Newspaper Page Text
inw o er On man Miflas Pr
Da, Says Rpr
MORE CARE IS NEDD
Geoogica Survey Prep Repot
Showing Contrast Betseen Smal
Losses by Fire to Government and
Enormous Losses Reported from
the Country as a Whole.
Owing bulldints that cost more
than $300.000.000 and spending
more than $20.000.000 for new ones,
and not a cent of Are insurance from
.one year's end to another is Uncle
Sam's way of doing business. Just
how this is accomplished is interest
ingly told in a story from the Geol
Tests to determine the strength
and Are resistance of building ma
terials are now made by the United
States Geological Survey, and. al
though these tests are designed pri
marily to meet the needs of the Gov
ernment as the largest consumer,
their results are also avar!able for
The results already obtained shoq
that cheaper 11reproof materials cam
be used and that the difference im
cost between freproof and infamma
ble buildings will soon become se
small that it will cease to encourage
flimsy construction. They indicati
that three to six times the necessarn
amount of material is habitually used
in structural work. They also shovi
the necessity of better building codei
in cities and especially of a bettei
enforcement of the codes alreada
enacted if the present enormous nr
losses are to be diminished.
The contrast between the smal
losses by fre to Government build
ings and the immense losses report
ed from the country as a whole le(
the geological survey to make an in
quiry as to the fire losses in th
United States and as to their exac
cost to the people. The results o
this inquiry are presented in th
Survey's -Bulletin 41S. just published
which can be obtained free by ap
plying to the director of the surve
at Washington. The report Is et
titled "The fre tax and waste o
structural materials in the Unite
States." and was prepared by E. N
WIlson and J. L. Cochrane, of th
survey. TheInquiry covered rst oni
the value of the property destroye
by fire, but also the cost of mali
taining Are departments, the amour
of insurance premiums paid less th
amounts returned, the cost of prc
tective agencies, the additional coi
of water supplies, and other element
of the Are loss.
The investigation disclosed the fat
that the total cost of fires in th
United States in ,1907. excluding tha
of forest fires and the marine loosei
but including excess cost of fire pri
tection due to bed construction an
exces premiums over insurance psic
amounted to over 5456,485,000,
.tax on the people exceeding the toti
value of the gold, silver, copper an
petroleum produced in the Unite
States in that year..
The cost of building constructio
In 1907 in forty-nine leading citie
of the United States reporting a tota
population of less than 18.000,00~
amounted to $661,076,286, and ti
cost of building construction for ti
entire country in the same year
conservatively estimated at $1,000
000,000. Thus it will be seen tha
nearly one-half the value of all ti
new buildings constructed within on
year is destroyed by fire. Thes at
nual fire cost Is greater than ti
value of the real property and izz
provements In either Maine. Wet
-" Virginia, North Carolina, North Di
kota. South Dakota, Alabama. Louit
ianaor Montana. In addItion to tal
waste of wealth and natural resoui
ces 1,449 persons were killed and 5,
654 were injured In fires In th
United States In 1907.
The direct loss by fires in thi
country Is eight times as much pe
capita as in any country in Europ4
The actual fire loss in the Unite
State due to the destruction of build
ings and their contents amounted ta
5215,084,709, a per capita loss o
$2.5. The per capita loss in th<
eities of the six leading Europea1
countries amounted to but 33 cents
Comparisons of the total cost of fires
which includes the items alread:
stated, shew that if buildings in the
United States were as nearly fire
proof as those in Europe the annua
fire cost would be $90,000,000 in
stead of $456,000,000.
The report states the method o
gathering the ~statistics collected
makes an analysis of the fire loss ir
city and country and on frame an4
brick buildings, and contains tables
showing the Increased cost of fir
protection due to faulty construc
tion. The predominance of frame
buildings is set down as the most
important cause of the great fin
waste in the United States. Defee
tive construction and equipment eon
.stitute a second cause.
As a result of injuries received
In a three handed fight in the Red
LUght district of Greenville in which
his head was battered to a pulp with
a beer bottle. D. Y. Miller, a farmer,
living near the Greenville, Pickens
and Anderson county lines. Is deadi
from tetanus, lockjaw having set in
from the wound. Will Foster hau
been arrested and locked up charged
with the crime.
Murder or Suicide.
What may -have been a double
murder. a consumate suicide pact, or
two sudden deaths from natural cars
es. was disoovered Monday when the
bodies of William Bohrer, a pros
perous lapidary. aged 55 years. and
an unidentified woman, about thirty
years of age. were found in a room
In the wholesale jewelry section of
Philadelphia where they had lain for
probably a month.
