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THE LABEL CASE
Celebrated Dispensary Case Called in
the Court at Columbia
THREE MEN ARE NAMED
Conspiracy to Defraud the State Is
the Technical Charge Made Against
the Defendants, L. W. Boykin, 1.
B. Towill and W. 0. Tatum, Form
er Dispensary Officials.
The Record says persistent argu
ment over the admission or rejection
of testimony of witnesses and the en
trance of records into the evidence
were the predominating features of
the first day of the trial in the cele
brated "label" case, which was com
menced Tuesday morning in the court
of general sessions, at Columbia,
Judge Wilson presiding. The case
is one of the so-called dispensary
"graft cases." Defense and prosecu
tion stating themselves ready for
trial in the case of the State against
W. G. Tatum, formerly dispensar,
commissioner: L. W. Boykin and
John Bell Towill, former members of
the dispensary board, on the charge
of conspiracy to defraud the State,
the trial commenced about 10 o'clock
Up to the dinner recess, three wit
nesses for the prosecution had been
examined, these 1eing Assistant See
retary of State W. B. Dove, Mr. E. M.
Thomson, secretary of -he present
winding-up commission, and Mr. S.
T. Carter, chief clerk in the State
treasurer's office. The principal mat
ters of evidence brought out during
the morning session of the court were
the stub book of the old Aispensary
board, showing memoranda of war
rants drawn on the State treasury,
two of which were in favor of the
Nivison-Weiskopf company, of Cin
ctnnati, and the two vouchers corres
ponding from the vaults of the State
treasury. These showed two pay
ments of $17,SOS.50 each from the
dispensary commission, to the Weis
The attorneys for the defense en
tered their names with the clerk.
Representing L. W. Boykin are
Messrs. Nelson, Nelson & Gettys of
Columbia, Messrs. Johnstone & Cro
mer of Newberry and Mr. R. H.
Welch of Columbia. Representing
John Bell Towill are Messrs. E. L.
Asbill of Lexington and Solicitor
George B. Timmerman, a cousin of
Mr. Towill. Attorneys for W. 0.
Tatum are Messrs. Raysor & Sum
mers of Orangeburg, State Senator
Robert Lide of Orangeburg, T. H.
Tatum of Bishopville, J. B. McLaugh
lin of Columbia and R. H. Welch of
Columbia. Attorneys for the defense
called the roll of their witnesses and
it was stated that they would all be
present during the day. Thereupon
the defense announced itself ready
<Among the witnesses named were:
H. G. Garrison, W. M1. Shannon, A.
-D. Kennedy, W. B. Gordo-n, W. R.
Hough, John G. Richards, Jr., W. B.
Boyle, 3. K. Gidden, H. H. Evans,
M. 0. Dantzler, Wilie Jones, J. P.
Matthews, W. G. Childs, C. Fitzsim
ons, Charles Ellis, G. afeD. Hamp
ton, D. S. Pope, J. J. Watson, Theo.
N. DuBose, L. C. Lipscomb, William
Wstson, H. B. Richardson and others.
The prosecution is conducted by At
torney General Lyon. assisted by Mr.
W. F. Stevenson, Assistant Attorney
General M. P. DeBruhl, Solicitor W.
H. Cobb and Mr. B. L. Abney.
The indictment which was read to
the jury charges that the three de
fendants were officials of the State
dispensary, that they entered into a
conspiracy to defraud the State in
the purchase of a number of labels
from the Nivison-Weiskopf company
at a total expenditure of about $35.
000, defrauding the State in the sum
of $22,500 in the transaction.
Mr. W. B. Dove, assistant secre
tary of state, was the first witness
for the State. but the defense stated
that they would admit what the wit
'ness was to prove, that the defen
dants were officials of the old dispen
sary board. Messrs. Boykin and
Towill were directors and Mr. Tatum
commissioner. The first real fight
of the trial came when Mr. E. M.
Thomson, secretary of the present
dispensary winding-up commission,
was placed on the stand as the State's
second witness. The prosecution de
sired to enter as evidence a stub book
containing the records of warrants
drawn by the dispensary board upon
the State treasurer. The defense ob
jected to this book being entered in
evidence. Arguments were made by
Mr. George Johnstone for the de
fense and Mr. Stevenson for the
State. The defense claimed that they
had a right to demand the checks or
warrants themselves, which they said
would be the highest evidence and
not merely the memoranda of these
Mr. Johnston argued that to ac
cept these stubs as evidence of mon
ey paid out by the commissioner, it
would have to be proved that the
memorandums so made were made
under the authority of the board that
the writing was the handwriting of
the defendants. The objection was
finally overuled by Judge Wilson and
the evidence was submitted.
Several stu-bs were read to the jury
by Mr. Steverson showing warrants
drawn in favor of the Weiskopf com
pany. Upon cross examination Mr.
