Newspaper Page Text
MAKES IT PLAIN
State Board of Education Give Their
Side of Bak Adoption.
SAVIG TO THE STATE
Statement of the Appointive Members
of the State Board of Education
Concerning the Adoption of Text
Books for the Schools of South,
In view of the misunderstandings
.nderroneous statements that -have
grown out of the recent proltst is
sued ,by State Superintendent S .ear-.
ingen in reference to the late adop
tion of text books, the undersigned
appointive members of the State
Board of- Education submut to ,the:
people the following statement of
the facts -involved:
Fitness of the Members to Judge and
Select Text Books.
The undersignied members of the
Board have all of them been for many
years intimately connected with the
schools. Most of them are teach
ers of many years' experience of
nearly every grade and every kind of
Special Preparation for the Adoption.
, For something over two years,
they have had this adoption -in view
and have in consequence, been ac
quainting themselves with the usable
ness, and merits. of the books in
actual use in the schools. This has
been done not only by examination
of the books themselves but by the
- questioning of teachers all over the
For some six months prior to the
adoption, books to be offered began
to cone in and expert representatives
of-the book-oompanies began -the
visits to the several members of the
Board. The coming of these books
and. agents increased..in-frequency, so
that for some three months before
the adoption, the members were call
ed t6 spend most of their tIme, not
given to their regular work, in the
examination of books and the dis
cission of theinwith agents.
This prolonged and searching ex
amination of text books was supple
mented by informal discussions and
comparisons among the members
themselves while in attendance upon
Board meetings in Columbia. Hence
the several members entered the
adoption with clearly defined views
as to the relative- merits and suita
bility of various books, including
those now in use, and had, in many
cases, their minds made up on their
first choice, or on the' books whicb
they would be willing to accept in
place of this first choice, and with
definite ideas as to the opin
ions of their fellow members
Consequently when the time came for
adoption, the members were virtually
ready to vote intelligently without
the. necessity of much discussion.
though despite this preparation there
was full discussion on all Important
The undersigned members submit;
therefore, that this. experience and
this study of the books, it Is reasona
ble to conclude that their individual
judgment as to the merits of the
books submitted deserves the same
consideration, and is just as likely to
be correct, as that of Mr. Swearingen,
and that where a majority of them
were agreed upon 'a particular book,
it is just and rational, as well as
democratic, to assuue that this ma
jority opinion was- more--likely cor
rect than that of Mr. Swearingen or
that of any minority which included
Mr. Swearingen. .
The SO-Called Secret Ballot.
it is unthinkable -that Superinten
dent Swearingen intended in the
slightest degree to impugn or make
Insinuation against the integrity of
the members of the Board, either in
dividually or collectively. Indeed
we have his assurance that he did
not; yet that construction has been
put upon his protest and especially
uponi his reference to a secret ballot.
Hence we are at a loss to under
stand why, when he perceived that
the newspapers so construed his pro.
test, he did not, in justice to himself
and in justice to the Board, imme
diately publish a disclaimer of any
The ,ballot, it is due to say, was
not secret in the sense that any mem
ber's vote was concealed. It is due
to say, further, that not only was the
method based upon the precedent of
the adioption of five years ago, but.
In the agreement to adopt the Im
personal vote, it was distinctly stated
that, if in the voting any member
-desired to put on record anything
about the vote or adoption, he had
the right to do so.
In the case of most of the books.
especially of the more important
ones, there were a preliminary dis
cussion that revealed whether there
w"as any decided dixerences of opinion
among the members. Some member
then -put a particular book in nomi
nation. There was yet fuller discus
sion, including comparisons with
such other books as individual mem
bers thought worthy of mention. An
open individual vote was then taken.
Thus the whole Board knew how
each. member voted.
How the Members Voted.
On only three of the books adopt
* ed were the undersigned members
divided in their final vote. These
were the basal set of Readers, the
Geograpies and the English books be
low the high school. The following
voted for the Wheeler primer: Mfessrs
Daniel, Glenn. O'Driscoll. Rembert.
Thackston and Toms. In the case oi
the first and second basal Readers.
3Messrs. Glenn and Rembert voted for
the Graded Classics of B. F. Johnson
& Co. as a solid basal set. MIessrs.
Daniel, O'Driscoll, Rice. Thackston
and Toms voted for the Wheeler first
and second Readers, as adopted. In
the case of the Geographies, the final
vote stood for Siaury, MIessrs. Daniel.
O'Driscoll, Thackson, and Toms; for
Frye, Messrs. Glenn, Rembert ana
Rice. In'the case of the Grammars
the following voted for Kinard and
Withers books: Messrs. Gleinn,
O'Drlscoll, Rembert, Rice and Thack
ston. The following voted against
these books: Messrs. Daniel and
Toms. In each such instrance, how
ever, those who opposed the books fi
nally adopted cheerfully accepted and
approved the vordict of the majority.
-- In the final vote on all other books
S aopted the undersigned members
voted alike. 1:
Change of Text Books.
In reference to the change of text i
books, it must be remembered that I
the law itself anticipates the neces
sity for change in providing for a per
iodic adoption. The object, moreover :
in inviting bids is to secure not the <
cheapest books, but the best books J
at the lowest prices. The Board a
showed its recognition of this prin- c
ciple as a primary end in the fact C
that, at its first meeting and fre- 1
quently in the course of the adoption, c
it was repeated with emphasis that I
the first duty was to get the best 1
books irrespective of reasonable dif- i
ferences in price. One of the most
dangerous doctrines implied in Mr.
