Newspaper Page Text
PAID FOR SEAT
Stephflssn Admits Ihirg Ovu Ore
Handred rouand Do!ars
IN PREARY ELECTION
In Which He Was Nominated to the
United States Senate as Senator
t. from Wisconsin. Yet He Swears Ht
Does Not Know How thew Money
On the witness stand at Milwaukee.
Wis.. before ,he senatorial inves'
gatin-g committe for three hours
answer charges that bribery and cG
rupt use of money had contributi
to his election. United States Senatt
Isaac Stephenson Monday swore that
although he spent $107.793 in his
campaign, he had little knowledge
as to just how it was expended. ex
cept that it was not used in violation
of the law.
The details, he said. he had left to
his campaign managers. As an in
stance of his ignorance of just where
the money went he cited an item 01
$11,000 for postage.
"Now," declared Senator Stephen
son, "I am president of more than 3
dozen active industries in this State,
and I have in my emPloye more than
3,000 men, some of whon have been
with me for 50 years. In them
have every confidence.
"I do not pay any attention to the
details of these industries. Just so.
when my camPaign for nominatior
by the .primaries in 1908 came up. I
could not lay awake nights, trying to
igure how the postage was used. 3
gave sums of money to my managers
and told them to carry on a vigoroi
campaign and do everything to ele
me, except that they must keep witi
in the law. I cautioned them not:
violate the law in any particular.
far as I know, they obeyed me."
Citing proportionately large expen
ditures for advertising. 'buttons, lith
graphs, advertising in newspapers and
traveling expenses. the witness tes
tified, he frequently asked where s(
much .money was going. but on beinf
told it was a close fight, and the State
had to be systematically canvassed tC
elect him, he questioned the matte,
Two points, as being the position
of the "defense"' in the inquiry which
is being conducted by a sub-commit
tee of the senate committee on privi
leges and elections, were made known
by Charles E. Littlefield, counsel foi
Mr. Stephenson-one was that the
committee had no authority to inves
tigate the primary campaign of 190S
at which Mr. Stephenson was nomi
nated .but must confine itself to ques
tioning whether the senator actuallb
expended money for his election by
the State legislature in 1 908.
He asserted that all the money was
spent in the nomination and not a
dollar went to the election. 'Anothe'
declaration was that Mr. Stephens(
was elected by the legislature whi
both houses voted separately Jaunal
26, 1909, and that the subseque
election by the legislation jointly a.
March 4, 1909, when three Demo
cratic members absented themselves
and so gave Mr. Stephenson a ma
jority was not necessary.
,The committee announced that at
present it would not confine itself tc
any of the limitations Mr. Stephen
son declared he had given money
for campaign purposes to men whc
afterward .became candidates for the
legislature and some of them were
elected, 'but he was not aware of their
candidacy when he gave them money.
-"The record shows that you paid
to your managers one day $10,000
and a short time afterward gave them
$15,000 more," said Senator W. B.
Heyburn, chairman. Didn't you ever
ask them what they were doing with
all thast money?".
"No, only in a general way."
"In October, 1908, more than a
month after the election, you gave
one of your managers several thous
and dollars. Did you inquire as tc
what be wanted it for?"
"No. I supposed it was for some
bill. They did not always present
bills -promptly. In the same way,
gave J. Earl Morgan, my son-in-law.
$2,500 for compaign expenses."
"Didn't you pay three Democratic
members or any one for absenting
themselves from the legislature or
March 4, 31909, so that you could have
"No. I never knew of any mem
ber having absented himself excep:
as I read it in the newspapers."
E. A. Edmunds, another electior.
manager, testified he knew of nc
money having been illegally used ir
Mr. Stephenson's election. The bill
for advertising, he said, amounted tc
$40,000. A check of 2, 500 had been
paid to 3. W. Stone, State game war
den, on Mr. Stephenson's instruc
tions, he declared, but he did no!
know to what use the money was put
I. previous legislative investigatior"
it was brought out that Stone distr
buted money to deputy wardens.
The committee will resume ti
hearings tomorrow when some
Sensior Stephenson's campaign work
ers will be examined
Give a Helping Hand.
When you pull down the town in
which is your home, you are pulling
down yourself, and when you build
urp you are building up yourself and
your neighbor. Try and banish from
your mind the mistaken idea that all
good- things are away off in some
ther locality. Give your town all the
praise it can legitimately bear. It
certainly will do you no harm and
will cost you nothing; -and above all
patronize your home institutions
including the newspapers.
Give Us All the News.
Have you any news, tell the report
er and he will serve it in a la mode.
In case you do not happen to meet
him, use the telephone or the mail.
You will be helping to make your
town paper of greater interest and'
thereby serve the general community
Whatever news may interes t you,
must surely interest many others.
Brer Taft in his tra-vels out West
Is 'having a rocky time of it. The In- ~
surgent Republicans out there don't
seem to enthuse over him very much 1
and give him to understand very1
.la that they are still insurging. I:
COTTON BOOL WEEVIL
)FADLY PARASITE ENTERED
THIS COUNTRY IN 1902.