The Augusta Chronicle says th it
a few moments after he ha penns.l
the words: "I have no excuse whai
soever. Old John Barleycorn is the
cause." W. W. Beems. connected with
"The Cat and the Fiddle" Th.eatei
cal Company, went to a suicidz3's
POPE'S NARROW VEW
DECLINES TO RECEIVE FORMER
Because He Had Accepted Invitation
to Speak in the Methodist Church
The visit t,. Rome of Charles W.
Fairbanks. Nfrmer Vice-President of
the Urited States, brought about a
very delicate situation owing to the
fact that he wished to pay his re
spects to the king, the Pope anel the
American Methodist Church. Inci
dents oZ this kind are not infrequent.
and extreme care ha- been exercised
by those upon whom the arrangement
of the audience falls, in order to
avoid offending the susceptibilities
on either side.
By a tactful arrangament Mr.
Fairbanks' audience with King Vic
tor Emmanuel was Axed for Saturday
and that with the Pope for Monday,
and when everything seemed satis
afctorily planned, the vatica.i sud
denly announced that it would bh
impossible for His Holiness to receive
the former Vice-President if he car
ried out his announced Intention tc
speak In the American Methodis1
church. because the American Meta
odists had been active In proselytinj
among the Catholics.
Negotlatlons were immediately be
gun wth a view of avoiding any un
pleasantnesa. and in these negotia
tions prominent vatican officials tool
part. Mr. Fairbanks finally declare
that although he was animated by j
strong desire to pay his respects t
the head of the Catholic Church. h
oould not withdraw from his prom
ise to deliver an address before th<
American Methodist Church.
Monsignor Kennedy. rector of thi
American college. gave a dinner a
noon in honor of Mr. Fairbanks. Th.
hall was decorated with Americai
flags. Among those present were 14
American students, the largest bod;
of Americans that has ever attende
At the American Methodist Churc]
Mr. Fairbanks' address acquired ex
ceptional Importance because of th
Incident with the vatican. and it I
looked upon as his final answer t
: the conditions Imposed upon him rel
r ative to his audience with the Pope
- During the course of this addresi
t he said:
"It Is impossible to emphasize to
strongly the good work the Christla
e church Is doing in all lands an
7 amongst all nationalities. It is grai
ifying that the American churche
established in all countries are a
*t serting a wider influence today tha
e ever in their history.
"All Christian churches are worth
I of support. They above all should t
3 inspired by a generous tolerant spir
towards each other. Nothing is moi
Sunseemly than the narrow jealousic
ewhich they occasionally manifest ti
~ward each other. There is room fc
all. Cease the narrow denomination:
~wars and direct your energies towar
d the common enemy. Let the Cat]
olics and the Protestants of all d<
nominations vie in carrying forwat
Sthe work of the Master, which
dworthy of the best In them all."
THE DEADLY KEROSENE.
*Tried to Kindle Fire With It and Wa
o Blown Up.
At Spencer, N. C.. Julla, the te
year old daughter of Mr. and Mr
J. W. Trent. was seriously burned
their home there on Monday wal.
Lkindling a fire In the kitchen ,-tor
eKerosene oil ws. used to sta-t :1
e when a combustion occurre.l an
the girl was enveloped In flamn
an instant Her face, neck, arxz
and upper part of her body we:
frightfully burned before the fla~n
could be extinguished. Her ha:'w:
also badly burned, leaving th.e hes
in a blister. To add to the sera":
ness of the tragedy she had a v
in her mouth and in the excitemet
efollowing the fire. which came nes
ending her life, she swallowed th
rpin which lodged In the windpipi
Physicians who were promptly sutr
moned are doing all that is possibi
to save the child, but it Is feared th
fire got In Its deadly work.
THREATENED WITH VENGEANCI
Tobacco Growers Ordered to Lear
SSeveral farmers in Rockinghat
-county. N. C.. have received circular
and post cards In the last few days
threatening deeds of violence unles
they pool their tobacco In the dr;
prizeries and stop the practice o
disposing of the leaf on the ware
house floor. Some warnings wer<
sent through the mail, while in othe
instances a number of prominent to
bacco planters found circulars threat
ening violence tacked upon their barn
doors. Efforts to trace the author
ship of the circulars have proved fu
tile and some of the farmers are In
eli'ed to treat the threats as a prac
tical joke. The promoters of the drl
prizeries disclaim ay connectiot
with the warnings.
Eleven Miners Kmled.
Ten Hungarians and one Americat
is the death toll of a gas explosior
Monday in the No. 2 slope of the
Ernest mine of the Jefferson & r.1~r
feld Coal Co.. five miles north of
Indiana, Pa.. The explosion occur
red In a deading where 12 workmeva
were located and one of these, An
drew Krszeer, escaped by erawling
on his stomach to evade the noxious
Fatal Shooting Scrape.
