Newspaper Page Text
THE LAST OF H
The Tems, Or Heed.. Batdeship, WA
Se e st t Pkes
TO IMPROVE THE NAY
She WM Before Long Be Bo bard
ed by Our Own Friendly Shot and
Shen to Test Up-to-date Projec
tfles and Arm.r and Will Go to
the Junk Heap.
Off Hampton Roads in April next
a battleship of the famous White
Squ. iron of twenty years ago will
met a friendly fate at the hands
of the men behind the guns of our
modern Atlantic fleeL The Texas,
always a steel-sided hoodoo and Iong
a target for naval criticism. is to
become at last a target for Ameri
man gunners. She will be towed
like a culprit to a point off the Ches
apeahe's protecting capes. anchored
nnd shot to pieces. When her bat
tered funnel shall have disappeared
beneath the great sea the final rec
ord will be made in the naval rec
ords of the frst battleship built for
the American navy. a vessel that
cost the Government $:.500.000 in
It will be the first time in the
history of our navy that a real ves
sel is used as a target for the big
guns. Heretofore targets made oi
canvas have been used, but as the
Texas has outlived her usefullness,
high explosive projectiles will be fir
ed against her in order that the of
ficers may study their action against
the hull and superstructure at bat
tIe ranges. Surely a fitting end for
the unluckiest ship in the Ameri
can Navy! For although she cov
ered herself with glory at the bat
tle of Santlaro. she was so unfortzin
ate in time of peace as to earn the
title of "The Hoodoo.#
Foreign navies ~ for many years
have used their obsolete battleships
as targets, and the results have been
of great benefit in determining the
relative value of high explosive pro
jectiles. The old query. What would
happen If an irresistible forc. came
In co-lt'et with an immovable ob
ject? nas almost been answered by
these tests. At a recent test in the
French Navy it was discovered thal
when a twelve or thirteen Inch pro
jectile hits a turret sush a terrif<
heat is developed that for twelve
hours no human being could touci
the point of contact. Whether met
could live in a turret pounded by 12
inch pojectiles is doubtful. althougt
experiments have shown that cat
and chickens have been able to with
stand this terrific heat.
For the past four or five years the
Texas has been little more than 2
boating barracks for enlisted nava
mnen, stationed most of the. time al
Charleston. S. C. Ever since th<
Spanish war she has done nothini
but cruise up and down the Atlantic
coast. taking .the midshipmen ot
their annual practice jaunts to the
New England regions, and steamina
around Hatteras In all kinds o1
weather to the fall and winter man
oeuvers In the tr-opics.
She has not been considered good
enough for a station ship. In- fact
like more than fity other men o1
war that have become obsolete, she
Is nothing more than a pile of junkt
She cost $2.500.000 less than twen
ty years ago, but today she would
hardly bring $50.000. The cruise1
Detroit. which cost the Governmen1
-$1.223.029 twenty years ago, brough1
only $20.000 the other day. In
short, the men-of-war of even 15
years ago are little more than jn
today. An:- Uncle Sam has a juni
pile which cost be .e $140,000.
000 and $150.000.000. The cruls
era of the famous White Squadros
that sailed the seas before the or
tranizatlon of the more famous fieei
of the present time are all obsolete
They are worthless as fighters, use
less as cruisers.
The necessity for more powerful
ships In the United States Navy was
demonstrated by the battle between
the French and Chinese fleets in
August. 1884, at the Pagoda An
chorage, Min River. where the Chin
ese ships were sunk in half an hour
it was decided that this .country
should have a modern defense force
'as soon as possible. In 1886 Presi
dent Cleveland approved a naval ap
propriation bill which directed the
building of the Texas. a battleship;
the 3Maine, a sister ship, and several
A prize was offered by the Secre
tary of the Navy for the best designs
for a battleship to cost $2.500,000
Many naval architects competed. and
the prize was awarded to an English
man, a Mr. John. With the excep
tion of the protected cruisers Chir
leston and Baltimore. 'built later.
the Texas was the only vessel built
on designs purchased abroad.
The Tex.,s was constructed at tlie
Norfolk Navy Yard. being the first
and only battleship ever built there.
Work on her was so slow that a!
tu:ough the keel was laid down In
2anuary. 21889. she was not launched
until June, 1892. and by that tirme
the plans had been altfted so much
that she was practically of American
From the start she showed up
badly. In fact. she had such a
series of mishaps that she became
known as the greatest landgoing bat
tieship in the world. Not only did
she sink twice, once rht in her
dock at the Birooklyn Navy Yard.
but she used to try the patience of
the authoritie-s at Washin~ton by
violating the navy reguilations and
running ashore four or five timnes
a y.ear. Her weakness for explor
Ing shoals and mud jats made it
sook as if she should have been
transferred to the Coast and Geod
However, she redeemed herself
before Santiago. She was really out
of date then, but her nose was
shoved into the fight and she ac
quitted herself nobly. But so many:
accidents kept recurring that the tit
le of the Hoodoo of the Navy still
clung to her.
