Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV MANNS. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1,10 O1
HE TALKS OUT
Bisop Ca r akes a Set 4 J D
Rakelder's Gi 1
ERADICATE HOK WORK
He Does Not Like the Novemtes
and Classes it With Othr Made
to Huinlitate and Belittle the
South and Says We Can Take
Care of Oursehes.
Bishop W. A. Candler calls at
tention to the following articl, which
appeared in the New Orleans Picay
une the morning after the press
dispatches announced the formation
of Mr. Rockefeller's vermifuge com,
"The necessity for creating sec
tional prejudices against the South
ern people and States did not stop
with the end of the civl war of
"The old hostility engendered then
has passed away so far as the men
who fought were concerned. and the
ralying of the young men of the
South to the national Sag in the
Spanish war, where they st6od shoul
der to shoulder with the men of the
North. went far to extinguish the
ancient sectional feeing against this
part of the country.
"But for some reason not funy
understood it has come to light
that self-professed and self-appoint
ed philanthropists have taken it up
on themselves to discover and pro
claim conditions in tne South cal
culated to creace further prejudices
against the States and people of the
South so as to diverse Immigration.
to alarm the resident population
and to place this section of the
country before the world as an af
Aicted and accursed region.
.No sooner had the South begun
to 'manufacture its cotton on an es
tensive scale when It was given out
to the world that most of the work*
was done by youths of both sexes
and largely by children of tender
age, and at such pitiful wages that
the manufactureres of the North.
who employed persons of fu' ag"
at high rates of compensation. could
not by any possibility compete with'
them. and such a hubbub was raised
in the North about it that Senator
r.everldge. of Indiana. offered in
congress a bill to prohibit transpor
tation by Interstate railroads of the
products of Southern cotton mills
where such alleged condition ob
"A great deal of exertion was
required to establish the falsity of
such slanderous statements against
the South, and this section has not
fully recovered even yet from them.
Ne- an outcr was raedtht the
Southern people had become the'
victims of a deadly disease named
'pellagra.' which a charged to the
use of Indian corn that caused It.
The disease has been traced to
3outhern Europe, where It is com
mon. and later information goes to
show that it was Imported in the~
persons of lmmicrants.
"But the pellgra panic having'
failed of the expected effect, now
comes a howl abouit the -hock 'worm.
A non-professional rwriter has de
voted many pages and many picture'
to the hook worm in the South in
McClure's 'or October. He says
-'All through the South-theCa
olnas, Georgia, Florida. Alabama.j
M~isIppi-these abnormal people.
the "dfrt eaters," have been known
for a century. and anemia Is aurn
versal malady s-enth of the Poto
mac. "It's something these pe'ple
eat." is the favorite exlan~at0o2
-'One's Arst andl btrCasest impr's-'
slon of the "poor whites" is of thei
shiftieseess. I :remnember~ be~
dreadfuly it usel to depress na
years ago when I spent my vacat in
in the North Car-ouna nans.
I have be..n Io little window1e
stoveless, one-room cablai th home
of at least ten persons. where aU .be
cooking was done ove!' the V'rImitiv&
open fire-eXcept when It ral:.ed
down the chimney and pet the flrr
out; then there wasn't any cooking
till the rain held up! Aand :a s
talked with the women I was alway-.
asking myself. "How can people livt
like this? Why don't they go to
work and fix up things?"
.-'it is estimated that seatter""
-over the Atlantic seaboard from th
Potomac round the gulf, to- the Mis
sissippi river. there are today .
000.000 of these poor whites'-Our
native-born whites-suffering with
attemia. and hardly one 'of thow'
2.00.000 knows, or even suspects.
that he is realny suffering from an
iternal parasite-that this disease
is caused by the hook wrm.
"' Then years ago even the fore
most physicians did not know th-'
anemia of the South was caused by
the book worm; but today. thanks
largely to the tireless efforts of one
man-Charles Wardell Stiles-the
whole medical profession and many
of the laity are awake to the rital
issues of the problem and are pre'
paring a crusade that sbanl reach
from the worst regions of the bar~
rens'. where nearly the wrhole popui
latio'n Is suffering to the farthes1
-en" In the mountains.-and stain;
out the disease.'
"ln the face of such statemntst
ilusCrated by' se'nsattinal cuts. i'
Is useless to contend that. the South
emn people possessed vgor enoug2
to show up with able crops of states
men and great and gallant soldieri
from the time of Washington an<
Jegerson and a \"st of others us
to -he "Dminwnt er.Ilians and tb
grnd soldiers of the cIvil war. Tb
south is repre'sen ed to be filled wit1
a wretched brood of dirt eaters
Who that knows the South can to
a moment believes this?
"But now fnomme the reo~enal
wonthy M-. Rockefeller. the o?1 LIn
j A FNDLYNCHED
AND TWO OTHER FIENDS BEING
PR E BY CITIZEN.
1 Trio of Negroes Strip, Tie and
Whip a Virginia Farmer and At
tack His Wife.