;ince Then it Has Advanced State by
State. - South Carolina Will Be
The cotton Boll Weevil. known to
ience as Anthonomaus grandis. that
s. Grand Flower-feeder, because he
eeds on the flowetr of cotton, the
orld's most important textile plant.
.tered the United States at Browns
ile. Texas. in 1892. having wored
tip tromt his original home in Guate
malft when cotton fields stretched a
ross Mexico. The insect has long f
jeen iesident in Cuba and is proba- t
bly indigenous there.
The Cotton Boil Weevil belongs to
the Snout beetles. .1 family which is(
well represented in this country, for I
rhe peach and plum curcuiiO, the o
:urculio. the rice weevil, the gran
ry weevil, the chestnut weevil, thei
corir billbug. are all allied to it-- s
cousins so to speak.
In Texas the Cotton Boi Weevil -
found its hardest task, on account of I
i climate unusually dry and hot in
;ulmer, and subject to sudden se
ere changes in winter, accentuated t
>y lack of cover.
Moreover the natural enemies of
he insect were disorganizd. Texas
vas filled with shooting clubs and
narket hunters. There was a con
inual bombardment going on from
he Sabine ,to the Rio Grande. Every
hing that flapped a wing furnished
target. Prairie chickens, the- mag-i
tificent pinnated grouse of the prai
ies, were shipped to market in car
oa.ds and at last exterminated for
tone exist in Texas today except a
ew in isolated localities. The sav
ng of this one bird would have sav
d Texas millions of dollars, for they
re wide rangers and vigorous feed
rs. and were evenly dispersed over
In 1907, fifteen years after it en
ered the United States the Boll Wee
il entered Louisiana, causing a loss
f 15 per cent to the cotton crop of
he State. which is about the dam
ge in the infested portions of Miss
The weeyil has shown no signs of
lying out, but is as numerous in
,Iexico and Texas as it was fifteer
ears ago. It attacks all kinds of
Parasites (insects which raise their
-oung on other insects) have not ful
illed the predictions made for them,
.ut have had no appreciable effect
)n the spread of the Boll Weevil.
in active agent in destroying the
.arva, however, has been the ant
The reason that parasite- do so
ittle in checking the weevil lies in
:he weevil'c life history. The eggs'
. laid in the square or the bo-ll, the
.arva (a white grub) hatches inside
oll or square and puptas ther.
nly the adul form emerges and
rown weevils are not easy for a par
site to work on, with their bodies
ncased in hard covers.
It has become clearer, with the
field work .of each year, that there
~vas but one final check on the rava
es of the Boll Weevil and that check
vas the bird host.
No one has ever disputed that birds
at the insect freely, and investiga
tions of the Biological Survey show
hat 65 species feed on. the insect.
n the front rank are swallows of all
inds, bank swallows, barn swallows,
-uh. wing swallows and so on; a
:oe second is furnished by night
hawks (bullbats) and chimney swifts
while purple martins (members of
he swvallow family) are i'.eat de
~troers of Pot '-r erils.
To take a simile from the exper-.
ence men, we take our food where it
ay be had easiest, as a general
:ue. There are many things we
would sometimes prefer to eat and
vould eat those things, except that
.ime and trouble are .required to
ave them; so we tall back on the
ood furnished by grocers and other
The bird (and all animals in fact)
mrsues the same course. Most birds
nust have a certain definite amount
f insect food in order to keep heal
hy, and there are insects more pala
able to them -than are other insects;
t when any particular insect is
tundant and easy to get, provided
>rds eat it all, they will take that
nsect rather than go afield on the
.iertain chance of finding sornie
The Boll Weevil being eve'ywhere
tundant where found and c'. .aed
o fields furnishes this easy food
;upplly and hence is taken in great
uantities. Moreover most birds
elish the insect and eat it with avi
lity. Therefore, it is clear that Goa
has placed in our hands the remedy
with which to stay the pest and a
Just today reports fly in from all
)arts of South Carolina as to dama
tes done by the Cotton Leafcater
iller (Argillacea alabama) and this
>cst is eaten by birds too numerous
to mention. Prof. .Conradi is au
thority or the statement that black
birds cleaned these caterpillars off
ten thousand acres of cotton near
DOallas. Texas, in a day's time.
But to our mutton:
Cultural methods will not save
3outh Carolina. There are no sum
'ners so hot as the summers of Texas
thermometer 130 degress in mid
summer 1909-government reading),
icr are ever winters visited with sud
len ecl, low enough -to destroy in
;ects. Winter cover is abundant in
&.anch bottom, river swamp,
.ood lot, briar patches and other
overed areas in South Carolina.
Our one hope lies in sayving the
birds. The small politician has so
far defeated the w-ill of the people
and blasted the hope of intelligent
Is the small politician of more val
le than many children? Is he dear
tr to us .than our women? Is he, the
verlord. of the rural districts and
:he sole recipient of the bounty of
orporations, to be alone considered?
l'hat is the question to be debated:
-hat is the issue to be decided.
The Boll Weevil is in Southern
Alabama. Mr. WV. D. Hunter, in
!harge for the department of agricul-i
r, writes Ine that the fall disper
:ion is now on and that the main
cdy of the weevils will -perhaps -
nake fifty miles, with the skirmish
rs going much farther. This will
>ring the insect close to the Georgiat
ne and Georgia will be attacked nexti
(ERY SAD TALE
leman Tels How She Met and Marri
ed Her Bad Chinese Hnthard.
