Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXIY MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 10 NO.26
E g gd DfggjBy AssaIk
Aged White Woma
IS SHOT BY OFCERS
When Surrounded by Officer% Negro
Attempt. to Shoot But Ofm-irs Get
First Shot-Bullet Pierced Negro's
Thigh.-Mob of Angry Citizens
Escaping trom a turpentine camp
sIx miles from Tampa. Fla.. where he
was detained as a convict. Roland
Flowers, a negro, went to the home
of Mrs. Jane Ellerbee. a prominently
connected white woman, two miles
away, at two o'clock Thursday after
noon. and at the point of a gun forc
ed the frightened woman to submit
to an assault. As soon as the negro
left, the woman ran a'distance of
two miles. with no shoes on her feet
and but the scant attire the brute
had lett on her and gave the alarm.
Officers from Tampa hastened to
the scene in automobiles, and secur
Ing bloodhounds were soon on the
trail of the negro. Half a hundred
men on horseback also took up the
chase. but the sheriT's posse was
first to sight the fugitive, which prob
ably saved summary punishment be
ing visisted on him. When sightel
the negro had a gun which h. ha,!
taken from the Ellerbee hoirb. Wher.
commanded to halt. ne strted t
shoot, but the offcers firvvi ist. on#
of the bullets piercing his taich
Another went through the tw3 har
reis of the gun.
The negro was placed in an auto
mobile and hurried to Harcey. z
small station several miles dise:.nt.
Anticipating that the roads wou.i .-e
watched by the angered citizeni. who
outnumbered the officers ten to one.
the latter took a wide detour a-2d Pr
rived at Tampa with the!r prLso.or
six o'clock and Zodged him in the
jail. He is now under heavy guard
and it is hadly probable that any
violence will be attempted, for the
present at least.
Mrs. Ellerbee tells a story revolt
Ing in detail. She was In the yard
at the time the negro arrived, and
was the only person about the house.
The negro asked for a drink of water
and permission to sit down and rest.
He walked into the house to sit
down and when Mrs. Ellerbee pro
tested he forced her to go Into the
house also. pointing a gun which he
found in the house at her. Mrs. El
lerbee is about 54 years old and lives
with -her ,son in a small farm house.
DE&TW OF AN OLD WOMAN.
Said to Have Been One Hundred and
Siateen Years Old.
"Aunt" Mary Cain. reported to
have been 116 years old, died recent
ly near Durham. N-. C. This old mamn
my, whatever age she had, was an
- interesting character and until her
decline, dating from last year. had a
clear mind that enabled her to tallk
entertainingly of Judge Thomas Ruf
fin, believed by many lawyers to have
been th-e greatest judge of his day.
She was a friend of Judge Cameron
and the nurse of his son, Paul Cam
eron. These facts alone sustain the
claim of .great age, but she was near
ly a grown girl when the war of
1812 broke out and she talked 0'
that date to a finish. She could re
call well the soldiers and their dolngs
in those days and any date within
100 years, it appears she remember
ed quite well.
TRIED TO CARRY OFF BOY.
Two large Eagles Attack a Ten Ye-ar
Ten-year-old Ira Cunningham. of
Laporte, Pa.. has the distinction of
having had to ftght with two huge
bald eagles for his life, and he w.i
carry the marks of their talorns to
the grave. The boy is the son of
a farmer. living in a remote sectio:
known as Ringdale. On Thursday
he was returning from school, an '
was about a mile from any habita
tion when two eagles swooped dow'
upon him knocki~ng him down an
attacking him with great fury. They
repeatedly sunk their talons in hiN
shoulders and tried to carry him~
away. The boy fought pluckily, and
getting hold of a club, resisted the
birds so sturdily that th'ey abandon
ed the attempt and flew away.
DIES AFI'ER BIOUT.
Boxer Succumbs to injuries tecelved
At Chicago Albert Wilkowski died
at a hospital Wednesday night. fol
lowing injuries receive in a 10-round
boxing match. The police took into
custody pending the outcome of a
coroner's jury. Harry Gilmore, the
veteran pugilist. Joseph McCarthy.
and George Leatham. The bout took
place in Gllimore's Boxing Acadelauy.
with McCarthy as WVilkowski's oppo
nent. Leatham was one of the sec
onds. The men founght with two
ounce gloves. The rounds were fast
and furious. At the tenth round th~e
men finished in apparently good con
dition. but shortly afterwards WII
k'owski collapsed. His death follow
ed twentyfour hours later.
A Cherry Mine Victim.
