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DOVE OF PEACE
Isuui" Ora .he I i Facim of
TRUE IS DECLARD
Both FacioMs in the Republican
Fight and President Taft Give Out
Semnane Showing That War
Wgll be Suspended Utt After
Inve-gaton Comtte CoSeu.
the dove of peace succeeded in
getting reasonably near a perch
Friday on the field occupied by the
warring Republican factions of the
house, after that much-sought bird
bad been repeatedly trightened away
from the scene by the clamor of the
contending participants. When Rep
resentative Hayes. of California. the
mediator for the insurgents, return
ed to the house after calling upon
President Taft the news circulated
rapidly that t truce had been ar
rang"d and a more or less perma
nent peace In the Republican ranks
was about to be announced.
This was considered confirmed
when a statement issued from the
White House and another from Rep
e,,sentative Dwight. the Republican
whip, announcing the details of the
armistic. The peace pronunciamento
proved premature, however, for Rep
resentatlve-Hayes, between numerous
conferences with his associates. an
nounced that no agreement had been
reached and that the matter would
go over until later.
-At this juncture the Insurgents
gathered in the room of Representa
tis Bardner, of Masachusetts. Is
sued another statement. laying that
- **an understanding bad been reach
ed." The statement, which was giv
en out by Representative Mayes,
MM- -O ttnet
-Mt is true that an understanding
has been reached that we shall at
ted the cauus about to be held
for the choice of the RepubUcan
members of the %vestigatIng com
vnttee. The question of future co
torenees. however. Is one on which
there has been no agmement. IM
fact. I had no authority from m3
aamcites to enter into that question
Of course, this agreement. in nc
way affects the Issue as to the prew
- et system of control of the house
Mr. Bayes was asked If the word
"we' used in his statement meant
aII the insurents in the house. Hq
repied that It did, sad that all ol
the Insurgents concurred in the state
The Deorasof the house an
nun that they would hold a can
cus Saturday night to name the ml
n-y members of the committa
afair - Te Democrats Insist upor
thir right to name the minorit3
members ofth o mmittee, and If the
maoiydeclines to allow It, there
is prospect of a Democratie-Repub
c~an-insurgent allance upon the
qu ~. The Insurgents say thes
mcnending merely for a fair coin
ittee and care not who are ii
The following statement was gite
~-out by Prsdn Taft:
-It has been agreed between the
regular RepublIeans and the so-cal
-I- ldinsurgents represnented by Mv
-DwIght on the one hand and Mr
~ayes on the other, after confer
engs with the Presgent, that i
should be held to pass upot
'S '\be uetio o te committee In the
Inteior department investigatio
wihte assurance that the lnsm'
gts. ftey came Into the can
~,wud be treated fairly and that
a omttee of meknowledged im
-ittlaaity would be appointed. A
futer agreement was foreshadow
ed that the caucuses should be held
imer to time, to which all elect.
ed a Republicans, should be invit
ed to take up the various measure'
recowjmtended by the samnlstrationl
asperforance on the party pledg
es, the subject of each caucus to be
announced in advance."
'The statement of Representative
Dight, the Republican whip of the
-.s concerning the reported un
-dertmlnZn between the regulars
and Insurgents was as follows:
The questions of the past have
ije orgotten. The tariff bill Is
no longer a matter for discussion.
The speakership fight is ended. The
quston of the rules Is not now an
issue. We are confronted with the
problem of redeeming the pledges
of the Republican party to the pe0
"Last Friday there was a vote in
this house which caused a Republi
Mr. Dwight here referred to the
vote on the Norris amendment, tak
ing the appointment of the Balling
er.Pinchot investigating committee
from the hands of Speaker Cannn
and placing it with the house itself.
"That was a matter of no con
sequence and a small object in which
the people could have but little In
terest. But It showed a division in
the party. The next day I saw Presi
dent Taft and laid the matter be
"I told the President that the so
called insurgents were represented as
being the friends and supporters of
the 3dmtinntationi and ready to help
- enact his recommendations into law.
I assured the President that the reg
ular Republicans of the house were
-ready to do likewise. We also were
prepared to go into caucus upon any
proposition and abide by the result.
Were the insurgents ready to do the
"For the past two days confer
ences have been In progress and
those who differed from us last Fri
day are now ready to enter the cau
cus, and abide by the decision reach
Mr. Dwight was sked if the in
surgents had been given any definate
assurances as to the treatment they
would receive In caucus. -
'"No," he replied. "except that they
have been assured of fair treatment.
They will not be discriminated
Jolly an egotist and he will jumpj
WHY CONFEDERATE SOLDIERS
DID NOT CONTRACT IT.