Swearingen' protest Is that which
tends to establish the principle that
books should not be changed and c
that cheapness-is the chicf object.
No man's child sh.ould be compell
ed -to use. inferior - text - books-- even
though such books were furnIstd
free of cost. Time once lost by the
child through poor books, is never
recovered and the damage done is
irreparable. People living in the
country. are, as a rule, not in posi
-ion to keep up with the advance in
text book improvements. These ad
vances are on a par with, or ahead
of, improvements. along other lines;
and books that were relatively good
four or five years ago may be rel-a
tively poor today. Surely the coun
try -children are entitled to as good
books as the town children are. This
advantage the Board was fully de
termined they should have, without
regard to criticism.
Increase in Prices. - - -
Most of those who have made com
parisons between particular books of
the old and the new adoption have
fallen into serious and misleading er
Primer and reader.-In the case
of the Primer, although the one
adopted costs 13 cents more than
the old one, it contains 6,700 words
or reading matter, wher. -s the old
Primer, pasteboard bound, cheaply
made, poorly illustrated, gave only
110 words of readi nmatter for one
Tenit,~ihife "the~ New Primer, cloth
bound. fully and beautifully illustrat
ed, gives 225 words of reading mat
ter -for 'one cent. - ~The judgment of
the school world upon this new book
may be inferred from the fact that
;t has been adopted in eleven States.
So, also, are the Readers adopted
superior to those discarded.
Reading is the most important sub
ject taught in the school, because
the child's progress in all other stu
dies depends upon his ability to read.
That series of Readers which enables
the child to gain this power In the
shortest possible time, is in the end
the best and cheapest. Such f series
undersigned members of the board
claim to have adopted.
Geographies.-In the comparison
between the old anT th6 adopted Pri
mary Geographies, the following is
the fact: The book thrown out was
confessedly unsuitable and was not
supported by a single member of the
Board. The Board was finally lim
ited to a choice between the New
Primary Frye at 40 cents and the
new Primary Maury at 45 cents, a
difference of five cents and net of 12
ents, as alleged.
iPhysiologies-It is equally unfair
and misleading -to compare the oost
of the three book series of Physiolo
ties adopted- with the two book ser
ies discarded. The third and added
book is to be used as an elective
science- In one 'of the high-- school
classes, and was adopted in response
to the most marked movement of the
day--the call for the education of
the people in health laws and pre
servation. In the two lower .books.
those adopted are so far ahead of the
old books that there is no compari
son. The Primer of Sanitation alone
if placed in the home of every man
in South Carolina and read and even
partly folliowed would save in one
year more money than this adoption
Arithmetics--The comparison be
tween the old and the new Arithme
tics 'is an instance of the glaring in
ustice done to the Board. The fol
-owing is the statement given:
Cost of old arithmetic, elemen
tary.. .. ............22
Cost of old arithmetic, advanc
Cost of new arithmetic, elemen
Cost of new arithmetic, inter
Cost of new arithmetic, advanc
ed.. .... .........--..
Ma-king the apparent increase on
arithmetics 47 cente'. As a matter
of fact, the New Advanced Arithme
tic quoted at 41 cents in the second
:Is above, was on the old list and
is a re-adopted book. The' proper
comparison should be:
Cost of old Wenthworth arith
metic, elementary.. .. . ....22
Cost of old Wentworth arith
tic, advanced.. .... ......40
Cost of old Milne arithmetic
advanced.. .... ...... ..-4.
Total.. ...... .......$1.03
Cost of new Milne arithmetic,
elementary.. .. .... ......32
Cost of new Milne arithmetic,
intermediate.. .. .. .. .. .. 6
Cost of readopted arithmetic,
advanced.. .... ........41
Total........... .... .-$1.09
This makes the increased price on
ly six cents. A change in the two
lower Arithmetics w'as considered
advisable, since in the judgment of
the Board they were out of date.
Such being the case, the adoption or
the Milne was logical, inasmuch as
the advanced Milne was already on
the list and the whole series was al
ready widely used in the independent
schools of the State.
Saving to the State.
Those who have commented on the
cost of th4 adoption have overlooked
he positiva fact that this Board has
secured what is confessedly the best
contract ever obtained from the pub
lisers ir- this country. For we main
tain that the credit for this contract
is due to no one man, but that the
contract was the product of the com
bined judgment of the whole Board
and was unanimously adopted by it.
Py this contract, for the first time
in the history of book adoptions,
"any old book" in the hand of the
Ichild has been given a definite money
value and will be tagen in exchange
for any book of a lower or higher
grade in the same series. By the
same contract, too, the length of
ncreased 25 per cent.
Both the method ,and the saving
n this exchange provision may il
ustrated with the Readers. By the
ontract the old Johnson Primer,
rhich, when new, cost the children
.2 cents, has now an exchange value
f 15 cents. That is to say, an old
ohnson Primer and 10 cents will buy
new Wheeler Primer, the retail
ontract price of which is 25 cents.