The body of one miner and the
carcasses of 64 mules were found .350
feet deep in the St. Paul mtid at
Cherry. Ill., by relay parties of re
WORK OF HIGH TARIFF
MANY HUNGRY CHILDREN IN
SCHOOLS OF CHICAGO.
At Least That Is What Mr. Shoop
Superintendent of Chicago Schools.
Says is the Case.
Five thousand children who attend
the public schools in Chicago are hab
itually hungry, and 10.000 other
children in that city are not sufil
ciently nourished according to a let
ter from the superintendent of *7e
schools of Chicago from whi:h Rhep
resentative Henry of Texas reau ex
cerpts in the House Wednesdav.
"Texas." declared Mr. Hen-y. '
plying to a recent speech in ds-fense
of the new tariff law. delivered t.,
Representative Boutell of Illinois. "is
prosperous in spite of the Payne- UA
drich tariff bill. if that law had .':'
things to do with the prosperity of
Texas. why does it not bring pr's
perity to Chicago and other great
cities of this country.
Again replying to Mr. Boute!l's
speech. Mr. Henry said he did not
think the price of cotton was i< o
high. nor were any other farn pra-/
ducts too high, on the farm. Cot.on
being on the free list. was not a.-ct
ed by the tariff, he declared, but
ts price was fxed by the markets
of the world.
"Yet." he added. "cotton ties and
cotton bagging are taxed for the ben
et of the steel trust."
Referring to high prices, Mr.
Henry was interrupted by Mr. Bon
tell who said that with prime heavy
beef selling on the hoof In Texas at
$10. he did not see how the people
>f ChIcargo could buy them at $6 on
"Does the gentleman from Texas
want to reduce. the tariff on cattle?"
inquired Mr. Boutell.
"I will repeal the duty on beef if
zhe gentleman from Illinois will help
iut every member of the beef trust
In the pen." retorted Mr. Henry.
"To whom does the gentlemna re
er?"* asked Mr. Boutell.
"To the Beef Trust."
"But to whom does the gentleman
"Don't you know?" asked Ur
Henry. "Then the 1;,000 hung.-r
hIlden in the public schools of
hicaco should haunt the gen-2eman
Mr. Bowell replying to statemente
y Mr. Henry declared that toni.
there were no hungry chill 'i t 'he
ablic school of Chicago. that -.;;tt
tatenet applied only to condition'
attending the panic of i: )7.
A Chicago dispatch says the state
ment that 5.000 Chicago chidr-n zo
to school hungry each day and Iht t
10.000 more are not pro,) ly nou
'shed was verified by Assistan: $up
rintendent John D). Shoop.
'I am certain the flguces are 1. 1
verdrawn." said Mr. Sho.w. "'I knosw
from personal observaiiani th G~ m ent
hlldren &, iot make proress IT
school because they d V ro eci.
good nourishing food.''
TOO MUCH SOFT SOAP.
ueer Accident to the Sewer Pipes 'it
Orange. N. J.
The bursting of a tank of hot soap
afew days ago has given the sewer
lepartment of Orange, N. ,1., the big
gest job of sewer cleaning that It has
had since the system was ecmzpleted
ears ago. The soap was almost
oiled when the tank burst. and
:here Is no telling how many tons of
the' sticky mass got into the sever
pipes. The low temperature cooled
the soap. and It con,;ealed on the In
side of the pipes, stopping the mains
For a mile along the line of the
eer awa' from the factory men are
working at each manhole da, etard
night trying to pierce the viscidi
n~ss. The soap is as hard .'5 it
would be if it had drnea for weeks.
ad is being taken out of the pipes
n chunks. It looks as if there was
a long job ahead of the department
.nd plenty of work for- the Board of
~lalth if it is delayed very long
BAD) TO WAIT ON HElL
Lady Toil Gate Keeper Went to Get
When Miss Louisa Paul returned
ruesday to Newport, Ky.. after anc
'iour and a half absence, during
vhh she .xad be'come the wife "f
.'m. Paldwin, she found a mcns'.cr
-e'ding party had assembled in thke
orty or more vehicles that lined the
road about her home. As ker.>r: or
the toll gate on the PerUAm-fmf
Grove road she had dutifully ic:-d
the e,sie when she went away anZ.i ine
travelers were unable to go out. They
speedily hid their annoyancet os.'r
the delay and when they learae4d t'-e
cause heartily congratulated the
bride and groom.
Maniac Attacks Woman.