Thomson stated that he had come
into the possession of the books only
the day before and could not vouch
for its being the records ma-le under
the supervision of the board. The
jury was excused from the court
room while arguments were heard as
to whether or not th~e witness could
identify a letter which it was claim
ed was written by Mr. Lyon to Gov
ernor Bdlease, stating that the case
against Weiskopf in this case. would
be no1 prossed, upon the condition of
his telling the truth on the witne'ss
The third witness for the prosecu
tion was Mr. S. T. Carter, chief
clerk in the office of the State treas
urer. He identified two vouchers,
drawn by the dispensary board in
favor of the Nivison-Weiskopf com
pany. These were submitted as evi
dence after some argument by the
attorneys. They were signed by the
late G. H. Charles, clerk of the State
dispensary board, and by W. 0. Ta
turn, commissioner. They were both
for the same amount, $184.108.40.206I
HAZING AT CMEMSON
CADETS HATE BEEN DISMISSED
FOR THE OFFENCE.
The Board of Trustees Have Deter
mined to Break Up the Foolish
Custom Among the Boys.
The Anderson Mail says seven
cadets have seen dismissed from
Clemson college for hazing. None of
these are from Anderson county, but
from counties in the lower section
of the state. Their names could not
be divulged at the college, following
a rule along this line adopted some
tine ago. The Mail says:
A rumor was afloat in Anderson,
that nine cadets had been dismissed e
and that ninety others were yet to be i
tried on the charge of hazing. Dr.
Riggs, president of the college, was
reached over the telephone, and he
stated that only eight had been
brought up for hazing, and that sev
en of these had been dismissed. This
occurred two or three days a'-.
Veretofore it has been custo. .Ay
at Clemson for the president or some
other offlicial to state orally to the
student body when it assembles for
the opening of the season tbhazing
will not be tolerated, the penalty for
such offense being expulsion. This
year the custom was changed: each
of the boys anticipating admittance
receiving letters several days before
the college opened stating that all
cadets guilty of hazing would be ex
It is said that the hazing in this
incident was only that of the recruits
being required to sing "Casey Jones"
and a few other songs for the merri
ment of the other cadets, and that
maybe a paddle had been called light
ly into use. At any ra.te the recruit
was not injured in the slightest, and
had it not been for the fact that he
was resigning in order to return to
his home. he would have probably
never reported the eight young men
to the ouicials.
Dr. Riggs said that there is less
hazing at the college than ever be
fore; that the cadets are required to
sign an agreement that they will not
participate in hazing, and that the
cadets are observing the agreement.
There has been a good deal of com
plaint a-bout hazing at Clenson Col
lege. and the trustees are to be con
gratulated on the steps they have
taken to stop it.
HELD UP A NEGRO.
A White Man and a Negro Attempt
to Commit Robbery.
Near Allendale two men one white
and the other a negro, mades a bold
attempt at robbery about three
o'clock Wednesday morning, when
tbey drew revolvers on Richard Bry
ant, a negro, who lives on W. F.
Googe's plantation, near the ceme
tery, as he was going to town to mar
ket a bale of cotton. Just as Bryant
.was passing a thicket the two high
waymen stepped out in front of him
with revolvers and demanded that he
halt. They then proceeded to search
him, but found nothing, and ordered
the negro to move on. The robbers
are still at large and there seems to
be no clue as to who they are.
The Boy and His Opinions.
In the Woman's Home Companio~n
for September a writer on "The Boy
and His Opinions" reports a
case that contains valuablo lessons
for ,both boys and mothers. "My
son," a mother said, with, perhaps a
Ilote of amused irritation in her voice,
to the spruce college-boy, who had
questioned the wisdom of one of her
actions, "you must understand once
for all that I do not wish to have you
criticise me on any subject whatso
The lad opened wide 'his eyes, and
asked, "do you mean I am never to
tell you when you do a thing I think
isn't right." "I mean just that,"
replied the mother. "For a number
of years I have conducted my affairs
with tolerable success without the
benefit of your criticism, and I have
faith to believe I can keep on doing
it. Of course, you will criticise me
in your own mind; that is quite nat
ural and I take it for granted; but
I don't wish to hear your critcism
unless I ask for it."
Of course the boy did not like it,
but he respected his mother too much
to show any evidence of that fact.
The writer in the Woman's Home
Ccmpanion says he admired the
mother for having given the boy the
advice she did, and goes o'i to say
that no essential part of teaching a
boy to think for himself is served by
permitting him to find fault with his
parents. As the mother said he is
likely to criticise mentally the con
duct and demeanor of his parents, to
look down upon their beliefs and
theories and flatter himself he could
manage most of their affairs far bet
ter than they themselves do.
All this is in a way a part of the
boy's training in learning to think
and act for himself, and the fact that
he will probably discard most of his
experimental theories, which his par
eats had tested and thrown aside in
their younger days, and come around
eventually to the codes of his father
and mother, does not make the edu
eational value of the earlier process
any less. But there is no gain for
him in the public expression of his
adverse opinions, and the self-con
trol involved in their repression is
good for his soul.
