Newspaper Page Text
Seassa tor Niney-Five Mii
Diars Nore Than
the South Produces Over
hree Stillion Baes Lem. Iburint
JUt closed. Money Vatue
Far Surpassed that of Any Other
ear in History of Country.
That the value of cotton. which
South marketed In the commer
season recently closed. far sur
that of any previous year in
history of the country, in spite
cf a short crop, was the principai
jeature of the annual report put out
Tuesday by Col. Henry G. Hester.
br many years secretary and statis
ticlan of. the New Orleans Exchanze.
The money value of the commer
eial crop in the season 1909-10 is
placed at $77S.S94.000. showing that
-rhile the quantity of cotton markt
e was 3,216.000 bales less than the
privious season. it brcught 3S5.100.
40 more. This does not include the
value of cotton seed. which. if add
ed, would show the actual wealth
producing capacity of the Southern
cotton lands for the commercial year
closed to have been $902.S94.000. a
gain over 1998-9 of $127.100.009.
According to complete reports
rbn both Northern and Southern
millin centres the South for the
third Censecutive season manufac
tured more cotton than the North.
and-increased the lead which it held
Bester's report forms a detailed
on the crop wbich was put out
a-st the close of business August 31.
That rzpotj1aced therp for 1909
10 at 10.609.668 bales. a decrease
under that of 1908-8 of 3.215.789.
and under that of 1907-8 of 962.29S.
These, COL Hester says. constitute
the face of the figures. but consid
eing the falling off in weight, which
sreraged'6 63-100 pounds per bale.
there I the equivalent of 138,000
ba3es, or a crop equal to 10,472,000.
bales of last year's weight.
-According to the report, the grade
ia good. averaging practically
strlct middling." a bare shade un
der .last year. The average price of
middling cotton for the year is plac
ed at 14.37 cents per pound. and the
.OrM~ercal value of the bales at
73.41, against 49.46 last year. and
58.10 the year before.
The report places the actual
wth at 10.3S9.000 bnies, and says
as *he result of the high prices
the Jnteor has -practically been
swept cean, farmers having little or
rnoold cotton left over and Southern
mill stOeks having been materially
SThe report on the crop in the prin
espal States is given as follows in
thousands of bales. The this year's
figures are compared to those of last
year as follows:
-Alabama, 1.078 vs. 1.428.
Arkansas. 718 vs. 1.052.
Florida, 66 vs. 751.
Georgia. 1.972 vs. 2.118.
Louisiana. 282 vs. 485.'
- Oklahoma. 566 vs. 704.
!3Llsilnsppi. 1,121 vs. 1.673.
North Carolina. etc.. 676 vs. 747.
South Carolina. 1.184 vs. 1.298.
Tennessee, etc.. 316 vs. 426.
Texas. 2,676 vs. 3.18S9.
Total crop. 10.610 vs. 13.825.
Regarding the cotton consamp
tion by Southern mills the report
"The sp'ndles in the South num
ber 11.583.359, including old. idle
and not complete. Three years ago
consumption In the cotton States was
ahead of the rest of the United
States 220,000) bales; last year the
exces was narrowed to 60.000 and
this year It has again increas'm to
170.000. This refers to American
cotton. The North used of foreign
cotton this year the equivalent in
this year's American weights of 13i.
000 bales, while the South :aed the
equivalent of 15.000 but even with
these added the South is ahea't In
both American cotton and for
efgn cotton to the ex'ent of
60.000 bales. In the South maus
mills wore experimenting for the Best
time with small amounts of East an
* dia cotton and, while the aggregate
was not large, all of 74 instliatiozisa
usdvarou.- meascriptions o'f foie~;n
against only 1.' last year.''
The con tqmptIon of Amerlce' cot
ton by Northern mills. CoL heste"
*puta at 2.174 bales, agains. 2.~,',".
000 last y.ear. 'e says the a::gre
gate consumption. North and' South.
was 4.515.000 a.es. while 'h'~; uscd
15.).000 bales of foreign cotton. miak
ing btotal consumption of all kinds
. 500bales, against i5.21 '.000,
He puts the 'world'~sconptn
of American cotton at 11. i i O bN
bales, a decrease under last ye'ar of
1.3S2.000 and under th~e yeat neior
In the South Col. Hom~er makes
the consumption 21S.570 under :,.-t
year. and 1 3..: , '-er the year b~e
fore last. Tweny-s: new in ?:s are
now 'lding in the Southern Str~t-..
with ... total of 360.282 spindaes an!i
the spindles in the ac'tiv~e mills have
been increased by 4.4.568.Ti,
he says, is not to the phenoa"--.-,.
showing recorded year by y:ear be
tore the panic. but is still an indi
cation of progress by the Saat-i 9.
the direction of mainufact:'rim; her
Of the total cf S?.C mills. 7 7 h:-va.
been in operation. inecudinc: one e:,
clusively on fori;:n cnt:coa. 37 w--e
Idle and 26 in course of constructior
The season'~s consumption was divic
ed as follows:
Aliaama. 24".349: decrease 11
Arkansas 3539. decreas" 199.-I
Georgia .\7.S?7; dec'rease 4.
