Newspaper Page Text
Record for 1909 Shows the Number
to Be Sevety
11 WHMS, 59 BLACKS
Oecurred in 12 States and One
Territory-As in Previous Years.
Crimes Against White Women
Was the Cause of the Majcrity oi
According -o a report issued from
Washingtn. D. C.. a few days age.
lynchir;s i 1909 have numbered
70. the highest number recorded
sInoe 1904. The victims numbered
11 wh*tes and .9 negroes. Th
lynchins o ccurred in 12 States an
one territory-New M( co. As i:
previous years. crimes or allege
crimes againat white women &n
murders cauaed most of these sum
mary eze-atlons. One ease. occurr
ing In Cairo. IlM.. conbined bot!
causes an I resulted in tMe placin:
of the ezty under m!iitary contro.
for several days. The Caire lynch
ings were the only cises of the kint
that occurred north of the Ohio rive:
&uring the year. Several doubl
lynchings c :urred at various point
ia the South. and Oklahoma turn
5bebd a quadruple lynchiag. with
fear cattlemen as the ricims.
In the following record the wort
l'Iynebing" has been held to appl
only to the summary punishment In
listed by a mob or by any numbe:
of citizens on a person alleged tc
have committed a crime. By State,
the 70 lynching eases here record
ed are elassilded as follows:
Georgia .. .. .. .. ...... 11
Texas ...... .. .. .... .. U
Florida ... ... .. ....... 8
M issispp. .... .. .. .. .--.
Oklaoma ........ .. ... ...
Eatucky ...... .. .. .... . 4
Arkansas .... .. . ....... . 3
South Carolina ... ... ... . 3
New Mexico .... .. .. ......
Minois .... .. .. ..... .... 2
Missouri ...... .. .. ......
West Virginia ........ .. .. 1
The detailed record for 1909 it
Jan. S-Lexngton. S. C.. unilden
tiled ner. attempted criminal as
Jan. 8-Marthaville. La.. Jim Gil
bert. negro. accused of counterfeit
Jan. 10-Poplarville. Miss.. PinI
WIllIs, negro. attempted erimina
Jan. It-Hope. Ark.. Hilliard. ne
gro. insulting white woman.
Jan. 23-MobIle. Ala.. Douglas:
Roberson, negro. murder of a deput:
Jan. 24-LeIghton. Ala.. Sam Dat
enport, negro. incendiarism.
Feb. 7-Mexia. Ala., Will Park
er. negro. criminal assault.
Feb. 9-Houston. Miss.. Roby Das
kin. negro, murder or the Rev. W
Feb. 13-Gainesville. Fla.. Jak.
Wades. negre, criminal assault.
Feb. 11-Hearn. Tex.. Rolly Wy
att. negro. ahooting a white man.
March 4-Blakely, Ga.. Joh'
rowler. negro, murder of deput.'
March 7-Roskwall. Tex.. Ander
son Ells. negro, attempted crimina'
March 12-Eien. Miss.. Joe Gor
*don. negro, shooting and blinding:
March 195-Emkns. W. Va.. Josee
Brown, white. shooting chief of po
.. March 25-Cuervo. N. M.. Danie&
Johnsn negro, and Manuel Sando
va1,-a' Mexican. kidnappIng youn;
girl. 4 *
M.*re 29-Dawson. Tex.. Joe Re-'
dea.. negrgansulting white woman
.Apil 6-5Pensacola. Fla.. Day
Aisandem, megro. murder of polie
April 9-Lafayette. Ky.. Be:
Brame, negro. attempted crimina
April-1 1-Yazoo City. Miss.. How.
ard Montgomery. negro. assaulti.:
April il-Arcadia, Fla.. Jo'as
Smith. negro. attempted criminal as
April 19-Ada. Okla.. J. B. Mill:
B .3B. Burrell. Jesse West and Jo
Allen, all white, charged with mur
April 25-Bess-mer. Ala., Joh
Thomas. negro. criminal assault.
April 28-Bartow. Fla.. Charl"'
Scarborough. negro, attempted criml
April 30-Marshall. Tex., Creokt
-Mose, Pic Hill and Mat Chase. ne
May 1-Tyler. Tex.. Jim Hodges
negro. crimnn! assault.
*May 8--Camden. Fla.. Unidenti
fled negro, criminal assault.
May 24-Lincoluton. Ga.. Alber
Alken. negro. shooting white man
May 24-Pine Bluff. Ark.. Livet
Davis. negro, .ttempted criminal as-~
May 23-Abilene. Tez.. Tom Bar
nett. white, shot to death ir hih
el. convicted of murder.
May 30-Portland. Ark., Josep
Blakeley, negro. threatening mur
.June 3-Frankfort. Ky.. John
Maxey, negro. shooting white manl
Jane 5-Tallahassee. Fla.. Maik'
Morris. negro, convitded of n'urder
June 11-Smnoaks. S. C.. Quillie
Simmons and Frank Samuels, white.
charged with murder.
June 15-Arcadia. Fla.. Unidenti
led negro. attempted criminal as
June 22-Tabotton. Ga.. Wil
Iia~m Caneker, negro. murder.
June 23-Talbotton. Ga.. Joe Har.
dy, negro. eharged with tnstigatin:
June 24-Cuthbert. Ga.. Albert
Reese. negro. assaulting white wo-!
June 2e-Wilburton. Okla.. Syl
vester Stennien. negro. murder of
July 2-Darwick. Ga.. Un'.dentl
flod negro, found hiding uder a1
bed in the home of a white famIly.J
July 20-Paris. Ky.. Albert Law
an. negro, shooting a sheriff.
