Newspaper Page Text
NEAR ITS END
The Macha Dynasty in China Seems to
be Tottering to Its Fall
DEMANDS FOR REPUBLIC
Spreads Throughout the Chinese Em
pire, and the Imperial Court at
Pekin is in a Sorry Plight, Not
Knowing Where to Go When It
Flees From That City.
A dispatch from Pekin, China, says
the legations consider that the end of
the Manchu dynasty is imminent.
There seems no hope of saving even
a nominal throne. The provinces
north of the Yang-Tse are now de
cLaring for a republic.
The only force of Manchu troops
large enough to cope with the local
situation is in Peking, but there are
indications tonight that the capital
will be surrounded before many days
by Chinese soldiers.
Where the Court will tak,, refuge
Is a question. There are evidences
that the Court intended to proceed
to Chang Kia Kau (Kalgan.)
Troops guarding the route to that
town, which lies in the province of
Chi Li, 125 miles northwes: of Pe
king, were expected to dynamite the
tunnel-after the passage of the train
bearing the Emperor and his house
hold. Reports have now been re
eeived that Chang Kai Kau is unsafe.
Garrisoned and policed by loyal
forces, Peking remained Tuesday
night undisturbed by the rebels. The
general feeling of nervousness, how
ever, was betrayed Tuesday after
noon when an accidental fire broke
out In the quarters occupied by the
board of ceremonies. For a time the
Chinese believed the flames were a
revolutionary signal for an uprising,
and they were thrown into a panic.
The national assembly, by virtue
of the powers bestowed upon it by
the recent edict, formally appointed
Yuan Shi Kai premier. The questot
of his permanency in the office was
discussed, but it was decided tha1
the assembly had no authority to
guarantee this beyond an electin by
parliament. It was, however, re
solved to assure Yuan of the nationa:
assembly's continued support.
A mass meeting was held at Linan
Fu, in Yun-Nan province, when a se
ries of demands upon the governmen1
was formulated. These included the
establishment of a republic and com
plete autonomy for the provinces
The demands were forwarded to thi
city accompanied with the intima
tion that three days only would b4
allowed for the government to ac.
quiese in them.
The officer commanding the Sixti
division, which was a part of Gen
Wu-Lu Cheng's command at Shikia.
Chuang, reports that 40 Manchu!
stormed Wu-Tent and shot and be
headed the general. Thirty of the
assailants were arrested. The office>
"The battalion to which they be
long looks ready for fighting. We are
Consular reports state that sev
eral other officers were assassinated
and according to foreign railroad of
ficials the Chinese and Manchu sol
diers fought a regular engagemeni
In which the fatalities were num
The general, whose full name is
Wu-Cheng, reported to the govern
ment a few days ago that he could
persuade, the Shen-Si rebels to apc
cept the constitution outlined by the
national assembly, but at that time
a suspicion was current that the gen
eral himself was a revolutionist. His
attitude has since been a matter of
some concern to the Manchus. He is
a native of Hir-Peh province and in
*April, 1910, was made deputy lieu
tenant general of the Bordered Red
It Is expected the assassination of
Gen. Wu Lu Cheng will lead to thn
revolt of the remainder if his oht
sixth division, which is with Yuan
Shi Kai. The Government reports.
however, that two train loads of Im
perial soldiers are on their way tv
Hankow and these may be sufficient
to prevent a mutiny.
A hundred carts left Peking Tues
day night for Jehol and two hundred
mounted Manchus proceeded in the
same- direction early in the day. The
Chinese believe this party is prepar
ing the way for the flight of the
Court, but many Manchus are fleeing
and troops are constantly moving in
the vicinity of -Peking. The Manchu
troops here number 11,000, Imperial
guards 7,500, police 4,000, and ban
ner police about 5,000.
The city is quiet and there is no
sign of any intended movement. Chae
foo, in Shan Trung Province, has gone
over to the revolutionaries. Prior to
this one of the leaders, Wang Shao
Nien, informed the consuls that ev
erything was ready for a peaceful as
sumption of authority by the Chi
nese and that there would be no
slaughter of the Mianchus unless they
One Day Long Enough.
The suggestion that presidential
inauguration ceremonies should last a
week is likely to meet with scant fav
or. The motives for the suggestion
are either mercenary or unpatriotic.
With the business men of Washing
ton the idea is financial as they would
doubtless reap a big pecuniary har
vest by its adoption. Then, there is
a class in this country that is gener
ally attracted by the old world pomp
and pageantry and to that class an
aping of coronation and court cere
monies, as such an inauguration as
proposed would surely be. would be
very gratifying. But fortunately,
the suggestion is never likely to be
seriously considered. As a matter of
fact, instead of introducing more
ceremonies at great public functions
like inaugurations ot presidents and
governors there is probably a general
feeling that there has already been
too great a departure from that dem
caatc simplicity which should al
way mark republican institutions.