.itsissip~pi 29.21': decrease 9.
South Carolina Q-h254: decrease
STORY OF SIPIRECK
oTEAMSHIP CAPTAIN TELIS HOW
'Vent Many Days Without Food or
Water Until Luckily They Wete
Rescued in Mid Ocean.
A dispatch from Fishguard. Wales
ays the steamer Mauretania arrived -
here on Monday' having on board
7apt. Pinkharn and fiften of his
'rew. who were picked up by the
l'unard liner after they had been at
;ea in a small boat six days. follow
ing the burning of their boat the
British steamer West Point.
Capt. Pinkhani said that the fire
)n the West Point started in the en
zine room on August 7. The flames
drove the engineers fron their post
:nd spread so rapidly thtt oon the
donkey engines operatin:g the pumps
were disabled by the fire. -
An attempt was made to extin
guish the fire by a bucket brigade.
but the hopelessness of the effort
was quickly apparent and the cap
tain ordered the small boats lowerec
From the bunkers the flames made
tteir way to the store room and gal
ley and prevented the provisioning
of the bo3ts. the intense heat re
peatedly driving away the sailots.
who hoped to secure provisions'
enough to keep them until they were
icked up by a passing vessel.
Althoug they suffered by the fire.
the crew stood by their vessel until
Sunday afternoon. when the c.ip
tain ordered all hands to the boats.
Throughout the night the boats.
each carrying sixteen. cruised in the
vicinity and in the morning made ao
attempt to secure much needed
stores. The burning craft. which
was then sinking. was again board
ed. but scarcely anything of conse
quence was secured. Monday eve
ning the ship foundered.
The two small boats kept close
gether until the night of last Wed
nesday. when they drifted apart and
neither again sighted the other.
The other boat was pick
ed up by the Leyland steam'er
Devonian Friday morning. while
Capt. Pinkham and his companions
were rescued by the Mauretania
Friday midnight. The captain and
his men suffered severely and only
by dint of hard work saved their
boat from sinking.
"We suffered horrors." said Capt.
Pinkham. in telling his story. "We
were without food or water and were
very cold. The men had to bale the
boat incessantly to keep it afn-at."
There was great rivalry among
the saloon passen& s of the Maure
tania for the posse....ion of the Per
sian kitten that Cap,. Pinkham
brought with hin. The pet was auc
tioned off and was sold for $1000.
This sum was added to the purse
made for the shipwrecked men.
A WHITE FIEND.
Whose Neck Should be Cracked as
Soon as Possible.
At Gainesville. Ga.. Jim Morris.
aed 25. a farmer. is in jail await
ig trial, charged with criminally
assaulting Mrs. Mary Phillips. aged
15. his wife's sister. last Saturday
Fearing that Morris would earry
out his threat to kill herself and
her husband. Mrs. Phillips said noth
ing of the alleged assault until Sun
day. She declared that after she had
repulsed him he eompelled her at the
point of a revolver, to submit. warn
lng her afterwards that if she told
he would kill her and her husband,
too. At the preliminary hearing .\or
ris was held for trial In the Superior
"EARTH DiSEASE" FOUND.
Incurable Korean Ailment W1orries.
The discovery of a case of dread
ed Korean "earth disease" or "toch
il" in Seattle. Wash.. was reported
to the King County Medical Society
Tuesday night. Tochil has been seen
but on rare occasions in the United
States, being brotrnht here frrun the
Orient. Because of the fact that it
is incurable and infectious, the med
ical society will investigate the sani
tary features of the case. It is like
ly that the Korean will be taken in
charge by the government authori
ties and held for deportation.
SHE IS ORDERED) ('T.
Aeronaut Falls by Accident in Rock
At Cleveland. Ohio, a young wo
man appeared in the yard of John
D. Rockfeller's home .\onday in c'om
pany with the parachute in w'hich
she had descended from the clouds.
She had made an exhl'-ition flig;ht in
a baloon from a loca! amusement
resort and lo-osed her tarachute d;
rectly above the Rockfeller grounds.
mistaking them, she said, for a puh
ic park. Immediately upon hor ar
rival at the Rock feller place she was~
waited on by~ a committee, headedj
y the superintendent of the e'tate
s'ho informed her that she was tres
Showe'd Fight P'ictures.
At Chiraco IFdward Burke. mana
:er of the Conrress itotel comp;any.
was arre'stri Tuio-day for a:!owin:
tn exhibiition of ?h-- Johnson-.,tofri.'s -
hth pictures :n. the hotel on theI
1igit of Auguist 27.th, during th.:
ourse of a banri'e.t.
Kilkt-d Eli' Father.
A! ilsgo". K' lst T,!"sdae af
eroonl. Payton C'ipa-s. a'edI tw.'n- I
.. shot and ki'lld his fa'hor. Jame;.s
'opas. Family trou:fes casr theo
raudy. Young ('opass surrender
In e'.nchu.irn "ol Hestr points
'tta ho :at~ soea.-on has:-->
n!'* 'ho fourth t ime- in 21 v--:,rs h at
t.' anntual returrns of cotnnn enonsum
i by Southern mills azcerated a
ereas". Otherwise. ho sarys. year by.'
ear. there has been a mtarked ad
ane and fror no y'.ar have the ad'ii-f
ens been so great in those imme-a
leet in National Coevention at Char
ltte on Last Tuesday.
