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WRECK IS FOUND
VAl of Schme DtI& PaMW MWh
NU sa... &AKa
Near Beste iarber
CLARS UP A MYSTRY
The Caputn and the Entire Crew of
Eleven Men Went Down With the
Palmer--Aother Disaster Added
to the Long Lit of Those Caused
By the Storm.
The wreck of the ve-masted
schooner Davis Palmer was located
Tuesday morning just outside of De
vil's nank buoy. north of Commis
sioners Ledge. at the entrance to
Broad Soun.. Boston harbor. The
big vessel lies submerged. but the
mast heads project from the water.
It is thought that the Palmer touch
ed a shoal spot early Sunday morn
ing. the seas during the terrie storm
sweeping the decks clear and carry
ing the crew of twelve men to their
The Palmer was bound from New
.port News for SostOn. with a cargo
Of coal, and carried a crew of twelve
men. The vessel lies in the channel.
and is a dangerous menace to other
vessels. The loss of the Palmer be
came known Monday when wreckag*
bearing her name was found on Pull
Beach. The discovery of the wreck
or the Palmer was followed by the re
port-of another wreck in the outer
harbor. This second victim of the
great storm, which swept New Eng
land Saturday night and Sunday. wa
reported by Capt. Kemp. of the tug
.ArI. who asserts that he saw three
of a schooner projecting above
tMe water near the shoals known as
Ailthough Capt. Kemp locates the
Vewa-l three miles east of the wreck
of the Palmer, some marine authori
ties think that he may have been
mistaken In his bearings. an8 that he
saw the Palmers masts.
Saearing men. who believe that
the tug boat captain is not in error
about his bearings, are dUssine
the possibility of a collIsIon between
the Palmer and the unknOwn schoonl
Probably the last person to see
the Palmer before she sank.was Capt
Sook-mtx, of the barge B4VkCOS
which. ocked 'at Lynn from Mobo
ken. He reported passing the Palm
er off Cape Cod late Christma after
noon- At that time the Palmer's
sailors were on deck singing and cel
ebrating the holiday In true sea-fash
ion. aU unknowing of the fate that
awaited them within a few hours at
the entrance of their home port.
.eday's roll of wrecks was in
crea.sed Wednesday. The schoone:
Ada K. Damon. the sole supporo of
-her aged master, Capt. A. K. Brew
ster. of T..rk. Maine. w.:nt ashor'
near Ipswich. She will probably b'
a total loss. Her crew managed tC
reach shore safely.
In Chelsea. where a tidal wav4
broke a dyke and flooded the homes
of 2,000 people, a high tide opened
two new breaks. M(any of the cellan
on higher ground which had bee:
pumiped out by fire engines weri
again flooded. It will be weeks be
fore the people in the eighty. acres
which are under water every higi
tide. will be able to return to their
-~ TRAINS CRASH.
* Fe Trainmen Die in Bailroad .iqa
-Five trainmen were kiled ad twi
were fatally hurt Monday In a head
on freight collission - on the Balti
more and Ohio Southwestern railroad
near Fort Rmtner. Ind. The dead are:
Lwrence Amich. engineer; J- L
Rott and Jacob Emly, firemen: Fin
by Lee and Frang Hattabaugh,
brakemen, R. 3. Conley, brakeman,
and Frank M. Walls, engineer. weri
faetl hurt. The trains met on i
sharp curve, apparently because 01
minderstandinlg of orders. Loco
motives and cars were swinded and
their wreckage was piled high. The
Injured suffered terribly in the cold
before help reached them.
WALL OP ff7ORE PALIB.
The Frost of Building at Blshopvflie
Saturday about two o'clock in the
afternoon the front of two stores
occupied by the McLeod Drug com
pany and J. D. Hill furniture store.
at Bishopville, fell to the sidewalk.
This front wail which was about
ten feet high gave way and fell with
out any cause apparently other tha's
~%~&itewind which was blowing.
Fortunately no one was on the side
walk near and therefore no damage
was done other than to the building
Itself. Had it fallen at any time the
day before, Christmas eve. it prob
ably would have killed and injured a
score or more people as the sidewalk
was crowded all that day with the
. Didn't Knuow 'Ibeir Danger..
Fire was discovered in the hold of
the White Star liner Celtic Wednes
day when the vessel was four days
out from Ne-w York. When the liner
arrived at LUverpool Tuesday. the fire
was still burning but Its presence
was unknown to the 400 passengers
aboard. The flames started in hold
ix, filled with cotton bales. Above
deck there was no evidence of any
thing unusual. The hold has been
Pinchot score Interst.
Giord Pinchot. chief lorester of
e nied States, declared in a
seech at New Yoric Monday before
a number of prominent publishers at
the Univerlty club that special in
trest have made repeated attacks on
he United States forest service and
these attacks have increase'l in v.a
lnce just in proportini as the ser
rie has offered effective coppositio&'
to predatory wealth.