A~nd in truth there is far more digni
ty and impressiveness in a fitting
uplcity than in an overloaded
~pand costuming of elaborate
arms such as an old world coro
OFFIR MAM PRZES
TUHE SECOND SOUTH ATLANTIC
Several Classes Named in Announce
ment Issued by Those in Charge of
The second South Atlantic Corn ex
zosition will be held in Columbia, De
cenmber 10, continuing through to De
cember 15, 1911. Prizes aggregat
ing $S,000 will be awarded to the ex
hibitors and contestants in corn-rais
ng, throughout South Carolina, Geor
gia and North Carolina.
The legislative commission of
South Carolina in charge of the ex
position include A. D. Hudson, New
berry, president State Corn Breeders'
Association and chairman of the corn
exposition; E. J. Watson, Columbia,
commissioner of agriculture; D. N.
Barrow, Clemson College, superin
tendent of the extension work at
at Clemson; L. L. Baker, Bishopville,
of the United States demonstration
work, and W. R. Perkins, Clemson
College, professor of agriculture at
All entries must be made with C.
C. Porter, Columbia, superintendent
of entries, prior to December 8, 1911.
The aim of this corn exposition is
:or educational advancement, demon
strating how to breed and select seed
corn, gathering and storing the crop
properly, that the quality may be im
proved. Lectures will --be delivered
every afternoon and night on corn
growing and kindred subjects. There
will be displays of labor-savings ma
chinery with demonstrations by the
Exhibits will be brought from the
experiment stations of South Caro
lina, Georgia and North Carolina.
The following is a description of
the classes of entry, showing prizes
oaic red at the South Atlantic Corn
ex position to successful eahibitors:
First Congressioual Districs.
No. 18-Best single ear corn: One
and one-half ton fertilizer; third,
>ne-half ton basic slag.
No. 1S-Best single ear corn: One
steel beam walking plow.
Second Congressional District.
No. 19-Best ten ears corn: First,
sne ton slag: second, one steel beam
xalking plow; third, 600 pounds of
No. 20-Best single ear of corn.
One-half ton fertilizer.
Third Congressional District.
No. 21-Best ten ears of corn:
First, one ton fertilizer; second, one
corn planter; third, one ton Portlend
No. 22-Best single ear: One steel
beam walking plow.
Fourth Congressional District.
No. 23 Best ten ears of corn: First.
one ton fertilizer; second, one-half
ton fertilizer; third, one ton lime.
No. 24-Best single ear: One-half
ton basic slag.
Fifth Congressional District.
No. 25--Best ten ears of corn:
First, 40 rods woven wire; second,
one-half ton fertilizer; third, 600
pounds of fertilizer.
No. 2 6--Best single ear of corn:
One ton basic slag.
Sixth Congressional District.
No. 27-Best ten ears of corn:
First, one ton fertilizer; second, one
Dalf ton fertilizer; third, one cultiv
No. 28-Best single ear of corn:
One-half ton of basic slag.
Seventh Congressional District.
No. 29-Best ten ears of corn:
First, one ton of fertilizer; second.
one-half ton fertilizer; third, 400
pounds of fertilizer.
No. 30--Best single ear of corn:
One-half ton basic slag.
Sweepstakes iclasses for South Car
Open to winners of congressional
district classes and boy's classes.
No. 31-Best ten ears of corn:
American agricultural cup. (To be
held by winner for one year.)
Boys' classes, open to South Car
First Congressional District.
The rules governing these plasses
are the same used by the United
States department of agricullture in
its demonstration work. Any county
agent can furnish them. Every ex
hibitor in this class must enter ten
cars of corn.
Best record ofecrop.........$25.00
Second best record of crop.. 15.00
Best yield.. ...... .....15.00
Best showing of profit.. ......15.00
Best history of crop.. .. ...10.00
IThe same accounts will be offered
in the second, third, fourth, fifth,
sixth and seventh congressional dis
tricts in South Carolina.
*No. 3 6 Best single ear of corn:
First.. .... ...........$10.00
Second.. .... . ....... ... 5.00
Third.. ....... ...........3.00
Fifth.. .. .................1.00
The next ten to get a copy of a
good farm paper for one year.
Boys' classes, open to boys in
No. 37--Best ten ears of corn.
First.. .... ...........$15.00
Second.. .. ...........10.00
Third.. .... .............5.00
Fourth.. .... .........3.00
Fifth.. .. .................1.00
The next ten to get a copy of a
good farm paper for one year:
Grand sweepstakes boys' classes.
Open to winners of boys' classes from
North Carolina, South Carolina and
No. 42--Best single ear: First,
Silver cup; second one King weeder;
third, one corn planter; Fourth, one
steel beam walking plow.
No. 43--Best ten ears of .corn,
First, one silver cup; second, one
5-5-tooth barrow;third, one ton
basic slag; fourth, one steel beam
Charges Him With Murder.
Held on a coroner's warrant charg
ng him with murder, Hosen Jones,
he negro chauffeur who wa~s driving
te automobile which struck Mirs. W.