In all other lines, however, en
courage your children to air their
views. Perhaps this might not be
so desirable if they were likely not
to be your views as well as his. But
the wandering seeds of opinion to
which I have already referred will
grow in the soil you have cultivated
and you will be able to advise him
which are weeds to be rooted out, and
which are useful growths to be tend
ed and fostered. Remember that
some day your boys and girls will
have to do all their own thinking.
each and were dated, respectively,
September 15, 1905, and October 18,
1905. A number of questions were
asked Mr. Carter regarding the man
ner in which the former winding-up I
commission, of which Dr. W. J. Mur-i
ray was chairman, kept its papers
and it was shown that they had no t
fixed place of meeting, and that its
records were left in several - placesc
where they were amy';tomed to hold
TALK IT OVER
LesuIt of the Canadian Election Being
Discused Pro and COL
WILL IT HELP OR HURT
.hat Is What the Old Politicians Are
Trying to Figure Out, the Old
Guard Republicans Being Inclined
to the Belief That It Will Heal the
A Washington dispatch says the
tuestion which is agitating the lead
rs of political parties and factions
; how their fortunes in the approach
ng national campaign will be affect
d by Thursday's defeat of the Laur
er government and Canadian reci
>rocity. It is evident the replies
vould be as varied in character, as
vere the political views of the fac
ions which fought over the question
luring the special session of con
Official Washington closely follow
-d the returns from Canada Thursday
ight but remained silent regarding
he outcome. Huntington Wilson,
Lting secretary of the state depart
nent, declined to make any. state
nent, and there was no other high
)fficial in a position to discuss the
situation. The unofficial view was
hat as Canada had rejected the
tgreement there was nothing for the
idministration to do but "make the
>est of the matter."
That the rejection of the Canadian
tgreement will have a strong bear
ng upon the campaign of President
raft is not doubted. Some of the
'Old Guard" Republicans who sup
orted the agreement "against their
better judgment" are saying its de
Eeat will strengthen the Taft admin
istration by removing the only issue
on which there was any disagreement
with the president.
Most of the insurgent Republicans
were opposed to the agreement and
they believe their position has been
made much stronger. There was no
one in Washington to speak even in
formally for the Democrats. A maj
ority of that party in botn senate
and house voted for the enactment
and without their votes the Taft pro
gramme for the special session would
Some of the friends of the Canadi
an agreement do not hesitate to
harge the Canadian defeat of the
Laurier government to the "annexa
ticn bogy." One of the excuses for
this issue was suggested by a speech
of Champ Clark, of Missouri, now
speaker of the house, which he deliv
ered in favor of the agreement dur
ing the last session- of the Sixty
first congress, when the agreement
was passed by the house and held up
by the senate. .Mr. Clark was mak
ing a plea for a wider market and in
giving his reasons for supporting the
Canadian agreement said:
"I am for it because I hope to see
the day when the American flag will
float over every square foot of the
British North American possession
clear to the North Pole. They are
people of our blood; they speak our
language; their institutions are much
like ours. They are trained in the
difficult art of self-goverment. My
judgment is that if the treaty of
1854 had never been abrogated the
chances of a consolidation of these
countries would have been much
greater than they are now."
The Canadian press or at least no
small padt of it, accepted Mr. Clark's
statement as a confession that the
real motive of the United States was
to promote annexation. In vain Mr.
Clark explained that the remark was
semi-jocular," although representing
bis personal desire. The chance re
mark was one of the chief arguments
of Canadian opponents of the agree
Added importance to Mr. Clark's
remarks was given when he was later
elected speaker, and as such became
the leader of his party. Many per
sons, because of these circumstances,
were attributing the political down
fall of the premier of the Canadian
government to the speaker of the
American house of reprsntatives.
There ought to be a large gather
ing at the courthouse on Monday of
Orangeburg county citizens of every
walk in life, particularly of the far
mers, to discuss the cotton situation.
The present price of cotton is ruin
ous to nearly all business in this sec
tion of the country. Monday's meet
ing may not be able to accomplish
any great things, but the people can
show their interest in a matter that
so vitally concerns them, and every
little helps in a public movement like
this. Let the people attend and see
and hear. even if they cannot advise.
As the Newberry Obesrver says "one
trouble with our people is that they
stand off from public movements and
expect others to do the work." The
price of cotton concerns all and
we should all do what we can to help
the farmers win his fight against the
Wall street sharks that are trying to
plunder him out of his cotton. In
the language of the Observer " lets
try to get together in the town and
yountry on all matters of public in
:erest. There is no telling what may
be accomplished by 'a long pull, a~
strong pull and a pull all together.'
o be sure to be at the meeting at
the courthouse on Monday morning,
nd help along the movement to bet
:er the price of our great staple.
Rich Newsboy is Dead.
William B. Greenburg, the richest
ewsboy in St. Louis, was buried
Honday. His death was caused by
aneumonia. From poverty Green
urg rose to be a landlord at his
leath was the owner of a $112,000
partment building and the news
~tand which he established after sell
ng papers on the streets for almost
Eight Too Many.