' B-glr Shot.
'While attempting to force an en
trace ito the home of C. M1. Donald
at Lexington. Ga.. on Tuesday night.
Jim Nelson and Harley Smith were
LEFF HIS WF
AND CHILD IN COLUMBIA FOR
J. Thomas Franklin. Clatming to
Represent a Church Paper. Wanted
on Serious Charge.
The State says that J. Thomas
Franklin. a former resident of Col
umbia, is wanted there to answer to
a charge of wife desertion. and Sher
!ff W. H. Coleman Tuesday sent re
quests to officers In a number of
cities. which will doubtless result in
his speedy arrest. A warrant issued
by Magistrate T. J. Roberts and
sworn out by Mrs. Mamie H. Frank
lin charges the accused with the de
sertion of his wife and infant child
in Columbia. September 13. 1909.
Franklin is. or represented himself
to be. a traveling representative of
The Christian Observer. a wel known
religious publication issued by Con
verse & Co.. of Louiscille. Ky. It
is to be. a traveling representstive
of desertion, he may be also con
fronted with a bigamy charge as hl
has married again since leaving hil
wife in Columbia.
It to alleged that he dame to Co
umbia last September and succeedet
In Inducing his wife to let him haw
certain money that she'had in thi
'bank here and since that time haa
not returned. Shortly after leaviw
on this trip. he i said to hare mar
ried again and removed his resideae
to another State.
- The second marriage. not harin
occurred in South Carolina. nothina
has been done on the bigamy charg,
and Franklin Is wanted to answe
to the charge of desertion. But thee
is some indication that he has eve1
af-third wife. and that at least tw
live In this State. That will mak
out a csse of statutory bigamy I
the facts can be established.
It Is also said that he h's been
criminal before, and wili not be i1
the toils for the Irst tim'. havi*
served two terms In the pefitentiar
for forgery. Representing such
well known publicat-in as The Chrii
tian Observer. which has been fa
many years a visitor to -umerou
Christian homes. indicated' that h
was above reproach and the news c
the warrant issued in Columbia wi
be a surprise In many parts ot th]
State and elsewhere where he is sul
posedly well known. Sheriff Colo
man Tuesday communicated wit
Converse & Co.. telling of the charg
against their representative.
CHECKS FOR ANY AMOUNT.
Thre is no United States I.w P
Draw your check for ten centi
if you hzve the money, and It wi
Sbe no violation of the law for th
Ibank to honor it.
SIt was just a tempest in a tei
ipot, after all, this business about
new law making It a penal offeni
to draw a check for a smaller sa:
than S3.. But the whole businei
|has the country puzzled and ther
is no doubt about that.
IBut now comes an aut? ritati
statement from the departs..ent <
justice In Washington, maying It
all wrong, and one can draw a chec
for any amount they want withot
- etting entangled in the meshes <
the law-provided the funds are i
Here is what the authorities I
Washington state, In reply to a quel
ry from a newspaper, the paper di
siring to make the matter clear:
**There is no law whatever 'prc
hibiting any person from drawin
a check for a sum lees than 3:
He or she may draw a check on
bank or similar institution for te
cents If desired.
"The uncertainty which has artV
en In the public mind on this poiz
arises no doubt from the fact tha
when the criminal code was cod,
fled, and approved by the last cot
gress, section 178. which had bee
in ezistance for mere than 45 years
was amended. This section applie
to fractional currency, which ha
not been 5ssued for very many yeas
In fact, ceased a few years ate
the clos0 of the eIVIl war. Th
amendment has no reference what
ever to present banklng custom:
The Uited States government ha
no objection to any person drawin
a cheek fb.- as small an amount les
than S1 as he may desire."
ATTACKED BY A PIEKD.
Brave Youg Womaa Faced Death te
Save Her Homor.
With both feet so frozen that the
probably will have to be amputate<
and suffering from shock. Miss Nelli<
Strayer, twenty-two years old, Is a
the home oif an uncle in Eau Clair
!Eutler county. Pa.. following a des
perate experience in which she bray
ed death to save her honor.
The young woman arrived at Par
ker station during the night and en
gaged a young man to drive her t<
her uncle's home. Instead the maz
drove in an opposite direction, an<
when in an Isolated spot attacke<
After a fight in which she says shi
was divested of nearly all her cloth
ing. Including her shoes, she escapec
and fled down a hill. through deei
snow to the river. After wanderina
around all night she was discovered
in the morning and given aid. Offi
cers are searching for a young mat
who is said to have disappeared fron
his home in Parkers.
iHorse sandl Mules Burned.
The barn and stables of 3. D.
Moore. near Cokesbury. were burned
Thursday night, together with 26
head of horse and mules, all his
corn, forage, wagons and agricultur
al implem.-nts. The loss is estimated
at about $10.004. The mules prob
ably cost $200 each. The barn and
stables were new and very large, the
building being 200 by 60 feet and
three stories high. There was only
$500 insurance on the building, and
nothing on the stock.