S Hamiter in Columbia on last Sat
ray, is in the Richianid county jail,
~cllowing the inquest held over the
-ody of Mrs. Hamiter.
Couple Perished in Flames.
At Lake Charles, La.. Mr. and Mrs.
Salvatore Certropia, Italians, were
brned to death when the;r dwell
ng was destroyed by fire. '~ -re is
trong suspicion. Officers susp-c-t that
he couple were slain and their house
set afi~re to conceal the critne. They
MEN, WOMEN AND BOYS I
SHOT DOWN BY THE ITALIAN
SOLDIERS AT TRIPOLI.
But the Army is Pressed by the Arabs
While Cholera is Raging Within Its
"Anna.nias in his palmiest days
never wrote half as many falsehoods
and misrepresentations as have ap
peared in the Italian press and in the
official statements issued by the Ital
ian government," telegraphs the cor
respondent of Reuter's Telegram Co.,
Ltd., at Tripoli, who arrived at Malta
He said the Italians hold, with
nearly twice as many men, half the
ground that they held three weeks t
ago. They have lost in killed and t
wounded, not counting the sick, well
over 1,000 men.
Many Arabs have been killed and
vast numbers were shot in cold blood.
Now twenty-five thousand soldiers
find themselves with their backs to 9
the sea, cramped and confined, with
an active enemy within a few yards
of them and with cholera raging, for
despite official efforts to conceal the
truth there have been many cases of E
cholera among the troops and the civ
I population is suffering so much that
whole streets in Tripoli have been
closed by armed sentries.
There has been no disgrace. On
the contrary the Italiafn troops have I
fought with great bravery and their
officers set a noble example. How
ever the Arabs have advanced their
artillery and are shelling the Italians.
One shell dropped into General Can
eva's headquarters. The foreign mii
itary attaches have been kept aboard
a boat and not permitted to land, the
explanation being given that it would
be too dangerous for them to go on
The Turks and Arabs, the corre
spondent says, hold the oasis, 15
miles long and from two to five miles
leep, where they can subsist on dates
-ind olives until April, meanwhile
a'arassing the Italians by nightly
raids. There are no signs of the Ital
ians preparing to advanice. The cor
respondent describes the spirits of the
invading army as demoralized. The i
men expect'd a short and sharp cam
paign. Instead they are lying in the
trenches with sand storms blowing i
over or rains soaking them with con- 1
rinual night alarms. They are dis
;usted with the war and hate the
country. They long to return home.
For four days after the engage
ment of October 23, the Italian sol
diers engaged in indiscriminate
slaughtering of the Arab population
under General Caneva's sanction, 'ho
first issued a general order to shoot
all Arabs found with arms, but only
when caught by troops in charge ot
officers. The troops complained that
inumbers of Arabs had hidden their
arms and resumed their work as hus
bandmen. Thereupon General Can
eva issued another order to shoot all
Arabs who could reasonably be sus
pected- of having borne arms.
The blood of the men was up nat
urally, as they had seen their com
rades shot from 'behind and, it is re
ported, even mutilated, though of
this it is impossible to ascertain the
truth. With their excitable tempera
ment and highly developed imagina
tion, the Italians suspected every liv
ing soul of guilt, and fo-r four days
gangs of soldiers, often without offi
cers shot every one they encountered.
Previous to October 23, the Italians
treated the Arabs with ctmost kind
ness and it is only fair to say that
many Italian officers who looked at
the affair calmly afterwards, deplored
The troops made a clean sweep of
that portion of the oasis in which
they were fired upon from the rear.
although there is no certain proof
that any Arab in the west end of that
section took part in the rising and
there were vast numbers of women
and boys who were perfectly mno
ent. Of these nearly all the men and
even the boys above a certain age,
were shot, and it is undoubted but
that a great many women perished.
GAFFNEY PREACHER ARRESTED. 4
Hfe Is Accused of Writing Letter to a
A dispatch from Atlanta says Rev.
W. C. Ferrell, a Methodist minister
whc went there recently from Gaff
r.ey, S. C.. has been arrested and put
in jail as a result of his having writ-:
ten to a young woman of that city a
letter in which he asked to make her.
acquaintance with a view to "commit
When given a hearing in t-he policei
court the minister admitted the au
thorship of the letter, but the case
was dismissed, the judge saying he a
knew of no law which the minister i
The arrest was made by detectives. t
who accompanied the young womana
to the place designated in the letteri
as the place of meeting. The minis
ter described himself in the letter as
an "English gentlemuan romantically
ir clined," but he told the court he 3
had never lived in England. 1
Beast Butler Once More.
There is a widespread and violent '
opposition in Massachusetts to the I
movement for a statue in memory of I
the late General Benjamin Butler. ~
All kinds of charges against the law- S
yer, soldier and governor have been e
raked up, from treachery to labor to o
admiration for Jefferson Davis. .
Large Fire at Laurens.t
At Laurens a fire which. started int
the hardware and paint store of J.
