Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIV MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 5, 1909 NO.20
The Atiata Stechde is Dechred ts Be
Dirtier Thu Pig Pa
SOME HORRIBLE TALES
A Girl Testined That She Wa%
Hung 'p on Wall of Oell Room. as
* ~fth teuded
Arms and That Attempt Was Made
to Whip Another Gir.
That white women were hung up
on the wall of a cell room. as thougc
crucled. with extended arms. tha'
at least an attempt 1.s made to
wtip a woman, and that ,risonere
were used to do work for prvattI
citizens were some of the thlnge
testiied to Thursday In the investi
gation by the Atlanta City Counci:
in the stockade matter.
Charges that the city prsa. tc
which men and women convicai of
mlsdemeanora and unable to par a
money fine are committed. is a alhhy
place unworthy of holding even ani
mabs, that there has been trait anad
that barbarous cruelties are pi ac
ticed there have been made. The
grand jurors recently indicted S.pez -
Intendent Vining and two g-zard
for cruelty and made pu.). - a bcath
ing report which resul-ed! !. :t
Ruby Gaither. a countr gr. whc
said sbe was t years. old. was the
star witness of the day. After the
grand jurors had described th ."rio
on as 'the dirtiest. foutest ptace ot
earth. dirtier than any p1z pen.'
the girl was called. She told hos
she was sent to the stockad' aftei
her mother remarried. because sh
fought with her step-brothers. ani
bow one day she was struck h.
another woman prisoner. She struel
back and fearing to be punished
went to Superintendent Vining an,
reported her infraction of rules.
"Mr. Vining grabbed me." sh,
said. "and snapped a handeut
around my right wrist. He -anf
another guard dragged me to the
rail in the cell room and hooker
my arm to a ring in the wall. Th
ring was so high that I could no
stand on my feet but had to stant
on my tip-toes. I told Vining tha
I was ill and suffering. but he pai
no attention to me. I was hunt
there for nearly an hour In agon!
before I fainted. I do not kuoa
how long I was hanging but I wa:
down and the doctor was attendin3.
to me when I recovered conscious
The wittzss told of seeing anothe'
girl, also white, hanging by bott
wrists. A third girl was hung up
but her hands were so small that
%, slipped through the handenffs
This same girl, the witness swore
was put in the whipping machine
big wooden chair. invented~ by Vin
g. in which the victim Is placed
ned and then turned over to
applIcation of the lash. Th'
is a henvy leather strap witi
metal rivets studded in it-'
ace. This gir1. Pear Ryan. was
small, however, that she ,alippec
gh the chair, and the guard>
up the attempt to beat her.
a e operintennen3t a~r d thes guared
indicted for cruelly beating*
.Another negro died a a
ago from blood poisoning cans
)y shackles rustin'2 on his leg
Scutting into the flesh. Whe
~nrs arrived at the stockad
Akles were rivited on over thei
-ng andS no matter how lour
twe'e held. they could not re
4their clothing. Only a ly"
Uas r s the prisoners an'
Rival May Have Polioons
Convinced that her daugher. Be
se Mae Priest, who died in Glendale
Calif.. on Christmas eve, after
mysterious iles. lasting twent
days. was the victim of a care'full
laid pois'on plot. Mrs. Jennie Pries
has asked the district attorney an
the sheriff of Los Angeles count
to investigate the mysterious even?'
preced'ing the daughter's strang
A motive for the plot was un
earthe'd Tuesday by relatives of th
dead girl. when 5t was learned tha
Miss Priest was enga;ed to Harr
Sayres. a Newark. N. J., millionarle'
so...an'i that a woman, whose iden
tity is' Weing carefully concealed. wa.
jalous of Miss Priest.
-Murder and Suicide.
A carefully laid plan of a lore
sick and discouraged man. involv
ing robbery, murder and suicide
culminatedS in the slaying of Mis:
Dora Chapel!. 21 years old, a wal
tress, in the dining room of the~
Bear's Hotel at Pern. lad.. by Ro"
McKinney. who then committed sni
cide. McKinney w'as an alt roun!.
Deadly Hot Supper.
Two negroes. Rass and Joe Horn
brothers, are dead, and three other
negroes. Henry Wharton. Wess Fish
er and Luther Lomax. are badly
wounded. as a result of a general
row and fight at a "hot supper" neai
Verdery, in Greenwood county, early~
Seven ('hildren Burned.
Seven childre.n. ranging in age
from i to 12 years. were burned i
death and three persons perhaps fa
tally injuredS late Tuesday night.
when a f.rc qwed by an explosion
Iof powder. ~, oyed the home of
Steven dr a miner of Sykes
vlm. Pm s the vftimF urs for
AN ATMU TRAGEDY
IOVE-SICK MAN ENDS '1.L
nnmmits Robbery. Slays Girl He
loved and Then Suicide,-Had
Been Twkce Married.