Kills His~ Rival.
A few inuates following the mar
riage to Miss Rose Butler. Gabriel
Len. a farmer, was shot and killed
by Joe Jackson. a rejected suitor.
near T-on. Ga2 m' Wadneay.
RFICN OF GRAFT
New York Jurist Dedares That Patrisic
Age Is No Mere.
DOLLAR USURPS HOMAGE
Supreme Court Justice Wesley 0.
Howard. of New York, in an Opia
ton Reducing Compensation Com
misioners. Declares that Graft is a
Product of Our Times.
"The age of patriotism has yield
ed to the age of commercialism.
U-ppermost in the human mind today
is not the Stars and Stripes, but the
Such was the declaration of Su
preme Court Justice Wesley 0. How
ard. of New York. in an opinion
Tuesday reducing the compensation
of members of a commission appoint
ed to appraise damages to property
resulting from the construction of
Ashokan reservoir in Ulster county,
which is to furnish a water supply
for New York city.
"While the commission furnishes
avenues for the reckless escape- of
many dollars. there are other chan
nels of leakage as wastefully appall
Ing." said the judge.
"It is greatly to be regretted that
no public enterprise can be projec!
and consummated without this ap
palling loss, called 'graft.' Graft h
not necessarily an Illegal expendi
ture of money. but it is that unnee.
essary wasteful use which character
ises the construction of every publli
venture. At least 40 per cent.-of al
the money appropriated for publi
use is lost in graft. All could b
possible if this frightful leak coul
be stopped-roads. canals, libraries
asylums and hospitals.
L "Graft is a product of our time
) and instItutions. It is, the peopl1
9 who are responsible. They expee
F 'graft.' and even spoil and booty. t4
leplete their resources whenever an:
great undertaking is ventured b.
r them: and then look with complac
5 ence and toleration and indifferene
' at ravages upon their property. Graf
,fis as much an element to be reckon
I ed with In computing the cost of i
8 public structure. as is cement o
lumber. It has come to be a matte
of course-this rake-off-a loss re
b cognized by all who make estimate
of cost in such cases. A public struc
tare built honestly would be
Justice Howard declares that th,
"whole project of the condemnatdo
. of the land in the Ashokan valley I
characteriz.'d by waste, disorder an
Ni EW POST CARD8
eAre Now on Sale and May be Ha<
- at AlU Offees.
e Distribution was commenced Fri
n day of the new design postal cards
s and it is likely that they were pv
e on sale in many postoffces Nel
e While the new card bears a hea
f of McKinfey. a better likeness C
s the late president has been selecte
k and the border design has been its
f On the new small card. intende
a for index purposes and for socia
correspondence. the head of Lincoli
a will appear. The two-cent intel
-national postal card will bear a por
- trait of Gen. Grant.
The double or repiy card will con
- tainx a new feature. On the origina
; message half will appear a likenes
.of Gen. Washington, and the stain
a on the reply halt will contain a pie
'a ture of Martha Washington.
Postoffce department offelais sa:
- that the borders of the stamps 01
t all the different cards will presen
.t an attractive diversity of design. O0
- all the cards the words "Posta
-Card." required by the Universa
a Postal runion Convention, will a;
. pear In the border of the stamp in
i stead of a separate inscription.
.POLL TAX FATAL.
8 3. J. Wemphill Misse. a Good Fe
L Job for Paying It.
The payment of his poll tax ib
South Carolina has eost ex-Represen
tative John J. HemnphiHl a $5.000 dol
' ar position in the service of the
government as a commissioner of th
District of Columbia.
It is stated on good authority Mon
Sday night that the president has de
finitely decide'd not to send Mr'
Hemphill's name to the senate be
cause of the fact that his eligibilit:
The Star Monday night said: "The
Squestion of the eligibility of John J
Remphill has been decided againsi
Mr. Hemphill. The president prefer.
lng to do nothing that will establisi
an unsatisfactory precedent thal
might cause citizens of the Distric1
trouble in the future."
Killed by Step-Son.
At Radford. Va.. Tuesday W. L.
Luck was killed by Otho Snyder,
husband of his step-daughter. Luck
had been drinking several days and
his wife went to the home of her
daughter. Mrs. Snyder Monday night.
W.hen Luck appeared at the Synder
residence early Friday morning and
was denied admittance he began bat
tering down the dpor. Synder fired
two shots at Luck, both of which
took effect. Luck died in a short
Burned to Death.
Legare, the three-year-old son of
Postmaster Wilmot L. Harris. of
Charleston. died Sunday from the re
suIts of burns receiveq~d at the Christ
mas tree celebration at his home.
The little fellow was playing with i
sparkler which was said to be safe
when his clothing ignited and before
the flames could be smothered. l'a
gare was burned so badly that mnedi
cal skill could nor avail and death
came to his re'li.'t at an early hour.