H. and M. L. Ash caused a total
less of damage to real estate estimat- r
ed from figures furnished by the f
owners and real estate dealers at e
$47,900. ' t
Auto Racer Badly Hurt. P
At Columbia, Joe Jaggersberger,
Racine, Wissensin, driving a Case
ar, 67 miles an hour in State Fair
races was badly hurt when his ma:- n
hine, throwing a tire on the turn k
ot the uribanked track, went into an C
uter fence. ii
. . c)
Young Lady Fatally Burned.
Johnny. the 5-year-old son of
ir. and Mrs. W. T. Collier, who I!
ives a few miles northeast of Buch
nan, Ga., was burned to death at ji
he home of hid parents Saturday jl
morn n atn ervly hour. His a
NORK OF FIEND
In Open Switch Causes Wreck et Pas
seuger Train at Swanea
,NGINEER WAS KILLED
'rain Wrecker Causes Passenger To
Crash Into, Box Cars, Causing the
Engine to Turn Over, Crushing the
Life of the Engineer and Hurting
Lawrence Robinson, colored ,was
rrested Monday, charged with the
reaking of the switch which caused
he wreck of Seaboard passenger
rain No. 43, at Swansea, early Mon
ay morning, when Engineer W. Ed
rard Pritchard lost his life and Fire
ian. Prince Davis, Express Messen
er H. G. Freeman, and -Mail Clerk
W. Moore were injured. No. 43
an into an open switch and prashed
Lto eight empty box cars standing on
he siding, overturning the engine,
xpress and mail cars, and tearing up I
he track for a considerable distance.
Evidence showed that the switch
ad been tampered with and blood
Lounds of Penitentiary Guard John
obbins were put on the trail and
ollowed it to the house of Lawrence
obinson, colored in the town of
wansea. Robinson was away from
(me, having gone on a wagon to a
ill. The officers soon found him
tnd -put him under arrest. He was
arried back to Columbia and taken
his afternoon to Lexington and lodg
d in jail. Robinson denies the
harge and protests his innocence.
He admitted, however, that he had
erved a three years' sentence on the
exington chain gang, beginning in
l,903, for attempting to tamper with.
t switch at Dixianna, on this same
'cad, .pleading guilty on the charge
hen arraigned in Court. He is a
egro of medium height and the only
listinguishing mark about him is his
ips, which are all covered with sores.
,onstable Tod Martin, of Swansea,
ook him to Lexington and turned
im over to Sheriff Miller.
Engineer Pritchard was pinned
nder the engine and killed before
e could be rescued. Fireman Prince
Davis, colored, escaped, although he
was badly bruised and shaken up.
xpress Messenger Freeman received
x deep cut in the back'of his head,
ight inches long, and his right
shoulder sprained. Several of the
amsengers were shaken up, but fortu
ately the day coaches and the sleep
rs stuck to the rails. Mr. Ed Prit
,hard, the engineer, who was killed
,n the wreck was a resident of Sa
vnnah, Ga., and his body was ship
,ed there. He leaves a wife who re
The wreck occurred between 1 and
2 o'clock Monday morning. A freight
:onductor, who went to the scene of
:he wreck and who talked to the Co
tumbia representative of the News
md Courier; said it was plainly seen
hat some miscreant had broken the
ock of the switch and caused the
reck of the train. The switch lock
howed that some heavy instrument
ad been 'used in battering it lose,
nd this gentleman said he found the
switch lock all broken and hammered
p, about ten feet away in the weeds'.
Bloodhounds were taken from Co
umbia by officers, in an attempt to
~ollow the trail of the miscreant, who
s thought to be responsible for the
The man in describing the wreck,
;aid that one box car was thrown
tcross the main track by the force of
he contact. He said that the hotel
teeper at Swansea stated that the ho
el shook from the effects of the con
act of the train with the stationary
>X cars. He said that the box cars,
rown upon the embankment by the
ore of the contact, caused some
umber nearby to be thrown over the
nin track, thereby adding to the
moris5. A considerable amount of
lamage resulted from the wreck, al
hough the wrecking crew soon clear
d the main line and %llowed the
rains to get through.
Mr. Prite'hard had been in the em
ploy of the Seaboard for some time
.nd was highly'esteemed by the offi
:ials and men. As stated, Engineer
~ritchard was pinned under the en
~ine at the time of the wreck. A leg
vas cut off and there was a severe
ut on the chin, besides other bruises
n the body. Express Messenger'
~reeman, who was injured by a gash
the head and his right shoulder
prained, is a new man on this run,
his being the second time he made
t. He is a native of Jacksonville,
The colored fireman, Prince Davis,
lso resides at Savannah, and has
een on this run for several years. He
;as able to walk off the train when
rought back this morning, with the
ssistance of those attending him. He
at a local hospital. Swansea is a
ttle over twenty-one miles from Co
umbia, and the wreck occurred just
it. hundred yards from that place.
boever it was that tampered with
he switch and broke the lock did hisI
The body of engineer Pritchard1
il be taken from Savannah to the
ame of his mother, at Augusta, Mrs.
