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VOL. XXV MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 2,11 O5
Hold a Most lateresting geeting in the
Cly of ColoE hi;.
FAVOR THE CORN SHOW
Several Important Resolutions Adopt
ed.. The Membership Has Increas
ed.. Action of Senator Smith .in
Cotton Report Endorsed. .Death of
Dr. Seaman A. Knapp Deplored.
The South Carolina State Farmer's
union, which met in Columbia on
Wednesday adopted a number of
resolutions of State-wide importance.
The union indorsed the National Corn
how to be held in Columbia, and urg
ed upon the4ocal unions to cooperate
with the Columbia Char.ber of Com
merce to make the show a success;
indorsed the action of Senator .Smith
in calling the attention of Secretary
of Agriculture Wilson to the evil ef
fects of the premature report on the
probable yield of cotton, recommend
ed the work of Dr. Harvey E. Wiley
in his work of enforcing the pure
food laws; deplored the death of Dr.
Seaman A. Knapp, the late.head of
the United States farm demonstration
work, and proposed a mon'ument for
him to -be erected in Washington.
The sessions of the union are be
ing held in the hall of the hou'se of
representatives. The first session
_was held Thursday afternoon, com
mencing at 4:30 o'clock 125 dele
gates from every county In, the State
The following is the programme
Minutes of -previous meeting.
'Election of Oficers.
Report of commitees.
Report from national meeting.
4:30 p. m.-Address by Clarence
Poe, editor of Progressive Farmer.
The following are the offi'ers of the
President-A. J. A. Perritt, -La
Vice President-E. W. Drabbs,
Route 1, Mayesville.
Chaplain-W. E. Bodie, Wards.
Conductor-W. E. Hopkins, Hop
Sergeant-at-arms-W. P. Caskey,
Doorkeeper-A. P. Calvert, Abbe
Executive committee-A. D. H-ud
son, Newberry, Route 1; Douglas Mc
Intyre, Marion; L. C. Padgett,
Smoaks, Route 2.
The following committees were
named: Credentials-J. Whitnttr
Reid, S. F. Parrott, C. W. Haddon,
and J. H. Price.
'Education-W. A. Stucey, S. A.
Burns, H. W. Beall, 3. 0. J-acques, T.
L. Manning., and C. C. McAliley.
JGood 'of the order-J. Swinton
Whaley, A. E. Rogers, L. B. Frick
and 3. H. Claffy.
Memorials--J. H. Price, C. A. 0.ic
Fadden,. 3. H. Adams, and W. Bright
Resolutions-W. C. Brown, 0. P.
Goodwin, 3. B. Sansbury, C. F. Ka
ger, and C. P. M(oorer.
Committee to meet President W.
3&. Riggs-A. D. Hudson. W C. Fox
Committee to meet Clarence Poe
L. C. Padgett, S. F. Parrott.
-Press commitee-E. W. Dabbs, L.
C. Padged, 3. H. O'Nea11 Holloway,
Among the matters included in the
report of the State executive commit
tee, the union was congratulated on
its good fortune in securing the ser
vices of 3. B. O'Nea11 Holloway as
State organizer and general field rep
fled in stating that the work of Mr.
Belloway has beern so satisfactory
that several counties have been re
vived and many reorganized. B. F.
Keller and E. W. Dabbs have done
some special work, the former in Al
ken and Charleston counties, and the
latter in A\ illiamsburg con'uty. The
result of these workers was satisfac
The report of the secretbary-treasur
er shows a healthy cash balance in
the treasury after meeting all obliga
tions up to the end of fiscal year, end
Ing June 30, 1911.
A. C. Davis, national secretary
treasurer, in his report to 3. WhIt
ner Reid, State secretary-treasurer
shows that there has been a gratify
ing increase in the membership ir
our State. The committee thinks this
increase is due to the representa
tives stressing the basic principlef
of the organization, namely, educa
tion. co-operation and general up
lift work among the farmers in the
the State. The committee believes
that the increase in those three States
is due to emphasizing warehouse and
The union held a most Interesting
session tI(t night. Among the in
teresting features was the address
of W. M. Riggs on "The Aims and
Extent of the Usefulness of Clemson
College." B. F. Keller. deputy or
ganizer reported on his work In
Charleston county. 3. B. O'N. Hol
loway. depu-ty organizer, made a very
interesting report of the work he has
done. His picture of the condItion
of many of the farmers is far from
encouraing and ap~peals most
strongly for an active campaign for
a more thorough organization.