HE WAS HIS TEACHER
Nas Once a Missionar.y, and Worked
Among the Chinese Before Her
Marriage to Charlie Song, Who
Now Deals in Opium and Made
Her Lead Immoral Life.
Government officials recently raid
d four shops in the Chinese quar
ers of Newark, N. J., and seiz- i
d six thousand dollars worth of
rude opium. The raid followed the
ederal agents' arrest of a China
an on a ferryboat going from Jer
ey City to New York Friday night;
.e had $1,500 wortat of opium in a
Four Chinamen, one Cbarlie Song,
nd an American woman, Mrs. Char
Le Song, were takea, -but Mrs. Char
le Song was permitted to go free.
t is hinted that the first arrest and-!
he raid were made possible by in
ormation she gave.
Mrs. Song declared she is weary
i "the life of white slavery" she
as been leading to which,, Charlie
cng forced her to descend after she
ad been a Methodist missionary
mong the Chinese of Newark. She
harged, too, that Song has been try
ng to poison her recently; that he
orced her to eat butter which, judg
ng from its effects, she thinks was
In a shop, No. 15 Lafeyatte street,
nd in three others in what is known
Ls the Chinese Arcade, in an alley
ff Mulberry street, they arrested Bat
ing, a merchant, aged twenty-five,
rho claimed a restience in New
tork: Charlie Lum, forty-six; Char-!
ie Song, fifty-seven, and Ming On,
enty-nine. Charlie Song and his
?hite wife were at No. 2 Arcade.
In all four shops opium was found
n cans that had paid duty when or-'
ginaly imported full of opium, and
1ad been properly stamped by the
1overnment. More tha.n two hun
Ired and fift- such cans that had been
ised and empty were found in the
ellar of oie of the shops raided.
The Federal law forbids refilling
:he cans under a heavy penalty.
Jnited States Commissioner Jones
meld Ling, who is said to be the ring
Leader of a gang of cpium smugglers,
in $2,500 bail, the others in $2,000
bail each. The woman was not taken
Mrs. Charlie Song said her maiden
name was Mabel A. Weis, that she is
the daughter of a. prosperous farmer
Dt Washington, Warren County, N.
J She married a man named Way
ton, who died four months later.
Then she went to Newark and join
ed the Centenary Methodist Episco
pal Church, one of the leading
Methodist churches of the city. She
said she took up misisonary work
among the Chinese pupils of the
church's branch Sunday school
There she met Charlie Song seven
years ago; he was intelligent and
seemed 'particularly .anxious to be
taught religion, and, incidenta.11y
English. She fell in love with him
and listened more readily to his im
ortunities to marry him, because,
she said, she hoped to accompany him
to China, and with his aid to find
larger fields for her missionary work.
The Rev. George H. Dowknott, No.
90 Madison street, this city, married
her to Song in 1905, Mrs. Song said.
Gong had professed ' Christianity
and for several months they traveled
together doing missionary work.
Then Song opened a tea store in New
ark; quickly revel ing to paganism,
his wife said, and made a slave of
her to be disposed of as he saw fit to
his friends and customers. Be cause
she rebelled he tried to poison her,
MAN TOOK FATAL DRUG.
Samuel Brown of Kingstree Found
Dead in His Bed.
At Kingstree on Sunday night Sam
el Brown, a young man of about 25
years, ended his life by taking a bot
tle of morphine. He was found dead
in his bed Monday morning. Sunday
he went to his room as usual, and
nothing in his conduct indicated that
he had even considered taking of life,
but Monday morning his absence
from work excited the interest of his
friends and relatives, and on forcing
the door to his bedroom it was dis
covered that he had been dead sev
eral hours. Notes of farewell, pre
sumably written ,iust before he took
the fatal drug, to his -mother, Mrs.
Richard Brown, and to his brother,
John Brown who was in business at
Kingtree, were found beside him.
To his mother he wrote that he was
sorry to leave her, but that she must
ot worry about hir. and to his
brother, John, he wrote that he re
gretted he could not stay to help
him throu.gh the busy season.
SOU TH CA.ROLINA' WINS.
rakes Militia Championship in Hud
son River Races.
A depatch from New York says
inl a choppy ebb tide and cross wind
on the Hudson river Saturday the
South Carolina crew of ten men won
the nilitia championship of the Unit
d Staes. The South Carolinians
irith Lieut. M. S. Sullivan as cox
swain gt their cutter three lengths
ihead of the New York's men boat.
hio finished third. The Massachu-,
setts crew was fourth and the New
Jersey crew last. The New York
:ew led for three-fourths of the
:wo mile course, but the Southerners
mit up the pace in the final quarter,
'owing 44 to the minute. and won
Eight Chrildren Burned.
Eight children of Mr. and Mrs.
William Dias of Heshbon, Pa., rang
ng in age from 13 years to three
nonths, were burned to death Sunday
rhen fire destroyed their home.
asssing the Himters' License for the
rrotectin of birds. South Carolina's
urn comes next. Will the small pol
rician pernit the people to protect
RAISE ONE BALE LESS
TO WAT EXTENT WOULD THIS
EFFECT EACH FARMER.