E. Pritchard. The dead Engineer
ras thirty-five years old. It was
ated that the engineer who was kill
d in the wreck was taking the runi
f another man, and the engineer
hose run he took was in charge of
re engine which was pulling the
rain that carried the remains back
Gov. Foss. of Massachusetts, was
elected Tuesday on a tariff re
>rm issue. This is not very en
~.uraging to President Taft, who ye
'ed all tariff reform bills passed by1
1e Democrats and Progressive Re
ublicans through Congress.
Killed Rabbit Hunting. t
The Rev. Henly Brooks, a promi
ent minister of East Tennessee, was
illed at Cedar Fork, in Claiborne
unty, Tuesday while rabbit hunt
ig. His gun was accidentally dis-e
larged with fatal effect.
It is rather significant for a Repub
can state lik-e Kansas to send a lie
triff reform Democrat to Congress
place of a dead standpat Repub
can. President Taft should make h
BLOODY DETAILS If
)F MASSACRS INCENSE THE
rhe National Assembly Decides Again
to Urge Yuan Shi Kai to Come to
The removal of the hitherto rigor
)us censorship imposed on the Chi
'.ese press at Pekin is a notable sign
>i the times. The Chinese papers
4Ionday publish with the greatest of
reedom long accounts of the Han
tow massacres, givng the details and
tttributing the blame to the imper
alists for both the Hankow and the
As .a consequence of this publica'
;i(;n there is increased animosity th
:oward the Manchus. It Is suspected wi
:hat the regent's brother, Prince Tai
suan, has left the country, as he has wi
:ot been seen for three days. He ob- L'(
:ained the month's leave from his to
poqt as acting minister of the navy. so
A private letter from an officer of ba
Yuan Shi Kai's staff says that the
-ebel leader, Gen. Li Yuen Heng,
mnakes 25 demands, the most impor
ant of which is that the imperial St
iousehold shall proceed to Jehol with da
he entire court, including the eu- cr
auchs, and shall remain there, receiv- ra
ing in return adequate pensions from 4(
the new government, which is to be st
A special secret meeting of the na- ct
tional assembly Sunday afternoon de- tb
ided to telegraph Yuan Shi Kai, ex- el
plaining the fearfully involved con- i
d'tion of the political situation at Pe
king which required the immediate vi
presence of the premier. Otherwise, R
the asse:mbly would be unable to tide C1
over the difficulties. tL
A member of the assembly explains 01
that this is -a fair warning and that if sz
Yuan does not comply another prem
ier possibly may be appointed. Con- oj
sular reports from Mukden say many u
Chinese are fleeing into. the country, sl
bclieving the Manchus will retreat tj
nd massacre the Chinese inhabitants. IS
Yuan Shi -Kai has requested that it
the fifth division quartered in Shan
tung provinee proceed to Nieko, a d,
few miles from Hankow. The -third u:
Chang Chun Fu division is arriving a]
at Lanchau in. detachments of 206. L
S' far warm comradeship has been a
shown between the soldiers of the two c4
The Peking chamber of com- ei
merce has requested the government
to provide 4,000 rifles and a suffi
cient supply of ammunition to arm
the commercial police and consulai
einployes. There are othere evi
dences of anxiety over a possible out
break within the city. t
Robert Gaily, a noted Princeton e
fcotball player, who is now head of
the Young Men's Christian associa
tion of Peking, not trusting to the po
lice, is organizing a band of 25 Amer
ians and Britishers with 100 Chinese 11
olunteers for defense. Both Manchu e
and Chinese women will be cared fort
by this body.
THE FIRST MOVING PICTUTRE. b
The Man Who Made' First Moving b
Considerable discussion has been lo:
going on for some time past as to 'w
who originated the cinema. Many
claimants to the distinpction have |t1
come forward, but after careful in-|r1
vestigation it would appear that the tJ
hono-r really belongs to an English-|p
man, Edward. Muybridge, who emi
grated from .Kingston-Thames in jii
the 'forties, and settled in California
where later on he obtained an ap-|g
pointment as photographic surveyor jgs
of the Pacific Coast. Ic
The first moving picture which he
produced was really the outcome of iti
a wager made between the Governor t:
of California (Leland Standford) and ti
a .friend as to wether a horse ever
has four legs off the ground at the le1
same moment while running. Muy- lo:
bidge wa's asked to settle the point. |V
He placed twenty-four cameras in a
line to cover each movement of the
horse and rider, the camera-shutters
being moved by connecting-pieces of jet
string whijch the animal broke as hel ti
passed. The result was a series of te
pictures showing each movement ot ct
the horse. It settled the argument, di
for Muybridge was able to show that, ja
except when jumping, the horse nev-|g
er had all his feet off the ground at ci
one time. . u
This experiment caused Muybridge 2.
to think what an interesting thing
it would be to present the photos in 4!
motion. To do this he copied the T:
method made familiar to many in the cc
oetrope. The toy was a pasteboard* fc
cylinder, with slits in the upper sec- ti
ion, and when it revolved rapidly tit
it produced drawings apparently in ti.