In fact, her ill luck began while
she was being built. A dozen men
were fataliy hurt on her while sh.
was in course of construction an~t
t wo men were plunged to death from
her deck. Her engines were scorch
ed in a fire at the Richmond iron
V. orks and her propeller was broken
her dock trial she swampea a lum
ber schooner with the wash from her
screw. Heeled over by the wind and
the unequal weicht of the patrially
set up turret. she nearly sank in her
dock at Norfolk before she was com
pleted. She was put in dry dock.
and it was found that she was not
strong enough to bear her own
She proved herself a poor steam
er. and burned great quantities of
coal. On Nov. 9. 1q96. while she
was lying at the Co- Dock at the
Brooklyn Navy Yard one of her sea
cocks became unfastened and she
sank. Had the accident occurred -t
sea the ship would ha-'e been lost.
On every one of her trial trips'
something happened in the natur
of a breakdown in some part of
her machinery. Either the eccentric
strap got hot or her condensers fail
ed to work or the steering gear got
out of order. The loss of four an
chors was among the little thinzs
that emphasized her reputation :or
In February. 1S97. she went
ashore on the Dry Tortungas. and
in the winter of the same year she
crounded in Wallabout Channel. In
Boston Harbor the same winter an
engine in one of her launches ex
ploded, injuring six men. Acain
while being drydocked at the Brook
lyn Navy Yard an accident occurred
which showed alleged structural
weaknes which cost $125.000 to
remedy. She scraped her bilge on
the sill of the dock and settled
down like a bag of wheat in th.,
basin. This was in November. IS97.
It was only chance that saved tne
Texas from being rammed and sent
to the bottom by the Brooklyn in
the battle with Admiral Cerveras
1eet off Santia:o on July 3. lS9.
Two weeks before that she had her
Arst fight in Cuban waters and n
narrow escape from a submarine
nAmine off the (uantanamo b.tteries.
When the Texas joined Admiral
Sampson's squadron off Santiago or
ders were issued that if the enemy
tries to esape the shi-s ware to
close in and engage as soon as pos
sible and to sink the SManih vev
vels or send them ashore. On the
day of the battle the American ves
eels moved toward the mouth of the
When the Marie Teresa started to
run for it. the Iowa ga-:e the order
"Enemy's shi-ps escapirig." then -ir
nalled. "Clear for action." and
gave a third order. "Close up.'' at!
i execution of Admiral Sampson'F
standing order. As the Brooklya
stear ed in toward the mouth of the
harbor. Commodore Schley. who uas
aboard her, explained to her com
mander. Capt. Cook, that the * Close
up" meant he was to keep some
where within 1.000 yards from the
enemy. so as to be outside of her
broadside torpedo range.
Capt. ^ ook cave orders to port
the helm, and the Brooklyn begr
to turn away from the battle line
and presented her stern to the hos
I tile cruisers. The Brooklyn ran .
about 2.000 yards south and all but
came into collision with the Texas.
which saved herself by reversing hcr
engines. A hole was thus left in the
blockading line through which the
enemy promptly steamed.
The late Capt. Philip of the Tex
as in describing this incident, wrote:
"Suddenly a whiff of breeze and
a lull in the firing lifted the pal.
and there bearing toward us and
actoss our bows, turning on her port
helm, with big waves curling over
her bows and great clouds of black
smoak pouring from her funnels.
was the Brooklyn. She looked as
big as l--!i a dozen Great Easterns.
'Back both engines hard!' went down
tbe tube to the astonished engineers
and in a twinkling the old ship ware
racing against herself. Had the~
Brooklyn struck us then it would
probably have been the -nd of the
-Texas and her half thousand men.'*
Aside from this incident the shaze
of the Texas in the fighting of.' San
tiago was conspicious. On .June 2
a shell from Santiago's Stooro pierc
ed a six-inch hole in her bow. under
the anchor and killed Frank Blake
ly. a first class apprentice. In the
fighting on July 3 a shell from the
Almirante Oquendo pierced the star
board bulkhead under the bridge.
entered the smokestack and ex
For two years after the war the
Texas had a pe-aceful and uneven
tual career. On Nov. 30. 1902. how-1
ever, when at target practice aiong
the New England coast the discharg.e
of one of the big guns broke the re
coils, with the result that the r-in
foundations were shattered. water
and steam pipes were crutsh-.d and
damage was done that was thought
at firat to be Impossible to repair.
However. she was repaired and as
she left the drydock she came into
collision with the enier Sterling.
bending many of her forward plates
and putting her out of commission
for another six weeks.
During the next two years she
ran aground no less than six tim's.
She was hard aground at Dry Tor
tugas twIce Inside of three months.
This trIck was varied slight!.s a lit
tIe later in the samne port when she
ran on a coral r.eef. u't.rinc con
siderably from the scrap'ing she re
ceived. On another e-ceasion she be-I
came so firmly wedged in the mud lat~
Newport that six tugs we-.c re'quir
ed to paff her out.
