Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVI MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMB
Barean Reports Nady Nwe Meillion
Bales Up to NLtember First.
CROP TWO WE[S AHEAD
Aparently it is Maturing Much Earli
er Than Usual-omparisons In
dicate a Crop of From Fourteen to
Fifteen Million Indes-Reports by
States is Given.
With a tota,1 of 9.f98,172 bales of
cotton of the growth of 1911 ginned
prior to November 1, as announced
by the census burear'. the promised
record-breaking teottcn crop of this
season is fast -being made ready for
the manufacturer. . At no time in the
LIstory of-the great A.merican c'otton
industry has so great a crop been
ginned to this time o- the year.
The amount ginned to November
1-eceeds by 1,777,,000 bales the
amount gioned to this date in 1908,
.the previous record. It also is great
er than the ginning to November 14
of any other year, being about 200,
000 bales more than was ginned to
that date in 1904, the record year.
phis would Indicate that the crop was
at least two weeks earlier in matur
ing and reaching the gins than in pre
Calculations of the year's total
crop, based on the ginning reports,
would therefore, probably be more ac
curate if figured.on the November 14
reports cf other years. In previous
record years, about 70 per cent. has
been ginned to that date anl a rough
estimate of this year's crop might be
placed at a minimum of 14,000,000
baes. Commercial experts estimates
however range up to more than 15,
The census bureau's fourth cotton
ginning report of the season issued at
i a. m. Wednesday, and showing the
number -of running bales, counting
round as half bales, of cotton of the
growth of 1911 gined to November 1,
with -compaxative statistics to the
corresponding date for the past three
years is as follows:
United States: 9,968,172 bales,
compared with 7,345,953 bales last
year, when 63.5 per cent of the entire
crop was ginned to November 1; 7,
017,849 bales in 1909. when 69.7 per
cent was ginned, and 8.191,557 bales
in 1010; 148,670 or 61.8 per cent in
crop was- ginned. The number of
round bales included were: 68,343,
compared with 81,183 bales In 1910.
Ginning by States, with compara
tive statistics and the percentage of
the total crop ginned to November 1
in previous years, follow:
Alabama-1,089,376 bales, com
pared with 748.878 or 62.8 per cent.
in 1910, 676,331 or 65.0 per eent in
1909, 891,667 of 66.9 per cent in
Arkansas-443,505 bales, compar
ed with 324,769 or 40.7 per cent in
1910; 472,252. or 67.7 per cent in
1909; 536,785 or 53.9 per cent in
Florida-55,973 bales, compared
with 38,924 or 57.9 per cent In 1910;
45,664 or 73.8 per cent in 1909, and
43,234 or 61.2 per cent in 1908.
Georga-1,906,256 bales, compar
ed with 1,241,825 or 68.5 per cent in
1910; 1,384,913 or 74.9 per cent in
1909, and 1,387,641 or 70.2 per cent
Louisiana-232,047 bales, compar
ed 'with 154,634 or 62.7 per cent in
1910; 188,112 or 72.8 per cent in
*1909, and 287,885 or 61.7 per cent In
Mississippl--585,021 bales, com
pared with 576,641 or 47.6 per cent
in 1910; 572,131 or 53.3 per cent in
*1909, and 893,148 or 55.1 per cent in
North Carolina-597,959 bales,
compared with 386,096 or 51.3 per
cent in 1910; 370,891 or 58.5 per
cent In 1909, and 373,713 or 54.7
per cent in 1908.
Oklahoma-555,755 bales, com
pared with 585,237 or 63.6 per cent
in 1910; 412,631 or 74.7 per cent in
1909, and 217,629 or 31.6 per cent in
South Carolna-1.021,972 bales,
compared with 729,117 or 60.2 per
gent in 1910; 791,629 or 69.6 per
cent in 1909, and 821,608 or 67.6 per
cent In 1908.
Tennessee--212.579 bales, com
pared with 129,840 or 40.4 per cent
In 1910; 148,670 or 61.88 per cent in
1909, and 198,783 or 59.5 per cent in
Texas-3,210,218 bales, compared
with 2,405,157 or 81.5 per cent in
1910; 1,920.188 or 77.8 per cent in
1909, and 2,502,862 or 699er cent
All other states--57,511 bales.
compared with 24,835 or 29.3 per
cent in 1910; 34,437 or 53.9 per
cent In 1909, and 36,602 or 50.0 per
cent in 1908.
Weather WillJ Get Colder.
t'ho weather bureau predicts that
decidedly 4colder weather will over
syead the Northwestern States Tues
dar and Wednesday, and advance
eatward over the Middle West We
neday, Thursday anad the Eastern
Sttes the latter part of the week.