At Culla n, Ala.. Mrs. Rosa Houk
was attacked on the streets oy a
young man by the name of Casson.
s-ho is a maniac. Inflicting several
wounds on the face and head beforA
help reached her. John Krelhouse,
after some difficulty, was able to free
the woman from the clutches of the
maniac. The man was placed in jail.
w.ere he had to be strapped to a
bed to prevent violence to himself.
Decad in Their Home.
'The bodies of John Janowski and
his wife were found In their home at
Clevend. Ohio, by the police Wed
nesday. It is believed. that both
ere murdered last Saturday night.
They had been stabbed. A neigh
or woman said a strange man called
upon the couple Saturday night and
there wa much driking.
WILL SOON HAVE SPECIAL SUi'
ERVISION BY A
State Superintendent of Elementary
Rural Schools, Who Will Be Prof.
W. K. Tate, of Charleston.
The State says the department of
education is soon to receive a strong
addition by the appointment of W. K.
Tate. assistant superintendent at
Charleston. to the position of State
supervisor of elementary rural
schools. This position is made pos
sible by the liberality of the Pea
body board and the Southern educa
The establishment of city and State
systems of public education was for
many years the great aim of the
trustees administering the will of
George Peabody. who in 1867 gave
$3.500.000 to the cause of public
education in the South. Next in or
der the Peabody. undertook to foster
normal schools in the fourteen South
ern States. The great work accom
plished In South Carolina by the
Winthrop Traning School. now Win
throp College. has been liberally sup
ported by this board, and the recent
endowment of $1.000.000 set aside
for the George Peabody Coliege for
Teachers at Nashville forcibly em
phasizes the purpose and practice
which the trustees have consistently
The latest experiment introduced
by Dr. Wyckliffe Rose. agent of the
Peabody board. is a direct effort to
improve school conditions in remote
country distrtcts. This work has
proved so successful in Virginia and
North Carolina that the board has
deenzed it wise to introduce it also
Into South Carolina. A trained
school man will be associated direct
y with the State department of edu
cation and will devote all his time
and energy to the rural school of the
The man selected for the work is
well known to the profession in every
county. Coming to South Carolina
upon the invitation of Julian Mitchell
at that time chairman of the board
>f commissioners of the city schools
>f Charleston. Prof. Tate is thorough
ly identified with the educational In
erests. His work in the Memminger
%chool. in several State summer
cchools. and on the State bcard of
dineation is well known and fully
appreciated thoroughout the State.
He is the retiring president of the
tati Teachers' Association and at
he recent meeting in Columbia made
a forceable presentation of the con
nection between education and good
When first approached with the of
fer of the position as State super
visor of elementary rural schools,. he
made this characteristis reply: "A
7fanf with frontier blood in his riens
s irresistibly attracted by the diffi
~ulties and manifold opportunities of
this new work." Prof. Tate will do
ecture work In the university and
erhaps at Winthrop College. It is
probable that the trustees of the
university will make him professor
>f elementary education, thus giving
he students in the pedagogical de
partment the benefit of his ability
and experience in their preparation
for active duty in the school room.
The girls at Winthrop will also be
rfforded a like opportunity to hear
Prof. Tate's lectures, If his duties in
the country schools do not require all
of his time.
The thanks of the educational de
partment are directly due to Dr.
Rose and Gov. Ansel for securing
from the Peabody board an appro
priation of $2.700 for this work. and
Dr. S. C. Mitchell for his assistance
in securing $1.000 additional from
the Southern educational board.
These appropriations will enable the
State supervisor of elementary rural
schools to visit any community with
out imposing any expense whatever
upon trustees. teachers or superin
tendents. His work is intended t'
reach communities unable to secure
skilled supervision and suggetions
in school improvement. Prof. Tate
will enter actively upon his new work
during the coming summer, and is
to be the right arm of the State de
nartment of education.
The development of this work in
the hands of Prof. Tate recalls the
great service already rendered SouthI
Carolina by the trusc'es of the Pea
body board. In 187S Dr. Sears. the
first general agent of this board.
made possible the adoption of the
school law formulated by Hugh S.
Thompson. and his colleagues. Three
years later he also brou.:ht to South
Carolina Dr. Edward S. Joynes, pro
fessor emeritus of modern languages
i'a the university. In 1886 the Win
throp training school was founded
by Dr. D. B. Johnson. with the as
sistance of that great educational
pioneer. Dr. J. L. M. Curry. In 1910
Dr. Wyclike Rose, the third agent
of the board, has made possible this
work for the too-long neglecttd
country schools, and in giving to
South Carolina the services of Prof.
Tate he has placed his finger upon
the weakest link in the school system
of the State.
Voted it Down.