Testerfying that a man never gets
oo old to have affinities and charg
ng that her husband, Charles W.
tdams, who is sixty, had nine during
heir married life, Mrs. Jennie M.
dams was granted a divorce in the
ourt at Kansas City on Saturday.
he refused to accept more than $30
SOME C0TTON FACTS
THAT ARE VERY INTERESTING
JUST AT THIS TIME.
Increase in Supply This Year Over
Last Was Twelve Per Cent, While
Less Was U'sed.
There was an increase of more
than 12 percent. in the supply of raw
cotton in the United. States dur
ing the cotton year which ended Au
gust 31, 1911, according to the cen
sus bureau's preliminary report on
the supply and distribution of cotton
issued Tuesday. The supply amount
ed to 13,655,479 bales, compared
with 12,1S8,021 bales for the pre
vious year, when there was a de
crease of 20 per cent, from that avail
able in 1909.
Notwithstanding the increase in the
total supply, the consumption of cot
ton in -the United States showed a de
crease of slightly more than 2 per
cent, over last year, and was the
smallest consumption during the past
three years, it being 4,090,010 bales.
The consumption during the year
was larger in the cotton growing
States than the previous year, while
in all other States it was smaller
During the cotton year the exports
were 22 per cent greater than in1910
the amount being 7,7S1,414 bales
compared with 6,339,028 bales a year
ago. This year was the fourth larg
est in the history of the export trade.
The net imports increased more
than 52 per cent., the tota.1 amount,
231,191 bales, being greater than in
any year in the history of the indus
The supply and dIstribution of cot
ton in the United. Staes in running
bales, including linters, for the cotton
year, which ended August 31, 1911,
with comparisions for previous years.
were announced Tuesday by E. Dana
Durand, director of'the census. The
Total.. .. '.13,655,479 12,188,021
Ginnings .. .12,334,248 10,350,978
Stocks at begin
ning of year 1,040,040 1,685,643
Net imports .. . 231,191 151,395
The supply was distributed as fol
Exports..... 7,781,414 6,339,028
Consumpton . 4,69G,316 4,798,953
fire........ ........ 10,000
Stocks at end
of year ... 1,177,749 1,040,040
In detail the consumption and
stocks held at the end of the year
were as follows:
The consumption was as follows
In the United States, 4,696,316
bales, compared with 4,798,953 bales
last year; 5,240,719 bales ir 1i09,
and 4,539,090 bales in 1908.
In cotton growing states, 2,328,
265 bales, compared with 2,292.333
bales last year; 2,553,797 bales in
1909, and 2,187,096 bales in 1908.
In all other states, 2,368,051 bales,
compared with 2,506,620 bales last
year; 2,686,922 bales in 1909, acid
2,351,994 bales in 1908.
Stocks held August 31:
In the United States, 1,177,749
bales, compared with 1,040,040 bales
last year; 1,483,535 bales in 1909,
and 1,236,058 bales in 1908.
By manufacturers, 523,441 bales,
compared with 533,232 bales last
year; 907,097 bales in 1909, and
594,184 ;bales in 1908. By manufac
turers in cotton growing States, 100,
630 bales, ccmpared with 121,349
'ales last year; 186,393 bales in
1909, and 112,471 bales in 1908.
By manufacturers in all other States,
422,811 bales, compared with 411,
883 bales last year; 720,704 bales in
1909, and 431,713 bales in 1908.
In independent warehouses, 431,
401 bales, com'pared with 306,808
bales last year; 325,099 bales in
1909, and 444, 626 bales in 1908.
In independent warehouses in cotton
growing states, 347,625 bales, com
pared with 155,871 bales last year;
242,747 bales in 1909, and 362,584
bales in 1 908. In independent ware
houses in all other states, 83,576
bales, compared with 150,937 bales
last year: 32,352 bales in 1909, and
82,042 bales in 1908.
By other holders, 22,907 bales,
compared with 200,000 bales last
year; 251,389 .bales in 1909, and
197,248 bales in 1908.
The number of cotton spindles op
erated were as follows:
In the United States, 28,871,849
compared with 29,183,945 for the
year ending December 31, 1909,
which included spindles- consuming
cotton mixed with other fibres; 28,
01,305 for the year ending August
31, 1909, and 27,505,422 for 1908.
In cotton growing states, 10,877,
457, compared with 10,801,494 in
1910; 10,420.200 in 1909, and 10,
200,903 in 1908.
In all other states, 17,994,392,
compared with 18,337,451 in 1910;
17,539,105 in 1909, and 17,304,519
These statistics are in running
bales, including linters, except for
foreign cotton, which has been reduc
ec to equivalent 500-pound bales.
Statistics for cotton consumed and of
stocks held at mills and in ware
houses were collected by canvasses of
the consumers of the warehouses, but
the stocks shown under the classifi
cation "elsewhere'' were not secured
from actual canvass, but by deduc
tion, this quantity being the differ
ence between the total supply and the
sum of the quantities consumed and
that held by manufacturers and ware
Naval Officer Killed.
Ensign Haller Belt, commanding
the gunboat Tatanga, was killed by:
hostile natives at Yacans islands, in
Phillipine. Several sailors were se
verely injured. The details have not
reached the Navy Department.