A dispatch from Sutton. W. Va..
says two organized parties of Men
are scouring the hills of that county
searching for two negrot4 believed
to have aided Charles Lewis. also
a negro. in a dastardly assault upon
Mrs. Mary Lockhold. wife of a pros
perous farmer Wednesday near th.
small settlement of Exchange. If
the negroes are caught. lynching i%
not improbable. Lewis. the only
known member of the party of three.
who are thought to have been im
plicated in the deed, is dead. hav
ing been shot and killed by a posse
of men late Wednesday while en
deavoring to escape.
According to Deputy Sheriff Wil
iams. the three negroes late Tues
day night went to the home of Geo.
Lockhold. living but a few wiles from
Sutton. and after tying the farmer
to a tree and whipping him on his
bare back with willow switches. at
tempted an assault upon Mrs. Lock
bold. Persons who happened to be
passing the Lockhold farm heard
the screams of the woman and the
negroes tied at the approach of the
A posse of farmers was organized
within a short space of time, and
after a twenty-four hours hunt.
Lewis. one of the supposed trio of
the negroes. was apprehended. As
be turned to 2ee from his pursu
ers. after being ordered to throw
up his hands, he was shot and in
Late Wednesday night news reach
ed Sutton that one of the pursuing
posses had surrounded the two ne
groes in a swamp near the scene of
the crime. The courier who brought
the news of the imminent apprehen
sion of the men said lynching could
not be averted if they were caught
. At midnight a. telephone commu
nication was received from Gassaway
stating thai two negroes thought to
have been impl'cated in the assault
on Mrs. Lockhold had been captur
ed near that place and placvd in I
jail. Men with riftes are said to h.
cuaring the jail against a posibl"
AUTO KILLS TWO MEN.
Two Noth Carolia Men Are Vic
tims of Accident.
Near GreenriHe. N. C.. J. L. Flem
Ing. State senator from Pitt county.
and Harry Skinner. Jr.. son of Unit
ed States District Attorney Harry
Skinner. were killed in an automo
bie late Friday afternoon.
Mr. Fleming was thrown from the~
machne. breaking his neck and d y
lg almost instantly, while Mr. Skin
ners skull was fractured.
Being rushed to a hospital in
Richmond. Va.. be died before the
train reached Wilson. N. C,
Those in the machine at the time
it was wrecked were E. G. Wiana
gn. J. L. Fleming. Harry Skinner
Jr. and S. C. Wooten. In tryina
to pass a lumber wagon Mr. Flana
gn, who was drivine the machine.
lost contrdt and crashed wi-h terrific
force into a tree by the roadside
The machine turned a somersault.
Mr. Flanagan was caught under
the machine and badly crushed. tree
ribs being broken and Internal in
SHOOING BAFFLES POLIC'E.
K~iag of 3. 3. Reed Prove,. Myntery
to Authorities of Wins.ton-Salem.
. 3. Reed. a local merchaint -at
Winston-Salem. N. C.. who was found
on the northern outskirts of tw
on Monday of last week with a bul
let wouind in his 1left breast and on
his right temple. died at the hospital
Friday. U'p to the time he lost
oacousless on Wednesday Reed
held to the belief that Erne-st Dy
mot, a wdaite man, who is in jail.
shot and robbed him of 35. Officers.
however, have a pistol owned by Mrs.
Reed which was found a few fetC
from where the wounded man wasj
'ound, and belief is quite general
that Reed shor himself. Dymott will
be given a hearidg~ later.
It is one of the most mysterious
cases the police of that town have
Bepites Condemned Murderer.
Following the attempted suic-id.
late Thursday of Dr. J. M. Elliott
of LaGrange. Ga..- sentence-d to hang
Friday for the murd.-r of (.-o. U
IRivers. Gov. Brown. who was in Sa
Ivannas, telepsioned another repbrb-v.
for two weeks for the condemnned
Iwho proposed to give $1 .'i0't.ie to
ere the people of the South of
hook worm. and a commission is to
be formed. f it has not been already.
Ito spend the money.
*Well. the South c-an only submi..
Wth a million of money and a se"n
satonal press engaged in portraying
1our sction of thetnion a an ae
cursed country. .-e.fal.. only ace-pt
th situation and wnnder what o'hat
slander is to be fulminated a;-inst
The editorial of the Picayun(
shows both senso and self-resepet.
-It is time the Southern people had
begun resenting this ofecious ditpo
siton to take care or them which
'certain parties arc addicted t^
-tonations mar easi':. a'sdm-o
bulle. -oumnd where the hit and
i leave a mortal poison in ibe~ he':
- they make after being received. W.
rare cenainly able to r.e ouri--lves
cle of .Wms without M-. Rockec
WILL GO HGHER
Frank Hayne Says Fifteen Cents is Too
Lie fr Cen
THE CROP VERY SHORT
The Big Cotton Man. Who it a Ne
tive of This State, is Opimist.
and Iteriews Recent Market Hi
tory and Deduces Strong DeUef
in Yet HIgher Price Levels.
