Newspaper Page Text
Dr Ch& kliydShen ts be a huel
Iester of Cim-iiky.
EA1f CRME CHAGBD
Against Him by the State, in its
TerAfic Arraignment of the One
Respectable Physician-He Was
Abnormally Cruel, Torturing Wo
men and AnimaK Thei Murderer.
Picturing Dr. B. C. Hyde as a man
whose evil propensities led him dur
ing his boyhood to torture animals.
in later life to abuse the poor and
helpless. and in the fullness of pro
fessional success to conceive the most
colossal murder plot in the history
of criminality. Attorney James A.
Reed made the opening statement
for the State in the physician's trial
at Kansas City Monday.
Byde is charged with polsonina:
his wife's father and members of his
family so as Mrs. Hyde would inherit
all the wealth of her father. In
leading up to the motive which the
State claims caused the alleged mur
ders to be committed. Mr. Reed ex
plained an overpowering greed for
money had manisfested Itself In Dr.
With a purpose of adding to his
wealth, said Mr. Reed. the physician
made love to women and then ob
tained money from them. The deaths
of Col. Thomas H. and Chrisman
Swope and of James 'Moss Hunton
were dealt with In detail.
The charges that Dr. Hyde was
responsible for the spread of typhoid
fever in the Swope house, and that
on three occasions he tried to poison
Miss Margaret Swope. composed a
considerable part of the address.
The story of Col. James H. Hun
ton's death was mAe a little more
clear. According to the statement.
Dr. G. T. Twyman protested against
Dr. Hyde treating Hunton to such an
extent as he did. Dr. Hyde was In
dicted for negligently killing Hun
ton -by bleediux.
"The charge that brings the de
fendant to this bar of justice is that
of .having with deliberation. premed
Itation and cold and calculating pur
pose murdered one of iMissouri's dis
tinguished citizens. the kinsman of
his wife, a benefactor to him." said
Mr. Reed in opening his address.
The proper investigation of thL
charge compels, the State believes,
delving into a series of crimes each
of which Is a part and parcel of a
gigantic scheme of criminality. ar
investigation ot a sequence of law
Invading wrongs so far-reaching. 9c
tremendous and ruthless in its con
eeption and partial execution, as tc
challenge the horror and astonish
ment of the world and to stand witn
out parallel in the annals of crime.
~arlier in ~his address Mr. Reed
dwelt at some length upon the intro
duction or Dr. Hyde Into the Swape
family Mrs. Swope, when importun
ed by the physician to give hm -the
hand of her daughter, started av
investigation of the physician and
thus said the attorney. Hydes char
acter was first showns to her in its
true inqght. h
Regarding the nqryhesaid:
"Her Investigation disclosed the fact
that he was possessed of abnormali:
cruel tendencies: that as a boy he
tortured animals a characteristic
which manifiested Itself when asa
man and a physician he held the pos
Wton of city surgeon and in thatpos
Wton he so demeaned himelf toward
the unfortunate pauper patients that
fell to .his charge that he was dis
charged for cruelties.
"The specific occassion for his dis
discharge was the injection of oil of
mustard into the body of an unfor
tunate woman who was In his charge
as police surgeon.
"Mrs. Swope's further efforts
disclosed upon his part an abnormal
longing for money. In the gratifi
cation os his desire, though in reas
onably good practice, he made love
to women and under the guise of a
sweetheart obtained from them large
sums or mone' argounting to thous
ands of dollars. It transpired also
that he had been a grave robber.''
The deaths in the household were
taken up chronologically. Mr. Reed
attempting to show that Dr. Hyde
had planned his conquest of the
wealth of the Swope heirs with cnn
The first step, according to *Mr.
Reed. was to do away with Hunton,
an executor of the Swope estate, and
then get posession himself. There
for, said Reed. the physician drew
two quarts or blood from Hunton's
body after he had been stricken by
apoplexy and In four mInutes Hun
ton was dead.
"Within an hour after Hunton died
he requested Miss Kellar, a nurse.
to intercede with Col. Swope," said
Reed. "to the end that he. Hyde.
be made executor in Hunton's place.
This was declined by afiss Keliar."
Details of Col. Swope's death were
then entered into. It was rehearsed
how, at the order of Dr. Hyde. Miss
Kellar gave Col. Swope a capsule.
Convulsions ensued. Again at Hyde's
orders a hypodermic injection was
given. 1Death followed. Having com
pleted the .history of the cari te This
point. Mr. Reed said:
--The foregoing evidence might b~e
said to be the first evidentim! chap
ter that makes plain the pian arnd
scheme of Dr. Hyde to a::conplish an
acquisition of a larg;e pa-t of the
T.he next testimony that will be In
1-oduced will be indicative of it'
fact that the next move in th a car
rying out of this plan and purp a -
was to remove as many memb'rs of
the Swope family as might be !)> the
end that the fall of each would swell
the fiortune that he. through his
wife, would be able to control.''