Antagonism to Hale and Allen hills
which propose to give the rank of
Rear admiral to Cammander Robert
E. Peary and retire him on full pay.
was shown by a sub committee of
the House committee on naval af
fairs. when the six members of th.'
sub-committee voted unanimously
against bestowing that honor upon
Burned to lleath.
Hemmed by flames in the upper
portion of their home near Lands
Station. the wife of Ernes: Forbs
colored, her two nieces and 2-month
old infant, were burned to death
about seven o'clock on Friday morn
Tie Murderer of a Whole Family Electro
cated at Richmond.
WAS ALL ROUND BAD MAN
After Murdering His Victims. Seven
in All. He Attempted to Conceal
His Crime by Setting Fire to and
Burning the House With the Bod
ies in it.
At Richmond. Va.. Howard Little.
who murdered Mrs. Betsy Justia. he.
son-in-law, George Meadows. and thse
latter's wife and three children in
their home near Nurley. Buchanan
county. Va., last September, was put
to death by electrocution in the pen
itentiary at dawn Friday without un
-Most murderers are executed for
single murder; Howard Little has
seven to his account. There were
six in the wholesale butchery for
which he was s-ntenced to die in the
electric chair here Friday-a man,
two women, and three children. The
victims were Mrs. Betsy Justis. Geo.
eadovs, Mrs. Meadows and three
children of the latter couple one
:ight last fall.
Little was no ordinary "low brow
ad" criminal. He bore an excellent
-eputation in the community in which
te lived and a number of friends till
believe in his Innocence. His charac
er appears to have been strikingly
)n the Dr. Jeykl-Mr. Hyde order, to
3ne side being attributed the atro
:ious crime which brought him to the
shadow of ignominious death, the
)ther being such a nature as to hold
.he friends who stood by him until
Little is described as one of the
landsomest men in the State; more
han six feet in height, weighing 23-S
ounds and being, in short, a more
han ordinary fine spenimen of phy
flcal manhood. He held the position
>f United States marshal for the
.astern district of Kentucky for a
iumber of years. Except for his as
ociation with women he declared
iimself generally without reproa:h. 1
ie was a sort of rural "Don Juan."
2owever. and he himself declared.
that women had been his ruina
It was while in the office of Unitzd
tates marshall that he shot Ge . j
icKinley, in eastern Kentucky. and
ras sentenced to a life term in the
He was pardoned after a short per
od and moved back to Virginia.
wvhere he was made foreman of a
arge lumber company at Hurley.
Bchanan county. While in this pos
tion he lIved with the family of|
Geo. Meadows. Mrs. Little and her
:hildren lived in tne same house
.Irs. Littla is alleged to have been|
resent when the murders were com-|
itted, but she was not allowed to|
:estify in the case.
It was alleged by the prosecution|
tnd believed by the jury that Little
:oming home one night, killed the
three Meadow children, Mrs. Justis
ad Mrs. Meadows with an axe and
hot George Meadows as the latter
ran from the house.
Next morning the Meadows homre
was found in ashes. Dead bodies,
,nly partly burned met the eye on
lmost every side. They were in
arious postures, indicating that some
af the victims at le.ast had made ter
rible struggles to save themselves.
Robbery was established as the di
rect motive for the crime. It was
known that the ill-fated family had
kept a good deal of money in the
house, and that Little afterwards
ppeared 'fiush." It is believed that
e incended to leave Virginia with his
latest woman friend. At one time
there was talk of lynching t'im, but
public anger cooled, especially at Li:
tle was promptly convicted.
Originally the man was sentenced
to die January 7th, but Governor
Swanson respited him in order that
the case might go to the court of
appeals. That tribunal sustained the
ALLEGED LUNATIC HELD.
Aiken Officers Arrest Man Who Acts
At Aiken W. C. Stone. who claims
to be a lieutenant in the United
Sates army, and alleged to be an
escaped lunatic, from the Richard
Grundy homue. Catonsville, Md., was
arrest' d Wearesday, and the Mary
and authorities have been notified.
tetters which he carried indicated
that he Is a member of a prominent
family. Stone was arrest'ed after en
terin.r a private residence, and ask
ing for dInner, the food set before
him being angrily thrown to the
floor, because it did not suit him.
Stone said he had been illegally de
tained at the Maryland institution,
and would fight extradition.
Mese McKevit. a negro. died at his
ho-me near Gree. on Tuesday night as
a result of an injury received while
down in a well. McKevit was down
in the well cleaning it out. whena
big henvy tub or bucket used in hau l
ing mud and water to the surface.
fell back from the top after being1
pulled up and his head was crushed.*
Shot Daughters FEscort.