MIr. Frank It. Hayne. a South Caro
linian now living in New Orleans.
who has labored consistently for
hisher prices for cotton this season.
has outlined his reasons for saying
that fifteen cents Is too little for
cotton as follows.
"When the government bureau.
report. issued on August 2. showed a
condition of 71.9 per cent. I felt con
vinced the crop could not possibly
reach 12.00t).000 bales. and that cot
ton was selling far below Its real
value. When the government report.
issued on September 2. showed a con
dition of 63.7 per cent. I felt satis
bed that 11.500.000 bales was The
maximum possible for the crop and
at that time received a telegram from
Mr. J. N. Wisner of New Orleans.
asking Mr. W. P. Brown and mself
to telegraph him in full our views
on the situation. Mr. Brown was
absent. so I replied to Mr. Wisner
by telegraph as follows:
" We look at the situation as fol
lows: Discounting every favorable
ondition That can arise until Decem
ber 1. the government report indi
ates a maximum crop of 11.250.000.
and with unfavorable conditions
might easily be 1.000.000 bales less.
Consumption last year. 13.100.000.
in spite of short time in England
and continent. With largest Amer
an crop ever produced the price
advanced $20 a bale while being
marketed and the visible supply is
ar less than two years ago. With
certainty that 13.500.000 will real
y be needed by the country and that
probably less than 11.600.000 will
e crown. an eventual adv-ance Is
1idpy unavoidable. Under normal
onditions the market should aTe!
,ertainly advanced to 13 cents y.-&
srday. but was kept down by the
'normous selling of the bear clique.
'hse sellers base their action on
e supposed helplessness of the
outh. thinking the South will be
crcd to sell its cotton at any price
,e spinners are willing to take it
t. We consider that the compe
ition between spinners who willa
rtainly require 1.100,000 bales
onthly will take care o Ithis so
lled dIstressed cotton. If the
ankers of the South -will help the
~armr to market his cotton slowly.
-et firmly believe it will be worth
$ cents in the next 60 days. The
ieakness In our opinion of the
~ears- argument is that, although the
~rodcer may be foolish enough to
e~ willing to sell his cotton far be
w its actual value, we hardly think
hat the spinner will,. be foolish
enough. when he fully realizes the
acts of the case, not to start buy
,g freely at these prices and thus
ivoid the scramble for spot cotton
hat will surely take place some time
luring the season.
-The Southern farmer has sold at
Least it5.000.00 bales of cotton on
which he realizedl probably $350.
".0A'0. It was very hard to con
cnc. the farmer that 12 cents was
o an extr-me price for his rbro
luct. but through .tha efforts of
.w Southern men. they finally rea-j
lzed the fact that they were sacri-'
cin the'ir enttfln. and I believe that
t ls'tS -An.n more has be:t'
btaindl for the cotton marketed
dat" than would have been If It
bad not been for the efforts of this
small coterie of Southernl men.
"-y predliction on Septemi.-rt 3 of'
3 'ents~ in th-e next 60 days has now"
ome true, but at that time I thought
the crop would 'se from 1 1.250.&ftO
to 1 .50.0.~00 bales. I now' fel con
fident that the maximum for this
ro Is 10.Th0.000 bales. The prob
ability is that It will be under 14.
)O.000 bales: and there is a pos
ibility of its not reaching 1fl.0(00
00 bales. Under the present con
ditions I now te'-l that 15 cents is
s uch too cheap for cotton as 12
-2 cents s-emed to me on September
..;fl 1903.'04. known as the -Sully
year.' the crop was 10.011.000 bales
and the consumption only 10-083.
00 bales. and last year the con
sumption increased 3.074.000 bales.
or 30.49 per cent. The visible sup
ply on the 1st of Se-ptemlber. thi.'
~..ason. was 1.472.000 and on the 1r.
of September. 190)3. was 517.000
bales or only 9I E-000 bales less.
therefore in the 'Sully year.' with a
isiie supply on September 1 of,
31.0 bales and a crop of 10.
1ll.0 bales. the world had 1('.
2.~00 bales of cotton, of which
the used 10.083-000 bales. The
isible supply on the 1st of Sep
'ember this year was 1.4 72.00fl
bales. 1f the crop should only prove
..(0.00t bales. the world will have
suply of only 11-9WA.40 bales.
while b~st year ti aenlally consumed4
n ie of short timo in England
.1.7.n00 bales. or a dfefii of 1.
--'hr. if in the -Suily year' the
rop had only been 7.500.000 to S.
0.'00 bales. the situation would
not be as acute as it will be if this
rop only tu:rns out 10.500.000 bales.
et in that year cotton sold for ov..
8 cents. If every American mi
asto run helt time from now' iti
b- end of th" se"asonl. I do Dot Cefn
sider *here would be ennuth cotton
to go around.
-The spinners' takings to Octn
'er --9. this year. were 1.923.000
THEY SHAME HANS
THE UNIQUE EXPERIENCE OF
TWO SOLDIERS IN THE W.AL
Captain Christin awd Captain RIauch
Meet For the First Thoc Since
They Tried to Kill Each Other.