Difference In the Methods of Hand
ling the Cora Crop is Cited by
"If moldy cornmeal would causa
pellagra. what was the reason that
the whole Confederate army did n't
have the disease?' asked Represen
tative Lamb, of Virginia, of Dr. B.
T. Galloway. the chief of the bureau
of plant industry, before the house
"They were so vigorous they could
throw it off. I presume," answered
Dr. Galloway. "But there have been
great changes in the method of
handling corn. The old 'nethod of
topping the corn resulted in bet
ter maturing and in better harden
ed grain than we get in the new
process. although that has not been
"Great quantities of corn are now
shipped into the South from the
MIssissip~i valley and other corn
producing sections of the country.
and the movement usually begins
soon after the corn Is harvested
and corn passing from the cold re
gions into the warmer section will
sweat. It will undergo fermentation
that we know very little or nothing
about and large quantities of that
corn are sold in the market after
it has gone through one of these
processes, and It deteriorates.
"We are endeavoring to deter
mine what these changes are and
to seegregate or Isolate certain of
,these substances which might be#
Injurious. If taken in considerable
quantities. As corn has been
brought into the pellagra problem
and the Department of Agricultur
stands sponsor for the greatest crop
the world has ever known, we want
to know if It Is the cause of the
disease and If It is not the case
we want to know It."
"TENNESSEE" DUTCH SLAIN.
Noted Yeggman Victim of Tall.
hamsse Boy's Bullet.
A dispatch from Tallahassee, Fla..
says one of the postoffice robbers
who was killed by the boy. .Sauls,
Saturday. was identified by Post
oIMce Inspector Fred Roege as "Ten
nessee Dutch." a notorious cracks
man, who recently made his escape
from the Greenville. S. C.. jail. and
who has been sought all over the
country. The other dead man wa
partially identified by a weeping
young woman as a friend of herp
who called himself Walter Rexter.
The real name of "Tenoessee
Dutch" was Garber Moore. He wa1
the son of Jacob Moore. of Clark.
ville, Tenn., and is said to have
had a long criminal record. He
escaped from the jail at Greenv1Ill
S. C.. AprIl 3, 1909. by the use o.
dynamite. together with George Bar
Ston, alias "Chicago Army." Barto:
was captured at Craggy. N. C., afts
a desperate fight.
Acting on information furnished
by the young woman who idenrifled
the younger robber, the police ex
pect to capture the third man, be
1ieved to have acted as a plaket for
the robbers when they attempted te
enter the postofie building Satur
GARFIEm IAUDS PIN~CHOT
As the Most Acti ye Exponent of
At Cleveland. Ohio. Gifford Pin
chot. the dIsmissed chief forester,
was lauded In a public address by
former Secretary of the Interior Jlas.
R. Garfield. as the most active ex
ponent of the Roosevelt policies.
"Gifford Pinchot, who has just
left the service of the national gov
ernment. Is the one man who per.
hap. worked the hardest for the
Roosevelt doctrine of conservation
of our natural recources and his
principle of equa' opportunities for
all." said Mr. Garfield. speaking at
Goodrich House. a social settle'
ment, on "Tne Roosevelt Poll
"His departure from the national
service Is one of the greatest loss
es the national government has sus
tained in recent years."
Mr. Garfield expressed the hope
that Mr. Pinchot's activities as a
friend of the conservation movement
would be continued as a private citi
YEGGMEN STRIKE EFFINGHrAw
Postnone, Freight Depot and E:
press Omeie Robbed.
News was received from Effng
ham, in the lower part of Florence
county, to the effect that the post
offce at that place. as well as the
Coast LUne's freight station and the
Southern Express offie. had been~
broken Into Monday night and rob
bed. The burglars, It Is stated, se
cured about $25 In cash and some
stamps from the postoffce and open
ed a number of letters and pack
ages in the offce. They secured
some money from the freight depot
and express offce and several gal
lons of liquor, which was In the
building on consignment. As yet
the robbers have not been caught.
Rmener Ths Farmrs
The Marion Star says "when the
farmers begin to plan for this year's
crop they should not think too much
about the present prospective high'
Fprice of cotton, but remember that
the price of everything else raised
on the farm has advanced In pro
porton. Even If It were certain
that the next crop would sell as well
as the last, and that the seasons
would be favorable for production ot
th stapl it would not pay South
Carolina farmrs to neglect other
crops and plant cotton exclusively.
for everything they have to buy
will cost them correspondingly
high prices. Dont forget so soon
the lessons of rotation and diver'sl
icaton. about which so much has
been said and written In the past
few years with such benefit to the
agricultural interests. It might not
pay to venture 'all the eggs in one
WILL SOON HANG
Spey Trial and C aviction of a Black
Fiend at Kingstree
FOR ATACK ON CHD
The Courtroom Was Packed With
Men When the Case Was Called.