A carefully laid plant of a love
sick and discouraged man. involv
ing robbery. murder and suicide.
culminated a few days ago in the
slaying of Miss Dora Chapell. 21
years old. a waitress in the dining
room of the Bearss hotel in Indiana
polls. Ind.. by Roy McKinney. who
then committed suicide.
According to advices from India
napolis, McKinney entered a lunch
room there early Thursday morning
sad riled the cask register while he
orered the men behind the counter
with a revolver.
Letters found la tte dead man't
,ocket indicate that the hold-up and
.be crimes were planned. It is
thought that McKinney committed
Lbe robbery to get money to go to
The letters were addressed to the'
coroner, the girl-s father. Frank
.hapell of Peru. and to McKinney'
wife at Bat Germantown. Ind.
Ia the letter to the coroner. Me
Kinsey tret directed that his body
he pent to a medical college and
"I left my !.'st wife uecause sh d
vas not true to me. I left my sec
-nd wife last March. On March 18.
* 909. I met Dora Chapell and went
vitb her two months. at the end of
vblch time I found that she was
be only girl for me. Several days
%go. the girl's father went to In
'ianapolis and caused me much
roubie *ad brought Dora to Peru.
t was impossible for me to forget
ior. so I came to Peru. I asked
er to go to the theatre with me
,at she had other arrangements. I
odld not sleep and God only knows
ife has been a hell. May God help r
)ora and take pity on me. Before C
Sclose I hope that everybody will a
ake a punch at me before I pass
ver the great divide."
In ti'e letter to his wife XcKln -
"1 only wish you were with me
so I could take you with us. too.
MeKinner went to the hotel Thurm
lay and registered as L. B. Len
art of Chicago, Ho posed as a
Inted States marshal and displayee
i secret service badge, it s no,
nown where -he obtained the badge
ws be has not been in the governi
NEGRO RACE CONFERIECEL 1
feet. in Columbia on January 11
and Costlnaes to the 14th.
The following letter has been
>t by Richard Carroll and Anthony ,
tobertson, president and secretary. ~
espectively. of the Negro Race Con-|
~erence of South Carolina: I
The Negro Race Conference of
outh Carolina meets in Columabin
anuary 11-14. 1910. Through the t
oumns of the journal I wish to no- |
ty the colored readers that the Rac' |I
ionference will meet in Columbi::r
anuary 11 to January 14. 1910. |t
Special addresses will be deliver ~
-d on Agriculture by Col. E. J. Wat. tl
o. Mr. Ira Williams of the Unite? I
tate. agricultural department. Mr
. H. Kinard of Ninety-Six. S. C.
ir. Win. H. Bailey of Greenwood
vil speak on gardening. Some of
he other white speakers who have
romised to speak on other subject> I
5 interest of education ar. Gov t
ror Ansel. Superintendent of Ed
iation J. 3. Swearingen. Jas. HI
-oyt. Judge Robert Aldrich. Judg;
lae. Col. Alfred Aldrich and othelj
romnent white and colored speakft
rs are on the program.
Reduced rates will be given on
ll railroads on certifieate plan l
rikets good for a week. Delegat-"j
ho come. those who are stranger"Ts
the city. please call at No. 1014
N. Lady street. Columbia. S. C.
It Is hoped that many of the col
red farmers will attend the confert
KILIA ROTHRJ~.N-LAW I
1 Toung Man Uses shotguu at Fa
At Biristal. Tenn.. acting upon th
rders of his father. Rupe'rt Carl
on aged 18. Wednesdiay shot anc
-11led his brother-in-law. Arthur
'oward. aged 27. and a form.-r sec-L
i police oficer As Howard fell
'ead with two loads of shbot in h is
ody. his father appear.-d upon th
cene. but made a hasty ret reat w bet
'he Carletons opened firs- upon himn
The shooting occurred at the home'
sf the Carletons, after the elde:
'carleton had ordered his son-in-law.
Heward. not to enter his house
When Howard attempted to enter
regardless of Carle.ston's warning
the latter is said to have shout'd to
his son to get the shotgun and kIll
Howard. which you.g Carleton
Negro Kills Self.
At Hodges Charles Dickerson. a
colored man twenty-six years of
age. committed suicide Sunday byl
shooting himself in the head with 'a
pistol. He left a note saying li fl
had no more pleasure for him. isk
father and mother both testified that
he seemed all right just before h
At lTawarin. Ca.. nfficers raidedl th-*
store of Clavton Aaron. coiored, and
confscated 1.10" pints o! alleged
blind tig..r whiskey. Three wagons
were reqsired to transport the goods
to the cosrthouse. The whiskoey was
cleverly concealed in the realing of
the store. the offiers fiyerii it 2t
a van -!~m' vaarl
THE LAZY BUG
Dr. Stiles Says the Negr Broght h
With Hi. When He Came
FROM HIS NATIVE LAND
in an Address at Boston He De
ciarei That Unnatural Biological
Conditions Exista in This Country.