A !engthy recital of how Dr. Hyde
obtained typhoid and diptheria
germs of Dr. E. L. Stewart and the
appearance of typhoid fever in the
Swope residence followed. This ty
phoid could not have come from the
water used. it was said, because the
water came from a cistern and was
well filtered. It was on the occas
sien of Dr. Hyde's taking dinner with
the Swore family on November 25
that he is thought to have sl~read
the germs. It was said.
The alleged attempt of Dr. Hyde
to poison Margaret Swope w'as then
FATAL TRAIN WRECK
FOUR MAIL CLERKS DEADt ANTD
FOURw ARE HURI
Flames Break Out and Burn Up the
Wreckage. But All the Pa&scugers
Four mail clerks art dead and
three trainmen and a mail ceerk in
jured. as a result of a wreck of the
through flyer on the ll:i.zis Ccutral
railroad. five miles north of lack
son. Miss., early -Monday.
The dead are. W. R. Lot-. u-Wl
clerk, of Memphis: V. E. Howz . mail
clerk, of 199 Adams avenue. M'm
phis: Jones. Treoloar. mail clerk. of
223 Court avenue. Memphis. A. W
Woods. negro, mail clerk. o! New
The injured are: Ed Palmer n-al
clerk, of Memphis: Engineer McKeer.
of McCombirty. Miss.: Fireman E. A.
Ames. of McCombrity.. Miss; Bag
gagemaster G. G. Farrell.
T-he wreck was caused by the en
gine leaving the track and plunging
down a fifteen-foot embankment.
carrying with It the baggege car.
mail, library car and two Pullmans.
The remainder of the train remained
on the track. The wreckage caught
fire and the bodies of the dead mail
clerks were cremated.
Col. Wm. C. Crane. of New Or
leans. w~ho was officer of the day
during the recent Shriner drills at
New Orleans. was on the train and
organized a relief crew. taking the
passengers out through the windows.
Procuring fire extinguishers from
the mail car. Mr. Crane and .his fel
low passengers played streams on the
flames in an effort to rescue the mail
clerks. but without any effect on the
A few of the passengers sustain
ed minor bruises. but none were
seriously injured. It is said Supt. Hill
V. ' eher divid;ou c f.i1als V-to. have
1..-c making .n o restigatio3. are
convinced that the train was delib
erately wrecked and it is stated that
special agent of the company have
secured a clue to the guilty parties.
The cause of the derallme:!t was
the removal of several fish plates at
rail joints. T-he train ran a distance
of eight rails from the point where
frst loosed fish plate was found be
before it jumped the track. Bolts and
nuts bearIng all evidence of having
been freshly unscrewed were picked
up along the track at daylight. A
rail wrench and bar was also pick.
ed up by the side of the track.
The bodies of Mail Clerks Lot. Tre
10ar and Woods were recorered and
sent to Jackson to be prepared for
burial. R. Howze was Injured, but
not killed, as first reported.
MR. BRYAN IS BACK.
Says Chances for Democrats is Unus.
nafly Enor- ig
.William J. Bryan came home Mon
day fron. South America. He reach
ed New Yiork 'sith absolutely uc
ideas, so far as willing to admit,
about the politilcal affairs M' this
"The late subject of my trip" h<
sid. "was a study of economb-. atnd
sociological conditions in South
"What ar. the chances of the
Democratlig party?" "Good. alwaye
good." was Bryan's reply. He thought
the chances of the party in the coin
ing congressional election unusuaill
He was asked if he would consider
another candidacy for presidency. ''1
have said all I am going to say ona
that subject." he replied emrshatical
ly. "I think my position is under -
stood perfectly. . He hardly thought
It' necessary to deny stories that he
was to become a candidate for the
United States Senate and that he was
golng to embrace the prohibition
THIRD~ REGIEN~T HONORED
By Being Selected to Go to Chica
mauga This Summer.
This State's allotment for man
evers this summer being only $23.
000. suffIcient to pay subsistence andI
transpartation. Gen. Boyd Monday
decided to send only one regiment M'
Chicanauga and designated the
Third regiment which will spend
July 15 to 24 Inclusive at Chick
amagua. The Third camped at
Aken last year. The other two r'ar
Iments will camp in the State. Town~s
wanting them should get in their
Eight Voters Shot.
At Port De France. Martinique.
serious disorders have occurred at
several points as the result of the
excitement attending the elections.