Stanzdng in then- loblby of a hotel
during the late visit to Richmond.
Va.. of the Pennsylvanians who at
tended the unveiling of a monnument.
Cold Harbor. .everal days ago. was
Captain E. D. Christian. a w-il known
vew.ran of the Forty.first Virginia
regiment. who was entertaining a
number of the visiting Federal vet
erans with an account of a duel he
had in 1862 with a Pennsylvanian
near what is known as "The Cow
peas," now the Mechanicsville Pike
*In some way, said Captain
Christian. -we were coming through
a feld cut apart by a long line of t
rail fence. As we approached the it
fence we saw coming toward us a s
line of blue-coated soldiers. Ble
fore I kntew it I was face to face with
a Yanimee who was sending balls at
me. but luckily aiming wrong. I r
loaded my musket time and again i
and we bad it there face to face. v
resently the Yankee mounted the I
fenee to get a better whack at me '
for I was as bad a shot as he in t
the eetctement of that duel. Well. t
geaUemen. do~wn came the rail fence b
and down came the Yankee. sprawl- &
Mg on the ground. He managed to c
get up as my old musket banged a
away. but the ball never touched s
"Wait a moment." Interrupted one D
o the isitors, "and I'll tell you the F
rest of the story." All eyes turned q
toward the military form of Captain r
W. H. Ranch. a Philadelphinf. who h
was the centre of tae li toeura tv
aptain Christian's story. r
"Well.". continued Captain Rauch.,
'the Yankee Just took to his heels t<
at that and you after him. "You a
fred as long as he was In sight '
ad 15e ran as long as his legs would a
bold him up. The only reason he b
aid not fly was because he was a man t
ad not a bird." e
"That's about right." said the Con
federate and then the two men faced ,
i'-ach other with eyes glued on the j
faces that had seen the changes of s
nearly half a century.
"Hell. man." Captain Rauch cried. U
nally breaking the Intense stillte-s. i.
are you the Joihuny Reb that ha.. C
Lbat duel with me and came n.-ar
making me a prbtoner or putting m<
ut for good?"
If you are the man who jumped p
an that fence and fell. and then got r
p and ran while a Confederate sct- C
1jer sent bullets after you to het- h
move. I guess we have wet before.' y
"If any other man had been in
:y palce and had not put up a good
run." replied Capt~ain Rauch. "h-c l'
ould have been a fool. Why tha' E
aid thing you were handling looked c;
a big as a cannon and sounded h~k
two or three of t.hemi.''"
yollowing this the veterans :;h -k
bands and Captain Rauch took Cap- -1
ain Christian in tow to initrod.uc- .0
im to his wife. Then Captain and a
Mrs. Rauch had to get into Captain
Christian's autoanobile and te end .
was that Mrs. Christian got a t2.- .,
phone call to have dinner r..A.;v :o J
two extras. The party singz the a
vening in the handsome hoj.+ os
Captain Christian. who had to *..0'- h
ise a visit to the Rauch home ir
Before leaving Rich mond Captaa:
auch declared that he would no o
have missed meeting Captain Chris;
ian for all his worldly Pos*-sWo:ts:
have ne-v-r forgotten that rebl.'< c
said he. "and I see-' him unw i- :
4-ns eyes with his bIg old-tiwe :
musket plugging away at me a a
theugh I were of no more goo o
the world than an ordinary animal.''
Peary' Got There.
Cotand.-r Peary was We-dne.s- o
day voted a gold .medal by the Nat
ional Geographic Soci-ty for hia'ing'
reaced the North Pole. The board 1
f anagers of the society accept
d unanimously the re-port of th.
subcommittee of scientists who had
:amined the explorer's records anda
proofs, and found them to be con
clusive of his claim that he had C
reached the Pole.
Vitim of Queer Accident.
Charles Bennett. six years old, is
dead as a result of a peculiar acci
dent While his family was attnnd
lg his father's funeral the lad'
ooot was caught in a rope tied to
to a bull on their Long island farm.
~he- bull ran away dragging the
boy a half nvile befor.- th.. rop.
roke. causing injuries which re
sulted in his death.
Feared to lBe iluricel Alive.
Fearing that he would be b~urie'd
aijve. Dr. Williatn J. Dodd. of .Jersey
ity. made a request in his will.
which disposes of an es-tate valuedi
a $Z5.00. that follow ing bis death1
ad before burial the radial artery1
h cut by a surgeon. In probating
the will -Dr. Dodd executor has re:
p orted to the court that the artery1
was cut as stipulatedl.
Bride-Elect Kifls H~er-.ef.
Mis Maggie Windbam. daughter
of a prominent p:ante'r r-sding near
He del berg. Miss.. died late Friday
a asthe result of pistol wounos w hi-h
he inicted upon herself with suicid
a intent Thursday. Mi::s Windhani
I-ft a note- to her mother begging;
forgIveness. She was to have be-n.
married w ithi na fe'w weeks. N"o
cu- for t'rn art is k n
the reerd taking:- of any re-.4r
to that ime'" and against 1.14S.e0e0
--le .he same time in. e903-04.