G.NolTuesday' announced the
appointment of Col. James Jordan of
Oklahoma. as United States Senator
from Mississippi succeeding the late
Snator McLaurin. who died a few
ONE OF THE WORST BLI7ZARDS A
IN TWENTY YEARS.
The Whole Coast Enfolded in the
Grasp of the Ice King on Christ
The blizzard that started on Xmas
day is said to have been one of the
worst in recent years. the worst that
we have had in December for a long
time. The death roll is mounting
high in the northern latitudes. Ship
ping has suffered terribly, and among
the ships to suffer is the Iriquois of
the Charleston-New York lin.
Here the blizzard hardly amounted
to anything more than making peo- 1
ple uncomfortable and freezing water
pipe. but in New York and New
England. many people froze to death.
communication with different parts
of the country was cut off or serious
The United States weather bureau
announced Tuesday that the snow
storm had been the heaviest for De
comber in nearly twenty years. Be
ginning at 11 o'clock Saturday more- 1
Ing snow fell continuously for twenty
four hours to a depth of more than I
ten inches. The maximum wind ve
locity for fire minutes in this time
was fifty-eight miles an hour.
The storm covered all the countr.
east of the Miasissippi Valley and in
creased in intensity as it moved from
the interior toward the Atlantic
coast. The wind blew harder and the
snow fell faster in New York than
anywhere-else. First Assistant Fore.
caster E. 8. Nichols at the New York
station. No. 100 Broadway said:
"Away back on Dec. 26 and 27.
1890. we had a fall of fourteen in
ches during twenty-four hours. That
is the only snow fall durtm- Decem
ber that compares with the present
"The greatest snow fall on record
for New York for twenty-four hours
occurred on Feb. 17 ant. 18. 1893.
seventeen and eight-tenths inches
t fell. On Jan. 24. 1908. nine and a
half inches fell. That's the only
storm during recent years that com
r pares with this."
A Mau Is Converted and Returs
L Money He Had Soea.
r The Hamilten. Ga.. Journal says
about twenty years ago Messrs. C. H.
and John A. Cook were doing bus4
ness in Hamilton under the name of
Cook Brother. One day a sack con
taining silver coin to the amount
of at least $185.00 was mysteriously
stolen from their store, every effort
to recover the same proving a fall
are and the money long ago given
up as forever lost.
Last week a letter from Mont
gomery written on a letterhead of
the Montgomery Bank and Trust
5company, and containing a draft
drawn by this company on New York
exchan'ge for $199.00. was receive-I
. by Mr. C. H. Cook for the former
3 Trie letter is unsigned and reads
"Montgomery. Ala.. Dec. 14. 1909.
SCook Brothers. Hamilton, Ga., Dear
SSirs-This money comes to you from
a man who was converted under
- my ministry, you will never gnow
who. Nor do you know' me. This
Sshows you wpat the Christian relig
Sion can do. Now we owe one-tenth
Sof our income to God. If you want
one-tenth of this used for the Lord
send it to Mr. A C. Davis. M->ntym
ery. Ala. It will be applied properly.
-He is not a preacher. You will
never know who is sending this
Smoney even though you shoumd come
to know me. I pray it may be a
-blessing to you spiritually.
Shoota His Mother-in-Law. His Wife
- At Macon. Ga., Mrs. Martha Ezum.
-who was shot hr her son-in-law. Ed
ward B. Altord. Monday night, died
Tuesday. the bullet. which entered
the neck, resulting in complete par
alysis of the body. This is the se
cond death resulting from injuriei
ingicted by Aiford. his wife having
been shot and almost instantly kill
ed at the same time he shot Mrs!
Exum and himself.
Doctors gave out the statement
that Alford cannot live through the
night. The deputy sheriff, who has
tuarded him since he was sent to the
hospital. was relieved from duty
Tuesday afternoon, the surgeons
stating that death would bar the law
from Its course.
STATE SUES STATE.
Mach Ante Bellum History and Ci vil
- War Incidents Revived.
An argument bristling with antA
bellum history and later incidents of
the Civil War in Virginia and West
Virginia. involving a claim of $50.
000.000 on b.-half of Virginia against
the latter state was heard in New
York Tuesday before Charles E. Lit
tleeield. as special master in equity1
of the United States Supreme Court.1
The case is to determine the ques
tion of the apportionment of the in
ternal debt of Virginia at the time<
when We-st Virginia was a part of1
the "Old Domilnion.' .
A special report on the case will
ultimately be filed in the U'nited
States Supreme court by the master
The Thimble Shoal lighthouse. i's
lower Chesapeake bay, was burned
Tuesday. The keeper of the ligh:
and his family are believed to have
escaped in lifeboats. The cause of i
the fire Is unknown. One of thes
scout cruisers lying in Hamipton a
Roads sent a relief cr.-w to the scene. I
Thimble light marked the shoals a'? I
proaching Old Point Comfort and-i
was the guide to all Chesape-ake hay I
Holds Pos'. at Bay.