The back draugh from on" of her
twelve-inch guns caused ainni her b,.d
accident on. A:'ril 15, 190. And in
April of the following year she was
badly damage-d by running into a
derelict off South Carolina. Her
plates v~ero so batdly t wisted th.:t
she had to be drv-d'ck."d for se'
eral weeks, in a'ldition. a collision
with the floatin~g crane Hetrcula. at
the Brooklyn N:tvy Yard. lons.-n-d
her how and ke;'t her ou: of eo
mission for some time.
In .July. 19"'. the cr'uising dar
of the ill fated hfrttleship e':i--d. :-ad
she was t:e.d up at r h.- ('h:tries' en
Navy Yard, whe're she h-ram.'
floating house for enist.-d menr. 'h1
I ast active service of the warshi
was :tag duty with the starre~d pen
nant of Rear-.Admiral1 F W. Dtic
ins, U' S. N.. atloat. That was :n 'h"
spring of 19(b. When th.- I!o.t re
Itrned from the matneouzvreso
Carleston in .I::ne. Rear-Admia
likin's command was disbanded
~The Text~s was then dlocked at Fts
nnlstr'ipp~ng of its-hefor fe--k R'u
ton and came to ChatK'.--sn for tinal
stripping of it- si\nc-h zu-m
Rut th-- hoodno !!o'u.'! h.'r ther
-even after 'she was ou:t of co':is
sinf. She natrro'wly ese:-:n-! b+-in
blown up by a c~r-e vig'or. who
was found smiokinit a ei~.:ar-et'e in
Ithe powder magazine.
Now it has been decided to~ shoot
RUIN COTTON CROP
A "ONSl'IIACY SAID TO BE ON
FOOT TO DISTRIBUTE
Thou"ands of Lit Cotton Wk>4l Wee
vils by Night in Georgia and Thit
An alleged conspiracy by crooke
,peculators to ruin the south-s cotton
crop by secretly distribouting thous
ands of live boil weevils in the field:
under cover of night. was brought to
light in Atlanta Saturday when Gov
--rnor-elct Hoke Smith made pubhli
a letter of warning. sent him anomv
-nously by a New Orleans business
:man. This man called at Mr. Smith's
Wlice Friday aternoon. made known
!is identity and good faith. and cor
-oborated all the statements in the
Two men approached him in New
:)rleans a short time ago, he declares
ind solicited his help in a diabolical
-cheme to curtail this year's crop by
inundating Georgia and South Caro
Ina with the weevils. buyin; great
-uantities of October cotton now. and
selling when the crop shortage sent
prices higher, making a fortune for
'hemselves. at the awful expense W
:l.vastating one of the richest ag
-icultural sections of the union not
nly for one year but for years to
The author of the letter says ht
.swore to the two men that he would
not disclose their names. and insist,
that his own be withheld from publi
c-ation. He came,. clear from Ilir
ningham Friday to assure Governor
elect Smith of his good faith. He
-onvinced Mr. Smith that he was
not a crank. and not a grafter. for he
.anted nothing. le simply felt it
his duty to m-ike the matter public.
tas Mr. Smith now feels it hi:
tutv to :ive the contents of the let
!,r to all !he farmers of the south.
-hrough the newspapers.
Geo4r:ia State Entomologist Lee
Worsh:-m says the scheme as se'
orth is entirely feasible and possi
ble. and that any one of a mind tc
-owmit such an appalling act. could
-ork so -nohtrusively that it would]
)e practically impossible to detect
hem. lie does not know anythin:
.:ore of the alleged plot than con
tained in the story and letter give:
out by 'M.r. Smith. of such a thint
being done. and asks that all farm
ers and others he on the watch fo
any suspicious characters about thb
--It was pretty well established
some six years av.o that the bol:
%%eevil was surrep.itiously introduc
-.d on Audubon farm in Mississipp
.y some unknown miscreant." said
Mr. Worsham. "The pest had ap
--aured nowhere in the state up t(
-hat time. and was not within man:
miles of the farm. Suddenly and
without warnin: it appeared. Gov
~rnment e'xperts were summonee
and after a careful investigation de
'lared that the weevil could no1
have ap;>eared there without havinj
been brought !n from a distance. N<
trace of the perpetrator of the out
rage could be found.
'lt would be possible for ama
to scatter the pest fro:a the win
-tow of a fast moving train. EnougI
wouldl find lodgment to get a start
Once it begins its spread is rapid
history showing that it travels frot:
7.to 1.30 miles every year into new
territory. A scoundrel mean e'nougl:
to do such a thin: would commi1
the act with due care, and thern
would be small chance of ever de
"I estiriate that the weevil will
cross the line into Southwest Geor
nia late next year. but will not b4
seriously felt until the year follow
ng. All we can do is to get ready
to combat it hy every known and
possib'le means at hand."
Mr. \\orsham was asked if the
*ana would destroy the weevil. He
state'd thaet It would not eat them at
first, but had finally come to like
and destroy large quantities of them.
