
sustained this view and the effect
of the recent ruling Is to uphold the
?nding of that court.*
Two Men Hung.
Alabama had two hangings on
~Friday. Willie Stevens. white. was
hung at Luverne for the killing of
his wife and daughter. and at Grove
IHill Louis Balaam, a negro preacher.
was hanged for the murde~r of a
I A Bol obber.I
IIn 'lew of the scores of pasengers
-on the Chicago to New Orleans lii
-nois Central trainl, two highwaymfer
Iheld up and robbed Conductor Day
oison Wednesday night when the hm-1
- ited te~dn stopped at Harvey.a
Chicago suburg. for water.*
tiof both defendants being principais
.in the commission of the deed. some
.jthinking that Avant, who ac.mittedi
g ring the shot, was or ought to be
more responsible than Dr. Bigham.
Judge Watts cleared up the mat
tr in h!s definition of prmnals and
rac~cessores. "A per'eon who is P?0"
s ent whe'n a feiony is committed, en
rouragiig. aiding. !nciting or abet
t tin Is equally guity with the per
son who a tually commits the crime.~
S sa? ha Wat
hea Eley Pay the Rgqdirs Tarif Tax
on Their Otiimg
TEY PAY TO THE LS
'he Whelesale ManHtMOrs Nave
to Pay More for oClth. TinAgs
and Trimmings, and So They Ar
Compelled to RaIse the Price ad
Cheapen the Quality.
One of the matters which the peo
Ile' had in their mind when they
sked the gorrument to arrange the
ariff law so that it would bear a
ttle less oppressively upon them was
lothing. Clothing costs far more
a the Vnlted States than It does In
Lny other part of the world, though
his country produces most of the
orld's cotton and a great part of
be world's wool. In spite of the
act that this nation sells abroad
ast quantities of both of these prin
pal materials for clothes-making
nd that with it improved macbin
ry and intelligent labor It ought to
eat the world, the price of clothes
s higher here than it is nuywhere
Ise In the world; and the reason Is
bar the tariff schedules are so high
s to tax all the people through very
rticle of clothing .they buy. almost
tirely for the benent of a few mill
wners who have done nothing to
arm this fat special privilege.
Congress did not lower the wool
:edule. It is asserted, In Its de
e.s that it did not raise them.
ther. though untu the full extent
f the sleight-of-hand work accom
lished by Aldrich Is laid bare, no
ody can be sure of that. Congress
Id not lower the cotton schedules,
t it did raise them, and it raised
zost heavily those covering articles
rhich most people buy because most
ople can afford nothing better.
hese things were done by the tarif
w which President Taft praises,
ad for voting saainst which he has
bastised the insurgents of the west
These abstract facts are made
tore interesting by a feW figures.
lothing has already Increased in
-ice, and still further increases are
romised for next sprMg. The sUit
clothes that you used to buy for
16 is now $20; and the aMtoal
4 represents your tribute to -h
ool trust and the 'all-owners,
ough there was a large tribute in
te old price of $16. The whole
ilt mavalurps hae to pay more
ir cloth. linings; and timinfuzY.
ad so they declare they are com
elled to raise prices--and. what 1s
orse, to cheapen tin quality of the
The consumer has this, tempting
oice: He can pay $25 for the kInd
E suit that..he bought last fall for
20. or he can pay the old price of
20. 'and get for It the kind of suit
st he could have got for- $16' last
A pattraen of goods that used -to
esold to the manufacturers at $2.'75
r yard riow costs him $.10. It
kes three and a half yards to make
nit so the added cost en tihis
em alone is $1.22. Ad'inig -In this
dditonal cost of triminges and
nings it is estimated that 'the In
ese in the makinpa suit out of
tat cloth is $4.22.
A dealer quoted by the Cincinat
:nquirer sys: l'The retail store
eeper who has a run on suits that
e pays $15 for and -sells at about
22 If he wanta to bold his $22
rice will have to take an inferior
laity of suit. He will get a. grade
bat sold for -about $12 previously
ir which he used to seU in his
ore at $18."
- Another dealer says that-"it Is
Imply a hold-up behind the. tarif
ee" This man bought a -lot of
1th for $2 a yeard that sell
he same goods from the same' mill
-for 85 cegts a yard in Engad
be suits made of It are agI4 to the
etaller for $16.50 and to 'the wearer
or $25. If the clota could be bought
t the English price. 85 cents, the
etaler would ge-, the suit for $10
nd the wearer at $15.
And so it goes, throughout the
tt. thanks to the tariff law- which
he presdent of the United States
s praising in .the name of RePo
e pa.-ty solidarity." What does
he wearer of clothes, thus robbed.
are about "party solidarity?"
BITI- E A MIAD DOG.
our Chidren of arA ce
-by a Rabid Pet Dog.
Four children of Mr. E. W. Kert',
ho live in the Prospect neighbor
iood near Mooresville, N. C., were
sitten by a pet dog Sata.1Y. N'ori
ng was thought of the i;,->-,, ""n:
i few days later. when i . au
-xhibted symptoms of '- II?
was immediately killed a"-'I 'it h.-ad
sent to Raleigh for examnedonI. .A
long distance telephone message
from the Pasteur Inutitute stated
that the animal was undoubtedly
nad and Mr. Kerr loft for Raleigh
to place his four children in ta~ In
srtute for treatment.
- It is stated that a mule, cow, pig
ad a numnbe' o A.-en.. were also
itten by the canine and muoh con
ern is felt in the neigekborho')! over
his fact. Mr. Kerr was advised ey
te Step chemist to kill all the naui
m~al bitten by the dog.*
Owners of London.
Some 34.500 landowners posses
the land upon which London 15 sit
uated and this area is estime to
be worth $3.000.000.000. The value
of this land is now, however. increas
ig very slowly. It is calculated that
the increases In the next twenty years
jl bo about $175,000,000.