In a pistol duel on the streets of
Graham. Alabama. Sunday night Doc
Johnson killed his son-in-law, Henry
Kemp. and was himself fatally shot.
Fur shots took effect in each of the
participants. Three week. ago Kemp
eloped with Johnson's diaug'ir anid
the father of the girl was never re
conciled to the union.
Mrs. Jerry McAuley of Mcleesport.
Pa.. was sh~own a picture of a man
killed two weeks ago, while robbing
the postoffice at TallaL:.ssee. Fla..
and she identified him as that of
her husband, who has been missing
or nearly a year. When dying the
robber continually muttered "Mc
The House Committee Hears Pleas for
GAMBLING IN FUTUES
President Brooks' ,of the Farmers
Union, and Mr. Lewis W. Parker,
Appear Before Committee on Agri
culture in Behalf of Bills Intended
to Prevent It.
"Tais question involves hundreds
of millions of dollars and the wel
fare of millions of people.' declared
T. J. Brooks. of Atwood. Tenn., pres
ident of the Farmers' National Union
in opening the hearing on the anti
option bills before the House commit
tee on agriculture at Washington on
Wednesday. The proposed N'gisla
tion is designed to prohibit dealings
in futures on boards of trade and ex
changes. The committee room was
crowded with Congressmen from th'
Mr. Brooks declared that dealing.
in futures of cotton were no mort
necessary than in wheat and woo
and farm implement. Hedging oper.
ations "on change" he characterize<
as no different from gambling on thi
rise and fall of prices.
"On what moral principles." h4
asked, "is one class of citizens oblig
ed to make up for the losses o
another class. for where one gain:
another must lose? The original in
tention of the cotton ez:hange to
bring the buyer and seller togethe
has been eliminated in the develop
ment of present exchange practices
*We are willing to abide by th
results of abolished futures." he sai
dep!cting the temptations held out t,
the prospective victims who late
I "come into the game" and get "fro
I He declared the exchanges aggrs
- vated the natural situations and de
nied that they tended to stead
3 prices. He believed that "sucker
> rae not all dead" and by way c
- corroboration he read newspape
reviews of scalping markets. sudde
. declines and "things done .in th
dark" to affect prices.
> Under the shadow of the exchange
s competition among local buyers ha
i been eliminated in the South. h
said. and he charged the existence r
8 a tacit understanding in the cotto
- and tobacco belts for division <
n territory. The farmers' union whic
Mr. Brooks represents, has a men
y bership extending over 29 States.
e Mr. Lewis W. Parker, one of tb
t biggest mill men in the South. coi
e tended that abnormal conditiot
a ought to be represented in spot co
~- ton and contract cotton at the san:
r time. He said that as a rule futur<
LI control spot cotton. He declared thi
d the exchange-s are not of advantag
either to the consumer or the pri
-ducer and that it seemed impossib
.1 to make the exchan'res realize it
s fairness of the complaints again
them. He said the fight of his I1
terests is to have the farmers proi
erly warehouse their cotton and 1
market it gradually during the ses
son, He described Englishmen
Schary of speculation in futures, thi
the Liverpool cotton exchange is n<
used by the English for speculatic
1 and that the American speculate c
-. Liverpool to affect prices.
t Mr. Parker declared that in tt
eposition the American spinners o'
-cupi'rd toward the exchanges, the Ei
C glish spinners stood with the Amer
1 "Don't you think that we woul
S have a picnic in buying cotton if ea
e changes were abolished," Mr. Parke
4 was asked.
5 "We would abide by the results,
She answered. "The absence of es
- changes would revolutionize the chai
Sacter of the present business. W
twould readjust our business. Ther
rwould be no difficulty in effecting rt
eadjustment I recommead reguls
-tion of the exchanges. I wouMt mak
-the exchanges responsive to spot cot
" Has the cotton producer this yes
realized through speculation mor
than he would have without speculi
"Yes," replied Mr. Parker. "bu
1this is an exceptional year; nothin:
like it. in the memory of spinners
It is the first time we have had 1
cent cotton since I have been 1:
George W. Neville. an importan
Sfactor in the New York cotton es
change. arraned the report of Coin
Smissioner of Corporations Herber
-Knox Smith as a "masterpiece o
theory," but lacking in practibilit;
in the working out of his theories.
Declaring that he had been sellin!
spot cotton to the mills for twent-:
years and that he had found 90 pe:
cent. of the spinners were bears
Charles S. Webb. a broker, contende<
for the necessity of "hedging'
against future deliveries and predict
ed that abolishment of the cottox
exchane would put the price of cet
tou In the hands of spinners.