During the disturbance on Thursday
night eight voters were sot. Bus
iness houses In the Interior have
A bollet' exploded in a match fac
tory at Swegeden. near Budapest.
killing ten girls and a man. Elgh
teen girls were dangerously injured
taken up. Mr. Reed said:
"One night while the girl was sup
posed to be almost recovered from
typhoid, a nurse learned that Hyde
had given her a hypodermic injec-,
"When asked why he had made
the Injection. Hyde replied that he
had only given oil of camphor for
intermittent pulse. Miss Swope de
ied the physician felt 1.r pulse and
he nurse found no odor like oil of
A sore has trecently developed
upon the girl's arm and the State
believes it is due to the physician's
ijecton of some of the germs he ob
tained from Dr. Twyman into this
"A few days after th.e Injection in
cident. Dr. Hyde left a capsule
among the medicines belonging to
the girl. A nurse administored tb'^
epsule. Miss Swope was seit -1 with
onvulsions. An examination of tnle
cntents of her stomach showed it
to be strychnine."
A significant feature of that sec
tton of the sta'e ma'~t which rderr'd
to Hyd's pur"e.sing poison 'e-s th-e
edtree~ to th- store of tar' drug
sr of whonm tae poison was 3aghtl
DEAD IN MINE
tesenras Fad Corpses f the Forty-One
e at Bottom ofit
EARLY ALL NEGROES
Another Coal Mine Disaster Shocks
the Country and Makes Many Wid
ows and Orphans.-Men Were En
tombed by an Explosion Which
Occurred on Last Wednei.day.
A dispatch from Birmingham.
Ala.. says little hope was expressed
Thursday morning that any of the
35 or 40 members entombed in the
%fulga mine of th-e Birmingham Coal
and Iron company as the result of
an erplosion about nine o'clock Wed
r.esday night will be rescued alive.
When it was learned that it was
impossible to gain entrance to the
mine through the shaft because the
cages were sprung in the passage.
the entrance was sealed to prevent.
if possible. the spread of fire.
Not one of the 41 men inrprison
ed in the mine is alive. This was
the word brought to the surface on
Thursday morning to the waiting and
weeping families of the victima.
when, unconscious from the deadly
-asses of the shaft. Superintendent
Johns of the mine and a man named
ionds. an unkn:.un. %bo risked nis
life for those already perished, were
drewn tn freso a.r.
The condition of the rescuers tol.
the story long before the men had
I-een revived. The watchers knew
that if the rescuers, helmeted and
protected. had so narrowly escaped
death. there was no hope for the
workers. who without a second's
warning bad been entombed by an
explosion of gas.
When Johns and Bonds, after .he
roic treatment, finally regained con
sciousness, they confirmed the grav
est anticipations of the people who
for houre had waited at the mouth of
the shaft. to hear a word of theIr
"Dead--all dead." was the state
ment of the superintendent as his
brain began to clear from the ef
tects of the poisonous gases.
Before they had lost consciousness
the rescuers had reached the first
gallery. Even that near the shaft
they saw things that wtade them
know that only a miracle could save
the men entombed.
The scenes around the entrance
to the mine in tht early morning
hours beggared descriptoi?'. In ad
dition to the families of the entomb
ed men. hundreds from the sur
rcunding mining districts swelied
Lbe crowds until It was with greal
difficulty that the work of resuce
eeuld be carried on.
Under the direction of officials o;
the Birmingham coumpany and ex
pert from other mines, an attempt
was first made to enter shaft No. 1
but this was soon found Impractica
ble and it was sought to drive a way
through shaft No. 2, which Is about
300 feet from the first opening. Af
ter penetrating a short distance It
was found that this shaft was alsc
wrecked by the firce of the explos
on in No. 1. Nothing could be heard
from the entombed men.
When the first crew of rescuern
reached the bottom of the shaft on
Thursday niorning the corpses of
two miners were found. The res.
cuers upon returning to the surface
expressed the opinion that all of the
imprisoned men were dead.
COMMON LIAR AND SLANDERER.
Thas Is What Harvie Jordlan Sayi
Tom Watson Is,
Harvie Jordan, former editor 01
the Cotton Journal, of Atlanta. an
nounces hIs intention of appearing at
once before Fuiton county's grand
ury and charging Tos. E. Watson,
editor of the Jeffersonian. with libel.
"I mean to press the charges
against Mr. Watson without delay,
said Mr. Jordan Mionday, so. as. the
grand jury meets again Thursday, it
is probable that Mr. Jordan's charges
will be presented to it then.
In a recent issue of the Weekly
Jeffrsonian Mr. Watson made cer
tain charges against Mr. Jordan in
connection with the Cotton Journal
and the Southern Cotton association.
In a letter dated Atlanta, April
16th. Jordan responded by a vigor
ous denial of everything said by
Watson reflecting upon him, and
said he proposed to present Watson's
"'slanderous accusations to the F'ul
ton county grand jury and make .hlm
prove his charges or stand convicted
as a common liar and slanderer."
FALLS INTO THE SEA.
M. Rougier, French Aviator, Has a
At Nice. France. dif. Rougler, the
French aeronaut, had a narrow es
cape from death Tuesday, when his
aeroplan'e In w-bich he was making a
fight, fell into the sea. Rougier
was rescued and is suffering from
sligt in juries which he received.