At Memphis. Tenn.. .Tames V.
Roach. who shot and probably fatal- g
ly wounded his mother. Mrr.. Sailie a
Miller. following a quarrel over a
money matters. on Tuesday held p
IKNS OF STORM
ad Shattered Wreckage Tels of Grim
Disaster at Sea
VESSELS GONE TO RUIN
[any Ships Am Stranded on the New
England C oost and Flotwan From
Big Schooner Leeds to Grave Fears
for the Safety of the Crew of
With the news of the probable
oss of the big fie masted schooner
)avis Palmer with her crew of 12
nen, off Boston harbor, and the
rrecking of nine other vessels along
,de Massachusetts coast, the open
ng chapter of the toll taken on the
iea by the great storm which swept
qew England Saturday night and
iunday was bared to the world on
ruesday. Cape Cod is still cut off
Lad with the restoration of communi
ration it is feared that a tale of
narine disasters and storm damage
unequaled in years will be related.
Wreckage borne into Boston har
bor is believed to be the mute evi
dence of the loss of the schooner
Davis Palmer. Newport News, for
Boston. somewhere near the entrance
to the harbor. A signal box among
the wreckage contained a burgee
with the Palmer's name as also did 2
quarter-board found near. The wreck
itself has not been located.
The three-masted schooner Natas
ket was hurled ashore at Situate and
probably will prove a total wreck.
Voluntee life savers with the breech
es bouy rescued her crew of ten men.
With a cargo of lumber she was
bound for Boston from North Caro
The scftooner Belle Halliday is
ashore at Barnt Point. Natucket. The
fate of her crew is unknown, but it
is believed that they have been res
cued. She was from Philadelphia
loaded with railroad iron.
On the rock shores of Martha's
Vineyard. two water-logged schoon
era are being swept by every sea.
They are the A. K. McLean. a British
vessel, bound from Perth Amboy to
Halifax. and the Stonington (Me.)
schooner Maude Steward. Port Red
Ing from Provincetown. The crews
of both vessels have been taken off.
At Provincetown the sloop Bonita
is aground and in the fats of Ply
mouth harbor are four small schoon
era similarly distressed.
The work of filing the gaps in
telegraph and telephone wire sys
tems and in railroad and trolley
lines which bad been opened by the
blizzard is proceedIng. The telegraph
companies report a capacity of about
25 per cent. of the normal while the
telephone and trolley line schedules
were largely filled, although delays
of from onehalf to three hours wera
noted on railroads trains.
Southeastern Massachusetts. Cape
Cod's sandy peninsula particularly.
and Rhode Island suffered most from
the storm and are still in the most
demoralized condition as far as wire
and transportation service goes.
Many places in southeastern Mass
achusetts have not witnessed the ar
rival of a train for two days. New
Bedford and Fall River have been
cut off from telegraphic commt~nica
tIon with the outside world since
Wylie House. Girls' Dormnitory, Burn
ed to the Ground.
The Wylie home, the dormitory for
girls, on Erinkine campus at Du2
West was burned Monday morning
at two o'clock and but little cf the
furniture and almost no trunks wee
saved. Only o"e of the boarders and
the matron, Miss Belle Preqsley.
were In the building at the time,. all
the girls having gone of to spend
the holidays. The furni'.are anud
trunks on first doe' w-re all that
could be taken from the barning
home, and the contents of almzot
every room above the stt Soo' was
This dormitory was given to Ers
kin. college by Mr. Jos. Wytte. de
esed, of Chester some years ago
and has been made the home for
girls since coeducation was accepted
for Erskine. The estimated loss is
$10000. with insurance amounted
to about $5.000.
It is supposed that a new building
will in time replace this one but
nothing of course is known at this
WILL LOSE BOTH FEEir.
Tried to Walk Twelve Miles to
Rev. W. F. Bostwick. a post
graduate student at the University
of Chicago. will probably lose both
feet because of his courageous effort
to walk miles through a driving
mowtsorm last Sunday night to reach
he Christmas celebration of the lit
:le Baptist church at Yorkville.
The attending physician at York
ille says there is but slight hop..
f.saving the patient's te.-t. A pa
hetic feature lies In the fact th.it
be might .haile been saved great
sufering had he. not been turned
tway from the door of a firmr,'s
ouse, at which he had appli-'i int
helter and assistance after he ha-l
ecome exhausted in the d.-p sno.w
Lfd felt that he was freezingt.*
Dragged to His Death.
At Augusta. Ga.. Edward A.
prings, a driver of the Augusta fire
epartment. was thrown from his
eat on the encine Sunday afternoon
nd both wheels Dpsse~d over his
edy. causing instant death. The
orses balked and then lounged for
ard. one of them breaking the co!
ar. Springs had his hands in the
rips on the lin.-s and was dragg'-d
rom his seat and under th-e wheels.