NEW LIFE AND NEW HOPE
S Pynrreident Harrett in H-3 Ad
drt-s Ila, Comte to the Farmer% a
of this Country. Who Are No lon- v
er lDeceived by the WAy Politici
ans Hunting Office.
The convention of the Farmers' t
Educational and Cooperative Union n
of America opened in Charlotte. N. n
C.. on Tuesday morning. with a
thousand delegtates. representing al- a
most every State in the Union. in c
President C. S. Barrett called the t
convention to order and Mr. E. R.
Preston made the address of wel- p
come. which was followed by the ad- i
dress o; welconiw- on behalf of the t
State Farmers' union by Dr. J. M.
Templeton of Cary. N. C. Mr. B. F.
Montgomery of Colorado responded
to the welcoming addresses on be
half of the visiting farmers.
Following these talks there were
addresses by different members of
the union on subjects Interesting the
Statesmen of agriculture.
The mornin''s meeting was the
only one that was, not executive as
the rest of the three days' meeting
will be behind closed doors.
There have been arranged numer
ous entertainments for the visitors
while In the city and these will be
carried out in the leisure hours.
President Barrett delivered his an
nual address today. He said:
-Brethren of the Farmers' Union:
"It is my privilege to greet an.
congratulate you at the threshold of
the greatest business era in the his
tory of the organized American far
--It has been an aphorism in Amer
lea that the farmer was not a busi
ness man. I am here to tell you, and
to tell the nation, that that indict
aient no longer holds true. Here and
there the individual farmer has much
to learn concerning business and
busine'ss usages. but the important
point is -that the leaven is at work.
your shackles are unloosed, past ig
norance is vanishing and the man
who tills the soil In this country is
absorbing with miraculuous rapidi
ty the lesson that business principles
must be foremost in the manage
ment of his affairs. This change is
epochial in a revolutionary sense.
"The nature of my position has
given me singularly good opportun
ities for study and observation in
every State In the Union. And I now
make this statement without reser
vation. That in each commonwealth
where - the farmers are organized.
and in others where organization is
simmering, there is a new life and
a freshly kindled hope.
"In every State I have Invaded.
the farmer debates today, not so
much the everlasting round of poli
tics, or the cruelly selinsh ambitions
of politicians. but how to make his
acres return the maximum of dol
lars: how to make bet.t his own op
portunities: how to furnish the best
opportunities to his sons and daugh
ters: how best to lighten his wife's
toil: how best to make attractive.
clean, healthful and permanent the
home that shall shelter them all.
"We have organized State unions
in three States during the past year
-California. Indiana and Virginia.
''Catch the signinicance of Ctie na
tonal scope shown by these three or
ganizations. One rests on the Pac:
ic, the other Is midway of the con
tinent. and the other rests on the
"The year just closed has seen
fxed a principle of tremendo ti i:n-1
portance to the American at me'r,
organized or unorganized, to t'he
American pubiR. I genera!.
"This change was unquestion:2';
demonstrat'~ s.:' ..r'r experin- dur
in:t the latest sessions of coatess.
For the farst t!'me a~, the history of
an American farmers' organ l,.atsou
~nd I think, for the first time uin
American politIcs, the lawm-ikis.-r
body of our country was waited up- I
on hy bona-fide representatives of
the producers of America.
"As an evidence of the determt'r.
tion of the organized farmer to putn- c
sh indiffe rent servants and reward r
those who have shown their trae
colors and abided by them. it Is .r
well known fact that the Farmers
union def-'ated several congressiona'l ,
candidates and a few --'nators in var- .
ious Southe'rn and Weste-rn States. a
That is. moreover, merely the be- ~
ginning of the organizaition's fight to,
secure attention to its demands from ,
men in public life. In every instanc
whrre defeat was measured out the I
men voted against had ample oppor
tunty to square themselves .with
their former c'onstitutents. but failed ~
to take advantage of it.
"Ir, a number of States where the b
Farmers' U'nion h::s made Itself plain
in asking prop-h-r legislation from leg
islatures. it has gotten practically 9.11
it demanded. In other States. for
instance,.'Arkansas and Alabama, it "
has neve-r been turn-d down on a
single one of its r-'que'sts. I cite' this C
to you as an indication of what a
stro:tg orgranization asserting its I)
rihts will acc'omplish. and as a help St
to votir future t:!daince.h
"'Today the farmer is alive to his
rights an--! needs. Htando.l together a
i a pha:anx that resists :he as.saults
fl 0::1.- and ofT areat fc-'s. he will
n:force bhe on-' and fulii!! the' othe-r.
"All thos- --etets God Almighty.
in::!e-han.-d. hast been helping the ht
on of the soil. Now the' fatrmir. fut!
9:!in t". Scriptures. ts IrocAndin n
0 hielp- himt'self. With God a:. his ki
arter he is invincible." f 1
Point to an Early Fall.