A GREAT EVENT
FOR THE CITY OF SPARTANBI
AND SOUTH CAiLOLINA.
The celebratlon of the Opening
Traffic of the Carolina, Clinchi
and Ohio Railway.
Last Friday was a great day
the city of Spartanburg and
State of South Carolina. when t
-ity celebrated the opening to tr;
si the Carolina. Clinchfield and C
Railway. The railway had just ;
ompleted to Spartanbuzrg. and 1
rogr.-sive city cele-r-ated the ev
n keeping with its importance
aer own dignity as on.- of the gi
rade centers of South Carolina
be South. People from all over
tat.- had gathered in Spartanb
o rejoic.- with her at the consu:
ion of oue of the greatest eve
n her history. and partake of
The great eve-it of the occas
ranspiredi on Friday. but the ni
Pefore a protracted demonstrat
as given that the road was cc
let-d by the arrival of a tr
rom Johnson City. Tenn.. and oc
points. loaded with guests from T
iessee. Virginia and North Caroll
ncluding the officials of the new r
-ay. This train reached Spartanbi
tween eight and nine o*cli
'hursday night and was greeted
housands of people who had lii
he track to welcome it to Spart
urg. The train, as it slowly pas
a the Union Station. gave one lo
ontinuous whistle, which 1
nswered by the cheers of the
Friday morning everybody,
early everybody, went out to
'air Grounds. where a first-class f
ras in operatipn, and where the
val of that train was to be ce
rated in a style befitting its gr
.p.ortance to Spartanburg and t
est of the State. The weather s
leal. and everything else seen
) be greased for the occasion,
moothly did everything pass <
'he crowd numbered many th<
Lds, and every one seemed to
appy and entered into the celeb
on of the occasion with vim a
Spartanburg was happy, and
ere all who had gone there to
>ce with her on the great oc
A little after eleven o'clock i
etting was called to order by I
N. Snyder. President of Wofft
ollege. %ho presided with his ust
race and ease. lie introduced t
eakers who were to make addre
4. As a preliminary. Dr. Snyt
aid a glowing tribute to Presid
eori- I.. Carter. of the Caroli:
tinchrli.ld and Ohio railroad. w:
e said. had made the celebrati
Dssible. He declared that the lit
ig of the rails would bring il
loser relation, not only commerci
.but industrially. the people of 1
ast and the West. so tong bar
aded against each other by wl
eeid to be an lusurmounta
ine of mount-nins.
Judge A. A. Phiegar. vice prnt
et of the nlew railroad, was 1
nst speaker upon the program.
ddress being delivered extemperr
usly. He declared that a brig
r sun never shown than that wh
peded the d.-parting trains fri
hnson City, and that a warn
elcome never greeted a party
raelers than -.hat which tU
ad found in the city: of Spart:
urg. as the train pulled into 1
Lation Thursday evening.
Judge Phlegar declared that i
*'lding of the rails binding m~a
tats togeth.'r. not only cemen'U
mmercial and lndustrial inte-re
f many Stat.-s. but were love-t
etw.-n tb.- various sections of 1
untry. And1 he pray--d that ?h
e-ties might be ,'verlast ing. Jru'
'blegar touch.-d upon th.- great e
nn mills of this section. glv:
Adittig that the railroads w
tr.- in the wrong. Judge Phlei
cinted to the~ fact that some'tir:
he public, too. being human, '
t ault. and he asked of the pee
square deal for the C.. C. &
alroad and promised the same
ehalf of the road. Cheers rent
tir in response to this utterance.
ayor Rhett. of Charleston.
ther speakers. were introduced. -a
nade appropriate addresses. TI
arnec the barbecue, in which ati
w,'lv' hundred guests participa1
t was one of t'.e best managed
onducted affairs of the kind t
re have any knowledge of.
,arbecue ended the celebration.
ft-r it was over the large crc
hat enjoyed it dispersed. The wb:
elebraton was happily conci
Ld carri.ed out without a hitch.
ItREAKS TiHE RECORD!.
LMeut. Iahrn Mlakes' a Long Fli
in an Army Biplane.
Dreaking all formaer endura
-cords on th" government avtal
old. at College Park. Mid.. Li
.ahm. In an Army aeroplane. rem:
sid in the air during a sing!" fi
fnnday nity-eight and one-half a
This exceeds any continuous5 fli
iiade by a pupil of either Orvill4
W~lbur Wrigh? in Amnerica. aitho
'h.-ir pupils abroad have greatly
r'.ded this eight in duration.
A Wright machine has been I
tu over three hours by Orville
wo hours and a quarter by Wil
Wright. both of these records b<
Miinmr Held by Water.