Itis probable that this cold change
wiI be attended by snows in the
Negro Woman Gets Patent.
A patent was recently granted to
lura Emma Hudson, -wife of Charles
1 Hudson, a well known negro citi
21 of Lancaster, for an improvement
<an ice cream freezer. The patent
1s been sold to the North Pole Ice
(eam Freezer icompany.
Welcomed at Tokio.
Charles Page Bryan. former min
. r to Belgum, was Wednesday
-lcomed by representatives of the
THEY RELUSED FOOD
ExTIRE FAMILY STARVES TO
PURGE THEIR SOULS.
A Father and Mother, Followers of
Self Promulgated Creed, Dies With
Details of a ghastly suicide com
pact involving a whole family were
brought out by the Chicago polipe fol
lowing the discovery of the emaciated
forms of Herman Letsch, his wife
Anna and their 12-year-old son. All
had been dead several days.
Followers of a religious creed, self
promulgated, the parents had forced
themselves and their son to do with
out food to "purge their sinful souls
of lust," until starvation wiped out
the whole family. From physicians
e::aminations, it was evident the boy
bad been the first to die.
On a bed was a black shroud,
bearing a note reading: "This gown
is for our son Herman when he is
dressed for his coffin."
Apparently the parents had been
too weak to put the gown on the
starved form of the boy when death
came, but weakened by hunger. had
lain on the floor near each other,
waiting for the death which came
several days later for the mother, and
a week later, apparently for the fath
A long and rambling letter in Ger
man criticised churches and church
people, and named a Chicago church
ahd pastor. This pastor told the po
lie that until about four months ago
the family attended church each Sun
day, always contributing $1. They
ceased coming. and when the pastor
asked Letsch about it, Letsch. he said
shouted, "All right, I'll get out of
the church, but a new appearanpe of
God will blast you for it."
The rambling letter said no minis
ter was to appear at their funerals,
the determination to die, is said, ran
back for three years and last March
17 was the day first selected for their
An illness of the boy, neighbors
said, must have delayed the suicide.
The last of the three to die, the fath
er died three days before discovery,
EXPERLENT A SUCCESS.
laning Tea in South Carolina High
The government's experiments in
tea farming this year were highly sat
sfactory to the department of agri
culture officials. On the 1O acres in
South Carolina where the bureau of
plant industry is conducting the work
there were produced this year about
12,000 pounds of tea worth fully.,$1
a pound. While this was not a record
yield, the season having been too dry
'or that, there would have been a rec
rd, it was confidently declared by Dr.
oney W. True, in charge of the work
f conditions had been favorable.
With the Invention this year of a
ea plant pruning machine, which
worked successfully, only one pro
esc in tea growing now must be done
y hand, that is the pieking. The in
rased demand in the southern
states for this American tea has pro
dced a market for all of it within
a limited distance from the place
where it is raised.
KINDNESS BROUGHT DEATH.
A Man Wilfully Killed For Offering
Money to Strangers.
Willingness to give up his money
to prevent trouble among others was
the cause of Alexander Digiaccoma.
tailor, losing his life Monday night
at Chicago. He had visited an Ar
her Avenue restaurant, where he
teard three men quarreling with the
proprietor. Thinking they were with
ut money to pay their bills, Digiac
coma offered to settle the amount.
His offer was promptly resented by
the trio, who left the restaurant im
mediately. They waited until the
man came from the place, when one
of the men shot him five times, kill
ing him instantly. The three escap
FINDS SAFETY IN TRUNK.
I Child In Waynesville - Rescued
From Burning House.
Displaying unusual presence o.
iind Edgar Applegate, the 4-year
ld son of Mr. and Mrs. 3. E. Apple
gate, saved himself from burning to
eath by hiding in his mother's trunt
when a fire, which he started while
playing with matches gutted his
home at Waynesville, N. C., early
Monday evening. The older McCrak
en of Waynesville, rushing into the
house, seized the trunk and rushed
through the door with it to the yard.
The lid of the trunk was lifted and
the boy was found inside, badly
frightened but uninjured.
White Man Kills Negro.
At Lamar Monday afternoon Al
bert Winndham, a white man, shot
and killed Joe Slater, a negro, in the
store of B. S. Stokes when the store
was crowded with customers. From
the testimony of eye-witnesses it
seems that a dispute arose about
some money owed and Winndham
drew his pistol and fired at Slater
twice, killing him elmost instantly.
Barnwell Murderer Paroled.
A parole during good bevavior was
granted Gaturday by Governor Blease
to Charley Zissett convicted of mur
der in the Barnwell vounty court in
March. 1896. before Judge Watts.
