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WILL SOON LEAD
Semthem Textile liRs WiD Soon Out
rank Northern is
IN COTTON CONSUMED
Commisioner Watson Talks Most
Inerestingly on ludu.Itry.-SnY%
the United States I Exportin;t
S31.X,.366 Worth of Cotton
"Have you stopped to realize that
the United States is only sending 0
export $3l.S7S.56' worth of coi >n
manufactures, while she is importn;
approximate'y $7.0.4'th.qtw worth o
cotton nu..rifactured products -ot
the use of her peo, e.
This statement is rather signifi
cant in its nature and of peculiar in
terest just now on account of tht
cotton situation in this State wa.
made recently by Commissioner Wat
Many of the mills of South Car
olina are running on short time tnc
there is a general policy of curtail.
ment on account of the prices in th4
cotton goods market and the pr>
In the past month more than
half dozen large cotton mills na -
oeen chartered in th* State.
In a recent address the commis
sioner made several very intern..t
ing statements bearing on the :--4
ile industry in this country.
The possibilities of Southern man
ufacture are becoming more an.
more pronounced as he is reveale
by a study of the consumption o
bses of cotton in the texile plan.
of this country. However, as earl;
as ISSO. the Northern states war,
operating over 10.000.000 spindle
while the Southern States were r-'M
ning but a little more than half
It was not until 1893 that th
Southern states had increased th
number )f spindles to 2.000.00t
while at that time the Norther
states were operating 13.40o.4i ,
spindles. In 1909 our industry ha
grown until we are now runnin
10.429.000 spindles against th
North's 17,589.000. and we are u:
ing today 2.554.000 bales of cot'o
against the North's 2.6S7.000. A
early as I S90 the Northern mili
were using 2.000.000 bales when w
were using but half a million.
In 190S the North was using 165
000 more bales of cotton than th
South. This year that lead has bee
reduced to 143,000. and if cond
tions are not materially changed diii
ing this year it is not unlikely ths
the South will. by the end of 1911
have overtaken the North in th
matter of consumption.
And remember that we are sent
ing out' of the country today S417
390.665 worth of domestic cot
and that we are sending In cold cas
to other countries for raw cotto
imports the princely sum of abot
In South Carolina our progres
has been rapid. for in 1S60 we r.a
only 30,890 spindles and 525 loon
consuming 3.97S.061 pounds of co
ton: in 1SS9 there was S2.334 spit
dies and 1.676 looms. consumin
15,610.055 pounds of cotton; th.:
pass by another decade and Sont
Carolina's industry had develope
until the music of 1.431.319 spii
dies and 42.663 looms was bein
heard, consuming 230.053.807 :h
Now another nine years has elapt
ed, and this state today stands se@
ond in the American Union In te:1
tiles, with 3.S46.117 spindles an
96.281 looms. consuming 327.551i
099 pounds of cotton. Nowhere
the world has there been such a ra;
id development. Today mills In thi
state are consuming 769.966 balt
of cotton, or practically four-flfth
of the state's entire cotton crop.
The texile plants of the nation at
turning out about $450.000.000 a
product, while In this state aloni
something like $75.000.000 worth q
cotton manufactured goods is no'
being annually produced.
Of this country's cotton crop. her
in the South. we are now cons it
ing in our own texitiles 5.19S.96
500-pound bales, but we are srti
aending to export S.S89.724 bales c
over 66 per cent of the crop. and w
are actually importing about 175."0
bales of long staple cotton. cot'a
that we hope to be able to raisei
the very near future.
REX ERSES THE JUDG~E.
Can't Seize Whiskey Intended to
Attorney General Lyon has give:
an opinion in w.hich he holds tha
whiskey tor private or personal us
can not be seized by any officer. Thi
decision is directly opposite to th,
ruling by Judge Memminger. give:
in his charge to the jury In Sumte
County when he declared that whil
key for personal use was liable to i5
seized. Tne ruling by the Attorne:
General was given on the request o
J. L. Gillis. a Magistrate o
Remnbert in wihch several question:
were asked concerning the seizure o
whiskies. Who is right. Memmnin
ger or Lyon'
%ECTFION HANS) KILI.ED.
Struck by Engine While Standing ot
End of Croatie.
Arthur Alexander. a colored seec
tion hand on the Southern Railway
was knocked down an~d fatally in
jured by Passenger Train No. 46. al
Btrawley street crossing in Spartan
burg Tuesday nmorning. The negro
with eter hands. stepped aside tc
let the train pass, but stood oni the
end of the crosstie and did not get
out of th.- reach of the entire. -x
ci:y. where he died a few hours tat
Kroeneu (an Ex pkake..
Gracie Reamsi. aged S. and Orval,
her -4-year-old broth.er. w--r-- burn..d
to death at F-ort Wo rth. Tex.. Tues
day, when their horm. was dest royed
by fire. the result of an expinion o
a can of icerosene. The little' gir!
was atteminting to buildi a fire in the
kitchen sto'.e. using kerosene. wheu
MANY WERE SHOT
AN INSANE MAN KILLS HIS FA11
II.Y AND A FIRFMAN.