About thls time rougress usually
ets the notion that ir it raises the
id to pay the government clerks I
nd distributes the usual number of
ublic boijings, the country can
TAIG THE ENSUS
NTERVIEW WITH THE SEPEE
VISOR OF THIS DISTRICT.
good Men Wanted Everywbere as
Enumeraaors to Ensure an Ac
curate and Fair Count.
"The simple test which candidates
for enumerators' places will undergo
February 5 does not take away the
supervisors' right under the census
law to designate suitable persons for
such positions." said Supervisor of
Census Ernest M. DuPre. of this dis
trict, at his office in Columbia. S.
"It is designated to aid the super
visors in the exercise of that dis
cretion and to enable the Census
Director intelligently to use the pow
er of approval of the supervisors'
designation conferred upon nim by
"It is very well understood that
President Taft. Secretary Nagel, and
Census Director Durand all hold the
supervisors responsible for the enu
meration. There is no doubt, th-re
fore, that our first and most impor
tant duty is the selection of honest,
capable and active persons to make
"The census will be takes, not by
the census bureau officers or the
supervisors, but by the enumerators.
They are the ones who come In con
tact with the people and get the
facts. Unless every single enumer
ator does his whole and proper duty
there can not be a correct census.
There can not be anything of greater
scientific value to this country than
accurate statistics as the basL of a
study of the existing conditions re
garding our population, agriculture.
manufactures, and mines and quar
"All persons, unless specifically dis
qualified, are entitled to apply to
take the test. Only those under
18 years of age and over 70. and
those who have not become citizens
of the United States, are barred.
Otherwise, all persons. regardless of
sex and political affiliations, are
eligible. It is left to my judgment
whether it is wise to appoint wo
men in my district. They can dc
the work. I have no doubt, especially
in certain parts of the district.
There were a good many employed
all over the country In the Twelfth
"The time for closing the consid
eration of applications is January 26.
Those received after that date will
have to be Ignored- Applications
should be addressed in writing tc
me at this office and not to the Con.
sus Director. I will send inquirer:
the necessary form and instructionw
concerning it. Afterward I will
send those on the list, prior t'
the test, a set of directions for f1l.
ing out the test papers. This wil1
enable everyone to come well pre.
pared. Nothing could be fairer o:
better calculated to Insure a satis
factory applicant passing the test
"The test itself. need not dete1
anyone. Any persons with conm':
sense and a common school educa.
tion can pass it. All it consistw 01
is giving the candidates sample popu
lation and agricultural schedules
upon which are to be written in the
proper columns the required details
which are found in printed descrip
tions, in narrative form, of typic's
families and farms supposed to be is
a district. There will be setne in
stances requiring the exerc:se el
judgment to decide whether a give:
entry should be made under om
column heading or another. Yot
can see how simple and elementary
"The test will be held all ove'
the country and in every supervisor's
district February 5. There will be
several places in each diatrict fot
taking it. One place would be in
suffcient. It would not hold afl
the candidates. As supervisor, I
shall have the direction of all, and
the test examination at each, ne
matter under what offcial agency it
is held, will be that sole and simple
one prescribed by the Census Dl
"I am given until February 22 to
rate the papers In a very simple way,
and to gain an idea of the quaili
cations of those rated as having pms
ed. Next I will forward the paperi
of the successful candidates, with
my recommendations Or designatione,
to the Census Director. He will, It
satisfied that suitable persons have
been selected, give his consent to
their appointment, and they will be
commissIoned. The middle or lat
ter part of March should see every
thing settled, and the selected and
commIssioned enumerators will be
sent more circulars and books of in
structions relative to the interpre
tation or meaning of the questions on
the two schedules.
"April 1; the Census Army will
move forward in the enumeration.
"'Certainly the Federal census
taking is as necessary and as honor
able as jury duty, and, as all good
and useful citizens do not hesitate
to respond to the call for:such duty.
I therefore ask the same high-grade
citizenship to come forward and help
me have the census taken accurately
"As President Taft has said. the
pay is not large but the work Is
worth doing well, and some day we
shall all fe~el proud in the conscious
ness that we had a part, however
humble, in taking this census."*
Was" a Had Man.
The death of King Leopold of Bel
gium removes a man who gained an
unenviable notoriety by the looseness
of his private life. H-e belonged to a
type of monarchs far more common a
century or more ago than now. He
ranked in the same class with Charles
II and George IV of England and
Louis XV of France. In those days
public opinion was not so potent as
today and kings did pretty much as
the'y liked both in private and public
life. Happily the standard of morals
is higher now and public opinion
counts for more and most kings and
rthe'r rulers have to act accordingly.