The officers for the coming year
were elected as follows: E. W. Dabbs,
Sumter. president; B. F. Keller, Col
lum, vice president; 3. Whitner Reid,
Columbia. secretary and treasurer;
W. E. Bodie, Saluda, chaplain; con
ductor, C. W. Sub~er, Columbia; ser
geant-at arms, W. P. Oaskey, Lan
caster; A. F. Calvert, doorkeeper.
AbbeVille: H. T. Morrison, Charles
ton. member of executive committee
for three years. J. B. O'Nea11 Hollo
way of Newberry was elected as a
deligte to the national convetIon,
which is to held at Shawnee, Oka.,
on Sept 5.
The convention adjourned Thurs
day night after one of the most har
monious sesnions in the whole his
tory of the order in this State. Mat
ters of great moment were discussed
and a business plan for handling the
coton crop was adopted.
Clarence H. Poe. editor of the Pro
gresive Farmer, of Raleigh, N. C.,
delivered an address on "Education
and Cooperation," and explained the
working of the Torrens system of
registration of land titles. The un
ion indorsed the Torrens system.
A strong committee was appointed
on bhe cotton marketing plan.
On farm life and school the fol
lowig committee -was appointed to
report at the January meeting of the
union by bill or therwise: H. H.
Beall, A. J. A. Perritt and W. A.
The legislative committee is W. A.
Stucky, J. H. Claffy and Dr. W. C.
The union called on the legislature
to provide for a tuberculosis camp.
It also passed resolutions condemn
ing The State for its readiness over
the summary of crop conditions two
weeks ago, claiming that -the
headlines were misleading. Dele
gates from some counties stated that
conditions in their localities are very
The Union adjoured to meet at
about the middle of January.
The next annual meeting will be
held in Charleston on the fourth
Wednesday in July, 1912, upon the
special request of the board of trade
The executive committee mapped
out an aggressive cam-paign of or
ganization for August and Septem
The following delegates attended
Abbeville-A. F. Calvert, W. B.
Anderson-S. A. Burns, T. H. Bar
Bamberg-J. E. MeMillan. -
Beaufort-W. C. Vincent.
Calhoun-B. F. Keller.
Charleston-H. T. Morrison, J. S.
Cherokee-E. Hardin, S. F. Par
Chester--. C. McAliley, AL G.
-Darlington--J. I. Thornwell, J. B.
Clarendon-C. A. McFaddin.
Colleton-A. S. Varn, J. D. Risher,
John Beach, C. F. Koger, J. 0.
Darlingto-J. I. Thornwell, J. B.
Dillon-Frank Sanderson. T. .L.
Dorchester-C. P. Moorer, D. L.
McAlheny, J. B. Whetsell.
Edgefield-3. H. Courtney, W. R.
Fairfield-D. L. Stevens".
Florence-W. R. Langston.
Georgetown-W. H. Curry.
Greenville-T. H. Foster, R. A.
Greenwood-W. H. Clegg, W. C.
Hampton-3. H. Adams, 3. W.
Smith, T .D. Williams.
Horry--J. A. Lewis.
Lancaster-C. L. McManus, U. A.
ILaurens-O. P. Goodwin.
Lee-W. A. Stuckey.
Lexington-G. B. Wingard, James
W. Shealy, L. B. Frick.
Marion-A. E. Rogers, M4. D. Mc
Rae. W. C. Foxworth.
Newberry-R. T. C. Hunter, W. C.
Orangburg--J. H. Claf fy, 3. H.
Price, J. D). Wiggins, S. H. Inabinet,
. B. Traywick.
Richland-C. W. Su'ber.
Saluda-George B. Lester, 3. C.
Sumter-J. M4. Brogdon, H. W.
Union--J. M4. Greer, 3. 0. Harris.
Williamsburg-J. C. Everett, W.
York-J. F. Ashe.
MANY FOOLISH WOMEN.
Man Who Made Bigamy a Business
Sent to Prison.
In sentencing George William Lu
zid, alias Leslie, Moran and Lay, to
seven years penal servitude for big
iy and heartless frauds on a large
number of women, Judge Rentoul, at
'he Old Bailey, in London, the other
"I think the earth never contained
- more infamous scroundrel than
A clerical looking, plausible man
f thirty-nine Lucid. through matri
nonial advertisements. became ac
uainted with many women from
-hom he received sums varying from
M5 to $30-0 by promising to marry
them. In this rooms were found no
ewer than 2,700 letters from more
'han seventy different women. At
-e time he was sendin-g love let
trs interlarded with appeals for mon
y to thirty women.