W~here the machine fell the water
was 70 feet deep. The aeronaut said
that for some unknown reason the
rudder failed and the machine drop
pd like a stone, it struck the water
with great force and sank. Rougier
became entangled in a stay but dis
entagled it and rose to the surface.
His head hit a cross piece cutting it
slightly. He managed to keep him
self afloat until taken into'a boat.
Fatal Pistol Fight.
At Indianapolis. Ind., Patrolman
Joseph Jefferson Krupp and Pa
trolman Alfred C. Groves was wound
ed in a revolver battle with two
tramps or "yeggmen"~ early Tuesday.
W~alter Whitelock and George Dough
1ss of Pittsb'urg were arrested and
charged with the shooting.
Rioting in China.
Lawlessness of natives. wal'. -- 1
gan at Chang-Sha. Cs:1-a. is -opanrte-J
3.1.4n. Adr'!ce-; state thy. riors
have occurred at Niag-Siatg. Zne site
,f a Protestant mission. thirty miles
a-st of Chang Sha. The massion
school at Yl-Yang was burned The
A DARING ESAPE
FIVE CONVICTS SEIZE ENGINE
AND GET AWAY.
They Left the Primn Yards at a
High Rate of Speed and Was Soon
Five life convicts, heavily armed.
made a daring escape frort the Fed
era: prison, near Leavenworth. Kan..
Thursday morning. It is possible
that others escaped and prison offi
cials are checking up the 900 pris
oners to learn just bow many got
As soon as the escape of the five
men became known, the signal whis
tle at the prison was sounded as a
warnirM to farmers in the surround
ing country to be on the lookout.
This whistle can be heard for miles
and its use caused consternation. At
the same time heavily armed guards
were thrown around the prison to
prevent any further attempt at es
'The first report indicated that the
five men who got away had forcibly
taken posession of a switch engine
that had been run into the prison
yards. They had instantly pulled out
at high speed. Once clear of the
prison yards. the convicts deserted
the engine and made a dash for the
The break for liberty was cleverly
planned and its execution most dar
ing. Two of the convicts were at
work in the carpenter shops. the
others in the tailor shop. A switch
engine, had been backed into the
prison yard. At the sound of the
whistle the men dashed into the en
closure and made towards the en
gine. Levelling dummy guns at the
engineer, they climbed into the cab
and compelled him to reverse his en
'The engine with the convicts on
board rushed through the west gate
into the open country and soon was
speeding towards the woods. When
a few minutes later the escape be
came known, the signal whistle at
the prison bellowed a warning to
farmers for miles about to be on the
lookout. When the engine had gone
half a mile, the five men jumped
and made for the woods. Clark and
Gideon seperated from the others and
Every available guard started af
ter the other three men. A hall
mile further on the trio was sur
rounded ir the woods. No shots bad
been fired at 11 o'clock, when the
guards began to close In. It was be
lieved the convicts' only weapon
were guns made of wood and painted
in the carpenter shop.
DE'ATH PENALTY FOR MURDER.
Tremblng and Crying Man Dies iz
Showing fear in every movemen1
and expressing it in a voice thal
tremblingly muttered "Oh. God! oh
God!" Earl B. Hill. convicted 01
May 7. 1909. of the murder on Aug
ust. 26, 1908. of Eldridge Davis.
farmer, living at Bainbridge. Chen
ago county., N. Y.. was put to deatd
in the electric chair in Auburn pris.
One contact of 1,850 volts at eighi
amperes and of a minutes' duratinz
was all that was required to carr:
the law's mandates into effect. Hi!
passed his 21st birthday in the pris
on four days ago. His crime had a
its motives revenge and robbery.
'He and David H. Bors't, now a lifi
convict in the prison.. murdered
Davis in his pasture lot. Six shott
were fired into the victim. Ther
they robbed the body of a gold watch
the only thing of value that they
could find. Borst. first arrested, laid
the crime upon Hill. The latter,
suspected or the murder, surrendered
on August 30. He was placed orz
trial at Norwich on May 7th, was
found guilty and sentenced to death.
SCORES HIM ROUNDLY.
Thinks Patterson Should Be Tarred
The Doublin, Ga.. Courier-Ds
patch says "if lynching was ever Jus.
tified it is justified in Tennessee.
The people of that State have been
put on notice by the governor that
his henchmen can. w''.enever they
like, shoot down his political en'e
mies and go scot free He has tra
duced the great office of governor.
has turned a red-.handed criminal
loose upon the people, has violated
every instinct of a gentleman and
has outraged law, order and decency.
The people of Tennessee owe it to
themselves and to the country to
impeach this man, 'ar and feather
him and ride him out of the state on
a rail. He is a menace to good gov
ernment, to decent society, to a civ
ilized community. The Cooper case
will for a long time hold the boards
as the most conspicious en'mple of
the nrbcarriage of justice that this
country has ever known."
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION.