For this reason it is very' doubtful
w~hether any country w-ill in future.
tolerate a monarch such as Leo-!
pold was. The world is better off
sith such human monsters in their
:raves. The greatest wonder Is that
EEKS TO RECOVER FWE THOU
SAND iOLLRS FROM
Aiken Banker, Who Was to Give
Ten Thousand Dollars Stock in a
Bank for It.
A special dispatch from Boston
to the Augusta Chronicle says fren
zied finance in South Carolina was
described in a lurid manner in a
bill in equity brought in the su
perior court of that city by Waiter
S. Roberts, a wealthy resident of
Boston. B. Sherwood Dunn of Aik
en. S. C., was named as defendant.
Roberts seeks to recover $5.000
which he deposited in the C!ty Trust
Company of Boston in connection
with an alleged agreement entered
into between himself and Dunn
whereby a chain of savings banks
were to be started in South Carolina.
The plaintiff says that Dunn was
to start the banks which were to
be subordinate and connected with
the Aiken Savings Bank. The- suc
cess of the latter bank, Roberts al
leges Dunn said, was assured be
cause he could borrow money from
the First National Bank of Aiken
which he controlled and this bank
was to be the backer of the entire
The bank was to begin business
on October 15 last but this has not
been done. Roberts claims that for
every thousand dollars furnished by
him he was to received from Dunn
$2,000 of stock in the bink. Dunn.
it is alleged. stated that the Eliot
National Bank of Boston was to
furnish capital for the scheme and
that $2.500 was already on deposit
in the Eliot National Bank in that
city. These statements Roberts
claims are untrue.
The Aiken Eun&
A 46ispatch from Aiken to Th
Chronicle says Dr. B. Sherwood Dunn
is vice psesident of The First Nat
ional Bank which he organized in
Aiken recently. The bank is capi
talized at $50,000. and a paid i
surplus of $12,500. The bank wa
to open up for business on Septem
ber 15. but the opening has beet
postponed from time to time because
according to statements of Dr. Dunn
some of the stockholders had not yei
paid up their subscriptions.
The corner room In the Hotel -Aik
en building has been leased for fin
years and is being arranged for thi
Several local people are stock.
holders in the First National Bank
Dr. T. G. Croft Is president and Mr
R. L. Gunter is cashier. The boari
of directors include other local anc
country business men. It Is under
stood that every dollar for stoci
is held biy Mr. Gunter. the cashier
In connection with the First Nat
Ional Bank. Dr. Dunn also secure
a charter for the Alken Trust anc
Savings Company. capital $100.000
Little is known here of the affal:1
of this concern as the books of sub
scriptions were never open in Alken
SDr. B. Sherwood Dunn is not ii
Aiken at present and could not b<
seen by the correspondent of I'h<
Chronicle. Dr. Dunn's family is i
Alken occupying their cottage.
HUMAN BODIES BURNED.
On the Battlefield of Rama Dowi
A dispatch from Bluefield, Nicar
auga. says hundreds of dead ar4
burning on the Rama battlefet
Tuesday. With pathetic speed, piles
of bodies have been incinerated dall:
for the last few days, and reports re
ceived by the provinical governmen
state that the gruesome work is near
ly done. Stacked like railroad ties
and saturated with oil, the bodies o!
the victims are set- afire. Man:
children and some dead women werw
found among the dead of the gov
Famine is Increasing the horror'
of war in the interior of Nicarauga
The situation in a score of towns ii
reported to be serious. The opera
tions of the Zelayan troops befor'
their defeat near Ramt- by Gen. i~h
trada prevented traffic in suppliei
during the weeks the governmeni
troops were stationed there.
The drain on the country's re
sources-meagre at the best in mnany
distrits-made by the governmeni
commissary in its futile attempts te
keep the army in condition depleted
the natural supplies greatly.
This development is an important
factor In the insurgents' fight. The
people place the blame on the Zelaya
and Madriz factions and advicee
from the hill towns say that insur
retonary spirit is rife.
The situation in Blueteld is in
proving under the constant labor of
tbe American surgeons. Sanitation
is better but suffering in the hospi
tals is still .Intense. Scout parties
are still bringing wounded and pris
oners from Rama.
A D~anger to the South.
The Progressive Farmer sounds a
most timely warning, in urging Its
readers not to be dazzled by the pres
that in planning for your 1910)
gressive Famer tells Its eaders: ".Cot
ton is high, but don't forget that all
oher farm products are also high.
Don't get swept off your feet. there
foe, and go wild about cotton next
sping, The average yield this year
was only 1->6 poucds of lint per
acre: three years ago it was 202
pounds per acre -nearly 3 1-2 per
cent. more. With such a yield per
acre this y.ear. w.- should have had
a yield three or four million bales
larger and prices corra-sponding low
er. Cotton is high, but so are corn
and meat and grain. Dont forger
fnt high pric'e of coTtom~ The Pro
Wrihts Not to Fly for Trophy.