It Would Mean Entailed Riches for
a Year and a Little Less Work For
Hhea Hayne, in the Georgia-Caro
na Agriculturist and Weekly Au
usta Chronicle, gives the cotton far
ner something Lo think about in
in article in the last issue of that
xcellent publication. Here is what
e says and we would commend its
erusal to every farmer:
If you were to grow just one bale
Less of cotton what would the result
be to you individuall? That is a ques
on of paramount importance to the
otton grower. If it were answer
d right the result would be astound
ing to the average farmer. It would
nean entailed riches for a year and
R little less work. Yet the farmers
>f the South are now in position to
act as if they had groyvn just one bale
lss of cotton. The holding of one
bale to the plow would send the price
of the fleecy staple soaring skyward
nd there would be general rejoicing
throughout the country. Even if the
growers had to hold on to the ex
tra bale until after next season there
would be no cause for complaint.
They could just plant one bale less
for the next crop and the world would
await open-eyed for -the difference.
Of course, it is folly to talk about
holding back a whole crop of cotton.
The farmer who doesn't cwe money
and has no cause to sell his cotton
may keep it with propriety, tut the
planter who is duty bound to sell
some of his crop in order to meet ob
ligations should not menace his
standing by failing to sell at the pre
sent prices. The world is ready and
willing to -pay the price that the
grower demands provided the grower
is in position to enforce his demand.
You put a planter in the attitude of
seeking a buyer instead of' demand
ing a price and the situation is very
much cha:nged indeed.
The question of growing a cotton
crop is no-w one of the biggest in
the country. The north and South
and east are at last coming to un
derstand each other and according
to the opinion of a leading Southern
authority the world is now willing to
concede the South's superiority in
this matter and willing to help the
cotton belt advance. It now re
mains for the planters themselves to
demonstrate their willingness to go
forward in the scale ;>f progress.
The world is daily reaching out to
people who will help themselves and
there is no doubt but that a new re
gime will soon be instituted in the
Every year at this season some
thing is started to show more clearly
that the farmers of the South espec
ially should give more attention to
growing the things that are needed
at home. If the average farmer
were to set out and grow just one
bale less of cotton and -put the same
amount of work on the .home crops
there would be immensely more pro.
fit in the transaction. The soil
would be enriched and the whole
ommunity at interest would take
new courage from such'action. There
is little doubt but that the whole
ountry would soon feel the immeas
urable benefit from this action. The
ccurse of the cotton planter has too
long been directed in one channel
and now is the eminently proper time
or them to make a change.
One ofthe best movements -that
can be started now is to inaugurate
a great grain planting campaign in
he outh. With the turn of po
litical machinery in reference to the
sti'tution in Canada by which it is
assued that the grain of the great
northwest cannot get into this coun
try free pf duty, there will be a rise
in food stuffs, including~ corn, grail
of all kind, hay and meat. The cot
ton farmer under the present systemf
ii a consumer and purchaser of these
products and not producer enough to
spply his own home demand much
ls that of his home community.
When these products have to be
purchased, especiallly at the prices
tat will prevail hereafter and have
been prevailing for years, there is nc
hope for him to make any material
progress without growing enough
Irp Crl5of the kind he needs 'at home.
T he average cotton- farmer can
produce hay and grain just as cheap
l as the richest lands of the middle
west, and maybe cheaper. The only
thing for them to do is to learn this
fact. Learn it and begin to practice
it and the South will make ever
greater miterial advancement than
it has made in many years. W her
the farmers commence to grow grair
they will start out to growing live
tock They will raise more mules
and horses and do other kinds of
faring that is sure to bring the de
sired results. Land will be enriched
and there will be universal advance
ment noted on- every side.
All these things seem impossible
to the layman's eye until he goes out
and digs up facts and figures. When
th cold reality o1 the situation
donns upon the farmers there will
b great changes made. The cost
system-figuring out how much more
it costs to purchase a ton of hay, 0r
a bshel of corn than it does to
grow it. will be conclusive enough.
You figure out the sum total and
watch the result in the figures. Fig
ure ot how much more it costs to
grow a bale of cotton with feed for
yourstck purchased than it does
to grow with food produced at
home and you have the logical an
swer to the great question-the econ
omicqu'estion of the Southern plant
Get ready to plant a big fall crop.
Get ready to grow one bale less of
cottonnext season and plan a method
by which you can grow just that
much stuff for home use next year.
That ill mean happiness and suc
cess to the average farmer and af
ter all you'll find you, reader, are
just one of that kind.
In an address at the MIissouri Val
ley Fair Tuesday night William Jen
ninggs Bryan said he was not a can
diidate for President. "In addition
too the many other reasons why I
shaall not again run for President,"
saiaidhhe,"is that one Republican pres
~ident having used my platform in
paart and another Republican pres1
deent having used it entirely. I am
a~fafiaid fI became a candidate again
thhe Republicans would bring the
third+- t.rm cbreaainst me."
SCILEY DIES SUDENLY
HERO OF SANTIAGO STRICKEN IN
NEW YORK STREET.