Zissett was sentenced to be hanged
but the sentence was afterward com
uted to life imprisonment in the
SWEPT TO DEATI
Chief Officer and Two Men of The Stea
mer Manms Carried Into Sea.
BY A HUGE TIDAL WAVI
Nhich Swept the Deck of the Bij
Steamship as She Plouged Througl
the Ocean Off the Coast of Florida
on Friday Afternoom of Las
The chief offier aad two men e
the Morgan line steamer Momus weri
swept from the deck of the vessel b
a tremendous wave on the voyag<
fom New Orleans, completed at Nev
York, and drowned. The vietims are:
1. T. Beesch, chief officer; J. P. Serge
boatswain, and R. Nordberg, seaman
The unusual tragedy occurred Fri.
day afternoon of last week off the
coast of Florida, but It was not re
ported by Captain John S. Boyce un
til the Momus arrived at New Yorl
on Wednesday with her flags at half
The great swell, described as on(
of tidal wave proportions, swept ove
he Momus with a deluge like Niagara
and carried the three men overboard
as if they had been corks. Before the
lifeboat could be lowered the vigtImf
There were twenty-flive passenger.
aboard the ship and through the cab
in windows many of them saw the
men carried away.
A gale was blowing and the three
men were working on the forward
part of the deck when, without warn
ng, a tilad wave rose above the ves
sel and rashed thunderously down
upon the deck.
.Chief Officer Beesch saw Nordberg
rushed across the deck and sprang to
his assistance. Both went over the
Serge, the boatswain, was also
caught in the torrent and, Impelled
by a lurch of the ship, shot over
board after his companions.
Orders to man the lifeboats were
issued at once and as the Momus
rolled and pitched the boat was low
Until darkness set in tho little boat
risked the mercy of the increasing
gale and sea in the hope of recover
ing the bodies of the doomed men,
ut without avail.
Two of the crew were injured while
ktwering the lifeboat.
A GRAND OBJECT LESSON.
What a One-Horse Farmer Showed at
the Augusta Fair.
The Augusta Chroncile says one of
the most attractive displays at the
eorgia-Carolina fair, demonstrating
possibilities on a small farm, is the
individual exhibit of S. T. Adams, of
south Carolina, who is a small far
mer. The explanations accompany
ing the display furnish a lesson that
could well be studies by any visitor
who is interested In modern farming.
The exhibit is made entirely from
Mr. Adams' small farm, which makes
It more worthy of note, In the estima
tion of visitors. In it are found corn,
hay, sweet and Irish potatoes, meal,
flour, hams, bacon, canned goods of
all kinds, domestic ioods of all kinds,
the exhibit being complete in everly
It shows that the small farm pos
sibilities around Augusta are great
and there is really no limit to what
ay be accomplished. 'ir. Adams'
friends are congratulating him upon
:he award of second premium for this
Mr. Adams was awarded the first
prize on baled cotton. He only rais
ed two bales of cotton and entered
ne and got the blue ribbon.
MONEY LOST IN THE MAILS.
Twenty Thousand Dolla:- Package
Disappeared in Transit.
A registered package containing
$20,000 is said to have disappeared
from the mails last Friday right be
tween Bluefield and Charlottesville,
~a. The pouch containing the remit
tance came to Lynchburg Friday
night over the Norfolk and Western
railroad and was bandied through
the mail transfer to the Southern
railway. Soon after leaving Lynch
urg the clerk on the Washington
train telegraphed a report that he
was short the package. Four or five
postal inspectors are at work on the
Uncle Sam is Hands Off.
Despite the plea received from the
Turkish government asking for inter
ention to stop the alleged atrocitie:
being committed by Italian troops in
Tripoli, the general opinion in diplo
ratic cincles at Washington is tha1
the United States will, like England
maintain a policy of "hands off."
Will Burn Rotten Corn.
Farmers throug-hout the Illinoit
ern belt, although facing heavy los
onaccount of the large amount o1
vain that rotted in the fields, due tc
xcessive rain, have determined to re
coup part of their loss. They will usI
the decayed corn for fuel during thi
he winter months.
Turkish Gunboat is Sunk.
A Turkish gunboat has been sunli
in a naval duel with an Italian cruis
e in the Gulf of Akabah in the east
er horn of the Red Sea. News o
the battle was received at Constanti
nople Thursday from the Turkisi
pommmandant at Akababh, a fortifie
REBEL LEADERS SLAIN
ANARCHY THREATENS TO FOL
LOW THE MURDERERS.
Foreign Women and Children Or
c dered to Leave Several Chinese
Cities for Safety.
Matters are growing rapidly worse
in China for the Manchu Dynasty,
which seems to be on its last legs.
A condition bordering on anarchy ex
ists at Chang Sha, owing to the des
t perate. rivalry of the revolutionary
leaders, who took possession of the
city a .few days ago. The two most
2 prominent republican chieftains.