W. F. Roddy is dying at the home
of his brother from a pistol shot
wound rece-ived In Columbus, Ga..
having bee-n shot by the father of a
youing woman with whom he was out
ri'ing. Roddy was shot through the
throat and tongue and is therefore
unable to give his version of the
IRLS AND BOYS
Enter the Corn Costest zad Wi Eidea
or to Win Premium
PRIZES AND AWARDS
Over 1,000 Boys to Plant Special
Acre for Premium-Method and
Purpose of Boys Farm Demonstra
tion Work-Rules Governing Con
tests-Prizes and Awards.
Over one .-usand boys of the
state will be in the corn contest this
year. There will also be a number
of clubs composed of young ladlea.
These corn clubs will be found in al
most every county in the state. Dur
ing the fall there will be an exhi
bition held in Columbi. under the
auspices of the corn exposition.
The United States Department of
Agriculture has made the following
announcement with reference to the
boy's corn clubs.
It is worth while to get a boy to
form a good purpose and work per
sistentl-y toward its accomplishment.
If a number of boys can be Induced
to strive for the same goal, with a
spirit of friendly rivalry, which will
stimulate observation, study. indus
try and economy, then the good re
sults will be Increased many fold.
Such Is the plan of the Boys' Corn
Clubs in the Farm Demonstration
Work. In order to get the best re
suits it Is not only necessary to get
the boys to unite in their efforts,
but it is also essential that other vit
al forces in the county cooperate.
D)ne of the strong features about the
Demonstration Work is that it Is
co-operative. So In the Boys' De
partment we frequently i nd the
ounty superintendent of education
ind the teachers, the Demonstratio:.
igents. the business men, the news
papers and the parents giving aid
Where this work Is being Intro
Inced in a county, the county super
atendent of education and teachers
:an reach the boys in all sections of
he county more quickly and more
ffectively than any other agency.
r'he superintendent can explain it to
he boys and secure the names of all
oys who will agree to plant one acre
)f corn. It is best to begin with
orn. It Is a fine subject for study,
nd our ppople need to raise more
:orn in order to be prosperous and
After this is done a meeting of all
oys interested shoul4 be held at
he court house for the purpose of
)rganization and instruction. Such
neeting should be held as early in
:he se-s-n as possible so that every
toy may have time for proper prep
iration of soil and selection of seed.
For the first year it has been foundl
rdvantagecus to see that first class
teed are furnished to all of the boys
lke. After that each boy should
elect and breed his own seed.
Wherever a special agent of the De
partmnent of Agriculture of the Unit
sd States is located tn a county it
will be found that he will gladly help
in giving instructions and advice In
regard to the agricultural part of
he work. either in the country club
ar to local groups of boys whom he
may meet In his rounds over the
If the merchants and o ther public
spirited citizens have been visited
sd the general meeting of boys.
there will be a fine list of prizes
to announce. There have been many
commendable contributions to this
cause In various parts of the country
uring the year. It adds consider
able interest to the work to offer
prizes like the followinez, which have
been selected from different lists In
the South for this year:
'A Trip to Washington, $50 in
old, $10. $5, a nice Buggy, a first
lass bicycle, a strong 2-horse plow.
a double-barrel shot gun, a $5 hat.
a $15 suit of clothes, an up-to-date
corn planter. a ton of fertilizer, a
two-horse wagon." and other arti
ks of utility and value, Some
boards of Trade and Chambers of
Commerce have made appropriations
for pri?.us and some have given fine
recognition to the efforts of the Boys'
Clubs by giving them banquets and
street car and automobile rides.
Circulars and Bulletins.
Just as soon as the names of all
of the boys are assembled in the
office of the' county superintendent
of education. duplicate lists should
be sent to Dr. S. A. Knapp. Washing
ton. D. C., who has charge of the
Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration
Work. These boys will from time
to tlnse receive circulars of instruc
ton and inforration in regard to the
preparation, fertilization, cultivation,
seed selection, etc. These circulars
furnish excellent subject matter for
discussIon at a club meeting or for
a lesson in school. They also lend
to further study of farmer' bulletins
and books. A boy will profit from
such ressons. discussions and books
because he Is making practical appli
cation of the principles taught. Hie
larns scientific agriculture because
he needs It and not because it is
Rules and Awarda.
It is not necessary to have many
rules. A few regulations, however,
are necessary in order to preent
misundersten-ling. It is well for the
boys to elect their own president
vice-president, secretary and treasur
er. Somie clubs have badges of mem
bership in the shape of a button with
the name of the club, name of the
county and .state, and the year print
ed or engraved upon it.