Tho '"Dui:ch Weather Prophet
as it(nctions5 pont :o an early!
all. Th.' week heginning October:
d wit! brin:: low *emperatures. with
he probab:ilty of frost in the Pied'
nont. Killing frost wili occur ear- Ceh
er than last :.ear. The winter will e
in colder that: its predeceaor. wirb h
eavier snow in the Piedmont in to
our distinct precipitation periods, pa
HAD IT EASY
PWTAIN FXTERTAINEI) BY OF
FICERS AT WASHINGTON.
Dthiig Was Toe Good t'ntil It Was
)iscovered He Was Only an In
An army of restaurant and hotel
-oprietors in Washington. D. C..
id an equal number of army odi
-rs stationed at various posts in the
einity of the national capitol are
ill puzzling over the way they
ere so easily duped by "Capt." id
ard Frank. a private soldier. who
acaped from the Government hosp,
il for the insane one day last week.
Larried a pretty girl and lived for
ore than 24 hours as a *'little bro
ier of the rich." The restaurant
nd hotelkeepers are out consider
ble money for cashing bogus
kecks. while the army officers are
Iso shy some cash. and in addition
ieir vanity has been considerably
Miss Virginia Strottse. of Philadel
hia, who was in Washington visit
ig her rother. and whom Frank
:ok early Wednesday morning as
is wife at Rockville. Md.. is heart
roken over her experience and is
letermined to have the marriage
nnulled on the grounds that Frank
as not capable of entering Into the
It now appears that the paroled
nmate of St. Elizabeth's Insane asy
um was lavisLly entertained as a
'brother officer" by several officers
.t For- Myer and also at Washing
on barracks. Nothing was too good
or either him or his bride of a few
tours, and Capt. Frank. of the Sev
nth United States Infantry. was in
roduced into the best army society
if- Washington. according to devices
.eceived by the police.
To the army men"Capt." Frank
alked conzinuously of his days. at
Vest Point and of his s.ervice in
he Philipines and Cuba during the
panish-American war. He spoke
>f his brother officers at Fort
6cPherson addressing them by their
irst names. Soaring in aeroplanes.
onducting experiments for the War
lepartment. seemed to be the chief
>ccupation of "Capt." Frank accord
ng to the stories he told the officers.
AlD FOl ORPHANS.
ppeal to People for Contributions
on September 24.
The four orphan institutions in
south Carolina supported by religi
)us denominations are asking thei:
rMiends for- a comblned effort on
heir behalf Saturday. September
4. next. Request Is made that ail
'rends of these institutions shall de
ote the proceeds of wages. salary
>r special earnings that day to the
ork of supporting the orphan chil
Iren of our State. There are about
.000 orphans now being cared for
>iy these institutions, and it is under
tood, of course, that no money
whatev'er comes to them from tax
ition. They are supported absolute
y and entirely by the free gifts of
he people, and there is a very lit
le endownment possessed by either
>f them. Indeed some have no en
Iownment at all.
If there is a cause that shou4d
ouch the hearts of the people It is
hat which relates to the care of
lestitute orphans. Surely there will
e many t,housands of people willing
nd ready to join in promoting the
>lan adopted by the executive heads
>f Thornwell Orphanage. Epworth
)rphanage, the Church Home Or
phanage sud Connie Maxwell Or
>hanage. There will be no joint
ollections. nor will funds be united
n any way. Each person may make
contribution to the institution of
its own choice and may send the
noney direct or through his church
>r Sunday school. The superinten
ents of all the Sunday schools in
be state have been requested to
ring the matter to the attention of
heir teachers and pupils, with a re
uest that they be enlisted in the
One Institution In the state of
;eorgia last year came into abott
14.000 as the result of systematic
ffort by its constituency on this day.
t was more than half of the income
f the institution for the entire year.
t is hoped that something generous
nd worthy may be done this year
y South Carolina people for their
enominational orphanages. Such a
ause should speak for itself and
eed no professional a'dvocate.
Judge to Be Tried.
Frank Curry. former iud.:e of the
ackson City court in Bluttes coun
c Geoirgia. who shot at State So'n
tor S. H. .\ays in a crowded South
rn passenger coach the day afte'r
de state convention, has be.en Indict
d before the Fulton County grand
try for assault with intent to mur
er. for shooting on a passenger
ain. for cursing in the presene of
idies and for carrying cenncealed
capons. lHe gave bond be.fore le'&r
u Atlanta, and wilil be summoned
sck for trial.
Oscar E. Eason. a young white
an. was literally hanged by a plank
:er he C'hattohnochie River. nlea'
alubuhis. Ga.. en Saturday. He was
:work on a dam, which is beinc
.iilt tneross the river. when a plank
rttc' a;:ainst his neck and pinned
mto some timb.-rs. His neck was
'okn. and when the plank slipped.
vay he dropped into the river.
W1hite Slave C:--e'.
Firs; indictments under the Miann
yhite slav" act.' passed by' con-ress
mc 25. were returned by a federal
n- jury a: Chicaro Tuesday. The
ditmets are against Nottie Jon
n~. of Hotughton. .\ic'h.. and Fthel
:lver. of Chirago. They are charg
with conspiring to place fi'e
unr Chicago girls in a resort at
Must Hare Fire' Escape.