Yr. Webb argued that abolition E:
future dealings would depress th<
price of cotton. Buzd
A most deplorable accident occur
red at Lumiberton. N .C.. on Satur
day when the little 2-year-old child
of Mr. and Mrs. Roger Collins, was
burned to death. It seems that the
little tot was playing out in the field,
near a burning brush-heap and some
how escaped notice by its parents un
til it was seen running down one of
the furrows, with its clothes all
At Augusta, Ga.. Mrs. Henry Weis
leiger. of 288 Walker street, while
standing in front of an open fireplace
Wednesday, turned to speak to a vis
itor. As she did no her dress caught
fire, and before the flames could be
controlled she was fatally burned.
No Use for Jail.
It seems thai Alleghany county.
N. C.. has little use for a jail except
as a place of abode for the jailer
Last year it paid that officer only
$2.83' as jail f'ees. And it looks like
the jailer would have just as little
use for the office did it not give
BODY BURIED UNDER FLOOR OF
OF A TENEMENT.
Indications Are that Husband Sought
Money Realized on Death of Pre
New York has another murder
mystery. Avarice is believed by the
police to have been the motive for the
murder of the woman whose dead
body was found buried in an excava
tion under the floor of an apartment
house in West Ninety-fourth street
Search for the woman's husbani.
Peter Johansen. was continued Wtd
nesday under added stimulation be
cause in the rooms he is believed
to have occupied since the crime, let
ters were found indicating that Mrs.
Johansen recently came into the Pos
session of $2.500 from a railroad
company for the death of her former
husband. August Petersen.
Johansen was janitor of the house
where the body was hidden. The
family's furniture was moved away
last week and the pair were suos
ed to have gone to New Jersey. In
stead it was found that Johanses
had sent the furniture dowu-t : aV.
and the body of Soda. his wife wa
dug up in the vacated apartments.
Whether the woman was b~raa-ie
or whether wounds I. :he tem.>h
causehd her death is expectel : ro
determined by the autopsy seit !ei
Wednesday. When she was last sec
alive she is said to have displayci a
large roll of bills.
Emilia Sarapu. a woman -ionnd h
the quarters to wihch the Jonianszi
furniture had been moved, is Lnod
arrest and is held as a material wit
WALKS INTO NIAGARA.
Woman Plunges to Her Death Ore
the Great Falls.
M!sa Beatrice . Snyder of Buffal
committed suicide Tuesday by wad
ing into the river just above Proi
pect Point and going over Niagar
Falls. As her body swept over th
s brink of the cataract she turned he
face toward her would-be rescuer
r and smiled a farewell to them.
a Without a momont's hesitatio
e Miss Snyder waded into the streau
She tu*ed once and smiled toward
8 the men who were calling to he
to stop and continued to move rapic
e ly into deep water. In an instar
she was whisked from her feet an
a carried rapidly toward the brink c
b On t'he bank was found a handba
land in it this note:
"Mamma and Papa: Oh, you bot
e forgive me for bringing this awfit
disgrace upon you in these years <
s your life. Also may our Heaven]
|Father forgive all my sins. Bu'.
e have been very good, thank God. Ye
s| will find a slip for the money unde
tyour dresser scarf. With my hea
- r ull of love for all your kindness as
-| tender love, good-bye. Lovingi;
e l Miss Snyder was chief clerk in
t Buffalo tea store. She had been di
-| jected since the death of her fianc
|George F. Myers. They were to has
0| been married in a few months. SI
I worked Tuesday morning.
t SHOT 'WHILE PRAYING.
3|Negro Minister Wounded in Clhurc
e Sunday night while the Rev. Wu
|McDonald of the colored Baptii
church, of Waxham, North Carolina
|was on his knees engaged in praye
din front of the pulpit of his churc
and surrounded by his congregatiol
three pistol shots rang out on th
rnight air. one going wild and tw
striking the minister in his left sid'
one innlicting a wound that is seriou
though not necessarily fatal.
-The shots were fired through th
rear window of the church, and a
Cwere aimed at the colored preachei
one inflicting the fearful wound,
second strikin.g his watch and glarn
|ing and the third burying itself I
- the floor. The congregation 1mm
diately dispersed. No clues were dis
|covered, no one in the confusion b4
ing able to find out anything.
BOYS THROWN FRO.M TRAIN.
SOne is Dead and the Other Gave
Two boys riding from Toleda t
Chicago on a Lake Shore frei.gh
train were Friday thrown from
coal car by a braker"'an while th
train was running twenty miles a:
hour near Laporte, Ind., accordin,
to the dying sttatement to Coroner 0!
borne of H. E. Carps. 17 years o
age, of North Boulevard. Atlanta
Ga.. wno is in the hospital with hi
skull fractured and both legs broken
His companion. Edward Tarnaski, o
Willow River. Minn.. was killed.