Very Old Town.
Near Os'mo, In Italy, Professor
D~all 'Osso, has discovered the re
mains of an important Gallic settle
mnent dating back as far as the year
1600 B. C. The buildings are circu
ar in shape and contain numerous
domestic utensils, weapons. earthen
ware obl'ects, etc.. denoting the pas
age f'rom the neolithic to a more ad
vanced stage of civilization.
Kills Father and Son.
At Shaw. Miss.. C. 3. Miller Friday
hot and killed George Hudspeth and
his son, Edward Hudspeth. Trouble
bad been brewing between them for
some days. The Hudspeths are from
Fixed up at Last.
After months of warfare, d.uring~ a
iart of which time it appeared that
the United States and Germany would
engage In a tariff war, over the per
plexing ptash question, the matter
ha been Battled.- *
THE COTTON BILL
Comes Up in the House and is Discuss
ed by the Representatives.
AN IMPORTANT MEASURE
Underwood Figures Saving to People
of 209 Millions Annually.-Payne
Presents Minority Report and Urg
es Delay Until Tariff Board Makes
Report in December.
iDebate on the Democratic cotton
schedule revision bill was begun in 1
the House Friday by Representative .
Underwood, of Alabama, the chair
man of .the ways and means com
mdttee, which prepared the bill. No
date was fixed for closing debate on
the measure, although it is believed
it will end Wednesday, with a vote on
the day following.
The minority report was presented i
by Representative Payne, of New I
York, leading minority niember of the
ways and means _ committee. It ex- t
presses opposition to the bill because
it does not furnish protective duties t
for a great American industry, and it I
is frankly admitted that it is not in- I
tended to do so. The report says: i
"There is no demand for such leg
islation at this time, but, on the con
trary the country appreciates the
sound reasoning that asks postpone
ment of the revision of the cotton t
schedule until after the report of the
tariff board has been :eceived."
Mr. Underwood said that the cot
ton schedule revision proposed by
the bill would save American con
sumers $209,000,000 a year. He de
nied that labor would be injured in
the least by the proposed tariff re
"The only basis on which the Re
publican party has stayed in power,"
he declared, has been a false appeal
to the laborers of the country, mak
ing them believe they were receiving
more wages because of a protective
tariff than they would otherwise re
He Insisted that the duties levied
under Republican tariff had amount- P
ed to from 100 to 300 per cent of the
labor cost of the goods, and that the s
laboring man bad received a very
small percentage of the above duty. r
The charge had been made that 21r.
Underwood said the Democratic re
vision was a radical measure.
"I am anxious," he continued, "if
we have the power to do so. to re
duce every schedule in the tariff bill
to a strictly revenue basis. But in
reaching that point, I am not dispos
ed to be radical. If we enact this bill
I do not think we ought hastily or
unduly agitate the country again
with constant revisions."
!Three rool calls were necessary
during the afternoon to keep a quo
rum in the House. Only two others
spoke on the bill, Representative
Roberts, of Nevada, against, and
Representative >Bathrick, of Ohio. for
it. Mr. Roberts urged awaiting re
ports from the tariff board.
"Whnen the Democrats are not dis
ussing free trade on the floor," said
Mr. Roberts, "they are sitting in the
Democratic cloak room wearing Im
ported pants, smoking imported ci
gars and lighting them with import
ed maitches." 'Then holding aloft a
small box of foreign made matches,
"And evertime one of them strikes
an imported match on the seat of his
imported pants, he strikes a blow at
the American working man."
Mr. Pathrick, attacking the Attor
ney General in the course of his
speech, declared that the law must
b upheld when a man steals a loaf
f bread, but wiien great criminals
have been convicted before the Su
preme Court, our Attorney General
sits supinely by and says he will wait1
until some convenient time to insti
tute proceedings flor the enforcement
of the law."
Representative Austin. of Tennes
see came to the defence of the At
torney General, claiming that official
was doing his full duty. .Debate on
the bill was resumed Saturday. *
SAW THE HUMAN SOUL.
Tells of Many Experiments He Has
Made at Deathbed.
Dr. Duncan MacDougall, of Haver
hill Mass., who has been long a stu
dent of physico-psychical phenomao,
declares -his belief that the human1
soul weighs from one-half ounce to
nearly an ounce and a quarter, and 1
further that the soul substance is
blended with the plotoplasm of the
brain and spinal chord in life.
