Newspaper Page Text
LETTER TO I
If a rake-off in a liquor deal is tl
grafting the State's money. what Is C
the man doing who Is fal-e-swearing a.
about the amount of tax he is due b
We often beco-ne awe-stricken tc
over corporation of foreign graft. but o
have to be lamibasted into paying
any attention to our big army of o
homue-ma.ie grafters---tax-dodgers- t
at our own door. I
If it is a 2agrant violation of law o
for the genial whiskey-drummer and 1I
dispensary men to fail to turn in just e
revenue and prolts to the state. is it: w
not also a crime of the same class h
for our genial friends in other oc- Je
eupations to fall to turn In to the
state every dollar of taxes he Is due t
the State accordinz to law? s;
We farmers are prone to point to a
corporations and the business world a
as the great hart.!ngers of grafter, s.
but the plain truth is nu man or class V
of men can polut the finger of scorn ''
at any other class and say th!ef! 0
The farmer has the same kVnd of s
human nature In his make-up that ?
everybody else has. All the farmer
has to do to rid himself of this con- 0
celt. let him take a peep at a few S
pages of his county Auditor's book k
and blush with shame at the black i1
sheep there are within his own *lock. S
Why. b!ess you, not long since a
farmer was looking over his county
Anditor's books after another matter u
and uncovered the tax returns of an- d
other farmer who is worth more than 0
one hundred thousand dollars. who t
returned his property at less than <
five thousand dollars! a
This well-to-do farmer pays less
than one hundred dollars tax while S
another farmer near by. who does (
not own one-for.rth as much proper- r
ty. pays two hundred and twenty dol- V
lan tax. And, worse still. thIs well- P
to-do-tax-dodgina farmer's son Is on V
the County Board of Equa'!zntion, t
while yet another son is -the county v
clerk. Now. this may not be a con- 11
spiracy. to have one son holding 3
down the County Board of Equaliza- f
tion and books that contain certain 0
records of the securitIes of his fath- P
er, but at the same time we are
forced to say that if tb's ugly state q
of affsirs Is not a conspiracy, that it r
is at least an allured convenient acci- i
dent or coincident to protect tax
Many of us know of cases where a
some unfortunate who owns nothing u
taxable save his head and heels (poll e
and road) has been chased for miles b
over the country and finally run
down and In for from SS to $12 coste 4
and the employer Is compelled to "
put up the cash for his unfortunate
laborer or tenant or his man zoeq to
the chaingAng. while another well- t
to-do tax-dodger Is just as lawfa::.-- a
due the State anywhere from $50 to r
$100. but Is allowed to forswear and f
go free. Another case is the "bomne
builder- (the slogan for the safety
of the State and nation) who pays I1
o~e-third os his purchase for a homie*
and borrows the balance and after il
years of toiling, under the burden of a
high interest. taxes and family ex- '
penses Is closed out at last to satisfy ~
the money-lender's' cla~m, which is It
lawful, but the holder of th-se iron- a
clad securities bad nowt paid a dollar ti
taxes on these notes and mortrares '
during the whole time this "home b
pay tax, too, while the law says both jC
terest and taxes. I
Ask this money-lender why he does j
not pay the taxes on his securities 1n
and he will have the ?-.11 to say altl
whole heap about double-tax~ng, to 5
compel the farmer to pay tax on bor- is
rowed money and -the money-lender g
pay tax, too, which the law says both jI'
shall pay tax. t
I am informed by a reliable soref
that we have in our State a corpora- jh
tion that has more than one and a rt
half millions cash in Its business thate
is paying tax on only ninety-five 2<
thousand, for the reason that one of
the head officials of thi. cornorat ion u
ls on the Board of Assessors and no ,a
doubt the State h-is all sires of this.
kind of graft in all it. coun ties. d
Are the tax laws of the State made ti
for the plain, honest people to go by I
and the unscrupulous cunnIng to t<
evade? Why is It that the County .b
Auditors do not ,go down into this d
- thing and place all the property on -t
the tax hoed a. as the law requhres Is
them to do? r
There are a few among them that u
have the "aand" to go Into the lair de
of the i!ons that rnard the voters. tI
that drive the nails down In the shin- 01
gles that enver their heads: Do these at
floundering offieers of the law think ci
more about their salaries than they tc
do about the good of the people or "
the oath they take? Why doni't the p<
Boards of Equalization do their duty es
and place all taxable property upon tI
the books upor. an equal basIs? sI
Is It a fact that many of them are
tarred with the same stick along
with the common tax-dodgers and F
THEY HAD NARROW ESCAPE.
Two Farmers. Tried to s"hoot Balloon- 01
is in Passing.
J. Cowan H~ulber: and Paul J. Mc
Cullough, the aeronauts of St. Louts,
whose flight from thait city last Sun- i
day terminated when the balloon of~
landed near Scooba. Miss.. on Mon- hi
day, after being fired at twice, ar- ro
rlved ,in New Orleans We'dnesda'y :o
morning. They will take a shp from l;(
here to New York. a
"Hligh wzndIs- Gri fted us south
ward." sa:d Mr. Jlu!hert. 'and in- :.'
stead of lardint 'n New York we h id '
to comec d-iwn in Mi~as si to :n .-,i int
being hlown our over -he gulf. .