Waty 20-Gum Branch. Ga-. t'ni
4entilsd negro. attempting theft of
Sorfse and btggy-.i
ara- 29-OneluaSa. La.. Onetme I
WAS HUNTED DOWN
ONE NEGRO SHOT AND BURNET)
IN UIS OWN HOUSE.
Murder of Young WTh!te Man Leads
to Death of Slayer's Brother and
Wour~ding of Member Lof P.owe.
Magnolia. Ala.. !s qu!ct Tuesday
-1ight. following a (.y of intense *
-itement w!th much b!tter feel*%z
'r-anifested between the white's*'
blacks of that comnu::ity. E 0.
ilade. one of four white men shot
'>y Clinton Monagemery. a despera:x
-te-t-o. is fa:tlly :njure.d. and his
wath. expect--d at any =i.nute. U.
erve to furher fan tbe fLames (j
Canton Mon tomery's charre
!ody lies in the ru.ns of a smal
tegro house. near the town. '.
ork of a poS of citizens. Brister
nd Shelly Montgomery. brothers of
he burned zegro. barely e-ap.:
-nching early Monday morning.
-hen the sheriff of Marengo count
aptured them and eluded the ma
:unters. taking them to the counto
7il at Lindon.
Search is being continued for Wi
.!ontgzomery. another of the fout
.rothers. charge I with the bruta
-.urder late Saturday night of Al
trnen Lewls. a young white man
which crime precipitated the troubl.
.:onday. Practically every negn
esident of Magnolia left there Mon
ay afternoon. The wh:tes are we!
Monday afternoon Cint Montgom.
-ry and several other nerees were
-und barricated in a house. whict
wts soon surrounded by a deter
nined body of whites. Fearing fo:
heir lives. Montgomery's compan
.ons deserted him and surrendered
o the posse. Montgomery fastene
he door. after defying the men t
-ttempt to get him.
One of his negro companions was
Uen forced to set fire to the house
nd when the building was eave
"qed in smoke. Montgomery threa
-en a window and opened fire upot
'he posse with a magazine shotgun
rnest Slade fell mortally woundie!
Is face and body illed with shot
'Z. G. Carlton. Tom Shields and Wm
indsey were also wounded. thor!'
A fusillade of shots struck Mont
-omery as he was attempting to !eavs
'te house. his body being riddlet
nd then allowed to be consumed it
'he burn!ng building. A report !!
'o the effect that Brister and Shell!
1onttomery were placed in th
inden Jail. Albert Watkins. anoth
-r negro suspected of barbering thi
!ontgomery brotuers. is under ar
The Southern War Cloud.
The American people do not ge
-eatly stirred over the row wir!
'elaya of Nicaragua. The comi<
'wece of South American -.:ornmen
-tas beesn played a good many years
ad the only thing that interests u:
s the question whether Am-rie:an
re getting the sQuare deal. It b.
1shame that these toy republiec
o throttle their owni future by mak
'ig it next to impossible for Amer
lcan business men to develop the
ountry. Eut that is their own fu
-eral. It does not pay in the loin
-un, either, for Americans trying t
o business down there to mix to'
-nuch in their dirty politics. Sucl
taterference involves our govern.
,enit to an extent that does not pay
'or what there is in it. It will be
.. great many years before there wil
-e a stable government in Centra
'ind South America. We could mali'
tain It all right. but the tax bi!
vould not be accompanied by cor
esponding returns. It's all right t
'verawe the play armies down tnert
>y a sight of our war ships an'i
itarines. A practIce trIp in Souther:
'sters will do them as much good
-s anything else that might tak'
u, their attention. But there are
-:ays adways ofspanking tin
"-esdents without going to wa:
atN at it. Zelaya has stepped down
I d out, but an example should be
nade or him as a warning to other
-yrants that may attempt to imi
One of the tr-at scientinle men of
'is day felt called upon to write s
-ook to prove that the phonograph
I as a fake, and that It was an utter
*m'possibility to phonare the human
-oc.The success of Edison shows
iow much this learned scientist
-new about the matter. Sinc'
then our conadlence in so-called sci
atists has been badly shaken.
'homas a. Emile Antoine. negroes.
July 31--Wellston. Ga.. Sim An
lerson. negro. peeping into a white
Aug. 2--Platte City. Mo., George
'ohnson, white, murder.
Auf. 9 -Cadlz. Ky.. Joe Miller.
tegro. criminal assault.
Aug. 12-Creenvile. Miss.. Wi!!
tcbinson, negro. insulting white
Aug. 27-Tarrytown. Ga.. John
tweeny. negro, aiding a nlegro mnur
'erer to escape.
Sept. 4-Jackson. Ala.. Josh an !
.ewis Balaam. negroes, murde.r or
Sept. 6-Clarke'sla!e. Mipss.. Her
nan McDanis. negro. accused of be
'ng concerned in a murder comn
nitted by his brother.
Sept. 7-Mangham. La.. Henry
ti!!. negro. drowned by mob, at
:empted criminal assault.
Sept. 25--Perry. Fla.. Charley
\nderson, negro. murder.
Oct. 5--Grenasburg. La.. Ape Ard.
Oct. 21-GreenvIlle. Tex.. Franuk
Wil!iams and "Louis.'' negroes.