)r the same Primer and 10 cents will
uy a new Wheeler First Reader, the
ontract price of whica is 25 cents.
n the same way, an old Primer may
e used at this valuation of 15 cents
o help pay for any reader, first,
econd, third, fourth, or fifth: where
s, in the past a Primer could be ex
hanged only for a Primer. Further,
Ln old first reader, which cost 20
ents when new, has by contract been
iven a money value of 15 cents and
nay be used to help pay for a Primer
r for any Reader.
In the case of the Geographies, the
!d Primary Geography, which was
iscarded by the Board, and which
ost when new 33 cents, has by con
ract been given an exchange value
f 23 cents, being only 10 'cents less
han it cost when new. That is* to
ay, an old primary geography and
2 cent swill pay for the new book
dopted. Or the old Primary Geog
-aphy and 65 cents will pay for the
iew Advanced Geography. So, too,
he old Advanced Geography and 22
-ets will buy the new Primary Geog
aphy. Could .tny- one deny that
noney has been saved to the State
Cost to the State.
It has been claimed that the Board
)y its action wantonly destroyed
property values estimated at $500,
00. This sum is just #a few thous
nd less than the cost of all the
;chool books bought in South Caro
lina during the years 1906-1911.
ow preposterous this claim is will
appear from the following:
It assumes that all these books,
wven those bought five years ago, are
still in usable form in the hands of
he children and are now worth what
.hey cost when.new. It assumes also
hat if all the old books had been
reaopted, the children of the State
would not have had to buy any new
books d-uring the coming five years.
ft forgets that each book now in the
1ands of the child has not only paid
its price in use, bat is by contract
given an added- definite value, ap
proximately fifty per cent. of its orig
inal cost. -
The following analysis will show
that the apparent-loss to the State
would in reality -be only about $16,
000 a year for the five-year period,
ar only about 4 2-3 cents per child.
instead of the alleged loss of $500,
000. As it is claimed that the loss
was entailed by the assumed eighty
per cent change, then the entire vai
ae involved would be upon this eighty
per cent. or upon $400,000 instead
of $500,000. It is, however, general
ly estimated by teachers and exper
ienced book men that the average
life of a text book, especially in the
lower--grades;j-is- from one to -three
years. On a liberal allowance then,
the ooks bought during .the first
three years of the last adoption per
iod are not usab-le in class, thouigh
by the contract they have been given
an exchange money value. This re
duces the possible loss to the books
bought during the last two years, or
to two-ffths of '$400:000, ~that is
$160,000. Now, not only have these
books -paid their price in actual use,
but they have an actual value of fifty
per ' cent 'of their -cost when new
This reduces the alleged loss to $80,
000. If this loss be distributed over
a period of five years, a legitimrate
distribution, inasmuch as the assum
ed loss covered that period, this
makes a so-called loss of $1.6,000 a
year. This leaves a so-called loss of
$1,000 'a year to be distributed
among the 340,000 and more chil
dren in the schools, or about four ano~
2-3 cents apiece.
Thus, at this slight additional ex
pense of 4 2-3 cents, each child in
the State would be supplied with new
and better books. Surely this is gain
and not loss. For it is a serious in
justice to a child, an injustice at once
physical, intellectual and aesthetic, to
put into his hands an old, defaced,
and filthy book in any study.
We have gone into these figures on
the assumption that the statement
that 80 per cent. of the books ha're
been changed, is correct. The cor
rectness of the statement we do not
admit. Exclusive of copy books and
drawing books, which are destroyed
by use, supplementary English Clas
sis and duplicates there were 53
books on the old list. Of this num
ber 23 only were changed, whereas
20 were readopted. Ten were entire
ly dropped from the list. Owing to
the extension of the high school
course, it becomes necessary to add
nine new books to the list for high
school use. Let each 'man calculate
the percentage of change for him
The foregoing is a statement of the
essential facts of the adoption, of
the -preliminary preparation of the
members of the Board, and of the
fair and rational view to take of the
cost involved. The undersigned ap
pointive members have no apology
to make either for the results of the
adoption or for the methcds used.
They entered upon the task with only
one purpose, to further the best in
terest of the schools and of the chil
dren of South Carolina. They brought
to bear upon this task their best ex
perience, the unremitting toil of
months, and the deepest interest and
sncerity. They believe that with due
allowance focr the fallibility of hu
ran judgment they have succeeded.
To the test of use, to those who know
books and the needs of our schools,
and to the sober second thought of
the fair-minded people of their State.
they leave the final verdict.
D. M. O'Driscoll, 1st district.
Hf. F. Rice, 2nd district.
D. W. Daniel, 3rd district.
A. G. Rembert, 4th district,
3. Lyles Glenn, 5th district.
Nathan Toms, 6th district,
A. J. Thackston, 7th district.
Auto Turned Turtle.
At Anniston, Ala., J. D. Dill, a bak
er, was killed, Mrs. 'Mary Dill. Mr.
and Mrs. Charles Dill 'and Charles
Dill, Jr., probably fatally injured
!.onday night, when an automobile
in which they were riding turned
turfle. The accident occurred when
an attempt was made to avoid a
:tollision with 'another automobile.
Crazed from Pellagra.