LEANS FROM CAB
And Is Killed by the Engine of
Albert Winne of Rennsellaer, N
Y.. engineer on the Adirondack and
Montreal express was killed in hi!
cab at Little Falls early Friday morn
ing. Engineer Winne was leaning
Out of the window examining a hot
journal which had attracted his at*
t'ntion and did not see the approacb
of an east bound train. The locomo
tive struck him in the head, knock
ing him from the cab and killing him
Mosby Guerillas Dead.
Another of Mosby's famous gueril.
Is. John H. Core, aged 70, died at
hs home in Norfolk. Va.. Monday. if.
ter a short illness. Mr. Core. who
was one of the wealthiest men in
Eastern Virginia and the largest Indi
vdual holder of real estate in Nor
folk, was for many years in the mer
cantile business in Norfolk.
Smallpox at an Orphanage.
A dispatch from Thomasville says
it will be a source of deep sorrow to
North Carolinians to know that there
are fifteen cases of smallpox at the
Thomasille Baptist Orphanage. The
fact was discovered a few days ago
by Dr. Julian, the orphanage physi
clan, and the disease has spread to
BRAY OF AN ASS
Senator Heyburn, of Idaho, Makes an
Edition of Himself
WAVES BLOODY SHIRT
He Protests in Vain Against the Res
olution to Lend Government Tents
for Use at Alabama Confederate
Veterans' Reunion-All Other Sen
ators Voted for the Resolution.
Protesting against loaning Govern
mpnt tents for the use of the Confed
erate Veterans at their annual re
union in Mobile. Ala., next April.
Senator Heyburn. of Idaho. in the
Senate late Monday night, made the
sharpest comment upon the issues of
the civil war that has been heard in
Congress in twenty years.
He inveighed against men in "reb
el" uniform being permitted to oc
cipy government property, or the
"rebei" flag being allowed to float
above it. Finally he drifted 'nto the
question of honoring men by placIng
their statues in the Congressional
hall of fame, and by unmistakabl(
inference condemned the action o
Virginia in sending the statue of Gen
Robert E. Lee to Washington.
"Take it away and worship it I:
you please." he thundered. "but d<
not inrude it upon the people who d<
-ot want IL"
Democratic Senators moved uneasi
yl about the floor. conversiDg witi
each other or sat frowning and anger
ed. Finally when Senator Heyburi
had concluded. Senator Bankhea<
"I am sure the Senator from Idahi
feels much better, and I ask for
"By roll call." shouted a dozen o
more Senators. and hands went u;
in a second to that request from ev
ery part of the Senate chamber.
When the vote was held on th
tent loaning measure all of the Dem
X ocrats and all of the Republicans, e3
L cept Mr. Heyburn. vo:.ed for it. Hi
r negative vote was uttered in a lou,
5 and deiant tone.
This measure was reached uear th
c elose of the session. Mr. Heyburn wa
prompt to raise an objection, and Mi
s Bankhead just as alert in moving ih
r considera.,don, regardless of the ol
- jection. It immediately was eviden
t that the objection roused some feel
d ing. for with a flushed face and an!
f mated voice, Mr. Bailey declared tha
if this measure was to be ruled on
9 of order no other business could b
1 The Bankhead motion being undf
i bateable. the Senate immediately prt
' ceeded to ar iye and nay vote on th
Y question as to whether the resolt
I tion should be taken up. and it wa
U adopted unanimously, Mr. Heybur
r himself refraining from voting.
'With the resolution adopted. M1
dHeyburn took the floor, made
*speech In which he went over man
of the issues of the war and declare
ahimself as much a patriot now as a
Shad been in 1863-1863-1864.
~'The Southern Senators held a hui
rined consultation, while the Idab
e Senator was proceeding and decide
to make no reply.
It chanced that Mr. Heyburn's coi
league. Senator Borah, of Idz-ho. wa
the first of the Republicans to b
Sreached inl the roll-call. He voted I
favor of the adoption of the resolu
~. Never before. perhaps, has th
~t Senate listened to a more impassione
Lplea from a member of that flous
r Starting his remarks by declarin
i that he spoke only with the best in
~, tentions, that he harbored malice tc
* ward none, and that whatever coni
-> struction might be placed upon hi
.words by the press of the South, tha
, he would continue to speak and or
pose such movements as the one con1
1 The Idaho Senator made the word
,"rebel" and "traitor" fairly hiss an'
a thunder around the Senate chainber
.. He declared that if the purpose o
1 the resolution were carried out thes.