Discharged Member of San Diea'b Ie
partment shoots Former Comraes
and Then Slays Wife and Child.
Shooting himself through the
head after killing three persons. in
cl-:ding his wife and child. morta'ly
wounding a fourth and seriousiy
wounding a fifth. Mert. S. Durham.
a dischar;zed en;ploye of the .ar
Diego. California. lire department.
t Monday ended the hunt for him. :l1.
death was alntst instantaneous.
Durham nursed a grudge agai:n-t
Capt. Saminps.ell of the fire dtpart
nient. under whom he had for metly
worked as en.:ine driver. and upnn
whose complaint he had been dii
chrged from the services for i;.sa.
ordination. Durham Monday no'
ing sent in a false alarm from the
outskirts of the city. and when Capt
Sampsell ard the engine crew drove
up he opened fire upon his former
workmen with a revolver.
At the first shot Fireman Don
Grant fell from his seat dead. with
a bullet in the head. At the second
shot Horseman Guy Elliott pitched
to the ground with a buliet through
the stomach. Durham then leveile,
his revolver at Sampsell and fired
twice. both bullets piercing Saw:n
Two more shcts fired at other
members of the crew went wild.
Durham then drew another revo!
ver aDd with it he covered his r
treat as he. started to run from Aa
sisiant Chief Senecador. who had
driven up in answer to the fire
I alarm. As he disappeared in the
darkness. Durham shouted back to
s the chief: "Tell my wife 1 am go
ing to kill myself."
The victims of the qhooting were
rushed to St. Joseph's hospital in
- one of the hose wagons. Operationt
- were performed on Sampsell and r1
liott. The surgecns say Sampsz1
e suffered a severe hemorrhage and
the hold out no hopes of his re
covery. Elliott has a chance.
Within half an hour after the
shooting. a score of police offi:ars
s and deputy sheriffs were on the
scene in automobiles and had begun
a man hunt. Durham eluded the
- pursuers and reached home. Afer
slayi-g his family. the mad man ran
s out and escaped.
a During h!s service in the depart
e ment. w-hich terminated some time
ago. he had a reputation for being
quarre'some Firemen with whoa
e he worked though him insane. At a
i hospital it was said Sampsell will
- die, but that there may be some hope
- for Elliott.
. RURAL DELIVERY IN DANGER.
Moement to Abolish it for the Old
- Star Routes.
SThe R. F. D. News, published al
SWashington as the national organ of
the Rural Letter Carriers' Associa
tion. sounds an alarm in these
Sterms. "Right now preliminary plani
are being made to abolish rural fret
delivery service and provide in its
stead a daily delivery to the farmer
by what is known as the star-route,
or cantract system. This plan has
~been the subject of serious consider
ation by thePostmaster General for
dmore than six or eight months past
and .he hopes to be able to furnist
SPresident Taft wil ample reasons for
the change before the latter sendi
his annual message to Congress nexi
September. it is the belief of many
postal officials that President Tait
will readily approve of the suggest
ion of the Postmaster General in the
-matter, and for the sake of econ
omy, make a recommendation zc
SC:>ngress to enact the necessary laws
s for the change. Already Postmaster
SGeneral Hitchcock has consolidated
Sthe division of star-mail routes and
division of rural free delivery into
Swhat will hereafter be known as the
Sdivision of rural mails. This is thi
first step toward making the two ser
WARSHIPS BECOME JUNK.
Criers Minneapolis and Columubi
1 ~Are U'seless.
eA naval board by Rear Admirni
~Thomas. began the task at th~e Phil
iadelphia navy yard Tuesda:y of pass'
.i ing upon the fate of three cruisers
which but a few years ago were the
undisputed leaders in their classes.
The vessels are the armored cruis
er Brooklyn and the protected cruis
ers Columbia and Minneapolis. built
as the commerce destroyers of the
navy. The three cost over SS.50o.
000. exclusive of their: armanment.
SThe Columbia and Minneapolis are
in danger of bein~g consigned to the
junk pile The Brooklyn. Admiral
Schley's flagship In the Spanish
SAmetricanl war, is in better shape and
is likely to be ordered over'iauled
D)IED) AT FIXED. TIME.
--I Have Just Seven Minutes to Live"
the Man Wrote.
"I have just seven minutes to
live." a well dressed man wrote in
a saloon. at lDurham. N. C.. and be
fore thie time had expired, shot him
self twic". He was hurried to a
hospital, where physicians said on
Friday night that he would die. The'
man is said to be Aquilla Powell. a
son of E. E. Powell, of Scotland
Neck. who recently was convicted of
th--' mursi.'r of Chief of Police Dunn
adthe wounding of State Senator
Edward Travis and Paul Kitchin. a
brother of the G;over::or. It is be
ieved thlat worry over his fathier's
position p'omipte-d thre young man to
attem'npt to take his lif. *
A disp::te'h from St. Joseph. Mo..
says :he r::in in six we'eks in thnat
locality b--'an Tuesday mornin;: and
is of great benefit. The drought has
damage'd corn i:: some places beyond
Three- Amuerin Killed.
INews was received of the assas
s:aion on July 20 in the Yaquai
~valley near Coccorit. Mexico, of Mrs.