Crazed by the suffering caused by
pellagra, which was contracted two
rears ago, Mrs. 3. W. Cate of Nash
ville, Tenn., aged 37, killed herself
bydrnkn arbholi acid Monday.
lany Kiled and Wounded as Fast Train
Plungs Over Viaduct.
BAD FIRE BREAKS OUT
rhe Federal Express Running From
Washington to Boston Over the
New York, New Haven and Hart
ford Railroad Wrecked at Bridge
port With Great Loss of Life.
Many lives, probably twenty, were
crushed out in an instant and proba
bly three times as many persons were
frightfully hurt Tuesday when the
Federal Express running from Wash
ington, D. C. to Boston, over the
New York, New Haven and Hartford
Railroad was hurled over a con
viaduct at Bridgeport, Conn., by an
Fire broke out in the wreckage
but the Bridgeport fire department
quickly put this out and the men
lent assistance to rescue the injured.
Ambulances and doctors hastily sum
moned did their best to save those
who were under the debris. At 6:30
o'clock the bodies of 15 dead had
been taken from the wreck and ior
ty other passengers were in the lo
cal hospitals severely injured.
The more severely injured are:
Unidentified woman, eye goughed
out, face terribly bruised, leg frac
LMichael Fury, conductor of train,
New Rochelle, N. Y., fracture of
skull, -internal injuries, will die.
David Kissner, New York, brake
man, fi-acture of the left leg, other
injuries, will probably die.
Mrs. James B. Joyce, of Maury, a
suburb of Washington, fracture of
the left wrist, back injured, shock,
Sarah Czalobro, 931 South Penn
sylvania street, Philadelphia, head
badly cut, body bruised, shock, con
Christie and Antony Czalobro, hei
two children, five and eight years
Christie, bi-uised about head and
body, internal injuries; Antony
fractured arm, scalp wounds; inter
nal, may die.
John F. Von Pfeiffer, McDonald St
Deadvile, Mass., fracture of skull,
Frank Von Pfeiffer, cousin oJ
John, 227 East North street, Phila
delphiadelphia, fracture of ribs, dis
location of shoulder; condition seri
Miss Lucy Note, 222 Washingtox
avenue, Washington, internal inju
ries, condition critical.
George Rogers, Washington, D. C
His young son was killed and an
other.son, Frank, badly.hurt. Mrs
Rogers is thought to be one of the
women who were killed.
Charles Frazier, Navatree Green
Mrs. Emily Wilson, Philadelphia.
Miss Bertha Monroe, Cliftondale
Miss Mary McCann, Philadelphia.
The express left Harlen Rive)
about an hour late. It was going a
high speed when the open switch
mile and a half west of Bridgepor
station was struck.
The switch was near the tower a
the junction .of Fairfield avenue ani
State street. There was one tremen
dous crash, an instant of intense si
lence and then the groans and shriek:
'The wreck was almost complete
five cars having gone over, only threi
cars of the long train being left o3
The engine, twisted into junk, wa:
two hundred feet south of Flairfielt
avenue. Behind were the mail anm
baggage cars while the Pullmans an!
coaches were in a mass at the rear.
The day coach was entirely crusb
ed and in it the deaths were many
five bodies being removed at once.
Three Pullmans were .almost comn
pletely crumpled up, but appear
ances indicated .that the passenger:
in a measure were protected by th<
strength of the cars.
With firemen, policemen, and doc
tors working as fast as possible the
dead and injured were laid out upoi
the lawn of a residence in Fairfieli
venue. As fast as the ambulance:
came the injured were sent to thi
In the wreckage of the engine wa:
a body thought .to be the engineel
who had died at his post. A bab<
about a year old was found in ont
car. It was alive and had becom'
separated from its mother, Mrs. W
V. Cleppine, of Cherry Creek, Md.
and its aunt, Mrs. Beatrice Cleppane
both of whom escaped with minor in
juries, chiefly wounds on the head.
In another coach a Mrs. Whaton
of Philadelphia, was taken out alile
but her child was dead under her
Mrs. L. W. Page, of 2223 Massachu
setts Avenue, Wiashington, D. C., wh<
was with her maid and child escapec
with minor hurts.
Had a Close Call.
en the first executi-on under th4
new law providing for electrocutio!
in place of hanging took place it
the State penitentiary at Eddyville
Ky., recently it came near ending it
the death of two persons instead oi
one. Prison physician Moss stepped
forward to feel the pulse of the negrc
who formed the first subjicet before
the current had been turned off and
barely missed having several thous
and volts pass through his body.
Left All to Himself.
A spectacle which has not been
seen for years, if ever, was exhibit
ed in the Senate, says a Washingtor
dispatch, on the reciprocity "debate'
Friday, when for nearlf ten minutes
Senator Gronna, of North Dakota,
who was concluding his speech begun
Thursday in opposition to the pact.
was the only senator on the floor. '
Rescured from Tug.
The Marblehead, Ohio, Iife Say
saving Station reported to the de
partment service at Washington that
the life saving crew had rescued at
midnight Sunday eight men from the
tug Luther while that vessel was
sinking in Lake Erie near Gull Is
Five C'huz nes Struck.
In two days five churches, three
Protestant and two Catholic, were
struck by lightning last week during
difrnt ihunder storms.
WOULD HANG THEM
LYNCHING IS AVERTED BY AR- M
RIVAL OF OFFICERS.