'Af!'er 'ralint St. L.ui: a stron.:
wind ::.>t us and w.. were al. 'wn -
across illinois. Near Mo:t V.-ruou.
when less tihan S60 few-' hi:. w~"
heard a ahot. and a bu:e*t witi:.--ts
vs. In Ke,(n:ceky anot her far:.1."r
"We p-trand over i he W a :o:h r -:.-r -
into India:.a and! were 1To-rato -
s th a cars: Ke tc - --n r - -
B irin i : :ae'
e rest keep mum for fear of being s
lied a "commflon knocker"? So far1T
placing all property on the tax
voks upon equa! basis at its marker ;
Llue is concernedi. the County Audi- t
r-s offlee is a farce and the ltoard v
iuaizati on is a hui~t joke.
It is a stupendous fact that every
e who places his property on th
x books :'t current or cusomaryr
L-Cs helps to pay the graft or rake
T held hack by tax-dodtger. wha-f
Lot shou!d enlist the active co-o;
-atlon of all law-tb!din eltirens.
ith Coniptroller General Jores in
Is commendable crusade fo- tax
PublIsh!ng all tax returns In eoun- I
papers every four years at r-as
-sament of real estate is the or.- fe:l
reep that would attract the !nteres:
ad aid of the people in each town
tip of the State. This publ!city Is
te gatling gun or homnb-shell that
oild drive every hIder out inte r
pen where the populac. can inspec-t
,e returns and see to It that no one
lall pass muster without a clean
.cord. For the same reason that
e require pub!isbing of expenditur
r the people's money. that we may
.e just where it toes. we should alsi
now who :t not turn!ng in a!! the
ist tax money due the county and
The drag-net that would catch all
1e sharks that junp over an. dive
nder the !rst of January as the
ate for property on han-. instead
naming one day, the law s'u<)Ul.
ike an average oi several mon-hs
yr a basis ot money on deposit or in
A tax !nquisi!or for each Congres
onal divrict having the right to
xamine alI pablic and corporation
.cords and the power to sutmmon
-itnessoa to tPst!y as to taxaO!e
roperty as well as the right to con
ene County Roards of ?Pe:alizat!n
> suit the itinerary of his rounds.
-ould also he the one limb of the.
tw that might 1e made to bring in
revenue of te:: or more do!1-a
yr every dollar spent en his work
n either %f the plans of a ca!-.ry or
ercentaxe pay. Some think th:'t
lese tax !nq:Iitors sh:-! I h, re
u!red tc change distric-s in :hnir
Dunds after the plan of the circuit
Our law makers should keep the
tet in mind that these tax-dodgrs
re cunning masters in this art and
nless a master in the art of tax flnd
r Is sent after them, the effort will
Thee tax Inquisitors should not be
oundering politicians or weaklin.s.
f the thirty cent calibre. ht:, should
e a selectIon from among the ablest
ten we have and paid aceordingly t',r
heir work-men of spIne. discretlon
nd diplomacy. that know the law
'ore than klth or kin, or friend or
We have been moralizing over this
ix-dodg!ng graft about long enougth.
:is t~me our representativee go for
aese "parssites upon the ho'!y pos
ic'' with gloves off, and provIde a
tire plan to tighten the screws down
pon all tax-dodzers alike. We have
ont a Lyon out after the liptuor
rafters that fetched in the camec
nd we now want a gang of Renr'l
gers, that can see to go after the
Ily tax-dodrers. - Smethlng m':st
e done to relieve the strain tupon the
ansclances of our rood p..OPle who
re In the habit of sitting in the
amen corners" of churches sni~
Calms on Sund-t and going before1.
te County Auditor on Monday anrt
r-earing that the value of their cow
$ 3 when they know they couli I
et S40 or 350 for her. or their landi
worth $6 per acre when they know
iat other landis by them are soilinr
-om S40 to $100~ per acre: or they
ave no other property. storks. notes.
tortgages. cash or any other prop-'
-ty to th.-!r cred~t not listed in th-sr
'turns and spend six months after
ards trring to re!!ove the strain
pen their conscie~ne-- by saying "they
I do It-- or trv~ng to mak.- them
'Ives hel!eve that !a'se swearing is
plomacy ->r some other !..ft-handed
ing with no harm In it.
Mfost any man who han the plu'k
say that plain penle do the diou
e tax'paying while the cuntnintt rieb
> the stunts In tax-dodg~n:g is sure
be style] as r. dlemageowne and now
the time for each and every rep- a'
'sentative to be called upon to s-tn!!
Sand be counted as to whether a
llar be a dollar whether it be~ inh
e hands of the r~ch or poor man
In Iron -clad securities, or In the h
'tive producIng world. Give all a
~ance to say whether or not they en3
Columbia to Zet some'thing for the
nterest they represent" that other ?
>ople don-t get. Iu there an hon
t man in all South Carolina wvho
inks or helIeves that othe-r peopiu"I
ould pay taxes on his dlollars?
3. C. Siribht.
Pendle-ton. S. C.
lrmers' T'nion flur-eau. * h
icago Police Interfre- With "Absoe
lute ife" colony.
Evelyn Arthur Se". s.-!f-4..lare,!
postl.- of a n--w life" !n whi-h a
inus will be perfect, is held in jat.l
Chicago. iii., to answ.-r a c-harg.
dio,!r. condIuc: :trawin;. out 0o
S "absol::t( lif~'e",on. s-.- in
:rt re-fus-d the s.-r.---s of atn a?
rney'. :ayng he had thI-- c::ns.-l 4r
tin the to,..t room,.
*- ' 'tr'-. :h- ..: ---- -
TAKES ISSUE. WITH HIM.
rot. Wileox*- 1Isaby Declaration Stir-.
rp a Row.