The annoiucem~ent has been made
mx the departmnent of insurance at
'lumbia that the law requiring fuiel
apes to be piated on all hoteus ov- I
two stories In height will go in-t
effect on Oct. 1 and that the de-t
rtment ca n not post pone the rff...e- a
e date. There is a penalty of $10 I1
( FUNDS TO EI:ECr THE 'UB
LIC BlUILDINGS VOTE.D.
L'ongrc-e. Made No Approppriation
and No New Postoffices May lie
Built in This State...
The Washinzton correspondent of
The News and Courier says because
of an inquiry made a day or two
ago by Postmaster Spence, of Char
lotte. N. C.. of Supervising Archi
ect Taylor. of the treasury. as to
why there wasfno money forth com
ing at the pr.-sent time for the en
largement of the present postoffice
building at that place. it has been
found that although Congress. on
June IS last, voted to pass a public
building bill. carrying what was sup- s
posed to he a general appropriation i
of something lik $22.000.000. theie
is not a dollar now available for the a
construction of new buildings from a
Ordina-ily such actual appropria- a
tions would be made under the "sun
dry civil'' hill at the openinr session
of Congress and the purpose of the
law carried out, but as a matter of
fact. however. nothing has been done
except a favorable consideration of
"authorization.' so far as actual
money is concerned. with the excep
tion of :he purchase of sites.
All the towns in North and South
Carolina. (;eorgia. Tennessee. Virn
ia and Florida. and. in fact. else
where in the United States. which
are waiting for work to begin, are
without money at- this time. and
may in certain ontingencies be left
high and dry.
Should a panic hit the country this
fall. it is probably that not a dollar
of these authorizations would ever
be seen. It is also quite probable
that if the House goes Democratic.
the Republicans may decide to cur- t
tail expenses and proceed no further
with public buildings until after the
next Presidential election.
If everyth!ng goes along quietly
the actual money for new buildings
will probably be voted this winter,
but as yet. there is not a cent avail
able for any new buildings for which
authorizations were granted at the
it session. peculiar as the situation
STRIKES WHOLE FAMILY.
Black Hand Wipe Out the House
hold of Policeman.
To the vengeance of the Black
Hand society in New York is ascrib
ed the revolting murder Monday of
Policeman Rovolino. his wife and
six children in the little village of
Pellaro. which lies eight miles south
of Reggio on the strait of Messina.
At 2 o'clock Monday morning
some of the townspeople of Pellaro
were awakened by the terrified
shrieks of a child, and rushing to|
the cottage occupied by the Rovolinos
found the 4-year-old daughter of
Rovolino with her throat cut before
the open door of their home, scream
ing piteously. The villagers carried
her inside the house, where th--y
were horrified to find the remaining
memtbers of her family lying dead.
all of them having been terribly mut
ilated by blows from an axe.
The Rovolinos suddenly returned
feom the United States a short time
ao and since then, it is said, two
attempts have been made to poison
them. Mr. Rovolino has frequently
spoken of the possibility of venge
ance being directed against him.
The ::ime was revolting- In its bar
barity. Beside the mother lay her
4-months-old baby with its skull
Despite the sunmeon's efforts to
save the life of the little girl whose
cries aroused the neighborhood she
soon died. None of the townspeople
saw or heard the murderers, who es
caped without a clue as to their
TOOK HIS OWN LIFE.
Wa.. a Little Short in Hi' Accounts
Was the Caw
At Union S. S. Waldrop. well
known about town, and housoman for
the Union Cotton Mills. died Satur
day night and a coroner's jury found
that Mr. Waldrop came to his death
from an overdose of laudanum. ad
minsered by himself. Mr. Waldrop.
it is stated, was a litti.- short in his .
accounts with the mill authorities.
~ut would have had no ditficulty int
getting what money he needed, had
he attenipted to do so. it is sup -
posed. however. that he brooded
over this matter until he b'catme
desperate. lie leaves a wife and a
number of children.a
Who Will Run Over-.
A dispatch from Columbia says it i
was learned Saturday afternoon that.
there was a mistake of Z.i'00 votes
in the tabulation mad.' by the State I
executive committee Friday niu~ht.
by which McDuffie ifampton. son of h
rCen. Wade Hampton. is in the ra.c e,
for Railroad Commissioner with J...
Cansler. 'instead of 0. C. Scarbor
ntgh being in the second race. The n
mistake was in the Greenville vote. it
The-y Gestu .Ne eney. n
Thc. mt.'n who murd,'red the pay-a
maser of the .\::as !triek Companyy
iad his negro driver near 11indson, l0
K. Y.. in a hold up Sat urday
vver got a cent for :heir trouhb.
h satchel taken in which wa.s $5.
