Newspaper Page Text
ft suri For Robbu and Iderig
Wias Fox, a Farmer.
EGROES ARE LEAVIE
Chaileston. Where the Mob Took
the Prks-oaers from the Jail and
Lynched Them in the Preseaia4 ofi
a large. Crowd Including Mani
Wromenw and Children.
An exodus in the negro ropu:a
tion of Charleston. Missouri. is rt
ported to be in progress. follo~wink
the double lynching on Monda.
when Robert Coleman and San.
Fields were hanged by an infuritiet
mob for the murder of William Fox
a Mississippi county farmer.
No shots were fired on either side
In the crowd which packed the cour
house -ard in front of the jail wer
ti&lIn-.g.. 'VoV. .Po UCHBWOM1
many women and children. and rhi
officers feared on that account to re
sort to shooting. On the outskirt
of the crowd were several autonmo
biles. their occupznts standing o,
the seats to better watch the attacl
on the jai:.
Seemingly the mob waited onl:
for a leader. About 4 o'clock in th
afternon a man seemed to tak
charge and the crowd rushed for
ward. A concerted rush was nad
at the jail and in a moment th
front fence of the yard was tram
The sheriff and his men wer
brushed aside. There was no turE
Ing back then, even had the leader
been so inclined. for the hundred
In the rear were pushing forwar
shouting for the lives of the n
groes. A railroad tie was shove
forward as a battering ram. Th
mob shouted with increasing rag
as the door went down and tb
crowd pushed into the buildini
Another door was in the way. Thi
was smashed in a second and th
crowd surged upstairs to the secon
Boor where the two negroes wer
Those In the yard-the wome
and children--could hear the sound
of a sledge hammer as the lock wa
knocked off the cell door. In a fe
moments a shout announced th;
the lock had been broken.
Coleman was dragged forth am
lynched In the jail yard. while ti
crowd cheered. A man climbed v
a tree and put one end of the ro;
over a limb. The negro was jerke
up and soon swung clEir of ti
While Coleman dangled. anoth<
body of men rushed from the jai
dragging and pulling the other n
gro, Sam Fields. A rope was pla
ed around his neck and the mo
shouting, started west along Cou
The negro said he would sho
the men where he and Coleman ht
hidden the revolver they had used
shooting Wmllam Fox. whose deal
the crowd avenged. The men
charge after a short parley decidi
to take the negro to find the revc
ver. The rope still about his nec
and drawn tightly b. his captot
Fields was thrown into a carriage.
Followed by the mob on foot.
carriages and automobiles, the vet
cle containing Fields started to tU
scene of the shooting, half a mi
south of town.
After going part of the way tI
negro told the captors be ''guesset
after all he could not Sund the vi
A ste was then made and Fiel<
was jetihed out of the carriage wil
out any preliminaries, the rope w:
tossed over the limb of a tree ax
Fields was strung up.
Next morning his body was sti
swinging. The body of the other n
gro was cut down by several persot
who wanted pieces of the rope
The crime which a mob aveng.
by lynch law was committed abo'
ten o'clock Saturday night. The m<
tive was robbery.
FOUND OOOK'S RECORD)S.
And Reed 'Em and Stowed 'E:
Back Atop Mt. McKinley.
-rhat Dr. Frederick A. Cook. whot
claims to have discovered the nort
pole hare been discredited the wor)
over, did, as he claims, reach tb
top of Mount McKinley is the statt
ment made at Colorado Spring:
Col., Thursday by P. J. Carrigan.
seaman and placer miner from Aiaa
ka. Carrigan. whose story is cot
sidered by Dr. Cook's forzaer bail
er. John R. Bradley. extremel
plausible, declares that he hinmsel
ascended the mountain and foun
the copper tube and records lel
there by Dr. Cook. After examinin
the records and American flag in th
tube Carrigan restored it to tu
niche In the boulder where he founi
it. This was In June. 1907. Car
rigan came to Colorada Springs re
cently from Galveston. Texas. to loo'
for his old friend. James Casey. wh<
was there in 19a61 and 19i,:. Cat
rigan met Casey in the Alaskan gol<
field. He declares that. Casey know
of his ascent of Mount McKinley
and will vouc.h for his statements
Carrigan says he did not kr~ow unti
within the last month that the asren
of Mount McKiney claimed by Dr
Cook had been doubted.
FLIES OVER THE OCEAN.
Curtiss Takes Flight of Eight Minu
tes Above Atlantic.
Glenn H. Curtiss made an eight
minute fight over the ocean at Atlan
tic City. N.J.. at .:.t Tuesday night.
The trip included a tlght along the
entire front of the city about a muile
off shore, and i .-3 feet abov.e the~
ocean. Wlhe successful fliht was
the second one attempted. the firt
resulting in a mishap that neatrb
sent Curtiss into the occ.an. While
he wa attemnpting to maxk- a :iurz
from the beaceh to go to se~a an 'air
current caught '.he ;ilare and' drop
ped it within te~n f"eet of ibreakers
Curtiss made a quick turn and drove
his machine on the beac~h with suchb
force that a wood standard a:onig his
FOR THE WRECK OF THE BIG
Revoked Order to Ia.seiiger Train.
but Failed to Resend Same One
to Freight. Causing the Accident.