Generals Chiao and Tseng, were both
murdered by soldiers Thursday. They
r had been jealous of each other's po
sitions and their quarrel had been
r taken up by their followers.
Foreign women and children have
been ordered to leave Siang Tan and
a similar order has been sent to
Chang Li. Other important cities in
. this province have joined the revolu-s
tionists, but in all of them the revo
lutionists are conducting the govern- I
ment peacefully. In an effort to con- )
trol the situation, Than Tsuan, the 1
republican governor, has been pro
The city of Fu Chow is now in
the hands of the revolutionists. Af
ter taking it they wiped out the en
tire Manchu district. The foreign
settlements have not been disturbed,
but fires have broken out in several ,
sections of the native city, threaten- e
Ing its destruction. Fu Chow Is one t
of the most important cities in the
south, having a population of 700,- 1
000. It is the seat of a naval arsenal, 2
government ship yards, a mint, s
school of navigation and a large dry t
dock. ' b
The situation in Amoy is onuiet but
a serious state of affairs is threat
ened, owing to the scarcityof provis- y
ions. Most of the city's supply junks
were captured by pirates in a spec
tacular raid Thursday, the entire
crew of one ship being massacred. A
revolt of troops in the village of
Anhai, 50 miles north of Chang Sha,
is causing trouble there. The sol- I
diers have burned the magistrate's a
yamen and the provincial customs b
Excitement at Peking is growing f
rapidly. The residents of the For- a
bidden City are taking in great quan
tities of rice and other stores. Fif- a
teen hundred infantry and 500 cav- c
alry of the 'anchu first division, who S
fled from Shi Kia Chung, after the h
assassination of Gen. Lu Cheng, ar- n
rived at Peking Thursday. The lega- f
tions consider that all hope for the
Manchu dynasty has vanished. t
Nanking in the south and Peking
in .the north appear to be the last t
remaining strongholds of the Man- d
chus. Foreigners are safe. Foo f
Chow, the capital of Fo Kien pro- t
vin-ce, was turned over to the revo- 5
lutionists Thursday. Wu Hu is likely
to capitulate any time. c
The Manchus still hold Nanking, i
but they are outnumbered 4 to 1 by 1
the revolutionists, who -are awaitingi
supplies of ammunition before re
suming the attack. The rebels lost
heavily Thursday without greatly
damaging the enemy and Friday sus
pended operations. The Americans,
Germans and British have landed ma
rines to protect the consulates, where
the foreigners have gathered.
In Shanghai the situation becomes t
increasingly serious. The imperial (
government has absolutely disap- t
peared and the foreign consuls are i:
unable to repognize the self-consti- s
tuted government. British ware- j
houses across the river were looted 1
Thursday morning. The police fled i
upon the rioters' approach. The con- e
sular body announced that the for- a
eign settlement was prepared for ']
self-defense and that the revolution- g
sts must maintain order in the near- t
by districts; otherwise foreigners
RANDALL WAS EXONERATED.
Gaffney Man Held Blameless of Kill
The coroner's jury a.t Shelby, N. '
C., Monday morning rendered a ver
dict of justifiable homicide, exonerat
ing Lucius Randall, the prominent ~
|Gaffney business man who shot and
killed Sam Whither, a wealthy Cleve
land county farmer, Sunday evening.
Whither held up Randall in his auto
mobile at the point of a pistol. The
jury found, upon examination, that
the weapon was empty, but it held
that Randall did not know this and
his deed was entirely justifiable.
The French steamer Diolibah sank
at sea Wednesday and twenty-four
persons were drowned. The Diolibah I
was towing the French steamer Li- I
bera for Marseilles when the latter
fouled her, tearing a hole in the I
Diolibah's side, causing her to found
Five Hundred Were Killed. 1
A news agency dispatch from Con
stantinople says that it was official~
ly announced at the Turkish capital
that the Turks had recaptured Derna,
in Tripoli, and that 500 Italians were
ending force were taken prisoners.
killed and the remainder of the de
Attempt to Wreck Train.
Evander Ivey and Luther McLucas,
colored, are in jail charged with at-1
tempting to wreck the train on the
Bennettsville and Cheraw railroad,
-near Blenheim. McLucas implicates
another negro boy, Willie Ross.
. Disastrous Fire In Atlanta.
- Fire, which started in the Oscar
Barnes & Co. furniture store in the
- centre of the retail district of At-l
lanta caused damages between $I00.
j 00 and $1,500,000 Wednesday night. l
THIRTY DAYS ADRIFT
BLOWN OUT TO SEA IN
SMALL OPEN ROWBOAT.