Negro Man and His Wife Saved from In
Angry Crowd by Intervention of
A special dispatch to The State
from Anderson says the lynching of al
a negro man and his wife in the ii
Neal's creek of Anderson county was si
niarrowly averted Tuesday by cool a!
heads and the prompt arrival of offi- th
cers on the scene, H. P. McDaniels, r
a wealthy farmer, reprimanded his
negro tenant, T. C. Williams, for cut u
ting down some pine slaplings.
The negro resented the reprimand tl
and made an attack on Mr. McDan- u
iels, hitting him between the shoul- $
der blades with a large rock. One o
of the shoulder blades was fiactured $
and his -spinal column was injured. s1
The news of the attack spread rapidly i1
through the county, and Witain nt
hour a large throng had gathered(
at the McDaniels home, many coming cl
from a distance in tutomobiles. n
A warrant 'gainst the negro, $
charging assault and battery with i- I]
tent to kill, was secured from Magis- T
trate Martin, and Deputy Richard
Smith, arrested the negro, who offer- v
ed no resistance. Because the nero-s 14
wife attempted to help him by bring
ing out a shotgun, she was also ar- c
Imediately after the arrests were
effected Deputy Sheriff Van Mar
tin and Constable Tom Davis arriv
ed in an automobile, picked up the t
prisoners and rushed them to the
county jail. The mob 'had greatly a
increased in numbers and violence
to the negroes was expected. Col. 0
D. A. Geer and others held the crowd t
back, and pievailed upon them to s
allow the law to take its course. c
Mr. McDaniels is a peaceable man r
and one of the best citizens in An- r
derson county. His condition.is ser
ious, partial paralysis having set in. e
He is about 50 years old, and has b
taken an active work in the school
and 'hurch in his community. Great
indignation over the brutal attack
hias been expressed by the people.
FIVE MEN ARE IJED.
In Accident That. Seriously Hurts a I
Man From Belton.
Five men were killed and two ser
iously injured when a travelling
crane bearing a 14-ton girder col
laised Monday at a new viaduct be
ing constructed by the Western Mary
land railroad at Salisbury Junction,
Pa. The dead: John Scott, McKees
port, Pa.; Joseph Smith ,Grove City,
Pa.; J. R. White, Richmond, Va.; C.
H. Kennedy, New River, Va ; E. L.
Sanders, Dullochville, Ga.
'The injured are: A. E. Kluttz, of
Salisbury, N. C., and L. G. Garner
of Belton, S. C., both of whom may
die. The men were all structural
iron workers and were, killed or in
jured in the fall. They were in the
employ of~ the McClintic-Marshall
Construction Company of Pittsburg,
Pa. The heavy girder was being con
veyed to the west bank of the Cas
selman river when the crane toppled
and crashed to the ground. 1
ATTACK YOUNXG WOMEN.
One Dragged to Railroad Yard and
Let in Bad Condition.
At Marion, Ohio, as iMiss Flora
Spicer, aged 20, and her guest Miss
Mary Rogers, aged 22, of West Mans
field were returning home from
church at 10 o'clock Sunday night
they were accosted on the street by
a man who struck both girls over the
head and, picking up Miss Spicer,
who was unconscious, carried her1
away. Miss Rogers quickly summon
ed the hel-p of a 'number of men, who1
searched the railroad yards, a block
distant, where they found Miss Spi
cer, with face bruised and clothing
torn, crawling along the tracks and
unable to speak. Her assailant es
caped. Miss Spicer when she regain
ed her speech said the man threat
ened her with death if she screamed.1
She is in a serious condition. The
entire police force is looking for her
CHILD SLAIN BY WOMAN.
Shot Fired at a Woman Hits and
Kills Little Negro.
A special dispatch to The State
says a horrible and pathetic tragedy
was enacted near Blacksburg Sunday
morning between the hours of 12 and
1 o'clock. The actors live as ten
ants on the farm of Mac Byars, four
miles from Blacksburg, on the old I
Rutherford and Chester highway.
Lily Duncan. a mulatto, was on her
way from the home of her step
father, Ras Franklin, to her own
house, near the home of ira- Sar
arms, when she was fired upon by
ratt, with a two-year-old child in her
Francies Sarratt, the wife of Ira Sar
ratt, with a shotgu.
-Only one shot struck the mother,
the rest or the load lodging in ther
back of the child's head and causing
its death Monday morning about 10
o'clock. Frances Sarratt disappear- t
ed and has not been apprehended
yet. Jealousy is supposed to have I
been the cause of the act on the parti
of Frances Sarratt.
Shot by Cupid.
The Greenville Daily Piedmont
says Deputy Judge of Probate James C
R. Bates issued a marriage license a
to probably the oldest couple that t
has received a license since the mm- t
rige license law has been in effect in i
this State. The two were Henry a
Nix, aged 74, ad Mrs. Melvia V. p
Rochester. 41, both of the American
Spinning Company's village, near
I i C
Stream of Burning Booze.