-no sorted envelop.es to payv off em
toye~s at the brick yard. :hent taken
w he roahers. was found intac*
eneath a clump of buishes near the
IDruggi..t's Mistake l'ntal. i
A Richmond. T-h.. John. about
bree years old. son of David T. Wi'l
n died Sunday fronm the effr::s of .
arbolic acid giron by nmistake for
astor oil on a prescription il!l'.d by :
local druggist. The child lived 2
ours after taking t.he dose. h
The U'nited Sr,'os govenmen? o!
osts "v'ry n..:'. n* .t.nf and 'e.l~.a,
a its borders~ 51, a ye-at'. in a'ddi
on the tariff collect'- abtut diou.'.."i
dat sum from etery moan. -c~sma'
nd child. The fact that the tX..x nim
direct and concealed makcet :t n.:'e er
SINS OF TEDDY
rerlooked by the Great Mass of the'
People of this Country.
USES BRYAN'S IDEAS
rople of the West Seem to Ignore.
lioo.evelt Using the P'latform of
the Great coimner.-Truth is
Mighty. but the Public is Very
Blind to it.
"They say. the philosophers do. i
iat for all things great and sma it
i this world there is just :o-:per
ition. They have told us that truzh
mighty and will prevail. that trutu
rushed to earth will rise again. thet
s delicately and as accurately bI
nced as old mother earth is on its
xis. and as accurate, is there a like
alance in all human affairs. I real
r wonder if it is so." Thus solo
uizes Gach McGhee in a letter to the
tate after bearing Roosevelt speak
t Kansas City. Mo.. to thousands
After mentioning the great ova
ions to Roosevelt wherever he
rent in the West. and for particular
F at Kansas City. where he heard
im speak. AMcGhee says that great
vation to Roosevelt I witnessed was
ast night. Early this morning I
vent down to the union station !.i
Cansas City to take the train I am
n. On the way down I read the
aper describing the thron of peo
le who last night followed him .to
he station. and I recalled the
rowds of enthusiastic people I had
atched lining the streets yesterday
z he passed along. Edging my way
brough the seething, jamming. el
'owing, almost suffocating time of
he day or the night at this throng
me always encounters at any Kan
as City station. I came to a place,
little less crowded than elsewhere
nd there in a corner alone and un-I
oticed by any one of the vatt crowd
ave one young man. I came sudden
y upon William Jennings Bryan.
-e had lectured somewhat in Is
ourri last night and was coing to
ecture in another town near Kansas
.ity tomorrow. I watched his grip
or him while he went into a tele
>hone booth. Then he shook hands.
-emarked that he was interested in
watching the way the Republican
onventions were adopting the Dem
xratic doctrines. smiled pleasantly.
cked up -his grip and edged his
way through the throng to catch his
And he left me with some mighty
houghts surging through my brain.
which my typewriter is wholly un
qual to. so they wiltnot be Inscrib
d. Not a!; of them will: but, do
ou know that I have been sitting
ll this day looking out of the car
window and wondering if it is real
y true that Truth is mkhty and
will prevail, at least wondering if it
will during our generation. Here i
aw the man who would have been
~resident of the U'nited States in.
tead of Roosevelt if it had not been
or wholesale and criminal corrup
ion of, the electorate in 1896. the
~uan who first gave national voice
o the great policies which Roosevelt
ook up after his election had twice
een bought for him, the man whose
hampionship for such measures as
he initiative and referendum, rail.
-oad regulation and others since
ome to be almost universally recoy.
tized as inevitable as well as right
was taken as an excuse for denunri
ttion by the very men who bought
he presidency for Roosevelt-here
was this man in one of the great
rities of the country alone and un
aoticed. while the one who had prof
ted by the corruption, himself
aught in one of the most scandal
>us political intrigues in the history
>f our country, and who now has ta
en up the Bryan policies because
me sees them inevitable, is hailed as
Imost a god.
Had the gre~a? monied interest of
he country not put up their many
nillions into the hands of Mtark
lanna to puzrchase v-otes. directly
nd indirectly, in 1i96. which mon
y was used to corrupt the electorate
r Ohio. tndiana. Illinois. in sev'erai
ar Western States. MicKinley would
ot have beon electe~d and Roosevelt
rould never have been presiden-.
'he areat impetus of his picruresque
nd vicorous personality. the diss.i:
sfactin of the people, especially 3f
he M1iddle West. with the methods
mployed in the nomination of Judge~
arker. and the sentiment about the'
ssssination of MicKinley which
ept men in the Republican party
itht have elected Roosevelt in 1900Y'
nway. Itut to make his election
re he called upon Hiarrian, the
:ilroad king, to help him to raise
corruption fund, and he enter'd
ino a scandalous bargain with the
loon church. whic~h agreed to
:n 'iver to him the electoral vo'. a
- ev.eral States in return for his
,arante.e .hat Reed Sn..-o: w..'i!
old his seat in the United S'ates
When I see the contini,.- adula- j
or. of Rtoo-evelt prin ted in the j
'wspap;ers throughout the count ry.l
many of tt hose otlces I know tte
2itors :end repo; rteris to know the i
-iny such facts as I have named
it ' conicerninng Mr. Roosecult. Jo
>u wonder that I sit down and- I
k out of the car window and pon.