Was Nearly Dead and Despairing <
Rescue When He Was Picked U
by a Steamer.
Blown out to sea in a rowboat froi
.he coast of South America, Arang
Rodriguez, a Spaniard, formerly en
ployed on the Panama canal as a h
ibout for thirty days and was nearl
lead and despairing of rescue whe
he British steamer Ikaria pirke
im up. The Ikaria reached Nei
Fork last week from Buenos Aire
)ringing the castaway.
The Ikaria when two days out c
[rinidad sighted a small 'boat with
iondescrlpt sail off the port bow. .a
;he bore down the craft was foun
;o be a rowboat with a9 broomstic
ihipped as a mast and a tattere
hirt set as a sail. Rodriguez, on th
erge of collapse, was taken on th
When he had repovered somewha
ie explained that he had been em
)loyed oi the Panama caanl as a la
>orer and later went to CaracaJ
['here he hired a small boat to g
shing and was blown off shore b;
He 'had on board a demijohn o
rinking water, but for food had t
lepend upon fish he was able t,
atch. After the demijohn of wate
Yas exhautsed he managed to tra:
nough rain water to assuage hi
As the days went by and grew in
o a month Rodriguez despaired e
escue and was almost too .weak ti
it up when after 31 days from lani
he Ikaria sighted him, took hilm 01
oard and cared for him. The boa
mas set adrift.
iATHER AND MOTHER KTTLET1
Lnd Three Children Hurt in Tryini
to Escape Fire.
Two members of the Shapiro fam
ly father 'and mother, were killei
nd three of their four children wer
adly hurt Saturday when the:
umped from windows on the seconc
oor :to escape the :dames that de
troyed a Brooklyn tenement house
When flames trapped the Shapiros
policeman climbed on the cornic4
ver the first story and told Juliu:
hapiro, the father, to hand dowi
Is four children, aged from 11
onths to 16 years. The baby wen
.rst and the policeman caught it.
Then Shapiro tried to hand ou
ine-year-old Aaron. The boy'
reight proved more than be coul
innage, and he fell from the win
ow with his son In his arms. Th4
ther's brains were dashed out oz
de pavement, while the boy escape
rith a broken ankle.
This calamity seemed to nnnerv4
ther members of the family and al
tough they could have been rescuei
ad they waited, one by one, thea
saped from the windows.
BROKEN RAIL CAUSES WRECK.
wo Persons Were Eilled and Sev
eral Others Hurt.
Southern railway officals states
tat the wreck of train No. 14, fron
innatti to Jacksonville. at Chatta
oochee, six miles north of Atlanta
i which two persons Wrere killed ai
everal more or less seriously in
ured, was caused by a broken rail
'he breaking of the rail is said tK
ave 'been due to a "pipe" or conceal
d defect. The colored coach, bag
age and express cars left the track
'he killed were 0. P. Bryon, bag
agemaster, Atlanta, and Ben Brigg
egro passenger, Cleveland. Tenn. S
. Whitaker of Knoxville, Tenn., los
is purse containing $600 in thi
rreck. The most seriously injurle(
rere removed to hospitals afte1
heir arrival in this city.
KILLED BY CONVICT GUARD.
ohn H. Gaynor Shot Down in Stree
At Savannah, Ga., J. H. Gaynor
usin of John F. Gaynor, who wat
ecently released from the Atlanta
avis was drinking and the men hat
enitentiary, where he was punishec
or his connection with the Savannal
arbor frauds, was shot to death 01
e street Monday night by Joe Davis
Davis and Gaynor were not ag
uainted but met a few minutes be
ora the killing in a near-beer saloon
)ais was drinking and the men hat
slight disagreement there. Gaynor
kith two friends walked from the s
non, and after .going .probably 104
eet turning a corner into anothe:
treet, stopped and was talking to hi|
Davis walked up to them and with
ut a word pressed a pistol to Gay
~or's breast and fired twice. Oni
all went through Gaynor's heart. Da
i was arrested at once. Gaynor wa
~bout forty years of age and leaves
Arab Women Fight as Men.
Arab women, dressed in men'
lothing, are leading in the fightini
Lgainst the Italians in Tripoli. Th
ex of these amizons was not discov
,red until a number of them had beel
tilled. This information was re
elved at Malta Thursday on steamr
hips from Tripoli.
Corpses Clutter the Streets.