Drunken Negroes Drown.
Three negro men were drowned in
a lake near Charlotte, N. C. All were
under the influence of liquor and
while one did the rowing the others
amused themselves by standing up
in the tiny craft and rocking it.
Finally it capsized.
Fight Caused Death.
Intense excitement while witness
ing an altercation between Leon
Combs and John Duagherty, one arm
ed with brass knucks, caused William
Nettle, aged 50, to drop dead from
a failur at Manor, Ga.|
BRYAN ANSWERS TAFT
SAYS WHN A TRUST MAGNATE
IS PUT IN JAIL.
He Will Give Weight to the Presi
dent's Defence of the Decision of
the Supreme Court.
W. J. Bryan answering the chal
lenge of President Taft made at Cher
rydale, Kan., that he produce an ex
ample of restraint of trade, which
would not come within the purview
of the Supreme Court. Bryan said
on Monday night befoie leaving far
Knoxville, Tenn., for Cincinnati:
"If President Taft would take time
to read the dissenting opinion of Jus
tice Harlan in the case and report
of the judiciary conmittee of the
Senate, filed by Senator Nelson when
the committee refused to recommend
the amendment, which the Supreme
Court injected into the law, he will
understand my view of the subject.
"I believe with Justice Harlan and
the Nelson report that the Suprme
Court has practically nulified the
criminal clause of the anti-trust law
and will wait until the President suc
ceeds in putting a trust magnate in
the penitentiary before I give any
weight to the President's defense of
the desession of the Supreme Court.
"It took four years and a half to
get a decision in the Standard Oil
case. If it takes that long to find
out whether a trust magnate can be
sent to the penientiary under the
law as emasculated by the Supreme
Court, President Taft nay be able to
bluff his way through another cam
paign on the trust question as he
did through the law, but the bluff
ought to deceive anybody who is real
ly opposed to the trusts."
This was "Bryan Day" at the Ap
palachian Exposition. The Nebrask
an arrived recently and went to the
exposition grounds early in the d.y,
where he made a tour of the various
exhibit buildings an' participated in
pleasures of the exposition. This
afternoon at 4 o'clock he delivered
an address at the exposition grounds
upon the theme, "The Signs of
HELP THE ORPHANS
Don't Forget That Next Saturday Is
Orphanage Work Day.
For the last few years the various
orphanages of the State have united
in asking the good people of the state
to give the proceeds of one day's la
bor to the orphans. The last Satur-.
day in September has been set apart
as "Work Day," and all, both grown
people and children, who feel inter
ested in helping the orphans a.re ask
ed to give that aay's labor or income
to the orphanage of their choice. -
There are about 250 orphans at
Thornwell orphanage (Presbyterian),
Clinton; almost as many at Connie
Maxwell (Baptist), Greenwood; 225
at Epworth orphanage (Methodist).
Columbia: 60 at the Church home
These orphan children are being
clothed, fed and educated entirely by
the gifts of the people, and it is ear
nestly hoped that a liberal response
will be made to this appeal. Let
none fail to send the wages or income
of one day's labor to the orphanage
of his choice. Make remittances by
check, postoffice money order or by
express to either of the four orphan
ages named below:
Dr. J. F. Jacobs, Clinton. S. C.
Rev. A. T. Jamison, Greenwood, S.
Rev. W. Be Wharton. Columbia, S.
The Church Home, Yorkville, S. C.
Coming of the Roll Weevil.
The boll sveevil is coming and the
farmers of South Carolina may as
well mrake up thcir minds now that
in about three years from this time
the pest will be with them. Accord
ing to the scientists the boll weevil
tiavels about seventy rmies a year,
nt a ?tryv fast pac' but they are
arve to ge here in ti:e. T .+ At
lanta Journal says wheresoever a
couple of these little immigrants
make their habitat, they soon boast a
family of several millions and then
a tribe of many, many billions. The
fact is. a day is as a thousand years
to the boll weevil.
It means a great deal, therefore.
when the scientists tell us that this
mst dangerous of all enemies to
the south's cotton crop is crawling
through the southern ecounties of
Alabama at the rate of seventy miles
a year that within the next twelve
months it will probably have encom
passed a score or more additional
counties in that state and that by
1912 it will have crossed the borders
of Georgia, and will be on the march
to South Carolina.
The Journal goes on to say that "it
is in the early autumn that the boll
weevil begins his march forward to
new territory. The entomoligists and
farmers are accordingly on the look
out for signs of his advance. Thus
far, there has been no considerable
evidence of his having got a hold up -
on Georgia. But there is every evi
dence that he is headed in this direc
tion and that unless timely measures
of defense are taken, this state will
suffer no less than her neighbors to
the south and west.
"There is every reason to believe
that this menace can be averted, or
at least minimized by due precau
tions. In this connection, State En
tomoloyist Worsham is carrying on a
vigorous campaign of education. It
is gratifying, too, to note that busi
ness men. as well as farmers are an
swering the call to arms. .Certainly,
there is no movement that should
claim heartier cooperation from all
the people, for millions of dollars
worth of cotton are at stake."