Nov. 12--Cai. !E. Henry Salz
:ter, white. charged1 with wife mar
Ier. and Will James. negro. confess
r'd assaIlant and murderer of a youn,
Nov. 20-Dlelhi. La.. James Estes.;
tegro. shooting city marshal.
Nov. 25--Meehan. Miss.. Morgean
Thambers. negro. cr!minal nssault.
Nov. 26 -West Shreveport. La..
Tonry K~achel. negro. attempted
Dec. 1-Cochran. Gt., John Har~
ard. n-tro. hed a: stake. shoot
Is No Taltion Wilhout Equalization In
FIGHTING TAX DODGERS
The comptroller-General at War
With the Tax Asse sment Methods
in This4 State and ih Doing All
lie Can to Have Them Changed
to 1111b Way.
A. W. Jom-.. comptrolier-general
of South Carlina has a new glo
ga; tal one Which he thinks Should
supatthe famous exprezsion of
"No taxa'ion without equaliza
i."* says the cmptroller. for the
-ther. -no taxation without reprt
sentation." has pissed away aid It
'ea:s to be the lIfe work of Mr
Jones to equalize the taxes in this
'tate. For twenty years has ne
fought for such a con1itiun. long
1-fo'e he played into St.te poli
He !s not aghting the corpora
:ions for i" his opi::ion they are :ot
ter assesseli than the land of the
t.. t e.
However. exceptions hare beez
teen to his statement as to stee
rallways andi power companies.
The following is a story publish
ed and an .nwer written by Mr
'ones in newspaper style:
"The report made by Comptrollti
'eneral Jones. publ!shel yesterday
in the assessment of the Columbla
Electric Strce: Railway. Light anc
Power Company. has attracted con
si Ierab!e attention and as a reeu
some 1gures in defense of the ftich
and county board of equalization t<
;how that the present equalizatiot
s cn returns ma Ie by the corpora
.!on in question and that the as
sessment of a franchise--that is. tk.
-oo.wil! of a corporation-is im
:.ssibl- under the present law.
"The sir.-et railway company. ac
1:rding to Mr. Gimves. Is assesse
on a basis of SS.0v0 a mile an I tol
lowing the rule, the assessment Is
-an 50 per cent of this. which .
-4.000 a mile. I- addition to this
the equipment of the eompaay is al
-o returned, as with other oorpora
tUons. and assessed at the usual Rich
land standard, which is. probably
as high as any county in the State
Mir. Gibbes said a thorough lnu'es
:igation was madle for property val
"Concernin, the assessment of thi
Columbia cana. Auditor Gibbe
',ointed out that this came undej
the supervision of the State boar:
-f equailz:ation and the julgment o
that boly is that the canal is wort!
3150.00'0. The board, following ou
:he usual rule. does not tax the
value of the franchise.
"'The Dgurea given by Comptroller
- cneral Jones on the local plan
re disputed by William Elliott. gen
eral manager of the Street Railway
*a~ft and Power Company, escial
as to e-traings and gross receipts
However. as the matter has bee:
3rought tup in this manner and wil
b e given in the annual report of the
I-trollt r. it is probable that som<
- anrd will be aliopted for a basi:
aluati~on on franchise. At pres
eat there is no way to determin
:he 'gcodwil!' of a public servic'
Mr. Jones' Reply.
"'Comptrei!er'-Geraeral Jones referr
'g t- the estimate I valuation of th4
property of the Columbia Electric
S:rot Railway. Light and Powel
"mpany. which now owns both the
Columbia e::nai. fo.rmerly of the Co.
!umbia Water Power Company and
street raIlway sy'stem in Columbi:
and vicinity, at $3.500.000.0B. and
Mr. E~liett's contention that the
'igures as to Inecmre a:'e incorrect
says, that th'se fl:ures were taken
by him from the returns of the Co
lumbia Elretric .S:rcet Railway
-ihtad Power C .mpany. sworn
to by Mr. Elliott in the spring of
19(09. as fcllows:
Gross rereipts from pow
er depanrtment (ca
Cress receipts from
Lighting department . 108.645.2e
Grcss receip'ts from
Stree't Railway Depart
ment .... ...........159.401.90
Aggregate income of Co
lumbia Elec. Street
Rv. L. & Power C'.. . 36.136.38
''This compa~ny operate! 21.36
miles of St-et R-tilway. Columbia
Canal and Eleatrie Lighting Plant.
has a monopoly of transportation.
sale of power. an I thiro ugh the in
-'irect ownership by its stockholders
of the C:> umbia Gas Company. has
alsoa moopol of the lighting
plants in. the city. While the C2
lumbia Gas Company !s a separate
certooratt!cn. It hras the same general
oncers as the Street Railway Comn
pany. to wit: Htwin W. Robinson.
presi<'ent: G.. M. Berry. secretary.
and William Eflliott. general manag
"The Comptroller General says he
<'oes noat propese to be diverted from
estimting the true mnon-y value of
this property. what it is actually
worth and will produee in dollars
and ctr.tS, by' talk about an indefi
nable 'goo-!w!ii' or 'franchise' as ex
!sting apart from the propertv.
"Joe Sparks.' **
Ne'ro Shot A bout Booze.
A dispatch"~ from Eiko says t'here
is on!l'- a l'vely trade going on b'e
:ween P>rnw-!: ea':oty thirsty folks
andC~ .dissrry at Saleys. To
avoid Sher:ff Cr,'.ch a number of
:wa-i's zot oT' at Ashleigh. a'
ma!flg sttin t:ween Black-:
vI!!e and !'a-nwell. They bring the
siinor in .rs and satchels on foot
necrnss the' conatrv. Saturday night
C':ff Wiiams anid G :s Hallenquesot
stot in~to an atore"tt-an on one of:
the liquor tris. whe'n W.\illiamns drew
:. un an-! shIot iHaa'snouest twice.