Advices from Tripoli state that tb
antiary situation is growing worsE
['e0 boles of fifty Arabs who die
rm cholera or hunger were foundi
he streets. The palm groves are fil
de with corpses and~ -fifty cases c
holera are reported ~to be In the~ Ita'
Dignified Letter Addressid to Goverro
Blease by Committee
P PERTINENT AND PITHY
Waiving the Discourtesy of Governor
Blease's Action, Mr. J. T. Evans,
of Marlboro County, Speaking for
a the People, Goes Straight to the
Point of the Discussion.
s Mr. J. J. Evans, representing the
committee appointed by the mass
meeting of Marlboro County farmers,
. has made reply to the letter of Gov
ernor Blease. . The committee, fol
lowing the instructions of the mass
meeting of the farmers, telegraphed
Governor Blease asking for a hear
ing In reference to calling the legis
lature in extra session to help the
farmers maintain the price of cotton.
t Governor Blease declined to hear the
committee and gave out a long let
ter on the subject to the'press. This
letter was received by the committee
after it had appeared in the newspa
pers. The committee had hoped that
Governor Blease would at least give
the people of Marlboro oounty a hear
ing, but in this they were disappoint
ed. The letter of Mfr. Evans to Gov
ernor Blease Is as follows:
"Dear Governor: I have the honor
to acknowledge the receipt of your
letter of this date in respc ...; to my
telegram requesting a hearing for the
representatives from this county on
the subject of an extra session. The
request was made in response to the
decision of a mass meeting of Marl
t boro farmers, held last Monday In the
"My message to you was not
through the county prints, and I re
gret sincerely that you did not accord
us a hearing before reaching your de
cision. Waiving, however, the dis
courtesy to us, it does seem -that a
mass meeting of Marlboro .itizens
might have expected an opportunity
to present the reasons which caused
them to make this request.
"The right of the people to speak
in mass meeting in a free govern
ment is supposed to be sacred, and
will be a -protection against injustice
long after the ephemeral power of
the wily politiician has passed away.
"The old-time theory and the only
valid reason for a democracy is to do
the greatest good to the greatest
number, and I do not conceive that
there'Is any manner that you could
better employ the functions of your
great office than in assisting the far
mers of the State to secure better
prices for the products of their la
"It Is not a good shepherd, my
dear governor, who would sit on a
stump and impartially allow the bear
and the sheep to fight it out. The
crafty and the strong should not be
allowed to compel the weak and the
simple to fight them on their own
grounds and-the government take no
consideration of mency, justice, and
the eternal moralities.
"Your excellency says that the
holding of the cotton crop now will
do no good except to a 'few wealthy
farmers.' Most respectfully I beg
leave to differ with you on that ques
tion. Any advance in the price of
cotton would :be of great advantage
not only to a 'few wealthy farmers,'
'ut to every man, woman and child
In the South.
"Cotton is the basis of our -.realth.
In this country not one-half of the
crop has been ginned. Mtich is being
held in the hope of help from some
where. I believe that a call from you
for the legislature of South Carolina
to meet in extra session to do what
she could constitutionally to aid in
the present holding movement would
of itself advance the price of cotton
materially. If the crop of South Car
olina is 1,200,000 bales, a cent a
pound would mean $6,000,0~00 to the
people of the State.
"I think, governor, that you are
mistaken about the 'poor farmers'
getting no benefit. It is the 'poor
farmer' who needs it most; the rich
farmer can hold hi scotton. It is the
poor farmer, operating under a lien
and mortgage that these times are
literally crushing into the earth.
Compelled to buy his supplies at ex
orbitant prices, he is now forced to
sell at a cruel sacrifice. The fact is,
my dear governor, the 'rich farmer'
is a myth--the last one evaporated
when cotton went below 10 cents.
-"You speak of the mill mergers be
ing the cause of the depression. I
think It goes deeper than that, gov
ernor. The mill inergers are the out
growth of the business conditions and
.policies of the past centuries. We
are living in a new era, the principle
-of individualism dominant over the
past is exhausted, and when the con
sequences of a principle are exhaus
.ed, -the structure built upon it crum
. bles away. We are living in a time
when the principle of associatien is
. the controlling force, and with all the
Svaried interests combining into
,trusts there is nothing left to pro
ductive labor whether on the farm or
in the shop except to make their gov
ernments the vehicles through which
by unity of action they may have
ssome voice in fixing their share of
the fruits of their own toil. It is a
Smisfortune, governor, even if our
people were able to hold their pcotton
for them to be forced to do so unless
adequate provision be made to bor
"To tie up one hundred bales of
cotton means that much money retir
ed from circulation. A warehouse
certificate is now merely an asset in
.certain localities or channels of
- trade. If the name of the State of
a Louisiana makes her certificates good
-in all the money marts of thie world,
f why would not the name of South
-Carolina be equally good? Why can
you not do for our State what Gov.
HARMON IS PLEASED
PREDICTS LANDSLIDE FOR DEM
OCRATS NEXT YEAR.