Jennie Shoudeler. an American wo
WHICH HAS BEEN ENDORSED BY
THE FAILIERS UNION.
It Simplifies the Transfer of land
front One Owner to Another and
Irssen., the Cost.
The State Farmers 'nion ,,t its
late meeting in Columbia gave the
Torrens sy::tem of land tenures its
endorsement and will ask the legis
lature to adopt it at its n.-xt session.
The following synopsis of the law.
which we take from the State. will
give our readers a good idea of what
t.h.- system is and how it would
'he Torrens syst--m was devised
by Sir Robert Torrens. and first put
:o oper.ation in Australia. where
se many modern political and legis
Iative reforms have had their be
ginni: gs. The syst.m :t)olishes
most or all distinctions bet ween real
estate a::d ;ersonal property. and its
chief object is to remove the diffi
culties. delays. and expenses inci
dent to the transfer of real estate
under the old English system de
veloped out of the feudal tenures.
In Australia there ia. a registrar's
office with whom the owner of a
tract of land. held by the old ten
tire. depos.its a description of his
property and obtains a certificate of
ownership. The re:istrar's office ex
amincs the title carefully and the
certificate guarantees its legality.
whether as absolute or with condi
tions attached. If the title were to
a life estate. the certificate would
so state. Each applicant for a cer
tificate pays a small fee out of which
an insurance fund is created. From
this fund t.he State protects itself
when a title guaranteed by the reg
istrar is attacked and the State is
called upon to idemnify the holder
of the certificate.
After the land owner has exchang
ed his muniments of title under the
older system and received a certifi
cate from the registrar's office. he
may transfer the certificate by en
dorsement as he would a share in
a bank or cotton mill. Of course.
he may pledge the certificate for
money borrowed as he w ould a per
sonal security. Registration in the
registrar's office with erch transfer
of the certificate is required. for
which a small fee is charged. The
necessity for the examination of tit
les, it will be seen ib eliminated. be
cause the State guarantees the title
described in the certificate. and the
expense and delay of foreclosure pro
ceedings are removed, because t.he
certificate may be disposed of ;;re
cisely as may a certificate of shares
in a corporation. The system, with
medifRcation. has been adopted in
Illinois. Massachusetts. Minnessota
and possibly other state and also in
New Zealand and several of the Ca
nadian provinces. The argument in
favor of the system is obvious. Ev
ery borrowing farmer Is familiar
with the expense and difficulty at
tached to using his land as security
in a bank. A bank, on account of
the expense and delaps in foreclosure
proceedings. is reluctant to lend
more than .half or three-fourths of
the value on a small body of real
estate: and when a borrower has
paid the cost of examining the title
and drawing all papers, his interest
charges are in effect materially in
One argument against the plan
altho...h based on the weakness of
human nature, is not without force.
it may be said tLhat he very difficul
ties of disposig of lana. work to keep
it in possessior. sometimes of men
who would lose it if they eculd sell
it as easily as t.hey sell a horse or a
hog. Th.- manifest answer to this
is that the removal of the obstacles
to the selling of land v .,uld make It
more valuable. L;;wyers and courts'
fees under the present system are a
heavy tax subtracting from the vai
ue of the 1hnd itself. There fore as
the land is made more valuable the
incentive to hold it grows stronger.
Besides, the progress of society
nughnt not to be delayed for the sake
of the improvident man who can
not take care of himself.
WVORIElbS StlPP15 SHORT.
.Amount, in Sight i'. 300.000 Baels
Secretary .Hester's s:atement of
the world's visible supply of cotton
made up frmom special cable and tele
graphic advices compares the figures
of the week ending August 6th with
the same week last year and the year
before. It shows a decrease for the
:week just closed of I19.5 IS against
a decrease of 197.230 last year and
a decrease of 121.151 year before
The total visible is 1.796.062 as
against 1.195S0 last week: 225.
459 !ast year arnd 1.9~6.307 year ne
fore last. Of this the total of Amer
ian cotton is 951.062 against~.
022.5$0 last week: 1. 729.459 last
year and 1.250.261 year before last,
and of all other kinds, including Eg
ypt. Brazil. India. etc.. S45,000 as
against $93.004e last week: 556.000
last year and S31.046 year before
The world's total visible supply of
rotton as above shcws a decrease.
compared with last wee-k of 119.51$
a decrease, compared with last year.
of 459.".97 and a decrease. compar--d
with year before last of I16".245.
Of the world's visible supply of
coton as above there is now afloat
a:d h'.ld in Great Britain and conti
netal Europe S70.00 against 1.647.
')'.' last year and 1.126.000 year be
fore last: :n Egypt 53.00 against
57.0e last year and 75,000 year bc
fore last: in hrdia 531.000 a;:ainst
263000O last year and 443,000 year
before last: and in the United States
42.0:,0 against 31 $.000 last year
and ':I2.60.. year before last.*
Fought the Officers.
One nearo is dead, one is dying
ad two others have bullet 'vouna
as a result of a battle with o1thee:
on the outskirts of Pelbam. Ga..