r* Alabama "rebels" clad in the cloth
- ing of "rebels." would be marchini
- under a flag of a rebellious sectio1
and one of the Union at the same
time, and would firmly plant that o
the Confederacy squarely above th<
zproperty that the Government woul<
Asking if the men of the presen
day were less patriotic than those o
the 60's, and paying a glowing tri
bute to the memory of the G. A. R
men. Senator Heyburn passed on t<
the matter of Lee's having left th<
t'nited States Military Academy t<
take up the cause of the South. H<
declared that the statue placed ly
the Capitol by the State of V'irginI:
should never have been there, and
again thundered and hissed at th(
thought of such a thing. He talked
along this line for almost an hour,
frequently using the name of the
Deity to emphasize his words, and at
the expiration of his time asked for a
No one objected. Sixty-two sena
1tors answered to their names, and of
that number sixty-one voted for the
passage of the resolution and one on
ly-Heyburn-voted against It. This
action in the opinIcn of Senators on
both sIdes of the chamber will do
more to forever stop such speeches
than anything else that could possi
"There is not the least doubt."
said one Senator. "that thA waving
of the bloody shirt in the Senate has
been stopped for all time by the over
whelming and crushing defeat admin
istered to Senator Heyburn today."
Manning for Governor.
Another gubernatorial boom has
been launched recently, that of Hon.
R. I. Mlanning. who made such a good
race in 1906. and of whom. 'oven his
opponents had noth~nx but the high
est praise. Mir. Mianning states posi
tively that he will be in the race. and
b e would run on a broad platform.
Murder and Suicide.
day within a stone's throw of Mtadi
son square. New York. when Horman
Strauss. twenty-four years old, shot
and killed his wife. Annie. aged eigh
.'n. and then committed suicide.
What a man likes about holidays
Is how glad he is to get back to
bsiess. when the ar over.
Sa2"y xturea offe d
as substitutes for RoyaL
None of them is the same In composition
or effectiveness, so wholesome and eco
nomical, nor will make such fine food.
A wsfeutely Pare
Royal is the only Baking Powder made
from Royal Grape Cream at Tartar
AFRAID OF HARMAN
ATTORNEY-GENERAL ELTIS RE
SIGNS HIS OFFICE
Will Become Head of Ohio Republi.
can State Executive Committee
and Head Coming Campaign.
After several conferences at the
White House Monday Wade H. El
lis of Ohio resigned his position as
assistant to the attorney general in
the department of justice to accept
the chairmanship of the Republican
executive committee of Ohio and to
assume charge of the Ohio campaign
Regarding the resignation of Mr.
Ellis. the following statement wa
given out at the White House lat(
"Mr. Vorys. the member of th(
national committee from Ohio; Wal
ter Brown. the chairman of the Re.
- publican State central committee
- and Henry A. Williams. chairman ol
s the State executive committee. hav
been among the Republicans of Ohic
to determine who should succek
M .r. Williams upon the resigna,
s tion which he is obliged to tender.
"After a visit to Washingtor anc
e full conference with the senators, tho
conclusion was reached that the maz
t best qualified to assume the cares o:
the office as chairman of the execu
tire committee at this time was Mr
t Ellis. and therefore the president wa
t applied to to consent to Mr. Ellis
e resignation from his position as as
sistant to the attorney general t
take the duties of the chairmanshil
of the committee.
" The president was very loath t<
lose the services of Mr. Ellis fron
the department of Justice where h<
is engaged in important work, bu
as Mr. Ellis was willing to make tb<
sacrifice, the president did not fee
that he could insist on retaininj
The Ohio political situation hai
been giving the president much con
cern ard has been the subject of
number of conferences at the whit<
house during the past few weeks
With the expected renomination o:
Gov. :narman, the Republican part:
faces a hard fight this fall, and th4
president has been anxious that fac
e tional trouble should be eliminate(
as much as possible. He believe.
that Mr. Ellis will be able to d<
more to se--ure this result than an]
one else who could have been desig
nated to take charge of the comin;
Mr. Ellis has been known as on'
of the famous 'trust busters" of the
administration and at the presen!
rime was engaged in much importani
t Senators Burton and Dick of Ohac
had a long conference with the pres
ident Monday morning. Later in the
day Senator Dick returned to thf
White House. accompanied by Mr
Ellis and Walter Brown. It was fol
lowing their visit that Mr. Ellis an
nounced his resignation and the
statement above was given out.
It w'as stated at the White Houst
Monday night that Mr. Ellis. despite
his resignation, will continue to re
present the government in its prose.
cution of the "b~eef t:ust."
SEVEN BLOWN TO ATOMS.
Ran Gasoline Car Upon Lighted Dyn
Heedless of the warning of a fore.
man in charge of excavating opera
thons along the line of the private
motor road from Kelvia. Ariz., to
the Ray Copper mines, the motorman
of a gasoline car containing six pas
sengers ran his car close to the sput
tering fuse of a heavy charge of dyn
amire and the car and its seven oc
cup'nts were blown to atoms.