Three hemndred miners wer"
tprisoned by water rush'ng mIot
Tareni coal pit at Ystal Y-F
Glamorgals.ire. One' hundred
ffty miners were rescued aflve.
others are still held Prisoners
HOW TO STOP iT
Fog hysicu Rea&s kasm Pape
leld LM C*U
for Dr. Sandwltch. of London. Teis Sow
hat Italy. Where Pellagra is Wdel
fic Prevalent, Has Reduced Morauty. I
een Many Ca.e% Found Among Egyp
ent tian-Urge% PreivtadUe Rale.
wnd The following paper by Dr. F. M.
,eat Sandwich, of London. Enetland.
nd Gresham professor of physic-& was
th- read at the pellagra conferente in
arg Columbia Wednesday afternoo.: *
n feel that my first words must bt
those of congratulation and .-t..->ur
her agement to the many physicas. in
the Southern States who are now
ion working at the various problems con
ht nected with pellagra. Congratula
ion tion in the first place. because they
m- have discovered the exLstance of the
a n disease, because they have Impres;
ed this discovery upon others w
that the presence of pellagra is now
na. thoroughty recognized.
**If I venture also to encourage
irg American co-workers. it is not with
ek any improper desire to draw atten
by tion to my own work, but because 1
ed happen to be in the unique position
i (with regard to this one disease). of'
ed being able to appreciate tbeir dif
a "In spite of der.lals from Ameri
can authorities on medicine I have
always suspected that peUlaga milht
or exist unrecognized In the Sout and
he at one time I requested my friends ?
ir to put me Into communication with
ar the poorest folk of the maise eat
l"ing districts. I was referred to a
at *-ttlement in Eastern Virginia fo:
pauper negroes, but on investigation
I found that the Inmates lived in
ed stone houses. on pork rations, and
go I came to the conclusion that the
tf. word poverty represented no co
On- dition in America, which could com
be pare with the misery of the impover
a ished peasants of Italy, Roumanla
nd or Egypt.
"In April. 1906. I had the good b
so fortune to be at Boston during an
epidemic of cerebro spinal menin- d
:- gitis, and the very Arst patient whom 9
I saw at the city hospital by the
he courtesy of Dr. C. F. Withington. was
)r. an Italian emigrant. who also dis- 3
rd played a well ma:k-d pellagrous
tal eruption. This leads one to wonder -
h whether the United States pubic
ss- health and marine bospital service
orcers who examine the emigrants
nt at Naples and other Italian ports t
Ia. should not include pellagra among
' the prohibitory diseases.
on ''Now. that the diagnots of pella- E
Ik- gra has been firmly established in t
-o many States, it would be we:
to find out for certain how many
hepersons are attacked by the disease ~
int the South. In order to arrive ~
aatany correct figures. it might be ~
well to institute compulsory notif- '
cation of the: disease at least as a r
temporary measure. In Italy there ~
hhas been a law to that effect since ~
tSSS. I would also recommend tha* ~
agricultral laborers should be ex
t- a mined in the States where ped.l
ch:r is known to be prevalent, such '
as Georgia and North and South Car- ~
olina. This might be done in Fteb- 3
ofy ruary or March. when the eruption
lielyo e ret
n "In 1901 and 1902 1 obtained ~
hepermissioni to examine 500 Egyptian '
peasants who were actually at work ~
hein the fields. They all stoutly de- I
nied that they we're ill and their t
edemployers who were with them stat- ~
A ed they could all do a fair day-s t
i work. but in every field I found I
b- '-arly case's of pellagra. bearing fr*om t
I:5 per ce'nt in we-ll-4o-do districts 2
~to62 per cent in the inhabitants of I
the poorest hamlets.
*The treatment of early pellagra
eae without mental symptoms car
-r successfully accom~p;ished by put- 1
arting th'- patient on a Iiber-al diet. I
excluding maize and by ridding him 1
as of the bookworms which are so of- I
ten co-exidstent. but the peliagrous
in. symptoms return if he is allowed t,.
resume a diet of musty maize. Va
herious preparations of arsenic are use.' I
oin advanced cases but when the brain I
d is attacked there is a small hope for I
hn the patient unless by serotherapy. I
enPellagra is e.sseatially a disease
>t which cries for preventive measures.
Italy by prevent ive measures, has I
na since ISSS reduced the mortality of'
at pellagra from 3.4S3 to 1.635. though I
had during the years 1883 to t907 the
d maize area under cultivation has in
ol creased from 5.79 to 6.33 par cent
oeof the whole country. This points
tb.e moral that it is the quality, not
the quantity of maize which is at
fanit. There are certain g..n.ralj
exiomis which prove true in Italy
and Egypt and it will doubtless be
ght round that they hold good in the1
IUnited States also:
"First--In districts where no
I maize Is' cultivated or habituallyi
ion jeaten. pellegra does not exist.
sut. 'Second-There are many dis5
tn- tricts where maize has bec-u cultivat
ght ed for many years and yet pellagra
tin. has not appeared.
.- " Third-Wl-to-do people In pel
ght lagra districts lIvlg on varied diet
-or andI cogsumng iaire~ as a oca!cna.