The following rul-as might be
adopted by a club, with such modif!
carcn and additions as may be found
1. Boys joining clubs and entering
contests must be under 1S years of
SIX MEN KILLED AND SEVERAL
Accident Caused by Turning Cold
Water in a Hot Boiler When Wa
ter Was Low.
At Bay City, Mich., six men were
instantly killed and a number of
others seriously, if not fatally injur
ed. when the boiler in Princings Saw
Mill at Crump exploded Thursday.
wrecking the mill and scattering the
debris 100 feet in all directions.
The accident is believed to have
been caused by forcing cold water
into the boiler when the water was
low. causing excess of steam.
The accident happened during the
noon hour while the men were in
the boiler room of the mill warming
themselves and waiting for the whis- 1
tle to blow to start the second half of
the day's work.
Two of the dead men, William
Coppersmith and Oscar Shoup weie
narried. The others killed are Geo.
De Witt. Ward Amidon. Chris John
son and John Flood, all single.
CALIFORNIA RAISING COTTON.1
More Than Fifty Thousand Acres in
A Los AnUg-les dispatch says ar
rangements have been made w'th
London and San Francisco banks to
advance $500,000 to finance the
planting, cultivating and harvesting
of this year's cotton crop in the
Imperial Valley. It is believed that
the land devoted to cotton th's Pea
son will exceed 50.000 acres. Gius
will be scattered throughout the val
ley and a compressor, an oil mil! ano
a refinery built at El Centro. The
:otton industry in the Imperial Vt.1
ley has grown so rapidly in the ha'
.wo years that it is now regardel as
ne of the most important In seutb
ern California. Profits fron last
season's crop, which was largely ex
perimental, are estimated t have
een close to $50 an acre.
BISHOP IS IN JAIL.
Pastor "Holy Church of the Living
God," In the Toils.
Denounced as a menace to society
LAd an imposter. Jonas Samuel Stur
levant, the negro bishop, of the
'Holy Church of the Living God, the
Pillar and Ground of Truth." was
sentenced at -Baltimore Friday to
jail for three years. He was con
victed of having assaulted and beat
n Mrs. Rose Demard, one of his
white "disciples." She testified that
she was influenced by him to leave
her husband and children in Brook
lyn to follvw the ne;ro. under whose
spell she lived eight months. She
old a revolting story of her life in
he quarters of the white women
ver whom the negro had mastery. *
nless he becomes a member of a
3. The members of the clubs must
agree to read the instructions of the
4. Each boy must plan his own
rop and do his own work.
5. Ex.hibits must be delivered to
he county superintendent of educa
ion by October 16th.
6. The amount of the yield and
he method of measurement must bej1
ertified by each boy and attested byl
t least two disinterested witnesses.
ho shall be satisfactory to the coun
7. In awarding the prizes the fol
owing basis shall be used.
(a) Greatest yield per acre, 30
(h) Best 10-ear exhibit. 15 per
(c) Best written account showning
history of crop and expenses. 35 per
(d) Best showing of profit on in
restment. 30 per cent.
Experts from agricultural colleges
and departments of agriculture and
leading farmuers should be invited to
act as judges and also to give talks
n corn judricing and seed selection.
In estimating profits uniform prices
should ha used, for instance: $5 per
acs for rent, 10Oc an hour for the
work of each boy, and 5c per hour
for each horse.
Fairs and Exhibits.
Where there is a county fair the
boys' exhibit should be shown there.
If no fair should be held in the
county, the boys' exhibit should be
collected in the courthouse or some
other public place easy of access.
A good exhibit to a Boys' Club
may )e ad to the establishment of a
county fair. Exhibits by local clubs'
at school houses stimulate the work
and give fine opportunities for gen
eral instruction. Althought the
clubs may start with corn, the de
velopment naturally leads to exhi
bits of other farm and garden crops.