Signs of Victory for the Democrati<
Party are Evident Everywhere ix
Passing his opinion upon the re
salts in Massachusetts, Kentucky ani
Ohio, and other points where Demo
cratic candidates were elected Tues
day, Governor Judson Harmon o:
Ohio, Wednesday predicted a nationa
Democratic landslide next year.
"The results of these elections hav
pleased me very much," he said
"nd I consider them a forecast ol
the outcome next year. It is the
strongest indorsement of Democrac:
that has been tendered by voters ft
recent years. Not only local election
do I consider significant but also th
elections in Kentucky, Massachusett;
and other points."
Governor Harmon went on to sa
that the result of the city election
in Ohio show unquestionab'ly that thE
public is pleased with the present ad
ministration, the tax reforms that
have been made in Ohio and the man
agement of State offices under Demo
When asked regarding the Cincin
nati results, Mr. Harmon said: "Per
sonally nothing could have pleased
me better. I have fought for twenty
five years to free Cincinnati from the
sway of Republicanism and am cer
tainly delighted to find that the vot
ers have awakened and broken the
chains that rbound her.
"Signs of victory for the Lemo
iratic party are evident everywhere.
Next year I .predict that this party
will win the national offices, includ
lng the presidency. It Is an endorse
ment of the Democratic adniinistra
tive policies and the labors already
performed by that party."
SAILOR EATEN BY SAK
Shipmates of the Sailor Witness the
Death between the jaws of a mon
ster man-eating shark was the sad
fate of Jules Antaine, an aged sea.
man, in the -harbor of Pensacola,
Fla., Wednesday afternoon. The
gruesome sight was witnesses by. the
crew of the BTitish steamer Alders.
-ate, on which Antoine was employed
is a watchman and by half a hundred
baymen engaged in loading the vessel
with lamber. Antoine evi4ently had
'allen- overboard by accident for the
?rzt seen of him was when the shark
3wam le!surely out from between the
,hip and the lighter of lumber with
"-e body of the man clamped between
its jaws, the head and shoulders pro
cruding from one side of its mouth
and the legs from the other. For a
moment the shark remained on the
:,urface, then sank to arise a moment
ilater with only the head in sight, the
remainder of the body apparently
having been swallowed. The shark
remained on the surface the second
time for nearly a minute and was
seen no more. One of the watchers
ainted from the spectacle.
SOLDIER WAS DEAF AND DUMB.
Ran Away From the New Jersey to
Fight for the South.
Ben Oppenheimer. who ran away
from his home in New Jersey during
the War of Secession and joined the
forces of the Confederacy, actively
partiteipating in some of the most des.
perate of. the struggel, never heard
an order given or a shot fired. He is
deaf and dumb and now 84 years of
age. At the State Confederate re
union in session at Montgomery, Ala.,
the Memphis, Tenn., visitor .was hon
ored by many attentions fromr his
comrades at arms. A cross of honor
on the lapel of :his coat attests to his
faithful service in the sixties. He
attended the reunion at ,the birth
place of the Confederacy at the solic
itation of the local camp. Oppen
hiimer was near Gen. Albert Sydney
Johnston when the latter was killed
and saw him fall..
Jared Y. Sanders has done for Louisi
ana? Why could not the magnificent
harbor and terminal facilities of
Charleston be utilized for this State,
as New Orleans' are for Louisiana,
Mississippi and eastern Texas? The
harbor of Charleston is a splendid
asset, it belongs more to South Car
olina; why not use it
"As to the cost of holding an extra
session, I am deeply gratified to learn
of the patriotic spirit which prompted
L.he senator from Newberry to refuse
pay for services at an extra session.
i am not willing, however, to admit
that the Senator from Newberry had
at monopoly of the patriotism of South
Carolina, and If called on I believe
the entire general assembly would
serve in this emergency free of cost.
"The act of 1908, page 1079, pro
vides pay for the regular session;
therefore we may infer that the leg
islature expected that members call
ed in extra session would serve from
patriotic reasons, or that no govrnor
;ould ever be so progressive as to calr
an extra session for any purpose oth
er than to elect some man to office, as
was the case in the extra session to
which you referred.
"With assurances of my high re
spect, I am yours, very truly,
J. 3. Evans,
For the Committee.'
Manchu Fleet Bottled Up.
The forts at Wu Sung, China, comn
manding the entrance to the Yang
Tse Kiang river, surrendered to th4
rebel forces Thursday without firing
a shot. With the fall of these forti
fications into the hands of the revolu.
tionists the fleet of imperial warship:
under Admiral Sah Cheng Ping il
now bottled up and can not escape t<
Two.Thirds of the City DesrayedDar
ing Fighting for Several Days
MANY MDE DESTIUE
Horrible Stories of Brutality and
Cruelty on the Part ofBtNChi
nese Rebels and Regular Troops
Hundreds of Half Burned Bodie
Lie Among the Ruins.