Tuesday afterroon. It was re-ported
to th~e omfieers that a dozen negr -es
were garnblingt ir. .. houijw the e ?nt
on the pla-e.
At Munich, in Bavaria. nine young
men and six girls were drowned in
the lake of Traun. by the capsizing|
of a b.a... ;., a .st .... -r....., .
MAY NOT RUN
FOR RE-ELECTION AS GOVERNOR
The Result of the Late Judiciary
Flection Had Blasted Governor
While Chairman Nathan Robert
son of the regular State Democratic
headquarters as Nashville. Tenn..
had given out no statement Friday.
ti. leaders of his. the Patterson fac
tion. practically admit that the In
dependent judiciary ticket has car
ried the state by 25.600 majority.
Chairman Vertrees. of the Indep.end
ent faction. in an unofficial state
ment. said he saw no reason for
changing his forecast made severai
days ago. of a majority of 4A.00)
in the State for the Independents.
Other Independent leaders place the
majority as high as 50.000 votes.
Returns irom the outlying counties
are coming in slowly. and it will be
several days before the exact figurfs
can be given.
East Tennessee. the Remublican
stronghold ic Tennessee. proved the
Waterloo of the regular Democratic
ticket. Advices from that section art
that the Republicans stood almost to
a man benind the independents.
Carter Ccunty. a rock ribbed Re
publican county. and the former
home of Senator Robert L. Taylor.
rolled up a majority of two thousand
for the Independents.
According to advices from West
Tennessee. that division will show
a good majority for the independents
The race in Middle Tennessee is
close. in favor of the independents.
Wilson county. the home of Chair
man Roberson. of the regular Dem
ocratic committee. gave a majority
for the independents of 475. while
Chairman Vertrees. of the independ
ents. lost this. his county, by a large
It is claimed at Nashville that th(
overwhelming defeat of the regulai
judiciary ticket throughout the State
has blasted the hopes of Governot
Patterson for re-election and somf
go so far as to predict that he wil
withdraw from the race for Govern.
or. It is understood that in returi
for the assistance lent by the Re
publicans in electing their judiciar3
ticket the independents will solidl:
support the candidate named by th4
Republicans for Governor.
"THE SOtTHERN FIELD."
August Issue of Official Organ of th
Southern Railway Out.
A complehenaive picture of the ad
vantages to be found in the frui
growing sections of the southeasterr
states Is presented in the August is
sue of "The Southern Field." th<
official organ of the Land and Indus
trial Department of the Southers
Railway and associated lines, the cir
culation of which will begin in
few days. The leading article o
this issue is devoted to a discussioi
of fruit growing in Virginia, t~he
Carolinias. Georgia. Alabama, Ten
nessee and Mississippi. The story
of the development of the growin;
of apples, peaches, berries and smal
fruits in this territory is fully tok
and the opportunities for future de
velopment pointed out.
The farmer interested in frui
growing who reads this issue cai
not fall to be impressed with thi
great opportunities which await him
in the Southeast. In addition to th.
article on fruit growing w.hich it
sptendidly illustrated there are oth
interesting articles, Editorials cal
attention to the opportunities foi
profit in stock raising in the South
the value of the cotton crop to th<
country, and the increase in valu<
of Southern lands. What can bs
done in the Eant Tennessee countr:
is shown in an article on pork rais.
ing. "A Spartanburg Farmer" teil
of results on a farm in the Piedmoni
section, atnd the success of Canadian:
in Northeast Georgia is told in ar
Thousands of copies of this maga.
zine will be put in the hands of far
mers In the North and Northwest
who are considered desirable set
tlers. Persons already in the South
who have friends living in other sec
tions of the country whom they wish
to interest in this section can hav'e
copies of 'The Southern Field" sent
them by a request addressed to M.'.
Richards. Land and Industrial Agent
of the Southern Railway. Washing
ton. D. C.
Good, Sound Doctrine.
Whether or not one agrees with
Hon. Hoke Smith in all his political
ideas. there should be few to dissent
fron his sound doctrine so effective
ly phrased !n the following: "That
people will reach the highest stan'
dard of citizenship where the larget
proportion own homes, and especial
ly where they live upon them and
make a living out of them To en
courage su.h a policy is to help
make possible a population thr':y
and prosperous. not of men of great
wealth, but of a great number of
men of sufficient means to be inde
pendsent. I long to see Georgia ratnk
first among the states as havingg the
larrest number of citizens owning
land in proportiou to residents."
The Progressive Farmer says it
would like for all our public me-n to
ert this ideal for our Southern
States-the ideal of a splendid demn
ocracy of thrifty, intelligent home
owners, each man sitting under his
own vine and fig tree. This is what
will mak.- a people great, and we
should like for our other So'uthern
Comonweaths to vie with Georgia
for first rank among the States in
proportion of citizens owni'ng their
own homes. One of the worv fea
tures of factory life is the destruc
tion of the home-owning influance.
and the immigrants we need a:e
Those who will help us realize the
ideal set forth by Gov. Smith.
First of the Kind.
At Sunderland. Enzland. wh:
making a fliiht at the Bolden race
ourse MIle. Frank's biplane nver
turned and crashed into a crowd of
spectators, killing a boy. Mile
Frank was dangerous wounded. Thta
Is the first accident of its kindl ri
MOB AFTER HIM
Cash Betwee a Editor and a Preach
er Causes Serions Row.