Recently a large whiskey distillery T
was burned at Glasgow. Scotland. A il
remarkable spectacl ais f~urnished s
by a stream of burniL,. .Thiskey run- o
nihg from the flames, which consum- b
-. the building, into the Cromarty
Near Franlkfort-on-the-Main, Ger- a
many ten persons were killed and ns
twenty others seriously injured by an c
explosion in a dynamite factory Wed- il
UCH ]NTERESTING DATA COM
PILED BY WATSON.
the Value of Crops Per Square Mile
South Carolina Ranks Second of
All the States.
Some interesting statistics on the
;ricultural situation in South Caro
na have been prepared by Commis
oner Watson from the recent feder
. census. As has been announced
is state jumped from 21 to 13 in the
nk of the states in agriculture.
The value of the agricultural prod
:ts of the state increased by 28.4
r cent. in one year. The value of
e crops in 1910 was $140,000,000 a
hich was an increase over 1909 of
31,000,000, and increase over 1906
1 $63,288,000 and an increase of
8,685,000 over 1900, all of which
ow that the value of the crops has
tcreased over 100 per cent. during s
ie past decade.
With reference to the value of the t
'ops per square mile, South Caroli- 2
a ranked second of all states, with C
4,518. Other states in comparison: 3
linois, $5,122; Georgia, $3,743, t
All other Southern states show the s
alue of crops per square mile to be
ss than $3,000.
The cotton crop of the South, ac
3rding to the statistics gleaned ror
910, went on the market for $963,
80,000. The crop of 1909 was
rth $S12,000,000, and for 1908 1
681,230,000. It will be seen that I
ie cotton crop of 1910 was worth
151,000,000 more than 1909. There I
re in the South 440,000,000 acres of t
md available for cotton and only <
ne out of 12 acres. are planted. Of
ie cotton crop 19 per cent. was con
amed in the United States, 49 per i
ant. was exported and 35 per cent.
amained in this country up to Feb
Concerning the value per bale of I
Atton, the following comparative ta
le is given:
alue per bale, 1910 ........ $87.15
alue per bale, 1904...... 50.37
!alue per bale, 1898 ........ 30.22 1
It is pointed out that the sum of
604 was received for twenty'bales of 1
otton in 1898, while the farmer re- i
elved $1,743 for the same number in 1
In South Carolina there were In
910 176,180 farms, or an increase
f 13 per cent. over the preceeding
.ecade. The value of the lands and
uildings increased ,by 162 per cent.;
nplements and machinery, 112 per
ent.;lands, 169; increase In labor
ill, 76 per cent. These statistics
how that there were 20,825 farms
.dded. There are 64,227 owners, or
.n. increase of 4,810, and of these
arms 19,987 are moi'tgaged. The
enants number 11,097. The in
rease in the number of tenants dur
ng the decade was 16,113 and the
ame preceeding decade 26,000.
lhe Shin Bone of a Man Grafted on
- to a Woman.
By grafting the shin bone of a man
ito a woman shffering from necrosis
:hus practically giving her a' whole
ew lower leg, thie surgeons of a New'
ork hospital for the deformed have
~ompleted an operation unique in
urgery. Up to now oerations of
his sort have been confined to ex
erimental work done on dogs.
The first essential was to get a
ood healthy bone to take the place
f the one eaten by the disease. Af
er a time one of the hospitals which
andled emergency cases ~reldrted
hat a man had been killed in an ac
ident. As the 'body was unclaimed
tnd would have gone either to Pot
ers field or the dissecting room of
ome medical college, requisition was
nade for one of the legs, from which
he tibia was taken. It was kept in
u ice box, immersed in a strong salt
olution until the surgeon was ready
use i't. *
HEAVY REWARD OFFERED.
'or the Negro Who Killed the Ashe
A dispatch from Asheville, N. C..
ays the death of Patrolmian McCon
ell, which occurred Friday after
won, the increase of the reward to
Lpproximately $1,000 and the em
>loyment of expert detectives,, has!
;iven impetus to the search for John
Iff, the negro who shot McConneln,
;hile the former was under arrest for
tealing cattle. Posses are so-uring
he mountains:in every direction, foi
owing up clues, while officers of a d
oning counties are lending every ef
ort in the search which up to late
'uesday night had proven of no
vail. Ncthing definite has been
eard of Huff since he was located
.nd gave officers the slip near Green
ille Thursday night 0 last week.
False Story Denounced.
At a meeting of several Confeder
te veterans, members of camp No.
,Army of the Trennessee, a state
rient, said to have appeared in a
reekly magiazine on June 10 last in
;hich it was asserted that a school
eacher of New Haven, Conn., was de
tuded, tarred and feathered in a
blic square of New Orleans dur
nig the civil war, was strongly de
ucd as a fakehood.
Death of Rev. Dr. Shuck.
Rev. L. H. Shuck, D. D., pastor of
heraw Baptist church, died Sunday
terncon. Dr. Shuck was known
broughout the Strate, he having la
ored in the ministry for 54 years
1 the Carolinas, Kentucky, Missouri
nd Virginia. The :interment took
lace at Barnwell.
Ensign R. S. Young, of Concord, N.
.disappeared from the destroyer
erkins, at the New York Navy yard,
ednesday night leaving a note stat
1g thut he intended to drown him
af. The young officer had slightly
verstayed his shore leave and had 'l
een called upon for an explanation. t
From lite of Crab.