Govenor Appoints McDonald, Riggs
'h. Governor Monday appointeb
Attorney J. E. Mczonald. of Winns
bor: Prof. William Riggs. of Clem
son; and ex-Senator Thomas M. Ray
sor. of Orangeburg. to constitute the
new puolic service commission under
the act of the Legislature giving such
a board authority to fix the maxi
mum gas, water and electric rates
throughout the State. Charleston.
Marion. Spartanburg. Union and
Conway are exempted. The commis
sion's decisions are reviewable in the
Found on Sandbar.
Christen L. Jensen. aged twenty
four, a Mormon preacher, was found
dead on a sandbar in the Arkansas
river about eight miles east of LittiA I
Rock Tuesday night. He has been
missing since March 6. He had ibeen
dead about three days. There is no
suspicion of foul play.
Killed About Booze.
Dave Durham. colored. shot and
killed P. S. Maze. colored, near Mt.
Pleasant church. six miles sout)h of
Greenville. Durham made a pardial
confession Tuesday at the county;
jal Foug.hte - a pint of whiskoy.
111G LIVIG COST'
Cave ViCory to Dem0Crats Is SuCcessful
Calldates Theory of Resul
VICTORY OVER CANNONISI
The Democratic Victory Has Little,
Bearing on State Politics Except
as Regards the Issue of "Boss
ism"-Revised Returns Cut Down
Haven's Plurality Somewhat.
In the first flush of victory the
friends of James S. Havens. the Dem
ocrat who was elected to congress
Tuesday by a large plurality in one
of the strongest Republican districts
In the state of New York. or in
fact. in the whole country, are al
ready talking Habens for governor
this fall. Judging from the conser
vative tenor of the successful candi
date's remarks, however, he accepts
his victory as bearing little on the
political situation in the State ex
cept as regards the issue of "boss
"This is not wholly a partisan vic
tory." said Havens. "It Is a victory
over the things for which Cannon
has stood and for the ideals which
Governor Hughes typifies.
The Hughes Republicans declare
that although Haven's election shows
that the people of the district are
dissat~sfied with the tariff policy of
t-he Republican Pational administra
tion and with the political control of
George W. Aldridge. Havens' de
feated opponent. the result entrench
es Governor Hughes and his policy
more strongly than ever.
According to Mr. Havens, the high
cost of living was mainly responsible
for Tuesday's political revolution.
Revised returns from the towns re
duce aHvens' plurality slightly. ma'<
ing the fgures 5.440 for the dis
FIND SOME OLD THINGS.
Ancient Flooring, Old Pipes and Fire
Wells Dug Up.
The News and Courier says work
in laying the new sewerage system in
that city is progressing very satis
factorily. considering the many ob
stacles that the workmen have to
contend with in digging up the
streets. It appears that' the pick
comes in frequent contact with a
varied assortment of pipes and drains
that were laid a very long time ago.
The pipes include both gas and
water pipes and the drains include
brick, box and pipe drains, and be
sides that old fire wells are also en
countered. All this. of course, re
tards the work to some extent, but
with a large and competent gang
of workmen, it Is bein'g pushed most
-A most peculiar "find" made by
the workmen in Elizabeth street was
a two-inc.h solid flooring. It is about
a foot beneath the surface. and ex
tends for a distance of between three
hundred and four hundred feet. The
flooring was evidently put down to
better the condition of the street In
a low spot. It Is estimated that
about a .hundred cords of wood have
been taken o'ut of Calhoun street.*
TALKED LIKE OLD CRONIES.
Bryan qnd Taft Have Long Chat at
Win. Jennings Bryan and Presi
dent Taft spent msore than an non?
closeted together at the White House
late Tuesday. The two great trav
ellers exchanged reminiscences, it Ia
said. ad botn commented upon how
well the other was looking. The
President rather intimated that be
ing beaten at the polls did not seem
to be such a bad thing for one's
health and happiness after all.
"The cali was purely a social one,"
said Mr. Bryan.
"Did you discuss the tariff bill?''
"No." smiled the Nebraskan. "We
forgot all about It."
"No. that did not occur to us
Both the President and Mr. Bryan
seemed to have thoroughly enjoyed
the quiet chat, Mr. Bryan walked in
Dmocratic fashion to the White
House. He was received with unus
ual courtesy by the attaches and was
shown without a moment's delay In
to the President's office. Mr. Bryan
left at 7.55 Tuesday night for Lin
WANTS MONEY WASHED.
And the Size of All Paper Stoney
Reduced One Half.
"We must wash our currency bills
to prevent their conveying diseate
germs, and reduce them In size. so
that they will better fit our pocket.
books, before we will have approach
ed. the idea! in our medium of ex
chang"." says James MacVeagh, son
of Franklin Maceagh, secretary of
the United States treasury, before
the South Sidie Business Men's Asso
ciation. of Chicago.. Monday.