Interest in Monday's disastrous
wreck of the iBig Four's New York
Fiyer at Middletown. Ohio. :: hc
iar ha a %t,&P:%: 0.1ve wv*--,t
r was tr-ns:~erred t Cincin
Paati Tulesday. .-A m.wtfan
\W. ilaia. piot enih.eer of the li;t
Four pzssenuter train, wh:-h era.-d
:toq a frei:ht train o! :he Cin
nat. llamiu.ton :.nd Dayt.n raiwy.
; ed ain (: the wre k on t.r a.:
di :spva tcher Smtit h. t the I.,ttie r -..
te~m. at I)ay ton.
In :hshe wa:v- ortyonfirmed O
!of the Cincinatia. liamilt-u n and a
t.n. Mr. (..ula was unw:i.n;. to
tur:her than to say that. -some sUer.
reason was responsible for the ac
cident." but railroad men about the
headquarters of the two systems as
repted the explanation of Wall as
- contained the gist of the case.
5 Wall's sta:e:uent follows:
The engineer of the freight train
1 showel me order No. F3 supposed to
C have been nsed after our train ithe
Mig Four limited's :eft Dayton. and
v to have been handed to us at Car
e lisle between Dayton and Middle
a town. This order gave the- freight
- tll 1. to make the siding at Poas:
e town. north of Middletown.
e "Smith revoked that order so that
- it was not delivered to us at Car
lisle. but failed to revoke the same
e order issued to the freight. Our
train made up some time after leav
s ing Dayton and this brought us to
s the Poasttown siding earlier than
- * We had no warning of anything
d in the way and supposed we had a
e clear line. '
e Wall also exhibited four train or
e ders. not one of w-hich gave any in
dication that the flying pas-enger
z train was to meet any other train at
e Poasttown or any other siding be
d tween Dayton and Cincinnati. These
e orders. he said. were all,. he had to
guide him the day of the wreck.
* Local officers of the Big Four are
s not yet willing to account officially
s for the wreck. "A misunderstand
r Ing of orders" was mentioned by
t some. but whose misunderstanding
it was, they were not prepared to
e With the definite identification of
p the four unnamed bodies in Middle
e town, all the nineteen unidentified
d are acsounted for. Two more died
e Tuesday. one at Dayton and one at
Hamilton. These were John Pa:.
r kin. Springfield. Ohio.. and Evelyn
. Lloyd. Round Point. Maine. and their
- passin; made the death list 21. Four
- others are scarcely expected to sur
, ile their hurts.
GAVE LIFE FOR CHUM.
d- Young Girl Drowned ina Iake Mich
d~ Florence Burden. 16-year-old. a
jhish school girl, sacrificed her life
k in Lake Michigan Friday to save that
sof her chum. Ethel Moulton. 15
years old. The girls were bathing.
nD Miss Moulton. who was unabe te
. swim, waded into deep water and
e was swept from her feet. Miss Bur
e den, a good swimmer, went to her
rescue. Miss Moulton was supsport
e ed by Miss Burden until Willi1am
-Bruder reached the struggling girls.
. "Take her, I can swim.' Miss Bur
den is reported to have said to hate
Is said to Bruder. Bruder. weighe<:
h down by his clothing and Miss IBoul
s ton's weight. barely, reached a row
d boat that had put out from .shore
Miss Moulton was unconscious. lbut
i was soon refived. Miss Burden, ex
~hausted by her efforts to keep Miss
s Moulton afloat until help rme. saenk.
s Her body was recovered an hour
aKILlS WIFE ANI HlMSElF.
Real Fa'tate Algent Shoots Wife- ~. on
Charles Desforges, a real estate
agent. shot and killed his wife, prob
ably fatally wounded his I 7-year-old
son, and then blew .his own berains
out at New Orleans Thursday. Des
forges and his wife were seperated
several months ago. That night the
man went to the house where Mrs.
Deforges and the son were lvn
'and at once began a revolver fir.
aupen the two, who were sitti::g o:
the gallery. After they had fall--n
Desforges turned his weapon u;.on
-himisef. Both he and his wife im
~mediately died. At the hospital to
which the son was taken it was said
dhe was probably mortally wounded.'
CRACKERt ('AUs FiRE.
Exploded Among straw in Barn With
A fire which will amount to ap'
>proximately $210.000 destroyed e'.
-buildings, made 20 famiies home.
less and wiped out the business and
residential section of Benton. Col
umnbia county, Pa.. occurred Monday
-An explodinz firecracker thrown in
among the straw in the barn of Ge'o.
Crossey was the cause of the tire
The fire broke out at ab.out three
o'clock in the afternoon and it was
not until late that night that aefter
aid had arrived, that the flames were
got under control.
Phynrian AccusedI of Bigamy.
A warrant charging bigamy was
sworn out at noen Tuesday against
Dr. J. M. Sigman. a well known S
vannah physic-ian.. at the i::stance.
of Re'.ecca Pige. a trained nurse.
who ralleges that having mnarriedI her
in (Charleston. Dr. Si.:man is guilty
of bigamy because of his mnarritag.'
to a woman in Bloomingdale.
('aught After Sceen Ye-ar"'.
('hief! of Pol!ce Reid. of C'in:'-n
left Roaneke. Va.. r-r:day with l.a.rr\
xl1.:er. a no::ro. w an?,ed at C'inton:
or th muter!-e- of .lrehn ih'rris. 7.
y-ars *'bl. R.'wards amolunlting to
' ' i were offered for Miller follow-.
ing the ki:ling. i le was capt~eured:
a wee-k ag.' and a-I:nits he is the
KILD IN WRECK
;INETEEN PERSONS MET DEATH
ON AN OHIO RAILWAY.