He Died Unrecognized by Anyone in
the Large Crowd That Rushed to
Unrecognized by a single person in
the curious throng that rushed to
his aid, Rear Admiral Winfield Scott
Schley, U. S. N., retired, fell dea.d
in front of the Berkeley lyceum on
west Forty-fourth street, New York,
on Monday afternoon. The death of
this notable figure in the naval his
tory of the nation was for the mo
ment that of an unknown man in a
The Admiral's sudden death is at
tributed to cerebral hemorrhage
which attacked him shortly after he,
with Mrs. Schley reached New
York that morning from a visit to
Mount Kisco and had called at the
New York Yacht club for his mail.
, As the Amdiral was walking t
through west Forty-fourth street,. a
passerby who saw him stagger grasp
ed his way quickly through the crowd
Despite the strangers service, how
ever, the admiral fell helpless to
the street and a physician who press
his way quickly through the crowd
pronounced him dead.
There was a gash over his right
eye where his forehead had struck
the sidewalk. A slight fracture of
the frontal bone had ensued, but
surgeons who examined the body ex
pressed disbelief that this injury in
any way resulted ih his death.
His identity was established by
letters and papers found in his pock
ets and from an inscription in his
gold watch which had been present
ed to the admiral by his native State
of Maryland "for his heroism and
memorable service in rescuing Lieut.
A. W. Greely, U. S. A., and six rom
rades from death at Cape Sabine in
the artic region on 'June 22,1884."
The spot where Admiral Schley
died is in the very heart of New
York's club district and members of
these organizations were thickly
clustered around and soon esta.blish
ed the identification of the famous
comma-nder who figured so promi
nently in the naval engagement of
1898 at Santiago.
The body was taken to the nearest
police station. After the usual for
malities permission was given for the
removal of the .body to the Hotel Al
gonquin, where Admiral Schley made
his home while in the city. As the
body was bourne forth to the- wait
ing conveyance the throng about the
station stood with bared heads.
Bluejackets from the Brooklyn
navy yard who had been summoned
furnished an escort, their command
er being C. M. Devalen. a recruiting
officer, who was with Admiral Schley
on the cruiser Brooklyn at the bat
tle of Santiago.
One of the admiral's sons, Dr.
Winfield Scott Schley, Jr., reached
the scene before the body was re
moved. A message conveying the
sad news to the admiral's other son,
Capt. T. F. Sohley, at Fort Logan,
Denver, Col., was dispatched.
Admiral Schley was born in Fred
erick county, Maryland, in 1839. Af
ter graduating from Annapolis in
1860 and serving during the War of
Secession in minor capacities, he was
commissioned in 1866 as lieutenant
During the Spanish American war
Schley, in the absence of Sa~npson,
fought the Spanish fleet, which at
tempted to escape from Santiago
harbor and destroyed it with 'his
fleet of half a dozen ships.
URGES AMERICA TO ACT.
Ex-Minister Strausi Thinks the Situa
tion Very Grave.
Declaring that "the approaching
clash of arms between Italy and Tur
key far transcends the interests of
the two powers involved," Oscar S.
Strauss, former ambassador to Tur
key, Friday wired from New York,
P C. Knox, secretary of state,,urg
ing that the United States should ex
ercise its right under the convention
for the pacific settlement of interna
tional disputes to prevent a possible
state of war between Muhammadan
and Christian nations of the world
Mr. Strauss declars Italy's precipia
tate action can not but have the
irost serious results as a precedent
for similar aggression by other pow
ers. .Mr. Strauss in his telegram
'The United States took the lead
in freeing the Mediterranean from
pirates and likewise has contributed
foremost among the nations in the
conclusion of the convention for the
pacific settlement of international
disputes. Our coantry is not only
justified, but it is its duty to exercise
its right under that convention to
preserve the precedents for peace and
prevent a possible state of war be
tween the Muhammadan and Chris
tian nations of the world.
"We are fortunately free from al
liances such as apparently tie the
hands of European powers, who
should and probably will welcome
our exercising the right of medita
tion. I am sure I am voicing the
,eace-loving sentiments, not only of
Americans but of all nations in call
ing upon our government to prompt
ly offer its offices of meditation.
"Whatever rights politically or
otherwise Ittaly may justly lay claim
to in Tripoli, certainly cnn be secur
ed without bloodshed and with jus
tice by submitting them to The Hague
Falls One Hundred Feet.
Cromwell Dixon, who aviated
across the Rocky mountains last
Saturday, fell 100 feet at the inter
state fair grounds at Spokane, Mon
day, and received injuries which
caised his death.
The death of Admiral Schley re
moves from the scene of action the
man who practically ended the Span-1
ish war by destroying their last fleet.
~e was never given credit by the au
torities at Washington for what he
did, but the people did.
Unless the trusts succeed in pull
ing Taft through next year. he will
not be reelected.
Eight cents cotton means a big
slump in the price of lands in this
a andr conton centies.1
lAYS BIG CROP
epartment of Agriculture Issues Bear
ish Report About Cotton.