The object of the Boys' Demonstra
tfon Work is the same as that
among men, namely, better methods
of farming and greater yields. Many
of the boys in 4he clubs who begin
to study agriculture in this way will
continue the study in the agricultur
al colleges, others will continue such
efforts on their farmn, and all ot
them will make more useful and
more emicient citizerns. From the
plesant and profitable experience of
owning and man:gein-: their smal!
plats they will develop into inde
pendent. intelligent farmers. The
country needs such a citizensaiij :. d
such a life offers and will offer great
opportinities for some years. 'I hr
professions are crowded an: : th'
wageearners must pay high pri: s f-ar
the necessities of life. The wis: 'nd
judIcious producer can only Esjoyu
a-ialath, wealth and consentmen . h
question is how many boys can be
reached and influenced thus to suc
NEW COUNTY LAW
STATE SENATE PASSES A VERY
It Relates to the Expenses of Form
Ing New Counties and Who Should
The passage of Senator Harvey's
bill to require the proponents )f ne w
counties to pay the expenses o: blar
veys. elections. etc., caused % fight
in the senate Wednesday morning. A
motion to strike out the enacting
words was made when the bill was
called and Senator Harvey. the au
thor, defended his bill with vigor
The Senator from Berkeley said
tbat if they had to pay the expenses.
;o many ambitious new county advo
:tes would not spring up. as is the
:ase now. He continues that with the
Inancial obligations of attending to
surveys and elections. attending an
ffort to secure a new county the
dvocates would thinkc and hesitate
efore rushing into the attempt.
Senator Montgomery favored the
>ill. giving the case of Marion and
he recent "run-in" with Dillon. The
enator from Marion said that his
ounty is now confronted with a debt
f $10.000. half of which will have
o be made by the old county, and
he amount represents the expenses
>f the formation of Dillon county.
which hurt Marion and which it will
ieverherless have to assist In pay
Senator Appelt told of a movement
tow on foot in Clarendon to form a
ew county and said that Clarendon
s now facing a deficit caused by sur
reys for new counties, which would
ossibly have not been made had the
.vocates been called on to pay the
ills and at any rate the county
vould not have sztffered financially
tad the present bill under discussion
>revailed at the time.
Taking the position that the bill
rould do an injustice, Senator Bass
opposed its passage, as did Senator
ates. Senator Grdon favored the
ill. "A microbe lurks in every new
ounty boom," he said. "and the new
ounty enthusiasts are not satisfied
rith one survey, but Insist on others
Lntil their ambitions are finally real
Senator Black.said that ils county
f Bamoerg can not be affected eIt!
r way, as it contains only a little
ver the 400 square miles required
y the constitution, but that he re
;ards the bill as a just one and in
hat event would favor it.
Senator Harvey again argd the
assage of the measure, saying that
f the other counties did not desire
ts advantages, Berkeley at least was
.nxious to enjoy the privileges pro
ided for in the bill.
By an overwhelming vote the mo
ion to strike out the enacting words
ras lost and the bill passed, and or
lered sent to the house. The bill
"Section 1. That hereafter when it'
s proposed to form a new county or
o take any portion of an established
ounty and attach same to another
unty, the county auditor shall as
ess on all taxable property in ter
-tory proposed, to be changed, a suf
icient tax to meet all the expenses
;f surveys, elections and all other
rxpenses incident to or arising from
ar out .of any change or proposed
:hange in the county lines. raid tax
o be collected as taxes are now col
"Section 2. All acts inconsistem.
ume hereby repealed."
DRV.G STORE ROBBED.
landits Push Pistol in Face of Clerk
and Get Cash.
Two daring white youths burglar
zed the Riverside drug stores in
iacon, Ga.. Friday at noon. after
2lding up M. Griggs, the clerk, at
:he point of a pistol. J. B. Kimball.
tlleed to be one of the men, was
:aught shortly afterwards, after an
axciting chase which led over rail
-oad bridges and across vacant lots.
Griggs was standing behind the
toda stand when his attention was
:aled by a man who asked for a
natch: as be looked up he erncounter
ad a gun. Another man then rified
he cash drawer but overlooked a
afe. which contained several hun
After booting the cash register the
men took to their heelr with a doza
yr more ina hot pursit. They cross:'
the river bridge and Kilmball was
:aught beneath it. The' other was
eaught later in the day. It is be
lieved that Kimball got the bulrglar3
idea from reading cheap novels. H'
used to buy th~nn in bulk.*
Rejected Suitor Homicidal.
Near Tylertown3, Miss., George
Walker, a ne.gro farmer, was shot
and killed, his oldest daughter, fat
ally wounded and three others of hh
family seriously, two of them per
baps fatally, injured by Sylvester
eardon. a .ound negro. late Friday.
Walker's refusal to let one of his
daughters marry Beardon led to the
Pay" Fine Imposed.
A dispatch from Laurens says
3. T. Kincaid. the young news
butcher who was arres:,-d Tue"sday
for selling wniskey on train No. 1 on
the Charleston and Western Carolina
railroad. plead guilty in the mayor's
curt and war sentene.d :o ;)aya
t:ne of $50. or .ery;- 30m days on the
counTy chaingang. The young nwa:
~ad the fine and was released.*
He (laims Kin.