Che Twentieth Century Limited Pas
senger While Rounding Curve
(rmahes Into Freight.
Nineteen persons were killed out
-i-:ht probably fatally hurt, and half
i duzen wer, seriously injured in
i het on cl' :sio:t etw*n a frieght
i:d ras.-n:er train on the Cincin
ia:i P:tniaton and Dayton railroad
it ijdle'on. Ohio. Monday. Of the
illed, eighteen were pas.engers.
:he oaher victinas b-eing a member of
he %assv:.&zer train crew.
The trains were the Cincinnati
-tion G, th- Twentieth Ceintury
n ited on!, the C!eveland. Cincinoati.
ti:e':!n St. Louis railroad. (BRig
our I ar'.l th,- second section of a
i,*;ain on the Cincninati. Ham
titon and 1Dayton railway.
The latter was attempting to make
a siding to give the passenger train
a clear track, when the flyer. trav
oling at a rate of fifty miles an
hour. flashed around a curve and
er;shed into it.
A miisunderstandin. of ord'ers
caused the disaster. which was one
of the worst that that section of
the country had ever experienced.
Pilot engi::eer George Wald had
received oredrs to wait at Pos: Town
three miles north of Middleton. and
a siding station. according to rail
road officia!s. The freight train was
to have passed him there. but was
late in pulling out of Middletown.
ins:ead of the seven minutes margin
which Wald thought he had to reach
Middletown. the time was less than
five minutes. The first section of
th- freight had taken tlhe siding at
Middleton and Conductor John Wea
ver. In charge of the second section,
tried to reach the north end of the
Iefore his train had cleared the
swith points the passenger train
rounded a curve screened by the
t-hickly wooded lots on each side ol
the track. The eagine crews had
time to jump and all escaped ser
The erAsh when the trains mel
was terrife. the freight train wa.
nade up of gondola coal cars, fla1
-ars and box cars loaded with lum
Directly behind the passenger lo
conotive and the tender was a com
bination haggage and smoking cai
followed by a day coach and a chail
car. All the dead and injured wero
in tie first two cars, there being si)
passengers in the smoker and twen
ty-one in the day coach.
Every seat in this coach was torz
from its fastenings, the roof wa4
thrown to one side and the heav,
weight of massive timbers hurle
~with awful farce struck among th<
men and women in the coach. Evei
before the crash came rescuers wert
running to the wreck from the Miid
dleton station, some three hundre<
yards south of the accident. Call:
for assistance were sent to Daytoi
Iand Hamilton. Relief trains wer<
n.ade up at each of these places an<
the injured were placed upon then
and sent to hospitals in those cities
there being no such institution ii
PLOUG fH!NG WITH DYN.AIITE.
"Caldwell Plan" of Preparing lAne
A Columbia dispatch says M1r. Irn
W. Wiiliams. in charge of the gov
-rnment's farm demonstration worl
in this State. will not undertake t<
liscuss for publication the practica
bility of the cultivative methods o
J. H.-nry Caldwell. the "Dynamitd
farmer" of Spartanhurg. but con
tents himself with saying that Mir
Caldwell's crop. which he recently
inspected is such as to give Mir. Caid
well a good chance of winning thi
-'tate corn-leld prize.
Capt. Chas. Petty, a well-knowr
.j'arianhu'irg authority on agricultur
al nmatters. thinks the Caldwel
scheme utterly impractical and ap1
to do irre;parable damage to the land
.r. 'aldlwell planted his corn or
Good Friday. The land was broke
with smal: sticks of brown or yel*
low dynamite, planted two feet deer
in hole's four feet apart L. both
.A Property IDamnage of Over Fift
A Lexington. Ky.. dispatch says
th-ee negro children were drowne-1
and damage to the extent of $Z,0.000
or more was done in Winchester and
Clark counties by a cloudburst .\on
day morning. Residences and busi
ness structures were flooded in Win
chester and boats and rafts uased
o rescue families. In the country
several farmu houses were washed off
their foundations by the sudden rise
of the streams. Thr.-e negro children
were drowned in Poyntertown. a se
hurb) of Winchester.
Nineteen P'erseas)I Killed.
Nineteen p'-rso::s were killed out
right. three probably' fatally hurt,
anti half a dozen were seriously In
jured in a he'adon collision between
a freight and ;>assenger train on the
Cininnatti. Hamilton and D~ayton
rairoad at .\iddle'town. 0.. .\onday
-vning. Of the killed IS were pas
s.ngene. :.he other victim being a
mem:,'r of the train crew.
Win% $1 but Fune'ral Follows.
To wini a bet of $1 which he had
nade with a friend, P'eter Smith.
if Newark. N. .drank sevet:teenf
hiskie's and died as a result. Smith
ad been drinking in a saloon early
'ridayv mornin whten an argument
rose among the crowd as to their
-.specive drinking abilities. The
sager ani.! de:ith followed.*
Kill' Baby Sister.
.i " V:dah Mliuire. aced tw.
asbta.!inst'ntly killed at Con-j
o. T."ns. F-riday by her brother.
tarr-,:s. fh e vears nid. The children
erc. ;laying with a shotg'un when
he )oy accidlentally puled the trig
.r. a heavy load of shot almost
..ain -away-. the l:-tle g1in's had.