Speaker lk-car Caroed by Effort
to Indge Race Side by Side.
Dr. Stiles spoke on Tuesday at
Boston before the American Associa- t
ion for the advancement of service
)n the lazy bug or hookworm dis
ase of which he has mad, some ex
ensive study. He declared that in
he United States a law of nature
vas being violated when an effort
was made to lodge different races
)f men side by side In the same
tir Dr. Stiles said in part:
is an unnatural biographical t
-ondition to have two closely allied
pecies of animals living side by E
ide in the same area. it this coun
ry we bare four races of animals. C
iz:- The white, the red, the yel- C
ow and the black maa-breaking
ature's laws by trying to live to
ether. The competition of the in
livIduals Is intensified by being ex- R
ended to a competition between the P
aces and we must. In the end. sub- S
nit to *he working of the law of
he sur'-al of the 2ttiest. Differ
nt races may have different dis- S
ases and after long generations of
fection a relative immunity may
e developed in a given race through
he survivial of the 2ttiest individ- C
als. This partial immunity to the
erious effects of a disease doee not a
nply Immunity from infection. On
he contrary that very Immunity may
sad to make the partially Immune t
ace a reservoir for Infection and
bat infection when transmitted to a
more susceptable race will. upon
eaching such virgin soll, be very
The white race has brought to 01
he South certain diseases from
orth Europe. These have spread a
-tth deadly effects to the blacks. s
'be negroes have brought to the T
outh certain tropical diseases nota- 9
ly the bookworm. which hav i
pread to the whites with serious C
'sult~. These conditions are no'
any way blameable to the South
s a portion of the country. hut n
pen the fact that in the United w
tates. we are violating a law of na- w
are when we attempt to lodge dif
rent races of men side by side I,
be same area.
"It is not an exaggeration to sAy
at the negro in the South lives
nder a handicap because of th
resence of the white man's diseasel
nd because of the presence of Afri ~
a diseases, the white man therel
Salso living under a handicap.
ant tary science. if backed by Intel ~
gent practical application and au
bority. can overcome that handicap C
'heory demands that in rural negro' t
>calities with anything less than
ood sanitation we must find an ex-U
esive anomia .among the whites.
nd practical experience bears out
his theory among the tenant whites
f the South.
"It is not only foolish but cow
rdly to attempt to deay the exiast ~
sg conditions and pay for a false
ense of local pride at the price of
he lives of women and children g
ortunately the better class ol ~
hought in the South is facing fat ~
nd organizing for an extensive cam
algn to improve sanitary conditlons.e
Ld when the South shall win its
oble fight against disease the vie
ory will be great sad fully repay
be efforts spent uon it." n
Dr. Stiles. speaking upon chiMo
aher in the South. took a positi'' 0
rhich sc-me of his hearers might
tave judged radical. He said'
"i hav-e never defended-t .hild ?'e-'
or ans an abstract prop .-'ot. but
rhen I compare child labor and chliI
nisery upon the soii-pollute.1 ce
torse farms with child labor wider
he vastly improved sahitei, c'on- a
litlons In the Southern cottaa~ m!:i.
am afraid to the conclus.>n th-;
he latter is infinitely better than
he former, and If it came to a
hoce betwan the two for my
ounc daughter now ten years old.
ny duty would compel me to choose
or her a life in the spinning room
>f the av'-rage cotton mill of th"-I
south. whaich I have visited, n pref
>n the average insanitary tennant
arr; I have studied.
"am unable to join in the whole
ale condemnation of the South's
otton mills for I recognize in them
~he best frientra the tennant whites
ft the South fnve."
Dlon't Like Us.
Z.-laya. self-styled "titular Presi
ent" of Nica. agua. arrived in the
City of Mexico We-dnesday. No Me'xt
-an officials met him. He was greet-'
e.i by- 200 Ce'ntral Am'ericans and
Alexicans who welcomed the deposed
executive with erIes of "Long liv
Zelaya." "L~ong live Mieico." an-i
"Down with the Yankees!"
Two Negroes Drowned.
Robert Bennett and Elias Hey
ward, colored man and boy. respec
tively. !ell from a small boat and
w..re drowned in approaching Cain
hoy on Christmas eve night. Re-nnett
and Hleyward had been to Charle
ton. doing their Christmas shopping
and were returning to their home
nith their Christmas purchases.
.Man Burns to Death.