Was a Big Pig.
Alvin D)'---ik. who Ives near
Johetn. k!'led a hog a few dars
aeo w':!rh weIghed 64 pounds not.
~This pi wae 3 mo ths old. Mr.
TDerrirk o:minet 7- porwls of lard
f-t 4nA b-ar. Mr. Derriek lives~
tho~ne at alw'.rs h's corn to sel
and make~s a bale of cotton pert
KILED IN THE STREET
'THE KOREAN PRFEMIER ASSASSI
NATED WHILE RIDLNG.
His Attendant Was Also Stabbed by
the Assassin and Soon Died From
While riding along one of, the
itreets of Seaul on Tu.-sday. Pre
:ier Yi. the head of the Korean
cabinet. was stabbed and fatally
wounded by a Korean. Yi Chamm
Pre-mier Yi was formerv minis
ter. He became prime minister in
May. 1909. when a r.iconsgruct!on
of the cabinet followed a fiv--hour
audience wbich Marquis Ito. th':
Japanese rebident. had wlth the
-.nptror. Y. was regarded as a firm
and competent officer. but his etforts
o carry out the policy of the new
Ldministraion met with continue i
infl determined oppositimn from his
The attack occurred at 10 o'clock
in the morning. The assailant was
-t young Christian who was for
-:any years a resident of the 'nt
1 S:ates The pr'-mier was riding
in his Jinriksha when the assassin
tame up with a long kitchen knif
:n his hand. He drove th!s twice
:nto the abdomen of the premier
!nd once Into the latter's lung.
The assassin then turned on the
,remier's J!nriksha man. whom be
-tabbed and instantly killed.
The assassn was !mmediately ar
-ested. He is a youth of about 20
years and Is believed to be a mem
)er of a political senret society.
The premier was removed to the
Yi was a!w .s credited with fos
tering anti-JapAnese sentiment !n
Korea. He bitterly opposed the fac
tIon among the Koreans which fav
ored annexation to Japaen and re
'used to present a petition for an
-iexation to the Korean emperor.
Notwithstanding V's known sen
'iments In :egard to the relations
between Japan and Korea. Marqula
Ito regarded Yi as an honest and
onscientious patriot and refused to
isten to the prem!er's repeated re
:uests that he be allowed to resign
It is believed that the assassina
!on is the result of political in
A BRIUTAL MURDER.
J. E. Liddell Dies Within Sight of
of His Home.
At Greenv!lle at ten o'clock on
Christmas Eve J. E. Liddell. a real
estate dealer, was found dead near
the spot in the southeastern part ol
the citly. where Wesley Russell, a
mill worker was found wounded or
Thursday night. Liddell had been
dead an hour or more when found as
the body was almost covered with
Christmas Eve he had been in th'
-!ty shopping and started for home
about 8 o'clock. He Is a marrie
man, and his wife becoming alarmed
.t his failure to arrive sent a neIgh
that his body was found within a
stone's throw of hIs home, a terrible
~ash in the man's head tol.d the story
~fthe tragedy, tne wound evident!y
having been made with an axe o:
some sharp instrument. Scattered
'lI about the dead :man were toys
for his little children and a number'
of gifts for his wife.
Res!'ents of the neighborhood.
where the two traged!-s have occur
red one so qui'ckly following the oth
er are greatly wrough: up over the
crimes. Russell an i Liddeli were
both struck in much the same man
r. except Russell had four gashes
in his head. while L~ddie had but
one. R::ssell fied Christmas nIgh:
from his wounds.
.Jess Fu!ler and Joe Baker. two
whIte men. were arrested Sunday
morning for the murder. The arrest
was made after a conf.-ssion allegel
,to have been ma-de by Fu'.'er to W.
0. Stever. a crntractor.
Fuller was taken to the police sta
tion and a i:atte crowd gathesed. It
was feared for a timre that the pris
oner world be taken from the guard
house and lynched. He was finally
escorted to the ja~l by the mayor and
other citizens in company with th*
pelice. The crowd gathered around
the jail. and two squads of a local
military company were stationed
abeout to keep down any disorder.
iThe prisoner was finally spirited
away in a large automobile by C. M.
Wing and taken to Spartanburg.*
Sunday Sanitary Plan.
Newspaper clippings received by
Dr. L. W. Dunn of Asheville. N. C..
show the thought of the people in
both the Carolinas and adjoining
States to be strongly in favor of
the "Sanitary Sunday plan. This
-ay of preaching ad- teaching the
right care ot the human body was
sstgested by the North Carolina
Association for the Prevention of
TuberculosIs, of which Dr. Dunn Is
president. "The press and the pu!
it. supplemented by the ter cher In
the Sunday school and the week-day
school. must do a large part of the
missionary and educational work
which is necessary to rid this city
of tuberculosis or consumption.
During the last few weeks many of
the leadirng newspapers in the South
ern State4.'' according to Dr. Dunn.
'have been cordial in their support
of the plan for Sanit'ary Sundcay and
have been intelligently a;-pre-cia
tii'e of its real signifieance-. Th*
newspapers in their editorials hav'
shown that the carsign again-t
?:bereitiosis mum~ lsrg-lv he -f:ter
ed by those ag-ncies wai'-h in".uence.
the judgment and arotuse the con
science of the average people. Hence
this first step t-.' *n!'t the active
co-operation of the pulpit and the
Five ':len I'e r%h.