This is one of the arguments some
awmakers will put forward fot
stringent laws to protect the quail
from further slaughter for a period
of years. Field larkes and orloles
will also eat the weevil.
IToth he and Mr. Smith are inclin
ed to believe that the widespread
publication and exposure of the
ch.'n.e. puttting the rarmers on not.
ie., and arousing them to protect
their fields. with armed force if nec
eary, will force the conspirators
to abandon their plans. Here is the
!et.-r received by Hon. Hoake Smith:
"N\ew Orleans. .lan. 31. 1911.
"lon. He.ke Smith. Governor of
"l~ear Si:': In writting this let.
er 1 do so becaurse I feel it is my~
luty :.nd I know you well enough by
repuation to know you will appr.'
eate it fully. I will be as brief as ;>o.
-it. -ind get ri :ht to the point.
''Thi:'e a're : wo n:.'n. (C::.'fo~
Texas. and I amn not just sure where
the' other is fronm at this writing.
but I should say Chica:go fromt his
talk. amre going to distribute boil
w.i in every cotton-raising coun
tv in Ge'orgia an d South C'arolinam -n
he next i1-' d:iys. They claim to
have over 100.OeA,( liv,' insects no"
:nd they showed tme a box contatining
I .should say -~..000e of them.
*Their object in dliscussing it with
me was to ge't me to help distmib
;te th.' w' vil and share in the prof
is. That is. I was to buyv 1.
bales Oc'tober cotton. I think from
h.- talk that one man has a.lreadiy
:one to Augustat with se'.eralI thous'
nin sma!~e! box.
"Itow I ha;.pen to be abtle to writ.
t his informtation came" a:.ot:t itn
hi'e way: I met one of the men.
hont I h my.e known for s.'v.'ral years
udw. had two or thre drinks to
her amnd the c'onversamtion dlrifted
:-.tton. I cxpiressed a helief th::t
o.ton wou td d'.-elIne 1I p'e oints or
tore Fina!!y he said if I would
. him my word as a man he wvould
11 m. sm-thing ou:t of wvhich I
-ould mke a fortune. l promrised
t nd this was the scheme he dis
-sed to mue. He nave me a mass of
!.nMs. etc . that for the present are
vathiens. Th.' second m-in s'-emedl
rad :o trus' me. or any one. :n
:uae ~ :.n who:n' I knew as
ri! .e -o.1d rom h.'r mionrinus in
h. Na'vy Yard to the shoal wate'r
f th.' c'h.-.p.ake. wh.-re twelve anzd
hr.-n inch projectiles will soon
iish har. The hoodoo of the navy
WANT SQUARE DEAL
THAT IS ALL THE FARMIERS OF
THE OUNTRY ASK.
National Mastcr .tahum J. Rachel
der. of the National Grange. Re
plies to Secretary Wilson.
The proposed Canadian recipro
-ity agreement is attacked in a letter
sent on Monday to Secretary James
Wilson. by former Governor Nahum
.1. Rachelder. of Conco-d. N. H.. na
tional master of the National Grance.
Patrons of Husbandry. and chairm-n
of the executive committee of that
organization. The letter is a reply
to the communication favoring the
agreement. sent by Secretary Wil
son. on February 9. Mr. Rachelder
derlares that the agreement is unfair
to the farmers of the U'nited States.
who "asked for nothing but a squaie
deal-equal protection for all classes
and interests. and they will take
nothing less." The letter says in
-In reply to our statement that
the pending bill was one-sided and
unfair to the farmers. in that it
makes no material reduction in dv
t'ies on manufactured articles. you
attempted to defend that cons
quence of a high tariff for manufac
- urers along with free trade for the;
farmers. by claiminc that it is the
:)rotected workers who furnIsh the
farmers with their chief market. We
would respectfully submit that you
are simply repeating the pet ar.:
nient of the domestic manfac'turers.
and that in asserting that the pros
perity of the farmer depen-is upotn
the workers In protected in,!nstries.
you are claiming what is exactly, 1te"
reverse of actual conditiors. W
cannot understand how at thi 1.41e
day you should be found repeating
the stale and exploded theory that
the farmers exist by the grace of
protected manufacturers or any one
else on earth.
"The sole question before the
neople is whether they shall have
free trade in aUl farm products and
high protection for manufactured ar
ticles. We understand that you are.
a Protectionist. What kind of pro
tetion is it that would compel th.
farmer to pay from 45 to 6o per
cent duties on everything he buys.
land subject him to free trade coim
petition in farm products in Canada
than in this country?