From Every Section Come Reports of
Clashes Between Races
OVER THE PRIZE FIGHT
Negroes in Many Places Become Ir
sulting When It Became Known
That John.'cn Had Knocked Jef
fries Out in the Great Fist Fight
at Reno. Nev.. Monday.
There were clashes between whites
and blacks it, several sections of
Philadelphia Monday night follow
ing the announcement of Johnson's
victory over Jeffries.
At Kansas City. Mo.. negroes in
boasting of fight result. pulled from
streets cars and riots threatened in
down town streets were on Monday
midnight. Extra police were on dury
to prevent mobbing.
One dead and one mortally wound
ed is the result of an attempt by
four no:roes to shoot up Moundo.
Ill.. in honor of Jack Johnson's vic
tory at Reno. A negro constable
was killed when he attempted to
At Little Rock. Ark.. two negroes
are reported killed by white men.
one by a Rock sand conductor on
his way into the city Monday night.
and the other by a white man at
Second and Scott streets.
At Washington several small race
riots broke out at various points
on Pennsylvania avenue Monday
night following announcement of:
the Jeff ries-Johnson fight. There
were a number of arrests. No one
was seriously hurt.
Rioting between whites and blacks
broke out in seven different points in
New York City Monday night follow
ing the announcement of the result
of the Jeffries-Johnson fight. One
negro was dragged from a street car
and badly beaten before rescued.
A .gatug of white men in the 'black
and tan belt" set fire late Monday
night to a negro tenement on the
middle West-Side. The police and
fire department were ordered out on
the jump. The race feeling is very
bitter against the negroes.
Seventy negroes. half the number
women, were arrested Monday night
in the 'black belt" of Baltimore for
disorderly celebration of Johnson s
victory. One negro was badly cut
by another and two other negroes
were assaulted and severely injured
by whites in arguments over the big
Rioting in a negro quarter of St.
Louis at M\arket street and Jefferson
avenue followed the announcement
that Jack Johnson wa.-. 'he victor in
the Reno prize fight. The police fin
ally clubbed back the negroes. who
were .blocking tranic and making
Mincr dsturbances between whites
and blacks broke out at Fort Worth
following the announcement of John
son's victory over Jeffries Monday
aft ernoon. The most serious was an
attack by two negresses on a white
woman, the latter being seriously
hurt by blows on the head with beer
Six negroes with broken heads.
aix white men locked up at ' one
I white man. Joe Chockley. with a bul
let through his skull and probably
fatally wounded. is the net result of
clashes at Roanoke. Va.. Monday
night following the announcement
that Jack Johnson had defeated Jim
Jeff ries. The trouble started when
a negro. who had just heard the news
from Reno. said: "Now I guess the
white folks will let the negroes
alone." A white man replied "no"
and the two clashed. Police had
difficulty landing the negro in jail,
being compelled to draw their re
volvers. Later a nu~gro shot Chock
ley and escaped.
In Atlanta trouble between the
blacks and whites as an outgrowth
of the Jeffries-Johnson fight was
narrowly averted Mionday night wher.
the police arrested hair a dozen
whites and one negro. The black
yelled "hurrah for Johnson" on a
crowded downtown street. He held
a knife in his hand and in. an in
stant several white men had struck
him The police used their clitbs
freely after the whites had chased
the negro into an alley. The streets
were thronged with men of botn
races in a nasty humor. but the pc
lice were vigilant and say they can
prevent trouble. The first disorder
arose at the Grand opera house where
,a mixed audience heard the fight
ulletins read. Later some negroes
started a parade to celebrate the
victory of their fellow black. This
the police stopped at once. On the
order of the po.ice commission the
mounted men, the reserves and the
detective force were called out and
the downtown streets patroled.
At Houston. Texas. disturbances
broke out immediately .\onday night
on the announcement of the John
son victory at Reno. Three negroes
v'ere badly hurt by white men in
side of an hour after the flash of
the result and the police were call
ed to Quell the several minor dis
surbances and to break up fist fights.
Charles Williams. a ne~rro. was a lit
tle too vociferous in announcing the
outcome on a streetl car and a white|
man slashed his throat from ear to
ear. The negro almost bled to deatn
before he reached the hospital to
which he was hurried.
Killed by Lightning.
Geo. G. Wilson. a prominent young
man of .\ayodan. N. C.. was struck
by lightning on Friday afternoon
and instantly killed. .\r. Wilson was.i
standing near the chimney flue in I
the store of his brother, where he
worked. A bolt from a passing thun-C
der storm struck this fl.ue and in I
some way was communicated to M\r.
Bluejackets .ih In.
Race riots broke out all over Nor
folk Mionriay nignt and many negrlies a
were injured. The trouble was r
caused mostly by e':listed men fromni
the various battleships who atackedt
neroes wherever they met them. A a'
detatchment of marines from the d
navy yatrd are aiding the police to
sLEW FORMIER E.IPIAWYER AND o
Policeman's Shot Pierced Herman E
Zipfel's Heart as He Was Leaving
the Scene of His Crine.