A dispatch from Dayton. Ohio.
says the Wright Brothers will not
again contest for the Michelin cup
awarded to Wilbur Wright in France
over a year ago for the record long
distance flight in an aeroplane.
This was announced by Orville
Wright. who added that for some
tie the Wrights will make . no
flghs at all. When they begin.
again Orville said. it nill be in Flor
ida where they expet to have an
Life is a checkerboard, on which
Tr., m r.. UW d Fat-e
d6m Are hi eL
THE CARS ARE BURNED
Locomotive of a Rock Island Pas
segW Train Plough. Over an
Fmbankment. Carrying Paaseuger
Coaches and Sleepers . With It,
Fire Then Bresking Out.
Three persons were killed and 45
Injured Friday by the derailing and
partial burning of a westbound Rock
Island passenger train south of Tren
Eon, Mo.. which probably was caus
ed by spreading of the rails. While
the train was running at a high
speed the locomotive and tender
plunged over a five-foot embankment.
dragging two baggage cars,
car and a standard sleeptMg car with
While passengers In the wrecked
cars were struggling to escape from
the debris fire started from the re
boik. The splintered cars burned rap
idly a* the three slain passengers
were partly burned. Scores of per
sons were rescued as the ames were
scorching their clothing or. burning
David Siegel, of Cleveland. 0..
wai held by the wreckage for an
hour while the fire burned within
a few feet of him, but was eventually
rescued, although he may lose an
arm. Heroic rescues were numerous.
Men and women who escaped un
harmed. rushed into the burning
wreckage to rescue the less fortunate
The train was derailed at 8.40 a.
m.. while passing through a stretch
of ice-covered country at high speed.
The huge engine, a standard Pull
man sleeper and the tourist sleeper
caught fre and were destroyed, and
a portion of the chair car was burn
The Pad inclu*e two women
whose bodies were taken from the
chair car. Most of the injured also
were In this car.
All the passengers in the burned
Pullman escaped. and aside from
bruises and slight cuts, none of
these were hurt.
The number of those who lost
their lives in the tourist car Is Iu
doubt. None Is known positively to
nave escaped from this car, and, It
Ist, believed all of Its passengers were
Those passengers and members of
the crew who escaped injury Ime
diately went to work to aid the in
jured. Many were draff-d from the
I chair car. while those In the burn
i lg Pullman generally escaped una
.ssted. The flames that attacked. the
Etourist- sleeper burned fiercely, forc
ling back the rescurers, and they
stood lay in the Ice and snow, pow
I erless to render aid..
The cause of the wreck Is not
knowi. The engine suddenly jump
ed the track and plowing through
the road bed landed upside down. 50
feet from the tracks. Following
closely came the mall and baggage
cars. These two cars doubled ahead
Ipast the engine. Both were badly
Ohn Through Window.
The first shock of the wreck over,
passengers began clambering through
1windows while farmers living near
by ran to the scene. Men entered
the burning chair car and dragged
half-stunned and bledng' passeng
ers to safety.
From beneath the wreck of the
engine other rescuers dragged the
body of Fireman rLininger, burned
and mangled almost beyond recogni
When the wrecking train arrived
from Trenton, the cars on each side *
of the three burning coaches were
drawn out of the reach of the flames.
The tourist and the first Pullman
eere soon redueed to a pile of twist
ed Iron and ashes.
In the belie! that the destroyed
tourist car held the bodies of pe
haps a dozen or more persons, the
3iassengers that lined the tracks
stood by in awed silence.*
THIS STATE WRUsJA
Results of ~061. W~so's Work Ia
the West Appearing.
South Carolina is well advertised
,throughout the West and Middle
West and the office of Commissioner
Watson is being flooded with letters
from people of that section, who
wish to invest in real estate in this
State. A week ago the address of
the commissioner before the Nation
al Farm Land congress was publish
ed in one of the largest papers in
Chicago and other Middle West
'ities. Since the publication, many
letters have been received. "I read
your speech in one of the Chicago
papers," says one of the letters. "and
I had no idea of the great resourc
es of the South, and especially of
"I intend to locate in the South. -
and I don't believe that I could iftii
L better State than South Carolina.
Please send me Information as to
different sections of the State."
Another writing says: "I am com
ing to South Carolina to live. The
advantages of the State have never
been shown before I read your speech
In one of the Chicago dailies, and
I am satisfied that I will like your
State. Please send some detailed
nformation as to the advantages of
Many letters have also been re
eer..d from the far Western States.
asking for information concerning
South Carolina. The commissioner.
while in the West with the delegates
to the National !rrigation congress,
distributed literature illustrative of
South Carolina. and the results have
Carnegie offers to give eighty
million dollars for peace in Central
America. He may as well keep
his money. Those people down there
would rather fight than have all the
money in the universe.,
If reformed foot ball is .ot suf
Sciently honricidal to suit the
crowds, the colleges may find a rood