But Only the Officers and Witness
es Were Allowed to Hear the
Johnnie Rose. alias John Wood. a
Regro boy about eighteen years ot
age. was tried and convicted at
Kingstree on Tuesday morning of
attempting to commit an assault on
a little white girl and sentenced to
be hung on February 4.
On the 6th of last December a
little white girl. 14 years of age.
was on her way to school with her
books and a stilak of sugar cane for
lunch. In passing through x tact
of wooded land she was interzrptea
by th' negro who asked her for a
piece of sugar cane. She granted!
his request by handing him the en
tire stalk and after receiving the
remaining portion from him. % hen
she attempted to pass, she w%: seiz
ed by the throat and dragged from
the road into the underbrush. For
tunately a passer-by heard her
screams and rushed to the scene in
The child. bleading from the
scratches of her assailant and suf
fering from the violent throttling.
was placed in the hands of solici
tous neighbors and an immediate
search was begun for the negro. In
a short time he was captured and
after having been positively Identi
fled was hurried to Kingstree and
placed in the county jail, and non'
too soon, for a mob to lynch him
was being rapidly organized.
On the night of the same day 4
body of armed men from the neigh
borhood of the crime halted at the
outskirts of the town and sent a
delegation to Sheriff Graham re
| questing his influence In securing an
immediate trial and threatening an
attempt to prevent the law from
I taking Its course. The sheriff prom
ised to use his efforts to have a
special term of court ordered. per
suaded the crowd to disband and
return to their homes.
The special term was ordered as
quickly as possible and Tuesday
morning the court was opened by
Judge T. S. Sease. When the jury
had been empannelled there was
hardly standing room in the build
ing and the sheriff and his bailiffs
bad no little difficulty in preserving
The victim of the attempted as
sault was the first witness called
by the State and out of respect
for her the judge, upon the motion
of solicitor, ordered the court room
Scleared, allowing only the officers of
the court and the witnesses to re
main in the building during the time
that the child detailed her story of
the vicious assault. She unhesitating
ly identmed the defendant and told
with considerable clearness the de
tails of the crime.
After examining several other wit
nesses. hte State rested and the
defense offered no testimony. Upon
b earing the arguments on both sides
and the charge, the jury retired and
returned within 10 minutes with a
verdict of guilty. Judge Sease, af
ter admonishing the doomed man
with a few appropriate remarks.
passed the death sentence that he
be hanged on the 4th day of Feb
THREE AUTOISTS KILLED.
Auto and Trolley Car Meet With
i Fatal Results.
At Atlanta three men were kill
ed and two others Injured, one se
riously. when the automobile in
which they were riding collided with
a street car late In the afternoon a
few days ago. The automobile was
wrecked and the street car badly
damaged. The accident occurred ou
Peachtree road and resulted from an
attempt on the part of the automo
bile driver to pass between another
automobile going in the same direc
tion and an approaching street car.
Both automobiles, It Is said, were
going at a high rate of speed.
The dead: Win. W. Garner. aged
21; Frank George. aged 21; Harold
E. George. aged 9. W. H. George.
father of the dead brothers, and an
automobile dealer was slightly In
jured, and F. S. Gable, the driver.
was seriously injured.
Garner. for whom a demonstra
tion of the automobile was being
made, is an inspector of the Wes
tern and Atlantic Railroad. and had
ust a few days ago been discharg
ed from a local hospital. after re
covering from a recent railroad ac
How to Attract the Buyer.
An advertising expert tells this
story: One Saturday aftersoon two
bootblacks were trying to draw trade.
TheIr stands were similar In appear
ance. the boys looked alike, and their
locatons were of equal value. Ons
called out "shine, shine, get a shine
here." briskly enough. The other
called out. "Get your Sunday shine.
get your Sunday shine." The sec
ond boy did a rushing business, while
the first was Idle.
Quite a lesson there for the ad
vertiser. The second boy won out
because he called the attention of
people to a need they had already
felt and recognized. He knew that
a lot of them would need a shine
the next day, and he simply called
their attestion to a want they had
already felt. The successful adver
tiser calls attention to a want the
public has already felt. He wastes
no breath or space In trying to per
suade them of some need that they
had not recognized as a need. If tha
pubic wants to save money. the suc
cessful advertiser emphasizes prices.
If the public w-ants style first the
good advrstiser conveys the impres
sion of fashion and modishness. If
g d wearing goods are what Is want
ed, the advertiser emphasizes dura
Between the written and the un
written law justice has no easy
WITH US AGAIN
[he Legislature et at Noon on Tuesday
Opening Session Was Along Rou
tine Lines in Both Senate and
House - Several Appointments
Are Made by the Speaker and the
President of the Senate.