Eand nt as a staple cereal. usually
- -Four'th-I? is rt- good maize or
:, .ood maize dlour which products
and wI tlagra: the disease requires for
hur i's produ.ction a habitual use of
ting damaged maize in some form.
Butcher's Blorrible Crimes.
One of the worst tragedies that
i- ev-er shocked that county oeecurred
the at Pine (t'ove. Pa.. Wednesday night
era.- when Daniel Schoke. a butcher of
and that place, cut off the heais of his
The wife and twelve-year-Old daughter
ar 3: t.e -comate estiiec T- shoot
OBJEcTS TO CLAIES
MADE IN THE NEWSPAPERS BY
oVER ZEAWiCS FRIENDS
Of Congressman Levr That He is
Entitled to the Credit for Soil
Survey of This State.
Congressman D. Wyatt Alken
takes Congressman Lever's pres3
agent to task for giving the credit
ror the soil survey in South Caro-.
Ina almost entirely to Mr. Lever.
nd thoroughly shows up the false
ess of the claim. Here Is Congress-I
nan Aiken's letter, which esplains
ro the Editor of The State: to
In an artice. which appeared In ce
he News and Courier of the 21st er
,st. ve note the following: *H. to
4. Bennetr, general eld agent of tb
he United States bureau of Goi!- lai
ras In Columbia today, and will &p
rery probably attend the conference be
f soil experts ir Lexlngton county da
turin; the week with Co 1gressman. wl
.ever. to whom the credit of the soil of
urvey of South Car-uint rhould be in
rven." Then again. in the same He
rticle, the following uppelrs: in,
-Cogressman Lever. who is a mero- wz
>er of the agritatural committee fo1
of the house of representatives. 'aa be
lone more towards securing a &)a
rvey of the State than any other of
an. and It Is largel through his th
forts that the federal government "
as taaen so much intereet." Ue
Them. a few days later. we note n
a The State; -Mr. Bennett has just
ad a conference with Director Rar- de;
er of the State experiment station rim
ad leaves today for Lezingtoa for jn
, conference with Congressman Lev- a
r. who had the soil survey work is
tarted in this State and who has
one much toward Its establishment In
pon a practical basis, not only in 9W
outh Carolina but throughout the =
Urted States." Wo
These statements go too far in c.
lalming for Mr. Lever, and in resli- wt
F. are calculated to do him Injury.
is certain that Mr. Lever would be
ot clalin as much for himself. Un- wi1
srtunately for the force of the Ma
atements made by the correspon- ot
ent to The News and Courier, he AD
ubshed in the same article a taba- go
kted statement, showing the work nu
bat has been done entirely in the Ag
watter of soil survey in this State. unj
ad the dates of the surveys. This
bows that the surveys. known as
e Abbeville.- Andessos-Aud, Ococee
arveys. embraced almost entirely the
bird district which I have the honor
represent. covered an area of :.
08 square miles. The survey of
hwntra-urg. Lee and Sumter. all I
e ork done in Mr. Lever's dis- to
rt. covered L,707 square miles. Gr
this ~matter has been left exclu
ey to Mr. Lever, as his friend
-oud do him the Injustice to inti- exc
iate, would the Initiative have heen
aken outside of bis district and i
ould he have favored other sectionsca
ather than his own? The first suir
ey inade In Mr. Lever's district wasth
be Orangeburg survey. made- iJ
904. and the two other surveysj'
ere In Lee and Sumter In 1907.
Th survey In A bbeville county
*s made In 190?.. while Senator
,atimer was in congress, and before
[r. Lever was a member of the a~g
cultural committee. The surveys in
irlngtonl and Horry were made the
ane year. while Mr. Scarborough
as In congress. These men had
en serving for some years when
be surveys were made, and both of
bern were known to be active and o
ble representatives. Mr. Lever was
hen a new man ina the house. and tbh
s unreasonable to suppose that sb
bese men of longer service wouldkl
ppeal to him. even before his ap
ointment to the agricultural comn
ltee to have surveys made in their thi
Without assuming to speak with .
eftrenc'e to the surveys made in tn
,ae-rt". Cheroke' and York. Mr t
nley's district, which. to say the
est of it,. he was compet-t to have I
ecured on his own motion. I may th
ad do speak defintely of the suir-i
-eys In qndersoni and Oconee. In
now that these surveys were made n
ipon my request direct to the <'e
artment. and not through anybodl i
There were surveys at later dates
n the dstricts of Messrs. Johnson
sad Lega~re. They would probably.
rant some credit for having them
This is written y no unfriendly, sa:
prit for Mr. Lever, who I esteem go
1.ighly as a personal friend, and ap- ini
recate as an able and faithful pub- wi
Ic servant. And I do not be'lieve- is
.at Mr. Lever would himself do of
njustice to hi. colleagu.-s; but his ch
'riends in this wholesasle claim for ta:
sm. have overstepped the bounds Is
>f reason, and do injustice both to Cl
kf. Lever and his coll--agues. It ui
s not likely that soil surveys were
ade here immediately on the reg "
toest of any person. as preliminary a
arngemets are always necessary. ~3
%.nd yet there were soil surveys here it
1. cary as 1902. in
Mr. Levr? is doing a good work lot
[a his eorts to push the soil sur'Im
reys. If other members are not ith
squa lly suc'esafii!- It is not b.cuse
tey arc no equally tntereste-d.