'Dr. MacDougal says it has been his
experience in a dozen instances to
stretched on a bed that was part.of a
delicately adjusted scale, and to hear
as the patient's last breath leaves the 1
body the noise of the dropping
Again sitting in a darkened room,
he has watched the strong ray of 1
white light rest along the body of a I
dying man, converting him like a 1
silver bar from head to feet and over
the face. Dr. MacDougal and his
assistants has made closese obser
vation of the light to see if that in
tangishape In cloud or in wavering
tints see a man or woman from he
Killed in Wreck.
Four persons were killed and one
seriously injured Thursday night
when a fast train on the Pennsylva
nia Railroad struck an automobile at
a grade crossing at Wilkingsburg, a
suburb of Pittsburg, Pa. *
White Gets Parole.
Governor Blease has paroled 3ohn
White, a former penitentiary guard
who was convicted in Richlanld ccunty
n 09 as acessory to the killing of
GIVE THEIR VIEWS
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE
xpress Themselves on Several Sub
jects at Their State Convention
At their recent meeting in Colum
)ia the Farmers State Union adopt
d resolution on. several subjects..
rhe first was in reference to Dr. Wi
ey as follows:
"We, the Farmers' Union of South
,arolina, do heartily endorse the ac
ion of Dr. Harvey E. Wiley In -his
vork of enforcin-g the pure food law.
Lfnd we hereby request the president
o continue him in office, and that a
oipy of these resolutions be for
varded to the President."
The following resolutions which
vas adopted provides for a legislative
"Resolved, That the president ap
oint a le.gislative committee of three
ersons to loof after all legislation
n which the union Is interested for
he next twelve months."
The following in reference to a
uberculosis camp was adopted:
"Resolved, That this body do hear
ily indorse tihe movement now on
oot to establish in our State a camp
or tuberculosis, and that we agree
ndividully and as county unions to
ry to influence our respective legis
ative delegations to aid this cause
y an appropriation."
The following resolution on the
ext book adoption was passed:
"Resolved, That we do hereby
arnestly protest against the whole
ale change in the public school
ooks by the state board of education
.t its recent meeting, as such change
vas, in our judgment, unnecessary
.nd imposes a burden upon that class
if our citizens least able to bear such
The next was one endorsing Sen
tor Smith calling down the fake
otton estimate as folows:
"We, the members of the Farmers'
Tnion, in convention assembled, do
tereby endorse the action of Senator
i. D. Smith in calling the attention
-f Secretary Wilson to the evil ef
ects of the premature report on the
robable yield of cotton for the pres
nt season and demanding that no
uch reports be sent out without the
ndorsement of the department of ag
The National Corn Exposition was
"Resolved, That the State Far
ers' Union of South Carolna notes
Pith great satisfaltion the oon'di
ional announcement that the author
ties of the National ~Corn exposition
ill hold the next national corn show
ni the capital city of our State.
"Resolved, That the State union
trge upon all county and local un
ns the most vigorous cooperation
a the efforts to comply with the nec
sary conditions fot the reason thatI
he holding of such an exposition In
outh Carolina will- be of incalcula
ile value to the agricultural inter
sts of this State.".
The following, indorsing the
orens system was adopted:
"Whereas, tie- farmers and land
wners are entitled to get credit as
asily as city property-holders and
wners of manufactoring properties;
Wheras, this is not true now but
euld be helpf'ul all the time, and is
specially important now that the
armers are trying to arrange to fi
ance the coming cotton crop; there
ore, be it
"Resolved, That we do heartily In
ndorsed the Torrens system register
ng land titles by means of which far
ers who wish may got their land
itles registered and .guaranteed, so
.s to make the property easily ne
:otiable and avoid the necessity of
nying heavy lawyer's fees each and
very time a title is passed upon.
The following preamble and reso
utions were adopted in honor of Dr.
leaman A. Knapp:
"Whereas, since the last annual
eeting of the State Farmers' union
teah has claimed that devoted la
orer for the public weal and true
hristian gentleman, Dr. Seaman A.