The convening of the legislature
at noon Tuesday was marled by
the usual scenes. The work of or
ganizing was smooth. this being
the second year of the present ad
ministration, and the officers aDd
attaches being well trained in their
In 15 minutes both houses had
organized and had informed each
other and the governor that every
thing was ready for business.
Three new members were sworn in.
two in the house. Messrs. D. 1.
Smith of Colleton and T. P. Brown
of Florence. and one in the sen
ate. Mr. W. C. Hamrick, of Chero
The governor's message was read
in both houses and the usual reso
lutions W*ere adopted referring it
in parts to appropriate commit
Both houses accepted without dis
cussion Winthrop's invitation to
spend Lee's birthday at the col
lege. The invitation was present
ed by Governor Ansel as chairman of
the Winthrop board. He pressed
the invitation on the ground that
the mentbers of the legislature
would be afforded a good chance to
see how the State's money is be
ing spent at Winthrop, and said a
special train of four coaches had
been chartered for the trip.
In the house Mr. Ayer present
ed a resolution, which was adopted,
inviting Mr. James H'enry Rice,
Jr.. of the State Audubon Society,
to address both branches on the
subject of protection of game.
The house did not touch its long
calendar inherited from the lasl
session, adjourning half an hour
after convening until 11 o'clock
The senate, however. waded
through Its calendar, which contain
ed one third reading bill and SS
second reading bills. Most of the
bills were passed over, the prirnt.
ed bills not being available Tuesday.
In some instances, however, the un
favorable reports of committee!
were adopted and the bills reject
ed. Only one second reading bill
was ordered to third readng-that
of Senator Clifton to allow certaiT
widows above 55 years of age tc
participate in the pension fund.
The only new bill introduced was
by Senator Rodgers of Marlboro
to establish Dillon county.
The committee appointed on be
half of the senate to notify the gov
ernor consisted of Senators W. J
Johnson. Sinkler and Crosson, and
the committee from the house wras
composed of Representatives Patter
son. Vanderhorst and Cothran.
Shortly afterwards the annual
message from Governor Ansel was
presented to each house by Secre
tary A. J. Bethea. and the messag'
was read. The reading of the mes
sage was closely followed by most
of the members.
The following appointments wer
announced by President McLeod in
Doorkeepers-W. E. McDonald.
Peter Sanders. J. 3. Hargin.
Laborere-Albert Nance, Calhoun
Butler. Shepherd McCants.
Pages-Frank DesChamps and
Speakger Whaley announced the~
folowing alppaintments in the
Mail Carrier-N. 0. Pyles.
Doorkeepers-Owen T. McBride,
John Johnson and Wiley N. Austin.
Pages-William Rodges Mood.
Jr., T. Henry Suydam. Hammond
Bowman and Estes Smith.
Porter to Speaker's Room
House Laborers - Jordan 011
phant. Sam Duncan, A. Bozeman and
Senator Lide of Orangeburg was
elected to fill the vacancy on the
judiciary commIttee caused by the
retirement of Senator Orts of Cher
okee and Senator Hamrick of Cher
okee was elected to the following
committees: Commerce and mane.
factures, banking and insurance, and
Senator Rodgers' bill to repeal the
act establishring a siepartment o-f
agriculture, commerce and immi
gratl)n, and abolish the office of the
commssloxfer, whtch appeared on
the calendar as a second reading
bill, with unfavorable committee
report, was rejected, the unfavorable
report of the committee, on motior.
of the author of the bill beIng
Senator Carlisle's bill providing
for the erection of fire escapes in
hotels, etc., and providing for the
appointment Jo~f inspectors of ho
tels. was rejected, the unfavorable
committee report being adopt-i
Senator Croft's bill to creat-- a
State banking board, which h'ad an
unfavorable committee report, was
rejected. Senator Croft moving to
accept the unfavorable report.
The unfavorable repor't on Se'na
tor Lide's bill to provlde. for at:
lection ~to determine the S?:te's
policy with regard to regula-.n: the
sale of alcoholIc liquors ,v2s ado'pt
ed. and the bill was re&.:te-i.
Senator Weston's bill -a :>rov!.lr.
for the payment of watee med in
the public lnstlttrtions an-i huld
Ins of the State located in Co.lemn
bia. which appeared on the calondar
a~s a second reading bill, with spee
La] committee report, was indefi
ately continued, on motion of Sena.
How to Thaw Water Pipes.
W' rn it is not safe or convenient
to apply heat to frozen pipes te
:haw them, spread a cloth thickely
rith unslacked lime. fasten It around
he frozen pipe and throw water on
t. The heat produced as the lime
AS REPORTED BY THE CENSUS
BUREAU TO JAN. FIRST.