EDITOR DRAWS IS GUN
On a Mob That Followed Him to
Hi% Homne.-Sermon in Answer tc
Continued Editorial Attacks l're.
cipiated the Trouble. and Came
Near Causing a Riot.
Elizabeth City. N. C.. was th<
scene of a sensational affair on las
Sunday night in which an editor anc
a preacher participated. "Stand
back or I will shoot to kill." weiq
the words said by W. 0. Saunders
editcr of The Independent. as n<
stood In his yard with a pistol afte
firang five times in the air. Th
was said to have occurred Sunda;
night, following the close of servic
at Blackwell -Memorial Baptis
church when Pastor 1. N. Loftin ha(
preached upon "The Ind.-pendent
the Ring Around it. and W. 0. Sautt
ders." A* the morning service M
Loftin had preached on sensationa
subjects dealing principally witj
Saunders and his paper.
Many reports are in circulatioi
and it is impossible to get accurat
information. Saunders was preser
at both services. As he left chur.
that night and started toward, hi
home many people were on th
zareets returning home. One re
port had it that several of Saunder;
bitterest eneriJes followed him an
when he had gotten inside the yar
yelled out some threats about givin
him a certain time to get out <
Immediately five or seven shot
rang out and Saunders ordered h
alleged pursuers tr Ieeep back. Wc
men and children were panic-strici
en and rushed to cover. some fain
ing. and the greatest excitement pri
valled. Some claim that Saunde:
was shot at by some party on th
street. However. no one was h
and the police soon disperced whi
little crowd was left after the shoo
ing. Saunders was next mornim
arrested for carrying a conceale
O. W. Gilbert. proprietor of a b
department store and brother-in-la
of Loftin. was arrested on the san
charge. together with some five c
six others for following Saund.
with intent to assault and distui
the peace. They were bound ov
to trial justice court Tuesday mon
The unfortunate fall-out betwei
Saunders and Pastor Loftin is sa
- to have come from Saunders' co
tinued bitter attacks on Loftin a
acount of a certain seduction e.
some months ago in court. A Ia
of the city was brought into dispu
and it narrowed down to the vera
Ity of either the lady or the paste
The deacons of Blackwell Memori
-sustained Pastor Loft in and expe]
Sed the lady. Saunders went at th
action with unheard of editorial
giving Loftin unfavorable notoriet
Pastor L.oftin decided to prea<
upon the great evil that Saunde
.and his paper were to Elizabeth Ci
and crowds gathered from every se
Ition of the city and even from tl
Icounty to hear his arraignmei
Printed circulars were distributed a
over the city Saturday and the se
sational subjects were the source
much comment. Miany citizens fre
ly predicted that bloodshed or
least trouble would result. The u
fortunate trouble is deeply deplort
by all citizens and it is hoped th
the law will be allowed to take
Big Profit in Autos.
"It has always been a forego:
conclusion that the manufacture<
automobiles is a profitable industr
hut.'' says the Augusta Chronicl
"some real figures. from what ni
be considered an authentic source
a concern making automobiles
not short of surprising. For t
stance, the statement is made th.
the profits on cars sold by this or
concern alone, for delivery next ye i
will amount to at least 4uI per cein
and. though such a profit 'may souri
exagm-ated.' it does not mark ti
iend of the hope for earnints ent
taine'd by the makers. Indeed. tti
'statement is ma'le that 'in 1912 .1:
returns abould be around 60i p'
"As an illustration, the statenru:
is made by one of the manufacture:
that 1.2 cars have been orde're
for 1911 delivery. representing $2
812.250l in business. on which th
concern will make a profit of S.96
500 In the same statement is cot
tained the information that an ir
vestment of $5.f00 in one of the at
tomobile manufacturing enterprise
of this country represents a value
tion today of $140.00ui in additiont
whikh cash dividends have bee
paid to the amount of $69.73'a. o
that In four years t.he company'
stock dividends have b.'en 447 1
per cent on the inve'stment.
"Another concern, one of the lar;;
er ones, shows ever a more remark
able profit eartning. One of ..t
stockholders of this latter compan;
is reputed to hav'e invested $ I ii.e'e
three years ago and for which .
h;ts very recently refused a 'ash of
fer for his .holdings. an inc-rease o
just 20 to I on an investment ii
the space of three years.
"A recital of these facts is one
- n illustration of the unlimite~d es.
tc'nt to which a fad has carried otn
of the com'mercial e'nterpr ises of ti&
world. The qu:estion: of whether o:
not the people of the 'ountry wil
ever get tired of paying~ tw:'.-'h.
they are wnrth, upon the statem'~i
of their makers."
Ilied From Fall.
At Pitsrooro. N. C..Nanc'y$curlock.
a negtro girl M years of age, fouz::d
a snake in tho yard and ran to th.
barn for a pitchfork to kill it wh:i.
but when she starte'd up a zlad'i
leading to the loft she feil over and
Mirs. Miary Weaver. of Pover. r.
the woman who had the distinction
of having fed three Southern gener
als 47 years ago, wh.'n part oif the
Southern army bivoucaced near her
home, is dad. She was 3 yars old.