At Shawnee. Okia.. flve works.-n
were killed and 1~ others A'ert- in
jure-! Friday by the. exi-lsion of a
Ioomotve boi- r that wr.-ckedi the
repair shop of the Chictun o 'ck l.
and & Pardfc railroad. Rauway of
.oiis saiy that only two are d-ead,.
sthough frue.:e:s of biesiv fo::- I I
n the wre kag- make it almost eer- 1
an that five were kl.!ed.*
Free lunch doesn t. as a r'a!. in
Astronomer Camille FarinarioD Says it
is Now Travliag
WITH ENORMOUS SPEED
Just Now the Path of the Erratic
Visitor is Directed Both Towards
the Earth and the Sun. But it
Will Soon Draw An.y Frum t:
Camille F'amarirmn. the disti::
guished French astronomier. write
of Halley's comet to The New York
Herald as follows: Halley's comet.
I tae arrival of which I was permi
ted to witness by quite a celestial
favor on the photographic plates
of Hel.eiberg University. on Sep
tember 12. is advancing rapidly to
ward the earth. At that time it was
52! million kilometers from us; this
!tstance has been reduced to 226
million. which is about the distance
of the orbit of Mars to the sun.
The comet then has come about thr&
hundred million kilometers closer tc
us in seventy-sLx days. which gives
it an average speed of 3.890.000
kilometers. or very nearly four =l
lion kilometers a day. Truly a pret
sy fair speed! That speed. too. will
ge en inereasing aecording as the
comet draws nearer to the sun.
Just now the comet's path Is di
rected toward both the sun and the
earth. After the middle of Decem
ber, while still speeding onward
toward the son. it will draw away
from our planet. Later on. how
ever, it will again move toward the
earth through the combination o!
Its elliptic orbit with the almosi
circular path which the terrestria:
globe describes every year around
the radiant heat center of the sola:
As a pale nebula, invisible ever
by means of the most powerful in
struments. ,.orceptible only by th<
photographic eye, the comet pass
*,. In the middle of September. from
the 17th to the 16th magnitude. Bi
the middle of October It had reach
ed the 15th. and at the beginninj
of November the 14th. It has nov
reached the 13th magnitude, and it!
movemeats are follon ed punctuaIlI
by the powerful instruments of tho
observatories. Even its spectra
analysis already has been commenc
The comet should on April 21
reaoh the point of its nearest ap
proach to the sun. its perihelion 90.
000.000 kilometers from the sola:
sphere. Its speed is then 54.00(
meters a second. 3,240 kilometers i
minute. or 194.444 kilometers ai
hour. Bathing in the etuvia of the
electrie. ealorifie, luminous radia
tion of the sns it becomes imnpreg
nated with its rays. undergoing 1t
its whole being fantastic transfor
mnations which lend it prodigiou.
glory, develop it by multiplying. ter
times. a hundred times. its volume
lengthening it to mill!ons and mil
!Ioas of kilomreters by a kind o
phosphorescence which always is ex
tended away from the sun and giv':
rise to the formi table tails whic1
a flled with terror the souls of ou;
Thenceforth the wanderer's pati
tnkes it away from the ardent ca~n
ter to sink into the dese'rts o:
limensity. gradually diminishing it
size. becoming a sort of invisih.<
bubble, and finally to find again the
night of its aphelion in which for
years and years it is lost to the eye
of astronomers on the earth. 11
goes away to a distance o' five thous
s-:nd million kilometers. into t09
ultra Neptunian night, in which it.<
speed is gradually decreased to l:-'
th'an. a kilometer per second ii:
total duration of Its circuit is slty
After leaving its perihelion thb
comet, traveling away from the su:1
1gain approaches the terrestrial or
I it. Up to the time it reaches * a
I erihelion-that is.until April 29 --
it will be a morning star. visible In
the east before the sun rises. It
becomes an evening star after t."
perihelion and will be visible in rhe~
west af'er sunset. Quite probably
it will be then very remarkable, a~s
lit was in the spring of 1966. at
the time of the Cosquest of L.s
ILand, and 'n the spr'ng of 1456. ;t
the period of the wars of the '.ucks
'and the Christians directe'I by Mr.
homet II and Pope Caliztus Ill
This time possibly it is t. ga'
us a surprise on the after eff'ects
of which it is difficult to theorize.
According to the calculations of sev
eral astronomers who are now oc
cupied hy :h'e special orbit of the
comet during its present opposition.
it may pass before the sun about May
18. Mr'. Crommelin. in Eingland.
and Mr. Searne. in America, agree
with the calculations of othera on
this position. At that date the head
of the comet will be twenty-six mil
lion kilometers away from us.
Now, the somet's tails are often
thirty, forty or fifty million kilo
meters in length and they are al
ways extended away from the sun.
This immense appendix then might
reach us. might envelope rus for sev
eral hours. What will be the result
of this meeting of such an lmmner
Without going again over the
ground I covered in my work on the
su'oject. "l.a Irla du- Monde." or:
disci-esing the va-ions fo-ms which
a 'ometary encounter with our wan
dering v!..itor iiht present from
the mzechanie.il. physical. ehemical
and therrno-yamie viewpoints, 'we
may at onc-- ocknowledge that we
know nothiug of the fat- reserved
for us next May. The poisoning of!
humanity by (.eleterious gases is
Doubt!lees of the ovg.n of the
atmosphere comnbined with the by
drogen of the comet's tai! it woui!
near universail denih with ?hor:
shrif:. Ii'. on the contrary. h
resulted a di:n:inution In the sum-ly!
f nItrogen the brain of every ona
>f us would experience an uner-r
'd sensation of phyuIeal ser.Iity an
h"- human rcA wm:ld ene to.
mndden end in a parx"sm of joy.