Almost Three Million Bales Less
Than the Amount for the Same
Date Last Year.
The report of the census bureau.
issued Monday. shows that 9.646.285
bales of cotton, counting round bales
as half bales, were ginned from the.
growth of 1909 to January 1. 1910.
as compared with 12.465.293 bales
for the crop of 1908; 9.951,505
bales for the crop of 1907 and 11.
741.4)9 bales for the crop of 1906.
The proportion for the last three
crops ginned to January 1 is 95.3
per cent for the crop of 1908. 90
for 1907 and 90.4 for 1906.
The number of round bales in
cluded this year Is 144,847, com
pared with 230.572 last year and
179.694 for the season of 1907-S.
Sea Island this year aggregated
S9.499. last' year 86.528 and 73,
425 for 1907-S.
The number of bales of cotton.
counting round as half bales, and
excluding linters. for the crc.p of
199 to January 1. by States, and
compared wtih the report of 1909.
State. 1910. 1909.
Alabama .. ...1.017.826 1.103,338
Arkansas .. .. 657.732 910.423
Forida ..... 60.136 66.855
Georgia .. .. 1.,S12.994 1.930.783
Louisiana .. .. 251.S44 453.210
31isiissippi .. .1.005.166 1.522.160
North Carolina. 606.196 647.505
Oklahoria .. .. 526.602 585.010.
South Carolina.1.099.718 1.176.220
Tennessee .. 226.791 317.010
Texas .. ..... 2.326.650 3,486.007
All other States 54.530 67.777
Grand total.9.646.285 12.465.298
The distribution of sea island cot
ton for 1910 by States follows:
Florida. 27.482 bales; Georgia. 49.
S86 bales: South Carolina. 12.131:
The statistics in this report for
1910 are subject to slight correc
tions when checked against the in
dividual returns of the ginners be
ing transmitted by mail.
The corrected total of cotton gin
ned this season to December 13.,
1909, is 9.359,68S bales.
THE LAZY BUG
Was First Discovered ia Ce:1on
Thirty Years Ago.
The hookworm was discovered and
the seriousness of its ravages first
recognized In Celyon. thirty years
ago, according to Walter A. Court
ney. lately Ceylon commissioner to
the United States and befote that a
British official and planter in the
"It was back in 1880." said Mr.
Courtney. who was in New York
on government business Monday.
"that a British medical supervisor.
named Thornton. determined to mnd
out what was the trouble with the
coolies on my estate. Two-thirds
of them had been stricken hopeless
-ly lazy and seemed to be acected
with some undemable physical dis
abilIty which made It impossible roz
them to work.
"Dr. Thornton experimented and
eventually found the parasite-the
hookworm. The government doc
tors discussed the disease and nam
ed it ankylostomasis. They found
that the natives had got the dis
ease by going barefoot in the soft
loam on a certain portion of the
"After long study the doctors
found that they could cure the vic
tims of the disease In about a
month's time. They used two or
three drugs with success. notably
epsom salts and thymol, but got
their best results from carefully
dieting their patients."
Home Interest First.
The home paper has become e
essential a part of the reading of
every well informed family, that
there are few people nowadays who
sacrifice theIr own local newspaper
in order to get a metropolitan sheet.
A great many famIlies feel both t'
be necessary, but if one has to
choor.x there are today few who
would p.ck the distant journal int
preference to the one close to thel
more Intimate Interests. After alr.
the average citizen is far more con
cerned about the affairs of his own
home city than about the affairs of
the world. No matter how much ne
may read about congress, about for
"'ign affairs, about general politics.
if he fails to know what his own
home government is going to do
about his taxes, If he falls to know
what kind of schools and streets
are being provided for him. If he
is ignorant of the activities of the
societies and churches conducted
close by him, he Is a pretty poor
sort of citizen. To the housewife.
the some paper is absolutely essen
tial. because it conveys the most im -
portant business news, the offerings
of the home merchants.