Cnapp, the head of the United States
arm demonstration 'work; and
"Whereas Dr. Knapp was the first
nan to hear the call of distress from
he cotton belt states when the boll
eevil came and ,proceeded forthwith
o organize and put into operation
e most effective work for the cause
f agriculture ever atempted in the
ation's history, a work 'which is to
ontinue its onward and upward
noveent for ages to come; and
"Whereas, it was this Illustrious
atriot's most cherished desire oft
xpresed to live long enough to make
outh Carolina the objiect lesson
tate of the South in agriculture;
tow be it
f'Resolved, That the State Far
ners' 'Union of South Carolina deems
t a special privilege to inaugurate a
novement among the States of the
otton belt indeed in the wihole South
'or the erection in Washington, D.
., the nation's capital, of a monu
nent to the man and his life work in
he cause of humanity and agricul
"Resolved further, That a commit
ee of three of the South Carolina
tate Farmers' union be named to
ake this matter in charge, communi
ate with the officials of the other
;tate unions, and urge their vigorous
ctivity in support of this moement.
Resolved, further, That the State
mion urges iupon eery couny and
ocal union in South Carolina, active
ork in behalf of this movement.
Party Leader Gone.
Edward NIorse Shepard, the well
mown New York lawyer and Demno
~ratc political leader. whli, had been
1 since the contraction of a cold in
few York on June 26, died at his
amer home at Lake George, N. Y.,
'riday nigibt of pneumonia. The
nembers of his family were at the
WOOL BILL NOW
INSURGENTS AND DE10CRATS
UNITE ON OOMPROMISE.
It Worries President Taft Who Will
Probably Veto Any Measure Now
Wool legislation has displaced
reciprocity at the White House. Not
since the extra session begun as the
political situation been as tense in
executive circles as it was Friday.
The Democratic-1nsurgent coalition
has given the administration a great
shock if it does nothing else.
This shook was all the more pain
ful for the -reason that no longer ago
than Wednesday Senators Smoot and
Crane, senatorial advisers of the pres- E
ident, brought Mr. Taft the glad tid- C
ngs that there would be no wool bill,
that adjournment would come about
August 10, and that there was re
joicing in all the regular Republican
ranks. But there was a miscaloula
ti6n, and this has cast a gloom over
administration circles. From infor
mation which has come to the White 1
House there will be a wool bill re
ported out of conference which will g
pass both bodies. That means that
the president will have either to. sign
it or to veto it.
The story which comes to the ex- 1
ecutive offices is that the Democrats
agreed to suport the Io Follette com- 1
promise In the senate Thursday, pro- .
vided the Insurgent Senators in the I
seate would later support a con- I
ference report which could be passed
in 'the house.
'T1his arrangement, the story contin
ues, gives both parties to the coali
tion some glory. La Follette and his
followers can claim the credit *before j
the country for proposing the com
promise measure, the measure which
made a bill possible. while the Demo
crats can claim the credit for fur
nishing the final measure.
The best Information at the White
House this morning is that the presi
dent will stick to 'his announced in
tention of vetoing any tariff revision
legislation sent to him in advance of
the tariff board's report. He called I
the extra session to consider reciproc
ty. He wanted no other tariff bills
A number of Republican callers at I
the White House. this morning told I
the president that he would loose )
nothing with the country by vetoing I
any wool bill that reached him dur- T
ing the tntire session. . *
THEY WON'T GET RICH.
The Scale of Wages Paid the Work
men in the Orient.
Clarence Poe, in the July World's
Work, gives some interesting figures
concerning the pay of laborers in
various oriental countries. In China
a member of the emperor's grand
council told me that the average rate
of wages throughout the empire is
probably 18 cents a day. In Japan It
is probably not more, and in India it
is much less.
The best mill workers in Osake
average 22 cents aday; the laborers
at work on the new telephone line In
Peking g'et 19 cents; wheelbarrow
coolies in Shanghai, $4 a month;
linotype operators in Tokio, only 45
cents a day; presmen, 50 cents; po
liceman, 40 cents;. the iron workers
in Hankow average about 10 cents
a day; street car conductors in Seoul
make 35 cents; farm laborer s about
Nankou about 10 cents.
The higthest oriental wages are
paid in the Phillipi'nes, where the or
dinary laborer gets from 20 cents to
50 cents a day.
WANTED TO KILL EVERYBOD)Y.
Hindu With Rifle Ran Anmck in
Crowded Chioogo Street.
While the police were planning I
to send him to an asylum for crimI
nal insane, N. Hausin, a Hindu, and
former member of the Bdtish army, '
who wounded five persons and caused(
a panic in Chicago's crowded down
town street Wednesday by discharg- 4
ing a rifle at the passing throng, sat
in a cell and jeered at his guards.