Was Beaten to Death.
C. H. W. Johnson. mayor of Oak
hurst, suburb of Atlanta, was beaten
to death with a scantling by T. W.
Zuber, after the latter had been shot
and mortally wounded by .lohnson.
Zuber was rushed into Atlanta for
medical attention, and Johnson died
at his home about 15 minutes after
Xilled His Guard.1
At Monroe, La., though both hands
were handcuffed. John Johnson, a ne
gro, Friday siezed an axe handle and
brined his negro guard, killing him
instantly, and escaped. Johnson had t
been convicted of a minor offense and
tatement of Their Condition lade by
the State Bank Examiner.
RAKES A GOOD SHOWNG
[he Report Shows That the Resour
ces of the Two Hundred and Nine
ty-five State Banks Are Far in Ex
cess of Any Period During Last I
State Bank Examiner B. J. Rhame
ssues the following report on the
ondition of the banks of South Car
ylina, accompanied by these com
"Enclosed you will find a report of
:be condition of the banks of this
tate doing business on September 1,
L911, which are subject to the juris
liction of this office. I also enclose
t comparative statement showing in
3rease or decrease, as the case might
be during the past year.
"The resources are larger for this
all than they ever have been in six
Fears which this office has been in
xistence, showing that the banks are
growing very rapidly in the amount
of business which is transacted."
Statenent of the condition of the
295 State and branch banks and priv
ate banks, at he close of business
Sepember 1, 1911:
Loans and discouns..$57,962,790.23
Overdrafs ......... .. 575,020.42
Bonds and stocks own
ed by the bank. . . 4,096,815.29
Furniture and fixtures 507,707.43
Banking house... . . 1,135.666.09
ther real estate own
ed .............. 333,748.76
Due from banks and
bankers ......... 4,455,366.29
Currency .......... 867,282.00
Gold ............... 100,630.50
Silver and other minor
coin ............ 94312,602.76
Checks and cash items 273,599.28
Exchanges for the
C:saring House ... 42,323.96
Other resources, viz .. - 17,778.89
Total ......... .$70,863,331.90
Capital stock paid in$11,376,725.42
Surplus fund ...... 3,683,115.56
ndivided profits, less
and taxes paid.... 2,187,577.36
Due. to banks and
bankers ......... ..570,949.82
Dividends unpaid ... 19,783,14
subject to check . . 16,365,117.53
Savings deposits .... 17,246,987.45
-Demand certificates of
deposit ......... 213,033.12
Time certificates of de
posit ............ 3,846,542.85
Certified checks ..... 52,913.07
Cashier's checks .... 104,938.90
Notes and bills redis
Bills payable, includ
ing certificates for
money -borrowed . . 12,900,555.63
Other liabilities, viz . 107,814.81
Total'.. .. .. .. ..$70,863,331.90
Call No. 23.
1, 1911 .........$70,863,331.90
22, 1910 .........64,491,536.84
Increase in one year .$ 6,371,795.06
Increase since June 7,
Loans and discounts,
September, 1911- . . $57,962,790.23
Loans and discounts,
September, 1910... 50,453,490.43
Increase in one year . $ 7,509,297.80
Increase since June 1,
Due from banks, Sep
tember. 1911.... $ 4,455,366.29
Due from banks, Sep
tember, 1910. .. ....5,81,499.48
Decrease in one year . $ 1,416,123.18
Decrease since June,
Cash in vault, Septem
ber, 1911 .. .. .. .. $ 1,280,514.26
Cash in vault, Septem
ber, 1910 .. .. .. ....1,423,975.52
Decrease in one year .$ 143,461.26
Decrease since June,
Capita] stock, Septer1
ber. 1911. .. .. ...$11,376,725.42
Capital stock, Septe- i
ber, 1910. .. .. .. ..10,124,286.40
Increase in one year.$ 1,252,439.02
Increase since June,
Surplus and profits,
September, 1911 . .$ 5,870,692.92
Surplus and profits,
September, 1910 .. 5,401,654.53
Increase in one year . $ 4G9,038.39
Decrease since June,
September, 1911 . . $37,829,532.92
September, 1910 . . 36,502,313.10
Increase in one year . $ 1,327,219.82
Decrease since June,
Bills payable and re
ber, 1911 .. .. .. .. $15,087,832,87
Bills payable and re
ber, 1910. .. .. .. ..11,686,119.25
Increase in one year . $ 3,401,713,62
Increase since June,
1911............. 5,994,814.72 1
Number of banks, September,
>umber of banks, September,
ncrease in one year. .. .. .. .. 25
[ncrease since June, 1911 . . .. 4C
Four new banks have commenced I
usiness since June 7, 1911: C
Eutawville-Bank of Eutawville.