Two-thirds of the city of lankow,
China, has been destroyed by fire dur
ing the last ten days, following fight
iug between revoldtionists and loyal
troops. The lowest estimate of :the
loss is $50,000,000. Four .hun'ded
thousand persons are destitute..iin
dreds of ha' burned bodies lie alMng -
the ruins. Tany of them are thined
ies of wormen and children.
The customs house, the post-pffice
and the American missions have bes
soared. The city has been lootedthe
imperialists taking a haLd in thejpi
lage. Imperialists officers tried to
check this work and exercuted aiem
ber of the soldiers.- Refugees-,ere
deprived of their loot on enterigtle
British concession, cart loads ofal
uable furs, silk and jewelry being
seized. It is suggested that thi6 i
Cross receive the proceeds.
On Friday afternoon of the last
week the consuls appealed to the Im
perialists to cease 'aurning thetown.
A proclamation, which was Issued im
mediately, declared that the rebels
were responsible for the fires and or
dered that these be checked. The
fallowing day new fires started in var
The David Hill Memorial schooldor
the blind, connected with the We
leyan mission, has been looted,'rhile,
in contrast, all the property fi:Wu
Chang, which is held by thie rebels,
has been protected. On November 2
there was considerable artillery rng .
boginning before daylight;
The imperialist batery behind H-s
how moved to the southwest In belat
ed fulfillment of the promise'to hift
the line of fire from the concessons.
This battery and dnother stationed
on the plains enga ged In a heaiy duel
with Han Yang Hill. The Wu Chang
forts joined occasionally in the- de
fense of Han Yang.
A few hundred of t~ie revolution
ists are still in Hankow. Riflemen on
ouposite of the- Han river fought all
day and there has beqn silar fight
ing Sunday, but steadily decreasin&
There is much open revolutionary
talk among the imperialists:
Foreigners are hearing'horrifying
stories of brutality. The imperialists
have hanged men, and failing to
strangle them, tortured them to death
by prodding with bayonets or crush
ing with stones. The outrages against
women can not be told. Red Cross
bearers have been killed or wound
ed. Soldilers on both sides have kill
eci their wounded enemies.
It was ascertained that Yuan Shi
Kai, the premier desinate, is in this
neghborhood, but he Is keeping his
;,resence hidden. It Is suspected that
he went aboard a -British' gunboat,
and It is reported that he has been in
terviewing Republican ministers se-C
A thousand revolutionary soldiers
from Hu Nan reached Wu Chang. At
I-Chang and other river ports the're
publicans are collecting the custom'
dues. Consular reports from I-Chang
say refugees from Chung 'Chang, in
Sze-Chuan privnce, are bound thither.
Secret societies, it is reported, are
gathering control in Sze-Chuan. The
mobs at Kiu Klang are violent.
MOST UXUSUAL FEAK.
Cow in Greenville County Has Thirty
The Greenville Daily Piedmont
says the most unusual freak of nature
that that county has probably ever
produced is a cow that belongs to
Mr. H. R. Scalf, who lives near the.
Covastee Mill, which a~nimal has a
multitude of horns growing over her
back and hips. SIr. Scalf says the
cow has thirty-one horns, though he.'
tells people that there are seventeen
so they' will not L~e disappointed when
they see the animal. There are sev
enteen prominent horns.
Some of them are very small, says
the owner, but there are in all thirty
cne. The cow is eight years of age
and the horns started to grow tio
years ago. Mr. Scalf has had e~ne cow.
examined by a veterinarian and he
says that the animal will in time be
covered with horns. The horns ..
The lonesgt- of the horns are 'the
wo natural ones at the cow's
these being some four Inches in
length. The others range from sa
inch and a quarter to- very short
lengths. The cow gives milk and Is
a good animal. Mr. Scalf says he
thinks he will sell her to some carni
-Southern States Quarantined.
Fourteen States in the Suth d
Southwest today were placed under-.
cattle quarantine by Secretary of Ag
riculture Wilson. The prevalence of
Texas fever among the cattle Is the
cause. The states quarantined are
Georgia, Alabama, Florida. North
and South Carolina, Virginia, Ten
nessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkan
sas, Missouri, Texas, Oklahoma and
Another Bowen Arrested.
Just about the time th.E right
Arthur Bowen was being /arrested
near Neeses on Wednesday ight, an
other negro by the name of Arthur
-Bowen was arrested at ohnston onl
- the supposition that h was the man
Swanted for the das ,rdly crime at
Springfield. Here i the account of
> the arrest at John, con of the wrdng