Mr. Macreagh exhibited a dollar
il.. half of which had been washed
in chemicals at the Philadelphia
mint and the other half left as it
was when received. There was the
same noticeable difference as in a
clean collar and o".- worn a week
Mr. Macreagh said the govern
ment would save from $Z00.000 to
$6fl(.000 annually by washing its
paper currency instead of destroyini:
Ins Ten Million.
At Dles Moines. Iowa. Secretary
Green. of the state horticultural de
partment estimated that the loss of
Iowa's fruit and vegetatie crop from
the freezing weather will he between
five and ten million dollars. Snow is
falling in many parts of Iowa.
Killed in Street Fight.
A special frcom Prince Rupert.
Mon.. Tuesday says: "C. Heaton.
known as the 'Colorado Kid.' was
fatally shot by Detective McKensle in
a street fight. McKensle was former'
l. .. rCm.cnt newspaner renorter.
NEW COTTON PEST
NTERESTING INFOILMATION O'
n Dry Seasons His Ravages Become
Serious and He Needs Careful
Watching by Cotton Planter.
A correspondent of The State writ
[ng from Batesburg call attention to
a new cotton pest, which he says has
cquired a keen appetite for the cot
ton plant. This enemy is the "tet
ranychus gloveri. commonly known
as the "red spider." He is a spider
by virtue of the fact that he has four
pair of legs, instead of three, and
would not be considered such in the
common acceptance of the term. He
is rather a "mite." and his presence
would hardly be noticed except for
the effect that his rapacious appe
tite has on growing vegetation.
L. 0. Howard. who is chief ento
mologist it the bureau of entomol
ogy, which is a branch of the United
States department of agriculture has
made two recent trips to South Caro
lina in the study of the "red spider."
At present H. T. Wilson. who is con
nected with the bureau, has head
quarters at Batesburg and is devot
ing practically his entire time to a
study of the pest. And to means of
its eradification. In his study of
pests he has traveled over most of
cotton States. devoting much time to
those along the Atlantic Coast.
Mr. Wilson states that the red
spider is found in practically every
portion of the cotton belt. In some
sections the spider is scarce, but in
others it is becoming quite preva
lent. It begins early in the year,
probably living on other vegetation
till the cotton is up. But little dam
age. however, is usually apparent,
until July or August, unless the
weather is very dry. It usually
works on the underside of the leaf.
The egg from which it come is
described as a "minute translucent
pearl-like object." found only Dy
close observation, and then only to
the initiated. The egg is hatched in
four or five days when the mite im
mediately is busy helping to bull the
market, although it takes from 10
to 14 days before it can claim ma
turity. The distribution of the mite
is effected in several ways.
It is not much for walking, and
flying is an impossibility, so he has
been observed traveling over the
country riding insects. The grass
hopper seems to be its favorite steed.
If the convenience of his choice is
slow in arriving it will get on the
first vehicle coming along, unless It
happens to be a water wagon. It
is adverse to water, and has never
been known to thrive in rainy weath
er. It will get on the clothes of
laborers and then get back on the
cotton further down the row.
The chief method of combating the
mite is by proper culture-rotation
of crops. deep ploughing in fall and
winter, the destruction of all vege
tation after crop Is gathered, and
keeping down weeds 'and grass in
the spring. Powderea sulphur is
used to destroy the mite, and sprays
of suipher and lime, or of suipher
and lye are also used. There are
other mixtures that are more or less
effectivwe, but those containing sul
phur have been found to be the best.
In determining the attack of the
red spider, or "rust mite." as he is
sometimes called, attention is call
ed to the facts from Mr. Bloward's
circular on the subject.
"The earlier attacks of the mite
are quite characteristic; the leaves
presenting on the upper side near
the base a scarlet appearance, which,
occurring at first between the larg
er ribs, gra-dually spreads over ti
leaf as the mites multiply, then dies
out and is replaced by a dirty yel
low, the leaf finally shriveling and
falling to the ground. Larger and
older leaves show the effect of the
attack before younger leaves."
Of his trips to South Carolina dur
ing 1904 and 1905 Mr. Howard has
the following observation: "in sev
eral instances it was noticed that
from a point on the margin of a
ield where there were growing large
poke-berry plants the Infestation by
the red spider had spread over a
fan shaped area of the adjoining
otton. At that time of the year
(July and August) these weeds, as
well as the cockleburr showed the ef
fet of the red spider's work."
It will be well for the cotton grow
ers. especially in this section. to keep
a sharp lookout for the first Indi
cations of the spider. Its appear
ance Is not hard to detect, nor is it
any considerable trouble to control in
-favorable weather; but permitted to
multiply it will attack large areas.
and its presence In hurtful quantities
cannot be determined for in the sea
son when it is too late to accomplish
much. The first signs should be re
ported to Mr. Wilson. who will be
able to give valuable advice, and. If
circumstance justify. will make a
personal visit to the infected field.
SEISURE OF BOOZE.