The foreman had discovered a
missed shot in the excavation at noon
and before the motor car came in
sight, he had relighted the fuse. As
the car approache.: he signalled to
the mororman and warned him of the
impending explosion. Motorman
Lyalle. beliering tha. he could take
his car past the charge to safety.
paid no he-ad to the warning and
started again at full speed.
Just as the car was passing the
charge the explosion came and the
car with its load of human freight
was blown high into the air amid a
great cloud of debris. The dead men
were all prominent in mining affairs
WANTS JEFF D)AVIS
[n Statuary Hall at Washington or
No One At All. ..
If the l.'gislat::re of Mississippi
adopts a concurrent resolution. in
trod uced in the senate at Jackson.
Miss., by Senator W. D. Anderson.
Mississippi's niche in the hall of
tame at the national capital at Wash
ington will r.emain vacant until sec-j
tional f.'"lin;t has so entirely disap
'ea--d that the statue of Jefferson
Davis may be placed there without
objection. Rather than face the op
position encount.-red by Virginia in
the case of the Rob.ert E. Le'e statue.
the resolution provides that "Missis
s'rppi's vacant place will be a suffI
cient and a perpetual memory to
WLL BE IN RACE
RICHARDS ANNOUNCES HIMSELF
States Where He Stand on All Pub
lic Questions in a Plain Outspoken
Representative John G. Richards.
Jr.. Friday announced that he would
be a candidate for ,governor this year.
The announcement was not a sur
prise to Mr. Aichards' friends, who
have for some time expected that he
would enter the race. Two years
ago Mr. Richards was urged to enter
the campaign, but declined and since
the definite announcement that Thos.
G. McLeod. now lieutenant governor,
would enter the race there is added
interest in the situation. Mr. Rich
ards has had a number of years of
legislative experience and has taken
an active part in the various issues
along certain lines. When asked
about his candidacy, he said:
"s after seriously considering
the matter, I have determined to en
ter the race for governor of South
Carolina. For some time my friends
in every section of the State have
been encouraging me to run. and af
ter considering the matter zareful!y,
I have decided to enter the lists.
"While I am not prepared. of
couse. at this stage to state in detail
what my platform will contain. I
have no hesitancy. as is my habit In
stating clearly my position on some
of the more Important public ques
tions that are of vital interest to the
State and to the people of the State.
"I shall advocate equitable support
of our higher educational institu
tions and the fullest and most un
stinted support of our common school
system with particular attention tc
. the development of rural schools and
education. Our public school system
is the vitalizing force that supplies
our colleges and is one of the very
foundations of our republican insti
tions. We are now making great
improvement along educational lines
in South Carolina. but the transcen
dent importance of this question de
mands an even greater effort on our
"I shall stand for and urge such
legslation as will make for the full
est development of the agricultural
industry of the State for it is the
bed rock foundation of all our pros
perity. I shall stand for vigorous
support of all agencies making for
the development of agriculture and
for such legislation as will tcn: to
induce capital to come into'th State
for the purpose of developing to the
fullest measure our splendid rajocr
"I shall stand for and ado.:ate
State-wide prohibition. with a st:Jct
and Impartial enforcement of rhe
"I shall stand for retrenchme-it in
the expenditure of the people'3 mn
ey whenever and wherever It cc-n he
done without impairing the public
"I shall stand for a thorough and
complete revision and readjustmnent
of the tax laws of the State. and ttle
inauguration of such a systen of
assessments as will make all pro.e'
ty bear its honest and just proportion
of the burden of taxation.
"The agricultural lien law. so long
the hindering cause of lack of on-'I
cultural progress and Independence.
and the greatest preventative of ;me
proper control of our negre labor.
has at last been repealed. I led 'he
fight for the farmers and I shall urge
upon our people the necessity of se
cepting tihe changed conditions jusi
brought about with a deterii a..ion
upon their part to give the new law
a fair trial, and I feel that the wis
demn of this Iegislation will be de
"The buiiding of good and perma
nent highways will add more to the
value of property and to 'the wealth
of our State than any other publio
utility. The effect of good roads
thoroughout the state would be felt
in every walk of life, but they would
come as an especial blessing and a
great economy to our people who
lIve in the country districts. I shall
stand for the permanent improve
ment of our highways, such improve
mernt being made under local b:
government in the variouis counties.
"If it should be my good fortune
to be selected by the people of our
proud State to be the govo'rnor I
shall endeavor with all my stre:n-;h
at my command to thoroughly fai:
arize myself and koop in eens'a-it
touch with the working force of .:il
of our public institutions and brauch
ess of the government, and endeav.,r
to so post myself In regard t i ur
pubic affairs as to intelligently re
commend to the law making por.er of
the State those things that tho -".i-lic
wa1 and needs of the hour demaad.