Vice flaunts itself defiantiy when
*ver it is posrible to do so, an-1 its
possibility has been made easy by
the supineness and oftentimes the
connivance of the authorities. whose
duty it was to uproot vice and enfoce
law. But in recent years vic= Is be
ing badly h!t as an improve-l public
conscience puts better men Into of
flee and demands that they maintain
and put the law in operation. The
gamblers. who the other day openly
defied the gcrernor of Indlana by
attemp::: to start a gamblin: re
sort in that State a few miles from
Chicago. are now wiser and sadder
men. in that they realize that when
an ollicial determines to enforce the.'
law it can be enforced, and that is
wha't Governor M\arshall of Indiana
What w" keep by us is our own
and may be changed or mended.
but the word that has escaped our
lips is beyond recall. That is all f
right wh.en the word is good. but c
It is all wrong when the word is e
evil. If this were remembered morep
fully there would be far less a
thoughtless and injurious speech. o
An Indiana representative says
9s66 for flowers for the Whitb a
Hous" is too much. Hie fails to rea- o
!z" that with the present fast pace a
of living flowers are considered a s<
NO BACK DOWNI
fteCb Between Ik* Ma1hine ReOpuliraM
ETS WIER THAN EVER
rhe Insurgents Are Defiant, and It
Is Believed That the First Con
test Will Come With the Selec
tion of Committee to Probe Bal
A Washington dispatch says the
a.lready broad breach between the
"organization" of the house of rep
resentatives and the Republican in
surgents -was widened peroeptibly
Monday. Monday night there was
every evidence that mutually hostilA
acts of the past few days would
continue with increasing bitterness.
All day the insurgents caucussed
in little groups of twos, threes an'i
fours on the house floor, in the
cloak rooms and the members lob
by. discussing the situation and d
bating the desirability of an early
meeting to form a battle front to
meet the onslaughts that are report
ed to be coming from the organi'
zation. Much secrecy was observed
among them. No one would say
when a formal meeting will be
It became known Monday that
the party caucus will be invoked
against the insurgents, and on every
occasion when there are differences
between the .1epublican members
that insurgen.s will be made to fol
low the program or be forced out
side the pale of the party.
The announcement did not die
concert the recalcitrant Represen
tatives. They were free In theit
expressed opinions that no compul
sory measures would avail anythinZ
to the organization. If the test of
regularity lies in following the "m
chine" as several denominated it,
they said they preferred to be Ir
The first battle will occur. it 1
believed, over the selection of thf
committee by the house to investi
gate the Ballinger-Pinchot embrec
glio. which is several days in the
future. The house Republican:
doubtless will hold a caucus t(
name a committee and map out :
program, and here the insurgents
it is predicted. "fish or cut bait."
A dozen insurgents said privatel:
that they would not attend any cau
cus where they knew there was i
pre-arranged plan to discredit them
Representative Underwood. speak
ing for the Democrats of the house
said the mir&rity would probabl:
hold a caucus also on the Ballinger
Pinchot inquisition. There is .
prospect of a joint Democratic-Re
publican insurgent committee belni
named to oppose the committee be
ing named to oppose the committet
of the regular Republicans, whici
would bring a test battie on th'
"We are like the outside nine.,
said Mr. Underwood, "waiting t<
see which way the ball i going t<
be batted. We can't play until the:
hit something in our direction.''
Trhe letter issued by the Repub
lican congressional committee
which had the effect of throwing
few bricks into the insurgent camp
came from the "literary bureau,'
maintained by that organization. T1
was stated that the congressiona
comnittee did not exist as a bod:
at this time and therefore was no1
Representative McKinley. of fIl
nois, chairman of the committee, ad
mitted there was virtually no com
mit tee in existance now, but he him
self assumed responsibility for th4
letter. It was sent out, he said,
under his guidance from the Repub
lican headquarters in Washington,
as part of the regular "weekly newi
COOK A NERV'OUS WRECK.
Could Not Stand Strain of Further
Another member of the Cook
family, this time Mrs. Josephine
Dudley. a sister of the c..plorer's
wife, made a statement.
Mrs. Dudley says Dr. Cook Is a
nervous wreck, unable to think con
secutively, and that the reason he
remains in hiding is that he could
not stand the strain of further con
"We are praying," said Mrs. Dud
bey. 'that he will soon succeed, so
that he may come forward and de
fe- d himself. Mrs. Cook is at her
husband's side. She loves him and
trusts him. There has been no quar
rel, there never was any trouble
between them about money."
Mrs. Dudley received a messagr,
she said, from Walter Lonsdale, Dr.
Cook's secretary, dated Copenhagen.
and reading as follows.
"Cable Fred's address at once.
Al important. Must see him now."
Mrs. Dudley has not answered the
message yet, because she fears it
:nay be a trap. The doctor has nad
a disheartening relapse, she said,
and it is important that his seclu
ion aball not be disturbed. She
says she is aware of the doctor's
irhereabouts, but will not even specd
'y whether he is in this country or
Shoots Wife Kills Himself.
Meeting his wife and 4-year-old
on as they wer- on their way to
;unday school Sunday. Win. Gauner,
ged 35 years, of Lehigh. Pa., shot
tis wife in the face and then com
ntted suicide by shooting himself
hrough the head. Mrs. Gauner, it
s said, cannot recover. Jealousy
i thought to have caused the crime.