Jonathan Nichols. an aged white
man, employed as Dremian at a saw
mills at Laurel Hill. Fla.. was
tnrno . t.-deat there 2 few da,~
THE WORLD FOR CHRIST
'HE GREAT MISSIONARY MOVE
MENT OF THE LAYMEN.
rhe Joint Committee of Laymen
and Linsters of the Gospel Calls
The South Carolina convention of
he Laymen's Missionary movement
rill meet in Columbia or the 17th
o 19th of January. This is a part
of the national campaign. The Co
umbia committee of laymen consists
if the following:
W. P. liouseal. chairman: W. W.
.umpkin. 'ice chairman: C. P.
.ounts, secretary: E. G. Quattle
taum. treasurer: M. F. Anse!. H. C.
fudzins. S. C. Mitchell. D. D.. W. A.
:lark. F. C. Withers. Dr. F. S. Kil
ingsworth. W. 0. Whitescarver. T.
L Bryan. E. T. H. Foster. A. S.
aillard. C. H. Girardeau. W. P.
iamrick. T. S. Harrie. C. L. Kib
tr. J. B. Penland. C. D. Stanley, J.
The pastor's cooperative commit
e is as follows.
Rev. A. C. Baker. Rev. L. L.
edenbaugh. Rev. G. A. Blackburn.
.ev. A. N. Brunson. Rev. Carlisle
ourtenay. Rer. K. G. Finlay. Rev.
'. A. Freed. D. D.. Rev. A. E. Holler.
,ev. A. B. Kennedy. Rev. J. P.
nox, Rev. J. W. ILewis. Rev. W. C.
Indesay, D. D.. Rev. J. D. Mauaey.
.ev. B. F. McLendon, Rev. . N.
ratt. Rev. W. S. Poyner, Rev. S. M.
mith. D. D.. Rev. E. O.Watson, D. .
.. Rev. C. E. Weltner. D. D.
The Joint committees met and Is
zed the following call:
"The Columbia cooperating com
littee hereby invite the Christian
ien of South Carolina to meet in
elumbia January 17-19. 1910. for
ise purpose of coasidering methods
id means of adva. -Ing our interest 1
i and participatioa .a the evangeli
Ltion of the world In this genera- a
"We meet for many purposes. and t
'tend many conventions. Is It uat
ght. Is it not wise, for us to 'ee'l
1 men, and become better acquaint- a
I with the coming of the kingdom It
God on earth, and then take our I
ghtful place In the great mission- I
-y propaganda that is now laying
4ge to the citadels of heathendom. I
he great purpose of this conven- z
on is to bring information and r
spiration. which it is hoped will 1
ystalize into conviction and ac- 1
"It ip desired that every denomi- :
ition in the State be represented
ith a full quota of delegates. We t
ant men from ihe cities, men from r
e mills, and men from the farms t
'e want men from Columbia and I
en from every county in the State. I
000 or more in all. I
"If a church has :00 or less mem- t
trs, let it send !.s pastor and tw.- e
ymen: if it has more than 100
embers, let it send one additional
*yman for every additional 100 a
embers or major fraction thereof t
and picked men. f
"Fill out and send at once to A.
Bridgeman. executive secretary.| I
te registration ticket. Inclose $!|
r registration fee. Th's fee I' l
ied towards meeting the expenses I
"ThIs convention will be sAlf-en
rtaining. A list of hotels and I
od boarding houses will be furn f
hed in ample time. Reservations|
ill be made for such as desIre
iem upon applic.ation. I
The railroads have been asked to I
vs reduced rates, and nadoubtedly
ill. Further information about this 1
ill be provided later. Colu~mbia is a
bout the centre of the State, and I s
isily reached by all railroads.
"The opening session will be held
Craven hall at 6:30 p. in.. Mon- a
ay. January 17, 1910. when the 4
en of Columbia will tender a corn- <
timntary supper to delegates from1
gtaide of Columbia.I1
"Admission to all sessions of the
nventlon will be by tickets, which
i!be furnished free to all men
-ho register as delegates.
"'Many of the foremost missionary
torkers and speakers of the day will
e present. Among those expected
re the following: Dr. A. P. Par
or of Soo Chow. China. Col. B. W.
lalford of New York, Dr. H. N. Sny
er of Wofford college, Dr. W. M.
insworth of Macon. Mr. W. HI.
.tubh of Nashville. Tenn.. Hon.
oshua Levering of Baltimore. Rev.
L. J. Willinghamn. D. D).. of Rich
mnd. Rt. Rev. W. A. Guerry. bishop
f South Carolina; Rt. Rev. Arthur
.Lloyd. Alexandria. Va.; Dr. Geo.
I. Crom.er. New berry: J. Campbell
chite. N..w York: Arthur J. Brown.