Prof. W:i:e-r F. Wilcox. of Cornell.
-no predicted the other day that
iere woi1 he no more hab.ies after
has awakened a rather stirring
riological discussion atnong New
oPrk's club women. Mrs. Clarence
urns. pr--sident of *The Little
[hers' As'-ociation.' an or;;aniza
on sup:or--d by socie-ty women.
-hi providtes for the" care of the
nn of pe1r fa1ies. the
.r o w .: ob:ge.l to work. 1
'Y's issue with the pedatzor;" and !
::uratv.ly says he is a blithi:.:
"*is evi'.nt that Prof. Wilcox iS r
o: famil4ir with the conditions
.:,ong Anwr!ea: families on the East,
i(.e." sa M.rs. 7'-res. "You. 1se. .
he avr a-- family has fro-r five te
leven ch:! !:s .n. 1Iut I must say tha
bcli.ve :1'at nowadays the' averav
arent looks to qta!ty rather than
uarAity. There was a tine. say
-otut tv:ty or thirty years a:o.
ch.'n the irother of the poor clas;
htght not ring of having from thir
ofn to feoirtten ch!!dren. They dc
have qu::e as many now. how
"I nryst take exception to the
earned professor's statement and say
hat I do ntot briteve that there wil
w a deatrth of ch!.ren in 20l-( al
hough I have never gon- into the
natte- from p. mathematical stand
oint. It i. a very simple, matter to
-rre almost nny:hing. however. by
tatistics. and I do not doub: but
rom :hat angle Prof. Wilcox is
Aecording to Prof. Wilenx there
'11 he no habies left in the United',
taes after 201.. and if we want
nr we will have to brinz them from,
,road. th. sa:e as we now impor:
'arisi:'n gowns and other finery.
ADVICE TO TIE GIRLS.
low to Capture and Hold Men After
They Are Captured.
If I were a girl. says a writer in
excnange. desirous o( gettin=
iarried. I would not trouble about
ylY.oks f-irther than to keep neatir
n! !--cominy dressed. But I should
t resolutely to work to take an !n
erest in z:e. generally: study them
S one st; :::is :colozy. botany. ento
o -my other ology that ap
.! :h*. 'a'e. and I should seek
o heemte forgetftl of sel". So many
'rls s;;il their chances by behavi.g
Ls I' it were a man's duty to stu y
hem. Of course. they may be the
neres:Ing creatures they think
hemselves to he. but their attitude
epels irvestigation of their merits.
A girl is never so charming as
vh-n she has forgotten self and ap
>ears sincerey interested in some
r~e e-le: symp'athy L a valuable as
:e'. and men like to be thought in
-'r.- T ' lives and IndIvdid
1n-tur.s. not tLe!r heartf. should
e eh- dlr-ct o~ects of interest, andl
m:i.in-. ouaht to be easier than to
e-k any si;:ns of ;:iddiness o. the1
crt of the young man, at the out-[
et: one should simp;ly lessen the
orce- of h-sr sympathetic Interest in
ir.Wh;ie studying the s;>ecimren.
h' rirl shor'ld expect nothing fro:
he man-not even candiy. We know
hut men have a hard timo. thesc
av: but women do not and the bat
:e of life i play-grrou~nd.
ln::stadl. however, of mentlonina
*r.'s own struggles. the girl shoula~
ncourag" the .;ecliens to show
h.'ir ability to figh: It out against all
Od If a ::iri wants to espoccaly
*lase her specim.*n. she should ask
or his advice. Men have advice to
e away, and they are always more
an wilin-: to bestow it liberally o'n
h ir won'--n frien~ds. It pl*eases them
or a womnan to depend on them.
v.to show them her new gowns
,d hats and ask !f they like them.
man lik's his sweetheart to reco:
ie t'n correctness of his taste and
u ign:ent. So. if you wish to put
a-:r s:-ecnmern in a good humor, ask
a-vice lt ren;.ans v~ith you to
o rs you ple-ase with It. after it is'
liryan to floy'.
!n answer to a recent inquiry
bort advising boys Mr. ilryan said
thre is no new advice to give hoys.
d there are rno n.-w boys to a-!vise.
'he oy is th.' sanme that hte has been
d he is not I!k-ely to change much
the years to come. His impcuses
re' the sam* that th.ey we're c4n
i:rie's ano: the dancrs that con
ont him t'onfronted his father andI
is grandfather in their boyhoodi
as. If I were suggesting a warn(
2: to hoys I would not s:::t-st a
*aer on'- than that '-rmbodiedl in th.
vt. "The wa::es of sin is -!'-a:i.'i
'hat is the l:aw, and it cannot be re
"Thea honest. truthful. induistraot~s
or wi' 3::cere in proportion to hhi.
n:'Chrg.ne. b-:: no irntelti:n-nee can
ake up for itack of honesty, truth
in.ss or ind~5stry- -espc.-cl:;lly is it
x'oss-ibl. to subst~itt anything for
ony -d tra h fulness. licazin:-!
:0 ::!':t: o:t' ac-co:rpU-shm'e:
h:.tver is o-he'r goodl tuailt ies
Lay e. but he 'an outgrow ilazin.-s5
it as h.' can outrow lack of itt
won or 'ntelli :once. ':: it is mue:.
ore 'i!icult to 'utztrow a tack of
>nsty or a la'-k of truthfuln-ss-.