Because he was discharged from
is job as bartender. Herman Zipfel w
ihot and killed Leo Hirschfie:d. a
wholesale and retail liquor dealer.
in New York city. wou'ided John I
Swanso. and was himself shot and d
killed by Policeman Hugh Sheridan. a
-efore the policeman shot Zipfel the u1
latter fred two shots at his pursuer. t
neither taking effect. Sheridan's bul- A
let pierced Zipfel's heart and killed s
him instanty. P
.Zipfel killed Hirschfeld without d
warning. When after ten days' ser- t,
vice as a bartender Zipfel was told s
he would not be needed longer he v
made no protest. His home is in i
Kingston. where he was once a depu- e
ty sheriff. Instead of going there c
he checked .his trunk to thaL place
and remained in New York city. (
Later he went to the Hirschfeld t
bottling works. Those who sa: him i
enter say he was sober and that
there was nothing in his demeanor
to cause alarm. Mr. Hirschfeld was t
not dlsturbed when the bartender (
entered t.he room in which he was I
at work. Swanso. the only other oc- i
cupant of the room. said afterward. I
that Hirschfeld greeted Zipfel cor
dially but that Zipsfeld answered the
salutation wiih abuse.
Swanso heard a pistol shot. fol
lowed by another. and when he look
ed toward the men at the other t'nd
of t.he room he saw that Hirschfeld 1
had fallen and that Zipfei". with a j
revolver in his hand, was walking to- I
w&.a the door. Just before reach- i
ing it he tuned and shot twice at i
Swanso. The first bullet grazed the
driver's neck. inflicting a: slight
wound. The second went wild.
Hirschfeld had been shot once in
the neck and one in the right temple
and died Instantly.
TROOPS ATTEIPTS LYNCHING.
Try to Avenge Fatal Injury of Theirl
Determined to avenge the proh
ably fatal injury to on. of their fel
low soldIers-Private Scott of Rat
tery D. Third Artillery. U. S. A.-be
tween forty and fifty United States
white troopers and artillerymen from
Fort Myer. Va.. early Friday made
an attempt to storm the Alexandria
jail z lynch Robert Jackson. a ne
A clever subterfuge of Jailer Har
ry Crack, in inducing the soldiers to
believe that Jackson was not within
the jail, was the only thing that
saved the negro from lynching.
Private Scot: was slashed across
the abdomen with a razor during a
fght between a crowd of negroes
and a number of soldiers on a tro:
ley car bound for Fort Mlyer the
night of the Jeffries-Johnson prize
fght. The soldiers learned that
Scott. who had been removed to a
hospital. had developed peritornitis
and that death might be expected at
FOURTH'S 1>EATHS FE.WER.
Drop of 44) Per Cent. in Fatalities
Throughout the Country.
The sane Fourth as observed in
many cities has cut down the total
deaths throughout the country from
freworks and fireams 40 per cent.
as compared with !ast year. The
total deaths reported numbered 3.;:
last year there were 4S. The total
number of injured is 2.200, last year
the records showed 2.700. Casual
ties in Chicago and its suburbs were
far less than a year ago. One death
duo to the accidental discharge of
a pistol. was reported. One dleath
was also Chicago's record for the
Fourth in 1909. It was in accidetCs
that Chicago made. its greatest gain
by a sane holiday. T~ie :njuri.-s to
tal only 30, while a year ago -he'
record was 56. G;iant tirecracke-r'
caused most of the injuries, and
there were but few wounds froma
irearms and toy pistols.*
BROKEN NECK HIGHTEl).
Surgeens San ('oal Mliner's Life ltyi
Rare Onrat ion.
By a bloodless surgical operition*
Jack Bowers. a coal mitwr of Nelsor.- J
yille. 0., was cured of a broken neck.!
Four weeks ago he fel: and fractured
and dislocated the v'erteb:tC of a
neck and was unable to move .his
head though he <.ould walk and tlk.
He was unable to sleep because he
could not rest comfortably an 'w.
in iminent peril of paratlysis and'
death. An X-ray examtination r
vealed to the doctors that his neck
cold be restored to his norm-tl cms.
dition by hand :oanipulations. Thn.'
operation was made and an hour la
ter the man was talking and laughn- ;
ing, wit.h full power of sensation i
and muscular movement.*
BRU-TA L A,.tSAUI-,T.
Janitor Firvd Five Shots into Itodi
of Patrol W'ta'on lrive'r.
Stealthily approaching his victim C
rrom the rear. .J. it Alliso-:. atz.-dl 0
45 a former janitor at t.he city hali. P
lired lvc shots in the body of F. \l. n
lcGnee. driver of the city patro:
aagon Tuesday. afternoon at .Ashe
ille. every b~ullet taking effect.
After his victim had fallen. Alt- t)
ion neat out the former's brains with w
10-pound hammer. Allison suir- f
'endered and is now int jati. I niig- I
iation runs high abtong thle e'it .eni-w
hip. and there is some" talk of ly'--t
~ing. The killins: acco.rditng to :he g
irisoner's statenment. is the ouztcom.':
an old quarrel concerning a wo-n
Lightning Strikes Tree.