SOME GOOD NEWS
ANTI-C.ANNON HOUSE PRF.DI.*'TED I
HY ST.AN19-.T E1ITOlt.
-Old Hill" Nei%un. Owner ofi kan%.a I
City Star. Exchanges Greetings
(ol. Wisliam R. Nelson. owner of
the Kansas City Star. "dropped in '
on President Taft at Burgess Point
Friday af-rnoon. On his way out to
the Pre'sien's cottage the colonel
said -he wasn't zoing to talk politics
if he couid help himself.
Subsequent reports indicated that
a hearty exchange of greetings was
quickly followed by an earnest dis
cussion of recent events in the po
Pr.-sider.t Taft and "Old Bill" Nel
son. as he falililarly refers to the
Missouri editor, have been friends a
"What about the result in Kan
sas?' was the opening chorus from
the newspaper group.
"Oh.'' laughed the colonel. "my
heart is not broken."
- "Well I am managing to hold up
under that pretty well. too." he re
"What do you think of the possi
hiiities of the next house of repre
sentatives being Democratic?'
"*It looks as though it would either
h 1e Democratic or insurgent. At any
I rate. you can bet it will be anti
" Kansas."* added the Colonel. "is
filled with men who either made th"
State or the sons of men who made
it. They think progressively out
there, and they act progressively.
Zeople in the East don't understand
".\any Republicans." continued
S Col. Nelson. "seem to think that the
Republican party is made up of a
- raj.rity of '!,.- ,ot-rs ,f this coun
-try. In t.har they are wrong. The
Democrats have never put. up a can
didate for president whc. ought to
's have won that they did not win. Take
e Cleveland and Tilden for example.'
it "Ali tnis doesn't mean that you
Lt are going to support Judson Har
mon. does it?'' queried a venture
9 some reporter.
d "Not against Theodore Rooevelt."
"Do you think Col. Roosevelt can
W"Come ack?" snapped the colon
e el. "Why he would sweep the coun
r try. iut I do not think he will run
s unless he .has to."
b Co!. Nelson then spoke of his
r friendship for President Taft.
*"Do you thing -he will be elected?"
"Now. boys." laughed the colonel.
"you must not ask me foolish ques
Will Save Niagara Falls.
e This is an utilitarian age and as
-a consequence most thi':gs are look
e ed at from the practical standpoint
rof dollars and cents only. This is
even true as to some of the most
beautiful '2ature spots in our coun
try. If 4t is some charming rapid
or wat.rfall some "promoters"
come along with paper and pencil
and Sigure out how much power is
going to waste, and how that pow
y er may butlzdin the prroduc
U'In many cases that is a good
thing for it it by such men and me~
Ithods the prosperity of communi
ties is advanced. But sometimes
this commercial spirit is carried too
far, and places hallowed by his
tory and u~entime~nt as well as by the
charm of beauty are threatened witn
destruction in order that some big
trich corporation may get richer and
bigger at the public expense.
sIt is this lust for financial gain
stifling the finer sensibilities which
in recent years has menaced Niagara,
out of the gradest, and for more
e thsn a century the most popular na
t ural feature on this continent.
-Therefore every lover of beauty and
-' everyone who believes in retaining
unspoilt such spots for future gen
-erations to admire must rejoice that
Sthe governments of the United States
Sand Canada have come to an agree
iment whereby this end will be at
-Are we in danger of' losing our
republican simplicity in both man
(ners and speech. The daliy press
Csays that Andrew Carnegie is now
- in residence at Skibo Castle. Scot
e land." Trute, one swallow doesn t
C niake a summer, neither does one
expression ncsaiyindicate a
aping after old world forms and
rlunkeyism. but the words "in resi
dence" breathe the atmosphere in
Swhich the aristocracy of England
and the idl~e rich of Newport live,
move and have their being.
-At a meeting of the bankers of
-Oklahoma. as reported by the Hob,.at
G (iebes. S. '). Hogan said: "The bank
ers of Oklahoma are a set of moral
cowards. :hat ia the reason they a.-e
not receivia;: justice at the hand sofl
the lawnmikera. You f.'llows don
think that a se: of resolutions will
do any good with a bunch of pen'
atoars ha'.e been led to believe that
o'f the Farmer!s' t'rion. Th~ - ing
tor the bank'.rs to do is to fmr.d bo.:
h.' o17ive .;eeke'r stands, and put the
fixing to mhim.' Then the bankers
:)ropos.'d ii(,gan for governor. The
me.n who handle the money know al
so how t. handle the politician. And
you farmner 'nd workers, too.
Ready made languages do not ap
pear' to wear well. Esper'anto. ilke
its pred!ecessors in the same line, en
joyed ephemeral popularity. but like
t.h.'m. again, it does not meet with
e'neral acceptance and prohaly nev
et' will. Langua:.es evolve and that
'language which in the course of de
velopmtent is found most effective i-:
commerCtcC and trade and as the med
iumi of intere'urse between peoples
is the language wh:ch ultimately wili
donina:e. a::d this position the Eng
iish lan::uage evidently holds.