"%i!v I oma~tt toc '::est that
:!.r.ei a- vrt uc' which should be
d.d to th.- one. ailready~ mntioned!.
ban -. ya.- rt,'t beein w!!!in::
w:.i fo i 7:0..-o cono'- throuzh
:!miacumutla'ion. and throuh
--i .ast- o c.-t rich thet have .
.n Te .boy sho:t!- "e:srnt to .
or and to w::i. C'haracter :,
:ll slo .y: ut !:ct he lost in a
Niile r in i vaiifrt.
\ sa. .I a4.,g.-u hwir- o
r h,-- *' ,.- w mo.t * -
l~n I Inzn.
* a () eh.-- tcr
1*(;(-GSTF.l) IN THiE NEW St.HOOL
'ommni."in to t-vise State"% S)%te-m pm
Reiport% to IA:;i-lature After Year
of Hard Work. -a
Three aniendmrents to the cons-!
:t!on and important and far-reach- -:
I:, altrations in th.- pr.-sent school h
iw ar- r.,mmnend.-il in the rep;ort
v'e to' the~ .:en*'ral aemby Frid t.
y th "co'nision : o ex'ntine an
evs.- be :,ehool law of the State
ad to recommnend chantees in the
. his report. with the accom
,anying hili. constitutin; perhaps
he miot i:-portant document yt.
>rett t to :he I'11-12 .gislature.
The cor.ir.:s-on was created by
Oinlt reslion of the zeneral as
:nbly. approved( Febiruary 2:1. 1!41 1.
ht- ritestn f'r its creation hav
n otn ! adle in th.e annual report
or 1.9 of Mr. J. 1. Swearinuen.
'-ate s~eitnetof reain
waZ direete1 to "-arefully exane
mdu rovise the common nacd hiuh
ch0ol !aws of the State. with power
o recomTend ,ay chan::es in the ex
sting law hy hill or otherwise." and
vas rrtored to "retport to t'te next
ession of :he general assembly.
In the r.-solution. it was spee!.ie'
hat the follnw!nz shoIld be nen
'ers of the i'ommission: "The State
.pfErntendent of edieation. the in
mector of lhi schools. the president
%f on^ of the State instilutions of
'izbor learnirz. one person famillar
ith zraded and common school sys
ems. an! one person learned In the
" i** Tembe-: not 'cc~ill dc.
-nated were to be appointed by the.
tovernor. As organized for wortc.
h.' comniission was composed of a-.
r. E. Swearinzen. St-4te ueit
'nt of t:!tion: N. W. H1. Band.
Ztate inspector of hizh schools: Dr.
. . .Johnson. president of Winthro"
olleze: Mr. S. H. Edmunds. super
ntendent of the Sumter city schools.
Lnd Mr. Mendcl L. Smith. attorney.
f C'mden. Mr. Swearinzen was
hairntn and -Mr. Hand the secre
The crnmision thus summarizes
ts in-lortant recommendations:
"The comnmission has enieuvored
'o make a practical and prozr'-ssive e
eport. It has souht to retain the
lest features of the present 'w and
a avold rad:cal or revolvtionary
hanres. Tt has been compelled.
iowever. to recommend some mi
ortant a-!! far-rendin.- alterations
n order that the new school law may
elp to meet present needs and te
mrprove present conditions.
"1. An tmendment to section 2.
rtielo TI. and to section 24. article
IT. of the con*'itution. will remove
ho obstrcle that provents many of
ur best -n-n from servinz as s-hoo!
rnstoes. Thom'h the consitution
'orbid- the holdi*n of two of'-es.
his provision has, hy common con
ent. been widely disrega-ded. This
ttmtndment seeks merely to le-aliz.'
tervi~- to eduention when rendered
n connection with other service to
"2. The Stae sunerintendent o'
dction is held -espor sble for the
:cts of the State IToarri of Education.
in. In the oninion of the commis
ion. he should have some voice in e
el-etng Its members. Tt is. there- ~
ore. recommended that section 2.t
rtric!e NT. of the constitution. he
mende'! so that heneeforth the cov
'rnor shall apont the State haard
>' eci'eation upon the recommenda
in of th" State' superintendent. '
".t she commission recommen'is t
he anpoin:ment of a State board of '
*xamners for teachers in order that C
he pr--sent varying standards m.ty C
e harmonize-I by the establishmv-nt ~
if a utn!form method in the exami
aton anid graduation of applicants "
"4. The county board of educeation
s givert larze p'owers in three !mnpor
ant respects: :a. To levy a specialI
ounty tax. b. To apportion public
chool funds. c. To choose from elh
ibie aipplicants th-- county superin
endent of education to serve for a
er of !nour years.
--..Te right of all sneci:ll school c
Istricts or:.:anizedl under speriarl ae':s
f the* nenerai! assembly to adopt u
oir own text-hooks has be-en with- *
rawen. The Seat-' sup--rinton'!ent of 0
duca' io, i:, emprowered to appoint ..