'Forence - Palmetto Bank and
['rust Company. d
Johnston--Branch, Bank of Wes- p
er Carolina, Aiken.f
ITALY AND TURKEY
HE RELATIVE FIGHTING CONDI
TION OF THE TWO.
rouble Began Thirty Years Ago as
Result of the Italians Longing for
Trouble between Italy and Turkey,
rhich culminated Friday afternoon
i a declaration of war at Rome,
ates back to 1878, when, with the
iaking of the treaty concluding the
tusso-Turkish war, the -powers are
nderstood to have agreed to -per
it Italy a "pacific peneration of
Italy has colonized Tripoli until her
terests in that African province
re very great. She has asserted,
owever, that her subjects have been
aistreated by the Ottoman authori
ies and constantly discriminated
,gainst. At the same time Turkey
vas warned not to send soldiers or
unitions of war to Tripoli. A Tur
ish transport bearing a few men
nd arms and ammunition arriving at
'ripoli from Constantinople wa's not
nolested on the ground that she
ailed before the Italian warning had
Italy, in the meantime, brought
oldiers to the Italian coast, where
bey were placed on board ships, rea
ly to proceed to Tripoli and other
yoints. *A second squadron is design
d for Salonika.
Italy's declaration of war on Tur
(ey grew out of unsatisfied demands
:hat the Ottoman government, domi
:ant in Tripoli for 300 years, shall
;urrender all economic and political
ights to Italy.
Tripoli is capable of tremendous
levelopment. The soil along the
:oast is fertile. Not so much can
be said of the interior.
The land~ fighting forces of Italy
and Turkey compare favorably, al
though Italy appears to have the ad
vantage for war on foreign soil, be
-ause the Italian government has
plenty of transport ships and a com
petent navy to guard'them en voy
age, while Turkey has no transports
and the Ifighting strength of her
navy is nil.
Italy's standing arm in 1911 num
bered approximately 225,000 and
14,000 officers, but a far greater
number could be -put in the field in
case of necessity. The Italian navy
consists in vessels commissioned,
built or building, 15 warships nire
armored cruisers, 17 unarmored
cruisers and gun vessels, 36 destr6y
ers, an equal number of first-class
torpedo boats and 20 submarines. In
the naval force there approximately
are 31,000 men. As a whole the Ital
ian navy is generally ranked fifth
The Italians are skilled sesmen.
They have constructed some remark
able war vessels. The naval lists
show that Turkey has a fighting
strength of nine coast defense iron
cads, five -protected cruis-ers, six tor
pedo vessels, one gunboat, 21 torpedo
boat destroyei-s, 27 torpedo boats and
The nominal strength of the Turk
ish navy is 929 officers, 3,000 sailors,
besides about 9,000 mariens. The
empire is divided into seven army
corps districts and~ there are two in
dependent divisions at Medina and
Tripoli, respectively. The total fight
ing strength is close to 1,000,000
men and by the existing recruiting
laws all Mussulmen are liable to mili
HINTS FOR THE LADIES.
From the Agricultural and Weekly
Augusta Chronicle. -
-To remove potato, onion and oth
er vegetable stains from the hands,
rub with ripe tomatoes.
Get the stoves in order for the
first cold-snap, when you really feel
the cold more than in winter weatha
Be sure to keep a pair of old scis
sore in the kitchen for the purpose-of
cuttii-g raisins,- lettuce, celery, etc.
Skim the fat off the chicken broth
and use it to shorten biscuits. These
are much more delicious than when
you use lard.
At the altar: "I, thee, with all my
worldly goods endow." Two years
later: "M.lore money? Where's the
dollar I gave you last week?"
-A bank lately received the follow
ing note from a lady: "Please stop
payment on the check I wrote out
today, as I accidentally burned it
Save all your coffe grounds; rinse
them and use them to stuff pin
cushions. They will hold shape in
definitely and the pins spush in easily.
If a teaspoonful of sweet milk is
added to each yol-k of egg when mak
ing custards, tlie mixture will not
curdle when added to the boiling
When cake icing is too hard so
that you can nof sprea.d it on, add a
ittle water, a drop at a time. When
it is too thin, add sufficient powered
sugar, first rubbing out the lumps.
When paring vegetables, especial
ly the humble tuber and odorous on
ion, slip over the .forefinger of the
hand a kid glove finger cut from an
21d glove. It will save the hand from
:n unsightly stain.
By inspecting the canned fruit oc
:asionally, the housewife will be able
o save any that has begun to spoil,
by carefully removing that which is
:ainted and cooking the rest over, re
:anning it as in the start.
Use worn-out white stockings for
wash rags. Cut away the foot. Fola
:he top double and hem or overcast
:he edges. The edges may be bound,
tnd a strap fastened across the cen
:er to slip the hand through.
To cook egg-plant, cut into slices
alf an inch thick and let them lie
.r an hour in salted water to remove
hat bitter taste. To fry, put the
lices in the fying-pan with a~ small
uantity of butter; turn when one
ide is done.
Have you tried baking eggs?
rease a baking-dish with butter,
reak eggs into it, cover with cream.
tdd salt, pepper, and a tablespoonful
f butter. Set it in a moderate oven
few minutes. Length of time de
ends on whether you like them soft
The result of the election in Cana
a on Thursday on the reciprocity.
act slaps this country right in the
ace, and gives it to understand that
does not desire any closer relations
WAR BREAKS OUT
aly Begiw Nuftilities AgaiEst Tinkey
Over Tripoli Afair.