CLAIMS TO CURE CANCER
WITHOUT OPERITION OR TRE
USE OF KNIFE IN ANY WAY.
Dr. Armstrong. of New York. Says
HIU Treatment faas Been Success
Dr. Thor.:as M. Armstrong. of New
York. a hsrts he h:.s discovered an
!:nost c.rt&ain cure for cancer: other
hys:.:s .:;--a to agree in tbI
Lr.Armtmg. who lives :-t No
166 West Thirty-sixth street. N -
York C.:y. ins-.4ta that he does no:
neek new paper notorivty. but f--is
uound. f~r t::-- sake of su"fering ba
ianity. to n:a& e his cure know'. H1.
w~a graduated from the medical de
:,ar-ment of Toronto University ir
iS77 and has practiced medicine in
the West and in New.York. Twenty
'our years ago he be:an to stud) I
-ancer in th- living patient and
ier-soepicaily and chemically.
"I found my cure aine years ago."
<;aid Dr. Armstrong a few days ago.
-Since then I have treated thirty
niine cases of true cancer. thirty
:x have been cured perfectly. The
:hree failures. I believe, resulted be
-ause the physicians in immediate at
:endance did not strickly follow my
-nethod of treat:nent. Ninety days
is the shortest period in which I
-tave effected a cure: successful treat
:nent has taken from three to lye
nonths on the average.
I never use the knife. My treat
:nent is twofold. I use a lotion and
ime icine taken internally."
It seems that Dr. Armstrong con
des his treat.ment to other physi
-ians. as the ethics ef the medical
profession require. He mentioned
the names of several physicians in!
.ew York who he said have em
-loyed the treatment. One is Dr.
P. W. Popham. No. 354 Schermer
'orn street. Brooklyn.
"I am using Dr. Armstrong's treat
rnent in two cases with excellent 'e
suits." said Dr. Popham. "Ono pa
tient has a deep cancer of the back.
-\fer tbre-e :honths of treatment
'-th patients are greatly improved.
Tft lotlon which Dr. Armstrong
rnrescribes seems to erad~cate the
liseased tissue: to dispel the an
The reporter asked Dr. Popham
if Dr. Armstrong keeps his treat
nent secret, and, if not, to tel. what
"I do not know that he keeps it
wcret." sail Dr. Popham. "It coa
4ists of phesphorus sulphate"
Then pausing as if in second
houjht. Dr. Popham added: 'No. I
..hall not tell you.'
7 *Do you know of a case which
ias been cured absolutely by this
Yes, one." sqid Lr. Pophbm; *A
xoman who was a patient ef Dr.
\gnes Spatrks. No. 140 South Port
and avenue. This patient had been
-'reated for cancer for two years
- nd was roing from bad to worse
A fter Dr. Sparks had treated her for
'our mntnhs by Dr. Armstrong's
-nethod she was cured as far as is'
'ossiluie to determine.-'
'-I do not care to talk to a new:
paper about my practice." said Dr.
'.nres Sparks when asked about he:
Fight to a Finish.
The parlamentary struggle in
natlan:d is naturally watched with
"'n 'rtere.st in this country becauss
the princin'e at stake is the same,
that led to the revolt of the thirteen~
colonies from Great Britain-the
-orancipele of no taxation without rep
resentation. The lords, which rep
--e -:. ro one. wmt to dicta:.e what
taxes shall be raised and the metho.l
-raising them: while the commons.!
as the direct representatives of the'
people' assert that by virtue of that
positicn they alone have *.h rigb.
to I:npose and colicct the teaxes. in
such a contest the sympathie4 of
American~s are 'aturally w~t~s the
sommions, Wn:o. In our opinli-. are
bound to wIn, which means the be
Jginning of the end with the lords
The pecple of En:land hat' long
wanted an excuse to abolish tae
House of Lords, and they wHi not
fail to Improve the present oppor
is has not ye t shown u~s what are
the chIef elements in the tail of the
c omnet. Hydrocarbonic combizations
of nitrogen sre frequent.
From photographs and analyses
made ia.t year at my Juvisy obser
vatory. by M.-ssrs. Quenisset, db la
Haumne-Pluvinel and Baldet of the
Mo'rehouse comet electrialty seems
to play an important part in the
strange dislocations observed. There
eists ta-~re a tbrmidable electro
statIc field, and electro-magnetkc
forces have added their influence toj
the r.-piulsive force of the sun.
Anxious minds have, however, no
reasonto be~ tormented-uselessly
to-y these prognostications
Comet tails. !! Is true, are immense
but they are so lIght, as rarified
that the terrestrial atmc-:sphere i&
like lead In con:parison. Even wer
I r r!ohe compl.et-ly plunged intl
sutch a tail we would. without doubt.I
)fe saved from a cataclyrsm by the
atmose~'haric curtain which surroumn.1
*z. The' come: might be compared
to a fog thrcugh which a !ocomouive
was a-hiur; at full speed.