Miss M vbelle Scheririshea. age 1 4,
t New Orleans, may lose her left
rm because of the bite of a crab. She
as "pinched" on the hand by the b
ab last week and the wound- became T
fected. Physicians are making c
tomrey General Wickrmham, Against
Whom There Are Charges.
FILL BE LOOKED INTO
lelegate Wickesham, of Alaska ti
Charges That Department of Jus- &
tice Delayed Prosecutions in Al- ti
leged Criminal Cases Until Statute
of Limitations Expired.
Official circles in Washington has a
nother serious charge against a pub- v
ic official to speculate on until it is f4
horoughly investigated ahd decided
ne way or the other h
After secret consideration of s
harges made by Delegate Wicker- b
ham, of Alaska, that Attorney".
ral Wickersham deliberately permit- S
ed the Statute of Limitations to run
gainst agents of the Alaska -Syndi- a
ate, the House of Represeritatives 4
udiciary committee has determined t
o report favorably a resolution of 1
nquiry offered by Delegate Wicker- t
The Attorney-General, when seen
Chursday night, denied all the ,har- t
Mes. His friends intimated that the t
harges were old. t
The resolution would call upon the
ttorney-General to furnish the t
louse with all documents, affidavits t
nd testimony in his possession re
ating to an affidavit su'bmitted to s
Lim more than a year ago and sworn
o by H. J. Douglas, former auditor
>f the Alaska Syndicate, in 1908. r
Delegate Wickersham startled the r
:ommittee, when, in executive ses
;ion, he produced a copy of an am
lait relating to an alleged criminal e
tct committed by Capt. D. H. Jarvis, 1
>f the Alaska Syndi'cate, as the one t
'ormerly sent to the, Government ser
ice June 23, the day following the
troduction of the Wickersham res
Through connivance of these men, .
t was charged that the Government I
was defrauded of coal lands an-d t
:bat evidence to. that effect was per
nitted to remain unacted upon in
he Attorney-General's office for more
han a year,'until the Statute of Lim- t
tations expired last May
Delegate Wickersham furnished
he committee with copies of a letter
:o D. H. Jarvis, admitting th'e expen
iture of money to control Govern
nent witnesses in the Hazel murder
;rial, in 1908, wherein 4n agent of
;he Alaska Syndicate was accused of
nurdering laborers employed by rival
A photogrdh of an expense ac, c
:ount for $1,33..40, of Mi. B. Morris- 4
ey, employed by the syndicate, it is
aimed to entertain Government wit- I
Pesses and juryTpen in that connec- i
ion, also was submitted to the com- c
mittee. 'This evidence, Delegate
Wickersham declared, also is in the t
pos:ession of the Attorney General..
Delegate Wickersham urged on
the judiciary committee the Douglas t
affidavit, involving the representsa-t
ives of the iorthwestern Commer- <
cial company, one of the Alaska syn
dicate concerns, and the Sesnon Coal .
"On May 24, 1910,," said he, "I C
sent to Attorney General Wickersham I
a copy of the affidavit, calling his as
tention to the fact that the Govern
ment had- been defrauded of $50,000 t
by perjury and a combination o thea,
"What do you mean 'by the Alas
ka Syndicate," Chairman Clayton in
"I refer to the Alaska syndicate, I
composed of J. P. Morgan, the Gug
enheim brothers, Kuhn, Loeb and <
Co., Jacob H. Schiff and Graves." t
"What do you mean by the Gug
enheim :brothers?" asked Mr. Norris
"Senator Gu-ggenheim and his six
"Who is Graves?"
"He represents Close Brothers, the
English Syndicate, and other Eng
"Capt. Jarvis," added the delegate,
'was the confidential agent of Mor
;an, in charge of the syndicate in Se
HDDEN MONEY FOUND). .
Gaynor and Greene Conceiiled Near
ly a Million.
Three quarters of a million dollarst
as been recovered from the conceal
ad assets of Gaynor and Greene, who
defrauded the government of two
cuillion dollars in Savannah harbor t
Iredging contracts in 1897 according 4
:o a dispatch from Washington. E. I. 1
Tohnson, an expert accountant, and t
[Tnited 'States District Attorney iiar- f
on Erwin of Savannah, Georgia, are 1:
eesponsible for the recovery. Most
>f the funds recovered were in bonds
and stocks. More than $2,0.00,000
was in cash. These assets were found
n New York, Philadelphia, Chicago
md Denver. Some bonds were 1o
!ated in Paris, but they could not be -
-ecovered. Johnson and Erwin have t
yeen searching for these assets fora
12 years. * t
Three Rescuers Drowned. 1
The wireless operator at surf, Cal.,
-eceived a message at 10.135 p. m.
riday night from the Centralla say
ngg-that the second mate and two e
amen of the Helen P. Drew were c
trowned while attempting to take af
ife line to the Santa Rosa. * 1
They Had Hot Time.o
In a free-for-all fight, at an outing c
ndd dance given by some Polish min- a
r near Adna, Ohio, three menewere
tabbed to death, three more were
attlly injured and about a score of
erons, including several women, re- C
ei ived knife wounds. . I
Struck Their Boat.
:A Milton. Fla., George E. Carroll o
nd his twelve year old son were in- b
tntly killed by lightning Friday. tl
'hey were rowing and had turned n
u head for the shore at the approach.
f a thunderstorm when the craft
Hard on Horses.