ROP IS BIG IN TEXAS
he Government Agricultural Offi
cials Again Guessing at the Size of
the Cotton Crop, Claiming Now
That it Is Nearly Fourteen 31il
The cotton crop of the growing
eason of 1911, which early in the
ear, gave indicatMons that it would
e one of the largest in the history
f the industry, will -approximate 13,.
68,337 .bales of 500 pounds or about
00,000 bales more than the record
This, says a report from Washing
on, was indicated by the final condi
ion report of the department of
griculture on Monday at noon
vhich showed the crop to be 71.1
ier cent of normal on September 25.
While there were declines in the
ondition in most Gtates there was
Ln impro.v--nt of 2 per cent. in
'exas and 1 per cent. in North Car
With an indicated yield of 195
>ounds to the acre, as unofficially es
imated from Monday's condition fig
ires, and the planted area, the 1911
:rop undoubtedly will go down as the
yiggest on record.
The estimated production of cot
:on, based on -the condition figures
>f Monday's report shows the crop
>f Texas to be almost 1,000,000
)ales more than last year.
Georgia, Alabama, Arkansas, Lou
Esiana and Mississippi showed good
ncreases, while South Carolina show
ad a decrease.
The estimated production, reckon
ed by the department of agriculture
official method from the crop report
inig board's condition figures with
comparison of last year by States
Virginia. . . . 17,400 14,815
North Carolina 729,600 726,850
South Carolina 1,121,800 1,191,929
Georgia. . . .2,078,200 1,820,610
Florida. . . . 74,000 60,049
Alabama. . . .1,373,800 - 1,223,285
Mississippi. . .1,420,800 1,306,668
Louisiana. . . 489,400 255,733
Texas. . . . .4,156,300 3,172,488
Arkansas. . .1,019,100 847,874
Tennessee. . . 348,700 349,470
Missouri. . . . 70,600 . 62,159
Oklahoma. . . -960,300 958,955
California. . . 8,200 6,186
The estimate bassed on the reports
of the correspondents and agents of
the bureau gives the condition of the
cotton crop on September 25 was 71.1
per cent. of a normal, as compared
with 73.2 per cent. on August 25,
1911, 65.9 per cent. on September
25, 1910, 58.5 per cent. on Septem
ber 25, 1909, and 66.5 per cent., the
average of the past ten years on Sep
Comparisons of condition:: by the
Sep. Sep. Sep. Sep. Aug.
25. 25. 25, 25-10 25.
1911. 1910. 1909. yr. av. 1911
Va. ..87 78 71 75 96
N. C. .77 72 70 72 76
S. C..73 70 70 71 74
Ga.. .79 68 71 71 81
Fla.. .75 66 67 70 85
Ala.. .73 67 62 67 80
Miss. .62 63 53 67 70
La.. .66 51 39 63 69
Tex. .71 63 52 61 68
Ark. .70 68 54 67 78
Tenn..77 *73 68 73 88
Mo. . . 80 75 72 74 88
Okla. . 60 70 55 68 62
Cal. .100 90 .. .. 100
U. S. .71.1 65.9 :>8.5 66.5 73.2
For the purpose of comparison, the
condition of the cotton crop in the
United States monthly, taken on the
15th of the month, for the past ten
years, is given below:
May June July Aug. Sep.
1911. .37.1 82.2 89.1 72.2....
1910 .82.0 80.7 .75.5 72.1 65.9
1909 .81.1 74.6 #71.9 63.7 58.5
1908 .79.7 81.2 83.0 76.1 69.7
1907 .70.5 72.0 75.0 72.7 67.7
1906 .84.6 83.3 82.9 77.3 71.6
1905 .77.2 77.0 74.9 72.1 71.2
1904 .83.0 88.0 91.6 84.1 75.8
1903 .74.1 77.1 79.7 81.2 65.1
1902 .95.1 84.7 81.9 54.0 58.3
1901 .81.5 81.1 77.2 71.4 6.L.4
Average 1901 and
1910 80.9 80.0 79.4 73.5 66.5
DEATH LIST MUCH REUDCED.
The Flood Victims Now Said to be
Over One Hundred.
A dispatch from Austin, Pa., says
twenty-five dead, 86 missing and be
ieved to be buried beneath the debris
it the official census of Austin's loss
of life in the fiood of Saturday. It
i conceded, however, that several, if
not many, visitors and strangers were
ir. town .that day and undoubtedly
perished. Including them and allow
ing for inevitable errors in compila
tion, the total of dead probably will
Twenty-one of tihe twenty-four 'bod
ies reco.vered have been identified and
of the missing dlope is etertained that
some may be accounted for. The prob
lem of Austin is to recover her dead
from the thousands of tons of debris
choking the narrow valley.
To do so, before it is necessary
t burn the ruins to save the living
from an epidemic an army of labor
must reach the town within the nex*.
86 hours, officials say. Otherwise
te torch may transform the wreck
age into the pyre of most of those
who have perished.
faith in the organization and its pow
er to promote their man.