The New York Sun is authority
r the statement that purilism ex
ited more inte'rest in 1909 than it
ver did before. This is the crop
ing out from the days of our old
nestors who use to thump each
ther with stone clubs.
A show leopard n'r.rly killed his
'oman trainer in New York the
ther day. He must have been abou'
t hungry as the Tammnany tiger
WHAT THEY MEA
DEFNITIONS OF THE EXPRES
SIONS USED IN SOCIETY
In Reference to Many of the Hap
penings and Functions Among the
Plebelans-Those who still eat
Smooth-One with a finished ed
Herd-A term supplied to poor,
Dinner-What you like to be in
Luncheon-Meal at noon-wome!I
Robbery-A 'ail offense if yoE
need the money.
Eligible-A man who doesn't wan'
Reaping-The explanation fo]
Engagement-A signal for show
ers of household necessities.
Secret-A magic word that mean
it must be told.
Dub-A man who wears a plus
hat and plaid socks.
Peer-The costly prize in the nev
Chafing Dish-A frying pan tha
has gotten in society.
Unknown-The things you wl
most to know.
Ball-Where you can wear th
least, in society.
Travel-One way of showing 701
have tne money.
Jealousy-Something you fee
when there's no cause.
Informal-Don't wear clothes yo7
would catch cold in.
Neighborly-A feeling existing b
tween humble folks.
Beauty-Some one with goow
sense to get it on straight.
Smart Set-Something so smal
that everybody can't get in.
Cradle-Something going out a
fashion in smart houses.
Scandal-Something that leak
out and becomes a great sin.
Clubwomn-A woman with a
excuse for neglecting anything
Whelp-The young man who take
everything and gives nothing.
Pouring-The next honor to bein
asked to receive at a function.
Fast Men-Those traveling th
cocktail route to a giddy finish.
Among those present-The lea
honored guests at any function.
Countenance-What's under ti
make-up. if you could dig it all ou
Stiff-A- man who never takes
girl any place unless she suggesi
parties as a substitute for food.
Unexpressed-What some peopl
think of the action of other peopi
Intruder-The man you used I
like but don't want hanging aroun
Charming-What a party and
woman always are in the sociel
Centerpiece - Something the
makes the dinner pretty and i
Beaux-Men who do very well fc
escorts, but who are not to be take
Suitor-The man with enough p<
sition and money to make him desi
Servants-The delightful topic<
conversation always chosen by ti
Week-end Party-A party whei
you find out who have the best dil
Wife-The woman you can as
silly over without attracting the leas
bit of attention.
English-People who always em
plain their jokes before you haa
time to see them.
Twinkle-What older women at
trying to do to be young, while th
young are content to shine.
Patronesses-Those who allo,
their names to be printed on prc
grams to give tone to an affair.
Friends-What you call peopl
you know of prominence and means
andi those whom you dare not of
Clubman-A grouchy, grizzly fel
low with a wad of money he hang
to and with which he buys himsel
Debut-An exhibition of th
charms and attractions of a soclet
bud with a view to qualification fo
Cocktails-A decoy drink in whic
an olive is sometimes dropped. Dif
fers from the coy lemonade with
cerry in It.
(Acquaintances-People who have
n't servants and whose family con
nections are obscure, are spoken o
Slow-Men who call and call ane
never guess that a yawn is a sigi
to "beat it." (They wouldn't knot
what "beat it" means.)
Receiving Line-The women witi
their hats off who shake your hant
as you go in. Those especially hon
ored by the hostess.
Reception-An affair at which 30(
people are crowded into a smna:
space, given a cup of tea and sen1
home through another door.
SIlver Offering-A collection tak
en up because it shames people intc
giving more than the price of ad
mission would have been.
Bud-A girl who is too young to
know better, too pretty to stay sin
gle, and too giddy to give offense.
Most acceptable person in society.
Charity Affairrs--Different from a
train robbery in that the robbers
wear no mask's, but get away with
the goods because they are who
Hill-A high place where only
members of the "Z6" may land.
Thirty-six being the number in a
small community allowed to do as
they please, regardless of what it is.
with no interference or comments
from anybody, and where even the
street cars carry a blue light.
Consider ing the very Important
and even essential part that milk
plays in the dietary of every family.
the action of the great milk firms
that supply New York. Chicago and
other large cities in abnormally
raising the price of milk Is nothing
less than criminal. It is another
and one of the worest instances of
financial greed, for it is a virtual
robbing of the poor. Already som>'
nf these firms have been making a
proit of twenty and twenty-five pa
rent upon what is mainly wateasd
tock. but even that enormous profit
ONE GREAT NEED
IAkes hn gia for he Elh m
Ovr the Stats
SCHOOLS FOR FARMERS
Dr. Knapp, of the United States De.
partment of Agriculture, Points
Out the Great Value to the Whote
Country by the Establishment of
In an address at Greenville on
Wednesday Dr. Seaman A. Knapp,
of the departmeat of agriculture
made a strong plea for the establish
ment of farm-training schools to
supplement the State agricultural
colleges. The resultant benefit to
the community and the country at
large would be immense. Dr. Knapp
pointed out, because of the increas
ed production of food supplies and
the better condition of those who
produced the nation's food.