.-w York: Dr. J. S. Moffat. Erakine
olle*ge: Rev. W. W. Moore, D. D..
tebmond. Va.: Geo. Sherwood Ed.
y. New York. and W. T. Ellis. the
"An important place on the pro
ram will be given to denomination
I rallies. A complete program will
e& provided later.
"The uprising of the men of th
hurch for world conquest in the
tame of our Lord Jesus Christ at
his period of the world. whe~n the
ion-Christian nations are springing
orth into ne-w life. discardiner large.
y their old beliefs. swinging wide
pen the door for the entrance of
bhristianity. pleading, in instances.
or the gospe-l: with the splendid
uccess of the work now in pro.
ress as a basis for greatly enlarged
)perations: with the student volun
rer movement leading the choicest
of our young men and young women
to off.-r their services as missiona
rio-s to our various hoardm. is cer
tainly provid'ntial. and calls upon
us to be up and dotn;; in this day
of liis poner.
"rf our Colirmbia conventinn. and1
the simnilar gatherings eisen hero. are
to h'- meetin::s of power and1 last
j-: fruitfu!ne-ss. w'- must be in
prayer. Let us go to prayer-hearing
anda e-3.nsm-erine newd- to i
ILLED IN WRECK
SEVERAL PERSONS LOSE THEIR
LIVES IN COLLISION.
One of the Country's Most Promi
neat Bankers and Multi-MiIon
aires Numbered Among the Dead.
Spencer Trask. banker and multi
millionaire. was killed Friday. two
other persons also lost their lives
and four werp Injured. when a
freight train crashed into the sec
ond section of the Montreal Express
of the New York Central railroad at
Croton. N. Y.
All of the victims were in the
last car at the time. The engine
of the freight train telescoped this
The car. which was a sleeper, was
crushed. as though ii were an egg
shell. The three persons thought
to have been killed were imprison
-1 in the wreckage. No sound could
be heard from them after the col
Lision and it was considered a cer
tainty that they were killed. Their
mames could not be obtained. The
porter of the sleeping car and three t
3ther persone, all injurod, crawled t
,ut of the wreckage. b
It was with great difflculty that
he body of Mr. Trask was taken
rom the debris. It was then eon
veyed to the morgue. at Croton.
while a crew of men began working o
: secure the other bodies.
The accident is said to have been
[ue to the carelessness of a brake
nan on the Montreal Ezpre. The
rain, bound for New York. was run
iing in the middle of three tracks,
md when it reached Uppererosin d
it Croton. It halted near a signal
Ight, which displayed a estop" sig
The conductor of the train sent G
he brakeman back to signal any N
>ther trains which might come 3
long. It was not 'hen known by '
he conductor that the freight was G
hundering along on the same track.
The brakeman Is said to have gone k
aly thirty feet behind the Montre
I Express with his red signal. In V
he rear sleeper there were eight G
eruons, seven paasengers and the G
Mr. Treek was asleep in a berth e
tear the rear door. For several I
nonths he had been Ill, and only i
ecently underwent an operation by
rhich he lost the sight of one of
is eyes. On this account he had
old the porter not to disturb him
util the train reached New York.
The freight train bore down upon
he express at full speed. The brake
man saw it when it was some dis
ance off and began waving his 1ag' h
mot Engineer Flannigan of the a
reizh? di I not see the signal until S
te was too near the express train S
D 1 slow up. He then applied the
mergency brakes. The freight, con
htting of nearly forty cars, did not
eem to slacken its speed. It slid
long on the rails and crashed into
he rear car of the express with
After the first shock of the col
i.jion. the engine of k.he freight
rain plowed through the sleeper. S
'hose in the car had no opportunIty
The brakeman who had been sent
mack to give a sIgnal disappeared s
inmediately after the crash and of- C
leials of the railroad company aret
low searching for him. 11
Mr. Trask boarded the Montreal $
arpress at Saratoga, where he had e
meen living In "Yeddo." his miagnlice- p
Lut country home. The train had s
een delayed by recent snow storms. t
nd by the time It reached Croton. t
~t 8 o'clock. it was more than an L
onr behind its schedule.
It was due in New York at 7:20 t
. m. The rear sleeper was the only i
nae damaged In the crash. Passeng- a
rs in all of the other cars were a
>adly shaken up. but none of them t
ias seriously injured. *
I'oag Teacher Couldn't Get Inside I
A dispatch frota Greensboro. N. E
.says: Swinging to the outside C
>f the vestibule of a swiftly moving
passenger train. L. D. Surratt, S
roung teacher of high standing, was
literally frozen to death and fell e
a.s the train came to a standstill.
RIis body was stiffly frozen and was I
picked up by the crew of a south- 1
Pasenge-rs on tha' northbound
train reaching Grow'nsb~oro Thursday,
afternoon reported that a man, now1
identitled as Surratt. board~e4 the
train at Lexin;;ton. but just beinreI
the train pulled out be ran back to
get a package. he left in a buggy
at the station, lHe was seen to
catch the closed vesti'eule.