The editor of the~ North Carolina
Christian Advocate claims kin with
Danel Boone, who is soon to be ap
propriately honored at the old Yad
Brute Shets 'rea Yong Gi aid As
saltsb Her On the Ra,
WAS SAVED FROM MOB
By the Sheriff, Who Succeusfully Got
By a Large Crowd That Wanted
to Lynch the Fiend, Although He
Was Mysteriously Shot by Some
one, Who is Unknown.
After hiding from a mob of angry
citizens at Whistier, a small town
nead Mobile for nearly six hours,
Sheriff Drago Saturday night suc
ceeded in landing in jail Henry Lee
-Moseley. the negro charged with
criminally assaultiag and beating
Katie Walters. a white girl 12 years
It was at first reported In Mobile
that the mob had taken Moseley
from the officers at Whistler and
this gave rise to wild reports of a
lynching, but Sheriff Drago succeed
ed in eluding the mob and landed
his prisoner in the Mobile county
Shortly after two o'clock Saturday
afternoon the little girl.was walking,
along the railroad at Bestor, AlL.
two miles north of Whistler. She
noticed a negro standing on a tree
tie and saw that he had a gun. She
turned and ran, but the negro fred
upon her and she fell to the ground.
The girl was painfully wounded In
the back. but her injuries are not of
a serious nature. The negro came
to the prostrate form of his victim
and. seeing that she was alive, evi
rientlyied to kill her by 'triking
her over the head with the butt end
of his gun.
A resident of Whistler, Emmtewt
Myers, came upon the wounded girl
carried her to Whistler where she
received medical attention. The
physician announced that her wounds
were not of a fatal nature.
.When the negro. -soon after his
capture. was taken before the Little
girl, she positively Identified him as
her assailant. He was taken before
her again for identification and she
seemed to be doubtful as to whether
or not he was the guilty person. At
both times she was in a highly ner
vous condition as the result of her
Intense excitement prevailed fol
owing the negro's arrest and there
seems to be some confusion as how
he was shot. The negro, however.
was shot in the hip, but by whom it
is no know".
IPersors living near the scene of
the alleged attempt say that they
saw a negro answering Moseley's de
scription walking along the railroad
track about the time the attempt was
When arrested there were spots of
blood on Moseley's shirt and a shot
gun he carried had been lately dis
charged. It is said that he admitted
having the gun and explained Its con
dltioni by saying that he had shot at
THIRTY YEARS IN PRISON.
Self-Confessed Slayer Found Guilty
A dispatch from Oxford. N. C.,
says in a very able speech Solicitor
Gattis furnished his concluding argu
ment Saturday morning in the case
of the State against Solomon Shep
ard on trial for murder of Engineer
Holt of the East Durham coal chute
in December. IS0S. The jury Sat
urday afternoon brought In a verdict
of guilty of maorder in the second
-legree. The prisoner's counsel
pleaded for mercy. Judge Blggs comn
plimented them for their handling
of the case but stated that the jury
had extended all the mercy the pris
oner deserved and he sentesced the
risoner to 30 years in the State's
prison at hard labor. the maximum
punishment for second degree mur
BURGLAR TO DIE IN CHAIR.
North Carolina Negro Found Guilty
of First Degree Burglary.
At Newbern Jess Whitehead. col
red. charged with hurglarizing a
number of houses in the city In the
past three months, and in whose
ouse about $500 worth of loot was
'ound a few days ago, was found
uIty of burglary in the first degree.
and sentenced by Judge Peebles to
be electrocauted on April 29. WhIte
Nead was caught by the clever work
"f the city police. and at first ad
rnitted his guilt to the officers, but
afterwards denied it.*
Captain of a French Bark Swept Into
the Sea and Lost.
News of thie arrival at M1elbourne
of the French bark Mtarshal deTur
rene. from Ne'w York. after being
;we.pt by heavy seas, which carried
Cptain Parrott and the thi-d ot.tr
-verboard. was brought by the steam
Mr3akura Friday. The starboard
baat ot the Turenne had been smnasri
-d.. by a riant wave. and Captain i'ar
when a second .sa engulfed him. e
third otficer. who was carried intol
'he s,-a at *h.t time, was rej.u..
iut the' commander perished.*
Burning of an Old Church.
Erected one~ hundred and four
years ago. the Fi-st Miethodist Church
of Sparta. Ga.. was destroyed by fire
IWednesday afte'rnoon. A piano and
a memorial slab to Bishop Pierce was