"I bought the rifle to kill all the I
bad people in Chicago," he said, "I
hate all of your white American 4
faces. You have .been cruel to me, t
and I wanted to kill everybody."
Hausin came to this country from(
India four years ago, and worked in il
a steel mill in Piitsburg before corn-1
ig to Chicago. Poerty and loneli- c
ness are believed to have affected
his mind already possibly deficient
from a wound he susftained while a I
FATAL FAMILY FIGHT.
A an and His Wife Killed in a Gen
eral Kentucky Row.
In a family fight, at South Quick
sands, four miles from Jackson, Ky.,
Sunday two persons were killed and
another seriously wounded. The vic-t
tims were William Simms and his
wife, Mdrs. Eliza Simmis, who were
killed, and Alonzo Allen, who was se
riously wounded. Norman Allen, a
son-in-law of the dead couple and a
brother of the wounded man is at I
large. The Allens, it is said, attack
ed the old people. Simms fired and
wounded Alonzo anid in the fight that
followed he and his wife were killed.
Mrs. Simms was foremost in the(
shooting, according to Alonzo Allen,
who was carried to a Lexington hos
pital Monday suffering from four bul-(
Three Were Drowned.
Chales Dixon, of Kansas City, his
son, aged 16, and 'daughter, aged 14,
were drowned by the upsetting of a
canoe in Lake Michigan at Macatawa
Park late Monday. One son, aged
11, was rescued in time to res.Xti
What the Text Books Recently Adopted
Wil Cost the ChildreD.
3TATEMENT OF AMOUNT
qames of the Text Books Adopted
by the State Board of Education.
Name of Publishers,. and What
They Will be Sold at RetaJU for All
Over the State.
J. E. Swearingen, the State Super
ntendent of Eduration, Wednesday
nnounced the contract Tetail price
f the text-books adopted by the
kate board of education. Below Is
rinted a full list of the text-books
vith the retail price of each and the
Lames of the 'houses publishing the
American Book Compaiy-Hunt's
?rogressive Speller, complete 18c,
ook 'I 13c; book II 13e; Webster's
rimary Dictionary, 44c; Webster's
!ommon school dictionary, 65c; Web
ter's High School Dictionary, 90c;
Vebster's Academic Dictionary, $1.
|5; Brooks English Composition,
ook I, 68c; Milne's Progressive
krithmeticj first book -3.o, second
ook 36c, third book 41c; Maury's
;ew Elements of Geography, 45c;
daury's New Obmplete Geography,
18c; White's Beginners' History of
he United State, 40c; Gleason's A
7erm of Ovid, 67c; Pearson's Latin
rose Composition, 90c..
Atkinson, Mentzer & Grover
Supplementary) Rope and Paper:
pplied Arts Drawing Books, Nos. 21
2, 10c; Nos. 23-28, 11c.
B. D. Berry & Co.-(Paper covers)
erry's Writing Books-B-ook One,
8 pages, 5c; Book two, 24 pages
lus 28 pages, 5 c; Book three, 36
ages, 5c; Book four, 36 .pages, 5c;
ook -ive, 40 .pages, 5c; Book six, 40
ages, 5c; .Book seven, 28 pages, 5c;
ook eight, 28 pages, 5c, Book nine,
4 pages, 5c. Ifterary and social
Educational Publishing Company
'Basal) Flexible Manila; Augburg's
)rawing Teachers' Manuals, -Nos. I,
I and III, each 25c; Pupils' Practice
ablets, Standard Course, Nos. I to
GI, inclusive, each 15c; Pupils'
'ractice Tablets, Shorter Course,
Tos. I to VIII, inclusive, each 15c.
teachers' Lesson Outline-free.
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LdOtlnS ha bn furnished the R.
REEUSkIJ Ii AITl'iiIf
GOV. BLEASE DlD NOT GO TO FIL- i
Did Not Want to Engage in a Verbal
Combat With Aspirants for His Of
The Yorkville correspodent of
The News and Courier says the an
nual picnic at Filbert, four miles to
the North of that city, on. the Caro
lina and Nortiwestern railway, was
pulled off Friday and a crowd esti
mated at from 1,500 to 2,000, com
ing from every direction, but princi
.pally from an area of a few square
miles in the immediate vicinity, was
The affair is given eadh year under t
the auspices of the Filbert camp, W- a
0. W., and this year the committee in c
charge extended invitations to Gov. w
ernor Blease, Ex-Governor John Gary I
Evans, Railroad Commissioner John c;
G. Richards and the Hon. T. C. Ha- G
mer,- of .Bennettsville, a leading w
Woodman official. tc
The fact that Governor Blease had r
accepted the invitation was widely
advertised and a large proportion of
the crowd was made up-of his friends
and'admirers, but there was quite a
number present who are not the Gov
ernor's friends. Governor Blease
failed to show up.