To reprodu,ce the effect upon a cr
screen, ;using photographs, was a
mechanical feat which was finally D
onquered, the movements of the P
horse being shown, but no back.. pt
This was before the introduction
>f the flexible film for the camera,
Ld before rapid photography had
een developed. Muybridge lived to pc
ee the wonderful moving picture of O0
0-day, and died in 1 904 at his home at
n England.-Ex. D
Socialists Sweep Thing. r
A dispatch from Schenectady, N. [*
., says, for the first time in the his- by
.cry of that county, the Socialists Pe
lave polled a counting vote, elect
ng a mayor, all but one city officer P
id a majority of the county offices, I1
vhich will make the common coun- E
i and probably the county board of pr
upervisors Socialistic, ti
Found With Throat Cut.
A. S. Cook, a young wu'te man
rom GIonroe, was round dead with t
as throat cut, on the froi't of a nc
ro house in Charlotte Sunday as
norning. The jugular vein was sev- o
red and one hand badly cut, as
hough he had attempted to vward off p
knife thrust. o
Brer Taft Was Dlumb- 'tic
President Taft, who was at Cin- Ias
innati, where lie voted and wherecr
is party had been routed, had no PTh
omment to make in t-he various Onc
That Seattle woman who horse
;hipped a judge must believe that a Sti
.orsewhip is more effective than tbe b'l
lADE NET GAIN
esday's Election adicate Seady Trend
'HAT THE BALLOTS SAY
mocrats Sweep Kentucky, Win
ning Her Back From the Republi
cans-Hold Masachusetts in Line,
But Make Loses in New York and
New Jersey--Some Other Results.
Elections were held - Tuesday in
my cities and States throughout
country, showing varying results,
th little indication of a widespread
ve of public sentiment. On the
cle the advantages are with the
mocrats, whose gains are greater
an their losses. We present -below
me of the results of the battle of
Comes Back to Fold..
Kentucky voters returned the
ate to the Democratic column to
.y and elected the entire Demo
atic State ticket by majorities
nging anywhere from 25,000 to
,000. Complete returns may show
1! larger majorities. James B.
aCreary will occupy the 'Governor's
air again, after an intermission of
irty-six years, he having beeu
ected to the office previously In
The Herald and Post, of Louis
le, both of which supported the
Rpubican ticket, conceded Mc
eary's election by 40,000. The re
rns have surprised even the most
imistic Democrats, most of whom
id the election would be close.
As it is, the Republican majority
7,000, by which the present ad
nistration went into office, was
Lattered and the Democratic State
3ket will go into office more strong
endorsed than has been any ticket
The Herald attributes Republican
-feat to what it considered unpop
!arity of present Republican nation
. and State administrations in Ken
ky. Neither party had a .para
ount issue. Both stood for the
)unty unit prohibition election plan
id advancement in methods of gov
ming' State institutions.
Massachusetts Elects Democrat.
Complete returns show that the
emocrats won the State electior
nesday and kept Massachusetts In
Le party column by continuing Gov
mnor Eugene N. Foss in office for a
cond term. The returns give Foss
Democrat) 210,662; Frothinghan
In -he campaign speeches, Repub
can orators urged IFrothingham's
ection on the ground that the Na
onal Administration should be sup
rted in its tariff policy and that i
emnocratic victory would mean a
low to the .textile Industries of the
Governor Foss placed his recorc
~fore the people and asked for sup
rt. It was expeeted, because oi
a off year, the total vote would fall
considerably, but the average wai
The make-up of the remainder oi
ie State ticket was still in doubt a1
idnight, although both branches oi
e Legislature were apparently Re.
Governor Foss Issued the follow.
"The people have won their second
reat victory over machine rule Ia
>lte of the most scandalous boodle
empaign ever waged in this State
"Massachusetts has spoken unmis
.kably for an honest revision of the
Lriff and for a business administra
on of the Commonwealth.
"The national significance of this
ection is inestimable and the resi
the country will follow the lead o1
Backset in New Jersey.
Returns indicate that the Republi
tls will control both branches of
t New Jersey Legislature- next wein
:r. Gloucester County, which, ac
rding to a early returns was in
ubt, elected a Republican Senator,
il this will make the Senate stand
even Republi~canls and ten Demo
'ats. The Assembly will be made
of practically 38 Republicans to
Last year's Assembly consisted of
Democrats and 18 Republicans.
Le Democrats elected 12 of their 17
ndidates for sheriff. The election
r Assemblymen showed~ gains for
e Republicans in a number of coun
s that last fall elected Democrats,
at were carried through by Gay
nor Wilson in connection with his
ndidacy for the Governorship.