During a very saver.' re'e--- t
torm st Abbevi'le ''hursda'y l::ht- t
ing struck on.' of the lare *e.ar d
res in the Episco.pal churtch '.ard. th
arinn the tree from tnp tn heitm no
nd breakin:: out ..wo of the v..n- ra
ows. One of the windows demot(l- Tn
hed was a very handsome stain--d r
NE NEGRIO IN EVERY FOUR
fforts of Police to Stop the Illegal
Sale of the Poison Have Had Lit
Ac.ording to physicians in touch
ith the situation in Charleston. the
)caine habit among the nenroes is
>reading to an a'arming extent. The
re=. from all accounts. made its
pearance among the denizens of the
nder world in Char'eston about
Aelve years ago, but at that time
as used only by a comparitively
mall number acquainted with the
eculiar inbuence which the pow
er exerts upon the human sys
Sm. The use of the drug. however.
pread rapidly. first among the
-hites. then in Darktown. until now
is estimated that one negro in
very four uses cocaine in one form
The rpolice have at various times
uring the last two years attempted
stamp out the sale of cocaine.
,ut apparently without success. Sev
-ral persons. charged with selling
he drug without a physician's ce'
ificate. were convicted in the Police
:ourt and fined heavily for his vio
ation of the city ordinance. There
s at present pending in the Char
eston Police Court. the case of Chas,
-r.es. w.hile. alias "Weatherhorn.
harged with selling a box of co
aine to a ue;gro woman on Market
Very often the drug is used u
he shape of a solution of the cry
alline form, mixed ulth other In
urious ingredients and injected intc
he system by means of a hypoder
nic syringe. Other habitual usen
ake it in the form of pills. Th(
levotee using the syringe method
n many cases upon examination '
round to have his arms, legs 01
:hest covered with one masa
)f sores. resulting from the punc
ures made by the needle of th4
iyringe. These wounds as a usua
hing heal up very quickly, but ver!
often fester and break out. owinj
to the unsanitary surroundings ii
which the cocaine fiend lives as :
eneral rule. Cases are known ii
which cocaine fiends died of lockjas
and other forms of poisoning, as :
direct result of festering of the hypo
lermic syrince pricks covering th,
persons of the unfortunate users o
The most "popular' and simp:
method in vogue of taking the drui
into the system is by snuffing i
through the nose. The pure co
caine flakes are crushed to a powde
in a mortar. and retained in thi
form. A small quantity of the stui
is shaken on the back of the hani
and then inhaled through the nose
Another method consists of dissolv
ing a small quantity of cocaine in
teaspoonsful of water, and then heal
ing It over a match. The is swal
It has been pretty firmly establish
ed that indulgence in cocaine lead
to physical wreckage. The users c
the dru: claim that a dose give
them ''courage." .'sweet dreams.
and a sort of exuberance of spirit
This state lasts from two to fou
.~ours. as a rule, but after that wear
off quickly, leaving the victim wit]
an insatiable craving for more o
the deadly drug. Negroes especiall:
are very susceptible to the infiuenc
of cccaine and under its sway wil
commit acts from which they wo'ul
shrink under normal conditions.
The Illegal cocaine trade is car
ried on by three different sets o
individuals. First, those who pro
cure it from the large drug center
of the country in wholesale qu.:.nt:
ties: t~hose who sell to agents: and
analy the latter themselves wha
dispose of It to the friends. Th<
profits of the peddler are known t<
be considerable. A vial of cocain<
which sells at $1. Is made up in'.
as many as three dozen boxes. eac1
ontaining enough of the drug (a,
two or three small doses. The boxe
sll at ::5 cents each. Not conta'n
wit.i this protit. a tmajority of th
agents adulterate the pure cacain.
fakes with other drugs and variou:
arm less powders. Baroric acid i
pincipally usedi for this purpose, as
it is snow white and therefore in
isible* unless detected by the ey'
y ant expert chemist.
\'ery small boxes have recentl.:
nade their appearance on the mar
c. which are offered for sate al
Sprice of 15 cents. It has leaked
>ut. however. that the fiends refuse
o buy them because of the fact thai
he contents are mostly ingredlents
ther than cocaine, thereby givin::
he huyer none of that se::sation
chich he craves with might and soul.
GUT FOR BOXING.
imt Jeffrie', Made $1 17,000. While
.JohntIm Secured $t20.600.
Jack Johnson was $1'20.600O richer
thena Jim Jaffries went down for the
1st ime in .\onday's tight. He took
I pe~r (ett. of the $I1a1.000a purse
hich amounted to $ta.00a. a bou-~
s of $I1i.ia0a and he sold his pic
re int.'rests for $.~.a.a00.
.!.ffries took a for'tune out of the
'<feat ~at Johnson's .hands. He re
:vad 4" per cent, of the purse.
mounting to $4.0.st~ the bonus of
10.a'aa anid he sold his picture in
-rc-?s foar $ei6.666. makin:g a total
$117.,aa. The owners of the
t ure films are calculating on a
ilion dollar's profit.
Kills Two Negroes.
Twa nt.: roes were killed and a
ird wound.-d by H. Y. Evans. a
hre man at Enoka. about 19 miles
om Lake Providenc-. La.. .\onday.
is ro,rted thai Evans' brother
as being bate n by a negro lhar
nder when Evans opened fire, kili
:the ne-cro. A seco"nd negro. wh.a
eterre'd. met a like fate. and a
ress w-as struck hy a stray bul
Shot All Dougs in Sight.
. (' Elmore. whie celobratitnc
r' urC.5 of Jly at Pa--olet .\in
v. d.., 5-d that he had to sh~An all
a a: sirhi. On" of the dn::.
em: from the shn's fired at him.
ni into an >ld gentleman named.
tnwer and upset him with the.
i :hat his leg was broken. El
THE AMERICAN GIRL
SOM1E REASONS WHY SHP i)E
The Prince of Good Fellow-, for a
Companion. but Too Self Reliant
to lpend on Her Husband.