"It do not care to say any mno-ra it
this time than this: That ever! pt:
lie spiritedI citizen of our Sta.- is
nxious for her welfare, her prosa. -
ty and material advancem-mne :n .&11
hings and none is more so tha-1 n-y
self. In entering the race I wish to
-iv now that I will make the issues
la-eut and to the point, looking
~vr to the substantial advancement
f our State. and will go before the'
ople upon a platform, every plank
f which shall stand for the people's4
DD IN RIOT
W auo.ai s.C.4.fFgt Be
twen Whit ad Bks
TWO OF LATTER Kll
The Ringleaders Among the Ngioes
Fled Up the River Atter the FIght,
With a Sheriff and Pone in Pur
suit.-The Fight Occurred Near
Chattannooga on the Dam Works.
A dispatch from Chattanooga says
two negroes were killed as the result
of-a race riot at the Hales Bar lock
and dam soon after midnight Tues
Bad feeling has been orewing for
some days between the white and
black employes of the lock and dam
contractors, and an assault upon one
of the negro laborers by a number
of white men, coupled with a liberal
distribution of bad whiskey and guns
among the negroes, it is said, brought
the trouble to a climax.
After an exchange of shots between
a force of five policemen sent from
Chattanooga, under the direction of
Capt. W. M. Bark. Deputy Sheriff
Moreland of Marion County who had ,
sworn in a number of .special depu
ties, and the negroes. the trouble was
quelled. None of the white men was
killed or wounded in the rioting.
The negroes who had taken the most
active part In the trouble making re
treated up the Tennessee river, and
the sheriff of Marion county is trying
to apprehend them.
Charles Lee. a negro, who was
sent to the lock and dam from Alex
andria. Va., was set upon by a party
of white laborers and badly beaten
The enmity of the white men tov-.d
the negro arose from a ruma.r 'hat
the negro was to be placed la cherge
of certain pump work, w1h is -4a
ually looked after by white mziIn
ists. The contractors mzi:e t citar
that no such move was anticipated,
but the report had gained wide circu
After the negroes at the lock and
dam had quit work Monday whiskey
began to circulate freely, and they
adopted an obstreperous attitude to
ward the whites. As the blacks out
numbered the whites two to one, the
white employes and their families
came alarmed and notified the Mar
ion county authories. Sheriff West
moreland was in Chattanooga at the
time, but his brother, a depnty sher
Iff, took charge of the situation while
an attempt was being made to locate
The negroes were firing from the
shelter of their shacks in all direc
tions. The offeers returned the fire
and closed in upon the negro settle
ment. clearing the shacks of the
fiends. A band of negroes retreated
up the river towards the mountains.
This party, about thirty in number,
seemed to be the principal trouble
makers. On their flight they carried
with them a large number of repeat
ing rifles and revolvers.
The officers made no attempt to
pursue the fleeing men, but made a
search of the negro houses. One ne
gro was found dead In one of the
houses. in such a position as to indi
cate that he had been killed in a
drunken fight with members of his
race. Another dead negro was found
on the ground behind one of the
houses where he had apparently
stood whIle firing upon the 'odict:
A pistol was found beside nis boly
Before the officers had left a :hirti
negro was reported dead in t nearby
cornfield, but this could not be .eni
A search of the negro ho ;ses rt
vealed a large amount of wn'skey,
which accounts, in a large mgiiare.
for the trouble. One case, wb:.'h,
had not yet been broken ope. was,
found, while whiskey bottles w-. tv
ing agound n large numbers.
Why Murderers Escape.
"A murderer has a better chance
of going scot free than a horse thief."'
declared Judge S. P. Gilbert. in his
charge to the grand jury at Colum
bus. Ga.. in which h= took a "rap"
at "maudlin sentimentality" as he
termed it, which he said was largely
responsible for the number of crimi
nals escaping justice, through being
pardoned and otherwise.
Engineer Dudley was killed and
two other trainmen in jured Tuesday
when a northbound passenger train
on the Saathern railway struck an
open switch at Waddy, Ky., and
ernished into a freight train. Passen
~ers escaped injury.
A Queer Accident.
The Erwin cotton mills In Durham,
~. C.. are at a standstill owing to a
~madup Monday afternoon by a
;tring of freight cars that broke
oose and ran away into the walls
>f the beaming room.
Said to be Mad.
A special to the Matin from Vienna
sys that Abdul Hamid, the former
ultan of Turkey. was recently seiz
d with a paroxysm of frenzy and
ttempted to strangle himself with a