A shower of shoe'.ing stars a-ight.
perhaps, tati silently in the hg~h
re'gions of our Ml~y or we might b
trea!-'d to the Iluinration of an i
-z:n-e' aur',rs borclais. Bosides.
the earth has twire witin the last
sunr~'i yVnre paissedI thror.gh thej
a'! o' a Pome: w:r~cut being trou~b
ed thA:.--i. Tr:i- wa.: In 18I9 and
a I 5A rI. l.'' cii hot", that It w'ill
*e the 'in:- this r:me.
For Am---iearas the paesing of the
-nmet i--fore the sun e!! tl ake place N
*uring; th.- t:v. It will be night
:n F ran"'- in both cn'itions th
enarn-n 1!! -inerei'!ling to A
w.r--. I' is not. howev-r. car
--rod"-ad Tb.-' r'nat iorns are not
yet in~si~'- Le: ti, lire in~ peace. Hi
The e~rest thi. about a liar ',,
bo n9t.n tmakes him to aee
l*,u k.now it
Mak-- vos'.-ti at 'eme". Bu be
-a"-':1 nto mak: othe'rs wish ina
0 isSaid Northerners Object to M.
Image in the Capital.
ALL TOURISTS SEE IT
Virginia May Refu'e to Let Statue
of Lee and Washingt)n RemaI
Unles Congreos Accepts the Forn:
er Promptly In the Spirit in Wic
It Is. O5erl.
A Was'hington diipatch to Th
News and Courier sas it Is learne
that immediately after the holiday
the question of whether or not th
handsome bronze statue of Robe:
E. Lee. recently placed in Statuar
Hall at the capito!. is to be accepte
by t'!e government or returned t
Virginia will be settled. The ma
ter. it is un-erstood. will be force
to a decision.
A member of the Virginia con
mission charged with the duty <
arranging Doth for the preparatic
of the Lee statue and for its pr
sentation to the government on b
halt of the State of Virgin
Wednesday stated in most empha
1c terms that the Old Dominic
would not let the question be for
ed, neither the acceptance of tl
statue, together with that of Ge;
Washington. by the goverament.
"As a member of the commission
he said. "and a citizea of Virgini
I will do my best to have the statu
both of Lee and Washington r
moved at once from Statuary Hall
the capitol and carried to Richmon
unless congress s'::all agree to aece
them both. not only pleasantly b
in the best of spirit. Virginia. y4
may be sure, is not anxious to for
congress or any other body to rece
nize Lee In Statuary Hall. In fac
I feel almost justified in saying th
the matter has gone too far alread
The grand old State of Virginia. an
indteed. the entire South. has be
insulted by the very thought of r
jecting the Lee statue.
"If congress will not aecept It
the spirit i which It is offere
then I feel safe in saying that
place will be found not only for tt
statue-the Lee statue-but for$b
of Washington also in the State ca
itol in Richmond. The people n
only of Virginia, but of the enti
South would be glad to see bo
Washin'ton and Lee In the city
RIchmond. 'But I hop* sincere
that no more will be said in a wi
that, will make the Virginia peop
feel hat they would have to tal
sue action as might some day
It learned here that there Is
eonsidiersble am"nunt of ill feeli:
engendered by the placing of the
statues In the capitol. The of~ei
guides, who conduct tourist parti
al1 throu:gh the 'ouilding and see aL
talk with people from all over tI
and other countries, form an eze'
lent index Into the general seni
meat of the people on various to
ics of interest.
One. of these guides was aski
whst the tourists thought of the ma
ter--irrespective of who they we
or where they came from. He.
plied that his business had incres
ed wonderfully since Lee was plaec
in the capitol, that many had viel
ed the Confederate general and I
uniform with curiosity, and thata
most without execption Northei
sight-seers had condemned it. Tl
feeling is thus seen to be quite b:
Washlngtons and Lees.
A few days ato the press dispatc;
es announced the protest of tI
Michigan Loyal Legion against tI
acceptance by congress of Gen. Ro:
ett E. Lee's statue to stand besim
the statue of George Washingtoi
the two being the contribution
Virginia to the National Hall<
Fame. The incident, says the Ne
Orleans Daily States, has served1
call attention to the curious faa
that the Washingtons and the Le<
have always been "losely associate
in the history of Virginia and of ti
country from the Colonial day's dou
to the bloody War Between tU
States. The gallant and dashi:
"Light Ho-se Harry" Lee was a f
vorite of Washington and the bee
sabreur of the Continental arm
whose knightly deeds will ever lii
in the history of the American Re1
It appears that the day befor
the protest of the Michigan Loyu
Legion wss made public ihe Le
Camp of Confederate Veterans me
In Richmond. Va.. to receive a pi
ure of Col. Joha Augustine Wasi
ington. brother of George Washing
ton. Coi. Washington was leuten
mt colonel and aide-d--'anns to Ge-'
Robert E. Lee. and a Washington c
he genuine blood and breed. I
s said that he was about the firs
n'an chosen by Gen. Lee for servic,
n his personal staff. and that h
re a soldier's death five month
ifter the beginning of the civil wa
n the battle of Valley Monntaic
vptember !3. 1861. . H was th
art Washilngton to own and occup'
he historic homestead at Mount Ver
on. and in his memory the follow
ng lines were written by t~he Rt
tev. B. D. Tucke'r. Bisho;, coadjutos
the Protestant Episcopal Churci:
Southern Virgini'.. himself a fear
es soldier of the Confeey.
o soldier of fortu~ne. ae seeker of
o love' of ;:lo"y and frame.
unt .*i'aply a rran who was truie to
The hnm where he dwel!t and his
e rode !ar away at the call of the
TUnmindfatl of peril and tve:
sm!!e on his face and a wave of
For' the chi:diren who stcod at the
e rode -: the side of the kingliest
And de.'n'i '! a perdou to share
is *en. and t'n march. er the
rateuched "r dishono"r and sham'.