Thirty Thousand Gallons of Whiskey
Revenue officers Friday sleded the
warehouse of N. Glenn Williams, of
the Williams - Yadkin Company. a?
Winston. containing about 30.000
gallons of whiskey and brandy. It
is one of the biggest seizures the
warehouse of N. Glenn Williams, of
Williams-Yadkin Company. contairi
ing about 30.000 gallons of w.'is
key and brandy. It is one of the
biggest seizures ever made in North
Williams had 3bout 50.0000 gal
lons of liquor of liquor when prohi
bition went into effect two years ago.
but he has sold 2S.00l0 gallons since
that time. Deputy 31arshal Hark
rader. of Charlotte. is having the
The prorerty will be kept under
guard until the investigation for al
leged rregularities in the number of
gallons allowed to a barrel is com
Kills Man Over Wife.
At Lancast.'r. Pa.. following a
rquarrel Edward J. Dolan shot and
probably fatally wounded Harry F.
inien. a furniture dealer, and thenl
Dolan committed suicide. Doland;
accused Hinden of having been too
Eriendly with Mrs. Dolan, whao died
[T1AT BEAR RAID WRECK KILE THREE
TRLAIN CRtASHES INTO CON
On the Buyers of C([t0n in an Effort to
Save Themsdves by. .
The Men Were Fast Alsleep When
DODGING CONTRACTS 'aa oilnOcre
Pesident Parker. of the American
Cotton Manufacturers Association. ranoemtepescrsnth
Sets Forth Situation Detail fomw
ond theng Clvl-.Cncuai hc
the Manufacturers' Standpoint andagadStLoiriladsuca
Craiize Atorne ;ea - dFetiae CowitcsionOcud and 'e
'1 tinkthatIt s mst uforun-stt w on arfinl. Snd
Thre H. erisclld and eHoht
~.hsewh h~ ol byon tei Dnnll heprobabby fatally in'
.toai ons tion eres.caso
onhe Bao of thteou rt in Dclevand. CDo nna. h c
Sag ag aStLveouis o thuck a
Criicze Attrne General.see 'he
DG IN pool to keepFectio cewaiso and masd te
to' up. inhateet iarswmosttunfortsn
"testat Sthgvernmen doud in the Im-c of tle locomot
nt.eenaeinte intefforic to protct eeprs tai. Telcm i
ton" h cotined.*d te apdobertrley fanthe einjueer.awdethe
ote %Iaenufactn-is unfati. train condmctor weres ugh un the
Saety ioth oriinated in Weal teet way wreck taiws stou iraomi
Chcse atoeb who have sottod bynih, and thenred me
posesson. chrceisfal saiderokngsichcn
-Ie seing tat kie ismte pre ofstruction crew on a siding at Sand
te tn hoenen i-ford. Ind., early Friday.
irven i to eforceoThe dead are: Engineer Ely, of
theirtont hi.; H Driscoll, and L .n o.
Donnelly. The probably fatally in
poandssiand thrarikthaty pa red are eight in number, and all
er. Lews W. Parker. Wednesday at with the exception Of one belonged
Greenville, w-hen, asked concerningl to the construction crew.
the actonrt of the governrent in or- Driscoll and Donnally. who were
2ering an inverstigation of the aI l- e.wr ebr ftecn
!eged pool to keep the price of cot- j F eb a aid wnd ase
top up. I hi a hni a rse
"The rn mills do not wish ce the ichbrk ou t e chares,
to- see a decline in the price of Cot- tb xrs ri.Telcmtv
ton." he continued. "and the stand Lasrtly athr fgnr cc t
of the governmeat is unfair. Ap- uctor aer swet twenty or
parently, It.originated in Wall Street A bleck the ciy etro
ca the part of the bears. who have 3atn l. n h nue- e
taen selling tr. keep the price Of-verahned buil an re
tto donai . y Sethd, wer mer los ete
strgan cire a orko andw seseps.