No one paid particular attention
to the incident, supposing the train
m-n had opened the entrance for the
passenger. ilanging to the steps.
the man met the terrific gale blow
ing in the face of the fast moving
train. His position subjected hIm to
the only re-source, to crouch on the
stepr of the car until the next sta
tion was reached.
Heavy Snow Storm.
Tragedy and humor came on the
wings of the heavy snow which cov
:-rs New England. most of the Mid
dl.. .tlantic States and a fringe of
the Middle West and South. Sunday
morning papers at twilight, morning
milk at supper time, ni-thts spent in
street cars. in trains or stations con
tributed pictuigesque and amusin:
scenes to soft.-n th" noneral tone. of
suech deaths as nceiurr.d.
hillIed Whole Family.
At Hillsvilie. Pa.. a whole family
was wiped out Friday as the result
of an explosion of :n oil lamrp, which
caue the daeth of night nersn.
TOOK HIS LIFE
foig Vn Out on Bond on Mader
Charge Commits Suicide in
PRESENCE OF A FRIEND
[t Is Powdble That He Was Brood
Ing Over the Charge Against Him
and Others for Killing a Colored
Man Some Time During Last
Joe Garris. a young white man.
8 years old, who was out on bond.
harged with murder. committed sul
ide at the home of his uncle. Joe
. Garris. near Williams, in the up
er part of Col!eton county.
It will be recalled that young Gar
is and two other young white men
rere charged with killing Israel
anigault. a negro. at the Collo
on Cypress Company's Mill on Oc
ober 27, and were to have been
ried for this killing in November.
ut the case was continued by the
olicitor. It is possible that he was
rooding over this affair and his
aind became unsettled.
The shooting occurred about S
'clock at the front gate of J. T.
,arris, and from the report given
y Mr. Heber Padgett. who was at
jr. Garris* at the time, throws no
ght on the cause of the tragedy.
appears that Mr. Garris. in com
any with Mr. George Brannox. had
riven from Williams. a short dis
nce away, to go by Mr. Garris'
r the ostensible purpose of seeing
is son, who was a cousin of young
arrie. When they reached the gate.
[r. Brannon says he got out on on'
d and went to hitch the bore.
hile Mr. Garris alighted on the
ther. Almost immediately be saw
arris pull, as he thought, a hand
erchief out of his pocket and carry
to his mouth. Instantly there
as a report and young Garris fell.
Brannon called to the elder Mr.
arris to come out, that young Joe
arris had killed himself. Mr. Pads
t rushed out to the gate, but found
ung Garris breathing his last. He
ent for Dr. Kinsey, who found that
ke ball had entered the mouth and
inged upwa-d, lodging In the brain.
roducing almost instant death. Gar
s had evidently placed the pistol
i his mouth and fired.
No reason can Ie given for the
zicide. and no one suspected that
le young man intended to do in
try to himself. The only remark
s made that was calculated to
-ouse suspleon was made to his
ster. just before leaving home.
he was brush[.ig his coat and he
Lid to her: ''It is no use to brush
y coat; I will not need it after
iday." The affair is regretted. as
te young man belongs to a large
2d highly respected family.
NO REWARD FORl GORD)ON.
tory That H. Wait Once Saught Lis
Deaied by the WAar Department.
A dispatch from Washi-ngton says
ecific denial Is made at the War
epartment, after a car'fu! examina
on of the records of the story pub
shed to the effect that a reward of
10.000 had been offered for the
pturet of Col. James Gordon. ap
inted by the governor of Missi+
.ppl to succeed the late Senator Mc
aurin, for alleged participation in
ie the conspiracy to kill Presiden
When the matter was brought to
,e attention of the officials of the
far Department a search of the ree
rds was instituted. This invosred
n investigation of' the records of
de civil war and of the advertise
esets for fugitives and rewar'Is of.
te~d in connection with tae aset
ination of Lincoln. Nowhere was
be 'tame of Colonel Gordot foui
the papers on b.e in the - :-part
ient. Therefore. the War Depat
leSt officials declare that th'r.- was
o basis for the story publish.' I con
Negro Murderer Caught.
A dispatch from Roanoke. Va..
ays Tom Preston. a negro who three
ears ago killed \f. T. Custy. a sa
oon keeper, in the latter place of
usiness at Riedford City. Va.. and
scaped. was captured at Richmond
few days ago by Roanoke detec
ive. When Custy r.f used to serve
reston ahead of a wh!t.- customer.
he negro shot himn through th'e
eart. Rewardas amounting to S$'J"
rere, offered for Pre-ston's arre.
Rifle Found in Tree.