xt-!ook rammiussier,. composed of a
te :uici school mten. to act con
rrent ly with the State board of ---
cation to adopt a dual list of text
oks and! to p're-scribe unified ti
or-es of s!-:!y for all :he fre.-ub
"AThe utn::4b-rs of the State f'
*)ard~ of ex timi'rs for 1.-achers sh-al he
~rv.-!o.s div sion supeervisors of I0
-ho!- who un th.- direetion of
' - Stat" Cee.int~,)!ient. shaill audit to
-hool :-ico :s :and perform ::ueh t'
her .et --s as ni:av b.- assigned. '1
"~. Th.- e-cunty sut'--ri't.-teon! of' a:
te-5n i to e eeted av' the I
:- r-i-.... .--! :a!!' eons mlay b-- eI
,tr:.u2:d of : ii app!t ts. ThO. Ih
'::: of the' ,ot y su'.- iten-tdent is o
"'. The .t-. hi:! cool law is
ih!!!.i ..ind :renet' eed. and! the 1
"T. TM- -'xo bord of .. luratioen
::at a - -cr' v of m'r n-mheor:
a * .- . *:-. it all ~ ~
1. .\u -:. -ta- -: "f repor~s
*rovi' -d in o -!r - ,- oo s.- V
I .t -
- b e ,o dri.. ll r --
n har'i--?-(!ade -t: *
WENTY TIlOt*SANI) OLAR.S.
-ofit Made by the Penitentiary the
PL-t Year. F1
The State penit'ntiary in tne fiscal
ar turned Into the State treasury
'.000 in cash. representin:- the
-ofits of that year. The State peni- T
ntiary was established as a pri;.h,
.d for years was not even self-n'zs
iniun. Today it is a producer of
venuec. l'n(i.r former superintend
ts its scope developed gradually.
Id today '. ,tands clear of deht and M
is $74.66'1 in bank with which 'o
art the y.ar on a cash basis. a
The to:a! income of the institu- -
on last year as shown in the report C
I the seriatendent. Capt. D. J. C
rifrith. was Si17.ZSS-lg. The o:>
raring expenes were 7
-rmaanent iriprovemens $8.447.19. t
aving a not balance of $'i.48.9. (
> which is to b4 added the account
ue for -onviet hire from responsi- h
le persons. 36.. The grand to- $
il of profit for the year !s therefore p
G7. f.., or within a few dollars I
When h- was elected superintend- S
, 12 years azo. Capt. Grifith re c
!I-d. as the cash assets of the in
itution. SS.. and along with this s
'aq a t!o-iting indt-btedness of sev
ril thousand :To!;ar-. money due on 1:
ot-s to the C:rolina N:-tional bink. r
inc-- that ti'e--in addi:In ro nany 1
hysical improvements nide. in ad
'tion :n paying lro :h- State treas- '
ry t 66.00A. in addition to paying 5
ff all !o-in;: debts-the !nstitutiorn
as ended 'he year with $7.00A cash
n handl i :h which to lbg!n the op
r-itions of :his year on a cash basjs.'
Despit- 'i dus~rt"(e1ion ' !,u-h.b S
wo fr.-shets. each of which was al- h
,,: without prece:e::t. Capt. Gr:f- S
th's administration has earred !n iI
ash $2'i.0fO an'! has made $127.- 0
(A in permanen: Improvements. ap
roximately $3G0.000. or $21.010 '
The .-mn of the Future. I
Under the caption of "The Pass- I
'ig of the Man With the Hoe." T!d
ard A. Runeley discourses !r. the
Vorld's Work for Autust. on t!e
;orderful changes In farm work
hleh Is being effected with mode:n
iae' -ery. He -nkr s the sta.. n.ent
hat to plow tive square mit 'w
:.rmer nalks tnfe d:'nanc. ton:
he world-this plodding tol to be
nded by mvbines that wi:i us" L.,(
ower stored ir one acre of potaoes 4
-alcohol-to plew 2Q acros. He
takes this prothecy of the ftie
:tter' ianiufacturing and tbe wora.
f the farm iousehold. which Is. :0
ay the least. intere-ing to contem
".The farmer's wife will need brit
D turn a wheel, throw a switcn.
wist a stop-cock and be saved her
ardest work. Butter will again be
lade on the farm and not In the fac
ory. The mnotor will run the cream
'Parator and cht:rn and dispens- -1
:*th the laior of -h, milk ce!!ar ann I
: L en:llss array of pans and crock I
a be washed. It will give new sp'ed
a her sewing machine. On Odns
ay, "sweepinz day." it will say.' her
ealth and strength w!tb a vacuum
leaner. It will run her washing
tachine and man;;ie. Through a
ynamto. in the electric fan ani flat- I
ron, it will bring her blessed relief
rom the fiery heat of the ran:e tr.ni
-oning ciar. It will be a ready h*'in
r in the kitchen. All this takes no
count of the promnise of new inve'n
There is no limit almost to the
hangres in the labor and lire of th.Ir
irm that could be made if only eIer
-icity could be used as a p'ower to an
ennortie advantagre. If the alcoholz
aa can be extracted from one acrer
f potatoes could be uscd in a gas
aglne to run an electric dynamo ini
annection with a storage battery.
ho shall say what new labor saving
ethows will no: soon follow? It
ould sem as if the inJunction
o05es gaLve the chlldren of Israel to
stand still and see the Salvation of
ie Lord." would at last be app!!ca
b-~ to American farm life In the near
Monaatime the farmer nee:ls to con.
der that his boy muist :ave a dif
rerte dnt-ation than the fath'r ;vo'n
msed to fit him f->r thes.' swift'y
>mng chanres. Brain work moro
'an hand work is crowding itrm'f
pon the attention of the farmer
:erydaty. ie miust know somet!'r
Sthe sci'ntif'e side oef his business
he is to ma". a profitable suc'cess
-it in the future. *
Alfalfa and IEnsilagte.