Twelve hundred horses died from 1i
eat in New York during 11 days. h
'he total loss in borseflesh through- h,
ut the country as a result of the .be
ati estmed at $1,000,000. * W
NEAR BEAR SOL
ONDImON IN UNION AND DAR
ovenor Blease Says He is Doing Al
He Can to Uphold Law, Bat Can't
Do It All.
"Near beer saloons have been in
oduced into the State and they are
s bad as the fake social clubs," said
overnor Blease, Friday. "Condi
ons at Union and Darlington ap
ear to be particularly bad. I am do
is all I can to upliold the law, but
cannot do it all."
The governor directed attention to
displayed article in the - Union
imes of Friday, which he said set
rth the situation in Union as it. was.
escribed to. him. The article Is
eaded "Governor- Blease orders
heriff Long to close. down on Inear
eer." The article follows: -
"Govenor . Blease has ordered
heriff Long to close down on" the
e'ar-beer estalblishments in Union
nd Union county. Constable D. R.
itchens has also received instruc
ions from the governor to coopepate
i this movement. 'it is to be hoped
hat this work will be thoroughly-.
one by the officers.
It is stated on good authority that
he city council has issued more
han a dozen lieenses to near-beer es-.
ablishments and of course the city
ouncil could not logically suppress
he creations of its own hands. In
he meantime the worst condition ex
ts in Union now that we have ever
Gambling dens and blind tigers,
2asquerading under -the name of
Lear-beer saloons are rife. It is
mored that cany young lads are
attonizing these places. The-tigers
re not even blind. They are Argfs
yed. For vulgar flaunting -of law
essness we -give the palm to Union
own. We have never seen anythin3
Some of the members of the police
orce are reported as being regular
ratrons of places of - illicit liquor
elling. It is certain that they make
to effort to- put down these institu- -
ions. A blind man can see that. If
lovernor Blease will continue. his
ffort -to put down these places of
niquity he will receve the approba
ion of every law abiding citizen of
SET7ENTEEN YEAR TOCUSTS.
Vith Voiceless Wives Appeai After a
What is understood to be the 17
rear locust has 'appeared in Crisp
ounty in large numbers on the farm-.'
f Mr. A. C. Fraseur, near Cordele
a. The insects,. are devouring the
eaves of the cotton plants and va
ious trees and there are also large
uantities-of them on the shade trees
Lnd shrubbery in Sunny Side ceme
Tese curious pests emerged from
ittle 'holes in the ground on schedule7
ie, climed the trees ~and 'filed -
he air with deafening songs. It Is
Iubtless known that when they
iave arrived they will lay their egga
nd the larvae will burrow into- the.
r~th for-another long dark vigi'l n- -
er.ground until 1*928, just. as they
iave now waited since their last ap
earance in the year 1894.
Our records of the appearence of
he locusts run back to the year 1634
t'hen they were first observed by the
ilgrims of Plymouth. Thelir -ap
earence at periodcal intervals of
.7 years was observed by the Amer
can Indians long ,before the corn
ng of the white -man and made
rown to the early settlers -of this
ountry. They were also known to
he ancient Greeks.
The male sings his song of love
Lnd dies first. The female deposits
ter eggs and also dies. -It is all over s
n .less than-six ideks after 1T'years
f preparation. * ~
SHOT HI TO DEATH.
White Man Kills Negro Who Insulted
After follawing him for 4 miles a
white man named Bragg put a load
f shot in thebreast and inother load
ore- off the top of the head of Ed
3rown, a negro, at Jimps, Ga., Fri
lay night. It is said the negro wrote
ragg's wife a letter and after hand
ng it t'o her himself, started off in
he direction of Jimps with a white
nan named - Waters. Bragg was
tway from home at the time and
then he returned-his wife gave him
he lettei-. He got his gun and start- -
d out after the negro and after fol
owing him for 4 iiiiles found him at
he station and later the negro was
ound in a pile of crossties with his .
Lead blown off.
Booze Under Straw.
Being suspicious of the looks of a
vagn filled with t shwra icwhed-(v-b
ragon filled with straw which was
lassing his front gate, at Dalton, Ga.,
ursday, Police Chief Fincher called
o the driver to stop. He then made
thorugh examination of the con
ents of the wagon and found a good
y supply of old mountain corn whis
:ey covered u-p under the straw. *
The Earth Trembled.
Two earthquake shocks were felt
arly Monday morning in the town
-Keoskemet, Hungary. A 'panic
ollowed, the inhabitants rushing out
atto the streets and assembling in the
luares. Hundreds of chimneys were
verturned and the town hall and
ther buildings more or less dam
lian Seriously Cat.
At Greenville on Monday morning
LF. Mc~all, boss spinnet' at the
trandon cotton mill, was seriously
at with a knife by E.'F. Pittmnan.
'he trouble took place about 6:30
'clock when McCall was approached
y Pittman in the spinning room of
te mil1 in reference to Mrs. Pitt
ian's connection with the mill.
Shock Proved Fatal
Charley Lawson, a negro living on
.E. Broughton's place was killed
ednesday about five o'clock by
ghtning. Mr. Broughton and his
ands had sought shelter in an out
ouse and all were shocked by the
:>1t that killed Lawscn. Three mules
..ee als nked down.*