"You know that the price of farm
land is much lower in Canada. You
know that the wages of Canadian
farm laborers are much lower than
we have to pay. You know that the
Canadian farmer buys his manufac
tured articles cheaper, because his
tariff duties ^n foreign goods are
!ower. You know that the farm
lands of Canada are mostly virgin
soil, requiring no fertilIzer, while
our lands have been cropped so long
that we must use Immense quanti
ties of fertilizers. And yet. knowing
all this. you would strike down the
v'ery' moderate tariff. averaging about
25 per cent. which they now recette.
without giving them the benefit of
any real reduction of duties on man
"We can only conclude that you
have been deceived by the special
interests, which have been cuinningly
plottiti: to allay the country-wide
elr. r for an honest revision of the
tariff by making thg farmer th'o
scapegoat for the workings of higit
Lore's Young Dream.
Sighing like a furnace,
Over ears in love.
Blind in adoration
Of his ladie's glove:
ThInks no girl was ever
Quite so sweet as she.
Tells you she's an angel,
Expects you to agree.
Mioping and repining.
Gloomy and morose.
Asks the price of poison,
Thinks he'll take a dlose;
Women are so fickle.
Love is all a sham.
.Marria~e is a failure.
Life a broken dar..
Whistling. blithe and cheerful,
Now he's bright and gay.
D~ancing, laughing, singing.
All the livelong day:.
rFull of fun and frolic.
Cau:ht in fashion's whirl.
Thinks no more of poison.
Got another girl. -HRS.
Hor,.e Killed by a Ikoer.
Near Aiken the other day a hotse
was at tacked and killed by' a boar
b.'longing to W. Rothrock. The hon
was in a pa.,tur.' near Aike'n. Wia:i
Taylor had driven into th.' pastur'e
to look at somne cattle. le'aving h:s
horse hitc'hed. The hoar attacked
theC horse'. disemboweling it.*
\Mining Art Student.
A om~ne~ dispatch sava t he ttaii!an
.-.on~en isnow inclined to fe:ar
tha st th.' disapp;earantces of He.nry
Lawrenc'ie Wo.ulfe. of New' York. was~
the resuzlt of a crimte. and o!!'e.red a
reward for the disenvery of the miiies
ing art student.*
Gsive,. I'p the Fight.
c'omitt ed s.,i'ide We dne-d..' :,' 1'1'*
hom:" of his brot :wr inia :the
Wellr'l.:e se'ction of Ches, - r :my
lie was unmarried.
~sur d hinm I was aill 0. K. IIn~
the rooti ~dene. I felt it was my du-ty
to do something. so I thoiaht d
w'rite ''' and let you adv:se th-" o':
ct'rt and farm.-rs to be on th.' lookout
f.'r suas;.icious' peop'l--. I am ai hu
i.-ss nman here aind doc :.o' '.an
anyi notoriety. s.o muis? make hi
:.n anni~onynnus l''tter. . Am leavi~
for New' Y.ork tonight. If youar
.se .inlet a -;-erson l'i n t'.
York ilerald and sign it <;-or-~
n next S:unday 's iaper. I amn
n:~' to 'omu. and 'see yo: and do
prom s d upon my honor i would
not di'-'ne anv names. 'But I mi.:h'
help you aind your of!'xcers inter----pt
~the insect and arrest the nmen wit:
Mir. Smith re.c.ived the lettet nn
Wednesday. F'ebruary 1. Hi" comn
mauni-Mted at once with Commuissiont
or of A urie':!ture Hudison aindl St.'''
Fntonmolonist W.orshama. A\s a r
s-iit of :h.'ir 'onf're'nce (:oy.'rnIar
:a!" in th-- N.-w York Hel.rald on Su:n
dar. the .th. They also agreedi th:,
the letter should be published to put
Congressman Smith Warns Against 11
In Lking Report on Subj d
A SUMARY OF REPORT
He .xy.f He I ind.. Concentration of
Contril of Stanling Timber in
Very Few Mandl% and lie Finl:
Siculative lod'inas Far in Ad
vance of Any 15e Thereof.
Concentration of the control of
tne standing ti:nho'r in a ve-ry fen
hands, vasts speculative holdings
*far in advan.- of any u.sr tlhereof.[
an enormious incre:se in the value
of "this dituJ.ni:-hing naturat r
source. with gr-at ;rofits to its own
ors." and inci-intly "-an-d equally
sinistvr land moo-y"and -eoe
Iv con n.*ct .-d! rai Iroai do inat ion"*
-thest' are he findings reported to
Presid.'nt Taft. by Iferbert Kno.
Snith. conimissioner of corporations..
In the tirst i nmnt of hi-. long
awaitt.: re-ort on the liber indus
try of the country.
The re.';ort was m1ade public....
...we s:'bmitted to Congress by
tht' President. It constituted the
*first coniprhensive and met hodical
investigation of the amount of and
ownership -.f our standing timber.
The report its'lf comprises :ts prit
-d ;.a.s. but a summary of its coi
ets :s c~ntai.-d in a letter sub
Titt.' by .lr. Smith.
"'Tht-r' are min.ny :reat conbina
tion- in oth-r industries." says the
-ommtia.ione'r. "he ! format:on is
-o:. -e. a t h.' lnuber indust
onl thet oiher hand. the bar.-u now
finds in the miaking a combina
tion caus,-d1 fun i -mentally. by a
!on;: stand-inz ;ublic po1licy.