A shcaribe'r asks why if. say.
rty pounds of .-oud fie!! corn enf
lag. and teni pounds of zoo-! alfalfa
y: make almost at balan, ed r: on
Sa 1 *t"-.pounid cow there should
any adldition: of ratin cven "-ver
W.' answer that it is wo'!! to ad!
the aW-'ve a small grain r:ttion fotr
o renctons : (1 I l te('aus(- ey'p.ri
ceshw it to be1 profita.!r. WV.
Sfe.-'in.:t cows for ;rofi: an:! Ef o
-.' a-i.' we find! tha: muore cr I- a T
a era~n ra::on is pro'fitabl.' the
as --: it. (2.' We mu~st reniem'er
at it t--kes a coneid-'r,.be p:'rt ion
ton to s'tpport tht: v~ork of zrindIn
!' anld not'nr ittn'' proper cen--.
on for di:.'stion. All wo.rk .:':
s k! that the cow do's mus: ht..
elfr in fe.'d. It ensts ':0re n
o:::-! rrain feed. For that and
\ .t:pry N.'w Ye'.ar to alE. friend
UNDER THE DAISII.i.
It is strange what a deal of trouble
What a sacrifice most of us wilingly
How the lips will smite tho' the
heart may ache.
And we bond to the ways of tne
world for the sake
Of its poor and scanty praises:
And the time runs on with such pit
That our lives are wasted before we
What work to finish befc:e we go
To our long rest under the
And too often we fall in a useless
For wron: is so much in the place
And the end is so far beyond our
'T!s as one starts on a chase by
An unknown shade pursuing;
Even so do we see. when our race
That of all we have striven for little
And of all the work our strength
How little was worth the do
So most of us travel with very poor
Failing in thought where we conquer
Least brave in, the hour of greatest
And making a riddle that few may
Of ->ur life's Intricate mazes.
Such a labyrinth of riaht and wrona.
Is It stranga that a hcart once brave
Should falter at last and earnestly
For a calm sleep under the
But if one poor troubled heart caa
"His kindness softened my life's
And the tears fall over the lifeless
We shall stand up In heaven Im
Than if all earth rang with
For the good we have done shall
I Tho' the work be wrcught and wagei
And the wearied frame of the laborei
All peacefully under the dai
A Home In the ountry.
The word home is n most precious
one to the soul of every person. It
it start the very roots of our being:
out of it a-e the issues of life Lnd
fortune: to it we turn with "mem
- ry dear" wherever fate takes us,
It is the begir.ning of the state. the
fashioning place of manhood and
womanhood and final citizenship.
Where shall it be to best make all
these good things possible?
There is no phace on earth like the
Scountry to build a honte. Instin.::tive
ly the hearts of parents In the cities
turn to the vision of a country home
in which to rear children. The uni
versal heart of humanity lonigs for
the place of the "vine and fig tree'
where life and home shall find its
true abiding place. As oue gaze:
upon the wretcnedness of the cities.
"great sores on the body politic" ai
Jefferson called them. the only cur4
for this over crowded expression o
poverty, crime and discontent the,
presents itself to us is the country.
Why do not, these prople go 'o th'
country? Why do they toil. slave
and suffer with no place to gou
for rest but these wretched abodes of
dirt and grime? Verily, a tent by
the ::ad-side, the contact of God's
dirt, not matn's dirt, would be a'
:alace to these t:housands of wretch
ed homes in cities.
The same question necessarily pre
sents Itself, even to those !n the city
Iwho are w'eil removed .rom poverty.
and the vison of a home in the coun'
try as a solacee for many of their ills,
w!!l rnot fade from their eyes.
On the r.izht of the 60th performn
'anee of Denman Thompson's beauti
ful American drama "The 01ld Home'
stead" at Park Street Theatre in New
York. we saw the house'filled to re
pletion with grey haired men an
women who came there Zo solace
their hearts with a vision of the dear
Iold home in the country. The toil,
the drudgery. the prlv'tion of their
erly life In the country, to esape;
which they had corne to the ctty
when yo'n'-. was as nothing beside
the quaint ltth- old house by th'
roadsidie. the open barn and the great
oxen with the toweri::. load of hay.
he bl'ss$-d old well and its flowing
bucker, and the smi'!ng fb-lde. As
we passedi out with the emer:lng
throng, we heard xpression 1'ke
these. "W-tvn't It sweet and dea.r?"
"Oh if we could on~y get back to
the co::ntry: once more:'' and the
like. New this migrhty attendance.
nizht after night, was bunt the dee;.
and abiding longing in th.a hearts of
these men and women for a home in
Country life- in the T'nited S::ates
has jtust awakened to ai partia! reali
zation of its mor'nin::. The !:rht of'
3."ine'e. ct' art. of ir':enitoIn. a ur
m.:ndinr fDr-n life v .h ",:::-n-a
Mon :d;.y that the ci'yv canno: ofe
+: :t otnes are :no? mna l h-rt-.
nor 're they desiredl. but coatfor:.
--e n:ndance (of Zof) i:"ood.
,I! ndertandinu''t" ~it c:l. is th'
S-tgeof th" coun'r .The n u'i.
O oni thi*- farm !s tilin: fo.r an:
a~on of inte!lects-. I forc''. re:'!
brain action that stamn's It as one of
he' lea rned profesica.s of the day.