Maye, ofArne enteral tWckr Sho TWNT BLCK eito'lokat
shein uher cr when to fir. wacu f
dssist the bearsut of a d onemma the uipat of oth inalMy ec
insthe exprs ofn The lty coo t
Souher mllshasben t sutanslfouetre. Wndile engineereportd that
.triess aditths echy ae-ducr ler ha nde r
ar-terepotrried e t a tenita upn that
cofar dow an wh, agreement th on nd ed tn-h city. were
whHayne ran ron and r tosowr WET IDK Bl
out prot th sagain cath e t of the Large Part of fra n a es Swere
Ion nt the ik Thang at of b t t ' a w
ton~ a icltract of tho'erayi
:eefer to ak aemn bea yad a th oaaned persons- wind, thu re
Aouthern mof Georgiake carof unde-drmls, whchereeou apLaearlesb
et ton endredin Nw Yrk.I .La. shortng. at ortolok St
sGendsra tticersham citened yr whickscape the ravag estroythe
rihknow thouhnt the sesown the sean nded builings any re
grlsamt heata diE.ul job Smto get fivetind i famrlesre bosesingmared
-n -a vjuset eadof c ac sto a o r erson ae bho eenrnee.o e
thce ofArcttoreln GenrattWncker- It wasf Eals eigh O'coDkSt
chnge. pren seascton ithis iffcl to vdanrhatrydrcinfo
aswat the bafr pric or atdhemm thcusnsosciorianyrec
ity:lin t frmkt Tebeffrt on f thecoutsedirts of y u rning Man
Sthrn it has been oiz nsefot Wiei wsrpred that
probesay t cents end they produe-eea ie adbeotdrn
areprned tatei upic tenee N the ecmpentedin uondyn-wh
eYrk Therei i Jnuaythg mn-amtng oth3eauilds as fndsina
fairce oflegi theoiy adreecn-tb .toy Sunday afterhattere0ter
certe tortesto bagns the maret by ter handcres oferinme otaes wer
governmeint' pwer unity foing and thi brnemd t cfeon and ahiichmon
tineyeia ticosue aof toheirplase nerlthn ousn tereons noerle thsn
the fcotto ake prices. rahdsee Idenedcaonee.erapastob
Aamsng tof mGrergae wounerl he bodeyng ha aprtlyon fth
thedsev" mae r chaes a.e city where founpd fhe a agesh or the
"Te b s.ati n eis Bhis: an-d wieeks.e Coroer Wt oors t he aneedy
nowntherswoughou thepl asn the viain some fnnoas my a
'uilo have hald to divrcuthjobto whic cnad folpam eshe beng wasreud
ls adu t t cotton goodsllto a loin hidn byme u*eg o t n
prty with dclni the price cto. ofitHewrgodcoh.waaou
tth scarit p reain s, incotn dur- fiv fetegt. nh i .'g ht an
igthhe prntseso t i thl trswr o itre oscr
say~e hat the ahfirh pric fo ptheiI com- aIdsrito.Th oy a e
hink int h abeend weinzer weeth edtatocludrtkn s
roabe or ets tioedb the ropcern adwl b ed edn
retrentedn tht fair~ paceI Noey Iyrher deompse o diy.o ht
egri anedgiinnl pronuearticemnabua5yarll asfudi
.ht were advers t o si e of rtevaln cr P ie m n Fark. to Greensboo. N .
"rcson the echmmodte madeg tco scodsorn-a os ls
pred rs f- alt ~ rare mOap- blneadfl otegon.srk
eoxingm ate iua nt..hpn and
ha e cttn t lowe prices hould thus gon o hcono
.allin tet maket hreogversoloheie
hemselves. ed purchasshhaseibee
ythers wo are'tte siplyarting the wiebinoertdpn.Hwa
ars he price torl delivertwich!
are 'riily edue.!,buyr by marie boys Shdayi caftdenoo.Oh
godswll~'xthiretioeofter tha cad bearigtenmso
value otRichmondncalfe'andsa Rofhthed
redued ~ri' f fuure: w er clo thn hu se F ran e Lis o rcl ue t i
thee i eervr.asot o blive a The renchhadiapoarentlyaseenp1a
,n bnrrnl 'emndorcotonInedin nuer ound avafon onte rsix
thefal il e pice sstine safees. Coraone d hled ay n
forth- spt a' onat.In ll r estifgmatin fal t w ound nohing fint
.huity seclvey sold cwitsu hvnH- aroplneyasomte capieinatr
-The ough th r n milser laoe not wi d atahrees.t0fet trge
er hsee ,'r deefne ithe'price sii of He r" eod codtswaaou
: rkttn fo t' tw oa h.o resos In - She fve fe It i nches u i n) haeight and
test plnac' to a!cieabhe pexthwighe mater 'Mr. poundesh. The a
of hacuchsetot->on the So'tr i ae trey Geralo dre tosecure'ea
gredto ae the ghtpricesNprwvanl-hf cial descriptbon. The nody wasure
n'or horing te avean witerere amove tha lawa ofder.Takin, te
rore or lessn jtiied on the cop ,cabnshelnfthen cwttl behe. pendn
rnt-tur. Ithe rsecod pace bee L' fur.f.ther effort s tohdetey
. llat wha!: th.- idze thaeae rrte of the rop.'a t a
roseir. In what shoul d ar coetlepg-yp~s ate o
oi t prie foh t to f e t ahvll.ntwe ti aocr' ~
"nit the exchsance o the re a -singn osllwn .'' o'
r nices f:r fall coan are nof af-p-~ ~ S u e:lel a ca o
roximastwho are -ntcrnts: and th
ar tsink tat s nhes,- t~r~n nitaneo prices shouldra
r e tati t. . veall. n I houlgh n ate ra ac tge ers as oc -
eLereein m:ie rt oh prtof thepethswohaeaitoel'r
earsbahe price beord talheivepoes htte aesl.