"In the last forty years concen
tration has so proreeled that .
holders. nyn interrelated. now have
practically one-half the privately
owned tlnmbt'r in the investigation
area. I which 'ontais tSl per cent
of the whole.) This formidable
process of coneentration. in timhe
and in land. involves grav- futur
possibiliries of impregnatnt mone
oly. with far-reaching consequen'-'
to sooiety. it is now ditmcult to tn
ticipate fully or to overestimato
"The foremost facts shown are:
First. the concentration (- a domi
nating control of our standing tim
ber in a conparatively few enor
mous holdings. steadily tending to
wards a central control of the lum
ber industry: se-ond Iy. vast hold
ing of timboer land far in advance of
any use thereof: third. an enormoius
increas-- in th.- -alue of this dimin
ishir. natuir:l resource. with zreat
profits to its owners. This value.
by the very nat ure of standing tim
her, the holder neith.-r created nor
"These are the underlying facts "if
tremnendous se-rvice to the ptublic
welfatre. They are~ primuarily the re
suts of our public land policy, long
continuori. The la.ws thaet repr--isent
that policy are still largel!y opera
tive. The past history a.nd pr -'tt
status of our standing tImber iv-:'
home npon us the imperativ" nIee--.
sity of revising our public policy tor
future mana::eme.nt of all our re
maning naiturai resources."
The commissioner then traces th"
Interval during which tittb -r landr
passe-d fronm (.overnmient to pri' ate
"Th.-re is now left.-- he continues.
-in Continental T-nited States a.bent'
2.00' billion board feet of pri" ite
own.'d standing timber, of %'.:t<f
1.7;7 billion is in the -investicatien
-rea- covered in great detail by ttav
hreaui. This area includes X.*P',
cific Northwest. the Sothelrn ptne
region :-nd the I.ak.' States, aind con
:tins about so''. pr ce~nt of all the
;rivate timb.'r of the country. In
addition. there are about 529 hil
lion feet in the national forcsts a.nd
about fa( billi--n fee't on ether vari
ous:.riva:t.. I:and s. Thus. the totalI
atoutit of stand"ing t imb ier in Con
tnenta! l'nited States is about
2.S"" billion hoard fe-t
The present annual drain tpon
the supply of saw timbher is about
En hillion fo.-t. .\ this rate the
timber now s'andinr. ~' ithoutt allo ~v
ance for :rowth or d'caty. woul last
--Th.. :.r."-.'nt '.tonmercial value of
privat''ly own..! standing timber in
th- coun:ry.. nlot ine!:ding the v'al.
of the land,.s es aut.d at six lbil
lion dollars. F-!t imate.':' the coa
suer will have to pay high.'r ;aric-e
for l::mbher. which wi!l give this
tim.-r a ..r .tre:'ter tvalu."
Th.- commis-toner de'clares the
holdingzs of the Weierhaire's Tim:"er
'omp anv. th--. Sou1the"r and! North
er of the* ,.:ntry
In thI.' Southern pine rion.
said the r.-io--. in tak~iing u the
<i-.-i;.onf :in'b.'r latnd .t "ter
arS~ Wilon f- t of priaelv
aw.'! ilmb--'. r.n..nory:::i.n in to.
.nl .-",r.-.- Si't-s*' -. 2. rs own
I: P .-r e-': af -beS' sh.>r! l''e and
iMb!v:::'. an I ! p--r ce of the'
>omint: to the .'ft's of this. th..
a a s-:t'tdi-:z ta b.-r. if :-r
e of h5 tmber The th:'0-'
er.- ,temevs na*. t
WATSON IS SCARED
ILAIIS TII.T S4MIE ONE TllEI)
To . *SASSlN.lTl'- HI.
Wirel! Chief lliott of .\uguFsta to
Come tip Thonmson an4 lring Itlood
Hound% to Catch Man.
The Augzusta C'hro-irle says 'Mr.
Thoias E. \%atson thought. lihurs
lay ni:ht. ar a:t'.mpt was going to
be made to assassinate nim. In far'
Mr. \atson is now offering a reward
of S~.'in for the capture and r-turn
to Thomson of thr-e m.n whom he
has s.-en around his place.
Tb:rsdiy afternoon Mr. Watson
wired and later called Chief George
P. Elliott. of the Augusta police de
partm.*nt. and asked that he either
to to Thomson. or secure and sen-i
!.lood hounds to th-' place. to cap
-ire "a hoyish looking young man.
wearing high he-led shoes. whom
\Mr. Warson thought was "skulkinu
around to kill him.
One of tho messazes received by
C'hief Elli-ott. while rather n:eazer as
to description ani information. was
to the effect that the chief was wnrt
ed in Thomson on account of an at
enpt to assassinate Mr. Watson.
C'hief Elliott. in telephon.- conversa
Ion. told W-r. Witson that there wer.'
no dozs available in or near Au
rusta. fit to trtil a criminal. and v-ia
zested that he try to get thirm from
Subsequent inform'wtion from
Thomi.on is to th- effect -at Mr.