My pen has been itching for some
months to spatter off a few accumu
lating thouchts on this subject. Not
even the monopolistic ravages of
trust upon trust could give rise with
in me to such invectives as are call
ed forth when I think of the grow
ing unfittedness of the average
American girl for matrimony.
As compari.)ns and comrades in
pleasure-seeking the American girl
may acknowledge no peer. Jolly.
full of spirit, daring to reck:essness.
she accepts no lead but her own.
She is the prince of good fellowa.
The glad har.d of comradeship is
gaily extended. S.he is even becom
ing as expert as ourselves in origi
natin.; a multitdue of barely-con
ventional things that we have al
ways mysteriously referred to as
Rut. to marry her. I respectfully
decline. The very self-reliance up
on which she prides herself. woulu
also proves the undoing of the
house. What man cares to acknow
ledge the existence of any initiative
other than .his own within the four
walls of his home. The co-operati-m
spirit unfolds itself gloriously in
theory but in prpice you eventually
find the co-operation solely between
the right and left hand of one pe
son. The human system is so con
stituted. that lacking the power *.
do.ninate. it become vitally nec
essary to be dominated. In businea
two forces striving toward suprem
acy will in time, resolve themselvef
into a firrt and second.
You ask why this may not be sc
in matrimony. Because these oppos
ing forces can only be settled on a
business basis. inasmuch as they
are propelled by the lower brut'st
characteristics, largely selfishness
and must be governed by cold mat
ter-fact law. And this. in itself
kills the sentiment necessary to ma
And the American girl. rapidi3
becoming obessed with the idea T
her supremacy. or at least equality
with despised man. is making of hei
self a practically impossible matrl,
monial factor. in that her indepen
dence is creating in herse an el
ement of opposition that carries n<
necessary quality or characteristi
for the true home life and mother
- hood. The sweet dependency .uro;
r the man so prominent a few decade
ago is rapidly giving away to self
reliance in the feminine sex tha
4 forecasts not.hing but an inc--easinl
. clash of wills in a bond so close a
that of matrimo::y.
This spirit of growing ipadepen
dence is a harsh discordant note t<
infuse into the home atmesphere. A:
in any corporation or combination o
persons for an ultimate result. there
must be a guiding force, so the mat
rimonial comiunation .must have ita
pilot. And among my "'gentle.
friends I fail to place a single on'
who would not believe herself comn
p letent to be the guiding force. an:
who would not take it upon hersel
to assume as much of power as sh<
might lbe allowed.
U'nder these conditions no law o
ehuman nature could be invoked t<
prevent friction. And where thei
would be the honor, obedience ant
love on which matrimony has reste<
-from time immemaorial? And evet
Scould the possibility of friction b<
eliminated the asceridancy of this in
-spuirit is large~y responsible for the
grow ing familiarity of tne moderr
American girl with the opposite sex
SIt is true that this familiarity. un
thought of thirty years ago, does no
necessarily become a question o
morals. but it does endanger and of
ten kill, the respect that every tru
man accords a woman. And witi
thuis loss of respect bonds of an:
sort. ma1.trim~onl.a or otherwise. ar<
Iod.:ing th.' isue wtith theory and
lrove'rb a we may. yet the necessi
:of oneo ruling power in the .hom'
still remau'ins. Cast your *'yes a.
mon your friensn. You will fni:
hatppiness where there is a court of
l::st resort. Where this is not the
case I chaglenge you to show perfect
harmony, a harmony devoid of pet
ty frictions rife in modern nmatrimon'
ial tangles. And petty quarrels. or
at least riuarreis with a petty origin.
are' undermining the entire institu
tion of matrimony. Cold hard stat
is:ics ;.rove t. One cut of every
twelve ma:rriages ends in divorce.
So why should the man marry
I hen the modiren American girl is
constantly training herself, or de
v.!aping if you will, a long ;ine's that
increase the probtability of friction
and lack harmony in the home?
We mi.:ht <iuestion: What real
:y is the definition of heme to the
average American girn? Surely not
the home of our grandparents. nor
e'en of our mothers, as I recall
th.'m. To me~ they were real homes.
w h i. r.e the track of a muddy foot or
a ;.urloined ginger 'oo'kie met their
Wa.rloo on the bottom of father's
slipper. only: to be' afterwards envel
opeod ~in the sw.'et caresses of mother
ov. wh il" fat her looked on with a
twikle in htis eve'.
A\ndl now? Typical of today is a
ctest necently: con:ducted by a
wll-kown margazine, in which opin
ions were requ.'sted as to the nle
e.%arv anniual income on which a
man might attempt matrimony.
Surely it w as rot any increased cost
of living that sent the average fg
:re so:.rmu up to over $:3.Ue' a year.
Not the in'rea.se of afew cents in t he
rast of be.'f -bart the demand off
modern f'm in ie A\merican fora
whirl in t.'e circle outsi-i" of home.
h. luxuries of se-let'. and the at
way from the pivo'tal e-ter of
ot.. : h. eradle.
This butterne existence. even
hen it touches the indi'idual but oc
-asioaly. is uindonthtedly' under
nninrc the neces.sarily strict code of
nras st by our ancestors. Bu:
nn mno'- demoralizit' is woman~ :
n- .rea::iig a sump' ien of man's n
etnd--n'e. 'I he '.'f-rottance on
chii she rride,- herself i'rtnes her
fto co:.tact with the harsher !ea-!
turs of life andl strikes deep at th.'
tr:ute's of a >utterny existence er-I
Bambtrg County is Grtady Sfirred Oer
a Sensatieal Case.