"At the last census." said Dr.
Knapp, "there were 2,000.000 rent
ed farms and 10,500.000 laborers on
all the farns of the United States.
What per cent of the rt
were well farmed-Mnd-wtat per cent
of the 10.00.000 farmers were real
ly good farmers? Possibly 1 per
cent and 5 per cent were fairly
good; 94 per cent get from one-half
to one-fourth of what they should
obtain from the soil. This loss
must not be regarded as ndividual;
It is a loss to the State, to the com
munity. What does this State pro
pose to do about it?
The speaker declared the masses
must be divided Into two classes
those who could afford to attend a
school of some kind and those who
s could not leave home to obtain an
education and who, therefore, must
get their education In or near their
homes. For such as were able to de
s vote some time to study. Dr. Knapp
advocated their attendance on a farm
g training school, such as he outlin
e "The farm training school must be
both effective and 'economical.' he
it said. "The training must fit men
to do the work on the farm necessary
.e for them to do and. inasmuch as
L their funds are limited, It must be
a economical. and even If their funds
were not limited the farmer must
t Such a school. In Dr. -Knapp's opin
Ion, should be equipped with simple
apparats; it should make a feature
of manual labor and It should strive
'o to teach by practical methods rather
d. than through the agency of books.
"Now. after some of these .funda
a mental things are acquired," continu
T Y ed Dr. Knapp. "which of course must
be acquired along with the other
Lt studies, what actual knowledge must
| be obtained? And among the actual
knowledge that he needs to acquire
~r ifor the farm-and I am now discuss
) lng the man who proposes to live on
the farm-are the following:
| "How to make a crop successful
| ly, which will Include the prepara
tion of seed bed, the seed and culti
~fvation; how to do his work the moet
l economically-which would include
the kind of teams, the feeding of
C teams, the use of the best farm tools,
-'etc.; the feeding of animals and the
value of the meadow and the pas
~t ture; the use of green crops and
t the economic ration"
The improvement of the fara
C- would follow Immediately on the
e adoption of modern methods and the
application of the above knowledge
-e to its administration; said Dr. Knapp.
e He decleared, also, that the improve
ments on farms at the present time
V were nearly all of a temporary na
'E ture and, therefore, costly In the
long run. "The cost of repairs is
e too great," he said, "and the life
-. of the Improvement is too short"
Dr. Knapp concluded his address
with a glowing tribute to the farm
er's wife. He dwelt upon her prac
5 ticability and her love for her home.
I Taking one such woman, whose
name he did not mention, he said:
e "Sh.. believed In housekeeping as
Y a fine art and an art worthy of-iy
r woman. Such a woman isa treasure
In any household and worthy of all
b honor by the best man that ever
I Dr. Knapp is delivering a series
of these addresses under the auspices
of the Southern railway.
A large crowd of farmers from the
f Piedmont section of South Carolina
heard Dr. Knapp. The demonstrii
I tion agents of the State also held S
TRAMP PAYS OLD SCORE.
Timely Aid Given Him Brings Hand
Seven years ago James L. Har
vey. now a Rio Grande switchman
at Denver, Col.. was brakeman on
a frieght In Oklahoma and befriend
ed a tramp.
A few days ago Harvey received
a letter from the tramp, Charles
McNamara, now a rich miner of
Murray, Idaho, Inclosing a check
for $500 as a Cristma* gift. Hzr
- iey permitted Mc~amara to ride
ov-er his division, gave him cloth
Ing, a meal, a bed and a $2 bill.
MtcNamara says In his letter that
he had resolved to kill himself when
he met Harvey. But the help he
got gave him courage to renew his
battle with the world, and he Is now
prosperous. He 'tells Harvey to
"rive the high sign" when he wants
"Glavis and Pinchot." says The~
State. "who have been dismissed
from the public service, fell from
grace because they, right or wrong.
spoke In the ezterest of the public.
and against a cabinet officer sus
pected by them of being the friend
of gigantic grafters, and enabling
them to ravish the public domain.
And in action against those public
servants Sir. Taft has defended the
3Mayor Gaynor of New York Is re
'quiring city employes to work from
9 to 5. It is poor policy to over
work them so. They will soon need
about six weeks leave of absence