It is said that In a conversation
with a member of the local commit
tee,. he stated that "inder the cir
cumstances" he had decided not to
come. It Is also said "that on being
asked what the "circumstances" re- q
ferred -to were he hung up the re
ceiver and failed to talk any more. d
Messrs. Evans, Ridhards and Ha- U
mer made speeches. Mr. Evans is said
to have made a speech that caught r
the crowd, but made no reference to c
politics, while Major Richards refer- sl
red to it incidentally, and Mr. Hamer b
confined his remarks to "Woodcraft." C
The Governor's friends were sore- b
ly disappodnted at his failure to meet
them, but say that, -under the circum- 0
stances they did not blame him. He >
was evidenly under the Impression, i
until within thypast -few days, that B
he was Invited to Filbert to partici- f
pate in a love-feast with hfs friends,
and not to encounter the possibility 0
of engaging in a verbal combat with i
ne, and possibly two, aspirants to the
position he holds, more than a year tl
in advance of the eletion, and that o:
the committee treated him discour- ff
teously, especially, If It led him to w
supose at the outset that-he would be ta
the principal attraction, and then la- p
ter invited possible aspirants to his it
position. On the other hand his en
emies are saying that- they had n'o fr
idea. he would be on hand at Filbert E
regardless of circumstances. * ti
BELIEVES IN.KING COTTON. si
Watson Does Not Think There Will h
Be.Over 13,000-,000 Bales. V
Commissioner E. J. Watson, like
many of us, does not believe in the' F
absurd fraudulent prediction made tl
by some fakir connected with the y
National Agricultural Department s<
that the cotton crop of this year will kc
reach over 14,000,000 bales. He
thinks the farmers will receive a
splendid price for their cotton If they L
maintain their sup~remacy by market- d
ing the crop in a sane method. g
Mr. Watson is unquestionably one
of the greatest authorities in the h
country on the situatlon,' for he not n
only takes In South Carolina, nor the G
cotton belt, but be goes to Europe. G
.o ascertain conditions there. He vy
states that the cotton crop thIs year li
cannot exceed 13,000,000 bales and g
with deterioration which may be ex
pected, it will fall considerably under tl
Mr. Watson says the condition of
the European spinners is such that
they ,will have to have cotton and s
have it In great quantities. He states ,
that with such conditions confronting e
them they will have to pay the price y,
demanded by southern farmers. In Iz
addition to this Mr. Watson says that c<
crop conditions over the whole belt G
are not Ideal and that even with pres
ent seasons South Carolina will not
make more than 1,3 00,000 bales, ~
which is a little more than last sea-t
Mr. Watson says South Carolina
will make almost enough corn to sup
ply the local needs, notwithstanding
the backset the drought gave the ear- F
ly planted corn. He thinks this Is a
great thing for a certain belt State, G
like South Carolina, to do. All our .:
farmers have to do is to sit steady
in the boat and market the cotton
crop slowly and it will bring good
Protect a Fiend.
A dispatch from Akron, Ohio, says
fearing an attempt to take John Kel
ly, aged 24, from the county jail, with
a view to av'enging the confessed as
sault of Audra Martin, two-year-old d.
daughter of Mfrs. H. T. Martin. Sher- G
1ff David Ferguson called in all ihis R~
deputies and armed them with riot d~
guns. Kelly was arrested at Cleve- ti
land. * t
After Three Years. t
A body found Tuesday on Bridge 0
Island in the Chattahoochee river, ~
near Columbus, Ga., has been iden- r
ified through a scar on the arm and h
a filled tooth as that of Tucker Day- a:
idson, a young white man who had ~
been missing three years. * a
L. Bryan Company of Columbia, h
which firm will serve as 3nanager of b
the central text-book depository. Un- e:
der the text-book contract the man
ager of the central depository was to
be selected by the publishers and ap
proved by the State board of educa- i
tion. All local dealers in text-books v
should therefore communicate at 'I
once with the R. L. Bryan company d
in order that arrangements may be a
made for introdlucing new books re- t
RAT MW WAK
remief'Asquih lakes Plaia Esgiad's
ude. About loreMCc.