-r. ..,kung myself over and ove.- if
e time will eve come whb.n the
s to the truth. whether they news-,
O-i o in-- 'ountry wil ever u0et
Scons*-:: .f thetr own.-rs to print -
Struth about this man. ..nd -hen
:ti :t-k:na myself whothe - :-e V
' d Itarnumt wasn't right ab.e
e Americanir potl. that the-: t a
he hambugced and are wi!ltng e
pav for i
ar- ago thle vo-.rs of Ohio. Indta
.N.-w York and some~ other p
r.s had not b.'en coerced as !:
v'. recent~- round out for certiin s'
.in: their hohs sho';ld :Bryan'
cej-. would such a s.nc.., : h;
: basei :een poibl eI'ha a
ir. 1tr::an n':.s not humiliate.:. c:
n.t vo. So far aes I know !t n.-!
VESTEUN EXI'EItT 1.lNKENS IT T0)
t Is Contagions. langerous. Hat-i
to Cure And Ought to b>e lepotrteti
as% Soofn a.% Found.
Infantile paralysis is contagious
langerous. hard to cure, and ought
o be reported as soon as found and
solated as soo: as reported.
This is the opinion of Dr. Lucian
kark. of Nebraska. appointed by
;ov. Shallenberger to investigate
his disease in the Eastern cities and
'eputed to be one of the best-known
turtorities on infantile paralysis 'n
he United States. Dr. Stark went I
:o Washington on a visit after at-'
ending a conference of the N-w
York Medical society, where he read
*Don't take any chances with ac
ute anterior plicmyelitis. I live 'n
Aurora. Neb.. and two physicians
were fined recently for their failure
to report. There is a law against
carelessness in regard to this very
everywhere. I am told there i.; n(
complaint, anti there ought to be one
such law i-. the District of Columbia.
There is where somebody is n.aking
a mistake. The disease had taken
hold here, and it will be beyond con
trolled unless every force possi'Ie
is used to stamp it out while it is
"A great many physicians .>n:-se
this infant disease with spinal men
ingitis in their diagonsis. It is even
worse than meningitis. It is worse
tkran smallpox. It is more contai
ous than any other plague on h-i
face of the earth except. perhag:a
cholera, yellow fever, or the bubonic
plague. Its symptoms are somewhat
ike ptomain,, poisoning.
"It seizes the patients with a su
denness tha' s -Imost harrowing.
and they are paralyzed before it
has actually been discovered as in
"One of the most certain proofs
of the fact that infantile paralysis
is contagious is that it follows a rail
road from town to town in my State.
and leaves its deadly imprint wher
ever it spreads, unless checked by
isolation. Absolute quarantine :s
the only method of handling the its
"The physician in charge of a case
o' infantile paralysie punctures L:.
spinal cord at the base and with-'
draws 22 minims of the fluid. Salt
solution to the amount of 11 minims
is injected. and the rest of the treat
ment consists almost entirely of mas
sage. It is successfully treateJl by
any good aoctor where discovered in
time; but otherwise it is almost ex
ceptionally 1:>; ht'nre the ned f
"I have had 700 cases: 7 per cene.
of deaths and 2'> per cent. of comz
plete recoveries. 1 dare say there 's
no better record in the United States
on this particular disease than mine.
Doctors in the East don't think we'
Western doctors know anything
about thi~s disease. but I think we
know a little more than they know
in the East.
'A spray of gycothmioline two or
three times a day and complete iso
lation of the children is the best
preventitive of the disease. It is
contracted through the nose and
Dr. Stark's father was a flepresen
tative from Nebraska sotme years
ago, and was an op.ponent of the gjv
ernor who appointed Dr. Stark to
investigate infant's diseatses.
A Vi:tY' StiCK M.AN.
Coonel James H. Tillnuan Carried
to Asheville. N. C.
An Edgefield dispatch to the Au
gusta Chronicle says Col. James H.
Tilman. who has bee..n in very bad
health for a number of yeatrs and
who is in a very low state of health.
was taken to Asheville. .\. C.. or.
last Tuesday to see if the climtzut.
there would bte beneticial to, him.
For the past nin.' or te'n muonths.
he has bo-.n livi:: in a :.-n: in or
der to be in the fresh air as miuen
as possible. He' hadI to be ;mtl on
the train in a cot, ie is ex-'eeding
ly thin and very weak. heing a mWe
shadow of his fcrme'r self. Mr. Till
man Bunch accompanied Col Till
man. Hie has lost his voice almos
As a result of eating canned sa! -
mon andi home-masde Ic-- cre..m .\on-t
:ma at a little Jar: v. Winma Krasa.
Iged nine years. is dead: Jos- Kr;. s.
iged I I yeatrs. is dy:n:; : tno I !i-l'.
la.. are in a critiect! condi:i..n atrd'
.'ellie H ilton, aiz--d I:'. andI Annie
(rass. ag.'d S. are iery sick,
I'tnable to -'::nov..' si:bsiurva -&
-ale onr a i..r-:e' w;:.-r min it at '.t
he work brough: the :5.x of fr.a. r
p to full presure. Th.- forc-" of :h.
nilow hie off the.. vat .. decat~pit :
ng .\alcolmn *'wi'. a n..g-o. a::d
rownin: G--orin.'- 1:a z.:-' a n hi .