Abbille. Oct. ZKA5.-.
Negro Preecher Hiled-. u
At Dillon Rev'. John McRae, col
ored. was struck by a swiftly mno'
lng train and Instantly killed at t
Main street crossing; of the Atlantic i
coast ite Sunday morning. Tob
ev. M'Rae was on his way no his j
chureb. near Sellers. where he was a
to preach his re:;uiar Sunday morn-'a
lg sermon. Rev. McRae was a good tI
clored citizen, and his sudden and f<
tagic death is greatly deplored by e
kED MAN LOST
t stefis snpwuce rri. W.
9 Was Last Seen Waling Brisk.
ly Along the Southern Railway
Tracks. skrting the Canal-ca.e
Fom York County Where He Was
Prominent Socially and Polticafy.
Mr. William N. Elder. of Colum
a, formerly of York county, for
r terms a member of the York
unty legislative delegation. form
ty a trustee of Winthrop College.
r several years a bookkeeper for
e Stat. dispensary and recently a
d surveyor. has completely dis
peared. no tract of him having
en discovered since last Thurs
y morning week ago at 8 o'clock.
ten he left the locks at the head
the Columbia canal for his home
that city. 1110 Peodleton street.
was .seen about this time walk
; briskly down the Southern rail
y tracks skirting the canal bank
r most' of the four-mue distance
tween tbe locks and the city.
Oe of his mons, Mr. X. I. Eder.
Pittased. Man. rbo haUs led In
a night and day search since then.
d that the family did not be
re the old gentleman had fallen
a the' canal.
Ther -pe of the opinion that an
r somi sudden seisure be lost his
son and is now, perhaps. wander
r about the woods and Seld in
demented condition. if Indeed he
is great beight. si! feet, two
hes, his gray goatee and his
dierT bearing make hMna rather
nmanding fgure and for this rea
t it is all the stranger that no
e whatever has been found to his
At the home of Pndleton street
leaves his wife. Mr. Salle Elder.
:h whom just now is the son from
asachusetts above mentioned. The
ier children are W. C. Elder. of
Lbama, and Mrs. J. P. Moore, of
thries, York county. '1e family
vd to Columbia about eight Yeara
L This bids fair to be another
olved Columbia- mystery.
WOMAN SEEKS DIVORCE
ase She Says Her Husband
Kissed Her Too Much.
3ecause he Insisted on kissing hekr
a point of cruelty John E. Mc
Mw. a farmer living near Trenton.
. is made defendant in a suit
dvorce. His wife declares be
eeded the limit and brought ha
ation en both him and herself
the eyes of everybody. She de
res further that he neglected his
rk, left the crops go to ruin and
~he did not raise enough this
at she and :Johb-were married a
tr ago. For six months she stood
kissing without a murmer, sup
ping that in time his osculatory
er would subside. But instead,
kisses have become more tre- .
tnit. The McGrews occupy a farm
Era. McGrew avers that the first
ng in the morning John insisted
not one but dosens of kisses.
en he started out to the barn to
the work. Before he could set
milk pails down on his reture
Sdeclares be bad to have more
ses. After breakfast there would
several more rounds.
At 10 a. m. be would return frotn
felds for more kisses. Noon
uld not pass without a lot more
f in the afternoon be would T
' to the hoose and in the pres
of company or otherwise he
aid have to spend half an bour
Kissing. Mrs. McGrew alleges
s made her the butt of much talk
their community and she does
t propose that it shall continue.
ULES FOR MARRIED PEOPLE.
insas City Spirlt~Ien Outlines
Plan for Domestic Peace.
A dispatch from St. Louis. Mo..
-- The man who thinks he is
ng to be happy in heaven, play
; a harp of a thousand strings
ille his wife down here on earth
playing a washboard in the key
high G to support the five or six
idren he left unprotected is cer
iliy going to be fooled." This
what A. Scott Bledsoe of ansas
ty in a lecture at the State spirit
i convention said.
Mr. B'ledsoe's rule for keeping
ne's self unspotted from the
>rld." as applied to women was.
fake your husba;d think he knows
all Don't nag him. Mlan. accord
g to a scientist, is or should be.
Jy a good animal. You can do
re by mnaking him comfortable
3D by all the nagging In the
To men his advice was. "ever
Sanyting you wouzldn't want your
[f to do: never say anything you
yid not want y'our wife to say,
-vcr go anywhere you wouldn't want
sur wife to go. This will keep --
u unspotted frecm the world."
Turned U'pside Down.
At Des Moine~s. Towa. twenty-flVI
'ople were huirt. one~ probably fat
ly. whe'n the heavily-laden street
r on the tUiver'sity line jumped
te track while the car was beaded
r the down-town section of the
ty early Wednesday. The car turn
I mida: dow.