ANTS ISSUE SETLED
peech Delivered In the House of
Commons Indicates Nearness of a
Orisis in Mispute Between Fuce
and Germany Over the Morocco
A cablegram from London says
le most pessimistiz view Tega .ng
ie acuteness of the Moroccan situ
Jion was taken Thursday in the
mment of the prime minister,
ben -be delivered a speech. o thie
ouse of Commons which had been
trefully prepared. He stated-that
reat Britain proposed to stand-for
hat she considered her rights and
> maintain"the balance of powei in
Further testimony 'to the griiity
t the situation is given by the-fact
tat the prime minister had taken
ke leader of the Opposition Into: the
overnment's conddence; and- 3r.
.r. Balfour's declaration wam nless
rm than Mr. Asquith's.
The -prime mpntters -statannt
couched In strong terms. Att the
ry opening he said:.
"It is obvious that thIs &ioriia
estion has reached a poit- at
hich it will become increiily
Ificult embarrassing and Ankfous
aless a solution is found."
Later he said: "We though it
ght from the beginning-to-make
ear that failing of a settlesient
ich, as I have indicated, we must
come an active party in'the:'dis
Ission of the-situation. That4oizId
? our right as-a signatory to the
-eaty of Algeciras, as It might be
ir obligation under the termawof
ir agreement of 1904 'with France.
might be our duty in defens- of
ritish interest directly affed a.by
In pr'omsing the support'-of the
;ositiofrto the government Mr. Bal--'
"If there are any who suppoed
tat we would be wiped oZ the map
Europe because we htave our dif
rences at home, It may -be worth'
hile saying that they bitterly mis
ke the temper of the British -peo
e and the -pariotism of the opposi
Such plain speaking on a question
ought with possibilities of a great
uropean -war has not been heard in
te British Padliament in a great
any years. The outcome of the
uation appears to rest almost wihol
on Germany's shoulders. If as
me German papers say, Germany
is reace!d the stage of national de
opment where the necessities of
r population demand that she en
rge, and dmvoses conditions on
rance which Great Britain thik
-reaen her interests, the on-ly re
lt, so far as those best Informed
e it, will be the oft-threatened and
ing averted European war .
The majority of the German news
apers profess to think that Mr.
loyd-George warning was not ad
'essed to Germany, but assort. of
meral proclamation 'of -principles.
e -prime minister miade it -plain,'
,wever, that Great Britan 7661d
:,t consent to some of the Ideas -of
ermany. Great ~Britain feels that
ermany thought she could take ad
intage of the crisis, and that Eng
ud was busily engaged In home af
irs-too busy to pay attention to
her questions. The politicians and
e publie earnestly 'hope that Ger
any's programme is not one which
ay be impossible.
The British prime ' ministers -
atement 'in the House of Commons
as greeted in Paris wit-h the great
4 satisfaction). The 'gpinion ex
esed to-night is -one -of confidence
,a satisfactory settlement of the
>troversy -between France and
Premier Caillolux conferred with
.Desolves, minister of foreign af
.irs, and afterwards with the aninis-.
rs of war, marine, -public works
id finance. Later M. Caillaux-said
at prudence and cool heads were
.orethan necessary to all parties.
The Ternps say that although the
rench ambassador to Germany, and
aron Von ilderlen-Waechter, the
erman foreign secretary have taken
1 a tone of greater cordiality, they
ive not resulted in advancing the
3TRANGE MARRBIAGE CUSTOM.
racticed by Natives of Dutch New
Describing the work of the expe
tion to Dutch New Guinea, Captain
.C. Rowling, at a meeting of the
oyal Geographical Society, at ~Lon
n, gave his impresions of the na
es. During a years sojourn with
te the travellers obtained -consid
-ble insight 'to many of their cus
ims. Marriage was only witnessed
1 one occasion, In this instance the
en who escorted the bridge uap the
ver betaking themselves to their
:mes, while the bride, preceeded by
1 old woman, crawled through the
.ud and up the -bank on her bands
id knees, and in this degraded po
tion disappeared into her future
ame. Neither in marriage or in
rth were any festivities undertak
Mashed by TraIn.
Mr. C. C. Burkhalter one of the
-ominent citizens and planters of the
estern section of Edgefield county
hursday met with a railroad acci
nt that resulted in h-Is death. The
cident occurred at Par-ksville, on
ie Charleston and Western Carolinea