Waison enlled on the sherit of Me
Duffie county early Thursitv ni!,h
to send a posse to his -wse. toca
ture some men who were trying to
assas5.anto him. and a search was
made of the woods around Mr. Wat
-on-s hou-e. which d.ve!oned 'he funet
:thu --!om o MliDuffM weo~e- - ita
to* learned how many -.-were in that
neighborhood. trying to catch a cou
.le of nerroes.
Chief Elliott says one of the nies
sages received by him Thurs-iay
"izht w~zs to the effect that a posse
was on the scene at that time. hn
:ho dogs were still wanted. Yester
'-v subsequent tel.-vrans wore re
Oived from 'Mr. Watson ty the- chief
askin: for assictance. and last night
'he following !e!egral w:s receif-:d Ib
from Mr. Watson by The Chronielo:
Thomson. Ga.. Feh 17. 1911.
Chroniele. Augusta. Ga.:
Will you kindly allow me Sp)ace to
annouince that I wifl pay a reward of
S-M for the arroet and return to
Thomson of the three men who hav.
been skulking around my hlme ar
nizht and concealing themselves :n
the swamp on my place duti the
daytime ecr since Monday night of r
this week. 1
One of these men !s said to h
boyish lot4nr and his footrrnts on
the soft. damn ground indicate he
is wearing practically new shoes with a
unusually high h'-els. narrow nointed A
toes. curving slightly inward. The
style of shoe is known among deal
ers as extreme. This man Is thourht
-o be wearin: a derby hat. S
The men are well dressed, each in
dark clothes which shottld now show t&
sizns that they have spent several
-lays and nights dodging about in e
sw:.mps and thick-ts.
It is thou-rht they are headed to- -h
wards Atlanta. -
Thomas FE. Watson.*
SWINI.ING THE NEGROE.S. of
Rihle With Angels Representing Col
ored Race Sold.n
A nuteer story ecmes from Rome.
Ga.. where some smooth rascals ar.'
-nliing foolish country negroes by .
selling them at outrageous prices a t
!ible in which the picture of all
angels, the Savior and Bible charac
ters generally hav.e b.'e, artfutl:y
ro!or.'d to represe.nt the A frican
rac'e. It is said th'-se sharpers ar.'
working in other parts of thi. stat'.
also, and. 1.nless the negroes are
:-,e-d on guard, hundreds will b.:
The PRilb is said to be a cheap'
o. worth abhout $1. The pie-ures a:
:n somej~ cas.-s h.ave been past-.d In
att! coloered to unvke all characters
r'proe'.r.:er! biack. These 1i-e!es are'
solde for S'' dorwn and a balance of
.inin~:allnients. Th.' sharpeers
ioclare that histor!es bh-ve hoe: di3- t
-ove-red to show that the ent ire hum -
n race was org~ina!!y blaek, and'!l
-hi: trute T~'bt has te-n 'i::eAy of
'ri~st..d an! s'Ah! only to n~egro*s itn
ord to .- al.ish the :r-:th. f
1- is sai.t many of them hiave b-een :
soldi to igtnerat't and eas5iiv duted o!
nr-::roes. who e'-em to believe the th
:liy story toh! 'by the rascals who it
:r- s.-!!ing this fake I'ible. No --
!o::t these ras'cals in tim-- 'tt': (f
-" -e this seeiOn' an~d ,::-': ;o :st
-'i;'!. our re -r'-. \\Vton :h-.:: r~;
-nta- -hoy on;:hit :to b,'r:-'a- . and '
'o k d :-.as th y .,- nr' a' iin:: t e
th' m.at'*"t i.:intd of saindlers. l.'''k to
tt for t h-em.1.
-de (Cro-s I a;..-! b t :ho ;--o;. o
. --untr to id t -- u for
o bt ... 'at to the 'a - ''u I.
-rs '-s rers or the l-- i
made found at the
ROW cf 200"
s0 ame a
ROYAL BAK1NG POW(
al Reported Set D.stsihbting Thm
on Piasta:ion in Georgia.
NERE LOOKING FOR AID
What They 4aist When Caught
ii .tn. smdl Htole:--I'rrsident
IBlrrett tali on Farmer, to 'ro
tert Thwmuelve,-Says Fvery Pre
caution ShicuI be Taken by
Have the alle-ed h!oll weev-i di.
'bu:ors been o:brating in Colum
a county' is th. (Inustion that is
:itazin.: *ho f:irm-ers of some sec
ons of that county. areording In
te1.:.hone ns retceived by the
!izusta Chronicle Thursday.
The n:essaige stated that near
anfs. G;a.. two n..n were last week
en 'irivir.:: in their bt;::ies over
veral of the ;plnardus :n the sec
I! thr . i in tw tibld . :aid occasi.on
7 mai: .: ,n~ile hotles wth-1
:kcs Tos::-who ritF.stionled
emu lat:er they s?:t'ed th-tt they
:re lokn for ind~atirons of oil.