1JRKEY RANTS PECE
,he Seeks to Have Other Powers In
terfere in Her Behalf and Prevent
Italy From Taking and Stripping
Her Provinces and Seems Dispos
pd to Non Restrictant Policy.
A dispatch from London says af
fairs developed Friday with extra
ordinary rapidity. A state of war
exists between Italy and Turkey, and
hostilities have begun.
No sooner had the itme limit fixed
in the ultimatum expired than, ig
noring Turkey's contraductoy re
quest for a period of delay, Italy
declared war. The Turkish repre
sentatives in Italy were handed their
passports. The Turkish commander
at Tripoli- was asked to surrender
the town but declined, and the Ital
ian forces immediately occupied Trip
Oli and Benghazb.
Turkey continues her efforts to s
cure intervention by the powers. In
the meantime Italy is actively pur
suing hostilities. Italian battleships
are reported to have appeared oc
Smyrna and Saloniki.
An Italian cruiser landed troops at
Prevesa after destroying a Turkish
torpedo boat destroyer, and the. Ital
ian fleet has blockaded the' whole
There are unconfirmed reports
that Turkey intends to send an ulti-.
matum to Greece to abandon her
claim on Crete and Is massing.troops
on the Thesailan frontier.
The greatest activity .ensued in all
the European chancelleries on the an-.
nouncement that war had been de
clared and notiflcation of a blockade.
It is expected that the various gov
ernments will issue the customary
neutrality diplomatic as far as pos
sible to localizin& hostilities' to the
combatant powers and especially to
avoid complications in the Balkans.' '*
TWO BARGES WERE SUNK.
Turkish Cabinet Resigned When.War
Was Declared by Italy.
A- Constantinople dispatch says
the Turkish war ministry according
to the reports current there'Friday
night,.has received a dispatch from
the late Turkish militady attache at
Paris, who has assumed command of
the forces at Tripoli, stating that the
Italians began to disembark Friday
afternoon, but the Turks succeeded
in sinking the first two barges.
The Turkish cabinet has resigned,
Said Pasha assuming the office of
grand vizer and Kismil Pasha that
of .foreign minister. Mohmoud Shef
kcet Pashas continues as minister of
The Italian charge, Signor Di Mar
tino, Friday afternoon handed the
port a communication lntimang
the intention of Italy to proceed-with
the measures foreshadowed in the ul
This is tantamount to a declaration
of war, and as a state of war would,
give Italy greater freedom of action -
in Turkish waters, there is much ap
prehension regarding *the Turkish'
war vessels at present steaming In
the direction of the Dardenelles, lest
they be captured ,by the .Italian
squadron, which Is believed to' be
watching the movements of Turkish~,
Tihe British embassy at .Constanti-.
nople -is concerned for the. British
officers with the Turkish ,squadron
and is instructing the government for
their recalL. The question of the'
protection of Italian subjects in Tur~
key is engaging the attention of the
Italian authorities. It is thought
that a request will be made to Ger
many to undertake the protection of'
the Italian escutcheons.
The Italian emblems have .been re
moved from the embassy, the con
sulate, 'the postoffice and the 'schools,
with a view to preventing any unto-.
URGES AMERICA TO ACT.
Ex-Minister Strauss Thinks the Situa
tion Very Grave.
Declaring that "the approa~ching
clash of arms between Italy and Tur
key far transcends the interests of
the two powers involved," Oscar S.
Strauss, former ambassador to Tur
key, Friday wired from New York,
P. C. Knox, secretary of state, urg
ing thait the United States should ex
ercise its right under the convention
for the pacific settlement of interna
tional disputes to prevent a possible
state of war between Muhammadan
and Christian nations of the world.
Mr. Strauss declars Italy's precipi
,tate action can not but have the
ir ost serious results as a precedent
for similar aggression by other pow
ers. M-r. Strauss in his telegram
'The United States took the lead
in freeing the Mediterranean ':frn
pirates and likewise has contributed
foremost among the nations in^ the
conclusion of the convention, for the,
pacific settlement of international
disputes. Our country is not only
justified, but it is its duty to exercise
its right under that convention to.
preserve the precedents for peace and
prevent a possi-ble state of war be
tween the Muhammadan and Chris
tian nations of the world.
"We are fortunately free from al
liances such as apparently tie the
hands of European powers, who
should and probably will welcome
our exercising the right of medita
tion. I am sure I am voicing the
?eace-lo-ving sentiments, not only of
Americans but of all nations in call
ing upon our government to prompt
ly offer its offices of meditation.
"Whatever rights politically or ,
otherwise Ittaly may justly lay claim
to in Tripoli, certainly can be secur
ed without bloodshed and with jus
tice .by submitting them to The Hague
The old students of Wofford Col
lege passed a resolution on Thursday
afternoon that they would, as an or
ganization and as irndividuals, refrain
from hazing and do all in their power
to keep it down in the college this
rear. Good for old Wofford.