To he a t horot:g:h 5: ud''nt of :.i
soil and its needs: of *::ant life at :
t. anai:ter-nt of crops: of the
- ;.: ;!shmen our f brain and than> h
r:at maye w.eli cha!'.'-'- the ambit
of t he. :u -st I--arned'. Th.- mtan wh
SinM rh.'re is no pdu.-- for theex
rlse of in:'dl.-etua: ;ewer on the
he co'utry realiyn"- :e is~ ti:ba
sh.ali he studIied and! 'I!--stood. '
as splten-!id p.ow!iI: 's for the
os: p'erf--: life. :h,'.~ost in'.izora
nr. the freectst an it mrispirin.
's vri'rk :s not dr:: ry whe.n t
f en: f.a e c a:.d il! ::': in:: of' t
AN AWFUL TOLL
E-ght Thousand Babies Facing Deat in
Chicago Labor War.
The Striking Garment Workers Are
tarving to Death in Sticking to
Their Cause-Legislature May In
vco.tigate and Try to Devise a Rem
etly for the Trouble.
Eight thousand infants in Chicago
face death from starvation and dis
ease as the result of the garment
workers' srike. which for four
months has dragged its length out
with no prosnect of settlement in
sight. This is the statement of both
city authorities and union sympathiz
ers. the latter of whom are at their
wits end to obtain milk for the ha
ies in the strikers' home. many of
whom are already In the shadow of
dtath from want.
Durin- the past week the health
authorities reported more than 100
e-ses of pneumonia and diptheria
non these children with a large
number of deaths. With the utter
(-xhaustion of the milk supply-now
less than a wcek away if char:ty con
tributions do not increase. it Is ex
pected t0ac cold. hunger and illness
will quickly end the miseries of
scores of Lite younger children
At least one of the strikers. Mrs
Rose Siegelheimer. has already died
of starvatiou. For the support of her
two chidren with whom she lived
in a dingy nasement. the woman had
ibeen foraging cructs from garbage
cans. Of r-en quch aid as was avail
able she was apparently Ignorant
and the pcr provender she found
went into ,It- mouths of her children.
When nature gave, out the w-man
fell across hcr miserable palzt and
was found oying by neighbors Tbhs
was the seventh death due tc the
Many caraos of the same sort are
being reported. and even the adult
strikers are sufferint terribly. It is
inevitable that if aid doe6 not cone
disease. starvation anl death will win
be labor war and force the hungry
thousands back to toil under condi
tions -:o remedy which they have
eiven their lives and the lives of
their little ones.
The latest hope for the situatioa
arises from the action of the Illinois
senate authorizing an investigation
of the causes of the strike and an in
quiry into what steps have been tak
en to bring about a settlement. The
,ction authorizes the presiding officer
to appoint a committee of five sena
.ors to go to Chicago and begin-the
s!rike Investigation at once. The
re-olution cails for a report in 30
days. ytcps letding to the adjust
ent of the strike arbitration and to
fx re'sronsibility. with a view to leg
islation making arbtraton compul
sorr. are contemplated In the reso
NO TAXES ON MANY ACRES.
The Legislature rrged to Take Ac
tion In the .mate.
"Over a million acres of land in
this State escape tavation because
they are not shown on the tax dupli
ecas and can not be put there unti
definitely located in some particular
tax district.' Comptroller General
Jones will say in a vigorous report
to the General Assembly.
He will complain that persons
owning property in adjacent school
districts often return it all in that
district, having the lowest tax or
none and they in laying osl schoo'
districts in some counties have been
*so gerrymandered as to create dis
tricts of most absurd and Inconven
Mr. Jones urges that "an accurate
sur-vey of district line, road and wa
ter would more than pay for itself"
ithe revenue increase that would
follow. No such survey has been
nmade since that of Mills, in 1825.
, &ave lFremena.
Hero~sm is usually associated in
the public mind with battle fields, and
many inspiring are the records of
deeds of valor and of strutgle. But
in these days of peace we are con
tinually being reminded that there
are battles other than those In which
men are pitted against each other in
deadly combat. Probably among the
most spectacular are those in which
hardy, fearless and traIned men wres
te with the great nires which threaten
-roperty and lives. Intent upon
:er duty and with no selfsh
thought of themselves these firemen'
s:and face to face wIth danger In
such hat'le. anxd oftimnes as In the
everv recent catastronhies in Chica
o. Philadelph~a and other citi
rov.e. they go unf-titeringly to their
:'ath. Such heroism is an inspira
tion to the performance of duty un
der all circumrstances and strength
na faith In human nature.
One of the worst of English rail
-oad accidents happened in that
:r-r a we.'k or two ago resulting
: the loss of about thirty lives. The
s2nzutar thinit :>bott it is the fact
that the railroad 'ompany voluntarily
sumed responsibility for the acci
ent. It seems almost like a miracle
that aniy large corporation or trust
<hould take the blame to itself. U
:a:y. !t is the other way and the
wat 1legal talent is employed and
very subterfuge resorted to in the
--'fort to show that an ac'cident is the
fatt of others, an act of divine pror
dnce. or something else, and that
he corporation is as innocent as an
i'ats rison PilL..
I icoerf:. hai' -. doz~en .sryehnine
p~ils -h:u tad noe.n l.-ft for a f'eer
Iaio: Pauline,. :h.- three-year-oad
a :: t'r '-'c(:;..re.- W. Youngt. of
.': i -a. Pa.. at.- t hem w h:i' her
o:(,:.-r w abs--nt and in h.alf an
.-:ad' finnciiv are su:r.r and as
ri in pro:-orrien to c'apital used.
s n any o' :he o"her vo-ations. One
i: an-!s ot w!th pemuliar sicnM
e --ry vill- and smuall ci:y
is!!ied with rettrad fa:rmers No
ther ,silin:: ftrnishes an expression
BOLD YOUNG GANG
[E NEW YORK YOUTHS iuWERE
CAUGIT WITH BIG PIXNDER.
ie Cellar. Where They Conducted a
"Fence.' Was. Filled With Valun
Five youn.: men. comprising the
ost act:ve zn- of : r.:lars tha, ha!