The counties -that last winter had
amocratic Assemblymen, but who
x year will be represented by Re
blicans, are Bergen, Essex, Glour
ster, Morris, Somerset and Union.
Ohio Towns Come Over.
The Democrats were swept into
wer in the three largest cities of
2o Tuesday, Columbus, Cincinnati,
d Cleveland, returning decisive
In Cincinnati, Mayor Louis Schwab
nning for re-election with the Re
blican endorsement, was defeated
Henry T. ~Hunt, Democrat, by
In Cleveland, Newton D. Baker,
'mocrat and political heir to the
:e Tom L. Johnson, was elected
iyor by probably 20,000), while
actically the entire Demqcratic
ket is elected with him.
Results in Other States.
Returns received up to midnight
m throughout New York State on
Assembly election, indicate that
a complexion of that body will be
fllows: Republicans, 100; Dem-'
rats, 49; Socialists, 1. This would
'an a gain of 37 seats for the Re
blicans and give them a majiority
Early returns from the State elec
n in Maryland were inconclusive,
between Arthur P. Gorman, Dem
'tic candidate for Governor, and
ilip Lee Goldsborough, Republican.
the first meagre returns. Republi
State Chairman Hanna claimed
State for Goldsborough.
l'h fi~t election held in the new
Lte of New Mexisco is still in doubt,
hRepub.ican and Democratic can
With minimum ti
cuit, cake and pas
clean and greatly s
made, dry, found
and danger of alu
PRAISE THE LORD.
For His Many Mercies and Blessings
President Taft on Monday issued
his annual Thanksgiving proclama
tion, calling upon citizens of the
United States to celebrate Thursday,
the 30th day of November, next, as a
day of thanksgiving and prayer. The
proclamation reads as follows:
"The people of this land, having by
long sanction and practice set apart,
toward the close of each passing
year, a day on which to cease from
their labors and assemble for the pur
pose of giving praise to Him who is
the author of the blessings they have
enjoyed, it is my duty as chief execu
tive to designate at this time the day
for the fulfillment of this devout pur
"Our country has been signally fa
vored in many ways. The round of
the seasons has brought rich harvest
Our industries have thriven far be
yond our domestic needs, the pro
ducts of our labor are daily finding
enlarged markets abroad. We have
been free from the curses of pesti
lence, of famine and of war. -Our
national counsels have furthered the
cause of peace in other lands and the
spirit of benevolence has brought us
into closer touch with other peoples
to the strengthening of the bonds o
fellowship and good will that linli
us to the comrades in the universa:
brotherhood of nations. Strong in
the sense of our own right and in
spired by as strong a sense of the
rights of others, we live in peace
and harmony with the world. Rick
in the priceless possessions and abun
dant resources wherewith the un
stinted bounty of God has endowed
us,- we are unselfishly glad when oth
er -peoples pass onward to'prosperit3
and peace. That the great privilegE
we enjoy may continue and that eact
coming year may see our country
more firmly established in the regari
and esteem of our fellow nations is
the prayer that should arise in ever3
"Wherefore, IL William Howari
Taft, president of the United Starte:
of America, designate Thurs~ay, thE
30th of November, as a day o1
thanksgiving and prayer and I earn
-estly call upon my countrymen and
upon all that dwell under the fl'ag 01
our beloved country then to meet in
their accustomed places of worship tc
join in offering praise to Almighty
God and devout thanks for the loving
mercies he 'has given to us."
BELTON BURGLARS SURPRISED.
They Had Taken Off Their Coats arnd
Lighted Up Store.
At Belton the store of Kay-Mat
tison company was boldly entered
last week .by burglars, entrance be
ing made -in the rear througli a win
dow about midnight. W'hile the burg
lare were -making a selection of goods
snch as pleased their fancy, they
were detected by Charles and Cle
ment Willingham and Mr. Lindrey,
three young men who chanced to pass
the store ansl were attracted by the
light the midnight visitors had made.
The young men succeeded in cap
turing one of the men before he
could make his escape. The other got
away. The burglars were negroes.
tion on meagre early returns. In
dications point to a Republipan Leg
islature, which elects two Republican
United States Senators.
In Rhode Island, early returns in
dicated the election of Governor
Pothier (Republican) over Louis A.
Waterman (Democrat) by an in
New York State elected a Repub
lican assembly, thus depriving Gov
ernor Dix (Democrat) of the support
he has had heretofore from a Legis
lature Democratic in both branches.
The present New York asembly has a
Democratic majority of 24. The new
ly elected assembly will have a Re
publican majority of upwards of 30.
In New York City (Manhattan and
Bronx) the Tammany strength was
materially reduced, but its candidates
for judicial and county offices were
elected by greatly reduced pluralities.
In Brooklyn the fusion judicial and
cunty candidates we re successful.
'ith perhaps an exception.
Clear Democratic Gain.