'an. Se'veraI ot h.r tme!: wer. 'taken
ut of the' hole .rscap:;g wi~na
liled by, Fall in'.mu:.::ty.
A.t Flor-'-e .lar:-- !::-ha::an
dr : '- '-a "in: 2: 'hr w r . ' - f
hn wa., ridin.: *:- ana: ' 9- " nr
oman. Th.- ho:-. .'.k f In
OTH THE SAME
resident Finley, of Ite Souther Rai
way, On Co80ns3tinl.
IEOPLES AND RALWAYS
nterests Are Identical. Says He in
a speech Before the Congress.
Say% the South is an Agricultural
section Not Withstanding Wonder
ful lndustrial Development
"The interest of the Railways of
he South in contervation and the
nterest of the people of the South
n conservation are identical." said
President Finley of, the Southern
Railway addressing the Conservation
Congress at St. Paul. Minn. "I will
go further." centinued Mr. Finley.
'and state my unqualified conviction
that any economic or governmental
policy that is. in the last analysis.
to the best interest of the people of
any community 1s to the best inter
est of the railways by which that
community is served. Conversely.
my conviction is unequally strong
that any economic governmental
policy that is harmful to the rail
ways is harmful to the communities
served by them."
"Therefore, Mr. President. in all
that I say on the topic assigned to
me-"the interest of the railways of
the South in conservation"-I must
be understood as presenting what I
believe to be the interest of the
"I am not sure that the expres
sion. *Conservation of national re
sources' is everywhere undertstood
in its broadest sense. I think that
to some minds ir conveys only the
narrow idea of the withdrawal from
present use of some part of those
resources. However important that
kind of conservation may be in some
localities and under some circum
stances, I do not believe there is
much occasion for its application in
the part of the United States ,for
wb':h I am expected to speak-the
States south of the Ohio and Potomac
Rivers and east of the .Missssippi.
I would define the type of 'Con
servation of natural resources that
should be applied in the section as
being the !wise use of those resources.
*The South is interested in the
application of the conservation of
wise use to its soils. its minerals,
its timber and its streams.
"Notwithstanding the wonderful
industrial development of the South
since 1880. it is still pre-eminently
an agricultural section. It is a sec
tion. therefore, in which the conser
vation of the soil is of i'e highest
iniportance. There is a prevalent be
lief that the productivity of the
soils in those parts of the United
States that have been longest ,under
cultivation has been seriously im
paired. Statistics do not confirm
"Estimates of cotton yield per acre
have been made by the United States
Agricultural Department since 1866;.
These fig'zres on their face do not
indicate any impairment of the pro
ductivity of the cotton soils of the
South. It is noteworthy that the
large and more unIform increases
n yield yer acre shown by the De
parments figures are in the older
"Under continuous use, with prop
er rotation and intelligent use of fer
tilizers, soil productivity can be
larr.ely increased. This is a m~atter
of particular interest to the South.
beause with our advantartes of soils
and climate, we have an deal region
for soil conservation through crop
rotation and intensive farming.''
The problem of stream conserva
tionl was then discussed in detail by
Mir. lFinley. The speaker also said-.
"The :-ailroads are interested in con
ervation of soil, forests. etc.. be
cuse it means among other things.
prosperity to the farmer and an in.
rease in the volume of farm pr*
ducts to be carried and also an in
crease in their tonnage of agricul
oural naa Iin..r- ai :2 ir-.le.nents aix I
o all kinds of merchandise which
a pro:4perouis farmer will buy.''
in closing. Mir. Finley spoke or the
economic strength of the South, de
earing the progress that has been
made is but the promise oi what
At To KILLS TWO.
IAhigh Valley Exre Crashes Into
Mirs. Edgar At. Emens of Syracuse.
>Z. Y., wife? of Prof. Emens of Syra
ruse univer:5ity. and Miiss Mfartha
Eens of Fayeite. a sister of Prof.
Cmene. were killed Mlonday after
non at Caywoo'd. 70 miles south of
;n-va. when the fast Chicago-New
lork express on the Lehigh Valley
-rashed into the rear of their auto
n~obile while they were crossing the
racks. Prof. Emens is !n the hos-j
t:!in a se-rious condition and their5
bauf~fe.:r. C. M1. Kimer, is badyf
A~ lt negro ch~id. 17 monthms
d.liv in; on the plantation of t'.
Sm::th. n.-ar Kina:rds. on Saturday.
iie b-I.f: al.onte at the house, fell
uxr of :h.- door and in the fall ca:.ght
xineck in a rop .th at was hanging
m he' latch on the door and hang
d itself. W.\hen its mother. V'ioia
acksin. r.eached the house the child
l'olice inspector Killed..
A rat:'.- police inspector. Sarat
tndra. na.- shot and probablly fa
l:i ndia. nhere a number of
!rn.in ::ns are ont rial for con
:racr aza:nst the government. The
:i:n of the inspector are
uths *f good familie-s.*
'' of One' h1an.
:tner Ado:ra!. laden with a ren
4: ..rzo. rnma :nro Be.auport. .
iled the Venestl home without any
.-w. Wh.'n h-. r-n:o'.-d the hatches
wa found the ve.-l had leak. -d.