Foolish Young Woman.
-i wi marry him or kill myself.
was the derKaration of a pretty
:.row n-eyed girl in the register ofr
die-ds- oflic" at Einraheth ('ity. N. C..'
that s- was under arest for tryi ng t
to olope. Hecr father took 'her heme.r
The soap-bubble is a very pretty
thing till it hursrs; arnd that Is truer
A GREAT SUCCESS
IVE MEN RELEASED FROM CITY
JAIL ARE C'REI).
Result of the Move to Give Pauper
Inebriates Free Treatinent Was
The State says the five inebriates
who have been taking the McKanna
rhree Day Liquor cure furrished
free by the city of Columbia. have
been pronounced cured of the drink
disease and will be let out of the
ward. where they have oeen since
The men were sentenced toe a
term in the city jail on the charge
of drunk and disorderly. Mayor W.
H. Gibbes will grant a pardon to
each of them and they will not be
required to serve the remainder of
As soon as they vacate the ward.
three men. now in the city jail on
like charges, will be taken out and
given the treatment.
The five men who will be releas
ed took their last drink of whiskey
Friday afternoon. Ever since than
they have refused to taste it. al
though it has been constantly offer
ed to them. To allay any suspicion
that the whiskey might be "doped.'
a new bottle was gotten sealed
from the dispensary. But they re
fused to drink this also. Beer has.
been kept on ice in the ward. where
the men could get at it whenever
they wanted it. but since Friday af
ternoon they have nct touched
drop of anything containing alcohol.
Posations have been secured by
Mayor Gibbes and Dr. 0. E. Thomas
president of the McKanna company
of Columbia. for all the men. They
will go to work at once.
The men to be released are the
first to take the McKanna treatment
for the liquor habit which hereafter
will be arinistered free of charge to
all pauper inebriates arrested and
jailed In Columbia. The record of
each of the men. treated by the city,
will be closely watched.
Purity of Diction.
The excellency of some portions '4
the Englis Bible as a text book ir
English literature Is well known ,et
not sufficiently acknowiedged. A.- a
sample of its purity of diction '.r
the first two verses of the thirt,
second chapter of Deuteronomy. a
form a part of the song of Moses.
"Give ear. 0 ye heavens, and I wit'
speak. and hear. 0 eart.h. the wor,-.
of my mouth. My doctrine sha.t
drop as the ruin. my speech sha..
distil *s the dew, as the small ram,
upon the tender herb. and as ile
showers upon the grass." This is
a majestic song expressed in loftir-Z
strain. Yet all of the forty-seven
words. save three. are Anglo-Se4.
Many speakers and writers ^ -
search thme dictionary throngh f
words of five and six syllables mi~ra
learn with profit by a study of LN
above quotation to simplify their
speech. The beauty of the verses ae
enchanced by the skill use of th a
letter "d. ' ''M7 doctrooe shall dlre
as the rain, my apeeci. shall dmst..
as the dew.'' Thast se tence could
,.o; be improved on.
Why They Don't Marry.
Many reasons are given why the
marriage rate has fallen off so great
ly in recent years and why people
marry later in .ife. Most of the rea
sons have more or less truth in them.
but one of the most common is the
fact that far too many yoti.sg pob
pie want to begin married life where
their parents le~ft off. That is. they
want at the beginning of married
life all the comforts. luxuries and
advantage's their parer-ta secured or
ter years of experience and work.
and because they cannot they defer
marriage and ultimately abandon the
thought, It !s a mistake. It would
not be good, in the great majority
of instances, for young married pen
pie to hav'e everything at their co.n
mand. It would enervate them and
lessen their satisfaction in life. Far
petter for them to begin humbly
and simply, as in the probiabriit:y
their parents did. atnd t.hen would
come to thenm through their con
stant e-.dle:vor and ambition the joy
and satisfactvion or gradually risinut
~in the domestic scale.
H~ealth boards cry
You must die.
You carry germs
U'pon your feet.
And drop them in
The things we eat:
On our plates.
And scatter them
On shinny pat".s
There's reason why.
You must di.
Declaring that th.. Northern milis
will put 1 'i.u0 cot on buye~rs in th e
Southern field. Hion. F. H. Hyatt
sounded a no:.- of alarm and warn
ed the voters of Harry Friday that
a coron mill tru~st is likely to place
where the tobaco trust has placed
The "lbaded" Gun.
At Athens. Ga.. he.'ause he did rnot
knouw it was Jonded. Do.e Jores. a
6-ear-old-.bo. lev.'led a gun a; his'
baby sister andi pull--d the trger.
The baby's head was blowni comj
plately ofT. hurled throuzgh a door1
ad portions where plastered on a
aall twenty fe--t distant.
'Shot the Sheriff.
Sheriff lidmond Dull, of Monroe.
affeb.. who was shot hv an 'uniden
ified nonro near Er:e. Mich . is near
lath :n .a i'eal hospit;al. Dull tried
n arreset the 'e::rn for rob.ert whe'i
he latter shnt him three times. H
nade his escape.