Jos. A. Taggart, a Democ'rat, was
Tuesday elected to Congress from
the 2nd Kansas district by a miajori
~y estimated at 1,200 votes crer his'
Republican opponent, Ulysses S. Guy
e, to fill the unexpired term of the
late Republican chairman. A. C.
itchell. Mitchell carried the dis
rit in 1910 by 3,430 over John
Eight Socialist Mayors.
The main feature in the municipal
ontests throughout Ohio is the large
Socialist vote, eight cities electing So
cialist Mayors Tuesday.
These cities are Lorain, St. Mary's,
artin's Ferry, Fostoria, Mount Ver
on. Barberton, Salem and Cuyahoga
In Canton it will take the official
ount to decide whether the Socialist
andidate of Turnbull, Democrat, is
hected, as unofficially Turnbull wins
ouble and cost bis
try are made fresh,
aperior to the ready
m food is avoided.
TALK IT OVER
Farmers Cosider Plan to Rdiev ie
Cetfen Maket Saill
MUCH INT RESIr SHOWN
Committees From State Farmers's
Union Will Consider Cotton Hold
ing Facilities To Publish Names of
Cotton for Higher Price.
Those Who Give Pledge to Hold
"Farmers' Union Day" was opened
Thursday morning by a meeting of
the' executive committee of the State
union in the office of the State secre
tary, Mr. J. Whitner Reid, in the
Hook building, at 9 o'.lock. A meet
Ing of the warehouse committee will
be held Thursday evening in the of
fice of the secretary at 7 o'clock, and
the day .wffl be climaxed by the gen
eral open meeting of the uiion
Thursday evening at 8 o'clock In the
Richland county court house, on
All the members of the committee
were present at the meeting Thurs
day morning, which opened about 9
o'clock. President E. W. Dabbs of
Sumter Is a member ex offidio, as also
is Mr. Reid, the secretary.- The otir
er members are Messrs. H. T. Morr*
son McClellanville, Douglass McIn
tyre of Marion and A. D. Hudson of
Newberry. 'It was stated at the con
clusion of the meeting that only'rou
tine matters -had beeni transacted, and
that nothing of especial interest to
the general public had taken place.
A meeting of the warehouse comn
mittee was to have been held-Thurs
til the evening. This committe is
composed of seven members, from
th different-congressional districts of
the State and has a supervision over
the Farmers' Union Warehouse Comn
pany .of South Carolina, recently corn
misondby the secretary of state
'with a present cacital of $200.000.
Stock subscriptions are being solicit
ed for this scheme for cotton storage,
from members of the union through
out the State, the first installment of
which, 30 per cent, is due on Decem
be . ,
The committee will look Into the
situation generally to find what pro
gress has been made, and what fur
ther steps are to be taken, etc. The.
members are, in the order -of their .
'listricts: Messrs. H. T. Morrison, Mc
31el~lanville, chairman; Alfred Ald
rich, Barnwell; B. Harris, Pendleton;
B. F. Keller, Spartanburg; J. 'B. O'
IKeal Halloway, Newberry; W. H. Cur
ry, Rhems, and W. A. Stuckey, Bish
The meeting Thursday night was
well attended and tEere we're a num
ber of interesting plans proposed to
belp the farmers in their fight to se
cure a fair price for cotton. Dr. Wade
Stackhouse of Dillon read his plan
for relieving the situaltion. The plan
was immediately adopted, but after
disc ssion a number of features of
.he plan elsewhere in this paper. One
plan submitted to the conference
was to organize the landlords and
hereby keep the price of cotton up.
Mr. Clinkscales proposed that
pledges be sscured frm the cotton
growers in the various counties of
the State to hold their cotton and
that the acreage be reduced. He pro
don't join the procession they will be
as cordially hated as was a deserter
in the War Between the States." DI:.
Stackhouse's plan is published in
this issue if this paper. Read It.
see. Of course the contracts could be
drawn so they would not be binding
unless a given per cent, of farmers
"But some one croaks that your
plan is as weak as the plan of the
mice when they agreed to bell the
"I will say the American Federa
tion of Labor is a gigantic organiza
tion; but who quesitons they have
great power. They contend for aLfew.
cents to be added to a day's work.
Southernmen producing cotton snre
ly have as good fighting qualities as
'organized labor in the North. While
they are fighting for a few thousand
dollars in wages, we cotton farmers
are fighting for the greater money
prize on earth losing this year about
$300,000,000 by our slothful neglect
"The brickmasons of Naw York
city meet and organize and agree
that a certain price per day shall be
charged to lay brick. Some one that
does not want to join the union tries
to cut the price. They call him a
'scab,' and make it so uncomfortable
that it is best to charge union prices
or move on to some other country.
"We will have some stabs among
our farmers, but they will be an ex
ception, and soon public sentiment
will become so strong that if they
posed to have a report of the names
of those who promised to hold cotton
made daily in the papers of the State.
He was of the opinion that if the
farmers will stick together the situ
ation will be much better within ten
days. Mr. Clinkscales was very en.s
thusastic and urged more confidence -