This ineihn:'vi ocu b.:fore the
the rn2nor that orn. n:4n h:: comne
Augustta for ~te pup of *.
: th.-m:-y ! . .r:':*rs of th.:t sec
d fe:ur th:nr it is pro-able th!at th
*-.- - :na- ba-.e ;:. plced in
No on:i. 0,. ::n. 8;-13 ntice o
d to e n : h :.:: (raw 'v ;
. u: e.u - of .-o .twat li;.: r
Wht Iarrest Na'.
Fo'owiu': :4 i :!--sont of an
ut :- ~. : e :ru ji ls w t
l.bo!! we-*~ ('hart - ::. :er .
ion. :n in een :: - t.dCa -
* - he .n i- I '' l w- Ifur.
* . .::a ::m . r of -m r:ia
er th a e :r. n e ;- an a I.-r
4. . -e I
'r .- . - - t
id the food is finer,
re tasty. cleanly
than the ready
: shop or grocery.
AN i31PORITANT DEPARTMENT OF
REID CROSS ORGANIZATION.
National Society Expects to Enroll
10.000 Trained Nurses for Service
in Time of War or Disaster.
A red cross on white ground en
eircled by the- words. "American Na
tional Red Cross Nurse." in letters
of zold on blue enamel, the whole
encosed in a laurel wreath-this Is
the ofncial emblem of the Nursing
Service of the American Red Cross,
and no higher honor can be bestowed
upon a nurse than the right to wear
ths had-e. for it means that she is
pled~red to the service of her coun
try. This emblem is protected by
law, and still further to prevent its
n:;proper use each badge Is num
bored and the names and addresses
of the nurses to whom they are Is
sned are on file in the Red Cross of
fire in Washington.
Th.- selection of these nurses is
one of the most imptortant duties de
volving upon the Red Cross. and so
imnortant ind.-ed did this duty seem
that~ a National Committee on Red
Cross Nursing Service was appointed
hv the War Relief Board of the
.American Red Cross In December.
i 9s9. This committee. consisting of
nine members representing the
Nt:rses Associated Alumnae of the
-nited St-ves and six members rep
reting the American Red Cross.
was~ made responsible for the organ
ization of an adequate nursing per
sonnel which shall be at all times
available for service under the ban
ner of the Red Cross.
The magnitude of this undertak
in2 may be indicated by the follow
is:figures: During the last year of
the Civil War there were 204 General
Ilosrpitals under the control of the
M..dical Department of the United
Armny. with a capacity of 136.894
If the Medical Department of the
.Armyv of 1S65 had undertaken to fur
nish anursing s'rrice comparable
with that which is considered neces
s.ary in our large hospitals today, an
army of over 27.000 nurses would
hive been re'iuired. There were,
however. no train.-d nurses available
in those dark ye-trs of the Civil War,
he"t today there are in the rnited
St-ates alone over 50.000 women who
Mr-y: ttraduated from training schools
for nurses, than which there are none
better in the world, and from these
th-e Red Cross hopes to enroll at
least 10.000 nurses-10l.000 selected
woe who are not only vouched for
hy the schools for nurses from which
ther have rraduated. but are recomn
mended by well-known members of
th.-t- own rprofeufion.
Th'e system of enrollment adopted
'v the Red Cross is a guarantee to
the' nat'on that in the stress of ca
Iamity or the turmoil of war there
s',nds ready for service a band of
Srm.-n worthy to follow ini the foot
')of their great teacher and ex
**:plar. Flor--nee Nightingale.*
WH!ITE CITlZE'N ARRF~STED.
uftPationf S.prung In theh Langford
. *spatch from Brunson says a
-n-toa feature in the Lanrford
r.f1er case deveioied Wdnesday
- a warrant was issued for L.. FD.
Y'-.". a orominent citizen of that
- je. ch-trging him with the allg
'.d crimoi&. On Novemr--r 29. last
re had of .1. B. Langford. a prom
non m.-rehant and citiz'*n of Brun
"n. wase fomud some distance oft
a p'ble- road. beween tnere and
s s. miii. abot? half a mile from
Mr:sn The discovery was made
--- a searching ?party. after his un
w.,-nned for absence from both his
e:.- nd mill for about 12 hours.
1a: v wa., ;ndcated and. upon
V.--a '.-1n of a Vonnal white wo
:.that: -h- saw- the !atai blow
r::ek. Richie WIll'ams. a negrt.
-., rre,.twl. charged with the k.i
:sand huirri--d fo the Pienitent:ary
,; . en: rhr.-atened vilne
Whiskey and love n--ver act two
a -ty tre same way.
-a appea rance~
.. -- . hav always held that the
.;:h'-rn states are so fort-:nately
.!wd-en-tur. that they sha'ild
ba t::dv inde~pendet of oth. r
y- one of oAe~ a.her all e
: e. b'-'t is e. sntia to atin
brne if we are to reap the advantages