I usna't forg.-t that when it c'o~mes tot
aising things the yeast cake is not i.
WANT M OUT
gtfuer's Presence in the Cahint is
Giving Seie Troble
TO THE REPUBUCANS
Ihe Leaders Say the Secretary Is
Proving an Embarrassment in the
Congressional C0mnpaign and He
Hasi Been Asked to Resign for the
Good of the Party.
A dispatch from Beverly. Mass..
%ays there was increasing evidence
there Tuesday that the recent bom
bardment of the President with let
ters from Republican leaders in all
parts of the country. protesting that
Secretary of the Interior Ballinger
was proving an embarrassment in
the laying of plans for the coming
Congressional campaign, is beginning
to have an effect. if not upon the
President himself. at least on the
advisers who are closest to him.
No attempt was made to deny the
reports that Senator Crane. at the
very outset of his political pilgrim
age in the West. had probably sug
gested to Secretary Billinger. at Min
neapolis Monday his duty to the
party might require that he sacrifice
his place in the Cabinet. All Secre
tary Norton would say. after -having
considered the matter nearly all day.
was that it would be necessary to
ask Senator Crane.
The statement was re-iterated.
however. that President Taft would
not so much as lift his little finger.
if by so doing he could secure the
retirement of Secretary Ballinger as
head of the department of the in
In addition to the letters he has
received the President has -heard ver
bally from a number of party lead
ers regarding the sentiment toward
Secretary Ballinger. They have
talked frankly with Mr. Taft on the
subject, it is said, and while they
have agreed with the President ap
parently in his position that nothing
has been proved against Secreaary
Ballinger. they Zave put the matter
purely on a party basis and have said
that the campaign would be much
easier with the Ballinger issue elim
There was no disposition in Bev
erly to treat the meeting of Senator
Crane and Secretary Ballinger In
Minneapolis as "accidental." It was
clearly iatimated. however, that
whatever move was being made
against Secretary Ballinger had its
inception and being with the actire
party leaders. and not with Presideot
Taft. The President. it can be posi
tively stated. will never ask Mr. Bat
linger to resign.
If the Secretary should feel called
upon to resign, however, there is
said to be little doubt that his resig
nation would be accepted.
Wh'lt Ballinger Says.
Secretary Ballinger Tuesday de
nied that his conference with Sena
tor Crane. at Minneapolis. Minn.. re
lated to or would be followed by his
resignation. He said the matter dis
cussed was not even of direct inter
est to him. He denounced his foes
in strong janguage and said he in
tended to ignore them entirely. His
denial was issued after zeading the
dispatches from Bererly. which in
dicated that Senator Crane's mission
to the West was to carry the hint
that .\r. Balinger would aid 'he
party in forthcomin: elections by
withdraw'ing at thi' time.
"There is no resignation on the
card. I can tell you." was Mr. Bal
-i.--' e -yy t) this. Co ...urng.
"I am ?impl!s r~n my way to the
coast for a l.Lle re.t. Sor-- want
me to make " -- s' perinaneent. but
it will n't . . s, ..s long as the Pres
ile-:t is 4' s.1-3 met Craiue ses
terday morning. througth no arrange
ment of mine, and the matter we
discu..sed -politics. of course-was
nothing which iinterested me directly
at ali. Mr. Crane wished to consult
me on he matter, and came to
where I was.- that'st all. There's
nothi-:g mysterious about it. I guess
he-s gone back Kast now.
All this vigorous attack by un
scrupulous men. back.'d by newspa
pers with even less scruples. aoes off
me like water off a duck's back. That
never w!lI induce me to resign."
MAKE BIG CORN CR01P.
Ten Thousad Bushels on One Hun
A dispatch from Columbia to th3
Augusta Chronicle says that farm
lng pays in South Carolina with the
proper fertilization and cultivation
i" shown by th'e fact that 10.000
bushels of corn will oe Droduced on
I 00 acres af the asylum farm this
v--ar. This is the indicat~ons now
and the prediction will no doubt be
over exceeded provided the seasons
prove just right.
The field of corn on the asylum
farm is one of the most beautiful in
the State and is attracting much at
te'ntion. Some of the land shows
over 2..0 stalks to the acre. yhe
great crop is being produced under
the manageme'nt of Capt. J. W.
!4uich. the treasurer of the asylum.
It was thought at the first that the
field had been planted too thick.
The success cf the corn is attribute?
by Capt. Hunch to deep ploughtng.
Burned by Blue Vitriol.
?'ourteen persons. most of them
:.iAldre'n. were hadly burned iby 'blue
ri'rioI at Philadelphia on Tuesday
Ltternoon. caused by the upsetting of
fnre department supply wagon. Two
>f the children will die and sev'eral
>thers are believed to be fatally
Shot Her Suitor.
Annoyed by his nersistent demand
hat she become his wife. Miss Rosy
'cerino. aged 15. of Chicago. Ill..
hot and perhaps fatally wounded
vr.tonio Rossi. He is in the bospi
al and ir. expected to di.
Three children are reported erttb
dI to death and three more missing
i a cave-in of an excavation for a
uildi:.g at Howard avenue and
roadway. Brooklyn. Tuesday after'