The Lancaster Xews says the mean
est man lives in Nashua, New Hamp
shire, or did up to a few days ago.
wvhen he "forthwith disappeared"
upon the birth of his twelfth baby,
none of them twins, though the
rhother is only 27 years of age. The
;damp took to tall timber without
eaving any provision Whatever for
iis young wife and numerous prog
m, who are now a charge on the
A strr~Ze worm, which made its
Lparance '. few days ago, is work
ng havoc in the late cotton fields
>f Gaston county, N. C., stripping
stiire fields, as they come, of both
THE HOE CKLE
'LEASANT EVENING .SERVICES
FOR OLD AND YOUNG.
)edicated' to the Mothers of the
County Upon Whom Its Future T]
Philosopher and poet are alike in
he verdict that the safety and per
etuity of any nation lies in the
omes of its people.
Tell me, ye winged winds that
round my pathway roar, do ye not
now some quiet spot where wives
lean house no more.
The girl with a sweet little voice m
eed not feel discouraged because
he has no opportunity to sing in
rand opera. She can give great A
leasure by being a songbird in the
The real business life is the mak
ng of a happy home. When yot
ome to sift the whole chaff of exist
mce, everything goes to the wind
>Ut the happiness we have had a
There are six secular nights it v
mach week. Ou-t of the six some mer.
spend one at home and five at lodge.
while others spend five at home and
ine at lodge. In which class shal0
,ve register your name.
A. woman who fails. in her home
.ails in all. Home is woman's realm
;iven into her hands to regulate.
govern and beautify. If ihe 'faih
here she may look'in vain for an
other kingdom; for she failed in the
;nly spot where she could.have ulti
Many of us miss the joys thai
might be ours by keeping1 our eyes
fixed on those of other people. N<
one can enjoy his own opportunitie:
for happiness while he is envious -o.
another's. We lose a great deal o
the joy of living by not cheerfully
accepting the small pleasures tha;
come to us every day.
The world is full of women whc
can amuse the ordinary man. Cai
sing, dance or recite for him; cai
paint, write or decorate in a manne,
most pleasing, but the poor man of
ten goes begging for a woman- whc
2an sew on buttons or - mend hi:
clothes; who can cook hisiood witi
economy and flavor it to his taste
The children whose- horizon is a
brick walk, who must play on cobbl<
stones and go swimming in the cana
and he chased by the police, jf they
do not grow up to be ideal citizens.
shall we of holier memories- sit it
judgme:1t upon them? Shall we no.
remenibe: the weight they- carry it
the race of life and be Aliankful wt
live in this Leautiful country of ours
.To ma~ke tWboy into a pure man, a
mother must do more than pray. Shi
must live with him in the sense o.
a -comrade and closest friend. Sht
must stand by him in time of -temp
tation at the pilot sticks to the whee
when rapids are around. She inns:
never desert him to go ci!' to super
intend outside duties any more that
the engineer deserts his post and goar
into a baggage car to read up engi
neering when his train is pounding
across the counti y at forty miles ar.
A man who has made a happ3
home for his wife and children. nc
matter what he has not done in the
way of achieving wealth and honor;
if he has done that he -is a granc
success. If he ha's not done that, and
it is his own fault, though he be the
highest in the land, he is a most pit
iabe failure. We wonder how man3
men in a mad pursuit of gold, whict
characterizes the'* age, realize tha-.
there is no fortune which can be lef
to their families as great as the mem
ory of a happy home.
Little arms encircling the nee
will make the heart light, over whici
no diamonds sparkle. All the grand
pictures and splendid works of ar.
one can possess will never adorn a
doms as do the smiling faces of thost.
dearest to us. The things that may
be bought are pleasant to have, noi
is wealth to be despised; but nevel
pity. the poor man who has the
wealth that gold cannot buy, nor the
woman whose jewels are those of
which Cornelia was so proud-good
and obedient sons.
The truest, best and sweetest type1
of the girl of today does not comE
from the home of wealth, she stepe
out from the houise where is comfort
rather than luxury. She belongs t<
the great middle class-that clasa
which has given us the best wifehood.
which has given helpmnates to the
foremost men of our time; whict
teaches its daughters the true mean
ing of love; which teaches the man
ners of the drawing room and th(
practical life of the kitchen as wel.
as teaches its girls the responsibili
ties of wifehood and the greatness
Heaven help the man who imag
ines he can dodge enemies by trying
to please everybody. If such an in
dividual ever succeeds pass him ov
er this way that we may have one
look at his mortal remains ere he
vanishes away for surely this earth
cannot be his abiding place. Now we -
do not infer that one should be going
through this world trying to find -
beams to knock and thump his head
against, disputing every man's opin
ion. fightirg and elgowing and crowd
ing all who differ from him. That,
again, is another extreme. Othei
people have their opinions, so have
you. Don't fall into the error of sup
posing they will respect you more for
turning your coat every day, to match
the color of theirs.
The home that possesses a cheer
ful wife and mother is not only a
veritable haven of rest, but the safe
harbor whose beacon light. will iuide
her bread winners safely past all
rocks and shoals with unfailing cer- ~
tainty. The woman whose cheerfu1
spirit can take that "biave attitude
toward lIie" that enables her to beat
courageously the inevitable burdens U]
of her life's environment; that t
stenthn he determinatimri not to ti:
LEN AND MEAN
;ources of the ethodists i
Mission Fiels of the Widd
E WORLD FOR CHRISI
teresting Statistics Presented at
World-Wide Cifethodist Meeting byj
Delegate from England. - Mary
land Minister Pleads for Union of
alM Methodist Churches in America.