>terated In New York city in -e -
t- nd'er arrest ch::rz.d w!:h hon
.i-ds of th-'ts. When Detputy Police
inmihhioner Flynn. with Acting
ipt. Pric:'. of th. lron.. Detective
.reau. and ive! detetives. raiden
it d'*n w-ere the p!under was kept
!ey found $1.49 worth of plun
It is estimated the young fellows
are tLken goods to the value oi
..' in the past five years. The
risoners are Grover Deisser. aged
7: Georgre Straub. 1C: Jesse Swain,
7: Henry Ross. 15: and Herman
ehultz. age( 27. The firs, three arc
barzed with hurglarly. Ross anr
hultz are nccused of receiving
Dye'ctiv'.s have evidence Implicat'
I1 other youths in the wholesai
abberies -f recent months and it ;s
kely mor,' arrests will follow. Al
-e hearin_- of the first live. Schult:
-as accus-d to teaching the boys t<
eal. They sworc that when the.
-ere still innocent. five years ago. h<
ot them under ,!s control. and sinc<
hat time has been conducting :
fence' and profiting !.hrough th
,1. of their plunder. Young Ros:
as been sent to the Children's Aid
ociety home. The other member:
f the oand will 1be sent to the pen
According to Acting Capt. Price
he police h:ve been looking fo
-hultz for some time. Five year
ro he w is an interpreter at Elli:
F!and. but was dismissed. Laer h,
ved in a basement and it was ther
e was ca'ight when the raid wa:
tade. He was alone at the time bu
he police waited until the entir,
-anz had gathered.
There are over 10A bicycles. a mo
or cycle. a d.nanmo :ad many set:
f valuable tools on the list of cood:
o!an. In one corner was a bug<
.anmper packed with valuable silver
are. cut -lass .clothing. whole suits
-ssos. bolts of cloth. cigars an<
rink-s. Vhen thA loot had bee:
radod in a patrol wagon and take1
o the Morrisania station it filled th
eck roo.mz and psrt of the captain'
TIE hRAZILLIAN WAY.
he Forty-Five Rebels Meet Mysteri
Accordinir to reports from Brazi
ao Cand!do. leader of the recnt re
ot in the n.-ry. and 44 other muti
--ors have met sudden deaths. Can
ido succumbited to gangrene while;
risoner. 26 of his assistants diei
romi sunstroke while engaged in re
:airing t>e fort ress on Cobris island
n.d 18~ others 'vere suffocated in thel
e'ls in the prison on Villegainon is
When the later of :he two recen
aval revolta in Brazil was put dowt
ree weeks a;:o it was announce<
ha' the mutinous sailors hadl beet
ent to) states remote from Rio .Ja
eiro. where they were employed i1
he construction of highways an.
Snce that time comparatively lit
!e news has be.en gotten out of Bra
il. hut there have been persisten
utmors of disturbances in the stat
f Para on the north coast to polit
V.ANTED WATER~. GIVEN ACD
-nun..t Widow ('onfs'.wes Giving Chbib
A: rested as she claimed her trunk
Sthe New York Central station FrI
ny, Mr7s. Edith 31elber, a widow
-ho says she is r ears old. o? Sche
ort 1 '-. -enr.se--d that in a swam:;
ar -..-:y !:.t riilay afte-noor
:e - aw' per i.veer-old son
e.rr.. .'inuho.! :w'id. from the ef
'ets ef wl'eh he die'd.
in ev!:'t" tion of her crime, th'
cice say. Mrs. .Melb--'r asserts thal
te h.ms been a widotw four years,
trin:: which ttime she' has had :i
rlrie to ,'are for herself and het
~i!d. anid :hai: this battle for an exr
:r.' drove her to t:'ke her hanby-s
fe. She is an tunu'ually attractive
:ntr womatn. :ind at the end! of het
Cmfle w::s atnerve! and weelp
\Vh--n s::e :n - her con fuMsion. ae
ir ir'z to the aotllee. M.1rs. Miber
h-- he askd for ' -rr.k. *
WAlS li-t .EI:'S .II.I..
Fact,' to Itiilhher.
u:o:.i n j: I a; Cleveland. 0..
* eb, ar-.an ascnf ae
!!-- :olb o 1a2 h.* was a s',y for
-n of :i:' .~ whos.- lot has
..io'.,.d to tho'>:n:s of do!lh:rs.
-'0ld .he-o *the rote co 'ii h
Inoffman ..n ::n a "and it:!I" s.'s
nis roomn :-'m! tho.'- of lturt iiois
:- an .ir"-I liarri-on. arr.-sted
le::r-:tar :. :: tie n er the na :nt's
dl full informtion about ;pros.e..
lb a :tan :01 .i t he ;.ot i : he. wouldi'
t 1 formta'::on ahmc:t the house.
w :e k " .ri' ti'- K. "te the sil
a an thr -:n zs :a':: themn.*
Tre, innhe Felb-d
T*- a.- w~. :::.!: : neirs .\':'
Font T o' Man.eat~