Don Carson. a young man of
ethel. Greenville county. while set
.ing mink trap's in a creek nlea
ts home a few days ago found an
>ld ritie in a hollow tree. Inquiry
L to the giur. brought out the fact
hat it was hid the:e in IS65 by
SConfede'rate soldier who was h.*
g pursued by a posse with dogs.*
1By the explosion of a holler at
the ew plant of the Mertopolitavt
lectric Company. in Reading Pa..
Sve men met ingtant death We.dnes
jlay. The men were thrown se--.
hundred f...: from the hoil.'r houise
Martins body was bionn through a
high tree. ar.d wats found about W
feet from the sie.' of the explo
nesly an-k lim to h., .ith u,.z id
faithful to lT'm an.l11' i' nrk Pray
for the commtre". p:ay f'r the
speakers, pray for the delegates th~at
their number may be large and tha'
toymay- c-.,ch hold -and convev
A MONEY MAKER
THE STATE PENITENTIARY IN
MOST EXCELLENT SHAPE.
Superintendent Griffith Will Show
a Profit of Eighty Thousand Dol
Ismm for the Year.
The Columbia Record says the
high price of cotton, coupled with
good management generally and with
the further fact that the institution
produced a greater quantity of cot
ton this year than usual, will en
able Superintendent Griffth of the!
penitentiary to make a record-break
ing flnancial report to the legislature
The report has not yet been draft
ea. but it will show a surplus and
net profit for the year's business of
$80.000. which the superintendent
has on hand to turn into the State
treasury. It is likely that about a
third of the amount will be used
to put up a modern brick stockade
for the DeSaussure and Reid farms.
which adjoins each other and which
together are located partly in Sumter
and partly in Kershaw county.
Since Superintendent Griffth as
sumed office. practically the entire
penit',ntiary plant has been built.
These Improvements include a big
granite blding for the Interior ar
rangement of modern cells, a costly
guards' quarters, the Anest tubercu
losis hospital In the South and va
rious improvements around the
grounds and on the three farms op
erated by the penitentiary manage
ment. The Lexington farm has a
fine brick stockade &ad boiler plant
worth about $17,600.
Superintendent Griflith this year
produced over 900 bales of eotton
-and will get an average of over $60
a baie for it. Hls other money
crops were 23.000 bushels of corn
and 20,000 bushels of oats. The
price of oats this year has been
about the same as last year, but
corn was much more valuable than
it was last year.
It Is understood that the posltion
of Superintendent Griffith and the
board of directors with respeet to
the legislature is that the manage
ment will be grateful to the law
making body for the privilege of
being allowed to continue the good
work without any change in the law
as it now stands. Superintendent
(.riffith's report will probably carry
no recommendations, but will m
ly lay all the facts bef e egis
There has been some talk and
there were some resolutions propos
ed at a recent good roads gatherinz
to the effect that the legislatura
should be induced to provide for
road building by the penitentiary
convicts. The management does not
look with favor on this preposition
as it looks upon this as a danerouxs
-leparture from the present method
of handling convicts, and would. 1t'i
is argtued, lead to all the abuses of
the lease system. Convicts woul:i
be poorly fed and cared for in- many|
cases. !.t is said. Though Superin-|
tendent Griffith is firm and a Vvae
disciplinarian, those who havel
watched his administration have
been impressed with the fact that
his success has been due no little|
to the fact that he uses kindneusi
-nd consideration whenever it can
te used to advantage. It is said
there are at least 385 convicts who
could not safely be allowed to work
out in this way. Many of these are
iangerous men, and not a few of
them have to be kept in chains even
on the grounds and watched with
treat care. Many of these are no'
now even on the farms. There ar
many objections. it is claimed, to
the present law allowing the leas
ing of certain conviets to the coun
ty authorities at the rate of $4 a
month for each conviet. Less than
200 are let out In this way.
DON'T WANT DIXIE
Named as the Most Popular Patri
"Is -Dixie' more popular than
'Yankee Doodiec " That is the
question which apparently has divid
ed the country into two camps and
brought about a controversy which
promflises to become second only- to
the recent great question. "Who dis
covered the North Pol.''"
The innocent assertion of Otto G.
T,. Sonneck, chief of the division of
music of the Library Congress. in
his p~ublication on American national
songs, that "Diule' was more promi
neu:t in patriotic popularity than
"Yankee Doodle" has stirred up 'a
hornet's nest and even resulted in
threats of death to Mr. Sonneck.
His office in the Congressional
Library is swamped with letters In
which the writers take exception to
the statement about "Dixie." Soma
of these .letters threaten Mr. Son
neck with dire punishment.
Littkle Brother Kills Sister.