Statistics relative to "resources in
n and means in Methodist mission
Ids," as given Friday by the Rev.
mes B. Lewis, of Cambridge, Eng
ad, proved interesting to the dele
tes of seventeen codJtries, who
tended Friday's sessions'of the Ea
nenial,, Methodist Conference in
From the detailed reports present
, it appeared that during the last
-ar there were 2,528 Methodist for
gn missionaries. These include
.8 ordained men and 12Fphysici
is, 53 of the doctors' - being
omen. Native wokrers numbered
),847 while the number of misesion
7 stations and sub-stations was 6,
32. These -missionaries represent
)8,105 baptized Chritians and 1,
14,292 adherents, of who-m 458,165
ere Sunday School teacbers aod.
The ordained inrii'try at the be
nning of 1930 was 52,978, of whom
ut 2,322, .or 5 per cent., counting
ireigners and natives were in the
"Of our total number of ministers
iroughout the world," said Mr. Lew
i, "the average is one of. every 14
[ethodist church mem'bers. In hea*
3en countries the ratio Is one Meth
dist minister to every -303 members.
lur. means, as expressed by the in
Dme of the missionary societies In.
910, totalled about $7,000,000, a
um which represents about 50 cents
> each of the 8,751,434 Methodists.
Practically every -phase of foreign
iisisonary work was discussed by
elegates from various fields. An
rgent ple awas made by the Rev. T.
I. Lewis, of Westminster, Md., who,
; president of the General Confer
nce of the Methodiat Protestant
,hurch, for' a union of American
fethodists Into one body. This
rWpos-ition, which had been discuss
d at the opening of the Conference, K
vidently is favored by a large maj
rity of the United States delegates.
ishop E. E. Noss, -of the Methodist
3piscopaJI Church, South, was the on-w
y one to; express dissent at Friday's
"W'hen you get too big a church,
-auffers from -its own obesity." he
Mr. Lewis stated'his position in
avor of such a union -thus:
"We are keeping ourselves back
rom the greatest opportunity' ever
>ffered us by the most unnecessary
tnd -inexcusable hindrance ever tol
rated. If a consensus of opinfon
ould be taken as to what one cir
umstance would do mostto prom~'e4
rorld-wide evangelism among Meth-.
-dists themselves, enlist most mis
ionaries, and start a missionary cru
ade 'that would set the world afiame
vith new zeal and hope. .I believes
.n overwhelming majority of all 'our
-eople would say "it is the union of
\merican Methodists -into one body.'
Ve have seventeen different riames
or .iMethodisti in America and con
-equently about as malny - different
aissionary campaigns. In the. field
ye compete with each other, dupli
ate each other's efforts and confuse -
hose trying to serve."
Evangelism, Mr. Lew-is said, is es
Entially the heart of Methodism.
"But doctrine and policy are-only
he mechanical exponents of the real
eculiarities of Methodism. Plere'e a
fethodist unt-il he -bleeds andayou
ind, not a dogna nor a rubric, but--a
.hrobbing heart. For him regenera- -
ion is not a figure of speech nor a
niagi-e formula. Methodism is heart
~ower rather than mind power, 'but
t has both. Methodist cla-im to liave
eceived a new and peculiar power
lemonstrated to be of God-a pecul
ar power over sinners, entailing re
-ponsibility for -world-wide evangel
Among other speakers Friday were
hie Rev. G. W. Clinton, of Charlotte,
C.C., Bishop of the African Method
st Episcopal Zion'Church, who spoke
'n "The Mission of Methodism to
he Backward Races;" the Rev. Day
d Brock, of Southport, England,
The .Mssion of' Methodism w the
'o:-Christian Races-" Bishop Ei. E.
foss, of Nashville, Tenn, "Methodismz'
n Korek." - *
WERE KILLED IN MINES.
dIutiny -in Prison Results in Death
of Three Conviicts.
-As a result of a mutiny of pris
iner~s at the Brushy Mountain mizies, -
branch of the Tennessee State pen
tentiary, which began three days
:go, three negro convicts are dead.
Two were shot while in the mines.
he third, an innocent bystander
ied of wounds receivedaduring the
rattle in one of the dorm.'tories. The
auti-ny which started Thursday a. m.
when the convicts refused to work,
s thought to -have ended Sunday -
rith the promise of the prisoners to
esume trheir tasks as usual -Monday.
)espite the promise, an .extra force
f guards has been placel in the
ret or worry those who, foi- her sake,
re fighting the hard battles in the
rorld, has reached that altitude that
roclaims her price above rubies;
nd her influence and examples are
ot felt only within the limits of the
yur walls she has made the uaias
a~ilable bulwark of state and socie
r, a happy home, but reach to those
ae knows not of.
The church member who refuses
pay for the preaching of the gos
31 is to be pitied.
The march of democracy goes on
ard, and the man that attempts to
apede it will be ground to bits.
Turkey may as well begin to pack
;> and leave Europe. She his been
Ierated there too long now, and the