FAIL TO MAKE ARREST
Of J. J. Hughes, Who Had Been
Convicted of Asault on His Wife,
But Whose sentence Was Com
muted on His Promise of Good
On September 17. 1906. J. J.
Hughes. of lamberg county. pleaded
guilty to the charge of assault and
battery and was sentenced by Judge
G. W. Gage tc serve six years in the
Penitentiary. The assault was upon
Hughes's wife. and appeared a most
unprovoked and aggravated one.
On July 6. 194S. Governor Ansel
commuted his sentence for the re
mainder of the term on condition
that he would not commit a like of-.
fense again. and the Governor's ac
tion was approved by a large major
ity .f the people of the county.
Hughes reached home of July 7.
1908. and up to a short time ago
had been living peacably and appar
ently happily with his wife and chil
dren on their farm. a few miles
south of the county seat.
Sometime ago it was rumored that
he had again commenced to drink
and abuse his wife, who. by the way,
is a most estimable lady.
It is reported that a drunken spree
on last Sunday culminated in Hughes
making a savage attack upon his
wife with a gun. It is said he
knocked her down with it. splitting
her forehead open for several in
ches and otherwise injuring her. so
that the services of a surgeon were
necessary to dress her wounds. It
is also said that he attempted to
shoot her. and would have succeed
ed. bui for the interference of a
negro who knocked the gun up as he
was about to pull the trigger, thus
saving the lady's life.
Mr. Hughes's brother. who was
largely instrumental in securing the
commutation. came to town and re
ported the matter. and Mrs. Hughes
also wrote a note asking for pro
-eetion and that her husband be ar
Clerk of Court C. B. Free swore
iut a warrant and Deputy Sheriff 1'.
T. Rentz went down Sunday evening
to arrest Hughes. When they got
there, it is said. they found the
Huzhes home dark and no one ven
tured near the house. On Monday
Deputy Sheriff Rentz. accompanied
:>y W. M. McCue. constable for Mag
:strate H. D. Free. again went to the
|Hughes home. when they found him,
standing in his frort door.
Hughes spoke to them and told
them that he liked them pretty well,
but that they must not get out of
: heir buggy if they did not want to
die; that h1e had served two years
in the penitentiary and he would
rather die than go nack there again.
|The deputy sheriffs considered |dis
eretio~n the better part of valor and
concluded not to alight from their
vehicle, as it wps evidpnt that he
was armed and meant w.hat he said.
They reasoned and talked with
|Hughes, who finally proposed that
he would go to town with them If
they would get his wlfe to accom
pany him to town. Then they went
to a neighbor's home to which Mrs.
Hughes had fled, but by the time
they got there Hughes had written
a note and sent it there, saying he
had left. so this plan was frustrated.
|The deputies spent the remainder of
the day riding aroundi and looking
'or Hughes. but they said they did
not get in sight of him again. It
:s said that Hughes is still at home,
but defies arrest.
Sheriff Hunter is a one-legged
Confederate Veteran and depeuds en
tirely upon his deputies for making
arrests. The facts have been com
municated to the Gov'ernor and the
neopte are awaiting with some anx
iety the outcome of the matter, There
ire many who fear for the safety of
W!rs. Hughes. but it is not generally
thouight that flughes will do her
harm unless he is under the infiu
'nee of liqluor.
morality, hitherto fostered by the ve
ry unsophistication she is now swek
1 in: to overcoime. This, combined
with increasing luxury in little
Ithings, is gradually pushing down
the scale the former high-minded
moral code existant in the Ameri
.an womnan. Rome and Paris trav
eled this course ::ntil the tottering
walls collapsed for lack of moral
support. The parallel may not be
identical. but the similarity is there.
We love y -u girls, for your win
some wiles and gay camradeship. In
!!act you are more slipping into
grooves hitherto occupied by our
brother chums. We love you for at
today, but it makes us doubt when
we ask ourselves whether such as
you should be the mother of our
children. Could you, dear Ameri
~can girls, uphold still, as your
grandparents before. the probity
and morality of the home?
Your independence. your self-reli
anice. your worldly outlook, all at
tract and, l--nd to the piquancy of
youir dear se.lve's stil the man be
gins to think of gathering it all
within the s:irered portals of his
homec tj be the mot-her and guardi
an of his sur"edi:: generation.
'hen you lose- for u u have noth
ing to offer.
Your independeree' and self-reli
ance most assuredly will not tend to
perfect harmony in the home: yoiur
worldly outlo.'k. like it as we maiy
far ourselves, is not the atmiosph.-re
we reqluire for our chil' reni. In fact
you are becomiin;: more' of a comnrade
in peasure-sek::g and less of a
tother every day
The entir" superstruc'ture of so
iety rests upon the honme, ard as
he foundation of a skyscraper is
tradually undermined while the up
er stories receive' many a coat of
p;ot. so is the hearth betcoming
lustcovered, while the possible
omer f:>ultlisiy arranges the
~rar'a of her on n go n b.-forc rhe
'jirrow --f wor~dl :ndei-endenc'e atnd
If your husband is kep iritated,
e will make a miuch beter job of