A dispatch from Pensacola. Fia..
says Minnie Hurd, the 7-year-old
danhter of Charles Hurd. residinr
eight miles east of that city, was
shot and instantly kifled by her
smna! brother. James. at the home
of their father a few days ago.
The littie boy was loading a shot
gun when it was accidentally dis
charred, a load of heavy shot nearly
blowing off his Sister's head.
Prnv hasir With Bullet.
At a .Thristmas tr~- freti.- in ,
no:;ro church at W.'ntwor'h, N r
Pan Wooten. a half-drunk neCgro.
eiuarreled with an enemy and in a'*
temptinr to shoot him fired two
shots. One bullet parted the colored
.mses air on the side and the
BI ROW ON
lager and fiacho to Figtk u
Beore a as..irte
ONE OF TEM MUST GO
When Congres Convenes on Tue
day It Will Begin a Thorough In
vestigation of the "oUntroversy Be
tween the Secretary of the Interior
and the Chief Forester.
A Washington special to The
News and Courier says on next Tues
day. when congress convenes after
the Christmas holidays, a fight. the
equal of which has not been witness
ed in all probability for years. will
be commenced to determine who is
right In the Ballinger-Pinchot con
The joint committee of Investi
gation. to be composed of members
from beth the senate and house.
will be given the fullest powers, and
it will examine Into all of the oM
cial acts of Gifford Pinchot. as chief
forester, and of Mr. Ballinger, as
secretary of the interior.
It will cover two or .nree months.
and at its conclusion the public will
be able to know just what chance
former President Roosevelt may have
for another term in the White House,
it having been charged that Mr.
Pinchot is determined to keep Mr.
Roosevelt before the American peo
ple as a probable candidate for the
presidency four years hence by an
insistence upon the carrying out of
his policies regarding the adminla
ration of the national forests.
It will be the first time In history
chat congress has placed a cabinet
ofeer on trial at his own request.
in makmn his request for an inves
igation. Mr. Ballinger stipulated
that the administration of the for
est service also be made the sub
iect of inquiry. This has been s
ceded to by the leaders In congress
and by President Taft.
According to present plans, the
vestigation will be sweeping, and
every opportunity will be afforded
both belligerents to make good
On Tuesday or Wednesday the
oint resolution providing for the
nvestigation will be p
he senate committaet-ii'public lands,
wnd-tae -olise committee on rules. -
t will be an administration resolu
on, and it is expected that it will
be adopted with but little opposi
There may be some objection on
.he part of anti-administrationists to
le selection of the personnel of the
proposed committee, by the vice
president and the speaker of the
touse. on the ground that the men
hey select would naturally be friend
y to Ballinger. The administrarion
eaders, however, have given assur
ice that the members of the coin
nittee will be chosen with the ides
f an absolutely impartial investi
There will probably be twelve
nembers, four Republicans and two
emocrats from each house. Sena- -
or Koute Nelson. of \Minuesota.
hairmnan of the committee on pub
lic lands, will probably be the chair
an of the investigation commit
So bitter has become the dissen
ion in the president's official fami
ly. and so embarrassing to the ad
nIstration, that it is generally pre
icted that either Ballinger or Pin
hot must leave the government serv
ice as the result of the congressional
The intensity of the situation has
een accentuated by Plnchot's speech
n New York last Monday. in which
he criticised, without the use of
ames. however, the present admini
tration of the interior department.
and by the recent newspaper articles
and interviews by former Secretary
Gareld along similar lines.
ELEVEN SHIPS IA)ST
An Sixty Persons Dead as a Be-.
ault of Big Storm.
A dispatch from St. Johns. N. F'..
says sixty lives were bost in the ter
rifc storm that recently swept the
Northern Coast.- Eleven ships went
down, according to reports receired
Wednesday. sid the general damage
was great. Reports from the in
teior are delayed as all wires were
felled by the hurricane.
The storm lasted with intense fury
for nearly a week. For three days
Placentia was under water.
Tides were unusually b!;h and
looded many other points. Several
hamlets were almost demolished and
the village of Blackhead narrowly
escaped being destroyed. Blackhead
Is three miles from St. Johns.
It is estimated that the loss to
isheries alone is $750,000O. The
witer so far has broken all records
One woman was seriously injured
and another painfully injured when
a water beater exploded in the horns
f Mrs. Minni' Lotspelch at Atlants
Thursday. Mrs. 3Minnie Lotspeich
was~ the more seriously injured of
the two. She was badly scalded and
probably will lose her "yeeight *f
she recovers. Mrs. Jessie Lotspeich,
her sister-in-law'. was struck by fly
ng fragmn.-nts of the heater and sus
ain.'d a painful injury in the
Try India Cotton.
The Pelzer Mills. of Pelzer. S. C..
wil receive Mor.<!ay two bales of
India cotton, the :st specimens of
the kind r.wirved in 'he PlizEODt