HITE MAN LYNCHED '
H An KILED ANOTHER LAN AND
WOUNDED HIS WIFE.
Christna. Eve Tragedy in Virginia
Followed by Hanging of the Criml
nal by Angry Mob.
A dispatch from Hurly. Va.. says
following the killing here on Christ
mas Eve of Samuel Baker and the
.erious woundIng of his wife and two
:hildren by the former's enemy,
Henry PFnnington. a mob of one hun
dred citizens late Christmas night
took Pennington from an in;aro' is'di
ja!l. where be bad been incarcerated
under heavy guard, and hat-ed him
a to a steam pipe.
e Pennington. who had been drink
ing. picked a quarrel with Hiaker and
shot him while the latter was on his
way to Sunday-school Christmas tree
with his wife. his two children and %
friend. Wyatt Meadows. Seeing that
he had killed Baker. Pennington
started to run away. Mrs. Baker
-alled after Pennington and implor
ed him to help her take the body
The ruse worked and Pennington
went back to the spot where hl! vic
t!m lay dead. Bent upon avenging
the dead. Mrs. Baker grabbed Pen
- nington's pistol from his pocket and
shot twice at him. Her aim was bad
e but she succeeded in wounding him
Ie n the hand and thigh. Pennington
recovered posession of the pistol and
hen shot the woman and attempted
to kill Meadows. who was running
away. it Is alleged, and the two chil
0 Pennington then fled. but was sur
I rounded by a posse on the outskirts
d. of the town later In the night. He
pt was captured after an exchange of
at rhots with the oMcers. who badly
l wounded him. Being to weak to
stand the Journey to the Grundy jail
which Is 15 miles distant. ove moun
talnous country. Pennington was
locked up in the constable's house.
but about one o'clock Christmas af
dternoon it was thought advisab4 to
remove him to a boarding house.
where he was put under a strong
d2I Feeling against Pennington ran
d brigh. and many covert threats of a
'ynching were heard during the day.
Ait midnight a band of about one
a hundred citizens was quietly organ
Ized. the guard was overpowered and
Pf ?ennIngton was taken to the engine
-oom of a lumber mill, nearby, and
hanged to a steam pipe. The body
was riddled with bullets, and was
I hen left hanging until nine o'clock
3unday morning when it was cut
Home Rule in Sight.
Ireland evidently stands to win
a the present politIcal crisis in
;reat Britadin. The straightforward.
alear cut promise of the premier that
e he liberal government If sustained
a the coming elections, wIll pre
e'nt a bil! for complete home rule,
Sbrings the goal plainly into sight.
V hen Gladstone Introduced his home
-uie bIlls in 18S6 and 1S94 he was
'iearly in advance of public senti
'sent in England . But since then
t. tot only the liberal party but also
he whole country has been educated
eup to the poInt of granting home
I ule. This principle of devolution
nce successfully introduced will
,robably be extended until England
nd Scotland, and perhaps. Wales.
-.vill each hare its local parliamt.t
rhis shows the rapid spread of the
-rue DemocratIc spirit In Englan-'
~t will not be many decades before
hat country will overthrow the
-nonarchy andi elect Its own rulers.
SThe recent foolish action of the
House of Lords In rejectIng the
Sbudget as proposed by the House of'
b 'Commons only hastens the downfall
,.*f the monarchy as well as Itself.
Wil11 Not Be Held.
yr That a righteous publIc sentiment
a tan make itself felt against evils
e when it Is suffciently awakened Is
er ;een in the decision of Mayor Busse
a n? Chicago. in response to 'pubic
' 'emnand. to prohibit the first ward
,, ball of that city. That function in
n til past has been notorious for itt
,. 'launting and promotion of vice.
g F'or years its promoters impudently
Lnd succeessfully defined law and or
ii ler and public opinion. That at last
y Ithey have had to bow before the
e <orm of..rlghteous indignation ought
- o encourage right mInded people
to persevere in their efforts to pro
c Dixie Most Popular.
"Dixie" has finally been omeially
roclaimed firs: in AmerIcan songs
~nd music In "patriotic popularity.
such is the verdict of 0. G. T. Son
'eck. chief of the divission of :nusic
in the library of congress, who has
ust issued an exhaustIve report on
*our famous American musical com
Eight Men Killed.
Eight men were killed and 400
rthers had narrow escapes In an ex
'iosion of gas in. Mine 'A" of the
'Thicago and Cartersvl:le Coal com
-pany at Herrin. Ill.. late Pri lay.
)en lamps carried by employers a-c
-believed to have caused t' diat.er.
We all deserve :ess than we w-.nt
.o have, but more than people want
us to hare.
I his race,
The home where he'd! delt and
rhe tears were like dew In the. ay
of the chief.
Who gazed on the form of h:s
4.nd thought of the ch:idren at hw
and their grief.
The biosfsom of lire and ::s end!
Ae sent. ali eatwined with his pity
The flowers thant ;g.-' wi-~- he
And angels who waike. on the ram
ReXpeated their call. "It ic well:
Tie well,. tho' for yer. he has s'ept
'noath the sad.
T'nerouwed byi the la4'are of fase.
.kad sipl a t:.t who wa- true to
The home where ba'd dwelt. and